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Book 4:

Hadith 0735:

KITAB AL-SALAT (THE BOOK OF PRAYERS)


Chapter I: THE BEGINNING OF A HAN Ibn Umar reported: When the Muslims came to Medina, they gathered and sought to kno the time o! prayer but no one summoned them"#ne day they discussed the matter, and some o! them said: Use something like the bell o! the $hristians and some o! them said: Use horn like that o! the %e s"Umar said: Why may not a be appointed ho should call &people' to prayer()he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: # +ilal, get up and summon &the people' to prayer" *nas reported: +ilal as commanded &by the *postle o! *llah' to repeat &the phrases o!' *dhan t ice and once in I-ama" )he narrator said: I made a men. tion o! it be!ore *yyub ho said : /0cept !or saying: 1amat.2s.3alat 4the time !or prayer has come5" *nas b" Malik reported: )hey &the $ompanions' discussed that they should kno the timings o! prayer by means o! something recogni6ed by all"3ome o! them said that !ire should be lighted or a bell should be rung"+ut +ilal as ordered to repeat the phrases t ice in *dhan, and once in I-ama" )his hadith is transmitted by 8halid Hadhdha ith the same chain o! transmitters &and the ords are': When the ma9ority o! the people discussed they should kno , like the hadith narrated by al.)ha-a!i &mentioned abo:e' e0cept !or the ords: ;)hey &the people' should kindle !ire"; *nas reported: +ilal as commanded &by the Holy =rophet' to repeat the phrases t ice in *dhan, and once in l-ama" Chapter ! : HO" A HAN IS TO BE PRONO#NCE *bu Mahdhura said that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' taught him *dhan like this: *llah is the ?reatest, *llah is the ?reatest@ I testi!y that there is no god but *llah, I testi!y that there is no god but *llah @ I testi!y that Muhammad Is the Messenger o! *llah, I testi!y that Muhammad is the Messenger o! *llah, and it should be again repeated : I testi!y that there is no god but *llah, I testi!y that there is no god but *llah@ I testi!y that Muhammad Is the Messenger o! *llah, I testi!y that Muhammad is the Messenger o!

Hadith 073,:

Hadith 0737:

Hadith 0737:

Hadith 073<:

Hadith 07>0:

Hadith 07>2:

*llah"$ome to the prayer &t ice'"$ome to the prayer &t ice'"Isha- added: *llah is the ?reatest, *llah is the ?reatest @ there Is no god but *llah" Chapter $ : THERE CAN BE T"O PRONO#NCERS OF A HAN FOR ONE %OS&#E Ibn Umar reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had t o MuAadhdhins, +ilal and A*bdullah b" Umm Maktum, ho &latter' as blind" )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! A*Aisha by another chain o! transmitters" *Aisha reported: Ibn Umm Maktum used to pronounce *dhan at the behest o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &despite the !act' that he as blind" * hadith like this has been transmitted by Hisham" Chapter 4 : THE HOLY PROPHET REFRAINE FRO% ATTACKING PEOPLE LI'ING IN AR AL-K#FR ON HEARING A HAN FRO% THE% *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to attack the enemy hen it as da n" He ould listen to the *dhan @ so i! he heard an *dhan, he stopped, other ise made an attack"#nce on hearing a man say: *llah is the ?reatest, *llah is the ?reatest, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' remarked: He is !ollo ing al.Citra &al.Islam'")hen hearing him say: I testi!y that there is no god but *llah" there is no god but *llah, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Dou ha:e come out o! the Cire &o! Hell'")hey looked at him and !ound that he as a goatherd" Chapter ( : HE "HO HEARS THE A HAN SHO#L RESPON LIKE IT) IN'OKE BLESSINGS #PON THE APOSTLE (%AY PEACE BE #PON HI%)AN THEN BEG FOR HI% THE "ASILA *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: When you hear the call &to prayer', repeat hat the MuAadhdhin pronounces" A*bdullah b" *mr b" al.*s reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying : When you hear the MuAadhdhin, repeat hat he says, then in:oke a blessing on me, !or e:eryone ho in:okes a blessing on me ill recei:e ten

Hadith 07>B:

Hadith 07>3:

Hadith 07>>:

Hadith 07>5:

Hadith 07>,:

Hadith 07>7:

blessings !rom *llah@ then beg !rom *llah al.Wasila !or me, hich is a rank in =aradise !itting !or only one o! *llahAs ser:ants, and I hope that I may be that one"I! anyone ho asks that I be gi:en the Wasila, he ill be assured o! my intercession" Hadith 07>7: AUmar b" al.8hattab reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When the MuAadhdhin says: *llah is the ?reatest, *llah is the ?reatest, and one o! you should make this response: *llah is the ?reatest, *llah is the ?reatest@ &and hen the MuAadhdhin' says: I testi!y that there is no god but *llah, one should respond: I testi!y that there is no god but *llah, and hen he says: I testi!y that Muhammad is the Messenger o! *llah, one should make a response: I testi!y that Muhammad is *llahAs Messenger"When he &the MuAadhdhin' says: $ome to prayer, one should make a response: )here is no might and no po er e0cept ith *llah"When he &the MuAadhdhin' says: $ome to sal:ation, one should respond: )here is no might and no po er e0cept ith *llah, and hen he &the MuAadhdhin' says: *llah is the ?reatest, *llah is the ?reatest, then make a response: *llah is the ?reatest, *llah is the ?reatest" When he &the MuAadhdhin' says: )here is no god but *llah, and he ho makes a re. sponse !rom the heart: )here is no god but *llah, he ill enter =aradise" 3aAd b" *bu Wa--as reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I! anyone says on hearing the MuAadhdhin : I testi!y that there is no god but *llah alone"Who has no partner, and that Muhammad is His ser:ant and His Messenger, &and that' I am satis!ied ith *llah as my Eord, ith Muhammad as Messenger" and ith Islam as din &code o! li!e', his sins ould be !orgi:en"In the narration transmitted by Ibn Fumh the ords are: ;He ho said on hearing the MuAadhdhin and :erity I testi!y";A 1utaiba has not mentioned his ords: ;*nd I"; Chapter * : THE E+CELLENCE OF A HAN AN R#NNING A"AY OF THE SATAN ON HEARING IT Dahya narrated it on the authority o! his uncle that he had been sitting in the company o! MuAa iya b" *bu 3u!yan hen the MuAadhdhin called &Muslims' to prayer" MuAa iya said: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying )he MuAadhdhins ill ha:e the longest necks on the Gay o! Fesurrection" *bu 3u!yan reported it on the authority o! %abir that he had heard the *postle o!

Hadith 07><:

Hadith 0750:

Hadith 0752:

*llah &may peace be upon him' say : When 3atan hears the call to prayer, he runs a ay to a distance like that o! Fauha"3ulaimin said: I asked him about Fauha"He replied : It is at a distance o! thirty.si0 miles !rom Medina" Hadith 075B: *bu MuAa iya narrated it on the authority o! *Amash transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 0753:

*buHuraira reported the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: When 3atan hears the call to prayer, he turns back and breaks the ind so as not to bear the call being made, but hen the call is !inished he turns round and distracts &the minds o! those ho pray', and hen he bears the I-ama he again runs a ay so as not to hear its :oice and hen it subsides, he comes back and distracts &the minds o! those ho stand !or prayer'" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When the MuAadhdhin calls to prayer, 3atan runs back :ehemently" 3uhail reported that his !ather sent him to +anu Haritha along ith a boy or a man" 3omeone called him by his name !rom an enclosure" He &thenarrator' said: )he person ith me looked to ards the enclosure, but sa nothing" I made a mention o! that to my !ather"He said: I! I kne that you ould meet such a situation I ould ha:e ne:er sent you &there', but &bear in ind' hene:er you hear such a call &!rom the e:il spirits' pronounce the *dhan" !or I ha:e heard *bu Huraira say that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upbn him' said: Whene:er *dhan is proclaimed, 3atan runs back :ehemently" *bu Huraira reported: )he *postle &may peace be upon him' said When the call to prayer is made, 3atan runs back and breaks ind so as not to hear the call being made, and hen the call is !inished" he turns round"When I-ama is proclaimed he turns his back, and hen it is !inished he turns round to distract a man, saying: Fe. member such and such@ remember such and such, re!erring to something the man did not ha:e in his mind, ith the result that he does not kno ho much he has prayed" * hadith like it has been narrated by *bu Huraira but !or these ords : ;He &the man saying the prayer' does not kno ho much he has prayed" Chapter , :

Hadith 075>:

Hadith 0755:

Hadith 075,:

Hadith 0757:

Hadith 0757:

THE ESIRABILITY OF RAISING THE HAN S APPOSITE THE SHO#L ERS AT THE TI%E OF BEGINNING THE PRAYER AN AT THE TI%E OF BO"ING AN AT THE TI%E OF RET#RNING TO THE ERECT POSITION AFTER BO"ING 3alim narrated it on the authority o! his !ather ho reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' raising his hands apposite the shoulders at the time o! beginning the prayer and be!ore bo ing do n and a!ter coming back to the position a!ter bo ing" but he did not raise them bet een t o prostrations" Ibn Umar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', hen he stood up !or prayer, used to raise his hands apposite the shoulders and then recited takbir &*llah.o.*kbar', and hen he as about to bo he again did like it and hen he raised himsel! !rom the rukuA &bo ing posture' he again did like it, but he did not do it at the time o! raising his head !rom prostration" )his hadith has been transmitted ith the same chain o! transmitters by al" Huhri as narrated by Ibn %urai9 & ho' said " When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up !or prayer, he raised hands &to the height' apposite the shoulders and then recited takbir" *bu 1ilaba reported that he sa Malik b" Hu airith raising his hands at the beginning o! prayer and raising his hands be!ore kneeling do n, and raising his hands a!ter li!ting his head !rom the state o! kneeling, and he narrated that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to do like this" Malik b" Hu airith reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' raised his hands apposite his ears at the time o! reciting the takbir &i"e" at the time o! beginning the prayer' and then again raised his hands apposite the ears at the time o! bo ing and hen he li!ted his head a!ter bo ing he said: *llah listened to him ho praised Him, and did like it &raised his hands up to the ears'" )his hadith has been transmitted by 1atada ith the same chain o! trans" mitters that he sa the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' doing like this &i"e" raising his hands' till they ere apposite the lobes o! cars" Chapter - :

Hadith 075<:

Hadith 07,0:

Hadith 07,2:

Hadith 07,B:

Hadith 07,3:

Hadith 07,>:

THE RECITING OF TAKBIR AT THE TI%E OF BO"ING AN RISING IN PRAYER E+CEPT RISING AFTER R#K#) "HEN IT IS SAI : ALLAH LISTENE TO HI% "HO PRAISE HI% *bu 3alama reported: *bu Huraira led prayer !or them and recited takbir hen he bent and raised himsel! &in rukuA and su9ud' and a!ter completing &the prayer' he said: +y *llah I say prayer hich has the best resemblance ith the prayer o! the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' amongst you" *bu Huraira reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' got up !or prayer, he ould say the takbir &*llah.o.*kbar' hen standing, then say the takbir hen bo ing" then say: ;*llah listened to him ho praised him,; hen coming to the erect position a!ter bo ing, then say hile standing: ;)o )hee, our Eord, be the praise;, then recite the takbir hen getting do n !or prostration, then say the takbir on raising his head, then say the takbir on prostrating himsel!, then say the takbir on raising his head"He ould do that throughout the hole prayer till he ould complete it, and he ould say the takbir hen he ould get up at the end o! t o rakAas a!ter adopting the sitting posture"*bu Huraira said: My prayer has the best resemblance amongst you ith the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" Ibn al.Harith reported: He had heard *bu Huraira say: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited takbir on standing !or prayer, and the rest o! the hadith is like that transmitted by Ibn %urai9 &recorded abo:e', but he did not mention *bu Huraira as saying: ;My prayer has the best resemblance amongst you ith the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'"; *bu 3alama b" A*bd al.Fahman reported"" When Mar an appointed *bu Huraira as his deputy in Medina, he recited takbir hene:er he got up !or obligatory prayer, and the rest o! the hadith is the same as transmitted by Ibn %urai9 &but ith the addition o! these ords': #n completing the prayer ith salutation, and he turned to the people in the mos-ue and said"""" *bu 3alama reported that *bu Huraira recited takbir in prayer on all occasions o! rising and kneeling"We said: # *bu Huraira, hat is this takbir(He said: Ierily it is the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3uhail reported on the authority o! his !ather that *bu Huraira used to recite

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takbir on all occasions o! rising and bending &in prayer' and narrated that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to do like that" Hadith 0770: Mutarri! reported: I and AImran b" Husain said prayer behind A*li b" *bu, )alib"He recited takbir hen he prostrated, and he recited takbir hen he raised his head and he recited takbir hile rising up &!rom the sitting position at the end o! t o rakAahs'"When e had !inished our prayer, AImran caught hold o! my hand and said: He &Hadrat *li' has led prayer like Muhammad &may peace be upon him' or he said: He in !act recalled to my mind the prayer o! Muhammad &may peace be upon him"' Chapter . : THE RECITING OF AL-FATIHA IN E'ERY RAK/AH OF PRAYER IS OBLIGATORY AUbada b" as.3amit reported !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him ': He ho does not recite Catihat al.8itab is not credited ith ha:ing obser:ed the prayer" Ubada b" as.3amit reported : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho does not recite Umm al.1urAan is not credited ith ha:ing obser:ed the prayer" Mahmud b" al.FabiA, on hose !ace the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' s-uirted ater !rom the ell, reported on the authority o! AUbada b" as. 3amit that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : He ho does not recite Umm al.1urAan is not credited ith ha:ing obser:ed prayer" )his hadith has also been transmitted by MaAmar !rom al.Huhri ith the same chain o! transmitters ith the addition o! these ords : ;and something more;" *bu Huraira reported : )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I! anyone obser:es prayer in hich he does not recite Umm al.1urAan, It is de!icient 4he said this three times5 and not complete"It as said to *bu Huraira: *t times e are behind the Imam"He said: Fecite it in ardly, !or he had heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' declare that *llah the /0alted had said : I ha:e di:ided the prayer into t o hal:es bet een Me and My ser:ant, and My ser:ant ill recei:e hat he asks"When the ser:ant says: =raise be to *llah, the Eord o! the uni:erse, *llah the Most High says: My ser:ant has

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Hadith 077>:

Hadith 0775:

praised Me"*nd hen he &the ser:ant' says: )he Most $ompassionate, the Merci!ul, *llah the Most High says: My ser:ant has lauded Me"*nd hen he &the ser:ant' says: Master o! the Gay o! 9udg. ment, He remarks: My ser:ant has glori!ied Me" and sometimes He ould say: My ser:ant entrusted &his a!!airs' to Me"*nd hen he &the orshipper' says: )hee do e orship and o! )hee do e ask help, He &*llah' says: )his is bet een Me and My ser:ant, and My ser:ant ill recei:e hat he asks !or")hen, hen he &the orshipper' says: ?uide us to the straight path, the path o! those to hom )hou hast been ?racious not o! those ho ha:e incurred )hy displeasure, nor o! those ho ha:e gone astray, He &*llah' says: )his is !or My ser:ant, and My ser:ant ill recei:e hat he asks !or"3u!yan said: A*la b" A*bd al.Fahman b" DaA-ub narrated it to me hen I ent to him and he as con!ined to his home on account o! illness, and I asked him about it" Hadith 077,: It is naratted on the authority o! *bu Huraira that he had heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' say: He ho obser:ed prayer but he did not recite the Umm al.1urAan in it, and the rest o! the hadith is the same as transmitted by 3u!yan, and in this hadith the ords are: ;*llah the Most High said: the prayer is di:ided into t o hal:es bet een Me and My ser:ant" )he hal! o! it is !or Me and the hal! o! it is !or My ser:ant"; *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : He ho said his prayer, but did not recite the opening chapter o! al.8itab, his prayer is incomplete"He repeated it thrice" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : #ne is not credited ith ha:ing obser:ed the prayer ithout the recitation &o! al.Catiha'"3o said *bu Huraira: &)he prayer in hich' the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited in a loud :oice, e also recited that loudly !or you &and the prayer in hich' he recited in ardly e also recited in ardly !or you &to gi:e you a practical e0ample o! the prayer o! the Holy =rophet'" A*taA narrated on the authority o! *bu Huraira ho said that one should recite &al.Catiha' in e:ery &rakAah o!' prayer"What e heard &i"e" recitation' !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', e made you listen to that"*nd that hich he &recited' in ardly, e &recited' in ardly !or you"* person said to him: I! I add nothing to the &recitation' o! the Umm al 1urAan &3urat al.Catiha', ould it make the prayer incomplete(He &*buHuraira' said: I! you add to that

Hadith 0777:

Hadith 0777:

Hadith 077<:

&i! you recite some o! :erses o! the 1urAan along ith 3urat at.Catiha' that is better !or you"+ut i! you are contented ith it &3urat al.Catiha' only, it is su!!icient !or you" Hadith 0770: A*taA reported it on the authority o! *bu Huraira ho said: Fecitation &o! 3urat al.Catiha' in e:ery &rakAah' o! prayer in essential" &)he recitation' that e listened to !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' e made you listen to it" *nd that hich he recited in ardly to us, e recited it in ardly !or you"*nd he ho recites Umm al.1urAan, it is enough !or him &to complete the prayer', and he ho adds to it &recites some other :erses o! the Holy 1urAan along ith 3urat al.Catiha', it is pre!erable !or him" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' entered the mos-ue and a person also entered therein and o!!ered prayer, and then came and paid salutation to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'")he Mes. senger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' returned his salutation and said:?o back and pray, !or you ha:e not o!!ered the prayer"He again prayed as he had prayed be!ore, and came to the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon" him' and saluted him")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' returned the salutation and said: ?o back and say prayer, !or you ha:e not o!!ered the prayer")his &act o! repeating the prayer' as done three times"Upon this the person said : +y Him Who hast sent you ith )ruth, hate:er better I can do than this, please teach me"He &the Holy =rophet' said: When you get up to pray, recite takbir, and then recite hate:er you con:eniently can !rom the 1urAan, then bo do n and remain -uietly in that position, then raise your. sel! and stand erect @ then prostrate yoursel! and remain -uietly in that attitude@ then raise yoursel! and sit -uietly @ and do that throughout all your prayers" *bu Huraira reported: * person entered the mos-ue and said prayer hile the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as sitting in a nook &o! the mos-ue', and the rest o! the hadith is the same as mentioned abo:e, but ith this addition: ;When you get up to pray, per!orm the ablution completely, and then turn to ards the 1ibla and recite takbir &*llah o *kbar J*llah is the Most ?reat'"; Chapter 01 : THE ONE LE IN PRAYER IS FORBI EN TO RECITE LO# LY BEHIN THE 23a3 lmrin b" Husain reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace beupon him' led

Hadith 0772:

Hadith 077B:

Hadith 0773:

us In Huhr or A*sr prayer &noon or the a!ternoon prayer'" &#n concluding it' he said: Who recited behind me &the :erses': 3abbih Isma Fabbik al.aAla &?lori!y the name o! thy Eord, the Most High'()here upon a person said: It as I, but I in. tended nothing but goodness"I !elt that some one o! you as disputing ith me in it &or he as taking out !rom my tongue hat I as reciting', said the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him'" Hadith 077>: AImran b" Husain reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed the Huhr prayer and a person recited 3abbih Isma Fabbik al.aAla &?lori!y the name o! thy Eord, the Most High' behind him"When he &the Holy =ro. phet' concluded the prayer he said: Who amongst you recited &the abo:e. mentioned :erse' or ho amongst you as the reciter(* person said: It as I" Upon this he &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed: I thought as i! someone amongst you as disputing ith me &in hat I as reciting'" )his hadith has been narrated by 1atada ith the same chain o! transmitters that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed Huhr prayer and said: I !elt that someone amongst you as disputing ith me &in hat I as reciting'" Chapter 00 : ARG#%ENT OF THOSE "HO SAY THAT HE (THE HOLY PROPHET) I NOT RECITE BIS%ILLAH (IN THE NA%E OF ALLAH) LO# LY *nas reported: I obser:ed prayer along ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and ith *bu +akr, Umar and Uthman &may *llah be pleased ith all o! them', but I ne:er heard any one o! them reciting +ismillah.ir. Fahman.ir.Fahim loudly" 3huAba reported it ith the same chain o! transmitters" ith she addition o! these ords: ;I said to 1atada: Gid you hear it !rom *nas(He replied in the a!!ir. mati:e and added: We had in-uired o! him about it"; A*bda reported: AUmar b" al.8hattab used to recite loudly these ords: 3ubhanak *llahumma a bi hamdika a tabarakasmuka a taAala 9adduka a la ilaha ghairuka 4?lory to )hee, 0 *llah, and )hine is the =raise, and +lessed is )hy Kame" and /0alted is )hy Ma9esty" and there is no other ob9ect o! orship beside )hee5" 1atada in!ormed in riting that *nas b" Malik had narrated to

Hadith 0775:

Hadith 077,:

Hadith 0777:

Hadith 0777:

him: I obser:ed prayer behind the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and *bu +akr and Umar and AUthman")hey started &loud recitation' ith: *I. hamdu lillahi Fabb al.A*2amin 4*ll =raise is due to *llah, the Eord o! the orlds5 and did not recite +ismillah ir. Fahman.ir.Fahim &loudly' at the beginning o! the recitation or at the end o! it" Hadith 077<: It is reported on the authority o! *bu )alha that he had heard *nas b" Malik narrating this" Chapter 0! : ARG#%ENT OF THOSE "HO ASSERT THAT BIS%ILLAH IS A PART OF E'ERY S#RA E+CEPT S#RA TA#BA *nas reported: #ne day the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as sitting amongst us that he do6ed o!!"He then raised his head smilingly"We said: What makes you smile"Messenger o! *llah(He said: * 3ura has 9ust been re:ealed to me, and then recited: In the name o! *llah, the $ompassionate, the Merci!ul"Ierily We ha:e gi:en thee 8authar &!ount o! abundance'")here!ore turn to thy Eord !or prayer and o!!er sacri!ice, and surely thy enemy is cut o!! &!rom the good'" )hen he &the Holy =rophet' said : Go you kno hat 8authar is(We said: *llah and His Messenger kno best" )he Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' said : It &8authar' is a canal hich my Eord, the /0alted and ?lorious has promised me, and there is an abundance o! good in it"It is a cistern and my people ould come to it on the Gay o! Fesurrection, and tumblers there ould be e-ual to the number o! stars"* ser:ant ould be turned a ay !rom &among the people gathered there'"Upon this I ould say: My Eord, he is one o! my people, and He &the Eord' ould say: Dou do not kno that he inno:ated ne things &in Islam' a!ter you"Ibn Hu9r made this addition in the hadith : ;He &the Holy =rophet' as sitting amongst us in the mos-ue, and He &*llah' said : &Dou donAt kno ' hat he inno:ated a!ter you; Mukhtar b" Cul!ul reported that he had heard *nas b" Malik say that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' do6ed o!!, and the rest o! the hadith is the same as transmitted by Mus.hir e0cept !or the ords that he &the Holy =rophet' said: It &8authar' is a canal hich my Eord the /0alted and the ?lorious has promised me in =aradise")here is a tank o:er it, but he made no mention o! the tumblers like the number o! the stars" Chapter 0$ : THE PLACING OF THE RIGHT HAN O'ER THE LEFT HAN AFTER THE FIRST TAKBIR IN PRAYER (TAKBIR-I-TAHRI%A)

Hadith 07<0:

Hadith 07<2:

Hadith 07<B:

Hadith 07<3:

BELO" THE CHEST AN ABO'E THE NA'EL AN THEN PLACING THE% APPOSITE THE SHO#L ERS IN PROSTRATION WaAil b" Hu9r reported : He sa the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' raising his hands at the time o! beginning the prayer and reciting takbir, and according to Hammam &the narrator', the hands ere li!ted opposite to ears"He &the Holy =rophet' then rapped his hands in his cloth and placed his right hand o:er his le!t hand"*nd hen he as about to bo do n, he brought out his hands !rom the cloth, and then li!ted them, and then recited takbir and bo ed do n, and hen &he came back to the erect position' he recited: ;*llah listened to him ho praised Him"; *nd hen prostrates" he prostrated bet een the t o palms" Chapter 04 : THE TASHAHH# IN PRAYER A*bdullah &b"MasAud' said: While obser:ing prayer behind the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' e used to recite: =eace be upon *llah, peace be upon so and so"#ne day the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to us: Ierily *llah is Himsel! =eace"When any one o! you sits during the prayer" he should say: *ll ser:ices rendered by ords, by acts o! orship, and all good things are due to *llah"=eace be upon you, 0 =rophet, and *llahAs mercy and blessings"=eace be upon us and upon *llahAs upright ser:ants, !or hen he says this it reaches e:ery upright ser:ant in hea:en and earth &and say !urther': I testi!y that there is no god but *llah and I testi!y that Muhammad is His ser:ant and Messenger")hen he may choose any supplication hich pleases him and o!!er it" 3huAba has narrated this on the authority o! Mansur ith the same chain o! transmitters, but he made no mention o! this: ;)hen he may choose any supplication hich pleases him"; )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! Mansur ith the same chain o! transmitters and he made a mention o! this: ;)hen he may choose any supplication hich pleases him or hich he likes"; *bdullah b" MasAud reported: We ere sitting ith the *postle &may peace be upon him' in prayer, and the rest o! the hadith is the same as narrated by Mansur He &also said' : *!ter &reciting tashahud' he may choose any prayer"

Hadith 07<>:

Hadith 07<5:

Hadith 07<,:

Hadith 07<7:

Ibn MasAud is reported to ha:e said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' taught me tashahhud taking my hand ithin his palms, in the same ay as he taught me a 3ura o! the 1urAan, and he narrated it as narrated abo:e" Ibn A*bbas reported : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to teach us tashahbud 9ust as he used to teach us a 3ura o! the 1urAan, and he ould say: *ll ser:ices rendered by", ords, acts o! orship" and all good thirgs are due to *llah"=eace be upon you, 0 =rophet" and *llahAs mercy and blessings"=eace be upon us and upon *llahAs upright ser:ants"I testi!y that there is no god but *llah, and I testi!y that Muhammad is the Messenger o! *llah"In the narration o! Ibn Fumb &the ords are': ;*s he ould teach us the 1urAan"; )a us narrated it on the authority o! Ibn A*bbas that he said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to teach us tashahhud as he ould teach us a 3ura o! the 1urAan" Hattan b" A*bdullah al.Fa-iishi reported: I obser:ed prayer ith *bu Musu al. *shAari and hen he as in the -aAdah, one among the people said: )he prayer has been made obligatory along ith piety and Hakat"He &the narrator' said: When *bu Musa had !inished the prayer a!ter salutation he tuined &to ards the people' and said : Who amongst you said such and such a thing ( * hush !ell on the people"He again said"" Who amongst you has said such and such a thing ( * hush !ell on the people"He &*bu Musa' said : Hattan, It is perhaps you that ha:e uttered it"He &Hattan' said Ko" I ha:e not uttered it"I as a!raid that you might be annoyed ith me on account o! this"* person amongst the people said: It as I ho said it, and In this I intended nothing but good"*bu Musa said: GonAt you kno hat you ha:e to recite in your prayers(Ierily the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' addressed us and e0plained to us all Its aspects and taught us ho to obser:e prayer &properly'"He &the Holy =rophet' said: When you pray make your ro s straight and let anyone amongst you act as your Imim"Fecite the takbir hen he recites it and hen be recites : Kot o! those ith hom )hou art angry" nor o! those ho go astray, say: *min"*llah ould respond you"*nd hen he &the Imim' recites the takbir, you may also recite the takbir, !or the Imam bo s be!ore you and raises himsel! be!ore you")hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : )he one is e-ui:alent to the other"*nd hen he says: *llah listens to him ho praises Him, you should say: 0 *llah, our"Eord, to )hee be the praise, !or *llah, the /0alted and ?lorious, has :ouchsa!ed &us' through the tongue o! His *postle &may peace be upon

Hadith 07<7:

Hadith 07<<:

Hadith 0700:

him' that *llah listens to him ho praises Him"*nd hen he &the Imim' recites the takbir and prostrates, you should also recite the takbir and prostrate, !or the Imim prostrates be!ore you and raises himsel! be!ore you")he MessengerA o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he one is e-ui. :alent to the other"*nd hen he &the Imim' sits !or 1aAda &!or tashahhud' the !irst ords o! e:ery one amongst you should be: *ll ser:ices rendered by ords, acts o! orship and all good things are due to *llah"=eace be upon you, 0 *postle, and *llahAs mercy and blessings"=eace be upon us and upon the upright ser:ants o! *llah" I testi!y that there is no god but *llah, and I testi!y that Mubammad is His ser:ant and His Messenger" Hadith 0702: 1atida has narrated a badith like this ith another chain o! transmitters" In the badith transmitted by %arir on the authority o! 3ulaiman, 1atidaAs !urther ords are: When &the 1urAin' is recited &in prayer', you should obser:e silence, and &the !ollo ing ords are' not !ound in the hadith narrated by anyone e0cept by *bu 8amil ho heard it !rom *bu A* ina &and the ords are': Ierily *llah :ouchsa!ed through the tongue o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' this: *llah listens to him ho praises Him"*bu Isha- &a student o! Imam Muslim' said: *bu +akr the son o! *bu KadrAs sister has &critically' discussed this hadith"Imam Muslim said: Whom can you !ind a more authentic transmitter o! badith than 3ulaiman ( *bu +akr said to him &Imam Muslim' : What about the hadith narrated by *bd Huraira, i"e" the hadith that hen the 1urAin is recited &in pray er' obser:e silence( He &*bu +akr again' said: )hen, hy"ha:e you not included it &in your compilation' ( He &Imam Muslim' said: I ha:e not included in this e:ery hadith hich I deem authentic@ I ha:e recorded only such ahadith on hich there is an agreement &amongst the Muhaddithin apart !rom their being authentic'" )his hadith has been transmitted by 1atida ith the same chain o! transmitters &and the ords are' : ;*llah, the /0alted and the ?lorious, commanded it through the tongue o! His *postle &may peace be upon.him' : *llah listens to him ho praises Him"; Chapter 0( : BLESSINGS ON THE PROPHET (%AY PEACE BE #PON HI%) AFTER TASHAHH# *bdullah b" Haid.he ho as sho n the call &!or prayer in a dream' narrated it on the authority o! MasAad al.*nsiri ho said: We ere sitting in the company o! 3aAid b" AUbida hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came

Hadith 070B:

Hadith 0703:

to us"+ashir b" 3Aad said : *llah has commanded us to bless you" Messenger o! *llahL+ut ho should e bless you ( He &the narrator' said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' kept -uiet &and e ere so much perturbed o:er his silence' that e ished e had not asked him")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then said: &Cor blessing me' say: ;0 *llah, bless Muhammad and the members o! his household as )hou didst bless the mernbers o! IbrahimAs household" ?rant !a:ours to Muhammad and the members o! his household as )hou didst grant !a:ours to the members o! the household o! Ibrahim in the orld")hou art indeed =raise orthy and ?lorious;@ and salutation as you kno " Hadith 070>: Ibn *bi Eaila reported: 8aAb b" AU9ra met me and said: 3hould I not o!!er you a present &and added' : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to us and e said: We ha:e learnt ho to in:oke peace upon you@ &kindly tell us' ho e should bless you"He &the Holy =rophet' said: 3ay: ;# *llah: bless Muhammad and his !amily as )hou didst bless the !amily o! Ibrahim"Ierily )hou art =raise orthy and ?lorious, # *llah"; * hadith like this has been narrated by MisAar on the authority o! al.Hakam, but in the hadith transmitted by MisAar these ords are not !ound: ;3hould I not o!!er you a present (; * hadith like this has been narrated by al.Hakam e0cept that he said: ;+less Muhammad &may peace be upon him'; and he did not say: ;# *llah I *bu Humaid as.3aAidi reported: )hey &the $ompanions o! the Holy =rophet' said : *postle o! *llah, ho should e bless you ( He &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed: 3ay: ;# *llahL bless Muhammad, his i:es and his o!!spring as )hou didst bless Ibrahim, and grant !a:ours to Muhammad, and his i:es and his o!!spring as )hou didst grant !a:ours to the !amily o! Ibrahim @ )hou art =raise orthy and ?lorious"; *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho blesses me once, *llah ould bless him ten times" Chapter 0* : THE RECITING OF TAS%I/ (ALLAH LISTENS TO HI% "HO PRAISES HI%)) TAB%I (O) O#R LOR ) FOR THEE IS THE

Hadith 0705:

Hadith 070,:

Hadith 0707:

Hadith 0707:

Hadith 070<:

PRAISE)) AN TA%IN (A%IN) *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When the Imam says: ;*llah listens to him ho praises Him"; you should say: ;# *llah, our Eord !or )hee is the praise"; !or i! hat anyone says synchronises ith hat the angels say, his past sins ill be !orgi:en" * hadith like this is narrated by *bd Huraira by another chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: 3ay*min hen the Imam says *min, !or it anyoneAs utterance o! *min synchronises ith that o! the angels,he ill be !orgi:en his past sins" *bu Huraira said: I heard !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' the hadith like one transmitted by Malik, but he made no mention o! the ords o! 3hibab" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When anyone amongst you utters *min in prayer and the angels in the sky also utter *min, and this &utterance o! the one' synchronises ith &that o!' the other, all his pre:ious sins are pardoned" *bu Harare reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When anyone amongst you utters *min and the angels In the hea:en also utter *min and &the *min' o! the one synchronises ith &that o!' the other, all his pre:ious sins are pardoned" A* hadith like this is transmitted by MaAmar !rom Hammam b" Munabbih on the authority o! *bu Huraira ho reported it !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When the reciter &Imam' utters: ;Kot o! those on hom &is )hine' rath and not the erring ones,; and &the person' behind him utters *min and his utterance synchronises ith that o! the d ellers o! hea:ens, all his pre:ious sins ould be pardoned" Chapter 0, :

Hadith 0720: Hadith 0722:

Hadith 072B:

Hadith 0723:

Hadith 072>:

Hadith 0725:

Hadith 072,:

Hadith 0727:

THE %#&TA I (FOLLO"ER) SHO#L STRICTLY FOLLO" THE I%A% IN PRAYER *nas b" Malik reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !ell do n !rom a horse and his right side as gra6ed"We ent to him to in-uire a!ter his health hen the time o! prayer came"He led us in prayer in a sitting posture and e said prayer behind him sitting, and hen he !inished the prayer hesaid : )he Imam is appointed only to be !ollo ed@ so hen he recites takbir, you should also recite that@ hen he prostrates, you should also prostrate@ hen he rises up, you should also rise up, and hen he said;?od listens to him ho praises Him,; you should say: ;#ur Eord, to )hee be the praise,; and hen he prays sitting, all o! you should pray sitting" *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !ell do n !rom a horse and he as gra6ed and he led the prayer !or us sitting, and the rest o! the hadith is the same" *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !ell do n !rom a horse and his right side as gra6ed, and the rest o! the hadith is the same ith the addition o! these ords: ;When he &the Imam' says prayer standing, you should also do so"; *nas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' rode a horse and !ell do n !rom it and his right side as gra6ed, and the rest o! the hadith is the same, and &these ords' are !ound in it: ;When he &the Imam' says prayer in an erect posture, you should also say it in an erect posture"; *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !ell do n !rom his horse and his right side as gra6ed, and the rest o! the hadith is the same"In this hadith there are no additions &o! ords' as transmitted by Dunus and Malik" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !ell ill and some o! his $ompanions came to in-uire a!ter his health")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' said prayer sitting, hile &his $ompanions' said it &behind him' standing"He &the Holy =rophet' directed them by his gesture to sit do n, and they sat do n &in prayer'"*!ter !inishing the &prayer' lie &the Holy =rophet' said: )he Imam is appointed so that be should be !ollo ed, so bo

Hadith 0727:

Hadith 072<:

Hadith 07B0:

Hadith 07B2:

Hadith 07BB:

do n hen lie bo s do n, and rise rip hen he rises up and say &prayer' sitting hen he &the Imam' says &it' sitting" Hadith 07B3: Hadith 07B>: )his hadith is narrated ith the same chain o! transmitters by Hisham b" AUr a" %abir reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as ill and e said prayer behind him and he as sitting" *nd *bu +akr as making audible to the people his takbir"*s he paid his attention to ards us he sa us standing and &directed us to sit do n' ith a gesture"3o e sat do n and said our prayer ith his prayer in a sitting posture"*!ter uttering salutation he said: Dou ere at this time about to do an act like that o! the =ersians and the Fomans" )hey stand be!ore their kings hile they sit, so donAt do that@ !ollo your Imams" I! they say prayer standing, you should also do so, and i! they say prayer sitting, you should also say prayer sitting" %abir said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led the prayer and *bu +akr as behind him" When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited the takbir, *bu +akr also recited &it' in order to make it audible to us"*nd the rest o! the hadith is like one transmitted by Eaith" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he Imam is appointed, so that he should be !ollo ed, so donAt be at :ariance ith him"Fecite takbir hen he recites it@ bo do n hen he bo s do n and hen he says: ;*llah listens to him ho praises Him,; say: ;# *llah, our Eord, to )hee be the =raise"; *nd hen he &the Imam' prostrates, you should also prostrate, and hen he says prayer sitting, you should all obser:e prayer sitting" * hadith like this has been transmitted by Hammam b" Munabbih !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the authority o! *bu Huraira" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' hile teaching us &the principles o! !aith', said: Go not try to go ahead o! the Imam, recite takbir hen he recites it" and hen he says: ;Kor o! those ho err,; you should say *min, bo do n hen lie bo s do n, and hen he says: ;*llah listens to him ho praises Him,; say: ;# *llah, our Eord, to )hee be the praise;"

Hadith 07B5:

Hadith 07B,:

Hadith 07B7:

Hadith 07B7:

Hadith 07B<:

*bu Huraira reported !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &a hadith' like it, e0cept the ords: ;Kor o! those ho err, say *min; and added: ;*nd donAt rise up ahead o! him"; *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Ierily the Imam is a shield,say prayer sitting hen he says prayer sitting"*nd hen he says: ;*llah listens to him ho praises Him,; say: ;# *llah, our Eord, to )hee be the praise"; and hen the utterance o! the people o! the earth synchronises ith that o! the beings o! hea:en &angels', all the pre:ious sins ould be pardoned" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' saying: )he Imamis appointed to be !ollo ed"3o recite takbir hen he recites it, and bo do n hen he bo s do n and hen he utters: ;*llah listens to him ho praises Him,; say;# *llah, our Eord!or )hee be the praise"; *nd hen he prays, standing, you should pray standing"*nd hen he prays sitting, all o! you should pray sitting" Chapter 0- : THE I%A% IS A#THORISE TO APPOINT ONE AS HIS EP#TY "HEN THERE IS A 'ALI REASON FOR IT (FOR E+A%PLE) ILLNESS OR 4O#RNEY OR ANY OTHER)) AN IF AN I%A% LEA S THE PRAYER SITTING AS HE CANNOT O SO STAN ING) HIS FOLLO"ERS SHO#L SAY PRAYER STAN ING PRO'I E THEY ARE ABLE TO O IT AN THERE IS AN ABROGATION OF SAYING PRAYER SITTING BEHIN A SITTING I%A% Ubaidullah b" *bdullah reported: I :isited A*Aisha and asked her to tell about the illness o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'"3he agreed and said: )he *postle &may peace be upon him' as seriously ill and he asked hether the people had prayed"We said: Ko, they are aiting !or you, Messenger o! *llah"He &the Holy =rophet' said: =ut some ater in the tub !or me"We did accordingly and he &the Holy =rophet' took a bath @and, hen he as about to mo:e ith di!!iculty, he !ainted"When he came round, he again said: Ha:e the people said prayer(We said: Ko, they are aiting !or you, Messenger o! *llah" He &the Holy =rophet' again said: =ut some ater !or me in the tub"We did accordingly and he took a bag, but hen he as about to mo:e ith di!!icultyhe !ainted"When he came round, he asked hether the people had prayed"We said: Ko, they are aiting !or you, Messenger o! *llah"He said: =ut some ater !or me in the tub"We did accordingly and he took a bath and he as about to mo:e

Hadith 0730:

Hadith 0732:

Hadith 073B:

ith di!!iculty hen he !ainted"When he came roundhe said: Ha:e the people saidprayer(We said: Ko, they are aiting !or you, Messenger o! *llah"3he &A*Aisha' said: )he people ere staying in the mos-ue and aiting !or the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' to lead the last &night' prayer"3he &A*Aisha' said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sent &instructions' to *bu +akr to lead the people in prayer"When the messenger came, he told him &*bd +akr': )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' has ordered you to lead the people in prayer"*bu +akr ho as a man o! :ery tenderly !eelings asked Umar to lead the prayer"AUmar said: Dou are more entitled to that"*bu +akr led the prayers during those days"*!ter ards the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !elt some relie! and he ent out supported by t o men, one o! them as al.A*bbas, to the noon prayer"*bu +akr as leading the people in prayer"When *bu +akr sa him" he began to ithdra , but the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' told him not to ithdra "He told his t o &companions' to seat him do n beside him &*bu +akr'" )hey seated him by the side o! *bu +akr"*bu +akr said the prayer standing hile !ollo ing the prayer o! the *postle & ay peace be upon him' and the people +ald prayer &standing' hile !ollo ing the prayer o! *bu +akr")he *postle &may peace be upon him' as seated"Ubaidullah said: I :isited A*bdullah b" A*bbas, and said: 3hould I submit to you hat A*Aisha had told about the illness o! the *postle &may peace be upon him'(He said: ?o ahead"I submitted to him hat had been transmitted by her &A*Aisha'"He ob9ected to none o! it, only asking hether she had named to him the man ho accompanied al.A*bbas" I said: Ko" He said: It as A*li" Hadith 0733: A*Aisha reported: It as in the house o!Maimuna that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !irst !ell ill" He asked permission !rom his i:es to stay in her &A*AishaAs' house during his illness" )hey granted him permission" 3he &A*Aisha' narrated: He &the Holy =rophet' ent out &!or prayer' ith his hand o:er al.Cadl b" A*bbas and on the other hand there as another person and &due to eakness' his !eet dragged on the earth"AUbaidullah said: I narrated this hadith to the son o! A*bbas &A*bdullah b" A*bbas' and he said: Go you kno ho the man as hose name A*Aisha did not mention( It as A*li" A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle &may peace be upon him', said: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !ell ill and his illness became serious, he asked permission !rom his i:es to stay in my house during his illness" )hey ga:e him permission to do so"He stepped out &o!A*AishaAs apartment !or prayer' supported by t o persons" &He as so much eak' that

Hadith 073>:

his !eet dragged on the ground and he as being supported by A*bbas b" A*bd al.Muttalib and another person" AUbaidullah said: I in!ormed A*bdullah &b"A*bbas' about that hich A*Aisha had said"A*bdullah b" A*bbas said: Go you kno the man hose name A*Aisha did not mention ( He said: Ko" Ibn A*bbas said: It as A*li" Hadith 0735: A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', said: I tried to dissuade the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !rom it &i"e" !rom appointing *bu +akr as the Imam"' and my insistence upon it as not due to the !act that I entertained any apprehension in my mind that the people ould not lo:e the man ho ould occupy his &=rophetAs' place &i"e" ho ould be appointed as his caliph' and I !eared that the people ould be superstitious about one ho ould occupy his place" I, there!ore, desired that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' should lea:e *bu +akr aside in this matter" A*Aisha reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to my house, he said: *sk *bu +akr to lead people in prayer"A*Aisha narrated: I said, Messenger o! *llah, *bu +akr is a man o! tenderly !eelings@ as he recites the 1urAan, he cannot help shedding tears: so better command anyone else to lead the prayer"+y *llah, there is nothing disturbing in it !or me but the idea that the people may not takee:il omen ith regard to one ho is the !irst to occupy the place o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'"I tried to dissuade him &the Holy =rophet' t ice or thrice &!rom appointing my !ather as an Imam in prayer', but he ordered *bu +akr to lead the people in prayer and said: Dou omen are like those & ho had' surrounded Dusu!" A*Aisha reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as con!ined to bed, +ilal came to him to summon him to prayer"He &the Holy =rophet' said: *sk *bu +akr to lead the people in prayer"3he &A*Aisha' reported: I said: Messenger o! *llah,*buL+akr is a tenderhearted man,go hen 5be ould stand at your place &he ould be so o:er helmed by !eelings' that he ould not be able to make the people hear anything &his recitation ould not be audible to the !ollo ers in prayer'"Dou should better order Umar &to lead the prayer'"He &the Holy =rophet' said: *sk *bu +akr to lead people in. prayer"3he &A*Aisha' said: I asked Ha!sa to &con:ey' my impression to him &the Holy =rophet' that *bu +akr as a tenderhearted man, so hen he ould stand at his place, he ould not be able to make the people bear anything" He better order Umar"Ha!sa con:eyed this &message o! Hadrat A*Aisha' to him &the Holy

Hadith 073,:

Hadith 0737:

=rophet'")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: &Dou are beha:ing' as i! you are the !emales ho had gathered around Dusu!"#rder *bd +akr to lead the people in prayer"3he &A*Aisha' reported: 3o *bu +akr as ordered to lead the people in prayer"*s the prayer began, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' !elt some relie!@ he got up and mo:ed supported by t o persons and his !eet dragged on earth &due to e0cessi:e eakness'"A*Aisha reported: *s he &the Holy =rophet' entered the mos-ue"*bu +akr percei:ed his &arri:al'"He as about to ith" dra , but the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' by the gesture &o! )his hand' told him to keep standing at his place")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came and seated himsel! on the le!t side o! *bu +akr"3he &A*Aisha' reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as leading people in prayer sitting"*bu +akr as !ollo ing the prayer o! the *postle &may peace be upon him' in a standing posture and the people ere !ollo ing the prayer o! *bu +akr" Hadith 0737: *Amash reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' su!!ered !rom illness o! hich he died, and in the hadith transmitted by Ibn Mus.hir, the ords are: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as brought till he as seated by his &*bu +akrAs' side and the *postle &may peace be upon him' led the people in prayer and *bu +akr as making takbir audible to them, and in the hadith transmitted by AIsa the & ords are': ;)he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sat and led the people in prayer and *bu +akr as by his side and he as making &takbir' audible to the people"; A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ordered *bu +akr that he should lead people in prayer during his illness, and he led them In prayer"AUr a said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !elt relie! and ent &to the mos-ue' and *bd +akr as leading the people in prayer"When *bel +akr sa him he began to ithdra , but the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' signed him to remain here he as")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sat opposite to *bu +akr by his side"*bu +akr said prayer !ollo ing the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and the people said prayer !ollo ing the prayer o! *bu +akr" *nas b" Malik reported, *bu +akr led them in prayer due to the illness o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' o! hich be died"It as a Monday and they stood in ro s !or prayer")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon

Hadith 073<:

Hadith 07>0:

him' dre aside the curtain o! &A*AishaAs' apartment and looked at us hile he as standing, and his &=rophetAs' !ace as &as bright' as the paper o! the Holy +ook" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !elt happy and smiled"*nd e ere con!ounded ith 9oy hile in prayer due to the arri:al &among our midst' o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', *bu +akr stepped back upon his heels to say prayer in a ro percei:ing that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had come out !or prayer")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ith the help o! his hand signed to them to complete their prayer")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent back &to his apartment' and dre the curtain"He &the narrator' said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' breathed his last on that :ery day" Hadith 07>2: *nas reported: )he last glance that I ha:e had o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &be!ore his death' as that hen he on Monday dre the curtain aside")he hadith transmitted by 3alih is per!ect and complete" )his hadith is narrated on the authority o! *nas b" Malik by another chain o! transmitters" *nas reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not come to us !or three days"When the prayer as about to start"*bu +akr stepped !or ard &to lead the prayer', and the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' li!ted the curtain"When the !ace o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' became :isible to us, e &!ound' that no sight as more endearing to us than the !ace o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as it appeared to us")he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ith the gesture o! his hand directed *bu +akr to step !or ard &and lead the prayer'")he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then dre the curtain, and e could not see him till he died" *bu Musa reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' became ill and illness became serious he ordered *bu +akr to lead the people in prayer"Upon this A*Aisha said: Messenger o! *llah, *bd +akr is a man o! tenderly !eelings: hen he ould stand in your place &he ould be so much o:er helmed .by grie! that' he ould not be able to lead the people in prayer"He &the Holy =rophet' said: Dou order *bu +akr to lead the people in prayer, and added: Dou are like the !emale companions o! Dusu!"3o *bu +akr led the prayer &during this period o! illness' in the li!e o! the Messenger o! *llah

Hadith 07>B:

Hadith 07>3:

Hadith 07>>:

&may peace be upon him'" Chapter 0. : IF THE I%A% ARRI'ES LATE AN THERE IS NO ANGER OF AN #NPLEASANT HAPPENING) ANOTHER I%A% CAN BE APPOINTE TO LEA THE PRAYER 3ahl b" 3aAd al.3aAidi reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent to the tribe o! +ani *mr b" *u! in order to bring reconciliation amongst &its members', and It as a time o! prayer")he MuAadhdhin came to *bu +akr and said: Would you lead the prayer in case I recite takbir &tahrima, ith hich the prayer begins'(He &*bu +akr' said : Des"He &the narrator' said: He &*bu +akr' started &leading' the prayer")he people ere engaged in obser:ing prayer hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' happened to come there and made his ay &through the people' till he stood in a ro ")he people began to clap &their hands', but *bu +akr paid no heed &to it' in prayer"When the people clapped more :igorously, he &*bu +akr' then paid heed and sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' there" &He as about to ithdra hen' the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' signed to him to keep standing at his place"*bu +akr li!ted his hands and praised *llah !or hat the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had commanded him and then *bu +akr ithdre himsel! till he stood in the midst o! the ro and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stepped !or ard and led the prayer" When &the prayer' as o:er, he &the Holy =rophet' said: 0 *bu +akr, hat pre:ented you !rom standing &at that place' as I ordered you to do(*bu +akr said : It does not become the son o! *bu 1uha!a to lead prayer be!ore the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said &to the people' around him : What is it that I sa you clapping so :igorously( &+ehold' hen anything happens in prayer, say: 3ubha *llah, !or hen you ould utter it, it ould attract the attention, hile clapping o! hands is meant !or omen" )his hadith is transmitted by 3ahl b" 3aAd in the same ay as narrated by Malik, ith the e0ception o! these ords: ;*bu +akr li!ted his hands and praised *llah and retraced his &steps' till he stood in a ro "; 3ahl b" 3aAd al.3aAidi reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent to +ani *mr b" A*u! in order to bring about reconciliation amongst them" )he rest o! the hadith is the same but ith &the addition o! these ords': ;)he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came and made his ay through

Hadith 07>5:

Hadith 07>,:

Hadith 07>7:

the ro s till he came to the !irst ro and *bu +akr retraced his steps"; Hadith 07>7: Mughira b" 3huAba reported that he participated In the e0pedition o! )abuk along ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent out to ans er the call o! nature be!ore the morning prayer" and I carried along ith him a 9ar &!ull o! ater'"When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came back to me &a!ter relie:ing himsel!'" I began to pour ater upon his hands out o! the 9ar and he ashed his hands three times, then ashed his !ace three times"He then tried to tuck up the slee:es o! his cloak upon his !orearms but since the slee:es ere tight he inserted his hands in the cloak and then brought out his !orearms up to the elbo belo the cloak, and then iped o:er his shoes and then mo:ed on"Mughira said: I also mo:ed along ith him till he came to the people and &he !ound' that they had been saying their prayer under the Imamah o! A*bd al. Fahman b" A*u!" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' could get one rak ah out o! t o and said &this' last rakAah along ith the people"When *bd al.Fahman b" A*u! pronounced the salutation, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' got up to complete the prayer")his made the Muslims terri!ied and most o! them began to recite the glory o! the Eord"When the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !inished his prayer, he turned to ards them and then said: Dou did ell, or said ith a sense o! 9oy: Dou did the right thing that you said prayer at the appointed hour" )his hadith is narrated by Ham6a b" Mughira by another chain o! trans. mitters &but ith the addition o! these ords' : I made up my mind to hold *bd al. Fahman b" A*u! back, but the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Eea:e him"; Chapter !1 : IF SO%ETHING HAPPENS IN PRAYER) %EN SHO#L GLORIFY ALLAH AN "O%EN SHO#L CLAP HAN S *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : ?lori!ication o! *llah is !or men and clapping o! hands is meant !or omen &i! something happens in prayer'" Harmala added in his narration that Ibn 3hihab told him: I sa some o! the scholars glori!ying *llah and making a gesture" )his hadith is narrated on the authority o! *bu Huraira by another chain o! transmitters"

Hadith 07><:

Hadith 0750:

Hadith 0752:

Hadith 075B:

Hadith 0753:

)his hadith is transmitted by Muhammad b" Fa!iA, *buAI.Fa66a-"MaAmar, Hammam on the authority o! *bu Huraira ith the addition o! &the ord' ;prayer;" Chapter !0 : CO%%AN TO OBSER'E PRAYER "ELL)PERFECTING IT) AN E'OTION IN IT *bu Huraira reported: one day the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led the prayer")hen turning &to ards his $ompanions' he said: 0 you, the man, hy donAt you say your prayer ell( Goes the obser:er o! prayer not see ho he is per!orming the prayer !or he per!orms it !or himsel! ( +y *llah, I see behind me as I see In !ront o! me" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Go you !ind me seeing to ards the 1ibla only(+y *llah, your bo ing and your prostrating are not hidden !rom my :ie "Ierily I see them behind my back" *nas b" Malik reported")he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : =er!orm bo ing and prostration ell"+y *llah"I see you e:en i! you are behind me, or he saidA" &2 see you' behind my back hen you bo or prostrate" *nas reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: $omplete the bo ing and prostration ell"+y *llah, 2 see you behind my back as to ho you bo and prostrate or hen you bo and prostrate" Chapter !! : IT IS FORBI EN TO BO" AN PROSTRATE AHEA OF THE I%A% *nas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' one day led us in the prayer" and hen he completed the =rayer he turned his !ace to ards us and said : 0 =eople, I am your Imam, so do not precede me in bo ing and prostration and in standing and turning &!aces, i"e" In pronouncing salutation', !or I see you in !ront o! me and behind me, and then said : +y Him in Whose hand Is the li!e o! Muhammad, i! you could see hat I see, you ould ha:e laughed little and ept much more")hey said : What did you see, Messenger o! *llah(He replied: &I sa ' =aradise and Hell" )his hadith is narrated by *nas ith another chain o! transmitters, and in the hadith transmitted by %arir there is no mention o! ;turning &!aces';"

Hadith 075>:

Hadith 0755:

Hadith 075,:

Hadith 0757:

Hadith 0757:

Hadith 075<:

*bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Goes the man ho li!ts his head ahead o! the Imam &!rom prostration' not !ear that *llah may change his head into the head o! an ass( *bu Huraira reported : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Goes the man ho li!ts his head be!ore the Imam not !ear that *llah may change his !ace into that o! an ass( )his hadith has been narrated by *bu Huraira by another chain o! transmitters e0cept !or the ords narrated by FabiA b" Muslim : ;*llah may make his !ace like the !ace o! an ass"; Chapter !$ : IT IS FORBI EN TO LIFT ONE/S EYES TO"AR S THE SKY IN PRAYER %abir b" 3amura reported : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : )he people ho li!t their eyes to ards the sky in =rayer should a:oid it or they ould lose their eyesight" *bu Huraira reported: =eople should a:oid li!ting their eyes to ards the sky hile supplicating in prayer, other ise their eyes ould be snatched a ay" Chapter !4 : THE CO%%AN TO OBSER'E PRAYER "ITH TRAN&#ILLITYAN CAL%NESS AN PROHIBITION OF %AKING GEST#RES "ITH HAN S AN LIFTING THE%"HILE PRONO#NCING SAL#TATION) AN THE CO%PLETING OF FIRST RO"SAN 4OINING TOGETHER "ELL IN THE% %abir b" 3amura reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to us and said: Ho is it that I see you li!ting your hands like the tails o! headstrong horses( +e calm in prayer"He &the narrator' said: He then again came to us and sa us &sitting' in circles@ he said: Ho is it that I see you in separate groups( He &the narrator' said: He again came to us and said: Why donAt you dra yoursel:es up in ro s as angels do in the presence o! their Eord( We said: Messenger o! *llah, bo do the angels dra themsel:es up in ro s in the presence o! their Eord(He &the Holy =rophet' said: )hey make the !irst ro s complete and keep close together in the ro "

Hadith 07,0:

Hadith 07,2:

Hadith 07,B:

Hadith 07,3:

Hadith 07,>:

Hadith 07,5: Hadith 07,,:

)his hadith has been narrated by *Amash ith the same chain o! transmitters" %abir b" 3amura reported: When e said prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', e pronounced: =eace be upon you and Mercy o! *llah, peace be upon you and Mercy o! *llah, and made gesture ith the hand on both the sides"Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him said: What do you point out ith your hands as i! they are the tails o! headstrong horses()his is enough !or you that one should place oneAs hand on oneAs thigh and then pronounce salutation upon oneAs brother on the right side and then on the le!t" %abir b" 3amura reported: We said our prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and, hile pronouncing salutations, e made gestures ith our hands &indicating' ;=eace be upon you, peace be upon you"; )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' looked to ards us and said: Why is it that you make gestures ith your hands like the tails o! headstrong horses(When any one o! you pro. nounces salutation &in prayer' he should only turn his !ace to ards his companion and should not make a gesture ith his hand" Chapter !( : STRAIGHTENING OF RO"S AN THE E+CELLENCE OF THE FIRST RO" AN THEN OF THE S#BSE&#ENT RO"S AN CO%PETING AN 'YING "ITH ONE ANOTHER FOR THE FIRST RO" AN PRIORITY OF THE %EN OF 'IRT#ES AN THEIR NEARNESS TO THE I%A% *bu MasAud reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' used to touch our shoulders in prayer and say: 8eep straight, donAt be irregular, !or there ould be dissension in your hearts" Eet those o! you ho are sedate and prudent be near me, then those ho are ne0t to them, then those ho are ne0t to them" *bu MasAud said: Ko .a.days there is much dissension amongst you" )his hadith is narrated by Ibn Uyaina ith the same chain o! transmitters" *bdullah b" MasAud reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Eet those ho are sedate and prudent be near me, then those ho are ne0t to them &saying it tliree tinies', and be are o! the tumult o! the markets" *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said:

Hadith 07,7:

Hadith 07,7:

Hadith 07,<: Hadith 0770:

Hadith 0772:

3traighten your ro s" !or the straightening o! a ro is a part o! the per!ection o! prayer" Hadith 077B: *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: $omplete the ro s, !or I can see you behind my back" Hammam b" Munabbih reported: )his is hat as transmitted to us by *bu Huraira !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and, hile making a mention o! a !e ahadith, said: &)he Messengero! *llah directed us thus': /stablish ro s in prayer, !or the making o! a ro &straight' is one o! the merits o! prayer" KuAman b" +ashir reported: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' say: 3traighten your ro s, or *llah ould create dissension amongst you" KuAman b" +ashir reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace.be upon him' used to straighten our ro s as it lie ere straightening an arro ith their help until be sa that e had learnt it !rom him"#ne day he came out, stood up &!or prayer' and as about to say: *llah is the ?reatest, hen he sa a man, hose chest as bulging out !rom the ro , so he said: 3er:ants o! *llah, you hint straighten your ro s or *llah ould create dissension amongst you" *bu A* ana reported this hadith ith the same chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I! the people ere to kno hat e0cellence is there in the *dhan and in the !irst ro , and they could not &get these opportunities' e0cept by dra ing lots, they ould ha:e de!initely done that"*nd i! they ere to kno hat e0cellence lies in 9oining the prayer in the !irst takbir &prayer', they ould ha:e :ied ith one another"*nd i! they ere to kno hat e0cellence lies in the night prayer and morning prayer, they ould ha:e de!initely come e:en i! cra ling &on their knees'" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sa &a tendency ' among his $ompanions to go to the back, so he said to them: $ome !or ard and !ollo my lead, and let those ho come a!ter you

Hadith 0773:

Hadith 077>:

Hadith 0775:

Hadith 077,: Hadith 0777:

Hadith 0777:

!ollo your lead" =eople the back" Hadith 077<:

ill continue to keep back till *llah

ill put them at

*bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sa people at the end o! the mos-ue, and then the &abo:e.mentioned hadith' as narrated" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I! you ere to kno , or i! they ere to kno , hat &e0cellence' lies in the !irst ro s, there ould ha:e been dra ing o! lots &!or !illing them'@ and Ibn Harb said: Cor &occupying' the !irst ro there ould ha:e been dra ing o! lots" *bu Huraira said: )he best ro s !or men are the !irst ro s, and the the last ones, and the best ro s !or omen are the last ones and the !or them are the !irst ones" orst ones orst ones

Hadith 0770:

Hadith 0772:

Hadith 077B:

Hadith 0773:

Hadith 077>:

)his hadith is narrated by 3uhail ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter !* : THE PRAYING "O%EN HA'E BEEN CO%%AN E NOT TO PRECE E %EN IN LIFTING THEIR HEA S FRO% PROSTRATION 3ahl b" 3aAd reported: I sa men ha:ing tied &the ends' o! their lo er garments around their necks, like children, due to shortage o! cloth and o!!ering their prayers behind the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'"#ne o! the proclaimers said: # omen!olk, do not li!t your heads till men raise &them'" Chapter !, : "O%EN CO%ING O#T (FRO% THEIR HO#SES) FOR GOING TO THE %OS&#E "HEN THERE IS NO APPREHENSION OF "ICKE NESS) B#T THEY SHO#L NOT CO%E O#T SCENTE 3alim narrated it !rom his !ather &A*bdullah b" Umar' that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When omen ask permission !or going to the mos-ue, do not pre:ent them" *bdullah b" Umar reported: I heard *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' say: GonAt pre:ent your omen !rom going to the mos-ue hen they seek your permission"+ilal b" A*bdullah said: +y *llah, e shall certainly pre:ent them" #n thisA*bdullah b" Umar turned to ards him and reprimanded him to harshly as I had ne:er heard him do be!ore" He &A*bdullah b" Umar' said: I am narrating

Hadith 0775:

to you that hich comes !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and you &ha:e the audicity' to say: +y *llah, e shall certainly pre:ent them" Hadith 077,: Ibn AUmar reported:A)he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Go not pre:ent the maid.ser:ants o! *llah !rom going to the mos-ue" lbn Umar reported: I heard the Messeinger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' say: When your omen seek your permission !or going to the mos-ue, you grant them &permission'" Ibn AUmar reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Go not pre:ent omen !rom going to the mos-ue at night"* boy said to A*bdullah b" Umar: We ould ne:er let them go out, that they may not be caught in e:il"He &the narrator' said: Ibn Umar reprimanded him and said"" I am saying that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said this, but you say: We ould not allo L * hadith like this has been narrated by *Amash transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 0777:

Hadith 0777:

Hadith 077<:

Hadith 07<0:

Ibn AUmar reported: ?rant permission to omen !or going to the mos-ue in the night"His son ho as called Wa-id said: )hen they ould make mischie!"He &the narrator' said: He thumped his &sonAs' chest and said: I am narrating to you the hadith o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and you say: Ko L Ibn Umar reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Go not depri:e omen o! their share o! the mos-ues, hen they seek permission !rom you" +ilal said: +y *llah, e ould certainly pre:ent them"A*bdullah said: I say that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said it and you say: We ould certainly pre:ent them L Hainab )ha-a!iya reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you & omen' participates in the AIshaA prayer, she should not per!ume hersel! that night"

Hadith 07<2:

Hadith 07<B:

Hadith 07<3:

Hainab, the i!e o! *bdullah &b"AUmar', reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to us: When any one o! you comes to the mos-ue, she should not apply per!ume" *bu Huraira said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Whoe:er & oman' !umigates hersel! ith per!ume should not 9oin us in the AIshaA prayer" A*mra, daughter o! *bd al.Fahmin, reported: I heard A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" say: I! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had seen hat ne things the omen ha:e introduced &in their ay o! li!e' he ould ha:e de!initely pre:ented them !rom going to the mos-ue, as the omen o! +aniIsraAil ere pre:ented" )his hadith has been narrated by Dahya b" 3aAid ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter !- : %O ERATION BET"EEN LO# AN LO" RECITATION IN 4AHRI PRAYER) "HEN THERE IS A FEAR OF T#R%OIL IN RECITING LO# LY Ibn A*bbas reported: )he ord o! &*llah' ?reat and ?lorious: A*nd utter not thy prayer loudly, nor be lo in it; &0:ii" 220' as re:ealed as the Messenger o! *llah &may peace beupon him' as hiding himsel! in Mecca" When he led his $ompanions in prayer he raised his :oice & hile reciting the' 1urAan" *nd hen the polytheists heard that, they re:iled the 1urAan and Him Who re:ealed it and him ho brought it" Upon this *llah, the /0alted, said to His *postle &may peace be upon him': Utter not thy prayer so loudly that the polytheists may hear thy recitation and &recite it' not so lo that it may be inaudible to your $ompanions" Make them hear the 1urAan, but do not recite it loudly and seek a &middle' ay bet een these" Fecite bet een loud and lo tone" A*Aisha reported that so !ar as these ords o! &*llah' ?lorious and High are concerned: ;*nd utter not thy prayer loudly, not be lo in it; &0:ii" 220' relate to supplication &duAaA'" * hadith like this has been narrated by Hisham transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 07<>:

Hadith 07<5:

Hadith 07<,:

Hadith 07<7:

Hadith 07<7:

Hadith 07<<:

Hadith 0<00:

Chapter !. : LISTENING TO THE RECITATION OF THE &#R/AN Ibn A*bbas reported ith regard to the ords o! *llah, ?reat and ?lorious: ;Mo:e not thy tongue there ith; &I00:" 2,' that hen ?abriel brought re:elation to him &the Holy =rophet' he mo:ed his tongue and lips & ith a :ie to committing it to memory instantly'" )his as something hard !or him and it as :isible &!rom his !ace'" )hen *llah, the /0alted" re:ealed this a ;Mo:e not thy tongue there ith to make haste &in memorising it'" 3urely on us rests the collecting o! it and the reciting o! it; &i00:"2,', i"e" Ierily it rests ith Us that We ould preser:e it in your heart and &enable you' to recite it Dou ould recite it hen We ould recite it and so !ollo its recitation, and He &*llah' said: ;We re:ealed it, so listen to it attenti:ely" Ierily its e0position rests ith Us" i"e" We ould make it deli:er by your tongue"; 3o hen ?abriel came to him &to the Holy =rophet', he kept silence, and hen he ent a ay he recited as *llah had promised him" Ibn *bbas reported ith regard to the ords: ;Go not mo:e thy tongue there ith to make haste,; that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !elt it hard and he mo:ed his lips"Ibn A*bbas said to me &3aAid b" %ubair' : I mo:e them 9ust as the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' mo:ed them" )hen said 3aAid: I mo:e them 9ust as Ibn A*bbas mo:ed them, and he mo:ed his lips" *llah, the /0alted, re:ealed this: ;Go not mo:e your tongue there ith to make haste" It is ith U3 that its collection rests and its recital; &al.1urAan, i00:" 2,'" He said: Its preser:ation in your heart and then your recital" 3o hen We recite it, !ollo its recital"He said: Eisten to it, and be silent and then it rests ith Us that you recite it" 3o hen ?abriel came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', he listened to him attenti:ely, and hen ?abriel ent a ay, the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited as he &?abriel' had recited it" Chapter $1 : RECITATION OF THE &#R/AN LO# LY IN THE/ A"N PRAYER Ibn A*bbas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' neither recited the 1urAan to the %inn nor did he see them" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent out ith some o! his $ompanions ith the intention o! going to the ba6aar o! AUka6 *nd there had been &at that time' obstructions bet een satans and the ne s !rom the Hea:en, and there ere !lung !lames upon them" 3o satan ent back to their people and they said: What has happened to you ( )hey said : )here ha:e been created obstructions bet een us and the ne s !rom the Hea:en" *nd there ha:e been !lung upon us !lames" )hey

Hadith 0<02:

Hadith 0<0B:

said: It cannot happen but !or some &important' e:ent" 3o tra:erse the eastern parts o! the earth and the estern parts and !ind out hy is it that there ha:e been created obstructions bet een us and the ne s !rom the Hea:en" 3o they ent !orth and tra:ersed the easts o! the earth and its ests" 3ome o! them proceeded to ards )ihama and that is a nakhl to ards the ba6aar o! AUka6 and he &the Holy =rophet' as leading his $ompanions in the morning prayer" 3o hen they heard the 1urAan" they listened to it attenti:ely and said: It is this hich has caused obstruction bet een us and ne s !rom the Hea:en" )hey ent back to their people and said: # our people, e ha:e heard a strange 1urAan hich directs us to the right path@ so e a!!irm our !aith in it and e ould ne:er associate anyone ith our Eord" *nd *llah, the /0alted and ?lorious, re:ealed to His *postle Muhammad &may peace be upon him': ;It has been re:ealed to me that a party o! %inn listened to it; &1urAan, l00ii" 2'" Hadith 0<03: Ga ud reported !rom A*mir ho said: I asked A*l-ama i! Ibn MasAud as present ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the night o! the %inn &the night hen the Holy =rophet met them'" He &Ibn MasAuad' said: Ko, but e ere in the company o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' one night and e missed him" We searched !or him in the :alleys and the hills and said" He has either been taken a ay &by 9inn' or has been secretly killed" He &the narrator' said" We spent the orst night hich people could e:er spend" When it as da n e sa him coming !rom the side o! HiriA" He &the narrator' reported" We said: Messenger o! *llah, e missed you and searched !or you, but e could not !ind you and e spent the orst night hich people could e:er spend" He &the Holy =rophet' said: )here came to me an in:iter on behal! o! the %inn and I ent along ith him and recited to them the 1urAan" He &the narrator' said: He then ent along ith us and sho ed us their traces and traces o! their embers" )hey &the %inn' asked him &the Holy =rophet' about their pro:ision and he said: /:ery bone on hich the name o! *llah is recited is your pro:ision" )he time it ill !all in your hand it ould be co:ered ith !lesh, and the dung o! &the camels' is !odder !or your animals" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: GonAt per!orm istin9a ith these &things' !or these are the !ood o! your brothers &%inn'" )his hadith has been reported by Ga ud ith the same chain o! transmitters up to the ord&s' : ;)he traces o! their embers"; 3haAbi said : )hey &the %inn' asked about their pro:ision, and they ere the %inn o! al.9a6ira, up to the end o! the hadith, and the ords o! 3haAbi ha:e been directly transmitted !rom the hadith o! *bdullah"

Hadith 0<0>:

Hadith 0<05:

)his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! A*bdullah !rom the *postle &may peace be upon him' up to the ords: ;)he traces o! the embers,; but he made no mention o! hat !ollo ed a!ter ard" *bdullah &b" MasAud' said: I as not ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' but I ish I ere ith him" MaAn reported"" I heard it !rom my !ather ho said: I asked Masru- ho in!ormed the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about the night hen they heard the 1urAan" He said: Dour !ather, Ibn MasAud, narrated it to me that a tree in!ormed him about that" Chapter $0 : RECITATION IN THE NOON AN AFTERNOON PRAYERS *bu 1atada reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us in prayer and recited in the !irst t o rakAahs o! the noon and a!ternoon prayers 3urat al.Citiha and t o &other' surahs" *nd he ould sometimes recite loud enough !or us the :erses" He ould prolong the !irst rakAah more than the second" *nd he acted similarly in the morning prayer" *bu 1atada reported it on the authority o! his !ather: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ould recite in the !irst t o rakAahs o! the noon and a!ternoon prayers the opening chapter o! the +ook and another surah" He ould sometimes recite loud enough to make audible to us the :erse and ould recite in the last t o rakAahs 3urat al.Caitiha &only'" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: We used to estimate ho long *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' stood in the noon and a!ternoon prayers, and e estimated hat he stood in the !irst t o rakAahs o! the noon prayer as long as it takes to recite *li! Eam Mim, )an6il, i"e" as.3a9da" We estimated that he stood hal! that time in the last t o rakAahs@ that he stood in the !irst t o o! the a!ternoon as long as he did in the last t o at noon@ and in the last t o o! the a!ternoon prayer about hal! that time" *bu +akr in his narration has made no mention o! *li! Eam Mim, )an6il, but said: *s long as it takes to recite thirty :erses"

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Hadith 0<07:

Hadith 0<07:

Hadith 0<0<:

Hadith 0<20:

Hadith 0<22:

*bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in e:ery rakAah o! the !irst t o rakAahs o! the noon prayer about thirty :erses and in the last t o about !i!teen :erses or hal! &o! the !irst rakAah' and in e:ery rakAah o! the A*sr prayer o! the !irst t o rakAahs about !i!teen :erses and in the last t o :erses hal! &o! the !irst ones'" %abir b" 3amura reported: )he people o! 8u!a complained to Umar b" 8hattab about 3aAid and they made a mention o! his prayer" AUmar sent !or him" He came to him" He &AUmar' totd him that the people had !ound !ault ith his prayer" He said: I lead them in prayer in accorance ith the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" I make no decrease in it" I make them stand !or a longer time in the !irst t o &rakAahs' and shorten it in the last t o" Upon this AUmar remarked: )his is hat I deemed o! thee, # *bu Isha)his hadith his been narrated by A*bu al.Malik transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 0<2B:

Hadith 0<23:

Hadith 0<2>:

%abir b" 3amura reported: AUmar said to 3aAd: )hey complain against you in e:ery matter, e:en in prayer" He &3aAd' said: I prolong &standing' in the !irst t o &rakAahs' and shorten it in the last t o, and I make no negligence in !ollo ing the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He &AUmar' remarked: )his is hat is e0pected o! you, or, that is hat I deemed o! you" )his hadith is narrated by %abir b" 3amura but ith the addition o! these ;&3aAd said': )hese bedouins presume to teach me prayer"; ords:

Hadith 0<25:

Hadith 0<2,:

*bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: )he noon prayer ould start and one ould go to al.+a-iA and a!ter ha:ing relie:ed himsel! he ould per!orm ablution and then come, hile the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ould be in the !irst rakAah, because he ould prolong it so much" 1a6Aa reported: I came to *bu 3aAid al.8hudri and he as surrounded by people" When the people departed !rom him I said: I am not going to ask you hat these people ha:e been asking you" I ant to ask you about the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He &*bu 3aAid' said: )here is no good !or you in this" He &1a6Aa', ho e:er, repeated &his demand'" He then said: )he noon prayer ould start and one o! us ould go to +a-iA and, ha:ing

Hadith 0<27:

Hadith 0<27:

relie:ed himsel!, ould come to his home, then per!orm ablution and go to the mos-ue, and &he ould !ind' )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in the !irst rakAah" Chapter $! : RECITATION IN THE %ORNING PRAYER *bdullah b" 3aAid reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us in the morning prayer in Mecca and began 3arat al.MuAminin &00iii ' but hen he came to the mention o! Moses and *aron &:erse" >5' or to the mention o! %esus &:erse 50', a cough got the better o! him, and he bo ed" A*bdullah b" 3aAib as present there, and in the hadith narrated by *bd al.Fa66a- &the ords are': He cut short &the recitation' and bo ed" A*mr b" Hu airith reported: I heard the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recite in the morning prayer ; WaAl.lail.i.idhd A*sAasa; &i000i" 27'" 1utba b" Malik reported : I said prayer and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led it and he recited ;1a!" &I"'" +y the ?lorious 1urAan,; till he recited ;and the tall palm trees; &l" 20'" I anted to repeat it but I could not !ollo its signi!icance" 1utba b" Malik reported that he had heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reciting in the morning prayer this: ;*nd the tall palm trees ha:ing !lo er spikes piled one abo:e another; &l" 20'" Hiyad b" AIla-a reported it on the authority o! his uncle that he said the morning prayer ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he recited in the !irst rakAah: ;*nd the tall palm trees ha:ing !lo er spikes piled one abo:e another &l" 20' or perhaps 3arah 1a!" %abir b" 3amura reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in the morning prayer ;1a!" +y the ?lorious 1uran"; and his prayer a!ter ard shortened" 3imak asked %abir b" 3amura about the prayer o! the *postle &may peace be upon him'" He said: He &the Holy =rophet' shortened the prayer and he did not pray like these people then, and he in!ormed me that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite ;1a!" +y the &?lorious' 1urAan,; and a

Hadith 0<2<:

Hadith 0<B0:

Hadith 0<B2:

Hadith 0<BB:

Hadith 0<B3:

Hadith 0<B>:

passage o! similar length" Hadith 0<B5: %abir b" 3amura reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in the noon prayer: ;+y the night hen it en:elopes; &0cii"', and in the a!ternoon like this, but he prolonged the morning prayer as compared to that &noon and a!ternoon prayers'" %abir b" 3amura reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in the noon prayer: ;?lori!y the name o! thy Most High Eord in the morning prayer longer than this; &l000:ii"' *bu +ar6a reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in the morning prayer !rom si0ty to one hundred :erses" *bu +ar6a *slami reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite !rom si0ty to one hundred :erses in the morning prayer" Ibn *bbas reported: Umm al.Cadl daughter o! al.Harith heard him reciting: ;+y those sent !orth to spread goodness; &l00:ii"'" &Upon this' she remarked: # my son, you reminded me by the recitation o! this surah &the !act' that it as the last surah that I heard !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he recited it in the e:ening prayer" )his hadith has been narrated by Huhri ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith this addition: ;*nd he did not lead the player a!ter this till his death"; %ubair b" MutAim reported: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reciting 3urat al.)ur &Mountain' &lii' in the e:ening prayer" )his hadith has been narrated by Huhri ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter $$ : RECITATION IN THE NIGHT PRAYER A*di reported: I heard al.+araA narrating it !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' that hile in a 9ourney he said the night prayer and recited in one o! the t o rakAahs: ;+y the Cig and the #li:e; &3uArah 0c:"'"

Hadith 0<B,:

Hadith 0<B7:

Hadith 0<B7:

Hadith 0<B<:

Hadith 0<30:

Hadith 0<32:

Hadith 0<3B:

Hadith 0<33:

Hadith 0<3>:

*l.+araA b" A*6ib reported that he said prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he recited: ;+y the Cig and the #li:e"; *l.+araA b" A*6ib reported: I heard the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reciting in the night prayer: ;+y the Cig and the #li:e,; and I ha:e ne:er heard anyone ith a s eeter :oice than he" %abir reported that MuAadh b" 9abal used to pray ith the *postle &may peace be upon him', then came and led his people in prayer" #ne night he said the night prayer ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He then came to his people and led them in prayerbeginning ith 3urat al.+a-ara" * man turned aside, pronounced the taslim &salutation !or concluding the prayer', then prayed alone and departed" )he people said to him: Ha:e you become a hypocrite, so and so( He said: I s ear by *llah that I ha:e not, but I ill certainly go to *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' and ill in!orm &him' about this" He then came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and said: Messenger o! *llah, e look a!ter camels used !or atering and ork by day" MuAidh said the night prayer ith you" He then came and began ith 3urat al. +a-ara" *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' then turned to MuAadh and said: *re you there to &put the people' to trial ( Fecite such and recite such &and such a surah'" It is transmitted on the authority o! %abir, as told by 3u!yan, that he &the Holy =rophet' had said: ;+y the 3un and its morning brightness; &3arah 0ci"', ;+y brightness; &3urah 0ciii';+y the night hen it spreads; &3urah 0cii"', and ;?lori!y the name o! thy most high Eord; &3urah l000ii"'" %abir reported: AMuAadh b 9abal al.*nsari led his companions in the night prayer and prolonged it !or them" * person amongst us said prayer &a!ter ha:ing separated himsel! !rom the congregation'" MuAadh as in!ormed o! this, and he remarked that he asa hypocrite" When it &the remark' as con:eyed to the man, he ent to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and in!ormed him o! hat MuAadh had said" Upon this the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to him: MuAadh, do you ant to become a person putting &people' to trial( When you lead people in prayer, recite: ;+y the 3un and its morning brightness; &3urah 0ci"', ;?lori!y the name o! thy most high Eord; &3urah l000:i"' and ;Fead in the name o! Eord; &3urah 0c:i"', and ;+y the night hen it spreads; &3urah 0cii"'" %abir b" A*bdullah reported: MuAadh b" %abal said the night prayer ith the

Hadith 0<35:

Hadith 0<3,:

Hadith 0<37:

Hadith 0<37:

Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and then returned to his people and then led them in this prayer" Hadith 0<3<: %abir b" *bdullah reported: MuAadh said the night prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He then came to the mos-ue o! his people and led them in prayer" Chapter $4 : THE #TY OF THE I%A% IS TO BE BRIEF AN PERFECT IN PRAYER *bu MasAud al.*insari reported: * person came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and said: I keep a ay !rom the morning prayer on account o! such and such &a man', because@ he keeps us so long" I ne:er sa ?odAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' more angry hen gi:ing an e0hortation than he as that day" He said: 0 people, some o! you are scaring people a ay" 3o hoe:er o! you leads the people in prayer he must be brie!, !or behind him are the eak, the aged, and the people ho ha:e &argent' business to attend" )his hadith like one narrated by Hashalm has been narrated !rom IsmaAil the same chain o! transmitters" ith

Hadith 0<>0:

Hadith 0<>2:

Hadith 0<>B:

*bu Huraira reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you leads the people in prayer, he should be brie! !or among them are the young and the aged, the eak and the sick" +ut hen one o! you prays by himsel!, he may &prolong' as he likes" Hammam b" Munabbih reported: )his is hat *bu Huraira transmitted to us !rom Muhammad the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and he narrated &some' ahadith out o! &these narrations and one o! them is this': )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you stands to lead people In prayer, he should shorten it, !or amongst them are the aged, and amongst them are the eak, but hen he prays by himsel!, he may prolong his prayer as he likes" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you leads people in prayer, he must shorten it !or among them are the eak, the in!irm and those ho ha:e business to attend"

Hadith 0<>3:

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*bu +akr b" A*bd al.Fahman reported that he had heard *bu Huraira say that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said like it, but he substituted ;the aged; !or Athe in!irm;" Uthman b" *buAl.A*s at.)ha-a!i reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to him: Eead your people in prayer" I said: Messenger o! *llah" I percei:e something &disturbing' in my soul" He &the Holy =rophet' asked me to dra near him and making me sit do n in !ront o! him he placed his hand on my breast bet een my nipples" and then, telling me to turn round, he placed it on my back bet een my shoulders" He then said: *ct as an Imam !or your people" He ho acts as Imam o! the people, he must be brie!, !or among them are the aged, among them are the sick, among them are the eak, and among them are the people ho ha:e business to attend" +ut hen any o! you prays alone, he may pray as he likes" Uthman b" *buAl.A*s reported: )he last thing hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' instructed me as: When you lead the people in prayer, be brie! " *nas reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to be brie! and per!ect in prayer" *nas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' those hose prayers as brie! and per!ect" as among

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Hadith 0<50:

*nas reported: I ne:er prayed behind an Imam ho as more brie! and more per!ect in prayer than the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" *nas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ould listen to the crying o! a lad in the company o! his mother, in prayer, and he ould recite a short surah or a small surah" *nas b" Malik reported the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ha:ing said: When I begin the prayer I Intend to make it long, but I hear a boy cry" ing@ I then shorten it because o! his motherAs !eelings" Chapter $( :

Hadith 0<52:

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Hadith 0<53:

%O ERATION IN THE ARTICLES OF PRAYER AN THEIR SHORTENING AN PERFECTION *l.+araA b" A*6ib reported: I noticed the prayer o! Muhammad &may peace be upon him' and sa his 1iyam &standing', his bo ing, and then going back to the standing posture a!ter bo ing, his prostration, his sitting bet een the t o prostrations, and his prostration and sitting bet een salutation and going a ay, all these ere nearly e-ual to one another" Hakam reported: )here dominated in 8u!a a man hose name as men. tioned as Haman b" al.*shAath, ho ordered *bu AUbaidah b" A*bdullah to lead people in prayer and he accordingly used to lead them" Whene:er he raised his head a!ter bo ing, he stood up e-ual to the time that I can recite &this supplication': # *llahL our EordL unto )hee be the praise hich ould !ill the hea:ens and the earth, and that hich ill please )hee besides them I Worthy art )hou o! all praise and glory" Kone can pre:ent that hich )hou besto est, and none can besto that hichthou pre:entest" *nd the greatness o! the great ill not a:ail him against )hee" Hakam &the narrator' said: I made a mention o! that to *bd al.Fahman ibn *bi Eaila ho reported: I heard al.+araA b" A*6ib say that the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and his bo ing, and hen he li!ted his head !rom bo ing, and his prostration, and bet een the t o prostrations &all these acts' ere nearly proportionate" I made a mention o! that to A*r b" Murrah and he said: I sa Ibn *bi Eaili &saying the prayer', but his prayer as not like this" Hakam reported: When Matar b" Ka9iya dominated 8u!a he ordered *bu Ubaida to lead people in prayer, and the rest o! the hadith is the same" )habit reported it on the authority o! *nas: While leading you in prayer I do not shorten anything in the prayer" I pray as I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' leading us" He &)habit' said: *nas used to do that hich I do not see you doing@ hen he li!ted his head !rom bo ing he stood up &so long' that one ould say: He has !orgotten &to ba do n in prostration'" *nd hen he li!ted his head !rom prostration, he stayed in that position, till someone ould say: He has !orgotten &to bo do n in prostration !or the second sa9da'" )habit reported it on the authority o! *nas: I ha:e ne:er said such a light and per!ect prayer as I said behind the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon

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Hadith 0<55:

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Hadith 0<57:

Hadith 0<57:

him'" )he prayer o! the Messenger" o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as ell balanced" *nd so too as the prayer o! *bu +akr ell balanced" When it as the time o! AUmar b" al.8hattab he prolonged the morning prayer" When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: *llah listened to him ho praised Him, he stood erect till e said: He has !orgotten" He then prostrated and sat bet een t o prostration till e said: He has !orgotten" Chapter $* : FOLLO"ING THE I%A% AN ACTING AFTER HI% *l.+araA &b" A*6ib', and he as no liar &but a truth!ul $ompanion o! the Holy =rophet', reported: )hey used to say prayer behind the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" I ne:er sa anyone bending his back at the time hen he &the Holy =rophet' raised his head, till the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' placed his !orehead on the ground" )hey then !ell in prostration a!ter him" *l.+araA reported, and he as no liar: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: *llah listened to him ho praised Him, none o! us bent his back till he &the Holy =rophet' prostrated@ e then, a!ter ards, ent do n in prostration" *l.+araA reported: )hey &the $ompanions' said prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and they bo ed hen he &the Holy =rophet' bo ed" and hen he raised his head a!ter bo ing, he pronounced: ;*llah listened to him ho praised Him,; and e kept standing till e sa him placing his !ace on the ground and then e !ollo ed him" *l.+araA reported: When e ere &in prayer' ith the Messenger o! *llah *llah &may peace be upon him' none o! us ben!!t his back till e sa he prostrated" Huhair and others reported: ;till e sa him prostrating;" A*mr b" Huraith reported: I said the da n prayer behind the *postle o! &may peace be upon him' and heard him reciting: AKay" I call to itness the stars, running their courses and setting; &al.1urAan, l000i" 25.2,' and Gone o! us bent his back till he completed prostration" &A*bdullah b ' Ibn *bi *u!a reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' raised his back !rom the rukdA he pronounced: *llah listened to

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him ho praised Him" # *llah L our Eord L unto )hee be praise that ould !ill the hea:ens and the earth and !ill that hich ill please )hee besides them" Hadith 0<,>: A*bdullah b" *u!a reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite this supplication: # *llah L our Eord, unto )hee be praise that ould !ill the hea:ens and the earth and !ill that hich ill please )hee besides them" *bdullah b" *bu *u!a reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite &this supplication': # *llahL our Eord, unto )hee be praise that ould !ill the hea:ens and the earth and !ill that hich ill please )hee besides &them'" # *llah L puri!y me ith sno , & ater o!' hail and ith cold ater@ # *llah" cleanse me !rom the sins and errors 9ust as a hite garment is cleansed !rom dirt" )his hadith ith the same chain o! transmitters has been narrated by 3huAba, and in the narration o! MuAadh the ords are: ;9ust as the hite garment is cleansed !rom !ilth,; and in the narration o! Da6id: ;!rom dirt;" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' raised his head a!ter bo ing, he said : # *llahL our Eord, to )hee be the praise that ould !ill all the hea:ens and the earth, and all that it pleases )hee besides &them'" #, thou art orthy o! praise and glory, most orthy o! hat a ser:ant says, and e all are )hy ser:ants, no one can ithhold hat )hou gi:est or gi:e hat )hou ithholdest, and riches cannot a:ail a ealthy person against )hee" Ibn *bbas reported : When the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' raised his head a!ter bo ing, he said : *llah L our Eord, to )hee be the praise that ould !ill the hea:ens and the earth and that hich is bet een them, and that hich ill please )hee besides &them'" Worthy art )hou o! all praise and glory" Ko one can ithhold hat )hou gi:est, or gi:e hat )hou ithholdest" *nd the greatness #L the great a:aileth not against )hee" Ibn *bbas reported !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' the ords: ;*nd that ould !ill that hich ill please )hee besides &them' L; and he did not mention the subse-uent &portion o! supplication'"

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Hadith 0<,7:

Hadith 0<,7:

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Hadith 0<70:

Ibn A*bbas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' dre aside the curtain &o! his apartment' and &he sa ' people in ro s &saying prayer' behind *ba +akr" *nd he said: Kothing remains o! the glad tidings o! apostlehood, e0cept good :isions hich a Muslim sees or someone is made to see !or him" *nd see that I ha:e been !orbidden to recite the 1urAan in the state o! bo ing and prostration" 3o !ar as FukAu is concerned, e0tol in it the ?reat and ?lorious Eord, and hile prostrating yoursel:es be earnest in supplication, !or it is !itting that your supplications should be ans ered" A*bdullah b" A*bbas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' dre aside the curtain and his head as bandaged on account o! illness in hich he died" He said : # *llah, ha:e I not deli:ered &)hy Message'( &He repeated it' three times" Kothing has been le!t out o! the glad tidings o! apostlebood, but good :ision" hich a pious ser:ant &o! *llah' sees or someone else is made to see !or him" He then narrated like the hadith transmitted by 3u!yan" A*li b" *bi )alib reported : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !orbade me to recite &the 1urAan' in a state o! bo ing and prostration" A*li b" *bi )alib reported : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !orbade to recite the 1urAan, hile I am in the state o! bo ing and prostration" A*li b" *bi )alib reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !orbade me !rom the recitation &o! the 1urAan' in bo ing and prostration and I do not say that he !orbade you" A*li reported: My lo:ed one &the Holy =rophet' !orbade me that I should recite &the 1urAan' in a state o! bo ing and prostration" )his hadith has been narrated by some other narrators, Ibn A*bbas and others, and they all reported that A*li said: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !orbade me to recite the 1urAan hile I am in a state o! bo ing and prostration, and in their narration &there is a mention o!' !orbiddance !rom that &recital' in the state o! prostration as it has been transmitted by Huhri, Haid b" *slam, al.Wahid b" 8athir, and Ga ud b" 1ais"

Hadith 0<72:

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Hadith 0<75:

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)his hadith is transmitted on the authority o! A*li, but he made no mention o! ; hile in prostration;" Ibn A*bbas reported : I as !orbidden to recite &the 1urAan' hile I as bo ing, and there is no mention o! A*li in the chain o! transmitters" Chapter $, : "HAT IS TO BE RECITE IN BO"ING AN PROSTRATION *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he nearest a ser:ant comes to his Eord is hen he is prostrating himsel!, so make supplication &in this state'" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to say hile prostrating himsel!: # Eord, !orgi:e me all my sins, small and great, !irst and last, open and secret" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon himA' o!ten said hile bo ing and prostrating himsel!: ;?lory be to )hee, # *llah, our Eord, and praise be to )hee, # *llah, !orgi:e me,; thus complying ith the &command in' the 1urAan" A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' be!ore his death recited o!ten: Hallo ed be )hou, and ith )hy praise, I seek !orgi:eness !rom )hee and return to )hee" 3he reported: I said: Messenger o! *llah, hat are these ords that I !ind you reciting( He said: )here has been made a sign !or me in my Ummah@ hen I sa that, I uttered them &these ords o! glori!ication !or *llah', and the sign is: ;When *llahAs help and :ictory """"" to the end o! the surah" A*Aisha reported: Ke:er did I ,see the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' a!ter the re:elation &o! these :erses': ;When *llahAs help and :ictory came"; obser:in. his prayer ithout making &this supplication' or he said in it &supplication': Hallo ed be )hee, my Eord, and ith )hy praise, # *llah, !orgi:e me" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited o!ten these ords: Hallo ed be *llah and ith His praise, I seek the !orgi:eness o!

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Hadith 0<72:

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Hadith 0<73:

Hadith 0<7>:

*llah and return to Him" 3he said: I asked: Messenger o! *llah, I see that you o!ten repeat the saying ;subhan allahi bihamdihi astag !irullahi atubuilaih; hereupon he said: My Eord in!ormed me that I ould soon see a sign in my Ummah,so hen I see it I o!ten recite &these' ords: Hallo ed be *llah and ith His =raise, I seek !orgi:eness o! *llah and return to Him" Indeed I sa it & hen this :erse' as re:ealed: ;When *llahAs help and :ictory came, it marked the :ictory o! Mecca, and you see people entering into *llahAs religion in troops, celebrate the praise o! )hy Eord and ask His !orgi:eness" 3urely He is e:er returning to Mercy"; Hadith 0<75: Ibn %urai9 reported: I asked A*taA: What do you recite hen you are in a state o! bo ing &in prayer' ( He said: ;Hallo ed be )hou, and ith )hy praise, there is no god but )hou"; 3on o! *bd Mulaika narrated to me on the anthority o! A*Aisha & ho reported': I missed one night the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &!rom his bed'" I thought that he might ha:e gone to one o! his other i:es" I searched !or him and then came back and &!ound him' in a state o! bo ing, or prostration, saying: Hallo ed be )hou and ith )hy praise@ there is no god but )hou" I said: With my !ather mayest thou be ransomed and ith my mother" I as thinking o! &another' a!!air, hereas you are &occupied' in another one" A*Aisha reported: #ne night I missed *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' !rom the bed, and hen I sought him my hand touched the soles o! his !eet hile he as in the state o! prostration@ they &!eet' ere raised and he as saying: ;# *llah, I seek re!uge in )hy pleasure !rom )hy anger, and in )hy !orgi:eness !rom )hy punishment, and I seek re!uge in )hee !rom )hee &)hy anger'" I cannot reckon )hy praise" )hou art as )hou hast lauded )hysel!"; A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace he upon him' used to pronounce hile bo ing and prostrating himsel!: *ll ?lorious, *ll Holy, Eord o! the *ngels and the 3pirit" )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! A*Aisha by another chain o! transmitters" Chapter $- : THE E+CELLENCE OF PROSTRATION AN E+HORTATION TO OBSER'E IT

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Hadith 0<77:

Hadith 0<77:

Hadith 0<7<:

MaAdan b" )alha reported: I met )hauban, the !reed sla:e" o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him', and asked him to tell me about an act !or hich, i! I do it, *llah ill admit me to =aradise, or I asked about the act hich as lo:ed most by *llah" He ga:e no reply" I again asked and he ga:e no reply" I asked him !or the third time, and he said: I asked *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' about that and he said: Make !re-uent prostrations be!ore *llah, !or you ill not make one prostration ithout raising you a degree because o! it, and remo:ing a sin !rom you, because o! it" MaAdan said that then lie met *bu al.GardaA and hen he asked him, he recei:ed a reply similar to that gi:en by )hauban" FabiAa b" 8aAb said: I as ith *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' one night" and I brought him ater and hat he re-uired" He said to me: *sk &anything you like'" I said: I ask your company in =aradise" He &the Holy =rophet' said: #r anything else besides it" I said: )hat is all & hat I re-uire'" He said: )hen help me to achie:e this !or you by deyoting yoursel! o!ten to prostration" Chapter $. : HO" THE LI%BS SHO#L "ORK IN PROSTRATION AN FORBI ANCE TO FOL CLOTHING AN HAIR AN PLAITING OF HAIR IN THE PRAYER Ibn A*bbas reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had been commanded that he should prostrate on the se:en &bones' and he as !orbidden to !old back the hair and clothing" *nd in the narration transmitted by *bu FabiA &the ords are': ;on the se:en bones and I as !orbidden to !old back the hair and clothing;" *ccording to *buAl.FabiA &the se:en bones are': )he hands, the knees, and the &e0tremities' o! the !eet and the !orehead" Ibn A*bbas reported !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him': I as commanded to prostrate mysel! on se:en bones and not to !old back clothing or hair" Ibn A*bbas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had been commanded to prostrate on se:en &bones' and !orbidden to !old back hair and clothing" Ibn *bbas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I

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ha:e been commanded to prostrate mysel! on se:en bones: ;!orehead,; and then pointed ith his hand to ards his nose, hands, !eet, and the e0tremities o! the !eet@ and e ere !orbidden to !old back clothing and hair" Hadith 0<<5: Ibn *bbas reported : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I as commanded to prostrate mysel! on the se:en &bones' and !orbidden to !old back hair and clothing" &)he se:en bones are': !orehead, nose, bands, knees and !eet" *bdullah b" *bbas reported that he sa A*bdullah b" al.Harith obser:ing the prayer and &his hair' as plaited behind his head" He &A*bdullah b" A*bbas' stood up and un!olded them" While going back &!rom the prayer' he met Ibn A*bbas and said to him: Why is it that you touched my head( He &Ibn A*bbas' replied: &)he man ho obser:es prayer ith plaited hair' is like one ho prays ith his hands tied behind" Chapter 41 : %O ERATION IN PROSTRATION) PLACING THE PAL%S ON THE EARTH (GRO#N ) AN KEEPING A"AY ELBO"S FRO% THE SI ES AN THE BELLY FRO% THE THIGHS "HILE PROSTRATING *nas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: #bser:e moderation in prostration, and let none o! you stretch out his !orearms &on the ground' like a dog" )his hadith has been narrated by 3huAba ith the same chain o! transmitters" *nd in the hidith transmitted by Ibn %aA!ar &the ords are': ;Kone o! you should stretch out his !orearms like the stretching out o! a dog"; *l.+iraA &b" A*6ib' reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said " When you prostrate yoursel!, place the palms o! your hands on the ground and raise your elbo s" A*bdullah b" Malik ibn +u9ainah reported: When the =rophet &may peace be upon him' prostrated, lie spread out his arms so that the hiteness o! his armpits as :isible"

Hadith 0<<,:

Hadith 0<<7:

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Hadith 2000:

Hadith 2002:

)his hadith has been narrated by %aA!ar b" FabiA ith the same chain o! transmitters" *nd in the narration transmitted by A*mr b" al.Harith &the ords are': ;When the Messenger o! *llah &rtiay peace be upon him' prostrated, he spread out his arms so that the hiteness o! his armpits as :isible"; *nd in the narration transmitted by al.Eaith &the ords are : ;When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prostrated" he spread his hands !rom the armpits so that I sa their hiteness"; Maimuna reported: When the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prostrated himsel!, i! a lamb anted to pass bet een his arms, it could pass" Maimuna, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prostrated himsel!, he spread his arms, i"e" he separated them so much that the hiteness o! his armpits became :isible !rom behind and hen he sat &!or %alsa' he rested on his le!t thigh" Maimuna daughter o! Harith reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prostrated, he kept his hands so much apart !rom each other that hen it as seen !rom behind the armpits became :isible" WakiA said: )hat is their hiteness" Chapter 40 : THE E+CELLENCE OF THE PRAYER AN THE "AY IT IS BEG#N AN THE E+CELLENCE OF R#K#/ AN %O ERATION IN IT) AN PROSTRATION AN %O ERATION IN IT) ETC5 A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to begin prayer ith takbir &saying *llih.o.*kbar' and the recitation: ;=raise be to *llah, the Eord o! the Uni:erse"; When he bo ed he neither kept his head up nor bent it do n, but kept it bet een these e0tremes@ hen he raised his bead a!ter bo . ing he did not prostrate himsel! till he had stood erect@ hen he raised his head a!ter prostration he did not prostrate himsel! again till he satup" *t the end o! e:ery t o rakAahs he recited the tahiyya@ and he used to place his le!t !oot !lat &on the ground' and raise up the right@ he prohibited the de:ilAs ay o! sitting on the heels, and he !orbade people to spread out their arms like a ild beast" *nd he used to !inish the prayer ith the taslim" Chapter 4! : S#TRA FOR PRAYER

Hadith 200B:

Hadith 2003:

Hadith 200>:

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Hadith 200,:

Musa b" )alha reported it on the authority o! his !ather: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When one o! you places in !ront o! him so me" thing such as the back o! a saddle, he should pray ithout caring ho passes on the other side o! it" Musa b" )alha reported on the authority o! his !ather: We used to say prayer and the animals mo:ed in !ront o! us" We mentioned it to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he said: I! anything e-ual to the back o! a saddle is in !ront o! you, then hat alks in !ront, no harm ould come to him" Ibn Kumair said: Ko harm ould come hosoe:er alks in !ront" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about sutra o! a orshipper@ he said: /-ual to the back o! the saddle" as asked

Hadith 2007:

Hadith 2007:

Hadith 200<:

A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as asked in the e0pedition o! )abuk about the sutra the orshipper@ he said: Eike the back o! the saddle" Ibn Umar reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' ent out on the AId day, he ordered to carry a spear.and it as !i0ed in !ront o! him, and he said prayer to ards its &direction', and the people ere behind him" *nd he did it in the 9ourney, and that is the reason hy the *mirs carried it" Ibn Umar reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' set up &sutra', and *bu +akr said: He implanted iron.tipped spear and said prayer to ards its direction" Ibn *bu 3haiba made this addition to it: ; Ubaidullah said that it as a spear"; Ibn AUmar said: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to place his camel &to ards the 8aAba' and said prayer in its direction" Ibn AUmar reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to say prayer to ards his camel" Ibn Kumair said: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said prayer to ards the camel" *bu %uhai!a reported it on the authority o! his !ather: I came to the *postle o!

Hadith 2020:

Hadith 2022:

Hadith 202B:

Hadith 2023:

Hadith 202>:

*llah &may peace be upon him' in Mecca and he as &at that time' at al. *btah in a red leather tent" *nd +ilal stepped out ith ablution ater !or him" &*nd hat as le!t out o! that ater' some o! them got it & hereas others could not get it' and &those ho got it' rubbed themsel:es ith it" )hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stepped out ith a red mantle on him and I as catching a glimpse o! the hiteness o! his shanks" )he narrator said: He &the Holy =rophet' per!ormed the ablution" and +ilal pronounced *dhan and I !ollo ed his mouth &as he turned' this side and that as he said on the right and the le!t: ;$ome to prayer, come to success";A * spear as then !i0ed !or him &on the ground'" He stepped !or ard and said t o rakAahs o! Huhr, hile there passed in !ront o! him a donkey and a dog, and these ere not checked" He then said t o rakAahs o! the A*sr prayer, and he then continued saying t o rakAahs till he came back to Medina" Hadith 2025: *bu %uhai!a reported on the authority o! his !ather: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &in Mecca at al.*btah' in a red leather tent" and I sa +ilal take the ablution ater &le!t by *llahAs Messenger', and I sa the people racing, ith one another to get that ablution ater" I! anyone got some o! it, he rubbed himsel! ith it, and anyone ho did not get any got some o! the moisture !rom his companionAs hand" I then sa +ilal take a sta!! and !i0 it in the ground, a!ter hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came out -uickly in a red mantle and led the people in t o rakAahs !acing the sta!!, and I sa people and animals passing in !ront o! the sta!!" A*un b" *bu %uhai!a narrated !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the authority o! his !ather a hadith like that o! 3u!yan, and AUmar b" *bu HaAida made this addition: 3ome o! them tried to e0cel the others &in obtaining ater', and in the hadith transmitted by Malik b" Migh al &the ords are': When it as noon, +ilal came out and summoned &people' to &noon' prayer" *bu %uhai!a reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent at noon to ards al.+athaA, he per!ormed ablution, and said t o rakAahs o! the Huhr prayer and t o o! the A*sr prayer, and there as a spear in !ront o! him" 3huAba said and *un made this addition to it on the authority o! his !ather *bu %uhai!a: *nd the oman and the donkey passed behind it" 3huAba narrated the same on the basis o! t o authorities and in the hadith

Hadith 202,:

Hadith 2027:

Hadith 2027:

transmitted by Hakam &the ords are' : )he people began to get le!t out o! his &the =rophetAs' ablution" Hadith 202<:

ater that

as

Ibn A*bbas reported: I came riding on a she.ass, and I as on the threshold o! maturity, and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as leading people in prayer at Mina" I passed in !ront o! the ro and got do n, and sent the she.ass !or gra6ing and 9oined the ro , and nobody made any ob9ection to it" *bdullah b" *bbas reported that he came riding on a donkey, and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as leading the people in prayer at Mina on the occasion o! the Care ell =ilgrimage and &the narrator' reported: )he donkey passed in !ront o! the ro and then he got do n !rom it *nd 9oined the ro along ith the people" )his hadith has been narrated by Ibn AUyaina on the authority o! al.Huhri ith the same chain o! transmitters and he reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as leading prayer at A*ra!a" )his hadith has been reported by MaAmar on the authority o! al.Huhri ith the came chain o! transmitters, but here no mention has been made o! Mina or A*ra!a, and he said: It as in the Care ell =ilgrimage or on the Gay o! Iictory" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you prays he should not let anyone pass in !ront o! him &i! there is no sutra', and should try to turn him a ay as !ar as possible, but i! he re!uses to go, he should turn him a ay !orcibly !or he is a de:il" *bu 3alih al.3amman reported: I narrate to you hat I heard and sa !rom *bu 3aAid al.8hudri: #ne day I as ith *bu 3aAid and he as saying prayer on Criday turning to a thing hich concealed him !rom the people hen a young man !rom +anu MuAait came there and he tried to pass in !ront o! him@ he turned him back by striking his chest" He looked about but !inding no other ay to pass e0cept in !ront o! *bu 3aAid, made a second attempt" He &*bu 3aAid' turned him a ay by 3triking his chest more :igorously than the !irst stroke" He stood up and had a scu!!le ith *bu 3aAid" )hen the people gathered there He came out and ent to Mar an and complained to him hat had happened to him" *bu 3aAid too came to Mar an" Mar in said to him: What has happened to you and

Hadith 20B0:

Hadith 20B2:

Hadith 20BB:

Hadith 20B3:

Hadith 20B>:

the son o! your brother that he came to complain against you( *bu 3aAid said: I heard !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: When any one o! you prays !acing something hich conceals him !rom people and anyone tries to pass in !ront o! him, he should be turned a ay, but i! he re!uses, he should be !orcibly restrained !rom it, !or he is a de:il" Hadith 20B5: A*bdullah b" AUmar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you prays, he should not allo anyone to pass be!ore him, and i! he re!uses, he should be then !orcibly resisted, !or there is a de:il ith him" )his hadith has been narrated by Ibn Umar by another chain o! transmitters" +usr b 3aAid reported that Haid b 8halid al.%uhani sent him to *bu %uhaim in order to ask him hat he had heard !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ith regard to the passer in !ront o! the orshipper" *bu %uhaim reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I! anyone ho passes in !ront o! a man ho is praying kne the responsibility he incurs, he ould stand still !orty &years' rather than to pass in !ront o! him *bu Kadr said: I do not kno hether he said !orty days or months or years" )his hadith has been narrated !rom *bu %uhaim *nsari by another chain o! transmitters" 3ahl b" 3aAd al.3iAidi reported: +et een the place o! orship here the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prayed and the all, there as a gap through hich a goat could pass" 3alama b" *k aA reported: He sought the place &in the mos-ue' here the copies o! the 1urAan ere kept and glori!ied *llah there, and the narrator made a mention that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sought that place and that as bet een the pulpit and the -ibla.a place here a goat could pass" Da6id reported: 3alama sought to say prayer near the pillar hich as by that place here copies o! the 1urAan ere kept" I said to him: *bu Muslim" I see you stri:ing to o!!er your prayer by this pillar" He said: I sa the Messenger o!

Hadith 20B,: Hadith 20B7:

Hadith 20B7:

Hadith 20B<:

Hadith 2030:

Hadith 2032:

*llah &may peace be upon him' seeking to pray by its side" Hadith 203B: *bu Gharr reported: )he Messenger o! A*llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you stands !or prayer and there is a thing be!ore him e-ual to the back o! the saddle that co:ers him and in case there is not be!ore him &a thing' e-ual to the back o! the saddle, his prayer ould be cut o!! by &passing o! an' ass, oman, and black Gog"I said: # *bu Gharr, hat !eature is there in a black dog hich distinguish it !rom the red dog and the yello dog( He said: #, son o! my brother, I asked the Messenger o! *llah&may peace be upon him' as you are asking me, and he said: )he black dog is a de:il" )his hadith has been transmitted by Humaid b" Hilal on the authority o! Dunus" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: * oman, an ass and a dog disrupt the prayer, but something like the back o! a saddle guards against that" A*Aisha reported: )he =rophet &may peace be upon him' used to pray at night hile I lay interposed bet een him and the 1ibla like a corpse on the bier" A*Aisha reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said his hole prayer &)aha99ud prayer' during the night hile I lay bet een him and the 1ibla" When he intended to say Witr &prayer' he a akened me and I too said itr &prayer'" AUr a b" Hubair reported: A*Aisha asked: What disrupts the prayer( We said: )he oman and the ass" Upon this she remarked: Is the oman an ugly animal( I lay in !ront o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' like the bier o! a corpse and he said prayer" Masru- reported: It as mentioned be!oreA*Aisha that prayer is in:alidated &in case o! passing' o! a dog, an ass and a oman &be!ore the orshipper, hen he is not screened'" Upon this A*Aisha said: Dou likened us to the asses and the dogs" +y *llah I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying prayer hile I lay on the bedstead interposing bet een him and the 1ibla" When I !elt the need, I did not like to it to !ront &o! the Holy =rophet' and perturb the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and -uietly mo:ed out !rom

Hadith 2033: Hadith 203>:

Hadith 2035:

Hadith 203,:

Hadith 2037:

Hadith 2037:

under its &i"e" o! the bedstead' legs" Hadith 203<: *l.*s ad reported that A*Aisha said: Dou ha:e made us e-ual to the dogs and the asses, hereas I lay on the bedstead and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came there and stood in the middle o! the bedstead and said prayer" I did not like to take o!! the -uilt !rom me &in that state', so I mo:ed a ay -uietly !rom the !ront legs o! the bedstead and thus came out o! the -uilt" A*Aisha reported: I as sleeping in !ront o! the Mcsseinger e! *llah &may peace be upon him' ith my legs bet een him and the 1ibla" When he prostrated himsel! he pinched me and I dre up my legs, and hen be stood up, I stretched them out" 3he said: *t that time there ere no lamps in the houses" Maimuna, the i!e o! the *postle &may peace be upon him', reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said prayer and I &lay' opposite to him hile I as in menses" 3ometimes his clothes touched me hen he prostrated" A*Aisha reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said prayer at night and I as by his side in a state o! meanses and I had a sheet pulled o:er me a portion o! hich as on his side" Chapter 4$ : PRAYER IN A SINGLE GAR%ENT *bu Huraira reported: *n in-uirer asked the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about the prayer in a single garment" He &the Holy =rophet' add: Has e:eryone o! you t o garments( * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu Huraira transmitters" ith another chain o!

Hadith 20>0:

Hadith 20>2:

Hadith 20>B:

Hadith 20>3:

Hadith 20>>:

Hadith 20>5:

*bu Huraira reported: * person addressed the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and said to him: $an any one o! us say prayer in one garment( He said: Go all o! you possess t o garments( *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Kone o! you must pray in a single garment o! hich no part comes o:er his

Hadith 20>,:

shoulders" Hadith 20>7: Umar b" *bu 3alama reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' praying in Umm 3alamaAs house in a single garment, placing its t o ends o:er his shoulders" )his hadith has been narrated by Hisham b" AUr a ith the same chain o! transmitters e0cept & ith this di!!erence' that the ord muta ashshihan as used and not the ord mushtamilan " AUmar b" *bu 3alama reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying prayer in the house o! Umm 3alama in a single garment ith its e0tremities crossing each other" Umar b" *bu 3alama reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' praying in a single garment ith its ends crossing each other" AIsa b" Hammad added: ;placing on his shoulders;" %abir reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' praying in a single garment crossing the t o ends" )his hadith has been narrated by 3u!yan ith the same chain o! transmitters and in the hadith transmitted by Kumair the ords are: I called upon the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'"; *bu Hubair reported that he sa %abir b" A*bdullah praying in a single garment crossing Its ends e:en though he had the garments, and %abir said: He sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' doing like this" *bu 3aAid al 8hudri reported: I :isited the *postle &may peace be upon him' and sa him praying on a reed mat on hich he as prostrating himsel!" *nd I sa him praying in a single garment ith ends crossed ith each other" )his hadith has been narrated by *Amash ith the came chain o! transmitters, and in the narration o! *bu 8araib the ords are: ;=lacing its &mantleAs' ends on his shoulders;@ and the narration transmitted by *bu +akr and 3u aid &the

Hadith 20>7:

Hadith 20><:

Hadith 2050:

Hadith 2052:

Hadith 205B:

Hadith 2053:

Hadith 205>:

Hadith 2055:

Hadith 205,:

ords are': ;the ends crossing ith each other;" Chapter 44 : %OS&#ES AN THE PLACE OF "ORSHIP *bu Gharr reported: I said: Messenger o! *llah, hich mos-ue as set up !irst on the earth( He said: *l.Mas9id al.Haram &the sacred'" I &again' said: )hen hich ne0t( He said: It as the Mas9id *-sa"I &again' said: Ho long the space o! time &bet een their setting up'( He &the Holy =rophet' said: It as !orty years" *nd hene:er the time comes !or prayer, pray there, !or that is a mos-ue@ and in the hadith transmitted by *bu 8amil &the ords are': ;Whene:er time comes !or prayer, pray, !or that is a mos-ue &!or you'"; Ibrahim b" Da6id al.)ayml reported: I used to read the 1urAan ith my !ather in the :estibule &be!ore the door o! the mos-ue'" When I recited the ayat &:erses' concerning prostration, he prostrated himsel!" I said to him: Cather, do you prostrate yoursel! in the path( He said: I heard *bu Gharr saying: I asked the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about the mos-ue that as !irst set up on the earth" He said: Mas9id Harim" I said: )hen hich ne0t( He said: )he Mas9id al.*-sa" I said: Ho long is the space o! time bet een the t o( He said: Corty years" He &then' !urther said: )he earth is a mos-ue !or you, so here:er you are at the time o! prayer, pray there" %abir b"A*bdullah al.*nsari reported: )he =rophet &may peace be upon him' said: I ha:e been con!erred upon !i:e &things' hich ere not granted to anyone be!ore me&and these are': /:ery apostle assent particularly to his o n people, hereas I ha:e been sent to all the red and the black the spoils o! ar ha:e been made la !ul !or me, and these ere ne:er made la !ul to anyone be!ore me, and the earth has been made sacred and pure and mos-ue !or me, so hene:er the time o! prayer comes !or any one o! you he should pray hene:er he is,and I ha:e been supported by a e &by hich the enemy is o:er helmed' !rom the distance & hich one takes' one month to co:er and I ha:e been granted intercession" %abir b" A*bdullah related that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said, and he related like this" Hudhai!a reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be npon him' said: We ha:e been made to e0cel &other' people in three &things' : #ur ro s ha:e been

Hadith 2057:

Hadith 2057:

Hadith 205<:

Hadith 20,0:

made like the ro s o! the angels and the hole earth has been made a mos-ue !or us, and its dust has been made a puri!ier !or us in case ater is not a:ailable" *nd he mentioned another characteristic too Hadith 20,2: Hudhai!a reported : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said like this" *bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon hlmg' said: I ha:e been gi:en superiority o:er the other prophets in si0 respects: I ha:e been gi:en ords hich are concise but comprehensi:e in meaning@ I ha:e been helped by terror &in the hearts o! enemies' : spoils ha:e been made la !ul to me: the earth has been made !or me clean and a place o! orship@ I ha:e been sent to all mankind and the line o! prophets is closed ith me" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : I ha:e been commissioned ith ords hich are concise but comprehensi:e in meaning @ I ha:e been helped by terror &in the hearts o! enemies': and hile I as asleep I as brought the keys o! the treasures o! the earth hich ere placed in my hand" *nd *b!i Huraira added: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' has le!t &!or his hea:enly home' and you are no busy in getting them" *bu Huraira reported: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying a hadith like that o! Dunus" )his hadith has been narratted by *bu Huraira by another chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I ha:e been helped by terror &in the heart o! the enemy'@ I ha:e been gi:en ords hich are concise but comprehensi:e in meaning@ and hile I as asleep I as brought the keys o! the treasures o! the earth hich ere placed in my hand" Hammam b" Munabbih reported: )hat is hat *bu Huraira reported to us !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he narrated &some' ahadith one o! hich is that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I ha:e been helped by terror &in the hearts o! enemies' and I ha:e been gi:en ords hich are concise but comprehensi:e in meaning"

Hadith 20,B:

Hadith 20,3:

Hadith 20,>:

Hadith 20,5: Hadith 20,,:

Hadith 20,7:

Hadith 20,7:

Chapter 4( : B#IL ING OF THE PROPHET/S %OS&#E IN %E INA *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to Medina and stayed in the upper part o! Medina !or !ourteen nights ith a tribe called +anu A*mr b A*u!" He then sent !or the chie!s o! +anu al.Ka9ir, and they came ith s ords around their inecks" He &the narrator' said: I percei:e as i! I am seeing the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on his ride ith *bu +akr behind him and the chie!s o! +anu al.Ka99ar around him till he alighted in the courtyard o! *bu *yyub" He &the narrator' said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said prayer hen the time came !or prayer, and he prayed in the !old o! goats and sheep" He then ordered mos-ues to be built and sent !or the chie!s o! +anu al.Ka99ar, and they came &to him'" He &the Holy =rophet' said to them: # +anu al.Ka99ar, sell these lands o! yours to me" )hey said: Ko, by *llah" e ould not demand their price, but &re ard' !rom the Eord" *nas said: )here &in these lands' ere trees and gra:es o! the polytheists, and ruins" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' ordered that the trees should be cut, and the gra:es should be dug out, and the ruins should be le:elled" )he trees & ere thus' placed in ro s to ards the -ibla and the stones ere set on both sides o! the door, and & hile building the mos-ue' they &the $ompanions' sang ra9a6 :erses along ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him': # *llah: there is no good but the good o! the ne0t orld, 3o help the *nsar and the Muha9irin" *nas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to pray in the !olds o! the sheep and goats be!ore the mos-ue as built" *bu al.)iyyah reported: I heard !rom *nas a narration like this !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" Chapter 4* : CHANGE OF &IBLA FRO% BAIT-#L-%A& IS TO KA/BA *l.+araA b" A*6ib reported: I said prayer ith the *postle &may peace be upon him' turning to ards +ait.ul.Ma-dis !or si0teen months till this :erse o! 3urah +a-ara is re:ealed: ;*nd here:er you are turn your !aces to ards it; &ii" 2>>'" )his :erse as re:ealed hen the *postle &may peace be upon him' had said prayer" * person amongst his people passed by the people o! *nsar as they ere engaged in prayer" He narrated to them &this command o! *llah' and they turned their !aces to ards the 8aAba"

Hadith 20,<:

Hadith 2070:

Hadith 2072:

Hadith 207B:

*bu Isha- reported: I heard al.+araA saying: We prayed ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' & ith our !aces' to ards +ait.ul.Ma-dis !or si0teen months or se:enteen months" )hen e ere made to change &our direction' to ards the 8aAba" Ibn AUmar reported: *s the people ere praying at 1ubaA a man came to them and said: It has been re:ealed to !ile Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' during the night and he has been directed to turn to ards the 8aAba" 3o turn to ards it" )heir !aces ere to ards 3yria and they turned round to ards 8aAba" Ibn AUmar reported: *s the people ere engaged in the morning prayer a man came to them" )he rest o! the hadith is the same" *nas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to pray to ards +ait.ul.Ma-dis, that it as re:ealed &to him': ;Indeed We see the turning o! the !ace to hea:en, here!ore We shall assuredly cause thee to turn to ards 1ibla hich shall please thee" 3o turn thy !ace to ards the sacred Mos-ue &8aAba'; &ii" 2>>'" * person !rom +anu 3alama as going@ &he !ound the people' in rukAu & hile' praying the da n prayer and they had said one rakAah" He said in a loud :oice: Eisten L the 1ibla has been changed and they turned to ards &the ne ' 1ibla &8aAba' in that :ery state" Chapter 4, : FORBI ANCE TO B#IL %OS&#ES ON THE GRA'ES AN ECORATING THE% "ITH PICT#RES AN FORBI ANCE TO #SE THE GRA'ES AS %OS&#ES A*Aisha reported: Umm Habiba and Umm 3alama made a mention be!ore the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' o! a church hich they had seen in *byssinia and hich had pictures in it" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When a pious person amongst them &among the religious groups' dies they build a place o! orship on his gra:e, and then decorate it ith such pictures" )hey ould be the orst o! creatures on the Gay o! 9udgment in the sight o! *llah" A*Aisha reported: )hey &some $ompanions o! the Holy =rophet' ere con:ersing ith one another in the presence o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon

Hadith 2073:

Hadith 207>:

Hadith 2075:

Hadith 207,:

Hadith 2077:

him' &during his last' illness" Umm 3alama and Umm Habiba made a mention o! the church and then &the hadith as' narrated" Hadith 2077: A*Aisha reported: )he i:es o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be Upon him' made a mention o! the church hich they had seen in *byssinia hich as called Marya, and the rest o! the hadith is the same" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said during his illness !rom hich he ne:er reco:ered: *llah cursed the %e s and the $hristians that they took the gra:es o! their prophets as mos-ues" 3he &A*Aisha' reported: Had it not been so, his &=rophetAs' gra:e ould ha:e been in an open place, but it could not be due to the !ear that it may not be taken as a mos-ue" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Eet *llah destroy the %e s !or they ha:e taken the gra:es o! their apostles as places o! orship" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Eet there be curse o! *llah upon the %e s and the $hristians !or they ha:e taken the gra:es o! their apostles as places o! orship" A*Aisha and *bdullah reported: *s the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as about to breathe his last, he dre his sheet upon his !ace and hen he !elt uneasy, he unco:ered his !ace and said in that :ery state: Eet there be curse upon the %e s and the $hristians that they ha:e taken the gra:es o! their apostles as places o! orship" He in !act arned &his men' against hat they &the %e s and the $hristians' did" %undub reported: I heard !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !i:e days be!ore his death and he said: I stand ac-uitted be!ore *llah that I took any one o! you as !riend, !or *llah has taken me as His !riend, as he took Ibrahim as His !riend" Had I taken any one o! my Ummah as a !riend, I ould ha:e taken *bu +akr as a !riend" +e are o! those ho preceded you and used to take the gra:es o! their prophets and righteous men as places o! orship, but you must not take gra:es as mos-ues@ I !orbid you to do that" Chapter 4- : THE 'IRT#E OF B#IL ING THE %OS&#ES AN E+HORTATION

Hadith 207<:

Hadith 2070:

Hadith 2072:

Hadith 207B:

Hadith 2073:

Hadith 207>:

TO IT Ubaidullah al.8haulini reported: AUthman b" A*!!an listened to the opinion o! the people & hich as not !a:ourable' hen he rebuilt the mos-ue o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" )hereupon he said: Dou ha:e not been !air to me !or I ha:e heard !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: He ho built a mos-ue !or *llah, the /0alted, *llah ould build !or him a house in =aradise" +ukair said: I think he &the Holy =rophet' said: While he seeks the pleasure o! *llah &by building the mos-ue'" *nd in the narration o! Ibn AIsa &the ords are': ;&a house' like that &mos-ue' in =aradise"; Mahmud b" Eabid reported: When AUthman b" A*!!an intended to build the mos-ue &o! the =rophet' the people did not appro:e o! it" )hey liked that it should be kept in the same state" )hereupon he said: I heard the Messtnger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' say : He ho built a mos-ue !or *llah, *llah ould build a house !or him like it in =aradise" Chapter 4. : CONCERNING THE CO%%AN OF PLACING ONE/S HAN S ON THE KNEES "HILE IN R#K#/AN ABROGATION OF AL-TATBI& *l.*s ad and A*l-ama reported: We came to the house o! A*bdullah b" MasAud" He said: Ha:e these people said prayer behind you( We said: Ko" He said: )hen stand up and say prayer" He neither ordered us to say *dhan nor I-ama" We ent to stand behind him" He caught hold o! our hands and mode one o! us stand on his right hand and the other on his le!t side" When e bo ed, e placed our hands on our knees" He struck our hands and put his hands together, palm to palm, then put them bet een his thighs" When he completed the prayer he said" )here ould soon come your *mirs, ho ould de!er prayers !rom their appointed time and ould make such delay that a little time is le!t be!ore sunset" 3o hen you see them doing so, say prayer at its appointed time and then say prayer along ith them as &Ka!l', and hen you are three, pray together &standing in one ro ', and hen you are more than three, appoint one amongst you as your Imam" *nd hen any one o! you bo s he must place his hands upon hie thighs and kneel do n" and putting his palms together place &them ithin his thighs'" I percei:e as i! I am seeing the gap bet een the !ingers o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him'" )his hadith is narrated on the authority o! *l-ama and *s ad by another chain o! transmitters and in the hadith transmitted by Ibn Mus.hir and %abir the ords are: ;I percei:e as i! I am seeing the gap bet een the !ingers o! the Messenger

Hadith 2075:

Hadith 207,:

Hadith 2077:

o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as he as bo ing"; Hadith 2077: A*l-ama and *s ad reported that they ent to A*bdullah" He said: Ha:e &people' behind you said prayer( )hey said: Des" He stood bet een them &A*l-ama and *s ad'" #ne as on his right aide and the other as on his le!t" We then bo ed and placed our hands on our knees" He struck our hands and then putting his hands together, palm to palm, placed them bet een his thighs" When he completed the prayer he said: )his is ho the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to do" MusAab b" 3aAd reported: I said prayer by the side o! my !ather and placed my hands bet een my knees" My !ather said to me: =lace your hands on your knees" I repeated that &the pre:ious act' !or the second time, and he struck at my hands and said: We ha:e been !orbidden to do so and ha:e been commanded to place our palms on the knees" )his hadith has been narrated by *bu DaA!ur ith the same chain o! transmitters up to these ords: We ha:e been !orbidden !rom it and no mention o! that has been made hat !ollo s it" Ibn 3aAd reported: I bo ed and my hands ere in this state, i"e" they ere put together, palm to palm, and ere placed bet een his thighs" My !ather said: We used to do like this but ere later on commanded to place them on the knees" MusAab b" 3aAd b" *bu Wa--as reported: I said prayer by the side o! my !ather" When I bo ed I intert ined my !ingers and placed them bet een my knees" He struck my hands" When he completed the prayer he said: We used to do that but then ere commanded to li!t &our palms' to the knees" Chapter (1 : SITTING ON THE B#TTOCKS )a us reported: We asked Ibn *bbas about sitting on oneAs buttocks &in prayer'" &ala al-ad mein'He said: It is sunnah" We said to him: We !ind it a sort o! cruelty to the !oot" Ibn A*bbas said: It is the sunnah o! your *postle &may peace be upon him'" Chapter (0 :

Hadith 207<:

Hadith 20<0:

Hadith 20<2:

Hadith 20<B:

Hadith 20<3:

Hadith 20<>:

ANCE OF TALKING IN PRAYER AN ABROGATION OF "HAT "AS PER%ISSIBLE MuAa iya b" al.Hakam said: While I as praying ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', a man in the company snee6ed" I said: *llah ha:e mercy on you L )he people stared at me ith disappro:ing looks, so I said: Woe be upon me, hy is it that you stare at me ( )hey began to strike their hands on their thighs, and hen I sa them urging me to obser:e silence &I became angry' but I said nothing" When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had said the prayer &and I declare that neither be!ore him nor a!ter him ha:e I seen a leader ho ga:e better instruction than he !or hom I ould gi:e my !ather and mother as ransom'"I s ear that he did not scold, beat or re:ile me but said: )alking to persons is not !itting during the prayer, !or it consists o! glori!ying *llah, declaring his ?reatness" and recitation o! the 1urAan or ords to that e!!ect" I said: Messenger o! *llah" I as till recently a pagan, but *llah has brought Islam to us@ among us there are men ho ha:e recourse to 8ahins" He said, Go not ha:e recourse to them" I said" )here are men ho take omens" )hat is something hich they !ind in their breasts, but let it not turn their ay &!rom !reedom o! action'"I said: *mong us there are men ho dra lines" He said: )here as a prophet ho dre lines, so i! they do it as they did, that is allo able"I had a maid.ser:ant ho tended goats by the side o! Uhud and %a aniya" #ne day I happened to pass that ay and !ound that a ol! had carried a goat !rom her !lock" I am a!ter all a man !rom the posterity o! *dam" I !elt sorry as they &human beings' !eel sorry" 3o I slapped her" I came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and !elt &this act o! mine' as something grie:ous I said: Messenger o! *llah, should I not grant her !reedom( He &the Holy =rophet' said: +ring her to me" 3o I brought her to him" He said to her: Where is *llah( 3he said: He is in the hea:en" He said: Who am I( 3he said: )hou art the Messenger o! *llah" He said: ?rant her !reedom, she is a belie:ing oman" )his hadith has been narrated by Dahya b" *bu 8athir transmitters" ith the same chain o!

FORBI

Hadith 20<5:

Hadith 20<,:

*bdullah &b" MasuAd' reported: We used to greet the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' hile he as engaged in prayer and he ould respond to our greeting" +ut hen e returned !rom the Kegus e greeted him and he did not respond to us@ so e said: Messenger o! *llah" e used to greet you hen you ere engaged in prayer and you ould respond to us" He replied: =rayer

demands hole attention" Hadith 20<7: Hadith 20<7: )his hadith has been reported by *Amash ith the same chain o! transmitters" Haid b" *r-am reported: We used to talk hile engaged in prayer and a person talked ith a companion on his side in prayer till &this :erse' as re:ealed: ;*nd stand be!ore *llah in de:out obedience; &ii, B37' and e ere commanded to obser:e silence &in prayer' and ere !orbidden to speak" * hadith like this has been transmitted by IsmaAil b" *bu 8halid" %abir reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sent me on an errand" I &ha:ing done the business assigned to me came back and' 9oined him as he as going &on a ride'" 1utaiba said that he as saying prayer hile he rode" I greeted him" He gestured to me" When he completed the prayer" he called me and said: Dou greeted me 9ust no hile I as engaged in prayer" &1utaiba said' : His &=rophetAs !ace' as to ards the east, as he as praying" %abir reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sent me &on an errand' hile he as going to +anu Mustali-" I came to him and he as engaged in prayer on the back o! his camel" I talked to him and he gestured to me With his hand, and Huhair gestured ith his hand" I then again talked and he again &gestured to me ith his hand'" Huhair pointed ith his hand to ards the ground" I heard him &the Holy =rophet' reciting the 1urAan and making a sign ith his head" When he com. pleted the prayer he saAid: What ha:e you done & ith regard to that business' !or hich I sent you( I could not talk ith you but !or the !act that I as engaged in prayer" Huhair told that *bu Hubair as sitting ith his !ace turned to ards 1ibla &as he transmitted this hadith'" *bu Huhair pointed to ards +anu Mustali- ith his hand and the direction to hich he pointed ith his hand as not to ards the 8aAba" %abir reported: We ere in the company o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and he sent me on an errand, and hen I came back &I sa him' saying prayer on his ride and his !ace as not turned to ards 1ibla" I greeted him but he did not respond to me" *s he completed the prayer, he said : Kothing pre:ented me !rom responding to your greeting but the !act that I as praying"

Hadith 20<<: Hadith 2200:

Hadith 2202:

Hadith 220B:

Hadith 2203:

Hadith 220>:

)his hadith that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sent %abir on an errand has been reported by him through another chain o! transmitters" Chapter (! : IT/IS ALLO"ABLE TO C#RSE SATAN #RING PRAYER AN SEEK THE PROTECTION (OF THE LOR ) AN %INOR ACTS (OF CO%%ISSION) IN PRAYER *bu Huraira reported that he heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: * highly icked one amongst the %inn escaped yesternight to interrupt my prayer, but *llah ga:e me po er o:er him, so I sei6ed him and intended to tie him to one o! the pillars o! the mos-ue in order that you, all together or all, might look at him, but I remembered the supplication o! my brother 3ulaiman: ;My Eord, !orgi:e me, gi:e me such a kingdom as ill not be possible !or anyone a!ter me; &1urAan, 000:ii" 35'" )his hadith has been transmitted by Ibn *bi 3haiba" *bu GardaA reported : *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' stood up &to pray' and e heard him say: ;I seek re!uge in *llah !rom thee"; )hen said: ; curse thee ith *llahAs curse; three times, then he stretched out his hand as though he as taking hold o! something" When he !inished the prayer, e said: Messenger o! *llah, e heard you say something during the prayer hich e ha:e not heard you say be!ore, and e sa you stretch out your hand" He replied : *llahAs enemy Iblis came ith a !lame o! !ire to put it in my !ace, so I said three times: ;I 3eek re!uge in *llah !rom thee"; )hen I said three times: ;I curse thee ith *llahAs !ull curse"; +ut he did not retreat &on any one o! these' three occasions" )herea!ter I meant to sei6e him" I s ear by *llah that had it not been !or the supplication o! my brother 3ulaiman he ould ha:e been bound, and made an ob9ect o! sport !or the children o! Medina" Chapter ($ : PER%ISSIBILITY OF CARRYING CHIL REN IN PRAYER *bu 1atadi reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying the prayer hile he as carrying Umama, daughter o! Hainab, daughter o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" and *buAl.A*s b" al.FabiA" When he stood up, he took her up and hen he prostrated he put her do n,Dahya said: Malik replied in the a!!irmati:e" *bu 1atada al.*nsari reported: I sa the *postle &may peace be upon him'

Hadith 2205: Hadith 220,:

Hadith 2207:

Hadith 2207:

leading the people in prayer ith Umima, daughter o! *buAl.A*s and Hainab, daughter o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', on his shoulder" When he bo ed, he put her do n, and hen he got up a!ter prostration, he li!ted her again" Hadith 220<: *bu 1atada reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' leading the people in prayer ith Umama daughter o! *buAl.A*s on his neck@ and hen he prostrated he put her do n" *bu 1atada reported : *s e ere sitting in the mos-ue, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to us, and the rest o! the hadith is the same e0cept that he made no mention that he led people in this prayer" Chapter (4 : THE PER%ISSIBILITY OF %O'ING T"O STEPS IN THE PRAYER *bu Ha6im is reported on the authority o! his !ather: 3ome people came to 3ahl b" 3aAd and began to di!!er about the ood o! hich the &=rophetAs pulpit as made" He &3ahl b" 3aAd' said: +y *llah, I kno o! hich ood it is made and ho made it, and the day hen I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' seated himsel! on it on the !irst day" I said to him: # *bu *bbas &kunyah o! 3abl b" 3aAd', narrate to us &all these !acts', He said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sent a person to a oman asking her to allo her sla:e, a carpenter, to ork on oods &to prepare a pulpit' so that I should talk to the people &sitting on it'" *bu Ha6im said: He &3ahl b" 3aAd' pointed out the name o! &that lady' that day" 3o he &the carpenter' made &a pulpit' ith these three steps" )hen the Messengero! *llah &may peace be upon him' commanded it to be placed here & here it is lying no '" It as !ashioned out o! the ood o! al.?haba" *nd I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' standing upon it and glori!ying *llah and the people also glori!ied *llah a!ter him, hile he as on the pulpit" He then raised &his head !rom prostration' and stepped back &on his heels' till he prostrated himsel! at the base o! pulpit, and then returned &to the !ormer place and this mo:ement o! one or t o steps continued' till the prayer as complete" He then turned to ards the people and said: # people, I ha:e done it so that you should !ollo me and learn &my mode o!' prayer" *bu Ha6im reported: )hey &the people' came to 3ahl b" 3aAd and they asked him o! hat thing the pulpit o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as made, and the rest o! the hadith is the same"

Hadith 2220:

Hadith 2222:

Hadith 222B:

Hadith 2223:

Hadith 222>:

Chapter (( : IT IS NOT A 'ISABLE TO SAY PRAYER "HILE KEEPING ONE/S HAN ON ONE/S "AIST *bu Huraira reported !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' that he !orbade keeping oneAs hand on oneAs aist hile praying, and in the narration o! *bu +akr &the ords are': )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !orbade to do so" Chapter (* : IT IS FORBI EN TO RE%O'E PEBBLES AN S%OOTH THE GRO#N "HILE ENGAGE IN PRAYER MuAai-ib -uoted the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' mentioning the remo:al o! pebbles !rom the ground here he prostrated himsel!" He &the =rophet' said: It you must do so, do it only once" MuAai-ib said: )hey asked the *postle &may peace be upon him' about the remo:al o! &pebbles' in prayer, hereupon he said: I! you do it, do it only once" Chapter (, : FORBI ANCE TO SPIT IN THE %OS&#E "HILE ENGAGE IN PRAYER *bdullah b" Umar reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sa spittle on the all to ards 1ibla, and scratched it a ay and then turning to the people said: When any one o! you prays, he must not spit in !ront o! him, !or *llah is in !ront o! him hen he is engaged in prayer" Ibn Umar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sa sputum sticking to the 1ibla all o! the mos-ue, the rest o! the hadith is the same" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sa sputum sticking to the 1ibla o! the mos-ue" He scratched it o!! ith a pebble and then !orbade spitting on the right side or in !ront, but &it is permissible' to spit on the le!t side or under the le!t !oot" *bu Huraira and *bu 3aAid narrated that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sa sputum, and the rest o! the hadith is the same"

Hadith 2225:

Hadith 222,:

Hadith 2227:

Hadith 2227:

Hadith 222<:

Hadith 22B0:

A*Aisha reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may, peace be upon him' sa spittle or snot or sputum, sticking to the all to ards 1ibla and scratched it o!!" *bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sa some sputum in the direction o! the 1ibla o! the mos-ue" He turned to ards people and said : Ho Is it that someone amongst you stands be!ore his Eord and then spits out in !ront o! Him( Goes any one o! you like that he should be made to stand in !ront o! someone and then spit at his !ace( 3o hen any one o! you spits, he must spit on his le!t side under his !oot" +ut i! he does not !ind &space to spit' he should do like this" 1asim &one o! the narrators' spat in his cloth and then !olded it and rubbed it" *bu Huraira reported: I percei:e as i! I am looking at the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !olding up a part o! his cloth ith another one" *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you is engaged in prayer, he is holding intimate con:ersation ith his Eord, so none o! you must spit in !ront o! him, or to ards his right side, but to ards his le!t side under his !oot" *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: 3pitting in a mos-ue is a sin, and its e0piation is that it should be buried" 3huAba reported: I asked 1atada about spitting, in the mos-ue" He said: I heard *nas b" Malik say: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' say: 3pitting in the mos-ue is a sin, and its e0piation is that it should be buried" *bu Gharr reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he deeds o! my people, good and bad, ere presented be!ore me, and I !ound the remo:al o! something ob9ectionable !rom the road among their good deeds, and the sputum mucus le!t unburied in the mos-ue among their e:il deeds" *bdullah b"3hakhkhir reported on the authority o! his !ather that he said: I said prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and sa him spitting and rubbing it o!! ith his shoe"

Hadith 22B2:

Hadith 22BB:

Hadith 22B3:

Hadith 22B>:

Hadith 22B5:

Hadith 22B,:

Hadith 22B7:

Hadith 22B7:

Hadith 22B<:

A*bdullah b" 3hakhkhir narrated it on the authority o! his !ather that he said prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and he spat and then rubbed it o!! ith his le!t shoe" Chapter (- : PER%ISSIBILITY OF "EARING SHOES IN PRAYER 3aAd b" Da6id reported: I said to *nas b" Malik: Gid the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' pray hile putting on the shoes( He said: Des" 3aAd b" Da6id *bu MasAama reported: I said to *nas like &that mentioned abo:e'" Chapter (. : IT IS NOT A 'ISABLE TO PRAY "EARING A CLOTH "HICH HAS ESIGNS OR %ARKINGS O'ER IT A*Aisha reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prayed in a garment hich had designs o:er it, so he &the Holy =rophet' said: )ake it to *bu %ahm and bring me a plain blanket !rom him,because its designs ha:e distracted me" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood !or prayer ith a garment hich had designs o:er it" He looked at these designs and a!ter completing the prayer said: )ake this garment to *bu %ahm b" Hudhai!a and bring me a blanket !or it has distracted me 9ust no " A*Aisha reported: )he *postle o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' had a garment hich had designs upon it and this distracted him in prayer" He ga:e it to *bu %ahm and took a plain garment in its place hich is kno n anbi9aniya" Chapter *1 : "HEN FOO IS BRO#GHT BEFORE A %AN AN HE IS INCLINE TO TAKE IT) HE SHO#L NOT SAY PRAYER BEFORE EATING IT AN #N ESIRABILITY OF PRAYING "HILE FEELING THE CALL OF NAT#RE *nas b" Malik reported the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: When the supper is brought and the prayer begins, one, should !irst take !ood" *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When the supper is brought be!ore you, and it is also the time to say prayer, !irst

Hadith 2230:

Hadith 2232:

Hadith 223B:

Hadith 2233:

Hadith 223>:

Hadith 2235:

take !ood be!ore saying e:ening prayer and do not hasten &to prayer, lea:ing aside the !ood'" Hadith 223,: )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! *nas by another chain o! transmitters" Ibn AUmar reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When the supper is ser:ed to any one o! you and the prayer also begins" &in such a case' !irst take supper, and do not make haste &!or prayer' till you ha:e &taken the !ood'" * hadith like this has been narrated !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the authority o! Ibn AUmar ith another chain o! transmitters" Ibn *ti- reported: *l.1asim as in the presence o! A*Aisha &*llah be pleased ith her' that I narrated a hadith and 1asim as a man ho committed errors in &pronouncing ords' and his mother as a !reed sla:e.girl" A*Aisha said to him: What is the matter ith you that you do not narrate as this son o! my brother narrated &the ahaditb'( Well I kno !rom here you picked it up" )his is ho his mother brought him up and ho your mother brought you up" 1asim !elt angry &on this remark o! Hadrat A*Aisha' and sho ed bitterness to ards her" When he sa that the table had been spread !or A*Aisha, he stood up, A*Aisha, said: Where are you going( He said: &I am going' to say prayer" 3he said: 3it do n &to take the !ood'" He said: I must say prayer" 3he said: 3it do n, ' !aithless, !or I ha:e heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' say: Ko prayer can be &rightly said' hen the !ood is there &be!ore the orshipper', or hen he is prompted by the call o! nature" A*bdullah b" A*ti- narrated !rom the *postle &may peace be upon him' on the authority o! A*Aisha, but he made no mention o! the account o! 1asim" Chapter *0: FORBI ANCE TO EAT GARLIC) ONIONS) AN ANYTHING OF OFFENSI'E S%ELL "HILE CO%ING TO THE %OS&#E Ibn AUmar reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said during the battle o! 8haybar: He ho ate o! this plant, i"e" garlic, should not come to the mos-ues" In the narration o! Hubair, there is only a mention o! ;battle; and not o! 8haybar"

Hadith 2237:

Hadith 2237:

Hadith 223<:

Hadith 22>0:

Hadith 22>2:

Hadith 22>B:

Ibn AUmar reported: )he Messenuer o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho eats o! this &o!!ensi:e' plant must not approach our mos-ue, till its odour dies: &plant signi!ies' garlic" Ibn 3uhaib reported: *nas as asked about the garlic@ he stated that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had said: He ho eats o! this plant &garlic' should not approach us and pray along ith us" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho eats o! this plant &garlic' should not approach our mos-ue and should not harm us ith the odour o! garlic" %abir reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !orbade eating o! onions and leek" When e ere o:erpo ered by a desire &to eat' e ate them" Upon this he &the Holy =rophet' said: He ho eats o! this o!!ensi:e plant must not approach our mos-ue, !or the angels are harmed by the same things as men" %abir reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho eats garlic or onion should remain a ay !rom us or !rom our mos-ue and stay in his house" * kettle as brought to him hich had &cooked' :egetables in it, He smelt &o!!ensi:e' odour in it" #n asking he as in!ormed o! the :egetables &cooked in it'" He said: )ake it to such and such $ompanion" When he sa it, he also disliked eating it" &Upon this'" he &the Holy =rophet' said: Dou may eat it, !or I con:erse kh one ith hom you do not con:erse" %abir b" A*bdullah reported the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' mying: He ho eats o! this &o!!ensi:e' plant, i"e garlic, and sometirres he said: He ho eats onion and garlic and leek, should not approach our mos-ue !or the angels are harmed by the same things as the children o! *dam" Ibn %urai9 has narrated it ith the same chain o! transmitters: He ho eats o! this plant, i"e" garlic, should not come to us in our mos-ue, and he made no mention o! onions or leek"

Hadith 22>3:

Hadith 22>>:

Hadith 22>5:

Hadith 22>,:

Hadith 22>7:

Hadith 22>7:

Hadith 22><:

*bu 3aAid reported: We made no transgression but 8haybar as con-uered" We, the $ompanions o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', !ell upon this plant" i e" garlic" because the people ere hungry" We ate it to our heartAs content and then made our ay to ards the mos-ue" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sensed its odour and he said: He ho takes anything o! this o!!ensi:e plant must not approach us in the mos-ue" )he people said: Its &use' has been !orbidden@ its &use' bu been !orbidden" )his reached the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he said: # people, I cannot !orbid &the use o! a thing' hich *llah has made la !ul, but &this garlic' is a plant the odour o! hich is repugnant to me" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' along ith his $ompanions happened to pass by a !ield in hich onions ere so n" )he people stopped there and ate out o! that, but some o! them did not eat" )hen they &=ropbetAs $ompanions' ent to him" He &!irst' called those ho had not eaten the onions and kept the others & ho had taken onions' aiting till its odour :anished" MaAdan b" )alha reported: AUmar b" 8hattab, deli:ered the Criday sermon and he made a mention o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and *bu +akr" He &!urther' said: I sa in a dream that a cock pecked me t ice, and I percei:e that my death is near" 3ome people ha:e suggested me to appoint my successor" *nd *llah ould not destroy His religion" His caliphate and that ith hich He sent His *postle &may peace be upon him' I! death approaches me soon, the &issue' o! $aliphate & ould be decided' by the consent o! these si0 men ith hom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' remained ell pleased till his death" *nd I kno !ully ell that some people ould blame me that I killed ith these :ery hands o! mine some persons ho apparently pro!essed &Islam'" *nd i! they do this &blame me' they are the enemies o! *llah, and are non.belie:ers and ha:e gone astray" *nd I lea:e not a!ter me anything hich to my mind seems more important than 8alala" *nd I ne:er turned to ards the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &!or guidance' more o!ten than this 8alala, and he &the Holy =rophet' as not annoyed ith me on any other &issue' than this: &*nd he as so perturbed' that he struck his !ingers on my chest and said: Goes this :erse" that is at the end o! 3urat al.KisaA" hich as re:ealed in the hot season not su!!ice you( *nd i! I li:e longer I ould decide this &problem so clearly' that one ho reads the 1urAan, or one ho does not read it, ould be able to take &correct',decisions &under its light'" He

Hadith 2250:

Hadith 2252:

&AUmar' !urther said: *llah L I call Dou itness on these go:ernors o! lands, that I sent them to &the peoples o! these lands' so that they should administer 9ustice amongst them, teach them their religion and the 3unnah o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and distribute amongst them the spoils o! ar and re!er to me that hich they !ind di!!icult to per!orm" # people" you eat Athese t o plants and these are onions and garlic" and I !ind them nothing but repugnant !or I sa that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sensed the odour o! these t o !rom a person in a mos-ue, he as made to go to al.+a-iA" 3o he ho eats it should &make its odour' die by cooking it ell" Hadith 225B: )his hadith has been narrated by 1atada ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter *! : IT IS FORBI EN TO CRY O#T FOR FIN ING O#T THE LOST THING IN THE %OS&#E *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I! anyone bears a man crying out in the mos-ue about something lie has lost, he should say: May *llah not restore it to you, !or the mos-ues ere not built !or this" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' saying like this" 3ulaiman b" +uraida narrated it on the authority o! his !ather that a man cried out in the mos-ue saying: Who had called out !or the red camel( Upon this the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: May it not be restored to youL )he mos-ues are built !or hat they are meant" 3ulaiman b" +uraida reported on the authority o! his !ather that hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had said prayer a man stood up and said: Who called !or a red camel( &Upon this' the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: May it not be restored to youL )he mos-ues are built !or hat they are meant" Ibn +uraida narrated it on the authority o! his !ather that a +edouin came hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had completed the morning prayer" He thrust his head in the door o! the mos-ue, and then the hadith &as narrated abo:e' as narrated"

Hadith 2253:

Hadith 225>:

Hadith 2255:

Hadith 225,:

Hadith 2257:

Hadith 2257:

Hadith 225<:

)his hadith has been reported by another chain o! transmitters" Chapter *$ : FORGETF#LNESS IN PRAYER AN PROSTRATION AS CO%PENSATION FOR IT *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you stands up to pray" the de:il comes to him and con!uses him to that he does not kno ho much he has prayed" I! any one o! you h; such an e0perience he should per!orm t o prostrations hile sitting do n &in -aAda'" )his hadith has been narrated by al.Hubri ith the same chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When there is a call to prayer the de:il runs back breaking the ind so that he may not hear the call, and hen the call is complete he comes back" *nd hen the takbir is pronounced he again runs back, and hen takbir is o:er he comes back and distracts a man saying: Femember such and such, remember such and such, re!erring to something the man did not ha:e in his mind" ith the result that he does not kno ho much he has prayed@ so hen any one o! you is not sure ho much he has prayed" he should per!orm t o prostrations hile sitting &-aAda'" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he de:il takes to his heels breaking ind hen the prayer begins" and the rest is the same but ith this addition: ;He &the de:il' makes him think o! pleasant things &or things producti:e o! en9oyment' and o! the things ished !or, and reminds him o! such needs hich he had !orgotten"; A*bdullah b" +uhaina reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us t o rakAahs o! prayer in one o! the &obligatory' prayers and then got up and did not sit" and the people stood up along ith him" When he !inished the prayer and e e0pected him to pronounce salutation" he said: M*llah is Most ?reatN hile sitting and made t o prostrations be!ore salutation and then pronounced &the, !inal' salutation" A*bdullah b" +uhaina al.*sadi, the ally o! *bual.Muttalib, reported: )he

Hadith 22,0: Hadith 22,2:

Hadith 22,B:

Hadith 22,3:

Hadith 22,>:

Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up in the noon prayer &though' he hadith sit &a!ter the t o rakAahs'" When he completed the prayer he per!ormed t o prostrations and said, ;*llah is the Most ?reat; in each prostration, hile he as sitting be!ore pronouncing salutation, and the people per!ormed prostration along ith him" )hat as a compensation !or he had !orgotten to obser:e 9alsa &a!ter t o rakOahs'" Hadith 22,5: A*bdullah b" Malik ibn +uhaina al.*sadi reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up &at the end o! t o rakOahs' hen he had to sit and proceeded on ith the prayer" +ut hen he as at the end o! the prayer, he per!ormed a prostration be!ore the salutation and then pronounced the salutation" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you is in doubt about his prayer and he does Got kno ho much he has prayed, three or !our &rakAahs'" he should cast aside his doubt and base his prayer on hat he is sure o!" then per!orm t o prostrations be!ore gi:ing salutations" I! he has prayed !i:e rakOahs, they ill make his prayer an e:en number !or him, and i! he has prayed e0actly !our, they ill be humiliation !or the de:il" )his hadith has been narrated by Haid b" *slam ith the same chain o! transmitters and he said: He should per!orm t o prostrations be!ore the salutation, as it as mentioned by 3ulaiman b" +ilal" P*l-ama narrated It on the authority o! A*bdullah &b" MasOud' ho said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said the prayer@ &the narrator added': He made some act o! omission or commission hen he pronounced salutation@ it as said to him: Messenger o! *llah, is there something ne about &he prayer( He &the Holy =rophet' said: What is it( )hey said: Dou said prayer in such and such a ay" He &the narrator' said: He &the Holy =rophet' turned his !eet and !aced the 1ibla and per!ormed t o prostrations and then pronounced salutations, and then turned his !ace to ards us and said: I! there is anything ne about prayer &ne command !rom the Eord' I in!ormed you o! that" +ut I am a human being and I !orget as you !or" get, so hen I !orget, remind me, and hen any one o! you is in doubt about his prayer" he should aim at hat Is correct" and complete his prayer in that respect and then make t o prostrations"

Hadith 22,,:

Hadith 22,7:

Hadith 22,7:

Hadith 22,<:

)his hadith has been narrated by Mansur ith a slight modi!ication o! ords"

ith the same chain o! transmitters,

Hadith 2270:

)his hadith is reported by Mansur ith the same chain o! transmitters, but these ords: ;He should aim at correct &prayer' and it is ad:isable";

ith

Hadith 2272:

)his hadith has been narrated by Mansur ith the same chain o! transmitters ith the ords: I, He should aim at hat is correct and complete"; )his hadith has been narrated by Mansur ith the same chain o! transmitters and said: ;He should aim at correctness and that is right"; )his hadith has been reported by Mansur ith the same chain o! trans itters and he said: ;He should aim at hat is according to him correct"; )his hadith has been narrated by Mansur and he said: ;He should aim at correctness"; A*bdullah &b" MasOud' reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said !i:e rakAahs o! the noon prayer and hen he completed the prayer, It as said to him: Has there been &commanded' an addition In prayer( He said: What is it( )hey said: Dou ha:e said !i:e rakOahs, so he per!ormed t o prostrations" *l-ama reported: He &the Holy =rophet' had led them !i:e rakOahs in prayer" Ibrahim b"3u aid.reported: A*l-ama led us in the noon prayer and be o!!ered !i:e rakAahs@ hen the prayer as complete, the people said to him: *bu 3hibl, you ha:e o!!ered !i:e rakOahs" He said: Ko, I ha:e not done that" )hey said: Des &you said !i:e rakOahs'" He &the narrator' said: *nd I as sitting in a corner among people and I as 9ust a boy" I &also' said: Des, you ha:e o!!ered !i:e &rakOahs'" He said to me: #, one.eyed, do you say the same thing ( I said: Des" Upon this he turned &his !ace' and per!ormed t o prostrations and then ga:e salutations, and then reported A*bdullah as saying: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us in prayer and o!!ered !i:e rakAahs" *nd as he turned a ay the people began to hisper amongst themsel:es" He &the Holy =rophet' said: What is the matter ith you ( )hey said: Has the prayer been

Hadith 227B:

Hadith 2273:

Hadith 227>:

Hadith 2275:

Hadith 227,: Hadith 2277:

e0tended( He said: Ko" )hey said: Dou ha:e in !act said !i:e rakOahs" He &the Holy =rophet' then turned his back &and !aced the 1ibla' and per!ormed t o prostrations and then ga:e salutations and !urther said: Ierily I am a human being like you, I !orget 9ust as you !orget" Ibn Kumair made this addition: ;When any one o! you !orgets, he must per!orm t o prostrations"; Hadith 2277: A*bdullah &b" MasAud' reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us !i:e &rakOahs in prayer'" We said: Messenger o! *llah, has the prayer been e0tended( He said: What is the matter( )hey said: Dou ha:e said !i:e &rakOahs'" He &the Holy =rophet' said: Ierily I am a human being like you" I remember as you remember and I !orget 9ust as you !orget" He then per!ormed t o prostrations as &compensation o!' !orget!ulness" A*bdullah &b" MasOud' reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said prayer and he omitted or committed &something'" Ibrahim &one o! the narrators o! this hadith' said: It is my doubt, and it as said: Messenger o! *llah, has there been any addition to the prayer( He &the Holy =rophet' said: Ierily I am a human being like you" I !orget 9ust as you !orget so hen any one o! you !orgets, he must per!orm t o prostrations, and he &the Holy =rophet' as sitting and then the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' turned &his !ace to ards the 1ibla' and per!ormed t o prostrations" A*bdullah b" MasOud reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' per!ormed t o prostrations !or !orget!ulness a!ter salutation and talking" *bdullah reported: We prayed along ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' and he committed or omitted &something'" Ibrahim said: +y *llah, this is a misgi:ing o! mine only" We said: Messenger o! *llah, is there something ne about the prayer ( He &the Holy =rophet' said: Ko" We told him about hat he had done" He &the Holy =rophet' said : When a man commits or omits &something in prayer', he should per!orm t o prostrations, and he then himsel! per!ormed t o prostrations" Ibn 3irin reported *bu Huraira as saying: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us in one o! the t o e:ening prayers, Huhr or A*sr, and ga:e salutations a!ter t o rakAahs and going to ards a piece o! ood hich as placed to the direction o! the 1ibla in the mos-ue, leaned on it looking as i! he

Hadith 227<:

Hadith 2270:

Hadith 2272:

Hadith 227B:

ere angry" *bu +akr and Umar ere among the people and they ere too a!raid to speak to him and the people came out in haste &saying' : )he prayer has been shortened" +ut among them as a man called GhuAI.Dadain ho said: Messenger o! *llah, has the prayer been shortened or ha:e you !orgotten ( )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' looked to the right and le!t and said: What as GhuAI.Dadain saying( )hey said: He is right" Dou &the Holy =rophet' o!!ered but t o rakAahs" lie o!!ered t o &more' rakOahs and ga:e salutation, then said takbir and prostrated and li!ted &his head' and then said takbir and prostrated, then said takbir and li!ted &his head'" He &the narrator' says: It has been reported to me by Imran b" Husain that he said : He &their' ga:e salutation" Hadith 2273: *bu Huraira reported : )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us in one o! the e:ening prayers" *nd this hadith as narrated like one transmitted by 3u!yan" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us in the A*sr prayer and ga:e salutation a!ter t o rakAahs" GhuAl.Dadain &the possessor o! long arms' stood up and said: Messenger o! *llah, has the prayer been shortened or ha:e you !orgotten ( )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Kothing like this has happened &neither the prayer has been shortened nor ha:e I !orgotten'" He &GhuAl.Dadain' said: Messenger o! *llah, something has de!initely happened" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' turned to ards people and said: Is GhuAl.Dadain true &in his assertion' ( )hey said : Messenger o! *llah, he is true" )hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' completed the rest o! the prayer" and then per!ormed t o prostrations hile he as sitting a!ter salutation" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said t o rakAahs o! the noon prayer and then ga:e salutation hen a man !rom +and 3ulaim came to him and said: Messenger o! *llah" has the prayer been shortened, or ha:e you !orgotten (.and the rest o! the hadith is the same" *bu Huraira reported : I o!!ered ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' the noon prayer and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ga:e salutation a!ter t o rakAahs" * person !rom +ani 3ulaim stood up, and the rest o! the hadith as narrated as mentioned abo:e"

Hadith 227>:

Hadith 2275:

Hadith 227,:

Hadith 2277:

AImran b" Husain reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said the a!ternoon prayer and ga:e the salutation" at the end o! three rakOahs and then ent into his house" * man called al.8hirba-, ho bad long aims, got up and ent to him, and addressed him as Messenger o! *llah and mentioned to him hat he had done" He came out angrily trailing his mantle, and hen he came to the people he said: Is this man telling the truth ( )hey said : Des" He then said one rakAah and then ga:e salutation and then per!ormed t o prostrations and then ga:e salutation" Imran b" Husain reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said three rakAahs o! the A*sr prayer and then got up and ent to his apartment" * man possessing large arms stood up and said: Messenger o! *llah, bias the player been shortened ( He came out angrily, and said the rakAah hich he had omitted and then ga:e salutation" then per!ormed t o prostrations o! !orget!ulness and then ga:e salutation" Chapter *4 : PROSTRATION "HILE RECITING THE &#R/AN Ibn AUmar reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' hile reciting the 1urOan recited its scarab containing sa9da, and he per!ormed prostration and e also prostrated along ith him &but e ere so o:ercro ded' that some o! us could not !ind a place !or our !orehead & hen prostrating oursel:es'" Ibn AUmar reported: 3ometimes the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited the 1urOan, and ould pass by &recite' the :erse o! sa9da and per!ormed prostration and he did this along ith us, but e ere so cro ded in his company that none o! us could !ind a place !or per!orming prostration" &and it as done on occasions' other than prayer" *bdullah &b" AUmar' reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited &3urat' al Ka9m and per!ormed prostration during its recital and all those ho ere along ith him also prostrated themsel:es e0cept one old man ho took a hand!ul o! pebbles or dust in his palm and li!ted it to his !orehead and said: )his is su!!icient !or me" A*bdullah said: 2 sa that he as later killed in a state o! unbelie!" AtaO b" Dasar reported that he had asked Haid b" )habit about recital along ith

Hadith 2277:

Hadith 22<7:

Hadith 22<0:

Hadith 22<2:

Hadith 22<B:

the Imam, to hich he said: )here should be no recital along ith the Imam in anything, and alleged that he recited: ;+y the star hen it sets;&3urah Ka9m' be!ore the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he did not prostrate himsel!" Hadith 22<3: *bu 3alama b" A*bual.Fahman reported: *bu Huraira recited be!ore them : ;hen the hea:en burst asunder; &al.1urAan, l000i:" 2' and per!ormed prostration" *!ter completing &the prayer' he in!ormed them that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' has prostrated himsel! at it &this :erse'" * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu3alama on the authority o! *bu Huraira" *bu Huraira reported: We per!ormed prostration along ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &as he recited these :erses:' ;When the hea:en burst asunder; and ;Fead in the name o! )hy Eord; &al.1urAan, 0c:i" 2'" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prostrated himsel! & hile reciting these :erses'" ;When the hea:en burst asunder;@ MFead in the name o! )hy EordN" * hadith like this has been transmitted by *bual.Fahman al.*ra9 on the authority o! *bu Huraira" *bu Fa!iO reported: I said the night prayer along ith *bu Huraira and .as he recited: ;When the hea:en burst asunder,; he per!ormed prostration" Isaid to him: What prostration is this( He said: I prostrated mysel! &on this occasion o! recital' behind *buAI.1asim &Muhammad" may peace be upon him', and I ould go on doing this till I meet him &in the ne0t orld'" Ibn A*bu al.*Ala said: &*bu Huraira uttered this:' I ould not abandon per!orming prostration" )his hadith has been narrated by )amimi ith the same chain o! transmitters e0cept !or this that they made no mention o!: ;+ehind *buOl.1asim; &may peace be upon him'" *bu Fa!iO reported: I sa *bu Huraira per!orming prostration & hile reciting

Hadith 22<>:

Hadith 22<5:

Hadith 22<,:

Hadith 22<7:

Hadith 22<7:

Hadith 22<<:

Hadith 2B00:

Hadith 2B02:

this :erse:' ;When the hea:en burst asunder"; I said to him: Go you prostrate yoursel! & hile reciting' i( He said: Des, I sa my best Criend &may peace be upon him' prostrating himsel! on &the recital o! this :erse' and I shall continue prostrating till I meet him" 3huOba asked: Go you mean &by Criend' the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'( He said: Des" Chapter *( : HO" 4ALSA IS TO BE OBSER'E *bdullah b" Hubair narrated on the authority o! his !ather: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sat in prayer" he placed the le!t !oot bet een his thigh and shank and stretched the right !oot and placed his le!t hand or his le!t knee and placed his right hand on his right thigh, and raised his !inger" A*bdullah b" Hubair narrated on the authority o! his !ather that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sat !or supplication, i"e" tashahhud &blessing and supplication', he placed his right hand on his right thigh and his le!t hand on his le!t thigh, and pointed ith his !ore!inger , and placed his thumb on his &milddle' !inger, and co:ered his knee ith the palm o! his le!t hand"" Ibn AUmar reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sat !or tashahhud he placed his le!t hand on his le!t knee" and his right hand on his right knee" and he raised his right !inger, hich is ne0t to the thumb, making supplication in this ay, and he stretched his le!t hand on his le!t knee" *nother :ersion on the authority o! Ibn Umar says: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sat !or tashahhud, he placed his le!t hand on his le!t knee and placed his right hand on his right knee, and he !ormed a ring like &!i!ty. three' and pointed ith his !inger o! attestation" A*li b" A*bual.Fahman al.MuAa i reported: A*bdullah b" Umar sa me playing ith pebbles during prayer" *!ter !inishing the prayer he !orbade me &to do it' and said: Go as the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to do" I said: Ho did *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' do( He said that he &the Messenger o! *llah' sat at tashahhud, placed his right palm on the right thigh and closed all his !ingers and pointed ith the help o! !inger ne0t to the thumb, and placed his le!t palm on his right thigh" )his hadith has been narrated by another chain o! transmitters"

Hadith 2B0B:

Hadith 2B03:

Hadith 2B0>:

Hadith 2B05:

Hadith 2B0,:

Chapter ** : TASLI% AT THE CO%PLETION OF THE PRAYER *bu MaAmar reported: )here as an *mir in Mecca ho pronounced taslim t ice" *bdullah said: Where did he get this sunnah( *l.Hakam said: )here is a hadith to the e!!ect that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did like It" A*bdullah reported: *n *mir or a person pronounced taslim t ice" P*bdullah said: Where did he get this sunnah( A*mir b" 3aAd reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be open him' pronouncing taslim on his right and on his le!t till I sa the hiteness o! his cheek" Chapter *, : HIKR AFTER THE PRAYER Ibn A*bbas said: We used to kno that *llahOs Messenger &may peace be upon him' had !inished his prayer hen e heard the takbir &*llah.#.*kbar'" Ibn A*bbas reported: We kne the !inishing o! the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' through takbir" A*mr &b" Ginar' said: I made a mention o! it to *bu MasAud" hue he re9ected it and said: I ne:er narrated it to you" A*mr said: He did narrate it be!ore this" Ibn A*bbas reported: Ghikr &mentioning the name o! *llah' in a loud :oice a!ter obligatory prayers as &a common practice' during the li!etime o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'@ and hen I heard that I came to kne that they &the people' had !inished the prayer" Chapter *- : ESIRABILITY OF SEEKING REF#GE FRO% THE TOR%ENT OF THE GRA'E A*Aisha reported: )he Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' entered my house hen a %e ess as ith me and she as saying: Go you kno that you ould be put to trial in the gra:e( )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' trembled &on hearing this' and said: It is the %e s only ho ould.be put to trial" A*Aisha said: We passed some nights and then the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Go you kno that it has been re:ealed to me: ;Dou ould be put to trial in the gra:e;( A*Aisha said: 2 heard the Messenger o! *llah

Hadith 2B07:

Hadith 2B07:

Hadith 2B0<:

Hadith 2B20:

Hadith 2B22:

Hadith 2B2B:

&may peace be upon him' seeking re!uge !rom the torment o! the gra:e a!ter this" Hadith 2B23: *bu Huraira reported" I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' seeking re!uge !rom the torment o! the gra:e a!ter this &a!ter the re:elation'" A*Aisha reported: )here came to me t o old omen !rom the old %e esses o! Medina and said: )he people o! the gra:e are tormented in their gra:es" I contradicted them and I did not deem it proper to testi!y them" )hey ent a ay and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to me and I said to him: Messenger o! *llah I there came to me t o old omen !rom the old %e esses o! Medina and asserted that the people o! the gra:es ould be tormented therein" He &the =rophet' said: )hey told the truth@ they ould be tormented &so much' that the animals ould listen to it" 3he &A*Aisha' said: Ke:er did I see him &the Holy =rophet' a!ter ards but seeking re!uge !rom the torment o! the gra:e in prayer" Masru- reported this hadith on the authority o! A*Aisha ho said: Ke:er did he &the Holy =rophet' say prayer a!ter this in hich I did not hear him seeking re!uge !rom the torment o! the gra:e" A*Aisha reported: 2 heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' seeking re!uge !rom the trial o! Ga99al &*ntichrist' in prayer" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you utters tashahhud &in prayer' he must seek re!uge ith *llah !rom !our &trials' and should thus say: M# *llah L I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom the torment o! the Hell, !rom the torment o! the gra:e, !rom the trial o! li!e and death and !rom the e:il o! the trial o! Masih al.Ga99al; &*ntichrist'" P*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to supplicate in prayer thus: M# *llah L I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom the torment o! the gra:e, and I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom the trial o! the Masih al.Ga99al &*ntichrist' and I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom the trial o! li!e and death" # *llah L I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom sin and debt"; 3he &A*Aisha' reported: 3omeone said to him .&the Holy =rophet' : Messenger o! *llah L hy is it that you so o!ten seek re!uge !rom

Hadith 2B2>:

Hadith 2B25:

Hadith 2B2,:

Hadith 2B27:

Hadith 2B27:

debt( He said : When a &person' incurs debt, &he is obliged' to tell lies and break promise" Hadith 2B2<: *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you completes the last tashahhud" he should seek re!uge ith *llah !rom !our &trials'" I"e" !rom the torment o! Hell, !rom the torment o! gra:e, !rom the trial o! li!e and death".and !rom the mischie! o! Masih at.Ga99al &*ntichrist'" )his hadith has been narrated by al.*u6aOi ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith these ords: ;When any one o! you completes the tashahhud; and he made no mention o! the ords ;the last;" *bu Huraira reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: # *llah L I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom the torment o! the gra:e, and the torment o! Hell, and the trial o! li!e and death and the mischie! o! Masih al.Ga99al" *bu Huraira reported the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: 3eek re!uge ith *llah !rom the torment o! Hell, seek re!uge ith *llah !rom the torment o! the gra:e, and seek re!uge ith *llah !rom the trial o! Masih al.Ga99al and seek re!uge ith *llah !rom the trial o! li!e and death" * hadith like this has been transmitted by Ibn )a us !rom his !ather on the authority o! *buHuraira" * hadith like this has been transmitted by *Ara9 on the authority o! *bu Huraira" *bu Huraira reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' use&t to seek re!uge !rom the torment o! the gra:e, torment o! Hell and the trial o! Ga99al" Ibn A*bbas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' used to teach them this supplication &in the same spirit' ith hich he used to teach them a surah o! the 1urOan" He ould thus instruct us: ;3ay, # *llah I e seek re!uge ith )hee !rom the torment o! Hell, and I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom the torment o! the gra:e, and I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom the trial o! Masih al. Ga99al" and I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom the trial o! li!e and death"; Muslim b" Ha99a9 said: It has reached me that )a us said to his son: Gid you make this supplication in prayer( He said: Ko" &Upon this' he &)a us' said: Fepeat the

Hadith 2BB0:

Hadith 2BB2:

Hadith 2BBB:

Hadith 2BB3: Hadith 2BB>:

Hadith 2BB5:

Hadith 2BB,:

prayer" )a us has narrated this hadith through three or !our &transmitters' ith ords to the same e!!ect" Chapter *. : E+CELLENCE OF HIKR AFTER PRAYER AN ITS ESCRIPTION )hauban reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !inished his prayer" he begged !orgi:eness three times and said: # *llah L )hou art =eace, and peace comes !rom )hee@ +lessed art )hou, # =ossessor o! ?lory and Honour" Walid reported: I said to *u6aOi: Ho Is the seeking o! !orgi:eness( He replied: Dou should say: ,I beg !orgi:eness !rom *llah, 2 beg !orgi:eness !rom *llah"; P*Aisha reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' pronounced salutation, he salutation longer than it took him to say : # *llah: )hou art =eace, and peace comes !rom )hee, blessed art )hou, =ossessor o! ?lory and 5Honour@ and in the narration o! Ibn Kumair the ords are: ;# =ossessor o! ?lory and Honour"; Ibn Kumair narrated it ith the same chain o! transmitters and said: # =ossessor o! ?lory and Honour" * hadith like this has been transmitted by *bdullah b" Harith on the authority o! *Aisha e0cept !or the ords that he &the Holy =rophet' used to say: ; 0 =ossessor o! ?lory and Honour"; Mughira b" 3huAba rote to MuAa iya: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !inished the prayer and pronounced salutation he uttered &this supplication' : ;)here is no god but *llah" He is alone, Who has no partner" )o Him belongs the so:ereignty and to Him praise is due and He is =otent o:er e:ery" thing" # *llah L no one can ithhold hat )hou gi:est, or gi:e hat )hou ithholdest, and the riches cannot a:ail a ealthy person ith )hee"; * hadith like this has been narrated by Mughira b" 3huAba ith another chain o! transmitters" *bu +akr and *bu 8uraib narrated in their narration &that Warrad reported': Mughira ga:e me dictation o! it and 2 rote it to MuOa iya"

Hadith 2BB7:

Hadith 2BB7:

Hadith 2BB<:

Hadith 2B30:

Hadith 2B32:

Hadith 2B3B:

Warrad, the !reed sla:e o! Mughira b" 3huOba, reported: Mughira b" 3huOba rote to MuOa iya &it as Warrad ho rote this letter !or him, i"e" Mughira': I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: ;When the salutation is pronounced"; and the rest o! the hadith is the same e0cept this that he made no mention o!: ;He is =otent o:er e:erything"; Warrad, the scribe o! Mughira b" 3huAba, reported: MuOa iya rote to Mughira &the contents' o! the hadith as transmitted by Mansur and *Amash" Warrad, the scribe o! Mughira b" 3huOba, reported: MuAa iya rote to Mughira: Write to me anything hich you heard !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3o he &Mughira' rote to him &MuOa iya': I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' uttering &these ords' at the completion o! prayer: ;)here is no god but *llah" He is alone and there is no partner ith Him" 3o:ereignty belongs to Him and to Him is praise due and He is =otent o:er e:erything" # *llah L no one can ithhold hat )hou gi:est, or gi:e hat )hou ithholdest, and riches cannot a:ail a ealthy person ith )hee"; *bu Hubair reported: Ibn Hubair uttered at the end o! e:ery prayer a!ter pronouncing salutation &these ords': ;)here is no god but *llah" He is alone" )here is no partner ith Him" 3o:ereignty belongs to Him and He is =otent o:er e:erything" )here is no might or po er e0cept ith *llah" )here is no god but *llah and e do not orship but Him alone" )o Him belong all bounties, to Him belongs all ?race, and to Him is orthy praise accorded" )here is no god but *llah, to Whom e are sincere in de:otion, e:en though the unbelie:ers should disappro:e it"; &)he narrator said': He &the Holy =rophet' uttered it at the end o! e:ery &obligatory' prayer" *bu Hubair reported: *bdullah b Hubair used to say Ea ilaha il.*llah at the end o! e:ery prayer like the hadith narrated by Ibn Kumair and he reported it in the end, and then reported Ibn Hubair saying: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' uttered Ea ilaha il.*llah at the end o! e:ery prayer" *bu Hubair reported: I heard *bdullah b" Hubair addressing &people' on the pulpit and saying: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' pronounced salutation at the end o! the prayer or prayers, and then he made a mention o! the hadith as transmitted by Hisham b" AUr a"

Hadith 2B33:

Hadith 2B3>:

Hadith 2B35:

Hadith 2B3,:

Hadith 2B37:

Hadith 2B37:

*bu Hubair al.Makki reported that he had heard A*bdullah b" Hubair uttering &the ords' like that o! the hadith &narrated abo:e' at the end o! the prayer a!ter pronouncing salutation" He at the conclusion also said that he as making a mention o! that !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" *bu Huraira reported: )he poor amongst the emigrants came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and said: )he possessors o! great ealth ha:e obtained the highest ranks and the lasting bliss" lie &the Holy =rophet' said: Ho Is that( )hey said: )hey pray as e pray, and they obser:e !ast as e obser:e !ast, and they gi:e charity but e do not gi:e charity, and they set sla:es !ree but e do not set sla:es !ree" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: 3hall * not teach you something by hich you ill catch upon those ho ha:e preceded you, and get ahead o! those ho come a!ter you, only those ho do as you do being more e0cellent than you( )hey said: Des, Messenger o! *llah" He &the Holy =rophet' said: /0tol *llah, declare His ?reatness, and =raise Him thirty.three times a!ter e:ery prayer" *bu 3alih said: )he poor amongst the emigrants returned to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace upon him' saying: #ur brethren, the possessors, o! property ha:e heard hat e ha:e done and they did the same" 3o the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )his is *llahAs ?race hich He gi:es to hom He ishes" 3umayy reported: I made a mention o! this hadith to some members o! my !amily &and one o! them' said: Dou ha:e !orgotten@ he &the Holy =rophet' had said &like this':";/0tol *llah thirty.three time" praise *llah thirty.three times and declare His ?reatness thirty.three times" Ibn A*99an said: 2 made a mention o! this hadith to Fa9aA b" Hai ata and he narrated to me a hadith like this !rom *bu3alih !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the authority o! *bu Huraira" *bu Huraira narrated it !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' that they &the poor among the emigrants' said: Messenger o! *llah, the possessors o! great ealth ha:e obtained the highest ranks and lasting bliss, and the rest o! the hadith is the same as transmitted by 1utaiba on the authority o! Eaith e0cept that he inserted the ords o! *bu 3alih in the narration o! *bu Huraira that ;the poor o! the emigrants came back,; to the end o! the hadith,, but this addition as made that 3uhail said &that e:ery part o! the supplication, i"e" ?lori!ication o! *llah, His =raise and declaration o! His ?reatness' should be uttered ele:en times making the total as thirty.three"

Hadith 2B3<:

Hadith 2B>0:

Hadith 2B>2:

8aAb b" AU9ra reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )here are certain e9aculations, the repeaters o! hich or the per!ormers o! hich a!ter e:ery prescribed prayer ill ne:er be caused disappointment: ;?lory be to *llah ; thirty.three times" ;=raise be to *llah; thirty.three times, and ;*llah is most ?reat; thirty.!our times" 8aAb b" AU9ra reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )here are certain e9aculations, the repeaters o! hich or the per!ormers o! hich at the end o! e:ery prayer ill ne:er be caused disappointment: ;?lory be to *llah; thirty.three times, ;=raise be to *llah; thirty.three times, and ;*llah is most ?reat; thirty.!our times" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying : I! anyone e0tols *llah a!ter e:ery prayer thirty.three times, and praises *llah thirty.three times, and declares His ?reatness thirty.three times, ninety.nine times in all, and says to complete a hundred: ;)here is no god but *llah, ha:ing no partner ith Him, to Him belongs so:ereignty and to Him is praise due, and He is =otent o:er e:erything, ; his sins ill be !orgi:en e:en I! these are as abundant as the !oam o! the sea" )his hadith has been narrated by *bu Huraira by another chain o! transmitters" Chapter ,1 : "HAT IS TO BE RECITE BET"EEN TAKBIR TAHRI%A AN RECITATION OF THE &#R/AN *bu Huraira reported that *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e, silence !or a short hile bet een the takbir &at the time o! opening the prayer' and the recitation o! the 1urOan" I said to him: Messenger o! *llah, !or hom I ould gi:e my !ather and mother in ransom, hat do you recite during your period o! silence bet een the takbir and the recitation( He said: I say &these ords': M # *llah , remo:e my sins !rom me as )hou hast remo:ed the /ast !rom the West" # *llah puri!y me !rom sins as a hite garment is puri!ied !rom !ilth" # *llah L ash a ay my sins ith ater, sno and hall"; *bu Huraira reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up !or the second rakOah he opened it ith the recitation o! the praise o! *llah, the Eord o! uni:erse &al.Catiha', and he did not obser:e silence &be!ore

Hadith 2B>B:

Hadith 2B>3:

Hadith 2B>>:

Hadith 2B>5:

Hadith 2B>,:

the recitation o! al.Catiha'" Hadith 2B>7: *nas reported: * man came panting and entered the ro o! orshippers and said : =raise be to *llah, much praised and blessed" When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !inished the prayer he said: Who amongst you uttered these ords( )he people remained silent" He &the Holy =rophet again said'.: Who amongst you uttered these ords( He said nothing rong" )hen a man said: I came and had a di!!iculty in breathing, so I uttered them" He replied: I sa t el:e angels !acing one another as to ho ill take them up &to *llah'" Ibn AUmar reported: While e said prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', one among the people said: *llah is truly ?reat, praise be to *llah in abundance" ?lory be to *llah in the morning and the e:ening" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon, him' said: Who uttered such and such a ord( * person among the people said: It is I, Messenger o! *llah & ho ha:e recited these ords'" He &the Holy =rophet' said: It &its utterance' surprised me, !or the doors o! hea:en ere opened !or It" Ibn AUmar said: I ha:e not abandoned them &these ords' since I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying this" Chapter ,0 : ESIRABILITY OF GOING TO PRAYER "ITH IGNITY AN TRAN&#ILLITY AN FORBI ANCE OF GOING TO IT IN HOT HASTE *bu Huraira reported: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: When the I-ama has been pronounced !or prayer, do not go running to it, but go alking in tran-uillity and pray hat you are in time !or, and complete hat you ha:e missed" *bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When the ords o! I-ama are pronounced, do not come to &prayer' running, but go ith tran-uillity, and pray hat you are in time !or, and complete & hat you ha:e missed' !or hen one o! you is preparing !or prayer he is in !act engaged in prayer" *bu Huraira reported ahadith !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and one o! them is that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon', said: When the call is made !or prayer come to it alking ith tran-uillity, and pray

Hadith 2B>7:

Hadith 2B><:

Hadith 2B50:

Hadith 2B52:

hat you are in time !or, and complete hat you ha:e missed" Hadith 2B5B: *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When the ords o! I-ama are pronounced, none o! you should run to it &to 9oin the prayer' but alk ith tran-uillity and dignity, and pray hat you are in time !or and complete hat has gone be!ore & hat the Imam has completed'" *bdullah b" *bu 1atada reported on the authority o! his !ather: While e said our prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' he heard tumult" &*t the end o! the prayer' he &the Holy =rophet' said: What is the matter ith you( )hey said: We hastened to prayer" He &the Holy =rophet' said: GonAt do that@ hen you come !or prayer, there should be tran-uillity upon you" =ray &along ith the Imam' hat you can !ind and complete hat preceded you" )his hadith has been narrated by 3haiban ith the same chain o! transmitters Chapter ,! : "HEN SHO#L THE PEOPLE STAN #P FOR PRAYER *bu 1atada reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When the I-ama is pronounced do not get up till you see me Ibn Hatim as in doubt hether it as said: ;When the I-ama is pronounced; or ;When call is made;" *bu 3alama son o! *bd al.Fahman b" *u! reported *bu Huraira as saying: I-ama as pronounced and e stood up and made ro s straight till he &the Holy =rophet' stood at his place o! orship &the place ahead o! the ro s here he stood to lead the prayer' be!ore takbir tahrima" He reminded to &himsel! something' and ent back saying that e should stand at our places and not lea:e them" We aited, till he came back to us and he had taken a bath and ater trickled out o! his head and then led us in prayer" *bu 3alama reported *bu Huraira as saying: I-ama as pronounced" ant the people had !ormed themsel:es into ro s" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came out and stood at his place, and then pointed out ith his hand that e should stand at our places" He then ent a ay and took a bath and ater trickled !rom his head and then led them in prayer"

Hadith 2B53:

Hadith 2B5>:

Hadith 2B55:

Hadith 2B5,:

Hadith 2B57:

Hadith 2B57:

*bu 3alama reported on the authority o! *bu Huraira that hen I-ama as pronounced !or the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', the people occupied their places in the ro s be!ore the *postle o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' stood up at his place" %abir b" 3amura reported: +ilal summoned to prayer as the sun declined but did not pronounce I-ama till the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came out and the I-ama as pronounced on seeing him" Chapter ,$ : HE "HO CA%E #P "ITH THE RAKIAH) HE IN FACT CA%E #P "ITH THE PRAYER (LE IN CONGREGATION "ITH THE I%A%) *bu Huraira reported the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho !inds a rakOah o! the prayer, he in !act !inds the prayer" *bu Huraira reported the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho !inds one rakAah o! the prayer ith the Imam, he in !act !inds the prayer" )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! Malik and there is no mention o! ;along ith the Imam; and In the hadith transmitted by *bdullah the ords are: ;he in !act !inds the entire prayer;" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho !inds one rakAah at da n be!ore the rising o! the sun, he in !act !inds the da n prayer" and he ho !inds one rakAah o! the a!ternoon prayer be!ore sunset, he in !act !inds the a!ternoon prayer" *Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho !inds a prostration be!ore sunset or at da n &prayer' be!ore the rising &o! the sun' he Id !act !inds that &prayer', and prostration implies a rakOah" )his hadith is narrated by *bu Huraira ith another chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho !inds &gets' a rakAah o! the a!ternoon &prayer' be!ore the setting o! the sun, he in !act gets &the !ull prayer', and he ho gets a rakAah o! the morning

Hadith 2B5<:

Hadith 2B,0:

Hadith 2B,2:

Hadith 2B,B:

Hadith 2B,3:

Hadith 2B,>:

Hadith 2B,5: Hadith 2B,,:

&prayer' be!ore the rising o! the sun he in !act gets &the !ull prayer'" Hadith 2B,7: )his hadith has been reported by MaAmar ith another chain o! transmitters" Chapter ,4 : TI%ES OF PRAYER Ibn 3hibab reported: AUmar b" A*bd al.A*6i6 de!erred the a!ternoon prayer some hat and AUr a said to him: ?abriel came do n and he led the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in prayer" AUmar said to him: # AUr a, are you a are o! hat you are saying( Upon this he &AUr a' said: I heard +ashir b" *bu MasOud say that he heard *bu MasOud say that he heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' say: ?abriel came do n and acted as my Imam, then I prayed ith him, then I prayed ith him, then I prayed ith him" then I prayed ith him" then I prayed ith him" reckoning ith his !ingers !i:e times o! prayer" Ibn 3hibab reported: Umar b" A*bd al.O*6i6 one day de!erred the prayer" AUr a b" Hubair came to him and in!ormed him that one day as Mughira b" 3huOba as in 8u!a &as its go:ernor', he de!erred the prayer, *bu MasOud al.*nsari came to him and said: What is this, # Mughira( Gid you kno that it as ?abriel ho came and said prayer and &then' the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said the prayer &along ith him', then &?abriel' prayed and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' also prayed, then &?abriel' prayed and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' also prayed, then &?abriel' prayed and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prayed &along ith him'" then ?abriel prayed and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' also prayed &along ith him' and then said: )his is ho I ha:e been ordered to do" AUmar &b" A*bd al.O*6i6' said " # AUr a be mind!ul o! hat you are saying that ?abriel &peace be upon him' taught the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' the times o! prayer" Upon this AUr a said: )his is ho +ashir b" *bu MasOud narrated on the authority o! his !ather and &also said': P*Oisha(, the i!e o! the *postle &may peace be upon him'" narrated it to me that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to say the a!ternoon prayer, hen the light o! the sun as there in her apartment be!ore it ent out &o! it'" *Aisha reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said the a!ternoon; prayer as the sun shone in my apartment, and the a!ternoon shado did not e0tend !urther" *bu +akr said: )he a!ternoon shado did not appear to

Hadith 2B,7:

Hadith 2B,<:

Hadith 2B70:

e0tend !urther" Hadith 2B72: P*Oisha, the i!e o! the *postle &may peace be upon him', said that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said the a!ternoon prayer &at the time' hen the sun shone in her apartment and its shado did not e0tend beyond her apartment" *Oisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said the a!ternoon prayer &at a time' hen the &light' o! the sun as there in my apartment" *bdullah b" A*mr reported the *postle &may peace be upon him' saying: )he time o! the noon prayer&lasts'as long as it is not a!ternoon, and the time o! the a!ternoon prayer &lasts' as long as the sun does not turn pale and the time o! the e:ening prayer &lasts' as long as the spreading appearance o! the redness abo:e the hori6on a!ter sunset does not sink do n, and the, time o! the night prayer &lasts' by midnight and the time o! the morning prayer &lasts' as long as the sun dots not rise" *bu +akr b *bu 3haiban and Dahya b *bu +ukair both o! them narrated this hadith ith the same chain o! transmitters" A*bdullah b" A*mr reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he time o! the noon prayer is hen the sun passes the meridian and a manAs shado is the same &length' as his height, &and it lasts' as long as the time !or the a!ternoon prayer has not come@ the time !or the a!ternoon prayer is as long as the sun has not become pale @ the time o! the e:ening prayer is as long as the t ilight has not ended@ the time o! the night prayer is up to the middle o! the a:erage night and the time o! the morning prayer is !rom the appearance o! da n, as long as the sun has not risen@ but hen the sun rises, re!rain !rom prayer !or it rises bet een the horns o! the de:il" A*bdullah b" A*mr b" al.A*s reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as asked about the times o! prayers" He said: )he time !or the morning prayer &lasts' as long as the !irst :isible part o! the rising sun does not appear and the time o! the noon prayer is hen the sun declines !rom the 6enith and there is not a time !or the a!ternoon prayer and the time !or the a!ternoon

Hadith 2B7B:

Hadith 2B73:

Hadith 2B7>:

Hadith 2B75:

Hadith 2B7,:

prayer is so long as the sun does not become pale and its !irst :isible part does not set, and the time !or the e:ening prayer is that hen the sun disappears and &it lasts' till the t ilight is no more and the time !or the night prayer is up to the midnight" Hadith 2B77: A*bdullah narrated it on the authority o! his !ather Dahya: 8no ledge cannot be ac-uired ith sloth" 3ulaiman b" +uraida narrated it on the authority o! his !ather that a person asked the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about the time o! prayer" Upon this he said: =ray ith us these t o, meaning t o days" When the sun passed the meridian" he ga:e command to +ilal ho uttered the call to prayer" then lie commanded him and pronounced I-ama !or noon prayer &)hen at the tine o! the a!ternoon prayer' he again commanded and I-ama !or the a!ternoon prayer as pronounced hen the sun as high, hite and clear" He then commanded and I-ama !or the e:ening prayer as pronounced, hen the sun had set" He then commanded him and the I-ama !or the night prayer as pronounced When the t ilight had disappeared" He then commanded him and the I-ama !or the morning prayer as pronounced, hen the da n had appeared" When it as the ne0t day, he commanded him to delay the noon prayer till the e0treme heat had passed and he did so, and he allo ed it to be delayed till the e0treme heat had passed" He obser:ed the a!ternoon prayer hen the sun as high, delaying it beyond the time he had pre:iously obser:ed it" He obser:ed the e:ening prayer be!ore the t ilight had :anished @ he obser:ed the night prayer hen a third o! the night had passed@ and he obser:ed the da n prayer hen there as clear daylight" He &the Holy =rophet' then said: Where is the man ho in-uired about the time o! prayer( He &the in-uirer' said : Messenger o! *llah I here I am" He &the Holy =rophet' said: )he time !or your prayer is ithin the limits o! hat you ha:e seen" +uraida narrated on the authority o! his !ather that a man came to the =rophet &may peace be upon him' and asked about the times o! prayer" He said: Dou obser:e ith us the prayer" He commanded +ilal, and he uttered the call to prayer in the darkness o! night preceding daybreak and he said the morning prayer till da n had appeared" He then commanded him &+ilal' to call !or the noon prayer hen the sun had declined !rom the 6enith" He then commanded him &+ilal' to call !or the a!ternoon prayer hen the sun as high" He then commanded him !or the e:ening prayer hen the sun had set" He then

Hadith 2B77:

Hadith 2B7<:

commanded him !or the night prayer hen the t ilight had disappeared" )hen on the ne0t day he commanded him &to call !or prayer' hen there as light in the morning" He then commanded him &to call' !or the noon prayer hen the e0treme heat as no more" He then commanded him !or the a!ternoon prayer hen the sun as bright and clear and yello ness did not blend ith it" He then commanded him to obser:e the sunset prayer" He then commanded him !or the night prayer hen a third part o! the night bad passed or a bit less than that" Harami &the narrator o! this hadith' as in doubt about that part o! the mentioned hadith hich concerned the portion o! the night" When it as da n, he &the Holy =rophet' said: Where is the in-uirer & ho in-uired about the times o! prayer and added': +et een &these t o e0tremes' is the time !or prayer" Hadith 2B70: *bu Musa narrated on the authority o! his !ather that a person came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !or in-uiring about the times o! prayers" He &the Holy =rophet' ga:e him no reply &because he anted to e0plain to him the times by practically obser:ing these prayers'" He then said the morning player hen it as daybreak, but the people could hardly recognise one another" He then commanded and the I-ama !or the noon prayer as pronounced hen the tan had passed the meridian and one ould say that it as midday but he &the Holy =rophet' kne batter than them" He then again commanded and the I-ama !or the a!ternoon prayer as pronounced hen the sun as high" He then commanded and I-ama !or the e:ening prayer as pronounced hen the sun had sunk" He then commanded and I-ama !or the night prayer as pronounced hen the t ilight had disappeared" He then delayed the morning prayer on the ne0t day &so much so' that a!ter returning !rom it one ould say that the sun had risen or it as about to rise" He then delayed the noon prayer till it as near the time o! a!ternoon prayer &as it as obser:ed yesterday'" He then delayed the a!ternoon prayer till one a!ter returning !rom it ould say that the sun had become red" He then delayed the e:ening prayer till the t ilight as about to disappear" He then delayed the night prayer till it as one.third o! the night" He then called the in-uirer in the morning and said: )he time !or prayers is bet een these t o e0tremes'" *bu Musa reported on the authority o! his !ather that an In-uirer came to the =rophet &may peace be upon him' and asked him about the times o! prayers, and the rest o! the hadith is the same &as narrated abo:e' but !or these ords: ;#n the second day he &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed the e:ening prayer be!ore the disappearance o! the t ilight";

Hadith 2B72:

Hadith 2B7B:

Chapter ,( : ESIRABILITY OF SAYING THE NOON PRAYER "HEN THE E+TRE%E HEAT IS O'ER *bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' said: When it is :ery hot, say &the noon prayer' hen the e0treme beat passes a ay, !or intensity o! beat is !rom the e0halation o! Hell" *nother hadith like this has been transmitted by *bu Huraira" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When it is a hot day, &delay' the prayer till the e0treme heat passes a ay, !or the intensity o! heat is !rom the e0halation o! Hell" *bu Huraira reported: Fe!rain !rom saying &the noon prayer' till the e0treme heat passes a ay, !or the Intensity o! heat is !rom the e0halation o! Hell" *bu Huraira narrated this hadith !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be up on him' by another chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )his heat is !rom the e0halation o! Hell.!ire, so delay the prayer till it is cool" Hammam b" Munabbih reported: )his is hat *bu Huraira narrated to us !rom the Holy =rophet and he transmitted some ahadith.one o! them as that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Eet the heat become less se:ere be!ore prayer, !or the intensity o! heat is !rom the e0halation o! Hell" *bu Gharr reported: )he MuAadhdbin &the announcer o! the hour o! prayer' o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' called !or the noon prayer" Upon this the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Eet it cool do n, let it cool do n, or he said: Wait, ait !or the intensity o! heat is !rom the e0halation o! Hell" When the heat is intense, delay the prayer till it becomes cooler" *bu Gharr said: &We aited' till e sa the shado o! the mounds" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said:

Hadith 2B73: Hadith 2B7>:

Hadith 2B75:

Hadith 2B7,:

Hadith 2B77:

Hadith 2B77:

Hadith 2B7<:

Hadith 2B<0:

)he Cire made a complaint be!ore the Eord saying" ;# Eord, some parts o! mine ha:e consumed the others"; 3o it as allo ed to take t o e0halations, one e0halation in inter and the other e0halation in summer" )hat is hy you !ind e0treme heat &in summer' and e0treme cold &in inter'" Hadith 2B<2: *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When it is hot, make delay &in the noon prayer' till it cools do n, !or the intensity o! beat is !rom the /0halation o! Hell@ and lie also mentioned that the Hell!ire complained to the Eord &about the congested atmosphere' and so it as permitted to take t o e0halation during the hole year, one e0halation during the inter and one e0halation during the summer" *bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he Cire said to the Eord: # EordL some parts o! mine ha:e consumed the others, so allo me to e0hale &in order to !ind some relie! !rom this congestion'" It as granted permission to take t o e0halations, one e0halation during the inter and the other e0halation during the summer 3o hate:er you percei:e in the !orm o! intense cold or hurting cold is !rom the e0halation o! Hell" *nd hate:er you percei:e in the !orm o! e0treme heat or intense beat is !rom the e0halation o! Hell" Chapter ,* : ESIRABILITY OF OBSER'ING THE NOON PRAYER AT THE EARLIER HO#R (OF TI%ES PRESCRIBE FOR IT) "HEN THERE IS NO INTENSE HEAT %abir b" 3amura reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to o!!er the noon prayer hen the sun declined" 8habbab reported: We complained to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &the di!!iculty o!' saying prayer on the intensely heated &ground or sand', but he paid no heed to our complaint" 8habbab reported: We came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and e complained to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about &saying prayer' on the e0tremely heated ground &or sand', but he paid no heed to us" Huhair said: I asked *bu Isha- hether it as about the noon prayer" He said: Des" I again said hether it concerned the &o!!ering' o! the noon &prayer' in earlier hours" He said: Des" I said: Gid it concern e0pediting it( He

Hadith 2B<B:

Hadith 2B<3:

Hadith 2B<>:

Hadith 2B<5:

said: Des" Hadith 2B<,: *nas b" Malik reported: We used to say &the noonprayer' ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in the intense heat, but hen someone amongst us !ound it hard to place his !orehead on the ground, he spread his cloth and prostrated on it" Chapter ,, : PREFERENCE FOR SAYING THE/ASR PRAYER AT THE CO%%ENCE%ENT OF THE PRESCRIBE TI%E *nas b" Malik reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to pray the a!ternoon prayer hen the sun as high and bright, then one ould go o!! to al.A* ali and get there hile the sun as still high" Ibn 1utaiba made no mention o! ;one ould go o!! to al.A* ali;" )his hadith that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to o!!er the a!ternoon prayer like the one narrated abo:e has been transmitted by *nas b" Malik by another chain o! transmitters" *nas b" Malik reported: We used to o!!er the A*sr prayer, then one 1ubaA and reach there and the sun ould be still high" ould go to

Hadith 2B<7:

Hadith 2B<7:

Hadith 2B<<:

Hadith 2300:

*nas b" Malik reported: We used to o!!er the a!ternoon prayer &at such a time' that a person ould go to +ani A*mr b" *u! and he ould !ind them busy o!!ering the a!ternoon prayer" A*laA b" A*bd al.Fahman reported that they came to the house o! *nas b" Malik in +asra a!ter saying the noon prayer" His &*nas' house as situated by the side o! the mos-ue" *s re:isited him he &*nas' said: Ha:e you said the a!ternoon prayer( We said to him: It is 9ust a !e minutes be!ore that e !inished the noon prayer" He said: #!!er the a!ternoon prayer" 3o e stood up and said our prayer" *nd hen e completed it, he said: I ha:e heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: )his is ho the hypocrite prays: he sits atching the sun, and hen it is bet een the horns o! de:il, he rises and strikes the ground !our times &in haste' mentioning *llah a little during it" *bu Umama b" 3ahl reported: We o!!ered the noon prayer ith Umar b" A*bd al.A*6i6" We then set out till e came to *nas b" Malik and !ound him busy in

Hadith 2302:

Hadith 230B:

saying the a!ternoon prayer" I said to him: # uncleL hich is this prayer that you are o!!ering( He said: It is the a!ternoon prayer and this is the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' that e o!!ered along ith him" Hadith 2303: *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us in the a!ternoon prayer" When he completed it, a person !rom +ani 3alama came to him and said: Messenger o! *llah, e intend to slaughter our came and e are desirous that you should also be present there &on this occasion'" He &the Holy =rophet' said: Des" He &the person' ent and e also ent along ith him and e !ound that the camel had not been slaughtered yet" )hen it as slaughtered, and it as cut into pieces and then some o! those ere cooked, and then e ate &them' be!ore the setting o! the sun" )his hadith has also been narrated by another chain o! transmitters" Fa!iA b" 8hadi9 reported: We used to say the a!ternoon prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and then the camel as slaughtered and ten parts o! it ere distributed@ then it as cooked and then e ate this cooked meat be!ore the sinking o! the sun" )his hadith has been reported by A*u6aAi ith the same chain o! transmitters: We used to slaughter the camel during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' a!ter the A*sr prayer, but he made no mention o!: ;We used to pray along ith him"; Chapter ,- : THE SE'ERITY (OF P#NISH%ENT) IN %ISSING THE /ASR PRAYER Ibn Umar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho misses the a!ternoon prayer, it is as though he has been depri:ed o! his !amily and his property" )his hadith has been narrated as Mar!u by another chain o! transmitters" *bdullah relates on the authority o! his !ather" He ho missed his a!ternoon prayer it is as though he as depri:ed o! his !amily and property" A*li reported: When it as the day &o! the +attle' o! *h6ab, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: May *llah !ill their gra:es and houses ith !ire, as they detained us and di:erted us !rom the middle prayer, till the sun

Hadith 230>:

Hadith 2305:

Hadith 230,:

Hadith 2307: Hadith 2307:

Hadith 230<:

set" Hadith 2320: Hadith 2322: )his hadith has been narrated by Hisham ith the same chain o! transmitters" A*li reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: #n the day &o! the +attle' o! *h6ab e ere di:erted !rom the middle prayer, till the sun set" May *llah !ill their gra:es or their houses, or their stomachs ith !ire" )he narrator is in doubt about ;houses; and ;stomachs;" )his hadith has heed narrated by 1atada ith the same chain o! transmitters" *nd he said: )heir houses and their gra:es &be !illed ith !ire', and did not e0press doubt o:er the ords, ;houses; and ;gra:es;" Dahya heard A*li saying that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said on the day &o! the +attle' o! *h6ab, hile sitting in one o! the openings o! the ditch: )hey &the enemies' ha:e di:erted us !rom the middle prayer till the sun set" May *llah !ill their gra:es and their houses ith !ire, or their gra:es and stomachs ith !ire" A*li reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said on the day &o! the +attle' o! *h6ab: )hey di:erted us !rom saying the middle prayer, i"e" the A*sr prayer" May *llah !ill their houses and gra:es ith !ire@ he then obser:ed this prayer bet een the e:ening prayer and the night prayer" A*bdullah &b" MasAud' reported that the polytheists detained the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !rom obser:ing the a!ternoon prayer till the sun became red or it became yello " Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )hey ha:e di:erted us !rom &o!!ering' the middle prayer" i"e" the A*sr prayer" May *llah !ill their bellies and their gra:es ith !ire, or he said: May *llah stu!! their bellies and their gra:es ith !ire" *bu Dunus, the !reed sla:e o! A*Aisha said: A*Aisha ordered me to transcribe a copy o! the 1urAan !or her and said: When you reach this :erse: ;?uard the prayers and the middle prayer; &ii" B37', in!orm me@ so hen I reached it, I in!ormed her and she ga:e me dictation &like this': ?uard the prayers and the middle prayer and the a!ternoon prayer, and stand up truly obedient to *llah" A*Aisha said: )his is ho I ha:e heard !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace

Hadith 232B:

Hadith 2323:

Hadith 232>:

Hadith 2325:

Hadith 232,:

be upon him'" Hadith 2327: *l.+araA b" A*6ib reported: )his :erse as re:ealed &in this ay': ;?uard the prayers and the A*sr prayer"; We recited it &in this :ery ay' so long as *llah desired" *llah, then, abrogated it and it as re:ealed: ;?uard the prayers, and the middle prayer"; * person ho as sitting ith 3ha-i- &one o! the narrators in the chain o! transmitters' said: Ko it implies the A*sr prayer" Upon this al. +araA said: I ha:e already in!ormed you ho this &:erse' as re:ealed and ho *llah abrogated it, and *llah kno s best" Imam Muslim said: *sh9aAi narrated it !rom 3u!yan al.)hauri, ho narrated it !rom al.*s ad b" 1ais, ho narrated it !rom AU-ba, ho narrated it !rom al.+araA b" A*6ib ho said: We recited ith the =rophet &may peace be upon him' &the abo:e.mentioned :erse like this, i"e" instead o! 3alat al. Wusta, 3alat al.A*sr' !or a certain period" as It has been mentioned &in the abo:e.-uoted hadith'" %abir b" A*bdullah reported that Umar b" al.8hattab had been cursing the pagans o! the 1uraish an the day &o! the +attle' o! 8handa- &Gitch'" &He came to the Holy =rophet' and said: Messenger o! *llah, by ?od, I could not say" the A*sr prayer till the sun set" Upon this the Messenger &may peace be upon him' said: +y *llah I, too, ha:e not obser:ed it" 3o e ent to a :alley" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' per!ormed ablution and e too per!ormed ablution, and then the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said the A*sr prayer a!ter the sun had set" and then said the e:ening prayer a!ter it" )his hadith has been reported by Dahya b" *bd 8athir ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter ,. : %ERIT OF THE %ORNING AN AFTERNOON PRAYERS AN E+HORTATION TO G#AR THE% *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: *ngels take turns among you by night and by day, and they all assemble at the da n and a!ternoon prayers" )hose &o! the angels' ho spend the night among you, then, ascend, and their Eord asks them, though He is the best in!ormed about them : Ho did you lea:e My ser:ants( .they say: We le!t them hile they ere praying and e came to them hile they ere praying" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying:

Hadith 2327:

Hadith 232<:

Hadith 23B0:

Hadith 23B2:

*ngels take turns among you by night and by day, and the rest o! the hadith is the same" Hadith 23BB: %arir b" *bdullah is reported to ha:e said: We ere sitting ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' that he looked at the !ull moon and obser:ed: Dou shall see your Eord as you are seeing this moon, and you ill not be harmed by seeing Him" 3o i! you can, do not let .yoursel:es be o:erpo ered in case o! prayer obser:ed be!ore the rising o! the sun and its setting, i"e" the A*sr prayer and the morning prayer" %arir then recited it: ;$elebrate the praise o! thy Eord be!ore the rising o! the sun and be!ore Its setting; &00" 230'" WakiA reported &this hadith' ith the same chain o! transmitters &that the Holy =rophet' said: Dou ill be soon presented be!ore your Eord, and you ill see Him as you are seeing this moon, and then recited &the abo:e.mentioned :erse'" +ut &in this hadith' no mention is made o! %arir" AUmara b" Fu aiba is reported to ha:e said on the authority o! his !ather: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: He ho obser:ed prayer be!ore the rising o! the son and its setting, i" e" the da n prayer and the a!ternoon prayer, ould not cater the &Hell' !ire" * person belonging to +asra said to him : Gid you yoursel! bear it !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'( He said: Des" )he person &!rom +asra' said: I bear itness that I heard it !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'@ my ears heard it and my heart retained it" Umara b" Fu aiba reported on the authority o! his !ather that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho said prayer be!ore the rising o! the sun and its setting ould not enter the !ire &o! Hell', and there as a man !rom +asra &sitting' beside him ho said: Gid you hear it !rom the *postle o! *llah & ay peace be upon him'( He said: Des, I bear itness to it" )he man !rom +asra said: I bear itness that I did hear !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying it !rom the place that you heard !rom him" *bu +akr reported on the authority o! his !ather that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho obser:ed t o prayers at t o cool &hours' ould enter =aradise"

Hadith 23B3:

Hadith 23B>:

Hadith 23B5:

Hadith 23B,:

Hadith 23B7:

Hadith 23B7:

)his hadith has been narrated by the same chain o! transmitters by Hammam, and said about *bu +akr that he as Ibn *bu Musa" $#MM/K$/M/K) #C )H/ )IM/ C#F )H/ /I/KIK? =F*D/F I3 IMM/GI*)/ED *C)/F 3UK3/) 3alama b" al.*k aA reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to say the e:ening prayer hen the sun had set and disappeared &behind the hori6on'" Fa!iA b" 8hadi9 reported: We used to obser:e the e:ening prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and then one o! us ould go a ay and he could see the &distant' place here his arro ould !all" * hadith like this, i"e" ;We used to obser:e e:ening prayer Q"; so on and so !orth, has been narrated by Fa!iA b" 8hadi9 by another chain o! transmitters" Chapter -1 : TI%E FOR THE NIGHT PRAYER AN ITS ELAY A*Aisha" the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' de!erred one night the AIsyaA prayer" *nd this is called A*tama" *nd the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not come out till Umar b" 8hattab told &him' that the omen and children had gone to sleep" 3o the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came out to ards them and said to the people o! the mos-ue: Kone e0cept you !rom the people o! the earth aits !or it &!or the night prayer at this late hour', and it as be!ore Islam had spread amongst people" *nd in the narration transmitted by Ibn 3hihab the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' is reported to ha:e said: It is not meant that you should compel the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !or prayer" *nd &this he said' hen AUmar b" 8hattab called &the Holy =rophet' in a loud :oice" * hadith like this has been narrated by Ibn 3hihab ith the same chain o! transmitters, but therein no mention has been made o! the ords o! al.Huhri: It as narrated to me, and that hich !ollo ed" A*Aisha reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' one night delayed &obser:ing the AIsyaA prayer' till a great part o! the night as o:er and the people in the mos-ue had gone to sleep" He &the Holy =rophet' then came out and obser:ed prayer and said: )his is the proper time !or it@ ere it not that I

Hadith 23B<:

Hadith 2330:

Hadith 2332:

Hadith 233B:

Hadith 2333:

ould impose a burden on my people &I ould normally pray at this time'" In the hadith transmitters by A*bd al.Fa66a- &the ords are': ;Were it not that it ould impose burden on my people"; Hadith 233>: *bdullah b" Umar reported: We aited one night in e0pectation o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !or the last prayer o! the night, and he came out to us hen a third o! the night had passed e:en a!ter that" We do not kno hether he had been occupied ith !amily business or something else" When he came cut he said: Dou are aiting !or prayer, !or hich the !ollo ers o! no other religion ait" e0cept you" Were it not a burden !or my Ummah, I ould ha:e led them &in the AIsyaA prayer' at this hour" He then ordered the MuAadhdbin &to call !or prayer' and then stood up !or prayer and obser:ed prayer" *bdullah b" AUmar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as one night occupied &in some ork' and he delayed it &AIsyaA prayer' till e ent to sleep in the mos-ue" We then oke up and again ent to sleep and again oke up" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then came to us and said: Kone among the people o! the earth e0cept you aits !or prayer in the night" )habit reported: )hey &the belie:ers' asked *nas about the ring o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he said: #ne night the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' delayed &obser:ing' the AIsyaA prayer up to the midnight or midnight as about to be o:er" He then came and said: &#ther' people ha:e o!!ered prayers and slept, but you are constantly in prayer as long as you ait !or prayer" *nas said: I percei:e as i! I am seeing the lustre o! his sil:er ring, and li!ted his, small le!t !inger &in order to sho ho the Holy =rophet had li!ted it'" *nas b" Malik reported: We aited !or the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon hi n' one night, till it as about midnight" He &the Holy =rophet' came and obser:ed prayer and then turned his !ace to ards us, as it I as seeing the lustre o! the sil:er ring on his !inger" )his hadith has been narrated by 1urra ith the same chain o! transmitters, but therein he did not mention: ;He turned his !ace to ards us";

Hadith 2335:

Hadith 233,:

Hadith 2337:

Hadith 2337:

Hadith 233<:

*bu Musa reported: I and my companions ho had sailed along ith me in the boat landed ith me in the :alley o! +uthan hile the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as staying in Medina" * party o! people amongst them ent to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' e:ery night at the time o! the AIsyaA prayer turn by turn" *bu Musa said: &#ne night' e &I and my companions' ent to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he as occupied in some matter till there as a delay in prayer so much so that it as the middle o! the night" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then came out and led them &MusaAs companions' in prayer" *nd hen he had obser:ed his prayer he said to the audience present: )ake it easy, I am going to gi:e you in!ormation and glad tidings that it is the blessing o! *llah upon you !or there is none among the people, e0cept you, ho prays at this hour &o! the night', or he said: Kone e0cept you obser:ed prayer at this" &late' hour" He &i"e" the narrator' said: I am not sure hich o! these t o sentences he actually uttered" *bu Musa, said: We came back happy !or hat e heard !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" Ibn %urai9 reported: I said to *taA: Which time do you deem !it !or me to say the AIsyaA prayer,.as an Imam or alone,.that time hich is called by people A*tama( He said: I heard Ibn A*bbas saying: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' one night delayed the AIsyaA prayer till the people ent to sleep" )hey oke up and again ent to sleep and again oke up" )hen AUmar b" 8hattab stood up and said &loudly' ;=rayer"; *taA !urther reported that Ibn A*bbas said: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came out, and as i! I am still seeing him ith ater trickling !rom his head, and ith his hand placed on one side o! the head, and he said: Were it not hard !or my Ummah, I ould ha:e ordered them to obser:e this prayer like this &i"e" at late hours'" I in-uired !rom A*taA ho the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' placed his hand upon his head as Ibn *bbas had in!ormed" 3o *taA spread his !ingers a little and then placed the ends o! his !ingers on the side o! his head" He then mo:ed them like this o:er his head till the thumb touched that part o! the ear hich is near the !ace and then it & ent' to the earlock and the part o! the heard" It &the bind' neither held nor caught anything but this is ho &it mo:ed oil'" I said to *taA: Was it mentioned to you &by Ibn *bbas' ho long did the *postle &may peace be upon him' delay it &the prayer' during that eight( He said: I do not kno &I cannot gi:e you the e0act time'" *liA said: I lo:e that I should say prayer, hether as an Imam or alone at delayed hours as the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said that night, but i! It is hard upon you in your indi:idual

Hadith 23>0:

capacity or upon people in the congregation and you are their Imam, then say prayer &AIsyaA' at the middle hours neither too early nor too late" Hadith 23>2: %abir b" 3amura reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' postponed the last AIsyaA prayer" %abir b" 3amura reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e prayers like your prayers, but he ould delay the prayer a!ter night!all to a little a!ter the time you obser:ed it, and he ould shorten the prayer" *bdullah b" AUmar reported: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: Eet the bedouin not gain upper hand o:er you in regard to the name o! your prayer" 3ee I &)he night prayer should be called' AIsyaA &and the bedouins call it *tama &because' they milk their camels late" Ibn AUmar said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Eet the bedouin not gain upper band o:er you In regard to the name o! your prayer, i"e" night prayer, !or it is mentioned AIsyaA in the +ook o! *llah &i"e" the 1urAan'" &)he bedouin call it A*tama because' they make delay in milling their she. camels" Chapter -0 : ESIRABILITY OF OBSER'ING THE %ORNING PRAYER AT EARLIER HO#R AN THAT IS THE TI%E "HEN THERE IS ARKNESS BEFORE A"N AN THE INFOR%ATION REGAR ING THE LENGTH OF RECITATION IN IT A*Aisha reported: )he belie:ing omen used to pray the morning prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah and then return rapped in their mantles" Ko one could recognise them" A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', reported: )he belie:ing omen obser:ed the morning prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' rapped in their mantles" )hey then ent back to their houses and ere unrecognisable, because o! the Messenger o! *llahAs &may peace be upon him' praying in the darkness be!ore da n"

Hadith 23>B:

Hadith 23>3:

Hadith 23>>:

Hadith 23>5:

Hadith 23>,:

Hadith 23>7:

A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e the morning prayer, and the omen ould go back rapped in their mantles being unrecognisable because o! the darkness be!ore da n" &Isha- b" Musa' al.*nsari &one o! the transmitters in this chain o! narration' narrated ; rapped; &only' in his narration" &Ko mention as made o! mantles"' Muhammad b" A*mr b" al.Hasan b" A*ll reported: When Ha99a9 came to Medina e asked %abir b" *bdullah &about the timings o! prayer as obser:ed by the Holy =rophet'" He said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to pray a!ternoon prayer in the midday heat@ the a!ternoon prayer hen the sun as bright@ the e:ening prayer hen the sun had completely set@ and as !or the night prayer, he sometimes delayed and sometimes &obser:ed it' at earlier hours" When he !ound them &his $ompanions' assembled &at earlier hours' he &prayed' early" and hen he sa them coming late, he delayed the &prayer'" and the morning prayer the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed in the darkness be!ore da n" Muhammad b" A*mr al.Hasan b" A*ll reported: Ha99a9 used to delay the prayers, and so e asked %abir b" A*bdullah, and the rest o! the hadith is the same" 3ayyar b" 3alama reported: I heard my !ather asking *bu +ar6a &al. *slami' about the prayer o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' I &3huAba, one o! the narrators' said: Gid you hear it &!rom *bu +ar6a' ( He said: 2 !eel as i! I am bearing you at this :ery time" He said: I heard my !ather asking about the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he &*bu +ar6a' making this reply: He &the Holy =rophet' did not mind delaying.some &prayer' i"e" AIsyaA prayer, e:en up to the midnight and did not like sleeping be!ore obser:ing it, and talking a!ter it" 3huAba said: I met him subse-uently and asked him &about the prayers o! the Holy =rophet' and he said: He obser:ed the noon prayer hen the sun as past the meridian, he ould pray the a!ternoon prayer, a!ter hich a person ould o to the outskirts o! Medina and the sun as still bright@ &I !orgot hat he said about the e:ening prayer'@ I then met him on a subse-uent occasion and asked him &about the prayers o! the Holy =rophet@ and he said: He ould obser:e the morning prayer &at such a time' so that a man ould go back and ould recognise his neighbour by casting a glance at his !ace, and he ould recite !rom si0ty to one hundred :erses in it" 3ayyar b" 3alama reported: I heard *bu +ar6a saying that the Messenger o!

Hadith 23>7:

Hadith 23><:

Hadith 2350:

Hadith 2352:

*llah &may peace be upon him' did not mind some delay in the AIsyaA prayer e:en up to the midnight and he did not like sleeping be!ore &obser:ing it' and talking a!ter it" 3huAba said: I again met him &3ayyar b" 3alama' !or the second time and he said: /:en up to the third &part' o! the night" Hadith 235B: *bu +ar6a b" *slami is reported to ha:e said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' delayed the night prayer till a third o! the night had passed and he did not appro:e o! sleeping be!ore it, and talking a!ter it, and he used to recite in the morning prayer !rom one hundred to si0ty :erses &and completed the prayer at such hours' hen e recognised the !aces o! one another" Chapter -! : ISAPPRO'AL OF ELAYING THE PRAYER FRO% ITS PRESCRIBE TI%E6 "HAT ONE "HO IS LE IN PRAYER SHO#L O "HEN THE I%A% ELAYS IT7 *bu Gharr reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to me: Ho ould you act hen you are under the rulers ho ould delay the prayer beyond its prescribed time, or they ould make prayer a dead thing as !ar as its proper time is concerned( I said: What do you command( He &the Holy =rophet' said: #bser:e the prayer at Its proper time, and i! you can say it along ith them do so, !or it ould be a superetogatory prayer !or you" 8hala! &one o! the narrators in the abo:e hadith' has not mentioned ;beyond their &prescribed' time;" *bu Gharr reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to me: # *bu Gharr, you ould soon !ind a!ter me rulers ho ould make their prayers dead" Dou should say prayer at its prescribed time" I! you say prayer at its prescribed time that ould be a supererogatory prayer !or you, other ise you sa:ed your prayer" *bu Gharr reported: My !riend &the Holy =rophet' bade me to hear and obey &the ruler' e:en i! he is a sla:e ha:ing his !eet and arms cut o!!, and obser:e prayer at its prescribed time" &*nd !urther said' : It you !ind people ha:ing obser:ed the prayer, you in !act sa:ed your prayer, other ise &i! you 9oin ith them' that ould be a Ka!l prayer !or you" *bu Gharr reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' struck my thigh and said: Ho ould you act i! you sur:i:e among the people ho

Hadith 2353:

Hadith 235>:

Hadith 2355:

Hadith 235,:

ould delay prayers beyond their &prescribed' time( He &*bu Gharr' said: What do you command &under this situation'( He &the Holy =rophet' slid: #bser:e prayer at its prescribed time, then go &to meet' your needs, and i! the I-ama is pronounced, and you are present in the mos-ue, then obser:e prayer &along ith the %amaAat'" Hadith 2357: A*buAl.A*liyat al.+ara reported: Ibn Hiyad delayed the prayer" A*bdullah b" 3amit came to me and I placed a chair !or him and he sat in it and I made a mention o! hit Ibn Hiyad had done" He bit hit lips &as a sign o! e0treme anger and annoyance' and struck at my thigh and said: I asked *bu Gharr as you ha:e asked me, and he struck my thigh 9ust as I ha:e struck your thigh, and said : I asked the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as you ha:e asked me and he struck my thigh 9ust as I ha:e struck your thigh, and he &the Holy =rophet' said: #bser:e prayer at its prescribed time, and i! you can say prayer along ith them" do so, and do not say" ;I ha:e obser:ed prayer and so I shall not pray"; *bu Gharr reported: &)he Messenger o! *llah' said: Ho ould you, or ho ould thou, act i! you sur:i:e to li:e among people ho de!er prayer beyond the &prescribed' time( &)he narrator said: *llah and His Messenger kno best'" hereupon he said: #bser:e prayer at its prescribed time, but i! the I-ama is pronounced !or &congregational' prayer, then obser:e prayer along ith them" !or herein is an e0cess o! :irtue" *buAl.A*liyat al.+araA reported: I said to A*bdullah b" 3amit: We say our %umuAa prayer behind those rulers ho de!er the prayer" He &A*bdullah b" 3amit', struck" my thigh that I !elt pain and said: I asked *bu Gharr about it, he struck my thigh and said: I asked the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about it" Upon this he said: #bser:e prayer at its prescribed time, and treat prayer along ith them &along ith those Imams ho deter prayer' as Ka!l" A*bdullah said: It as narrated to me that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' struck the thigh o! *bd Gharr" Chapter -$ : E+CELLENCE OF PRAYERS IN CONGREGATION AN GRI% "ARNING FOR RE%AINING A"AY FRO% IT *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: =rayer said in a congregation is t enty.!i:e degrees more e0cellent than prayer said by a single person"

Hadith 2357:

Hadith 235<:

Hadith 23,0:

Hadith 23,2:

*bu Huraira reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: =rayer said in a congregation is t enty.!i:e degrees more e0cellent than prayer said by a single person" He &*bu Huraira !urther' said: )he angels o! the night and the angels o! the day meet together" *bu Huraira said: Fecite it you like: ;3urely the recital o! the 1urAan at da n is itnessed; &al.1urAan, 0:ii" 77'" * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu Huraira transmitters ith a :ery slight change o! ords" ith another chain o!

Hadith 23,B:

Hadith 23,3:

*bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: =rayer said in a congregation is e-ui:alent to t enty.!i:e &prayers' as compared ith the prayer said by a single person" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' said: =rayer along ith the Imam is t enty.!i:e times more e0cellent than prayer said by a single person" Ibn Umar reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' assaying: =rayer said in a congregation is t enty.se:en degrees more e0cellent than prayer said by a single person" Ibn AUmar reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he prayer o! a person in congregation is t enty.se:en times in e0cess to the prayer said alone" Ibn Kumair reported it on the authority o! his !ather &a pre!erence o!' more than t enty &degrees' and *bu +akr in his narration &has narrated it' t enty. se:en degrees" Ibn AUmar reported !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as some and t enty &degrees'" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !ound some people absenting !rom certain prayers and he said: I intend that I order &a' person to lead people in prayer, and then go to the persons ho do not 9oin the

Hadith 23,>:

Hadith 23,5:

Hadith 23,,:

Hadith 23,7:

Hadith 23,7:

Hadith 23,<:

&congregational prayer' and then order their houses to be burnt by the bundles o! !uel" I! one amongst them ere to kno that he ould !ind a !at !leshy bone he ould attend the night prayer" Hadith 2370: *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he most burdensome prayers !or the hypocrites are the night prayer and the morning prayer" I! they ere to kno the blessings they ha:e in store, they ould ha:e come to them, e:en though cra ling, and I thought that I should order the prayer to be commenced and command a person to lead people in prayer, and I should then go along ith some persons ha:ing a !agot o! !uel ith them to the people ho ha:e not attended the prayer &in congregation' and ould burn their houses ith !ire" Hammam b" Munabbih reported: )his is hat *bu Huraira reported to us !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and &in this connection' he narrated some ahadith, one o! them is: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I intend that I should command my young men to gather bundles !uel !or me, and then order a person to lead people in prayer, and then burn the houses ith their inmates & ho ha:e not 9oined the congregation'" * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu Huraira" A*bdullah reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying about people ho are absent !rom %umuAa prayer: I intend that I should command a person to lead people in prayer, and then burn those persons ho absent themsel:es !rom %umuAa prayer in their houses" Chapter -4 : HE "HO HEARS THE CALL FOR PRAYER IT IS ESSENTIAL FOR HI% TO CO%E TO THE %OS&#E *bu Huraira reported: )here came to the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' a blind man and said: Messenger o! *llah, I ha:e no one to guide me to the mos-ue" He, there!ore, asked" *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' permission to say prayer in his house" He &tee Holy =rophet' granted him permission" )hen hen the man turned a ay he called him and said: Go you hear the call to prayer( He said: Des" He &the Holy =rophet then' said: Fespond to it"

Hadith 2372:

Hadith 237B: Hadith 2373:

Hadith 237>:

Hadith 2375:

A*bdullah &b" MasAud' reported: I ha:e seen the time hen no one stayed a ay !rom prayer e0cept a hypocrite, hose hypocrisy as ell kno n, or a sick man, but it a sick man could alk bet een t o persons &i"e" ith the help o! t o persons ith one on each side' he ould come to prayer" *nd &!urther' said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' taught us the paths o! right guidance" among hich is prayer in the mos-ue in hich the *d6an is called" *bdullah &b" MasAud' reported: He ho likes to meet *llah tomorro as Muslim, he should perse:ere in obser:ing these prayers, hen a call is announced !or them, !or *llah has laid do n !or your =rophet the paths o! right guidance, and these &prayers' are among the paths o! right guidance" I! you ere to pray in your houses as this man hy stays a ay &!rom the mos-ue' prays in his house, you ould abandon the practice o! your =rophet, and i! you ere to abandon the practice o! your =rophet, you ould go astray" Ko man puri!ies himsel!, doing it ell, then makes !or one o! those mos-ues ithout *llah recording a blessing !or him !or e:ery step he takes raising him a degree !or it, and e!!acing a sin !rom him !or it" I ha:e seen the time hen no one stayed a ay !rom it, e0cept a hypocrite, ho as ell kno n !or his hypocrisy, hereas a man ould be brought s aying &due to eakness' bet een t o men till he as set up in a ro " Chapter -( : FORBI ANCE TO GO O#T OF THE %OS&#E AFTER THE A 8AN HAS BEEN ANNO#NCE BY %#/A H HIN *bu 3haAthaA reported: While e ere sitting ith *bu Huraira in a mos-ue a man ent out o! the mos-ue a!ter the call to prayer had been announced" &* man stood up in the mos-ue and set o!!"' *bu HurairaAs eyes !ollo ed him till he ent out o! the mos-ue" Upon this *bu Huraira said : )his man has disobeyed *buAl. 1asim &Muhammad' &may peace be upon him'" *bu 3haAthaA al.Muharibi reported on the authority o! his !ather, ho said: I heard it !rom *bu Huraira that he sa a person getting out o! the mos-ue a!ter the call to prayer had been announced" Upon this he remarked: )his &man' disobeyed *buAl.1asim &may peace be upon him'" Chapter -* : E+CELLENCE OF PRAYING THE /ISHA/AN %ORNING PRAYERS IN CONGREGATION A*bd al.Fahman b" *bd A*mr reported: AUthman b" A*!!an &narrated the mos-ue

Hadith 237,:

Hadith 2377:

Hadith 2377:

Hadith 237<:

a!ter e:ening prayer and sat alone" I also sat alone ith him, so he said: 0, son o! m brother, I heard tile Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' say: He ho obser:ed the AIsyaA prayer in congregation, it as as i! he prayed up to the midnight, and he ho prayed the morning prayer in congregation, it as as i! he prayed the hole night" Hadith 2370: )his hadith has been narrated by the chain o! transmitters by *bu 3ahl AUthman b" Hakim" %undab b" A*bdullah reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho prayed the morning prayer &in congregation' he is in !act under the protection o! *llah" *nd it can ne:er happen that *llah should demand anything !rom you in connection ith the protection &that He guarantees' and one should not get it" He ould then thro him in the !ire o! Hell" *nas b" 3irin reported: I heard %undab b" 1asri saying that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho obser:ed the morning prayer &in congregation', he is in !act under the protection o! *llah and it ne:er happens that *llah should make a demand in connection ith the protection &that He guarantees and should not get it' !or hen he asks !or anything in relation to His protection, he de!initely secures it" He then thro s him !latly in the Hell.!ire" )his hadith has been narrated by %undab b" 3u!yan in !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ith the same chain o! transmitters, but this has not been mentioned: ;He ould thro him in !ire"; Chapter -, : PER%ISSION TO RE%AIN A"AY FRO% THE CONGREGATIONAL PRAYER FOR ANY GEN#INE REASON Mahmud b" al.FabiA reported that AIbn b" Malik, ho as one o! the $ompanions o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and ho participated in the &+attle o!' +adr and as among the *nsar &o! Medina', told that he came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and said: Messenger o! *llah, I ha:e lost my eyesight and I lead my people in prayer" When there is a do npour there is then a current &o! ater' in the :alley that stands bet een me and them and I !ind it impossible to go to their mos-ue and lead them in prayer" Messenger o! *llah, I earnestly beg o! you that you should come and obser:e prayer at a place o! orship &in my house' so that I should

Hadith 2372:

Hadith 237B:

Hadith 2373:

Hadith 237>:

then use it as a place o! orship" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Well, it ?od so ills" I ould soon do so" AItban said: #n the !ollo ing day hen the day da ned, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' came along ith *bu +akr at.3iddi-, and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' asked permission &to get into the house'" I ga:e him the permission, and be did not sit a!ter entering the house, hen he said: *t hat place in your house you desire me to say prayer( I &AItban b" Malik' said: I pointed to a corner in the house, )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood &at that place !or prayer' and pronounced *llah.o.*kbar &*llah is the ?reatest' &as an e0pression !or the commencement o! prayer'" We too stood behind him, and he said t o rakAahs and then pronounced salutation &marking the end o! the prayer'" We detained him &the Holy =rophet' !or the meat curry e had prepared !or, him" )he people o! the neighbouring houses came and thus there as a good gathering in &our house'" #ne o! them said: Where is Malik b" Gukhshun( Upon this one o! them remarked: He is a hypocrite@ he does not lo:e *llah and His Messenger" )hereupon the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Go not say so about him" GonAt you see that he utters Ea ilaha ill.*llah &)here is no god but *llah' and seeks the pleasure o! *llah through it( )hey said: *llah and His Messenger kno beet" #ne &among the audience' said: We see his inclination and ell ishing !or hypocrites only" Upon this the Messenger o! *llahA&may peace be upon him' again said: Ierily *llah has !orbidden the Cire !or one ho says: )here is no god but *llah, thereby seeking *llahAs pleasure" Ibn 3hihab said: I asked Husain b" Muhammad al.*nsar &he as one o! the leaders o! +anu 3alim' about the hadith transmitted by Mahmud b" FabiA and he testi!ied it" Hadith 2375: AItban b" Malik reported : I came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and the rest o! the hadith is the same as narrated &abo:e' e0cept this that a man said: Where is Malik b" Gukhshun or Gukhaishin, and also made this addition that Mahmud said: I narrated this :er hadith to many people and among them as *bu *yyub al.*nsari ho said: I cannot think that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' could ha:e said so as you say" He &the narrator' said: I took an oath that i! I e:er go to AItban" I ould ask him about it" 3o I ent to him and !ound him to be a :ery aged man, ha:ing lost his eyesight, but he as the Imam o! the people" I sat by his side and asked about this hadith and he narrated it In the same ay as he had narrated it !or the !irst time" )hen so many other obligatory acts and commands ere re:ealed hich e see ha:ing been completed" 3o he ho ants that he should not be decei:ed ould not be decei:ed"

Hadith 237,:

Hadith 2377:

Mahmud b" FabiA reported: I ell remember the disgorge o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' that he did & ith ater' !rom a bucket o! our house" Mahmud said: AItban b" Malik narrated it to me that he had said: Messenger o! *llah, I ha:e lost my eyesight, and the rest o! the hadith is the same up to these ords: ;He led us in t o rakAahs o! prayer and e detained the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !or ser:ing him the pudding that e had prepared !or him,; and no mention has been made o! hat !ollo s ne0t !rom the addition made by Dunus and MaAmar" Chapter -- : PER%ISSIBILITY OF OBSER'ING NAFL (S#PEREROGATORY) PRAYER IN CONGREGATION AN THAT TOO ON THE %AT OR THE CO'ERING CLOTH OR ANY OTHER THING "HICH IS FREE FRO% FILTH AN R#BBISH *nas b" Malik reported that his grandmother, Mulaika, in:ited the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' to a dinner hich she had prepared" He &the Holy =rophet' ate out o! that and then said: 3tand up so that I should obser:e prayer &in order to bless' you *nas b" Malik said: I stood up on a mat &belonging to us' hich had turned dark on account o! its long use" I sprinkled ater o:er it &in order to so!ten it', and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood upon it, and I and an orphan !ormed a ro behind him &the Holy =rophet' and the old oman as behind us, and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us in t o rakAahs o! prayer and then ent back" *nas b" Malik reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' its the best among people in character" #n occasions, the time o! prayer ould come hile he as in our house" He ould then order to spread the mat lying under him" )hat as dusted and then ater as sprinkled o:er it" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then led the prayer and e stood behind him, and that mat as made o! the lea:es o! date.palm" )habit reported on the authority o! *nas: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to us and there as none in our house but I, my mother and my aunt Umm Haram" He &the Holy =rophet' said: 3tand up so that I may lead you in prayer &and there as no time !or prescribed prayer'" He led us in prayer" * person said to )habit: Where stood *nas ith him &the Holy =rophet'( He replied: He as on the right side" He then blessed us, the members o! the household ith e:ery good o! this orld and o! the Herea!ter" My mother said:

Hadith 2377:

Hadith 237<:

Messenger o! *llah &and then, pointing to ards *nas, said', here is your little ser:ant, in:oke the blessing o! *llah upon him too" He then blessed me ith e:ery good, and he concluded his blessings !or me & ith these ords': *llah L increase his ealth, and his children and make &them the source o!' blessing !or him" Hadith 23<0: *bdullah b" al.Mukhtar heard Musa b" *nas narrating on the authority o! *nas b" Malik that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led him, his mother or his aunt in prayer" He made me, stand on his right side and made the oman stand, behind us" )his hadith has also been narrated by 3huAba ith this chain o! transmitters" Maimuna, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said prayer hile I as by his side, and at times hen he prostrated his cloth touched me, and he prayed on a small mat" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported that he ent to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and !ound him obser:ing prayer on a mat and prostrating on that" Chapter -. : %ERIT OF PRAYING IN CONGREGATION AN "AITING FOR PRAYER *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: * manAs prayer in congregation is more :aluable than t enty degrees and some abo:e them as compared ith his prayer in his house and his market, !or hen he per!orms ablution doing it ell, then goes out to the mos-ue, and he is impelled &to do so' only by &the lo:e o! congregational' prayer, he has no other ob9ecti:e be!ore him but prayer" He does not take a step ithout being raised a degree !or it and ha:ing a sin remitted !or it, till he enters the mos-ue, and hen he is busy in prayer a!ter ha:ing entered the mos-ue" the angels continue to in:oke blessing on him as long as he is in his place o! orship" saying: # *llah, sho him mercy, and pardon him L *ccept his repentance &and the angels continue this supplication !or him' so long as he does not do any harm in it, or as long as his ablution is not broken"

Hadith 23<2: Hadith 23<B:

Hadith 23<3:

Hadith 23<>:

Hadith 23<5:

* hadith ha:ing the same meaning &as mentioned abo:e' has been transmitted by *Amash" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he angels in:oke blessings on e:eryone among you so long as he is in a place o! orship ith these ords: # *llah L pardon him, # *llah, ha:e mercy upon him, &and they continue to do so' as long as, he ablution &o! the orshipper' is not broken, and one among you is in prayer and so long as he is detained !or the prayer" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he ser:ant is constantly in prayer so long as he is in a place o! orship aiting !or the prayer &to be obser:ed in congregation', and the angels in:oke &blessings upon him in these ords': # *llah L pardon him" # *llah L sho mercy to him, &and they continue to do so' till he returns &!rom the mos-ue ha:ing completed the prayer' or his ablution breaks" I said: Ho is the ablution broken( He said: +y breaking o! the ind noiselessly or ith noise" *bu Huraira reported the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: /:eryone among you is constantly in prayer so long as the prayer detains him &!or this noble ob9ecti:e' and nothing pre:ents him to return to his !amily but the prayer" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: *nyone amongst you ho sat in a place o! orship aiting !or the prayer is in prayer and his ablution is not broken, the angels in:oke blessing upon him &in these ords': # *llah Lpardon him" # *llah L ha:e mercy upon him" * hadith like this has been narrated by Hammam b" Munabbih on the authority o! *bu Huraira" Chapter .1 : E+CELLENCE OF TAKING %ANY STEPS FOR REACHING THE %OS&#E *bu Musa reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he most eminent among human beings &as a recipient o!' re ard &is one' ho li:es !arthest a ay, and ho has to alk the !arthest distance, and he ho aits !or the prayer to obser:e it along ith the Imam, his re ard is greater than one ho

Hadith 23<,:

Hadith 23<7:

Hadith 23<7:

Hadith 23<<:

Hadith 2>00:

Hadith 2>02:

prays &alone' and then goes to sleep" In the narration o! *bu 8uraib &the are': ;&He aits' till he prays along ith the Imam in congregation"; Hadith 2>0B:

ords

Ubayy b" 8aAb reported: )here as a man, and I do not kno o! any other man, hose house as !arther than his !rom the mos-ue and he ne:er missed the prayer &in congregation'" It as said to him or I said to him: It you ere to buy a donkey you could ride upon it In the dark nights and in the burning sand" He said: I do not like my house to be situated by the side o! the mos-ue, !or I &eagerly' desire that my steps to ards the mos-ue and back !rom it, should be recorded hen I return to my !amily" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: *llah has gathered all &re ards' !or you" )his hadith has been transmitted by )aimi ith the same chain o! narrators" Ubayy b" 8aAb reported: )here as a person among the *nsar hose house as situated at the !arthest end o! Medina, but he ne:er in missed any prayer along ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" We !elt pity !or him and said to him: #, so and so, had you bought a donkey it ould ha:e sa:ed you !rom the burning sand and ould ha:e sa:ed you !rom the reptiles o! the earth" He said : Eisten I by *llah, I do not like my house to be situated by the side o! Muhammad &may peace be upon him'" I took &these ords o! his' ill and came to the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and in!ormed him about &these ords'" He &the Holy =rophet' called him and he said e0actly like that & hich he had mentioned to Ubbay b" 8aAb', but made a mention o! this &also' that he anted a re ard !or his steps" Upon this the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: In !act !or you is the re ard hich you e0pect" * hadith like this has been narrated by A*sim transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 2>03: Hadith 2>0>:

Hadith 2>05:

Hadith 2>0,:

%abir b" A*bdullah narrated: #ur houses ere situated !ar a ay !rom the mos-ue@ e, there!ore, decided to sell our houses so that e may be able to come near the mos-ue" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !orbade us &to do so' and said: )here is !or e:ery step &to ards the mos-ue' a degree &o! re ard' !or you" %abir b" *bdullah reported: )here ere some plots :acant around the mos-ue"

Hadith 2>07:

+anu 3alama decided to shi!t &to this land' and come near the mos-ue" )his &ne s' reached the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he said to them &+anu 3alama': I ha:e recei:ed &in!ormation' that you intend to shi!t near the mos-ue" )hey said: Des, Messenger o! *llah, e ha:e taken this decision" Upon this he &the Holy =rophet' said: # +anu 3alama, li:e in your houses, !or your steps are recorded@ li:e in your houses, !or your steps are recorded" Hadith 2>07: %abir b" *bdullah reported that +anu 3alama decided to shi!t near the mos-ue &as there ere' some plots :acant" )his &ne s' reached the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', hereupon he said: # people o! the 3alama tribe, you better stay in your houses & here you are li:ing', !or your !ootsteps are recorded )hey said" We could not be more delighted e:en by shi!ting &near the mos-ue' as e ere delighted &on hearing these ords !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace beA upon him' said: He ho puri!ied himsel! in his house, and then he alked to one o! the houses o! *llah !or the sake o! per!orming a Card &obligatory act' out o! the CaraAid &obligatory acts' o! *llah, both his steps & ould be signi!icant' as one o! them ould obliterate his sin and the second one ould raise his status" In the hadith narrated o! the authority o! *bd Huraira the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' is reported to ha:e said" hile in the hadith narrated by +akr &the ords are like this' : He heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: 9ust see, can anything o! his !ilthiness remain &on the body o!' any one o! you i! there ere a ri:er at his door in hich he ashed himsel! !i:e times daily( )hey, said: Kothing o! his !ilthiness ill remain &on his body'" He said: )hat is like the !i:e prayers by hich *llah obliterates sins" %abir b" A*bdullah reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he similitude o! !i:e prayers is like an o:er!lo ing ri:er passing by the gate o! one o! you in hich he ashes !i:e times daily Hasan said: Ko !ilthiness can remain on him" *taA b" Dasar reported, on the authority o! *bu Huraira, the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho ent to ards the mos-ue in the morning or e:ening, *llah ould arrange a !east !or him morning or e:ening in

Hadith 2>0<:

Hadith 2>20:

Hadith 2>22:

Hadith 2>2B:

=aradise" Chapter .0 : E+CELLENCE OF SITTING AT THE PLACE/OF "ORSHIP AFTER THE A"N PRAYER AN E+CELLENCE OF THE %OS&#E 3imak b" Harb reported: I said to %abir b" 3amura: Gid you sit in the company o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him'( He said: Des, :ery o!ten" He &the Holy =rophet' used to sit at the place here he obser:ed the morning or da n prayer till the sun rose or hen it had risen@ he ould stand, and they &his $ompanions' ould talk about matters &pertaining to the days' o! ignorance, and they ould laugh &on these matters' hile &the Holy =rophet' only smiled" 3imak narrated on the authority o! %abir b" 3amura that hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed the da n prayer, he sat at the place o! orship till the sun had risen enough" )his hadith has been narrated by 3imak no mention has been made o! ,enough;" ith the same chain o! transmitters, but

Hadith 2>23:

Hadith 2>2>:

Hadith 2>25:

Hadith 2>2,:

Hadith 2>27:

*bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he parts o! land dearest to *llah are its mos-ues, and the parts most hate!ul to *llah are markets" Chapter .! : "HO ESER'ES %OST TO ACT AS I%A% *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When there are three persons, one o! them should lead them" )he one among them most orthy to act as Imam is one ho is best :ersed in the 1urAan" * hadith like this has been narrated by 1atida transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 2>27:

Hadith 2>2<:

)his hadith has been narrated by *bu 3aAid al.8hudri by another chain o! transmitters" *bu MasAud al.*nsari reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he one ho is most :ersed in *llahAs +ook should act as Imam !or the

Hadith 2>B0:

people, but I! they are e-ually :ersed in reciting it, then the one ho has most kno ledge regarding 3unnah i! they are e-ual regarding the 3unnah, then the earliest one to emigrate@ it they emigrated at the same time, then the earliest one to embrace Islam" Ko man must lead another in prayer here &the latter' has authority, or sit in his place o! honour in his house, ithout his permission" *sha99 in his narration used the ord , ;age; in place o! ;Islam;" Hadith 2>B2: Hadith 2>BB: * hadith like this has been narrated by *Amash by the same chain o! transmitters *bu MasAud al.*nsari reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to us: )he one ho is ell grounded in *llahAs +ook and is distinguished among them in recitation should act as @ Imam !or the people" and i! they are e-ually :ersed in reciting it, then the one ho has most kno ledge regarding 3unnah@ i! they are e-ual regarding the 3unnah, then the earliest one to emigrate@ I! they emigrated at the same time, then the oldest one in age" Ko man must lead another in prayer in latterAs house or here &the latter' has authority, or sit in his place o! honour in his house, e0cept that he gi:es you permission or ith his permission" Malik b" Hu airith re9ected: We came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and e ere all young men o! nearly e-ual age" We stayed ith him &the Holy =rophet' !or t enty nights, and as the Messenger o! *llah may peace be upon him' as e0tremely kind and tender o! heart, he" there!ore, thought that e ere eager &to see' our !amily & e !elt home.sickness'" 3o he asked us about the members o! the !amily that e had le!t behind and hen e in!ormed him, he said: ?o back to your !amily, stay ith them, and teach them &belie!s and practices o! Islam' and e0hort them to good, and hen the time !or prayer comes, one amongst you should.announce *d6an and then the oldest among you should lead the prayer" )his hadith has been transmitted by *yyub ith the same chain o! narrator" Malik b" Hu airith *bu 3ulaiman reported: I came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' along ith other persons and e ere young men o! nearly e-ual age, and the rest o! the hadith as transmitted like the hadith narrated be!ore"

Hadith 2>B3:

Hadith 2>B>: Hadith 2>B5:

Hadith 2>B,:

Malik b Hu airith reported: I came to the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' along ith a companion o! mine, and hen e intended to return !rom him, he said: When there is time !or prayer, announce prayer, pronounce I-ama, and the oldest amongst you should lead the prayer" )his hadith has been narrated ith the same chain o! transmitters, but al.HadraA made this addition: ;)hey both ere e-ual in recitation"; Chapter .$ : THE E+CELLENCE OF &#N#T IN ALL THE PRAYERS "HEN ANY CALA%ITY BEFALLS THE %#SLI%S *bu 3alama b" *bd al.Fahman b" A*u! heard *bu Huraira say: &When' *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' & ished to in:oke curse or blessing on someone, he ould do so at the end' o! the recitation in the da n prayer, hen he had pronounced *llah.o.*kbar &!or bending' and then li!ted his head &saying': ;*llah listened to him ho praised Him@ our Eord L to )hee is all praise;@ he ould then stand up and say: ;Fescue al.Walid b" Walid, 3alama b" Hisham, and A*yyash b" *bd FabiAa, and the helpless among the Muslims" # *llah L trample se:erely Mudar and cause them a !amine & hich broke out at the time' o! %oseph" # *llahL curse Eihyan, FiAl, Ghak an, AUsayya, !or they disobeyed *llah and His Messenger"; &)he narrator then adds': )he ne s reached us that he abandoned &this' hen this :erse as re:ealed: ;)hou but no concern in the matter hether He turns to them &merci!ully' or chastises them @ surely they are rongdoers; &ill" 2B7' )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! *bu Huraira by another chain o! transmitters up to the ords: ;*nd cause them a !amine like that & hich broke out at the time' o! %oseph,; but the subse-uent portion as not mentioned" *bu 3alama reported it on the authority o! *bu Huraira that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited 1unut a!ter rukuA in prayer !or one mouth at the time o! reciting &these ords': ;*llah listened to him ho praised Him,; and he said in 1unut: ;0 *llahL rescue al.Walid b" al.Walid@ # *llahL rescue 3alama b" Hisham@ # *llahL rescue A*yyash b" *bu FabiAa@ # *llahL rescue the helpless amongst the Muslims@ # *llahL trample Mudar se:erely@ # *llahL cause them a !amine like that & hich as caused at the time' o! %oseph"; *bu Huraira &!urther' said: I sa that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' a!ter ards abandoned this supplication" I, there!ore said: I see the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' abandoning this blessing upon

Hadith 2>B7:

Hadith 2>B7:

Hadith 2>B<:

Hadith 2>30:

them" It as raid to him &*bu Huraira': GonAt you see that &those !or hom as blessing in:oked by the Holy =rophet' ha:e come &i"e" they ha:e been rescued'( Hadith 2>32: *bu 3alama narrated that *bu Huraira told him that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' pronounced: ;*llah listened to him ho praised Him"; and be!ore prostration, he ould recite this in the AIsyaA prayer: # *llahL rescue A*yyash b" *bu FabiAa, and the rest o! the hadith is the same as narrated by *u6aAi to the ords: ;Eike the !amine &at the time' i! %oseph"; but he made no mention o! that hich !ollo s a!ter ards" *bu 3alama b" A*bd al.Fahman is reported to ha:e said that he had heard *bu Huraira saying: I ould say prayer along ith you hich is near to the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" and *bu Huraira recited 1unut in the noon and in the AIsyaA and in the morning prayer, and in:oked blessing &o! *llah' upon Muslims.and curse upon the unbelie:ers" *nas b" Malik reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in:oked curse in the morning &prayer' !or thirty days upon those ho killed the $ompanions &o! the Holy =rophet' at +iAr MaAuna" He cursed &the tribes' o! FiAl, Ghak an, Eihyan, and Usayya, ho had disobeyed *llah and His Messenger &may peace be upon him'" *nas said: *llah the /0alted and ?reat re:ealed &a :erse' regarding those ho ere killed at +iAr MaAuna, and e recited it, till it as abrogated later on &and the :erse as like this': ,con:ey to it our people the tidings that e ha:e met our Eord, and He as pleased ith us and e ere pleased ith Him;" Muhammad reported: I asked *nas hether the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed 1unut in the da n prayer" He said: Des, &he did so' a!ter the rukuA, !or a short hile" *nas b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed 1unut !or a month in the da n prayer a!ter rukuA and in:oked curse upon FiAl, Ghak an, and said that AUsayya had disobeyed *llah and His *postle &may peace be upon him'" *nas b" Malik reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed 1unut !or a month in the da n prayer a!ter rukuA and in:oked curse

Hadith 2>3B:

Hadith 2>33:

Hadith 2>3>:

Hadith 2>35:

Hadith 2>3,:

upon +ani Usayya" Hadith 2>37: *sim reported: I asked *nas hether 1unut as obser:ed &by the Holy prophet' be!ore rukuA or a!ter rukuA" He replied: +e!ore rukuA " I said: =eople concei:e that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed 1unut a!ter the rukuA" He said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed 1unut &a!ter the rukuA as the people concei:e it' !or a mouth in:oking curse upon those persons ho had killed men among his $ompanions ho ere called the reciter &o! the 1urAan'" A*sim reported . I heard *nas saying: Ke:er did I ace the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' so much grie:ed &at the loss o! a' small army as I sa him grie:ed at those se:enty men ho ere called ;reciters; &and ere killed' at +iAr MaAuna@ and he in:oked curse !or !ull one month upon their murderers" )his hadith has been narrated by *nas ith minor additions" ith another chain o! transmitters and

Hadith 2>37:

Hadith 2>3<:

Hadith 2>>0:

*nas b" Malik reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed 1unut !or one month In:oking curse upon FiAl, Ghak an, AUsayya" those ho disobeyed *llah and His Messenger &may peace be upon him'" * hadith like this has been transmitted by *nas !rom the *postle o! *llah & ay peace be upon him'" *nas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed 1unut !or one month in:oking curse upon some tribes o! *rabia &those ho ere responsible !or the murders in +iAr MaAuna and Fa9iA', but then abandoned it" *l.+ariA b" A*6ib reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed 1unut in the morning and e:ening &prayers'" *l.+ariA reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed 1unut in the da n and e:ening &prayers'"

Hadith 2>>2:

Hadith 2>>B:

Hadith 2>>3:

Hadith 2>>>:

Hadith 2>>5:

8hu!a! b" ImaA al.?hi!ari reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' aid in prayer: 0 *llah I curse the tribes o! Eihyan, FiAl, Ghak an, and AUsayya !or they disobeyed *llah and His Messenger &may peace be upon him'" *llah pardoned &the tribe o!' ?hi!ar and *llah granted protection to &the tribe o!' *slam 8hu!a! b" ImaA reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him', bo ed &in prayer' and then li!ted his head and then said: 3o !ar as the tribe o! ?hi!ar is concerned, *llah had pardoned it, and *llah had granted protection to the tribe o! *slam, and as !or the tribe o! Usayya, It had disobeyed *llah and His Messenger, &and !urther said': # *llahL curse the tribe o! Eihyan curse FiAl, and Ghak an, and then !ell in prostration" It is a!ter this that the cursing o! the unbelie:ers got a sanction" * hadith like this has been transmitted by 8hu!a! b" ImaA e0cept this that he did not mention &these ords': ;cursing o! unbelie:ers got a sanctions" Chapter .4 : CO%PENSATION OF THE %ISSE PRAYER AN E+CELLENCE OF OBSER'ING IT PRO%PTLY *bu Huraira reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' returned !rom the e0pedition to 8haibar, he tra:elled one night, and stopped !or rest hen he became sleepy" He told +ilal to remain on guard during the night and he &+ilal' prayed as much as he could, hile the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and his $ompanions slept" When the time !or da n approached +ilal leaned against his camel !acing the direction !rom hich the da n ould appear but he as o:ercome by sleep hile he as leaning against his camel, and neither the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' nor +ilal, nor anyone else among his $ompanions got up, till the sun shone on them" *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as the !irst o! them to a ake and, being startled, he called to +ilal ho said: Messenger o! *llah I may my !ather and mother be o!!ered as ransom !or thee, the same thing o:erpo ered me hich o:erpo ered you" He &the Holy =rophet, then' said: Eead the beasts on: so they led their camels to some distance" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then per!ormed ablution and ga:e orders to +ilal ho pronounced the I-ama and then led them in the morning prayer" When he !inished the prayer he said: When anyone !orgets the prayer, he should obser:e it hen he remembers it, !or *llah has said: ;*nd obser:e the prayer !or remembrance o! Me; &1urAan" 00" 2>'" Dunus said: Ibn 3hilab used to recite

Hadith 2>>,:

Hadith 2>>7:

Hadith 2>>7:

it like this: ;&*nd obser:e the prayer' !or remembrance"; Hadith 2>><: *bu Huraira reported : We stopped !or rest along ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and did not a ake till the sun rose" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then told us that e:erybody should take hold o! his camelAs nosestring &get out o! this ground' !or it as the place here de:il had :isited us" We did accordingly" He then called !or ater and per!ormed ablution and then per!ormed t o prostrations" DaA-ub said: )hen he prayed &per!ormed' t o prostrations" then takbir as pronounced !or prayer and then he o!!ered the morning prayer &in congregation'" *bu 1atida reported: )he Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' addressed us and said: Dou ould tra:el In the e:ening and the might till &?od illing' you ould come in the morning to a place o! ater" 3o the people tra:elled &sel! absorbed' ithout paying any heed to one another, and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' also tra:elled till It as midnight" I as by his side" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' began to do6e and leaned &to one side' o! his camel" I came to him and I lent him support ithout a aking him till he sat poised on his ride" He ent on tra:elling till a ma9or part o! the night as o:er and &he again' leaned &to one side' o! his camel" I supported him ithout a aking him till he sat ;bed on his ride" and then tra:elled till it as near da n" He &again' leaned hich as !ar more inclined than the t o earlier leanings and he as about to !all do n" 3o I came to him and supported him and he li!ted his head and said @ Who is this( I said: it is *bu 1atida" He &the Holy =rophet again' said: 3ince ho long ha:e you been tra:elling along ith me like this( I said: I ha:e been tra:elling in this :ery state since the night" He said: May *llah protect you, as you ha:e protected His *postle &!rom !alling do n', and again said: Go you see that e are hidden !rom the people(. and again said: Go you see anyone( I said: Here is a rider" I again said: Here Is another rider till e gathered together and e ere se:en riders" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stepped aside o! the high ay and placed his head &!or sleep and said': ?uard !or us our prayers" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as the !irst to ake up and the rays o! the sun ere !alling on his back" We got up startled He &the Holy =rophet' said: Fide on 3o e rode on till the sun had &su!!iciently' risen" He then came do n !rom his camel and called !or a 9ug o! ater hich I had ith me" )here as a little ater in that" He per!ormed ablution kith that hich as less thorough as compared ith his usual ablutions and some ater o! that had been le!t" He &the Holy =rophet' said to *bu 1atida: 8eep a atch o:er your

Hadith 2>50:

9ug o! ater@ it ould ha:e &a miraculous' condition about it" )hen +ilal summoned &people' to prayer and then the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed t o rakAahs and then said the morning prayer as he said e:ery day" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &then' rode on and e rode along ith him and some o! us hispered to the others saying: Ho ould there be compensation !or omission in our prayers( Upon this he &the *postle o! *llah' said: Is there not in me &my li!e' a model !or you ( )here is no omission in sleeping" )he &cogni6able' emission is that one should not say prayer &intentionally' till the time o! &he other prayer comes" 3o he ho did like it &omitted prayer in sleep or due to other una:oidable circumstances' should say prayer hen he becomes a are o! it and on the ne0t day he should obser:e it at its prescribed time" He &the Holy =rophet' said: What do you think the people ould ha:e done &at this hour'( )hey ould ha:e in the morning !ound their *postle missing !rom amongst them and then *bu +akr and AUmar ould ha:e told them that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' must be behind you, he cannot lea:e you behind &him', but the people said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' is ahead o! you" 3o i! you had obeyed *bu +akr and Umar, you ould ha:e gone on the right path" 3o e proceeded on till e came up to the people &!rom hom e had lagged behind' and the day had considerably risen and e:erything became hot, and they &the $ompanions o! the Holy =rophet' said: Messenger o! *llah, e are dying o! thirst" Upon this he &the Holy =rophet' remarked: )here is no destruction !or you" *nd again said: +ring that small cup o! mine and he then asked !or the 9ug o! ater to be brought to him" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' began to pour ater &in that small cup' and *bu 1atida ga:e them to drink" *nd hen the people sa that there as &a little' ater in the 9ug, they !ell upon it" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: +eha:e ell@ the ater &is enough' to satiate all o! you" )hen they &the $ompanions' began to recei:e &their share o!' ater ith calmness & ithout sho ing any an0iety' and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' began to !ill &the cap', and I began to ser:e them till no one as le!t e0cept me and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He then !illed &the cup' ith ater and said to me: Grink it" I said: Messenger o! *llah, I ould not drink till you drink" Upon this he said: )he ser:er o! the people Is the last among them to drink" 3o I drank and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' also drank and the people came to the place o! ater -uite happy and satiated" A*bdullah b" Fabah said: I am going to narrate this hadith in the great mos-ue, hen AImran b" Husain said: 3ee, # young man, ho ill you narrate !or I as also one o! the riders on that night( I said: 3o you must be kno ing

this hadith ell" He said: Who are you( I said: I am one o! the *nsar" Upon this he said: Dou narrate, !or you kno your hadith better" I, there!ore, narrated it to the people" AImran said: I as also present that night, but I kno not anyone else ho learnt it so ell as you ha:e learnt" Hadith 2>52: AImran b" Husain reported: I as ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in a 9ourney" We tra:elled the hole o! the night, and hen it as about to da n, e got do n !or rest, and ere o:erpo ered &by sleep' till the sun shone" *bu +akr as the !irst to a ake amongst us" and e did not a ake the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !rom his sleep allo ing him to ake up &o! his o n accord'" It as AUmar ho then oke up" He stood by the side o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and recited takbir in a loud :oice till the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' oke up" When he li!ted his head, he sa that the sun had arisen@ he then said: =roceed on" He tra:elled along ith us till the sun shone brightly" He came do n &!rom his camel' and led us in the morning prayer" * person, ho e:er, remained a ay !rom the people and did not say, prayer along ith us" *!ter ha:ing completed the prayer, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to him: #, so and so, hat pre:ented you !rom obser:ing prayer ith us( He said: *postle o! *llahL I as not in a state o! purity" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ordered him arid lie per!ormed )ayammum ith dust and said prayer" He then urged me to go ahead immediately along ith other riders to !ind out ater, !or e !elt :ery thirsty" We ere tra:eling hen e came across a oman ho as sitting &on a camel' ith her !eet hanging o:er t o leathern ater bags" We said to her: Ho !ar is ater a:ailable( 3he , said: Car, :ery !ar, :ery !ar" Dou cannot get ater" We &again' said: Ho much distance is there bet een &the residence o!' your !amily and ater( 3he said: It is a day and night 9ourney" We said to her: Dou go to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3he said: Who is the Messenger o! *llah ( We someho or the other managed to bring her to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he asked about her, and she in!ormed him as she had in!ormed us that she as a ido ha:ing orphan children" He ordered that her camel should be made to kneal do n and he gargled in the opening &o! her leathern ater.bag'" )he camel as then raised up and e !orty thirsty men drank ater till e ere completely satiated, and e !illed up all leathern ater.bags and ater.skins that e had ith us and e ashed our companions, but e did not make any camel drink, and &the leathern ater.bags' ere about to burst &on account o! e0cess o! ater'" He then said: +ring hate:er you ha:e ith you" 3o e collected the bits &o! estable things' and dates and packed them up in a bundle, and said to her : )ake

it a ay" )his is meant !or your children, and kno that e ha:e not its any ay done any loss to your ater"W hen she came to her !amily she said: I ha:e met the greatest magician amongst human beings, or he is an apostle, as he claims to be, and she then narrated hat had happened and *llah guided aright those people through that oman" 3he a!!irmed her !aith in Islam and so did the people embrace Islam" Hadith 2>5B: AImran b" Husain reported : We ere ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in a 9ourney and e tra:elled throughout the night till at the end, 9ust be!ore da n, e lay do n &!or rest', and nothing is s eeter !or a tra:eller than this and none a akened us but the heat o! the sun, and the rest o! the hadith is the same &as mentioned abo:e' e0cept this additien : ;When AUmar b" 8hattab oke up, he sa hat had happened to the people" *nd he as a man ha:ing a big belly and strongly built @ he recited takbir in a loud :oice till the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' oke up by the loudness o! his :oice in takbir" When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' got up, the people told him hat had happened" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )here is no harm@ you better proceed !urther,; and &the rest o! the hadith' as narrated" *bu 1atada reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as in a 9ourney he got do n !or rest at night, and he used to lie do n on his right side, and hen he lay do n !or rest be!ore the da n, he used to stretch his !orearm and place his head o:er his palm" 1atada reported !rom *nas b" Malik that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: He ho !orgets the prayer should say it hen he remembers it, there is no e0plation !or it, e0cept this" 1atada said : &*llah says' ;*nd obser:e prayer !or remembrance o! Me ; )his hadith has been narrated by 1atada, but here no mention has been made o! ;)here is no e0plation !or it e0cept this"; 1atada narrated it on the authority o! *nas b" Malik that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : He ho !orgets tte prayer, or he slept &and it as omitted', its e0piation is this only that he should obser:e it hen he remembers it"

Hadith 2>53:

Hadith 2>5>:

Hadith 2>55:

Hadith 2>5,:

Hadith 2>57:

Hadith 2>57:

1atada reported it on the authority o! *nas b" Malik that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : When any one o! you omits the prayer due to sleep or he !orgets it, he should obser:e it hen he remembers it, !or *llah has said: ;#bser:e prayer !or remembrance o! Me"; Chapter .( : THE PRAYER OF TRA'ELLERS AN SHORTENING OF IT A*Aisha, the i!e o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', reported : )he prayer as prescribed as t o rakAabs, t o rakAahs both in 9ourney and at the place o! residence" )he prayer hile tra:elling remained as it as &originally prescribed', but an addition as made in the prayer &obser:ed' at the place o! residence" A*Aisha, the i!e o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', said *llah prescribed the prayer as t o rakAahs, then it as completed &to !our rakAahs' at the place o! residence, but as retained in the same position in 9ourney as it as !irst made obligatory" A*Aisha reported: )he prayer as prescribed as consisting o! t o rakAabs, the prayer in tra:elling remained the same, but the prayer at the place o! residence as completed" &Huhri said he asked AUr a hy A*Aisha said prayer in the complete !orm during 9ourney, and he replied that she interpreted the matter hersel! as AUthman did"' Dahya b" Umayya said: I told AUmar b" al.8hattab that *llah had said: ;Dou may shorten the prayer only i! you !ear that those ho are unbelie:ers may a!!lict you; &1urAan, i:" 202', hereas the people are no sa!e" He replied : I ondered about it in the same ay as you onder about it, so I asked the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about it and he said: It is an act o! charity hich *llah has done to you, so accept His charity" DaAla b" Umayya reported : I said to AUmar b" al.8hattab, and the rest o! the hadlth is the same" Ibn A*bbas reported : *llah has prescribed the prayer through the ord o! your =rophet &may peace be upon him' as !our rakAahs hen resident, t o hen tra:elling, and one hen danger is present"

Hadith 2>5<:

Hadith 2>,0:

Hadith 2>,2:

Hadith 2>,B:

Hadith 2>,3:

Hadith 2>,>:

Ibn A*bbas reported : *llah has prescribed the prayer by the tongue o! your *postle &may peace be upon him' as t o rakAahs !or the tra:eller, !our !or the resident, and one in danger" Musa b" 3alama Hudhali said: I asked Ibn A*bbas: Ho should I say prayer hen I am in Mecca, and hen I do not pray along ith the Imam( He said: ) o rakAahs &o! prayer' is the 3unnah o! *buAl.1asim &may peace be upon him'" * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu 1atada transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 2>,5:

Hadith 2>,,:

Hadith 2>,7:

Ha!s b" A*sim said: I accompanied Ibn AUmar on the road to Mecca and he led us in t o rakAahs at the noon prayer, then he ent !or ard and e too ent along ith him to a place here he alighted, and he sat and e sat along ith him, and he cast a glance to the side here he said prayer and he sa people standing and asked: What are they doing( I said: )hey are engaged in glori!ying *llah, o!!ering 3unnah prayer" He said: I! I had done so I ould ha:e per!ected my prayer@ # my nephe L I accompanied the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on a 9ourney, and he made no addittion to t o rakAahs, till *llah called him" I accompanied *bu +akr and he made no addition to t o rakAahs till *llah caused him to die" I accompanied AUmar and he made no addition to t o rakAahs till *llah caused him to die" I accompanied AUthman and he made no addition to t o rakAahs, till *llah caused him to die, and *llah has said: ;)here is a model pattern !or you in the Messenger o! *llah; &al.1urAan, 000iii" B2'" Ha!s b" A*sim reported: I !ell ill and lbn AUmar came to in-uire a!ter my health, and I asked him about the glori!ication o! *llah &i"e" prayer' hile tra:elling" )hereupon he said: I accompanied the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on a 9ourney but I did not see him glori!ying Him, and ere I to glori!y &Him'" I ould ha:e completed the prayer" *llah, the /0alted, has said: ;Ierily there is a model pattern !or you in the Messenger o! *llah"; *nas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said !our rakAahs in the noon prayer hile at Medina, but he o!!ered t o rakAahs in the a!ternoon prayer at GhuAl.Hulai!a"

Hadith 2>,7:

Hadith 2>,<:

Hadith 2>70:

*nas b" Malik is reported to ha:e said: I obser:ed !our rakAahs in the noon prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' at Medina, and said t o rakAahs in the a!ternoon prayer at GhuAl.Hulai!a" Dahya b" Da6id al.HunaAi reported: I asked *nas b" Malik about shortening o! prayer" He said: When the Messenger o!A *llah &may peace be upon him' had co:ered a distance o! three miles or three !arsakh &3huAba, one o! the narrators, had some doubt about it' he obser:ed t o rakAahs" %ubair b" Ku!air reported: I ent along ith 3hurahbil b" al.3imt to a :illage hich as situated at a distance o! se:enteen or eighteen miles, and he said only t o rakAahs o! prayer" I said to him &about it' and he said: I sa AUmar obser:ing t o rakAahs at GhuAl.Hulai!a and I &too' said to him &about it' and he said: I am doing the same as I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' doing" &)his hadith has been transmitted by 3huAba ith the same chain o! narrators and it is narrated !rom 3imt, and the name o! 3hurahbil has not been mentioned, and he said that he had gone to a place called Gumin, situated at a distance o! eighteen miles !rom Hims"' *nas b" Malik reported: We ent out !rom Medina to Mecca ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he prayed t o rakAahs at each time o! prayer till e returned to Medina" I said: Cor ho long did he stay in Mecca( He said: &Cor' ten &days'" * hadith like this has been narrated by *nas by another chain o! transmitters" Dahya b" *bu Isha- reported: I heard *nas b" Malik say: We =ilgrimage !rom Medina" )he rest is the same" ent out !or

Hadith 2>72:

Hadith 2>7B:

Hadith 2>73:

Hadith 2>7>: Hadith 2>75:

Hadith 2>7,:

* hadith like this has been transmitted by *nas, but no mention has been made o! =ilgrimage" 3alim b" A*bdullah &b" AUmar' reported on the authority o! his !ather that *llahAs Messenger & ay peace be upon him' obser:ed the prayer o! a tra:eller, i"e" t o rakAahs in Mina, and other places@ so did *bu +akr and AUmar, and AUthman too obser:ed t o rakAabs at the beginning o! his caliphate, but he then completed !our"

Hadith 2>77:

Hadith 2>77:

* hadith like this has been reported by Huhri, ith the same chain o! transmitters, and in it mention as made o! Mina only, but not o! other places" Ibn AUmar reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said t o rakAahs at Mina, and *bu +akr a!ter him, and AUmar a!ter *bu +akr, and AUthman at the beginning o! his caliphate@ then AUthman obser:ed !our rakAahs, and hen Ibn AUmar prayed ith the Imam, he said !our rakAahs, but hen he obser:ed prayer alone, he said t o rakAahs" * hadith like this has been narrated by the same chain o! transmitters" Ibn AUmar reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said in Mina the prayer o! a tra:eller &short prayer'@ *bu +akr and AUmar did the same and AUthmia did it !or eight years or si0 years" Ha!s &one o! the narrators' said: Ibn AUmar ould also say t o rakAahs at Mina and then go to bed" I said to him: # uncle, I ish you could ha:e said t o rakAahs &o! 3unnah prayer a!ter shorenting the Card prayer'" He said: Were I to do that, I ould ha:e completed the prayer" )his hadith has been narrated by 3huAba ith the same chain o! transmitters but no mention has been made o! Mina, but they &the narrators' only said: He prayed hile tra:elling" Ibrahim reported: I heard A*bd al.Fahman as saying@ AUthman led us !our rakAahs o! prayer at Mina" It as reported to *bdullah b" MasAud and he recited: ;3urely e are *llahAs and to Him shall e return,; and then said: I prayed ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' at Mina t o rakAahs o! prayer" I prayed along ith *bu +akr al.3iddi- t o rakAahs o! prayer at Mina" I prayed along ith AUmar b" 8hattab t o rakAahs o! prayer at Mina" I ish I had my share o! the t o rakAahs acceptable &to ?od' !or the !our rakAahs" * hadith like this has been reported by *Amash transmitters" Haritha b" Wahb reported: I prayed ith the same chain o!

Hadith 2>7<:

Hadith 2>70: Hadith 2>72:

Hadith 2>7B:

Hadith 2>73:

Hadith 2>7>:

Hadith 2>75:

ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be

upon him' t o rakAabs and most o! them o!!ered t o rakAahs only in Mina, hile the people !elt secure" Hadith 2>7,: Wahb al.8hu6aAi reported: I prayed behind the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' at Mina, and there as the greatest number o! people, and they prayed t o rakAahs on the occasion o! the Car ell =ilgrmage" &Muslim said: Haritha b" Wahb al.8hu6aAi is the brother o! AUbaidullah b" AUmar son o! 8hattab !rom the side o! mother"' Chapter .* : PRAYING IN HO#SES "HEN IT RAINS Ibn AUmar announced *dhan !or prayer on a cold, indy night" )hen added: =ray in your d ellings@ and then said: When it as a cold, rainy night, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to command the MuAadhdhin to say ;=ray in your d ellings"; Ibn AUmar reported that he summoned &people' to pray on a cold, indy and rainy night, and then obser:ed at the end o! the *dhin : =ray in your d ellings, pray in your d ellings, and then said: When it as a cold night or it as raining in a 9ourney the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' used to command the MuAadhdhin to announce: =ray in your d ellings" Ibn AUmar reported that he summoned &people' to prayer at a place &kno n as' Ga9nan, and the rest o! the hadith is the same, and then said: =ray in your d ellings, but he did not repeat !or the second time ords o! Ibn AUmar &=ray in your d ellings'" %abir reported : We set cut ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on a 9ourney hen it began to rain" Upon this he said: He ho desires may pray in his d elling" A*bdullah b" A*bbas reported that he said to the MuAadhdhin on a rainy day: When you ha:e announced ;I testi!y that there is no god but *llah@ I testi!y that Muhammad is the Messenger o! *llah,; do not say : ;$ome to the prayer,; but make this announcement : ;3ay prayer in your houses"; He &the narrator' said that the people disappro:ed o! it" Ibn A*bbas said : *re you astonished at it ( He &the Holy =rophet', ho is better than I, did it" %umuAa prayer is no doubt obligatory, but I do not like that I should &!orce you' to come out and alk in

Hadith 2>77:

Hadith 2>77:

Hadith 2>7<:

Hadith 2><0:

Hadith 2><2:

mud and slippery ground" Hadith 2><B: A*bd al.Hamid reported: I heard A*bdullah b" al.Harith say: A*bdullah b" A*bbas addressed us on a rainy day, and the rest o! the hadith is the same, but he made no mention o! %umuAa prayer, and added : He ho did it & ho commanded us to say prayer in our houses', i"e" the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', is better than I" )his hadith has been narrated by *yyub and A*sim al.*h al ith the same chain o! transmitters, but in this hadith it is not recorded : ;i"e" the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'"; A*bdullah b" Harith reported that Ibn A*bbas commanded the MuAadhdhin to &summon the people to prayer on Criday and make announcement to say prayer in their houses' hen it as rainy, and the rest o! the hadith is the same &e0cept this' that he said: I do not like you should alk in muddy slippery place" A*bdullah b" Harith reported that the MuAadhdhin o! Ibn A*bba said *dhan on Criday &and then made the announcement to say prayer in houses' because it as a rainy day@ as it has been narrated by MaAmar and others, and in this hadith it as mentioned: He ho did it, i"e" the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', as better than I" * hadith like this that Ibn A*bbas ordered his MuAadhdhin &to summon people to prayer and then make announcement to say prayer in their houses' on Criday hich as a rainy day, has been transmitted by A*bdullah b" Harith" Wuhaib, ho e:er, says that he did not hear it !rom him" Chapter ., : PER%ISSIBILITY OF SAYING NAFL PRAYER ON A RI ING BEAST "HILE ON A 4O#RNEY) IN "HATE'ER IRECTION IT T#RNS Ibn AUmar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to say Ka!l prayer on &the back o!' his camel in hate:er direction it took him" Ibn AUmar reported that the *postle &may peace be upon him' used to pray on &the back o!' his camel in hate:er direction it took him"

Hadith 2><3:

Hadith 2><>:

Hadith 2><5:

Hadith 2><,:

Hadith 2><7:

Hadith 2><7:

Hadith 2><<:

Ibn AUmar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to say prayer on his camel hile coming !rom Mecca to Medina, in hate:er direction his !ace had turned @ and its as &in this conte0t' that this :erse as re:ealed: ;3o hether you turn thither is *llahAs !ace; &ii" 225'" )his hadith has been narrated by another chain o! transmitters and in the one narrated by Ibn Mubarak and Ibn *bu HaAida &these ords are narrated'" Ibn AUmar then recited: ;Whether you turn thither is *llahAs !ace,; and it as re:ealed in this conte0t" Ibn AUmar reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' praying &Ka!l prayer' on a donkeyAs back hile his !ace as turned to ards 8haibar" 3aAid b" Dasar reported: I as tra:elling along ith Ibn AUmar on the ay to Mecca" 3aAid said: When I apprehended da n, I dismounted &the ride' and obser:ed Witr prayer and then again 9oined him" Ibn AUmar said to me: Where ere you( I said: I apprehended the appearance o! da n, so I dismounted and obser:ed Witr prayer" Upon this A*bdullah said: Is there not a model pattern !or you in the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'( I said: Des, by *llah, and &then' he said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e Witr prayer on the camelAs back" A*bdullah b" Ginar reported on the authority o! Ibn AUmar that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e prayer on his ride &no matter' in hich direction it had its !ace turned" A*bdullah b" Ginar said that Ibn AUmar used to do like that" A*bdullah b" AUmar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e Witr prayer on his ride" 3alim b" A*bdullah reported on the authority o! his !ather that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be" upon him' used to obser:e Ka!l &supererogatory' prayer on his ride no matter in hat direction it turned its !ace, and he obser:ed Witr too on it, but did not obser:e obligatory prayer on it"

Hadith 2500:

Hadith 2502:

Hadith 250B:

Hadith 2503:

Hadith 250>:

Hadith 2505:

Hadith 250,:

A*bdullah b" A*mir b" FabiAa has reported on the authority o! his !ather that he had seen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ing Ka!l player at night on a 9ourney on the back o! his ride in hiche:er direction it turned its !ace" *nas b" 3irin reported: We met *nas b" Malik as he came to 3yria at a place kno n as A*in.al.)amar and sa him obser:ing prayer on the back o! his donkey ith his !ace turned in that direction" &Hammam one o! the narrators' pointed to ards the le!t o! 1ibla, so I said to him: I !ind you obser:ing prayer to ards the side other than that o! 1ibla" Upon this he said: Had I not seen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' doing like this, I ould not ha:e done so at all" Chapter .- : PER%ISSIBILITY OF CO%BINING T"O PRAYERS ON A 4O#RNEY Ibn AUmar reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as in a state o! hurry on a 9ourney, he combined the sunset and AIshaA prayers" Ka!iA reported that hen Ibn AUmar as in a state o! hurry on a 9ourney, he combined the sunset and AIshaA prayers a!ter the t ilight had disappeared, and he ould say that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as in a state o! hurry on a 9ourney, he combined the sunset and AIshaA prayers" 3alim reported !rom his !ather to be saying: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' combining the sunset and IshaA prayers hen he as in a hurry on a 9ourney" 3alim b" A*bdullah reported that his !ather had said: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' delaying the sunset prayer till he ould combine it ith the AIshaA hen he hastened to set out on a 9ourney" *nas b" Malik reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' set out on a 9ourney be!ore the sun declined &!rom the meridian', he delayed the noon prayer till the a!ternoon prayer, and then dismounted &his ride' and combined them &noon and a!ternoon prayers', but i! the sun had declined be!ore his setting out on a 9ourney, he obser:ed the noon prayer and then mounted &the ride'"

Hadith 2507:

Hadith 2507:

Hadith 250<:

Hadith 2520:

Hadith 2522:

Hadith 252B:

Hadith 2523:

*nas reported: When the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' intended to combine t o prayers on a 9ourney, he delayed the noon prayer till came the early time o! the a!ternoon prayer, and then combined the t o" *nas reported that hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had to set out on a 9ourney hurriedly, he delayed the noon prayer to the earlier time !or the a!ternoon prayer, and then he ould combine them, and he ould delay the sunset prayer to the time hen the t ilight ould disappear and then combine it ith the AIshaA prayer" Chapter .. : CO%BINATION OF PRAYERS) "HEN ONE IS RESI ENT Ibn A*bbas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed the noon and a!ternoon prayers together, and the sunset and IshaA prayers together ithout being in a state o! !ear or in a state o! 9ourney" Ibn A*bbas reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed the noon and a!ternoon prayers together in Medina ithout being in a state o! !ear or in a state o! 9ourney" &*bu Hubair said: I asked 3aAid 4one o! the narrators5 hy he did that" He said: I asked Ibn A*bbas as you ha:e asked me, and he replied that he 4the Holy =rophet5 anted that no one among his Ummah should be put to 4unnecessary5 hardship"' Ibn A*bbas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' combined the prayers as he set on a 9ourney in the e0pedition to )abuk" He combined the noon prayer ith the a!ternoon prayer and the sunset prayer ith the AIshaA prayer" 3aAid &one o! the ra is' said to Ibn A*bbas: What prompted him to do this( He said: He anted that his Ummah should not be put to &unnecessary' hardship" MuAadh reported: We set out ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the )abuk e0pedition, and he obser:ed the noon and a!ternoon prayers together and the sunset and AIshaA prayers together" MuAadh b" %abal reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' combined in the e0pedition to )abuk the noon prayer ith the a!ternoon prayer and the sunset prayer ith the AIshaA prayer" He &one o! the narrators' said: What prompted him to do that( He &MuAadh' replied that he &the Holy =rophet'

Hadith 252>:

Hadith 2525:

Hadith 252,:

Hadith 2527:

Hadith 2527:

Hadith 252<:

anted that his Ummah should not be put to &unnecessary' hardship" Hadith 25B0: Ibn A*bbas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' combined the noon prayer ith the a!ternoon prayer and the sunset prayer ith the AIshaA prayer in Medina ithout being in a state o! danger or rain!all" *nd in the hadith transmitted by WakiA &the ords are': ;I said to Ibn A*bbas: What prompted him to do that( He said: 3o that his &=rophetAs' Ummah should not be put to &unnecessary' hardship"; *nd in the hadith transmitted by MuAa iya &the ords are': ;It as said to Ibn A*bbas: What did he intend thereby( He said he anted that his Ummah should not be put to unnecessary hardship"; Ibn A*bbas reported: I obser:ed ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' eight &rakAahs' in combination, and se:en rakAahs in combination" I &one o! the narrators' said: # *bd 3haAthaA, I think that he &the Holy =rophet' had delayed the noon prayer and hastened the a!ternoon prayer, and he delayed the sunset prayer and hastened the AIshaA prayer" He said: I also think so" Ibn A*bbas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed in Medina se:en &rakAahs' and eight &rakAahs', i"e" &be combined' the noon and a!ternoon prayers &eight rakAahs' and the sunset and AIshaA prayers &se:en rakAahs'" A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- reported: Ibn A*bbas one day addressed us in the a!ternoon &a!ter the a!ternoon prayer' till the sun disappeared and the stars appeared, and the people began to say: =rayer, prayer" * person !rom +anu )amim came there" He neither slackened nor turned a ay, but &continued crying': =rayer, prayer" Ibn A*bbas said: May you be depri:ed o! your mother, do you teach me 3unnah( *nd then he said: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' combining the noon and a!ternoon prayers and the sunset and AIshaA prayers" A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- said: 3ome doubt as created in my mind about it" 3o I came to *bu Huraira and asked him &about it' and he testi!ied his assertion" A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- al.AU-aili reported: * person said to Ibn A*bbas &as he delayed the prayer': =rayer" He kept silence" He again said: =rayer" He again kept silence, and he again cried: =rayer" He again kept silence and said: May you be depri:ed o! your mother, do you teach us about prayer( We used to combine t o prayers during the li!e o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be

Hadith 25B2:

Hadith 25BB:

Hadith 25B3:

Hadith 25B>:

upon him'" Chapter 011 : PER%ISSIBILITY OF T#RNING TO THE RIGHT AN LEFT IN PRAYER *bdullah reported: Kone o! you should gi:e a share to 3atan out o! your sel!" He should not deem that it is necessary !or him to turn but to the right only &a!ter prayer'" I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' turning to the le!t" * hadith like this has been narrated by *Amash, transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 25B5:

Hadith 25B,:

Hadith 25B7:

3uddi reported : I asked *nas ho I should turn.to the right or to the le!t. hen I say my prayers" He said : I ha:e :ery o!ten seen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' turning to the right" *nas reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to turn to the right &at the end o! the prayer'" Chapter 010 : E+CELLENCE TO BE ON THE RIGHT SI E OF THE I%A% +araA reported: When e prayed behind the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' e cherished to be on his right side so that his !ace ould turn to ards us &at the end o! the prayer', and he &the narrator' said: I heard him say: # my Eord L sa:e me !rom )hy torment on the Gay hen )hoil, ouldst raise or gather )hy ser:ants" )his hadith has been reported by MisAar ith the same chain o! transmitters, but he made no mention o!: ;His !ace ould turn to ards us"; Chapter 01! : THE #N ESIRABILITY OF OBSER'ING NAFL PRAYER) "HEN THE %#/A H HIN BEGINS A HAN *bu Huraira reported the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: When the prayer commences then there is no prayer &:alid', but the obligatory prayer" )his hadith has been narrated by War-aA ith the same chain o! transmitters"

Hadith 25B7:

Hadith 25B<:

Hadith 2530:

Hadith 2532:

Hadith 253B:

*bu Huraira reported the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: When the prayer commences, there is no prayer but the obligatory one" * hadith like this has been reported by Ishatransmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 2533:

Hadith 253>:

)his hadith has been narrated by *bu Huraira ith another chain o! transmitters" Hammad &one o! the narrators' said : I then met A*mr &the other narrator' and he narrated it to me, but it as not transmitted directly !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" A*bdullah b" Malik b" +uhaina reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' happened to pass by a person ho as busy in praying hile the &Card o! the' da n prayer had commenced" He said something to him, hich e do not kno hat it as" When e turned back e surrounded him and said: What is it that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to you ( He replied : He &the Holy =rophet' had said to me that he percei:ed as i! one o! them as about to obser:e !our &rakAahs' o! the da n prayer" 1aAnabi reported that A*bdullah b" Malik b" +uhaina narrated it on the authority o! his !ather" &*buAl.Husain Muslim said' : His assertion that he has narrated this hadith on the authority o! his !ather is not correct" Ibn +uhaina reported: )he da n prayer had commenced hen the Messen. ger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sa a person obser:ing prayer, hereas the MuAadhdhin had pronounced the I-ama" Upon this he &the Holy =rophet' remarked: Go you say !our &rakAahs' o! Card in the da n prayer( A*bdullah b" 3ar9is reported: * person entered the mos-ue, hile the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as leading the da n prayer" He obser:ed t o rakAahs in a corner o! the mos-ue, and then 9oined the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in prayer" When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had pronounced salutations &he had concluded the prayer', he said: #, so and so, hich one out o! these t o prayers did you count &as your Card prayer', the one that you obser:ed alone or the prayer that you obser:ed ith us ( Chapter 01$ : "HAT IS TO BE RECITE "HILE ENTERING THE %OS&#E

Hadith 2535:

Hadith 253,:

Hadith 2537:

Hadith 2537:

*bu Usaid reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When any one o! you enters the mos-ue, he should say: ;# *llah L open !or me the doors o! )hy mercy;@ and hen he steps out he should say: A# *llah L I beg o! )hee )hy ?race"; &Imam Muslim said: I heard Dahya saying: I transcribed this hadith !rom the compilation o! 3ulaiman b" +ilal"' * hadith like this has been narrated !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' by *bu Usaid" Chapter 014 : E+CELLENCE OF GREETING THE %OS&#E "ITH T"O RAK/AHS AN #N ESIRABILITY OF SITTING O"N BEFORE OBSER'ING THE% *bu 1atada &a $ompanion o! the =rophet' reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When any one o! you enters the mos-ue, he should obser:e t o rakAahs &o! Ka!l prayer' be!ore sitting" *bu 1atada, a $ompanion o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', said: I entered the mos-ue, hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had been sitting among people, and I also sat do n among them" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: What pre:ented you !rom o!!ering t o rakAahs &o! Ka!l prayer' be!ore sitting do n( I said: Messenger o! *llah, I sa you sitting and people sitting &around you and I, there!ore, sat in your company'" He &the Holy =rophet' then said: When anyone among you enters the mos-ue, he should not sit till he has obser:ed t o rakAahs" %abir b" A*bdullah reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' o ed me a debt@ he paid me back and made an addition &o! this'" I entered the mos-ue and he &the Holy =rophet' said to me: #bser:e t o rakAahs o! prayer" Chapter 01( : E+CELLENCE OF OBSER'ING T"O RAK/AHS IN THE %OS&#E FOR ONE "HO CO%ES BACK FRO% A 4O#RNEY %abir b" A*bdullah reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' bought a camel !rom me" When he came back to Medina, he ordered me to come to the mos-ue and obser:ed t o rakAahs o! prayer" %abir b" A*bdullah reported: I ent ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on an e0pedition and my camel delayed me and I as e0hausted" )he

Hadith 253<:

Hadith 25>0:

Hadith 25>2:

Hadith 25>B:

Hadith 25>3:

Hadith 25>>:

Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' thus came earlier than I, hereas I came on the ne0t day and ent to the mos-ue and !ound him &the Holy =rophet' at the gate o! the mos-ue" He said: It is no that you ha:e come" I said" Des" He said: Eea:e your camel and enter &the mos-ue' and obser:e t o rakAahs" He &the narrator' said: 3o I entered and obser:ed &t o rakAahs' o! prayer and then ent back" Hadith 25>5: 8aAb b" Malik reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not come back !rom the 9ourney but by day in the !orenoon, and hen he arri:ed, he ent !irst to the mos-ue, and ha:ing prayed t o rakAahs in it he sat do n in it" Chapter 01* : E+CELLENCE OF THE FORENOON PRAYER) T"O ARE ITS %INI%#% RAK/AHS AN EIGHT ARE ITS %A+I%#% RAK/AHS5 AN A'ERAGE RAK/AHS ARE FO#R OR SI+) AN E+HORTATION FOR THE OBSER'ANCE OF THE PRAYER A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- reported: I asked A*Aisha hether the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e the !orenoon prayer" 3he said: Ko, but hen he came back !rom the 9ourney" A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- reported: I aksed A*Aisha hether the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e the !orenoon prayer" 3he said: Ko, e0cept hen he came back !rom a 9ourney" AUr a reported A*Aisha to be sayidg: I ha:e ne:er seen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ing the supererogatory prayer o! the !orenoon, but I obser:ed it" *nd i! the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' abandoned any act hich he in !act lo:ed to do, it as out o! !ear that i! the people practised it constantly, it might become obligatory !or them" MuAadha asked A*Aisha &*llah be pleased ith her' ho many rakAahs *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' prayed at the !orenoon prayer" 3he replied: Cour rakAahs, but sometimes more as he pleased" * hadith like this has been reported by the same chain o! transmitters, but this alteration that the transmitter said: ;*s *llah pleased"; ith

Hadith 25>,:

Hadith 25>7:

Hadith 25>7:

Hadith 25><:

Hadith 2550:

Hadith 2552:

MuaAada A*da iyya reported A*Aisha as saying: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e !our rakAahs in the !orenoon prayer and he sometimes obser:ed more as *llah pleased" * hadith like this has been narrated by 1atada transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 255B:

Hadith 2553:

*bd al.Fahman b" *bu Eaila reported : Ko one has e:er narrated to me that he sa the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ing the !orenoon prayer, e0cept Umm Hani" 3he, ho e:er, narrated that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' entered her house on the day o! the $on-uest o! Mecca and prayed eight rakAahs &adding' : I ne:er sa a shorter prayer than it e0cept that he per!ormed the bo ing and prostration completely" +ut &one o! the narrators' Ibn +ashshar in his narration made no mention o! the ord : ;Ke:er;" A*bdullah b" Harith b" Kau!al reported : I had been asking about, as I as desirous to !ind one among people ho should in!orm me, hether the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed the !orenoon prayer, but I !ound none to narrate that to me e0cept Umm Hani, daughter o! *bu )alib &the real sister o! Hadrat A*li', ho told me that on the day o! the $on-uest the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came &to our house' a!ter the da n had &su!!iciently' arisen" * cloth as brought and pri:acy as pro:ided !or him &the Holy =rophet'" He took a bath and then stood up and obser:ed eight rakAahs" I do not kno hether his 1iyam &standing posture' as longer, or bending or prostration or all o! them ere o! e-ual duration" 3he &Umm Hani' !urther said : I ne:er sa him saying this Ka!l prayer prior to it or subse-uently" &*l.Muradi narrated on the authority o! Dunus that he made no mention o! the ords: ;He in!ormed me";' *bu Murra, the !reed sla:e o! Umm Hani, daughter o! *bu )alib, reported Umm Hani to be saying: I ent to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the day o! the $on-uest o! Mecca and !ound him taking bath, and Catimah, his daughter, had pro:ided him pri:acy ith the help o! a cloth" I ga:e him salutation and he said: Who is she( I said: It is Umm Hani, daughter o! *bu )alib" He &the Holy =rophet' said : ?reeting !or Umm Hani" When he had completed the bath, he stood up and obser:ed eight rakAahs rapped up in one cloth" When he turned back &a!ter the prayer', I said to him: Messenger o! *llah, the son o! my mother A*li b" *bu )alib is going to kill a person, Culan b"

Hadith 255>:

Hadith 2555:

Hubaira hom I ha:e gi:en protection" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' said: We too ha:e gi:en protection hom you ha:e gi:en protection, # Umm Hani" Umm Hani said: It as the !orenoon &prayer'" Hadith 255,: *bu Murra narrated on the authority o! Umm Hani that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the day o! the $on-uest o! Mecca obser:ed in her house eight rakAabs o! prayer in one cloth, its opposite corners ha:ing been tied !rom the opposite sides" *bu Gharr reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: In the morning charity is due !rom e:ery bone in the body o! e:ery one o! you" /:ery utterance o! *llahAs glori!ication is an act o! charity" /:ery utterance o! praise o! Him is an act o! charity, e:ery utterance o! pro!ession o! His #neness is an act o! charity, e:ery utterance o! pro!ession o! His ?reatness is an act o! charity, en9oining good is an act o! charity, !orbidding hat is distreputable is an act o! charity, and t o rakAahs hich one prays in the !orenoon ill su!!ice" *bu Huraira reported" My !riend &the Holy =rophet, may peace be upon him' has instructed me to do three things : three !asts during e:ery month, t o rakAahs o! the !orenoon prayer, and obser:ing Witr prayer be!ore going to bed" * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu Huraira by another chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported: My !riend *buAl.1asim &may peace be upon him' instructed me to do three things, and the rest o! the hadith is the same" *bu Murra, the !reed sla:e o! Umm Hani, narrated on the authority o! *bu GardaA : My Criend &may peace be upon him' instructed me in three &acts', and I ould ne:er abandon them as long as I li:e" &*nd these three things are' : )hree !asts during e:ery month, the !orenoon prayer, and this that I should not sleep till I ha:e obser:ed the Witr prayer" Chapter 01, : E+CELLENCE OF OBSER'ING T"O RAK/AHS OF S#NNAH IN THE A"N PRAYER Ibn AUmar reported that Ha!sa, the Mother o! the +elie:ers, in!ormed him that hen the MuAadhdhin became silent a!ter calling &people' to the da n prayer,

Hadith 2557:

Hadith 2557:

Hadith 255<:

Hadith 25,0:

Hadith 25,2:

Hadith 25,B:

the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' commenced the da n &prayer' hen it da ned by obser:ing t o short rakAahs be!ore the commencement o! the &Card' prayer" Hadith 25,3: Hadith 25,>: )his hadith has been transmitted by Ka!iA ith the same chain o! narrators" Ha!sa reported that hen it as da n, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not obser:e &any other prayers' but t o short rakAahs" * hadith like this has been narrated by 3huAba transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 25,5:

Hadith 25,,:

Ha!sa reported: When the da n appeared, the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed t o rakAahs &o! 3unnah prayers'" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e t o rakAahs o! 3unnah &prayer' hen he heard the *dhin and shortened them" &)his hadith has been narrated by the same chain o! transmitters and in the hadith narrated by Usama the ords are: ;When it as da n;"' A*Aisha reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e t o &supererogatory' rakAahs in bet een the call to prayer and the I-ama o! the da n prayer" A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed t o rakAahs o! the da n prayer and he shortened them &to the e0tent' that I &out o! surprise' said: Gid he recite in them 3urah Catiha &only'( A*Aisha reported: When it as da n, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed t o rakAahs, and I ould say: Goes he recite only the opening chapter o! the 1urAan in it( A*Aisha reported that the *postle &may peace be upon him' as not so much particular about obser:ing supererogatory rakAahs as in case o! the t o rakAahs o! the da n prayer"

Hadith 25,7:

Hadith 25,7:

Hadith 25,<:

Hadith 2570:

Hadith 2572:

Hadith 257B:

A*Aisha reported: I ha:e ne:er seen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' hastening as much in obser:ing supererogatory as t o rakAahs be!ore the &Card' o! the da n prayer" A*Aisha reported *llahAs Messenger as saying: )he t o rakAahs at da n are better than this orld and hat it contains" A*Aisha reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said about the t o &supererogatory' rakAahs o! the da n: )hey are dearer to me than the hole orld" *bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited in the t o &supererogatory' rakAahs o! the da n &prayer': ;3ay: # unbelie:ers,; &1urAan, ci0"' and ;3ay: *llah is one; &c0ii"'" Ibn A*bbas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in !irst o! the t o &supererogatory' rakAahs o! the da n: ;3ay: We belie:ed in *llah and hat as re:ealed to us"" "; :erses B75.B7, !rom 3urah +a-ara, and in the second o! the t o: ;I belie:e in *llah and I bear testimony that e are Muslims; &iii" 52'" Ibn A*bbas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in the t o &supererogatory' rakAahs o! the da n prayer: ;3ay: We belie:ed in *llah and hat as re:ealed to us; and that hich is !ound in 3urah *l.i.Almran:;$ome to that ord &creed' hich is common bet een you and us;&iii" ,>'" )his hadith has been transmitted by another chain o! narrators" Chapter 01- : THE 'IRT#E OF S#NAN PRAYERS BE9ORE AN AFTER THE FAR RAK/AHS AN THEIR N#%BER Umm Habiba &the i!e o! the Holy =rophet' reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: * house ill be built in =aradise, !or anyone ho prays in a day and a night t el:e rakAahs@ and she added: I ha:e ne:er abandoned &obser:ing them' since I heard it !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3ome o! the other narrators said the same ords: I ha:e ne:er abandoned &obser:ing them' since I heard &!rom so and so'"

Hadith 2573:

Hadith 257>:

Hadith 2575:

Hadith 257,:

Hadith 2577:

Hadith 2577:

Hadith 257<:

Hadith 2570:

KuAman b" 3alim reported ith the same chain o! transmitters: He ho obser:ed t el:e :oluntary rakAahs, a house ill be built !or him in =aradise" Umm Habiba, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: I! any Muslim ser:ant &o! *llah' prays !or the sake o! *llah t el:e rakAahs &o! 3unAan' e:ery day, o:er and abo:e the obligatory ones, *llah ill build !or him a house in =aradise, or a house ill be built !or him in =aradise@ and I ha:e not abandoned to obser:e the in a!ter &hearing it !rom the Messenger o! *llah'" &3o said also A*mr and KuAman"' Umm Habiba reported the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ha:ing said: I! any Muslim ser:ant &o! *llah' per!ormed ablution, and per!ormed it ell, and then obser:ed e:ery day, the rest o! the hadith is the same" Ibn AUmar reported: I prayed along ith *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' t o rakAahs be!ore and t o rakAahs a!ter the noon prayer, t o rakAahs a!ter the sunset prayer and t o rakAahs a!ter the AIshaA prayer and t o rakAahs a!ter the Criday prayer@ and so !ar as the sunset, AIshaA and Criday prayers are concerned, I obser:ed &them' along ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in his house" Chapter 01. : PER%ISSIBILITY OF OBSER'ING NAFL ('OL#NTARY PRAYER) STAN ING OR SITTING AN OBSER'ING SO%E PART OF IT IN SITTING OR STAN ING POST#RES A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- said: I asked A*Aisha about the Messenger o! *llahAs &may peace be upon him' :oluntary prayers, and she replied : +e!ore the noon prayer, he used to pray !our rakAabs in my house@ then ould go out and lead the people in prayer @ then come in and pray t o rakAahs" He ould then lead the people in the sunset prayer@ then come in and pray t o rakAabs" )hen he ould lead the people in the AIshaA prayer, and enter my house and pray t o rakAahs" He ould pray nine rakAahs during the night, including Witr" *t night he ould pray !or a long time standing and !or a long time sitting, and hen he recited the Holy 1urAan hile standing, he ould bo and prostrate himsel! !rom the standing position, and hen he recited hile sitting, he ould bo and prostrate himsel! !rom the sitting position, and hen it as da n he ould pray t o rakAahs"

Hadith 2572:

Hadith 257B:

Hadith 2573:

Hadith 257>:

Hadith 2575:

A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ould pray in the night !or a long time, and hen he prayed standing be bo ed in a standing posture, and hen he prayed sitting, he bo ed in a sitting posture" A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- reported: I !ell ill in =ersia and there!ore, prayed in a sitting posture, and I asked A*Aisha about it and she said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prayed !or a long time in the night sitting" A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- al.AU-aili reported: I asked A*Aisha about the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' during the night &i"e" )aha99ud prayer' 3he replied: He used to pray !or a long time standing and !or a long time sitting in the night, and hen he recited the 1urAan hile standing, he ould bo himsel! !rom the standing position, and hen he recited hile sitting, he ould bo !rom the sitting position" A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- al.AU-aili reported: I asked A*Aisha about the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3he said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ould obser:e prayer &Ka!l' in a standing position as ell as in a sitting position, and hen he commenced the prayer in a standing position, he bo ed in this :ery position, and hen he commenced the prayer in a sitting position, he bo ed in this :ery position" A*Aisha reported: I did not see the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reciting &the 1urAan' in the night prayer in a sitting position, till he gre old and then he recited &it' in a sitting position, but hen thirty or !orty :erses ere le!t out o! the 3urah, he ould then stand up, recite them and then bo ed" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to pray hile sitting & hen he gre old' and he recited in this position and hen the recitation e-ual to thirty or !orty :erses as le!t, he ould then stand up and recite &!or this duration' in a standing position and then bo ed himsel! and then prostrated himsel! and did the same in the second rakAah" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in sitting position & hile obser:ing the )aha99ud prayer' and hen he intended to bo , he ould stand up and recite &!or the duration in hich' a man

Hadith 257,:

Hadith 2577:

Hadith 2577:

Hadith 257<:

Hadith 25<0:

Hadith 25<2:

&ordinarily' recites !orty :erses" Hadith 25<B: *l-ama b" Wa--as reported: I asked A*Aisha ho the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did in the t o rakAahs as he &obser:ed them' sitting" 3he said: He ould recite &the 1urAan' in them, and hen he intended to bo , he ould stand up and then bo ed" A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- reported: I asked A*Aisha hether the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed &Ka!l' sitting" 3he said: Des, hen the people had made him old" A*bdullah b" 3ha-i- reported: I said to A*Aisha and she made a mention o! that &recorded abo:e' about the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' died &in this :ery state' that he obser:ed most o! his &Ka!l' prayers in a sitting position" A*Aisha reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' gre bulky and hea:y he ould obser:e &most o! his Ka!l' prayers sitting" Ha!sa reported: Ke:er did I see the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ing supererogatory prayer sitting till one year be!ore his death hen he ould obser:e Ka!l prayer in a sitting position, and he ould recite the 3urah &o! the 1urAan' in such a slo .measured tone &that duration o! its recital' became more lengthy than the one longer than this" Huhri reported this hadith ith the same chain o! transmitters, e0cept this that he made a mention o! one year or t o years" %abir b" 3amura reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed &Ka!l' prayer sitting be!ore his death" A*bdullah b" A*mr reported: It as narrated to me that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had said: )he prayer obser:ed by a person sitting is hal! o! the prayer" I came to him &may peace be upon him' and !ound him praying in a sitting position" I placed my hand on his head" He said: # A*bdullah

Hadith 25<3:

Hadith 25<>:

Hadith 25<5:

Hadith 25<,:

Hadith 25<7:

Hadith 25<7:

Hadith 25<<:

Hadith 2,00:

b" A*mr, hat is the matter ith you( I said: Messenger o! *llah, it has been narrated to me that you said: )he prayer o! a man in a sitting position is hal! o! the prayer, hereas you are obser:ing prayer sitting" He &the Holy =rophet' said: Des, it is so, but I am not like anyone amongst you" Hadith 2,02: * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu Dahya al.*Ara9 ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter 001 : PRAYER #RING THE NIGHT AN THE N#%BER OF THE RAK/AHS "HICH THE APOSTLE (%AY PEACE BE #PON HI%) OBSER'E IN THE NIGHT AN OBSER'ANCE OF ONE RAKIAH OF "ITR A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to pray ele:en rakAahs at night, obser:ing the Witr ith a single rakAah, and hen he had !inished them, he lay do n on his right side, till the MuAadhdhin came to him and he &the Holy =rophet' then obser:ed t o short rakAahs &o! 3unan o! the da n prayer'" A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', said that bet een the time hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !inished the AIshaA prayer hich is called A*tama by the people, he used to pray ele:en rakAahs, uttering the salutation at the end o! e:ery t o rakAahs, and obser:ing the Witr ith a single one" *nd hen the MuAadhdhin had !inished the call &!or the' da n prayer and he sa the da n clearly and the MuAadhdhin had come to him, he stood up and prayed t o short rakAahs" )hen he lay do n on his right side till the MuAadhdhin came to him !or l-ama" &)his hadith has been narrated ith the same chain o! transmitters by Ibn 3hihab, but in it no mention has been made o! I-ama ' A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e thirteen rakAahs o! the night prayer" Ci:e out o! them consisted o! Witr, and he did not sit, but at the end &!or salutation'" )his hadith has been narrated by Hisham ith the same chain o! transmitters" A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to pray thirteen rakAahs during the night including the t o rakAahs &3unan' o! the

Hadith 2,0B:

Hadith 2,03:

Hadith 2,0>:

Hadith 2,05: Hadith 2,0,:

da n prayer" Hadith 2,07: *bu 3alama b" *bd al.Fahman asked A*Aisha about the &night' prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' during the month o! Famadan" 3he said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not obser:e either in Famadan or in other months more than ele:en rakAahs &o! the night prayer'" He &in the !irst instance' obser:ed !our rakAahs" *sk not about their e0cellence and their length &i"e" these ere matchless in per!ection and length'" He again obser:ed !our rakAahs, and ask not about their e0cellence and their length" He ould then obser:e three rakAahs &o! the Witr prayer'" A*Aisha again said: I said: Messenger o! *llah, do you sleep be!ore obser:ing the Witr prayer( He said: # A*Aisha, my eyes sleep but my heart does not sleep" *bu 3alama asked A*Aisha about the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' 3he said: He obser:ed thirteen rakAahs &in the night prayer'" He obser:ed eight rakAahs and ould then obser:e Witr and then obser:e t o rakAahs sitting, and hen he anted to bo he stood up and then bo ed do n, and then obser:ed t o rakAahs in bet een the *dhan and l-ama o! the da n prayer" *bu 3alama reported that he asked A*Aisha about the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' &during the night'" )he rest o! the hadith is the same but ith this e0ception that he &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed nine rakAahs including Witr" *bu 3alama is reported to ha:e said" I came to A*Aisha" I said: # mother, in!orm me about the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3he said: His &night prayer' in Famadan and &during other months' as thirteen rakAahs at night including t o rakAahs o! !a9r" It is reported on the authority o! A*Aisha that the prayer o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' in the night consisted o! ten rakAahs" He obser:ed a Witr and t o rakAahs &o! 3unan' o! the da n prayer, and thus the total comes to thirteen rakAahs" A*Aisha thus reported about the &night prayer' o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him': He used to sleep in the early part o! the night, and oke up

Hadith 2,07:

Hadith 2,0<:

Hadith 2,20:

Hadith 2,22:

Hadith 2,2B:

in the latter part" I! he then ished intercourse ith his i!e, he satis!ied his desire, and then ent to sleep@ and hen the !irst call to prayer as made he 9umped up &by *llah, she, i"e" A*Aisha, did not say ;he stood up;', and poured ater o:er him &by *llah she, i"e" A*Aisha, did not say that he took a bath but I kno hat she meant' and i! he did not ha:e an intercourse, he per!ormed ablution, 9ust as a man per!orms ablution !or prayer and then obser:ed t o rakAahs" Hadith 2,23: A*Aisha obser:ed that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e prayer in the night and the last o! his &night' prayer as Witr" Masru- is reported to ha:e asked A*Aisha about the action &most pleasing to' the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3he said: He &the Holy =rophet' lo:ed &that action' hich one keeps on doing regularly" I said &to A*Aisha': When did he pray &at night'( 3he replied: When he heard the cock cro , he got up and obser:ed prayer" A*Aisha reported: Ke:er did the earlier part o! the da n !ind the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' but sleeping in my house or near me" A*Aisha reported: When the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had prayed the t o rakAahs &3unan' o! the da n prayer, he ould talk to me i! I as a ake, other ise he ould lie do n" * hadith like this has been narrated by A*Aisha by another chain o! transmitters" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to pray in the night and hen he obser:ed Witr, he said to me: # A*Aisha, get up and obser:e Witr" A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to o!!er prayer at night hile she lay in !ront o! him, and hen the Witr prayer as yet to be obser:ed, he ould a aken her and she obser:ed Witr" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed the Witr prayer e:ery night and he completed Witr at the time o! da n"

Hadith 2,2>:

Hadith 2,25:

Hadith 2,2,:

Hadith 2,27: Hadith 2,27:

Hadith 2,2<:

Hadith 2,B0:

Hadith 2,B2:

Masru- reported on the authority o! A*Aisha that she said that the Messenger #! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e the Witr prayer e:ery night, maybe in the early part o! night, at midnight and in the latter part, !inishing his Witr at da n" A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e Witr e:ery night, and he ould &at times' complete his Witr at the end o! the night" 3aAd b" Hisham b" A*mir decided to participate in the e0pedition !or the sake o! *llah, so he came to Medina and he decided to dispose o! his property there and buy arms and horses instead and !ight against the Fomans to the end o! his li!e" When he came to Medina, he met the people o! Medina" )hey dissuaded him to do such a thing, and in!ormed him that a group o! si0 men had decided to do so during the li!etime o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !orbade them to do it, and said: Is there not !or you a model pattern in me( *nd hen they narrated this to him &3aAd b" Hisham', he returned to his i!e, though he had di:orced her and made &people' itness to his reconciliation" He then came to Ibn A*bbas and asked him about the Witr o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" Ibn A*bbas said: 3hould I not lead you to one ho kno s best amongst the people o! the orld about the Witr o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'( He said: Who is it( He &Ibn A*bbas' said: It is A*Aisha" 3o go to her and ask her &about Witr' and then come to me and in!orm me about her ans er that she ould gi:e you" 3o I came to Hakim b" *!lah and re-uested him to take me to her" He said : I ould not go to her, !or I !orbade her to speak anything &about the con!lict' bet een the t o group3, but she re!used &to accept my ad:ice' and ent &to participate in that cor!lict'" I &re-uested' him &Hakim' ith an oath to lead me to her" 3o e ent to A*Aisha and e begged permission to meet her" 3he granted us permission and e ent in" 3he said: *re you Hakim( &3he recognised him"' He replied: Des" 3he said: Who is there ith you ( He said: He is 3aAd b" Hisham" 3he said: Which Hisham ( He said: He is Hisham b" A*mir" 3he blessed him &A*mir' ith mercy !rom *llah and spoke good o! him &1atada said that he died as a martyr in Uhud'" I said: Mother o! the Caith!ul, tell me about the character o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3he said: GonAt you read the 1urAan ( I said: Des" Upon this she said: )he character o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as the 1urAan" He said: I !elt

Hadith 2,BB:

Hadith 2,B3:

inclined to get up and not ask anything &!urther' till death" +ut then I changed my mind and said: In!orm me about the obser:ance &o! the night prayer' o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3he said: Gid you not recite: ;# thou rapped up;( He said: Des" 3he said: *llah, the /0alted and the ?lorious, made the obser:ance o! the night prayer at the beginning o! this 3urah obligatory" 3o the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him and his $ompanions around him obser:ed this &night prayer' !or one year" *llah held back the concluding portion o! this 3urah !or t el:e months in the Hea:en till &at the end o! this period' *llah re:ealed the concluding :erses o! this 3urah hich lightened &the burden o! this prayer', and the night prayer became a supererogatory prayer a!ter being an obligatory one" I said: Mother o! the Caith!ul, in!orm me about the Witr o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3he said: I used to prepare tooth stick !or him and ater !or his ablution, and *llah ould rouse him to the e0tent He ished during the night" He ould use the tooth stick, and per!orm ablution, and ould o!!er nine rakAahs, and ould not sit but in the eighth one and ould remember *llah, and praise Him and supplicate Him, then he ould get up ithout uttering the salutation and pray the ninth rakAah" He ould then sit, remember, praise Him and supplicate Him and then utter a salutation loud enough !or us to hear" He ould then pray t o rakAahs sitting a!ter uttering the salutation, and that made ele:en rakAahs" # my son, but hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' gre old and put on !lesh, he obser:ed Witr o! se:en, doing in the t o rakAahs as he had done !ormerly, and that made nine" # my son, and hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed prayer, he liked to keep on obser:ing it, and hen sleep or pain o:erpo ered him and made it impossible &!or him' to obser:e prayer in the night, he prayed t el:e rakAahs daring the day" I am not a are o! *llahAs =rophet &may peace be upon him' ha:ing recited the hole 1urAan during one single night, or praying through the night till morning, or !asting a complete month, e0cept Famadan" He &the narrator' said: I then ent to Ibn A*bbas and narrated to him the hadith &transmitted !rom her', and he said : 3he says the truth I! I ent to her and got into her presence, I ould ha:e listened to it orally !rom her" He said : I! I ere to kno that you do not go to her" I ould not ha:e transmitted this hadith to you narrated by her" Hadith 2,B>: Hurara b" *u!a said that 3aAd b" Hisham di:orced his i!e, and then proceeded to Medina to sell his property, and the rest o! the hadith is the same" 3aAd b" Hisham reported: I ent to A*bdullah b" A*bbas and asked him about the

Hadith 2,B5:

Witr prayer, and the rest o! the hadith is the same as recorded in this e:ent" 3he &Hadrat A*Aisha' said: Who is that Hisham ( I said: 3on o! A*mir" 3he said: What a !ine man A*mir as L He died as a martyr in the +attle o! Uhud" Hadith 2,B,: Hurara b" *u!a reported that 3aAd b" Hisham as his neighbour and he in!ormed him that he had di:orced his i!e and he narrated the hadith like the one transmitted by 3aAd" 3he &A*Aisha' said: Who is Hisham( He said: )he son o! A*mir" 3he said: What a !ine man he as@ he participated in the +attle o! Uhud along ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" Hakim b" *!lah said: I! I e:er kne that you do not go to A*Aisha, I ould not ha:e in!ormed you about her hadith &3o that you ould ha:e gone to her and heard it !rom her orally'" A*Aisha reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' missed the night prayer due to pain or any other reason, he obser:ed t el:e rakAahs during the daytime" A*Aisha reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' decided upon doing any act, he continued to do it, and hen he slept at night or !ell sick he obser:ed t el:e rakAahs during the daytime" I am not a are o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' obser:ing prayer during the hole o! the night till morning, or obser:ing !ast !or a hole month continuously e0cept that o! Famadan" AUmar b" 8hattab reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: 3hould anyone !all asleep and !ail to recite his portion o! the 1urAan, or a part o! it, i! he recites it bet een the da n prayer and the noon prayer, it ill be recorded !or him as though he had recited it during the night" Chapter 000 : FORENOON PRAYER SHO#L BE OFFERE "HEN IT IS S#FFICIENTLY HOT Haid b" *r-am, on seeing some people praying in the !orenoon, said: )hey ell kno that prayer at another time than this is more e0cellent, !or *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' said: )he prayer o! those ho are penitent is obser:ed hen your eaned camels !eel the heat o! the sun" Haid b" *r-am reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'

Hadith 2,B7:

Hadith 2,B7:

Hadith 2,B<:

Hadith 2,30:

Hadith 2,32:

Hadith 2,3B:

ent out to the people o! 1ubaA and sa them obser:ing prayer@ upon this he said: )he prayer o! the penitent should be obser:ed hen the young eaned camels !eel heat o! the sun" Chapter 00! : NIGHT PRAYER CONSISTS OF PAIRS OF RAK/AHS AN "ITR IS A RAK/AH AT THE EN OF THE NIGHT Ibn AUmar reported that a person asked the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about the night prayer" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : =rayer during the night should consist o! pairs o! rakAahs, but i! one o! you !ears morning is near, he should pray one rakAah hich ill make his prayer an odd number !or him" 3alim reported on the authority o! his !ather that a person asked the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about the night prayer" He said: It consists o! pairs o! rakAahs, but i! one !ears morning is near, he should make it an odd number by praying one rakAah" A*bdullah b" AUmar reported: * man stood up and said" Messenger o! *llah, ho is the night prayer( )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he night prayer consists o! pair, but i! you apprehend the rise o! da n, make it odd number by obser:ing one rakAah" A*bdullah b" AUmar reported: * person asked the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as I stood bet een him &the Holy =rophet' and the in-uirer and he said: Messenger o! *llah, ho is the night prayer( He &the Holy =rophet' said: It consists o! pairs o! rakAahs, but i! you apprehend morning, you should pray one rakAah and make the end o! your prayer as Witr" )hen a person asked him &the Holy =rophet' at the end o! the year and I as at that place near the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'@ but I do not kno hether he as the same person or another person, but he &the Holy =rophet' ga:e him the same reply" )his hadith his been narrated by Ibn AUmar by another chain o! trans. mitters but it does not ha:e these ords: ;)hen a person asked him at the end o! the year,; and hat !ollo s subse-uently" Ibn AUmar reported the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as say. ing:

Hadith 2,33:

Hadith 2,3>:

Hadith 2,35:

Hadith 2,3,:

Hadith 2,37:

Hasten to pray Witr be!ore morning" Hadith 2,37: Ibn AUmar said: He ho prayed at night should make Witr the end o! his prayer, !or the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' ordered this" Ibn AUmar reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Make Witr the end o! your night prayer" Ka!iA reported Ibn AUmar as saying: He ho obser:ed the night prayer should make Witr the end o! his prayer be!ore da n" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to order them thus" Ibn AUmar reported *llahAs Messenger & ay peace be upon him' as saying: Witr is a rakAah at the end o! the prayer" Ibn Umar reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Witr is a rakAah at the end o! the night prayer" *bu Mi9la6 reported: I asked Ibn A*bbas about the Witr prayer" He said: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: It is a rakAah at the end o! the night prayer" Ibn AUmar reported: * person called &the attention' o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as he as in the mos-ue, and said: Messenger o! *llah, ho should I make the rakAahs o! the night prayer an odd number( Upon this the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace he upon him' said: He ho prays &night prayer' he should obser:e it in pairs, but i! he apprehends the rise o! morning, he should obser:e one rakAah@ that ould make the number odd &!or the rakAahs' obser:ed by him" )his as narrated by *bd 8uraib AUbaidullah b" A*bdullah and Ibn AUmar did not make mention o! it" *nas b" 3irin reported: I asked Ibn AUmar to tell me about the practice o! the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' in regard to t o rakAahs be!ore the da n prayer: 3hould I make lengthy recitation in them( He said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e, the night prayer in pairs and then made the number odd by obser:ing one rakAah" I said: I am not asking you

Hadith 2,3<:

Hadith 2,>0:

Hadith 2,>2:

Hadith 2,>B:

Hadith 2,>3:

Hadith 2,>>:

Hadith 2,>5:

about it" He said: Dou are a bulky man, ill you not sho me the patience to narrate to you the hadith completely( )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e the night prayer in pairs and then made the number odd by obser:ing one rakAah, and then he obser:ed t o rakAahs be!ore da n -uite close to the call !or prayer &8hala! said: ;Gid you see 4yoursel! the Holy =rophet obser:ing5 the t o rakAahs be!ore the da n(; and he made no mention o! prayer"' Hadith 2,>,: *nas b" 3irin reported: I asked Ibn AUmar like this &as recorded in the pre:ious hadith' and he made this addition: ;*nd he &the Holy =rophet' made the end o! the night prayer as odd number by one rakAah"; *nd there is also &this addition': ;3top, stop, you are bulky"; Ibn AUmar reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he night prayer consists o! pairs and hen you see the approach o! da n, make this number odd by one rakAah" It as said to Ibn AUmar: What does the & ord' pair imply( He said: &It means' that salutation is uttered a!ter e:ery t o rakAahs" *bu 3aAid &al 8hudri' reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: #bser:e Witr prayer be!ore it is morning" *bu 3aAid reported that they &the =rophetAs $ompanions' asked the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about Witr &prayer'" &In reply to their in-uiry' he said: #bser:e Witr prayer be!ore it is morning" *bu 3aAid reported that they &some o! the $ompanions' o! the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' asked the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about Witr" He said: #bser:e Witr be!ore morning" Chapter 00$ : HE "HO FEARS THAT HE "O#L NOT BE ABLE TO OBSER'E (TAHA44# ) PRAYER AT THE EN OF NIGHT SHO#L OBSER'E "ITR IN THE FIRST PART OF IT %abir reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: I! anyone is a!raid that he may not get up in the latter part o! the night, he should obser:e Witr in the !irst part o! it@ and i! anyone is eager to get up in the last part o! it, he should obser:e Witr at the end o! the night, !or prayer at the end o! the night is itnessed &by the angels' and that is pre!erable"

Hadith 2,>7:

Hadith 2,>7:

Hadith 2,><:

Hadith 2,50:

Hadith 2,52:

Hadith 2,5B:

%abir reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho amongst you is a!raid that he may not be able to get up at the end o! the night should obser:e Witr &in the !irst part' and then sleep, and he ho is con!ident o! getting up and praying at night &i"e" )aha99ud prayer' should obser:e it at the end o! it, !or the recitation at the end o! the night to :isited &by angels', and that is e0cellent" Chapter 004 : THE %OST E+CELLENT PRAYER IS ONE IN "HICH ONE STAN S FOR A LONGER TI%E %abir reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he most e0cellent prayer is that in hich the duration o! standing is longer" %abir reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as asked about the prayer hich as most e0cellent" He said: )hat in hich the standing is longer" &)his hadith is narrated by another chain o! transmitters too"' %abir said he heard *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' say: )here is an hour during the night in hich no Muslim indi:idual ill ask *llah !or good in this orld and the ne0t ithout His gi:ing it to him@ and that applies to e:ery night" %abir reported: I heard the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: )here is an hour during the night in hich no Muslim bondman ill ask *llah !or good in this orld and the ne0t but He ill grant it to him" Chapter 00( : E+HORTATION TO S#PPLICATE AN %AKE %ENTION (OF ALLAH) AT THE EN OF THE NIGHT AN ITS ACCEPTANCE BY THE LOR *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: #ur Eord, the +lessed and the /0alted, descends e:ery night to the lo est hea:en hen one.third o! the latter part o! the night is le!t, and says: Who supplicates Me so that I may ans er him ( Who asks Me so that I may gi:e to him ( Who asks Me !orgi:eness so that I may !orgi:e him ( *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: *llah descends e:ery night to the lo est hea:en hen one.third o! the !irst part o! the night is o:er and says: I am the Eord@ I am the Eord: ho is there to

Hadith 2,53:

Hadith 2,5>:

Hadith 2,55:

Hadith 2,5,:

Hadith 2,57:

supplicate Me so that I ans er him ( Who is there to beg o! Me so that I grant him ( Who is there to beg !orgi:eness !rom Me so that I !orgi:e him ( He continues like this till the day breaks" Hadith 2,57: *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When hal! o! the night or t o.third o! it is o:er" *llah, the +lessed and the /0alted, descends to the lo est hea:en and says: Is there any beggar, so that he be gi:en ( Is there any supplicator so that he be ans ered ( Is there any beggar o! !orgi:eness so that he be !orgi:en( &*nd *llah continues it saying' till it is daybreak" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: *llah descends to the lo est hea:en at hal! o! the night or at one.third o! the latter part and says: Who is there to supplicate Me so that I ans er him( Who is there to ask Me so that I grant him( *nd then says: Who ill lend to #ne Who is neither indigent nor tyrant( &)his hadith has been narrated by 3aAd b" 3aAid ith the same chain o! transmitters ith this addition: ;)hen the +lessed and the /0alted &Eord' stretches His Hands and says: Who ill lend to #ne Who is neither indigent nor tyrant(' *bu 3aAid and *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: *llah aits till hen one.third o! the !irst part o! the night is o:er@ He descends to the lo est hea:en and says: It there any supplicator o! !orgi:eness( Is there any penitant( Is there any petitioner &!or mercy and !a:our' ( Is there any solicitor (.till it is daybreak" )his hadith is narrated by Isha- ith the same chain u! transmitters e0cept this that the hadith transmitted by Mansur &the abo:e one' is more comprehensi:e and lengthy" Chapter 00* : ENCO#RAGE%ENT TO OBSER'E PRAYERS #RING RA%A AN AN THAT IS TARA"IH *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho obser:ed prayer at night during Famadan, because o! !aith and seeking his re ard !rom *llah, his pre:ious sins ould be !orgi:en" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used

Hadith 2,5<:

Hadith 2,,0:

Hadith 2,,2:

Hadith 2,,B:

Hadith 2,,3:

to e0hort &his $ompanions' to pray &at night' during Famadan ithout commanding them to obser:e it as an obligatory act, and say: He ho obser:ed the night prayer in Famadan because o! !aith and seeking his re ard &!rom *llah', all his pre:ious sins ould be !orgi:en" When *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' died, this as the practice, and it continued thus during *bu +akrAs caliphate and the early part o! AUmarAs caliphate" Hadith 2,,>: *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho obser:ed the !asts o! Famadan ith !aith and seeking re ard &!rom *llah', all his pre:ious sins ould be !orgi:en, and he ho obser:ed prayer on Eailat.ul. 1adr ith !aith and seeking re ard &!rom *llah', all his pre:ious sins ould be !orgi:en" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho prayed on the Eailat.ul.1adr &the Ma9estic Kight' kno ing that it is &the same night'" I &belie:e' that he &the Holy =rophet also' said: &He ho does' it ith !aith and seeking re ard &!rom *llah', his sins ould be !orgi:en" A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prayed one night in the mos-ue and people also prayed along ith him" He then prayed on the !ollo ing night and there ere many persons" )hen on the third or !ourth night &many people' gathered there, but the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not come out to them &!or leading the )ara ih prayer'" When it as morning he said: I sa hat you ere doing, but I desisted to come to you &and lead the prayer' !or I !eared that this prayer might become obligatory !or you" &He the narrator' said: It as the month o! Famadan" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came out during the night and obser:ed prayer in the mos-ue and some o! the people prayed along ith him" When it as morning the people talked about this and so a large number o! people gathered there" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent out !or the second night, and they &the people' prayed along ith him" When it as morning the people began to talk about it" 3o the mos-ue thronged ith people on the third night" He &the Holy =rophet' came out and they prayed along ith him" When it as the !ourth night, the mos-ue as !illed to its utmost capacity but the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not come out" 3ome persons among then cried: ;=rayer"; +ut the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not come to them till he came out !or the

Hadith 2,,5:

Hadith 2,,,:

Hadith 2,,7:

morning prayer" When he had completed the morning prayer, he turned his !ace to the people and recited )ashahhud &I bear testi. mony that there is no god but *llah and I bear testimony that Muhammad is His Messen. ger' and then said: Dour a!!air as not hidden !rom me in the night, but I as a!raid that &my obser:ing prayer continuously' might make the night prayer obligatory !or you and you might be unable to per!orm it" Hadith 2,,7: Hirr &b" Hubaish' reported: I heard !rom Ubayy b" 8aAb a statement made by A*bdullah b" MasAud in hich he said : He ho gets up !or prayer &e:ery night' during the year ill hit upon Eailat.ul.1adr" Ubayy said: +y *llah I there is no god but He, that &Eailat.ul.1adr' is in Famadhan &He s ore ithout reser:ation:' +y *llah, I kno the night@ it is the night on hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' commanded us to pray" It is that hich precedes the morning o! t enty.se:enty and its indication is that the sun rises bright on that day ithout rays" Ubayy b 8aAb reported: +y *llah, I kno about Eailat.ul 1adr and I kno it !ully ell that it is the t enty.se:enth night &during Famadan' on hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' commanded us to obser:e prayer" &3huAba as in doubt about these ords: ;the night on hich the Messenger o! *llah 4may peace be upon him5 commanded us to obser:e the prayer"; )his has been transmitted to me by a !riend o! mine"' 3huAba reported this hadith ith the same chain o! transmitters, but he made no mention that 3huAba as in doubt and hat !ollo s subse-uently" Chapter 00, : S#PPLICATION IN THE NIGHT PRAYER Ibn A*bbas reported : I spent a night ith my material aunt &sister o! my mother' Maimuna" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' got up during the night and relie:ed himsel!, then ashed his !ace and hands and ent to sleep" He then got up again, and came to the ater skin and loosened its straps, then per!ormed good ablution bet een the t o e0tremes" He then stood up and obser:ed prayer" I also stood up and stretched my body !earing that he might be under the impression that I as there to !ind out & hat he did at night'" 3o I also per!ormed ablution and stood up to pray, but I stood on his le!t" He took hold o! my hand and made me go round to his right side" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' completed thirteen rakAabs o! his night prayer" He then lay do n and slept and snored &and it as his habit to snore hile asleep'" )hen

Hadith 2,,<:

Hadith 2,70:

Hadith 2,72:

+ilal came and he in!ormed him about the prayer" He &the Holy =rophet' then stood up !or prayer and did not per!orm ablution, and his supplication included there ords: ;# *llah, place light in my heart, light in my sight, light in my hearing, light on my right hand, light on my le!t hand, light abo:e me, light belo me, light in !ront o! me, light behind me, and enhance light !or me"; 8uraib &the narrator' said: )here are se:en & ords more' hich are in my heart &but I cannot recall them' and I met some o! the descendants o! A*bbas and they narrated these ords to me and mentioned in them: &Eight' in my sine , in my !lesh, in my blood, in my hair, in my skin, and made a mention o! t o more things" Hadith 2,7B: 8uraib, the !reed sla:e o! Ibn A*bbas, reported that Ibn A*bbas narrated to him that he spent a night in the house o! Maimuna, the mother o! the belie:ers, ho as his motherAs sister" I lay do n across the cushion, hereas the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and his i!e lay do n on it length. ise" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' slept up till midnight, or a little be!ore midnight o! a little a!ter midnight, and then got up and began to cast o!! the e!!ects o! sleep !rom his !ace by rubbing ith his hand, and then recited the ten concluding :erses o! 3urah AImran" He then stood up near a hanging ater. skin and per!ormed ablution ell, and then stood up and prayed, AIbn A*bbas said: I also stood up and did the same, as the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had done, and then ent to him and stood by his side" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' placed his right hand upon my head and took hold o! my right ear and t istedit, and then obser:ed a pair o! rakAahs, again a pair o! rakAahs, again a pair o! rakAahs, again a pair o! rakAahs, again a pair o! rakAahs, again a pair o! rakAahs, and then obser:ed Witr and then lay do n till the MuAadhdhin came to him" He &the Holy =rophet' then stood up and obser:ed t o short rakAahs, and then ent out &to the mos-ue' and obser:ed the da n prayer" Makhrama b" 3ulaiman narrated it ith the same chain o! narrators and he made this addition : ;He then ent to the ater.skin and brushed his teeth and per!ormed ablution ell" He did not pour ater but a little" He then a akened me and I stood up,; and the rest o! the hadith is the same" Ibn *bbas reported: I slept &one night' in the house o! Maimuna, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as ith her that night" He &a!ter sleeping !or hal! o! the

Hadith 2,73:

Hadith 2,7>:

night got up and' then per!ormed ablution and then stood up and obser:ed prayer" I too stood on his le!t side" He took hold o! me and made me stand on his right side" He &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed thirteen rakAahs on that night" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then slept and snored and it as a habit ith him to snore hile sleeping" )he MuAadhdbin then came to him &to in!orm him about the prayer'" He then ent out and obser:ed prayer ithout per!orming ablution" &A*mr said: +ukair b" *sha99 had narrated it to me ' Hadith 2,75: Ibn A*bbas reported : I spent one night in the house o! my motherAs sister Maimuna, daughter o! Harith, and said to her: * ake me hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stands to pray &at night'" &3he oke me up hen' the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up !or prayer" I stood on his le!t side" He took hold o! my hand and made me stand on his right side, and hene:er I do6ed o!! he took hold o! my earlobe &and made me alert'" He &the narrator' said: He &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed ele:en rakAahs" He then sat ith his legs dra n and rapped in his garment and slept so that I could bear his breathing hile asleep" *nd hen the da n appeared, he obser:ed t o short rakAahs o! &3unnah' prayer" Ibn A*bbas reported that he spent a night in the house o! his matenial aunt, Maimuna" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' got up at night and per!ormed short ablution &taking ater' !rom the ater.skin hanging there" &?i:ing a description o! the ablution Ibn A*bbas said: It as short and per!ormed ith a little ater"' I also got up and did the same as the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had done" I then came &to him' and stood on his le!t" He then made me go around to his right side" He then obser:ed prayer and ent to sleep till he began to snore" +ilal came to him and in!ormed him about the prayer" He &the Holy =rophet' then ent out and obser:ed the da n prayer ithout per!orming ablution" 3u!yan said: It as a special &prerogati:e o! the' *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' !or it has been con:eyed to us that the eyes o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sleep, but his heart does not sleep" Ibn A*bbas said: I spent the night in the house o! my motherAs sister, Maimuna, and obser:ed ho the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prayed &at night'" He got up and relie:ed himsel!" He then ashed his !ace and hands and then ent to sleep" He again got up and ent near the ater.skin and loosened its straps and then poured some ater in a bo l and inclined it ith his hands

Hadith 2,7,:

Hadith 2,77:

&to ards himsel!'" He then per!ormed a good ablution bet een the t o e0tremes and then stood up to pray" I also came and stood by his le!t side" He took hold o! me and made me stand on his right side" It as in thirteen rakAahs that the &night' prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as completed" He then slept till he began to snore, and e kne that he had gone to sleep by his snoring" He then ent out &!or the da n prayer' and then again slept, and said hile praying or prostrating himsel!: ;# *llah L place light in my heart, light in my hearing, light in my sight, light on my right, light on my le!t, light in !ront o! me, light behind me, light abo:e me, light belo me, make light !or me,; or he said: ;Make me light"; Hadith 2,77: 3alama said: I met 8uraib and he reported Ibn A*bbas as saying: I as ith my motherAs sister Maimuna that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came there, and then he narrated the rest o! the hadith as as narrated by ?hundar and said these ords: ;Make me light,; beyond any doubt" Ibn A*bbas reported: I spent a night in the house o! my motherAs sister, Maimuna, and then narrated &the rest o! the' haditb, but he made no mention o! the ashing o! his !ace and t o hands but he only said: He then came to the ater.skin and loosened its straps and per!ormed ablution bet een the t o e0tremes, and then came to his bed and slept" He then got up !or the second time and came to the aterskin and loosened its straps and then per!ormed ablution hich as in !act an ablution &it as per!ormed ell', and implored &the Eord' thus: ;?i:e me abundant light,; and he made no raention o!: ;Make me light"; 8uraib reported that Ibn A*bbas spent a night in the house o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he said: )he Messenger o! *llah may peace be upon him' stood near the ater.skin and poured ater out o! that and per!ormed ablution in hich he neither used e0cess o! ater nor too little o! it, and the rest o! the hadith is the same, and in this mention is also made &o! the !act' that on that night the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' made supplication be!ore *llah in nineteen ords" 8uraib reported: I remember t el:e ords out o! these, bu0 ha:e !orgotten the rest" )he Messenger o! *llah said: ;=lace light in my heart, light in my tongue, light in my hearing, light in my sight, light abo:e me, light belo me, light on my right, light on my le!t, light in !ront o! me, light behind me, place light in my soul, and make light abundant !or me";

Hadith 2,7<:

Hadith 2,70:

Hadith 2,72:

Ibn A*bbas reported: I slept one night in the house o! Maimuna hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as there, ith a :ie to seeing the prayer o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' at night" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' entered into con:ersation ith his i!e !or a short hile, and then ent to sleep, and the rest o! the hadith is the same and in it mention is made o!: ;He then got up, per!ormed ablution and brushed his teeth"; A*bdullah b" A*bbas reported: He spent &one night' in the house o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He &the Holy =rophet' got up, brushed his teeth and per!ormed ablution and said: ;In the creation o! the hea:ens and the earth, and the alternation o! the night and the day, there are indeed signs !or people o! understanding; &al.1urAan, iii" 2<0', to the end o! the 3urah" He then stood up and prayed t o rakAahs, standing, bo ing and prostrating himsel! at length in them" )hen he !inished, ent to sleep and snored" He did that three times, si0 rakAahs altogether, each time cleaning his teeth, per!orming ablution, and reciting these :erses" )hen he obser:ed three rakAahs o! Witr" )he MuAadhdhin then pronounced the *dhan and he ent out !or prayer and as saying,: ;# *llah I place light in my heart, light in my tongue, place light in my hearing, place light in my eyesight, place light behind me, and light in !ront o! me, and place light abo:e me, and light belo me" # *llah L grant me light"; Ibn *bbas reported: I spent a night in the house o! my motherAs sister Maimuna" )he *postle o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' got up !or obser:ing :oluntary prayer &)aha99ud' at night" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood by the ater.skin and per!ormed ablution and then stood up and prayed" I also got up hen I sa him doing that" I also per!ormed ablution !rom the ater.skin and then stood at his le!t side" He took hold o! my hand !rom behind his back and then turned me !rom his back to his right side" I &A*taA, one o! the narrators' said: Gid it concern the :oluntary prayer &at night'( He &AIbn A*bbas' said: Des" Ibn A*bbas reported: &My !ather' *bbas sent me to the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he as in the house o! my motherAs sister Maimuna and spent that night along ith him" He &the Holy =rophet' got up and prayed at night, and I stood up on his le!t side" He caught hold o! me !rom behind his back and made me stand on his right side"

Hadith 2,7B:

Hadith 2,73:

Hadith 2,7>:

Hadith 2,75:

Ibn A*bbas reported: I spent a night in the house o! my motherAs sister Maimuna, and the rest o! the hadith is the same as narrated abo:e" *bu %amra reported : I heard Ibn A*bbas saying that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed thirteen rakAahs at night" Haid b 8halid al.%uhani said: I ould de!initely atch at night the prayer obser:ed by the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He prayed t o short rakAahs, then t o long, long, long rakAahs, then he prayed t o rakAahs hich ere shorter than the t o preceding rakAahs, then he prayed t o rakAahs hich ere shorter than the t o preceding, then he prayed t o rakAahs hich ere shorter than the t o preceding, then obser:ed a single one &Witr', making a total o! thirteen rakAahs %abir b" A*bdullah reported: I accompanied the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in a 9ourney and e reached a atering place" He said: %abir, are you going to enter it( I said: Des" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then got do n and I entered it" He &the Holy =rophet' then ent a ay to relie:e himsel! and I placed !or him ater !or ablution" He then came back and per!ormed ablution, and then stood and prayed in one garment, ha:ing its ends tied !rom the opposite sides" I stood"behind him and he caught hold o! my ear and made me stand on his right side" A*Aisha reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up at night to pray, he began his prayer ith t o short rakAahs" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying When any one o! you gets up at night, he should begin the prayer ith t o short rakAahs" Ibn *bbas reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' got up during the night to pray, he used to say: # *llah, to )hee be the praise )hou art the light o! the hea:ens and the earth" )o )hee be the praise@ )hou art the 3upporter o! the hea:ens and the earth" )o )hee be the praise@ )hou art the Eord o! the hea:ens and the earth and hate:er is therein" )hou art the )ruth@ )hy promise is )rue, the meeting ith )hee is )rue" =aradise is true, Hell is true, the Hour is true" # *llah, I submit to )hee@ a!!irm my !aith in )hee@ repose

Hadith 2,7,:

Hadith 2,77:

Hadith 2,77:

Hadith 2,7<:

Hadith 2,<0:

Hadith 2,<2:

my trust in )hee, and I reurn to )hee !or repentance@ by )hy help I ha:e disputed@ and to )hee I ha:e come !or decision, so !orgi:e me my earlier and later sins, the sins that I committed in secret and openly" )hou art my ?od" )here is no god but )hee" Hadith 2,<B: )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! Ibn A*bbas through another chain o! transmitters and ith slight alteration o! t o ords" Instead o! the ord 1ayyam &3upporter, as used in the abo:e hadith here the ord' 1ayyim &the $ustodian' has been used, and he &!urther said': ;What I did in secret"; *nd in the hadith narrated by Ibn AUyaina there is some addition" )his hadith has been narrated by Ibn A*bbas by another chain o! transmitters and the ords are nearly the same &as recorded in the abo:e.mentioned hadith'" A*bd al.Fahman b" A*u! reported: I asked A*Aisha, the mother o! the belie:ers, &to tell me' the ords ith hich the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' commenced the prayer hen he got up at night" 3he said: When he got up at night he ould commence his prayer ith these ords: # *llah, Eord o! ?abriel, and Michael, and Isra!il, the $reator o! the hea:ens and the earth, Who kno est the unseen and the seen@ )hou decidest amongst )hy ser:ants concerning their di!!erences" ?uide me ith )hy permission in the di:ergent :ie s & hich the people' hold about )ruth, !or it is )hou Who guidest hom )hou ilt to the 3traight =ath" A*li b" *bu )alib reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' got up at night !or prayer he ould say: I turn my !ace in complete de:otion to #ne Who is the #riginator o! the hea:en and the earth and I am not o! the polytheists" Ierily my prayer, my sacri!ice, my li:ing and my dying are !or *llah, the Eord o! the orlds@ )here is no partner ith Him and this is hat I ha:e been commanded &to pro!ess and belie:e' and I am o! the belie:ers" # *llah, )hou art the 8ing, there is no god but )hee, )hou art my Eord, and I am )hy bondman" I ronged mysel! and make a con!ession o! my 3in" Corgi:e all my sins, !or no one !orgi:es the sins but )hee, and guide me in the best o! conduct !or none but )hee guideth anyone &in' good conduct" Femo:e sins !rom me, !or none else but )hou can remo:e sins !rom me" Here I am at )hy ser:ice, and ?race is to )hee and the hole o! good is in )hine hand, and one cannot get nearneststo )hee through e:il" My &po er as ell as e0istence' is due to )hee &)hine grace' and I turn to )hee &!or supplication'" )hou art blessed and )hou

Hadith 2,<3:

Hadith 2,<>:

Hadith 2,<5:

art e0alted" I seek !orgi:eness !rom )hee and turn to )hee in repentance: and hen he ould bo , he ould say: # *llah, it is !or )hee that I bo ed" I a!!irm my !aith in )hee and I submit to )hee, and submit humbly be!ore )hee my hearing, my eyesight, my marro , my bone, my sine @ and hen he ould raise his head, he ould say: # *llah, our Eord, praise is due to )hee, &the praise' ith hich is !illed the hea:ens and the earth, and ith hich is !illed that &space' hich e0ists bet een them, and !illed ith anything that )hou desireth a!ter ard" *nd hen he prostrated himsel!, he &the Holy =rophet' ould say: # *llah, it is to )hee that I prostrate mysel! and it is in )hee that I a!!irm my !aith, and I submit to )hee" My !ace is submitted be!ore #ne Who created it, and shaped it, and opened his !aculties o! hearing and seeing" +lessed is *llah, the best o! $reators@ and he ould then say bet een )ashahhud and the pronouncing o! salutation: Corgi:e me o! the earlier and later open and secret &sins' and that here I made transgression and that )hou kno est better than I" )hou art the Cirst and the East" )here is no god, but )hee" Hadith 2,<,: *Ara9 reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ould start the prayer, he ould pronounce takbir &*llah.o.*kbar' and then say: I turn my !ace &up to )hee', I am the !irst o! the belie:ers@ and hen he raised his head !rom rukuA he said: *llah listened to him ho praised Him@ # our Eord, praise be to )hee@ and he said: He shaped &man' and ho !ine is his shape( *nd he &the narrator' said: When he pronounced salutation he said: # *llah, !orgi:e me my ear. lier &sins', to the end o! the hadith@ and he did not say it bet een the )ashahhud and salutation &as mentioned abo:e'" Chapter 00- : PREFERENCE FOR PROLONGING RECITATION IN THE NIGHT PRAYER Hudhai!a reported: I prayed ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' one night and he started reciting al.+a-ara" I thought that he ould bo at the end o! one hundred :erses, but he proceeded on@ I then thought that he ould perhaps recite the hole &surah' in a rakAah, but he proceeded and I thought he ould perhaps bo on completing &this surah'" He then started al.KisaA, and recited it@ he then started *l.i.AImran and recited leisurely" *nd hen he recited the :erses hich re!erred to the ?lory o! *llah, he glori!ied &by saying 3ubhan *llah.?lory to my Eord the ?reat', and hen he recited the :erses hich tell &ho the Eord' is to be begged, he &the Holy =rophet' ould then beg &!rom Him', and hen he recited the :erses dealing ith protection !rom the Eord, he sought &His' protection and ould then bo and say: ?lory be to my Mighty

Hadith 2,<7:

Eord@ his bo ing lasted about the same length o! time as his standing &and then on returning to the standing posture a!ter rukuA' he ould say: *llah listened to him ho praised Him, and he ould then stand about the same length o! time as he had spent in bo ing" He ould then prostrate himsel! and say: ?lory be to my Eord most High, and his prostration lasted nearly the same length o! time as his standing" In the hadith transmitted by %arir the ords are: ;He &the Holy =rophet' ould say: ;*llah listened to him ho praised Him, our Eord, to )hee I praise"; Hadith 2,<7: A*bdullah reported: I prayed ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he lengthened it till I entertained an e:il thought" It as said to him hat that thought as" He said: I thought that I should sit do n and !orsake him" * hadith like this has been narrated by *Amash ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter 00. : "HAT HAS BEEN RELATE (FRO% THE HOLY PROPHET) ABO#T ONE "HO SLEEPS THE "HOLE NIGHT TILL %ORNING A*bdullah &b" MasAud' reported that a mention as made o! a man ho slept the hole night till morning" He &the Holy =rophet' remarked: )hat is a man in hose ears &or in hose ear' the de:il urinated" Husain b" A*li narrated on the authority o! &his !ather' A*li b" *bu )alib that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came one night to see him &A*li' and Catimah &the daughter o! the Holy =rophet' and said: GonAt you obser:e &)aha99ud' prayer( I &A*li' said: Messenger o! *llah, :erily our souls are in the hands o! *llah and hen He ants to a aken us, He a akens us" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent back hen I said this to him " He as striking his hand on his thigh hile returning, and I heard him say: Ierily the man disputes ith many things" *bu Huraira transmitted it !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him': When any one o! you goes to sleep, the de:il ties three knots at the back o! his neck, sealing e:ery knot ith: ;Dou ha:e a long night, so sleep"; 3o i! one a akes and mentions *llah, a knot ill be loosened@ i! he per!orms ablution t o knots are loosened@ and i! he prays &all' knots ill be loosened, and in the

Hadith 2,<<:

Hadith 2700:

Hadith 2702:

Hadith 270B:

Hadith 2703:

morning he ill be acti:e and in good spirits@ other ise e ill be in bad spirits and sluggish in the morning" Chapter 0!1 : PREFERENCE FOR OBSER'ING NAFL PRAYER IN THE HO#SE) AN PER%ISSIBILITY OF OBSER'ING 2T IN THE %OS&#E ALSO Ibn AUmar reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: #bser:e some o! your prayers in your houses and do not make them gra:es" Ibn AUmar reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: =ray in your houses, and do not make them gra:es" %abir reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When any one o! you obser:es prayer in the mos-ue he should reser:e a part o! his prayer !or his house, !or *llah ould make the prayer as a means o! betterment in his house" *bu Musa reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he house in hich remembrance o! *llah is made and the house in hich *llah is not remembered are like the li:ing and the dead" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Go not make your houses as gra:eyards" 3atan runs a ay !rom the house in hich 3urah +a-ara is recited" Haid b" )habit reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' made an apartment ith the help o! the lea:es o! date trees or o! mats" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent out to pray in it" =eople !ollo ed him and came to pray ith him" )hen they again came one night and aited &!or him', but the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' delayed in coming out to them" *nd hen he did not come out, they cried aloud and thre pebbles at the door" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came out in anger and said to them: +y hat you ha:e been constantly doing, I as inclined to think that it &prayer' might not become obligatory !or you" 3o you must obser:e prayer &optional' in your houses, !or the prayer obser:ed by a man in the house is better e0cept an obligatory prayer"

Hadith 270>:

Hadith 2705:

Hadith 270,:

Hadith 2707:

Hadith 2707:

Hadith 270<:

Hadith 2720:

Haid b" )habit reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' made an apartment in the mos-ue o! mats, and he obser:ed in it prayers !or many nights till people began to gather around him, and the rest o! the hadith is the same but ith this addition: ;Had this &Ka!l' prayer become obligatory !or you, you ould not be able to obser:e it"; Chapter 0!0 : E+CELLENCE OF AN ACT (I5E5 OBSER'ING OF THE NIGHT PRAYER) ETC5) ONE CONSTANTLY A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had a mat and he used it !or making an apartment during the night and obser:ed prayer in it, and the people began to pray ith him, and he spread it &the mat' during the day time" )he people cro ded round him one night" He &the Holy =rophet' then /aid: # people, per!orm such acts as you are capable o! doing, !or *llah does not gro eary but you ill get tired" )he acts most pleasing to *llah are those hich are done continuously, e:en i! they are small" *nd it as the habit o! the members o! MuhammadAs &may peace be upon him' household that hene:er they did an act they did it continuously" A*Aisha is reported to ha:e said that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as asked about the act most pleasing to *llah" He replied: )hat hich is done continuously, e:en i! it is small" *l-ama reported: I asked A*Aisha, the mother o! the belie:ers, saying # mother o! the belie:ers, ho did the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' act( Gid he choose a particular act !or a particular day( 3he said: Ko" He act as continuous, and ho amongst you is capable o! doing hat the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did( A*Aisha reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he acts most pleasing to *llah are those hich are done continuously, e:en i! they are small" and hen A*Aisha did any act she did it continuously" *nas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' entered the mos-ue &and he !ound' a rope tied bet een the t o pillars@ so he said: What is this( )hey said: It is !or Hainab" 3he prays and hen she slackens or !eels tired she holds it" Upon this he &the Holy =rophet' said: Untie it" Eet one pray as long as one !eels !resh but hen one slackens or becomes tired one must stop it"

Hadith 2722:

Hadith 272B:

Hadith 2723:

Hadith 272>:

&*nd in the hadith transmitted by Huhair it is: ;He should sit do n";' Hadith 2725: * hadith like this has been narrated !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the authority o! *nas by another chain o! transmitters" AUr a b" Hubair reported that A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', told him that &once' HaulaA dint )u ait b" Habib b" *sad b" A*bd al.AU66i passed by her &at the time' hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as ith her" I &A*AIsha' said: It Is HaulaA bint )u ait and they say that she does not sleep at night" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: &#h' she does not sleep at night L $hoose an act hich you are capable o! doing &continuously'" +y *llah, *llah ould not gro eary, but you ill gro eary" A*Aisha said: )he Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' came to me hen a oman as sitting ith me" He said: Who is she( I said: 3he is a oman ho does not sleep but prays" He said: Go such acts hich you are capable o! doing" +y *llah, *llah does not gro eary but you ill gro eary" )he religious act most pleasing to Him is one the doer o! hich does it continuously" &*nd in the hadith transmitted by *bu Usama 4the ords are5: ;3he as a oman !rom +anu *sad";' Chapter 0!! : CONCERNING O8ING OFF IN PRAYER) OR FALTERING OF ONE/S TONG#E IN THE RECITATION OF THE &#R/AN) OR IN %ENTIONING OF ALLAH) ONE SHO#L SLEEP) OR STOP :T TILL ONE BECO%ES LI'ELY A*Aisha reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: When anyone amongst you do6es in prayer, he should sleep, till sleep is gone, !or hen one o! you prays hile do6ing he does not kno hether he may be asking pardon or :ili!ying himsel!" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When any one o! you gets up at night &!or prayer' and his tongue !alters in &the recitation' o! the 1arAan, and he does not kno hat he is reciting, he should go to sleep" Chapter 0!$ : CONCERNING THE CAREF#L RE%E%BERING OF THE &#R/AN

Hadith 272,:

Hadith 2727:

Hadith 2727:

Hadith 272<:

Hadith 27B0:

A*Aisha reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' heard a person reciting the 1urAan at night" Upon this he said: May *llah sho mercy to him@ he has reminded me o! such and such a :erse hich I had missed in such and such a surah" A*Aisha reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' listened to the recitation o! the 1urAan by a man in the mos-ue" )hereupon he said: May *llah ha:e mercy upon him@ be reminded me o! the :erse hich I had been made to !orget" A*bdullah b" AUmar reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he e0ample o! a man ho has memorised the 1urAan is like that o! a hobbled camel" I! he remained :igilant, he ould be able to retain it & ith him', and i! he loosened the hobbled camel it ould escape" )his hadith has been narrated by Ibn AUmar !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', but in the hadith transmited by Musa b" AU-ba, this addition is made: ;When one ho had committed the 1urAan to memory&or ho is !amiliar ith it' gets up &!or night prayer' and recites it night and day, it remains !resh in his mind, but i! he does not get up &!or prayer and thus does not recite it' he !orgets it"; A*bdullah reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: What a retched person is he amongst them ho says: I ha:e !orgotten such and such a :erse" &He should instead o! using this e0pression say': I ha:e been made to !orget it" )ry to remember the 1urAan !or it is more apt to escape !rom menAs minds than a hobbled camel" A*bdullah is reported to ha:e said: 8eep re!reshing your kno ledge o! the sacred books &or al ays rene your kno ledge o! these sacred books' and sometimes he ould mention the 1urAan !or it is more apt to escape !rom menAs minds than animals hich are hobbled, and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Kone o! you should say: I !orgot such and such a :erse, but he has been made to !orget" Ibn MasAud reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Wretched is the man ho says: I !orgot such and such a sura, or I !orget such

Hadith 27B2:

Hadith 27BB:

Hadith 27B3:

Hadith 27B>:

Hadith 27B5:

Hadith 27B,:

and such a :erse, but he has been made to !orget" Hadith 27B7: *bu Musa al.*shAari reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: 8eep re!reshing your kno ledge o! the 1urAan, !or I s ear by Him in Whose Hand is the li!e o! Mahammad that it is more liable to escape than camels hich are hobbled" Chapter 0!4 : ESIRABILITY OF RECITING THE &#R/AN IN A S"EET 'OICE *bu Huraira reported this directly !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him': ?od has not listened to anything as He listens to a =rophet reciting the 1urAan in a s eet :oice" )his hadith has been narrated by Ibn 3hihab ith the same chain o! transmitters ith ords: ;*s He listens to a =rophet reciting the 1urAan in a s eet :oice"; *bu Huraira is reported to ha:e heard *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: *llah does not listen to anything, &more appro:ingly' as He listens to a =rophet reciting loudly the 1urAan in a s eet :oice" )his hadith has been narrated ith the same chain o! transmitters by Ibn al.Had e0cept this that *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying and he did not say: ;He heard it"; *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: *llah has not heard anything &more pleasing' than listening to the =rophet reciting the 1urAan in a s eet loud :oice" )his hadith has been narrated by another chain o! transmitters but modi!ication o! ords" ith a slight

Hadith 27B7:

Hadith 27B<:

Hadith 2730:

Hadith 2732:

Hadith 273B:

Hadith 2733:

Hadith 273>:

+uraida reported on the authority o! his !ather that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had said: A*bdullah b" 1ais or al.*shAari has been gi!ted ith a s eet melodious :oice out o! the :oices o! the !amily o! Ga:id" *bu +urda narrated on the authority o! *bu Musa that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had said to *bu Musa: I! you ere to see me, as I as

Hadith 2735:

Hadith 273,:

listening to your recitation &o! the 1urAan' yester.night &you ould ha:e !elt delighted'" Dou are in !act endo ed ith a s eet :oice like that o! Ga:id himsel!" Chapter 0!( : THE RECITATION BY THE APOSTLE (%AY PEACE BE #PON HI%) OF S#RAT AL-FATH ON THE AY OF THE CON&#EST OF %ECCA MuAa iya b" 1urra reported A*bdullah b" Mugha!!al al.Mu6ani as saying: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited on his ride 3urat al Cath during a 9ourney in the year o! the $on-uest &o! Mecca', and he repeated&the ords' in his recitation" MuAa iya said: I! I ere not a!raid that the people ould cro d around me, I ould ha:e gi:en a demonstration o! &the =rophetAs' recitation be!ore you" MuAa iya b" 1urra is reported to ha:e heard A*bdullah b" Mugha!!al as saying: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reciting 3urah Cath on his camel on the day o! the $on-uest o! Mecca" He &the narrator' said: Ibn Mugha!!al recited it and repeated it" MuAa iya said: Had there been &no cro ed o!' people, I ould ha:e gi:en a practical demonstration o! that hich Ibn Mugha!!al had mentioned !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" )his hadlth has been narrated by 8halid al.Harith ith the same chain o! transmitters & ith these ords:' &)he Holy =rophet' as reciting 3urat al.Cath as he as tra:elling on his mount" Chapter 0!* : ESCEN ING OF TRAN&#ILLITY BY THE RECITATION OF THE &#R/AN *l.+araA reported that a person as reciting 3urat al.8ah! and there as a horse tied ith t o ropes at his side, a cloud o:ershado ed him, and as it began to come nearer and nearer his horse began to take !right !rom it" He ent and mentioned that to the =rophet &may peace be upon him' in the morning, and he &the Holy =rophet' said: )hat as tran-uillity hich came do n at the recitation o! the 1urAan" Ibn Isha- reported: I heard al.+araA as saying that a man recited al.8ah! hen an animal as there in the house and it began to take !right" *nd as he looked around, he !ound a cloud o:ershado ing it" He mentioned that to the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" Upon this he said: # so and so, recite on &the

Hadith 2737:

Hadith 2737:

Hadith 273<:

Hadith 27>0:

surah' as. 3akina descends at the &recitation o! the 1urAan' or on account &o! the recitation' o! the 1urAan" Hadith 27>2: )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! al.+araA modi!ication o! ords" ith a slight

Hadith 27>B:

Hadith 27>3:

*bu 3aAid al.8hudri told o! Usaid b" Hudair saying that one night he recited the 1urAan in his enclosure, hen the horse began to 9ump about" He again recited and &the horse' again 9umped" He again recited and it 9umped as be!ore" Usaid said: I as a!raid lest it should trample &his son' Dahya" I stood near it &the horse' and sa something like a canopy o:er my head ith hat seemed to be lamps in it, rising up in the sky till it disappeared" I ent to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the ne0t day and said: Messenger o! *llah, I recited the 1urAan during the night in my enclosure and my horse began to 9ump" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Dou should ha:e kept on reciting, Ibn Hudair" He &Ibn Hudair' said: I recited" It 9umped &as be!ore'" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' again said: Dou should ha:e kept on reciting, Ibn Hudair" He &Ibn Hudair' said: I recited and it again 9umped &as be!ore'" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' again said: Dou should ka:e kept on reciting, Ibu Hudair" He &Ibn Hudair' said: &Messenger o! *llah' I !inished &the recitation' !or Dahya as near &the horse' and I as a!raid lest it should trample him" I sa something like a canopy ith hat seemed to be lamps in it rising up in the sky till it disappeared" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )hose ere the angels ho listened to you@ and i! you had continued reciting, the people ould ha:e seen them in the morning and they ould not ha:e concealed themsel:es !rom them" Chapter 0!, : E+CELLENCE OF THE HAFI8 (ONE "HO CO%%ITS THE &#R/AN TO %E%ORY) OF THE &#R/AN *bu Musa al.*shAari reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: * belie:er ho recites the 1urAan is like an orange hose !ragrance is s eet and hose taste is s eet@ a belie:er ho does not recite the 1urAan is like a date hich has no !ragrance but has a s eet taste@ and the hypocrite ho recites the 1urAan is like a basil hose !ragrance is s eet, but hose taste is bitter@ and a hypocrite ho does not recite the 1urAan is like the colocynth hich has no !ragrance and has a bitter taste"

Hadith 27>>:

Hadith 27>5:

)his hadith has been narrated by 1atada ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith one alteration that instead o! the ord: ;hypocrite; &Muna!i-', there it is ; icked; &!a9ir'" Chapter 0!- : E+CELLENCE OF THE ONE "HO IS PROFICIENT IN THE &#R/AN AN ONE "HO FALTERS IN IT A*Aisha reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' &as saying': #ne ho is pro!icient in the 1urAan is associated ith the noble, upright, recording angels@ and he ho !alters in it, and !inds it di!!icult !or him, ill ha:e a double re ard" )his hadith has been reported ith the same chain o! transmitters by 1atada e0cept ith this change: ;He ho !inds it hard &to recite the 1urAan' ill ha:e a double re ard"; Chapter 0!. : E+CELLENCE OF THE RECITING OF THE &#R/AN BY ONE "HO IS %ORE SKILLE AN PROFICIENT BEFORE ONE "HO IS INFERIOR TO HI% *nas reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying to Ubayy b" 8aAb: *llah has commanded me to recite the 1urAan to you" He said: Gid *llah mention me to you by name( He &the Holy =rophet' said: *llah made a mention o! your name to me" &#n hearing this' Ubayy b" 8aAb ept" *nas reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying to Ubayy b" 8aAb: *liah has commanded me to recite to you: ;)hose ho disbelie:e ere not"" "; &al.1urAan, 0c:iii" 2'" He said: Gid He mention me by name( He &the Holy =rophet said': Des" Upon this he shed tears &o! gratitude'" 1atada said: I heard *nas saying that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to Ubayy the same thing" Chapter 0$1 : E+CELLENCE OF LISTENING TO THE &#RAN AN ASKING ONE "HO HAS %E%ORISE IT AN TO RECITE IT FRO% HIS %E%ORY AN SHE ING TEARS "HILE LISTENING TO THE RECITATION) AN ELIBERATING O'ER IT A*bdullah &b" MasAud' reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon &him' asked me to recite the 1urAan" He said: Messenger o! *llah, &ho ' should

Hadith 27>,:

Hadith 27>7:

Hadith 27>7:

Hadith 27><:

Hadith 2750:

I recite to you hereas it has been sent do n to you( He &the Holy =rophet' said: I desire to hear it !rom someone else" 3o I recited 3urat al.KisaA till I reached the :erse: Ho then shall it be hen We shall bring !rom e:ery people a itness and bring you against them as a itness(; &:erse >2'" I li!ted my head or a person touched me in my side, and so I li!ted my head and sa his tears !alling &!rom the Holy =rophetAs eyes'" Hadith 2752: )his hadith has been narratted by *Amash ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith this addition: ;)he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as on the pulpit hen he asked me to recite to him"; Ibrahim reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' asked A*bdullah b" MasAud to recite to him &the 1urAan'" He said: 3hould I recite it to you hile it has been sent do n or re:ealed to you( He &the Holy =rophet' said: I lo:e to hear it !rom someone else" 3o he &A*bdullah b" MasAud' recited to him &!rom the beginning o! 3urat al KisaA up to the :erse: ; Ho shall then it be hen We bring !rom e:ery people a itness and bring you as a itness against them(; He &the Holy =rophet' ept &on listening to it'" It is narrated on the authority o! Ibn MasAud through another chain o! transmitters that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' also said that he had been a itness to his people as long as &said he' : I li:ed among them or I had been among them" A*bdullah &b" MasAud' reported: I as in Hims hen some o! the people asked me to recite the 1urAan to them" 3o I recited 3urah Dusu! to them" #ne o! the persons among the people said: +y *llah, this is not ho it has been sent do n" I said: Woe upon you L +y *llah, I recited it to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he said to me: Dou ha:e &recited' it ell" I as talking ith him &the man ho ob9ected to my recitation' that I sensed the smell o! ine !rom him" 3o I said to him " Go you drink ine and belie the +ook &o! *llah'( Dou ould not depart till I ould hip you" 3o I lashed him according to the prescribed punishment &!or the o!!ence o! drinking ine'" )his hadith has been narrated by *Amash ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith an e0ception that it is not mentioned in it: ;He said to me: Dou recited &the 1urAan' ell"; Chapter 0$0 : E+CELLENCE OF THE RECITATION OF THE &#RAN IN PRAYER AN THAT OF ITS LEARNING

Hadith 275B:

Hadith 2753:

Hadith 275>:

Hadith 2755:

*bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Would any one o! you like, hen he returns to his !amily, to !ind there three large, !at, pregnant she.camels( We said: Des" Upon this he said: )hree :erses that one o! you recites in his prayer are better !or him than three large, !at, pregnant she.camels" AU-ba b" A*mir reported: When e ere in 3u!!a, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came out and said: Which o! you ould like to go out e:ery morning to +uthan or al.A*-i- and bring t o large she.camels ithout being guilty o! sin or ithout se:ering the ties o! kinship( We said: Messenger o! *llah, e ould like to do it" Upon this he said: Goes not one o! you go out in the morning to the mos-ue and teach or recite t o :erses !rom the +ook o! *llah" the Ma9estic and ?lorious( )hat is better !or him than t o she.camels, and three :erses are better &than three she.camels'"and !our :erses are better !or him than !our &she.camels', and to on their number in camels" Chapter 0$! : E+CELLENCE OF THE RECITATION OF THE &#R/AN AN THAT OF S#RAH AL-BA&ARA *bu Umama said he heard *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' say: Fecite the 1urAan, !or on the Gay o! Fesurrection it ill come as an intercessor !or those ho recite It" Fecite the t o bright ones, al.+a-ara and 3urah *l AImran, !or on the Gay o! Fesurrection they ill come as t o clouds or t o shades, or t o !locks o! birds in ranks, pleading !or those ho recite them" Fecite 3urah al.+a-ara, !or to take recourse to it is a blessing and to gi:e it up is a cause o! grie!, and the magicians cannot con!ront it" &MuAa iya said: It has been con:eyed to me that here +atala means magicians"' )his hadith has been narrated by MuAa iya ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith this e0ception that in this the ords o! MuAa iya: ;It has been con:eyed to me"" " ; ha:e not been mentioned" *n.Ka as b" 3amAan said he heard the *postle &may peace be upon him' say: #n the Gay o! Fesurrection the 1urAan and those ho acted according to it ill be brought ith 3urah al.+a-ara and *I AImran preceding them" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' likened them to three things, hich I did not !orget a!ter ards" He &the Holy =rophet' likened them to t o clouds, or t o black canopies ith light bet een them, or like t o !locks o! birds in ranks pleading !or one ho recited them"

Hadith 275,:

Hadith 2757:

Hadith 2757:

Hadith 275<:

Hadith 27,0:

Chapter 0$$ : E+CELLENCE OF S#RAH AL-FATIHA AN CONCL# ING 'ERSES OF S#RAH AL-BA&ARA AN E+HORTATION TO RECITE THE LAST T"O 'ERSES OF S#RAH AL-BA&ARA Ibn A*bbas reported that hile ?abriel as sitting ith the *postle &may peace be upon him' he heard a creaking sound abo:e him" He li!ted his head and said: )his *s a gate opened in hea:en today hich had ne:er been opened be!ore" )hen hen an angel descended through it, he said: )his is an angel ho came do n to the earth ho had.ne:er come do n be!ore" He greeted and said: Fe9oice in t o lights gi:en to you hich ha:e not been gi:en to any prophet be!ore you: Calihat al.8itab and the concluding :erses o! 3uarah al.+a-ara" Dou ill ne:er recite a letter !rom them !or hich you ill not be gi:en &a re ard'" A*bd al.Fahman b" Da6id reported: I met *bu MasAud near the House &8aAba' and said to him: * hadith has been con:eyed to me on your authority about the t o &concluding :erses o! 3urah al.+a-ara" He said: Des" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &in !act' said: *nyone ho recites the t o :erses at the end o! 3urah al.+a-ara at night, they ould su!!ice !or him" )his hadith has been narrated by Mansur ith the same chain o! transmitters" *bu MasAud reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: I! anyone recites the t o :erses at the end o! 3urah al.+a-ara at night, they ould su!!ice !or him A*bd al.Fahman said: I met *bu MasAud and he as circumambulating the House &o! *llah' and asked him about this &tradition' and he narrated it to me !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu MasAud !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' through another chain o! transmitters" It is through another chain o! transmitters that this hadith has been reported by *bu MasAud !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" Chapter 0$4 : E+CELLENCE OF S#RAH AL-KAHF AN AYAT AL-K#RSI *bu GardaA reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: I! anyone learns by heart the !irst ten :erses o! the 3urah al.8ah!, he ill be protected !rom the Ga99al"

Hadith 27,2:

Hadith 27,B: Hadith 27,3:

Hadith 27,>:

Hadith 27,5:

Hadith 27,,:

Hadith 27,7:

)his hadith has been transmitted by 1atada ith the same chain o! transmitters" +ut 3huAba &one o! the narrators' said: *t the end o! 3urah al.8ah!, but Hammam said: *t the beginning o! 3urah al.8ah!" Ubayy b" 8aAb said: *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' said: # *buA al.Mundhir, do you kno the :erse !rom the +ook o! *llah hich, according to you, is the greatest( I said: *llah and His *postle &may peace be upon him' kno best" He again said: *buAl.Mundhir, do you kno the :erse !rom the +ook o! *llah hich, according to you, is the greatest( I said: *llah, there is no god but He, the Ei:ing, the /ternal" )hereupon he struck me on my breast and said: May kno ledge be pleasant !or you, # *buAl.MundhirL Chapter 0$( : E+CELLENCE OF THE RECITATION OF ;SAY: HE IS ALLAH) THE ONE; (S#RAH IKHLAS) *bu GardaA reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: Is any one o! you incapable o! reciting a third o! the 1urAan in a night( )hey &the $ompanions' asked: Ho could one recite a third o! the 1urAan &in a night'( Upon this he &the Holy =rophet' said: ;He is *llah, #ne; &1urA*n" c0ii"' is e-ui:alent to a third o! the 1urAan" )his hadith has been narrated by 1atada ith the same chain o! transmitters in these ords: He &the *postle o! *llah' said: *llah di:ided the 1urAan into three parts, and he made: ;3ay: He, *llah is #ne"; one part out o! the &three' parts o! the 1urAan" It is reported on the authority o! *bu Huraira that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: ?et together" !or I am going to recite one.third o! the 1urAan be!ore you" *nd those ho could get together gathered there" )hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came out and recited: ;3ay: He, *llah, is #ne"; He then entered &his house'" 3ome o! us said to the others: =erhaps there has been some ne s !rom the hea:en on account o! hich he has gone Inside &the house'" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' again came out and said: I told you that I as going to recite one.third o! the 1urAin@ keep in mind, this &3urah Ikhlas' is e-ui:alent to one.third o! the 1urAan" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came

Hadith 27,7:

Hadith 27,<:

Hadith 2770:

Hadith 2772:

Hadith 277B:

out to us and said: I am going to recite be!ore you one.third o! the 1urAan" He &the Holy =rophet' then recited: ;3ay: He is *llah, #ne..*llah, the /ternal,; to the end o! the 3urah" Hadith 2773: A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sent a man in charge o! an e0pedition and he ould recite !or his $ompanions during their prayer, ending &recitation' ith: ;3ay, He is ?od, #ne"; When they returned mention as made o! it to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He &the Holy =rophet' told them to ask him hy he had done like that" 3o they asked him and he said: Ierily, it is an attribute o! the $ompassionate #ne, and &!or this reason' I lo:e to recite it" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' thereupon said: In!orm him that *llah lo:es him" Chapter 0$* : E+CELLENCE OF THE RECITATION OF THE T"O S#RAHS CONCERNING THE TAKING OF REF#GE AU-ba b" A*mir reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: What onder!ul :erses ha:e been sent do n today" the like o! hich has ne:er been seen L )hey are: ;3ay: I seek re!uge ith the Eord o! the da n,; and ;3ay: I seek re!uge ith the Eord o! men"; AU-ba b" A*mir reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to me: )here ha:e been sent do n to me :erses the like o! hich had ne:er been seen be!ore" )hey are the MuAa adhatain" )his hadith has been narrated through another chain o! transmitters directly !rom the $ompanions o! Muhammad &may peace be upon him'" Chapter 0$, : E+CELLENCE OF ONE "HO ACTS #PON (THE TEACHINGS OF THE) &#R/AN AN ONE "HO TEACHES IT 3alim narrated on the authority o! his !ather &Ibn AUmar' that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: /n:y is not 9usti!ied but in case o! t o persons only: one ho, ha:ing been gi:en &kno ledge o!' the 1urAan by *llah, recites it during the night and day &and also acts upon it' and a man ho, ha:ing been gi:en ealth by ?od, spends it during the night and the day &!or the el!are o! others" seeking the pleasure o! the Eord'" 3alim son o! *bdullah b" AUmar is reported to ha:e said on the authority o! his

Hadith 277>:

Hadith 2775:

Hadith 277,:

Hadith 2777:

Hadith 2777:

!ather that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed : /n:y is not 9usti!ied but in case o! t o persons only: one ho, ha:ing been gi:en &kno ledge o!' the 1urAan by *llah, recites it during the night and during the day &and acts upon it', and the person ho, ha:ing been gi:en ealth by ?od, gi:es it in charity during the night and the day" Hadith 277<: A*bdullah b" MasAud reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )here should be no en:y but only in case o! t o persons: one ha:ing been endo ed ith ealth and po er to spend it in the cause o! )ruth, and &the other' ho has been endo ed ith isdom and he decides cases ith the help o! it and teaches it &to others'" A*mir b" Wathila reported that Ka!iA b" A*bd al.Harith met AUmar at AUs!an and AUmar had employed him as collector in Mecca" He &Hadrat AUmar' said to him &Ka!iA': Whom ha:e you appointed as collector o:er the people o! the :alley( He said: Ibn *b6a" He said: Who is Ibn *b6a( He said: He is one o! our !reed sla:es" He &Hadrat AUmar' said: 3o you ha:e appointed a !reed sla:e o:er them" He said: He is ell :ersed In the +ook o! *llah" the /0alted and ?reat, and he is ell :ersed In the commandments and in9unctions &o! the 3hariAah'" AUmar said: 3o the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' said: +y this +ook, *llah ould e0alt some peoples and degrade others" )his hadith has been narrated by Huhri through another chain o! transmitters" Chapter 0$- : ;THE &#R/AN HAS BEEN RE'EALE IN SE'EN %O ES OF REA ING; AN ITS %EANING AUmar b" 8hattab said: I heard Hisham b" Hakim b" Hi6am reciting 3urah al. Cur-an in a style di!!erent !rom that in hich I used to recite it, and in hich *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' had taught me to recite it" I as about to dispute ith him &on this style' but I delayed till he had !inished that &the recitation'" )hen I caught hold o! his cloak and brought him to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and said: Messenger o! *llah, I heard this man reciting 3urah al.Cur-an in a style di!!erent !rom the one in hich you taught me to recite" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' told &me' to lea:e him alone and asked him to recite" He then recited in the style in hich I beard him recite it" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then said: )hus as it sent do n" He then told me to recite and I recited it, and he said: )hus as it sent do n" )he 1urAan as sent do n in

Hadith 2770:

Hadith 2772:

Hadith 277B:

se:en dialects" 3o recite hat seems easy there!rom" Hadith 2773: )his hadith has been transmitted thus by AUmar b" 8hattab & ith a slight change o! ords': ;I heard Hisham b" Hakim reciting 3urah al.Cur-an during the li!etime o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him'"; )he rest is the same but ith this addition: ;I as about to catch hold o! him in prayer, but I e0ercised patience till he pronounced salutation" )his hadith has been transmitted by Huhri" Ibn A*bbas reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: ?abriel taught me to recite in one style" I replied to him and kept asking him to gi:e more &styles', till he reached se:en modes &o! recitation'" Ibn 3hibab said: It has reached me that these se:en styles are essentially one, not di!!ering about hat is permitted and hat is !orbidden" )his hadith has been narrated by Huhri ith the same chain o! trans. mitters" Ubayy b" 8aAb reported: I as in the mos-ue hen a man entered and prayed and recited &the 1urAin' in a style to hich I ob9ected" )hen another man entered &the mos-ue' and recited in a style di!!erent !rom that o! his companion" When e had !inished the prayer, e all ent to *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' and said to him: )his man recited in a style to hich I ob9ected, and the other entered and recited in a style di!!erent !rom that o! his companion" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' asked them to recite and so they recited, and the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' e0pressed appro:al o! their a!!airs &their modes o! recitation'" and there occurred In my mind a sort o! denial hich did not occur e:en during the Gays o! Ignorance" When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sa ho I as a!!ected &by a rong idea', he struck my chest, hereupon I broke into s eating and !elt as though I ere looking at *llah ith !ear" He &the Holy =rophet' said to me: Ubayy" a message as sent to me to recite the 1urAan in one dialect, and I replied: Make &things' easy !or my people"It as con:eyed to me !or the second time that it should be recited in t o dialects" I again replied to him: Make a!!airs easy !or my people" It as again con:eyed to me !or the third time to recite in se:en dialects *nd &I as !urther told' : Dou ha:e got a seeking !or e:ery reply that I sent you, hich you should seek !rom Me" I said: # *llah L !orgi:e my

Hadith 277>: Hadith 2775:

Hadith 277,: Hadith 2777:

people, !orgi:e my people, and I ha:e de!erred the third one !or the day on hich the entire creation ill turn to me, including e:en Ibrahim &peace be upon him' &!or intercession'" Hadith 2777: Ubayy b" 8aAb reported that he as sitting in a mos-ue that a person entered it and he obser:ed prayer, and made recitation, the rest o! the hadith is the same" Ubayy b" 8aAb reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as near the tank o! +anu ?hi!ar that ?abriel came to him and said: *llah has commanded you to recite to your people the 1urAan in one dialect" Upon this he said: I ask !rom *llah pardon and !orgi:eness" My people are not capable o! doing it" He then came !or the second time and said: *llah has commanded you that you should recite the 1urAan to your people in t o dialects" Upon this he &the Holy prophet' again said: I seek pardon and !orgi:eness !rom *llah, my people ould not be able to do so" He &?abriel' came !or the third time and said: *llah has commanded you to recite the 1urAan to your people in three dialects" Upon this he said: I ask pardon and !orgi:eness !rom *llah" My people ould not be able to do it" He then came to him !or the !ourth time and said: *llah has commanded you to recite the 1urAan to your people in se:en dialects, and in hiche:er dialect they ould recite, they ould be right" )his hadith has been narrated by 3huAba ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter 0$. : RECITING THE &#R/AN LEIS#RELY AN ISTINCTI'ELY AN ABSTAINING FRO% RECITING IT 'ERY H#RRIE LY) AN PER%ISSIBILITY OF RECITING T"O S#RAHS OR %ORE THAN T"O IN A RAK/AH *bu WaAil reported that a person named Kabik b" 3inan came to *bdullah &b" MasAud' and said: *bu A*bd al.Fahman, ho do you recite this ord &ali!' or &ya'( Would you read It as: min maAin ghaira asin or au min maAin ghaira ghaira yasin"&al.1urAan, 0l:ii" 25' (A*bdullah said: Dou &seem to' ha:e memorised the hole o! the 1urAan e0cept this" He &again' said:I recite all the mu!assal surahs in one rakAah" Upon this A*bdullah said: &Dou must ha:e been reciting It' hastily like the recitation o! poetry" Ierily" there are people ho recite the 1urAan, but it does not go do n beyond their collar bones" It is &a !act ith the 1urAan' that it is bene!icial only hen it settles in the heart and is rooted deeply in it" )he best o! &the acts' in prayer are bo ing and prostration" I am -uite a are o! the occasions hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' combined

Hadith 277<:

Hadith 27<0:

Hadith 27<2:

together t o surahs in e:ery rakAah" A*bdullah then stood up and ent out ith A*l-ama !ollo ing in his !ootstep" He said Ibn Kumair had told him that the narration as like that: ;* person belonging to +anu +a9ila came to A*bdullah,; and he did not mention &the name o!' Kahik b" 3inan" Hadith 27<B: *bu WaAil reported: * person came to A*bdullah, ho as called Kahik b" 3inan, and the rest o! the hadith is the same but !or this: ; *l-ama came to him &A*bdullah b" MasAud' and e said to him: *sk him about the manners in hich he combined &t o surahs' in one rakAah" 3o he ent to him and asked him and then came to us and said: ) enty are the mu!assal surahs in the compilation &o! the 1urAan' made by A*bdullah"; )his hadith has been narrated by *Amash ith the same chain o! transmitters in hich &A*bdullah b" MasAud' said: ;I kno the manners in hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited the t o surahs in one rakAah and then t enty surahs in ten rakAahs"; *bu WaAil reported: #ne day e ent to A*bdullah b" MasAud a!ter e had obser:ed the da n prayer and e paid salutation at the door" He permitted us to enter, but e stayed !or a hile at the door, hen the sla:e.girl came out and said: Why donAt you come in( 3o e ent in and & e !ound A*bdullah b" MasAud' sitting and glori!ying *llah &i"e" he as busy in dhikr' and he said: What obstructed you !rom coming in though you had been granted permission !or it( We said: )here as nothing &behind it' but e entertained the idea that some inmate o! the house might be sleeping" He said: Go you presume any idleness on the part o! the !amily o! Ibn Umm A*bd &the mother o! *bdullah b" MasAud'( He as again busy ith the glori!ication o! *llah till he thought that the sun had risen" He said: ?irl, see hether &the sun' has arisen" 3he glanced but it had not risen &by that time'" He as again busy ith the glori!ication &o! *llah' and he &again' thought that the sun had arisen" 3he glanced &and con!irmed' that,it had risen" Upon this he &A*bdullah b" MasAud' said: =raise be to *llah Who did not call us to account !or our sins today" Mahdi said: I think that he said, He did not destroy us !or our sins" #ne among the people said: I recited all the mu!assal surahs during the night" A*bdullah said: &Dou must ha:e recited them' like the &recitation' o! poetry" I heard &the Holy =rophet' combining &the sarahs' and I remember the combinations hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' made In the recitation &o! surahs'" )hese ere constituted o! eighteen mu!assal surahs and t o surahs &commencing

Hadith 27<3:

Hadith 27<>:

ith' Ha.Mim" Hadith 27<5: 3ha-i- reported: * person !rom +anu +a9ila ho as called Kabik b" 3inan came to *bdullah and said: I recite mu!assal surahs in one rakAah" Upon this A*bdullah said: &Dou recite' like the recitation o! poetry" I kno the manner in hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited t o surahs in one rakAah" *bu WaAil reported: * person came to A*bdullah b" MasAud and said: I recited all the mu!assal surahs in one rakAah during the night" A*bdullah said: Dou must ha:e recited hastily like the recitation o! poetry" A*bdullah said: I remember ell the manner in hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to combine them, and he then mentioned t enty o! the mu!assal surahs, and &their combinations in' t o in e:ery rakAah" Chapter 041 : THAT "HICH CONCERNS RECITATION *bu Isha- reported: I sa a man asking *s ad b" Da6id ho taught the 1urAan in the mos-ue: Ho do you recite the :erse &!ahal min muddakir' hether &the ord muddakir' Is ith &d' or &dh'( He &*s ad' said: It as ith &d'" I heard *bdullah b" MasAud saying that he had heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reciting &muddakir' ith &d'" Isha- is reported to ha:e said on the authority o! *s ad ho -uoted on the authority o! A*bdullah b" MasAud that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite these ords as &!ahal min muddakir'" A*l-ama reported" We ent to 3yria and *bu GardaA came to us and said: Is there anyone among you ho recites according to the recitation o! *bdullah( I said: Des, it is I" He again said: Ho did you hear A*bdullah reciting this :erse: & aAl.lail.i.idha yaghsha J hen the night co:ers'( He &A*l-ama' said: I heard him reciting it &like this' & aAl.lail.i.idha yaghsha' a.dhakar al untha J hen the night co:ers and the males and the !emales'" Upon this he said: +y *llah, I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reciting in this ay, but they &the Muslims o! 3yria' desire us to recite: & a ma khala-a', but I do not yield to their desire" Ibrahim reported: A*l-ama came to 3yria and entered the mos-ue and prayed

Hadith 27<,:

Hadith 27<7:

Hadith 27<7:

Hadith 27<<:

Hadith 2700:

there and then ent to a &place here people ere sitting in a' circle and he sat therein" )hen a person came there and I percei:ed that the people ere annoyed and perturbed &on this arri:al'" and he sat on my side and then said: Go you remember ho A*bdullah used to recite &the 1urAan'( *nd then the rest o! the hadith as narrated" Hadith 2702: A*l-ama reported: I met *bu GardaA, and he said to me: )o hich country do you belong( I said: I am one o! the people o! Ira-" He again said: )o hich city( I replied: $ity o! 8u!a" He again said: Go you recite according to the recitation o! A*bdullah b" MasAud( I said: Des" He said: Fecite this :erse &+y the night hen it co:ers' 3o I recited it: &+y the night hen it co:ers, and the day hen it shines, and the creating o! the male and the !emale'" He laughed and said: I ha:e heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reciting like this" )his hadith has been narrated by another chain o! transmitters" Chapter 040 : TI%ES "HEN PRAYER IS PROHIBITE *bu Huraira is reported to ha:e said that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prohibited to obser:e prayer a!ter the A*sr prayer till the sun is set, and a!ter the da n till the sun rises" Ibn A*bbas reported: I heard it !rom so many $ompanions o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and one among them is AUmar b" 8hattab, and he is most dear to me among them that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prohibited obser:ing o! prayer a!ter the da n prayer till the sun rose and a!ter the A*sr till the sun set" )his hadith has been narrated by 1atada ith the same chain o! transmitters ith a minor alteration o! ords" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Ko prayer is :alid a!ter the A*sr prayer till the sun sets and no prayer is :alid a!ter the da n prayer till the sun rises" Ibn AUmar reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Eet not any one o! you intend to obser:e prayer at the time o! the rising o! the sun or o! the setting sun"

Hadith 270B:

Hadith 2703:

Hadith 270>:

Hadith 2705:

Hadith 270,:

Hadith 2707:

Ibn AUmar reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Go not intend to obser:e prayer at the time o! the rising o! the sun nor at its setting, !or it rises bet een the horns o! 3atan" Ibn AUmar reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When the rim o! the sun starts appearing de!er prayer till it completely appears, and hen the rim o! the sun disappears de!er prayer till it completely disappears" *bu +asra ?hi!ari reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led us in the A*sr prayer at &the place kno n as' Mukhammas, and then said: )his prayer as presented to those gone be!ore you, but they lost it, and he ho guards it has t o re ards in store !or him" *nd no prayer is :alid a!ter till the onlooker appears &by onlooker is meant the e:ening star'" )his hadith has been narrated by *bu +asra ?hi!ari through another chain o! transmitters" U-ba b" A*mir said: )here ere the times at hich *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' !orbade us to pray, or bury our dead: When the sun begins to rise till it is !ully up, hen the sun is at its height at midday till it passes o:er the meridian, and hen the sun dra s near to setting till it sets" Chapter 04! : HO" /A%R B5 /ABASA E%BRACE ISLA% A*mr b" A*basa 3ulami reported: I in the state o! the Ignorance &be!ore embracing Islam' used to think that the people ere in error and they ere not on anything & hich may be called the right path' and orshipped the idols" In the mean hile I heard o! a man in Mecca ho as gi:ing ne s &on the basis o! his prophetic kno ledge'@ so I sat on my ride and ent to him" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as at that time hiding as his people had made li!e hard !or him" I adopted a !riendly attitude &to ards the Meccans and thus managed' to enter Mecca and go to him &the Holy =rophet' and I said to him: Who are you( He said: I am a =rophet &o! *llah'" I again said: Who is a =rophet( He said: &I am a =rophet in the sense that' I ha:e been sent by *llah" I said: What is that hich you ha:e been sent ith( He said: I ha:e been sent to 9oin ties o! relationship & ith kindness and a!!ection', to break the Idols, and to proclaim the oneness o! *llah &in a manner that' nothing is to be associated ith

Hadith 2707:

Hadith 270<:

Hadith 2720:

Hadith 2722:

Hadith 272B:

Him" I said: Who is ith you in this &in these belie!s and practices'( He said: * !ree man and a sla:e" He &the narrator' said: *bu +akr and +ilal ere there ith him among those ho had embraced Islam by that time" I said: I intend to !ollo you" He said: Guring these days you ould not be able to do so" GonAt you see the &hard' condition under hich I and &my' people are li:ing( Dou better go back to your people and hen you hear that I ha:e been granted :ictory, you come to me" 3o I ent to my !amily" I as in my home hen the Messengero! *llah &may peace be upon him'came to Medina" I as among my people and used to seek ne s and ask people hen he arri:ed in Medina" )hen a group o! people belonging to Dathrib &Medina' came" I said &to them': Ho is that person getting on ho has come to Medina( )hey said: )he people are hastening to him, hile his people &the polytheists o! Mecca' planned to kill him, but they could not do so" I &on hearing It' came to Medina and ent to him and said: Messenger o! *llah, do you recognise me( He said: Des, you are the same man ho met me at Mecca" I said: It is so" I again said: =rophet o! *llah, tell me that hich *llah has taught you and hich I do not kno , tell me about the prayer" He said: #bser:e the da n prayer, then stop praying hen the sun is rising till it Is !ully up, !or hen it rises it comes up bet een the horns o! 3atan, and the unbelie:ers prostrate themsel:es to it at that time" )hen pray, !or the prayer is itnessed and attended &by angels' till the shado becomes about the length o! a lance@ then cease prayer, !or at that time Hell is heated up" )hen hen the shado mo:es !or ard, pray, !or the prayer is itnessed and attended by angels, till you pray the a!ternoon prayer, then cease prayer till the sun sets, !or it sets bet een the horns o! de:il, and at that time the unbelie:ers prostrate themsel:es be!ore it" I said: *postle o! *llah, tell me about ablution also" He said: Kone o! you ho uses ater !or ablution and rinses his mouth, snu!!s up ater and blo s it, but the sins o! his !ace, and his mouth and his nostrils !all out" When he ashes his !ace, as *llah has commanded him, the sins o! his !ace !all out !rom the end o! his beard ith ater" )hen & hen' he ashes his !orearms up to the elbo s, the sins o! his arms !all out along ith ater !rom his !inger.tips" *nd hen he ipes his head, the sins o! his head !all out !rom the points o! his hair along ith ater" *nd & hen' he ashes his !eet up to the ankles, the sins o! his !eet !all out !rom his toes along ith ater" *nd i! he stands to pray and praises *llah, lauds Him and glori!ies Him ith hat becomes Him and sho s holehearted de:otion to *llah, his sins ould depart lea:ing him &as innocent' as he as on the day his mother bore him" A*mr b" A*basa narrated this hadith to *bu Umama, a $ompanion o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and *bu Umama said to him: A*mr b" A*basa, think hat you are saying that such &a great re ard' is gi:en to a man at one

Hadith 2723:

place &only in the act o! ablution and prayer'" Upon this A*mr said: *bu Umama, I ha:e gro n old and my bones ha:e become eak and I am at the door o! death@ hat impetus is there !or me to attribute a lie to *llah and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'( Had I heard it !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' once, t ice, or three times &e:en se:en times', I ould ha:e ne:er narrated it, but I ha:e heard it !rom him on occasions more than these" Chapter 04$ : O NOT GET INTO THE HABIT OF OBSER'ING PRAYER AT THE TI%E OF THE RISING S#N AN AT THE TI%E OF ITS SETTING A*Aisha reported that AUmar misconstrued the !act that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had prohibited the obser:ance o! prayer at the time o! the rising sun and at the time o! its setting" A*Aisha said that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not abandon obser:ing t o rakAahs a!ter A*sr, but she reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Go not get used to obser:e prayer at the time o! the rising sun and at the time o! its setting and &e0horted the Muslims' to pray at their times" 8uraib, the !reed sla:e o! Ibn A*bbas, reported that A*bdullah b" A*bbas, A*bd al. Fahman b" *6har, al.Mis ar b" Makhrama sent him to A*Aisha, the i!e o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', telling him to gi:e her their greetings, and ask her about the t o rakAahs a!ter the a!ternoon prayer, &!or' ; e ha:e heard that you obser:e them hereas it has been con:eyed to us that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prohibited their obser:ance"; Ibn A*bbas said: I along ith AUmar b" al.8hattab dissuaded people to do so &to obser:e t o rakAahs o! prayer'" 8uraib said: I ent to her &A*Aisha' and con:eyed to her the message ith hich I as sent" 3he said: &+etter' ask Umm 3alama" 3o I ent to them &those ho had sent him to Hadrat A*Aisha' and in!ormed them about hat she had said" )hey sent me back to Umm 3alama ith that ith hich I as sent to A*Aisha" Umm 3alama said: I beard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prohibiting them, and then a!ter ards I sa him obser:ing them" *nd hen he obser:ed them &t o rakAahs' he had already obser:ed the A*sr prayer" )hen he &the Holy =rophet' came, hile there ere ith me ladies o! +anu Haram, a tribe o! the *nsar and he &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed them &the t o rakAahs'" I sent a sla:e.girl to him asking her to stand by his side and say to him that Umm 3alama says:

Hadith 272>:

Hadith 2725:

Messenger o! *llah, I heard you prohibiting these t o rakAahs, hereas I sa you obser:ing them@ and i! he &the Holy =rophet' points ith his hand &to ait', then do ait" )he sla:e.girl did like that" He &the Holy =rophet' pointed out ith his hand and she got aside and aited, and hen he had !inished &the prayer' he said: Gaughter o! *bu Umayya" you ha:e asked about the t o rakAahs a!ter the A*sr prayer" 3ome people o! A*bu al.1ais came to me !or embracing Islam and hindered me !rom obser:ing the t o rakAahs hich come a!ter the noon prayer" 3o those are the t o I ha:e been praying" Hadith 272,: *bu 3alama asked A*Aisha about the t o prostrations &i"e" rakAahs' hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' made a!ter the A*sr" 3he said: He &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed them be!ore the A*sr prayer, but then he as hindered to do so, or he !orgot them and then he obser:ed them a!ter the A*sr, and then he continued obser:ing them" &It as his habit' that hen he &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed prayer, he then continued obser:ing it" IsmaAil said: It implies that he al ays did that" A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' did not abandon at all obser:ing t o rakAahs a!ter the A*sr in my house" A*Aisha reported: ) o are the prayers hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' al ays obser:ed in my house.openly or secretly.t o rakAahs be!ore the da n and t o rakAahs a!ter the A*sr" *s ad and Masru- reported: We bear testimony to the !act that A*Aisha said: Ke:er as there a day that he &the Holy =rophet' as ith me and he did not obser:e t o rakAahs o! prayer in my house, i"e" t o rakAahs a!ter the *sr" Chapter 044 : E+CELLENCE OF OBSER'ING T"O RAK/AHS BEFORE THE E'ENING PRAYER Mukhtar b" Cul!ul said: I asked *nas b" Malik about the :oluntary prayers a!ter the a!ternoon prayer, and he replied: AUmar struck hit hands on prayer obser:ed a!ter the A*sr prayer and e used to obser:e t o rakAahs a!ter the sun set be!ore the e:ening prayer during the time o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" I said to him: Gid the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:e them( He said: He sa us obser:ing them, but he neither commanded us nor !orbade us to do so"

Hadith 2727:

Hadith 2727:

Hadith 272<:

Hadith 27B0:

Hadith 27B2:

*nas b" Malik reported: When e ere in Medina, the moment the MuAadhdhin made the call to the sunset prayer, the people hastened to the pillars o! the mos-ue and prayed t o rakOahs ith the result that any stranger coming into the mos-ue ould think that the obligatory prayer had been obser:ed o ing to the number ho ere praying then" *bdullah b" Mugha!!al reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' u saying: )here Is bet een the t o calls &*dhan and I-ama' a prayer" *nd he mentioned it three times, and at the third time he said: )his applies to those ho ish to do it" )his hadith has been narrated by *bdullah b" Mugha!!al by another chain o! transmitters, but ith this :ariation that he &the Holy =rophet' said at the !ourth time: ;He ho ishes &may do to'"; Chapter 04( : PRAYER IN TI%E OF ANGER 3alim b" *bdullah b" AUmar reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' led onR o! the t o groups In one rakOah o! prayer in danger, hile the other group !aced the .enemy" )hen they &the members o! the !irst group' ent back and replaced their companions ho ere !acing the enemy" and then they &the members o! the second group' came and the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led them in one rakOah o! prayer" )hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' pronounced salutation, and then they &the members o! the *nt group' completed the rakOah and they &the members o! the second group' completed the rakOah" )his hadith has been narrated by another chain o! tranamitters" Ibn Umar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed prayer in danger on some day &in this ay': a group stood ith him &the Holy =rophet' &!or prayer' and the other group stood In !ront o! the enemy" )hen those ho ere ith &him' obser:ed one rakOah o! prayer and they ent back and the others came and they obser:ed one rakOah & ith him'" )hen both the groups completed one rakOah each" Ibn Umar said: When there is greater danger, then obser:e prayer e:en on the ride or ith the help o! gestures in a standing posture"

Hadith 27BB:

Hadith 27B3:

Hadith 27B>:

Hadith 27B5:

Hadith 27B,:

%abir b" A*bdullah reported: I obser:ed prayer in danger ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" We dre oursel:es up in t o ro s, one ro behind him ith the enemy bet een us and the 1ibla" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: *llah is Most ?reat, and e all said it" He then bo ed and e all bo ed" He then raised his head !rom bo ing, e all raised &our heads'" He then ent do n in prostration along ith the ro close to him, and the rear ro !aced the enemy@ then hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' completed the prostration,@ and then stood up, the ro near to him also did it@ then ent do n the rear ro in prostration@ then they stood up@ then the rear ro ent to the !ront and the !ront ro ent to the rear" )hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace he upon him' bo ed do n and e all bo ed" He then raised his head !rom bo ing and e also raised &our heads'" He and the ro close to him hich I had been in the rear then ent do n in prostration In the !irst rakOah, hereas the rear ro !aced the enemy" *nd hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and the rear ro close to him had !inished the prostration, the rear ro ent do n and prostrated themsel:es@ then the *postle o! *llah pronounced the salutation and e also pronounced the salutation" &%abir said e hadith' as your guards beha:e ith their chie!s" %abir reported: We !ought In the company o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ith the tribe o! %uhaina" )hey !ought ith us terribly" When e had !inished the noon prayer, the polytheists said: Had e attacked them at once" e ould ha:e killed them" ?abriel in!ormed the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about It &about their e:il design'" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' made a mention o! it to us, adding that they &the polytheists' had also said: 3hortly there ould be time !or the A*sr prayer" hich is dearer o them &the Muslims' than e:en their children" 3o hen the time o! the A*sr prayer came" e !ormed oursel:es into t o ro s, hile the polytheists ere bet een us and the 1ibla" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: *llah is Most ?reat, and e also said so" He bo ed and e also bo ed" He ent do n in prostration and the !irst ro prostrated along ith him" When they stood up, the second ro ent do n in prostration" )hen the !irst ro ent into the rear, and the second ro came in the !ront and occupied the place o! the !irst ro " )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then said: *llah is Most ?reat, and e also said so" He then bo ed, and e also bo ed" He then ent do n in prostration and along ith him the ro also & ent do n in prostration', and the second ro remained standing" *nd hen the second ro had also prostrated and all o! them sat do n then the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' pronounced salutation to them" *bu Hubair

Hadith 27B7:

said: %abir made a mention specially o! this thing: 9ust as your chie!s obser:e prayer" Hadith 27B7: 3ahl b" *bu Hathma reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' led his $ompanions in prayer in danger" He made them stand in t o ro s behind him" He led them ho ere close to him in one rakOah" He then stood up and kept standing till those ho ere behind them obser:ed one rakOah" )hen they &those standing in the second ro ' came in !ront and those ho ere in !ront ent into the rear" He then led them In one rakOah" He then sat do n, till those ho ere behind him obser:ed one rakOah and then pronounced salutation" Da6id b" Fuman told on the authority o! 3alih b" 8ha at on the authority o! one ho prayed in time o! danger ith *llahAs Messenger &may peace he upon him' at the +attle o! Ghat ar.Fi-aA that a group !ormed a ro and prayed along ith him, and a group !aced the enemy" He led the group hich as along ith him in a rakOah, then remained standing hile they !inished the prayer by themsel:es" )hen they departed and !ormed a ro !acing the enemy" )hen the second group came and he led them in the remaining rakAah, a!ter hich he remained seated hile they !inished the prayer themsel:es" He then led them in salutation" %abir reported: We ent !or ard ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and hen e reached Ghat ar.Fi-aO, e came to a shady tree hich . e le!t !or him #ne o! the polytheists came there and, seeing the s ord o! the Messenger &may peace be upon him' hanging by a !ree" took it up" dre it !rom the scabbard and said to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him': *re you a!raid o! Me( He &the Holy =rophet' said: Ko" He again said: Who ould protect you !rom me( He said: *llah ill protect me !rom you" )he $ompanions o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' threatened him" He sheathed the s ord and hung it up" )hen call to prayer as made and he &the Holy =rophet' led a group in t o rakOah" )hen &the members o! this group' ithdre and he led the second group in t o rakOah" 3o the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed !our rakOah and people obser:ed t o rakOah" *bu 3alama b" P*bd al.Fahman reported that %abir told him that he had obser:ed the prayer in danger ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon

Hadith 27B<:

Hadith 2730:

Hadith 2732:

him'" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &!irst' led one o! the t o groups in t o rakOah o! prayer" and then led the second group in t o rakOah o! prayer" 3o the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed !our rakOah and led in t o rakOah each o! the groups" Chapter 04* : KITAB AL-4#%#/A We ha:e already e0plained that Islam e0horts its !ollo ers to make their social li!e a :isible e0pression o! ?od.consciousness" =rayer is the most e!!ecti:e means o! !ostering this :irtue in man )hat is the reason hy it has been made essential !or the Muslims to obser:e obligatory prayers in congregation" %umuAa is a step !or ard in this respect" )he purpose behind it is to pro:ide opportunities to the greater number o! Muslims to attend larger congregations in the mos-ues in an atmosphere o! religions piety" *part !rom prayer, sermon has also been made an integral part o! the %umuAa prayer" )he Imam deli:ers the sermon and instructs people in religion" He e0plains to them the day.to.day problems in the light o! Islam" Hadith 273B: *bdullah is reported to ha:e heard *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When any one o! you intends to come !or %umuOa prayer, he should take a bath" *bdullah b" Umar is reported to ha:e said that )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be up on him' as standing on the pulpit hen he said this: He ho comes !or %umuAa he should take a bath" )his hadith has been narrated by Ibn Umar by another chain o! transmitters" A*bdullah &b" Umar' reported on the authority o! his !ather that he beard like this !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" A*bdullah &b" AUmar' reported !rom his !ather that hile he as addressing the people on Criday &sermon', a person, one o! the $ompanions o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', entered &the mos-ue'" Umar said to him loudly: What is this hour &!or attending the prayer'( He said: I as busy today and I did not return to my house hen I heard the call &to Criday prayer', and I did no more but per!ormed ablution only" Upon this Umar said: 9ust ablution L Dou kno that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' commanded

Hadith 2733:

Hadith 273>: Hadith 2735:

Hadith 273,:

&us' to take a bath &on Criday'" Hadith 2737: *bu Huraira reported: Umar b" 8hattab as deli:ering a sermon to the people on Criday hen AUthman b" A*!!an came there" AUmar hinting to him said: What ould become o! those persons ho come a!ter the call to prayer( Upon this AUthman said: $ommander o! the !aith!ul, I did no more than this that a!ter listening to the call, I per!ormed ablution and came &to the mos-ue'" AUmar said: %ust ablution L Gid you not bear the Messenger o! *llah &my peace be upon him' say this: When any one o! you comes !or %umuOa, he should take a bath" Chapter 04, : THE ESSENTIALITY OF TAKING A BATH ON FRI AY 3aOid al.8hudri reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )aking a bath on Criday is essential !or e:ery adult person" A*isha reported: )he people came !or %umuOa prayer !rom their houses in the neighbouring :illages dressed in oollen garments on hich dust as settled and this emitted a !oal smell" * person among them &those ho ere dressed so' came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' hile he as in my house" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' said to him: Were you to cleanse yoursel:es on this day" P*isha reported: )he people &mostly' ere orkers and they had no ser:ants" Ill.smell thus emitted out o! them" It as said to them: Were you to take bath on Criday" Chapter 04- : PERF#%E AN #SING OF %IS"AK ON FRI AY P*bd al.Fahman son o! *bd 3aOid al.8hudri reported on the authority o! his !ather that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: +athing on Criday !or e:ery adult, using o! Mis ak and applying some per!ume, that is a:ailable.these are essential" 3o !ar as the per!ume is concerned, it may be that used by a lady" )a us reported that Ibn *bbas narrated the ords o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about taking bath on Criday" )a us said: I asked Ibn *bbas it one should apply to onesel! per!ume or oil hich is a:ailable ith his i!e" He &Ibn *bbas' said: I do not kno o! it"

Hadith 2737:

Hadith 273<:

Hadith 27>0:

Hadith 27>2:

Hadith 27>B:

Hadith 27>3: Hadith 27>>:

)his hadith has been narrated by Ibn %urai9 ith the came chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said" it is the right o! *llah upon e:ery Muslim that he should take a bath &at least' on one day &Criday' during the se:en days &o! the eek' and he should ash his head and body " *bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o!, *llah &may peace be upon him' said" He ho takes a bath on Criday, the bath hich is obligatory a!ter the se0ual discharge and then goes &to the mos-ue', he is like one ho o!!ers a she. camel as a sacri!ice, and he ho comes at the second hour ould be like one ho o!!ers a co , and he ho comes at the third hour is li:e one ho o!!ers a ram ith horns, and he ho comes at the !ourth hour is like one ho o!!ers a hen, and he ho comes at the !i!th hour is like one ho o!!ers an egg" *nd hen the Imam comes out, the angels are also present and listen to the mention o! ?od &the sermon'" Chapter 04. : OBSER'ANCE OF SILENCE IN SER%ON ON FRI AY *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: I! you &e:en' ask your companion to be -uiet on Criday hile the Imam is deli:ering the sermon, you ha:e in !act talked irrele:ance" * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu Huraira by another chain o! transmitters" )he same hadith has been narrated by *bu Huraira, but instead o! the ord laghauta the ord laghita has been used" *bu Hinad &one o! the narrators' says that laghita is the dialect o! *bu Huraira, hereas it is laghauta" Chapter 0(1 : THERE IS A SPECIAL (FORT#NATE) TI%E ON FRI AY *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )here is a time on Criday at hich no Muslim ser:ant ould pray and ould ask *llah !or a thing &that is good' but He ould gi:e it to him" 1utaiba pointed ith the help o! his hand that it &the time' is short" *bu Huraira reported *buAl.1asim &the kunya o! the Holy =rophet' &may peace

Hadith 27>5:

Hadith 27>,:

Hadith 27>7:

Hadith 27>7:

Hadith 27><:

Hadith 2750:

be upon him' as saying: )here is a time on Criday at hich no Muslim ould stand and pray and beg *llah !or hat Is good but He ould gi:e it to him@ and he pointed ith his hand that &this time' is short and narro " Hadith 2752: Hadith 275B: Hadith 2753: * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu Huraira" )his hadith has been narrated by *bu Huraira by another chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs *postle & ay peace be upon him' as saying" )here is a time on Criday at hich no Muslim ould ask *llah !or hat is good but He ould gi:e it to him" *nd !urther said: )his is a :ery short time" Hammam b" Munabbih reported this hadith !rom *bu Huraira ho reported !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' but he did not say: ;)hat time is short"; *bu +urda b" *bu Musa al.*shOari reported: A*bdullah b" Umar said to me: Gid you hear anything !rom your !ather narrating something !rom the messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' about the time on Criday( I said: Des, I heard him say !rom the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' &these ords': ;It is bet een the time hen the Imam sits do n and the end o! the prayer"; Chapter 0(0 : E+CELLENCE OF FRI AY *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he best day on hich the sun has risen is Criday@ on it *dam as created, on it he as made to enter =aradise, on it he" as e0pelled !rom it" *bu Huraira reported the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he best day on hich the sun has risen is Criday@ on it *dam as created" on it he as made to enter =aradise, on it he as e0pelled !rom it" *nd the last hour ill take place on no day other than Criday" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: We ho are the last shall be the !irst on the Gay o! Fesurrection, e0cept that e:ery Ummah as gi:en the +ook be!ore us and e ere gi:en it a!ter them" It as this day hich *llah prescribed !or us and guided us to it and the people

Hadith 275>:

Hadith 2755:

Hadith 275,:

Hadith 2757:

Hadith 2757:

came a!ter us ith regard to it, the %e s obser:ing the ne0t day and the $hristians the day !ollo ing that" Hadith 275<: * hadith like this has been narrated by *bu Huraira that the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' said: We are the last and ould be the !irst on the Gay o! Fesurrection" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: We are the last &but' e ould be the !irst on the Gay o! Fesurrection, and e ould be the !irst to enter =aradise, but that they ere gi:en the +ook be!ore us and e ere gi:en a!ter them" )hey disagreed and *llah guided us aright on hate:er they disagreed regarding the truth" *nd it as this day o! theirs about hich they disagreed, but *llah guided us to it, and that is Criday !or us@ the ne0t day is !or the %e s and the day !ollo ing !or the $hristians" *bu Huraira reported Muhammad, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', as saying: We ho are the last ould be the !irst on the Gay o! Fesurrection but they &other Ummahs' ere gi:en the +ook be!ore us and e ere gi:en a!ter them, and this as the day that as prescribed !or them but they disagreed on it" *nd *llah guided us to it" and they came a!ter us ith regard to it, the %e s obser:ing the ne0t day and the $hristians the day !ollo ing that" It is narrated by *bu Huraira and Huraira that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: It as Criday !rom hich *llah di:erted those ho ere be!ore us" Cor the %e s &the day set aside !or prayer' as 3abt &3aturday', and !or the $hristians it as 3unday" *nd *llah turned to ards us and guided us to Criday &as the day o! prayer' !or us" In !act, He &*llah' made Criday, 3aturday and 3unday &as days o! prayer'" In this order ould they &%e s and $hristians' come a!ter us on the Gay o! Fesurrection" We are the last o! &the Ummahs' among the people in this orld and the !irst among the created to be 9udged on the Gay o! Fesurrection" In one narration it is: A,to be 9udged among them;" Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: We ere guided aright to Criday &as a day o! prayer and meditation', but *llah di:erted those ho ere be!ore us !rom it" )he rest o! the hadith is the same"

Hadith 27,0:

Hadith 27,2:

Hadith 27,B:

Hadith 27,3:

Hadith 27,>:

Chapter 0(! : E+CELLENCE OF GOING O#T EARLY ON FRI AY *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When it is Criday, the angels stand at e:ery door o! the mos-ue and record the people in the order o! their arri:al, and hen the Imam sits &on the pulpit !or deli:ering the sermon' they !old up their sheets &manuscripts o! the 1urOan' and listen to the mention &o! *llah'" *nd he ho comes early is like one ho o!!ers a she.camel as a sacri!ice, the ne0t like one ho o!!ers a co , the ne0t a ram, the ne0t a hen, the ne0t an egg" )his hadith has been narrated by *bu Huratra through another chain o! transmitters" *bu Huraira reported *llah Messenger & ay peace be upon him' as saying: )here is an angel on e:ery door o! the mos-ue recording him !irst ho &conies' !irst &a the mos-ue !or Criday prayer'" *nd he 4the =rophet5 likened him as one ho o!!ers a camel as a sacri!ice and then he ent on in the descending order till he reached the point at hich the minimum &sacri!ice' is that o! an egg" *nd hen the Imam sits &on the pulpit' the sheets are !olded and they &the angels' attend to the mention o! *llah" Chapter 0($ : E+CELLENCE OF ONE "HO LISTENS TO THE KH#TBA (SER%ON) "ITH PERFECT SILENCE *bu.Huraira reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho took a bath and then came !or %umuOa prayer and then prayed hat as !i0ed !or him, then kept silence till the Imam !inished the sermon, and then prayed along ith him, his sins bet een that time and the ne0t Criday ould be !orgi:en, and e:en o! three days ore" *bu Huraira reported *llahOs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho per!ormed ablution ell, then came to Criday prayer, listened &to the sermon', kept silence all &his sins' bet een that time and the ne0t Criday ould be !orgi:en ith three days e0tra, and he ho touched pebbles caused an interruption" Chapter 0(4 : 4#%#/A PRAYER IS TO BE OBSER'E "HEN THE S#N PASSES O'ER THE %ERI IAN

Hadith 27,5:

Hadith 27,,:

Hadith :

Hadith 27,7:

Hadith 27,<:

%abir b" A*bdullah reported: We used to obser:e &%umuOa' prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and then e returned and ga:e rest to our camels used !or carrying ater" Hassan4 &one o! the narrators' said: I asked %aA!ar hat time that as" He said"" It is the time hen the sun passes the meridian" %aO!ar reported on the authority o! his !ather that he asked %abir b" A*bdullah hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed %umuOa prayer" Fe said: He used to obser:e prayer, and e then ent &back' to our camels and ga:e them rest" A*bdullah made this addition in his narration: ;)ill the sun passed the meridian" and the camels used !or carrying ater &took rest'"; 3ahl b" 3aid said: We did not ha:e a siesta or lunch till a!ter the Criday prayer" &Ibn Hu9r added:' ;Garing the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'"; Iyas b" 3alama b" al.*k aO reported on the authority o! his !ather: We used to obser:e the Criday prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' hen the sun passed the meridian" and e then returned and tried to !ind out a!ternoon shado &o! the alls !or protecting themsel:es !rom the heat o! the sun'" Iyas b" 3alama b" *k aA reported on the authority o! his !ather, saying: We used to obser:e the Criday prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and hen e returned e did not !ind the shado o! the alls in hich e could take protection &!rom the heat o! the sun'" Chapter 0(( : CONCERNING THE T"O SER%ONS BEFORE THE FRI AY PRAYER AN SITTING FOR A "HILE BET"EEN THE T"O Ibn AUmar said that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to deli:er the sermon on Criday hile standing" He ould then sit and then stand &!or the second sermon' as they &the Muslims' do no adays" %abir b" 3amura said: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ga:e t o sermons bet een hich he sat, recited the 1urAan and e0horted the people"

Hadith 2770:

Hadith 2772:

Hadith 277B:

Hadith 2773:

Hadith 277>:

Hadith 2775:

Hadith 277,:

Hadith 2777:

%abir b" 3amura said that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to deli:er the sermon hile standing" He ould then sit do n and then stand up and address in a standing posture@ and hoe:er in!ormed you that he &the Holy =rophet' deli:ered the sermon hile sitting told a lie" +y *llah" I prayed ith him more than t o thousand times" Chapter 0(* : CONCERNING THE "OR S OF THE &#R/AN: ;AN "HEN THEY SEE %ERCHAN ISE OR SPORT) THEY BREAK A"AY T1 IT) AN LEA'E THEE STAN ING; (:<225 00) %abir b" *bdullah reported that the *postle &may peace be upon him' as deli:ering the sermon on Criday in a standing posture hen a cara:an !rom 3yria arri:ed" )he people !locked to ards it till no one as le!t & ith the Holy =rophet' but t el:e persons, and it as on this occasion that this :erse in regard to %umuOa as re:ealed" ;*nd hen they see merchandise or sport" they break a ay to it and lea:e thee standing"; )his hadith has been narrated by Husain ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith this alteration that he did not make mention o! the standing position" %abir b" *bdullah reported: I as along ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on Criday hen a cara:an arri:ed" )he people ent to it, and none but t el:e persons ere le!t behind and I as one o! them@ and it as on this occasion that this :erse as re:ealed: ;*nd hen they see merchandise or sport a ay to it, and lea:e thee standing; &l0ii" 2 2'" they break %abir b" *bdullah reported: While the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as deli:ering &a sermon' on Criday, a cara:an o! merchandise came to Medina" )he $ompanions o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' rushed to ards it till only t el:e persons ere le!t ith him including *bu +akr and AUmar@ and it as at this occasion that this :erse as re:ealed" ;*nd hen they see merchandise or sport, they break a ay to it"; 8aOb b" AU9ra reported that he entered the mos-ue and sa *bd al.Fahman b" Umm Hakam deli:ering the sermon in a sitting posture" Upon this he said: Eook at this retched person@ he deli:ers the sermon hile sitting, hereas *llah said: ;*nd hen they see merchandise or sport, they break a ay to it and lea:e thee standing";

Hadith 2777:

Hadith 277<:

Hadith 2770:

Hadith 2772:

Hadith 277B:

Hadith 2773:

Chapter 0(, : "ARNING ON NEGLECTING 4#%#/A *bdullah b" Umar and *bu Huraira said that they heard *llahOs Messenger & ay peace be upon him' say on the planks o! his pulpit: =eople most cease to neglect the Criday prayer or *llah ill seal their hearts and then they ill be among the negligent" Chapter 0(- : SHORTNESS OF PRAYER AN SER%ON %abir b" 3amura reported: I used to pray ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and both his prayer and sermon ere o! moderate length" %abir b" 3amura reported: I used to obser:e prayer ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and his prayer as o! moderate length and his sermon too as o! moderate length" %abir b" *bdullah said: When *llahAs Messenger &may peace he upon him' deli:ered the sermon, his eyes became red, his :oice rose" and his anger increased so that he as like one gi:ing a arning against the enemy and saying: ;)he enemy has made a morning attack on you and in the e:ening too"; He ould also say: ;)he last Hour and I ha:e been sent like these t o"; and he ould 9oin his !ore!inger and middle !inger@ and ould !urther say: ;)he best o! the speech is embodied in the +ook o! *llah, and the beet o! the guidance is the guidance gi:en by Muhammad" *nd the most e:il a!!airs are their inno:ations@ and e:ery inno:ation is error"; He ould !urther say: ,I am more dear to a Muslim e:en than his sel!@ and he ho le!t behind property that is !or his !amily" and he ho dies under debt or lea:es children &in helplessness'" the responsibility &o! paying his debt and bringing up his children' lies on me"; %aO!ar b" Muhammad said on the authority o! his !ather: I heard %abir b" A*bdullah saying that in the sermon o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' he praised *llah, lauded Him &and subse-uently said 4other ords5 and raised his :oice, and the rest o! the hadith is the same'" %abir reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', hile deli:ering the sermonA to the people, praised *llah, and lauded Him !or hat He deser:es, and ould then say: He hom *llah guides aright, there is none to mislead him, and he ho is led astray, there is none to guide him &aright', and

Hadith 277>:

Hadith 2775:

Hadith 277,:

Hadith 2777:

the best o! the talk is embodied in the +ook o! *llah" *nd the rest o! the hadith is the same" Hadith 2777: Ibn A*bbas reported: Gimad came to Mecca and he belonged to the tribe o! *6d 3hanuAa, and he used to protect the person ho as under the in!luence o! charm" He heard the !oolish people o! Mecca say that Muhammad &may peace be upon him' as under the spell" Upon this he said: I! 2 ere to come across this man, *llah might cure him at my hand" He met him and said: Muhammad, I can protect &one' ho is under the in!luence o! charm, and *llah cures one hom He so desires at my hand" Go you desire &this'( Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: =raise is due to *llah, e praise Him, ask His help@ and he hom *llah guides aright there is none to lead him astray, and he ho is led astray there is none to guide him, and I bear testimony to the !act that there is no god but *llah, He is #ne, ha:ing no partner ith Him, and that Muhammad is His 3er:ant and Messenger" Ko a!ter this he &Gimad' said: Fepeat these ords o! yours be!ore me, and the messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' repeated these to him thrice@ and he said I ha:e heard the ords o! soothsayers and the ords o! magicians, and the ords o! poets, but I ha:e ne:er heard such ords as yours, and they reach the depth &o! the ocean o! elo-uence'@ bring !orth your hand so that I should take oath o! !ealty to you on Islam" 3o he took an oath o! allegiance to him" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: It &this allegiance o! yours' is on behal! o! your people too" He said: It is on behal! o! my people too" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sent an e0pedition and the !lying column passed by his people" )he leader o! the !lying column said to the detachment: Gid you !ind anything !rom these people( #ne o! the people said: I !ound a utensil !or ater" Upon this he &the commander' said: Feturn it, !or he is one o! the people o! Gimad" *bu WaAil reported: A*mmar deli:ered to us the sermon" It as short and elo-uent" When he &,*mmir' descended &!rom the pulpit' e said to him: 0 *bd al.Da-6n, you ha:e deli:ered a short and elo-uent sermon" Would that you had lengthened &the sermon'" He said: I ha:e heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he lengthening o! prayer by a man and the shortness o! the sermon is the sign o! his understanding &o! !aith'" 3o lengthen the prayer and shorten the sermon, !or there is charm &in precise' e0pression" P*di b" Hatim reported that a person recited a sermon be!ore the *postle o!

Hadith 277<:

Hadith 27<0:

*llah &may peace be upon him' thus: He ho obeys *llay and His *postle, he in !act !ollo s the right path, and he ho disobeys both o! them, he goes astray" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: What a bad speaker you are@ say: He ho disobeys *llah and His *postle" Ibn Kumair added: He in !act ent astray" Hadith 27<2: 3a! an b" DaAla reported on the authority o! his !ather that he heard the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reciting &:erses o! the 1urAan' on the pulpit" and ;)hey cried: 0 Malik"; A*mra daughter o! *bd al.Fahman reported on the authority o! the sister o! *mra, I memorised &surah' 1a!Jsurah l"': ;+y the glorious 1urOan; !rom the mouth o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on Criday !or he recited it on the pulpit on.e:ery Criday" )he daughter o! Haritha b" KuAman said: I did not memorise &3urah' 1a! but !rom the mouth o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as he used to deli:er the" sermon along ith it on e:ery Criday" 3he also added: #ur o:en and that o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as one" Umm +isham hint Haritha b" KuAman said: #ur o:en and that o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as one !or t o years, or !or one year or !or a part o! a year@ and I learnt ;1a!" +y the ?lorious 1urOan; !rom no other source than the tongue o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' ho used to recite it e:ery Criday on the pulpit hen he deli:ered the sermon to the people" Umara b" Fu aiba said he sa +ishr b" Mar an on the pulpit raising his hands and said: *llah, dis!igure these handsL I ha:e seen *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' gesture no more than this ith his hands, and he pointed ith his !ore!inger" )his hadith has been narrated by another chain o! transmitters on the authority o! Husain b" *bd al.Fahman" Chapter 0(. : OBSER'ING OF T"O RAKIAHS AS A SAL#TATION OF THE %OS&#E "HILE THE I%A% IS ELI'ERING (THE SER%ON)

Hadith 27<B:

Hadith 27<3:

Hadith 27<>:

Hadith 27<5:

Hadith 27<,:

Hadith 27<7:

%abir b" A*bdullah reported that hile *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as deli:ering the sermon on Criday a person came there, and the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to him: 3o and so, ha:e you prayed &t o rakOahs'( He said: Ko" He &the Holy =rophet' said: )hen stand and pray" )his hadith is narrated by %abir through another chain o! transmitters but Hammad &one o! the narrators' made no mention o! the t o rakAahs" %abir b" A*bdullah said that a person entered the Mos-ue hile the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as deli:ering the sermon on Criday" Upon this he &the Holy =rophet' said: Ha:e you obser:ed prayer( He said: Ko" He &the Holy =rophet' said: 3tand and o!!er the t o rakAahs" *ccording to 1utaiba, the ords are: ;He said: #!!er t o rakAahs"; %abir b" A*bdullah reported that a person came &in the Mos-ue' hile the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as deli:ering the sermon on Criday &standing' on the pulpit" He &the Holy =rophet' said to him: Ha:e you o!!ered t o rakAahs( He said: Ko" Upon this he said: )hen obser:e &them'" %abir b" A*bdullah said that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' deli:ered the sermon and said: When any one o! you comes !or the Criday &prayer' and the Imam comes out &!rom his apartment', &e:en then' should obser:e t o rakAahs &o! prayer'" %abir reported that 3ulaik ?hata!ani came on Criday &!or prayer' hile the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as sitting on the pulpit" 3ulaik also sat do n be!ore obser:ing prayer" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Ha:e you obser:ed t o rakAahs( He said: Ko" He &the Holy =rophet' said: 3tand and obser:e them %abir b" A*bdullah reported: 3ulaik ?hata!ani came on Criday hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as deli:ering the sermon" He &3ulaik' sat do n" He &the Holy =rophet' said to him: 0 3ulaik I stand and obser:e t o rakAahs and make them short, and then said: When any one o! you comes on Criday, hile the Imam deli:ers the sermon, he should obser:e t o rakAahs and should make them short" Chapter 0*1 :

Hadith 27<7:

Hadith 27<<:

Hadith 2<00:

Hadith 2<02:

Hadith 2<0B:

Hadith 2<03:

Hadith 2<0>:

Hadith 2<05:

HA ITH PERTAINING TO GI'ING INSTR#CTION IN KH#TBA *bu Fi!aOa reported: I came to the Holy =rophet & ay peace be upon him' hen he as deli:ering the sermon, and I said: Messenger o! *llah, here is a stranger and he ants to learn about this religion and he does not kno hat this religion is" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' looked at me and le!t his sermon till he came to me, and he as gi:en a chair and I thought that Its legs ere made o! iron" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sat In it and he began to teach me hat *llah had taught him" He then came &to the pulpit' !or his sermon and completed it to the end" Chapter 0*0 : "HAT IS TO BE RECITE IN THE 4#%#IA PRAYER7 Ibn *bu Fa!iO said: Mar an appointed *bu Huraira as his deputy in Medina and he himsel! le!t t !or Mecca" *bu Huraira led as in the %umuOa prayer and recited a!ter 3urah %umuOa in the second rakOah: ;When the hypocrites came to thee; &3urah l0iii"'" I then met *bu Huraira as he came back and said to him: Dou ha:e recited t o surahs hich A*li b" *bu )alib used to recite in 8u!ah" Upon this *bu Huraira said: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace: be upon him' Areciting these t o in the Criday &prayer'" )his hadith is narrated by *bdullah b" *bu Fa!iO ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith this modi!ication: ;)hat he recited 3urah %umuOa &l0ii"' in the !irst rakOah and ;)he hypocrites came; in the second rakAah" KuOman b" +ashir reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite on t o AIds and in Criday prayer: ;?lori!y )he name o! )hy Eord, the Most High; &3urah l000:ii"', and: ;Has there come to thee the ne s o! the o:er helming e:ent; &l000:iii"'" *nd hen the PId and %umuOa combined on a day he recited these t o &surah' in both the prayers" )his hadith has been narrated by Ibrahim b Muhammad b" al.Muntashir ith the same chain o! transmitters" Gahhak b" 1ais rote to KuOman b" +ashir asking him hat the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited on Criday besides 3urah %umuOa He said that he recited: ;Has there reached " " " ; &3urah l000:iii,'" Ibn *bbas reported: )he *postle o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' used to

Hadith 2<0,:

Hadith 2<07:

Hadith 2<07:

Hadith 2<0<:

Hadith 2<20:

recite in the morning prayer on Criday 3urah ;*li!.Eam.Mim, )an6Ail ul. 3a9da;&3urah 000ii"': 3urely there came o:er the man a time; &3urah l00:ii' and he used to recite in %umuOa prayer 3urahs %umuOa and al.Muna!i-in" Hadith 2<22: * hadith like this has been narrated by 3u!yan transmitters" Mukha ith the same chain o!

Hadith 2<2B: Hadith 2<23:

il has narrated this hadith on the authority o! 3u!yan"

*bu Huraira reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in the da n prayer on Criday ;*li!.Eam.Mim, )an6il; and ;3urely there came"; *bu Huraira reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite in the da n prayer on Criday: ;*li!.Eam.Mim, )an6il; in the !irst rakAah, and in the second one: ;3urely there came o:er the man a time hen he as nothing that could be mentioned"; Chapter 0*! : PRAYER (S#NAN) AFTER THE 4#%#/A PRAYER (FAR ) *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When any one o! you obser:es the %umuAa prayer &t o obligatory rakAahs in congregation', he should obser:e !our &rakAahs' a!ter ards" 3uhail reported on the authority o! *bu Huraira that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: When you obser:e prayer a!ter &the t o obligatory raklabs' o! %umuAa, you should obser:e !our rakAahs &and A*mr in his narration has made this addition that Ibn Idris said this on the authority o! 3uhail': *nd i! you are in a hurry on account o! something, you should obser:e t o rakAahs in the mos-ue and t o hen you return &to your house'" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: When any one amongst you obser:es prayer a!ter %umuAa, he should obser:e !our rakAahs" &In the hadith transmitted by %arir the ord minkum is not recorded"' Ka!iA reported that hen A*bdullah &b" AUmar' obser:ed the Criday prayer and

Hadith 2<2>:

Hadith 2<25:

Hadith 2<2,:

Hadith 2<27:

Hadith 2<27:

came back he obser:ed t o rakAahs in his house, and then said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be updn him' used to do this" Hadith 2<2<: A*bdullah b" AUmar, hile describing the Ka!l prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', said: He did not obser:e &Ka!l' prayer a!ter %umuAa till he ent back and obser:ed t o rakAahs in his house" Dahya said: I guess that I uttered these ords &be!ore Imam Malik' that he o! course obser:ed &them'" 3alim narrated on the authority o! his !ather that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to obser:e t o rakAahs a!ter %umuAa" AUmar b" A*taA b" *bu 8hu ar said that Ka!iA b" %ubair sent him to al. 3aAib the son o! KamirAs sister ith a :ie to asking him about hat he had seen in the prayer o! MuAa iya" He said: Des, I obser:ed the %umuAa prayer along ith him in Ma-sura and hen the Imam pronounced salutation I stood up at my place and obser:ed &3unan rakAahs'" *s he entered &the apartment' he sent !or me and said: Go not repeat hat you ha:e done" Whene:er you ha:e obser:ed the %umuAa prayer, do not obser:e &3unan prayer' till you, ha:e talked or got out Cor the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had ordered us to do this and not to combine t o &types o!' prayers ithout talking o! going out" )he same hadith is narrated on the authority o! AUmar b" *taA but ith this modi!ication: When he &the Imam' pronounced salutation I stood up at my place" Ko mention as made o! the Imam in it" Chapter 0*$ : THE PRAYER OF THE T"O /I S Ibn A*bbas reported: I participated in the Citr prayer ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and *bu +akr, AUmar and AUthman, and all o! them obser:ed this prayer be!ore the 8hutba, and then he &the Holy =rophet' deli:ered the sermon" )hen the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' descended &!rom the pulpit' and I &percei:e' as i! I am seeing him as he is commanding people ith his hand to sit do n" He then made his ay through their &assembly' till he came to the omen" +ilal as ith him" He then recited &this :erse': # =rophet, hen belie:ing omen come to thee gi:ing thee a pledge that they ill not associate aught ith *llah; &l0" 2B' till he !inished &his address to' them and then said: Go you con!orm to it & hat has been described in the :erse'( #nly one oman among them replied: Des, *postle o! *llah, but

Hadith 2<B0:

Hadith 2<B2:

Hadith 2<BB:

Hadith 2<B3:

none else replied" He &the narrator' said: It could not be ascertained ho actually she as" He &the Holy =rophet' e0horted them to gi:e alms" +ilal stretched his cloth and then said: $ome !or ard ith alms" Eet my !ather and mother be taken as ransom !or you" *nd they began to thro rings and ringlets in the cloth o! +ilal" Hadith 2<B>: Ibn A*bbas reported: I bear testimony to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' o!!ering prayer be!ore 8butba" He &a!ter saying prayer' deli:ered the 8utba, and he !ound that the omen could not hear it, so he came to them and e0horted them and preached them and commanded them to gi:e alms, and +ilal had stretched his cloth and the omen ere thro ing rings, earrings and other things" )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! *yyub ith the same chain o! transmitters" %abir b" A*bdullah reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up on the day o! AId al.Citr and obser:ed prayer" *nd he commenced the prayer be!ore the sermon" He then deli:ered the sermon" When the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had !inished &the sermon' he came do n !rom &the pulpit', and made his ay to the omen and e0horted them &to do good acts', and he as leaning on the hand o! +ilal" +ilal had stretched his cloth in hich omen ere thro ing alms" I &one o! the narrators' said to A*taA &the other narrator' : It must be Hakat on the day o! Citr" He &A*taA' said: Ko" It as alms & hich' they ere gi:ing on that occasion, and a oman ga:e her ring, and then others ga:e, and then others ga:e" I said to A*taA: Is It right no !or the Imam to come to the omen hen he has !inished &his address to the men' that he should e0hort them &to good deeds'( He said: &Why not' by my li!e, it is right !or them &to do so'" What is the matter ith them that they do not do it no ( %abir b" A*bdullah reported: I obser:ed prayer ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the AId day" He commenced ith prayer be!ore the sermon ithout *dhan and I-ama" He then stood up leaning on +ilal, and he commanded &them' to be on guard &against e:il !or the sake o!' *llah, and he e0horted &them' on obedience to Him, and he preached to the people and admonished them" He then alked on till he came to the omen and preached to them and admonished them, and asked them to gi:e alms, !or most o! them are the !uel !or Hell" * oman ha:ing a dark spot on the cheek stood up and said: Why is it so, Messenger o! *llah( He said: Cor you grumble o!ten and

Hadith 2<B5:

Hadith 2<B,:

sho ingratitude to your spouse" *nd then they began to gi:e alms out o! their ornaments such as their earrings and rings hich they thre on to the cloth o! +ilal" Hadith 2<B7: Ibn A*bbas and %aibir b" A*bdullah al.*nsari reported: )here as no *dhan on the &occasion' o! Id.ul.Citr and Id.ul.*dha" I &Ibn %urai9' said: I asked him a!ter some time about it" He &A*taA, one o! the narrators' said: %abir b" A*bdullah al. *nsari told me: )here is neither any *dhan on Id.ul.Citr hen the Imam comes out, nor e:en a!ter his coming out@ their is neither l-ama nor call nor anything o! the sort o! calling on that day and nor I-ama" A*taA reported that Ibn A*bbas sent &him' to Ibn Hubair at the commencement o! the oath o! allegiance to him &!or $aliphate saying': *s there is no *dhan on AId.ul.Citr, so you should not pronounce it" Ibn Hubair did not pronounce *dhan on that day" He &Ibn A*bbas' also sent him & ith this message' that sermon &is to be deli:ered' a!ter the prayer, and thus it as done" 3o lbn Hubair obser:ed prayer be!ore 8hutba" %abir b" 3amura said: I prayed ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prayers on t o IAds ore than once or t ice ithout there being *dhan and I-ama" Ibn AUmar reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', *bu +akr and AUmar used to obser:e the t o AId prayers be!ore the sermon" *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to go out on the day o! *dha and on the day o! Citr and commenced the prayer" *nd a!ter ha:ing obser:ed his prayer and pronounced the salutation, he stood up !acing people as they ere seated at their places o! orship" *nd i! he intended to send out an army he made mention o! it to the people, and i! he intended any other thing besides it, he commanded them &to do that'" He used to say &to the people': ?i:e alms, gi:e alms, gi:e alms, and the ma9ority that ga:e alms as o! omen" He then returned and this &practice' remained &in :ogue' till Mar an b" al. Hakam &came into po er'" I ent out hand in hand ith Mar an till e came to the place o! orship and there 8athir b" 3alt had built a pulpit o! clay and brick" Mar an began to tug me ith his hand as though he ere pulling me to ards the pulpit, hile I as pulling him to ards the prayer"

Hadith 2<B7:

Hadith 2<B<:

Hadith 2<30:

Hadith 2<32:

Hadith 2<3B:

When I sa him doing that I said: What has happened to the practice o! beginning ith prayer( He said: Ko, *bu 3aAid, hat you are !amiliar ith has been abandoned" I thereupon said &three times and ent back': +y no means, by Him in Whose hand my li!e is, you are not doing anything better than hat I am !amiliar ith" Chapter 0*4 : PER%ISSIBILITY OF "O%EN/S GOING O#T ON /I AYS TO"AR S THE PLACE OF "ORSHIP AN THEIR PRESENCE IN THE KH#TBA (SITTING) AT A ISTANCE FRO% %EN Umm A*tiyya said: He &the *postle o! *llah' commanded us that e should take out unmarried omen and purdah.obser:ing ladies !or AId prayers, and he commanded the menstruating omen to remain a ay !rom the place o! orship o! the Muslims" Umm *tiyya reported: We ere commanded to bring out on old days purdah. obser:ing ladies and those unmarried, and menstruating omen came out but remained behind people and pronounced takbir &*llah.o.*kbar' along ith them" Umm A*tiyya reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' commanded us to bring out onAId.ul.Citr and AId.ul.*dha young omen, menstruating omen and purdah.obser:ing ladies, menstruating omen kept back !rom prayer, but participated in goodness and supplication o! the Muslims" I said: Messenger o! *llah, one o! us does not ha:e an outer garment &to co:er her !ace and body'" He said: Eet her sister co:er her ith her outer garment" Chapter 0*( : ABAN ONING OF PRAYER BEFORE /I AN AFTER IT IN THE PLACE OF "ORSHIP (O#RSI E THE HABITATION) ESPECIALLY %EANT FOR /I Ibn A*bbas reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent out on the day o! *dha or Citr and obser:ed t o rakAahs, and did not obser:e prayer &at that place' be!ore and a!ter that" He then came to the omen along ith +ilal and commanded them to gi:e alms and the omen began to gi:e their rings and necklaces" )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! 3huAba ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter 0** :

Hadith 2<33:

Hadith 2<3>:

Hadith 2<35:

Hadith 2<3,:

"HAT IS TO BE RECITE IN /I PRAYERS A*bdullah b" AUmar reported that &his !ather' AUmar b" 8hattab asked *bu Wa-id al.Eaithi hat the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to recite on AId.ul.*dha and AId.ul.Citr" He said: He used to recite in them: ;1a!" +y the ?lorious 1urAan; &3urah 2', ;)he Hour dre near, and the moon as rent asunder; &3urah li:"'" AUtba reported that his !ather Wa-id al.Eaithi said: AUmar b" 8hattab asked me hat the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited on AId day" I said: ;)he Hour dre near; and 1a!" +y the ?lorious 1urAan;" Chapter 0*, : PER%ISSION FOR INNOCENT SPORT ON /I AYS A*Aisha reported: *bu +akr came to see me and I had t o girls ith me !rom among the girls o! the *nsar and they ere singing hat the *nsar recited to one another at the +attle o! +uAath" )hey ere not, ho e:er, singing girls" Upon this *bu +akr said: What I &the playing o!' this ind instrument o! 3atan in the house o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and this too on AId day( Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said : *bu +akr, e:ery people ha:e a !esti:al and it is our !esti:al &so let them play on'" )his hadith has been narrated by Hisham ith the same chain o! transmitters, but there the ords are: ;) o girls ere playing upon a tambourine"; A*Aisha reported that *bu +akr came to her and there ere ith her t o girls on *dha days ho ere singing and beating the tambourine and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had rapped himsel! ith his mantle" *bu +akr scolded them" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' unco:ered &his !ace' and said: *bu +akr, lea:e them alone !or these are the days o! AId" *nd A*Aisha said: I recapitulate to my mind the !act that once the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' screened me ith his mantle and I sa the sports o! the *byssinians, and I as only a girl, and so you can ell imagine ho a girl o! tender age is !ond o! atching the sport" A*Aisha reported: +D *llah, I remember the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' standing on the door o! my apartment screening me ith his mantle enabling me to see the sport o! the *byssinians as they played ith their daggers in the mos-ue o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upom him'" He

Hadith 2<37:

Hadith 2<37:

Hadith 2<3<:

Hadith 2<>0:

Hadith 2<>2:

&the Holy =rophet' kept standing !or my sake till I as satiated and then I ent back@ and thus you can ell imagine ho long a girl tender o! age ho is !ond o! sports &could ha:e atched it'" Hadith 2<>B: A*Aisha reported: )he Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' came &in my apartment' hile there ere t o girls ith me singing the song o! the +attle o! +uAath" He lay do n on the bed and turned a ay his !ace" )hen came *bu +akr and he scolded me and said: #h L this musical instrument o! the de:il in the house o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' L )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' turned to ards him and said: Eea:e them alone" *nd hen he &the Holy =rophet' became unattenti:e, I hinted them and they ent out, and it as the day o! AId and negroes ere playing ith shields and speare" &I do not remember' hether I asked the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' or hether he said to me i! I desired to see &that sport'" I said: Des" I stood behind him ith his !ace parallel to my !ace, and he said: # +anu *r!ada, be busy &in your sports' till I as satiated" He said &to me': Is that enough( I said: Des" Upon this he asked me to go" A*Aisha reported that some *byssinians came and ga:e a demonstration o! armed !ight on the AId day in the mos-ue" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in:ited me &to see that !ight'" I placed my head on his shoulder and began to see their sport till it as I ho turned a ay !rom atching them" )his hadith has been narrated by Hisham ith the same chain o! transmitters but &the narrators' did not make mention o! the mos-ue" A*Aisha said that she sent a message to the players &o! this armed !ight' saying: I like to see them &!ighting'" 3he !urther said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up and I stood at the door &behind him' and sa &this !ight' bet een his ears and his shoulders they played in the mos-ue" A*taA &one o! the narra. tors' said: Were they persians or *byssinians( Ibn A*ti- told me they ere *byssinians" *bu Huraira reported: While the *byssinians ere busy playing ith their arms in the presence o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' AUmar b" 8hattab came there" He bent do n to take up pebbles to thro at them &in order to make them go o!!'" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to

Hadith 2<>3:

Hadith 2<>>:

Hadith 2<>5:

Hadith 2<>,:

him: AUmar, lea:e them alone" Chapter 0*- : PRAYER FOR RAIN A*bdullah b" Haid b" Ma6ini reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent to the place o! prayer and prayed !or rain and turned round his mantle hile !acing the 1ibla" Ibn )amim narrated on the authority o! his uncle &A*bdullah b" Haid' that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent out to the place o! prayer and prayed !or rain and !aced to ards 1ibla, and turned round his mantle and prayed t o rakAahs" A*bdullah b" Haid al.*nsari reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent out to the place o! prayer in order to o!!er prayer !or rain!all" *nd hen he intended to make supplication he !aced 1ibla and turned round his mantle" A*bbad b" )amim Ma6ini heard his uncle, ho as one o! the $ompanions o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', as saying: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent out one day in order to pray !or rain" He turned his back to ards people, supplicated be!ore *llah, !acing to ards 1ibla, and turned his mantle round and then obser:ed t o rakAahs o! prayer" *nas reported: I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' raising his hands &high enough' in supplication &!or rain' that the hiteness o! his armpits became :isible" *nas b" Malik reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prayed !or rain pointing the back o! his hands to the sky" *nas reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as not accustomed to raice his hands in any supplication he made e0cept hen praying !or rain" &He ould then raise 4his hands5 high enough' that the hiteness o! his armpits became :isible" A*bd al.*Ala said that &he as in doubt hether it as' the hiteness o! his armpit or armpits"

Hadith 2<>7:

Hadith 2<>7:

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Hadith 2<50:

Hadith 2<52:

Hadith 2<5B:

Hadith 2<53:

Hadith 2<5>:

Hadith 2<55:

)his hadith has been narrated by *nas b" Malik through another chain o! transmitters" Chapter 0*. : S#PPLICATION IN PRAYER FOR RAIN *nas b" Malik reported that a person entered the mos-ue through the door situated on theside o! Garal.1adaA during Criday &prayer' and the messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as deli:ering the sermon hile standing" He came and stood in !ront o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and said: Messenger o! *llah, the camels died and the passages ere blocked@ so supplicate *llah to send do n rain upon us" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' raised his hands and then said: &# *llah, send do n rain upon us@ # *llah, send do p rain upon us@ # *llah, send do n rain upon us" *nas said: +y *llah, e did not see any cloud or any patch o! it, and there as neither any house or building standing bet een us and the &hillock' 3alAa" )here appeared a cloud in the shape o! a shield !rom behind it, and as it &came high' in the sky it spread and then there as a do npour o! rain" +y *llah, e did not see the sun throughout the eek" )hen &that :ery man' came on the coming Criday through the same door hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as standing and deli:ering the sermon" He stood in !ront o! him and said: Messenger o! *llah, our animals died and the passages blocked" 3upplicate *llah to stop the rain !or us" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' again raised his hands and said: # *llah, let it &rain' !all in our suburbs and not on us, # *llah &send it do n' on the hillocks and small mountains and the ri:er. beds and at places here trees gro " )he rain stopped, and as e stepped out e ere alking in sun. shine" He &the narrator' said to 3harik: I asked *nas b" Malik i! he as the same man" He said: I do not kno " *nas b" Malik reported: )he people ere in the grip o! !amine during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and &once' as the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as deli:ering the sermon standing on the pulpit on Criday, a bedouin stood up and said: Messenger o! *llah, the animals died and the children su!!ered star:ation" )he rest o! the hadith is the same &and the ords are' that he &the Holy =rophet' said: # *llah, send do n rain in our suburbs but not on us" He &the narrator' said: )o hiche:er directions he pointed ith his hands, the clouds broke up and I sa Medina like the opening o! a &courtyard' and the stream o! 1anat !lo ed !or one month, and none came !rom any part &o! *rabia' but ith the ne s o! hea:y rain!all"

Hadith 2<5,:

Hadith 2<57:

*nas b" Malik reported that hile the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as deli:ering the sermon on Criday, people stood up be!ore him and said in a loud :oice: *postle o! *llah, there is a drought and the trees ha:e become yello , the animals ha:e died@ and the rest o! the hadith is the same, and in the narration transmitted by A*bd al.*Ala the ords are: ; )he clouds cleard !rom Medina and it began to rain around it and not a single drop o! rain !ell in Medina" *nd as I looked to ards Medina, I !ound it hollo like &the hollo ness o!' a basin" )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! *nas but ith this addition: ;*llah gathered the clouds and as e & ere obliged' to stay back I sa that e:en the strong man, impelled by a desire to go to his !amily, &could not do so'"; AUbaidullah b" *nas b" Malik heard &his !ather' *nas b" Malik as saying: * bedouin came to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on Criday as he as &deli:ering the sermon on his' pulpit@ and the rest o! the hadith is the same but ith this addition: ;I sa the cloud clearing 9ust as a sheet is !olded"; *nas &b" Malik' reported: It rained upon us as e ere ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" )he Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' remo:ed his cloth &!rom a part o! his body' till the rain !ell on it" We said: Messenger o! *llah, hy did you do this( He said: It is because it &the rain!all' has 9ust come !rom the /0alted Eord" Chapter 0,1 : (PRAYER FOR) PROTECTION (OF ALLAH) "HEN THERE IS A "IN STOR%) OR (TERRIBLY ARK) CLO# ) AN FEELING OF 4OY "HEN THERE IS A RAINFALL A*taA b" *bi Fabah reported that he heard A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah & ay peace be upon him', as saying: When there as on any day indstorm or dark cloud &its e!!ects' could be read on the !ace o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and he mo:ed !or ard and back ard &in a state o! an0iety'@ and hen it rained, he as delighted and it &the state o! restlessness' disappeared" A*Aisha said: I asked him the reason o! this an0iety and he said : I as a!raid that it might be a calamity that might !all upon my Ummah, and hen he sa rain!all he said: It is the mercy &o! *llah'"

Hadith 2<57:

Hadith 2<5<:

Hadith 2<,0:

Hadith 2<,2:

Hadith 2<,B:

A*taA b" Fabah reported on the authority o! A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah & ay peace be upon him', ho said: Whene:er the ind as stormy, the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to say: # *llah L I ask )hee !or hat is good in it, and the good hich it contains, and the good o! that hich it as sent !or" I seek re!uge ith )hee !rom hat is e:il in it, hat e:il it contains, and the e:il o! that hat it as sent !or@ and hen there as a thunder and lightning in the sky, his colour under ent a change, and he ent out and in, back ards and !or ards@ and hen the rain came, he !elt relie:ed, and I noticed that &the sign o! relie!' on his !ace" A*Aisha asked him &about it' and he said: It may be as the people o! A*d said: When they sa a cloud !ormation coming to their :alley they said: ;It is a cloud hich ould gi:e us rain; &1urAan, 0l:i" B>'" A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', reported: I ne:er sa *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' laugh to such an e0tent that I could see his u:ula. hereas he used to smile only.and hen he sa dark clouds or ind, &the signs o! !ear' ere depicted on his !ace" I said: Messenger o! *llah, I !ind people being happy hen they ace the dark cloud in the hope that it ould bring rain, but I !ind that hen you see that &the cloud' there is an an0iety on your !ace" He said: A*Aisha, I am a!raid that there may be a calamity in it, !or a people as a!!licted ith ind, hen the people sa the calamity they said: ;It is a cloud hich ould gi:e us rain; &1urAan" 0l:i" B>'" Ibn A*bbas reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: I ha:e been helped by the east ind and the A*d ere destroyed by the est ind" )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! Ibn A*bbas through another chain o! transmitters" Chapter 0,0 : PRAYER AT THE TI%E OF SOLAR ECLIPSE A*Aisha reported that there as a solar eclipse in the time o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He stood up to pray and prolonged his stand :ery much" He then bo ed and prolonged :ery much his bo ing" He then raised his head and prolonged his stand much, but it as less than the &duration' o! the !irst stand" He then bo ed and prolonged bo ing much, but it as less than the duration o! his !irst bo ing" He then prostrated and then stood up and prolonged the stand, but it as less than the !irst stand" He then bo ed and prolonged his bo ing, but it as less than the !irst bo ing" He then li!ted his head and then stood up and prolonged his stand, but it as less than the !irst

Hadith 2<,3:

Hadith 2<,>:

Hadith 2<,5:

Hadith 2<,,:

stand" He then bo ed and prolonged bo ing and it as less than the !irst bo ing" He then prostrated himsel! @ then he turned about, and the sun had become bright, and he addressed the people" He praised *llah and landed Him and said: )he sun and the moon are t o signs o! *llah@ they are not eclipsed on account o! anyones death or on account o! anyoneAs birth" 3o hen you see them, glori!y and supplicate *llah, obser:e prayer, gi:e alms" # Ummah o! Muhammad, none is more indignant than *llah When His ser:ant or maid commits !ornication" # people o! Muhammad, by *llah, i! you kne hat I kno , you ould eep much and laugh little" Hadith 2<,7: )his hadith has been narrated by Hisham b" AUr a ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith this addition: ;Ierily the sun and the moon are among the signs o! *llah"; *nd similarly this addition as made: ;He then li!ted his hands and said: # *llah L ha:e I not con:eyed it( ; A*Aisha, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', reported )here as an eclipse o! the sun during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3o, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace he upon him' ent to the mos-ue and stood up and glori!ied *llah, and the people !ormed themsel:es in ro s behind him" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' made a long recital &o! the 1urAan' and then pronounced takbir and then obser:ed a long rukuA" He then raised his head and said: *llah listened to him ho praised Him: our Eord, praise is due to )hee" He then again stood up and made a long recital, hich as less than the !irst recital" He pronounced takbir and obser:ed a long rukuA, and it as less than the !irst one" He again said: *llah listened to him ho praised Him@ our Eord, praise is due to )hee" &*bu )ahir, one o! the narrators' made no mention o!: ;He then prostrated himsel!"; He did like this in the second rakAah, till he completed !our rakAahs and !our prostrations and the sun became bright be!ore he deported" He then stood up and addressed people, a!ter lauding *llah as He deser:ed, and then said: )he sun and the moon are t o signs among the signs o! *llah )hese do not eclipse either on the death o! anyone or on his birth" 3o hen you see them, hasten to prayer" He also said this: #bser:e prayer till *llah dispels the an0iety &o! this e0traordinary phenomenon' !rom you" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I sa in my place e:erything hich you ha:e been promised" I e:en sa mysel! desiring to pluck a bunch &o! grapes' !rom =aradise &and it as at the time' hen you sa me mo:ing !or ard" *nd I sa Hell and some o! its parts crushing the others, hen you sa me mo:ing back@ and I sa in it Ibn Euhayy and he as the person ho made the she.camels loiter about" In the

Hadith 2<,7:

hadith transmitted by *bu )ahir the made no mention o! hat !ollo s" Hadith 2<,<:

ords are: ;He hastened to prayer,; and he

A*Aisha reported that there as a solar eclipse during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' and he sent the announcer &to summon them' !or congregational prayer" )he people gathered together and he pronounced takbir and he obser:ed !our rakAahs, in the !orm o! t o rakAahs &i"e" he obser:ed t o -iyams and t o rukuAs in one rakAah' and !our prostrations" A*Aisha reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited loudly in the eclipse prayer, and he obser:ed !our rakAahs in the !orm o! t o rakAahs and !our prostrations" Huhri said: 8athir b" A*bbas narrated on the authority o! Ibn A*bbas that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed !our rakAahs and !our prostrations in t o rakAahs" Huhri said: 8athir b" *bbas used to narrate that Ibn A*bbas used to relate about the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in regard to the eclipse o! the sun like that hat as narrated by AUr a on the authority o! A*Aisha" A*taA reported: I heard AUbaid b" AUmair say: It has been narrated to me by one hom I regard as truth!ul, &the narrator says: I can ell guess that he meant A*Aisha' that the sun eclipsed during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he stood up &in prayer' !or a rigorously long time" He then bo ed and then stood up and then bo ed and then stood up and then bo ed, thus obser:ing three rukuAs in t o rakAahs and !our prostrations" He then departed and the sun brightened" He pronounced ;*llah is the ?reatest; hile bo ing" He ould then bo and say: ;*llah listened to him ho praised Him; hile li!ting up his head" He then stood up, and praised *llah and lauded Him, and then said: )he sun and the moon do not eclipse on the death o! anyone or on his birth" +ut both o! them are among the signs o! *llah ith hich *llah terri!ies His ser:ants" 3o hen you see them under eclipse, remember *llah till they are brightened" )his hadith is narrated thus on the authority o! A*Aisha through another chain o! transmitters: ;)he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed si0 rukuAs and !our prostration in &t o rakAahs'"; Chapter 0,! : %ENTION OF THE TOR%ENT OF GRA'E IN ECLIPSE PRAYER

Hadith 2<70:

Hadith 2<72:

Hadith 2<7B:

Hadith 2<73:

A*mra reported that a %e ess came to A*Aisha to ask &about something' and said: May *llah protect you !rom the torment o! the gra:e L A*Aisha said: Messenger o! *llah, ould people be tormented in the gra:es( )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: &May there be' protection o! *llah L )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' mounted one morning on the ride, and the sun eclipsed" A*Aisha said: I came in the company o! the omen in the mos-ue !rom behind the rooms" )he Messenger o! *llah & ay peace he upon him' dismounted !rom his ride and came to the place o! orship here he used to pray" He stood up &to pray' and the people stood behind him" A*Aisha said: He stood !or a long time" He then bo ed and it as a long rukuA" He then raised his head and he stood !or a long time, less than the !irst standing" He then bo ed and his rukuA as long, but it as less than that &the !irst' rukuA" He then raised &his head' and the sun had become bright" He &the Holy =rophet' then said: I sa you under trial in the gra:e like the turmoil o! Ga99al" A*mra said: I heard A*Aisha say: I listened a!ter this to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' seeking re!uge !rom the torment o! Cire and the torment o! the gra:e" )his hadith has been narrated by Dahya b" 3aAid transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 2<7>:

Hadith 2<75:

%abir b" A*bdullah reported: )he sun eclipsed on one e0tremely hot day during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' prayed along ith his $ompanions" He prolonged his -iyam &standing posture in prayer' till they &his $ompanions' began to !all do n" He then obser:ed a long rukuA" He raised his head &and stood up !or long' and then obser:ed a long rukuA" He then raised &his head and stood up' !or a long time and then made t o prostrations" He then stood up and did like this and thus he obser:ed !our rukuAs and !our prostrations &in t o rakAahs' and then said: *ll these things ere brought to me in hich you ill be made to enter" =aradise as brought to me till &I as so close to it' that i! I &had intended' to pluck a bunch &o! grapes' out o! it" I ould ha:e got it, or he &the Holy =rophet' said: I intended to get a bunch &out o! that' but my hand could not reach it" Hell as also brought to me and I sa in it a oman belonging to the tribe o! Israel ho as tormented !or a cat hom she had tied, but did not gi:e it !ood nor set it !ree to eat the creatures o! the earth@ and I sa *bu )humama A*mr b" Malik ho as dragging his intestines in Hell" )hey &the *rabs' used to say that the sun and the moon do not eclipse but on the death o! some great person@ but &in reality' both these &the sun and the moon' are among the signs o! *llah hich are sho n to you@ so hen there is an

eclipse, obser:e prayer till it &the sun or the moon' brightens" )his hadith has been narrated by Hisham ith the same chain o! transmitters e0cept this ;I sa a dark oman ith a tail stature and loud :oice,; but he made no mention o! ;!rom among +ani Israel;" Hadith 2<7,: %abir reported that the sun eclipsed during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on that :ery day hen Ibrahim &the =rophetAs son' died" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up and led people in &t o rakAahs o!' prayer ith si0 rukuAs and !our prostrations" He commenced &the prayer' ith takbir &*llah.o.*kbar' and then recited and prolonged his recital" He then bo ed nearly the &length o! time' that he stood up" He then raised his head !rom the rukuA and recited but less than the !irst recital" He then bo ed &to the length o! time' that he stood up" He then raised his head !rom the rukuA and again recited but less than the second recital" He then bo ed &to the length o! time' that he stood up" He then li!ted his head !rom the rukuA" He then !ell in prostration and obser:ed t o prostrations" He stood up and then bo ed, obser:ing si0 rukuAs like it, ithout &completing' the rakAah in them, e0cept &this di!!erence' that the !irst &-iyam o! rukuA' as longer than the later one, and the rukuA as nearly &o! the same length' as prostration" He then mo:ed back ard and the ro s behind him also mo:ed back ard till e reached the e0treme &*bu +akr said: till he reached near the omen' He then mo:ed !or ard and the people also mo:ed !or ard along ith him till he stood at his &original' place &o! orship'" He then completed the prayer as it as re-uired to complete and the sun brightened and he said: # people L :erily the sun and the moon are among the signs o! *llah and they do not eclipse at the death o! anyone among people &*bu +akr said: #n the death o! any human being'" 3o hen you see anything like it &o! the nature o! eclipse', pray till it is bright" )here is nothing hich you ha:e been promised &in the ne0t orld' but I ha:e seen it in this prayer o! mine" Hell as brought to me as you sa me mo:ing back on account o! !ear lest its heat might a!!ect me@ and I sa the o ner o! the cur:ed sta!! ho dragged his intestines in the !ire, and he used to steal &the belongings' o! the pilgrims ith his cur:ed sta!!" I! he &the o ner o! the sta!!' became a are, he ould say: It got &accidentally' entangled in my cur:ed sta!!, but i! he as una are o! that, he ould take that a ay" I also sa in it &in Hell' the o ner o! a cat hom she had tied and did not !eed her nor set her !ree so that she could eat the creatures o! the earth, till the cat died o! star:ation" =aradise as brought to me, and it as on that occasion that you sa me mo:ing !or ard till I stood at my place &o! orship'" I stretched my hand as I anted to catch hold o! its !ruits so that you may see them" )hen I thought o!

not doing it" Kothing hich you ha:e been promised as there that I did not see in this prayer o! mine" Hadith 2<77: *smaA reported: )he sun eclipsed during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" *s I ent to A*Aisha ho as busy in prayer" I said: What is the matter ith the people that they are praying &a special prayer'( 3he &A*Aisha' pointed to ards the sky ith her head" I said: Is it &an unusual' sign( 3he said: Des" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up !or prayer !or such a long time that I as about to !aint" I caught hold o! a aterskin lying by my side, and began to pour ater o:er my head, or &began to sprinkle ater' on my !ace" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then !inished and the sun had brightened" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' then addressed the people, &a!ter' praising *llah and lauding Him, and then said: )here as no such thing as I did not see earlier, but I sa it at this :ery place o! mine" I e:er sa =aradise and Hell" It as also re:ealed to me that you ould be tried in the gra:es, as you ould he tried something like the turmoil o! the Ga99al" *smaA said: I do not kno hich ord he actually used &-ariban or mithl', and each one o! you ould be brought and it ould be said: What is your kno ledge about this man( I! the person is a belie:er, &*smaA said: I do not kno hether it as the ord al.MuAmin or al.MuA-in' he ould say: He is Muhammad and he is the Messenger o! *llah" He brought to us the clear signs and right guidance" 3o e responded and obeyed him" &He ould repeat this three times', and it ould be said to him: Dou should go to sleep"We already kne that you are a belie:er in him" 3o the pious man ould go to sleep" 3o !ar as the hypocrite or sceptic is concerned &*smaA said: I do not kno hich ord as that: al.Muna!i- &hypocrite' or al.Murtad &doubt!ul' he ould say: I do not kno " I only uttered hate:er I heard people say" *smaA said: I came to A*Aisha hen the people ere standing &in prayer' and she as also praying" I said: What is this e0citement o! the people !or( *nd the rest o! the hadith as narrated like one, &narrated abo:e'" AUr a said: Go not say 8asa!at.ush.3hamsu, but say 8hasa!at.ush.3hamsu" *smaA bint *bu +akr said: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as one day &i"e" on the day hen the sun eclipsed' so perturbed that he &in haste' took hold o! the outer garment &o! a !emale member o! his !amily' and it as later on that his &o n' cloak as sent to him" He stood in prayer along ith people !or such a long time that i! a man came he did not realise that the

Hadith 2<77:

Hadith 2<7<:

*postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had obser:ed rukuA, as it has been narrated about rukuA in connection ith long -iyam" Hadith 2<70: *bu %urai9 narrated this hadith ith the same chain o! transmitters &but ith the addition o! these ords': ;It as !or a long duration that he &the Holy =rophet' obser:ed -iyam and he ould then obser:e rukuA" &)he narrator also added' I &*smaA' looked at a oman ho as older than I, and at another ho as eaker than I" *smaA daughter o! *bu +akr reported: )he sun eclipsed during the li!etime o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'@ so he !elt perturbed and he, by mistake, took hold o! the outer garment o! a oman till he as gi:en his o n cloak" *!ter this I satis!ied my need and then came and entered the mos-ue" I sa the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' standing in prayer" I stood along ith him" He prolonged his -iyam till I ished to sit do n" )hen I cast a glance to ards an old oman" 3o I said: 3he is older than I" I, there!ore, kept standing" He &the Holy =rophet' then obser:ed rukuA, and prolonged his rukuA" He then raised his head" He then prolonged his -iyam to such an e0tent that i! a person happened to come he ould ha:e thought that he had not obser:ed the rukuA" Ibn A*bbas reported: )here as an eclipse o! the sun during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" )he Messenger o! *llah, &may peace be upon him' prayed accompanied by the people" He stood !or a long time, about as long as it ould take to recite 3urah al.+a-ara@ then he bo ed !or a long time@ then he raised his head and stood !or a long time, but it as less than the !irst -iyam" He then bo ed !or a long time but !or a shorter hile than the !irst" He then prostrated and then stood !or a long time, but it as less than the !irst -iyam" He then bo ed !or a long time, but it as less than the !irst bo ing" He then raised &his head' and stood !or a long time, but it as less than the !irst -iyam" He then bo ed !or a long time but it as less than the !irst bo ing" He then obser:ed prostration, and then he !inished, and the sun had cleared &by that time'" He &the Holy =rophet' then said : )he sun and moon are t o signs !rom the signs o! *llah" )hese t o do not eclipse on account o! the death o! anyone or on account o! the birth o! anyone" 3o hen you see that, remember *llah" )hey &his $ompanions' said: Messenger o! *llah, e sa you reach out to something, hile you ere standing here, then e sa you restrain yoursel!" He said: I sa =aradise and reached out to a bunch o! its grapes@ and

Hadith 2<72:

Hadith 2<7B:

had I taken it you ould ha:e eaten o! it as long as the orld endured" I sa Hell also" Ko such &abominable' sight ha:e I e:er seen as that hich I sa today@ and I obser:ed that most o! its inhabitants ere omen" )hey said: Messenger o! *llah, on hat account is it so( He said: Cor their ingratitude or disbelie! &bi.ku!raihinna'" It as said: Go they disbelie:e in *llah( He said: &Kot !or their disbelie! in ?od' but !or their ingratitude to their husbands and ingratitude to kindness" I! you ere to treat one o! them kindly !or e:er, but i! she later sa anything &displeasing' in you, she ould say: i ha:e ne:er seen any good in you" Hadith 2<73: )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! Haid b" *slam ith the same chain o! transmitters e0cept ith this di!!erence that he &the narrator said': ; then e sa you keeping aloo! &back'"; Ibn A*bbas reported: When there as a solar eclipse the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' obser:ed eight rukuAs and !our prostrations &in t o rakAahs'" )his has been narrated by A*li also" Ibn A*bbas reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed prayer hile it as &solar' eclipse" He recited &the 1urAan in -iyam' and then bo ed" He again recited and again bo ed" He again recited and again bo ed and again recited and again bo ed, and then prostrated@ and the second &rakAah' as like this" A*mr b" al.A*s reported: When the sun eclipsed during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', they &the people' ere called to congregational prayers" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed t o rukuAs in one rakAah" He then stood and obser:ed t o rukuAs in &the second' rakAah" )he sun then became bright, and A*Aisha said@ Ke:er did I obser:e, rukuA and prostration longer than this &rukuA and prostration'" *bu MasAud al.*nsari reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Ierily the sun and the moon are the t o signs among the signs o! *llah by hich He !rightens his ser:ants and they do not eclipse on account o! the death o! any one o! the people" 3o hen you see anything about them, obser:e prayer, supplicate *llah till it is cleared !rom you"

Hadith 2<7>:

Hadith 2<75:

Hadith 2<7,:

Hadith 2<77:

Hadith 2<77:

*bu MasAud reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Ierily the sun and the moon do not eclipse on account o! the death o! any one o! the people, but they are the t o signs among the signs o! *llah" 3o hen you see it, stand up and obser:e prayer" )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! IsmaAil ith the same chain o! transmitters and in the hadith narrated by 3u!yan and WakiA &the ords are': ;)he sun eclipsed on the day hen Ibrahim died, and the people said: It has eclipsed on the death o! Ibrahim"; *bu Musa reported: )he sun eclipsed during the time o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" He stood in great an0iety !earing that it might be the Goomsday, till he came to the mos-ue" He stood up to pray ith prolonged -iyam, rukuA, and prostration hich I ne:er sa him doing in prayer@ and then he said: )hese are the signs hich *llah sends, not on account o! the death o! anyone or li!e o! any one, but *llah sends them to !righten thereby His ser:ants" 3o hen you see any such thing, hasten to remember Him, supplicate Him and beg pardon !rom Him, and in the narration transmitted by Ibn A*la the ords are: ;)he sun eclipsed;"; ;He !rightens His ser:ants"; A*bd al.Fahman b" 3amura said: Guring the li!etime o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' I as shooting my arro s in Medina, hen an eclipse o! the sun took place" I, there!ore, thre them a ay and said, I must see ho the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' acts in a solar eclipse today" When I came to him, he had been supplicating ith his hands, raised, pronouncing *llah.o.*kbar, praising Him, ackno ledging that He is #ne ?od till the eclipse as o:er, then he recited t o surahs and prayed t o rakAahs" A*bd al.Fahman b" 3amura, ho as one o! the $ompanions o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Guring the li!etime o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' I as shooting some o! my arro s in Medina, hen the sun eclipsed" I thre &the arro s' and said: +y *llah, I must see ho the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' acts in solar eclipse" 3o I came to him and he as standing in prayer, raising his hands, glori!ying Him, praising Him, ackno ledging His #neness, declaring His greatness, and supplicating Him, till the sun cleared" When the eclipse as o:er, he recited t o surahs and prayed t o rakAahs"

Hadith 2<7<:

Hadith 2<<0:

Hadith 2<<2:

Hadith 2<<B:

Hadith 2<<3:

A*bd al.Fahman b" 3amura reported: I as shooting some o! my arro s during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' that the sun eclipsed" )he rest o! the hadith is the same" A*bdullah b" AUmar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed: Ierily the sun and the moon do not eclipse on account o! the death or li!e o! anyone" )hey are in !act the signs among the signs o! *llah" 3o hen you see them, obser:e prayer" Hiyad b" AIla-a reported: I heard Mughira b" 3huAba saying that the sun eclipsed during the li!etime o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' on the day hen Ibrahim died" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Ierily the sun and the moon are the t o signs among the signs o! *llah" )hey do not eclipse on account o! the death o! anyone or on account o! the birth o! anyone" 3o hen you see them, supplicate *llah, and obser:e prayer till it is o:er" Chapter 0,$ : E+HORTATION TO RECITE LA ILAHA ILL-ALLAH (THERE IS NO GO B#T ALLAH) TO THE YING PERSON *bu 3aAid al.8hudri reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: /0hort to recite ;)here is no god but *llah; to those o! you ho are dying" )his hadith has been narrated by 3ulaiman b" +ilal transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith 2<<>:

Hadith 2<<5:

Hadith 2<<,:

Hadith 2<<7:

Hadith 2<<7:

Hadith 2<<<:

*bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: /0hort to recite ;)here is no god but *llah; to those o! you ho are dying" Chapter 0,4 : "HAT IS TO BE SAI AT THE TI%E OF CALA%ITY Umm 3alama reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: I! any Muslim ho su!!ers some calamity says, hat *llah has commanded him, ;We belong to *llah and to Him shall e return@ # *llah, re ard me !or my a!!liction and gi:e me something better than it in e0change !or it,; *llah ill gi:e him something better than it in e0change" When *bu 3alama died she said: What Muslim is better than *bu 3alama hose !amily as the !irst to emigrate to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" I then said the

ords, and *llah ga:e me ?odAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' in e0change" 3he said: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sent Hatib b" *bu +altaAa to deli:er me the message o! marriage ith him" I said to him: I ha:e a daughter &as my dependant' and I am o! 9ealous temperament" He &the Holy =rophet' said: 3o !ar as her daughter is concerned, e ould supplicate *llah, that He may !ree her &o! her responsibility' and I ould also supplicate *llah to do a ay ith &her' 9ealous &temperament'" Hadith B000: Umm 3alama, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: I! any ser:ant &o! *llah' ho su!!ers a calamity says: ;We belong to *llah and to Him shall e return@ # *llah, re ard me !or my a!!liction and gi:e me something better than it in e0change !or it,;A *llah ill gi:e him re ard !or a!!liction, and ould gi:e him something better than it in e0change" 3he &Umm 3alama' said: When *bu 3alama died" I uttered &these :ery ords' as I as commanded &to do' by the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" 3o *llah ga:e me better in e0change than him" i"e" &I as taken as the i!e o!' the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" Umm 3alama, the i!e o! the *postle o! *llah & ay peace be upon him', reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' saying like the hadith transmitted by *bu Usama, but ith this addition that she said: ;When *bu 3alama died I said: Who is better than *bu 3alama, the $ompanion o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', and *llah decided !or me and I said &these ords contained in the supplication mentioned abo:e' and I as married to the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" Chapter 0,( : "HAT IS TO BE SAI BY THE SI E OF THE SICK AN THE EA Umm 3alama reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Whene:er you :isit the sick or the dead, supplicate !or good because angels say ;*men; to hate:er you say" 3he added: When *bu 3alama died, I ent to the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and said: Messenger o! *llah, *bu 3alama has died" He told me to recite: ;# *llah L !orgi:e me and him &*bu 3alama' and gi:e me a better substitute than he"; 3o I said &this', and *llah ga:e me in e0change Muhammad, ho is better !or me than him &*bu 3alama'" Chapter 0,* : CLOSING THE (EYES) OF THE EA AN S#PPLICATION FOR HI% ON 'ISITING HI%

Hadith B002:

Hadith B00B:

Hadith B003:

Umm 3alama reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon came to *bu 3alama &as he died'" His eyes ere !i0edly open" He closed them, and then said: When the soul is taken a ay the sight !ollo s it" 3ome o! the people o! his !amily ept and ailed" 3o he said: Go not supplicate !or yoursel:es anything but good, !or angels say ;*men; to hat you say" He then said: # *llah, !orgi:e *bu 3alama, raise his degree among those ho are rightly guided, grant him a successor in his descendants ho remain" Corgi:e us and him, # Eord o! the Uni:erse, and make his gra:e spacious, and grant him light in it" )his hadith has been narrated by 8halid al HadhdhaA ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith this alteration that he said: &# *llah L' let )hee be the caretaker o! hat is le!t by him, and he said: ?rant him e0pansion o! the gra:e, but he did not say: Make his gra:e spacious" 8halid said: He supplicated !or the se:enth &thing too' hich I ha:e !orgotten" *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Gid you not see hen the man died and his eyes ere !i0edly open( He &*bu Huraira' said: Des" He &the Holy =rophet' said: It is due to the !act that hen &the soul lea:es the body' his eyesight !ollo s the soul" )his hadith is narrated on the authority o! A*laA ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter 0,, : "EEPING FOR THE EA Umm 3alama reported: When *bu 3alama died I said: I am a stranger in a strange land@ I shall eep !or him in a manner that ould be talked o!" I made preparation !or eeping !or him hen a oman !rom the upper side o! the city came there ho intended to help me &in eeping'" 3he happened to come across the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he said: Go you intend to bring the de:il into a house !rom hich *llah has t ice dri:en him out( I &Umm 3alama', there!ore, re!rained !rom eeping and I did not eep" Usama b" Haid reported: While e ere ith the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', one o! his daughters sent to him &the Messenger' to call him and in!orm him that her child or her son as dying" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' told the messenger to go back and tell her that hat *llah had taken belonged to Him, and to him belonged hat He granted@ and He has

Hadith B00>:

Hadith B005:

Hadith B00,:

Hadith B007:

Hadith B007:

an appointed time !or e:erything" 3o you &the messenger' order her to sho endurance and seek re ard !rom *llah" )he messenger came back and said: 3he ad9ures him to come to her" He got up to go accompanied by 3aAd b" AUbada, MuAadh b" %abal, and I also ent along ith them" )he child as li!ted to him and his soul as !eeling as restless as i! it as in an old & aterskin'" His &=rophetAs' eyes elled up ith tears" 3aAd said: What is this, Messenger o! *llah( He replied: )his is compassion hich *llah has placed in the hearts o! His ser:ants, and ?od sho s compassion only to those o! His ser:ants ho are compassionate" Hadith B00<: )his hadith has been narrated by another chain o! transmitters on the authority o! A*sim al.*h al" A*bdullah b" AUmar said that 3aAd b" Ubada complained o! illness" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to :isit him accompanied by A*bd al.Fahman b" A*u!, 3aAd b" *bi Wa--as and A*bdullah b" MasAud" *s he entered &his room' he !ound him in a s oon" Upon this he said: Has he died( )hey said: Messenger o! *llah, it is not so" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ept" When the people sa *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' eeping, they also began to eep" He said" Eisten, *llah does not punish !or the tears that the eye sheds or the grie! the heart !eels, but He punishes !or this &pointing to his tongue', or He may sho mercy" Chapter 0,- : 'ISITING THE SICK A*bdullah b" AUmar reported: While e ere sitting ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', a person, one o! the *nsar, came to him and greeted him" )he *nsari then turned back" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: o brother o! *nsar, ho is my brother 3aAd be AUbada( He said: He is better" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: Who amongst you ould :isit him( He &the Holy =rophet' stood up and e also got up along ith him, and e ere more than ten persons" We had neither shoes ith us, nor socks, nor caps, nor shirts" We alked on the barren land till e came to him" )he people around him kept a ay till the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and his $ompanions ith him came near him &3aAd b" AUbada'" Chapter 0,. : EN #RANCE IN TRO#BLE AT THE FIRST BLO" *nas b" Malik reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying:

Hadith B020:

Hadith B022:

Hadith B02B:

/ndurance is to be sho n at the !irst blo " Hadith B023: *nas b" Malik reported that *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' came to a oman ho had been eeping !or her &dead' child, and said to her: Cear *llah and sho endurance" 3he &not recognising him' said: Dou ha:e not been a!!licted as I ha:e been" When he &the Holy =rophet' had departed, it as said to her that he as the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him', she as mortally shocked" 3he came to his door and she did not !ind doorkeepers at his door" 3he said: Messenger o! *llah" I did not recognise you" He said: /ndurance is to be sho n at !irst blo , or at the !irst blo " * hadith like this is narrated ith the same chain o! transmitters but ith the addition o! these ords: ;)he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' happened to pass by a oman & ho as sitting' by the side o! a gra:e"; Chapter 0-1 : THE EA BO Y IS P#NISHE FOR THE LA%ENTATION OF HIS FA%ILY A*bdullah b" AUmar reported that Ha!sa ept !or AUmar & hen he as about to due'" He &AUmar' said: +e -uiet, my daughter" GonAt you kno that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had said: ;)he dead is punished because o! his !amilyAs eeping o:er it;( Umar reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he dead is punished in the gra:e because o! ailing on it" )he same hadith is narrated on the authority o! AUmar through another chain o! transmitters" Ibn AUmar reported: When AUmar as ounded he !ainted, and there as a loud lamentation o:er him" When he regained consciousness he said: GidnAt you kno that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: ;)he dead is punished because o! the eeping o! the li:ing; ( *bu +urda narrated on the authority o! his !ather that hen AUmar as ounded 3uhaib uttered &loudly in lamentation': # brotherL Upon this AUmar said: 3uhaib, did you not kno that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: ;)he dead is punished because o! the lamentation o! the li:ing;(

Hadith B02>:

Hadith B025:

Hadith B02,:

Hadith B027:

Hadith B027:

Hadith B02<:

Hadith B0B0:

*bu Musa reported that hen AUmar as ounded, there came 3uhaib !rom his house and ent to AUmar and stood by his side, and began to ail" Upon this AUmar said: What are you eeping !or( *re you eeping !or me( He said: +y *llah, it is !or you that I eep, # $ommander o! the belie:ers" He said: +y *llah, you already kno that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had said: He ho is lamented upon is punished" I made a mention o! it to Musa b" )alha, and he said that A*Aisha told that it concerned the %e s &only'" *nas reported that hen AUmar b" 8hattab as ounded Ha!sa lamented !or him" Upon this he said: # Ha!sa, did you not hear the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: ;#ne ho is lamented ould be punished;( 3uhaib also lamented o:er him" AUmar told him also: # 3uhaib, didnAt you kno that one ho is lamented is punished( A*bdullah b" *bu Mulaika reported: I as sitting by the side o! Ibn AUmar, and e ere aiting !or the bier o! Umm *ban, daughter o! AUthman, and there as also A*mr b" AUthman" In the mean hile there came Ibn A*bbas led by a guide" I concei:e that he as in!ormed o! the place o! Ibn AUmar" 3o he came till he sat by my side" While I as bet een them &Ibn A*bbas and Ibn AUmar' there came the noise &o! ailing' !rom the house" Upon this Ibn AUmar said &that is, he pointed out to A*mr that he should stand and !orbid them, !or': I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as saying: )he dead is punished because o! the lamentation o! his !amily" A*bdullah made it general & hat as said !or a particular occasion'" Ibn A*bbas said: When e ere ith the $ommander o! the belie:ers, AUmar b" 8hattab, e reached +aidaA, and there as a man under the shado o! the tree" He said to me: ?o and in!orm me ho is that person" 3o I ent and &!ound' that he as 3uhaib" I returned to him and said: Dou commanded me to !ind out !or you ho that as, and he is 3uhaib" He &Hadrat AUmar' said: $ommand him to see us" I said: He has !amily along ith him" He said: &)hat is o! no account' e:en i! he has !amily along ith him" 3o he &the narrator' told him to see &the $ommander o! the belie:ers and his party'" When e came &to Medina', it as be!ore long that the $ommander o! the belie:ers as ounded, and 3uhaib came eeping and crying: *las !or the brother, alas !or the companion" Upon this AUmar said: GidnAt you kno , or didnAt you hear, that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: ;)he dead is punished because o! the lamentation o! his !amily ; ( )hen A*bdullah made it general and AUmar told it o! certain occasions" 3o I &A*bdullah

Hadith B0B2:

Hadith B0BB:

b" *bu Mulaika' stood up and ent to A*Aisha and told her hat Ibn AUmar had said" Upon this she said: I s ear by *llah that *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' ne:er said that dead ould be punished because o! his !amilyAs lamenting &!or him'" What he said as that *llah ould increase the punishment o! the unbelie:er because o! his !amilyAs lamenting !or him" Ierily it is *llah Who has caused laughter and eeping" Ko bearer o! a burden ill bear anotherAs burden" Ibn *bu Mulaika said that al.1asim b" Muhammad said that hen the ords o! AUmar and Ibn AUmar ere con:eyed to A*AIsha, she said: Dou ha:e narrated it to me !rom those ho are neither liar nor those suspected o! lying but &sometimes' hearing misleads" Hadith B0B3: A*bdullah b" *bu Mulaika said: )he daughter o! AUthman b" A*!!an died in Mecca" We came to attend her &!uneral'" Ibn AUmar and Ibn A*bbas ere also present there, and I as sitting bet een them" He added: I &!irst sat' by the side o! one o! them, then the other one came and he sat by my side" A*bdullah b" AUmar said to A*mr b" AUthman ho as sitting opposite to him: Will you not pre:ent the people !rom lamenting, !or the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had said: ;)he dead is punished because o! the lamenting o! his !amily !or him;( Ibn A*bbas then said that Umar used to say someting o! that nature, and then narrated saying: I proceeded !rom Mecca along ith AUmar till e reached al.+aidaA and there as a party o! riders under the shade o! a tree" He said &to me': ?o and !ind out ho this party is" I cast a glance and there as 3uhaib &in that party'" 3o I in!ormed him &AUmar' about it" He said: $all him to me" 3o I ent back to 3uhaib and said: ?o and meet the $ommander o! the belie:ers" When AUmar as ounded, 3uhaib came alling: *las, !or the brother L alas !or the companion L AUmar said: # 3uhaib, do you ail !or me, hereas the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: ;)he dead ould be punished on account o! the lamentation o! the &members o! his !amily';( Ibn A*bbas said: When AUmar died I made a mention o! it to A*Aisha" 3he said: May *llah ha:e mercy upon AUmar L I s ear by *llah that *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' ne:er said that *llah ould punish the belie:er because o! the eeping &o! any one o! the members o! his !amily', but he said that *llah ould increase the punishment o! the unbelie:er because o! the eeping o! his !amily o:er him" A*Aisha said: )he 1urAan is enough !or you & hen it states': ;Ko bearer o! burden ill bear anotherAs burden; &:i" 2,>'" )hereupon Ibn A*bbas said: *llah is He Who has caused laughter and eeping" Ibn *bu Mulaika said: +y *llah, Ibn AUmar said nothing"

Hadith B0B>:

A*mr reported on the authority o! Ibn *bu Mulaika: We ere ith the bier o! Umm *ban, daughter o! AUthman, and the rest o! the hadith is the same, but he did not narrate it as a mar!uA hadith on the authority o! AUmar !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as it as narrated by *yyub and Ibn %urai9, and the hadith narrated by them &*yyub and Ibn %urai9' is more complete than that o! A*mr" A*bdullah b" AUmar reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: )he dead is punished because o! the lamentation o! the li:ing" Hisham b" AUr a narrated on the authority o! his !ather that the saying o! Ibn AUmar, :i6" ;)he dead ould be punished because o! the lamentation o! his !amily o:er him; as mentioned to A*Aisha" Upon this she said: May *llah ha:e mercy upon *bu A*bd al.Fahman &the kunya o! Ibn AUmar' that he heard something but could not retain it & ell'" &)he !act is' that the bier o! a %e passed be!ore the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and &the members o! his !amily' ere aiting o:er him" Upon this he said: Dou are ailing and he is being punished" Hisham narrated on the authority o! his !ather that it as mentioned to A*Aisha that Ibn AUmar had narrated as mar!uA hadith !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' that the dead ould be punished in the gra:e because o! the lamentation o! his !amily !or him" Upon this she said: He &Ibn AUmar' missed &the point'" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had &in !act' said: He &the dead' is punished !or his !aults or !or his sins, and the members o! his !amily are ailing !or him no " &)his misunderstanding o! Ibn AUmar is similar to his saying:' )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood by the ell in hich ere lying the dead bodies o! those polytheists ho had been killed on the Gay o! +adr, and he said to them hat he had to say, i"e": )hey hear hat I say" +ut he &Ibn AUmar' misunderstood" )he Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' had only said: )hey &the dead' understand that hat I used to say to them as truth" 3he then recited: ;$ertainly, thou canst not make the dead hear the call; &00:ii" 70', nor can you make those hear ho are in the gra:es, nor can you in!orm them hen they ha:e taken their seats in Hell" )his hadith has been narrated by Ibn AUr a ith the same chain o! transmitters" )he hadith narrated by *bu Usama is more complete"

Hadith B0B5:

Hadith B0B,:

Hadith B0B7:

Hadith B0B7:

Hadith B0B<:

A*mra daughter o! A*bd al Fahman narrated that she heard &!rom' A*Aisha and made a mention to her about A*bdullah b" AUmar as saying: )he dead is punished because o! the lamentation o! the li:ing" Upon this A*Aisha said: May *llah ha:e mercy upon the !ather o! A*bd al.Fahman &Ibn AUmar'" He did not tell a lie, but he !orgot or made a mistake" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' happened to pass by a &dead' %e ess ho as being lamented" Upon this he said: )hey eep o:er her and she is being punished in the gra:e" A*li b" FabiAa reported that the !irst one ho as lamented upon in 8u!a as 1ara6a b" 8aAb" Mughira b" 3huAba said: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' saying: He ho is lamented upon ould be punished because o! the lamentation !or him on the Gay o! 9udgment" * hadith like this has been narrated by Mughira b" 3huAba !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him'" )his hadith has been narrated !rom the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' through another chain o! transmitters" *bu Malik al.*shAari reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: *mong my people there are !our characteristics belonging to pre. Islamic period hich they do not abandon: boasting o! high rank, re:iling other peoplesA genealogies, seeking rain by stars, and alling" *nd he &!urther' said: I! the ailing oman does not repent be!ore she dies, she ill be made to stand on the Gay o! Fesurrection earing a garment o! pitch and a chemise o! mange" A*Aisha reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as told that Ibn Haritha, %aA!ar b" *bu )alib and *bdullah b" Fa aha ere killed, he sat do n, sho ing signs o! grie!" 3he &!urther' said: I as looking &at him' through the cre:ice o! the door" * man came to him and mentioned that %aA!arAs omen ere lamenting" He &the Holy =rophet' commanded him to go and !orbid them &to do so'" 3o he ent a ay but came back and told &him' that they did not obey &him'" He commanded him a second time to go and !orbid them &to do so'" He again ent but came back to him and said: I s ear by ?od, Messenger o! *llah, that they ha:e o:erpo ered us" 3he &A*Aisha' said that she thought the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' had told &her' to thro dust in their mouths" )hereupon A*Aisha said: May *llah humble you L

Hadith B030:

Hadith B032:

Hadith B03B:

Hadith B033:

Hadith B03>:

Dou did not do hat *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' ordered you, nor did you stop annoying *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him'" Hadith B035: )his hadith has been narrated by Dahya b" 3aAid ith the same chain o! transmitters like one narrated by A*bd al.A*6i6 & ith the change o! these ords': ;Dou did not spare the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' the botheration"; Umm A*tiyya reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' took a promise !rom us along ith the oath o! *llegiance that e ould not lament" +ut only !i:e among us !ul!illed the promise &and they are' Umm 3ulaim, and Umm al.A*laA, and the daughter o! *bu 3abra the i!e o! MuAadh, or daughter o! *bu 3abra and i!e o! MuAadh" Umm A*tiyya reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' took pledge !rom us &including this promise' that e ould not lament" #nly !i:e amongst us !ul!illed the promise, and one o! them & ho !ul!illed the promise' as Umm 3ulaim" Ha!sa narrated on the authority o! Umm A*tiyya that she said: When this :erse as re:ealed: ;When belie:ing omen came to thee gi:ing thee a pledge that they ill not associate aught ith *llah, and ill not disobey thee in good; &l0" 2B', she &Umm *tiyya' said: In &this pledge' as also included ailing" I said: Messenger o! *llah I e0cept members o! such a tribe ho helped me &in lamentation' during pre.Islamic days, there is le!t no alternati:e !or me, but that I should also help them" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: &Des' but only in case o! the members o! such a tribe" Chapter 0-0 : "O%EN FORBI EN TO FOLLO" THE BIER Umm A*tiyya reported: We ere !orbidden to !ollo the bier, but it as not made absolute on us" Umm A*tiyya reported: We not made absolute on us" ere re!rained !rom !ollo ing the bier, but it as

Hadith B03,:

Hadith B037:

Hadith B037:

Hadith B03<:

Hadith B0>0:

Chapter 0-! : "ASHING OF THE EA BO Y

Hadith B0>2:

Umm A*tiyya reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to us hen e ere bathing his daughter, and he told us: Wash her ith ater and & ith the lea:es o!' the lote tree, three or !i:e times, or more than that i! you think !it, and put camphor or something like camphor in the last ashing@ then in!orm me hen you ha:e !inished" 3o hen e had !inished, e in!ormed him, and he ga:e to us his &o n' under.garment saying: ;=ut it ne0t her body"; Umm A*tiyya reported: We braided her hair in three plaits" Umm A*tiyya reported: #ne o! the daughters o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' died" *nd in the hadith transmitted by Ibn AUlayya &the ords are': )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' came to us and e ere ashing his daughter" *nd in the hadith transmitted by Malik &the ords are': )here came in &our apartment' the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' hen his daughter died" )he rest o! the hadith is the same as narrated by Da6id b" HuraiA !rom *yyub !rom Muhammad !rom Umm A*tiyya" * hadith like this has been transmitted by Ha!sa on the authority o! Umm A*tiyya ith the e0ception &o! these ords that the Holy =rophet asked them to ash her dead body': ;three times, !i:e times, se:en times, or more than that, i! you deem !it:; Ha!sa &!urther' said on the authority o! Umm A*tiyya: We braided &the hair' o! her head in three plaits" Umm A*tiyya reported: We ashed her an odd number o! times, i"e" three, !i:e or se:en times@ and Umm A*tiyya &!urther' said: We braided her hair in three plaits" Umm A*tiyya reported: When Hainab the daughter o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' died, he said to us: Wash her odd number o! times, i"e" three or !i:e times, and put camphor or something.like camphor at the !i!th time, and a!ter you ha:e ashed her in!orm me" 3o e in!ormed him and he ga:e us his under.garment, saying: ;=ut it ne0t her body"; Umm A*tiyya reported: )here came to us the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as e ere ashing one o! his daughters" 3o he said: Wash her &dead body' an odd number o! times, !i:e times or more than that, the rest o! the hadith is the same" 3he &!urther' said: We braided her hair in three plaits: &t o'

Hadith B0>B: Hadith B0>3:

Hadith B0>>:

Hadith B0>5:

Hadith B0>,:

Hadith B0>7:

on the sides o! her head and one on her !orehead" Hadith B0>7: Umm A*tiyya reported that hen the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' asked her to ash his daughter, he told her to start !rom the right side, and ith those parts o! the body o:er hich WuduA is per!ormed" Umm A*tiyya reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said to them &the omen' in regard to the ashing o! his daughter to start !rom the right side and ith those parts o! the body o:er hich WuduA is per!ormed" Chapter 0-$ : CONCERNING THE SHRO# ING OF THE EA BO Y 8habbab al.*ratt reported: We migrated ith the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' in the path o! *llah seeking *llahAs pleasure alone" )hus our re ard as assured ith *llah" *nd amongst us ere those ho spent li!e &in such a state o! piety and austerity' that nothing consumed their re ard" MusAab b" AUmair as one o! them" He as killed on the Gay o! Uhud, and nothing but a oollen cloak as !ound to shroud him" When e co:ered his head ith it, his !eet became unco:ered, and hen e co:ered his !eet, his head as unco:ered" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: =lace it &this cloak' on the side o! his head and co:er his !eet ith grass" *nd there is one amongst us !or hom the !ruit is ripened and he en9oys it" * hadith like this has been narrated by AUyaina on the authority o! *Amash the same chain o! transmitters" ith

Hadith B0><:

Hadith B050:

Hadith B052:

Hadith B05B:

A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as shrouded in three cotton garments o! hite Damani stu!! !rom 3ahul, among hich as neither a shirt nor a turban@ and so !ar as Hullah is concerned there as some doubt about it in the minds o! people, that it as brought !or him in order to shroud him ith it, but it as abandoned, and he as shrouded in three cotton garments o! hite Damani stu!! !rom 3ahul" )hen A*bdullah b" *bu +akr got it and said: I ould keep it in order to shroud mysel! in it" He then said: I! *llah, the /0alted and Ma9estic, ould ha:e desired it !or His *postle, he ould ha:e been shrouded ith it" 3o he sold it and ga:e its price in charity" A*Aisha reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as rapped in a Damani rapper hich belonged to A*bdullah b *bu +akr@ then it

Hadith B053:

as remo:ed !rom him, and he as shrouded in three cotton sheets o! hite Damani stu!! !rom 3ahul among hich as neither a shirt nor a turban" A*bdullah took up the Hullah and said: I ould be shrouded in it, but then said: Ho is it that I should be shrouded in it in hich the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as not shrouded L 3o he ga:e it in charity" Hadith B05>: )his hadith is narrated on the authority o! Hisham ith the same chain o! transmitters, but in the hadith narrated by him there is no mention o! the story o! A*bdullah b" *bu +akr" *bu 3alama said: I asked A*Aisha ith ho many garments the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as shourded" 3he said: With three garments o! 3ahul" Chapter 0-4 : CO'ERING THE EA BO Y "ITH A CLOTH A*Aisha reported: When the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upom him' died, he as co:ered ith a Damani rapper" )his hadith has been narrated by Huhri ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter 0-( : E+HORTATION TO SHRO# THE EA BO Y "ELL %abir b" A*bdullah reported: *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' one day in the course o! his sermon made mention o! a person among his $ompanions ho had died and had been rapped in a shroud not long &enough to co:er his hole body' and as buried during the night" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reprimanded &the audience' that a person as buried during the night &in a state that' !uneral prayer could not be o!!ered &o:er him by the Messenger o! *llah'" &*nd this is permissible only' hen it becomes a dire necessity !or a man" )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' also said: When any one o! you shrouds his brother, he should shroud him ell" Chapter 0-* : %AKING HASTE IN F#NERAL *bu Huraira reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: Make haste at a !uneral@ i! the dead person as good, it is a good state to hich you are sending him on@ but i! he as other ise it is an e:il o! hich you are ridding yoursel:es"

Hadith B055:

Hadith B05,:

Hadith B057:

Hadith B057:

Hadith B05<:

Hadith B0,0:

)his hadith has been narrated by another chain o! transmitters e0cept ith this :ariation &o! ords' that in the hadith narrated by MaAmar &the ords are': ;I do not kno hether the hadith is mar!uA"; *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger as saying: Hasten at a !uneral, !or i! &the dead person' is good, you ould &soon' bring him close to the good" *nd i! it is other ise, it is an e:il o! hich you are ridding yoursel:es" Chapter 0-, : %ERIT OF THE F#NERAL PRAYER AN FOLLO"ING THE BIER *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho attends the !uneral till the prayer is o!!ered !or &the dead', !or him is the re ard o! one -irat, and he ho attends &and stays' till he is buried, !or him is the re ard o! t o -irats" It as said: What are the -irats( He said: )hey are e-ui:alent to t o huge mountains" ) o other narrators added: Ibn AUmar used to pray and then depart & ithout aiting !or the burial o! the dead'" When the tradition o! *bu Huraira reached him, he said: ;We ha:e lost many -irats"; )his hadith has been narrated on the authority o! *bu Huraira through another chain o! narrators up to these ords: ;t o great mountains"; Ko mention is made o! hat !ollo ed &these ords'@ and in the hadith transmitted by A*bd al. *Ala &the ords are': ;till &the burial' is complete"; In the hadith transmitted by A*bd ar.Fa66a- &the ords are': ;till he is placed in the gra:e"; )his hadith is narrated on thp authority o! *bu Huraira through another chain o! transmitters & ith these ords': ;He ho !ollo ed it &the bier' till he &the dead' is buried"; *bu Huraira reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho o!!ered prayer o:er the dead, but did not !ollo the bier, !or him is the re ard o! one -irat, and he ho !ollo ed it, !or him is the re ard o! t o -irats" It as asked hat the -irats ere" He said: )he smaller amongst the t o is e-ui:alent to Uhud" Ka!iA narrated that it as said to Ibn AUmar that *bu Huraira reported to ha:e heard *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho !ollo s the bier, !or him is the re ard o! one -irat" Ibn AUmar said: *bu Huraira narrated it too o!ten" 3o he sent &a messenger to' A*Aisha to ascertain &the !act'"

Hadith B0,2:

Hadith B0,B:

Hadith B0,3:

Hadith B0,>:

Hadith B0,5:

Hadith B0,,:

3he &A*Aisha' testi!ied *bu Huraira" Ibn AUmar said: We missed so many -irats" Hadith B0,7: *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho o!!ers prayer !or the dead, !or him is &the re ard o!' one -irat@ and he ho !ollo s the bier till it is placed in the gra:e, !or him &is the re ard o!' t o -irats" I &*bu Ha6im, one o! the narrators' raid: *bu Huraira, hat is this -irat( He said: It is like the hill o! Uhud" Ga ud b" A*mir b" 3aAd b" *bu Wa--as reported on the authority o! his !ather that hile he as sitting along ith A*bdullah b" AUmar, 8habbab, the o ner o! Ma-sura, said: Ibn AUmar, do you hear hat *bu Huraira says that he heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' say: ;He ho goes out ith the bier hen taken out !rom its residence and o!!ers prayer !or it and he then !ollo s it till it is buried, he ould ha:e t o -irats o! re ard, each -irat being e-ui:alent to Uhud@ and he ho, a!ter ha:ing o!!ered prayer, &directly' came back ould ha:e his re ard &as great' as Uhud;( Ibn AUmar sent 8habbab to A*Aisha in order to ask her about the ords o! *bu Huraira &and also told him' to come back to him &Ibn AUmar' and in!orm him hat A*Aisha said" &In the mean hile' Ibn AUmar took up a hand!ul o! pebbles and turned them o:er in his hand till the messenger &8habbab' came back to him and told &him' that A*Aisha testi!ied &the statement o!' *bu Huraira" Ibn AUmar thre the pebbles he had in his hand on the ground and then said: We missed a large number o! -irats" )hauban, the !reed sla:e o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: He ho o!!ered prayer !or the dead, !or him is the re ard o! one -irat, and he ho attended its burial, he ould ha:e t o -irats as his re ard" *nd -irat is e-ui:alent to Uhud" )his hadith has been narrated by 1atada ith the same chain o! transmitters" *nd in the hadith transmitted by 3aAid and Hisham, &the ords are': ;)he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as asked about -irat, and he said: It is e-ui:alent to Uhud"; Chapter 0-- : IF ONE H#N RE %#SLI%S OFFER PRAYER FOR THE EA ) ALL OF THE% INTERCE ING FOR HI% (IT "O#L BE ACCEPTE ) A*Aisha reported *llahAs *postle &may peace be upon him' saying: I! a company o! Muslims numbering one hundred pray o:er a dead person, all o! them

Hadith B0,7:

Hadith B0,<:

Hadith B070:

Hadith B072:

interceding !or him, their intercession !or him ill be accepted" Hadith B07B: A*bdullah b" A*bbas reported that his son died in 1udaid or AUs!an" He said to 8uraib to see as to ho many people had gathered there !or his &!uneral'" He &8uraib' said: 3o I ent out and I in!ormed him about the people ho had gathered there" He &Ibn A*bbas' said: Go you think they are !orty( He &8uraib' said: Des" Ibn A*bbas then said to them: +ring him &the dead body' out !or I ha:e heard *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: I! any Muslim dies and !orty men ho associate nothing ith *llah stand o:er his prayer &they o!!er prayer o:er him', *llah ill accept them as intercessors !or him" Chapter 0-. : THE EA "HO IS PRAISE IN GOO "OR S) OR "HO IS CON E%NE IN BA "OR S *nas b" Malik reported: )here passed a bier &being carried by people' and it as lauded in good terms" Upon this the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: It has become certain, it has become certain, it has become certain" *nd there passed a bier and it as condemned in bad ords" Upon this the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: It has become certain, it has become certain, it has become certain" AUmar said: May my !ather and mother be ransom !or you L )here passed a bier and it as praised in good terms, and you said: It has become certain, it has become certain, it has become certain" *nd there passed a bier and it as condemned in bad ords, and you said: It has become certain, it has become certain, it has become certain" Upon this the Messenger o! *llah & ay peace be upon him' said: He hom you praised in good terms, =aradise has become certain !or him, and he hom you condemned in bad ords, Hell has become certain !or him" Dou are *llahAs itnesses in the earth, you are *llahAs itnesses in the earth, you are *llahAs itnesses in the earth" )his hadith has been narrated through another chain o! transmitters" Chapter 0.1 : "HAT IS SAI IN CASE OF ONE "HO GETS RELIEF AN THE ONE FRO% "HO% THE OTHER GETS RELIEF 1atada b" FibAi reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Whene:er a bier passed be!ore him, he said: He is the one to !ind relie! and the one ith &the departure o! him' other ill !ind relie!" )hey said: *postle o! *llah, ho is al.Mustarih and al.Mustarah( Upon this he said: )he belie:ing ser:ant !inds relie! !rom the troubles o! the orld, and in the death o! a icked

Hadith B073:

Hadith B07>:

Hadith B075:

person, the people, to ns, trees and animals !ind relle!" Hadith B07,: In the hadith transmitted by Dahya b" 3aAid on the authority o! 1atada &the ords are': &)he belie:ing ser:ant' !inds relie! !rom the troubles o! the orld and its hardships and &gets into' the Mercy o! *llah" *bu Huraira reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ga:e the people ne s o! the death o! Kegus on the day he died, and he took them out to the place o! prayer and obser:ed !our takbirs" *bu Huraira reported: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ga:e us the ne s o! the death o! Kegus, the ruler o! *byssinia, on the day hen he died, and he said &to us': +eg pardon !or your brother" Ibn 3hihab said that 3aAid b" Musayyib had told that *bu Huraira had narrated to him that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' dre them up in a ro in a place o! prayer, and o!!ered prayer and recited !our takbirs !or him" )his hadith is narrated through another chain o! transmitters" %abir b" A*bdullah reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' o!!ered prayer !or *shama, the Kegus, and recited !our takbirs" %abir b" A*bdullah reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: )here died today the pious ser:ant o! *llah, *shama" 3o he stood up and led us in &!uneral prayer' o:er him" %abir b" A*bdullah reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: * brother o! yours has died, so stand up and o!!er prayer o:er him" 3o e stood up and dre oursel:es up into t o ro s" AImran b" Husain reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: * brother o! yours has died@ so stand up and o!!er prayer !or him, i"e" Kegus" *nd in the hadith transmitted by Hubair &the ords are': ;Dour brother"; Chapter 0.0 : PRAYER O'ER THE GRA'E 3haAbi reported that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed

Hadith B077:

Hadith B077:

Hadith B07<: Hadith B070:

Hadith B072:

Hadith B07B:

Hadith B073:

Hadith B07>:

prayer o:er a gra:e a!ter the dead as buried and he recited !our takbirs o:er him" 3haibani said: I said to 3haAbi: Who narrated it to you( He said: *n authentic one, A*bdullah b" A*bbas" )his is the ord o! a hasan hadith" In the narration o! Ibn Kumair &the ords are': )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' ent to the gra:e hich had been ne ly prepared and prayed o:er it, and they also prayed ho ere behind him and he recited !our takbirs" I said to A*mir: Who narrated it to you( He said: *n authentic one ho sa him, i e" Ibn A*bbas" Hadith B075: )his hadith has been narrated through another chain o! transmitters, but in one o! them &these ords are !ound': ;)he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited !our takbirs"; )he hadith as narrated by 3haibani has been narrated through another chain o! transmitters" *nas reported that the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' obser:ed prayer on the gra:e" It is narrated on the authority o! *bu Huraira that a dark.comple0ioned oman &or a youth' used to s eep the mos-ue" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' missed her &or him' and in-uired about her &or him'" )he people told him that she &or he' had died" He asked hy they did not in!orm him, and it appears as i! they had treated her &or him' or her &or his' a!!airs as o! little account" He &the Holy =rophet' said: Eead me to her &or his' gta:e" )hey led him to that place and he said prayer o:er her &or him' and then remarked: Ierily, these gra:es are !ull o! darkness !or their d ellers" Ierily, the Mighty and ?lorious *llah illuminates them !or their occupants by reason o! my prayer o:er them" It is narrated on the authority o! A*bd al.Fahman b" *bu Eaila that Haid used to recite !our takbirs on our !unerals and he recited !i:e takbirs on one !uneral" I asked him the reason &!or this :ariation', to hich he replied: )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' recited thus" Chapter 0.! : STAN ING #P ON SEEING A BIER It is narrated on the authority o! A*mir Ibn FabiAa &may *llah be pleased ith

Hadith B07,:

Hadith B077:

Hadith B077:

Hadith B07<:

Hadith B0<0:

him' that the =rophet &may peace be upon him' said: Whene:er you see a !uneral procession, stand up !or that until it mo:es a ay or is lo ered on the ground" Hadith B0<2: It is narrated on the authority o! A*mir ibn FabiAa &may *llah be pleased ith him' that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' said: 3hould any one o! you come across a !uneral procession, and i! he does not intend to accompany it, he must stand up until it passes by him or is placed upon the ground be!ore it passes him" It is reported on the authority o! Ibn %urai9 that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' said: 3hould anyone amongst you see a bier he must stand up so long as it is ithin sight in case he does not intend to !ollo it" It is narrated on the authority o! *bu 3aAid al.8hudri that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' said: When you !ollo a bier, do not sit until it is placed on the &ground'" It is narrated on the authority o! *bu 3aAid al.8hudri that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' said: Whene:er you come across a bier you should stand up, and he ho !ollo s it should not sit do n till it is placed on the ground" It is narrated on the authority o! %abir ibn A*bdullah: )here passed a bier and the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' stood up !or it and e also stood up along ith him" We said: Messenger o! *llah, that as the bier o! a %e ess" Upon this he remarked: Ierily, death is a matter o! consternation, so hene:er you come across a bier stand up" Ibn %urai9 told me that *bu Hubair heard %abir say that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' kept standing !or a bier until it disappeared" *gain *bu Hubair heard %abir say that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' and his $ompanions kept standing !or a bier o! a %e until it disappeared !rom sight" It is narrated on the authority o! Ibn *bu Eaila that hile 1ais b" 3aAd and 3ahl

Hadith B0<B:

Hadith B0<3:

Hadith B0<>:

Hadith B0<5:

Hadith B0<,:

Hadith B0<7:

Hadith B0<7:

Hadith B0<<:

b" Hunai! ere both in 1adislyya a bier passed by them and they both stood up" )hey ere told that it as the bier o! one o! the people o! the land &non. Muslim'" )hey said that a bier passed be!ore the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' and he stood up" He as told that he &the dead man' as a %e " Upon this he remarked: Was he not a human being or did he not ha:e a soul( *nd in the hadith narrated by A*mr b" Murra ith the same chain o! transmitters, &the ords' are: ;)here passed a bier be!ore us"; Chapter 0.$ : ABROGATION OF THE ACT OF STAN ING #P FOR THE BIER It is narrated on the authority o! Wa-id: Ka!iA b" %ubair sa me and e ere standing !or a bier, hile he as sitting and aiting !or the bier to be placed on the ground" He said to me: What makes you keep standing( I said: I am aiting that the bier may be placed on the ground &and I am doing that' on the hadith narrated to me by *bu 3aAid al.8hudri" Upon this Ka!iA said: Ierily, MasAud b" Hakam reported to me on the authority o! Hadrat A*li b" *bu )alib that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' stood up !irst &!or a bier' and then sat do n" MasAud b" al.Hakam al.*nsari in!ormed Ka!iA that he had heard Hadrat A*li &may *llah be pleased ith him', son o! *bu )alib, say about the biers: Ierily, the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' used to stand !irst but later on kept sitting@ but it is also narrated that Ka!iA ibn %ubair sa Wa-id b" A*mr standing !or a bier till it as placed do n" )his hadith has been narrated by Dahya b" 3aAid transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith B200:

Hadith B202:

Hadith B20B:

It is narrated on the authority o! Muhammad b" Munkadir that he said: I heard !rom MasAud b" al.Hakam ho narrated it on the authority o! Hadrat A*li that he said: We sa the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' stood up !or a &bier' and e also stood up@ he sat do n and e too sat do n" )his hadith has been narrated by 3huAba ith the same chain o! transmitters" Chapter 0.4 : S#PPLICATION FOR THE EA IN THE F#NERAL PRAYER %ubair b" Ku!air says: I heard it !rom A*u! b" Malik that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' said prayer on the dead body, and I remembered his prayer: ;# *llah L !orgi:e him, ha:e mercy upon him, gi:e him peace and absol:e him"

Hadith B203:

Hadith B20>:

Fecei:e him ith honour and make his gra:e spacious@ ash him ith ater, sno and hail" $leanse him !rom !aults as )hou ouldst cleanse a hite garment !rom impurity" Fe-uite him ith an abode more e0cellent than his abode, ith a !amily better than his !amily, and ith a mate better than his mate" *dmit him to the ?arden, and protect him !rom the torment o! the gra:e and the torment o! the Cire"; &A*u! bin Malik' said: I earnestly desired that I ere this dead body" Hadith B205: Hadith B20,: * hadith like this has been narrated through another chain o! transmitters" A*nas b" Malik said: I heard the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' say & hile o!!ering prayer on a dead body': # *llah L !orgi:e him, ha:e mercy upon him" ?i:e him peace and absol:e him" Fecei:e him ith honour and make his gra:e spacious" Wash him ith ater, sno and hail, cleanse him !rom !aults as is cleaned a hite garment !rom impurity" Fe-uite him ith an abode more e0cellent than his abode, ith a !amily better than his !amily, and ith a mate better than his mate, and sa:e him !rom the trial o! the gra:e and torment o! Hell" A*u! b" Malik said: I earnestly desired that I ere the dead person to recei:e the prayer o! the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' as this dead body had &recei:ed'" Chapter 0.( : "HERE SHO#L THE I%A% STAN FOR OFFERING PRAYER O'ER THE EA BO Y 3amura b" %undub said: I prayed behind the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' and he prayed !or a oman ho had died in the state o! deli:ery" He stood in !ront o! her aist" )his hadith has been narrated by Husain ith the same chain o! transmitters, but no mention is made o! Umm 8aAb" 3amura b" %undub said: I as a young boy during the time o! the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' and I retained in my mind & hat I learnt !rom him', and nothing restrained me !rom speaking e0cept the !act that there ere persons !ar more ad:anced in age than I" Ierily, I said prayer behind the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' o:er a oman ho had died in the state o! deli:ery, and the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' stood up to say prayer in !ront o! the middle part o! her body" *nd in the tradition narrated on

Hadith B207:

Hadith B207:

Hadith B20<:

Hadith B220:

the authority o! Ibn Muthanna the ords are: ;&)he Holy =rophet' stood in the middle part o! her body !or o!!ering prayer !or her"; Chapter 0.* : IT IS PER%ISSIBLE TO RI E BACK AFTER OFFERING F#NERAL PRAYER It is reported on the authority o! %abir ibn 3amura that an unsaddled horse as brought to the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' and he rode on it hen he returned a!ter ha:ing o!!ered the !uneral prayer o! Ibn Gahdah and e alked on !oot around him" %abir ibn 3amura reported that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' said &!uneral' prayer on Ibn Gahdah: then an unsaddled horse as brought to him and a person hobbled it, and he &the Messenger o! *llah' rode upon it and it bounded and e !ollo ed it and ran a!ter it" #ne o! the people said that the Holy =rophet &may peace be upon him' remarked: Ho many among hanging bunches in the =aradise are meant !or Ibn Gahdah ( Chapter 0., : NICHE IN THE GRA'E AN SETTING #P OF %# BRICKS O'ER THE EA A*mir b" 3aAd b" *bu Wa--as told that 3aAd b" *bu Wa--as said during his illness o! hich he died: ;Make a niche !or me in the side o! the gra:e and set up bricks o:er me as as done in case o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him'" Ibn A*bbas said that a piece o! red stu!! as put in the gra:e o! *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him'" Chapter 0.- : CO%%AN %ENT IN REGAR TO THE LE'ELLING OF THE GRA'E )humama b" 3ha!ayy reported: When e ere ith Cadala b" AUbaid in the country o! the Fomans at a place &kno n as' Fudis, a !riend o! ours died" Cadala b" AUbaid ordered to prepare a gra:e !or him and then it as le:elled@ and then he said: I heard the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' commanding &us' to le:el the gra:e" *buAl.Hayya9 al.*sadi told that A*li &b" *bu )alib' said to him: 3hould I not send you on the same mission as *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him'

Hadith B222:

Hadith B22B:

Hadith B223:

Hadith B22>:

Hadith B225:

Hadith B22,:

sent me( Go not lea:e an image ithout obliterating it, or a high gra:e ithout le:elling It" )his hadith has been reported by Habib ith the same chain o! transmitters and he said: &Go not lea:e' a picture ithout obliterating it" Chapter 0.. : IT IS FORBI EN TO PLASTER THE GRA'E OR CONSTR#CTING ANYTHING O'ER IT %abir said: *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' !orbade that the gra:es should be plastered or they be used as sitting places &!or the people', or a building should be built o:er them" * hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority o! %abir b" A*bdullah" %abir said that he as !orbidden to build pucca gra:es" Chapter !11 : IT IS FORBI EN TO SIT O'ER THE GRA'E AN OBSER'E PRAYER FACING TO"AR S IT *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: It is better that one o! you should sit on li:e coats hich ould burn his clothing and come in contact ith his skin than that he should sit on a gra:e" * hadith like this has been narrated by 3uhail transmitters" ith the same chain o!

Hadith B227: Hadith B227:

Hadith B22<:

Hadith B2B0:

Hadith B2B2:

*bu Marthad al.?hana i reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him'as saying: Go not sit on the gra:es and do not pray !acing to ards them" *bu Marthad al.?hana i reported *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' as saying: Go not pray !acing to ards the gra:es, and do not sit on them" Chapter !10 : F#NERAL PRAYER IN THE %OS&#E A*bbad b" A*bdullah b" Hubair reported that A*Aisha ordered the bier o! 3aAd b" *bu Wa--as to be brought into the mos-ue so that she should pray !or him" )he people disappro:ed this &act' o! hers" 3he said: Ho soon the people ha:e !orgotten that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' o!!ered not the !uneral prayer o! 3uhail b al.+aidaA but in a mos-ue"

Hadith B2BB:

Hadith B2B3:

Hadith B2B>:

A*bbad b" A*bdullah b" Hubair reported on the authority o! A*Aisha that hen 3aAd b" *bu Wa--as died, the i:es o! the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' sent message to bring his bier into the mos-ue so that they should o!!er prayer !or him" )hey &the participants o! the !uneral' did accordingly, and it as placed in !ront o! their apartments and they o!!ered prayer !or him" It as brought out o! the door &kno n as' +ab al.%anaAi6 hich as to ards the side o! Ma-aAid, and the ne s reached them &the i:es o! the Holy =rophet' that the people bad criticised this &i"e" o!!ering o! !uneral prayer in the mos-ue' saying that it as not desirable to take the bier inside the mos-ue" )his as con:eyed to A*Aisha" 3he said: Ho hastily the people criticise that about hich they kno little" )hey criticise us !or carrying the bier in the mos-ue" )he Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' o!!ered not the !uneral prayer o! 3uhail b" +aidaA but in the innermost part o! the mos-ue" *bu 3alama b" A*bd al.Fahman reported on the authority ot A*Aisha that hen 3aAd b" *bu Wa--as died she said: +ring it &the bier' into the mos-ue so that I o!!er prayer !or him" +ut, this act o! hers as disappro:ed" 3he said: +y *llah, the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' o!!ered prayer in the mos-ue !or the t o sons o! +aidaA, :i6, !or 3uhail and his brother" Chapter !1! : "HAT IS TO BE SAI "HILE 'ISITING THE GRA'EYAR AN THE S#PPLICATION TO BE OFFERE FOR THE EA LYING IN THE GRA'ES A*Aisha reported &that hene:er it as her turn !or *llahAs Messenger 4may peace be upon him5 to spend the night ith her' he ould go out to ards the end o! the night to al.+a-iA and say: =eace be upon you, abode o! a people ho are belie:ers" What you ere promised ould come to you tomorro , you recei:ing it a!ter some delay@ and ?od illing e shall 9oin you" # *llah, grant !orgi:eness to the inhabitants o! +a-iA al.?har-ad" 1utaiba did not mention his ords: ; ould come to you;" Muhammad b" 1ais said &to the people': 3hould I not narrate to you &a hadith o! the Holy =rophet' on my authority and on the authority o! my mother( We thought that he meant the mother ho had gi:en him birth" He &Muhammad b" 1ais' then reported that it as A*Aisha ho had narrated this: 3hould I not narrate to you about mysel! and about the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him'( We said: Des" 3he said: When it as my turn !or *llahAs Messenger &may peace be upon him' to spend the night ith me, he turned his side, put on

Hadith B2B5:

Hadith B2B,:

Hadith B2B7:

his mantle and took o!! his shoes and placed them near his !eet, and spread the corner o! his sha l on his bed and then lay do n till he thought that I had gone to sleep" He took hold o! his mantle slo ly and put on the shoes slo ly, and opened the door and ent out and then closed it lightly" I co:ered my head, put on my :eil and tightened my aist rapper, and then ent out !ollo ing his steps till he reached +a-iA" He stood there and he stood !or a long time" He then li!ted his hands three times, and then returned and I also returned" He hastened his steps and I also hastened my steps" He ran and I too ran" He came &to the house' and I also came &to the house'" I, ho e:er, preceded him and I entered &the house', and as I lay do n in the bed, he &the Holy =rophet' entered the &house', and said: Why is it, # A*Aisha, that you are out o! breath( I said: )here is nothing" He said: )ell me or the 3ubtle and the * are ould in!orm me" I said: Messenger o! *llah, may my !ather and mother be ransom !or you, and then I told him &the hole story'" He said: Was it the darkness &o! your shado ' that I sa in !ront o! me( I said: Des" He struck me on the chest hich caused me pain, and then said: Gid you think that *llah and His *postle ould deal un9ustly ith you( 3he said: Whatsoe:er the people conceal, *llah ill kno it" He said: ?abriel came to me hen you sa me" He called me and he concealed it !rom you" I responded to his call, but I too concealed it !rom you &!or he did not come to you', as you ere not !ully dressed" I thought that you had gone to sleep, and I did not like to a aken you, !earing that you may be !rightened" He &?abriel' said: Dour Eord has commanded you to go to the inhabitants o! +a-iA &to those lying in the gra:es' and beg pardon !or them" I said: Messenger o! *llah, ho should I pray !or them &Ho should I beg !orgi:eness !or them' ( He said: 3ay, =eace be upon the inhabitants o! this city &gra:eyard' !rom among the +elie:ers and the Muslims, and may *llah ha:e mercy on those ho ha:e gone ahead o! us, and those ho come later on, and e shall, ?od illing, 9oin you" Hadith B2B7: 3ulaiman b" +uraida narrated on the authority o! his !ather that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' used to teach them hen they ent out to the gra:eyard" #ne o! the narrators used to say this in the narration transmitted on the authority o! *bu +akr: ;=eace be upon the inhabitants o! the city &i"e" gra:eyard'"; In the hadith transmitted by Huhair &the ords are': ;=eace be upon you, the inhabitants o! the city, among the belie:ers, and Muslims, and ?od illing e shall 9oin you" I beg o! *llah peace !or us and !or you"; Chapter !1$ : THE APOSTLE OF ALLAH (%AY PEACE BE #PON HI%) SEEKING PER%ISSION FRO% THE LOR ) THE E+ALTE AN HIGH) FOR

Hadith B2B<:

'ISITING THE GRA'E OF HIS %OTHER *bu Huraira reported *llahAs Messenger, &may peace be upon him' as saying: I sought permission to beg !orgi:eness !or my mother, but He did not grant it to me" I sought permission !rom Him to :isit her gra:e, and He granted it &permission' to me" *bu Huraira reported: )he *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him' :isited the gra:e o! his mother and he ept, and mo:ed others around him to tears, and said: I sought permission !rom my Eord to beg !orgi:eness !or her but it as not granted to me, and I sought permission to :isit her gra:e and it as granted to motel 3o :isit the gra:es, !or that makes you mind!ul o! death" Ibn +uraida reported on the authority o! his !ather that the Messenger o! *llah &may peace be upon him' said: I !orbade you to :isit gra:es, but you may no :isit them@ I !orbade you to eat the !lesh o! sacri!icial animals a!ter three days, but you ay no keep it as along as you !eel inclined@ and I !orbade you nabidh e0cept in a ater.skin, you may drink it !rom all kinds o! ater.skins, but you must not drink anything into0icating" )his hadith has been narrated through another chain o! transmitters" Chapter !14 : ABAN ONING OF F#NERAL PRAYER FOR HI% "HO CO%%ITTE S#ICI E %abir b" 3amura reported: &)he dead body' o! a person ho had killed himsel! ith a broad.headed arro as brought be!ore the *postle o! *llah &may peace be upon him', but he did not o!!er prayers !or him"

Hadith B230:

Hadith B232:

Hadith B23B:

Hadith B233: