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1ZVN460100 D

Maintenance Manuals

1ZVN460100 D


Table of contents
1 Maintenance ............................................................................................................... 3 2 Trouble Shooting ....................................................................................................... 5


1. Maintenance:
Subject Insulating oil Check Dielectric strength Moisture content Neutralisation value Interfacial surface tension Water content Sludge content Gas analysis Tank Conservator Cooling equipment Piping Bushings Cable sealing ends Cable boxes Buchholz relay Gate valves Valves Tank Conservator Bushings Cable sealing ends Cable boxes Thermometer pockets Tank Cooling equipment Intermediate piping Bushings Piping Buchholz relay Cable sealing ends All metal parts Tank Motors Star points Surge arresters Control cabinet Steal armoured cabling In position service Direction of oil flow Float Contacts Gas sampling device Functional test Contact setting Position of maximum pointer Functional test Polarity Ratio Short-circuit connection 1 1 1 1 1 1 Time period Year Month 3 Remarks

Oil tightness

Oil level

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

If applicable If applicable

Venting devices

Earthing devices

Shut-off devices Buchholz relay

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 As required 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

If applicable If applicable Release vent screws until Oil emerges. Afterwards screw plugs tight

If applicable

If applicable If applicable See plan Position of shut off devices (if provided) At erection If applicable See the Technical data At errection At errection

Dial-type thermometers Current transformers



Subject Oil level indicator Breather Internal wiring Corrosion protection Cleanness

Check Contact setting Float Functional test Silicagel Oil level Venting pipes Insulation resistance Correct wiring connection Paint Blank steal parts Bushings Fittings Indicating devices Tank cover Fans Connection Switching over all positions (at least 25 x) to clean contacts that may be oxidated and to prevent gas formation that may result in flash-over 1 1 1 1

Time period Year Month

Remarks At errection

Control cabinet On-load tap changer Off-circuit tap changer

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1

With 1000V Megger Tester, Values 50 M Touch-up Grease

Remove loose parts, If applicable See instruction of the manufacture N/A

Cooling equipment Supervisory equipment for cooling equipment Protective relay for OLTC Thermostat Functional Resistance thermometer Pressure relief device test Functional test Functional test

See instruction of the manufacturer See instruction of manufacturer

3 3 3



2. Trouble shooting
Possible cause

Protective and supervisory instruments Various


Remedial measure

Detailed description

Buchholz relay Alarm at Buchholz relay

- Oil loss - Accumulation of air - Gas generation due to inside failure - Violant vibration - Fault tripping

Operation can be continued The following tests and examinations for fault analysis Should be made as soon as possible 1. Check oil level, pipes, position of valves 2. Check the electrical connections 3. Check the tripping mechanism of the Buchholz relay 4. Put part of the gas into a glass container within five hours and analyze it. 5. Evaluate the gas analysis 6. Take oil sample (1 litre) from tank top and make and make a gas analysis 7. Take oil sample (1 litre) from tank bottom and check for dielectric strength (VDE) 8. Undo all bushing connections and make the following measurements: 8..1 Measure the insulation resistance between the windings themselves. Rough guide value: 1M per kV rated voltage 8.2 Ratio measurement either with measuring kit or by applying low voltage to the HV side 8.3 Measure the winding resistance with DC 8.4 Measure the no-load current by applying low voltage 9. Compare the result with the test certificates of the operating instructions Vent the transformer and put it back into operation when faults cannot be found or faults have been eliminated. If the fault occurs frequently, contact ABB. Maintain the shutdown status. Carry out tests and measurements as described under points 1 to 9 Vent the transformer and put in back into operation when faults can not be found or faults have been eliminated

Buchholz relay Buchholz

relay tripping

- Oil loss - Violent oil surge due to inside flashover - Violent gas generation due to inside failure - Violent vibratio - Fault tripping

Protective device for OLTC

Tripping due to strong oil surge

Maintain the shutdown status Check the tripping mechanism Remove and check the diverter switch Reset the tripping mechanism and put the transformer into operation

Instruction of OLTC



Protective and supervisory instruments Various



Possible cause

Remedial measure

Detailed description

- Resistance thermometer - Thermostat - Dial type


Oil temp. too high Wdg or oil temp. too high

for oil or wdg temperature indicators

- Transformer overloaded or inadequate cooling - Incorrect temp. adjustment

Oil level indicator Oil flow monitor Water flow monitor

Oil level too low No oil flow No water flow Redused water flow Internal tank pressure too high Drive can not be operated electrical

Not enough oil (low temperature or oil loss)

Reduce load of the transformer Put fans or cooling equipment in service Clean the cooling equipment Check the position of butterfly valves Adjust incorrect temperature setting Check the thermometer by comparative measurements Check the electrical connections and the tripping mechanism Check control devices for cooling equipment Check current transformers and thermometers Check for tightness Top-up oil

Operation Instruction of thermometer manufacture

Operation instruction of manufacturer


Pressure relief device

Motor drive for OLTC

Moto drive for OLTC

Drive keeps on running

- Conservator pipe shut-off or clogged. - Electric flashover inside the tank - No voltage supply at motor protective switch (MPS) - MPS not in oper. Position - Motor contactor K1 or K2 does not Pick up - Motor contactor K1 or K2 stuck - Brake contactor - K3 does not pick up - Open circuit on one or more motor phases - Brake contactor - K3 stuck

Check the pipes and shut-off devices Check the transformer as described in Buchholz relay (point 1-8)

Operation instruction of manufacturer

Check supply feeders

Operation instruction of OLTC

Close motor protective switch Check supply feeders and contactors and replace If necessary

Check contactor, clean or replace if necessary Correct it Clean or replace



Protective and supervisory instruments Various



Possible cause

Remedial measure

Detailed description

Motor drive for OLTC

Motor protectiv switch trips during operatio of motor drive Operatio not possible The drying cristals turn from blue to pink and then to white from below, from top, in general

- Emergency stop button is on or stuck - Motor current excessive due to overload or phase failure

Repair or replace emergency stop button Check drive for stiffness with cran handle. Request a factory engineer, if a mechanical fault in the tapchanger is suspected

Off-circuit tap changer


Dehydrating breather

- High atmosph. humidity, glass cylinder leaky - Moisture in conservator, pipe leaky, glass cylinder leaky. - Glass cylinder burst, maintenace interval

Replace dehydrating agent Replace glass cylinder or seal properly Seal pipe leaks, check the oil for moisture content. Flush the conservator with dry air

Electrical breakdown voltage of the oil

Breakd. voltage too low. Water content too high

- Breather inoperable or trafo in service very low - Leaks in water cool. System - Water pressure reducer inoperable.

Put breather into operation


Seal or repair coolers Contact manufacturer; dry the oil, if necessary

Protective spark gap on bushings Terminal lugs on bushing

Frequent operatio Discoloration of connecting parts

Check surface contact



Protective Fault and supervisory instruments Various components Control cabinet El. App. does not operate properly Contacts corroded or contaminated App. housing bent Earthing line innterupt -ted

Possible cause

Remedial measure

Detailed description

- Excessive humidity in control cabinet - Water or dust inside the cabin. - Excessive high temp. in the cabinet - Excessive current due to external flash - Impermissible current loops through multiple earthig - Incorrect contacts adjust. - Bushing overloaded, oil temp. too high due to solar irradiation - Incorrect contact adjustm - Bushing overloaded, oil temp. too high due to solar irradiation. - Violent vibratio on transformer

Set the cabinet heater to a higher temperature Seal the cabinet door, fit a dust filter if necessary Protect the cabinet against solar irradiation; provide for better ventilation

Earthing connection

Clean the contacts, tighten the screws and check the Electrical distances. Open up current loops. Only one earthing with a sufficient cross section.

Pressure gauge for HV bushing

Oil pressure in HV bushing too high

Correct the contact adjustment Check the reading Check the bushing; reduce the transformer load, increase the cooling effect Correct the contact adjustment Check the pressure monitor and reset the auxiliary switch Check the bushings; reduce the transformer load; increase the cooling

Pressure monitor for HV bushing

Oil pressure in HV bushing too high

Air flow monitor Oil sightpot

No air flow or reduced air flow Traces of oil on the water surface

Copyright 2007 ABB, All rights reserved Document Title

Maintenance Manual
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