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Previous Exams:

Which of the following statements are right and which are wrong?

Rewrite the incorrect statements in a correct form

Previous Exams:

1. (Egypt 91) Two different gases have the same temperature so that the average

Previous Exams:

……(4)

3. The temperature of a gas on the Kelvin scale is doubled and its volume is doubled.

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -85- Chapter seven

4. The gas is compressed very slowly to increase its pressure to the double and

What is meant by

Previous Exams:

Choose the correct answer from those between brackets and write it

in your answer paper

Evaluation book:

1. According to the kinetic theory of gases, when a gas is compressed while its

2. Nitrogen gas in a vessel at normal temperature and pressure (NPT), one mole of

nitrogen equals 0.028 kg and avogadro’s number equals 6.023x1023 and occupies a

volume of 22.4 x 10-3 m3 ρ Hg = 13600 kg/m3 g = 9.8 m/sec2. Then the root mean

a) 4.58 m/s

b) 450 m/s

c) 540 m/s

d) 490 m/s

e) 493 m/s

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -86- Chapter seven

4. At zero Kelvin [The gas pressure vanishes and mass increase – The gas volume

vanishes at constant pressure – The mass of the gas vanishes at constant pressure]

(6).

5. At (-273) degree Celsius [the kinetic energy of the molecule vanishes – the root

mean square velocity of the molecule increase – the momentum of the molecule

constant] (7).

7. If the temperature of a gas on Kelvin scale is doubled and its volume is doubled

then:

8. If a gas is compressed very slowly to increase its pressure to the doble and

decrease its volume to the half then the mean kinetic energy of its molecules:

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -87- Chapter seven

c) Remains constant.

Additional questions:

9. When the pressure of a certain mass of a gas is increased to double its value at

constant speed, then its density [decreased to half its value – increased to double

10. When the temperature of Oxygen gas is increased from 100°K to 400°K, the root

mean square speed of its molecules [increased to 4 times its value – increased to

11. The ratio between average K.E. of nitrogen molecule at 27°C and average K.E. of

Hydrogen molecule at the same temperature is [les than one – equal one - more

Previous Exams:

1. (Egypt 95) When a gas is compressed slowly at constant temperature such that its

pressure is doubled and its volume becomes half its original one, the average

velocity of its molecules will be [doubled – does not changed – decreased to its

half].

2. (Egypt 99) The ratio between the root mean square velocities of Hydrogen gas

molecules at 200°C to the root mean square velocity of Nitrogen gas molecules at

the same temperature [is larger than one - is smaller than one - equals one - there

3. (Azhar 2002) At constant temperature, when the pressure of gas increases its

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -88- Chapter seven

Give reasons

Evaluation book:

1. The absolute zero is the temperature at which the kinetic energy of gas is

vanished.

2. The velocity of gas molecules is constant although they collide with one another

3. The root mean square velocity of the gas molecules and its K.E. does not depend

on its pressure(12).

Additional questions:

5. Kinetic energy of two molecules of different gases is the same at the same

Previous Exams:

6. (Egypt 99) In spite of the relation between the gas pressure (P) and the mean

square velocity of its molecules (V2) is given by P = 1/3 ρV2 where (ρ) is the gas

density, but the root mean square velocity of gas molecules does not depend on its

Essay questions

School Book:

2. On the basis of the postulates of the kinetic theory of gases, show how to prove

1

P = ρV 2

that the gas pressure P is given by the relation 3 , where ρ: is the gas

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -89- Chapter seven

3. Using the previous relation, show how to find expression for each of the

following:

4. A uniform cubic vessel of side length “l” has gas whose molecule has mass m

moving in the x direction with velocity vx, and collides with the walls of the vessel

d) What is the distance traveled by the molecule before the next collision

e) What is the number of the collisions with the walls of the vessel per

second due to its successive collisions with the walls of the vessel?

4. Suppose that the atoms of helium gas have the same average velocity as the

atoms of oxygen gas, which of them has a higher temperature and why?

Evaluation Book:

1

mNv 2

5. Using the relation P = 3

prove boyle’s law.

V

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -90- Chapter seven

6. Find the value and the unit of the general gas constant (R), and boltzman constant.

7. A container made of plastic has thin walls and confined a quantity of dry air of

pressure that equals to the atmospheric pressure, explain according to the kinetic

theory of gases why the container walls will compressed from some sides when it

temperature (°C) at

constant pressure.

3P

9. Prove that the average square root velocity of a molecule of a gas = ρ

10. Find at which temperature a volume of a certain mass of a gas at steady pressure:

Previous Exams:

11. (August 2000) Which of the following graphs illustrates the relation between each

of the following:

a) The relation between the pressure at a point inside a lake and the depth of

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -91- Chapter seven

b) The relation between the volume of a fixed mass of a gas and its pressure

at constant temperature.

c) The relation between the angles of incidence of light rays on one side of a

d) The relation between the volume of a fixed mass of a gas and its

12. (Egypt 97, Egypt 2002) The gas pressure is determined according to the kinetic

1

P = ρV 2

theory of gases from the relation 3 and from the general gas law for one

mole PV = RT and given the relation between Boltzmann’s constant and the

R

K=

general gas constant N A Prove that the average kinetic energy of a molecule

13. (Egypt 97) Given that the force by which each molecule of a gas acts on the

internal surface of a spherical vessel per second equals (mv2)/l , where, m is the

molecule mass, v2 is the average square speed of the molecules, l is the length of

the cubic vessel, then prove that P = 1/3 ρ v2 where P is the gas pressure and ρ the

14. (August 99, Egypt 2000, August 2001) If you know that the pressure of a gas using

kinetic theory of gases is given by P = 1/3 ρV2, where (ρ) is the gas density and

(v2) is the mean square velocity of its molecules, prove that the kinetic energy of

15. (Egypt 94, August 96, August 2002) Write down the postulates of the kinetic

theory of gases, and then prove that the average kinetic energy of a gas molecule

16. (Egypt 93) Each of two identical quantities of a certain gas is placed in a cylinder

provided with a movable press. The gas pressure in the first cylinder (at constant

temperature) is doubled and the temperature of the gas in the second cylinder is

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -92- Chapter seven

raised (at constant pressure) to its double value on Kelvin scale. Mention and

explain what happens to the average kinetic energy of the gas molecules in each

cylinder.

17. (Egypt 92) A gas molecule of mass m. moves with velocity v to be incident on the

walls of a cubic container of length “l”. If the angle of incidence is Ф, Show that

the total change in the normal component of the momentum of one molecule per

second =mv²/l

18. (Al-Azhar 1991) Describe an experiment, which can be used to determine the

absolute zero.

19. (Egypt 2001) A gas molecule of mass (m) is moving with velocity (v) in a

(l). Prove that the total change in the momentum of this molecule per unit time =

mv2/r

20. (Azhar 2002) Molecule of mass (m) moves with velocity (v) along the diameter of

spherical container. Find the force of that molecule at the wall of the container.

21. (Egypt 92) For a given quantity of gas, its volume pressure and temperature are

the corresponding table .you have to choose throughout the five groups A, B, C, D

and E the most suitable one for each of the following (knowing that each group

Gas information A B C D E

V1, liter 4 4 4 4 4

T1, cº 27 27 27 27 27

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -93- Chapter seven

V2, liter 4 8 3 5 8

d) The increase of the rate of collisions of gas molecules with the wall of the

container.

e) Boyle’s law.

f) Pressure law.

Problems

School Book:

1. Hydrogen gas in a vessel at NTP calculate the root mean square speed of its

molecules. (NA = 6.02 x 1023, Mass of Hydrogen mole = 0.002 kg) then calculate

the change in the momentum of the hydrogen molecule in the previous problem

2. What is the change in linear momentum of the hydrogen molecule in the above

[1.224x10-23 Kg.m.sec-1]

3. (Egypt 95) Calculate the average kinetic energy of a free electron at 27°C (K =

[6.21x10- 21 J]

4. Using the data given in the previous problem, find the root mean square speed of a

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -94- Chapter seven

[1.168x105 m/sec]

5. Find the ratio between the root mean square speed of the molecules of a certain

gas at temperature 6000°K (sun’s surface) and that at temperature 300°K (Earth’s

surface).

[4.472]

6. Calculate the average kinetic energy and root mean square of the velocity of a free

electron at 300ºK, where Boltzmann’s constant = 1.38 x 10 -23 J/K, the mass of

[1.17x105 m/s]

7. An amount of an ideal gas has a mass of 0.8 x10-3 kg, a volume of 0.285x10-3 m3

at a temperature of 12º C and under pressure of 105 N/m2. Calculate the molecular

mass of the gas where the universal gas constant equals 8.31 J/K.

9. If the temperature at the surface of the Sun is 6000ºK, find the root mean square

speed of hydrogen molecules at the surface of the sun, knowing that the hydrogen

is in its atomic state. Its atomic mass = 1, Avogadro’s number (NA) = 6.02 x 1023,

Evaluation Book:

10. Calculate the number of molecules in 20 liters of a gas at 1495.8x105 N/m2, 27°C.

1.38x10-23 J/°K

[7.226x1026]

11. Nitrogen gas in a vessel at normal temperature and pressure (N.T.P) one mole of

nitrogen equals 0.028 kg and Avogadro’s number equals 6.02 x 1023 and occupies

a volume of 22.4 liter, find the root mean square of velocity of the nitrogen

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -95- Chapter seven

12. At a certain temperature the R.M.S speed of Oxygen molecule is 500 m/s.

Calculate the R.M.S speed of Hydrogen whose atomic mass is 1/16 that of

[2000 m/s]

13. If the temperature of the external outer space is about 3.4°K and it contains 1

Hydrogen atom/m3. Find the gas pressure given that K = 1.38 x 10-23 J/K.

14. Calculate in Celsius degrees the degree at which the root mean square velocity of

oxygen gas molecules becomes twice its value at 27°C.

[927°C]

15. Calculate the number of molecules in unit volume of Oxygen gas at SPT if root

mean square speed of its molecules at STP = 4.62 x 102 m/s, mass of one molecule

16. Calculate the number of molecules of a liquid vapor occupying a volume 0.277

liters at (-73°C) under pressure 3x10-12 Pascal given that Avogadro’s number =

[3x105 molecules]

17. If the center of the sun consists of gases of average molecular mass 0.7 gm,

density 9x104 kg/m3, Pressure 1.4x1016 N/m2. Calculate the temperature at the

center.

[7.89x1030 K]

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -96- Chapter seven

18. A quantity of gas of mass 0.8 gm occupies 0.285 liter at 12°C, Pressure 105 N/m2

calculate the molecular mass of the gas given universal gas constant is 8.31 J/K.

[66.48]

19. Calculate the number of molecules per unit volume under pressure 105 N/m2; if the

mass of one molecule is 3x10-26 kg, its root mean square speed is 400 m/s.

[6.25x1025]

20. The following table illustrates the relation between the average kinetic energy of

gas molecule and absolute temperature; represent the relation plotting average

6.023x1023 molecule.

21. The following table illustrates the relation between the mean square velocity of

173 123 3 7

2.5 7 1.5

Plot a graph relating the temperature on the Kelvin scale on the abscissa and

the means square velocity on the ordinate. From the graph find:

b) The mass of one molecule of this gas (Boltzman constant is 1.38 x 10-23 j/k)

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -97- Chapter seven

c) The means of square velocity of the gas at 0°K and also the kinetic energy of

Previous Exams:

22. (August 97) Given that the root mean square speed of the molecules of gas at SPT

is 5x102 m/s and the mass of each molecule of such a gas is 55x10-27 kg. Find the

23. (Egypt 96) Deduce the general gas law, and find the value of the universal gas

constant R (at N.T.P, the pressure = 0.76 m Hg, the temperature = 0°C and the

mole of gas occupies 22.4 litters), knowing that the density of mercury is 13600

[R=8.31 J/°K]

24. (Egypt 96) Calculate the root mean square speed of the molecules of carbon

dioxide gas at 27°C, given that at NTP the density of carbon dioxide is 1.96 kg /

m3 and the mole of the gas occupies 22.4 litters. (Avogadro’s number = 6.02x10 23,

[412.76 m/s]

25. (Egypt 90, Egypt 91) The mass of a sample of a gas is 3.2 x 10-3 kg and it occupies

2.24 liter at STP. Find the square of the average velocity of the gas molecule in the

considered sample at 100°C.

[(539.123 m/s)2]

26. (Egypt 96) If the density of nitrogen gas at pressure 0.76 m Hg and at temp. 0°C is

1.25 kg/m3. Calculate the root mean square speed of nitrogen at 0°C and at 300°K.

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -98- Chapter seven

27. (Azhar 92) Under similar conditions of pressure and temperature the density of

hydrogen is 0.09 Kg/m3 and that of nitrogen is 1.25 kg/m3. Calculate the r.m.s

speed of nitrogen and the change in momentum for each collision with the wall

given that r.m.s speed of hydrogen is 1.8 x 10 3 m/s and the molecular mass of

Exercises 2008/2009

Unit Three -99- Chapter seven

Model Answers:

Exercises 2008/2009

1

() At temperature equals to zero degree Kelvin.

2

() Wrong, Two different gases have the same temperature so that the average Kinetic energy of

3

() 2mv

4

() Mole

5

() Equal to

6

() The gas volume vanishes at constant pressure.

7

() The kinetic energy of the molecule vanishes.

8

() Increased to double its value.

9

() Increased to double its value.

10

() Equals to one.

11

() Because the molecules make elastic collisions with the walls of the container.

12

() Because the gas pressure changes the volume and the density but the molecules velocity

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