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Power MOSFET/IGBT Gate Drive Optocouplers Technical Data


HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101

Features
High Output Current IO1 and IO2 (0.4 A Peak, 0.1 A Continuous) 1.5 kV/ s Minimum Common Mode Rejection (CMR) at VCM = 600 V Wide Operating VCC Range (15 to 30 Volts) High Speed 1 s Typical Propagation Delay (HCPL-3100) 0.3 s Typical Propagation Delay (HCPL-3101) Recognized under UL 1577 for Dielectric Withstand Proof Test Voltages of 5000 Vac, 1 Minute

Description
The HCPL-3100/3101 consists of an LED* optically coupled to an integrated circuit with a power output stage. These optocouplers are suited for driving power MOSFETs and IGBTs used in motor control inverter applications. The high operating voltage range of the output stage provides the voltage drives required by gate controlled devices. The voltage and current supplied by these optocouplers allow for direct interfacing to the power device without the need for an intermediate amplifier stage.

The HCPL-3100 switches a 3000 pF load in 2 s and the HCPL3101, using a higher speed LED, switches a 3000 pF load in 0.5 s. With a CMR rating of 5 kV/s typical these optocouplers readily reject transients found in inverter applications. The LED controls the state of the output stage. Transistor Q2 in the output stage is on with the LED off, allowing the gate of the power device to be held low. Turning on the LED turns off transistor Q2 and switches on transistor Q1 in the output stage which provides current and voltage to drive the gate of the power device.
HCPL-3101

Functional Diagram Applications


Isolated MOSFET/IGBT Gate Drive AC and DC Motor Drives General Purpose Industrial Inverters Uninterruptable Power Supply
ANODE 1 HCPL-3100 8 V CC 1 8 VCC

CATHODE

2
Q2

GND

ANODE

2
Q2

GND

3
Q1

V O2

CATHODE

3
Q1

VO2

V O1

VO1

TRUTH TABLE LED OUTPUT ON HIGH LEVEL OFF LOW LEVEL

Q1 ON OFF

Q2 OFF ON

THE USE OF A 0.1 F BYPASS CAPACITOR CONNECTED BETWEEN PINS 8 AND 7 IS RECOMMENDED. ALSO CURRENT LIMITING RESISTOR IS RECOMMENDED (SEE FIGURE 1, AND NOTE 2 AND NOTE 7).

*HCPL-3100 LED contains Silicon-doped GaAs and HCPL-3101 LED contains AlGaAs.

CAUTION: It is advised that normal static precautions be taken in handling and assembly of this component to prevent damage and/or degradation which may be induced by ESD.

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5965-3583E

Schematic
HCPL-3100 I CC 8 1 ANODE + Q1 IO1 5 Q2 IO2 6 7 V CC GND 2 ANODE VO2 CATHODE VO1 3 Q1 IO1 5 + IF Q2 IO2 6 HCPL-3101 I CC 8 7 V CC GND

IF

V O2

CATHODE

V O1

THE USE OF A 0.1 F BYPASS CAPACITOR CONNECTED BETWEEN PINS 8 AND 7 IS RECOMMENDED. ALSO CURRENT LIMITING RESISTOR IS RECOMMENDED (SEE FIGURE 1, AND NOTE 2 AND NOTE 7).

Outline Drawing
0.65 (0.026) 1.05 (0.040) 0.90 (0.035) 1.50 (0.059) 0 13

8 TYPE NUMBER DATE CODE

5 0.16 (0.006) 0.36 (0.014) 6.00 (0.236) 7.00 (0.276) 7.32 (0.288) 7.92 (0.312) 0 13

HP

XXXX YYWW

HCPL-3100 ANODE 9.16 (0.361) 10.16 (0.400) 0.50 (0.020) TYP CATHODE 3.00 (0.118) 4.00 (0.157) 2
Q2

HCPL-3101 8 VCC 1 8 V CC

GND

ANODE

2
Q2

GND

3
Q1

V O2

CATHODE

3
Q1

VO2

2.90 (0.114) 3.90 (0.154)

2.55 (0.100) 3.55 (0.140)

V O1

VO1

0.40 (0.016) 0.60 (0.024) 2.29 (0.090) 2.79 (0.110)

Demonstrated ESD Performance


Human Body Model: MIL-STD883 Method 3015.7: Class 2 Machine Model: EIAJ IC-1211988 (1988.3.28 Version 2), Test Method 20, Condition C: 1200 V

Regulatory Information
The HCPL-3100/3101 has been approved by the following organization: UL Recognized under UL 1577, Component Recognition Program, File E55361.
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Insulation and Safety Related Specifications


Parameter Min. External Air Gap (External Clearance) Min. External Tracking Path (External Creepage) Min. Internal Plastic Gap (Internal Clearance) Symbol Value Units L(IO1) L(IO2) 6.0 6.0 mm mm Conditions Shortest distance measured through air, between two conductive leads, input to output Shortest distance path measured along outside surface of optocoupler body between input and output leads Through insulation distance conductor to conductor inside the optocoupler cavity

0.15

mm

Absolute Maximum Ratings


Parameter Storage Temperature Operating Temperature Input Continuous Current Reverse Voltage Supply Voltage Output 1 Continuous Current Peak Current Voltage Output 2 Continuous Current Peak Current Output Power Dissipation Total Power Dissipation Lead Solder Temperature PO PT VO1 IO2 Symbol TS TA IF VR VCC IO1 HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 Device Min. -55 -25 Max. 125 80 25 20 6 35 0.1 0.4 35 0.1 0.4 500 550 Unit C C mA mA V V A A V A A mW mW Pulse Width < 0.15 s, Duty cycle = 1% 12 12 1 1 1 1 Pulse Width < 0.15 s, Duty cycle = 1% 1 1 TA = 25C 11 11 1 1 Conditions Fig. Note

260C for 10 s, 1.0 mm below seating plane

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Recommended Operating Conditions


Parameter Power Supply Voltage Symbol VCC IF(ON) IF(OFF) TA HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 Input Current (OFF) HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 Operating Temperature Device Min. 15 15 Input Current (ON) 12** 8** -25 Max. 30* 24 24 16 0.6 0.2 80 Units V V mA mA mA mA C

*For TA = -10C to 60C. **The initial switching threshold is 10 mA or less for the HCPL-3100 and 5 mA or less for the HCPL-3101.

Recommended Protection for Output Transistors


During switching transitions, the output transistors Q1 and Q2 of the HCPL-3100/3101 can conduct large amounts of current. Figure 1 describes a recommended circuit design showing a current

limiting resistor R2 which is necessary in order to prevent damage to the output transistors Q1 and Q2. (See Note 7.) A bypass capacitor C1 is also recommended to reduce power supply noise.

+5 V

HCPL-3100/1 8 R3 7 ANODE Q2 6 TTL OR LSTTL TOTEM POLE OUTPUT GATE R2 CATHODE Q1 5 12V 12V + HVDC C1

CONTROL INPUT

IGBT (OR MOSFET) 3-PHASE AC

- HVDC R 2 = 25 - 100 R 3 = 180 (HCPL-3100) 240 (HCPL-3101) BYPASS CAPACITOR C 1 = 0.1 F

Figure 1. Recommended Output Transistor Protection and Typical Application Circuit.

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Electrical Specifications
Over recommended temperature (TA = -25C to +80C) unless otherwise specified.
Parameter Input Forward Voltage Sym. VF Device HCPL-3100 Min. 0.6 HCPL-3101 1.2 Input Reverse Current Input Capacitance Output 1 Low Level Voltage Leakage Current Output 2 High Level Voltage Low Level Voltage Leakage Current Supply Current High Level IR HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 CIN VO1L HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 IO1L VO2H HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 VO2L 1.2 2.0 V 18 21 500 A V 30 0.2 250 0.4 pF V Typ. 1.2 0.9 1.6 1.5 Max. Units 1.4 1.75 10 V V V V A Test Conditions IF = 20 mA IF = 0.2 mA IF = 10 mA IF = 0.2 mA VR = 4 V VF = 5 V VF = 0 V , f = 1 kHz, TA = 25C IF = 10 mA VCC1 = 12 V, IO1 = 0.1 A, IF = 5 mA VCC2 = -12 V VCC = VO1 = 35 V, V O2 = 0 V IF = 0 mA, TA = 25C IF = 10 mA VCC = 24 V, VO1 = 24 V, IO2 = -0.1 A IF = 5 mA 2, 17, 18 5 3, 19, 20 2 2 TA = 25C 14 TA = 25C Fig. 13 Note

VCC = VO1 = 24 V, IO2 = 0.1 A, 4, 21, 22 IF = 0 mA IF = 10 mA VCC = 35 V, VO2 = 35 V, IF = 5 mA TA = 25C TA = 25C VO1 = 24 V 6

IO2L

HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101

500

ICCH

HCPL-3100

6 6 8 4.0 1.5 -

10 14 10 14 13 17 7.0 10.0 3.0 5.0

mA mA mA mA mA mA mA mA mA mA

7, 23

VCC = 24 V, IF = 10 mA TA = 25C TA = 25C VO1 = 24 V VO1 = 24 V 7, 24 VCC = 24 V, IF = 5 mA

HCPL-3101

Low Level Low to High Threshold Input

ICCL

VCC = 24 V, IF = 0 mA TA = 25C VCC = VO1 = 24 V TA = 25C VCC = VO1 = 24 V 8, 15, 16 2, 3

IFLH

HCPL-3100

1.0 0.6

HCPL-3101

0.3 0.2

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Switching Specifications (TA = 25C)


Parameter Propagation Delay Time to High Output Level Propagation Delay Time to Low Output Level Rise Time Sym. tPLH Device HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 tPHL HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 tr tf |CMH| HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 Fall Time HCPL-3100 HCPL-3101 Output High Level Common Mode Transient Immunity Output Low Level Common Mode Transient Immunity HCPL-3100 1500 HCPL-3101 V/s 5000 V/s 0.2 0.5 s Min. Typ. 1 0.3 1 0.3 0.2 Max. Units 2 0.5 2 0.5 0.5 s s s s s Test Conditions IF = 10 mA IF = 5 mA IF = 10 mA IF = 5 mA IF = 10 mA IF = 5 mA IF = 10 mA IF = 5 mA IF = 10 mA IF = 5mA VCM = 600 V (peak), VCC = 24 V VO1 = 24 V V02H = V02L = 2.0 V 10 2 VCC = 24 V, VO1 = 24 V, RG = 47 , CG = 3000 pF Fig. 9, 25, 26, 27 Note 2, 6

|CML|

1500

5000

IF = 0 mA

Packaging Characteristics
Parameter Input-Output Momentary Withstand Voltage* Resistance (Input-Output) Capacitance (Input-Output) Sym. VISO RI-O CI-O Min. 5000 5x1010 1011 1.2 Typ. Max. Units V rms pF Test Conditions RH = 40% to 60% t = 1 min, TA = 25C VI-O = 500 V, TA = 25C RH = 40% to 60% f = 1 MHz Fig. Note 4, 5 4 4

*The Input-Output Momentary Withstand Voltage is a dielectric voltage rating that should not be interpreted as an input-output continuous voltage rating. For the continuous voltage rating refer to the VDE 0884 Insulation Characteristics Table (if applicable), your equipment level safety specification, or HP Application Note 1074, Optocoupler Input-Output Endurance Voltage.

Notes: 1. Derate absolute maximum ratings with ambient temperatures as shown in Figures 11 and 12. 2. A bypass capacitor of 0.01 F or more is needed near the device between VCC and GND when measuring output and transfer characteristics. 3. IFLH represents the forward current when the output goes from low to high. 4. Device considered a two terminal device; pins 1-4 are shorted together and pins 5-8 are shorted together. 5. For devices with minimum VISO specified at 5000 V rms, in accordance with UL 1577, each optocoupler is proof-tested by applying an insulation test voltage 6000 V rms for one second (leakage current detection limit, II-O 200 A). 6. The tPLH and tPHL propagation delays are measured from the 50% level of the input pulse to the 50% level of the output pulse. 7. R2 limits the Q1 and Q2 peak currents. For more applications and circuit design information see Application Note Power Transistor Gate/Base Drive Optocouplers.

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HCPL-3100 1 IF 2 GND
Q2

HCPL-3100

VCC

8 VCC1 VCC2 + 6 I O1 + VO1L


IF

V CC

V CC + -

+ -

GND
Q2

VO2H +

I O2

3
Q1

3
Q1

6 V O2 5 V O1

V O2 5 V O1

Figure 2. Test Circuit for Low Level Output Voltage VO1L.

Figure 3. Test Circuit for High Level Output Voltage VO2H.

HCPL-3100 1 IF 2 GND
Q2

HCPL-3100
VCC 8 V CC + 7 VO2L + I O2

1 IF 2

VCC

8 + -

GND
Q2

VCC

3
Q1

6 VO2 5 VO1

3
Q1

6 V O2 5 V O1 I O1L

Figure 4. Test Circuit for Low Level Output Voltage VO2L.

Figure 5. Test Circuit for Leakage Current IO1L.

HCPL-3100 1 IF 2 GND
Q2

HCPL-3100

VCC

8 + 7 I O2L
IF

VCC

I CC 8 + V CC

V CC

GND
Q2

3
Q1

6 VO2 5 VO1

3
Q1

6 V O2 5 V O1

Figure 6. Test Circuit for Leakage Current IO2L.

Figure 7. Test Circuit for ICCH and ICCL.

HCPL-3100 IF SWEEP 1 VCC 8 V CC + 7 V O2 +

GND
Q2

3
Q1

6 V O2 5 V O1

Figure 8. Test Circuit for Threshold Input Current IFLH.

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HCPL-3100 IF
tr = tf = 0.01s V IN PULSE WIDTH 5 s DUTY RATIO 50%

HCPL-3100
V CC 8 V CC + 7 V O2 + RG

IF

V CC

8 V CC + 7 V O2 +

GND
Q2

SW
CG

GND
Q2

B 3

3
Q1

6 VO2 5 VO1

6
Q1

V O2 5 V O1

4 + V CM
50%

V CM V CM

V IN WAVE FORM t PLH t PLH

GND
90% 50% V OUT WAVE FORM 10%

CM H , V O2 SW AT A, IF = 10 mA, HCPL-3100 SW AT A, IF = 5 mA, HCPL-3101 V O2H

V O2H

tr

tf

CM L , V O2 SW AT B, I F = 0 mA

V O2L

V O2L GND

Figure 9. Test Circuit for tPLH, tPHL, tr, and tf.

Figure 10. Test Circuit for CMH and CML.

60
POWER DISSIPATION Po , P T (mW)

600 TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION IC AND LED OUTPUT POWER DISSIPATION IC

500 200
FORWARD CURRENT IF (mA)

LED FORWARD CURRENT I F (mA)

50

500

TA= 75C 50C 25C 0C

100 50 20 10 5 2 1

40

400

30

HCPL-3100

300

-20C

20 10

200 100

HCPL-3101

0 -25

75 100 80 AMBIENT TEMPERATURE TA(C)

25

50

125

0 -25

0 25 50 75 100 80 AMBIENT TEMPERATURE TA(C)

125

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

FORWARD VOLTAGE VF (V)

Figure 11. LED Forward Current vs. Ambient Temperature.

Figure 12. Maximum Power Dissipation vs. Ambient Temperature.

Figure 13. Typical Forward Current vs. Forward Voltage, HCPL-3100.

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NORMALIZED THRESHOLD INPUT CURRENT

TA = 25C 1.1

NORMALIZED THRESHOLD INPUT CURRENT

100 70C
FORWARD CURRENT IF (mA)

1.2

1.6 VCC = 24 V 1.4

10

50C 25C TA= 0C

1.0

1.2

0.9

1.0

HCPL-3100

0.1

0.8

0.8

HCPL-3101

0.01 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 FORWARD VOLTAGE V F (V)

0.7 15 18 21 24 27 30 SUPPLY VOLTAGE VCC (V)

0.6 -25

25

50

75

100

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE T A (C)

Figure 14. Typical Forward Current vs. Forward Voltage, HCPL-3101.

Figure 15. Normalized Low to High Threshold Input Current vs. Supply Voltage.

Figure 16. Normalized Low to High Threshold Input Current vs. Ambient Temperature.

0.4
LOW LEVEL OUTPUT 1 VOLTAGE V 01L (V)
LOW LEVEL OUTPUT 1 VOLTAGE V01L (V)

HIGH LEVEL OUTPUT 2 VOLTAGE VO2H (V)

0.5 VCC1 = 12 V VCC2 = -12 V 0.4 I F = 5 mA, HCPL-3101 I F = 10 mA, HCPL 3100 0.3

30 TA= 25C I F = 5 mA, HCPL-3101 I F = 10 mA, HCPL-3100

0.2 0.1 0.05

27

24

21

0.02 0.01 0.005 0.01 0.02

VCC1 = 12 V VCC2 = -12 V TA = 25C I F = 5 mA, HCPL-3101 I F = 10 mA, HCPL 3100 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.5 1.0

0.2 I 01 = 0.1 A 0.1

18 15

0 -25

12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 SUPPLY VOLTAGE V CC (V)

25

50

75

100

OUTPUT 1 CURRENT I 01 (A)

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE

Figure 17. Typical Low Level Output 1 Voltage vs. Output 1 Current.

Figure 18. Typical Low Level Output 1 Voltage vs. Ambient Temperature.

Figure 19. Typical High Level Output 2 Voltage vs. Supply Voltage.

24

4
LOW LEVEL OUTPUT 2 VOLTAGE V02L (V)

HIGH LEVEL OUTPUT 2 VOLTAGE VO2H (V)

1.5
VCC = 6 V
LOW LEVEL OUTPUT 2 VOLTAGE V02L (V)

VCC = 24 V I F = 0 mA 1.4

23 I O2 = 0 A 22

2 1 0.5

TA = 25C I F = 0 mA

1.3

21 I O2 = -0.1 A 20 19 V CC = 24 V I F = 5 mA, HCPL-3101 I F = 10 mA, HCPL-3100 0 25 50 75 100

0.2 0.1 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.5 1.0

1.2 I 02 = 0.1 A 1.1

18 -25

1.0 -25 0 25 50 75 100 AMBIENT TEMPERATURE T A (C)

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE TA (C)

OUTPUT 2 CURRENT I O2 (A)

Figure 20. Typical High Level Output 2 Voltage vs. Ambient Temperature.

Figure 21. Typical Low Level Output 2 Voltage vs. Output 2 Current.

Figure 22. Typical Low Level Output 2 Voltage vs. Ambient Temperature.

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HIGH LEVEL SUPPLY CURRENT I CCH (mA)

LOW LEVEL SUPPLY CURRENT I CCL(mA)

I F = 10 mA, HCPL-3100 I F = 5 mA, HCPL-3101 10

PROPAGATION DELAY TIME t PHL , t PLH (s)

12

14 I F = 0 mA 12

2.5 VCC = 24 V 2.0 R G = 47 CG = 3000 pF 1.5

8 TA = -25C 6 25C 80C 4

10 TA = -25C 8 25C 80C 6

tPLH TA = 75C t PHL

1.0

25C -25C

0.5 TA = 75C 0 5 10 15 25C 20 -25C 25

2 15 18 21 24 27 30 SUPPLY VOLTAGE VCC (V)

4 15 18 21 24 27 30 SUPPLY VOLTAGE VCC (V)

FORWARD CURRENT I F (mA)

Figure 23. Typical High Level Supply Current vs. Supply Voltage.

Figure 24. Typical Low Level Supply Current vs. Supply Voltage.

Figure 25. Typical Propagation Delay Time vs. Forward Current, HCPL3100.

PROPAGATION DELAY TIME t PHL , t PLH (s)

VCC = 24 V R G = 47 0.8 C G = 3000 pF t PHL 0.6 TA = 75C

PROPAGATION DELAY TIME t PHL , t PLH (s)

1.0

1.0 t PLH 0.8 t PHL HCPL-3100 0.6 t PLH t PHL HCPL-3101 0.2 VCC = 24 V R G = 47 C G = 3000 pF I F = 5 mA, HCPL-3101 I F = 10 mA, HCPL-3100 0 25 50 75 100

0.4

25C -25C

0.4

0.2 t PLH 0 0 TA = 75C 5 10 25C 15 -25C 20 25

0 -25

FORWARD CURRENT I F (mA)

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE TA (C)

Figure 26. Typical Propagation Delay Time vs. Forward Current, HCPL3101.

Figure 27. Typical Propagation Delay Time vs. Ambient Temperature.

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