Sei sulla pagina 1di 87

2012

Saket Kumar Pathak Software Developer 3D Graphics

[Programming in C of College days ]


Programs are tested with compiler and respective IDEs Bloodshed-DevC++, Visual Studio 2008, Qt 4.2. These are running successfully with console in windows platform. So just enjoy coding. For Visual Studio 2008 and Qt 4.2, please notice the note at the end.

Programming in C of College days


1. WAP to convert a. Binary to Decimal b. Decimal to Binary Program: Binary to Decimal: #include #include #include #include <stdio.h> <stdlib.h> <string.h> <math.h>

#define DATA_SIZE 32 char* rev_data_seq(char* chp_data_seq); void bin_to_dec() { printf("WAP to convert :\n\t-> Binary to Decimal"); printf("\nLimitation: \n\t-> Fractional Numbers will not considered. \n\t-> Binary format is limited to 32 bit. \n\t-> Input will considered in Unsigned format."); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_res, i_num, i_count; char ch_digit; char* chp_data_seq = (char*)malloc(sizeof(char) * DATA_SIZE); i_res = i_num = i_count = 0; printf("Please Enter any number (Binary in base 2): "); while((ch_digit = getchar()) != '\n') { if((ch_digit == '0')||(ch_digit == '1')) { *(chp_data_seq + i_count) = ch_digit; i_count++; } else if(i_count > 32) { i_res = 0; printf("\nInvalid Input.\n"); break; } else
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{ i_res = 0; printf("\nInvalid Input.\n"); break; } } *(chp_data_seq + i_count) = '\0'; chp_data_seq = rev_data_seq(chp_data_seq); i_count = 0; while (*(chp_data_seq + i_count) != '\0') { ch_digit = *(chp_data_seq + i_count); if(ch_digit == '0') i_num = (int)(0 * pow(2.0f, i_count)); else if(ch_digit == '1') i_num = (int)(1 * pow(2.0f, i_count)); i_res += i_num; i_count++; } printf("\nResultant: %d", i_res); } char* rev_data_seq(char* chp_data_seq) { char* temp_seq = (char*)malloc(sizeof(char) * (strlen(chp_data_seq) + 1)); int i_count = 0; int i_rev = (strlen(chp_data_seq)-1); while (*(chp_data_seq + i_count) != '\0') { *(temp_seq + i_rev) = *(chp_data_seq + i_count); i_count++; i_rev--; } *(temp_seq + i_count) = '\0'; return temp_seq; }

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int main() { dec_to_bin(); getch(); return 0; } ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~************~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Decimal to Binary: #include #include #include #include <stdio.h> <stdlib.h> <string.h> <math.h>

#define DATA_SIZE 32 void dec_to_bin() { printf("WAP to convert :\n\t-> Decimal to Binary"); printf("\nLimitation: \n\t-> Fractional Numbers will not considered. \n\t-> Binary format is limited to 32 bit. \n\t-> Generated result will be in Unsigned format."); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_num; printf("Please Enter any number (Decimal in base 10): "); scanf("%d", &i_num); int* i_res = (int*)malloc(sizeof(int) * DATA_SIZE); int i_count = 0; while(i_count < DATA_SIZE) { *(i_res + i_count) = 0; i_count++; } printf("\n"); i_count = (DATA_SIZE-1); int i_quotent, i_remainder; do { i_quotent = i_num / 2;
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i_remainder = i_num % 2; i_num = i_quotent; *(i_res + i_count) = i_remainder; i_count--; } while(i_quotent > 0); printf("\nResultant: "); i_count = 0; while(i_count < DATA_SIZE) { printf("%d", *(i_res + i_count)); i_count++; } } int main() { dec_to_bin(); getch(); return 0; }

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2. WAP to generate prime numbers within a given range. Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> int i_lr, i_hr, i_count_prime; int *i_collector; bool b_check; void set_argument() { printf("Please Enter Number to for lower limit of Range: "); scanf("%d", &i_lr); printf("Please Enter Number to for Upper limit of Range: "); scanf("%d", &i_hr); printf("\n\n\n"); } void find_numbers() { printf(" Given Range to find prime numbers is %d - %d.\n", i_lr, i_hr); i_collector = (int*)malloc(sizeof(int) * 1024); *i_collector = 1; { int i_count; for(i_count = i_lr; i_count <= i_hr; ++i_count) { if(i_count > 3) { int i_loopcount; for(i_loopcount = 2; i_loopcount <= (i_count/2); ++i_loopcount) { if((i_count % i_loopcount) == 0) { b_check = true; break; } else b_check = false; } if(!b_check)
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{ *i_collector = i_count; i_collector+=sizeof(int); i_count_prime++; } } else { *i_collector = i_count; i_collector+=sizeof(int); printf("\n The Number 2 and 3 are prime."); } } } printf("\n\n\n"); } void show_result() { i_collector-=sizeof(int); printf("Prime Number So obtained: \n"); printf("Index \t PrimeNumber\n"); int i_idx = 1; while(i_count_prime > 0) { printf(" %d\t %d\n", i_idx, *i_collector); i_collector = i_collector - sizeof(int); --i_count_prime; ++i_idx; } } int main() { printf("WAP to Find Prime numbers with a given range."); printf("\n\n\n"); set_argument(); find_numbers(); show_result(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; }

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3. WAP to generate following patterns, if line =5 (a) 1 0 1 0 1 (b) * *** * **** ******* ********* Program: (a) #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> int i_number; void set_argument() { printf("***To Draw The given pattern as per user value.***\n\n\n"); printf("\n"); printf("\t1\n"); printf("\t01\n"); printf("\t101\n"); printf("\t0101\n"); printf("\t10101\n"); printf("\n"); printf("Please Enter a number to draw pattern: "); scanf("%d", &i_number); printf("\n\n\n"); } 1 0 1 0

1 0 1

1 0

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void draw_pattern() { int container[2] = {1,0}; unsigned int ui_row, ui_col; for(ui_row = 1; ui_row <= (unsigned int)i_number; ++ui_row) { printf("\n\t"); int count; bool b_flag = true; for(ui_col = 1; ui_col <= ui_row; ++ui_col) { if(b_flag) { if((ui_row%2)==0) count = 1; else count = 0; b_flag = false; } printf("%d", container[count]); if(count==1) count = 0; else count = 1; } } } int main() { set_argument(); draw_pattern(); getch(); return 0; }

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~************~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

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(b) #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> int i_number; void set_argument() { printf("***To Draw The given pattern as per user value.***\n\n\n"); printf("\n"); printf("\t *\n"); printf("\t ***\n"); printf("\t *****\n"); printf("\t *******\n"); printf("\t*********\n"); printf("\n"); printf("Please Enter a number to draw pattern: "); scanf("%d", &i_number); printf("\n\n\n"); } void draw_pattern() { unsigned int ui_row, ui_blank, ui_col; for(ui_row = 0; ui_row <= (unsigned int)i_number; ++ui_row) { printf("\n\t"); for(ui_blank = 1; ui_blank <= (i_number-ui_row); ++ui_blank) printf(" "); for(ui_col = 1; ui_col <= (2*ui_row + 1); ++ui_col) printf("*"); } }

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int main() { set_argument(); draw_pattern(); getch(); return 0; }

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4. WAP to generate recursive Fibonacci series. Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> void create_fibonacci(bool flag, unsigned int i_count); int main() { printf("WAP to generate Fibonacci series using recursion.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_term, i_rec; unsigned int ui_count; printf("Enter a term to create fibonacci: "); scanf("%d", &i_term); printf("Fibonacci: 0 1"); create_fibonacci(true, (i_term-2)); system("pause"); return 0; } void create_fibonacci(bool flag, unsigned int i_count) { static int i_num_1, i_num_2, i_num_3; if (flag) { i_num_1 = 0; i_num_2 = 1; flag = false; } if (i_count > 0) { i_num_3 = i_num_1 + i_num_2; printf(" %d", i_num_3); i_num_1 = i_num_2; i_num_2 = i_num_3; create_fibonacci(false, --i_count); }
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printf("\n"); }

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5. WAP to perform binary search by using a. Recursion. b. Non recursion. Program: a. Recursion #include #include #include #include #include <stdio.h> <stdlib.h> <string.h> <stdbool.h> <math.h>

bool check_item_order(int* i_storage) { //Function to check the Item - List is in Sorted order. return true; } void recursive_bin_search(int* i_storage, int i_srch_item, int i_low, int i_mid, int i_hi) { if(i_low < i_hi) { if(i_storage[i_mid] == i_srch_item) { printf("Item (%d) is found at position: %d", i_srch_item, i_mid); } else if(i_storage[i_mid] > i_srch_item) { i_hi = i_mid; i_mid = (i_low + i_hi)/2; recursive_bin_search(i_storage, i_srch_item, i_low, i_mid, i_hi); } else if(i_storage[i_mid] < i_srch_item) { i_low = i_mid; i_mid = (i_low + i_hi)/2; recursive_bin_search(i_storage, i_srch_item, i_low, i_mid, i_hi); } } }
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void recursive_binary_search(int* i_storage, int i_num_item) { bool b_check = check_item_order(i_storage); printf("Your Storage Items are: \n\t"); int i_loop_count; for(i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_num_item; ++i_loop_count) { printf("%d, ", i_storage[i_loop_count]); } printf("\n\n\n"); int i_srch_item; printf("Please Enter the item (number) to search: "); scanf("%d", &i_srch_item); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_low = 0; int i_hi = i_num_item; int i_mid = (i_low + i_hi)/2; if(b_check) recursive_bin_search(i_storage, i_srch_item, i_low, i_mid, i_hi); else printf("\nItems are not in Order.\n"); } void binary_search(void) { printf("WAP for Binary - Search."); printf("\nLimitation: \n\t-> Items are restrickted with integer number.\n\t-> Starting index of storage is 0."); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_storage[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10}; recursive_binary_search(i_storage, (sizeof(i_storage)/sizeof(int))); }

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int main() { binary_search(); printf("\n\n\n"); getch(); return 0; } ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~************~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

b. Non recursion #include #include #include #include #include <stdio.h> <stdlib.h> <string.h> <stdbool.h> <math.h>

bool check_item_order(int* i_storage) { return true; } void iterative_binary_search(int* i_storage, int i_num_item) { bool b_check = check_item_order(i_storage); printf("Your Storage Items are: \n\t"); int i_loop_count; for(i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_num_item; ++i_loop_count) { printf("%d, ", i_storage[i_loop_count]); } printf("\n\n\n"); int i_srch_item; printf("Please Enter the item (number) to search: "); scanf("%d", &i_srch_item); printf("\n\n\n");
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printf("Result: "); int i_low = 0; int i_hi = i_num_item; int i_mid = (i_low + i_hi)/2; if (b_check) { while(i_low < i_hi) { if(i_storage[i_mid] == i_srch_item) { printf("Item (%d) is found at position: %d", i_srch_item, i_mid); break; } else if(i_storage[i_mid] > i_srch_item) { i_hi = i_mid; i_mid = (i_low + i_hi)/2; } else if(i_storage[i_mid] < i_srch_item) { i_low = i_mid; i_mid = (i_low + i_hi)/2; } } } } void binary_search(void) { printf("WAP for Binary - Search."); printf("\nLimitation: \n\t-> Items are restrickted with integer number.\n\t-> Starting index of storage is 0."); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_storage[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10}; iterative_binary_search(i_storage, (sizeof(i_storage)/sizeof(int))); }

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int main() { binary_search(); printf("\n\n\n"); getch(); return 0; }

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6. WAP for Tower of Hanoi. Also draw the recursive tree for n=4 disks. Program: #include #include #include #include #include <stdio.h> <stdlib.h> <stdbool.h> <string.h> <math.h>

void generate_moves_toh(int i_disk_num, char from_peg, char to_peg, char aux_peg) { /* If only 1 disk, make the move and return */ if(i_disk_num == 1) { printf("\nMove disk 1 from peg %c to peg %c", from_peg, to_peg); return; } /* Move top n-1 disks from A to B, using C as auxiliary */ generate_moves_toh(i_disk_num-1, from_peg, aux_peg, to_peg); printf("\nMove disk %d from peg %c to peg %c", i_disk_num, from_peg, to_peg); /* Move n-1 disks from B to C using A as auxiliary */ generate_moves_toh(i_disk_num-1, aux_peg, to_peg, from_peg); } void gen_tow_of_honoi() { printf("WAP to display the steps required in solving 'Tower of Hanoi' for 'n' number of disks."); printf("\nLimitation: \n\t-> Disks are represented as integral numbers in assending order."); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_num_disk; printf("Enter the number of disks : "); scanf("%d",&i_num_disk); printf("The Tower of Hanoi involves the moves :\n\n"); generate_moves_toh(i_num_disk, 'A', 'C', 'B');
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} int main() { gen_tow_of_honoi(); printf("\n\n\n"); getch(); return 0; }

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7. WAP to generate Pascal triangle viz. if line =5 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 3 1 1 4 6 4 1 Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> int main() { printf("Pascal's Series\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_num_row; printf("Enter number of rows: "); scanf("%d", &i_num_row); int arr[6], arr_temp[6]; static bool flag = true; int i_row_count, i_col_count, i_count, i_counter; for (i_row_count = 1; i_row_count <= i_num_row; ++i_row_count) { for (i_col_count = 1; i_col_count <= i_num_row; ++i_col_count) { for (i_count = 0; i_count <= i_row_count; ++i_count) { if (flag) { arr[i_count] = i_count; if (arr[i_count] != 0) printf("\t%d", arr[i_count]); } else if(i_count > 0) { arr_temp[i_count] = arr[i_count-1] + arr[i_count]; printf("\t%d", arr_temp[i_count]); }
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else { arr_temp[i_count] = i_count; } } for (i_counter = i_count; i_counter <= (i_num_row+1); ++i_counter) { if (flag) { arr[i_counter] = 0; } else if(i_counter > 0) { arr_temp[i_counter] = arr[i_counter-1] + arr[i_counter]; } } flag = false; break; } if (i_row_count > 1) for (i_count = 1; i_count <= i_num_row; ++i_count) { arr[i_count] = arr_temp[i_count]; } printf("\n"); } system("pause"); return 0; }

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8. Write following programs by using passing array to function : a) Bubble sort b) Insertion sort c) Selection sort Program: a) Bubble sort #include <stdio.h> int* bubble_sort(int i_store[], int i_size); int* get_elem(int i_size); void disp_elem(int i_store[], int i_size); int main() { printf("WAP of Bubble sort by using array."); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_store_size; printf("Enter the total number of items to store: "); scanf("%d", &i_store_size); int* ip_store = get_elem(i_store_size); ip_store = bubble_sort(ip_store, i_store_size); disp_elem(ip_store, i_store_size); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } int* get_elem(int i_size) { int* ip_store = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_size); int i_count = 0; while (i_size) { printf("\nEnter item for index - %d : ", i_count); scanf("%d", (ip_store+i_count)); i_count++; i_size--; } return ip_store;
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} int* bubble_sort(int i_store[], int i_size) { int i_temp; int i_count_0, i_count_1; for (i_count_0 = (i_size - 1); i_count_0 > 0; --i_count_0) { for (i_count_1 = 1; i_count_1 <= i_count_0; ++i_count_1) { if (i_store[i_count_1 - 1] > i_store[i_count_1]) { i_temp = i_store[i_count_1 - 1]; i_store[i_count_1 - 1] = i_store[i_count_1]; i_store[i_count_1] = i_temp; } } } return i_store; } void disp_elem(int i_store[], int i_size) { printf("\nDisplaying Elements of store: \n"); int i_ndx = 0; while (i_size) { printf("\nIndex(%d) : %d", i_ndx, i_store[i_ndx]); i_ndx++; i_size--; } }

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~************~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

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Insertion sort #include <stdio.h> int* insertion_sort(int i_store[], int i_size); int* get_elem(int i_size); void disp_elem(int i_store[], int i_size); int main() { printf("WAP of Insertion sort by using array."); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_store_size; printf("Enter the total number of items to store: "); scanf("%d", &i_store_size); int* ip_store = get_elem(i_store_size); ip_store = insertion_sort(ip_store, i_store_size); disp_elem(ip_store, i_store_size); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } int* get_elem(int i_size) { int* ip_store = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_size); int i_count = 0; while (i_size) { printf("\nEnter item for index - %d : ", i_count); scanf("%d", (ip_store+i_count)); i_count++; i_size--; } return ip_store; } int* insertion_sort(int i_store[], int i_size) { int i_temp; int i_count_0, i_count_1, i_count_2; for (i_count_0 = 1; i_count_0 <= (i_size-1); ++i_count_0) {
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for (i_count_1 = 0; i_count_1 < i_count_0; ++i_count_1) { if (i_store[i_count_1] > i_store[i_count_0]) { i_temp = i_store[i_count_1] ; i_store[i_count_1] = i_store[i_count_0] ; for (i_count_2 = i_count_0; i_count_2 > i_count_1; i_count_2--) i_store[i_count_2] = i_store[i_count_2 - 1] ; i_store[i_count_2 + 1] = i_temp ; } } } return i_store; } void disp_elem(int i_store[], int i_size) { printf("\nDisplaying Elements of store: \n"); int i_ndx = 0; while (i_size) { printf("\nIndex(%d) : %d", i_ndx, i_store[i_ndx]); i_ndx++; i_size--; } }

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~************~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

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Selection sort #include <stdio.h> int* selection_sort(int i_store[], int i_size); int* get_elem(int i_size); void disp_elem(int i_store[], int i_size); int main() { printf("WAP of Selection sort by using array."); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_store_size; printf("Enter the total number of items to store: "); scanf("%d", &i_store_size); int* ip_store = get_elem(i_store_size); ip_store = selection_sort(ip_store, i_store_size); disp_elem(ip_store, i_store_size); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } int* get_elem(int i_size) { int* ip_store = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_size); int i_count = 0; while (i_size) { printf("\nEnter item for index - %d : ", i_count); scanf("%d", (ip_store+i_count)); i_count++; i_size--; } return ip_store; } int* selection_sort(int i_store[], int i_size) { int i_temp; int i_count_0, i_count_1; for (i_count_0 = 0; i_count_0 < (i_size-1); ++i_count_0) {
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for (i_count_1 = (i_count_0+1); i_count_1 < i_size; ++i_count_1) { if (i_store[i_count_0] > i_store[i_count_1]) { i_temp = i_store[i_count_0]; i_store[i_count_0] = i_store[i_count_1]; i_store[i_count_1] = i_temp; } } } return i_store; } void disp_elem(int i_store[], int i_size) { printf("\nDisplaying Elements of store: \n"); int i_ndx = 0; while (i_size) { printf("\nIndex(%d) : %d", i_ndx, i_store[i_ndx]); i_ndx++; i_size--; } }

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9. WAP for matrix multiplication of given order. Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> void get_matrices(void); void mult_matrices(void); void disp_matrix(void); int **mat_1; int **mat_2; int **res_mat; int i_m1_row, i_m1_col; int i_m2_row, i_m2_col; int main() { printf("WAP for matrix multiplication of given order.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); get_matrices(); mult_matrices(); disp_matrix(); system("pause"); return 0; } void get_matrices() { printf("Enter number of rows for Matrix-1: "); scanf("%d", &i_m1_row); printf("Enter number of columbs for Matrix-1: "); scanf("%d", &i_m1_col); mat_1 = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_m1_row); int i_row_count, i_col_count; printf("Enter elements for Matrix-1:\n"); for (i_row_count = 0; i_row_count < i_m1_row; ++i_row_count) { *(mat_1+i_row_count) = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_m1_col);

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for (i_col_count = 0; i_col_count < i_m1_col; ++i_col_count) { printf("Element[%d][%d]: ", i_row_count, i_col_count); scanf("%d",&(*(*(mat_1+i_row_count)+i_col_count))); *(mat_1+i_row_count)+i_col_count; } } printf("\n\n\n"); printf("Enter number of rows for Matrix-2: "); scanf("%d", &i_m2_row); printf("Enter number of columbs for Matrix-2: "); scanf("%d", &i_m2_col); mat_2 = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_m2_row); printf("Enter elements for Matrix-2:\n"); for (i_row_count = 0; i_row_count < i_m2_row; ++i_row_count) { *(mat_2+i_row_count) = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_m2_col); for (i_col_count = 0; i_col_count < i_m2_col; ++i_col_count) { printf("Element[%d][%d]: ", i_row_count, i_col_count); scanf("%d",&(*(*(mat_2+i_row_count)+i_col_count))); *(mat_2+i_row_count)+i_col_count; } } printf("\n\n\n"); for (i_row_count = 0; i_row_count < i_m1_row; ++i_row_count) { for (i_col_count = 0; i_col_count < i_m1_col; ++i_col_count) { printf("Element[%d][%d] - Mat-1: %d\n", i_row_count, i_col_count, mat_1[i_row_count][i_col_count]); } } printf("\n\n\n");
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for (i_row_count = 0; i_row_count < i_m1_row; ++i_row_count) { for (i_col_count = 0; i_col_count < i_m1_col; ++i_col_count) { printf("Element[%d][%d] - Mat-2: %d\n", i_row_count, i_col_count, mat_2[i_row_count][i_col_count]); } } printf("\n"); } void mult_matrices(void) { printf("\n\n\n"); int i_row_count, i_col_count, i_count; res_mat = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_m1_row); printf("Resultant Matrix: Row- %d\t Column- %d\n", i_m1_row, i_m2_col); for (i_row_count = 0; i_row_count < i_m1_row; ++i_row_count) { *(res_mat+i_row_count) = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_m2_col); for (i_col_count = 0; i_col_count < i_m2_col; ++i_col_count) { *(*(res_mat+i_row_count)+i_col_count) = 0; for (i_count = 0; i_count < i_m1_row; ++i_count) { *(*(res_mat+i_row_count)+i_col_count) += (*(*(mat_1 + i_row_count)+i_count)) * (*(*(mat_2 + i_count)+i_col_count)); } } } printf("\n\n\n"); }

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void disp_matrix(void) { int i_row_count, i_col_count; for (i_row_count = 0; i_row_count < i_m1_row; ++i_row_count) { for (i_col_count = 0; i_col_count < i_m2_col; ++i_col_count) { printf("Resultant[%d][%d] - Res-2: %d\n", i_row_count, i_col_count, *(*(res_mat+i_row_count)+i_col_count)); } } printf("\n\n\n"); }

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10. a. b. c. d. Program: a. Copy of one string in another #include <stdio.h> #define STR_SIZE 1024 char* get_string(void); char* str_copy(char* gvn_str); int main() { printf("WAP without using string's function to Copy one string into another."); printf("\n\n\n"); char* temp = malloc(sizeof(char) * STR_SIZE); temp = get_string(); printf("\n\n\n"); printf("Copied String: %s", str_copy(temp)); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } char* get_string(void) { char* chp_var1; char ch_temp; int i_num = 0; chp_var1 = malloc(sizeof(char) * STR_SIZE); printf("Please Enter an string to copy ('\\n' is terminating character): "); while ((ch_temp = getchar()) != '\n') {
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*(chp_var1 + i_num) = ch_temp; i_num++; } *(chp_var1 + i_num) = '\0'; return chp_var1; } char* str_copy(char* gvn_str) { char* chp_var; int i_num = 0; chp_var = malloc(sizeof(char) * STR_SIZE); while (*(gvn_str + i_num) != '\0') { *(chp_var + i_num) = *(gvn_str + i_num); i_num++; } *(chp_var + i_num) = '\0'; return chp_var; } ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~************~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ b. Concatenation of string #include <stdio.h> #define STR_SIZE 1024 char* concat_str(char* chp_var1, char* chp_var2); unsigned int get_str_len(char* chp_var); int main() { printf("WAP without using string's function for Concatenating of two strings. "); char* chp_var1; char* chp_var2; char* chp_res;

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printf("\n\n\n"); chp_var1 = malloc(sizeof(char) * STR_SIZE); chp_var2 = malloc(sizeof(char) * STR_SIZE); printf("Please Enter an string: "); scanf("%s", chp_var1); printf("\n\n"); printf("Please Enter another string to concatenate: "); scanf("%s", chp_var2); chp_res = concat_str(chp_var1, chp_var2); printf("\nResultant String (after Copying): %s", chp_res); printf("\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } char* concat_str(char* chp_var1, char* chp_var2) { size_t size = get_str_len(chp_var1) + get_str_len(chp_var2); chp_var1 = (char*)realloc(chp_var1, (size+1)); unsigned int ui_count = 0; while (*(chp_var1+ui_count) != '\0') ui_count++; while (*chp_var2 != '\0') { *(chp_var1+ui_count) = *chp_var2; ui_count++; chp_var2++; } *(chp_var1+ui_count) = '\0'; return chp_var1; }

unsigned int get_str_len(char* chp_var) {


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unsigned int ui_count = 0; while (*chp_var != '\0') { ui_count++; chp_var++; } return ui_count; } ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~************~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ c. Comparison of strings #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> #define STR_SIZE 1024 bool comp_str(char* chp_var1, char* chp_var2); int main() { printf("WAP without using string's function to Comparison of strings."); char* chp_var1; char* chp_var2; bool b_res; printf("\n\n\n"); chp_var1 = malloc(sizeof(char) * STR_SIZE); chp_var2 = malloc(sizeof(char) * STR_SIZE); printf("Please Enter an string: "); scanf("%s", chp_var1); printf("\n\n"); printf("Please Enter another string to compare: "); scanf("%s", chp_var2); b_res = comp_str(chp_var1, chp_var2); if (b_res) printf("\nStrings are same."); else printf("\nStrings are not same.");

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printf("\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } bool comp_str(char* chp_var1, char* chp_var2) { unsigned int ui_count = 0; while (*(chp_var1+ui_count)== *(chp_var2+ui_count)) { if (*(chp_var1+ui_count) == '\0') return true; ui_count++; } return false; } ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~************~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ d. Reverse the string #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> #define STR_SIZE 1024 char* comp_str(char* chp_var1); unsigned int get_str_len(char* chp_var); int main() { printf("WAP without using string's function to Reverse the string."); char* chp_var1; char* chp_res; printf("\n\n\n"); chp_var1 = malloc(sizeof(char) * STR_SIZE); printf("Please Enter an string: "); scanf("%s", chp_var1); chp_res = comp_str(chp_var1);

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printf("\nResultant Strings (after reverse): %s", chp_res); printf("\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } char* comp_str(char* chp_var1) { size_t size = get_str_len(chp_var1); char* chp_str = malloc(size+1); unsigned int ui_rev_idx = (size - 1); unsigned int ui_count = 0; while (*(chp_var1+ui_count) != '\0') { *(chp_str+ui_rev_idx) = *(chp_var1+ui_count); ui_rev_idx--; ui_count++; } *(chp_str+size) = '\0'; return chp_str; } unsigned int get_str_len(char* chp_var) { unsigned int ui_count = 0; while (*chp_var != '\0') { ui_count++; chp_var++; } return ui_count; }

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11. WAP to check that given string is palindrome or not? Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> bool check(char* usr_str, char* chk_str); int main() { printf("WAP to check given string is Palindrome.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); bool b_check; char* chp_var = malloc(sizeof(char) * 1024); char* chk_var = malloc(sizeof(char) * 1024); char* temp = chp_var; unsigned int ui_no_char = 0; printf("Enter string to check palindrome: "); while ((*chp_var = getchar())!='\n') { *chk_var = *chp_var; chk_var++; chp_var++; ui_no_char++; } *chp_var = '\0'; chp_var = temp; chk_var--; b_check = check(chp_var, chk_var); if (b_check) printf("\nResult: %s, is palindrome.\n", chp_var); else printf("\nResult: %s, isn't palindrome.\n", chp_var); system("pause"); return 0; }

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bool check(char* usr_str, char* chk_str) { unsigned int ui_count, ui_chk; ui_chk = ui_count = 0; while (*usr_str != '\0') { ui_count++; if (*usr_str != *chk_str) { return false; } else { ui_chk++; } usr_str++; chk_str--; } if (ui_count == ui_chk) return true; }

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12. WAP to store the information about books Title, Author, Page, & Price. Display the information by using pointer & structure with following restriction : a. Display elements by passing one element at time. b. By passing all elements at time. Program: #include #include #include #include <stdio.h> <stdbool.h> <ctype.h> <string.h>

#define HEAD_SIZE 9 #define DIGIT_SIZE 9 #define STRING_LEN 30 void get_choice(void); bool store_info(void); bool disp_one_elem(void); bool disp_all_elem(void); char* int_to_alpha(int i_num); struct bk_detail { char* chp_stitle; char* chp_sname; int i_spage; int i_sprice; }; int main() { printf("WAP to store the information about book's Title, Author, Page, & Price. \nDisplay the information by using pointer & structure with following restriction :"); printf("\n\t-> Display elements by passing one element at time. \n\t-> By passing all elements at time."); printf("\n\n\n"); char ch_temp; FILE* fp; fp = fopen("book_idx_mgr.txt", "r+"); ch_temp = fgetc(fp); fclose(fp); if (ch_temp == -1)
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{ printf("No record inserted.\n"); get_choice(); } else { printf("\nBook Index File is ready for use.\n"); get_choice(); } fclose(fp); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } char* int_to_alpha(int i_num) { int i_count, i_sign, i_rev_count; char* chp_num = malloc(sizeof(char) * DIGIT_SIZE); char* chp_rev_num = malloc(sizeof(char) * DIGIT_SIZE); i_sign = 0; i_count = i_rev_count = 0; if (i_num == 0) { *(chp_num + i_count) = '0'; i_count++; } else if (i_num < 0) { i_sign = -1; i_num *= -1; } while (i_num > 0) { *(chp_num + i_count) = i_num % 10 + '0'; i_count++; i_num /= 10; } if (i_sign < 0) { *(chp_num + i_count) = '-'; i_count++; }
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*(chp_num + i_count) = '\0'; i_count = 0; i_rev_count = strlen(chp_num)-1; while (*(chp_num + i_count) != '\0') { *(chp_rev_num + i_count) = *(chp_num + i_rev_count); i_count++; i_rev_count--; } *(chp_rev_num + i_count) = '\0'; return chp_rev_num; } void get_choice(void) { bool (*pfunc_seq[3])(); pfunc_seq[0] = store_info; pfunc_seq[1] = disp_one_elem; pfunc_seq[2] = disp_all_elem; printf("\nYour choices for operation:\n"); printf("\n\t a. To insert record (press) - 1\n"); printf("\n\t b. To display complete info of the \n\t book (your selected name of book) (press) - 2\n"); printf("\n\t a. To display all records (press) - 3\n"); printf("\nPlease Enter your choice: "); char ch_choice; if ((ch_choice = getchar()) == '1') { (*pfunc_seq[0])(); } else if (ch_choice == '2') { (*pfunc_seq[1])(); } else if (ch_choice == '3') { (*pfunc_seq[2])(); } else printf("\nChoice is invalid.\n"); }
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bool store_info() { FILE* fp; fp = fopen("book_idx_mgr.txt", "a+"); printf("\nTo store - records.\n"); char* chp_bk_title = malloc(sizeof(char) * STRING_LEN); char* chp_bk_author = malloc(sizeof(char) * STRING_LEN); char* chp_bk_page = malloc(sizeof(char) * STRING_LEN); char* chp_bk_price = malloc(sizeof(char) * STRING_LEN); int i_temp; printf("Please Enter: \n"); printf("\tTitle: "); scanf("%s", chp_bk_title); fputs("Title: ", fp); fputs(chp_bk_title, fp); printf("\tAuthor: "); scanf("%s", chp_bk_author); fputs("\nAuthor: ", fp); fputs(chp_bk_author, fp); printf("\tPage: "); scanf("%d", &i_temp); chp_bk_page = int_to_alpha(i_temp); fputs("\nPage: ", fp); fputs(chp_bk_page, fp); printf("\tPrice(only Integer): "); scanf("%d", &i_temp); chp_bk_price = int_to_alpha(i_temp); fputs("\nPrice: ", fp); fputs(chp_bk_price, fp); char* chp_item_separator = "\n-------------------------------------------\n"; fputs(chp_item_separator, fp); fclose(fp); return true; } bool disp_one_elem() {

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printf("\nTo display the details of record as per your choice.\n"); struct bk_detail s_bk_detail; s_bk_detail.chp_sname = malloc(sizeof(char) * STRING_LEN); s_bk_detail.chp_stitle = malloc(sizeof(char) * STRING_LEN); s_bk_detail.i_spage = 0; s_bk_detail.i_sprice = 0; char* chp_usr_book = malloc(sizeof(char) * STRING_LEN); printf("Please Enter the title of the book: "); scanf("%s", chp_usr_book); FILE* fp; fp = fopen("book_idx_mgr.txt", "r+"); char* chp_str = malloc(sizeof(char) * HEAD_SIZE); char* chp_prev_str = malloc(sizeof(char) * HEAD_SIZE); char ch_temp; int i_ch_count = 0; bool b_store = false; bool b_assign = false; while ((ch_temp = fgetc(fp))!= EOF) { if ((isalpha(ch_temp))||(isdigit(ch_temp))||(ch_temp == '_')) { *(chp_str + i_ch_count) = ch_temp; i_ch_count++; } else if ((ch_temp == ':')||(ch_temp == '\n')) { *(chp_str + i_ch_count) = '\0'; i_ch_count = 0; if (ch_temp == ':') { b_store = false; } else if (ch_temp == '\n') b_store = true; if (b_store) { if (strcmp(chp_str, chp_usr_book) == 0) { b_assign = true;
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} if (b_assign) { if (strcmp(chp_prev_str, "Title") == 0) { s_bk_detail.chp_stitle = strcpy(s_bk_detail.chp_stitle, chp_str); printf("\nTitle - %s", s_bk_detail.chp_stitle); } else if (strcmp(chp_prev_str, "Author") == 0) { s_bk_detail.chp_sname = strcpy(s_bk_detail.chp_sname, chp_str); printf("\nAuthor - %s", s_bk_detail.chp_sname); } else if (strcmp(chp_prev_str, "Page") == 0) { int i_temp = atoi(chp_str); s_bk_detail.i_spage = i_temp; printf("\nPage - %d", s_bk_detail.i_spage); } else if (strcmp(chp_prev_str, "Price") == 0) { int i_temp = atoi(chp_str); s_bk_detail.i_sprice = i_temp; printf("\nPrice - %d", s_bk_detail.i_sprice); b_assign = false; } } } else { chp_prev_str = strcpy(chp_prev_str, chp_str); } } }

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fclose(fp); return true; } bool disp_all_elem() { printf("\nTo display the details of record.\n"); FILE* fp; fp = fopen("book_idx_mgr.txt", "r+"); char* chp_str = malloc(sizeof(char) * HEAD_SIZE); char ch_temp; int i_ch_count = 0; while ((ch_temp = fgetc(fp))!= EOF) { if ((isalpha(ch_temp))||(isdigit(ch_temp))||(ch_temp == ':')||(ch_temp == ' ')||(ch_temp == '_')) { *(chp_str + i_ch_count) = ch_temp; i_ch_count++; } else if (ch_temp == '\n') { *(chp_str + i_ch_count) = '\0'; i_ch_count = 0; fputs(chp_str, stdout); fputs("\n", stdout); } } fclose(fp); return true; }

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13. WAP to display the sum of entered number by writing on & reading from file. Program: #include #include #include #include <stdio.h> <ctype.h> <stdlib.h> <stdbool.h>

#define DIGIT_SIZE 9 void write_file(FILE* fp); void read_file(FILE* fp); int main() { printf("WAP to write integer numbers to files, then separate even & odd numbers among them & store & display them in separate files."); printf("\n\n\n"); FILE* fp; printf("Please Note: \n\t->Comma(','), \n\t->Blank-Space (' '), \n\t->Tab ('\\t') \n\t->and Enter ('\\n') are separators"); printf("\n\t->whereas Dot ('.') is terminator, \nLimitation: Program will not accept any number more than 9 digits."); printf("\nPlease use any of spearator before terminator."); printf("\n\n\n"); printf("Please Enter numbers: "); write_file(fp); printf("\n\n\n"); read_file(fp); system("pause"); return 0; } void write_file(FILE* fp) { fp = fopen("Integer_data.txt", "w+"); int* ip_usr_data;
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ip_usr_data = malloc(sizeof(int)); char ch_temp_data; char* ch_num = malloc(sizeof(char) * DIGIT_SIZE); int i_count = 0; bool b_check = false; while ((ch_temp_data = getchar()) != '.') { if (((ch_temp_data == ',')||(ch_temp_data == ' ')||(ch_temp_data == '\t')||(ch_temp_data == '\n'))&&(b_check)) { b_check = false; *(ch_num + i_count) = '\0'; i_count = 0; *ip_usr_data = atoi(ch_num); if (*ip_usr_data) { fputs(ch_num, fp); fputs(", ", fp); } } else if (isdigit(ch_temp_data)) { b_check = true; *(ch_num + i_count) = ch_temp_data; i_count++; } else if (isalpha(ch_temp_data)) { printf("Invalid input."); } } fclose(fp); } void read_file(FILE* fp) { fp = fopen("Integer_data.txt", "r+"); FILE* fp_even; fp_even = fopen("Even_data.txt", "w+"); FILE* fp_odd; fp_odd = fopen("Odd_data.txt", "w+"); int* ip_usr_data;
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ip_usr_data = malloc(sizeof(int)); char* ch_num = malloc(sizeof(char) * DIGIT_SIZE); int i_count = 0; bool b_check = false; char ch_temp_data; while ((ch_temp_data = fgetc(fp)) != EOF) { if (((ch_temp_data == ',')||(ch_temp_data == ' ')||(ch_temp_data == '\t')||(ch_temp_data == '\n'))&&(b_check)) { b_check = false; *(ch_num + i_count) = '\0'; i_count = 0; *ip_usr_data = atoi(ch_num); if (*ip_usr_data) { if ((*ip_usr_data % 2) == 0) { fputs(ch_num, fp_even); fputs(", ", fp_even); } else { fputs(ch_num, fp_odd); fputs(", ", fp_odd); } } } else if (isdigit(ch_temp_data)) { b_check = true; *(ch_num + i_count) = ch_temp_data; i_count++; } } if (fclose(fp_even) == 0) if (fclose(fp_odd) == 0) if (fclose(fp) == 0) printf("Normal termination.\n"); else printf("Abnormal termination.\n"); else printf("Abnormal termination.\n");
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else printf("Abnormal termination.\n"); }

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14. Write integer numbers to files, then separate even & odd numbers among them & store & display them in separate files. Program: #include #include #include #include <stdio.h> <ctype.h> <stdlib.h> <stdbool.h>

#define DIGIT_SIZE 9 char* int_to_alpha(int i_num); void write_file(FILE* fp, int i_addend, int i_augend); void read_file(FILE* fp); int main() { printf("WAP to display the sum of entered number by writing on & reading from file."); printf("\n\n\n"); printf("Limitation: Program will only accept intergral number of size 4 bytes."); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_addend, i_augend; printf("Please Enter numbers: "); scanf("%d", &i_addend); printf("Please Enter numbers: "); scanf("%d", &i_augend); FILE* fp; write_file(fp, i_addend, i_augend); read_file(fp); system("pause"); return 0; } char* int_to_alpha(int i_num) { int i_count, i_sign, i_rev_count; char* chp_num = malloc(sizeof(char) * DIGIT_SIZE); char* chp_rev_num = malloc(sizeof(char) * DIGIT_SIZE);
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i_sign = 0; i_count = i_rev_count = 0; if (i_num == 0) { *(chp_num + i_count) = '0'; i_count++; } else if (i_num < 0) { i_sign = -1; i_num *= -1; } while (i_num > 0) { *(chp_num + i_count) = i_num % 10 + '0'; i_count++; i_num /= 10; } if (i_sign < 0) { *(chp_num + i_count) = '-'; i_count++; } *(chp_num + i_count) = '\0'; i_count = 0; i_rev_count = strlen(chp_num)-1; while (*(chp_num + i_count) != '\0') { *(chp_rev_num + i_count) = *(chp_num + i_rev_count); i_count++; i_rev_count--; } *(chp_rev_num + i_count) = '\0'; return chp_rev_num; } void write_file(FILE* fp, int i_addend, int i_augend) { fp = fopen("Summation.txt", "w+"); char* chp_addend = int_to_alpha(i_addend);
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char* chp_augend = int_to_alpha(i_augend); fputs(chp_addend, fp); fputs(" + ", fp); fputs(chp_augend, fp); fputs(" = ", fp); fclose(fp); } void read_file(FILE* fp) { int i_addend, i_augend, i_result; fp = fopen("Summation.txt", "r+"); int* ip_usr_data; ip_usr_data = malloc(sizeof(int)); char* chp_result; char* ch_num = malloc(sizeof(char) * DIGIT_SIZE); int i_count = 0; int i_sign = 0; bool b_check = false; bool b_flag = false; char ch_temp_data; while ((ch_temp_data = fgetc(fp)) != EOF) { if ((ch_temp_data == ' ')&&(b_check)) { b_check = false; *(ch_num + i_count) = '\0'; i_count = 0; *ip_usr_data = atoi(ch_num); if (i_sign < 0) { *ip_usr_data *= -1; i_sign = 0; } if (*ip_usr_data) { if (b_flag) { i_augend = *ip_usr_data; b_flag = false;
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} else if (!b_flag) { i_addend = *ip_usr_data; } } } else if (isdigit(ch_temp_data)) { b_check = true; *(ch_num + i_count) = ch_temp_data; i_count++; } else if (ch_temp_data == '+') { b_flag = true; } else if (ch_temp_data == '-') { i_sign = -1; } else if (ch_temp_data == '=') { i_result = i_addend + i_augend; printf("Addend: %d\n", i_addend); printf("Augend: %d\n", i_augend); chp_result = int_to_alpha(i_result); printf("Summation-: %s\n", chp_result); } } fputs(chp_result, fp); if (fclose(fp) == 0) printf("Normal termination.\n"); else printf("Abnormal termination.\n"); }

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15. WAP to draw the given pattern as per user value. * ** *** **** ***** Program: #include <stdio.h> int i_number; void set_argument() { printf("***To Draw The given pattern as per user value.***\n\n\n"); printf("\n"); printf("\t*\n"); printf("\t**\n"); printf("\t***\n"); printf("\t****\n"); printf("\t*****\n"); printf("\n"); printf("Please Enter a number to draw pattern: "); scanf("%d", &i_number); printf("\n\n\n"); } void draw_pattern() { unsigned int ui_row, ui_col; for(ui_row = 1; ui_row <= i_number; ++ui_row) { printf("\n\t"); for(ui_col = 1; ui_col <= ui_row; ++ui_col) printf("*"); } printf("\n\n\n"); }

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int main() { set_argument(); draw_pattern(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; }

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16. WAP to draw the given pattern as per user value. 1 12 123 1234 12345 Program: #include <stdio.h> int i_number; void set_argument() { printf("***To Draw The given pattern as per user value.***\n\n\n"); printf("\n"); printf("\t1\n"); printf("\t12\n"); printf("\t123\n"); printf("\t1234\n"); printf("\t12345\n"); printf("\n"); printf("Please Enter a number to draw pattern: "); scanf("%d", &i_number); printf("\n\n\n"); } void draw_pattern() { unsigned int ui_row, ui_col; for(ui_row = 1; ui_row <= i_number; ++ui_row) { printf("\n\t"); for(ui_col = 1; ui_col <= ui_row; ++ui_col) printf("%d", ui_col); } } int main() { set_argument();
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draw_pattern(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; }

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17. WAP to draw the given pattern as per user value. 1 21 321 4321 54321 Program: #include <stdio.h> int i_number; void set_argument() { printf("***To Draw The given pattern as per user value.***\n\n\n"); printf("\n"); printf("\t 1\n"); printf("\t 21\n"); printf("\t 321\n"); printf("\t 4321\n"); printf("\t54321\n"); printf("\n"); printf("Please Enter a single digit number to draw pattern: "); scanf("%d", &i_number); printf("\n\n\n"); } void draw_pattern() { unsigned int ui_row, ui_col, ui_count; for(ui_row = 1; ui_row <= i_number; ++ui_row) { printf("\n\t"); unsigned int ui_blank_count = (i_number - ui_row); for(ui_col = 1; ui_col <= ui_blank_count; ++ui_col) printf(" "); unsigned int ui_num_count = (i_number - ui_blank_count); for(ui_count = ui_num_count; ui_count >= 1; --ui_count) printf("%d", ui_count);
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} } int main() { set_argument(); draw_pattern(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; }

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18.WAP to draw the given pattern as per user value. 5 54 543 5432 54321 Program: #include <stdio.h> int i_number; void set_argument() { printf("***To Draw The given pattern as per user value.***\n\n\n"); printf("\n"); printf("\t5\n"); printf("\t54\n"); printf("\t543\n"); printf("\t5432\n"); printf("\t54321\n"); printf("\n"); printf("Please Enter a number to draw pattern: "); scanf("%d", &i_number); printf("\n\n\n"); } void draw_pattern() { unsigned int ui_row, ui_col; for(ui_row = 1; ui_row <= i_number; ++ui_row) { printf("\n\t"); int i_count = i_number; for(ui_col = 1; ui_col <= ui_row; ++ui_col, --i_count) printf("%d", i_count); } }

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int main() { set_argument(); draw_pattern(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; }

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19. WAP to draw the given pattern as per user value. 5 45 345 2345 12345 Program: #include <stdio.h> int i_number; void set_argument() { printf("***To Draw The given pattern as per user value.***\n\n\n"); printf("\n"); printf("\t 5\n"); printf("\t 45\n"); printf("\t 345\n"); printf("\t 2345\n"); printf("\t12345\n"); printf("\n"); printf("Please Enter a single digit number to draw pattern: "); scanf("%d", &i_number); printf("\n\n\n"); } void draw_pattern() { unsigned int ui_row, ui_col, ui_count; for(ui_row = 1; ui_row <= i_number; ++ui_row) { printf("\n\t"); unsigned int ui_blank_count = (i_number - ui_row); for(ui_col = 1; ui_col <= ui_blank_count; ++ui_col) printf(" "); int i_count = ui_blank_count; for(ui_count = 1; ui_count <= ui_row; ++ui_count, ++i_count)
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printf("%d", (i_count+1)); } } int main() { set_argument(); draw_pattern(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; }

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20. WAP to draw the given pattern as per user value. 54321 5432 543 54 5 Program: #include <stdio.h> int i_number; void set_argument() { printf("***To Draw The given pattern as per user value.***\n\n\n"); printf("\n"); printf("\t54321\n"); printf("\t5432\n"); printf("\t543\n"); printf("\t54\n"); printf("\t5\n"); printf("\n"); printf("Please Enter a single digit number to draw pattern: "); scanf("%d", &i_number); printf("\n\n\n"); } void draw_pattern() { unsigned int ui_row, ui_col; for(ui_row = 1; ui_row <= i_number; ++ui_row) { printf("\n\t"); for(ui_col = i_number; ui_col >= ui_row; --ui_col) printf("%d", ui_col); } }

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int main() { set_argument(); draw_pattern(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; }

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21. WAP to draw the given pattern as per user value. 5 545 54345 5432345 543212345 Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> int i_number; void set_argument() { printf("***To Draw The given pattern as per user value.***\n\n\n"); printf("\n"); printf("\t 5\n"); printf("\t 545\n"); printf("\t 54345\n"); printf("\t 5432345\n"); printf("\t543212345\n"); printf("\n"); printf("Please Enter a number to draw pattern: "); scanf("%d", &i_number); printf("\n\n\n"); } void draw_pattern() { unsigned int ui_row, ui_col, ui_blank; for(ui_row = 0; ui_row <= i_number; ++ui_row) { printf("\n\t"); unsigned int ui_blank_count = (i_number - ui_row); for(ui_blank = 1; ui_blank <= ui_blank_count; ++ui_blank) printf(" "); bool b_flag_f = true; bool b_flag_b = true;
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for(ui_col = (2*ui_row + 1); ui_col >= 1; --ui_col) { if (((ui_col%2)==0)&&(b_flag_f)) { unsigned int ui_count; int i_count = i_number; for(ui_count = 1; ui_count <= (ui_col/2); ++ui_count, --i_count) printf("%d", i_count); b_flag_f = false; } else if(((ui_col%2)==0)&&(!b_flag_f)&&(b_flag_b)) { unsigned int ui_count; int i_count = i_number - (ui_col/2) +1; for (ui_count = (ui_col/2); ui_count >= 1; -ui_count, ++i_count) printf("%d", i_count); b_flag_b = false; } } } } int main() { set_argument(); draw_pattern(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; }

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22. WAP to pass array element one by one using pointer and function. Program: #include <stdio.h> #define SIZE_ARRAY 3 void print_item(int* item); int main() { printf("WAP to pass array element one by one using pointer and function.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); int storage[SIZE_ARRAY][SIZE_ARRAY]; printf("Given order of array is %d * %d\n", SIZE_ARRAY, SIZE_ARRAY); int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < SIZE_ARRAY; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < SIZE_ARRAY; ++j_loop_count) { printf("Enter item for array[%d][%d]: ",i_loop_count, j_loop_count); scanf("%d", &storage[i_loop_count][j_loop_count]); } printf("\n\n\n"); printf("Output as Array-element:\n"); for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < SIZE_ARRAY; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < SIZE_ARRAY; ++j_loop_count) print_item(&storage[i_loop_count][j_loop_count]); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; }

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void print_item(int* i_item) { static int i_count = 1; printf("%d ", *i_item); if ((i_count%3)==0) printf("\n"); i_count++; }

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23. Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> #define SIZE_ARRAY 3 void void void void void print_pos_item(int** item, int i_row, int i_col); print_neg_item(int** item, int i_row, int i_col); print_evn_item(int** item, int i_row, int i_col); print_odd_item(int** item, int i_row, int i_col); print_prime_item(int** item, int i_row, int i_col); WAP to find (+)ive, (-)ive, even, odd, prime element from array.

int main() { printf("WAP to find (+)ive, (-)ive, even, odd, prime element from array.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_row, i_col; printf("Please enter the Order of Mtrix."); printf("\nEnter number of Rows: "); scanf("%d", &i_row); printf("\nEnter number of Columns: "); scanf("%d", &i_col); int** ip_storage = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_row * i_col); int i_count; for (i_count = 0; i_count < i_row; ++i_count) *(ip_storage + i_count) = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_col); printf("Please enter %d items for corresponding rows and columns of storage: \n\n", (i_row * i_col)); int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_col; ++j_loop_count) { printf("Enter item for array[%d][%d]: ",i_loop_count, j_loop_count); scanf("%d", &(*(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)));
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} printf("\n\n\n"); print_pos_item(ip_storage, i_row, i_col); printf("\n\n\n"); print_neg_item(ip_storage, i_row, i_col); printf("\n\n\n"); print_evn_item(ip_storage, i_row, i_col); printf("\n\n\n"); print_odd_item(ip_storage, i_row, i_col); printf("\n\n\n"); print_prime_item(ip_storage, i_row, i_col); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } void print_pos_item(int** ip_storage, int i_row, int i_col) { int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; printf("List of (+)ive items:\n"); for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_row; ++j_loop_count) { if ((*(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count) >= 0)) printf("%d, ", *(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)); } } void print_neg_item(int** ip_storage, int i_row, int i_col) { int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; printf("List of (-)ive items:\n");

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for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_row; ++j_loop_count) { if ((*(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count) < 0)) printf("%d, ", *(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)); } } void print_evn_item(int** ip_storage, int i_row, int i_col) { int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; printf("List of even items:\n"); for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_row; ++j_loop_count) { if (((*(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)%2) == 0)) printf("%d, ", *(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)); } } void print_odd_item(int** ip_storage, int i_row, int i_col) { int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; printf("List of odd items:\n"); for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_row; ++j_loop_count) { if ((*(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)%2) != 0) printf("%d, ", *(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)); } }
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void print_prime_item(int** ip_storage, int i_row, int i_col) { int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; bool b_check; printf("List of prime items:\n"); for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_row; ++j_loop_count) { int i_count; for(i_count = 2; i_count <= (i_count/2); ++i_count) { if((*(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count) % i_count) == 0) { b_check = true; break; } else b_check = false; } if(!b_check) { printf("%d, ", *(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)); } } }

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24. WAP to display array element in row-major and column-mjor technique. Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> void row_major_tech(int** item, int i_row, int i_col); void col_major_tech(int** item, int i_row, int i_col); int main() { printf("WAP to display array element in row-major and column-mjor technique.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_row, i_col; printf("Please enter the Order of Mtrix."); printf("\nEnter number of Rows: "); scanf("%d", &i_row); printf("\nEnter number of Columns: "); scanf("%d", &i_col); int** ip_storage = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_row * i_col); int i_count; for (i_count = 0; i_count < i_row; ++i_count) *(ip_storage + i_count) = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_col); printf("Please enter %d items for corresponding rows and columns of storage: \n\n", (i_row * i_col)); int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_col; ++j_loop_count) { printf("Enter item for array[%d][%d]: ",i_loop_count, j_loop_count); scanf("%d", &(*(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count))); } printf("\n\n\n"); row_major_tech(ip_storage, i_row, i_col);
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printf("\n\n\n"); col_major_tech(ip_storage, i_row, i_col); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } void row_major_tech(int** ip_storage, int i_row, int i_col) { int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; printf("List of items as Row-Major technique:\n"); for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) { printf("\n"); for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_row; ++j_loop_count) { printf("%d ", *(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)); } } } void col_major_tech(int** ip_storage, int i_row, int i_col) { int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; printf("List of items as Column-Major technique:\n"); for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_row; ++j_loop_count) { printf("\n"); for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) { printf("%d ", *(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)); } } }

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25. Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> #define SIZE_ARRAY 3 void print_trans_matrix(int** item, int i_row, int i_col); int main() { printf("WAP to transpose a given using pointer and function.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_row, i_col; printf("Please enter the Order of Mtrix."); printf("\nEnter number of Rows: "); scanf("%d", &i_row); printf("\nEnter number of Columns: "); scanf("%d", &i_col); int** ip_storage = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_row * i_col); int i_count; for (i_count = 0; i_count < i_row; ++i_count) *(ip_storage + i_count) = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_col); printf("Please enter %d items for corresponding rows and columns of storage: \n\n", (i_row * i_col)); int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_col; ++j_loop_count) { printf("Enter item for array[%d][%d]: ",i_loop_count, j_loop_count); scanf("%d", &(*(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count))); } printf("\n\n\n");
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print_trans_matrix(ip_storage, i_row, i_col); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } void print_trans_matrix(int** ip_storage, int i_row, int i_col) { int i_loop_count, j_loop_count; int** trans_mat = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_row * i_col); int i_count; for (i_count = 0; i_count < i_row; ++i_count) *(trans_mat + i_count) = malloc(sizeof(int) * i_col); printf("\nMatrix You entered:"); for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) { printf("\n"); for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_row; ++j_loop_count) { printf("%d ", *(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count)); } } printf("\nMatrix after Transpose:"); for (j_loop_count = 0; j_loop_count < i_row; ++j_loop_count) { printf("\n"); for (i_loop_count = 0; i_loop_count < i_row; ++i_loop_count) { *(*(trans_mat + j_loop_count) + i_loop_count) = *(*(ip_storage + i_loop_count) + j_loop_count); printf("%d ", *(*(trans_mat + j_loop_count) + i_loop_count)); } } }

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26. Program: #include <stdio.h> void disp_mult_table_range(int i_lr, int i_hr); int main() { printf("WAP to display the mathematical table of given range of numbers.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_lr, i_hr; printf("Please Enter lower limit: "); scanf("%d", &i_lr); printf("Please Enter higher limit: "); scanf("%d", &i_hr); disp_mult_table_range(i_lr, i_hr); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } void disp_mult_table_range(int i_lr, int i_hr) { int i_multiplicand, i_multiplier; for (i_multiplier = i_lr; i_multiplier <= i_hr; ++i_multiplier) { printf("\n\n\n"); printf("Multiplication Table of %d:\n", i_multiplier); for (i_multiplicand = 1; i_multiplicand <= 10; ++i_multiplicand) { printf("\t%d * %d = %d\n", i_multiplier, i_multiplicand, (i_multiplier * i_multiplicand)); } } } WAP to display the mathematical table of given number.

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27. Program: #include <stdio.h> void disp_mult_table(int i_num); int main() { printf("WAP to display the mathematical table of given number.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); int i_num; printf("Please Enter number: "); scanf("%d", &i_num); disp_mult_table(i_num); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } void disp_mult_table(int i_num) { int i_multiplicand; for (i_multiplicand = 1; i_multiplicand <= 10; ++i_multiplicand) { printf("\t%d * %d = %d\n", i_num, i_multiplicand, (i_num * i_multiplicand)); } } WAP to display the mathematical table of given number.

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28. WAP to display alphabets a to z and A to Z a. Using pointers. b. Without using pointers.

Program: a. Using pointers. #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> void disp_lower_case_alphabets_wp(void); void disp_upper_case_alphabets_wp(void); int main() { printf("WAP to display a to z and A to Z by using pointer.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); disp_lower_case_alphabets_wp(); printf("\n\n\n"); disp_upper_case_alphabets_wp(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } void disp_lower_case_alphabets_wp(void) { printf("Displaying lower - case alphabets:-\n"); char* chp_var = "a"; unsigned int ui_loop_count; for (ui_loop_count = 0; ui_loop_count < 26; ++ui_loop_count) { if (ui_loop_count%10 == 0) printf("\n"); printf("%c\t", *chp_var + ui_loop_count); } }

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void disp_upper_case_alphabets_wp(void) { printf("Displaying lower - case alphabets:-\n"); char* chp_var = "A"; unsigned int ui_loop_count; for (ui_loop_count = 0; ui_loop_count < 26; ++ui_loop_count) { if (ui_loop_count%10 == 0) printf("\n"); printf("%c\t", *chp_var + ui_loop_count); } } ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~************~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ a. Without using pointers. #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> void disp_lower_case_alphabets(void); void disp_upper_case_alphabets(void); int main() { printf("WAP to display a to z and A to Z by using pointer.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); disp_lower_case_alphabets(); printf("\n\n\n"); disp_upper_case_alphabets(); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } void disp_lower_case_alphabets(void) { printf("Displaying lower - case alphabets:-\n"); char chp_var = 'a'; unsigned int ui_loop_count; for (ui_loop_count = 0; ui_loop_count < 26; ++ui_loop_count)
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{ if (ui_loop_count%10 == 0) printf("\n"); printf("%c\t", chp_var + ui_loop_count); } } void disp_upper_case_alphabets(void) { printf("Displaying lower - case alphabets:-\n"); char chp_var = 'A'; unsigned int ui_loop_count; for (ui_loop_count = 0; ui_loop_count < 26; ++ui_loop_count) { if (ui_loop_count%10 == 0) printf("\n"); printf("%c\t", chp_var + ui_loop_count); } }

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29. WAP to take character sequence (string) and diplay it, using pointer and functions. Program: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdbool.h> #define MAX_SEQL_SIZE 1024 char* get_char_seql(void); void disp_char_seql(char*); int main() { printf("WAP to take character sequence (string) and diplay it, using pointer and functions.\n"); printf("\n\n\n"); printf("Please press 'dot'(.) as terminating character."); printf("\n\n\n"); char* chp_seql; chp_seql = get_char_seql(); printf("\n\n\n"); disp_char_seql(chp_seql); printf("\n\n\n"); system("pause"); return 0; } char* get_char_seql(void) { printf("Enter your character sequel:- "); char* chp_var = (char*)malloc(sizeof(char) * MAX_SEQL_SIZE); char ch_temp; unsigned int ui_count = 0; while((ch_temp = getchar()) != '.') { *(chp_var + ui_count) = ch_temp; ui_count++; } *(chp_var + ui_count) = '\0';

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return chp_var; } void disp_char_seql(char* chp_seql) { printf("Character sequel you entered:- %s", chp_seql); }

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For Visual Studio 2008 and Qt (version- 4.2) you need to format the code as, make all the initialization throughout the function to very initial steps after opening braces.

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