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Cesar Ruiz Teaching Grammar Approaches Traditional Grammar Instruction The parts of the speech are the same

e regardless the approach used to teach. Sometimes teachers and students use translation when teaching, even if its only to convey meaning. It is founded on a prescriptive theory of grammar Structural Grammar/Descriptive Linguistics It was created because two reason: As a reaction to the Traditional Grammar Instruction because t did not offer an option to analyze the sound system of language. Structural grammar offers another framework for the description of language through
Functional Approaches

They consider particular situations to fulfill the communicative needs of learners. Grammatical structures and functions are closely related because certain structures are used in specific functions.

Universal Grammar It is possible to identify syntactical universal (agent/subject and object). It underlines all languages There is a distinction between the concepts competence (knowledge of language) and performance (the actual use of language).

Cognitive Approach Achieving linguistic competence requires learners to through a mental process. Learners should construct new knowledge on previous one.


Focus on Form The lack of grammar instruction in the communicative approach for language teaching, which may result in error fossilization, distortion of language and low level of accuracy. Mixed common second language approach A simplified language made up of parts of two or more languages, used as a communication tool between speakers whose native languages.

Communicative Approach It was created as a response of the need of thousands of immigrants that had linguistic competence but were not able to communicate in order to satisfy their communication needs.