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POOR MAN'S JAMES BOKD Vol. 3 245 BOUBY'TE FM 5-31 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY FIELD MANUAL BOOBYTRAPS HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY SEPTEMBER 1965 xempoval of boobytraps in combat 0. Included are deseriations and discussions of the desiem and functioning characteristies of standard dem s~ fring devices, explosives, and aceessories — and ™ ch as hand grenades, mortar ammunition, artiliery acmunition, and tombs, ¢. This manual also contains information on 9 variety of items ‘and indigenous materials useful for improvising fring devices, explosives, und pyrotechnic mixtures for guerrilla warfare appli cations, ‘d Factory-produced bovbytraps (dirty triek devices) are described. Most of these have been developed and used in the field by foreign armies, fe Safety mesures pertinent to bootytrapping operations are provided for the protection of troops from casualty *. The contents of Lis manaal are aprlieable to nuclear and non- nuclear warfare. 2. Comma ‘Users of this manval are encouraged recorumendstions for changes for improvencent, Comments should bbe referenced to the page, paragraph, and line of text. The reason. {or each comment cheuld be given to Insure proper interpretation and evaluation. Forward all comments dicey to the Commandant, ‘US. Army Engineer School, Fort Reivoir, Virginia 22060, rward comments oF us Seollon Il, PRINCIPLES OF OFERATION 3 CHAPTER 1 — CHARACTERISTICS OF BOOBYTRAPS A boobytrap is an explosive charge cunningly contrived to be 3. Types of Boo fired by an unasspecting person who disturbs an apparently harm- less object or performs a prewutnably safe act, Two types aren use “improvised and manutuetured. Lzrovived bocbytraps are assem- 1, Purpore ond Scope bled from specially provided materiel or cons:ructed from materials 2. This manual contains procedures, techniques, and expedients generally used for other purposes. Manfacturod boobytraps are for tho instruction of the soldier in the axtemhly, use, detection, and dixty trick devices made at a factory for issue to troops. ‘They Seaign t. INTRODUCTION POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 3 236 BOOBYTRAPS, usually imitate some object or article that has souvenir appeal or & FUL. ‘that may be used by the target to advantage. ee 4 OLOSIVE ACTION. 4. Asambiing Boobytrope = A boobytrap consists of a main charge, firing device, standard Sr base {not abvays usod), and detonator. Another tem, thountvercal destructor, isan adapter for Installing a fring device anger fe le loaded projeetie or borrb to make an improvised boobytrap. Also, ¢ suutenease fring device assomblies are ofter attached to the main chatge bY Swot ‘moans of a longth of detonating cord, Sain aoocie $. Beebytrap Firing Chain . ‘Rance auch orth A EAL Im OF Moray secItvk centet ASO Bone wi a couranerien ier aunts OF Passe SxmosvE, ‘Frm Pinca Pomevaaton car Be rence owe moauet Ye Ber teFonaron maaee FED es maw eouree POOR MAN'S JAMES BOND Vol. 3 237 BOUBYTRAPS, bby specialists, AM military personnel, however, are trained in hax- Up explosives and other boobytrapping material, so that they may, i necessary, bookytrap u mine or install a simple boobytrap. 9. utherty & Army commanders issce special instructions for the we of ‘boobytrapa within their command. Supplies are authorized and pro- ‘vided as required to meet boobytrapping needs. 'b, Army and higher commanders may delegate authority to lay bookytrapa to as low as division commanders. All higher command cera, however, may revoks this authority for a definite or indefmite period, as the tactical situation may require. ‘2. Records of all boobytraps laid are prepared and forwarded ‘to higher hesdquarters. 2. Enemy boobytraped areas, as soon aa discovered, are report to higher headquarters to keep all interested troops advised of enemy setivitien If possible, all boobstraps are rontralized; ofher- oe Genma ‘wiss they are properly marked by warning signs, Section fl, PLANNING © pabmicnon 2. pmassune scion Soa bars bo vo ina rwoeronit ana ‘las norrune ee STIG ERE, Cau Miah NAT FES wate suet Bernat 10. Tassiead Effects @ The ingenious use of local resources and standard items is important in making effective boobytraps. They mast be simple in construction, rendily disguised, and deadly. They may produce RggNO NS unexpected results if eoneaired in sly cunning and builtin various forms. Boobytrape cause unesrtainty and suspicion in the mind fof the enemy, They may surprise him, frustrate his plans, and Snapire in his soldiers ¢ fear of the unknown. >. In withdrawal, boobytraps may be used in much the same way ‘as nuisance mines, Buildings and other forms of shelter, roads, ‘paths, diversions around obstacles, roed biocks, bridges, fords, and similar areas are suitable locations for concealing boobytraps. @, In defense, bosbytraps, placed in the path of the enemy at strategic locations in sufficient numbers, may impede his progress prevent detailed recoanoiasance, and delay disarming and recoval ‘of minefields, 11, aale Paociplen ‘Certain basie principles, a3 ole as warfare itself. must be followed to get the optimum benefit from hoobytrapa. Knowledge of these principles will aid the soldier, not only in placing boobytraps Expertly, butin detacting and avoiding thoso of the enemy. 40. eeu areas Santen oe Sires conemscny ‘3 CHAPTER 2 USE OF BOOBYTRAPS Seon 1. BASIC DOCTRINE ._Taatleal Prinelples ‘Roobytzape aupplement minefields by increasing their obstacle ‘value They add to the confusion of the enemy, infict casualties, destroy material, and lower morale, Roobytraps are usually laid