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Submitted by:

Christian B. Sinigmayon
III Dama De Noche

Submitted to:

Mrs. Jenina Gragasin

Teacher

Kinds of Barbiturates Medicines


1. Brallobarbital - is a barbiturate developed in the 1920s. It has sedative and hypnotic properties, and was used for the treatment of insomnia. Brallobarbital was primarily sold as part of a combination product called Vesparax, composed of 150 mg secobarbital, 50 mg brallobarbital and 50 mg hydroxyzine. 2. Butalbital - is a barbiturate with an intermediate duration of action. Butalbital is often combined with other medications, such as acetaminophen (paracetamol) or aspirin, and is commonly prescribed for the treatment of pain and headache. 3. Vinylbital - also known as butylvinal, is a sedative hypnotic drug which is a barbiturate derivative. It was developed by Aktieboleget Pharmacia in the 1950s. 4. Methohexital - is a drug which is a barbiturate derivative. Methohexital is primarily used to induce anesthesia, and is generally provided as a sodium salt (i.e. methohexital sodium). It is only used in hospital or similar settings, under strict supervision. It has been commonly used to induce deep sedation, "twilight sleep" or general anesthesia for oral surgery and dentistry. 5. Mebaral is used for treating anxiety, tension, and apprehension, and preventing seizures. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor. Mebaral is a barbiturate. It works by depressing the central nervous system or brain. In low doses, it causes mild sedation. As the dose increases, it can cause sleep and even coma. As it causes the brain to relax, it also decreases seizure activity. 6. Alphenal - is a barbiturate derivative developed in the 1920s. It has primarily anticonvulsant properties, and was used occasionally for the treatment of epilepsy or convulsions, although not as commonly as better known barbiturates such as phenobarbital. 7. Mysoline is used for treating and preventing seizures. It may be taken alone or with other medicines. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor. Mysoline is an anticonvulsant. 8. Metharbital - was patented in 1905 by Emil Fischer working for Merck. It was marketed as Gemonil by Abbott Laboratories. It is a barbiturate anticonvulsant, used in the treatment of epilepsy. It has similar properties to phenobarbital. 9. Allobarbital - also known as allobarbitone and branded as Cibalgine or Dial-Ciba (in combination with ethyl carbamate), is a barbiturate derivative invented in 1912 by Ernst

Preiswerk and Ernst Grether working for CIBA. It was used primarily as an anticonvulsant although it has now largely been replaced by newer drugs with improved safety profiles. 1o. Secobarbital - is used on a short-term basis to treat insomnia (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep). It is also used to relieve anxiety before surgery. Secobarbital is in a class of medications called barbiturates. It works by slowing activity in the brain.

Kinds of Tranquilizer Medicines


1. Bravobol capsule - is a herbal tranquillizer enriched with time tested and trusted herbs to promote the biosynthesis of R.N.A. required for memory and learning process, thus improving the school performance of children. Banlabs Bravobol slows down the decline of intellectual functions in geriatrics and checks loss of memory. Bravobol overcomes behavioural problems of old age and maintains tranquility of mind. 2. BuSpar - is an anti-anxiety medicine that affects chemicals in your brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety. BuSpar is used to treat symptoms of anxiety, such as fear, tension, irritability, dizziness, pounding heartbeat, and other physical symptoms. 3. Thioxanthenes - it is used in the treatment of nervous, mental, and emotional conditions. Improvement in such conditions is thought to result from the effect of the medicine on nerve pathways in specific areas of the brain. 4. Ativan - is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). It affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety. Ativan is used to treat anxiety disorders. 5. Butyrophenones - are a class of pharmaceutical drugs used to treat various pyschiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. 6. Klonopin - is used alone or in combination with other medications to control certain types of seizures. It is also used to relieve panic attacks (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks). Clonazepam is in a class of medications called benzodiazepines. It works by decreasing abnormal electrical activity in the brain. 7. Valium - is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). Diazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety. Valium (diazepam) is used to treat anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasms. It is sometimes used with other medications to treat seizures. 9. Halcion - is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen) similar to Valium. Triazolam affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause sleep problems (insomnia). Triazolam is used to treat insomnia symptoms, such as trouble falling or staying asleep.

10. Fioricet - is a combination of acetaminophen, Butalbital, and Caffeine and is usually prescribed for the relief of tension headaches. However, one of the side effects of Fioricet is drowsiness and it is sometime prescribed alone or with other drugs to help a person sleep.