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3 marks 1. Five books on Mathematics and three books on Physics are placed at random on a bookshelf.

What is the probability that books on Mathematics are placed side by side on the bookshelf? ( 1/28 ) 2. There are ten persons who are to be seated around a circular table. Find the probability that two particular persons will always sit together. ( 2/9 ) 3. A bag contains 20 balls marked 1 to 20. One ball is drawn at random from the bag. What is the probability that the ball drawn is marked with a number which is a multiple of 5 or 7? ( 3/10 ) 4. A bag contains 8 red and 10 blue balls. Two balls are drawn at random. What is the probability that one ball is blue and the other is red? ( 80/153 ) 5. In a single throw of two dice, find the probability of getting a total of 9 or 11. ( 1/6 ) 6. An urn contains 3 white and 5 black balls. One ball is drawn. What is the probability that it is black? (5/8) 7. Tickets numbered from 1 to 20 are mixed up together and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the probability that the ticket has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 7? ( 2/5 ) 8. The probability of x, y and z solving a problem are 1/3 , 2/7 and 3/8 respectively. If all the three try and solve the problem simultaneously, find the probability that only one of them will solve it? ( 25/56 ). 9. Shamal and Manisha appear for an interview for two vacancies. The probability of Shamal's selection is 1/3 and that of Manisha's is 1/5. Find the probability that only one of them will be selected.(2/5) 10. In a single throw of two dice, find the probability of getting a total of at most 9? ( 5/6). 11. Two horses are considered for a race. The probability of selection of the first horse is 1/4 and that of the second is 1/3. What is the probability that i) both of them will be selected. ii) only one of them will be selected iii) none of them will be selected. ( 1/12, 5/12, 1/2 ) 12. A fair die is thrown once. What is the probability that either an even number or a number greater than three will turn up? ( 2/3) 13. Two dice are thrown together. What is the probability that the sum of the numbers on the two faces is neither divisible by 3 nor by 4? ( 4/9 ) 14. Find the probability of drawing a king or club or both from a full pack of cards. ( 4/13) 15. The odds in favour of an event are 3:5. Find the probability of occuerence of this event. (3/8) 16. Find the probability of getting an ace or a spade or both in a single draw from a pair of cards. ( 4/13 ) 17. The probability of an event A occurring is 2/3 and the probability of event B not occurring is 5/9. If the probability of getting success in at least one of the two events is 4/5, what is the probability of success in both the events ?( 14/45 ) 18. The probabilities of A, B and C solving a problem are 1/2, 1/3 and 1/4 respectively. Find the probability that the problem will be solved. ( 3/4 ) 19. A bag contains 19 tickets numbered from 1 to 19. A ticket is drawn, and then another ticket is drawn without replacement. Find the probability that both the tickets will show even numbers. ( 4/19 ) 20. What is the probability that an ordinary year has 53 Mondays? What is probability that a leap year has 53 Mondays? ( 1/7, 2/7 ) 21. Two dice are thrown together. Find the probability of getting a multiple of 3 as the sum.( 1/3 )

22. Find the probability of getting the sum as prime number when two dice are thrown together. 23. A die is thrown 10 times. Getting a number greater than 4 is considered as success. Find the mean and variance of the number of successes.( 10/3, 20/9 ) 24. There are n letters and n addressed envelopes. If the letters are placed in the envelopes at random, what is the probability that all the letters are not placed in the right envelope?( n!-1/n! ) 25. A die is thrown 5 times, find the probability of getting 2 at least 4 times. (25x(1/6)5) 5marks 1. Two numbers are selected randomly from the first fifteen natural numbers. If the sum of the numbers selected is even, find the probability that both numbers are even. ( 3/7 ) 2. In a bag A there are 6 white and 4 red balls, while in bag B there are 7 white and 8 red balls and in the bag C, there are 4 white and 3 red balls. One ball is taken out at random from each bag. Find the probability that all the three balls are of the same colour. (44/175) 3. Two marbles are drawn successively from a box containing 3 black and 4 white marbles. Find the probability that both marbles are black if the first marble is not replaced before the second drawing.(1/7) 4. Two dice were thrown and it is known that the numbers come up were different. Find the probability that the sum of the two numbers was 4.(1/15) 5. The probability that a boy will not pass ISC examination is 3/5 and that a girl will not pass is 4/5. Calculate the probability that at least one of them passes the examination.(13/25) 6. The probability that, after graduation, a student would continue post-graduate studies is 3/5. Determine the probability that out of 5 students who graduate i) none ii) at least one will continue his post-graduation studies.(0.01, 0.99 ) 7. Out of the 10 boys and 5girls, a committee of 3, consisting of at least one girl is to be formed. Calculate the probability of the committee formed having more girls than boys. (22/45) 8. In a given race the odds in favour of four horses A, B, C, D are 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, 1:6 respectively. Assuming that a dead heat is impossible, find the chance that one of them wins the race. ( 9. The probability of a student getting I, II and III divisions in an examination are respectively 1/10, 3/5 and 1/4. Calculate the probability that the student fails in the examination. ( 27/100) 10. Assume that on an average one telephone out of 10 is busy. Seven telephone numbers are randomly selected and called. Find the probability that three of them will be busy. ( 1/1440) 11. In a town, the probability of not reading the morning news paper by the resident is 1/2 and that of not reading the evening newspaper is 2/5. The probability of reading both news paper is 1/5.Find the probability that a resident reads either the morning or evening or both the papers. (9/10) 12. Two cards are drawn from a pack of 52 cards. What is the probability that either both are red or both are kings? (55/221) 13. A basket contains 20 apples and 10 oranges out of which 5 apples and 3 oranges are defective. If a person takes out 2 at random, what is the probability that either both are apples or both are good? ( 316/435) 14. A box contains 6 red, 4 white and 5 black balls. A person draws 4balls from the box at random. Find the probability that among the balls drawn there is atleast one ball of each colour. ((48/91) 15. In a town of 6000 people 1200 are over 50 years old and 2000 are females. It is known that 30% of the females are over 50 years. What is the probability that a random chosen individual from the town either female or over 50 years?(13/30) 16. A bag contains 3 red and 5 black balls and a second bag contains 6 red and 4 black balls. A ball is draw from each bag. Find the probability that both are i)red ii) black. ( 9/40 , 1/4 )

17. A police man fires 4 bullets on a dacoit. The probability that the dacoit will be killed by one bullet is 0.6. What is the probability that the dacoit is still alive? (0.0256) 18. A bag contains 5 white, 7 red and 8 black balls. Four balls are drawn one by one with replacement, what is the probability that at least one is white? (175/256) 19. Two cards are drawn without replacement from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards. i. Find the probability that one is a spade and other is a queen of red colour.(1/51) ii. What is the probability that one is a red quuen and the other is king of black colour? (2/663) 20. Bag A contains 4 red and 5 black balls and bag B contains 3 red and 7 black balls. One ball is drawn from bag A and two from bag B. Find the probability that out of 3 balls drawn, two are black and one is red.(7/15) 21. A bag contains 3 white, 3 black and 2 red balls one by one, three balls are drawn without replacing them. Find the probability that the third ball is red. ( ) 22. Two persons A and B throw a die alternatively till one of them gets a three and wins the game. Find their probabilities of winning, if A begins. ( 6/11) 23. A bag contains 6 red and 5 blue balls and another bag contains 5 red and 8 blue balls. A ball is drawn from the first bag and without noticing its colour is put in the second bag. A ball is then drawn from the second bag. Find the probability that the ball drawn is blue in colour. ( 93/154) 24. There are two bags, one of which contains 3 black and 4 white balls, while the other contains 4 black and 3 white balls. A fair die is cast, if the face 1 or 3 turns up, a ball is taken from the first bag, and if any other face turns up a ball is chosen from the second bag. Find the probability of choosing a black ball. ( 11/21) 25. Find the probability of drawing a one rupee coin from a purse with 2 compartments one of which contains 3 fifty paise coins and 2 one rupee coins and the other contains 2 fifty paise coins and 3 one rupee coins.( ) 26. The probabilities of A, B and C solving a problem are 1/2, 1/3 and 1/4 respectively. Find the probability that the problem will be solved. ( 3/4 ) 27. A bag contains 19 tickets numbered from 1 to 19. A ticket is drawn, and then another ticket is drawn without replacement. Find the probability that both the tickets will show even numbers. ( 4/19 ) 28. What is the probability that an ordinary year has 53 Mondays? What is probability that a leap year has 53 Mondays? ( 1/7, 2/7 ) 29. A basket contains 20 apples and 10 oranges out of which 5 apples and 3 oranges are defective. If a person takes out 2 at random, what is the probability that either both are apples or both are good? ( 316/435) 30. A box contains 6 red, 4 white and 5 black balls. A person draws 4balls from the box at random. Find the probability that among the balls drawn there is atleast one ball of each colour. ((48/91) 31. In a town of 6000 people 1200 are over 50 years old and 2000 are females. It is known that 30% of the females are over 50 years. What is the probability that a random chosen individual from the town either female or over 50 years?(13/30)