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John 2:1-25

The Wedding at Cana and Jesus Clears the Temple

John 2:1-25

I. Context (What does the passage say?) Who are the main characters in the passage? What do we know about them?

When

Jesus:

The Disciples:

Jesus' mother, Mary:

Servants at the Wedding:

Merchants & Money Changers:

The Jewish Leaders at the Temple:

and where does this passage take place?

When: The wedding at Cana occurred "on the third day" (2:1), which referrs to the last event mentioned, the call

of Nathaniel in John 1:45-51.

wedding in Cana (v. 12) when it was almost time for the Jewish Passover (v. 13), during the month of Nisan

(March-April) (Exodus 12:2)

We are told that the next section, when Jesus clears the temple, occurs after the

Where:

Cana: a city in Galilee approximately 9 mi. north of Nazareth (MacArthur commentary) : a city in Galilee approximately 9 mi. north of Nazareth (MacArthur commentary)

Capernaum: a city on the northern shores of the Sea of Galilee (MacArthur commentary) : a city on the northern shores of the Sea of Galilee (MacArthur commentary)

Jerusalem: a city in Judea approximately 10 mi. west of the northern shores of the : a city in Judea approximately 10 mi. west of the northern shores of the Dead Sea. (map)

What is going on? (Summary of Events)

The Wedding at Cana: Jesus turns water into wine (John 2:1-11)of the Dead Sea. (map) What is going on? (Summary of Events) The wedding guests run

The wedding guests run out of wine (v. 3)Wedding at Cana: Jesus turns water into wine (John 2:1-11) Mary tells Jesus of the problem

Mary tells Jesus of the problem and, after his initial hesitation, Jesus had servants fill stone jars with water. Then he had a servant draw out some and take it to the master of the banquet (v. 4-8)wine (John 2:1-11) The wedding guests run out of wine (v. 3) The master of the

The master of the banquet tasted the wine and remarked to the bridegroom about its quality (v. 9-10)out some and take it to the master of the banquet (v. 4-8) This was Jesus'

This was Jesus' first miracle/sign and the disciples, having witnessed it, placed their faith in him (v. 11)and remarked to the bridegroom about its quality (v. 9-10) Preparing for Passover: Jesus clears the

Preparing for Passover: Jesus clears the temple (John 2:12-25)having witnessed it, placed their faith in him (v. 11) After the wedding, Jesus, his mother,

After the wedding, Jesus, his mother, brothers, and disciples went to Capernaum for a few days (v. 12)for Passover: Jesus clears the temple (John 2:12-25) Jesus and his disciples went to Jerusalem for

Jesus and his disciples went to Jerusalem for Passover (v. 13)and disciples went to Capernaum for a few days (v. 12) When Jesus saw merchants and

When Jesus saw merchants and moneychangers conducting their businesses in the temple courts, he drove them all out with a whip (v. 14-17)and his disciples went to Jerusalem for Passover (v. 13) The Jews questioned his authority to

The Jews questioned his authority to do this and Jesus referred to destroying and rebuilding the temple as a metaphor for his coming death and resurrection (v. 18-22)temple courts, he drove them all out with a whip (v. 14-17) Many people witnessed Jesus'

Many people witnessed Jesus' miracles during Passover and believed in him (v. 23-25)and Jesus referred to destroying and rebuilding the temple as a metaphor for his coming death

John 2:1-25

II. Interpretation (What does the passage mean?)

What principles are illustrated in this passage? What would you consider the theme of this passage?

What evidence is given in this passage that Christ is who he claimed to be? How is his deity demonstrated?

Why did Jesus turn the water into wine at the wedding in Cana? What do you think his purpose was in doing this?

Why do you think Jesus clear the temple courts of the merchants and moneychangers? What was their crime?

Jesus alludes to his death and resurrection being akin to destroying the temple and rebuilding it in three days.

Jesus' death and resurrection like destroying and rebuilding the temple? What other symbolism might be seen in this passage?

How was

III. Application (What does the passage mean for my life?)

Has Christianity today become like the temple courts in this passage? Has merchandising and our willingness to buy it turned the reality of the cross into a quick buck? When our thoughts are drawn to the merchandise, it's difficult to focusIII. Application (What does the passage mean for my life?) on the Messiah. offense in this

on the Messiah.

offense in this passage is that the merchants were turning what should be a time of worship into an opportunity for

material gain.

Does this mean that we should not purchase/wear Christian jewelery or clothing? Not necessarily.

It's the heart that's the issue.

The

How did the disciples respond to witnessing Jesus' miracles? Do you think that it's easier or harder to believe in Christ today? Why or why not?necessarily. It's the heart that's the issue. The How did Christ's "rebuilding the temple" affect

How did Christ's "rebuilding the temple" affect us today? Where is the temple now? (Hint: Romans 6:19-20)Jesus' miracles? Do you think that it's easier or harder to believe in Christ today? Why

Notes