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This novel provides great insight to the prepubescent boy who literally grows up before our eyes.

Germany in the years just prior to WWI experienced many changes, all things that would have brought confusion to a young person living through them. Our main character Sinclair recognizes the kingdom of good and light; his God fearing parents and innocent younger sisters are separate from the realm of evil and dark; they have deep religious roots and they hold tight to their beliefs. When Sinclair is drawn into lies and theft by Kromer, Demian steps in and mentors him. He gives him a new perception of the differences between light and dark. Demian spins a new interpretation of Cain and Abel for the boy, explaining his view that the mark on Cain's forehead is not truly a curse, but rather a badge of courage, power, and character. Sinclair is unable to reject Demian's heroic characterization of Cain due to his recent experience with Kromer, and Demian uses this upset of clarity to confuse Sinclair's clear view of the distinction between the realms of good and evil. Demian then goes even further, planting an alternative perception that individuals have to search within themselves to discover their own fates. All in all, Demian becomes a reflection of the massive pre-war psyche in Europe, and shows the reader in a sense how simple it can be to turn the minds and beliefs of a people without their ever understanding how it happened. Although ambiguity in factual writing is a flaw in the creation of prose and poetry multiple meanings are desirable. In this modern novel, Demian, Herman Hesse introduces many and mixed references, all of which contribute to variety of meanings. Though biblical themes, personas and symbols, the author creates new realms of interpretation. First, Herman Hesse used symbols from the bible, to represent something else by association, resemblance, or convention, especially a material object used to represent something invisible. In the garden of Eadin, Adam and Eve ate the forbidden apple, in the novel Demian steals an apple. This draws the conclusion that not only Demian is good and bad at the same time but everyone human being is too. As Demian stands next to a tree he is struck with a bullet and is slain and pinned to the tree. Emil Sinclair is a representation of the movement of one's inner spirit toward realization. The path Emil is traveling on is one of self-discovery. Each man's life represents a road to himself, an attempt at such a road, the intimation of a path. The most essential thing that Emil struggled with was the dichotomy of the world, the two realms. The realms of the day and night, two different worlds coming from two opposite poles, mingled during this time. Opposition is marked and clarified as being distinct as night and day. My parent's house made up one realm... It was the realm of brilliance, charity and cleanliness, gentle conversations, washed hands, clean clothes and good manners. Sinclair describes this first realm as being ordered and controlled, his parent's household, with its set rules and beliefs, takes on a biblical symbolism: "Straight lines and paths led into the future: there were duty and guilt, bad conscience and confession, forgiveness and good resolution, love, reverence, wisdom and the words of the Bible." It was from this world that Emil learnt from his parents. They provided him with a sense of belonging. The "other realm" is presented as the opposite of the world of his parents. "This second world conta Demian, written by Hermann Hesse and first published in 1919, is, at its heart, a novel of selfdiscovery and self-actualization. The novel itself, an autobiographical novel that was written by Emil Sinclair, the focus of the story, is meant to show an old man, whose voyage of self-discovery is

coming to a close, and his recollections of past events and their ability to shape his current worldview. Central to the novel is this relationship between the current incarnation of ones own personality and the past events which have gradually made such introspective aspects of oneself to emerge and take shape. While at many times asserting clearly and poignantly that the past is something which must be let go by an individual in order to carry on down the path that leads to ones true self, hidden within the novel is the assertion that the past forms us and shapes us and should never be let go of fully, but, instead, should always be kept as an afterimage of what once was. It is only then that we can begin to find our own road of self-actualization. This does not seem to be done by accident, as, in other cases of other such themes in Demian, Hesse cleverly uses the duality of nature approach. He constantly sees the Hesse became interested exploring how human mind works after undergoing psychoanalysis. He used, as subject of the story, having mental distress that leads to self-realization. The novel is about the story of the narrator named Emil Sinclair. It had been focusing Sinclair having disorder in his mind. He experienced working with his subconscious mind. It is a mental activity not directly perceived by your consciousness, from which memories, feelings, or thoughts can influence your behavior without you realizing it. It has been shown in the part where he dreamed of images or symbols that unable him to interpret that. Symbols and images are very important in psychology, specifically in the field of Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist. Intellectual development occurs in Sinclair in the entire story. Sinclair tho One of the largest goals of modern literature is to explore the psyche; a collection of the conscious and subconscious actions of humans. Generally, the human mind is explored through the use of a character that is subjected to a series of emotional challenges and tests. This character may often reflect on the author himself or simply what the authors take on psychology and the human mind is. In the novel Demian, by Hermann Hesse, the author invites the reader to explore the mind of the character Emil Sinclair by including forms of stream of consciousness narration and an open-ended ending to the book. Hesse ends the book without leaving many details or answering many questions. The character Demian simply leaves and Sinclair seems to truly find his self. The fact that Demian leaves raises the question of whether he is a real person or just a figment of Sinclairs imagination. Throughout the book, Demain appears whenever Sinclair is in need. For instance, at the beginning of the book when Franz Kromer is harassing Sinclair, Demian s.