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Audio Lingual Method

The Audio lingual method is based on the fact that the native language , as a learned behaviour is acquired by the child in the spoken form first. This has let to the assumption that students will acquire a second language more easily if it is presented in the spoken form before the written form. Development of Audio Lingual Method The Audio Lingual method was developed in the U.S.A during the Second World War where the learning of foreign language by the military personnel became an urgent need. This method is also known as Army method . this metod which basically aimed at developing audio listening and speaking skills first as the foundation on which to build the skills of reading and writing. This method was called Audio lingual by Brooks Principles of Audio Lingual Method According VILGA rivers following are the basic principles of audio lingual Method to language teaching and learning 1. Language is speech and Not writing The advocates of Audio lingual Method stresses the primacy of speech on the ground that all normal children learn to speak much before they learn to reader write if pedagogic implication is that oral presentation should precede

written presentation, This shift in emphaseis from reading and writing to speech led to a radical change in the type material selected as basis for teaching in the early stages. 2. A Language is set of Habits B.F skinner characterized language as a verbal behaviour influenced by skinners operant conditioning method came to believe that like social behaviour childs linguistic of Audio Lingual Method, came to believe that like social behaviour childs linguistic behaviour is also modifiable language learning was thought of a s the process of habit forming. In the foreign language teaching this belier has taken the form of mimicry memorization and pattern drilling. 3. Teach the language and not about the language This assumption reflects the result of audio lingual teachers against the Grammar translation method for the audio lingual teachers Grammar is a meaning ful end. As Moeulten says the real goat of instruction was an ability to taught the language, and not to talk about it. 4. A LANGUAGE IS WHAT ITS NATIVE WHAT SPEAKER SAY NOT

SOME ONE THINK OUGHT TO SAY.

This assumption represents am attack on the prescriptive school grammar. The expressions students learn from audio language material are these they would hear around them in the country where language is spoken in the text books of an early period , the language use was a artificially constructed to teach certain points of grammar , all was drawn from literary text accepted as classics. Such language has proved to be of little impractical use in the day to day experience. 5. Languages are Different Leonard and bloom field stresses the point that the learner must start with the clean state because the sound constructions and meaning of different language are not the same The major difficulties for language learnedness are to be found at the point where the foreign language differs most radically from the native language therefore . the native language therefore. The audio lingual materials are designed to present the problem of specific foreign language to students with speak another specific language. The material emphasized and gives special drilling in the major contrast between the two languages. CHARACTERISTICS OF AUDIO LINGUAL METHOD

Stem has listed the following distinctive characteristic of audio lingual Method are as under. 1. Separation of skills listening, speaking, reading and writing and primary or Audio lingual Method over the graphic skills. 2. The use of the dialogues as chief means of presenting the language 3. He emphasis on certain practice techniques mimicry, memorization, and pattern drills. 4. The use of the language laboratory. 5. Establishing a languishing and psychological theory, as a basis for the teaching.. Advantages Of Audio Lingual Method The following are the advantages of audio lingual method 1. Over all Development of language skills The objective of the Audio Lingual Method is the development of mastery in all languages skills, beginning with listening and speaking and using these as the basis for the teaching of reading and writing. The audio lingual

techniques do achieve success in developing comprehension and oral fluency with in a limited body of language material presented in the form of dialogues. 2. Relevancy of reading and writing material

Materials in reading and writing are based on the students growing knowledge of the structure of the target language 3. A sense of achievement The students in an audio lingual class experienced and being able to use what they have learned 4. Active role of student There is student to student interaction in Chain drill or shere students take different role in dialogue but this interaction is teacher dirrrected most of the interaction is between the teacher and the students and is initiated by the teacher. 5. it gives knowledge or foreign culture the students are also acquainted with the culture of the people who used the target language. Disadvantages Of Audio Lingual Method Following are the draw backs of Audio lingual method. 1. mechanical learning of the foreign language If the audio lingual training is given mechanical way, students may progress like well trained parrots able to repeat whole ssentences perfectly when given a certain stimulus, but uncertain of the meaning for what they are saying. 2. Un interesting techniques

The techniques of memorization and drilling used in the audio lingual method can be come tedious and boarding causing fatigue and distaste on the part of the learner. 3. Suited to lttle children The method seen to be appropriate for younger children who love to mimic and act out roles, and to learn through explanation. 4. it requires proficient teachers The audio lingual Method makes a considerable demands upon the teacher. He should have near native correctness of speech and information.