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FPSO Full Ship Analysis Integrated Strength and Hydrodynamic Analysis using Sesam Fan (Joe) Zhang, Sesam

FPSO Full Ship Analysis

Integrated Strength and Hydrodynamic Analysis using Sesam

Fan (Joe) Zhang, Sesam BD Manager, DNV Software October 15, 2012

Integrated Strength and Hydrodynamic Analysis using Sesam Fan (Joe) Zhang, Sesam BD Manager, DNV Software October

Topics

Strength assessment of FPSOs and related software from DNV

Global modelling

Hydrodynamic analysis

Ultimate strength analysis

Submodelling

Fatigue analysis

FPSO Package for design and analysis

Risk Analysis Safeti Hydrodynamics Topside • Seakeeping GeniE • Wave loads HydroD Main scantlings Nauticus
Risk Analysis
Safeti
Hydrodynamics
Topside
Seakeeping
GeniE
Wave loads
HydroD
Main scantlings
Nauticus Hull
3D Hull modelling
GeniE
Turret
Local analysis
GeniE
Fatigue
Simplified, Spectral
Nauticus Hull
Stofat
Risers
DeepC
Mooring
Mimosa
Proven solutions in use by major
companies around the world

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

3

companies around the world FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.

SESAM strength assessment analysis system and interfaces

Workflow manager

Modelling, structural analysis and code check GeniE Global analysis 1 Global analysis 2 Global analysis
Modelling, structural
analysis and code check
GeniE
Global analysis 1
Global analysis 2
Global analysis n
Stability and wave load analysis HydroD Wave load 1 Stability 1 Wave load 2 Stability
Stability and
wave load analysis
HydroD
Wave load 1
Stability 1
Wave load 2
Stability 2
Wave load n
Stability n
Model Loads
Model
Loads
load 2 Stability 2 Wave load n Stability n Model Loads Model Results Mooring and riser
load 2 Stability 2 Wave load n Stability n Model Loads Model Results Mooring and riser
Model Results
Model
Results
Mooring and riser analysis DeepC Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis n
Mooring and riser
analysis
DeepC
Analysis 1
Analysis 2
Analysis n
n Model Loads Model Results Mooring and riser analysis DeepC Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis n

Local analysis

Local analysis
Local analysis
Local analysis
Local analysis
Local analysis

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

4

2 Analysis n Local analysis FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas

Sesam a fully integrated analysis system

Load transfer 1. Stability and wave load analysis 2. Pressure loads and accelerations Wave scatter
Load transfer
1. Stability and wave load analysis
2. Pressure loads and accelerations
Wave
scatter diagram
Local FE analysis
5. Local stress and deflection
& fatigue
FE analysis
4. Global stress and deflection & fatigue screening
4. Global stress and deflection
& fatigue screening
3. Structural model loads (internal + external pressure)
3. Structural model loads
(internal + external pressure)

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

5

(internal + external pressure) FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.

Sesam Workflow Manager

 Key features - Model and file management  Benefits - Automatic re-run of analysis
 Key features
- Model and file management
 Benefits
- Automatic re-run of analysis hierarchy to re-produce
analysis after model updates
- Facilitate alternate engineers to re-run analysis
- Documentation/description of models and analysis
can be linked into the explorer
- Supports best engineering practice and workflow

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

6

practice and workflow FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All

GeniE

Key features

- Modeller for all hydrodynamic and structural applications within the Sesam system

- User interface for FE analysis, post-processing and code checks for both hull, topside and jacket

Benefits

- One common model for strength and hydrodynamics

- Efficient modelling and code checks within one user environment

- Easy to implement updates and changes to geometry and properties

- Different level of detailing of FE model derived from one

global model by adjusting mesh densities

- Mesh automatically adapts to changes in the model

- Mesh automatically adapts to changes in the model FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012

HydroD

Key features

- Hydrostatics and stability calculations

- Linear and non linear hydrodynamics

Benefits

- Handling of multiple loading conditions and models through one user interface and database

- Sharing models with structural analysis

- Direct transfer of static and dynamic loads to structural model

transfer of static and dynamic loads to structural model FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012

Analysis Overview

Task Purpose Input Output Global modelling  Make global model for hydrodynamic and strength analysis
Task
Purpose
Input
Output
Global modelling
 Make global model for
hydrodynamic and
strength analysis
 Ship drawings
Global FE model
 Loading manual
Hydrodynamic
 Calculate loads for
fatigue and ultimate
strength
 Global FE model
analysis
 Wave data
 Load files for
structural
analysis
ULS analysis
 Calculate hull girder
strength
 Global FE model
 Snap shot load files
 Ultimate strength
results
from HydroD
Spectral fatigue
analysis
 Fatigue screening on
nominal stress
 Global FE model
 Local fatigue analysis
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD
 Calculated
fatigue lives
Spectral ULS
analysis
 Calculate long term
stress based on
spectral method
 Global FE model
 Long term stress
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD

Analysis Overview

Task Purpose Input Output Global modelling  Make global model for hydrodynamic and strength analysis
Task
Purpose
Input
Output
Global modelling
 Make global model for
hydrodynamic and
strength analysis
 Ship drawings
 Global FE model
 Loading manual
Hydrodynamic
 Calculate loads for
fatigue and ultimate
strength
 Global FE model
analysis
 Wave data
 Load files for
structural
analysis
ULS analysis
 Calculate hull girder
strength
 Global FE model
 Snap shot load files
 Ultimate strength
results
from HydroD
Spectral fatigue
analysis
 Fatigue screening on
nominal stress
 Global FE model
 Local fatigue analysis
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD
 Calculated
fatigue lives
Spectral ULS
analysis
 Calculate long term
stress based on
spectral method
 Global FE model
 Long term stress
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD

Creating the Global Model

Model requirements
Model requirements

The global model is used to calculate

loads and strength and must represent

the actual properties of the ship

For direct strength calculations essential properties are

- Buoyancy and weight distribution

- Compartment loads

- Structural stiffness and strength

Challenges
Challenges

Modelling of hull form

Creating compartment and loads

Mass tuning

form  Creating compartment and loads  Mass tuning FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

11

and loads  Mass tuning FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas

Global Modelling with GeniE

Global Modelling with GeniE FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.

Benefits of GeniE for Global Modelling

One common model for hydrodynamic and structural analysis

Geometry modelling

- Advanced surface modelling functions

- Re-use data from CAD

- Parametric modelling using JavaScript

- Use of units

Compartment and loads

- Compartments are created automatically

- GeniE calculates tank volumes and COG

- Loads are generated from compartment fillings and automatically applied to tank boundaries

Mass tuning

- Scaling mass density to target mass

 Mass tuning - Scaling mass density to target mass FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15,
 Mass tuning - Scaling mass density to target mass FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15,
 Mass tuning - Scaling mass density to target mass FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15,

Analysis Overview

Task Purpose Input Output Global modelling  Make global model for hydrodynamic and strength analysis
Task
Purpose
Input
Output
Global modelling
 Make global model for
hydrodynamic and
strength analysis
 Ship drawings
 Global FE model
 Loading manual
Hydrodynamic
 Calculate loads for
fatigue and ultimate
strength
 Global FE model
analysis
 Wave data
 Load files for
structural
analysis
ULS analysis
 Calculate hull girder
strength
 Global FE model
 Snap shot load files
 Ultimate strength
results
from HydroD
Spectral fatigue
analysis
 Fatigue screening on
nominal stress
 Global FE model
 Local fatigue analysis
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD
 Calculated
fatigue lives
Spectral ULS
analysis
 Calculate long term
stress based on
spectral method
 Global FE model
 Long term stress
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD

Hydrodynamic Analysis

Model requirements
Model requirements

Hull shape as real ship

Correct draft and trim

Weight and buoyancy distribution

according to loading manual

Mass and buoyancy in balance

Challenges
Challenges

Obtain correct weight and mass distribution

Balance of loading conditions

and mass distribution  Balance of loading conditions FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 ©

HydroD

HydroD FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

Benefits of HydroD

One common program and model for

- Stability calculations

- Linear hydrodynamic analysis

- Non-linear hydrodynamic analysis

- With or without forward speed

Supports composite panel & Morrison models

Support both standalone and integrated analysis

- Models can made in HydoD or based on structural models

Loading conditions

- Multiple loading conditions by changing compartment contents

Balancing the model

- Auto balance of loading conditions by draft and trim or compartment fillings

Built in roll damping module

- Stochastic linearization

- Quadratic damping

Strong postprocessing and graphical results presentation

Load transfer to FE analysis

- Snap shot or frequency domain

- With splash zone correction for fatigue

frequency domain - With splash zone correction for fatigue FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012
frequency domain - With splash zone correction for fatigue FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012

Analysis Overview

Task Purpose Input Output Global modelling  Make global model for hydrodynamic and strength analysis
Task
Purpose
Input
Output
Global modelling
 Make global model for
hydrodynamic and
strength analysis
 Ship drawings
 Global FE model
 Loading manual
Hydrodynamic
 Calculate loads for
fatigue and ultimate
strength
 Global FE model
analysis
 Wave data
 Load files for
structural
analysis
ULS analysis
 Calculate hull girder
strength
 Global FE model
 Snap shot load files
 Ultimate strength
results
from HydroD
Spectral fatigue
analysis
 Fatigue screening on
nominal stress
 Global FE model
 Local fatigue analysis
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD
 Calculated
fatigue lives
Spectral ULS
analysis
 Calculate long term
stress based on
spectral method
 Global FE model
 Long term stress
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD

Ultimate Strength Analysis

Global structural analysis with load transfer from hydrodynamic analysis

Snap shot load transfer of non linear loads

for selected design conditions

Yield and buckling check with PULS

Benefits of global analysis with direct load transfer

- Eliminate effect of boundary conditions

- Loads applied as a simultaneous set of sea and

tank pressures according to the calculated design wave No need for conservative and/or uncertain assumptions

- Integrated buckling check

and/or uncertain assumptions - Integrated buckling check FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det
and/or uncertain assumptions - Integrated buckling check FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det

Design Wave Determination Example

1.

Calculate long term response (100 years return period for FPSO)

100 years wave bending moment: 2.184E9 Nm

2.

Find peak value, phase and corresponding peak period in transfer function

Peak value:

2.33E8 Nm

Phase angle:

ϕ resp = 128 deg (relative to incoming wave)

Period:

12 s

3.

The design wave is then

Amplitude

Phase:

Period

Resulting values:

100 year response/peak value 2.184E9/2.33E8*2=18.75 m

12 s

ϕ wave = 360 - ϕ resp = 360 128 = 232 deg.

232 deg hogging 52 deg sagging

- Which is sagging and hogging must be evaluated separately

Verify the applied loads

Reaction forces Sestra.lis

- Reacting forces “close to zero” compared to the global excitation forces (<~1%)

- E.g. stillwater load case

Max Fz < mass*g/100

- E.g. stillwater load case Max Fz < mass*g/100 FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012
- E.g. stillwater load case Max Fz < mass*g/100 FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012

Verification of applied loads

Visual check using Xtract

- Pressure mapping - external and internal pressures

- Deflections

- Nominal stress level

internal pressures - Deflections - Nominal stress level FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 ©

Verification of applied loads

Vertical shear force

Global sectional loads Cutres

- Cutres calculates and integrates the force distribution of cross sections and is ideal to evaluate the hull girder shear forces and bending moments

- Large deviations Improper load balance

- Small deviations will occur since HydroD only consider vertical loads (mass) from internal tank pressures

- NB! Check position of neutral axis in HydroD sections and Cutres results

Vertical shear force distribution

0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300

0 50

100

150

200

250

300

0 50 100 150 200 250 300

350

Distance from AP

WASIM CUTRES Vertical bending moment
WASIM
CUTRES
Vertical bending moment

Vertical bending moment distribution

0 50

100

150

200

250

300

0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300
0 50 100 150 200 250 300

350

Distance from AP

WASIM CUTRES
WASIM
CUTRES

Cutres main features

Relevant for long and narrow structures that may be viewed as beams, e.g. ships

Two basic features:

- Presentation of stress resultant diagrams for user defined sections through the FE model

diagrams for user defined sections through the FE model  Integration of stress resultants over sections

Integration of stress resultants over sections and presentation of force and moment

graphs along ship axis

and presentation of force and moment graphs along ship axis FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15,

Sections created in Cutres

Sections created in Cutres FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.

Display section diagram

Display section diagram FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All

Still water bending moment

Still water bending moment FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.
Still water bending moment FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.
Still water bending moment FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.
Still water bending moment FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

29

Still water bending moment FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.

Vertical shear force and bending moment

Postresp: 2.33E8 * 9.375 = 2.18E9 Cutres: 2.207E9
Postresp: 2.33E8 * 9.375 = 2.18E9
Cutres: 2.207E9

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

30

9.375 = 2.18E9 Cutres: 2.207E9 FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas

Cross sections positions adjust

Cross sections positions adjust FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.
Cross sections positions adjust FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.

PULS Advanced Buckling & Panel Ultimate Limit State

PULS is a code for buckling and ULS assessments of stiffened and unstiffened panels
PULS is a code for buckling
and ULS assessments
of stiffened and unstiffened
panels

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

32

and unstiffened panels FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All

Benefits of PULS

Characteristics

P

y

- Higher accuracy than traditional rule formulations

and classic buckling theory

- Quick and easy-to-use design tool for calculation of ULS capacity

- Valuable information about failure mode and

buckling pattern

- Effective to evaluate

failure mode and buckling pattern - Effective to evaluate P x  Benefits - Design optimization
failure mode and buckling pattern - Effective to evaluate P x  Benefits - Design optimization
failure mode and buckling pattern - Effective to evaluate P x  Benefits - Design optimization
failure mode and buckling pattern - Effective to evaluate P x  Benefits - Design optimization

P x

Benefits

- Design optimization with increased control of safety margins

t 12 (MPa)

250

200

150

100

50

0

Abaqus PULS DNV Rules GL Rules
Abaqus PULS DNV Rules GL Rules
Abaqus PULS DNV Rules GL Rules
Abaqus PULS DNV Rules GL Rules
Abaqus PULS DNV Rules GL Rules

Abaqus

PULS

DNV Rules

GL Rules

Abaqus PULS DNV Rules GL Rules
Abaqus PULS DNV Rules GL Rules
Abaqus PULS DNV Rules GL Rules
Abaqus PULS DNV Rules GL Rules

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

 

s 2 (MPa)

PULS - Element library

PULS - Element library  Un-stiffened plate element  Stiffened plate element (S3)  Corrugated plate
PULS - Element library  Un-stiffened plate element  Stiffened plate element (S3)  Corrugated plate

Un-stiffened plate element

Stiffened plate element (S3)

Corrugated plate element (K3)

Stiffened plate element (T1)

PULS Code Check in GeniE

Buckling capacity panels are automatically generated from the plate and beam concepts

Colour code presentation of Utilization Factors (UF)

Support for multi-core parallel buckling calculations

Numeric and colour code presentation of result

“Worst case” - colour code presentation of the maximum UF from all load cases

Buckling panels can be exported to PULS Advanced Viewer and PULS

Excel for further postprocessing

Advanced Viewer and PULS Excel for further postprocessing FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 ©

Combination of still water and wave loads results

Design wave load transfer from Wadam results in separate result cases for static and hydrodynamic loads

- RC1 still water load

- RC2 wave loads

Create result combination in GeniE

- Alternative: Combine results in Prepost

in GeniE - Alternative: Combine results in Prepost FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 ©

Code check

Code check according to DNV-RP-C201 Pt 2 (PULS) by “CSR Tank”

Note: Default parameters are according to CSR Tank and must be modified

according to the RP

to CSR Tank and must be modified according to the RP FPSO Full Ship Analysis October

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

37

be modified according to the RP FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske

Modified CSR Tank PULS code check

FPSO ULS 3 hold or global model

- Design wave approach with direct load transfer from HydroD or Maximum hogging and Maximum sagging condition (according to DNV-RP-C102, App D).

- Check only longitudinal structure

- Method 1 (Ultimate Capacity), according to DNV-RP-C201 Pt 2 (PULS)

- Stiffened panel type

- Allowable usage factor = 0.8 (loadcase design condition must be harbour or seagoing)

- Meshing rules: Gross scantlings, (don’t use co-centric stiffeners).

Code check result

Code check result FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All

Analysis Overview

Task Purpose Input Output Global modelling  Make global model for hydrodynamic and strength analysis
Task
Purpose
Input
Output
Global modelling
 Make global model for
hydrodynamic and
strength analysis
 Ship drawings
 Global FE model
 Loading manual
Hydrodynamic
 Calculate loads for
fatigue and ultimate
strength
 Global FE model
analysis
 Wave data
 Load files for
structural
analysis
ULS analysis
 Calculate hull girder
strength
 Global FE model
 Snap shot load files
 Ultimate strength
results
from HydroD
Spectral fatigue
analysis
 Fatigue screening on
nominal stress
 Global FE model
 Local fatigue analysis
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD
 Calculated
fatigue lives
Spectral ULS
analysis
 Calculate long term
stress based on
spectral method
 Global FE model
 Long term stress
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD

Simplified vs. spectral fatigue

Environment
Environment

Simplified

Long term rule Weibull distribution

Spectral fatigue

Actual wave scatter diagram and

energy spectrum

Wave loads
Wave loads

Rule formulations for accelerations, pressure and moments on 10 -4 probability level

Direct calculated loads - 3D potential

theory

Stress calculations:
Stress calculations:

Rule formulations for stresses.

Rule correlations.

Load transfer to FE model. Complete stress transfer function.

Hotspot stress models for SCF

Fatigue damage calculation:
Fatigue damage
calculation:

Based on expected largest stress

among 10^4 cycles of a rule long term Weibull distribution

Based on summation of part damage

from each Rayleigh distributed sea state in scatter diagram.

Stochastic Fatigue Analysis

Wave Load Analysis

- Input: Global model, wave headings and frequencies

- Output: Load transfer functions (RAOs)

Stress Response Analysis

- Input: FE models and load file from wave load analysis

- Output: FE results file with load cases describing complex (real and imaginary) stress transfer functions (RAOs)

Fatigue Damage Calculation

- Input: Stress transfer functions (FE results file), wave data

- Output: Calculated fatigue life

results file), wave data - Output: Calculated fatigue life Direct Load Transfer Stress Transfer Functions S-N
Direct Load Transfer
Direct Load Transfer

Direct Load

Transfer

- Output: Calculated fatigue life Direct Load Transfer Stress Transfer Functions S-N Fatigue Curves Wave
- Output: Calculated fatigue life Direct Load Transfer Stress Transfer Functions S-N Fatigue Curves Wave
Stress Transfer Functions
Stress Transfer Functions

S-N Fatigue

Curves

Wave scatter

diagram

S-N Fatigue Curves Wave scatter diagram Fatigue Life FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 ©

Fatigue Life

Typical workflow

RAO’s Hydrodynamic analysis •External pressure •Rel. wave elevation •Accelerations •Full load /
RAO’s
Hydrodynamic
analysis
•External pressure
•Rel. wave elevation
•Accelerations
•Full load / intermediate/ ballast
• ->800 complex lc
Load transfer
RAO’s
•External pressure
•Internal pressure
•Accelerations
•Adjusted pressure for
intermittent wetted areas
•Adjusted pressure for intermittent wetted areas Global structural analysis RAO’s •Global
Global structural analysis RAO’s •Global stress/deflections •Entire global model
Global structural
analysis
RAO’s
•Global stress/deflections
•Entire global model
Deflection transfer to local model Global deflections as boundary conditions on local model
Deflection transfer
to local model
Global deflections as
boundary conditions on
local model
Global deflections as boundary conditions on local model Hydrodynamic model Global FE-model Global + local FE-
Global deflections as boundary conditions on local model Hydrodynamic model Global FE-model Global + local FE-
Global deflections as boundary conditions on local model Hydrodynamic model Global FE-model Global + local FE-

Hydrodynamic

model

Global FE-model

on local model Hydrodynamic model Global FE-model Global + local FE- model Global stress/deflection Local

Global +

local FE-

model

Global

stress/deflection

Local model

boundary

conditions

Global stress/deflection Local model boundary conditions FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

43

Local model boundary conditions FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.

Typical workflow

Typical workflow Notch stress Stress Geometric stress at hot spot (Hot spot stress) Geometric stress Nominal
Typical workflow Notch stress Stress Geometric stress at hot spot (Hot spot stress) Geometric stress Nominal
Notch stress Stress Geometric stress at hot spot (Hot spot stress) Geometric stress Nominal stress
Notch stress
Stress
Geometric stress at
hot spot (Hot spot stress)
Geometric stress
Nominal stress
Hot spot
spot stress) Geometric stress Nominal stress Hot spot Local stress/deflections Local stress transfer functions
spot stress) Geometric stress Nominal stress Hot spot Local stress/deflections Local stress transfer functions

Local

stress/deflections

Local stress transfer functions

Local stress/deflections Local stress transfer functions Principal hotspot stress Scatter diagram SN data Stress

Principal hotspot stress

Local stress transfer functions Principal hotspot stress Scatter diagram SN data Stress distribution for each load

Scatter diagram

SN data

functions Principal hotspot stress Scatter diagram SN data Stress distribution for each load case Local structural
functions Principal hotspot stress Scatter diagram SN data Stress distribution for each load case Local structural
Stress distribution for each load case Local structural analysis RAO’s •Local stress/deflections Input •Hot
Stress distribution for
each load case
Local structural
analysis
RAO’s
•Local stress/deflections
Input
•Hot spot location
Stress
extrapolation
Result
•RAO
•Principal hot spot stress
Fatigue
calculations
Input
•Wave scatter diagram
•Wave spectrum
•SN-curve
•Stress RAO
•=> Fatigue damage

Global Frequency Domain Analysis

Loads from HydroD

Static load case

- For verification of load balance and static shear and bending compared to loading manual

- Enables automatic calculation of mean stress effect in fatigue calculartions

- Enables possibility for to calculate long term extreme loads including static stress

Dynamic load cases

- Number of complex dynamic load cases =

number of wave headings x number of wave periods (e.g. 12 x 25 = 300)

wave headings x number of wave periods (e.g. 12 x 25 = 300) FPSO Full Ship

Pressure reduction zone

Postresp Long Term Prediction CN 30.7 Zwl = ¾*5.626E04/(1025*9.81) = 4.196
Postresp Long Term Prediction
CN 30.7
Zwl
= ¾*5.626E04/(1025*9.81)
= 4.196

Load Transfer to Global Model

Load Transfer to Global Model FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas

Fatigue Calculation Program - Stofat

Performs stochastic (spectral) fatigue calculation with loads from a hydrodynamic analysis using a frequency domain approach

Deterministic fatigue under development

Structures modelled by 3D shell and solid elements

Assess whether structure is likely to suffer failure due to the action of repeated loading

Assessment made by SN-curve based fatigue

approach

Accumulates partial damages weighed over sea states and wave directions

POSTPROCESSING Stofat Shell/plate fatigue Stofat database RESULTS INTERFACE FILE STRUCTURAL RESULTS INTERFACE FILE
POSTPROCESSING
Stofat
Shell/plate
fatigue
Stofat
database
RESULTS INTERFACE FILE
STRUCTURAL RESULTS INTERFACE FILE

Global Screening Analysis

Fatigue calculations based on nominal stress from global analysis and stress concentration factors

Typical use

- Identify fatigue sensitive areas

- Determine critical stress concentration

factors for deck attachment and topside

supports

- Determine location of local models and fine mesh areas

- Decide extent of reinforcements based on

SCF from local analysis

extent of reinforcements based on SCF from local analysis FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012
extent of reinforcements based on SCF from local analysis FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

51

on SCF from local analysis FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas

Fatigue Screening Analyses

Fatigue Damage in Lower Hopper Knuckles

- Global screening scaled by results from local analysis

Screening Result TBHD Pos. Local Model Result 1.250 1.000 0.750 0.500 0.250 0.000 100425 120425
Screening Result
TBHD Pos.
Local Model Result
1.250
1.000
0.750
0.500
0.250
0.000
100425
120425
140425
160425
180425
200425
220425
Distance from AP [mm]
Fatigue Damage [-]
200425 220425 Distance from AP [mm] Fatigue Damage [-] FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

from AP [mm] Fatigue Damage [-] FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske

Global Screening

Global Screening FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights

Local Fatigue Analysis

Local fine mesh model created from global GeniE model by changing the mesh density in

the location of the crack

Hot spot stress RAOs at the location of the crack established by spectral FE

calculation

Submodelling techniques is used to transfer the results from the global FE analysis to the boarders of the local model

Fatigue damage/life calculated using Stofat

local model  Fatigue damage/life calculated using Stofat Concept model with mesh densities Local fine mesh

Concept model with mesh densities

calculated using Stofat Concept model with mesh densities Local fine mesh model Calculated fatigue life FPSO

Local fine mesh model

Concept model with mesh densities Local fine mesh model Calculated fatigue life FPSO Full Ship Analysis

Calculated fatigue life

Submodelling

Submodelling FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.
Submodelling FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

Fatigue Strengthening and Screening of Extent

Soft bracket added in the local model of the stringer at crack location

Re-run sub-model analysis and fatigue calculation to check effect of strengthening proposal

Necessary extent of repair evaluated by fatigue screening of global

Stress concentration factor used in global screening calculated by the ratio of long term stress from local and global analysis

the ratio of long term stress from local and global analysis Local model with new bracket

Local model with new bracket

from local and global analysis Local model with new bracket Fatigue results Results from fatigue screening

Fatigue results

global analysis Local model with new bracket Fatigue results Results from fatigue screening of global model

Results from fatigue screening of global model to evaluate extent of repair

Analysis Overview

Task Purpose Input Output Global modelling  Make global model for hydrodynamic and strength analysis
Task
Purpose
Input
Output
Global modelling
 Make global model for
hydrodynamic and
strength analysis
 Ship drawings
 Global FE model
 Loading manual
Hydrodynamic
 Calculate loads for
fatigue and ultimate
strength
 Global FE model
analysis
 Wave data
 Load files for
structural
analysis
ULS analysis
 Calculate hull girder
strength
 Global FE model
 Snap shot load files
 Ultimate strength
results
from HydroD
Spectral fatigue
analysis
 Fatigue screening on
nominal stress
 Global FE model
 Local fatigue analysis
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD
 Calculated
fatigue lives
Spectral ULS
analysis
 Calculate long term
stress based on
spectral method
 Global FE model
 Long term stress
 Frequency domain
load files from HydroD

Stochastic ULS Analysis

Challenge: Determine ULS design wave for areas subjected to a combination of different load effects
Challenge:
Determine ULS design wave for areas subjected to a combination of different load
effects (e.g. turret area)
Typical way:
Selection of one or several design waves  Uncertainties
New solution with Stofat: Spectral stress analysis to determine long term stress distribution directly

Wave Load Analysis

- Input: Global model, wave headings and frequencies

- Output: Load transfer functions (RAOs)

Stress Response Analysis

- Input: FE models and load file from wave load analysis

- Output: FE results file with load cases describing complex (real and imaginary) stress transfer functions (RAOs)

Long Term ULS Load Calculation

- Input: Stress transfer functions (FE results file), wave data

- Output: Calculated long term stress

file), wave data - Output: Calculated long term stress Direct Load Transfer Stress Transfer Functions Wave

Direct Load

Transfer

- Output: Calculated long term stress Direct Load Transfer Stress Transfer Functions Wave scatter diagram Long
- Output: Calculated long term stress Direct Load Transfer Stress Transfer Functions Wave scatter diagram Long
Stress Transfer Functions
Stress Transfer Functions

Wave scatter

diagram

Transfer Stress Transfer Functions Wave scatter diagram Long term stress FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15,

Long term stress

Stofat Features and Benefits

Features

- Stochastic fatigue calculations based on wave statistics

- Supports all common wave models

- Predefined and user defined S-N curves

- Option for implicit mean stress correction (by static load case)

- Statistical stress response calculations

- Calculation of long term stress and extreme response including static loads

- Graphical presentation of fatigue results and long term stress directly on FE model

Benefits

- Unique functionality for spectral fatigue and stochastic long term stress and extreme response calculations

- Flexible support all your needs

- Transparent all calculation steps can be documented

- Transparent – all calculation steps can be documented Calculated fatigue damage by nominal stress and

Calculated fatigue damage by nominal stress and user defined SCF for an LNG carrier

by nominal stress and user defined SCF for an LNG carrier Calculated long term stress amplitude
by nominal stress and user defined SCF for an LNG carrier Calculated long term stress amplitude

Calculated long term stress amplitude (left) and fatigue damage (right) for the hopper knuckle in an oil tanker

Local fatigue check result

Local fatigue check result FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.

Benefits of Sesam for Advanced Analysis

Complete system Proven Solution

- Cover your needs for strength assessment of ship and offshore structures

- 40 years of DNV experience and research put into software tools

Concept modelling

- Minimize modelling effort by re-use of models for various

analysis

- Same concept model can be used for global & local strength analysis, stability, linear and non-linear hydrodynamic hydrodynamic analysis

Same system for offshore and maritime structures

- Minimizes the learning period and maximizes the utilisation of your staff

Process, file and analysis management by Sesam Explorer

 Process, file and analysis management by Sesam Explorer FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

62

management by Sesam Explorer FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS.
Safeguarding life, property and the environment www.dnv.com
Safeguarding life, property
and the environment
www.dnv.com
Safeguarding life, property and the environment www.dnv.com FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det

FPSO Full Ship Analysis October 15, 2012 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved.

63