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THE GERUND I. Use the verbs in brackets in the Gerund: 1. They admitted (to be) rude. 2.

You suggest (to play) chess. 3. She avoided (to mention) his name. 4. They stopped (to talk) about that matter. 5. Jane risks (to lose) a large sum of money. 6. We delayed (to go) to the seaside. 7. Now we can remember (to see) them somewhere. 8. He regretted (to say) such a thing. 9. I postponed (to meet) them. 10. Would you mind (to ring) me up later? 11. They can't help (to worry) about such events. 12. The two girls began (to sing). II. Replace the Infinitive by the Gerund according to the model: It is nice to swim in the sea. Swimming in the sea is nice. 1. It is comfortable to sit by the fireside. 2. It is unpleasant to sleep on the door. 3. It is difficult to do such exercises. 4. It is illegal to drive without a licence. 5. It is tiring to drive at night. 6. It is dangerous to climb those rocks. 7. It is exciting to travel by plane. 8. It is expensive to eat in restaurants nowadays. 9. It is useful to learn English. 10. It is enjoyable to eat fresh fruit.

III. Make suggestions by using how about/what about + Gerund: 1. You want to see this film. 2. You want to play football. 3. You want to go to bed. 4. You want to watch TV. 5. You want to visit this museum. 6. You want to buy some flowers. 7. You want to swim in the river. 8. You want to

make a snowman. 9. You want to ring her up. 10. You want to tell them some jokes.

IV. Make up formal requests by using would you mind + Gerund: 1. Ask a policeman to show you the way to the bank. 2. Ask the teacher to repeat the last sentence. 3. Ask the guide to speak about the history of this statue. 4. Ask the driver to drive faster. 5. Ask the old lady to tell you the time. 6. Ask the passenger beside you to lend you his magazine. V. Translate the following sentences into English using can't/couldn't help + Gerund: 1. Eram att de flmnzi, nct nu ne-am putut abine s nu intrm n cel mai apropiat restaurant. 2. Ea nu ne-a ascuns nimic niciodat, aa c nu puteam s nu-i spunem adevrul. 3. Mtua Hilda nu se poate abine s nu ne dea cteva sfaturi de cte ori vine aici. 4. El avea mare nevoie de bani, aa c nu am putut s nu-i mprumut civa. 5. Cnd a vzut cum artam, n-a putut s nu m ntrebe ce mi s-a ntmplat. 6. Cnd am vzut ct de trziu este, nu am putut s nu-i nchid cartea fiului meu i s nu-l trimit la culcare.

VI. Join the sentences below using without + Gerund. Work on the model: Tom went for a walk. He didn't tell mother about it. Tom went for a walk without telling mother about it. 1. Mary left the shop. She didn't buy anything. 2. We went home. We didn't finish all the exercises. 3. You started to speak. You didn't ask for


4. He bought tickets. He didn't know that the play was

postponed. 5. The boys ran two miles. They didn't stop for a rest. 6. The magician opened the box. He didn't touch it. 7. The old man made for the door. He didn't look at us. 8. My neighbour entered the house. He didn't ring the bell. VII. Complete the following sentences with to look forward to + Gerund: 1. A former classmate of yours is going to pay you a visit. You will see him again. How do you feel about this? 2. My friends are visiting London next week. How do they feel? 3. Alice has got a new bicycle. She hopes she will ride it soon. How does she feel? 4. You have new neighbours. Tomorrow you will meet them. How do you feel? 5. Jack is buying a new car soon. How does his wife feel? 6. Alee is very happy because he will graduate from the faculty soon. How does he feel? 7. The boys are playing tennis next Saturday. How do they feel? 8. Mother has bought an interesting book. Lucy hopes to read it. How does she feel? 9. Grannie has not finished her cake yet. However, Liza hopes to taste it soon. How does she feel? 10. Helen has got a new record. Her brother wants to listen to it. How does he feel? VIII. Supply the correct preposition in the blank space in each sentence. Use the Gerund of the verb in brackets after this preposition. 1. I can't forgive him ... (to make) such a remark. 2. The heavy rain prevented us ... (to leave) the house that afternoon. 3. I never succeed ... (to understand) him. 4. Were they accustomed ... (to hear) that noise every day? 5. George is a very smart pupil; he has just found out a new method ... (to solve) this problem. 6. Your cousins were interested ... (to learn) as many new things as possible about computers. 7. I know that she has made a

lot of money ... (to invest) in aeronautics. 8. There was no excuse ... (not to be) present at that meeting. 9. They insisted ... (to go) there at once. 10. Mary relies ... (to get) assistance from her brother. 11. My aunt is always worrying ... (to catch) imaginary diseases. 12. I was tired ... (to listen) to his story for the third time. 13. They were not particularly fond ... (to go) on such a trip. 14. My sister was proud ... (to be) the first to solve such a difficult problem. 15. Will our friend be successful ... (to get) the loan from the bank? 16. I was afraid ... (to tell) her this terrible news. 17. She was sorry ... (to leave) so early. 18. Mother doesn't approve ... (to stay) up late at night. 19. We'll have to pay this man ... (to take) care of our dog. 20. I object ... (to go) there in such bad weather. 21. Instead ... (to study) for the exam, Rebecca went for a walk with her friends. 22. The girl was very excited ... (to visit) her grandparents. 23. Why is she thinking ... (to change) her job? 24. When my sister was a child, she was far ... (to imagine) that she would become a great architect. 25. The police did not have any difficulty ... (to find) the criminal. 26. We can't understand why the government are not' in favour ... (to lower) the age at which people can vote. 27. He risked his life ... (to dive) into the water to save that child. 28. She realized then that she could make progress ... (to work) hard. 29. Why doesn't she try her hand ... (to write) longer poems? 30. The policy of any government should aim ... (to raise) the living standard of all classes. IX. Put the following verbs into the Gerund and then translate the sentences into Romanian: 1. After (to read) that article she gave up (to smoke). 2. Would you mind (to show) me your identity card? 3. Johnson started his speech by (to remind) us what the purpose of our meeting was. 4. It's no use (to go) for a walk at this

time of night. 5. She remembers (to see) you somewhere. 6. Everybody knows that she hates (to play) the piano, but she is fond of (to paint). 7. Why are you so furious at (to hear) the truth? 8. I see that you don't feel like (to work) today; what about (to go) for a walk? 9. It's worth (to visit) the British Museum as many times as possible. 10. They don't allow (to smoke) in the library. 11. All the children are looking forward to (to get) presents from Santa Claus. 12. I am absolutely sure that you will finally get used to (to work) in such conditions. 13. Jane prefers (to see) films to (to read) books. 14. I don't enjoy (to talk) to this old man. 15. I don't like (to spend) my whole holiday in the countryside. 16. On seeing us, the boy stopped (to whistle) and started (to read) the book. 17. Thank you for (to come) here so early. 18. I can't help (to tell) my parents what I have seen there. X. Make up sentences of your own using the Gerund with one of the following verbs: to concentrate on, to criticise/or, to dedicate oneself to, to dream of, to interfere with, to persist in, to pay for, to rebel against, to do away with. XI. Work on the model: Jack finished his homework and then he went to school. After ... After finishing his homework, Jack went to school. 1. The children went to bed but first they said "good night" to their parents. Before ... 2. I was angry with her because she was late. I was angry with her for ... 3. Jane is a very good cook. Her sister is very good at ..., too. 4. Jimmy says that doing nothing is better than working. His sister wonders why he prefers doing nothing to ... 5. She didn't go for a walk. She went to the

cinema. Instead of ... 6. She left home and soon after she remembered what he wanted. Soon after ... 7. Peter didn't intend to buy that house. He had no intention of ... 8. Liz read the poem many times and so she learnt it by heart. By ... 9. Thomas recognized the girl but he didn't greet her. In spite of ... 10. I didn't know her. However, I stopped her to ask her that question. Without ... XII. Translate the following sentences into English using the Gerund: 1. Nu are nici o scuz c a ntrziat. 2. Mulumesc c m-ai ajutat s gsesc acest hotel. 3. Ateptm cu nerbdare s-l rentlnim pe vechiul nostru prieten. 4. Faptul c tie numele ei este surprinztor. 5. I-am cerut scuze lui Alex pentru c l-am fcut s m atepte. 6. Brbatul acela era acuzat c a furat poeta btrnei. 7. Ar trebui s profii de faptul c lucrezi n acest laborator. 8. Ei au insistat s m duc acolo n seara aceea. 9. M intereseaz s aflu adevrul despre cele ntmplate n pdure. 10. Se gndete s participe totui la acest concurs. 11. Nu te nvinuiesc c nu tii toate detaliile. 12. I-ai cerut scuze pentru c ai ntrerupt-o? 13. Ai obiecta s mergem la un restaurant desear? 14. Cine rspunde de splatul vaselor astzi? 15. Cnd m-a vzut, Mike s-a oprit din spat i a venit spre mine. 16. V-ai obinuit s v sculai att de devreme? 17. N-are nici un motiv serios s se plng de noi. 18 Ei i-au mbuntit cunotinele muncind asiduu n fiecare zi. 19. Vremea rea m-a mpiedicat s merg la el n ziua aceea. 20. Nu neleg de ce a evitat s rspund la aceast ntrebare. 21. Mai bine ai continua s lucrai ct timp mai este lumin. 22. El s-a electrocutat atingnd din greeal un fir de pe perete. 23. Soia lui a ncercat s se lase de fumat de cteva ori, dar nu a reuit s o fac pn acum. 24. Nu are rost s cheltuim aa de muli bani pe astfel de lucruri. 25. Biatul s-a plns c nu are timp

suficient s nvee pentru examen. 26. Merit s ncercm s cumprm bilete pentru acest spectacol. 27. Nu-mi place s vorbesc despre astfel de lucruri. 28. V deranjeaz s sunai mai trziu? 29. Cnd am vzut-o cum era mbrcat, n-am putut s nu zmbesc. 30. Ea conteaz pe faptul c el a mai ajutat-o i altdat.

XIII. Use the Infinitive or the Gerund of the verbs in brackets: 1. We don't wish (to reveal) our plans to you yet. 2. Has she finished (to read) the article yet? 3. Would you mind (to open) that window? 4. Our friend plans (to spend) a few weeks abroad. 5. When Alice was little, she enjoyed (to watch) cartoons. 6. They demanded (to see) our report immediately. 7. We avoided (to mention) his name that evening. 8. She hopes (to visit) Paris soon. 9. The boy admitted (to know) the name of that man. 10. His aunt always tends (to exaggerate) things. 11. Did Albert forget (to tell) you the news? 12. You seem (to understand) me now. 13. He doesn't advise (to go) there today. 14. They would appreciate (to receive) our reply this week. 15. The boys wanted (to explain) to us what had happened. 16. They didn't expect (to meet) us there. 17. She denied (to live) in that house. 18. Did they offer (to help) you? 19. You should postpone (to visit) your friend. 20. We can't stand (to hear) this man's complaints again.

XIV. Translate the following sentences into English using either the Gerund or the Infinitive:

1. n cele din urm am renunat s-l mai sun la telefon n ziua aceea. 2. i amintete c nu a stins lumina. 3. Suntei amabil s semnai aici? 4. Doctorul i-a recomandat s nu mai munceasc att de mult. 5. Mi-a promis s nu ntrzie mai mult de zece minute. 6. Vrei s-mi aminteti s o sun pe Jane la amiaz? 7. Ea prefer s se uite la televizor dect s asculte radioul. 8. Uneori elevii evit s se uite la profesor cnd nu doresc s rspund la o ntrebare. 9. Am plecat la plimbare dup ce am terminat de scris tema. 10. N-a trebuit s folosesc cheia fiindc ua era deschis. 11. Acoperiul casei noastre trebuie reparat. 12. ncearc s-i aminteti tot ce s-a discutat acolo. 13. Mi-am cerut scuze c am trezit-o la ora aceea. 14. Faptul c nu i-a scris nc m face s cred c i-a pierdut adresa. 15. Cnd fetiele au ncetat s cnte, m-am oprit s vd ce s-a ntmplat. 16. Cred c doar prinii mei 18. N-am mai suportat au dreptul s-mi pun astfel de ntrebri. 17. Nu-mi aduc aminte ca cineva s fi avut vreo obiecie la organizarea unei petreceri. s ascult aceeai glum pentru a cincea oar. 19. Bunicul a fost surprins s ne vad pe toi n copacul din spatele casei. 20. Ateptam cu nerbdare s mergem n excursie la munte. 21. M temeam s nu-l trezesc i de aceea am insistat ca sora mea s nu spun nimic ct timp eram nc n camer. 22. Tu te-ai bazat pe venirea ei aici, dar cred c ea nu a reuit s prind ultimul tren. Nu putea Pupza suferi ca oamenii s-i spun c i s-a fcut nedreptatea asta. n curnd el se ridic i se deprt spre sat ca s le spun altor oameni mai cu inim c l-a prsit pe Busuioc." (Ioan Slavici, Pdureanca) A numra pn la douzeci i patru era ceva peste puterile mele." (Mihail Sadoveanu, Cele mai vechi amintiri)

i satul, vznd c acest om nu se da la munc nici n ruptul capului, hotr s-l spnzure pentru a nu mai da pild de lenevire i altora." (Ion Creang, Povestea unui om lene)

Atunci, n acele cri ai artat leilor c eti gata a-i sluji, punndu-le n cunotin i unele lucruri tainice ale Agarenilor." (Mihail Sadoveanu, Zodia Cancerului)

C, vezi, mintea e nsetat de priceperea lucrurilor, de ptrunderea tainelor; i osnda de a nfrnge aceast sete, de a tri fr potolirea ei, nseamn osnda de a te ntoarce la una din formele trecute, de care natura n-a fost mulumit, nseamn osnda de a ucide n tine tocmai nsuirea cu adevrat i cu deosebire omeneasc." (I. Al. Brtescu-Voineti, ntunerec i lumin)