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University of Perpetual Help System DALTA Alabang-Zapote Avenue, Pamplona 3, Las Pias City Iglesia, Evan Michael B.

. BSMT / 1F Ms. Sueo

It is an act that violates a known moral rule in a religion. It may also refer to the state of having committed such a violation. It can refer not only to physical actions taken, but also to thoughts and internalized motivations and feelings.

7 Capital Sin
The Catholic Church divides sin into two categories: venial sins, in which guilt is relatively minor, and the more severe mortal sins.

1. Lust
Lust or lechery (carnal "luxuria") is usually thought of as excessive thoughts or desires of a sexual nature. In Dante's Purgatorio, the penitent walks within flames to purge himself of lustful/sexual thoughts and feelings. In Dante's Inferno, unforgiven souls of the sin of lust are blown about in restless hurricane-like winds symbolic of their own lack of self control to their lustful passions in earthly life. 2. Gluttony Gluttony, which comes from the Latin gluttire to gulp down or swallow, refers to the sin of over-indulgence and over-consumption of food and drink. The manners in which gluttony can be committed, as first mentioned by Pope Gregory the Great and later reiterated by Thomas Aquinas, are eating too soon, eating too expensively, eating too much, eating too eagerly, eating too daintily, and eating wildly. St. Alphonsus Liguori explained that it is not a fault to feel pleasure in eating: for it is, generally speaking, impossible to eat without experiencing the delight which food naturally produces. But it is a defect to eat, like beasts, through the sole motive of sensual gratification, and without any reasonable object (The True Spouse of Jesus Christ). 3. Greed Greed, which is also known as avarice or covetousness, is the immoderate desire for earthly goods, as well as situations such as power. It is a sin of excess. The object a person is greedy about need not be evil, but the issue lies in the way one regards the object, placing inappropriate value on it. Greed can further inspire such sinful actions as hoarding of materials or objects, theft and robbery, trickery, and manipulation.

4. Sloth
Sloth is often described simply as the sin of laziness. However, while this is part of the manifestation of sloth, the central problem with sloth as a capital sin is spiritual laziness. The sin of sloth means being lazy and lax about living the Faith and practicing virtue. The Catholic Encyclopedia explains: In general *sloth+ means disinclination to labor or exertion. As a capital or deadly vice St. Thomas calls it sadness in the face of some spiritual good which one has to achieve. . . St. Thomas completes his definition of sloth by saying that it is torpor in the presence of spiritual good which is Divine good. In other words, a man is then formally distressed at the prospect of what he must do for God to bring about or keep intact his friendship with God. In this sense sloth is directly opposed to charity. 5. Wrath [Anger is] the desire of vengeance. Its ethical rating depends upon the quality of the vengeance and the quantity of the passion. When these are in conformity with the prescriptions of balanced reason, anger is not a sin. It is rather a praiseworthy thing and justifiable with a proper zeal. It becomes sinful when it is sought to wreak vengeance upon one who has not deserved it, or to a greater extent than it has been deserved, or in conflict with the dispositions of law, or from an improper motive. The sin is then in a general sense mortal as being opposed to justice and charity. Because anger can be just, and due to the common usage of the word anger, this capital vice is often referred to as wrath or rage, emphasizing the unbalanced and improper motives which result in anger being a mortal sin. 6. Envy The sin of envy or jealousy is more than merely one person wanting what someone else has; the sin of envy means one feels unjustified sorrow and distress about the good fortune of someone else. The law of love leads us to rejoice in the good fortune of our neighbor jealousy is a contradiction to this. Envy is named among the capital sins because of the other sins to which it leads. 7. Pride Pride is an unrestrained and improper appreciation of our own worth. This is listed first because it is widely considered the most serious of the seven sins; pride often leads to the committing of other capital sins. Pride is manifest in vanity and narcissism about ones appearance, intelligence, status, etc. Dante described pride as love of self perverted to hatred and contempt for one's neighbor.

7 Capital Virtues
The Roman Catholic Church also recognizes seven virtues, which correspond inversely to each of the seven deadly sins. Vice Lust Gluttony Greed Sloth Wrath Envy Pride Latin Luxuria Gula Avaritia Socordia Ira Invidia Superbia Virtue Chastity Latin Castitas

Temperance Temperantia Charity Diligence Patience Kindness Humility Caritas Industria Patientia Humanitas Humilitas

Liturgical Colors
Liturgical colours are those specific colours which are used for vestments and hangings within the context of Christian liturgy. The symbolism of violet, white, green, red, gold, black, rose, and other colours may serve to underline moods appropriate to a season of the liturgical year or may highlight a special occasion. There is a distinction between the colour of the vestments worn by the clergy and their choir dress, which with a few exceptions does not change with the liturgical seasons.

White light innocence purity joy triumph glory Season of Christmas Season of Easter Feasts of the Lord, other than of His passion Feasts of Mary, the angels, and saints who were not martyrs All Saints (1 November) Feasts of the Apostles Nuptial Masses Masses for the dead (Requiem Masses) when the deceased is a baptized child who died before the age of reason Note: White is the color of Popes' non-liturgical dress. White can be replaced by Silver.

Red the Passion blood fire God's Love martyrdom Feasts of the Lord's passion, Blood, and Cross Feasts of the martyrs Palm Sunday Pentecost Note: Red is the color of Cardinals' non-liturgical dress

Green the Holy Ghost life eternal hope Time After Epiphany Time After Pentecost

Violet penance humility melancholy Season of Advent Season of Septuagesima Season of Lent Rogation Days Ember Days (except for Pentecost Ember Days) Vigils except for Ascension and Pentecost Good Friday Note: Violet, literally "amaranth red," is the color of Bishops', Archbishops', and Patriarchs' non-liturgical dress

Black mourning sorrow All Souls Day Masses for the dead (Requiem Masses), except for baptized children who've died before the age of reason

Rose joy Gaudete Sunday (Third Sunday of Advent) Laetare Sunday (Fourth Sunday of Lent)

Gold joy Gold can replace white, red, or green (but not violet or black)

Liturgical Seasons
The liturgical year begins with Evening Prayer I (traditionally called First Vespers) of the First Sunday of Advent. The season of Advent continues through the four Sundays of Advent and ends at Christmas Eve. Advent is a time of preparation, through fasting and prayer, for Christmas. Even though Christ was actually born over 2000 years ago, during Advent we prepare our hearts to receive Jesus into the world each year as a light to the nations, at a time when our calendar is reaching its darkest period. Advent is also a time of looking forward to Christs Second Coming in the last days.

At Christmas we celebrate the Word become flesh, coming to dwell among us as the light of the human race, just after the darkest point of the solar year. Christmas, therefore, is a holy day second only to Easter in the Roman calendar. The Octave of Christmas (octave means eight; hence the octave of Christmas lasts for eight days) begins with Christmas day and ends after the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God. The season of Christmas ends, and Ordinary Time begins, on the Monday after the Solemnity of the Baptism of the Lord, which signifies the purification of the world, through Christ Himself.

Ordinary Time
Ordinary Time derives its name from the word ordinal, meaning number. This season, therefore, is a season of weeks counted by numbers, from the First Week in Ordinary Time through the Thirty-Fourth Week in Ordinary Time. (Depending on the placement of Lent and Advent in any calendar year, Ordinary Time may end before the Thirty-Fourth Week.)

The liturgical season of Lent lasts for 40 weekdays in remembrance of the 40 days and nights that Christ spent fasting in the desert, tempted by Satan. The beginning of Lent, Ash Wednesday, therefore comes 40 days (excluding Sundays) before Easter. Lent, in commemoration of Christs fasting and prayer, is for all His faithful a time of fasting and prayer. Because of the austerity of Lent, Alleluia is not said in prayer or sung in liturgy during this season.

The season of Easter begins at the Easter Vigil. But before that, the week previous to Easter is called Holy Week; it begins with Passion Sunday (Palm Sunday) and culminates with the Triduum. The Triduum (a Latin word for a three-day period) begins with the Mass of the Lords Supper on the evening of the Thursday of Holy Week and includes Good Friday, and Holy Saturday. Easter is such a special timethe celebration of our Lords resurrection, without which there would be no Christianitythat it continues not just for the joyful week following Easter (the Octave of Eastereach day celebrated as a solemnity of the Lord), but for 50 days (including Sundays and counting Easter Sunday itself) of the season of Easter. The season of Easter comes to a close, and Ordinary Time returns, on the Monday after Pentecost Sunday.