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CAMA

A cama is a hybrid between a male Dromedary camel and a female llama, produced via artificial insemination at the Camel Reproduction Centre in Dubai. The first cama was born on January 14, 1998. The aim was to create an animal with the size and strength of the camel, but the more cooperative temperament and the higher wool production of the llama. Breeding/Reproduction An adult camel weighs six times as much as a llama. Thus, artificial insemination is the only way to produce a live and thriving cama. Only the artificial insemination of a female llama with sperm from a male dromedary camel has been successful in producing a cama. Other combinations, such as artificial insemination of a female camel with male llama sperm, have not produced viable offspring. The cama is not sterile because, unlike other well known hybrids, the camel and the llama have the same number of chromosomes. This is not generally true for other successful livestock hybrids, such as the mule. For example, the horse has 64 chromosomes and the donkey has 62, so when they breed it produces an animal with 63 chromosomes, namely, the mule. The first cama showed signs of becoming sexually mature at four years of age, when it started to show signs of wanting to breed with the female guanaco and a female llama. At this stage, the first cama was a disappointment behaviorally, displaying an extremely poor temperament. A more recent story suggests that his behavior is generally more gentle as hoped for. The second cama, a female named Kamilah, was successfully born in 2002. Four camas have since (April 2008) been produced using artificial insemination. Characteristics The cama is smaller than a llamas calf at birth. It has the short ears and long tail of the camel, no hump and llama-like two-toed pads rather than the dromedary like pads. All six camelids have pads instead of hooves. It has a long coat like a llama and it can adapt to a desert setting like a camel and to a mountain setting like a llama. The first cama, the male named Rama, has a beige color and the second, the female named Kamilah, is black with white patches. There are not enough camas to make generalizations about their coloration or how their hair will grow. Comparison with other camelids The camelid family consists of the Old World camelids (the Dromedary and Bactrian camels), and the New World camelids, (the llama, vicuna, alpaca, and the guanaco). Even though there have been successful and fertile hybrids within each major group camelids, this is the first time the groups have been crossbred. Following is a table comparing some characteristics of camelids.

Common Name Dromedary Camel Bactrian Camel LIama Vicuna Alpaca Guanaco

Scientific Name Camelus dromedarius Camelus bactrianus Lama glama Vicugna vicugna Lama pacos Lama guanicoe

Life Span 40 years 40 years 30 years 30 years 30 years 30 years

Adult Weight 1000 1430 Ib 1000 1430 Ib 110 Ib

Height at Shoulder 6 -7 ft 6 7 ft 4 ft 4 6 ft 4 ft 6 71/2 feet

Length of Fur 3 4 in 10 in

Load Bearing Capacity 330 Ib 330 Ib 130 Ib 130 Ib 130 Ib 130 Ib

28 44 in 28 52 in

132 -165 Ib

Cama

Camelus dromedarius*Lama glama

Habitat The cama is relatively hardy and can survive with little or no water for long periods just like a camel. The cama has proved that it is possible to breed old and new world species together. Food The cama is an herbivore and it eats shrubs, and almost any plant matter like a camel. It can drink enormous amounts of water after a long time without water. It can also go without food for short periods. Cama Conservation Status : Domesticated Scientific classification Kingdom : Animalia Phylum : Chordata Class : Mammalia Order : Artiodactyla Family : Camelidae Genus : 1. Camelus 2. Lama Species : Camelus dromediarius x Lama glama Binomial name : none

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cama_(animal)

ANSWER THIS QUESTION WITH THE CORRECT SENTENCES!


1. What is the aim hybrid between a male dromedary camel and a female ilama? 2. Is the hybrid between camel and ilama or cama can vertill all? Why? 3. What is the camas characteristic that similar with camel and ilama? 4. cama is family of chordate. What characteristic that is show if cama is chordate? 5. Why about habitat the cama? Where cama can live? 6. When the first cama was born? 7. What is the name of male, female cama and how about the characteristics? 8. What food the cama? 9. What is a cama? 10. How Cama is produce and where?

ILAMA

CAMEL

GLOSSARY
1. Reproduction English => Produce babies or young Indonesian => Reproduksi = Pengembang biakan; tiruan hasil ulang 2. Sterile English => Not able to produce children or young, Clean and free from bacteria, having no result Indonesian => Steril, mandul. Suci hama. Tandus. Hampa 3. Chromosomes English => one of the fine threads in animal and plan cells, carrying genes Indonesian => Kromosom = Bagian kromatin inti sel yang berceraian apabila sel terbelah atau membelah yang merupakan rangkaian pendukung jenis benda hidup; benda mikroskopis berbentuk tongkat yang berada dalam sel organism, mengandung gen yang banyak. 4. Breed English => keep animals for the purpose of producing young Indonesian => Keturunan, jenis, asal 5. Adapt English => make something suitable for a new use; change your behavior to deal with new situation Indonesian => Adaptasi = menyesuaikan diri; penyesuaian terhadap lingkungan; pekerjaan dan pelajaran. 6. Gentle English => not rough or violent Indonesian => lemah lembut. Sepoi sepoi. Jinak 7. Fertile English => able to produce fruit or young Indonesian => subur; yang dibuahi 8. Survive English => Continue to live or exist ( longer than somebody/something) Indonesian => menyelamatkan nyawa. Hidup lebih lama. Bertahan 9. Species English => group into which animals, plants, etc that are able to breed each other are divided Indonesian => jenis. Macam 10. Mammalia English => Any animal that gives birthto live babies, not eggs,and feeds its young on milk Indonesian => Kelompok binatang di kelas vertebrata yang betinanya menyusui anaknya.

FILL THE BLANK WITH THE CORRECT WORD!


A rainbow is an optical and (1). phenomenon that causes a (2).. of light to appear in the sky when the Sun (3).. onto droplets of moisture in the Earth's atmosphere. They take the form of a (4) arc, with red on the (5) part of the arc and violet on the inner section of the arc. A rainbow spans a continuous (6).. of colors; the distinct bands are an artifact of human (7) . The most commonly cited and remembered (8). , in English, is Newton's sevenfold red, orange, yellow, green, blue,(9).. and violet (popularly memorized by mnemonics like Roy G. Biv). Rainbows can be caused by other forms of water than rain, including mist, spray, and (10) .

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainbow

CREATED BY :
DYAH ALIYAH F NUR LAILATUL M DESY PURNAMA S OKKY PUTRI M ( 103654214 ) ( 103654216 ) ( 103654045 ) ( 103654210 )

SCIENCE EDUCATION PROGRAM FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND NATURAL SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF SURABAYA 2010

ENCLOSURE
THE ANSWER OF TEXT CAMA:
1. The aim is to create an animal with the size and strength of the camel, but the more cooperative temperament and the higher wool production of the ilama. 2. 3. No, it isnt. Because camel and ilama have the same number of chromosome. It has a long coat like ilama and it can adapt to a desert setting like a camel and to a mountain like ilama. 4. . Cama is family of chordate because cama has back bone like us. 5. Cama is relatively hardy and can survive with little or no water for long periods just like a camel. The cama has proved that it is possible to breed old and new world species together. 6. The first cama was born on January 14, 1998

7. The male named Rama, has a beige color and the second, the female named Kamilah, is black with white patches. There are not enough camas to make generalizations about their coloration or how their hair will grow. 8. The cama is an herbivore and it eats shrubs, and almost any plant matter like a camel. It can drink enormous amounts of water after a long time without water. It can also go without food for short periods. 9. A cama is a hybrid between a male Dromedary camel and a female llama, produced via artificial insemination at the Camel Reproduction Centre in Dubai. 10. . Produced via artificial insemination at the camel reproduction centre in dubai

THE ANSWER OF FILL IN THE BLANK WITH THE CORRECT ANSWER :

ANSWER : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. meteorological spectrum Shines multicoloured Outer 6. Spectrum 7. colour vision. 8. sequence 9. indigo 10. dew