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POPULASI

Volume 4 Nomor 1 Tahun 1993

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Melembagakan Indokator Interaksi Kependudukan, Llingkungan Hidup, dan Pembangunan Sofian Effendi Increasing concern on the problem of carrying capacity in broad sense (natural, social, and built environment) which support to the process of sustainable development has stimulated awareness on how important it is for the government and the community to maintain the development and environment in the perfect harmony. This paper discusses various attempts in developing new policy indicators needed by the government to monitor the performance of sustainable development. These efforts are that the policy making should always be provided with exact, accurate, relevant, and advanced information on population qualities, environment, development strategies, and its related interactions.

Penetuan Desa Miskin: Analisis Potensi Desa 1990 Tukiran The 1990 Village Potentials Census (PODES) aims at collecting data on village capabilities, land utilities, transportation, population and environment, and agricultural, economics, educational and health activities in order to investigate village development in Indonesia. Part of the existing data is

utilized for compiling some indicators on poor and non-poor villages. To obtain certain criteria on poverty, 27 variables have been selected for the rural-villages regions and 25 variables for urban villages which are assumed as being relevant of being poor. The criteria of poverty is based on the total score average, village total score, and deviation standard. The results of the analysis only show the location of the poor villages, and not the existing number of poor population. The criteria about a poor village should be extremely carefully utilized since part of the selected variables is based on the reports of the majority of the village population only, so that the benefit becomes very limited. Information about these poor villages is more suited for the parameters of poor village facilities and infrastructures. Information about poor villages, according to PODES, has several basic weaknesses which can be improved with the support of the data of the 1993 Agricultural Census or the 1994 National Socioeconomic.

Survei Perubahan Kapasitas Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja di Sektor Informal Hans Dieter Evers Employment in the informal sector has risen sharply until about 1980, but has since started to decline. This is also true for employment in trade, which accounts for the mayor part of informal sector employment. On the basis of data derived from a survey on informal sector trade in Central Java it is shown that the informal sector is increasingly formalized. Consequently the labor absorption capacity of informal

sector trade has declined. It will be necessary to take account of this fact in formulating employment targets for the next Indonesian development plan REPELITA VI.

Keterintegrasian dan Perkembangan Industri Pedesaan: Studi Kasus di Dua Desa di Klaten dan Gunung Kidul Tadjuddin Noer Effendi; Helmut Weber This study examines the linkages within industry and between industry and the rest of rural economy. Its impact on the integration of economy at local level is also examined. It especially focuses on the interactions of rural sector and their effects on the development of industry. By applying growth linkages analysis the study found that the linkages between industry and other sectors are relatively weak. This condition had hampered the development of rural industries.

Perubahan Struktur Penduduk Akibat Pembangunan Industri Pariwisata di Propinsi Bali Ida Bagoes Mantra Tourism industry in the Province of Bali has rapidly developed lately. This has consequently led to the increase of the number of both foreign and domestic tourists who come to visit Bali. The rapid development of tourist industry in Bali has certain impacts on the existing demographic structure. As an example, the population growth in the tourist areas has

increased considerably caused by the number of migrants who came to the region. Most of these people are nonpermanent migrants of which the exact number is never known. If prior to the 1970s the population were clustered in the fertile regions, the population distribution has now changed to following the distribution of tourist industry. Tourist industry may stimulate the people of the rural areas to utilize the present existing economic opportunities. Development both in physical and non-physical aspects in the rural areas is followed by the improvement of transport facilities. These close relations have positively influenced the slight demographic structural difference between urban and rural.

Farming Systems and Demographic Break Points Daniel Benoit During more than eighty years until the seventieth decade the Province of Lampung was a receiving area for immigrants from Java and other parts of the archipelago. Fifteen years ago, around mid-seventies, several parts of this province became sending areas. This paper tries to explain the push factors of these out-migrations.

Korelasi Pendapatan Dengan Tinggi Badan Anak Baru Masuk Sekolah (TBABS) Elfindri; Syahrudin; Yusrizal Yulius; Djamaluddin Ancok This study investigates the relationship between household economic variables with standardized height-for-age of early school children in two rural setting and one urban area in West Sumatera. The heights of 474 early school children were measured and mothers were interviewed. The study confirms positive relationship between household economic variables with child height with different degree of significant. The evidences also support that height-for-age of earlier school children can be viewed as nutritional outcome as well as development achievement.

Jurnal Populasi Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan Universitas Gadjah Mada Bulaksumur G-7 Yogyakarta 55281 populasi@cpps.or.id; populasi_cpps@yahoo.com