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ASSIGNMENT (COMPLEX Number) Introduction, Integral Power of Iota BBaassiicc LLeevveell 1. - 2 = (a)

ASSIGNMENT (COMPLEX Number)

ASSIGNMENT (COMPLEX Number) Introduction, Integral Power of Iota BBaassiicc LLeevveell 1. - 2 = (a) 6
Introduction, Integral Power of Iota
Introduction, Integral Power of Iota
BBaassiicc LLeevveell
BBaassiicc LLeevveell
1. - 2 = (a) 6 2. The value of
1.
- 2
=
(a)
6
2. The value of

(a) – 8

i)

(a) 8

The value of

(a)

The value of

(a) 0

(1 + i)

3. (1

4.

5.

6.

+

i)

+

16

10

(1

-

4

4

i

2

8

6

8

(b)

is

(b)

(b)

is

(b)

is

(b)

– 16

2 7

(1 + i)

=

(1 + i)

(1 + i)

5 ¥(1 - i)

5

+ (1 - i)

+ (1 - i)

= - 1,

6

, where

is equal to

(a) 32 i 7. If i = - 1,
(a) 32 i
7. If i =
- 1,

(a) 2 – i

then

1 + i

2

+ i

3

- i

6

(b)

+ i

8

(b)

64 + i

is equal to

1

8.

The value of

i

592

+ i

i

+

i

+

i

+

590

588

586

584

i

582

+ i

i

+

i

+

i

+

580

578

576

574

-

1

=

(a) – 1

9. If

i 2 then sum

= -

1,

i + i

2

+ i

3

(b)

+

– 2

to

1000

terms is equal to

(a) 1

-

If (1

(a) 1

10. i

)

n

11. If

Ê 1 + i ˆ

Á

Ë 1 -

˜

i

¯

=

m

2

n

,

= 1,

then n

(b)

(b)

– 1

0

then the least integral value of m is

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

i 6
i
6

8

4

32

2 6

24 i – 32

3

– 3

i

– 1

(a) 2

(b)

4

12. The least positive integer n which will reduce

(a) 2

(b)

3

Ê i -

Á

Ë i + 1

1 ˆ

˜

¯

n

(c)

8

to a real number, is

(c)

4

(d)

[Roorkee 1978]

None of these

[Karnataka CET 1992]

(d)

32

[Karnataka CET 2001]

(d)

– 4

[Rajasthan PET 2001]

(d)

– 32

[Rajasthan PET 2002]

(d)

(d)

None of these

None of these

[AMU 2001]

[Rajsthan PET 1995]

(d)

(d)

– 1

– 4

[Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

(d)

0

[Rajasthan PET 1990]

(d)

None of these

[IIT 1982; MNR 1984; UPSEAT 2001; MP PET 2002]

(d)

(d)

None of these

5

[Roorkee 1998]

i 2 (a) 13. + i i 4 + i 6 + upto (2 n

i

2

(a)

(a)

13. + i

i

4

+ i

6

+

upto (2n+1) terms =

(b)

i

14. The value of the sum

13

 (

n = 1

i

n

+ i

n + 1

),

where i =

(a)

i

15. The value of

i 1+3 +5 +

+(2n

+1)

is

(b)

i – 1

(a)

(c)

i if n is even, – i if n is odd

1 if n is odd, i if n is even

16. i

57 +

1

i

125

, when simplified has the value

(a) 0

(b)

17. The number

(1

-

i )

3

1 -

i

3

is equal to

(a) i

+

(a) 2 + i

6

18. +

(1

i)

If

19. (

a + ib

)

(1

-

i)

3

=

5 = a + ib

then

(b)

(b)

(b + ia)

5

(a) b + ia

(b)

2 i

– 1

2 – 10 i

is equal to

a

- ib

(b) 2 i – 1 2 – 10 i is equal to a - i b

- 1, equals

(c)

(c)

(b)

(d)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

20. For a positive integer n, the expression

(a) 0

(b)

2i n

(1

21. The smallest positive integer n for which

-

i )

n

Á Ê 1

Ë

Ê Á 1 + i ˆ

Ë 1 -

˜

i

¯

-

n

ˆ

1 ˜

i

¯

n

= - 1

equals

is

(c)

(a) 1

(b)

2

22. The least positive integer n such that

(a) 2

(b)

4

(c)

2

ˆ

Ê ˜

i

¯

n

Á is a positive integer is

Ë 1 + i

(c)

1

i

(d)

(d)

1 if n is even, – 1 if n is odd

i if n is even, – 1 if n is odd

– 2 i

(d)

is odd i if n is even, – 1 if n is odd – 2 i

[EAMCET 1980; DCE 2000]

– 1

0

2

[IIT 1998]

[AMU 1999]

[Roorkee 1993]

[Pb. CET 1991, Karnataka CET 1998]

1

(d)

– 2

[Karnataka CET 1997; Kurukshetra CEE 1995]

– 2 + i

b

2 n

3

8

- ia

(d)

(d)

(d)

(d)

– 2 – 10 i

-a - ib

4 n

4

[AMU 1992]

[Roorkee 1992]

[Kurukshetra CEE 1992]

(d)

16

Real and imaginary parts of complex numbers, Algebraic operations, Equality of two Complex numbers BBaassiicc
Real and imaginary parts of complex numbers, Algebraic operations, Equality of two Complex numbers
BBaassiicc LLeevveell

23. The statement (a + ib) < (c + id) is

true for

(a)

a

2

+ b

2

= 0

24. The true statement is

(a)

1 – i <1+i

25. The complex number

1

+ 2 i

1 -

i

(b)

(b)

b 2

+ c

2

= 0

2i + 1>–2i + 1

(c)

(c)

2

a + c

2i > 1

lies in which quadrant of the complex plane

(a)

First

26. and

If |

z | = 1

w

=

z

-

1

z

+ 1

(b)

Second

(where z -1) , then Re(w) is

(c)

Third

2

= 0

[Rajasthan PET 2002]

(d)

(d)

(d)

b 2

+ d

2

= 0

[Roorkee 1989]

None of these

[MP PET 2001]

Fourth

[IIT Screening 2003; Rajasthan PET 1997]

27.

27. (a) 0 3 2 sin q + i 1 2 sin q - i (b)

(a) 0

3 2 sin q

+

i

1 2 sin q

-

i

(b)

-

1

|

z +

1|

2

will be purely imaginary, if q =

(a) 2 np ±

p

3

(b) np +

p

3

[Where n is an integer]

28. If z 0 is a complex numbers, then

(a) Re (

z

)

=

0

Im (

z

2

)

=

0

(b)

Re (

z

2

)

=

0

Im (

z

2

)

=

0

z 1 (c) . 2 z + 1 | z + 1| p (c) np
z 1
(c)
.
2
z + 1
|
z +
1|
p
(c) np ±
3
(c)
Re (
z
)
=
0
Re (
z

2 )

=

0

29. If z 1 and z 2 be two complex numbers, then Re (z 1 z 2 ) =

(a)

Re (z 1 ). Re (z 2 )

(b)

Re (z 1 ). Im (z 2 )

-

cosq

1

+ i

sinq

is equal to

30. The real part of 1

(a)

1

4

(b)

1

2

(c)

(c)

Im (z 1 ). Re (z 2 )

tan q

2

31. The multiplication inverse of a number is the number itself, then its initial value is

(a) i

(b)

– 1

(c)

)itself, then its initial value is (a) i (b) – 1 (c) (c) 2 i -

(c)

2

i

-

2

i cot q

2

2

- a

32. If z = 1 + i, then the multiplicative inverse of z 2 is (where i =

(a)

2 i

33. q + i sin q ,

a = cos

If

(a) cot q

34. and z

If

z = x - iy

1

3

(a) – 2

35. = a + ib

x + iy

)

If (

1 / 3

(a) 4 (

a

2

+ b

2

)

(b) 1 – i 1 + a then = 1 - a (b) cot q
(b)
1
– i
1 + a
then
=
1 -
a
(b)
cot q
2
Ê x
y ˆ
(
= p + iq , then
Á
+
˜
p
˜
p
q
Á Ë
¯
(b)
– 1
x
y
,
then
+
is equal to
a b
2
2
(b) 4 (
a
- b
)

2

+ q

2

)

(c)

is equal to

(c)

(c) 4 (

b

2

2

)

36. If

3 + i = ( a + ib )( c + id ), + i = (a + ib)(c + id),

(a)

p

3

+ 2n

p , n ΠI

then

(b)

tan

-

1

n

p

1

2

1

2

37. Additive inverse of 1 – i is

then 1 2 1 2 37. Additive inverse of 1 – i is (b) 1 + b

(b)

1 +

b

+

ia

1 +

b

-

ia

=

(b)

(b)

Ê Á b ˆ

Ë

tan

-

1

Ê Á d ˆ

c

˜

˜ +

¯

a Ë

¯

+

p

6

, n ΠI

i

has the value

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

n

p

1

-

p

3

+ i

b + ia

1

, n ΠI

(c) (c) (c) (c) n – p 1 - p 3 + i b + ia
2 (d) | 2 z + 1|
2
(d)
|
2
z +
1|

[IIT 1976]

(d) None of these

(d) None of these

(d)

None of these

[Karnataka CET 2001]

(d)

1

1

-

cos q

[Rajasthan PET 2003]

(d)

i

[Karnataka CET 1999]

(d)

i

2

[Karnataka CET 2000]

(d) i tan q

2

(d)

1

[AIEEE 2004]

[IIT 1982; Karnataka CET 2000]

(d)

(d)

(d)

(d)

(d)

None of these

2 n

p

-

p

3

, n ΠI

None of these

a +ib

[MP PET 1995, 99]

– 1

40. 41. Ï 2 i ¸ 2 Ì Ó (a) 1 + i 1 ˝

40.

41.

Ï

2 i

¸

2

Ì

Ó

(a)

1 + i

1

˝

˛

=

(b)

If Z 1 = (4, 5) and Z 2 = (–3, 2), then

2i

Z

1

Z

2

equals

(c)

1

i

(a)

Ê -

Á

Ë

23

- 2 ˆ

˜

13

12

,

¯

(b)

Ê

Á

Ë

2

- 23 ˆ

˜

13

,

13

¯

(c)

Ê -

Á

Ë

2

- 23 ˆ

˜

13

,

13

¯

42.

43.

44.

If

x +

1

=

2 cos

x

q ,

then x is equal to

(a)

cos q + isin q

(b)

cos q - isin q

(c)

cos q ± isin q

The number of real values of a satisfying the equation a 2 – 2a sin x + 1 = 0 is

(a) Zero

Solving

i

(b)

, where

i

2

One

= - 1,

(c)

Two

3 - 2

yi

= 9

x

- 7

for real x and y, we get

(a)

x = 0.5 , y = 3.5

(b)

x = 5 , y = 3

(c)

x =

1

,
2

y = 7

45.

1

-

i

1 + i

(a)

is equal to

cos p

2

+

i sin

p

2

(b)

cos p

2

- i sin

p

2

(c)

sin p

2

+ i cos

p

2

46.

The values of x and y satisfying the equation

(1

+

i )

x

-

2

i

3 + i

47.

48.

(a) x = -1, y = 3

If

x

+

iy

=

3

2

+

cos

q

+

i

sin

q

(a) 3x – 4

,

(b)

then

(b)

x = 3, y = -1

2

x + y

2

4x – 3

is equal to

If

5(

-

8

+

6 )

i

(1

)

+ i

2

=

a +

ib ,

then (a, b) equals

(a)

(15, 20)

(b)

(20, 15)

49. If x = -5 + 2 - 4, then the value of the expression
49.
If
x = -5 + 2
- 4, then the value of the expression
(a)
160
(b)
– 160
6 i
- 3
i
1
50.
If
4
3
i
- 1
= x + iy , then (x, y) is
20
3
i

51.

(a)

If

(3, 1)

Ê 1

Á

Ë

ˆ

i ˜ 1 + i

-

¯

100

=

a

+

ib ,

then

(b)

(1, 3)

x

4

+

+

(2

-

3 )

i y

+

i

3 -

i

=

i ,

are

(c)

x = 0, y = 1

9

x

3

+

(c)

(c)

x

(c)

35

2

4x + 3

(–15, 20)

- x + 4

60

is

(c)

(0, 3)

52.

(a)

The real values of x and y for which the equation (x + iy)(2 - 3i) = 4 + i is satisfied, are

a = 2, b = -1

(b)

a = 1,

b = 0

(c)

a = 0,

b = 1

53.

(a)

x =

5

13

, y =

8

13

(b)

x =

8

13

,

y =

5

13

The solution of the equation | z| - z = 1 + 2i is

(c)

x =

5

13

,

y =

14

13

| z | - z = 1 + 2 i is (c) x = 5 13
 

[BIT Ranchi 1992]

(d)

1 – 2i

 
 

[Rajasthan PET 1996]

 

Ê - 2

 

23 ˆ

 

(d)

Á

Ë

13

,

13

˜

¯

 

[Rajasthan PET 2001]

(d)

sin q ± icos q

 

(d)

Infinite

 
 

[AMU 2000]

(d)

 

0,

 

3

+

7 i

x

=

y

=

2

i

 

[Rajasthan PET 1984]

(d)

None of these

 
 

[IIT 1980; MNR 1987, 88]

(d)

x = 1, y = 0

 

(d)

None of these

 
 

[Rajasthan PET 1986]

(d)

None of these

 
 

[IIT 1972]

(d)

– 60

 
 

[MP PET 2000]

(d)

(0, 0)

 
 

[MP PET 1998]

(d)

a = -1,

b = 2

 

[Roorkee 1978]

(d)

None of these

[MP PET 1993, Kurukshetra CEE 1999]

(a) 2 - 3 2 i (b) 3 + 2 i 2 (c) 3 -

(a)

2 -

3

2

i

(b)

3 + 2i

2

(c)

3 -

2

2i

54. Which of the following is not applicable for a complex number

(a) Addition

(b)

Subtraction

(c)

Division

a complex number (a) Addition (b) Subtraction (c) Division (d) - 2 + 3 2 i

(d)

- 2 +

3

2

i

[Kerala (Engg.) 1993; Assam JEE 1998; DCE 1999]

(d)

Inequality

55. Multiplicative inverse of the non-zero complex number x + iy (x, y ΠR) is

(a)

x y

-

+ y

i (b)

x

2

-

x

2

y

+

y

2

i

 

1

-

i

sin a

1

+

2

i

sin a

1

+ i

cos q

1

-

2 cos q

i

x

x

+ y

x

2

+ y

56. The real value of a for which the expression

(a)

(c)

(

n +

1) p

2

, where n is an integer

np , where n is an integer

57. The real value of q for which the expression

(c)

-

x

x

2

+ y

2

is purely real, is

+

x

2

y

+

y

2

i

(d)

x y

+

+ y

x

x

+ y

i

[Kurukshetra CEE 1995]

(b)

(2

n +

1) p

2

, where n is an integer

(d)

None of these
None of these

None of these

None of these

is a real number is

[Pb. CET 2000; IIIT Kolkata 2001]

p (a) np + 4 58. If z (2 - i) = 3 + i,
p
(a)
np
+
4
58. If
z (2 - i) = 3 + i,
(a) 1
– i
59. =
If
z
3
+ i
3
1

(b)

then z 20 =

and

z

2

=

(b)

= If z 3 + i 3 1 (b) then z 2 0 = and z

+ i

,

p

n +

(

-

– 1024

1)

n

p

4

then the complex number

(a) I

60. If Re

(a)

Ê z

Á Á Ë

-

8 i ˆ

˜

˜

¯

+

z + 6

2

x + y

2

= 0,

6

x -

(b)

II

then z lies on the curve

8

y =

0

(b) 4 x - 3y + 24

= 0

(c)

2 np ±

p

2

(c)

1024

Ê z

Á

Á

Ë

z

ˆ

˜ lies in the quadrant number

˜

1

2

¯

(c)

III

(c)

x

2

+ y

2

-

8

=

0

(d)

None of these

 

[Karnataka CET 2002]

(d)

1

+ i

 

[AMU 1991]

(d)

IV

(d)

None of these

Advance Level
Advance Level

61. If z 1 and z 2 are two complex numbers satisfying the equation

(a) Positive real

If

62. z (1 + a) = b + ic

(a)

a

+ ib

1 + c

and

a 2 + b

(b)

Negative real

2

+ c

2

= 1,

then

1 + iz

1 iz

-

(b)

b

- ic

1 + a

=

+ c 2 = 1, then 1 + iz 1 iz - (b) b - ic

= 1,

then

z 1 is a number which is

z

2

(c)

Zero or purely imaginary

(d)

None of these

(c)

a

+ ic

1 + b

(d)

None of these

63. Given that the equation

z

2

+

(

p + iq z + r + i s =

)

0,

where, p, q, r, s are real and non-zero has a real root, then

64.

65.

(a) pqr

=

r

2

+

p

2

If

100

Â

k

= 0

i

k

=

x

+

iy ,

(a)

Let

x = –1,

1 -

ix

=

1 + ix

y = 0

a

-

ib

s

(b)

prs

=

q

2

+

r

2

p

(c)

then the value of x and y are

and

a

2

+ b

(b)

2

x = 1,

y = 1

(c)

= 1,

where a and b are real, then x =

qrs

=

x = 1,

p

2

+

s

y = 0

2

q

(d)

(d)

pqs

=

x = 0,

s

2

+

y = 1

q

2

r

[DCE 1992]

(a) 2 a (1 + a ) 2 + b 2 66. If ( p

(a)

2 a

(1

+

a

)

2

+

b

2

66. If

( p

+ i

) 2

2 p

- i

=

m

+

il ,

then

(a)

67. If

( p

2

+ 1)

2

- 1

(1 + i)(1 + 2i)(1 + 3i)

4

p

2

(

m

(b)

2 + l

2

2 b

(1

+

a

)

2

+

b

2

is equal to

(b)

( p

2

- 1)

2

4

p

2

- 1

1 + ni) = a + ib,

then 2 . 5 . 10

(a)

2

a - b

2

68. Given

z

+ ir

= q

1

+ p

, then

(a)

2

p + q

2

+ r

2

= 1

(b)

p

+ iq

1 + r

=

(b)

2

a + b

1 + iz

if

1 -

p

iz

2

+ q

2

2

+ r

2

= 2

(1+n

2 a (c) 2 2 (1 + b ) + a 2 2 ( p
2 a
(c)
2
2
(1
+
b
)
+
a
2
2
( p
- 1)
(c)
2
4
p
+ 1
2 ) is equal to
2
2
(c)
a
+ b
2
2
2
(c)
p + q
- r
2 ) is equal to 2 2 (c) a + b 2 2 2 (c) p

(d)

(d)

2 b

(1

( p

+

2

b

)

2

+ 1)

+

2

a

2

4

p

2

+ 1

[Karnataka CET 2002; Kerala (Engg.) 2002]

= 1

(d)

(d)

2 2 a - b
2
2
a
- b

None of these

Conjugate of a Complex Number BBaassiicc LLeevveell
Conjugate of a Complex Number
BBaassiicc LLeevveell

69. Conjugate of 1 + i is

(a)

i

(b)

1

70. The conjugate of the complex number

2

+

5 i

4

-

3 i

is

7 - 26i (a) 25 (2 + i ) 2 71. The conjugate of ,
7 -
26i
(a)
25
(2
+ i
) 2
71. The conjugate of
,
3 + i
13
i Ê Á 15 ˆ
(a)
+
˜
2
Ë
2
¯
a
+
ib
72. If
x
+
iy
=
,
then
(x
c
+
id
2
a 2 b
+
(a)
2
2
c
+ d
73. If (a + ib) (c
+ id) (e + if) (g
2
(a)
A 2
+ B

(b)

-7 - 26i

25

in the form of a +

ib, is

(b)

13

+

i Ê Á - 15 ˆ

˜

10

Ë

2

¯

2

+

y

2

)

2

=

(b)

+ ih)=

(b)

a

+

b

c

+

d

A + iB,

then (

A

2

- B

2

a

2

+ b

2

) (

c

2

(c)

(c)

(c)

1

i

-7 + 26i

13

10

25

+

Ê - 9 ˆ

10

˜

i Á

Ë

¯

 

[Rajasthan PET 2003]

(d)

1

+ i

 

[MP PET 1994]

 

7 + 26i

 

(d)

25

 

[Karnataka CET 2001]

 

13

Ê

9

ˆ

(d)

+

i Á

˜

 

10

Ë 10 ¯

 

[IIT 1979; Rajasthan PET 1997; Karnataka CET 1999; BIT Ranchi 1993]

+ d

2

) (

e

c

2

+

d

2

(c)

2

+ f

a

2

2

+

) (

g

b

2

2

+ h

(c)

A

2

2

)

is equal to

(d)

(d)

Ê

Á

Á

Ë

a

2

+

b

2

c

2

+

d

2

B

2

ˆ

˜

˜

¯

2

[MNR 1989]

74. If z is a complex number, then z . z = 0 if and only if

(a)

z = 0

(b)

Re (z) = 0

(c)

Im (z) = 0

75. Let z 1, z 2 be two complex numbers such that z 1 +z 2 and z 1 z 2 both are real, then

(a)

z

1

= -z

2

(b)

z

1

= z

2

(c)

z

1

= -z

2

(d)

None of these

[Rajasthan PET 1996]

(d)

z

1

= z

2

76. For any complex number z,

z

= Ê Á 1 ˆ

˜

Ë

z

¯

if and only if

(a)

z is a pure real number

 

(c)

z is a pure imaginary number

77. c +

If

i =

a

+

ib,

where a, b, c are real, then

a

 

c

-

i

2

+

b

2

=

(b)

z | = 1

|

(d)

[Rajasthan PET 1985]

z = 1

[MP PET 1996]

(a) 1 z 78. If = 3 + 5 , then i (a) - 3
(a) 1 z 78. If = 3 + 5 , then i (a) - 3

(a) 1

z

78. If

= 3 + 5 , then

i

(a) -3 - 5i

z

3 +

z

+ 198

(b)

=

(b)

– 1

-3

+ 5i

(c)

(c)

c 2

3 + 5i

79. If a complex number lies in the IIIrd quadrant then its conjugate lies in quadrant number

(a) I

(b)

II

80. If z = x + iy lies in III rd quadrant then

(c)

III

a l s o l i e s i n t h e I I also lies in the III rd quadrant if

z

 

(a)

x > y > 0

 

(b)

x < y < 0

(c)

81.

If

(1 + i) z = (1 - i) z

then z is

(a)

t (1 - i), t ΠR

 

(b)

t (1 + i), t ΠR

(c)

82.

The value of (z + 3) (z + 3) is equivalent to

(a)

| z + 3|

2

(b)

|

z - 3|

(c)

y < x < 0

t

1 + i

, t

z

2

+ 3

Œ

R

(d)

c 2

 

[EAMCET 2002]

(d)

3 - 5i

 

[AMU 1986, 89]

(d)

IV

[AMU 1990; Kurukshetra CEE 1993]

(d)

(d)

(d)

y > x > 0

None of these

None of these

[JMIEE 2000]

83. The set of values of a ΠR for which

(a) R

(b)

{1}

x

2

+ i a -

(

1)

x +

5

=

0

will have a pair of conjugate complex roots is

(c)

{

a

|

a

2

-

2

a +

21

>

0}

(d)

None of these

Advance Level
Advance Level

84. The equation z

2

= z

(a)

No solution

(c)

Four solutions

85.

If

(a)

z

1

9

– 2 + 2i

=

y

2

-

4

-

10

ix

,