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Primary Sources

"251 Week 12." La Salle University :: Philadelphia, PA. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012. <http://www.lasalle.edu/~mcinneshin/251/week13.htm>. This site featured a picture of the Young Turks as they create the constitution for the Ottoman government in 1908. It even includes a caption! Aivazovsky, Ivan Constantinovich. Coffee-house. 1846. Peterhof Palace Museums, St. Petersburg. This beautiful painting nicely illustrates what life in coffee-houses was like for the Turks of the Ottoman Empire. "Anglo-French Joint Statement of Aims in Syria and Mesopotamia - World War I Document Archive." World War I Document Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012. <http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Anglo-French_Joint_Statement_of_Aims_in_ Syria_and_Mesopotamia>. This document explains the British and the French intentions, even if the outcome wasnt quite what everyone wanted. "Ataturk's Address to Turkish Youth." Manisa Turkish - Learn Turkish free - online. N.p., 29 Oct. 2012. Web. 15 Dec. 2012. <http://www.turkishlanguage.co.uk/hitap.htm>. Mustafa Kemal makes a powerful speech to the Turkish youth. Here is where I got the transcript with English translation. Atilla, Can. Hamamda Ilk Gzyaslari. Cariyeler ve Geceler. Song BGM, 2005. CD. This sorrowful music track is used on the After the Ottoman Empire page. Atilla, Can. Mara Despina. Cariyeler ve Geceler. Song BGM, 2005. CD. This music track, featuring mixes of both sadness and peace is used on The Turning Point page.

Atilla, Can. Pecenin Ardindaki Gzler. Cariyeler ve Geceler. Song BGM, 2005. CD. This exciting and upbeat music track is used on the Process Paper page. Atilla, Can. Roksalan (Hrrem Sultan) Icin Taksim. Cariyeler ve Geceler. Song BGM, 2005. CD. This heavier music track is used on the Bibliography page. Carr, Julia. " B Adventurous: Istanbul Turkish Delight & Belly Dancing." Stylefile Fashion News, Latest Trends, Catwalk Photos & Designers. N.p., 4 Nov. 2012. Web. 17 Dec. 2012. <http://stylefile.julesb.co.uk/2012/04/11/istanbul/#.UM6nuXfhdIY>. This site has an absolutely massive picture that displays Istanbuls Grand Bazaar very well. "Condition of the Christians." Armenian Literature, History, Religion, etc.. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012. <http://armenianhouse.org/bliss/turkey/15-christians.html>. This page features Sultan Abdl Hamid IIs picture used on the Ottoman Shift page. Dede, Mercan. Cotton Princess And Seven Midgets Vs. Ali Baba And The Forty Eskimos. 800. Doublemoon, 2007. CD. This music track, being both edgy and upbeat is used on the Conclusion page. Dede, Mercan. Lullaby For Sweet, Chubby, Lonely. 800. Doublemoon, 2007. CD. This soothing music track is used on the Ottoman Decline and Shift page. Dede, Mercan. The Sun Rises In The East. 800. Doublemoon, 2007. CD. This more upbeat music track is used on the Formation of Turkey page. Dede, Mercan. Where Are You. 800. Doublemoon, 2007. CD. This more mellow music track is used on the During the Ottoman Empire page. "Fall Reading: Ataturk: Lessons in Leadership from the Greatest General of the Ottoman

Empire | Humanities Texas." Home | Humanities Texas. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2012. <http://www.humanitiestexas.org/news/articles/atat%C3%BCrk-lessons-in-leade rship>. This picture of Mustafa Kemal is used in the "Formation of Turkey" page. "Lesson 3: United States Entry into World War I: A Documentary Chronology of World War I | EDSITEment." EDSITEment | The Best of the Humanities on the Web. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012. <http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/united-states-entry-world-war-i-document ary-chronology-world-war-i#sect-thelesson>. This page featured a historical map from 1918, showing the nations at war. It was particularly interesting, as it showed Turkey while it still held its Arab regions. Jurek, Justin. "Top 10 Bloodiest Battles of World War I | Top 10 Lists | TopTenz.net." Top 10 Lists: An Fascinating Time Waster by TopTenz.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012. <http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-bloodiest-battles-of-world-war-i.php>. This picture of the Battle of Gallipoli features soldiers running up a hill and is used on The Turning Point page. Kemal, Mustafa. "Address to Turkish Youth." Ankara, Turkey. 27 October 1927. Address. This audio is from Mustafa Kemals very inspirational address to the Turkish youth. As it is in the Turkish language, a translated transcript was needed for me to properly interpret it. It was used on the Formation of Turkey page. L, Miller. " Coded Ammo - Heads up Tennessee & Mississippi - Survivalist Forum." Survivalist Forum Survival Gear SHTF and TEOTWAWKI Articles. vBulletin Solutions, Inc., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.

<http://www.survivalistboards.com/showthread.php?t=6985>. Martin, Lawrence. The treaties of peace, 1919-1923. New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1924. Print. This contained the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne, which officially recognized the Republic of Turkey's independence. The treaty was featured on under "The Formation of Turkey" section. "National Geographic Kids: Turkey." Bubblegum Post | Pop Culture for Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. <http://bubblegumpost.com/2011/05/national-geographic-kids-turkey/>. This page featured a picture of Turkey's flag waving in the wind, giving it more depth than the average picture of their flag. It is used on the "Formation of Turkey" page. Phillips, Axelrod, Alan Phillips, and Charles L. Phillips. Encyclopedia of Historical Treaties and Alliances: From Ancient Times to the 1930s. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2006. Print. This primary source document was the "Treaty of Svres," a treaty that led to Turkey's War for Independence. This document was used on the website on the "After the Ottoman Empire" page. "Sleyman The Magnificent - Crystalinks." Crystalinks Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. <http://www.crystalinks.com/suleiman.html>. This picture of Sleyman the Magnificent was used on the "During the Ottoman Empire" page. "The Avalon Project : The Palestine Mandate." Avalon Project - Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2012. <http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/palmanda.asp>. The Mandate of Palestine explains in specific detail what the League of Nations decided to do with the land they'd carved out of the former Ottoman Empire. Thus, Palestine was

given to the Jews. This primary source was used on the "After the Ottoman Empire" page. "The Young Turks," trans. A. Sarrou, Civilization since Waterloo, Rondo Cameron, ed. (Paris, 1912), pp. 40-42. From here, I got the Proclamation for the Ottoman Empire, which was the first constitution by the Young Turks, from 1908.

Secondary Sources
" Ottoman Empire - Crystalinks." Crystalinks Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. <http://www.crystalinks.com/ottomanempire.html>. This map of the Ottoman Empire, featuring Suleimans conquests was used on the "During the Ottoman Empire" page. Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & encounters: a global perspective on the past. 4th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2008. Print. This book explains information in a very chronological order, much like a narrative. Information about contemporary events of the world is also found in this book, making it extremely useful for seeing how one nation affected another. Earhart. "Understanding the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict (With Updates) Anderson Issues." Anderson Issues. N.p., 22 Sept. 2011. Web. 16 Dec. 2012. <http://andersonissues.com/2011/09/22/understanding-the-palestinian-israeli-con flict/>. This map shows the borders assigned by the League of Nations Mandates, 1920. Esposito, John L.. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. Print. The book is extremely detailed in chronicling the

events of the Islamic World. Its "Ottoman Empire" chapter was particularly useful in gaining a well-rounded understanding of how the empire collapsed. "NYSED Global History and Geography Online Resource Guide: Turningpoints." P-12 : NYSED. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2012. <http://www.p12.nysed.gov/ciai/socst/ghgonline/turnpoint/tp52.html>. Although this website has very limited information, the amount of incorporated primary sources makes it significantly more useful than the average site. Ruggiero, Adriane. The Ottoman Empire. New York: Benchmark Books, 2003. Print. The book is well-written, and has a great overview of the Ottoman Empire. It features a chronology, some politics, Islam, and culture. It seems geared towards a more middle-school reading level. "Week 2: Imperial Settings." La Salle University :: Philadelphia, PA. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012. <http://www.lasalle.edu/~mcinneshin/303/week02.htm>. This map is featured on the Ottoman Decline page, showing the empire from 1878-1914.