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ASSIGNMENT (COMPLEX Number)

Introduction, Integral Power of Iota
BBaassiicc LLeevveell
1.
- 2
=
(a)
6
2. The value of

(a) – 8

i)

(a) 8

The value of

(a)

The value of

(a) 0

(1 + i)

3. (1

4.

5.

6.

+

i)

+

16

10

(1

-

4

4

i

2

8

6

8

(b)

is

(b)

(b)

is

(b)

is

(b)

– 16

2 7

(1 + i)

=

(1 + i)

(1 + i)

5 ¥(1 - i)

5

+ (1 - i)

+ (1 - i)

= - 1,

6

, where

is equal to

(a) 32 i
7. If i =
- 1,

(a) 2 – i

then

1 + i

2

+ i

3

- i

6

(b)

+ i

8

(b)

64 + i

is equal to

1

8.

The value of

i

592

+ i

i

+

i

+

i

+

590

588

586

584

i

582

+ i

i

+

i

+

i

+

580

578

576

574

-

1

=

(a) – 1

9. If

i 2 then sum

= -

1,

i + i

2

+ i

3

(b)

+

– 2

to

1000

terms is equal to

(a) 1

-

If (1

(a) 1

10. i

)

n

11. If

Ê 1 + i ˆ

Á

Ë 1 -

˜

i

¯

=

m

2

n

,

= 1,

then n

(b)

(b)

– 1

0

then the least integral value of m is

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

i
6

8

4

32

2 6

24 i – 32

3

– 3

i

– 1

(a) 2

(b)

4

12. The least positive integer n which will reduce

(a) 2

(b)

3

Ê i -

Á

Ë i + 1

1 ˆ

˜

¯

n

(c)

8

to a real number, is

(c)

4

(d)

[Roorkee 1978]

None of these

[Karnataka CET 1992]

(d)

32

[Karnataka CET 2001]

(d)

– 4

[Rajasthan PET 2001]

(d)

– 32

[Rajasthan PET 2002]

(d)

(d)

None of these

None of these

[AMU 2001]

[Rajsthan PET 1995]

(d)

(d)

– 1

– 4

[Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

(d)

0

[Rajasthan PET 1990]

(d)

None of these

[IIT 1982; MNR 1984; UPSEAT 2001; MP PET 2002]

(d)

(d)

None of these

5

[Roorkee 1998]

i

2

(a)

13. + i

i

4

+ i

6

+

upto (2n+1) terms =

(b)

i

14. The value of the sum

13

Â (

n = 1

i

n

+ i

n + 1

),

where i =

(a)

i

15. The value of

i 1+3 +5 +

+(2n

+1)

is

(b)

i – 1

(a)

(c)

i if n is even, – i if n is odd

1 if n is odd, i if n is even

16. i

57 +

1

i

125

, when simplified has the value

(a) 0

(b)

17. The number

(1

-

i )

3

1 -

i

3

is equal to

(a) i

+

(a) 2 + i

6

18. +

(1

i)

If

19. (

a + ib

)

(1

-

i)

3

=

5 = a + ib

then

(b)

(b)

(b + ia)

5

(a) b + ia

(b)

2 i

– 1

2 – 10 i

is equal to

a

- ib

- 1, equals

(c)

(c)

(b)

(d)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

20. For a positive integer n, the expression

(a) 0

(b)

2i n

(1

21. The smallest positive integer n for which

-

i )

n

Á Ê 1

Ë

Ê Á 1 + i ˆ

Ë 1 -

˜

i

¯

-

n

ˆ

1 ˜

i

¯

n

= - 1

equals

is

(c)

(a) 1

(b)

2

22. The least positive integer n such that

(a) 2

(b)

4

(c)

2

ˆ

Ê ˜

i

¯

n

Á is a positive integer is

Ë 1 + i

(c)

1

i

(d)

(d)

1 if n is even, – 1 if n is odd

i if n is even, – 1 if n is odd

– 2 i

(d)

[EAMCET 1980; DCE 2000]

– 1

0

2

[IIT 1998]

[AMU 1999]

[Roorkee 1993]

[Pb. CET 1991, Karnataka CET 1998]

1

(d)

– 2

[Karnataka CET 1997; Kurukshetra CEE 1995]

– 2 + i

b

2 n

3

8

- ia

(d)

(d)

(d)

(d)

– 2 – 10 i

-a - ib

4 n

4

[AMU 1992]

[Roorkee 1992]

[Kurukshetra CEE 1992]

(d)

16

Real and imaginary parts of complex numbers, Algebraic operations, Equality of two Complex numbers
BBaassiicc LLeevveell

23. The statement (a + ib) < (c + id) is

true for

(a)

a

2

+ b

2

= 0

24. The true statement is

(a)

1 – i <1+i

25. The complex number

1

+ 2 i

1 -

i

(b)

(b)

b 2

+ c

2

= 0

2i + 1>–2i + 1

(c)

(c)

2

a + c

2i > 1

lies in which quadrant of the complex plane

 (a) First 26. and If | z | = 1 w =

z

-

1

z

+ 1

(b)

Second

(where z -1) , then Re(w) is

(c)

Third

2

= 0

[Rajasthan PET 2002]

(d)

(d)

(d)

b 2

+ d

2

= 0

[Roorkee 1989]

None of these

[MP PET 2001]

Fourth

[IIT Screening 2003; Rajasthan PET 1997]

27.

(a) 0

3 2 sin q

+

i

1 2 sin q

-

i

(b)

-

1

|

z +

1|

2

will be purely imaginary, if q =

(a) 2 np ±

p

3

(b) np +

p

3

[Where n is an integer]

28. If z 0 is a complex numbers, then

(a) Re (

z

)

=

0

Im (

z

2

)

=

0

(b)

Re (

z

2

)

=

0

Im (

z

2

)

=

0

z 1
(c)
.
2
z + 1
|
z +
1|
p
(c) np ±
3
(c)
Re (
z
)
=
0
Re (
z

2 )

=

0

29. If z 1 and z 2 be two complex numbers, then Re (z 1 z 2 ) =

(a)

Re (z 1 ). Re (z 2 )

(b)

Re (z 1 ). Im (z 2 )

-

cosq

1

+ i

sinq

is equal to

30. The real part of 1

(a)

1

4

(b)

1

2

(c)

(c)

Im (z 1 ). Re (z 2 )

tan q

2

31. The multiplication inverse of a number is the number itself, then its initial value is

(a) i

(b)

– 1

(c)

)

(c)

2

i

-

2

i cot q

2

2

- a

32. If z = 1 + i, then the multiplicative inverse of z 2 is (where i =

(a)

2 i

33. q + i sin q ,

a = cos

If

(a) cot q

34. and z

If

z = x - iy

1

3

(a) – 2

35. = a + ib

x + iy

)

If (

1 / 3

(a) 4 (

a

2

+ b

2

)

(b)
1
– i
1 + a
then
=
1 -
a
(b)
cot q
2
Ê x
y ˆ
(
= p + iq , then
Á
+
˜
p
˜
p
q
Á Ë
¯
(b)
– 1
x
y
,
then
+
is equal to
a b
2
2
(b) 4 (
a
- b
)

2

+ q

2

)

(c)

is equal to

(c)

(c) 4 (

b

2

2

)

36. If

3 + i = (a + ib)(c + id),

(a)

p

3

+ 2n

p , n Œ I

then

(b)

tan

-

1

n

p

1

2

1

2

37. Additive inverse of 1 – i is

then

(b)

1 +

b

+

ia

1 +

b

-

ia

=

(b)

(b)

Ê Á b ˆ

Ë

tan

-

1

Ê Á d ˆ

c

˜

˜ +

¯

a Ë

¯

+

p

6

, n Œ I

i

has the value

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

n

p

1

-

p

3

+ i

b + ia

1

, n Œ I

2
(d)
|
2
z +
1|

[IIT 1976]

(d) None of these

(d) None of these

(d)

None of these

[Karnataka CET 2001]

(d)

1

1

-

cos q

[Rajasthan PET 2003]

(d)

i

[Karnataka CET 1999]

(d)

i

2

[Karnataka CET 2000]

(d) i tan q

2

(d)

1

[AIEEE 2004]

[IIT 1982; Karnataka CET 2000]

(d)

(d)

(d)

(d)

(d)

None of these

2 n

p

-

p

3

, n Œ I

None of these

a +ib

[MP PET 1995, 99]

– 1

40.

41.

Ï

2 i

¸

2

Ì

Ó

(a)

1 + i

1

˝

˛

=

(b)

If Z 1 = (4, 5) and Z 2 = (–3, 2), then

2i

Z

1

Z

2

equals

(c)

1

i

(a)

Ê -

Á

Ë

23

- 2 ˆ

˜

13

12

,

¯

(b)

Ê

Á

Ë

2

- 23 ˆ

˜

13

,

13

¯

(c)

Ê -

Á

Ë

2

- 23 ˆ

˜

13

,

13

¯

42.

43.

44.

If

x +

1

=

2 cos

x

q ,

then x is equal to

(a)

cos q + isin q

(b)

cos q - isin q

(c)

cos q ± isin q

The number of real values of a satisfying the equation a 2 – 2a sin x + 1 = 0 is

(a) Zero

Solving

i

(b)

, where

i

2

One

= - 1,

(c)

Two

3 - 2

yi

= 9

x

- 7

for real x and y, we get

(a)

x = 0.5 , y = 3.5

(b)

x = 5 , y = 3

(c)

x =

1

,
2

y = 7

45.

1

-

i

1 + i

(a)

is equal to

cos p

2

+

i sin

p

2

(b)

cos p

2

- i sin

p

2

(c)

sin p

2

+ i cos

p

2

46.

The values of x and y satisfying the equation

(1

+

i )

x

-

2

i

3 + i

47.

48.

(a) x = -1, y = 3

If

x

+

iy

=

3

2

+

cos

q

+

i

sin

q

(a) 3x – 4

,

(b)

then

(b)

x = 3, y = -1

2

x + y

2

4x – 3

is equal to

If

5(

-

8

+

6 )

i

(1

)

+ i

2

=

a +

ib ,

then (a, b) equals

(a)

(15, 20)

(b)

(20, 15)

49.
If
x = -5 + 2
- 4, then the value of the expression
(a)
160
(b)
– 160
6 i
- 3
i
1
50.
If
4
3
i
- 1
= x + iy , then (x, y) is
20
3
i

51.

(a)

If

(3, 1)

Ê 1

Á

Ë

ˆ

i ˜ 1 + i

-

¯

100

=

a

+

ib ,

then

(b)

(1, 3)

x

4

+

+

(2

-

3 )

i y

+

i

3 -

i

=

i ,

are

(c)

x = 0, y = 1

9

x

3

+

(c)

(c)

x

(c)

35

2

4x + 3

(–15, 20)

- x + 4

60

is

(c)

(0, 3)

52.

(a)

The real values of x and y for which the equation (x + iy)(2 - 3i) = 4 + i is satisfied, are

a = 2, b = -1

(b)

a = 1,

b = 0

(c)

a = 0,

b = 1

53.

(a)

x =

5

13

, y =

8

13

(b)

x =

8

13

,

y =

5

13

The solution of the equation | z| - z = 1 + 2i is

(c)

x =

5

13

,

y =

14

13

 [BIT Ranchi 1992] (d) 1 – 2i [Rajasthan PET 1996] Ê - 2 23 ˆ (d) Á Ë 13 , 13 ˜ ¯ [Rajasthan PET 2001] (d) sin q ± icos q (d) Infinite [AMU 2000] (d) 0, 3 + 7 i x = y = 2 i [Rajasthan PET 1984] (d) None of these [IIT 1980; MNR 1987, 88] (d) x = 1, y = 0 (d) None of these [Rajasthan PET 1986] (d) None of these [IIT 1972] (d) – 60 [MP PET 2000] (d) (0, 0) [MP PET 1998] (d) a = -1, b = 2 [Roorkee 1978] (d) None of these

[MP PET 1993, Kurukshetra CEE 1999]

(a)

2 -

3

2

i

(b)

3 + 2i

2

(c)

3 -

2

2i

54. Which of the following is not applicable for a complex number

(b)

Subtraction

(c)

Division

(d)

- 2 +

3

2

i

[Kerala (Engg.) 1993; Assam JEE 1998; DCE 1999]

(d)

Inequality

55. Multiplicative inverse of the non-zero complex number x + iy (x, y Œ R) is

(a)

x y

-

+ y

i (b)

x

2

-

 x 2 y + y 2 i 1 - i sin a 1 + 2 i sin a 1 + i cos q 1 - 2 cos q i

x

x

+ y

x

2

+ y

56. The real value of a for which the expression

(a)

(c)

(

n +

1) p

2

, where n is an integer

np , where n is an integer

57. The real value of q for which the expression

(c)

-

x

x

2

+ y

2

is purely real, is

+

x

2

y

+

y

2

i

(d)

x y

+

+ y

x

x

+ y

i

[Kurukshetra CEE 1995]

(b)

(2

n +

1) p

2

, where n is an integer

(d)

None of these

is a real number is

[Pb. CET 2000; IIIT Kolkata 2001]

p
(a)
np
+
4
58. If
z (2 - i) = 3 + i,
(a) 1
– i
59. =
If
z
3
+ i
3
1

(b)

then z 20 =

and

z

2

=

(b)

+ i

,

p

n +

(

-

– 1024

1)

n

p

4

then the complex number

(a) I

60. If Re

(a)

Ê z

Á Á Ë

-

8 i ˆ

˜

˜

¯

+

z + 6

2

x + y

2

= 0,

6

x -

(b)

II

then z lies on the curve

8

y =

0

(b) 4 x - 3y + 24

= 0

(c)

2 np ±

p

2

(c)

1024

Ê z

Á

Á

Ë

z

ˆ

˜ lies in the quadrant number

˜

1

2

¯

(c)

III

(c)

x

2

+ y

2

-

8

=

0

 (d) None of these [Karnataka CET 2002] (d) 1 + i [AMU 1991] (d) IV (d) None of these

61. If z 1 and z 2 are two complex numbers satisfying the equation

(a) Positive real

If

62. z (1 + a) = b + ic

(a)

a

+ ib

1 + c

and

a 2 + b

(b)

Negative real

2

+ c

2

= 1,

then

1 + iz

1 iz

-

(b)

b

- ic

1 + a

=

= 1,

then

z 1 is a number which is

z

2

(c)

Zero or purely imaginary

(d)

None of these

(c)

a

+ ic

1 + b

(d)

None of these

63. Given that the equation

z

2

+

(

p + iq z + r + i s =

)

0,

where, p, q, r, s are real and non-zero has a real root, then

64.

65.

(a) pqr

=

r

2

+

p

2

If

100

Â

k

= 0

i

k

=

x

+

iy ,

(a)

Let

x = –1,

1 -

ix

=

1 + ix

y = 0

a

-

ib

s

(b)

prs

=

q

2

+

r

2

p

(c)

then the value of x and y are

and

a

2

+ b

(b)

2

x = 1,

y = 1

(c)

= 1,

where a and b are real, then x =

qrs

=

x = 1,

p

2

+

s

y = 0

2

q

(d)

(d)

pqs

=

x = 0,

s

2

+

y = 1

q

2

r

[DCE 1992]

(a)

2 a

(1

+

a

)

2

+

b

2

66. If

( p

+ i

) 2

2 p

- i

=

m

+

il ,

then

(a)

67. If

( p

2

+ 1)

2

- 1

(1 + i)(1 + 2i)(1 + 3i)

4

p

2

(

m

(b)

2 + l

2

2 b

(1

+

a

)

2

+

b

2

is equal to

(b)

( p

2

- 1)

2

4

p

2

- 1

1 + ni) = a + ib,

then 2 . 5 . 10

(a)

2

a - b

2

68. Given

z

+ ir

= q

1

+ p

, then

(a)

2

p + q

2

+ r

2

= 1

(b)

p

+ iq

1 + r

=

(b)

2

a + b

1 + iz

if

1 -

p

iz

2

+ q

2

2

+ r

2

= 2

(1+n

2 a
(c)
2
2
(1
+
b
)
+
a
2
2
( p
- 1)
(c)
2
4
p
+ 1
2 ) is equal to
2
2
(c)
a
+ b
2
2
2
(c)
p + q
- r

(d)

(d)

2 b

(1

( p

+

2

b

)

2

+ 1)

+

2

a

2

4

p

2

+ 1

[Karnataka CET 2002; Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

= 1

(d)

(d)

2
2
a
- b

None of these

Conjugate of a Complex Number
BBaassiicc LLeevveell

69. Conjugate of 1 + i is

(a)

i

(b)

1

70. The conjugate of the complex number

2

+

5 i

4

-

3 i

is

7 -
26i
(a)
25
(2
+ i
) 2
71. The conjugate of
,
3 + i
13
i Ê Á 15 ˆ
(a)
+
˜
2
Ë
2
¯
a
+
ib
72. If
x
+
iy
=
,
then
(x
c
+
id
2
a 2 b
+
(a)
2
2
c
+ d
73. If (a + ib) (c
+ id) (e + if) (g
2
(a)
A 2
+ B

(b)

-7 - 26i

25

in the form of a +

ib, is

(b)

13

+

i Ê Á - 15 ˆ

˜

10

Ë

2

¯

2

+

y

2

)

2

=

(b)

+ ih)=

(b)

a

+

b

c

+

d

A + iB,

then (

A

2

- B

2

a

2

+ b

2

) (

c

2

(c)

(c)

(c)

1

i

-7 + 26i

13

10

25

+

Ê - 9 ˆ

10

˜

i Á

Ë

¯

 [Rajasthan PET 2003] (d) 1 + i [MP PET 1994] 7 + 26i (d) 25 [Karnataka CET 2001] 13 Ê 9 ˆ (d) + i Á ˜ 10 Ë 10 ¯

[IIT 1979; Rajasthan PET 1997; Karnataka CET 1999; BIT Ranchi 1993]

+ d

2

) (

e

c

2

+

d

2

(c)

2

+ f

a

2

2

+

) (

g

b

2

2

+ h

(c)

A

2

2

)

is equal to

(d)

(d)

Ê

Á

Á

Ë

a

2

+

b

2

c

2

+

d

2

B

2

ˆ

˜

˜

¯

2

[MNR 1989]

74. If z is a complex number, then z . z = 0 if and only if

(a)

z = 0

(b)

Re (z) = 0

(c)

Im (z) = 0

75. Let z 1, z 2 be two complex numbers such that z 1 +z 2 and z 1 z 2 both are real, then

(a)

z

1

= -z

2

(b)

z

1

= z

2

(c)

z

1

= -z

2

(d)

None of these

[Rajasthan PET 1996]

(d)

z

1

= z

2

76. For any complex number z,

z

= Ê Á 1 ˆ

˜

Ë

z

¯

if and only if

 (a) z is a pure real number (c) z is a pure imaginary number 77. c + If i = a + ib, where a, b, c are real, then a c - i

2

+

b

2

=

(b)

z | = 1

|

(d)

[Rajasthan PET 1985]

z = 1

[MP PET 1996]

(a) 1

z

78. If

= 3 + 5 , then

i

(a) -3 - 5i

z

3 +

z

+ 198

(b)

=

(b)

– 1

-3

+ 5i

(c)

(c)

c 2

3 + 5i

79. If a complex number lies in the IIIrd quadrant then its conjugate lies in quadrant number

(a) I

(b)

II

80. If z = x + iy lies in III rd quadrant then

(c)

III

also lies in the III rd quadrant if

z

 (a) x > y > 0 (b) x < y < 0 (c) 81. If (1 + i) z = (1 - i) z then z is (a) t (1 - i), t Œ R (b) t (1 + i), t Œ R (c) 82. The value of (z + 3) (z + 3) is equivalent to (a) | z + 3| 2 (b) | z - 3| (c)

y < x < 0

t

1 + i

, t

z

2

+ 3

Œ

R

 (d) – c 2 [EAMCET 2002] (d) 3 - 5i [AMU 1986, 89] (d) IV

[AMU 1990; Kurukshetra CEE 1993]

(d)

(d)

(d)

y > x > 0

None of these

None of these

[JMIEE 2000]

83. The set of values of a Œ R for which

(a) R

(b)

{1}

x

2

+ i a -

(

1)

x +

5

=

0

will have a pair of conjugate complex roots is

(c)

{

a

|

a

2

-

2

a +

21

>

0}

(d)

None of these

84. The equation z

2

= z

 (a) No solution (c) Four solutions

85.

If

(a)

z

1

9

– 2 + 2i

=

y

2

-

4

-

10

ix

,