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PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICES FOR POWER TRANSFORMERS (with electric contacts)

GENERAL FEATURES When it is required to limit the pressure rise inside a tank, in order to prevent an excessive mechanical stress of the walls, it is necessary to use a safety valve set at a precise overpressure value. The tank of oil-immersed transformers is usually fit with this kind of protecting device; as matter of fact, in case of shortcircuit due to an insulation failure, the dielectric arc between alive parts vaporises the surrounding insulating fluid which generates a quick rise of the pressure inside the tank, with the risk of permanent deformations, or, even, of the failure of the tank walls with the consequent flow-out of hot oil. Due to the rapidity of this event, it is necessary to mount on the transformer an adequate protecting device which relieves quite suddenly the excess of pressure generated inside the tank by the above mentioned failure. Our Pressure Relief Devices VP have this protective function. WAY OF WORKING The way of working of above device is very simple: each time the pressure inside the transformer tank reach the operating pressure of the PRD, the shutter lift slowly from its rest position disjoining from the main tightening gasket (pos 9 of the attached sketch); in this condition the excess of pressure cant be released in the environment, being the shutter still in contact with the external gasket (pos 10 of the attached sketch). Now the internal overpressure operates on the whole internal surface of the shutter, which is bigger than the initial surface: consequently, the strength acting on the shutter is much higher than the spring-load on the other side; this brings to a quick and high lifting of the shutter followed by an equally fast reclosure as the excess of pressure is released in a very short time through the big opening created by the shutter lifting. GENERAL FEATURES of our VP devices Body, connecting box and shutter in cast aluminium, paint protected. Screws, nuts, fasteners, pins in stainless steel or nickelplated brass. NBR rubber gaskets (other kind of gasket material available upon request for use at extremely low temperatures). Oil spray protection (upon request) in stainless steel. Springs in high quality steel, finish shotblast plus epoxy paint (corrosion protection). Electric contacts (upon request), one or two, changeover, inside the connecting box with IP67 protection degree. All the components of our PRD are positioned outside the fixing flange, with two big advantages: a) Impossible to loose inside the tank any components like small nuts or pins. b) Without anything protruding inside the tank it is possible to locate the PRD in those points where there are more risk of generation of the overpressure, reducing the possibility of deformation of the tank. Optic signal: a big red semaphore protrude outside the cap and indicates the PRD has operated; the semaphore need to be manually reset; the semaphore is a standard accessory on all our VP valves, either with or without oil spray protection or contacts.

MANUFACTURING PROGRAM Three sizes: VP 50, pag5-31, up to 3000 dm3 of oil inside the tank. VP 80, pag5-33, up to 9000 dm3 of oil inside the tank. VP 150, pag5-35, up to 25000 dm3 of oil inside the tank, or more. For bigger volumes of oil it is common practice to use more valves. ACCESSORIES Our Pressure relief devices VP can be fit with the following accessories, all independently each other: Oil spray protection: useful to give an orientation to the oil flow towards draining systems in order to avoid damages or injuries to persons due to hot oil. One or two independent electric contacts ( microswitches, changeover-wiring diagram, inside the connecting box); contacts are operated through a lever by the shutter and need to be manually reset in case of operation.

File : POWER PRD ing

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Rev. 4 dtd 27/10/08

ELECTRIC CONTACTS Protection degree: IP67 Contacts in Silver/Nickel plated Breaking capacity at 250 V (ac 50/60 Hz): 5A Breaking capacity at 125 V (dc): 1 A Current (min/max): 0,1 / 10 A DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS (MECHANICAL STRESS WITHSTAND) Sinusoidal vibrations with frequency < 120 Hz and amplitude < 250 m Dynamic stress with the following accelerations: Max 3g in any direction, sinusoidal, amplitude < 20 mm. Shock, max 10 g, in any direction.

CHOICE OF THE VALVE AND MOUNTING INSTRUCTIONS The choice of the size of the valve depend form the space available and from the quantity of oil inside the tank. Looking at the safety and at the operating rapidity it may be preferable to use more than one valve, eventually of smaller size. Each valve can be mounted either vertically either horizontally on the transformer tank, the nearest possible to the point where a failure may occur, or on barycentric position if there are more than one critical point, usually nest to the transformer columns. CLIMATIC CONDITIONS Generally the limitation to the use of this kind of valve stays in the gasket material. Here below we give you few data regarding three type of different gasket material, suitable for use in different ambient conditions, in mineral oil or silicon fluid, with humidity: 95% at 20C; 80% at 40C; 50% at 50C. a) Standard execution (N) Gasket material: NBR rubber. Ambient temperature (min/max): -20C/50C Oil Temperature (min/max): -20C/110C b) Low temperature execution (F) Gasket material: special kind of NBR rubber suitable for low temperature. Ambient temperature (min/max): -40C/50C. Oil Temperature (min/max): -40C/110C c) High temperature execution (V) Gasket material: Fluor-rubber. Ambient temperature (min/max): -15C/50C Oil Temperature (min/max): -14C/150C CORROSION PROTECTION All the part of the valve made in aluminium, corrosion protected with a coating (a oil resistant primer coat, approx 50 m thick, on all the surfaces, plus a polyuretahanic coat, RAL7030 colour, only on the surfaces exposed to the external atmosphere, with a total coating thickness of approx 100 m. Oil spray protection and screws: in stainless steel. Please contact our design department every time the specifications require a special valve, giving us full details.

File : POWER PRD ing

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Rev. 4 dtd 27/10/08

OPERATING PRESSURE VALUES Our Pressure Relief Devices VP can be calibrated at an operating pressure value between 30 kPa and 150 kPa. The value indicated on the identification label is the nominal value ( Pn ) of the operating pressure. It is necessary to define other value of the operating pressure: - Pe: working pressure, max value of the internal pressure at which there are no leaks of gas or of oil - Pt : tightening pressure, which is the max value of the internal pressure at which the valve is reclosing during testing - Pmin & Pmax: Min & Max operating pressure, which are the Min and Max value of the internal pressure at which the valve is operating (the difference between the two values is equal to the tolerance of the nominal value)

Pn 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 110 130 150 Vacuum withstand test: 10 torr Pressure withstand test: 4 bar ORDER INSTRUCTIONS

Pe 25 33 42,5 52 61,5 71 80,5 105 125 145

P min 30 38 47,5 57 66,5 78 85,5 110 130 150

P max 37,5 46 57,5 66 77 86,4 97,2 118,8 136,5 157,5

Pt 27 35 44,5 54 63,5 73 82,5 107 127 147

When issuing an order or asking a quotation, please specify the following: Size of valve. If oil spray protection is required. Operating conditions (material of gasket: standard NBR, low temperature, high temperature). Wiring diagram. Nominal value of the operating pressure, Pn. See table in next page. Example Nr 3 PRD type VP080P0NH050; means that are required nr 3 valve VP080 with protection, climatic standard operating conditions, wiring diagram H (1 changeover contact) and setted at 50 Kpa. SPECIAL EXECUTIONS It is possible to supply special valves, which are in accordance with special requirements.

File : POWER PRD ing

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Rev. 4 dtd 27/10/08

VP080 P0 N H 0 5 0
PROTECTION OPERATING CONDITIONS OPERATING PRESSURE VALUE kPa 025 030 035 040 045 050 055 060 070 080 085 090 110 130 150 F H W N L V F0 P0 QT VP050 VP080 VP150 PRODUCT AND SIZE WIRING DIAGRAM LEGENDA

OPERATING VALUE 25kPa OPERATING VALUE 30kPa OPERATING VALUE 35kPa OPERATING VALUE 40kPa OPERATING VALUE 45kPa OPERATING VALUE 50kPa OPERATING VALUE 55kPa OPERATING VALUE 60kPa OPERATING VALUE 70kPa OPERATING VALUE 80kPa OPERATING VALUE 85kPa OPERATING VALUE 90kPa OPERATING VALUE 110kPa OPERATING VALUE 130kPa OPERATING VALUE 150kPa W/OUT CONTACTS 1 SPDT CONTACTS 2 SPDT CONTACTS STANDARD CONDITIONS NBR GASKETS LOW TEMPERATURE GASKETS HIGH TEMPERATURE VITON GASKETS WITHOUT PROTECTION WITH PROTECTION WITH OIL DUCT (ALWAYS AND ONLY FOR VP150-QT) PRD VP50 PRD VP80 PRD VP150 &VP150-QT

File : POWER PRD ing

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Rev. 4 dtd 27/10/08