SECOND PUC ANNUAL EXAMINATION APRIL–2006 PHYSICS
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
PART A
I Answer ALL of the following:
1. Define dispersive power of a medium for a pair of colours.
2. Which type of wavefront is used in Fraunhoffer diffraction?
3. Mention any one factor on which resolving power of a telescope depends.
4. What is the value of speed of light obtained in Michelson’s rotating mirror experiment?
5. State Gauss’ theorem in electrostatics.
6. Write the colour code for a resistor of resistance 120.
7. What is the magnitude of the force exerted on a charge which is moving along the direction of the magnetic field?
8. What is M.R.I.?
10 x 1 = 10
9. Write the circuit symbol of ‘AND’ gate.
10. Give an example of a gel. PART B
II
11.
12.
Answer any TEN of the following:
10 x 2 = 20
What is a thin prism? Write the expression for deviation produced by thin
Mention the significance of Hertz’s experiment and write the expression for speed of light in vacuum in terms of permeability and permittivity.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
III
23.
24.
The diameter of the objective of a telescope is 1.2 m. If the wavelength of light used is 546 nm, calculate the limit of resolution of telescope.
Give the representation of plane polarised and unpolarised light.
Write the expression for Coulomb force between two point charges separated by a distance in vector form and explain the terms.
Obtain the expression for capacity of a spherical conductor.
A current loop of area 20 x 10 ^{}^{4} m ^{2} carrying a current of 0.2 ampere is placed at an angle of 60° with a magnetic field of strength 4 x 10 ^{} ^{2} T. Calculate the torque exerted on it.
State Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction.
Distinguish between emission and absorption spectra.
Arrive at the expression for deBroglie wavelength.
Give any two applications of liquid crystals.
What are leptons? Give an example.
Answer any ONE of the following:
1 x 5 = 5
What is ‘normal shift’? Obtain an expression for the normal shift produced, when an object in a denser medium is viewed normally through air.
Give the theory of interference of light and hence arrive at the condition for constructive and destructive interference in terms of phase difference.
IV
25. Derive the expression for magnetic field at any point on the axis of a circular coil carrying current.
Answer any TWO of the following questions:
2 x 5 = 10
26. Give the construction and working of a transformer. Mention any one source of power loss in transformer.
27. Explain the experimental observations of photoelectric effect.
V Answer any FOUR of the following:
4 x 5 = 20 

28. 
Arrive at the expression for radius of first Bohr orbit of hydrogen like atom. 

29. 
Derive N = N _{0} e ^{}^{}^{t} . 
Hence define decay constant. 

30. 
i) Classify conductors, semiconductor and insulators based on band theory of solids. 

ii) What are Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors? 

VI 
Answer any THREE of the following: 
3 x 5 = 15 

31. 
A small air bubble is found 0.04m inside the glass sphere of refractive index 1.5. When viewed normally from outside it is seen at a depth of 0.03 m. Calculate the radius of curvature of glass sphere. 
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32. Two charges 5µC and – 5µC are placed at points A and B, which are separated by a, distance of 0.6m Find the electric field intensity at a point P on the perpendicular bisector of AB at a distance of 0.04 m from its middle point.
33. Two resistors of resistances 2 and 4 are connected in parallel. Two more resistors 3 and 6 are also connected in parallel. These two combinations are in series with a battery of e.m.f. 5 V and internal resistance 0.7. Calculate the current through 6 resistor.
34. Calculate the binding energy of an alpha particle from the following data and express it in MeV.
Mass of helium nucleus
= 4.00260 amu = 1.008665 amu = 1 007825 amu. 1 x 5 = 5
Mass of neutron Mass of proton VII Answer any ONE of the following:
35. Describe an experiment to determine the horizontal component c Earth’s field (B _{H} ) using Tangent galvanometer.
36. Explain how to determine experimentally the selfInductance of a coil by direct method.
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Page 2
SECOND PUC ANNUAL EXAMINATION JUNE–2006 PHYSICS
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
PART A
I Answer ALL of the following:
1. Define power of a lens
2. Who proposed electromagnetic theory of light?
3. What is diffraction of light?
4. Is speed of light same in all optical media?
5. What is an equipotential surface?
6. What is the nature of force between two long parallel wires carrying current in the same direction?
7. What is the principle of a transformer?
8. Why does the sky appear blue?
10 x 1 = 10
9. What are leptons?
10. Draw the circuit symbol of npn transistor.
II
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Answer any TEN of the following:
10 x 2 = 20
Write prism formula with explanations of symbols
Give two differences between Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffractions.
Define specific rotation of an optically active solution and mention Its SI unit
What is an electric dipole?
A 20 PF capacitor is connected to 100 V battery. What is the energy stored in the capacitor?
Write the expression for the magnetic field at a point on the axis of a solenoid and explain the terms.
What should be the resistances of an ideal ammeter and an ideal voltmeter?
State Faraday’s second law of electromagnetic induction and name the scientist who gave the direction
of induced e.m.f.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Mention two types of electron emission.
What are matter waves? Write the expression for the de Brogile wavelength of photon.
Define mass defect and binding energy of a nucleus
Mention any two groups of thermotropic liquid crystals.
III
23.
24.
Answer any ONE of the following:
1 x 5 = 5
Derive lensmaker’s formula
State Brewster law Show that the reflected and refracted rays are perpendicular to each other at polarising angle of incidence
IV
25. Obtain the balancing condition of a Wheatstone network using Kirchhoff’s laws.
Answer any TWO of the following questions:
2 x 5 = 10
26. Derive an expression for current flowing in a series LCR a.c. circuit, and hence write the condition for electrical resonance.
27. What is photoelectric effect? Draw a neat labelled diagram of the experimental setup to study photoelectric effect Mention any two experimental results.
V Answer any FOUR of the following:
4 x 5 = 20
28. 
Write any four differences between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. What is a nuclear reactor? 

29. 
State Soddy’s group displacement laws. Obtain the expression for halflife of a radioactive sample using decay law. 

30. 
What is rectification? With a neat circuit diagram, explain the construction and working of a ha lfwave rectifier along with suitable waveforms. 

VI 
Answer any THREE of the following: 
3 x 5 = 15 
31. 
A transparent glass cube, of side 20 cm contains a small air bubble. When it is viewed directly from the nearest face it appears to be at 0.05cm from that face and when it is viewed through the opposite face, the air bubble appears to be 7.5 cm from that face. Calculate the position of the bubble from the nearest face and also the refractive index of glass. 
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32. ABCD is a square of side 1 m. Point charges of + 2 x 10 ^{}^{1}^{0} C, 4 x 10 ^{}^{1}^{0} C and + 8 x 10 ^{}^{1}^{0} C are placed at corners A, B, C respectively. Calculate the work done in transferring a charge of 10µC from D to the point of intersection of diagonals.
33. A circular coil of 10 turns and mean radius of 0.1 m is kept with its plane in the magnetic meridian. If a current of 2 A passes through it, calculate the resultant magnetic field at its centre. (B _{H} = 4 x 10 ^{}^{5} T)
34. The first member of Balmer series of hydrogen spectrum has wavelength 6563Å Compute the wavelength of second member. Also calculate the series limit of Balmer series
VII Answer any ONE of the following:
35. Describe, the experiment to determine the focal length of lens of convex lens by Shift method.
36. Describe the experiment to determine the internal resistance of a given cell using potentiometer.
1 x 5 = 5
VIII Answer any ONE of the following:
37. Calculate the specific resistance of the material of the given wire using following data:
1 x 5 = 5
Length of the wire= 0.55m Diameter of the wire = 0.30 mm
38. Calculate the selfinductance of the coil by direct method using the following data:
Frequency of a.c. = 50 Hz
XI Answer any ONE of the following:
39.
1 x (4 + 4 + 2) = 10
a) In Young’s double slit experiment using a source of light wavelength 5000 A, the bandwidth obtained is 0.6 cm. If the distance between the screen and slit Is reduced to half, what should be the wavelength of the source to get fringes 0.003 m wide?
2
b) Derive the expression for equivalent capacitance of three capacitors in parallel.
c) Define resolving power of microscope and write an expression for the same.
40. a) Two resistors of 2Ω and 3Ω are connected in parallel to a cell of e.m.f. 2 V. Calculate the main current passing through the circuits and current through individual resistors.
4
4
b) i) What is LASER ? Write one application of Laser. ii) Draw circuit symbols of OR gate and NAND gate.
c) Write the expression for torque acting on a currentcarrying loop in a magnetic field. When is it maximum?
2
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Page 4
SECOND PUC ANNUAL EXAMINATION APRIL–2007 PHYSICS
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
PART A
I Answer ALL of the following:
1. What is the principle of an optical fibre?
2. Write the condition for constructive interference In terms of path difference.
3. Define specific rotatory power of an optically active solution.
4. Name the scientist who determined the speed of light most accurately.
5. What happens to the magnitude of the force between two charges if a glass plate is interposed between them?
6. Mention the S.I. unit of resistivity.
7. Does a neutron experience a force in a magnetic field?
10 x 1 = 10
8. What are Fraunhofer lines’?
9. Is proton a Lepton or a Hadron?
10. Write the logic symbol of NAND gat
II
Answer any TEN of the following:
10 x 2 = 20
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Mention any two factors on which lateral shift depends.
Name the theories of light in support of its wave nature.
Calculate the resolving power of telescope whose limit of resolution is 2.44 x 10 ^{}^{6} rad.
State and explain Gauss’ theorem.
With a labeled diagram, write the expression for the capacitance of a spherical capacitor.
In the figure shown below find I _{1} and I _{3} .
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
III
23.
24.
Define terms ‘Declination’ and ‘Inclination’ at a place.
Write one advantage and one disadvantage of eddy currents.
What are matter waves? How does the de Broglie wavelength of an electron change if its velocity increases?
What are ‘Stokes’ and ‘antiStokes’ lines in Raman spectrum?
Give any two differences between p – type and n – type semiconductors.
Mention two major classifications of liquid crystals. PART C
Answer any ONE of the following:
1 x 5 = 5
Derive an expression for the refractive index of the material of a prism in terms of angle of the prism and the angle of minimum deviation.
What is polarising angle ? Show that the reflected and refracted light rays are mutually perpendicular to each other at the polarising angle of incidence.
IV Answer any TWO of the following questions:
2 x 5 = 10
25. Derive an expression for the force between two parallel straight conductors carrying current and hence define ‘ampere’.
26. State Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction. Derive an expression for emf induced in a rod moving in a uniform magnetic field.
27. What is photoelectric effect? Mention the experimental conclusions on photoelectric effect.
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V
Answer any FOUR of the following:
4 x 5 = 20
28.
29.
30.
Define (i) mass defect and (ii) binding energy of a nucleus. Show that 1 amu = 931 MeV.
State the law of radioactive decay and hence prove that N = N _{0} e ^{}^{}^{t} with usual notations.
Explain the formation of P  N junction with a diagram. When is the P  N junction said to be (i) forward biased and (ii) reverse biased?
VI
31.
32.
33.
Answer any THREE of the following:
3 x 5 = 15
A glass sphere of radius 15 cm contains a small air bubble at a distance of 6 cm from its centre. When viewed along its diameter from the nearest side, the bubble appears to be 7.5 cm. Calculate the refractive Index of glass and the apparent distance of the bubble from the farthest side.
A metal sphere of radius 0.01 m is charged to a potential of 45 kV and kept at the corner B of a right angled triangle ABC (AB = 0.3 m, BC = 0.4 m and ABC = 90). Calculate the work required to shift a charge of 2 x 10 ^{}^{6} C from corner C to corner A of the triangle.
Two circular coils of mean radii 0.1 m and 0.05 m consisting of 5 turns and 10 turns respectively are arranged concentric to one another with their planes at right angles to each other. If a current of 2A is passed through each of them, calculate the magnitude of the resultant magnetic field at their common centre.
34.
VII
35.
An electron in hydrogen atom in the ground state is excited to n = 4 state. Calculate the energy absorbed and the wavelength of the electromagnetic radiation emitted when the atom comes to ground state. (Ground state energy of H _{2} =  13.6 eV)
Answer any ONE of the following:
1 x 5 = 5
Describe an experiment to determine the temperature coefficient of resistance of a thermistor using meter bridge.
36.
VIII Answer any ONE of the following:
Describe how you determine the selfinductance of a coil by direct method using A.C/D.C. meters.
37. Using the following experimental observations, calculate the refractive Index of the material of convex lens.
38. The following readings are recorded in an experiment to find the reduction factor of a tangent galvanometer.
a)
Radius of the coil of T.G. = 7.956 x 10 ^{}^{2} m.
Find B _{H} at the place.
PART D
XI Answer any ONE of the following:
1 x (4 + 4 + 2) = 10
a) 39. In Young’s doubleslit experiment the two slits 0.18 mm apart are illuminated by light of wavelength 

589.3 nm. Calculate the distance of (1) 5 ^{t}^{h} bright and (ii) 3rd dark fringes from the mid point of the 

interference pattern obtained on a screen kept 0.6 m away from the slits. 
4 
b) Obtain the expression for effective capacitance of three capacitors connected in parallel. 
4 
c) Give two differences between interference and diffraction. 
2 
40. Two resistances of 3Ω and 6Ω are connected in parallel with a battery of emf 6V and internal resistance lΩ. Calculate the main current through the circuit and the currents through 3Ω and 6Ω. 4 a) 

b) What is (i) optical pumping and (ii) population inversion, as related to LASER? Mention two characteristics of LASER. 
4 
c) What is a choke ? Mention one use of it. 
2 
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Page 6
SECOND PUC ANNUAL EXAMINATION JUNE–2007 PHYSICS
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
PART A
I Answer ALL of the following:
1. What is a thin prism?
2. Who proposed corpuscular theory of light?
3. Mention any one application of polarolds.
4. Write down the formula for speed of light obtained by Michelson’s rotating mirror experiment.
5. Write any one property of charge.
6. How does the magnetic field due to a current carryliig conductor vary with current?
7. Mention the unit of Inductance.
8. Why does sun appear red at dawn and dusk?
9. Give an example of hadron.
10 x 1 = 10
10. What is the basic function of a transistor?
II
Answer any TEN of the following:
10 x 2 = 20
11. A crown glass prism has refractive indices 1.585 and 1.575 respectively for blue and red colours. Find Its dispersive power.
12. Arrive at an expression for de Brogue wavelength.
13. Distinguish between Fresnel and Fraunhoffer diffractions.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
State and explain Kirchhoff’s first law of electrical network.
Define electrostatic potential and mention its unit.
Draw the neat diagrams of two capacitors connected in series and parallel combinations.
A carbon resistor has red, black, red and gold coloured bands on it, find its resistance.
Mention any two sources of power loss in transformers.
Write down the principle and one application of electron microscope.
Mention any two properties of lasers.
Draw the circuit symbol of NAND gate and write its truth table.
Explain how emulsions are prepared.
III
23.
24.
Answer any ONE of the following:
1 x 5 = 5
With a diagram explain in brief, the total internal reflection. Define critical angle and mention the two conditions for total internal reflection.
State Brewster’s law. Prove that the reflected and refracted rays a mutually perpendicular to each other In case of polarisation by reflection.
IV
25. What is tangent law? Give the theory of tangent galvanometer and hence define reduction factor.
Answer any TWO of the following questions:
2 x 5 = 10
26. State Fleming’s left hand rule. Show how a moving coil galvanometer can be converted into an ammeter and a voltmeter with suitable expressions and circuit diagrams.
27. Define threshold frequency, stopping potential and Work function. Mention any two applications of photocells
V Answer any FOUR of the following:
4 x 5 = 20
28. 
Write down any two Bohr’s postulates for hydrogen, atom. Mention an expression for the radius of nth orbit. Draw the energy level diagram for Lyman series. 

29. 
Write a note on nuclear power reactor with suitable diagram 

30. 
What is a semiconductor diode? Explain with circuit diagram, how the full wave rectification is obtained using semiconductor diodes Draw the Input and output waveforms 

VI 
Answer any THREE of the following: 
3 x 5 = 15 
31. 
An equi convex lens has a focal length of 0.10 m and the radius of one curved surface is 0.12 m. Find the refractive Index of the material of the convex lens. 

32. 
A hollow spherical conductor of radius 0.2. m has a charge of 4 nC. Find the potential due to this charged sphere on its surface, inside the surface and at a distance of 0.25m outside from its surface. 

33. 
An ac source of 220 V, 50 Hz is connected to a series combination of 20 resistor, 5 µC capacitor and 2 mH inductor respectively. Calculate the current through the combination. 
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34. The activity of a sample of polonium ( _{8}_{4} Po ^{2}^{1}^{0} ) of half life 138 days is 5mCi. _{8}_{4} Po ^{2}^{1}^{0} sample. (Avogadro number = 6.023 x 10 ^{2}^{3} )
Find the mass of the
VII Answer any ONE of the following:
35. Describe an experiment to find the dispersive power of a prism using spectrometer. (Assuming that the angle of prism is given)
36. Explain how the specific heat of water is determined in laboratory by Joule’s calorimeter.
1 x 5 = 5
VIII Answer any ONE of the following:
37. Using two resistances the following readings were observed while verifying the law f combination of
resistances connected in series. Verify this law. Given R _{1} = 4 , R _{2} = 6
38.
Find the value of B _{H} using the following data obtained In tangent given Circumference of the coil C = 0.50 m. No.of turns = 5
XI Answer any ONE of the following:
39.
40.
a)
b)
1 x (4 + 4 + 2) = 10
4
4
In a Young’s doubleslit experiment, the width of 10 fringes observed is 0.002 m and the slits are separated by a distance 0.002 m. Find the distance between slits and screen when a light of
wavelength 6000Å is used.
Arrive at an expression for energy stored in a capacitor.
c) Graphically represent the just resolved and well resolved conditions in case of Rayleigh’s criterion.
2
4
a)
b) Draw a labelled diagram of Dunnigton’s method to find e/m of an electron. expression for e/ m with explanation.
c)
Arrive at an expression for an effective resistance when three resistors are connected in parallel.
Hence write the
4
2
Distinguish between a.c. and d.c.
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Page 8
SECOND PUC ANNUAL EXAMINATION MARCH–2008 PHYSICS
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
PART A
I Answer ALL of the following:
1. What is the deviation produced by a thin prism of angle 8° and of refractive index 1.5?
2. Name a phenomenon which cannot be explained by considering light as a wave.
3. Give an example for interference of light in a thin film.
4. Mention an example to show the importance of speed of light.
5. Write the formula for the capacitance of a spherical capacitor when its outer conductor is earthed.
6. Define magnetic dip at a place.
7. What is the relation between ‘r.m.s.’ and ‘average’ value of sinusoidal A.C. voltage?
10 x 1 = 10
8. Give an example showing the conversion of energy into mass.
9. Which is the particle emitted along with electron when a neutron is converted into proton in a nucleus?
10. Write the circuit symbol of OR gate.
II
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Answer any TEN of the following:
10 x 2 = 20
What are the conditions for a pair of thin prisms to produce dispersion without deviation?
Draw the neat diagram of experimental setup for Fraunhofer diffraction at a single slit.
What are elliptically polarised and circularly polarised lights?
State Coulomb’s law and define unit charge.
An electric dipole of moment 2 x 10 ^{}^{8} coulombm is placed in an electric field of 5 x 10 ^{}^{5} N/C , with its axis making an angle of 30° with the field. What is the torque acting on the dipole?
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
III
23.
24.
What is superconductivity? Define critical field.
State and explain Klrchhoff’s first law of electrical network.
Express Laplace’s law in mathematical form and explain the symbols.
Name any two advantages of A.C.
What is ‘Raman effect’? What type of scattering Is it?
Mention any two properties of LASER beam.
What is a photodiode? In which biasing does it work?
Answer any ONE of the following:
1 x 5 = 5
Derive an expression for ‘Lateral Shift’ produced when a ray of light passes through a parallel sided glass slab.
i) Write any three differences between ‘Ordinary ray’ and ‘Extraordinary ray’.
ii)
Mention any two applications of polaroids.
IV
25. Define e.m.f. and internal resistance of a cell. Obtain an expression for current In a simple circuit
Answer any TWO of the following questions:
2 x 5 = 10
consisting of a cell and an external resistance using Ohm’s law.
26. Give the theory of moving coil galvanometer.
27. Explain the principle of Dunnington’s method of finding ^{e}
i)
m
ii)
Write Einstein’s photoelectric equation. Using that explain any two experimentally observed facts about photoelectric effect.
V Answer any FOUR of the following:
28. i) Explain nuclear fusion with an example.
ii) What is the principle of a nuclear reactor ? Mention any two methods of disposal of nuclear waste.
29. Define decay constant and halflife of a radioactive substance. Derive an expression for halllife in terms of decay constant.
30. With a circuit diagram, explain the’ action of a npn transistor as an amplifier in CE mode.
4 x 5 = 20
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VI
Answer any THREE of the following:
3 x 5 = 15
centre of the coil. Calculate the radius of the coil. 
4 

b) With a neat diagram, & plain the working of G.P. Thomson’s experiment. 
4 

c) 
What is an emulsion ? Give an example for it. 
2 
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Page 10
SECOND PUC ANNUAL EXAMINATION JUNE–2008 PHYSICS
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
PART A
I Answer all the following questions:
10 x 1 = 10
1. What is meant by dispersion of light?
2. Give the condition in mathematical form for destructive interference in terms of path difference.
3. Define limit of resolution of a microscope.
4. What is the aim of Michelson's rotating mirror, experiment?
5. State Coulomb's law in electrostatics.
6. Give the principle on which 'meter bridge' works.
7. State Lenz's law.
8. Nuclear forces exhibit saturation properties.' What does this statement mean ?
9. Give an example of Hadrons.
10. What is halfadder?
II. Answer any ten of the following questions:
10 x 2 = 20
11. Write an expression for refractive index of the material of the prism in terms of its angle. Is the expression true for all the positions of the prism?
12. When does light possess particle nature and wave nature?
13. Give two differences between Fresnel diffraction and Fraunhoffer diffraction.
14. Write the expression for specific rotation for a .slab of optically active solid and explain the terms.
15. What is meant by 'electric dipole' and 'electric dipole moment'?
16. Mention any two factors on which the capacitance of a cylindrical capacitor depends.
17. Draw Wheatstone's network and write the condition in mathematical form for its balance.
18. What is meant by 'magnetic dipole moment' of current loop? Write its S.I. unit.
19. An inductor of selfinductance 12 mH is in an AC circuit. Find its inductive reactance if an AC current with frequency 50 Hz flows through it.
20. What is line absorption spectrum? Give an example.
21. Calculate the photoelectric work function for a metal of threshold wavelength 5400Å. Given: Planck's constant h = 6.625 x 10 ^{} ^{3}^{4} Js ^{}^{1} , Speed of light in vacuum c = 3 x 10 ^{8} ms ^{}^{1} .
III
22. What are emulsions? Give an example. PART C
Answer any one of the following questions:
l x 5 = 5
23. Define power of a lens. Write its S.I. unit. What is meant by linear magnification produced by a .lens in a direction perpendicular to its axis? Write the expression for equivalent focal length of coaxial combination of two thin lenses separated by a finite distance and explain the terms.
24. What is dichroism? Give an example. Write any three applications of polaroids.
IV
Answer any two of the following questions:
2 x 5 = 10
25. Derive the expressions for branch .currents when two resistors are connected in parallel.
26. What is meant by alternating current? Derive the expression for sinusoidal e.m.f induced in a coil rotating with uniform angular speed in a uniform magnetic field.
27. With a neat labeled diagram, explain the working of G.P. Thomson's experiment to confirm matter waves.
V Answer any two of the following questions :
2 x 5= 10
28. Give Bohr's postulates. Mention a limitation of Bohr's theory.
29. Define a.m.u. and eV. Show that 1 a.m.u. = 932 MeV. Given: Avogadro number N =6.022 x 10 ^{2}^{3} , Speed of light in vacuum C = 3 x 10 ^{8} ms ^{} ^{1} and1eV=1.602 x 10 ^{}^{1}^{9} J.
30. What is pn junction diode? What are 'light emitting diode' and 'photodiode'? Mention an application each of 'light emitting diode' and 'photodiode'.
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VI. Answer any three of the following questions:
3 x 5=15
31. A ray of light is incident on one of the faces of a parallel sided glass slab of thickness 12 m at an angle of incidence 51 30 '. calculate the lateral shift produced. Given: Refractive index of the glass slab = 1.562.
32. How many electrons have to be removed from a metal sphere such that it acquires a charge of 6nC? Calculate electric intensity at a point 0.06 m from the centre of the charged sphere when it is placed in vacuum.
33. Find the magnitude of magnetic induction at a point 0.06 m from the centre and along the axis of a circular coil carrying a current of 2 A. Also calculate the magnitude of magnetic induction at the centre of the coil. Given: Number of turns in the coil 20, Mean radius of the coil = 0.05 m.
34. Activity of 1 gm of raclIum226 is 3.7 x 10 ^{1}^{0} disintegration s ^{}^{1} . Calculate the halflife of radium226 in seconds. Given: Avogadro number = 6.022 x 10 ^{2}^{3} .
VII Answer any ONE of the following:
1 x 5 = 5
35. Describe an experiment to determine the dispersive power of material of prism by measuring its angle and angles of minimum deviations for any two colours using a spectrometer.
36. Describe an experiment to draw forward bias characteristics of semiconductor diode.
VIII Answer any ONE of the following:
37.
1 x 5 = 5
Determine the temperature coefficitent of resistance of the thermistor using the following data:
Calculate the current sensitieness of a given galvanometer using the following data:
e.m.f of the given cell = 1.32V
Resistance of the given galvanometer = 210Ω.
XI Answer any ONE of the following:
1 x (4 + 4 + 2) = 10
38. a)Calculate the distance between the centers of 4 ^{t}^{h} and 7 ^{t}^{h} bright fringes in an interference pattern produced in Young’s double slit experiment. Given : Separation between slits =1.1x10 ^{}^{3} m
Wavelength of light used = 589.3nm
Distance of the screen from the slits = 1.3m
b)Mention any four applications of capacitors.
c)What is meant by ‘superconductivity’ and ‘critical temperature of a super conductor’?.
4
2
39. a) Determine the small resistance to be connected in a parallel with a galvanometer of resistance 50 in order to convert it into an ammeter of range 0 – 50mA. Given: current required to produce fullscale deflection in the galvanometer is 1.5mA. 4
b) 
Mention any four applications of Lasers. 
c) 
What is meant by coherent ‘scattering’ and ‘incoherent scattering’? 
***********************
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SECOND PUC ANNUAL EXAMINATION MARCH–2009 PHYSICS
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
I
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
II
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
III
23.
24.
PART  A
10 x 1 = 10
What is dispersion of light ?
Name the scientist who confirmed the existence of electromagnetic waves.
State Brewster’s law.
Give the formula for speed of light in Mchelson’s experiment when rotating mirror with ten faces are used
What is the force between two point charges which are 1C each separated by 1 m in air?
Answer all of the following questions :
What is thermistor?
At which point on the axis of a circular coil carrying current, the magnetic field is maximum?
Give an example for coherent scattering.
Write the truth table for NOR gate.
What is foam?
Answer any ten of the following questions:
10 x 2 = 20
Calculate the angle of incidence for a ray of light to have minimum deviation of 39 40 ^{/} in equilateral prism.
Write two differences between diffraction pattern and interference pattern
Mention any two uses of polaroids.
Give the expression for potential energy of a system of three charges.
Find the effective capacitance between A and C in the following figure:
What principle is involved in the (i) Kirchhoff’s First law,
(ii) Kirchhoff’s Second law?
Write the expression for torque on a current loop placed in a uniform magnetic field and explain terms used.
the
Mention any two causes of power loss in transformer.
What are Fraunhofer lines? What is the importance of studying Fraunhofer olines?
What is population inversion ? How can it be achieved?
Write the quark model for proton and neutron.
Write two differences between collector region and emitter region of a transistor.
PART  C
Answer any one of the following questions:
Obtain Lensmaker’s fomula.
Give the theory of interference and hence obtain the condition for constructive interference in terms of path difference and phase difference.
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IV
Answer any two of the following questions:
2 x 5 = 10
25.
26.
27.
V
28.
29.
30.
VI.
31.
32.
33.
34.
VII.
35.
36.
VIII.
37.
38.
Obtain the expression for effective resistance of three resistors in parallel.
Derive the expression for sinusoidal e.m.f and represent graphically the variation of e. m. f. with time.
Obtain the expression for energy of an electron in the nth orbit of hydrogen like atom assuming expression for radius.
Answer any two of the following questions :
a) Write any three characteristics of nuclear forces.
b) Define the terms ‘nuclear chain reaction’ and ‘critical size’.
a) What is natural radioactivity?
b) State and explain soddy’s groupdisplacement law.
a) Give three differences between ptype and ntype semiconductors.
b) What is pn junction ? Which property of pn junction is used in rectification?
the
Answer any three of the following questions:
3 x 5 = 15
A luminous point object is placed at a depth of 0.5 m inside a liquid. A circular patch of light of radius 0.05675 m is formed on the surface. Find the critical angle and R.I for the liquid.
Four charges +Q, +2Q, + 3Q and +4Q are placed at the corners of a square ABCD of side 0.1m respectively. The intensity of electric field at the centre of the square is 5.1 x 10 ^{3} NC ^{–}^{1} .Find the value of Q.
is
A battery of e.m.f. 12 V and internal resistance 2 is connected in series with a T.G coil of resistance 4 . The number of turns is 2 and radius of the coil is .078 m. The angle of deflection 45. Calculate the reduction factor of the T.G. and B _{H} at the place.
For a metal the maximum wavelength required for photoelectron emission is 210 nm. Find the work
function. If radiation of wavelength 150 nm falls on the surface of the
maximum kinetic energy of the emitted photoelectrons. (Planck’s constant = 6.625 x 10 ^{–}^{3}^{4} Js velocity of light in vacuum is 3 x 10 ^{8} ms ^{–}^{1} .)
Answer any one of the following questions :
1 x 5 = 5
Describe an experiment to determine the refractive index of the material of a convex lens by finding its focal length by shift method and radius of curvature by Boy’s method.
Describe an experiment to convert a given galvanometer into voltmeter of given range.
Answer any one of the following questions :
1 x 5 = 5
In an experiment to find the resistivity of the material of the wire by using meter bridge, the following readings are recorded. Using the data, calculate the resistivity of the material of the wire. Length of the resistance wire = 0.5 m Diameter of the resistance wire = 0.33 mm
The following readings were obtained in finding the specific heat of water by using Joule’s calorimeter. Using these data calculate the specific heat of water.
Mass of empty calorimeter + stirrer 
= 0.0575 kg 
Mass of empty calorimeter + stirrer + water 
= 0.130 kg 
Initial temperature 
_{=} _{2}_{8} _{}_{C} 
Voltmeter reading 
= 2v 
Ammeter reading 
= 1.5 A 
Final temperature 
_{=} _{3}_{4} _{}_{C} 
Time for which current is passed 
=10 min. 
Specific heat of the material of the calorimeter 
= 385 J kg ^{–}^{1} K ^{–}^{1} 
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PART – D
IX. 
Answer any one of the following questions : 1 x 10 = 10 

39. 
a) A quartz plate cut with its faces perpendicular to its optic axis is found to annul the rotation 

produced by 0.2 m length of sugar solution of concentration 250 kg m ^{–}^{3} . If the specific rotation of quartz plate is 380 rad.m ^{–}^{1} and the specific rotation of sugar solution is 0.0116 rad m2 kg ^{–}^{1} , find the thickness of the quartz plate. 
4 

b) What is a capacitor? give the principle of parallel plate capacitor. 
4 

c) Define resolving power of an optical instrument. How can resolving power of a telescope be 

increased? 
2 

40. 
a) When a straight conductor of length 0.2 m carrying current of 1.2 A is placed n a magnetic field of 
strength 0.3 T. it experiences a force of 3.6 x 10 ^{–}^{2} N. Calculate the inclination of the conductor the field. Find the force. if the conductor is at right angles to the magnetic field.
b) What are matter waves? Obtain the expression for ‘de Broglie’ wavelength.
c)
i) a pure resistor
with
4
4
2
Write the value of power factor for
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
I
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
II
11.
12.
Answer all the following questions :
10 x 1 = 10
Define angular dispersion between two colours for a prism.
How does intensity of light vary with amplitude of the wave ?
What is plane of polarisition?
How many reflecting faces does the mirror possess in Michelson’s rotating mirror experiment ?
State Gauss’s theorem.
Does the balancing condition of Wheatstone bridge vary, if the positions of the galvanometer battery are interchanged ?
What are magnetic elements ?
Give an example for boson.
What is an ntype semiconductor ?
Give the truth table for OR gate.
Answer any ten of the following questions :
Write an expression for the deviation produced by a thin prism and explain the terms.
How does the resolving power of a microscope vary with the
and
10 x 2 = 20
a) immersion of microscope in oil
b) decrease of wavelength of the light used ?
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Draw a neat diagram of the experimental setup for the Fraunhoffer diffraction through a single
State and explain Brewster’s law.
Write any two properties of electric lines of force.
Define relative permittivity of a medium in terms of the force between two point charges and give the relation between relative and absolute permittivities.
Calculate the electric current when 5 x 10 ^{1}^{8} number of electrons flow through a conducting wire in 3
second.
State Kirchhoff’s laws of electricity.
What are coercivity and retentivity?
slit.
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20.
Explain why the sky appears red during sunrise and sunset.
21.
22.
III
23.
24.
IV
25.
26.
27.
V
28.
29.
30.
VI
31.
33.
32.
33.
34.
VII
35.
36.
VIII
37.
38.
What is Band emission spectrum ? Mention any one source of it.
What are de Broglie matter waves ? Write de Broglie wave equation for photon.
PART – C
Answer any one of the following questions :
Obtain an expression for the lateral shift produced by a parallel sided glass slab placed in air.
Derive an expression for the fringe width in Interference pattern.
Answer any two of the following questions :
When two current carrying conductors are placed parallel to each other, obtain an expression for the force between them and hence define ampere.
1 x 5 = 5
2 x 5 = 10
^{} with
In an alternate current circuit with only inductor, show that the voltage leads current by a phase 2
a
What is rectification ? Explain how diode can be used as a fullwave rectifier.
suitable derivation.
Answer any two of the following questions :
Obtain an expression for the radius of Bohr’s orbit.
Write any five characteristics of nuclear forces.
State and explain Soddy’s group displacement laws.
Answer any three of the following questions :
A
Calculate the focal length of the lens in water.
The equivalent capacitance of two capacitors is 1.87F when connected in series and 8 F connected in parallel. Find their individual capacitances.
2 x 5 = 10
3 x 5 = 15
convex lens of focal length 0.2 m of refractive index 1.5 is immersed in water of refractive index
when
Two tangent galvanometers with number of turns 2 and 10 having radii as 0.07 m and 0.08 m respectively are connected in series. The deflection in the first T.G. is 60 ^{0} . Calculate the deflection in the second T.G.
Calculate the velocity of photoelectron emitted when light of frequency 3 x 10 ^{1}^{2} Hz is incident on a metal surface of threshold frequency 2 x 10 ^{1}^{2} Hz. Given h = 6.625 x 10 ^{}^{3}^{4} Js and
m
Answer any one of the following questions :
_{e} = 9.1 x 10 ^{}^{3}^{1} kg.
1 x 5 = 5
Describe an experiment to determine the specific heat of water using Joule’s calorimeter.
Describe an experiment to determine the reduction factor of Tangent Galvanometer and hence to calculate B _{H} at a given place.
Answer any one of the following questions :
1 x 5 = 5
Calculate the refractive index of the material of the lens using the given data :
R _{1} = 0.18m and R _{2} = 0.185 m
Determine the temperature coefficient of resistance of the given thermistor using the data below :
S = 100
Trial No. 
Temperaturet [C] 
Balancing length l (m) 
1 
65 
0.27 
2 
60 
0.37 
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IX
39.
40.
PART – D
Answer any one of the following :
a) If the critical angle of the given medium is 42 and a ray incident on it has maximum degree of
polarization after reflection, calculate the angle of incidence.
b) Obtain an expression for the electric potential at a point in an electric field due to an
isolated charge.
c) Write any two application on of liquid crystals
a) Find the effective resistance between the points A and B
1 x 10 = 10
4
4
2
4
1
b) Explain the construction of a Ruby Laser with a labelled diagram.
4
2
c) Mention any two sources of power loss in a Transformer.
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
I.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Answer all the questions :
10 X 1 = 10
Give the expression for deviation produced by a thin prism.
What are the coherent sources?
Name the ray that does not obey Snell’s law of refraction.
Write the equation used by Michelson to calculate the speed of light.
How does the capacitance of parallel plate capacitor vary with separation between plates of it?
Define resistivity of a conductor.
What is the value of resistance of an ideal Voltmeter?
The packing fraction of nucleus of an element is negative. What does it indicate?
According to Pauli, which particle is emitted in decay to account for violations of conservation laws?
Give the truth table for AND gate.
PART  B
II.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Answer any ten questions :
Draw a labeled diagram of the experimental setup used to obtain pure spectrum.
Mention any two theories about nature of light.
Give any two differences between Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction.
Write expression for force between two point charges separated by a distance in free space and define S.I. unit of charge.
Calculate the force acting on a point charge +4 nC placed in an electric field of intensity 7 x 10 ^{5} NC ^{–}^{1}
When does the force acting on a moving charge in an external magnetic field becomes maximum and minimum?
State Faraday’s laws of Electromagnetic induction.
Show the variation of electric current with frequency in a resonant LCR series circuit diagrammatically.
10 X 2 = 20
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Page 17
19.
What is the line emission spectrum? Give one of its sources.
20.
21.
22.
III.
23.
24.
IV.
25.
26.
27.
V.
28.
29.
30.
IV.
31.
32.
33.
34.
VII.
35.
36.
VIII.
37.
Obtain an expression for de Broglie wavelength of a photon.
The sky appears blue. Explain why.
What are liquid crystals? Give one of its applications.
PART  C
Answer any one of the following questions :
Derive Lens Maker’s formula for convex lens placed in an optical medium.
State Brewster’s law. Show that the reflected and refracted rays are normal to each other at polarizing angle of incidence.
1 X 5 = 5
Answer any two of the following questions :
Give the theory of Tangent galvanometer and hence define reduction factor.
Derive an expression for impedance and current in LCR series circuit using phasor diagram.
Discuss the spectral series of hydrogen atom.
2 X 5 = 10
is 5 A. Calculate
photon of frequency 1.5 x 10 ^{1}^{5} Hz is incident on a metal surface of work function 1.672 eV.
= 6.625 x 10 ^{–}^{3}^{4} Js
Answer any two of the following questions :
Explain any five characteristics of atomic nucleus.
State decay law. Show that
2 X 5 = 10
Distinguish between ptype and Ntype semiconductors.
Answer any three of the following questions :
3 X 5 = 15 be at a
Find the real position of an air bubble in a glass cube of side 0.3 m if the bubble appears to
distance of 0.05 m from one face and at 0.15 m from the opposite face.
Calculate the effective capacitance between the points A and B shown in figure :
The current flowing through a conductor having electron density
the
time taken by an electron to drift from one end to other end of 10 m length of it. Area of crosssection of the wire = 2 x 10 ^{–}^{6} m. Charge of electron = 1.6 x 10 ^{–}^{1}^{9} C.
A
Calculate the stopping potential.
H
Answer any one of the following questions :
1 X 5 = 5
Describe an experiment to determine refractive index of material of give convex lens by finding its
focal length by shift method (given the radii of curvatures as R _{1} and R _{2} ).
Describe an experiment to draw forward bias characteristic of a semiconductor diode and to obtain forward resistance of the diode from it.
Answer any one of the following questions :
Determine the resistivity of the material of the given wire using the following data :
Length of the wire = 0.26 m Diameter of the wire = 0.63 x 10 ^{–}^{3} m
1 X 5 = 5
Trial No. 
Resistance in the right gap () 
Balancing length (m) 
1 
1 
0.42 
2 
2 
0.29 
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38. Calculate the internal resistance of a cell using the given data :
Balancing length for cell in open circuit = 0.64 m (when R = 0)
Trial No. 
Resistance in the right gap () 
Balancing length (m) 
1 
4 
0.46 
2 
6 
0.50 
3 
8 
0.52 
4 
10 
0.53 
a) Light of wavelength
_{6}_{0}_{0}_{0}_{A} is used to obtain interference fringe of width 6 mm in a Young’s
double slit experiment. Calculate the wavelength of light required to obtain fringe of width 4 the distance between the screen and slits is reduced to half of its initial value.
Gauss theorem.
c) Write an expression for resolving power of a Microscope and explain the terms.
a) Find the current I _{2} in the circuit shown below :
b) Give any four application of lasers.
field and explain the terms.
Answer any one questions :
39.
1 X 10 = 10
mm
4
if
b) Derive an expression for electric intensity near the surface of a charged spherical conductor using
4
2
4
40.
4
c) Write an expression for force acting on a current carrying conductor placed in an external magnetic
2
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Page 19
SECOND PUC ANNUAL EXAMINATION JULY–2010 PHYSICS
Time : 3hr
Maximum Marks : 90
PART  A
I.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
10 x 1 = 10
When a ray of white light passes through a prism which colour is most deviated ?
Write the condition for constructive interference in terms of phase difference between two interfering waves of light.
Name the phenomenon which illustrates the transverse nature of light.
Give the expression for the speed of light in terms of its frequency and wavelength.
Answer all the following questions :
Two point charges q 1 and q 2 are such that q 1,q 2> 0. What is the nature of the force between the charges ?
Define emf of a cell.
point object in denser medium, where the symbols have their usual meaning.
Which law of Kirchhoff related to frequency signifies conservation of energy ?
What are quarks ?
Mention any one application of LED.
Write the Boolean equation for OR logic gate.
PART  B II . Answer any ten of the following questions :
11.
10 x 2 = 20
Draw a neat diagram to show refraction of a ray of monochromatic light passing through a prism in the position of minimum deviation.
Who proposed quantum theory of radiation? Give the expression for energy associated with a photon.
Calculate the fringe width of the interference pattern from the following data :
Wavelength of the light A, = 678 nm Distance between the slits d = 0.35 mm Distance between the slits and the screen D = 1 in,
State and explain Gauss theorem in electrostatics.
With a neat diagram of a cylindrical capacitor, write an expression for its capacitance.
Draw a circuit diagram of Wheatstone's network. Give the condition for balance of a Wheatstone's network.
Define the terms 'magnetic clip' and 'horizontal component of earth's magnetic field'.
State Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction.
What are Fraunhoffer lines ? What is the type of spectrum of sunlight observed during total solar eclipse ?
What are coherent scattering and incoherent scattering ?
Give any two properties of LASER.
Mention two types of liquid crystals. PART  C
1 x 5 = 5
Derive the relation connecting u. u, n and R for refraction at a spherical surface concave towards
a
Explain double refraction with a neat diagram. Distinguish between the ordinary ray and the extraordinary ray with specific reference to (1) the speed of light and 01) the plane of polarisation.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Ill. Answer any one of the following questions :
23.
24.
25.
What is meant by equivalent resistance ? Obtain an expression for the effective resistance o, three resistors connected in series.
Obtain an expression for the current in a series LCR circuit, with the appropriate phase diagram.
Give Einstein's explanation of photoelectric effect.
2 x 5 = 10
26.
27.
V. Answer any two of the following questions :
28. State the postulates of Bohr's theory of hydrogen atom.
a) 29. Define the following terms : 

i) Decay constant ii) Halflife of a radioactive element. 

b) 
Assuming N = Noe x'obtain an expression for halflife period of a radioactive element in terms of its decay constant. 
30. Distinguish between conductors, semiconductors and insulators on the basis of Band theory of solids.
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Page 20
31. A parallel sided glass slab of thickness 0.25 m having refractive index of 1.524 is completely immersed in water of refractive index 1.333. A ray of light is incident on it at an angle of 40°. Calculate the lateral shift produced.
32. A point charge of 20 pC is situated at a point 0. A and B are points 0.05 m and 0.15 m away from this charge. Find the potential at A and B. Also find the work done to move a point charge of 1.6 x 1019 C from B to A.
33. A galvanometer of resistance 50.52 requires a current of 2 mA for full scale deflection. How do you convert it into
a) an ammeter of range 0  3A and
b) a voltmeter of range 0  5V ?
34. Calculate the energy released in kilowatthour (kWh) when 0.2 kg of 92U235 undergoes fission
completely. Assume that the average energy released per fission of 92U235 nucleus is 200 MeV.
VII. Answer any one of the following questions :
35.
1 x 5 = 5
Describe an experiment to determine the refractive index of the material of a convex lens by finding its focal length by shift method and radius of curvature by Boy's method. Describe an experiment to determine the specific heat of a liquid using Joule's calorimeter.
Verify the laws of combination of resistances using Ohm's law, from the following observations recorded in an experiment :
Given : R = 2C2 and R2 = 40.
Calculate the reduction factor of the TG and find the value of at the place from the following data :
Radius of the coil r = 7.96 x 102 m No. of turns used in the coil n = 2.
Answer any one of the following questions :
1 x 10 = 10
a) In an experiment with a microscope, light of wavelength 4240A is used. The limit of resolution is found to be 3 x 10 7 m. What is the semivertical angle ? 4
b) What are matter waves ? Give the expression for de Broglie wavelength in terms of linear
36:
37.
38.
IX.
39.
momentum of the particle. Give the principle of electron microscope.
4
c) Name the devices working on the principle of selfinduction and mutual induction.
40.
a) In an atom, an electron encircles in a path of radius 5.1 x 10 11 m producing a magnetic field of
13.4 tesla at the centre of the orbit. Given the charge of electron to be 1.6 x 10 19C, calculate the
frequency of the electron in its orbit. 
4 
b) Derive the expression for energy stored in a charged capacitor. 
4 
c) Mention the conditions for sustained interference pattern. 
2 
***********************
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