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North African Experience 920-OG-2094

Uhde Energy & Power

Contents

Contents Introduction Capability Across Energy Sectors Consulting Project Management Services Infrastructure Development Management Systems Health & Safety, Environment, & Technology Concept Engineering Project Engineering Commissioning & Completion Management Services Operations & Maintenance Our Executive Board Projects

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Introduction

Energy & Power is an Engineering and Project Management Consultancy. We offer our clients added value to their operations through a responsive and flexible service tailored to their specific requirements. Energy & Power was formed in 2000 and acquired by ThyssenKrupp Uhde in 2012 to become the centre of excellence for ThyssenKrupp upstream oil and gas business worldwide and to support the global operating centres in oil and gas business development and project delivery. ThyssenKrupp Uhde GmbH, one of the world's leading engineering companies in the design and construction of chemical, refining and other industrial plants, with more than 2,000 plants to its credit and an engineering workforce of more than 4,500 employees. Energy and Power leads the Uhde delivery of services to the upstream oil and gas, from upstream production from its UK base supported by a global network of regional offices. Energy & Power are able to offer our clients the personnel approach of a small consultancy with the benefit of additional services of a global organisation. We provide a comprehensive range of services providing engineering, project management and consulting services to oil and gas exploration and production companies on a worldwide basis.

Our Service Energy & Power provides engineering services to support project development from prospect screening through sanction and into execution. We offer the experience and capability to provide design, engineering, project management, contracting support services and commissioning support. We undertake defining studies, at screening, feasibility and concept stage. Post sanction, larger projects (>$50M) are then taken forward with Energy & Power acting as Project Managers or Owners Engineer. Smaller projects can be executed entirely by Energy & Power teams.

Our Capability We have an annual capacity of over 100,000 manhours and operate on a worldwide basis with projects supported in UK, Europe, Africa, Former Soviet Union, Middle East, Australasia and the Americas. Clients include majors and multi-nationals such as e-on, EDF, BHP Billiton, Hess, SASOL, SONATRACH, Anadarko, major banks (as technical advisors) and many smaller international companies who rely on our know-how to define and manage their capital Projects.

Capability Across Energy Sectors

Energy & Power deliver our services through three business streams: Consulting, Conceptual Engineering and Projects, aligned to clients requirements from concept to commissioning in the project lifecycle, with multi-discipline Professional Engineering Consultants working in a matrix organisation, aligning staff skills to client needs. This enables us to provide a flexible and coordinated service.
Energy & Power has the capability to provide services across a range of sectors, including: Upstream Offshore Onshore Early Production Facilities Liquefied Natural Gas Liquefaction Regasification (Terminals and Floating) Marine & jetties scope Gas Storage Pipelines Augmenting our core engineering design services, we have a burgeoning experience of due diligence studies, working on behalf of prospective purchasers of infrastructure, assets and prospects, and as an Technical Authority providing third-party project audit, design verification and project reviews. Our Due Diligence teams provide the guidance for the key questions of: Upstream How much? How long? What risks exist? What mitigation measures exist?

CONSULTING

CONCEPTUAL ENGINEERING & STUDIES

PROJECTS & PROJECT MANAGEMENT

Due Diligence Mergers & Acquisition Independent Engineer Business Counsel Corporate Structure Capital Investment Management Peer Review Risk Management Environment Assessments Operations and Performance Assessments Quality & Safety Systems.

Field Development Studies Field Planning Scoping and Screening Studies Feasibility Studies Conceptual Design Process Studies and Support Modeling Process Pipeline Power Performance Estimating.

Project Management Front End Engineering Design Detailed Design Procurement Construction Management Programme Management Commissioning Cost Control Brownfield Modifications.

Consulting

Based on project and business experience gained in all sectors and across the globe, we have honed our own, fully-accredited management systems.We now make those services available to clients either within an engineering project team or as an business counsel service.

Project Review and Planning For any project review our activities are driven around the project premise, with reviews driven by Energy & Power Project Guidelines, using standard tools and methodologies, it means that all projects are reviewed against the same benchmark. Such planning is fundamental to a realistic business case that considers all costs, functional requirements and eventual decommissioning and reinstatement. Project Risk Management Risk assessment technical, commercial and contractual will be carried out by the Energy & Power team based upon the information and guidance being provided by the client. The clear identification of risk will be a most important aspect in the management and control of the project, and Energy & Power will provide clear, unambiguous reporting on all areas of cost and risk via continually updated Risk Registers for each of the distinct areas identified. Engineering Verification The Engineering verification team will focus on key aspects that deliver the project objectives. Where existing facilities are in the operation phase we are able to provide guidance on all technical and commercial aspects of field development planning including potential brownfield capital investments.

Value Improvement The increase in value or functionality within a costcontrolled environment is a far more useful business tool than simply paring or lopping elements to meet a project budget. Reliability, Availability and Maintainability Accurate assessment of these factors is a key component in production, operational and life cycle costing. Client Management Systems Our Business Consultants will review clients management systems for Projects and Investment decision making and where necessary improve and develop new Management Systems aligned to the business. Business Structure and Strategy Assistance and counsel on the implementation of robust protocols and procedures when moving into production and related industry areas.

Project Management Services

The advantage of utilising an Project Management Team is early identification and management of risks and opportunities; it encourages involvement of all relevant stakeholders and experts from relevant functions and enables collaborative support and a challenge approach to the work to be carried out.

An Energy & Power Project Management Team will assist the client in managing and controlling the technical, commercial, planning and interfaces for the project. We have previous experience in undertaking the following scope: Project Controls and Services Budget assurance Schedule assurance Commercial Agreements Legislation Compliance and Authorities Interfaces Health Safety and Environment Management; Quality Management Procurement of Equipment and Materials Verification and Quality Assurance of project engineering Deliverables and Seller Documentation Commissioning management of Facilities and Pre-Operational Testing Handover to Operations Verification and Signoff. Project Management Team will provide: Technical Assurance Asset Integrity Value Assurance Cost and Programme Protection through implementation of project controls.

The aim of the Project Management Team is to assure stakeholders that project implementation is managed in accordance with the stakeholder objectives, for example: Appropriate for the full life of the operation, including meeting asset integrity requirements In line with commercial requirements Will meet clients international business principles, e.g. in relation to safety, health, environment and society, (during construction and operation) Maximise value. Stakeholders include, for example, Client Organisation, its shareholders, co-venturers, governmental bodies, development / project / operations staff.

Project Management Energy & Power is well versed in managing and structuring large scale projects in the energy and related sectors. Our experienced consultants use our proven Management systems to undertake cost, schedule, and technical analysis of planned projects. During Execution, Energy & Power teams can provide all Project Management and engineering services to ensure all disciplines communicate and a coordinated approach is maintained. Project Review and Planning For any project review our activities are driven around the project premise, with reviews driven by Energy & Power Project Guidelines, using standard tools and methodologies, it means that all projects are reviewed against the same benchmark. Cost Review and Economics It is standard practice for Energy & Power to produce Estimates for every project under review. The estimates will cover capital equipment costs (CAPEX) and operating costs (OPEX). All estimates are generated using the Energy & Power Standard Estimating Practices. Given the unique nature of our business Energy & Power have an extensive database of project costs estimates and turn out costs including current construction rates. Procurement Energy & Power will place Purchase Orders and prepare Contract packages for the tenders to be released and the on-going management of the contracts.

Construction Completion and Commissioning At Mechanical Completion, Energy & Power will provide Quality Assurance services and commission the plant with Operations teams. Energy & Power have a strong track record in the management of commissioning and completions activities, for multiple EPC contractors on numerous projects, leading to an efficient handover and meeting the scheduled start-up for facilities by the relevant Operators. Operations Management We have the personnel and expertise to help you identify and deliver operational efficiencies and cost reductions. Energy & Power cares profoundly about health, safety and the environment and our primary goal is to ensure that we, our clients and suppliers operate in a safe and environmentally considerate manner. HSE During Operations Health, Safety and Environmental Management is fundamental to an organization, allowing it consistently to identify and control its HSE risks, reduce the potential for accidents, help achieve compliance with HSE legislation and continually improve its performance. We are able to fulfill all your HSE Management requirements in a practical, pragmatic and cost effective manner with Energy & Power capabilities ranging from COSHH to HSE Management audits. Operating Manuals & Procedures We are responsible during the normal course of project development and implementation for producing operating procedures and manuals to be utilised during commissioning, start-up and later normal operation. We are thus well placed to support you in your efforts to keep these manuals and procedures evergreen and to develop new ones should there be significant changes to your operations such as process changes, staffing re-organisation and process control improvements.

Infrastructure Development

Energy & Power is well versed in managing and structuring large scale projects in the energy and related sectors. We operate to a project guideline system that provides structure but allows flexibility of approach. The key being that it ensures consistency of approach and focuses on key project drivers whilst providing clear guidance to activity at lower levels of management, regardless of the nature, technology and scale of a project. It encourages the management team to concentrate on the key success factors regardless of the contracting strategy, be it a basic reimbursable approach, EPC or more sophisticated BOO/BOT concepts. Perhaps the key question dictating the nature of the contract for a large infrastructure development is the status of the project funding. Should financing be in place then the most likely contracting strategy for larger projects is an EPC style approach where it would be usual to establish a competitive tender position, or a negotiated tender position.

However, if funding is not confirmed or available then alternative forms are possible such as establishing a Build Operate Transfer Competitive form of contract, which would be based on the traditional Private Finance Initiative Structure and can enable a project to be completed in the absence of a traditionally funded project option. A BOT strategy can be a very effective means of enabling a large project with the correct contractual procedures. Project planning is based on the Energy & Power Project guidelines. The Guidelines use a simple gated approval process with a scope of work, a budget and schedule for each stage leading to a gate. At the end of a stage, approval for the scope, budget and schedule of the next stage is requested, supported by definition of development economics, risk and commercial and technical status.

ISSUE Commercial Agreements

KEY DOCUMENT Commercial Agreements Schedule

NOTES Schedule to identify the agreements required for the development

Technical Definition

Basis of Design

Project Management Activities and Timings Authorities Status Risk

Project Execution Plan Control Schedule Regulatory Affairs, Permits & Consents Schedule Project Risk Register Including assigned responsibilities Documenting all permits and consents required for the development Identifying the risks to the development and indicating where effort is required to mitigate / minimise the risks. Updated at each gate by Owners Engineering Team Detailed list of actions, documents and issues to be managed by the Project Management, Technical Teams and third parties to ensure satisfactory completion and compliance

Actions

Project Action Register

HSE Issues Quality Issues Change Control

Project HSE Plan Project Quality Plan Owners Engineering Team Change Control Procedure

Identify all HSE Issues Documenting key quality activities monitoring etc of all contracts Procedure to manage revisions and updates to these Control Documents

The gate process and submissions required for consideration and approval at each gate assist in ensuring that the project will meet the financial targets in terms of CAPEX and OPEX and the requirements for safety and the environment as set down in the project brief. Taking a project from conception through to inception, i.e. minimal information to a fixed physical reality is controlled in part by the development of key documents as described in the following table. These key documents help to identify the key information required by senior management for the development to progress as smoothly as possible. The concept phase will address all Execution planning and strategies. The scope of the any infrastructure project will include engineering, procurement and project management, and may be executed by local fabrication and construction Contractors. During the initial technical definition stages the appointed Project Manager will be supported by engineers of disciplines relevant to the focus required at any particular time. For example we consider that a senior Civil Engineer will be required from the outset and for a large part of the period of the study given the significant civil works required to deliver other major utilities and similarly, an Electrical Engineer will be crucially important to the planning for the new high-voltage electrical supply from the remote grid connection point. A local presence will be vital in assisting in developing a good understanding of the physical and topographical constraints and be beneficial in facilitating face-to-face discussions with relevant authorities.

Both of the above discipline engineers will be experienced in the negotiation of consents, approvals and adoption agreements as well as in the technical aspects of design within their disciplines. The Energy & Power Engineering Definition team will prepare the Engineering specifications, scopes of work definition documents and Contract packages for the tenders to be released and the ongoing management of these contracts, regardless of the chosen contract strategy. In addition, the Engineering Definition team will uniquely provide the following services: Overall project management and coordination; Risk assessment, reporting and management; Safety and environmental consultancy, advice and support; Capital and operational cost estimation; Procurement advice and support; Contract management advice and support. The last three activities in particular will form an important adjunct to the technical input to RFQs, as well as providing the control of estimates and budgets that the client will doubtless require. Risk assessment technical, commercial and contractual will be carried out by the Engineering Definition team based upon the information and guidance being provided from the client. The clear identification of risk will be a most important aspect in the management and control of the project, and Energy & Power will provide clear, unambiguous reporting on all areas of cost and risk via continually updated Risk Registers for each of the distinct areas identified.

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Management Systems

Project Development Guidelines Energy & Power operate to the Project Guideline system to provide project structure but allowing flexibility of approach. The key being that it ensures consistency of approach and focuses on key project drivers, regardless of the nature, technology and scale of a project. The gate process and submissions required for consideration and approval at each gate assist in ensuring that the project will meet the financial targets in terms of CAPEX and OPEX and the requirements for safety and the environment as set down in the project brief. Programme Management The team will develop a project schedule, addressing all aspects of the development, allowing qualitative and quantitative assessment of project delivery timelines.

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Health & Safety, Environment, & Technology

We are rigorous because you need to be.


Health and Safety The health of all those upon whom a development impinges is of paramount importance. The environment is fleetingly in our custody and is to be handed on intact or enhanced. Energy & Power predicates its own management systems and business ethics on these three tenets. Those same tenets underpin all consultancy work for our clients. Energy & Power works constantly in the safety-intensive environment of onshore and offshore energy production - renewable, fossil fuel and nuclear. Our hazard and risk identification, assessment and management procedures meet the most rigorous standards and are woven through all projects, from inception to commissioning. As consultants we undertake major HAZID and HAZOP studies chair workshops, with subsequent monitoring and resolution of issues raised, develop safety cases, carry out QRA studies and prepare the safety and record documentation required by the myriad of legislation in numerous areas of the globe. Our environmental services are similarly structured. Whether building inherently sound principles into the planning of new projects; planning the withdrawal from brownfield sites or improving environmental performance on operational sites, our experienced consultants will develop viable, practical and sustainable strategies providing cost-efficient, projectintegrated solutions. Environmental Policy Energy & Powers own environmental performance meets ISO 14001 criteria. We of course apply the same high standards to design and consultancy for our clients. We keep environmental considerations high on the design agenda and make compliance intrinsic to all our solutions. We do this across all our work with highprofile clients in the extractive, power generation and infrastructure industries. Were well aware how crucial it is to meet environmental responsibilities so our project management procedures demand a continual reappraisal of environmental targets and performance, with risk management and value improvement measures built in. HSE Experience BHPB Ohanet We have undertaken the HAZOP close out and the preparation of the Safety Case for the BHPB Ohanet development consisting of 200km of pipelines, management of the QRA process and the project Environmental Statement and close out of the HAZOP for the project. BP (BTC) Preparation of Safety Case / Major Accident Prevention Document for the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) Oil Export Pipeline linking the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean Sea and also the South Caucuses Pipeline (SCP) exporting gas to customers in Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Kerr McGee Development of Project Management Procedures for North Sea activities. Provision of corrosion and metallurgy advice to the Kerr McGee Leadon development. Kuwait Ministry Of Energy & Power Review of facilities, HAZID, QRA and development of company manuals. Subsequent development of ALARP studies and implementation of training programme.

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Concept Engineering

Energy & Power quickly define projects, providing technical definition, accurate benchmarked costs and schedule, removing commercial and technical risks.

The screening, feasibility and concept stage are vital to successful capital investment in any development. The level and detail of work we undertake is in accordance with the structure of the Project Guideline system, ensuring consistency of approach and focussing on key project drivers whilst providing clear guidance to higher management. Often a local presence will be vital in assisting in developing a good understanding of the constraints and be beneficial in facilitating face-to-face discussions with relevant authorities. The teams will be experienced in the negotiation of consents, approvals and adoption agreements as well as in the technical aspects of design within their disciplines.

Screening and Feasibility Studies Screening and Feasibility Studies provide Capital Investment advice based upon limited data, of whether it is worth investing resources into trying to acquire acreage, drill an exploration well or start an appraisal programme. For some developments, no obvious analogy exists, and novel areas need specific technical and/or cost studies undertaken to reduce the uncertainty. After gathering more information, possible development concepts or Options can be postulated and compared. Option Selection and Concept Design During Optimisation Studies any and all features of the Base Case can be reviewed increasing technical definition and reducing risk. Options are usually developed to a level of a costed equipment list with factored bulks to give a development estimate. At this stage, budget prices should be obtained for critical items, such as vessels or rig rates. The selected Option from the Option Selection Report stage can be refined and honed in Concept design to provide improved accuracy and technical definition for a planned development and along with economic analysis and risk reviews to provide the basis for the commencement of a FEED study.

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Conceptual Engineering Studies Design Management The Energy & Power Conceptual Engineering team is made up of process, and other facilities discipline engineering consultants with project management input. The team can be located in client offices, to ensure liaison with your subsurface groups. Energy & Power will always ensure that our studies are oriented at the clients particular needs, scopes and methods, which rarely remain the same between developments, even for the same client.

ADVANTAGESOFFRONTENDLOADING

Selecting the Right Project


FINAL INVESTMENT DECISION

Doing the Right Project Right

GATE 1

GATE 2

GATE 3

GATE 4

GATE 5

Prospect Evaluation

Feasibility

Option Selection

Concept Design and Early Engineering

FEED

Detailed Design

Procure

Construct

Commission

VALUE INFLUENCE

CUMULATIVE EXPENDITURE

EXPENDITURE

NOW

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Project Engineering

Engineering is at the very heart of our business, and our principal resource is our Chartered Engineering staff. Our approach is intellectually rigorous and enquiring so that we develop optimum and elegant solutions, not a minimally compliant response. To reach that efficient optimum, we integrate engineering design from the outset, continually refining that design during each project stage. Thus, at each decision gateway, the engineering definition contributes to the informed executive sanction to proceed. Process engineering is normally the foundation of many of our projects, and we provide expertise in each of the many sub-specialties, such as oil, gas, LNG and petro-chemicals.

Supplementing that often central skill, are electrical, mechanical, controls, instrumentation, structural, health safety and environmental and civil and marine engineers. Again, each discipline has specialists in particular aspects such as rotating machinery, heat transfer, safety, reliability, power generation, commissioning and the like. Energy and Power provides engineering, project management and consulting services to energy companies and is active in the following sectors: Power Generation Oil and gas Pipelines LNG

DISCIPLINES

APPLICATIONS

DELIVERABLES

Energy and Power will take forward the conclusions from Concept studies into FEED stage Engineering. Production of PFDs and General and Detailed specifications will be generated by a range of engineers chosen from Energy and Powers team of Process, Mechanical, Electrical, Structural and Control & Instrument engineers. Energy and Power will identify and apply the appropriate standards and compliance requirements from industry standards including ISO, API, ASME,GOST, or Marine Codes from DNV, Lloyds, BV or ABS. Energy and Power will understand and define the requirements and reflect in the project specifications. This will ensure that the operational, maintenance and safety aspects of engineering meet project expectations.

Energy and Power have over 10 years of experience in Engineering multidiscipline projects. Projects include: Production Facilities Process systems Balance of Plant Pump Stations Compressor Stations Power Units and ancillary equipment Structural integrity studies and designs These projects apply to off shore fixed and floating platforms or onshore green or brown field sites. Engineering applications also include the performance investigation and upgrade engineering of existing or out dated equipment to meet current operational demands (availability, productivity and reliability) and safety standards. Energy and Power offer lifetime support to all aspects of installed assets to ensure that Owners asset performance remains efficient and competitive.

Energy and Power will provide Drawings and Specifications together with supporting data in electronic or hard copy format in accordance with project requirements. We are proud to have developed in-house software such as our Cost-WeightSpace [CWS] model, which is a cost estimating package, and Procuro, our procurement package. We use the hydraulic design package OLGA, and the pipe system design software Pipesim, while other specialist software is purchased on a project basis under license. Other software packages held by Energy and Power include: Aspentech One, AutoCAD, CADWorx, and SolidWorks.

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Energy and Power design expertise will help maximise operational efficiency and return on investment through our knowledge and experience of the process and operational requirements.

Pipeline Engineering The creation of new pipelines is a complex affair involving many different parties with interests ranging from land ownership, public safety, environmental impact, project execution, technical integrity and commercial viability. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power has the capability to do this. As with all projects, true value is created during the initial feasibility study phases. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power can help create this value in the early stages of pipeline projects where we direct our initial effort on determining the market need, pipeline design, specification of pipe and components, route selection, environmental assessments, permits and consents and where necessary public consultation and land acquisition. Through this, and in combination with our pipeline experience covering onshore and offshore pipeline systems conveying natural gas, LPG, NGL, crude oil and oil products, we are able to offer a comprehensive service to evaluate their pipeline needs and requirements. Our teams of Professional Engineers direct their efforts to meet the needs of producers and shippers in moving their product to the marketplace with due regard to flow assurance, stress analysis, capacity and corrosion protection and to create cost effective designs which minimise the impact of construction projects on the environment and for onshore pipelines, the impact on communities and landowners.

Pipeline Project Management As a pipeline project transitions through the phases of design, procurement, construction, testing and commissioning, ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power can support clients through the provision technical and project management expertise in all these areas. Prior to construction ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power initiate negotiations, environmental permitting and all other pre-construction activities. We can also undertake the procurement of long lead pipeline materials and equipment, the award of major pipeline construction and installation contracts and the overall project management of the pipeline project through to completion. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power has provided support services on various pipeline construction projects including project management and supervision, technical appraisals and assessments and design studies addressing: CAPEX Estimating; Feasibility Studies; Option appraisal and selection; Conceptual Design; Process design; HSE Review; Project Schedule preparation; Execution Planning; Project Risk Assessment and Mitigation; Safety Reviews; Project Management; Engineering Management; Procurement Support; Construction Support; Due Diligence.

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Technical Specialists Where specific skills are required we would propose that an appropriate specialist be assigned to manage the support. These specialists could be within field development, process engineering, control or electrical engineering. We can provide discipline engineers in client or contractors offices to an agreed scope. Typically under this structure the work is controlled under the ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power Management System and Quality Plan, but the scope and definition arise from the clients Scope and Management System. It can be decided whether the ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power engineers input is checked internally or by client peers

Engineering Verification ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power has a wealth of experience in facility and process design in the offshore oil and gas industry. Our team members are qualified and experienced in line with our quality system requirements and possess extensive relevant technical and management experience within this sector and are comfortable operating within a schedule intensive environment. In particular, key team members have significant experience in managing facilities through the feasibility, conceptual, FEED, development, project management execution, construction and operations phases. We can site survey and assess needs, develop Scope of Work with operators and independently estimate cost, time and resources for project execution. Our team can manage contractors and accept work as required, ensuring work acceptance is to existing written scheme of examination where they exist or to ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Powers metrics as a fallback position. Our teams are familiar with risk management processes, including undertaking regular workshops/ reporting and Peer reviews.

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Commissioning & Completion Management Services

From construction through to operation our aim is to deliver a project that is completed safely, on time and within. budget.

Our Services We can clearly set out when milestones will be completed and the resources required to achieve them. Pre-Commissioning, Commissioning, Completion and Handover Management of interfaces Approval written schemes of examination Provision written schemes of examination Validation of reports Validation of Mechanical Completion Certification Review Management of Safety, risk and budgets Management of third parties and regulators Multi dicipline coordination

Objective & Deliverables Energy & Power delivers a complete precommissioning, commissioning and handover service. An Energy & Power Team provides a managed handover including deliverables such as: Pre-commissioning and Commissioning plans Mechanical Completion Dossier Commissioning Dossier Certification Dossier Operating & Equipment Maintenance Dossiers Operating and maintenance procedures (where applicable) Regular Updates on Progress Complete stakeholder involvement.

Our Capability Energy & Power have a strong track record in the management of commissioning and completions activities, for multiple EPC contractors on numerous projects, leading to an efficient handover and meeting the scheduled start-up for facilities by the relevant Operators.

Interface Management The complex interfaces between Project Management, Engineering and Operations will be managed in order to bring a project to a satisfactory conclusion. This includes: Development of the Commissioning Strategy and vendor interface during the commissioning phase, effective and efficient pre-commissioning, commissioning and handover plans, timely completion of QA/QC and HSE punch lists and a hands on approach to the management of facility contractors. Energy & Power make use of established project controls and procedures to formalise all interfaces. This ensures that all stakeholders are well informed and thoroughly involved to allow a safe and timely start-up. Energy infrastructure is high value and the technology specialised. Energy & Power will pro-actively address issues as they arise and manage the project risks to ensure that the project schedule is met and the anticipated return on investment is achieved.

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Operations & Maintenance

A structured approach to "Operations & Maintenance" will ensure safe commercially viable production to continue over many years. It will ensure the facility continues to deliver optimum performance at the required level of reliability and availability in accordance with the clients HSE and commerical goals.

Our Services ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power have specific experience producing training and operational manuals and conducting training and other workshops for clients. Our Operational Support teams will undertake the pre-operations activities and plan and manage the commissioning efforts for any project work.

Operation & Maintenance

The Iceberg Model


Labour, Materials, Contracts, Overheads, Projects Low Quality Minor Trips

Activities include: Maintenance planning; Development of maintenance procedures Experienced OIM and Production Supervisors; Emergency Response Procedures; PTW (Permit To Work) Procedures; Qualified competency assessors and trainers; Operator best practice from other process industries; Operator Manuals and Plans; Operational Manning Reviews; Operational Support; Operational Training; Facilities Engineers with extensive offshore experience of Process and Utility Systems; Multi discipline teams including specialist in C+I, Electrical, Mechanical and Rotating Equipment and safety systems; Reliability and Availability Studies for major equipment and complete systems; De bottlenecking and Production Efficiency Studies.

Hidden costs
Equipment Overmaintained

Downtimes

Low Performance

Lost Capacity Scrap & Reworks Safety Risks

ThyssenKrupp Uhde Engineering Services

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Challenges of Maintenance Maximum Efficiency Maximum Reliability and Availability Maximum Utilisation of Maintenance Resources Optimum Equipment Life Optimum Operating Condition Optimum Security Standards (HSE) Minimum Unscheduled Downtimes Minimum Spares Inventory Minimum Costs

Clients Benefits

Benchmarking based on various industries best practise for optimised cost and availability ratio Profile of maintenance strengths and opportunities HSEQ compliance Access to cumulative experience of various maintenance projects from different industries Implementation of advanced maintenance technologies and processes Common goals through KPI based contracts Back-up by a partner with strong knowledge in maintenance and process engineering Technology resources through ThyssenKrupp

Operation & Maintenance

Evolution of Maintenance
Proactive Maintenance Predictive Maintenance Design for reliability and maintainability Hazard studies Preventive Maintenance Run-to-Failure Breakdown-Based Reactive work Systems for planning and controlling work FMECA Expert Systems Multiskilling and teamwork TPM, RCM, RBM Focus on failure elimination rather than failure prediction or prevention Asset Management Continuous Improvement Lean Maintenance organisations Risk Management

Performance
1. Generation

2. Generation

3. Generation

4. Generation
(Moubray 1997, P. 3)

ThyssenKrupp Uhde Engineering Services

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From construction through to operation our aim is to deliver a project that is completed safely, on time and within budget.

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Our Executive Board

DAVID RYAN: MANAGING DIRECTOR David is a commercially qualified project management professional with over 20 years technical, commercial and operational experience within the process industries, particularly project management of capital intensive oil and gas developments. David is also a Chartered Engineer and Fellow of the Energy Institute and Member of the Institution of Electrical Engineers. PETER STREETS: BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR PA Chartered Marine Engineer by profession, a Charted Engineer and a Fellow of the Energy Institute with over 25 years managerial experience in the oil and gas sector. Peter has managed oil and gas projects worldwide for oil companies, consultancies and contractors. Peters main focus is now on further strategic development of ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power to build on its existing stability and skills base and he has overall responsibility for all business development activities. JOHN HIGGINS: DIRECTOR John has over twenty years experience in project finance and corporate banking in the City of London. John now specialises in financing project and company development, and leads venture capital investments in new technology products and services. Johns financial expertise is invaluable in the continuing secure development of Energy & Power and in carrying its own intellectual property development to commercial fruition. ANDREAS AKHTAR: CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER Andreas Akhtar first worked as a banker at Deutsche Bank before he studied law in Heidelberg, Germany. Since his bar exam he added a degree in Human Resources Management and an International Master of Law (LL.M. in Budapest) to his academic education. Before joining ThyssenKrupp Uhdes legal department in 2008 he worked as a consultant to the United Nations in New York. In 2010 he joined the Executive Board at ThyssenKrupp Uhde Engineering Egypt.

RUSSELL SCOTT: CHAIRMAN Russell has over 35 years of experience in engineering and project delivery for the broad process manufacturing and resources development industries, with particular emphasis on general management, business development and the delivery of major capital works programmes. Russell holds a Bachelor of Engineering (Chemical) Degree from Monash University and is a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers Australia and a Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers. Russell was Chair of IChemE in Australia Board during 2008 and was elected President of the IChemE in May 2012. HELMUT KNAUTHE: EXECUTIVE BOARD MEMBER Helmut Knauthe studied mechanical engineering in Darmstadt, Germany, and joined ThyssenKrupp Uhde in 1984. After holding several positions at the company, including head of our subsidiary in Thailand, he became head of the Project Management division in 1998. Before being appointed to the Executive Board with effect from August 1, 2004, he was head of the Organic Chemicals/Polymers division at our branch office in Bad Soden (near Frankfurt, Germany). WOLFGANG KEHR: EXECUTIVE BOARD MEMBER Wolfgang Kehr made an apprenticeship as an industrial manager, studied extra-occupational business administration in Dortmund and joined TK ThyssenKrupp Uhde in 1983. After several years in the field of commercial project execution of EPC-projects he became head of the Commercial Execution department of TK Uhdes premises in Bad Soden (near Frankfurt, Germany) in 2001. With effect from May 1, 2011 he was appointed head of Commercial & Controlling, Europe/Africa and in dual function to the Executive Board of Uhde Services GmbH, Haltern (near Dortmund, Germany).

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PROJ

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ECTS

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Sorfert Algerie Spa - Algeria Joint Venture

As the worlds population rises there is a growing demand for fertilisers. Huge energy reserves, such as petroleum and natural gas deposits, are an ideal basis for a fertiliser complex. Therefore, ThyssenKrupp Uhde gets as close as it possibly can to sources of raw materials in order to offer its customers the greatest possible operational economy for the plant.

The network ThyssenKrupp Uhde has been able to combine the advantages of its intelligent network and the close cooperation of a number of local organisations within the Sorfert project. For example, the engineering concept was developed with Uhde India, Uhde Engineering de Mexico, Uhde Engineering Egypt and other international engineering offices were involved right from the basic engineering phase; and a substantial part of the detail engineering was prepared by Uhde India.

Uhde Shanghai, Uhde India and Uhde Engineering Egypt were involved in the global procurement concept and provided extensive expediting and inspection services including permitting. Given the global nature of the procurement, the Sorfert project posed a major logistical challenge. The project equipment was shipped to Algeria from over 17 countries around the world. More than 21,000 m3 were dispatched from nine different countries to Arzew (Algeria) in July 2009 alone. The consignments were inspected for the customer by skilled personnel at the loading ports and at the destination port.

Contract Structure Size of plant/Capacity

Procurement contract: Engineering, Procurement: construction and commissioning supervision services Fertilizer complex with all utilities offsites: Capacity: 2x2,200 mtpd NH3, 3,450 mtpd area Utilities: 3 package boilers (166 t/h), seawater intake, 2 seawater cooling towers, desalinuation, demin and condensate polishing, 7 turbo generator sets (49 MVA each) Offsites: Ammonia storage plant (15,000 mt) and part (2 x 30,000 mt), Urea bulk hall (100,000 mt), truck loading (2 x 200 t/h), ammonia ship loading (1,000 t/h) Corridors: Natural gas line (4.5 km), seawater make-up, blow-down (5 km), ammonia export (8 km) Arzew (Algeria, Mediterranean coast climate): large industrial area connected to Algerian gas sources

Locations/ Climatic conditions /Area Technology/ Process/Licensor

Ammonia: Uhde low energy, CO, scrubbing: BASF, Amdea, Urea: Stamicarbon Urea 2,000plus Granulation: Uhde Fertilizer Technology EUR 1.157 bn Sorfert Algerie Spa, joint venture: Osracom 51%, Sonatrach 49%

Contract Value Customer

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With a price tag of 1.2 billion euros, the Sorfert project has been the biggest single order in the ThyssenKrupp Uhdes history thus far. Sorfert Algerie Spa is a joint venture between Osracom Construction Industries (OCI) and Sonatrach, the Algerian state oil and gas company.

Know-how and process supervision for the customer We are tasked with supervising all the erection works undertaken by our Egyptian erection partner. Orascom and with monitoring on schedule completion in accordance with the quality standards, said Martin Heydemann, ThyssenKrupp Uhde Project Director of the Sorfert Algerie project. There are generally several thousand construction workers assigned by Orascom tot eh concrete and steel construction work, the tank and piping prefabrication, as well as the laying of the underground plastic piping, some of which is two metre thick. Prompt communications and management In order to implement prompt communications management, the following provisions have been made: electronic document interchange, daily meetings, video and telephone conferences and regular site meetings.

Continuous risk analyses Risk analyses were conducted on a continuous basis in addition to the normal risk assessment processes at ThyssenKrupp Uhde during the RFQ phase and on project kick-off. This served to minimise the impact of the various problems during the course of the project. Effective schedule and cost control Scheduling was faced with a particular challenge in this project. Overall the scheduling tasks were carried out at four main locations with different partners. In addition to sheer distance between the locations in India, Egypt and Germany, it was above all necessary to take account of the cultural aspects, standard practices and concepts within the schedule. To this end, detailed project execution methods were developed with the partners and successfully implemented. In excess of 7,500 engineering and procurement activities were kept up to date at all times by the international ThyssenKrupp Uhde Team, and the results were drawn upon for project control. Highest priority was given to the primary objective of servicing the interface with the construction site in Algeria on schedule. An interface schedule with more than 800 agreed dates was drawn up for the handovers from EP to construction and from Construction to Commissioning alone and this was updated at regular short intervals. A similarly high amount of effort was invested in scheduling during this commissioning phase in order to identify bottlenecks at an early stage and to take every opportunity to expedite the process.

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Kuwait Oil Company Kuwait Pipeline Newtwork

Kuwait Oil Company Kuwait Safety Study

Background Review of operating systems, engineering base, development of QRA and subsequent identification of maintenance system deficiencies and implementation of new systems for multi-product pipelines. Review of installations undertaking an ALARP basis (As Low as Reasonably Practicable). Preparation of Operating and Maintenance manuals for their operations. Detail This project included support provided over 12 Months which surveying existing operating pipelines in Kuwait, subsequently we performed HAZID and HAZOP reviews of pipelines and an ALARP study of each line and developed the maintenance systems. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power provided the Kuwait Oil Company and the Kuwait Ministry of Electricity and Water with eleven ea operation and maintenance manuals for five gas pipelines, five HFO lines and one crude oil pipeline. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power also provided the following services: Evaluation of Intelligent Pigging Data and Recommendation for Repair; Assistance in procurement of pipeline materials; Maintaining all the Survey Records, calculations and drawings in a systematic Approval/Review for coating, wrapping, painting, insulation, tracing, etc and mods required; Fitness for purpose/External Surveying Data; Material (study/review) for MEW and Recommendations. Following the succesful delivery of the above services we were asked to provide further support consisting of the following: PFD and P&Ids for 16 crude line; HAZID report for 16 crude line; HAZOP report for 16 crude line; QRA report for 16 crude line; Operation and Maintenance Manual for 16 crude line.

Background The Kuwait Oil Company was undertaking a safety and technical review of its fuel network pipelines in support of a life extension programme and in anticipation of new safety regulations. The objective of the proposed scope of work was to conduct, for each pipeline - QRA, HAZID, HAZOP, PFDs and P&IDs and routes/layouts will be reviewed. Detail ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power reviewed the operating systems and supplied an engineering base for KOC. We also supplied QRA and identified maintenance system deficiencies and implementation of new systems for multi-product pipelines: 30/34" Gas line - MAA to Doha East; Twin 16" HFO/GO Line - MAA to Doha West; 34" Gas Line - Burgan to Al Zour; Twin 18" HFO/GO line - MAA to Al Zour; 18" Gas line - Doha Farm to Shuwaikh; 12" Crude Oil Line - Jahra Road to Doha East; 30"/42" Gas Line - Doha West to Subiya; 16" HFO line - Doha West to Subiya; 16" Crude Oil Line - N Kuwait to Subiya.

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EPDC/BP Chemicals Holland, Belgium, Germany U-Line Cross Europe Pipeline

Background The project comprised a common carrier pipeline designed to transport polymer-grade propylene from Rotterdam in northern Holland, via Antwerp in Belgium and on through to the industrial Ruhr area in Germany (North Rhine Westfalia). The particular scope of works of conducting workshops and writing and compiling operations procedures are where we meet the capability to provide the services requested, however as seen, we have extensive experience of providing manuals and training in a variety of areas required for a project.

Detail The line was designed to transport up to 700kt/a at pressures up to 100barg. The U-Line will consist of approximately 530km of 10 pipeline, the majority of which (372km) will be new build pipeline. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power supported the client organisation in their structure and provision of procurement support services to augment areas where the contractor organisation had been identified as weak. This arrangement allowed the client to concentrate on the key issues of managing the authorities, financial institutions and government bodies and other stakeholders . ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power assisted the new company to develop their operational management systems, their project management set-up, their commercial risk processes and undertook project, commercial and contracting management activities for and on behalf of EPDC. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power undertook the following scope of works to assist EPDC during the project phase: reparing mainteenance procedures; Writing commissioning procedures; Compiling operations procedures; Preparing HSE standards and that the procedures, as Approved, are followed rigorously; Developing project systems e.g. update philosophies and process documents; Implementing the risk management process, regular workshops/reporting etc; Peer review; Implementing a comprehensive QA/QC System.

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EDF - Underground Gas Storage & Pipeline Network Onshore UK - Owner's Engineer

Background ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power is acting as Owners Engineer for this EDF Energy salt cavern gas storage project including over 40kM of pipelines in Cheshire. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power is defining the engineering design limits and criteria within which the detail design is developed, monitoring and verifying the detail design, construction and commissioning of the gas storage facility, including handover to the operator.

made to the National Gas Transmission System (NTS). The additional cavities and processing facility will significantly increase the storage and trading capacity at the facility. The project also includes liaison with planning and environmental authorities, new utility connections and upgrading of and new connections into the existing brine delivery system for salt production. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power is providing a full range of engineering verification, project management and safety, health and environmental management to the project. The engineering responsibility extends to cavern completion and de-brining connections. ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power have also been responsible for producing training manuals and conducting training for Operators and Operator assessment, to ensure the plant is ready for Operations.

Detail The scheme covers the addition of further former salt production cavities to existing cavities that were leached specifically for gas storage. A new stand alone gas processing facility is being provided alongside the existing facilities and a second connection is being

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Egdon Resources UK, Kirkleatham Site Operational, Technical & Commissioning Support

Background Egdon Resources owns and operates an onshore gas field near Middlesbrough, UK, which is used to supplement the grid gas supply to the site gas turbine, operated by Sembcorp Utilities (UK) Limited. Facilities include methanol injection and a liquid 3 phase separation and the pipeline and gathering network, ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power were contracted to undertake construction completion, manage the commissioning and training effort and resolving any technical queries associated with vendors or changes of design.

ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power also managed and provided resources for commissioning the gas well and associated equipment and trained the third party operators so that the third party agreed to take over operation. We resolved all technical and site queries in conjunction with vendors and the detailed designers and implemented various design/control modifications. Subsequently we commissioned and trained the operators in pipeline management, waste water and hydrocarbon liquids handling. The services included: Preparation of HSE Bridging; Preraation of maintenence systems Training regimes Input to commissioning plans and scope; Preparation of anticipated QC data for commissioning; Input to pre-start up HAZOP or safety review; The close-out of the defects and snags list; Supervision and planning of the precommissioning of the facility; Supervision and planning of the commissioning of the facility; Provision of training for the SCU technicians; Supervision of flow ramp up and testing; Compilation of as built documentation; Ensure that all vendor information is available for inclusion in the maintenance system. Updating of procedures following start-up.

Detail ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power provided engineering expertise to complete the punch-list items and to develop pre-commissioning documentation to confirm that all checks and procedures had been completed prior to the facility being pressurised with sweet gas. Our scope included collating all documentation into a system that makes retrieval of information simple and we obtained copies of documents not available at site but necessary for a complete document system from the detailed design house.

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Gulf Keystone - Kurdistan Early Production Facilities

Background The facility was located away from the wellsite beyond the local village and comprised minimal process and oil storage facilities and also a tanker loading facility to allow export of around 10,000bbls of oil into the local market. Energy and Power were responsible for Engineering, Procurement and Project Management on the Early Production Facility in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, for Gulf Keystones significant oil discovery in the remote mountainous location to the north west of Erbil in the region.

Detail Energy and Power was awarded a contract to assist our client to build facilities to allow them to gain revenue and to fully test the reservoir over the first few months after completing drilling. Energy and Power produced a multi-discipline basic engineering package for the process facilities, tanker loading facility and pipeline to enable procurement and contracting activities to follow. The bid process and evaluations were undertaken by the Energy and Power team on behalf of the client.

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Gassi Touil - Algeria Gas Development & LNG Plant

Background The Gassi Touil fields reserves were estimated at 4.8Tcf (trillion cubic feet) wet gas-yielding 4.4Tcf dry gas, 76 million barrels of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and 73 million barrels of condensate. The concept developed was for two production centres to maintain a plateau for feed gas to the LNG plant for its economic life. Pipeline gas, stabilised condensate and mixed LPG will be exported into transmission lines local to the facilities. The gas export rate will be equivalent to the LNG off-take from Arzew. The LNG development at Arzew is a new LNG plant next to the existing Bethioua LNG plants, export will be via an export route to an existing pier in the Bethioua port that will be modified for LNG loading. It will produce 4 million tonnes per annum of LNG (180 trillion BTU) and approximately 190 barrels/day condensate, 1400 barrels/day butane and 7300 barrels/day propane. This work addressed the technical feasibility addressed the overall project, the CAPEX summaries for each project, the overall execution plan considerations together with a summary of the projects with a risk review and status check against the Energy & Power feasibility tollgate.

Detail Energy & Power completed a two-part feasibility and concept engineering Project to review and refine the design for the Gassi Touil gas facility in Algeria and associated LNG terminal at the coast.The work involved evaluation of the gas field, development of processing options, option selection and full CAPEX OPEX and execution plan development for the selected option. The work undertaken included development of screening estimates, development schedules Basis of Design, Site Visit at Gassi Touil and Arzew, Cost Estimates, Technical Reviews, HSE studies and Risk Reviews. Full descriptions of the upstream and LNG processes were provided and outline execution plans.

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BHP Billiton Ohanet Gas Development - Algeria Gas Gathering & Treatment Facilities

Background Energy & Power provided Project management, engineering verification and Front End Engineering Design Services for BHP Billiton at the Ohanet Gas development in Algeria.

The Energy & Power team managed the FEED and defined the cost estimates, developed the HSE scope of the EPC/detailed design and managed commissioning of the facilities; we are now umbrella engineering contractor for the site. Energy & Power continued their support of BHP's Ohanet project, supplying safety consultancy. Experienced personnel reviewed, advised and developed the project Safety Case as required. Energy & Power continued their support of BHP's Ohanet project, supplying safety consultancy and then technical support. Experienced personnel reviewed, advised and developed the project Safety Case as required. The Ohanet CO2 removal Unit was designed to be able to remove CO2 from an inlet stream of 10MMsm3/ dat of wet gas. However problems were detected at trial and with subsequent efforts to alleviate the issue. An alntifoam chemical was added to the system and Energy & Power were requeste to report on the success of the system since this adaptation.

Detail Energy & Power supported the Ohanet gas gathering and treatment facilities development in the Sahara desert location, Algeria, throughout the project lifecycle from the scope definition for EPC contract through the project approval and sanction process to execution and now into operations undertaking de-bottlenecking studies, identifying options and FEED. Energy & Power has provided engineering verification and project management services. The engineering verification and project management addressed all disciplines of the development within engineering offices, vendor locations and site. Energy & Powers scope also included introduction of management systems to support development within audit of rig facilities, environmental studies, development of remediation plans, various production engineering issues and modifications.

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OMV - Nafoora, Libya Field Development

Woodside - Libya Engineering Verification

Background OMV planned to increase production from the current rate of about 60,000 BOPD (100,000 BFPD) to 165,000 BOPD (400,000 BFPD). The concept was to develop new areas, by drilling more wells in existing production horizons and by increasing water injection for pressure maintenance.

Background Woodside had commissioned a conceptual study to increase the technical definition for the NC206 concession area near the existing Tocra facilities, to investigate development concepts for further review and discussion. Detail Energy & Power was contracted to produce a report to describe the technical verification evaluation of possible facilities development scenarios for the NC206 Gas & Condensate Field reserves in Libya and the associated estimated costs and schedule. The work was done as part of the option selection stage work leading to Gate 3a Option Selection. There were three possible development scenarios under consideration and Energy & Power's scope was to provide a review and analysis of the existing Basis of Design and philosophies and for each option, evaluate and comment on the key areas.

Detail The Energy & Power study scope included a technical HSE and operational survey, followed by multidiscipline concept design for development of four new GOSP facilities and refurbishment and improvement of 11 existing GOSP facilities. The assignment required a full audit of facilities, environmental baseline, management, operating and maintenance regimes and subsequently to engineer and plan any potential entrance by the partner into the field. The study was undertaken in two parts: firstly a field audit addressing the facilities design and state of repair together with the management systems. Subsequently a multi-discipline conceptual design was undertaken on a GOSP by GOSP basis, including well sites, gathering systems and pipelines. The objective of the work was to increase production rates of the GOSP and introduction of new production areas. Management system planning included the production of plans for implementation of new operating and maintenance regimes, the implementation of improved safety culture and a safety management system.

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Technical Banks - Ghana Tullow Jubilee Field Development

Background The Jubilee project lies off the coast of Ghana and potentially represents one of the largest offshore oil discoveries in recent history. The field is in water depth ranging from 900m to 1700m and will be developed via manifold subsea wells and FPSO production systems.

Detail Energy and Power were appointed by the Technical Banks group to undertake a review of the project and to provide a Due Diligence function in support of a multibillion dollar finance package. Our role has included a Technical and Project Management review of the proposals for the deep water oil development. The facilities comprise turret moored FPSO, remote drilling, subsea manifolds, flowlines and risers. We have provided an independent assessment of overall facilities cost and implementation schedule, together with a review of the project management, contracts and procurement management and the implementation by the incumbent project team.

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Confidential FSRU Study Including Subsea & Onshore Gas Pipeline

Background Preparation of a feasibility study for the import of LNG using a floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU). Scope included the subsea gas pipeline to the grid tiein point. The study was performed in association with TriZen to define the concept for the importation of LNG using a floating storage and regasification unit.

Detail The study considered the feasibility of an offshore moored FSRU and subsea pipeline for the importation and regasification of LNG and delivery to the gas distribution grid. The study considered the following aspects: Concept definition and description; Technology selection; Site selection; System availability based on metocean studies; Subsea pipeline definition; CAPEX, OPEX and schedule; Financial modelling; HAZID and risk review; Project execution planning; Operational planning; Interface with the EIA consultant.

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Uhde Energy & Power has a wealth of experience in facility and process design in the offshore oil and gas industry

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920-OG-2194

ThyssenKrupp Uhde Energy & Power 22 Newman Street, London, W1T 1PH Phone +44 (0) 207 3075100 Fax +44 (0) 870 169 5811 www.uhdeenergyandpower.com andy.cooper@energyandpower.co.uk

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eon Ruhrgas - Algeria Yan & Yak

BHP Billiton - Algeria ROD

Background E.ON Ruhrgas was in the process of drilling a number of wells in the Algerian Sahara, as part of the hydrocarbon exploration activities of the Rhourde Yacoub Permit Block 406a, Berkine Basin. The exploration wells encountered hydrocarbons and, in order to make a decision on whether to proceed to the development phase, feasibility study work was required to assess the development options. Detail Energy & Power undertook a feasibility study to develop high level technical and economic proposals for the YAN and YAC accumulations in order to allow evaluation of viability and to determine the viability of proceeding to the next stage of development. The scope of the study included the gathering system, oil processing facilities to separate, de-salt and stabilise the oil to achieve crude oil export specification, source water treatment and injection, utilities and infrastructure. In addition, the most appropriate export pipeline route for oil and/or condensate was determined. For each of the P90/P50/P10 production profiles, a basic process scheme was developed to enable preliminary equipment sizing for generation of Class 3 CAPEX and OPEX cost estimates. The deliverables included the Basis of Design, Equipment Lists, Block Flow Diagrams, Preliminary Field Layout and Facility Plot Plans, CAPEX and OPEX Estimates and a Level 1 Schedule.

Background The ROD facilities are built alongside the Groupement Sonatrach-Agip facilities at BRN. Detail Energy & Power supported the development throughout the project lifecycle, developing the process and control systems prior to EPC contract. Subsequently we assisted in project management and commissioning and supported the client with commissioning and acceptance. Energy & Power provided engineering study support prior to EPC and subsequently managed the Control & Instrumentation, Process design, power systems and piping and layout for the owners.

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Numhyd Kaboudia Permit Area

Background The Kaboudia Permit covers an area of 3,880 km2 offshore Tunisia and includes three known prospects in water depths ranging from 50 to 70 metres. The proposed development plan involves drilling an appraisal well and, if positive, proceeding to the development phase, otherwise moving to a nearby prospect and re-starting drilling. The prospects are extremely marginal and cost-effective development is therefore challenging.

Detail Taking into account the marginality of the recoverable reserves, Energy & Power were requested to identify a range of simple, cost effective and technically feasible development strategies and to recommend a preferred concept based on technical score, cost, schedule and risk evaluation. The study considered various platform concepts (both fixed and floating), drilling options (on-platform or jackup), process plant optimisation, operating philosophy (manned or unmanned) and oil export options (shuttle tanker or pipeline). CAPEX and OPEX estimates and Level 1 schedules were prepared for each option and various means of cost reduction were explored. Energy & Power carried out a high level screening of the options identified and a preferred concept was recommended. A simple economic model was developed to estimate NPV and IRR for the selected concept and a list of potential EPC bidders was compiled. In addition, areas of technical uncertainty were identified.

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Sonatrach Power Station

Conoco Philips MLN Compressor

Background Energy & Power have supported the development throughout the project lifecycle from the scope definition for EPC contract through the project approval and sanction process through execution and now into operations undertaking process de-bottlenecking studies. The project included five Frame 5 GE gas turbines and a PGT machine at one location together with modifications to a 120 MW power station consisting of 5 off GE Frame 5 machines. The sites were connected by a 200km overhead power line. Energy & Power have provided engineering and project management. More recently, we have undertaken extensive process modelling to solve particular process difficulties being experienced in operation. Detail The engineering verification and project management addressed all disciplines of the development within engineering offices, vendor locations and site. In addition, we have provided London office based services around particular scopes of work including: Incident investigation; HAZOP close out; Management of QRA; Development of Safety Case; Introduction of management systems to support development within; Audit of rig facilities; Management of environmental studies, development of remediation plans; De-bottlenecking studies; Production engineering issues; Engineering modification.

Background The Rivers gas fields are situated in East Irish Sea, offshore of the north-west coast of England near the developed North and South Morecambe fields. The gas fields came onstream in 2000/01 and supply gas to the UK market via the North Morecambe terminals in Barrow-in-Furness. The fields are operated by the Centrica Energy subsidiary Hydrocarbon Resources on behalf of Burlington (Irish Sea) Ltd. Detail In 2006, Energy & Power supported Burlington Resources in their response to a breakdown of HP and Re-Injection Compressors. Work undertaken included an audit of operations and performance, technical analysis of the failure and provision of a cost estimate to replace or repair the failed units. Energy & Power provided procurement support and a detailed report summarising the options of replacing the existing Alstom motor, and subsequently managing the inspection of the replacement equipment.

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Amerada Hess BMS Development

Amerada Hess GEA

Background Energy & Power supported Amerada Hess through the lifecycle of this oil field development project including undertaking the feasibility, option development and the FEED. The oil reservoir was small in area, approximately 12 by 6km in the Tagi sandstone. Product was light, sweet crude, producing an annual average plateau of 12,000 barrels per day into the existing pipeline infrastructure. Detail Energy & Power undertook field facilities development studies addressing all facilities including subsurface interface and planning. The development studies included feasibility, option selection and FEED. Energy & Power continued their support of the project with a chemicals review. This consisted of a report on the field fluid analysis as well as reports on a wide range of issues including wax, asphaltenes, emulsions, salt (halite), sulphides, carbonide scale, sulphate scale, biological contamination and oxygen contamination. Energy & Powers recommendations allowed for specific design features within the facility to ease plant operation and performance. A HAZID study of the BMS field was undertaken, raising 29 actions. Energy & Power also provided mechanical specifications including, provision for pumps; air coolers; compressors; vessels; tanks; heaters; de-salters; chemical injection; nitrogen generation & instrument air package. Work for Hess' BMS project continued with detailed electrical system studies. These included studies on short circuit calculations; load flow & voltage drop checks; largest motor start and harmonic distortion. Energy & Power also undertook hydraulic analysis of the Wellfield flowlines, gas flowlines, injection flowlines and water injection to ensure functioning pipelines.

Background The El Gassi, Zotti and El Agreb fields (collectively known as the GEA fields) are located in the major oil-producing region of central Algeria. Since 2000, the GEA fields have been the subject of a production sharing contract between Sonatrach of Algeria and Hess, which formed a joint-venture as SonaHess with the aim of increasing the rate of recovery from the three fields. The GEA Additional Opportunities Study was conducted in July 2009 by a joint study team comprising staff from Hess (London), Sonatrach (Algiers) and SonaHess (El Gassi) with the purpose of identifying opportunities to enhance production from the GEA fields. Energy & Power was engaged by Hess to review certain aspects of the original study and to provide an overall cost estimate for the proposed expansion and upgrade of the existing facilities for the GEA fields. Detail Energy & Power undertook field facilities development studies comprising a review of the configuration and capacity of the existing brownfield facilities, and identified opportunities to increase production from the GEA fields. Energy & Power developed high-level field layout plans for the GEA fields, performed preliminary sizing of the new production gathering and processing facilities required, and developed process schematic diagrams showing the proposed configuration of the facilities. A high-level feasibility analysis on the proposed installation of an LPG recovery plant was conducted. CAPEX and OPEX estimates for the plant and offsites were developed, with an associated operational manning review.

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Anadarko - El Merk Development

Early Production Facilities Review

Background Energy & Power undertook a concept definition study, cost estimates and selection process for the early production systems of crude oil at the El Merck development. Detail The Energy & Power team developed the facilities and infrastructural requirements for early production for the field. Conceptual engineering was carried out which addressed the Reservoir, Process, Electrical, Control & Instrumentation, Pipeline and Mechanical aspects. A full range of early production solutions, dependent upon on the Clients changing requirements during field development was devised. The conceptual design work included CAPEX and OPEX estimates, development schedules, field layouts, process diagrams, HSE considerations and vendor proposals. The work also included a full review of options for leased and purchased process facilities. Three scopes (High, Medium and Low Cases) were considered for each facility option. Selection included review of all reservoir data, devising early production options, detailed discussions with process compressor and power unit vendors and options for export to the Algerian coast.

Background Anadarko were investigating schemes to facilitate early production from El Merk. This study provided a basis for the client to estimate CAPEX and OPEX requirements. Detail Energy & Power undertook a Feasibility Study addressing the potential for early production system to produce 20,000 B/D of crude oil with 31 MMSCFD of associated gas. We developed Heat and Material Balance preparation from HYSYS model and PFDs. Equipment sizing and utility requirements were estimated and an equipment list was also produced. The Clients basis was reviewed, and report of conclusions and recommendations were issued

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Columbus Oil - Tunisia Full Field Development

Background Columbus acquired the license of the Isis offshore oil field in Tunisia; a field comprising three active wells which had been closed-in and the risers and mooring lines from the Ikdam FPSO were dropped to the seabed when the FPSO was removed. The anticipated remaining production from Isis was 2,000 b/d oil, 1,000 b/d water. Columbus proposed a floating system for production and the existing mooring system and subsea equipment was to be reused in order to reduce cost and schedule impact to the project. In principle, the Columbus system is an unmanned floating processing facility for use in the extraction of oil from marginal fields which are uneconomical.

Detail Columbus employed the services of Energy & Power to undertake the full development in terms of engineering, project and procurement management through to construction management and commissioning. The Energy & Power team acted for Columbus and the project progressed as an integrated team incorporating management from both organisations as well as managing sub-contract management and scope preparation. Flexibility was the key to the success of the concept for this and future asset developments. The activities undertaken by Energy & Power included establishing the technical Basis of Design for Isis production, generating a suitable process scheme, a process simulation, heat and material (H&M) balance for Isis, equipment sizing and generation of arrangement drawings. In addition, this was followed by a qualitative evaluation of key Health, Safety and the Environment (HSE), Operational and Safety issues, using a standard Risk Review technique and a CAPEX estimate. Once the concept was proven, the project moved immediately into the execution phase. The development was marginal and as such was constrained, by both cost and schedule. The project needed an innovative approach to ensure the clients commercial goals were achieved.

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Confidential Clients - Algeria Feasibility Studies

From construction through to operation our aim is to deliver a project that is completed safely, on time and within budget.

Oudoume Conceptual design of onshore gas, LPG and condensate production, processing and export facilities in Algeria. Tinrhert Energy & Power continued their support of the clients Algerian projects, providing indicative costs of the development of the Hamada Tinrhert fields. Allal Dome Gas Field Background The client was considering the development of the Allal Dome gas field in central Algeria. The field covered an area approximately 80km by 10km, thus requiring multiple flowlines and gathering networks. Energy & Power provided cost estimates and phasing for the Allal Dome area, using four different reservoir development cases, with varying numbers of wells and gas rates. Sonatrach Algeria 5th Round Client was preparing an offer to Sonatrach for Blocks 408/9 Hassi Mouina and Gassi Chergi within the Algeria 5th Exploration Round. Energy & Power was requested to provide a cost estimate for this development. With limited available data on the fields, a Basis of Design was generated and CAPEX and OPEX summaries were reported.

MLE Cost Estimate First Calgary Petroleums Ltd. ("FCP") along with Sonatrach, the Algerian National Oil Company, planned to jointly develop the Menzel Ledjmet East (MLE) gas and condensate field in Block 405b of the Berkine Basin. As a prospective partner, Client requested Energy & Power to review the cost and schedule basis of the MLE Development to ascertain the accuracy of the estimate and the schedule and determine risks in the cost and schedule issues. Energy & Power addressed the CAPEX and OPEX for the Development and compiled and reviewed the First Calgary estimate, principally as presented in the FEED estimate. We further developed OPEX estimates, and compared them with First Calgary OPEX estimate. Ourhoud WAG Option Review A number of prospective WAG (Water-AlternatingGas) schemes had been proposed by the owner and operator of the Ourhoud oil field development in Algeria, and the client as a minority shareholder contracted Energy & Power to review the relative merits of each scheme, in terms of modifications to existing plant and overall costs of implementation, as well as estimated efficacy of each scenario. The primary deliverable from the conceptual study was a 30% capital and operating expense estimate. For each option considered, we provided a list of major modifications required (or additional new facilities where appropriate) and presented the justification for these proposed modifications. Consideration was given to material delivery times, construction and start-up times as well as the fact that the existing facility is in operation and downtime for tie-ins had to be minimized.

0274, 1164 0275, 0057, 0196, ****, 0862,