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135852576.xls.

ms_office

A
1
2
3
4

Yellow cells are inputs.


(W arning: Lots of things are hidden in this spreadsheet. Keep the original and modify a copy.)

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8
9
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11

Fluid Property Calculation at Depth:

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

Original
log readings

Pressure, psi Temperature, F


Surface
0
32 10000 ft
gradient 0.450 0.014 per depth unit
calculate fluid properties in FLAG module
0
4500
167
environment at depth
Reference: A. R. Masters 1994 "Fluid Relations for use in Quantitative Interpretation" Shell Expro, London

AvO Modelling Excersize

Sw
Vp
Vs*
rho

W ater Saturation
bulk P Velocity
ShearVelocity
Bulk Density
Vp/Vs
ln(rhoVp)
B
fluid bulk modulus
density
velocity

(velocities in km/s, bulk moduli in GPa, densities in g/cc)


100% Pay
100% Brine
0.15
0.2
0.75
0.85
0.95
0
1 W ater Saturation
2.250
2.230
2.224
2.201
2.232
2.358
2.650 Compressional Velocity
1.414
1.399
1.394
1.342
1.333
1.324
1.320 Shear Velocity
1.831
1.872
1.885
2.034
2.061
2.088
2.101 Bulk Density
1.592
1.595
1.596
1.640
1.675
1.781
2.008
1.416
1.429
1.433
1.499
1.526
1.594
1.717
4.392
4.430
4.445
4.967
5.385
6.726
9.873 Bulk Modulus
0.095
2.709 bulk modulus
0.111
0.118
0.344
0.528
1.140
0.218
1.019 density
0.338
0.378
0.819
0.899
0.979
133.990
114.548
108.067
36.778
23.816
10.854
4.373
0.660
0.573
0.558
0.648
0.767
1.079
1.630 velocity

matrix Porosity
Poisson*
bulk modulus
shearmodulus

0.337
0.160
4.170
3.661

density
Target*
Vp,m
Vs,m

grain bulk modulus 37.90 grain bulk modulus


2.650 grain density
density
(defaults are sand values)
Bulk is a matrix of grains, filled with fluid.

1.758
0.190
2.269
1.443

Saturation0.890
Dependence of Acoustic Impedance

Change Due to Porefill

1
2.650
1.320
2.101
2.008
1.717
9.873
2.709
1.019
4.373
1.630
*Shear input
should make
"Poisson"
close to
"Target"

Gassmann Substitution for various saturations:

0.2

0.4

Gas free
fa

0.6

fu
0.9947

fd
ft
Gassy
5.80E-06 1.02E-06 ga

0.8

gu

1.2

0.9911

A. R. Masters, RA/32

135852576.xls.ms_office

AvO Modelling Excersize

Change Due to Porefill

A
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64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
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74
75
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77
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79
80
81
82

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

0.00
-0.05
-0.10
-0.15
-0.20
-0.25
-0.30
-0.35
Water Saturation

Saturation Dependence of Elastic Parameters


3.000
2.500
2.000
1.500
1.000

0.500
0.000
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

Water Saturation
P Velocity

ShearVelocity

Bulk Density

A. R. Masters, RA/32

135852576.xls.ms_office

N
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2
3
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12
13
14
W ater Saturation
15
Compressional
16
Velocity
Shear Velocity
17
Bulk Density
18
19
20
Bulk Modulus
21
bulk modulus
27
28
29
30
31
grain bulk
32 modulus
grain density
33
34
, filled with fluid.
35
36
37
38 gd
39 6.35E-05

AvO Modelling Excersize

A. R. Masters, RA/32

PROMISE Gassmann Fluid Substitution (and MorSyn)


Wet Sand Properties
Vp =
2720
Vs =
1708
Rho =
2.150
BulkPor =
0.303

Grain Properties
Vp =
Vs =
Rho =

Sub. Fluid Properties


Vp =
1200
Rho =
0.900
Sat =
0.85

New Rock Properties


Vp =
2543
Vs =
1718
Rho =
2.124

Intermediate Calculations
Ks = 3.5202E+10
Kf = 2.0903E+09
Kb = 7.0084E+09
Mub = 5.8270E+09
Kfnew = 1.2040E+09
A=
B=
Beta =

Rhofldmix =
Kfldmix =
Knew =

6050
4090
2.650

0.915
1.2858E+09
4.9950E+09

0.1991
16.8403
0.0387 <------ 0 < Beta <= 1-Porosity

Brine Properties
Vp =
Rho =

1500
1.000

Edit as seen fit (constants or regressions)


Constants from grain and fluid properties
Results
Warning - calculated value is unrealistic