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CHAPTER 16: ADOLESCENT

PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 16: ADOLESCENT PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Identity Formation Parenting Peers Drugs Video

Identity FormationCHAPTER 16: ADOLESCENT PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Parenting Peers Drugs Video

ParentingCHAPTER 16: ADOLESCENT PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Identity Formation Peers Drugs Video

PeersCHAPTER 16: ADOLESCENT PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Identity Formation Parenting Drugs Video

DrugsCHAPTER 16: ADOLESCENT PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Identity Formation Parenting Peers Video

VideoCHAPTER 16: ADOLESCENT PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Identity Formation Parenting Peers Drugs

The Challenge of Finding Self

“Adolescence is best understood as a quest for self understanding” Berger

Identity – A consistent definition of one’s self as a unique individual, in terms of roles, attitudes, beliefs,

and aspirations

Erikson’s 5 th Stage

Identity v. Role Confusion – trying to figure out “Who I Am?,” but being confused as to which of many roles to adopt

Achieving Identity

1.

Foreclosure Accepting parental & community

values w/out question not forging a new

identity

2.

Role confusion Does not seem to know or care what their identity is

3.

Moratorium A pause in identity formation that

allows young people to explore alternatives without making final choices

4.

Achieved Attainment of identity-

Understanding who you are in accordance with

past experiences and future plans (doesn’t typically happen during adolescence)

Areas of Identity Achievement

Gender identity – A person’s acceptance of the roles and behaviors that society associates with the biological categories of male and female

Different than sexual orientation

Religious identity

Political identity

Vocational identity

Parenting Matters

Staying connected, finding the balance

Overall closeness measured by: 1) communication, 2) support, 3) connectedness, 4) control

Parental monitoring is ongoing awareness of what their children are doing, where and with whom:

Deters delinquency, risky sex, drugs/alcohol, other dangers When warm, supportive there are better outcomes When controlling, greater risk of depression & other disorders

The role of peers

Peers are highly influential during this period can be both constructive & destructive 3 key points:

Peer standards are not always negative, yet peer facilitation can play a role in behaviors Serve to bridge the gap between childhood and adulthood Peer pressure is short lived. Rises until age 14 then declines

Drug & Alcohol Use

Drug & Alcohol Use  Drug use is ingestion regardless of the amount  Varies by

Drug use is ingestion regardless of the amount

Varies by cohort & culture

Drug Abuse ingestion of a drug to the extent that it impairs the user’s well-being

Binge drinking - five or more alcoholic beverages in a row

Addiction – A person’s dependence on a drug or a behavior in order to feel physically or psychologically at ease

Trends

More availability & use of

synthetic & prescription drugs

have gone up

Children are using earlier

Dangers of drug use more

pronounced in adolescence when

brain/body is still developing

Tobacco impairs digestion, nutrition, slows down growth

Alcohol impairs memory, self control,

damages hippocampus & prefrontal

cortex

Marijuana affects memory, language proficiency and motivation (more likely to drop out, become pregnant, unemployed)

 Marijuana affects memory, language proficiency and motivation (more likely to drop out, become pregnant, unemployed)

Video on Adolescent Development