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5UITM TARIKH : 20 OGOS 2011 LATIHAN SOALAN ESEI SOALAN 10 (MEREKABENTUK EKSPERIMEN)

11 (a) The increase in population of Malaysians will increase the demand for food production. State two methods to increase the quality and quantity of food production. Explain the methods.
Penambahan populasi rakyat Malaysia akan meningkatkan permintaan terhadap pengeluaran makanan. Nyatakan dua kaedah untuk meningkatkan kualiti dan kuantiti pengeluaran makanan. Jelaskan kaedah itu. [4 marks]

(b) A fisherman catches a large amount of fish. Explain how he can keep the fish for a longer period of time.
Seorang nelayan memperoleh banyak tangkapan ikan.Terangkan bagaimana beliau boleh menyimpan ikan-ikan tersebut untuk satu jangka masa.yang lebih lama.

Your answer should be based on the following aspects:


Jawapan anda hendaklah berdasarkan aspek berikut:

Identify the problem Kenalpasti masalah [1 mark] Explanation of three methods of preservation Penjelasan tiga kaedah pengawetan [3 marks] List the type of methods according to its priority Senarai jenis kaedah mengikut urutan keutamaan [1 mark] The reason for your choice Sebab kepada pemilihan anda. [1 mark]

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12. (a) State four differences between voluntary action and involuntary action.
Nyatakan empat perbezaan antara tindakan terkawal dengan tindakan luar kawal.

[4 marks] (b) Diagram 12 shows several actions .

Rajah 12 menunjukkan beberapa tindakan .

Study the actions in Diagram 12 and construct the concept of reflex action.
Kaji tindakan-tindakan dalam Rajah 12 dan bina konsep tindakan refleks.

ACTIONS TINDAKAN

Withdrawal away of the hand when touches a hot pot


Menarik tangan apabila tersentuh periuk panas

Lifting up the foot when accidentally steps on a nail Blinking of the eyes to avoid small insect entering the eyes

Mengerdip mata untuk mengelakkan serangga halus masuk ke dalam mata Mengangkat kaki apabila

terpijak paku

Diagram 12
Rajah 12

Your answer should be based on the following aspects:


Jawapan anda hendaklah berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut:

Identify two common characteristics


Kenal pasti dua ciri sepunya

[2 marks] Give one other example of reflex action Beri satu contoh lain bagi tindakan refleks [1 mark] Give two actions which is not a reflex action Beri dua tindakan yang bukan tindakan refleks [2 marks] Relate the common characteristics to construct the actual concept of reflex action
Hubungkaitkan ciri sepunya untuk membina konsep sebenar tindakan refleks

[1 mark]

(a) marks]

Draw a labelled diagram to show the radio transmission system. Explain briefly how the system operates. Lukis rajah berlabel untuk menunjukkan sistem pemancar radio. Terangkan secara ringkas bagaimana sistem itu beroperasi.

[4 [4

markah] (b) waves. Rajah 12 menunjukkan tiga alat komunikasi yang menggunakan gelombang radio. Walkie talkie walkie-talkie Communication instruments Alat-alat komunikasi Diagram 12 shows three communication instruments which use radio

Mobile phone Telefon bimbit

Radio Radio Diagram 12 Rajah 12

Study the communication instruments in Diagram 12. You are required to develop a concept of radio wave. Kaji alat-alat komunikasi di dalam Rajah 12. Anda dikehendaki untuk membina konsep bagi gelombang radio. Your answer should be based on the following aspects: Jawapan anda hendaklah berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut: Identify two common characteristics of a radio wave. [2 marks] Kenal pasti dua ciri sepunya bagi gelombang radio. [2 markah] Develop an initial concept of a radio wave. [1 mark] Bina konsep awal bagi gelombang radio. [1 markah] Give one other example of a communication instrument which uses radio waves and one which does not use radio waves. [2 marks] Beri satu contoh lain alat komunikasi yang menggunakan gelombang radio dan satu contoh alat komunikasi yang tidak menggunakan gelombang radio. [2 markah] Relate the common characteristics to construct the actual concept of radio wave. [1 mark] Hubungkaitkan ciri sepunya untuk membina konsep sebenar gelombang radio. [1 markah]

a) Choose two examples of alloy. For each alloy, state the main element in it and its uses. Pilih dua contoh aloi. Bagi setiap aloi, nyatakan unsur utama yang membinanya dan kegunaannya. [4 marks] b) You are a carpenter who makes furniture using hard wood. You are given three types of nail that is iron nail, copper nail and steel nail. You must choose the best nail to be use in your work. Anda adalah seorang tukang kayu yang membuat perabut menggunakan kayu keras. Anda diberi tiga jenis paku iaitu paku besi, paku kuprum dan paku keluli. Anda mesti memilih paku yang terbaik untuk digunakan dalam kerja anda.

Explain your choice based on the following: Terangkan jawapan anda berdasarkan perkara berikut: Aim of choice Tujuan pemilihan [1 mark] Explain the hardness of each type of nail based on its atomic structure. Terangkan tahap kekerasan setiap jenis paku berdasarkan struktur atomnya. [3 marks] List the type of nail according to its hardness Senaraikan jenis paku mengikut tahap kekerasannya [1 mark] State the reason for your choice Nyatakan sebab kepada pemilihan anda [1 mark] 12. a) State two differences between saturated fat and unsaturated fat. Write one example of saturated fat and one unsaturated fat. Nyatakan dua perbezaan di antara lemak tepu dan lemak tak tepu. Tuliskan satu contoh lemak tepu dan satu contoh lemak tak tepu. [4 marks] b) Diagram 12 shows four type of materials made of organic compound. Rajah 12 menunjukkan empat jenis bahan yang diperbuat daripada bahan organik. Bahan

Petrol Petrol

Proteins Protein

Material Bahan

Alcohol Alkohol

Starch Kanji

Diagram 12 Rajah 12 Study the materials in Diagram 12 and construct the concept of organic compound. Kaji bahan-bahan dalam Rajah 12 dan bina konsep sebatian organic. Your answer should be based on the following aspects: Jawapan anda hendaklah berdasarkan aspek aspek berikut: Identify two common characteristics. [ 2 marks] Kenal pasti dua ciri sepunya.

Relate the common characteristics to construct the initial concept of organic compound. Hubungkaitkan ciri sepunya untuk membina konsep awal sebatian organik. [1mark] Give one other example of organic compound and one inorganic compound. Beri satu contoh lain bagi sebatian organik dan bukan sebatian organik [2marks] Construct the actual concept of organic compound Bina konsep sebenar sebatian organik [1mark]