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141. Determine the resultant internal normal force acting
fn the cross section through point A in each column. In
(@), segment BC weiehs 180 t/t and segment CD weighs
250 Ib i (b), the column has a mass of 200 kg/m,
(@) +12R,=0 Fy1033185=0
Fy BBkip
() +1. 3F,0; F,—45~45~5896680
Fy 49kN
pe #4
12, Determine the resultat interna torque acting om the
‘ross sections through poin's Cand D. The support bearings
St and Mallow foe eng ofthe sha.
Te20=0
To =290Nm
14. Determine the resultant internal toque acting oa the
ros sections through points Band C.
© T)+380— sw =0
Tp= 150 Bt Am.
=M,=0 Te 50=0
= soot Ans.
set
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ALA A force of 80 N is supported by the bracket as
shown, Determine the resultant internal loadings acting oa
‘the section through point
Exquations of Equilibriams
"ARE = Na
Me ‘Ans.
Va 
Vy =207N Ans
G+ Ma =O; My + 80008 454(03 cos 30°)
0 sin A5(0.1 + 035i 30
“0555Nem Ans.
‘My + SDsin15%03 + Osi 30°)
80 cos 15%. cos 20"
My = ~0S55Nm Ans
[Nevatve sign indicates that M,, cs inthe opposite direction to that shown oa FED.
he
Da
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1S. Determine the sesultant internal loadings in the Skip
‘beam at ross sections throveh points D and E. Point is
jst the right ofthe kip lad,
Ls
‘Support Reactions: For member AB
cr eM 900(4) — 4,(12)= 0 4, =3.00kip
SzE =o; B=
412A, = 0B, + 300900 By = 6.00 kip
Equations of Equilibria For poiat D
AzR=0 Np=0 Aas.
+13F,=0; 300225 —¥p0
Yo = 0.750 kip Aas.
C4EMp=G Mp + 2250) —3.0K6) = 0
Mp = 135kip ft Aas.
Equations of Equilibrium: For pat E
AER Men Aas
H13R,= 0 6003 — Ve =
Ve = 9.00 kip Aas.
AEM = My + 60014) = 0
Mp = 240xKip nt Aas.
[Negative signs indicate that My and Vat i the opposite direction to that shown
on FBD.
Besiear90 8; 3 Gee gee
oe oe
te
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16, Determine the normal fore, shear force, aad tomcat
ata section through point C.Take P = 8 kN,
Support Reactions
(225) — T(0.6)=0 T= 300KN
SER,=6 mM0A,=0 Ay = 30.0KN
+12R=0 480 A, =8008N
7
i a
au
it
50075) Me=0 Se
Me = 600KNm Ans, Neetu
[Negative signs indicate that Nc and Ve actin the opposite direction to that shown
on FED.
17. Thecable wil fal when subjected toa teasion of2KN.
Determine te largest vertical oad Pthe frame wil support
fand calculate the internal normal fore, shear foree, and
‘moment al the cross section through pont C for this leading,
Support Reactions:
43M = 0, P25) 2106) =0
P= OSSGEN = 0.33 kN
Szp= 24,
0 A, = 2008N
+1SR,=0 4,0s33=0 4,
Equations of Equilibria Fr point ©
Aze, =Ne = 200=0
Ne= 2004N
stzA,=0; ver osms=0
Ye = 0533 kN
(05333(075) — Me = 0
Me = 0400 N= Ans
C+2Me
[Negative signs inieste that Nad Ve actin the opposite direction to that shown
oaFED.
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SLA. Determine the resultant internal loadings on the
‘ross section through point C. Assume the reactions at
the suppor A and are vertical,
‘Referring to the FBD of the entire bear, Fig. 2,
Gram, @ =A +605)+40)00)=0 4
Bering tote FD sega.
A zE, = 0; Ne=0 Ans.
HBR 1—6ve=0 Ye=IS0EN A
G30 eH 405) 750) =0 Me ADIN Am
orn
‘oon
Ne
im Me
Aye 750KN
@
(b)
1% Patni test nr ing th oo
ross section through point D. Assume the reactions at
‘the supports A and are vertical
Referring to the FBD of the entire beam, Fig. 2,
Geamy=0 8405) Loe <0
Referring tothe FBD of this segment, Fie D,
ime JE,
basatast—Ha—t—t5m—4
BER, Ny~0 Am.
3(B) osm
= =15 kN
Sy.) + 300
G3mo= 0, 3m0.5) 4415905905) — My= 0 Mp 35095KNm
=sonenem Am Np
@) (b)
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1410, The boom DF ofthe jib crane and the coluana DE
have aunform weight of 0 hf. Ithe hoist and load weigh
001, determine the resultant teen loadings in the crane
(om ers sections through points A, Band C.
Equations of Equiltrian: For poiat A “00
trn0 Nano Ans. ante
MEB 0 Vy—1803000
V4 45010 Ans. a
GEM = 0 Mg — 150015) ~ 30048) = 0
My = “125th. ft = L125kip Ams.
[Neeatve sign indicates that M , cin the opposite direction to that shown on FBD.
Equations of Equlibriam: For point
tzn=m M=0 Ans.
ATE,= 0; Vp— 580300 = 0
Vp = 85010 Ans.
C42 My =; —My ~ 550655) ~ 300011) = 0
My ~ ~6325 011 = ~6.325kiptt Ans.
[Negative sin indicates that fy acts the opposite airection to that shown on FB.
Equations of Equilibrium: For point ©
o Ans
Je ~ 250 ~ 650 — 300 = 0
Ne= 12008 = 1.20 kip Ans.
Me ~ 650465) ~ 300(13) = 0
Mc = S125 b ft = 8.125 kipft Ans.
[Nepatve sign indicat that Nand Mf acti the opposite direction to that shown
on FED.
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LAL The force F = 8b acts on the gear tooth.
Determine the resultant internal loadines.on th rot ofthe
tooth ie at the centroid point 4 of section a
Equations of Equilibrium: For soction aa
“PERL = 0, Vy~ Moos I= 0
VA= 71300
NURB =O Ny BOsia 15° 0
Ny = 207
c+EMy
4 ~ Nisin 15°(016) + 8.608 15%023) = 0
My = US toia,
ee
P= 80
ozaia,
Am.
a6ia,
Ans.
SZ. The sky ook is used t0 support the cable of a
scaffold over the side ofa building. I iteonsists of a smooth
‘od that contacts the parapet ofa wall at points A,B, and C,
etermine the aormal force, shear foes, and moment oa
the cross section at points D and E
Support Reactions:
+1 ERO Ny—180 Ny ~180KN
(4EMe =O; 18(07) — 180102) ~ N01) = 0
Ny = 900KN
% Ne m0. Ne=900KN
Equations of Equilibria: For pot D 18kN
SER0, Vo 900
Vo = 900KN Ans.
HER=0 Ny 18=0
Np = 180KN An.
My My + 18(03) ~ 90403) = 0
Mp = 216kNem Am.
Equations of Equilibrium: Fos poi
SER = 0 M0V%y
Vi, = 9004N Am.
HER M0 Ans.
(2 Me= 0; 90002) — Me=0
Mz = 180kNm Am.
7
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1%, ‘The lb oad isbeing hoisted a a constant speed
‘sing the motor M, which hus a weight of 90 Ib, Determine
the resultant interal loadings acting onthe cross section
through point Bin the beam. The beam has a weight of
4401 ands ied to the wall at
Sxr=0 N04
Na= ~ 04tkip
+12, = 0; Yp— 08016
Vp = 0960p
~ My ~ 0:16(2) ~ 08(425) + 040.5) = 0
My = 312kip A
A14, Determine the resultant internal loadings acting on
the cross section through points C and D of the beam in
Ne + 040; Ne= ~Outkip
4TSR)— 0 Me 08—0DK(7) 0; Ye~ 108Kip
G4 SMe =O — Me — 081725) — a04cryas) + 04(15)
Me = 6.18 kip
For point:
=2n 0 Me0 Ans an
+1ER,0; Vo 0090044) 080; Vp~14Skip Ams ae
43Mp~ 0 — Mo ~ 0954) — 0.0414) — 0.841425) ~0 Tae
Mp ~ ~15. kip Ans ore
*
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Determine the resultant iateraal loading on the aan
‘ross section through point C ofthe pliers There pi at 120m som
‘and the jaws at B ae smooth hsm
co
Vo= 60
Me ~ 09m
Son
20N
"I16, Determine the resltat internal losing on the oN
‘ross section though point D of the plies. [a 0mm
hsm.
NERR,= 0; Vp—2eos30= 0; Vy=173N ‘Ans. ©.
OER, = 0; Ny 20sin30°
Np=10N Ans. \ ie
ft
My an
$9EMp~ 0; Mp — 20008) = 0; Mp ~ 1.40 Ans
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Determine resultant internal loadings acting on
‘and section 5b, Each section pases through
linea point C
Reerringto the FRD of the enire beam, Fig. 2,
C+ EM4 =O Nysin4s%(6) — S145)
[Np = S303kN.
Referring to the FRD of this pment (scetion &<).Fi.b
4ESFL= 0; Nye + S308 e0645"= 0 N,, = ~2754N Ans.
REF) =O; Vora + S30Bsin 45" — 5 = 0 1askn Ams
G+ BMe = 0; $03 45%3) — SCS) — Myag = 0Mpay = 375KNm Ans.
Referring tothe FRD (section 68) in Fp.
ERR = 0; Mg Sooeds' +5908 =0 My = —1768EN
aN Ans.
HIER = 0 Vig Ssin4s=0 Vy =3530KN=356KN Ams,
GHEMe = 0; S30sin as) — 5015) — M4 = 0
10
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1.18, The bolt shank is subjected to a tension of $0 Ib.
Determine the resultant intemal loadings acing on the
‘ross section at poiat C
hm
Ans. r
‘Kee ~
Ans. See
1.19. Determine the resultant interna loadings acting on 6p ship
the cross section through point C. Assume the reactions at
the suppor A and B are vertical
Atria tote Fete entie beam Fe
Go ate 0; L010) + Hou — 09 =0 4, = op
Retrial te FD of i net Fb
Azr0 M0 Aa
sto 18a —Le9)@e)—te
Ve=Aspkip Am.
CSE = e+ @r@K15) +Le10)— 1809) =0
Me=a1Stipt a
£066) kip £GM6) kip
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“120, Determine the resultant internal loadings ating skip Spm
‘on the eros section throueh point D. Assume the reactions
atthe supports A and B are vertical
Retering to the FBD ofthe entire beam, Fig. a,
cot = Lovo + 6x00 — 4,00) 0 4
Refering to the FAD of this segment, Fe b
Sen=0 Ans.
(10 Vo0 ¥n~0 Ans.
My—180@)=0 Mp = 360kipft Ans.
BONE) kip #GMe) Kp = ZONE) kip
121, The fopod stel clamp exerts afore of F — 900 N
‘00 the wooden block. Determine the resultant internal
loadings acting on section aa pasing through point A.
Internal Loadings: Referring to the fecbody diagram of the section ofthe clamp
shown ia Fig 2,
ZF % 9000830 NON, g TON, Ans.
Vg sins" =0 Vg = 450N Ans.
GEM =O 9002) Myg= 0 Meng Ams.
4
30
@ a
2
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41.22, The floor crane is ured tilt 6lbg concrete pipe.
Determine the resultant internal loadings acing on the
cross section at G.
Support Reactions We will only nced to compute Fp by writing the moment
‘equation of equiltrium about D with reference to the freebody diagram of the
hook, Fig. a
CHEM
Fex(03) ~ OSI)(05)
Fey = 9810 N
Internal Loalings Using the result for Fy section FG of member EF will be
‘considered, Referring tothe freebody diagram, Fi.
AER  0; 9810 — Na  0 No ~ 9810 N = 9.81 KN Ans.
+138, Ne0 Am
C+2Me =O Me = 0 Ams
osm
an th i Be= BON
o
my
G00CFBI)N
@
1s
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1.23. The loorcrane is used to ft 600kg comers pipe:
Determine the resultant internal loadings acting on the
cross section a
Support Reactions: Referring tothe frcbody diagram ofthe hook Fig. a
G+EMe =U B03) ~ 60081 ,05)
+138, D, ~ anos) = 0 D, = S886N
D, = 9810
Subsequently. referring tothe frebody diapram of member BCD. Fi. b,
G+EMy =U Fyesin7S°(4) ~ S88H(L.8) = Fue = 2742136N
Sep=@ 8+ 2782130875 — 98100 8, = 271288,
+TSA,=0; 2742136 sin 75° — Sa — B,= 0B, = 20601N
25m
fteimidered eteringto the ice bd ape otis part shown a Fig le ae
Sep@ My +20 y= DRBN27EN Ams onl
S180, —¥y—200=0 Vy =—20001N= 2064 Ams z
42M =0; My + 200102) = 0 Aly = —81202Nm
AIDENm Ams.
‘The negative signs indicates that Nj Vy, and My acti the opposite sense fo that
showa on the frcebody diagram.
Go0r9eiyN
@
By=Z0601N
©)
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“124 ‘The machine is moving with a constant velocity: I
‘nasa total mass of20 Mg. and its center of massislocted at
{G.xcluding the font roller Ifthe foat roller has amass of
5 Mg, determine the resultant iateral loadings acting on
Point C ofeach ofthe two side members that support the
olla. Neglect the mate of the de members The feoat
toler free tocol
Support Reactions: We will only need to compute Ny by weting the moment
equation of equilibrium about B wilh reference tothe freebody diagram of the
seamroller, Fis.
G+EMa = 0; Ng (55) — 200008K981)(15) = 0 Na = S8S1(0)N
{Internal Loadings Using th rsul for Nth foebody diagram of the front roller,
shown ia Fp willbe considered,
#3R,=0 2N=0 Ne=0 Am.
S138, = 0; 2¥¢ + 585100") — SOW!) =0 Ye = 22295
“223kN Ams
comme
5851(10°)@2) ~ 509812) —2Me = 0 Me = 4459.10 Nem
46KNm Ams.
2O0OKGEUN
SQOIGEDN
Ne
an
Ny22851000N
3)
@
1
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128. Determine the resultant internal loadings acting on
the cross section through point ofthe signpost. The posts
fixed to the ground and a uniform pressure of 7 h/t acs
perpendicular to the face ofthe sign
(Wade ~ 1050; (Wp), = 10516
(May ~ 105075} = 0: (Me), = 7881040
(a = W503) = 0; (Ta), = 52511
rats
ea,
126, The shafts supported at its ends by two bearings A
and B and ie subjected to the Torees applied to the pulleys
fixed to the shalt, Determine the resultant internal
loadings acting oa the eros section located at point C:The
S00N forees act inthe ~ direction and the 00N forces
fact in the + direction. The journal beariags at A and
exert only r2nd 2 components of force onthe shaft.
(Wo), + 1000 —750= 0; (We) = 250N
(Wey = 0
Wo, + 20= 0, (Was = 290
(Me), + 24045) = 0; (Me) = ~108Nm
oyy=0 Ams
(We), — 10002) + 789048) = 0; (Me), = 138Nm_ Ans. eS
“Ze ae
«
16
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1.27. ‘The pipe has a mass of 12 ke/m. It ie fixed to the x
wall at A determine the resultant intemal loadings ating on
the cross sction at B. Neglect the weight ofthe wrench CD.
BA= 0 (Ns = An.
R= 0 Waly Am.
FO; Wy). ~ 6 + ~ (02\(12V981) ~ (0412981) = 0
(Wp). = 70.6 Ans
EM, = 0; (Ty), + 6004) ~ 60(04) ~ (04(1249.81)002) ~ 0
(Ty), = 942m Ans
BM, ~ 0; (Maly + (O2}2N981V(0.1) + (04(12K9.81}(02) ~ 6X03) ~ 0
(My), = 623Nm Ans
Ans.
17
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128, ‘The brace snd dil bit is wed to dail hole at 0.16
the dil bit ams when the brace i sujosted tothe foroes
show, determine the resultnt internal loadings ating on
the cross section ofthe dil it at.
R=0
Internal Loading: Referring tothe frebody diagram ofthe section of the drill and
brace shown in Fie,
SR=0 (Va). —30=0 (v)). = 300 Ans.
3, (Na), 99=0 (n,), = 300 As.
(Va), —10=0 (ade ‘Ans.
(Maje~ 10225) <0 (Ma),= 22508 Ans
(14),  30023) =0 (Ty), = 22518 Ans.
(M).+ 300.25) =0 (My). = 375 8 Ans.
‘Toe negative sign indicates that (M,), acs inthe opposite sense to that shown on
the frebody diagram.
18
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+129, The curved sod has radius rand is fixed to the
wall at B. Determine the resultant internal loadings acing
‘on the cross section through A whichis located tan angle 8
{rom the horizontal
Equations of Equilibrium: For poiat A
NIZE 0 Pome —N40
Ng Pose Ans.
ZESF,= 0b Vq~ Pain
Va = Psing Ans.
(AEM =O; My — Ple(t — e089)] = 0
My = Pr(l ~ cos) Ans.
19
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188, A differential clement tnken from » curved bar wevae Tar
showa inthe figure. Show that dN jd = V, dV /d =,
aM jd ~ ~T.and dT edd = M. vay “of
3F,= 0;
er)
Neos + Vin — (W + aN) eos
ZF, =0,
+ + av)sin
w
7
nant von +a rannsa® rey varjeatt ®
z 2 2
i
rents Miners dt + Wr aiysn® 0a
My
rent wont crs arias saien0 aw
Save san athena ut
avas 4
a, (1) becomes Va — an +
Neglecting th second order term, VaB — aN
aN
rah OED oe
4, (2) beames Nav + av + 28H 4
Neglecting the second ordor term, Nab + dV
N QED
aay
4,(3) becomes Maw — ar +
Neglecting the second order term, Md@ ~ aT = 0
a
aa OED
ara
Eq. (4) becomes Pao + am + M8 — 9
Neglecting the second order tom, Tad + ah
aor OED
20
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14M The columa is subjected to an axial force of # KN,
hich is applied through the centroid ofthe crosssectional
area, Determine the average normal stress acting at section
‘oa, Show this cstribuion of sess acting over the area's
‘ross section,
A= QC130}00) + (40,10)
4400 man? = 44 (107) 2
2.800 _ compa Ams.
a
ae
saan,
SALE The lever is held to the fined shalt using tapered 2 tem
pia AB, which has a mean diameter of 6 mm. Ifa couple is
plied tothe lever determine the average shear resin
the pin betwen the in and ver. ‘
sm — 200m
aN aN
=FO2) + 2KSIN) =O, P= BIEN ane
Geom) Faso
vm Y= 233 osname ase eres A
A Si ve ~
2
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I33. The bar has a. cronescton A and is
subjected to the asial load P. Determine the average
formal and average shear siesses acting over the shaded
Section, whichis oriented a 9 from the horizontal. Pot the
‘aration of these stresses as fanction of @ (0 = = OF),
Equations of Equilibrium:
SHDR= GV Poo
AB = GN Poin
0 V=Peosd
N= Psino
Average Normal Stress and Shear Stress: Arca at @ pane, A
o&
x
V _ Peosa
Pp
Fin
1M. The builtup shaft consists of @ pipe AB and solid ain
rod BC.The pipe hasan iner diameter of 20 mm and outer A SRN
Giameter of 28 mum. The rod has a diameter of 12 mm,
Determine the average normal stress at points Dand E and
represent the stress. on a volume element located a each of
these pots
MD: Hk at
Pao)
oo ae aa NM © Ane 7
ME
P__ slo) 707 MP: as le
Foo meh =
ed
2
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rut aee ais
area of 1.25in’. Determine the average normal stress in
wget Dain
isha ai
mae
‘
i
fe
F
Ans. ad
a
5
selnactnitstr1, Setettaan SAUER! /GARLTE Dede IE Reng OA
=e
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"136. The bats of the true each have 4 cros section
acca of 1.25 i. If the maximum average normal stress in
any bar isnot to exceed 20 ksi, determine the maximum
‘magnitude P of the loads that ean be applied to the tus.
Join A
ATE, =o
0+ (2h
Fan = (1.86)
tue eaene(8) 0
Joint E:
4 1EF, =o,
(1533) — Fro
Fac = (3.07)P
fin
wa
135.0 (2)fm ane aane(2) <0
Sanam he eatne($)—wasne($)=0
ofeet
ae
Sole
24
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137. The plate has a width of 05. If the stress dst fa
bution at the suppor varies ss shown, determine the foes P P
ppliod to the plate and the distance dto whee its applie. a
os!) ‘hrs
“The resultant force dF ofthe bearing pressure acting onthe plat of area dA = 8c
= dn. 2,
AF = ayd ~ (15H)\QOhY OSA) ~ 75400 ahd
[unr
[sda rao
P= 4010) N= 4OMN Ans
Equiv requires
cas
om four rao
[vw scot ax} — 400") a
a= 240m AmMRED! SPSTES Rp ea OE
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128, The two members used ia the construction of an 1Sin sp
aircraft fuselage are joined together using a 30 fishmouth
weld. Determine the average normal and average shear mi na,
stress on the plane of each weld. Assume each inlined
plane supports 3 horizontal fore of 40 Ib.
7
N— annsns = 0, N= 2000
mony V0, V6 \
Pr Wh oa
a = ae 1
mes Pee
v
4
1.39. If the block is subjected to the centrally applied
force of (AN, determine the average normal ses inthe
‘material. Show the stress acting on a differential otume
tdement ofthe mater
“Tho crosssectional arcs ofthe blocks A ~ 016(03) ~ 0.0.2) ~ 0.12 a
PB _ 0110
me AOD
“The average aoemal sees distribution over the erosssction ofthe block and the
‘sate of stress ofa point in te block represented by a differential volume element
sxe shown in Fig.
(104) Pa = 5 Pa Ans.
26
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“14, ‘The pias on the frame at B and C cach have a
ameter of 0125 in. If dhese pins are subjected to double
‘shear determine the average Shear sires in cach pin.
Support Reactions FBDA®)
FEM, = 05 S006) + 3048) — B, (6) ~
D,~ 650m
ten 2, ~ so 8
+1EF, =o 5350
Foom FBD (0),
+EMn= 0; G3) 30115) 9 G~150
HIER, = 0; B+ 150—3000 By ~ 1801
From FBD (>)
C#2M4= 0 15M(L3) + BG) — 6500) = 0
B= sis
From FBD (©),
by, c.s15=0 C.= 95
Fe = 2 57 1S = 504241
Average shear sires Dias B and Car subjocted to double sheae as showa on FBD (d)
vw
A” F025)
Cady (clay
6053 psi = 6.05 si Ams.
Fe aan
27
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S11. Solve Prob, 140 asi
fubjected to single shear,
ing that pins B and Ca
‘Support Reactions: FBD(S)
+EM,— 0: 5046) + 3008) ~ 9,16) 0
D,~ «80
F50018
#2R 0 B~
413A, 0 650300 B,—0 Ey ~ 350
From FBD (6),
C+EMa =; C@)— 300115)
412A, <0 8, 41803008, = 150
1500
150(1.8) + BAB) ~ 65003) = 0
B= 57516
0 C= 55th
Hace, Fy ~ Fe ~ 2 SF 1D ~ soars
Awerage shear ste Pins B and Cace subjected to single shear a showa on FBD (8)
v soe
(ibn Come ~~ aos
106 psi = 12 ks ‘An Scales
vests
rgvosent
28
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442, ‘The pins on the frame at D and E each have a
diameter of 0.25 in. If these pins are subjected to double
shear, determine the average shear stress ia each pi.
Support Reactions: FBD(@)
CFEMe = 0; 5006) + 30048) ~ D,6)
D, = 65010
A3R= 0 S00E,=0 E, = 30016
4TSA,— 0 650—300B,0 Ey ~ 350
Average shear sires: Pins D and E are subjected to double shear as showa on FBD
()and
For Pin D, Fo = D, = 650 1b thea Vi,
Yo __25
(oben Ay F025
(621 pi = 62s Am
For Pin Efe = 2 SOF PSF = 610321 then ve = = 3081618
Ve _ 0516
(oon Fe FOR
= erp ~ 622i Ams
een
©
wes
»
ht ngesoconns nspt cam1, Sbettnnee SRORP! /SARLTO Dodd NE “Bean 26 $
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LAB. Solve Prob. 142 assuming that pins D and E ar
subjected to single shear.
Support Reactions: FBDX2)
GFEMe = 0; S00(6) + 30008) ~ 2,6
601
E
S00 tb
0, =308
Average shear stress: ins D and E ate subjected to single heat as shown on FD
()aea
For Pin D.Vp ~ Fo ~ Dy ~ 65010
vy __ «0
(Oe A HOI
For Pin Ve ~ Fi ~ 2 300° + 350 ~ 610.321
Ve 61032, a,
1 psi = 22ksi Ans. aX lin
Ye _ 1032, 1
(m= te = SO eae
aes ps = ab am tra a eo
dos Senta
std A 17518 woman saad os vy oe weng
hate sree dow i ie het inn ines
‘town, tenia te storage sonal wr seer on
ite tee and eager thie tgs area sec
{Gretped when's a hava th sue eet eng
Merheded shor Assame hod sped soto hat
date ee an pa won ie ewu te
Sa hapredony etched ee
eto hoes 
bie in sa
A= Hoxy03 + (06,04) = 020140? = aye.
ik
P__ nsw
A” Gaon ~ 99 PS ‘a
Pattee stoce
= Heeytay +2405)
Pts
f S05 pi iat
3
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145. The truss is made from theee pinconnected
members having the crosssectional areas shown in the
figure. Determine the average normal sicess developed in
‘each member when the tess is subjected to the oad shown,
State whether the stress is temsle or compressive.
sn
oun ft Sawn ©) bm
va fe B wom «9 bm
sa
vente Beme sm
146, Determine the average normal stress developed in
links AB and CD of the smooth two.tine grapple that
supports the log having a mass of 3 Mg. The crosssectional
area ofeach link is 400 ma
+13 2{F sin 30) 29.8 = 0
2049 N
G+YMe = 0; Peo 20°(02) ~ (2043 cos 30°\(1.2) + (2043 sin 3")(04 cos 3)
=o
19561 &N
Ans.
Mt
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147. Determine the average shear tess developed ia pins
‘and B of thesmoath twoline grapple that supports the log
having massof3 Mg. Each pn has diameter of25 mm and
is subjected to double shear.
+138, 2(F sin 3°) ~ 2948 = 0
F = 2043kN
G+EIMp = 0; P.e0s20"(02) ~ (29.43 cos 30°\(1.2) + (2943s 30*\(04 cos 0")
0
P= 13561 kN
FOS
138 MPa Ans.
148. ‘The bosm i supported by 2 pin at A and a short
link BC. If P~ 15 KN, determine the average shear sss
developed inthe pins at A, and C. All pins are in double
‘shear as showin, and each has a diameter of 18 am.
For pin
Fy ~ 2 BSF TADS ~ 165KN
_v_ msn)
“a” Se
324 MPa Ans
3
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119, ‘The beam i supported by a pin at A and a short
Tink BC. Determine the maximum magnitude P of the loads
the beam will supportif the average shear stress in each pin
fs not to exceed 80 MPa. All pins are in double shear as
shown, and each has diameter of 18 mm.
G4EMy = 2P(0S) + 4PCQ) + APCAS) + PLAS) — (Teysin YS) — 0
Tos — UP
rata
sw
Ay = 95063P
+138, = 0:
A,=55P
Fy = 2 CBP S OSPF
Requie:
v ua.
Tog MY ~ oon
P=370kN Ans.
33
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158, The Mock is bjt 0 conpenive fore of ome
ZEN Daemin the storage normal ad nore shat
Ses developed inte word fr tte ered lng ‘
Son ra100"mih pe ans he
™ 28
i ciiend ee iain gn (ES Fu as oe
1.00(10°)
Seti ctaiyt eo ‘i
ini
Gera = Mee = EO she = fas
4
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1LS1. During the tension test, the wooden specimen is 4
subjected to an average normal sess of 2 ks. Determine
the aval force P applied to the specimen, Also, find the
average shear stress developed along. section aa of
the specimen,
Internal Loading: The normal force developed om the cross section of the middle
portion ofthe specimen can be obtained by considering the feebody diagram
shown in Fig. 2.
+13R,= 0 Piy0 N=P
z
Referring to the freebody diagram shown in fib the shea force developed in the
shear plane 20
41ER, = 0%
Average Normal Stress and Shea Stress The cross sectional area ofthe specimen is
A= IQ) ~ Din’ Wehave
N
4 2
P= 4(10%tb = 4kip Ans,
Using the result of P,
2(8) ~ Bin, We obtain
Vos _ 200)
2(40) Ih The aes of the sheae plane is
250 ps Ans.1, Steet SAUER /S/RLRE Dede Reg IE $
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"152. If the joint ix subjected to. an axial force of
P~9 kN,determine the average shear stress developed in
each of the 6mm diameter holts between the plates and the
‘members and along each of the four shaded shear planes
Internal Loading: The shear force developed on each shear plane ofthe bolt and
the member ean be determined by writing the fores equation of equilibrium along
the mombor's axis with eforeace to the fcebody diagrams shown ia Figs a. and D,
respectively
30, 490 225kN
3F, 0) 4v,90 vy, ~ 2254N
Average Shear Stress: The areas ofeach shear plane of the bolt and the member
tee Ay = EO) ~ 22740"? end Ay = 4) ~ 0 especies
22510) = a6 MPa Ams
ao Bara
36
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151, Theaveraeshearsress in each ofthe  dismeter
bos and along each of the four shaded shear planes is not
allowed to exceed 8) MPa sand. SOD KPa, rospectivel.
Determine the maximum axial force P that can be applied
tothe joint.
Internal Loadings: The shear force developed on each shear plane ofthe bolt and
the member can be determined by writing the force equation of equlirium along
the member's axis with refereace tothe feebody diagrams shown in Figs. aand b,
respectively
3R= 0 4hP=0 Y= PIs
BA= 0 4¥,P=0 v= PIA
Average Shear Stress The areas of cach shear plan ofthe bots andthe members
ave Ay = = (0006!) = 28274(10 Sand A, = 0.1001) = 00tme respectively
Weobtain
(alo = 3
Ans.
7
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1LS4, The shaft i subjected to the axial force of 40 KN. oan
Determine the average bearing stress ating onthe collar C
and the normal sess in the shat
30mm
Refering to the FBDS ia Fig. 2,
+13R = NM=0 ON
$TEA,=0 Ny 40=0 Ny = 40KN
iN
orth rst sine th sha edhe Bering ae of the alla a
A, = (00) = 02250°)0 and Ay == (008) = 040°? Ts
40410) se sy pa =
ARS ssn a= S66 ms
410) _ st gsiohpa =
TR sims
@F ~ 20000667
oo (Gy) we
2 = 90" — 42071" — 0381965" = 89.18852°
DB = V/(@ODOTTES) + (BODOGETH — 2S DTTESY(3O0 067) BOR)
adit
DB = G00) + (400? = 500mm
‘seats
264014 9s cyg0 mayen ta.
senor — en :
00128 — 4 — gn140°> myn on
e “
i oe
209966 7mOR Stetina SAORR! /G/RPTS © TeGh SM: “Boas
i=
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“edst No potion of tis material may be reproduced, aa fora or by any moans without pormisio awe oa the blab.
214, Twobars are used to support load When ualoaded, y
‘AB is Sin, long, AC is 8 in Nong, and the ring at Aas
‘coordinates (0,0) Ifa load P sets onthe ring at 4, the norma
‘Sean in AB becomes eq ~ 0.02 infin and the normal
‘Sean in AC becomes eae = 0.085 in fit, Determine the
‘ordinate poston ofthe ring de tothe Loa,
Average Normal Strain:
Lan = Lan + eanLan = 5 + (0602)(5) = 5.10.
Lye = Linc + euchye = 8 + (008898) = 8280.
Geometry
a — VE ART ~ 6.7268 in.
510? ~ 9.2068 + 828% — 2(92268)(828) cos
omar
af = 828 608 317° ~ 60191 in,
yf ~ 828sia 33317 ~ 45400 ia,
x= a)
= ~(69191 ~ 6.7268) = 0.102i. jie
y= ~ 43301)
= (45480 ~ 43301) = 0.218i0. Ans.AR Stetina SAGER /S/RPIS © TeRh SN Beg & $
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als No portion of tis material aay be produced in form oy ay ass, tout posi a Wiis te publisher.
215, ‘Two bare are used to support a load P, When
‘unloaded, ABs Sin. long, AC is in Fong and the ing at A
has coordinates (0.0), Ira load is applied tothe rng at Aso
that it moves it to the cooedinate position (025 in,
078i), determine the normal trai in each ba,
Geometry
a= VE—EROE = 67268
Leg = VOS4 OF + G01 > OE
5.1501 in.
Lac = VCR UBF + GT + OE
82101 i
Average Normal Strain:OR Sicheitnee SRORR /SARPTE  Seek EN: °Seage
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‘east No potion ofthis mail may be roprodaed aan or or by any means without permision a wit om th publisher
"216. The square deforms iat the postion shown by the
dashed fines Determine the average normal strain along
‘each diagonal, AB and CD. Side D’B" remains horizontal
Geometry
AB CD ~ VSET SE ~ 70.7107 mn 
CD ~ VET SR TTS ser
= 795860 a
BD! = 504 Stains —
AB = VF TRE IRR
= 703243 mm
Average Normal Strain:
$8.3874 mm
tag = AB = AB
ran =
sosoas — 707107
TOOT
51103) mon As.
co
or
sso — 70.7107
TOOT
126(103) mmm Ams
S247. The thee cords are attached tothe ring at B.When
‘force is applied tothe ing it moves it to point BY, such
{hat the normal tain in AB is 4g and the normal strain in
(CB is eco, Provided these strains are small, determine the
formal srsin in DB. Note that AB and CB remain
horizontal and vertical, respectively, duc tothe roller guides
“And C.
Coordinates B (LoL sin)
Coontntes of (Lend + eyp co, Lind + soya)
Lane = 1 EETTT Bias Bal FEAT Y Dies +)
Since ey and pare sal
Lae = INT Ce oFOF Bee)
seth aol theorem,
Loy = 14 LQ eqgcos'8 + 2ecy sn°6))
= 11+ ean + cca)
wis aLAR 'Stettaae SRORR! /S/RPTE « TeGh SN: Sage 4a
he
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‘als No portion of tis material maybe oproducd in foro by ay eas, without poms a Wises the publisher.
248, The picce of plastic is originally rectangular.
Determine the shear strain yy at corners A and B ifthe
plastic distorts as shown by the dashed lines
Shear Staite
(oy 048
= 00116 rad = 11.6(105) ead Am
y= 0+ 0)
= aptiered = —11.6(10°) rad Am
2.19. The ioce of plate is originally. rectangular
Determine the shea stain 7, at corners D and Cif the
Psi distorts a shown bythe dosed ines
Shear Sean:
(0) = ~Ka* 8
= a0ri6rad = 11.6(10°) na Ams.
(dy 0 +6
~ 00116 rad ~ 11.610") rad AmsAR Stettenn SRORR "S/RLTE « TeGh A Rea $
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“eds No potion of is material may be reproduce, aa for oF by any nea Without pormisio a weg fom the pblsbe.
"220, The piece of plastic is originally rectangular
Determine the average normal strain that occurs along the
Aiagonals AC and DB.
Geometry
AC ~ DB ~ Vi0F > 30 — 500 mm
DB ~ VST IF ~ 506.4 mm
AC = VPP SOF ~ 5003 mm
Average Normal Sein:
AC = AC _ 00s s00
fee AC 300)
(0.00160 mmm = 1.60(10") momen Ans.
DB’ DB _ 064 ~ so
DE
0.0128 mmm = 128(10°*) aya Ans
221. The force applied to the handle of the
‘cm causes the arm to rotate clockwise though an angle of
3° about pin A. Determine the average normal stain
‘developed in the wire. Originally the wite is unstretched
Geometry: Referring to Fig. athe stretched length of Lp ©
the consi aw,
be determined! using
Len = Videos iF + (Wisin AFF — 0 coe \OGsind) cox
06155 m
Average Normal Sirsa: The unsrctched length of wise BD is Lay
obtaia
6m, We
Lyp— Lap _ 6155 — 06
— $508 — oaass n/m Ans.
12AR Rebeitnan SAORR "S/RPRE © Ted h MN Sage 1 $
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‘ais No portion of tis material maybe produced, any fom oy ay meas, tout pension a Wines the publisher.
222A square piece of material is deformed into the
dashed position. Determine the shear strain y,, at A.
Ans.
ate
228. A square piece of material is deformed into the
‘ashed parallelogram, Determine the average no«mal stain
that oceurs along the diagonals AC and BD.
Geometry
BD = VF FF = 212132 mm
AC! = VISIR SDF = DESRVIS DA 0s 90
= 21.5665 mm
BD ~ Visi = 1527 — 205152 wT
= 214588 nm
a
Average Nowmal Stain:
‘egg ACE AC _ 21.5655 = 21.2132
ae Fe 71a
= (101665 mmy/enms = 16.7(10°2) s/o Aas.
tag = BIDE = BD _ 214538 — 21.2132
0 = aD 21312
= 001134 mmy/mm = 113(10) mmjenm Ams.
13OR Stettenn SRORR! "S/SLRE TeGh Beg 34 $
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"224. A square picce of material is deformed iato the
«dashed position. Determine the shea stain yy at C.
AB,
= 524(10) rad Ans
s2AS, The guy wite AB of x building frame is originally
lunstretched. Due to an earthquake the two coum ofthe
frame tilt @~ 2°. Determine the approximate normal tain
in the wie when the frame isin this postion. Assume the
‘columas are rigid and rotate about their lower supports.
Geometry The votes displacement is noligible
0349 m
tofoor00
stapes
AB = VE STOTE = 508416m
AB ~ VP5# 5.0m
Average Normal Strain:
AB
as 4
S08NO— 8 _ 165(102) ayn Ans
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2.26, ‘The material distorts into the dished position
showa. Determine (a) the average normal stains along
Sides AC and CD and the shear strain 7, at Fan (B) the
sverage aormal strain along line BE.
Referring to Fig.
Lae = VOO~T5F + OF = V6 en
Lac = VIO IS = VII mm
Leg = 8015 +25 = 00mm
v(m
When te
a5.
ate deforms the vertical position of point B and E do not change.
Log = 135mm
Lae ~ 1875 0m,
Le = VGO~ TY = = TIS > ITY = VIIA mm
Th
duc bac
(es)a0= ee Am
sep = te
(olen = B= Am
(eal = Beans» VIBTSE —VEB ossmmimm A
Ta VS
Referring 1o Fig a, the ange at comer F becomes lager than 90° after the plate
deforms, Ths. the sheae strain is negative
0245 rad Am.AR Sbettnan SRORR! "SARPTE  TeGh Regs IE
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te
2.27. The material distorts into the dashed position
showa. Determine the average normal straia that occurs
along the diagonals AD and CF.
“The undeformed length of diagonals AD and CF are
Law = ben = VF TOR = V6400 mm
‘The deformed length of diagonals AD and CP are
Lag = VQO> BP +E = VHS
Ler = VGO~ 5 + 10 = Vi mm
Thos,
Lay — Lan _VINS — V6
(0) ay = Pa — Ba VRS — VICI 6139 s/n Ans
oe re Vie ‘
— bee ber VIS — VIE 5.4567 n/n
(on)er = = Bax 0657 mm Ans
52.2% The wire ig subject to 9 normal ses that is
defined by ¢ = xe~*, where x is in millimeters. If the wire
has am ital Heng £, determine the icrese in its length
BL ~edx= xe? dx a2
at= ['xetar 1“
ns
16AED! S/RIEE TeGh Bea 1R
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3229, “The curved pipe hasan original radi of 2 6.1 itis
‘ated nomunioemlyso that the normal rain alone length
ise ~ 0105 cos 8, determine the increase in Fength ofthe pipe.
@~ 005000
ae fea 2
y 4_M:
= ["om00
01 [ emode = fotsnet =oume am
= 016 [” sneas = o1etcosa
o168 Ans.
231, Tho rubber band AB has an unstretched lenth of
1 A Tet fixed a Baad attached to the surface at point 4’,
determine the average normal sirain in the band. The surface
‘defined by the function y = (2) f, where visin fet.
vf Vite
However » = # then 2? = 25
Le ViFAF + a (ee VIF
= Lare94
Average Normal Stain:
Ly
Aas.
17AR Shatin SRORR! /S/SPEE < TeGh AN Reape TH $
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*232, The baris originally 200 man long wheats at. it
is subjected toa shear strain defined by yy ~ 002s, whote
‘isin meters, determine the diplacement Ay atthe end of
its bottom ee. Its dstorte into the shape showa, whece
no elongation ofthe bar occurs inthe rdection.
petit.
o
2 — tan 02s)
['o [Pome
Ay ~ Sifta cos (0.4)
= 203 mm Ans
“233, The fiber AB has alength L and orientation 9, Its
fends A and B undergo very small displacements 1, and vp,
respectively, dotermine the normal stra in the fibor when
itisin position 4a
Law = VC on — a + Cain + ony
VET ETF Bikegsiad — 80)
Average Normal Steains
Leek
Neglecting higher terms w and wv}
1 « Hemsin = waco)
ag = [1 + Heine waco)
Using te binomial theorem:
18AP 'Setettaae SRORR /S/SPTG  TeGh SN "Sage 28 $
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that the difference in these strains is represented as
secondorder term, namely, ey ~ €, = 6
as'— as
oS
np, == 8S _ AS’ — 8S
nT as a
AS? — sas’ — agas + ast
“a5a8
_ AS? + as'—rastas
 asa
_ G5" = as) _(as'— as\/as’— as
Sas as as
~ e4en(QED)
19At Reckettnan SAEED "G/TPLS * Ret 2N Beige: 1
eas
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“1. A concrete onder having a diameter of 6.0 in. aad
‘gauge length of 12 ins tested in compression. The results of
the test are reported in the table as lad versus contraction,
aw the stressstrain diagram wing scales of Lin. = 0.5 ks
and 1 in. = 02(10) in/in, From the diggram, determine
approximately the modulus of elasticity.
Stress and Stain:
», ,
o= Fst) e = Heian)
° o
our 0s
oa ooo
ose .on0167
ons 000217
‘o902 oom
Lost 000333
1220 ooms7s
130 o.00487
Lots 0.000317
1768 000588
1s 000625
Modulus of Etastcty: From the sressteai diagram
431
Eee 9008 — 0
= 3275(10°) bs
Ans.
Load (kip)
su
35
es
BERBEBEE:
[Contraction in)
o
ets
ai
a9
nas
ost
0600
ons
ats)
oan
oan
amsAe Rhee tean SHEER: "G/FP2H : ReGh 2A Begs
hee
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2.2, Data taken from a stresestain test fr a ceramic ace
‘siven in the table The carves inca between to origin and
the fist point. Plot the diagram, and determine the modulus
of elasticity and the modulus of resilience,
Modulus of Elasticity: From the stressstrain diagram
8310!) ksi Ans
Tom 0
Modulus of Resilience Me modulus of restonce i equal tothe area under the
linear portion ofthe stressstrain diagram (Shown shaded)
si)
2
52
BS
os
33
sa
(ining
3A Data taken from a streststéin tet for a ceramic see
‘iven inthe table, Tho curve i linet betweon the origin
fand the first point, Plot the digeram, and determine
approximately the modulus of toughness The rupture stress
so, ~ S84 bs
Modelus of Toughness: Te modulus of toughness is equal to the area under the
‘strossstrain diagram (shown shaded).
(dans ~ 508.29 1 = ou + mio)
Joan }omo()
")
+ so) am
x
# 5122100)(% ows
nth
~ 850) Ans
ai)
4inn)
o
‘06
‘ben
‘ue
‘oie
‘aaAED) SYAPG : BaAh A: Bee 9,
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“34. A tension test was performed ona specimen having
an original diameter of 125 mm and # exuge length of
‘0mm, The dita arc lists in the table, Pot the trexestain
Siagram, and determine approximately the modulus of
elasticity the ultimate stross and the fracture stress. Use a
fle of 20enm~ SO MPa and 20 xm ~ 0.05 samen.
Redraw the linear elastic region, using the same stos scale
‘uta stain scale of 20 mim ~ 0.001 men/ma.
Stress and Strain
p, BL
o = Faure) «= “E¢enmimm)
o
0
sas ‘0003s
2509 oo120
080) ono
3333 09330
3553 00.0
4351 ‘nono
sor 0.05086
5256 12700
sont oum0
am o2ss6
Moditas of Elasticity Foo the steessstesin diagram
2as.7s(i) —
‘00 —
Baron — 229GPa
(hope = S28MPA
ns = 19M
Ans.
Ultimate and Fractre Stress From the stressstrain diagram
Ans,
Ans.
Lond (eS)
[Elongation (om)AER! *SY/2H > RaQh AA: Sage’ 4
ha
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0
04s
2399
080
aaa
3853
881
son
5056
son
94
of $0mm. Using the dat
‘Sires and Strains
P, _ bu,
@ = Fears) © = SE mmimm
o
o.onss
ooo120
.ora08
omss0
0098
oun
0.06006
oz
oarrs0
0.23876
(uagpeoe = 187(25)( 10
(oss)
38 A tension test was performed on a steel specimen
Dbaving an original diameter of 125 mm and gauge length
listed in the table, plot the
stressstrain diagram, and determine approximately the
‘modulus of toughness Use aseale of 20 mim = 50) MPa and
2mm ~ 005 mm/mm.
Modttasof Toughness: The moduli of toughness equal tothe
total area under the stresestrtin diagram and can. be
pproximated by counting the number of guares, The total
numberof squares 87.
17 Mj? Ans.
Load iN)
0
ha
319
me
ao
6
[Elongation (mm)
°
fons
‘0
ue
‘630
aia
ie
3b
3500
sie
nos
Lennar)
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346 A specimen is originally 1 long has a diametoe of
(05 in, and i subjected to a force of SOOT. When the free
{is increased feom 500 Ibo 1800 Ih, the specimen elongates
‘0009 in. Determine the’ modulus of elasticity for the
material fit remains linear elastic
Modatas of Elastics:
Aa _ 9.467 2545
de 0000780
= 590 (10) ei Am.
347. A structural member ina nuclear eactor is made of
‘irconium alloy. Ian axial load of 4 kip % 0 be supporced
by the member determine its required crosssectional area.
‘Use a factor of safety of 3 relative to yielding. What isthe
foad on the member if is 3 ft long and its elongation is
(002 in.? Ey = (UP) Asi, ay = 575 ks The material has
clastic behavior
Allowable Normat Stress:
Fs. =
_ ms
Seg = 1947
=f
00 =F
4
74
wn=4
A = 0.2087 in? = 0.200? Ams.
Stress Sirain Refationship: Applying Hooke’ aw with
PE — e055 0,
Be
4 ( 1°) (nus) = 7.778
P
[Normal Force: Applying equation ~ ©
P= oA = 1.718 (02087) = LAKip Am.
—h—AR Stee tenn SHEER! "S/TP2G ReGh IA Bege e $
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"3.8, The strut is supported by a pia st C and an AIG
sel guy wire AB. Ifthe wire has @ diameter of 0.2 in,
determine how much itstetches when the dstebuted load
seison the strut.
Here, we are only intrest in detormiaing the foros in wire AB.
C+EMe= 0; Fancoseire)
emg90)=0 Faye
‘The normal stress the wire is
— Fas __
8 Aue FOF)
19.10(109 psi = 19.10 si
ksi, Hooke's Law can be applied to determine the stain
Eeani 19:10 = 200(10)ean
an = 0.658510"
a2)
mor
‘The unstretched length of the wire is Lan
stretches
Ban = ean Lay = 06586
= 0.082 fn, Ans
yaaa)
3(200)09) IbAR 'Releitann SAGER “S/TPIS * BeGh 2 Beige F
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‘ais No potion of tis material aay be uproducd, in nfo oy ay ass, tout pormision a Wises te publisher.
3.9, Tho oe diagram fora collagen fiber bundle fom (ay
hich a hanan tendon s compose s shown. Ifa sepment
‘tthe Achilles tendon aA has length of 63 in. and a asi la
ppeoximate crosssectional are 01229, determine is a1
‘elongation ifthe foot supports oad of 1251, which causes 3.00
‘enon athe tendon 348.75 
Ls
Pass i
atm ars on
ae envi)
From the raph ¢ = 085 nin ot
#1 = 0085(65) = 0228: Ams
3.40, The stestraindigram fora metal alloy having an Os)
inal ameter of 0. inand a gauge agi of ais Bren
inthe figure Determine approximately the modus of
ltt or the mater th oon he pic tha cases
$ielding and he timat lad the specimen wl sppor
From the sessraindagram, Feo
_ ents 0)
ish 9. p= sao) es
ksi gy ~ 100: (infin)
IRATE oa aOR
SR RAB AAS 2 OE
Thus
Py = oA = @1F(0)] = 1178 kip ~ 11.8kip Ans
Py 7 A ~ 1015 (05°) ~ 1969p ~ 196 kip Ans
ots
4
xs
ps
“5
x
1s
6]
(infin)
TiS O10 mis Gao a Us
(1003  005  0007
Oe02 0.004 o0b
@)RR’ Sbee tenn SHEER! “G/SP2H BaGh IN Boge e
a
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BL. The stressstrain digram for a steel alloy having an
rginal diameter of OS in. and a gauge length of 2 in.
sven in the figure. Ifthe specimen is loaded uni it i
stresied to 99 Ks, determine the approximate amount of
clastic recovery and the increase inthe gauge length after it
ieunloaded.
ote)
105
0
a
al
4s

15
inn)
From the stressstrain diagram Fig. the modulus of clasiciy forthe stet alloy is
E_wri—o
ESE O, B= 300110) ksi
when the specimea is unloaded, its normal strain recovered along line AB, Fig 0,
Which has gradient of FThus
0 90k
taste Recovery = FF = reeagy eg ~ 08 iin
“Thus the permanent seis
en = 005 ~ 0.003 = 0.087 jin
“Then, the increas in pape longth is
AL ~ pL = 00472) ~ 0.09450
oa
ss
ay
sof AI xa
x5
al
ss
x
8
8
°F ‘10 Gs, 20 025 O20 035 «Oma
Glee eee
000 “a:004 ote
Elastic Recovery
)
Ans.AP Releitnen SHAER: "S/F/26 BeOS N Beige ® $
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“3.2. ‘The stressstrain diagram fr asec allo having an
original diameter of 0 in. and 2 gauge lengih of 2 in.
{sgivenia the igure Determine approximately the modulus
fof resiience andthe modulus of toughness forthe material
“The Modula of resilience ion
the proportional iit
to the area under the stesestain diagram up to
axes
nth
a Ans
5 Py! ee
Somer = exo) = can
‘The modulus of toughaess is equal to the area under the ealie stresst
diagram. This area can be approximated by counting the numberof squares. The
{otal number i 38. Thus,
285110") An.
°F Ge Tos ow om Bw os)
roan  das 3:08  O07
000% 0.004 2.006
Co9 Sbettnae SRORR: "G/FPRE RoR JOE: Reig 3
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SAKA bar having a ength of Sin. and crosssectonal
aca of 07 i issujete tan ail force of $001 the an
bar stiches 2 in, determine th modal of elasticity ——s=———
‘ofthe material The mater hasincarclatcbehvon.
Normal Stress and Strain:
mas
Tag — AIO} As Ans
ALIA, The rigid pipe is supported by a pin at A and aa
‘A.36 stecl guy wite BD. I the wire has a diameter of 5
1025 ins, determine how much it stretches when a load of
P= 600 Ihactson the pipe.
Here, ne ae oaly interested in determining the force ia wire BD. Refering. 4% P
tothe FED in Fiz.
5001 la >
CeMa =, Fal$}c) — aoe
5s Spastic (ees
Fd «150, 0.56(10°) psi = sh
ay = Fab = HE = A510) = SS
Fu
Since op < 6,
the wine
36 ksi, Hooke's Law can be applied to dotermine the strain in
ap ~ ego: 3056 ~29.0{10")eap
exp = L084(10™) infin.
‘The unstuiched length of the wire is Lao ~ WITH ~ Sit ~ 60 in, Thus the
wee steetches
Ban ~ eno Lao ~ 1.054(10)(60)
~ 006320 Ans.
fp G00 Ib
4
af aR
@)
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3418, The sig pipe is supported by a pia at A and a0
‘A36 guy wire BD. Ie the wie has a diameter of 0.25 ia. a
Setermine the load P i the end C8 displaced 0075 ia
Sownward.
Hire, we are only intrested in determining the force in wire BD. Refersing to the
FEDinFie.a
CHEM
Fap = 250P
0 Fel’) 7)
“The unstretched length for wite BD is yy ~ V4 ~ $f ~ Sia, From the
evometry shown in Fig. , the stretched length of wire BD is
Lay ~ VO OTE — FCOH OTS cos HI ~ 0.060017
“Thus the normal stein is
Lao _ 6.060017
= M0 1.000310°) infin
“Theo, the aoemal stress can be obtain by applying Hooke's Law
up = Eepy = 29(10°)1.000310*)] = 29.01 ksi
ace wap < a ~ 36s th osu is vai
Fun 2s0P
om =F, soon)  ZOE
P= s@sTW = sm Ams,
hy Fe P
4 Lgp2Goin.
Ae.
Leo?
Sft Sf 3.13"
@® 0.075i0
b
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“3.16. Determine the elongation ofthe squats hollow ba ears)
when its subjected tothe axial force P = 100 KN. I this ‘
Axial focce i nereased fo P ~ 360 KN and released, find
the permanent elongation of the bar. The bar is made of a “00
‘metal alloy having 4 stresstrain diagram which can be zi > 
Smm
«(may :
‘oS O05 as
Normal Stress and Stsin; ‘The crosssectional area of the hollow bar is
A= 045? ~ 004° = 09(10 9. When P = 100k,
P_ 1000.05)
= 111A MPa
A” aso)
From the stressstrain diagram showa in Fig a the slope of the stght line OA
which represents the modulus of lant ofthe metal alloy
Since ¢; < 250 MPa, Hooke's Law canbe applied. Thus
= Boj, 11.11(40% = 200(10%,
15 = 05556(10"5) may
“Thus the elongation ofthe bars
2 = mL. = 05556(102¥60) = 0333 me ms
Whoa P ~ 260 4N,
P30)
2A aac} APMP
From the geometry of the stots stein diagram, Fi 0
2 = 0.00125 _ ous
“00 — 250
2) ~ 0305 mn
When P = 260 kN is removed the strain recovers linearly along line BC, Fig 0,
parallel to GA. Thus, the elastic recovery of strains given by
0010") = 2010)
‘0.005 ~ 0.002 = 0.0285 mm/am
“Thus. the permanent elongation ofthe bars
Bp ~ eple ~ 00085(600) ~ 17.1 Ans.
2aR 'Sbeetaen SHOED “G/S/EK: BeGE IN: Seige 38
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‘als No potion of tis material aay be oproucd, in foo by ay mass, tout posi a ies he
316 Continved
Tora)RE Rabeitean SAGER! /G/TPTE RoR IAL Beg TA. $
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2417. A tension test was performed on an aluminum thsi)
2014T6 alloy specimen. The resulting stresystraindisram
is shown inthe figure. Estimate (a) the proportional limit,
() the modulus of elasticity, and (c) the yield strength
based on 12% strain offset method.
inn)
Proportional Limit and Viel Strength: From the stressstrain diagram, ia
og = asi Am.
oy = 6 ksi Am.
‘Moduls of Resilience: The modulus of resilience is equal tothe area under the
oi)
z 4 Ey
7
patel
ipa ts
dow Ow
4AE 'Seheitnen SAORR "G/APTE * ReGh 2 Seage 28
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3.418. A teasion test was performed on an aluminum eas)
DOL4T6 alloy specimen. ‘The resuling stessstain
Giagram is shown inthe figure. Estimate (a) the modulus of
resilience: and (b) modulus of toughness.
(fn)
sos: sain diagram ap tothe proportion Fom he os stein agra,
oe isi = 0.008
‘hus
(0), = depen = Haoc0'y 0.008) Am
Medsis of Toegnese The moda of toughoes ictal othe area under the
cate suey sta capa Th rea can be sprotaaied by coutng he umber
ene: Te fot mnber of pares 63.1,
{(U) lawn = {a8 oot ]= sso ‘Ant
“The reastnin diagram fora bones shown and canbe described bythe equation
319, The tre sna igre ftw bom how sad "
be aeatied ty the cyunon = UAS(IOS) oe
036(10"*)o% where a i in KPa. Determine the yield
strength assuming 203% offset
2 = 04511090 + 036007, y
de = (048(10 + 1.0810") o7}da
£ 1 = 220MPa Ams,
ralercrsy neste
oteAe Sete SPER "GRE RAR TOE Boge Ue
te
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63.20, The stoss stain diagram fora bone is showa and
‘can be described by the equation © = 045(10°) ¢ +
036(10"") er, where «isin KPa. Determine the modulus
‘of toughness andthe amount of elongation of a 200mm
long region just before it fractures if failure occurs at
2 mm/mm,
When e = 0.12
oC") = 0450 + 036(1040>
Solving for thereat
7 = OSDKPa
1 [01204800 90 03600 der
= 012.6 — 02250100" — 0.09010") af*
= s13ky/m?
3 = eb =0.1202m) = 24mm
P
t
st9 e+ 024010")
of
Ans
Ans
16AR Shettnan SRORR "G/TPLE Beth 2 Bege TE $
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‘als No pmton of tis material aay be oproducd in foo by ay meas, without pomision a Wifes the publisher.
<.2L, The stresstaia dingeam for a polyester resia
js pven in the figure If the rigid beam is supported by a
‘Strut AB and post CD, both made from this material, and
‘subjected (0 & load of P ~ ADKN, determine the angle
‘of i of the beam when the loads applied. The diameter of
the sirut is 40 mm and the diameter othe post 880 ma
From the sees strain digram,
oss)
1
E
oi ool
Fs
al
ape
2
Feo _ $400) *
9 hen KORY (com mm)
nr wr ocr ae“
een _ 1058)
fey ~ ee = 8071 my
Ban ~ eanlan = 0.008885(2000) = 19.77 mm
Ben ~ senben = 0.002471(S00) = 1.286 mm
Angle of tit
8535
tana — Es = O70" Ans
fyrton soe
oreo es
‘ten
17ae Seen SARE "GATE RAR TOE Retges 3h $
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2.22, The stressstrain diagram for a polyester cesin is
‘iven inthe figure. I the rigid beam is supported bya strat,
‘AB and post CD made from this material, determine the
largest load P that can be applied to the beam before it
ruptures. The diameter of the steut is 12 mm and the
Giameter othe pos 0m
opts ota A
Fan P/z
oe= Ft st) = PO,
Ane 0.0127"
asm sap
P= HAAN Gotoh) Am
Reptre of pot CD: <0
k ‘a
on= 5%; 9510")
Aco sa), compression
p ”
a
s
ot Fronion
ma
“yan om ous oor
2:2, Ry adding pater to pon chord, is vo
pombe fo rede sia The sestrin agra
{ortece types ofthc mate showing cect ar ven z
felon Spy the ype tat shuld fo mad inthe .
tranufactre fa rodhavag aeagh of Si aad dametar :
roast eed to upp at ast sa ad be
29kip and aso be able to sietch at most in.  / = 
A sex ml
Normal Stress: ee
7 4
esti 4 tpn
wm a a
Nonmol Saite
= 235 — qasonia/in.
3
From the stressstrain diagram, the copolymer wil satisfy both stress and strain
requirements ‘Ans
18AR Schein SRORR! "G/TPTG * ReGh 2 Senge 39
rhe
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‘als No portion of tis material aay be uproduced, in form oy ay meas, tout pormsion a Wifes the publisher.
"3.24, The stressstrain digram for many metal alloys
can be deseribed analytically using the RambergOsgood
thee parameter equation e = o/E + ko", where E,k,and
‘nage determined feom measurements taken from the
Giagram, Using the siesesirain diagram shown in the
figure take E = 30(10) ksi and determine the other ‘wo
parameters k and n and thereby obtain an analytical
expression forthe curve.
Chooee,
@ 40s, 201
@ 6K, #03
o1 + Koy
__#
~ 3000)
03 = 8 + ar
0.098667
or
‘029900 ~ k(6oy
ssi0982 ~ (0.66577
In (0.381096) ~ in (46667)
a
23010)
(es)
Bs ee
Ans
Ans
a a2 as 04 a5
<0)
2325. The acrylic plastic rod i200 mm long and 15 mm in
Giameter, Ian axial load of 300 Nis applied t it detcemine
the change in its length apd the change in its diameter
Fp =200GP a2) DA.
2 __ wo
oA Hams ~ hare
LagT(*)
oe = Tuy ~ 00
~ ee: = (20008288 (200) ~ 0.126 20m
ssoonnsis
eam
Ad hed =
Ve jg ~ —0.4(0.0006288)
0.902515 (15) ~ =0.00377 an
An.9 Sheet SAORR! "G/TPEE Re OR2E Benge 28
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2.26, The short cylindrical block of 201476 aluminum,
having an orginal diameter of 0 in, and a length of 15,
is placed in the smooth jaws ofa vse and squeezed ual the
‘axial load applied i910, Determine (a the decrease in its
length and (0) its new diameter,
a
0577 (10) i, ‘Ans
eu = 035 (000008844)
‘Ad ~ ed = 000013453 (05) = 000006727
a = + Ad = 05000673 in, Ans
S21. The laste potion of he stein agra foe ss)
Stet oy shown in the gue The specnea rom which
it was obtained had an original diameter of 13 mm anda fa
fag lenght of 50 ms Wen the appli! load on the
Spetimen SOAN th incor is 2906S mm, Determine
Ficson' ra forthe mac
Normal Stress
P__s00,
A F001) 6) ¢§ —— im rm
Normal Singin: From the stressstrain diagram, the modulus of elasticity
20 GPa. Applying Hooke's law
~0.56834(10"9) m/e
Poison’ Rai: The ate a oni strain can be elated sing Poison’
sesso") _
TRO) aa
20AR Richens SAORR! "GYSPTE * BeOR IO: Beige 8H $
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‘als No pmtin of tis material maybe oproduced, in nfo oy ay ass, tout poms la Wifes the publisher.
$3.28, The clastic portion of the stressstrain diagram for ora)
a steel alloy is shown in the figure. The specimen from
Which it was obtained had an original diameter of 13 mim sa
and a gauge length of 50 mm. I load of P = 20 EN is
applied to the specimon, determine is diameter and gauge
length. Take » = Ot
Normal Stress:
m0) _
a7 Foo) ~ 506M ii (oun mn)
Normal Strain: From the Stress Strain diagram, the modulus of elasticity
E= = 200 GPs, Applying Hooke Law
_ssnesc!) A dfn
Spang ~ 0754(10) ma
Thus
{BL ~ Pug bo ~ 07334 109)(30) ~ 005767 sam
[= by + BL ~ 0 + 000767 ~ 50.0977 mm Am.
Poison’ Ratios Te teal and longitutinal can be elated sing posson's rato
~0.4(0.9834)( 103)
~1.3014(10) mya
= fd = ~0:9014(107)03) = 00U818 mm
4 = dy d= 19 + (00K) = 1299408 mm Ams
sin
‘Seon adi pbjcted to an compro fore of 4.
8 kip. Ifthe 1.5in, side changed its length to 1.500132 in., om *
determine Poisson's rato an the new length ofthe 230, ak
Cs
3
‘= 2 + 0100008802) = 2.000176 in, Ans.
2he Recline
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2400, The block is made of titaniuon TH6ALAV and is ,
‘subjected toa compression of 0.06 in. along te y axis and its
‘O08 — A9.7 Determine eo
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‘als No portion of tis material maybe produced, in fom oy ay mass, witout perms a Wiis the publisher.
4418, The assembly consits of two A36 stl sods and a
rigid bar BD. Each rod has a diameter of 0.75 i. I force
of 10 kip i applied to the bar as shown, determine the
vertical displacement ofthe load,
Hore, Fry ~ 0 ip. Referring tothe FAD showa in Fg
C+EMy= 0) Fep@)~10(125)0 Fen ~ 625 kip
GHEMy= 0; 1005) Fak2) 0 Fan = 3.75 kip
“The crossscctional area ofthe rods A = % (073) = 1406250 in Since points
Aand Care fixed, &
ay = Fatkas 375200) goorapsin,  ha5; o7ste
AE O1406D5n [29.4009]
Feolen 625012)
% =o17s6in 
AE. ananase [290009]
From the peometry shown in Fig.5
125
4, = 0007025 + 7 nor7se — o00725) = 0.01361 in. 4
Here,
aot prop
AEs Oi0K25r [29.410]
(a.
Thus @)
(44) Be = de + Bre = Otten + 0.000366 = 002808  Ams.
4 >
7
bp O0070aGiN. y)
5,7 0.017567.
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4410, The ssiembly conte of two A26 steel sods and a
rigid bar BD. Each rod has a diameter of 0.75 in. Ira force
of 1 kipis applied to the bar. determine the angle of it of
the bar.
Here, Fee = 10 kip. Referring tothe FAD shown in Fig. 2,
C+EMe= 0, Fe (2) —
G+EMp=0; 10075) ~ Pag2)=0 Fag = 375kip
101125) = 0 Fp = 625 kip
‘The omsctionl ae ofthe ois A = (078) = 145 Sins pointe
Aand Care fixed then,
3752012)
——— = 0.007025 in
Treas [200007]
From the geometry shown in Fig,
(00786 ~ ooarons
22)
fia fen
25 orp
G,70:01756 in.
»)
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‘st No portion of ths material ay be produced, in any form orb any means without permission ia writing fom the publi.
%4.20, ‘The rigid bar is supportad by the picoanected
od CB that has a crosssectional area of S00 mm? and i
‘made of A:36 steel, Determine the vertial displacement of
the bar at B when the loads applied.
Force In The Rod. Referring to the FBD of member AB,Fig.a
Diptacement. Toe inital length of rod BC is Lye = VE
S0.0(10°5)_
05(10*) [20010°)]
250(10")
From the poomotry shown in Fi,
1(3) — 1,
(2) s007
50109)
3nd sinsoa
= 4167 (109) m = 4.17 mm Ans.
S45)C4) kN
am
B
(6a),
7
bg8250005)(4
(by
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“421. A spring supported pipe hanger consists of two
‘springs which are orginally unstretched and havea sifness
of k= 60 KN/m, three 304 stainless ste! rods AB and CD,
which have © diameter of 5 mm, and EF, which has a
‘diameter of 12 mm, and a rigid beam GFF. If the pipe and
the uid it caries have a otal weight of 4 kN, determine the
displacement ofthe pipe when itis attacked to the support.
Internal Force inthe Rod
FBD (a)
C4 2M4= 0. Fen(0S)~ 40250 Fen = 200KN
TER) 0; Fan + 2004=0 Fay ~2004N
FBD(b)
41EF,= 0 Per ~ 2.00 ~ 2.00
Displacement:
Farber 400110050)
AarE ~ F(O012FUKI)
; Peolco ___ 210050)
10 = Beto = Ao ~ FOOSE)
c= By + Bop ~ OITA + 02858 ~ 05332 am
59 Bp 01374 mm
= 0.3058 mm
Displacement of the spring
Fy _ 200
bp = = HAO = 0338338 m = 33.3333 mm
Bu ~ Be Bp
0530 4 3383 = 9mm Ans
fe
138ED! PARIS: “S90 SE yg 238
=f
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‘als No portion of tis material maybe uproduced, in form oy ay ass, tout posi a Wises the publisher.
422, A springsupported pipe hanger consists of two
‘springs, which are orginally unstretched and have a
slifness of = 60 kN/m, three 304 sales stel rods, AB
snd CD, which havea ciameter ofS em, and EF, which has
a diameter of 12 mm, and a rigid beam GH. I the pipe i
Aisplaced $2 mm when itis filled with fui, determine the
sweat ofthe Mud.
Intemal Force in the Rods:
FBD (a)
CotMa= 0 Fess) =M029 =0 Fenn
Hr=0 Fat %w=0 ew
FBD (b)
w
= w
Ferber W750)
AnrE HOU UVHIO
= saasoss(109
han = toy ~ Zeobee . £050
a= Boo Roe HOMINID
= ox0s64409 Ww
fe = 0+ Ago
= HSH] W + OSHC
= os3316009
Displacement ofthe spring
od
fg FE = aE 10) — 008833
Bur ~ Be + Bop
82 = 01333160109) W + 00088330
W ~ 9685 N = 9.608
fo Fe oh
Et
Ans.
e
a
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423, The rod has a slight taper and length Ltt is PS
‘suspended from the ceiling and supports toad Pat its end.
Show that the displacsment of it end due to this load is
8 = PL/(rEran). Neglect the weight ofthe material. The :
‘modulus of elastin i E
nbs (e—ne n
: L
AQ) = Bqb + =e)
Pde _ PL ceed eee
AGE ae
reff er det at:
FE GaN a nets DE AL a AY
f
Je ‘
© xt ite
%
*424, Determine the relive diplcement fon en of ,
ihe tapered plate wh espe! tthe ether end when its
subjected to an axial load P. A+a—y
dh + (dz ~ dix
wag Heh, AA ae
'
Puyds Ppt de
we E Dig
— 2h te Ay
ft
ies Ele
.
raat i, 
a_i,
Fa
mana
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4.28. Determine the clongation ofthe A26stel member 20m
‘when tis subjected to an axl force of 30 kN. The member aan
Js 1D mm thick. Use the result of Prob. 424
2KN
001m
Using the result of prob 424 by substituting di
and = 05m
otra al
~ agony aay" (a)
~ 0.360(10°3) 1 ~ 0350 ma Ans.
(0.02 mds = 0.075 m
426, ‘The castings made ofa material that has a specific
‘weight and modulus of elasticity E I itis formed into a
pyramid having the dimensions shown, determine how fae
its end is displaced due to gravity when i fs suspended in
the vertical pestion.
Internat Forces:
1 1
4t3F, PQ) —rAc=0 Pte) =FyAz
Displacement
“Pla de
AGE
yar
Lime
% fede
Aas.
i
tows I
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4427, The circular bac has a viable eadius of + = ng"
and is made of a material having a modulus of elasticity
Of E Determine the displacement of end A when iti
‘subjected to te axial force P.
Displacements: The, crosssectional area of the bar as a function of x is
AQ) =r = are We have
Pods Pte
AGE aE
~ aa
=agaalts
4.28, ‘The pedestal is made ina shape that has radius
lotined by the function 7 = 2/(2 + y'*)M, whore y is
fn fet. If the modulus of elasticity for the material i
E ~ 14(i0?) psi, determine the displacement of ite top
‘when it supports the SOI lad
rovay
AGE
500, Lf: dy
ov h se
= omsraco~ fa + ay spay
 auras + (22) +49
1974(10"(4533)
8947109)
0107 ia. Ans.
som
soe
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+429. The support is made by cutting off the two
r
‘ppoite sides of oper tht has ais he rial
Eto th support sr determine how far shores
then tsuppors sla The modulo casio = _
$
Geena ,
A> WP ~ w(r cos 6F ~ m ricos@ ee
yenaan spare FT paeaemm
Displacement
Py) dy *
AVE ,
P. [nos d6 P 
4E [oseee  (ete Si] P saityt
2 = m”
z an 200) +4
Eta cece + tn 
oa
6 = tin see 1448" + ta 14.48°))
oaE
osite
WHE Ae
Ato
Geomaey
40) arn
Displacement
“PU dy
AQ)VE
_2p pi _dy _ li mtyllt
slay FEL 2] lo
is
= Sg lin 1.567
int]
143oS Sbettene SRORR "S/ARISA: °F Eye 288
=f S
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£30, The weigh of the Kentledge exerts an axial foree of
P= 1500 KN on the 30)mm diameter high slrength
concrete bore pile I the distribution ofthe resisting skin
friction developed from the interaction between the soil
and the surface of the ple is approximated as shown, nd
the rosisting bearing foreo Fis roquired to be. 2000,
Aetermine the maximum itensity N/m for equilibrium,
‘Also, find the corresponding elastic shortening ofthe pile.
Neglect the weight of the pile.
Internal Loading: By considering the equilibrium ofthe pile with reference to is
entice feebody diagram shown in Fg. a. We have
see, Auiiatere asso A
Tm
20.83y kN jon
‘The normal force developed inthe pile as a function of y can be determined by
considering the equilibrium ofa section ofthe pile show in Fi.
+12F, = 0 Feeassyy— py =0 (PQ) = 1042y? RN
[Deplacement: The cosssectional area ofthe pe is A
We have
(08) = 002254 we
i
= [sence oy
= 16930109)
= 2977010") = 289m Am
Poy)
“
MF
Z(eo.b3y) xk
@)
lam
ay
(3)
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‘ais No portion of this material maybe produced, in any fom oy aay meas, tout persion a Wins the publisher.
4M, The column is constructed from highstrength
‘conc and six A26stel reinforcing rods Ifitissubjected
{oan axial force of 30 kp, determine the average normal
stress in the concrete and ia each rod. Each rod has
‘inmeter of 075i,
Equations of Equilibrium:
HTEF,— 0, 6Py + Paw ~0~ 0 m1
Compatibility:
Bon
Pal3)2) Poa 3\12)
FOI eHAT — FE) — eGarsy a0)
Pag ~ 0.064085 Pas a
Solving Eqs [1] and (2 ies:
P= 1388 kip
Average Normal Sires:
Pe 1.388 .
oe gary Ans
ont 21610
© Aon 36) ~ off) 075)
“4.3% The column is codsiructed from highstrength
‘concrete and sx A36stel reinforcing rods If its subjected
{oan axial force of 30 kip, determine the required diameter
‘of each rod so that onefourth ofthe loa is cared bythe
‘eancrete and threefourths by the see
Equitibrieme: The force of 30 kip is required to distribute in such a manne that 314
‘ofthe force scarred by steel and 1 ofthe free is eatied by concreta. Hence
reon)25h9r~H00) 7509
Comparibty:
Ba = Boom
Pal Peal
Baba Ton Eon
DSAcak,
TSE
8°) — off) #] 2010")
a
Atlin Am.
1451S Sebettnee SRORR "S/AR/SS: °F OE Bye 205
=f=
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“els No potion of tis mae may be roprodued aa orm or by any means without permisioa a wt oath pblsber
inner diameter o(70 mm. Ey, = 200 GPa, B.
HTEF/= 0 Pe + Pag ~ 90
be
Pay ~ 2.5510 Pom
Solving Eqs (1) and (2) yeas
Py = STATE, Poyg = 22.53KN
Pa __ STAT (IO)
Ay FOO
Pan 2253400)
“4.33, The soo pipe is filled with concrote and subjected
toa compressive fore of 8D KN. Determine the average
formal stess in the concrete and the steel due to this
Foading. Te pipe has an outer diameter of 8 mm and an
GPa,
Pet. Pan
Han? — Oar) GOH GO) ~ HOT) CH) GP
= fe. AW) seep
Sa5MPa
rH
@
Ans
developed in the pst andthe tube
Equations of Equilibrium:
+TER,= 0; Pat Pe 5= Olt
Compaibitty:
Ba ~ be
) Pa)
Pa = WO0738 Pay
Solving Ege [1] nd (2 ye:
434, The 204 stainless steel post A has @ diameter of
4~ 2in, and is suerounded by a red brass C83400 tube B.
‘Both rest on the rig surface. IC force of 5 kip is applied
to the rigid cap, determine the average normal stress
FEAR — KF — F049 00)
a
Ans
Bap
Pe
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ARS. The 34 stainless soe post Ais surrounded bya red
brass C400 tube A. Both rest om the rigid surface, Ita
force of § kip i applied to the rigid cap, determine the
required diameter d of the steel post so thatthe load i
shared equally between the post and tube eo
Equitibriame Tne force of Skips shared equally by the brass and stel. Hence
Pa Puy ~ P~ 250 kip
Compatibility: Friern,
pe — PHIAH\KI0,
()eas
d= 2239, Ans.
—— ————
Sea a em
hema cane te =
eee eee
er,
Fe ~ Fo +15 +75 — 100 100 =0
Fe~Fo=0 o
& 0=a9o
15005) 5025) ‘
FOF ONT Hoos AON
Fels) (03)
> ROUSLONADY — FoDe! yo)
Fy = 1078 &N
From Eq (0)
Pan _ 1073900)
a — Fee S80 Am
_ 2100)
ODS)
1ST89kN
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“4.57. The composite a consists of 4 20mm diameter
A.36 steel sepment AB and SOmmdiameter red bras
CRYOO end segments DA and CB. Determine
the displacement of A with spect to B due to the
Seti
& Tehanas se ani
150(107(500) ___50(40V250) 
Fame) Fea :
Fos) Pals pct,
FOIA) FoMeoy\a0} Mer
a a eae
ease =
bun = Panteam _ 4211(00°(500)
ae “Agee HOO POMIPY
0335 mm
4.34 Tho A.2ostet column, having a eros sectional ares er
of I8in’, is encased in highstrength conerte as shown. If
fn axial force of 60 kip applied to the columa, determine iho
{he average compresine sre inthe conerete aad inthe ¥
steel. How far does the enlumn shorten? Tt hasan original
length of
$12Fy= 0; Pat Pom == 0 w
P.s8N12) P(8)(12)
Ta@9)0} — TOG) — 181420)005
Pg ~ 0.98539 Pa e
3p = Bom
Solving Eqs (1) and (2) yields
Pap 29.795 kip; Pam ~ 30205 kip woke,
2795
Loss iia
Pan __ 30208
foe Ha” Hg = 182 am 
ith cit bd cd os fee
Pale _ 2975002) _ sep
2° AE ~ TH29)0")
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4.20, The Ad set column is encased in high trong rip
onc as shown Ian anal fore of 60 kp tapped to
thecolum, determine the rouired area ofthe stel 0 that wit coin
the force shared equally fotwea the sect and concrete z
How fr doce he column sores? It hasan otal ent
on

“The force of 60 kipis shared equally by the conerete and steel Hence
skip
PL___PL.
Pe fee
Fon Eee Aas
‘a, — Aen _ (916) = Ay] 42000)
WE 2000)
82a? Am.
ae
Pal __38M12)
“4.40, ‘The sgid member i held in the poston shown by
thre A36 steel ie rads. Each rod hasan unstretched length
‘of 0.75 m anda cose sectional area of 125 men. Determine
the fores ia the rod fa frabuckls on rod EF wadsrgoes
‘one full tur, The lead of the ser is 15 mm, Noslect the
‘size ofthe tunbuckle and assume that itis ried, Note:The
ead would cause the rod, when unfovded,to shorten 1.3 mim
when the turnbuckle is rotated one revolution
CHEM =O Tae) + Teo
Tas = Teo =T o
+t, Tre 2r=0
Tor= 2 ®
Rod EF shorts
 Smm causing AM (and DC) to elongate. Tas:
00015 ~ Sye + Ser
(125}(10}(200(10") ~ (125\(10)(200)(10")
2asr = 39500 by
aad a
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+441. The concrete post i reinforced sing six steel
‘reinforcing rods, each having a diameter of 20 mm.
Determine the siresin the conerete and the stel fhe post
4s subjected to an axial load of 900 KN. Ey = 200GPa,
E.=250Pa.
Refering tothe FRD ofthe uppeeportioa af the cut concrste post shown in Fig a
AIRF, =0 Pg + 6Pp 900 = 0 o
Since the sel rods ad the eonerete at firmly bonded, their deformation mast be
the ame. Ths
eon = Ba
Poul _ Pale
Few Fou AEs
——— Peg
[a.25(0375) — 6¢§)(002% J[2scio%)] — ¢y(o024 [20000°)]
Pon ~ 6552 Px e
Solving Eqs (1) and @) yields
Pa =DLASKN Paw = TI310KN
Tus,
Pa 73.0010)
og Fot — TAO) — 8AM Ans
Aon GIS(OSTS) — NOE
= Fe 11500)  ape Ans
FOE)
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4442, The post ix constructed from concrete and sx A36 own
steel reinforcing rods I itis subjected to an anil force of us
‘900 KN, determine the required diameter of each rod so that 2
‘onefifth ofthe loads carried bythe steel and fourfiths by ~
the concrete Ey = 200 GPa, Be = 25 GPa.
“The normal fore in cach stel rod is
400)
SOR sok
“The normal force in concrete is es
4
Pon = $000) = 7204N
‘Since the steel rods and the concrete are firmly bonded their deformation must be
these. Ta
fn Be
Pool _ Pale
Fon Fou Aaa
zany aoe
[o2sc37s) — og) ][asae] 54 [2mae]
495d = 0.09875,
4A The assembly consists of two red brass COD
‘copper alloy rods AB and CD of diameter 30 mm, stainless
2304 steel alloy rod EF of diameter 40 mm, and a rigid cap O.
I the supports at A, C and P are egid, determine the
sverage normal stress developed in rods AB, CD and EF.
Equation of Equilibrium: Due to symmetry, 4g ~ Feo ~ F. Referring tothe fee
body diagram ofthe assembly shown in Fie.
S3R = 0 2F + Fer Asoo]
CompaityEquntons Using tne method of superpson Fi
(hsm
o
(er/2)(300) 
FoaHaonaT;
Fer
Substituting this result into Eq (1),
P= 1875838N
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$43, Condnned
Normal Stress: We have
Ans.
Ans.
FOUOIN
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"444, The to pipes are made of the same material aad
are coanocted as shown. I the erss sectional area of BCS
‘Asad that of CD is 2A, determine the reactions at B and D
‘when afore Pis applied at the junction C.
Equations of Equilibrium:
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+445, The bolt has 4 diameter of 20 mam and passes
through tube that hasan inner diameter of 0 mm and an
‘ter diameter of 60 mm. I the bolt and tube are made of
‘4:39 steel, determine the normal sess in the tube ad bolt
when a foroe of 2DKN is applied to the bolt. Assume the end
caps are rigid.
Refering to the FBD of eft portion ofthe cu assembly. Fig. a
SER, 0; 4010)  FeF0 w
Heres requited thatthe bolt nd the tube have the seme deformation. Thus
aa
F150) F060)
Fone — aos lamer] Rom Lame]
F 20m F, ®
Solving Eqs (1) and (2) yields
Fy = WAT ON F, ~ 298,10)
Tos
Fy _ 1W.17(10)
oo) AMP a=
F,__ 298300)
=F, ~ Fos = 005) ~ HSMP ba
40009 N
—
ROR
(@)
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446. Ifthe gap between C and the rigid wall at D i
iniially 0.15 mm, determine the support reactions at A and
when the force P~ 200 KN i sppliod. The asembly
fsmade of A3b steel.
Equation of Equilibrium: Referring to the feebody diagram of the assembly
shown in Fig
A3F,=0, 200007) Fy Fy=0 o
Company Equation: Using the method of sopexpotio, Fe,
(+) b=a a,
cas 2040’) [Foamy ___Fan)
FO0F Rj" OAS DO0NTI * FHOMDS*\(200NTH)
y= 20%6S0SN = 2044N im
Substituting this result into Eq (2),
Fy
17963495 N = 180 EN Ams.
20000) N
no
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447. Two A.36 stool wires are used to support the 6505
‘engine. Originally, AB #32 in. ong. and A’ is 32.008 in.
long. Determine the force supported by each wice when the
‘engine is suspended from them. Each wire has a rss
‘sectional area of 0 a
41BF,= 0; Taw + Tan ~ 660=0
Bae = Bug + 08
Tan2) Tw 2.008)
anenae — ConeNae
BOT gy — 32.008T gg ~ 2320
008
Tap  26116
Tgp ~ 28910
Tae
448, Rod AB has a diameter d and fits sauply between
the rigid supports at A and B when it is unloaded. The
‘modulus of elasticity is & Determine the support reactions
at A and B if the rod is subjected to the linearly distributed
ie
‘Equation of Equilibrium: Referring to the freebody diagram of rod AB shown ia Sa
re
seen abn Fn
ums Egan ig he mod of sapere Fb
(5) ona,
‘nua
wyAS Sehetteee SHORD /S/ARIRA: S OB Bye AEP
a
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n
B
Bf 2,
oB [eas
= &o(x)*
o£())
pl.
Fane
Substituting this rosult into Ea (2),
Fa ~ Be
7
Ans.
Ans.
157ok Sbettene SAORR "S/ARISA: Se OE Byes HR:
=f S
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+440, The tapered momber is fixed connected at its ends
‘A and B and i subjected to afoad P = Tip atx ~ 30%,
Determine the reactions at the supports The material i
2a, thick and is made fom 2014Te aluminum.
Fat Fa~
a=
a
B= 005 HOKE) *
x
ofp tie aotty of, ats
40 Fg lo(3 — 0405 29 — 40 Fg (3 — 005x)/8 ~ 0
—F (0.2876) + 040547 Fy ~ 0
Fy 14000 Fy
‘Thus feom Fa. (1),
F 4 = 409kip
Fy ~ 291 kip
CY
o
Ans
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450, The tapered member is fixed connected at its ends
‘Aand 8 andis subjected toa load P. Determine te oeation
"of the load and is greatest magnitude so that the average oh
normal sires inthe bar doesnot exceed eat ~ 4 4 The 4
‘member i i. thick,
1s
oO *
y=3— 00s =
SER =O Fat Fe tat
awk oat ae
Fade Fads 4
Foams HAVE * J FS OMs THEY
"ae a
al aatass Pf at
P40) la (3 ~ 0425 =i ~ Pf 40) Ia (3 — 0025s) = 0
suas)
1S
“Therefor,
F4= 364kip
P= eoAkin Aas.
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451. The cgi bar supports the usiform distributed load
‘0 6 hp/ft. Determine the free in each cable i each cable q
has a crosssectional area of O15 i, and E~ 31(10) ks
Liye = (9) + (8485)? — 2(9)(8.4853) cox 0" °
“Thus timinating cos
~LiycAO019612) + 1.5910 = ~Liyc{O065478) + 1001735
Biyc(O.M19642) ~ 0,0065473 Liver + 0.589256
Lie ~ 0333 Lye + 30
Bat,
Lac = VB + bey be = VB + Bae
Neglet squares or 8p since small strain occurs,
Liye = (VB + b5p)? = 45 + 2V 5 be
Lie = (VE + Bye P = 45 + VB Bae
45 + 2VBbqe = 03345 + 2VB dye) + 30
2VB b9¢ = 03332VB ne)
Fc = ae
‘Tous,
From Ea. (1).
Tep = 71.1682 kip = 212kip
Tex = 9.06 kip
RE
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*4.52, The sigid bac is originally hocizontal sad is
‘supported by two eable each having crosssectional ate
of 05in?, and E~31(10) ksi. Determine the slight
‘tation ofthe bar when the uniform load sapped.
See solution of ro 41.
Teo ~ 21162249
ine = TeoVE__ mieVi
PE BOS(STAP) — 0.0531)10°)
Using Es. Q) of Prob 4S, 7
eet) Lae 3i— 3
(VB + 0.175806)? ~ (9)? + (8.4852)? — 2(9)(8.4852) cos 6°
o— s508
= 0.175806
Ths,
0 = 45838" — 45° = 0838" Ans.
“453. The press consists of tno reid heads that are held in
together by the wo A36 steel Fin.diameter rods A 6061
“Tossolialuminum cylinder is placed in the press snd the
screw i adjusted $0 that it just preses up against the
‘lnder. It is then tightened onehalf tra, determine
the average normal stress inthe rods and in the evinder. Te
‘The singlethreaded screw oa the bolt has a lead of 001 in.
[Note:The lead represents the distance the serew advances
along its axis for ane complete tur ofthe sre.
ARR A0 Wy Fy=0
5g = ons ~ 5
F412) F.A10)
Besranaey ~~ saFUDATy
Sotvig,
F, = 122kip
Fy ~ 3086p
Am.
Am
161oe BebeEtean SHORR "S/ARISA: Se OE Bye A
=o
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4S4. The press consists of two rigid heads that are held
together by the two A36stecl Findiameter rds A 6O61
“Tosolidalumioum cylinder is placed ia the press and the
screw is adjusted so that it just presses up against the
‘linder. Determine the angle through which the serow can
be turned before the rade or the specimen begin to yield
‘The singletheadd screw oa the bolt ha lead of D0 i,
[Note The lead represents the distance the screw avancos
along its axis for one complete tur of the screw.
SER,0; 2F,—Fy0
5p dy
02) F.10)
Hosem) ~*~ FayraH AT}
Assume sol yields fie,
qesp) eT TEehe
was
a GP Ast
4450 Es < 37 ksi steel yields fst as assumed. From Ea (1),
4 = 0010000,
Thus,
“9 _ on90)
3a ~~o0r
6 98
scree
das
1, habia paen
Po”
rH
Ans
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455. The three suspender bars are made of A.36 steel
and have equal crosssectional areas of 450 mm.
Determine the average normal stress in each bar ifthe gid
‘beam is subjected tothe loading shown.
Hin
Referring tothe FAD of ta igi beam, ip. 2,
APSF, =O) Fag + Fae + Fer ~ S10 ~ 80(10) = 0 o
GEEMp =O) Faet2) + Feel) ~ 50(10°}(1) ~ 8001043) = 0 2
Referring tothe goometry shove in Fg.
sgn)
te
Fan _ 358500) 96 Py Ans.
a
im Tim Pim ‘Tim
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4.86, ‘The ssid bar support the 800th load, Determine
the normal sressin each A36stoc cable each cable has
‘rosescctional area of OM in
Referring to the FD ofthe rigid bar, Fi.
costes te )o9+ Feo($)09 — mc =o ,
1 mth ah fs BC nt ae a= VTP
eevee ameaaawamaeie
tne = Foc: _ Fac (13) Feolben _ Feol20)
Se a Ae aE AE
‘Refering to the geometry shown in Fig, the vertical displacement ofthe pots on
908 ly ~ 2. Thus,
the i iy ~ Frias Ds ;
the vertical displacement of points B and D are
RAE
Fev QD/AE _ 100 Fen
a5 AE
‘The similar triangles shown in Fig.cpive
(tak _ (sh
oe
Tat) 6 “aae*)
ites ®
Solving Eas (1) and (2), yields
Fen ~ 6147310 Fy ~ 4546910
Tus
1473
ee oa Ans
s0
AP — sanity ps = 14s Ans,
164
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456 Comtinved
re 600 Ib04 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:20 DM Dage 166 ———
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“457. The rigid bar is originally horizontal and is
supported by two A36 steel cables each having erss
‘sectional are of 0.04 in, Determine the rotation ofthe bar
‘wen the S09 fond is applied.
Referring to the FBD of the riid bar Fig,
com,
Fc ( 8) + Feo($)6 — me
‘The unstretched length of wires BC and CD are Lac = Vi +S
Ley ~ VIET TE ~ 20.1. Ta stretch of wies BC and CD ace
ge = Fibs _ Foe (03) Feolen _ Feo(20)
SAE > AE aE” AE
Fa
Reterring to the geometry shown in Fig, the vertical displacement ofthe points on
3
2 3
For points B and D, cosy = #2 and cosy = 2.Thus
the rid boris 3, = 2
the vertical deplacement of points 8 aad D are
Foc _ Fac (I3AE _ 169 Fe
(eee = Sostq ~ Tas TRAE
(60), Sa. — Fe @DVAE _ 100 Fen
eh Seip CAE
‘The similar Wiangles shown in Fig gies
(te), _ (Goh,
3
00 Fac) 1 (10
s(aaé) “ie aae")
as
Fae ~ jap Feo e
Solving Eqs (1) and (2), yells
Foy = 6147316 Figg ~ 4546010
Ts
(on), —_mmouer
2h 50.09 [29.0 Ay]
Ten
nis ny 180 :
0 Rae NE)  ones bn
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45% The horizontal beam i assumed to be rigid a
‘supports the distributed load shown, Determine the vertical
reactions atthe supports Each support consist ofa woolen
post having a diameter of 120mm and an unloaded
(original length of 140 m. Take By = 12GPa,
G+EMy= 0 Fell) ~ FAQ)  0
+13,
4
O Fy t Fat Fe270
By be~ 8a
srt FES P8: 8p — 4 — De
3FeL Pal _ 2Fel.
AE AE AE
Fp — Fa 2
Solving Eqs (1)+(3) yields:
Fa
®
@
Ans
Ans
Ans.
Anim
4459, The horizontal heam is assumed to be dgid and
‘supports the distributed load show. Determine the angle
‘of tl of the beam after the load is applied. Each support
‘consists ofa wooden post having a diameter of 120 mma
an unloaded (original) length of 140m. Take Ey ~ 12 GI
cr
& Fell)  FQ)
Fat Ppt Fe710
Ba ~ 84 = 28
Bol Fab _ Pek
AE AE AE
Fg Fa2Fe
Solving Eqs (1)+(3) yields
Fy=SIRSTAN: Fy =96028KN; Fe= ILSTIOKN
_ Fak _ SIRSTAO'VLA0)
AE HOAP RAI)
Fel _UsT1a(u)(1.40)
‘AE H0I2)12010)
_ 0194 — 00597
a
8 = 00199(104) rad = 1.14009
Pn = 00507(10)
ae
0.1194(10°9)
tune (10)
ow
e
®
Ans
8uNim
a
dase) v27 8
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“£0, ‘The assembly consists of two posts AD and CF oan
smade of A26stecl and having a crosssectional area of
1000 man, and 2 2014To aluminum post BE having 3 crss 05m
sectional area of 1500 mm? If central load of 400 KN i
Applied to the rigid cap, determine the normal sree in each __
port. There i «small pap of O.1 mm between the post BE  q a
fad the rigid member ABC.
Equation of Equilibrium. Due to symmetry, F4p = Fer = F. Refortng to the
FBD ofthe rigid ap, Fie,
TER) — 0) Foe + 2F — 400,10") ~0 w
Compatbiay Equation Retering tthe initia final position of rods AD (CF)
and BE. Fig,
8= 01 + bee
F400) __ 4, , Far 0999)
Tao yaaa] * Tsa0Afaac0y]
F = 18035 Pye + 510) o
Solving Eas) acd 2 yield
Fae = 61S6(0)NF = 167 7200)N
Nowa Sires
F_161.7200)
a 100)
_ Fag _ ASAIO") _
ou = AE = Sy OM Ans
68 MPa Ans.
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+4461. The distributed loading is supported by the theee
suspender bars AB and EF are made of aluminum and CD
is made of steel. If each bar has a crosesectional rca of
450mm", determine the maximum intensity w of the
tistibuted loading so that an allowable tes Of (sow)
ASOMPs ia tho stool and. (dujoq)a ~ 94 MPa" ia the
lumiaum is aot excooded. F,,~200GPa, Ey ~ 70 GPa,
‘Assume ACE i rigid,
GHEME= 0 Frp(lS) ~ Paa(lS) = 0
Fee = Fan =F
0; 28+ Feo aw = 0 o
te
Compatibility condition
by = 8
PL Feol.
AGHA) Aenea? —F~ 995Feo wm
Assume fuilure of AB and EF:
(ates A
oa ras n0
230
rom Ea. (2) Fe = (20887.14 N
From 9 (1) = 68.5 KN jen
Assume fire of CD:
Fen (ata
~ 180(10/)(450\10)
~ s1000.N
rom Eq. (2) F = 28380N
From Bq (I)w = 4594N/m (controls) Ans.
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442. The rigid links supported by a pin at Aa stel wire
‘BC having an unstretched length of 200 mim and cross
sectional area of 225mm, and a short aluminum block
having an unloaded length of 50 mm and crosssectional
ates of 40 mmr. If the lnk s subjected to the vertical load
‘howa, determine the average nol tess inthe wigs nd
the block. Ey ~ 200 GPa, B,, ~ 70GPa,
Equations of Equitibriams
G+EMa= 0; 480(250) ~ Fyc(150) — F180)
130 ~ Fac Fy =0 a
Comparibitiy:
Frye = 040179 Fy 2
Solving Bas [1] and [2] ys:
Fp=S3503N Fy =21497N
Agen
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4.43. The sig link s supported by a pin at Aya atel wice
BC having an unstretched leagth of 200 mm and eross
‘sectional area of 225 mm’, and a short aluminum block
having an unloaded length of 0 mm and cro sectional arc
‘of 4 mm Ifthe ink subjected to the vertical load shown,
‘determine the rotation of the ink sbout the pin A. Report
the answer in eadians Ey = 200 GPa, Ey ~ 70GPa,
Equations of Equilibrium:
G+EMa= 0; 450(250) ~ Fyc(150) ~ Fy(t50
780 Poe ~ Fy =0 1
Comparibitity:
F (200)
225(10 ROOF) KK
a
Solving Eqs [1] and (2 yields:
Po = 53503 Fc = 2497
Displacement:
Foley 5350450)
b. S505) 9 ons4 mi
Anes WUO}CTONIT
tang — 22 000554
0150
6 = 63.7(10% rad ~ 0.00365" Ans
ler
aon
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length of 1247 mm, whereas posts A and C havea length of
125 mm, If the cape on the top and bottom can be
considered igi determine the average normal stress in
fch post The posts are made of sluminam and have 2
28 of 40 ma Ey) ~ 70 GP
+464, The center post B of the asembly as an orginal TTI
= Pa( 10h) + Pe(100) =0
a
2
H1BFy= 0 +A,
54 = 8 + 00008
F (128) Fa(04247)
m0 OHCOYIP) — 00 LO*YTOV CAF)
0125 F — 0.1247 = 84 o
Solving Eqs (2) and (3)
TSI60KN
Py = 8S4TN
_ 757261105
1000)
81710
0 00°)
on = 214MPa Ans.
“£465. The asembly consists of an A36 steel bolt and a
‘Cx3400 red brass tube. I the aut s drawn Up sae against
the tube so that L = 75mm, then turned an additional
Aamownt 20 that it advances DAZ mm on the bot, determine
the force ia the bolt and the tube, The bolt has adiameter of ed
77mm and the tube has a cros sectional area of 100 mn
sein llea tab aagbeiali
‘bolt is the same. =)
roti i
eetiege
om ——20) Pas)
ogo uOI_U) © HOOT HAHA
P= 116483 N ~ 1.16kN Ans,
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466, ‘The asembly consists of an A36 sect Bolt aad a
‘C33400 ced brass tube. The aut is drawn up saug against
the tbe so that £ ~ 75am, Determine the avanimum
ditional amouat of advance of the nut on the bolt 0 that
‘none ofthe material wil yield. The bot has a diameter of
Tram and the tube has a cross setional sea of 100 ma,
Allowable Normal Sires:
Pe
(ou = 20 (1) = See
P
(6) = 700(108
Pe 700KN
Since Py. > Pes by comparison he brass wil yield fist
Compariil
a= 8 rh
Tooi075)_—,—ToN(0"\75),
* FoomFawaey
iat
Ans.
C—_—
_
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4467. The thece susponder bars are made of the same
‘material and have equal crosssectional areas A. Determine
the average normal tess in each ba ifthe rigid beam ACE
is subjected tothe force P.
CHEMa= te Rend) + Fea ~ PS
Pe
Feat Fee ==
+13F,= 0; Pap + Feo Fax ~P
@
oaa tt is
aint a
gat iss
4.6% Astcelsurveyor's tapes tobe used to measure the
length ofa line. The tape has a rectangular ross section of
(005i. by 02:n.and length of 100 ft when Ty = 6O°F and
the tension or pull on the tape is 20 fh. Determine the
tras leagth of the line if the tape shows the reading t0
‘be 46225 ft when used with apullof 35 lbatT; ~ VF. The
round on which itis placed is Mat. ay ~ S.40(10°)/R,
Ea ~ 2900") bs
3, = ATL = 9.6(10*}(00 ~ 60)(46325) = O13346 8
PLS ~ 20946325)
AE ~ (02005200)
= 463.25 + 0.133416 + ons961 = 463.41 4 Ams.
ouns96
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‘ais No portion of this material maybe oproduced, in any fom oy aay meas, witout pension a Wins the publisher.
+408. Three bors cach made of diferent materials sce
‘connected together and placed betweea two walls whea the
temperature is T; ~ 12°C. Determine the force exerted
‘on the (cgid) supports when the temperature becomes
T,= 18°C. The material properties and crosesectional
toa ofeach bar ae given inthe figure
(#4)
ar8
0 = 12105603) + 21 410(6)(02) + 17 CO*\ yO)
__ Fos) OOD)
2 }GOH}AO)— &oGN>\AOH}G7 120)00)
F ~ 4003 ~ 4204N
4M, ‘The rod ismade of A%6stecl and has a diameter of Jk —1000M/a, = O01
(025in1 th rods ft loag when the springs are compresed
(05 inand the tempecature of the rods T= 40°F determine
the fore inthe rod when its temporature is T = 16°F 1a
ei
(3) am
0010)
FOI 10}
= 660(104)(160 — 40)(2\12) —
= 001869 in,
F = 10040001869 + 018) = 0519 kip
471. A 6fUlong steam pipe is made of A36 steel with
oy = 40ksi. It ie connected dicctly to two turbines A
and B as shown. The pipe bas an outer diameter of 4 in.
fand a wall thickness of 0.25 i, The connection was made
at T= 10. If the turbines’ points of attachment are
fssumed rigid, determine the force the pipe exerts on
the turbines when the steam and this the pipe each a
temparatuee of T; ~ 275°F.
Compaudin:
0 es
(4) br By
Foc) 7
0 a 9a — 02) — gq AMD =e
~——
P= 6nip Am
1S
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“47. A 6fcJong steam pipe is made of A.36 steel with
cay = 4kst Kis connected directly to two turbines A and
2a shown. The pips has an outer diameter of 4 in. and 2
wall thickness of 0.25 in. The connection was made at
1, = 70°F. If the turbines” points of attachment are
assumed to have astffaes of k ~ 8010) kip/in, datemine
the force the pipe exerts on the turbines when the steam
and thus te pipe reach a temperature of 7) = 275°F.
ceeaases s
reer
: anor i
sana 975m — aH 4
= 00143, . + a
F = kx = 8400'V000148) ~ 2p Ans _——ee
“£73. The pipe is made of A36 steel and is connected to
the collars at and 8 Whea the temperature is °F. there
{is m9 axial load inthe pipe If bot gas traveling through the
Pipe causes its temperate to rise by AT = (4) + 13x),
‘where.cs in feet, determine the average normal stress inthe
a 2
pipe The inner diametor is inthe wall hickncss i015 ia. ae
Comparibitity:
ohm wien fe [fare
) [wo is yar Fe)
= oa(i04) [a0 1s pax  EO
0 = 6ea(10 “fax + =e) ws
Paws
Average Norma Sires
BABA ores Ans,
lps
pe
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‘als No portion of tis material aay be uproducd, in foro by ay meas, without pomsio a wii fies the publisher.
4474, ‘The bronze C86100 pipe hes an inner radius of
(5 in, and a wall thickness ‘of 02 i. If the eas flowing
through it changes the temperature of the pipe uniformly
from 7, = 20°F at A to Ty ~ 60°F at B, determine the
‘nial free itexeis onthe wall The pipe was ited between
the walls when T = 60°F. 4 ae 3
Tempera Grane ee
110) = 00+ (52) = 0 — 75 Se
=
Compaubitey:
aE re —I
9 = 944(10") [ (e200 — 1752) — as — asa i
a= se0(104) ("040 ns ae — ea —
rnp am ile
4.78. ‘The 40ongA.26stee rails om train track ae lid ais sae
err
mucosa ee Sa aaeaaiE
oe ee —
Bee ents ee
force inthe rls ifthe temperature were to rise to
TT, ~ 10°F? Tho crossscctional area of each rails 510.
Thermal Expansion: Note tat since adjaent rik expand, each cil wl te =k em
3 Sj
inte tegen etch nd Bor thst : '
B= aATL ~ 601090 — (20)}40(12) "ley
Seale ee sa eS
tea dé
Compas sae
(5) ons = 6,— 6
apees Fea)
sess = 600510 — Canary — FAO
P= 1954p ns
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“446 The device is ured to measure a change ia
temperature. Bars AB and CD are made of A:36 steel and
2014To aluminum alloy respectively. Whea the temperature
is at 75°F ACE is inthe horizontal position. Determine the
vertical displacement of the pointer at & when the
temperature ites to 50°F
‘Thermal Expansion:
(Sr)eo = @wdT Len = 12810190 — 75)(1.5) = 1.44(10) i.
(5e)an = medPLay = 640(109(150 ~ 75)(.5) = 027825110) in,
Frome eet ofthe ded ar AE how ib
rko~ (ae
ae (ip [se Jo25
= o.7425(10) +
E 44007) ~ 0}
= 0.0081 in
A477. The bar has crossectional area A, length Ly
modulus of clasticity £, and. coefficient of thermal a
expansion a The temperature ofthe bar changes uniformly a ®
long its length from Tat Ato Tat Bs that at any point
‘calong the bar T'= T+ 2(Tq ~ T/L. Determine the Fa ny
force the bar exerts on the rigid walls Initially no axa force
isin the barand the bar has a temperature of T,
+ 0~ by  8 a Be,
However, " Gh
ky = adyde ~ ofT, +
ts, at
=a esto
Fron Ba
a,ry
p=t*£c,1) Ans.
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The Ah sel od hat meter of 5 ad is
Heh aachd to the rid sapors st A and 8 when ©
Tear tite pete becomes Ts ~ 27 and an _—
‘lowe of P= S00GN sapped ois cee, deri me CF
ievescion A an 8
Referring othe FBD of the rod, Fig.
DER. = 0 Fe — Pa + 2000) 0 o
When the rod is wocondrsined at B, it has a free contraction of
By = ay ATL = 12(10*)(80 — 20)(1000) = 0.72 mm. Also, under force P and Fy
‘th tonsrined at, the deformation ofthe rd ae
_ Phe __ 200(30°)(500)
AE ~ 0055200107]
F (00)
"x00s)[20007)]
‘Using the method of super postion, eb
(4) 0ssae aren,
0072 02545 + 25968010" Fp
Fg ~ 182.74(10) N ~ 183 KN Ans,
5
25465(10°9) Fy
‘Substitute the result of Fy into Bq (1),
Fg = 82741) N= ASSN Ans,
Pe200 KN P200 kN
ity §§ =>
(a) é 1
Pez00 kit
&
6
&,
—
i
+
(b)
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4279, The A.36 stot cod has a diameter of 50 nm and is
lightly attached to the rigid supports at A and B when la £ 4
T, ~ MPC, Determine the force P that must be applied to
the collar a its midpoint 0 that, when T3 = ¥'C, the
reaction at Bis zero. aie te
aoe, tre aaa tes coca 5
Br = ay ATL = 12(10*)(50 — 30)(1000) = 024mm Also, under force P with
‘unconstrained at B, the deformation of the rod is 4
fe 7
eigen
Fo0s?(200007] lI &
Since Fy is required to be zero, the method of superposition, Fig, b, gives
ah eeey —
jiaazeagese
+ Op
>
IS8.50(10)N = 188 KN Ans.
480. The rsd block has a weight of 80 kip nd is to be
supported by posts A and B, which are made of A36 steel,
and the post C. which is made of C3400 red brass. fal the
‘okt have the sme original ength before they are loaded,
‘etermine the average normal stress developed in each post
‘ven post Cis heated so that its temperature i increased
‘by 20°F Each post has a crosssectional area of 8 in”, ase ey
ownons of Eoin
CHIMe=% FA) FAO=0 FAP
+12F,=0; 2 +FeM=0 1m oor
Compatiin:
ay Bole ~ Bedr = br
Fe gaa(2}om Pe eR
ROT sama
83616 Fe — 4100 F 196 a
Song ny
F=msitip — Fe=2a8tip
ici
ern og EBB assis ji
1501 se
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als No portion of tis material aay be oproducd, in form oy ay eas, without poms a Wifes the publisher.
“481. The thros hare ars made of A36 steel and form:
pinconnected truss If the truss is constructed when
SO'F, determine the force in each bar when
f3k—+— 304
ras OF)an = Cran + r)40 ”
However. das = Sa 2085
Substitute into Ea. (1)
figs 53
Seis —$ndan= rant Oran
ere Fats2)
3 [ssnaonyti ~ soya) SD)
axa ge — soo «Eatin
(20186 ~75F an + an @
. ae
sue Ee ant Fe
i a($ru)=0
Hash. tact) 2
‘Solving Eqs (2) and (3) yes
Fay = 6549 Ans
Fac = Fag = 409kip Ans
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4482, The throc bars are made of A36stel and forma pia
‘connected truss Ifthe tris is constructed when 7, ~ SPF.
determine the vertical displacement of joint A. when
1, = 10°F. Each bar has acrosesctionl atca of i
Gran — Gan = Cran + Bran w
However, dar ~ 6am 008;
San
Fon cond
Substitute into Eg. (1)
$0r)an~ Orden + ran
5
Gnas
“Teac rst
Sfoair suse — sexs)
F ald X12)
209107)
23925 — 625P 4p = 15212 + 4 Pap
AB 4p + 625F 45 = 8613 @
= 6.630 9150" — SUPE, 12) +
Metric ete tta ats ty Sr)
tn (SP)
Egy ~ VF 4 @
Solving Eqs (2) and (3) yields
Fay ~ 68086kip: Fay ~ 10.8939 kip
i). @dan+ Oran
10993944)
2E9KI0)
= 0.07 in. t Ans
= 6.107%) 50° — SOr\4} 2) +
a
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‘als No pmtin of this material maybe produced, in form oy ay meas, tout posi a Wit os te publisher.
AD is made of copper. Before the 150 force is applied,
‘AB and AC are each ia long and AD is 40 in long. It
the temperature is increased by 80°F, determine the
foree in each wire ceded to support the Toad. Take
Eq = 10) ks, Ey TIO") ES, ay — 8109),
2g, ~ 9.10 9)/°F. Each wits has a cross sectional seca of
12?
~ Pagcos
m
Compatibitey
Bachr ~ 80(10*) (8060) ~ 0.03840 in,
ache _ 003840
aos? ~ cos 5
‘(Bandr ~ 9.60( 10°) (80)(40) ~ 0.03072 in
By ~ Gacy, ~ Bandy ~ 05431 — 049072 ~ 1.02359.
Grobe ~ Bacde, + %
ach, ~ ~ 005481,
Fyp(Q) F() aces
ToIDaA 7G ~ CORREA UFR Ae
(19138 4p ~ 023798 = 285858 ey
Solving 1] nd (2 yi
Fye~ Fan F = 100% Am.
Fy= 108 Am.
“Re
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“edst No potion of tis meal may be reproduced, aa fora ot by any means without pormision a weg om the publsbe.
484 ‘The AMIOOHTG! magnesium alloy tube AB is san 2000
capped witha rgd plate EThe gap between F and end Cot 5
{the 6061T6 aluminum alloy solid circular rod CD is 0.2 mm Secon
when the temperature is at 3° C. Determine the normal a
‘tress developed inthe tube and the rod if the temperature
‘se 0 Ml” C Nolet the thicknes of th rig cap.  ac,
Damm
om 490
Compatibity Equation: If tube AB and red CD are uacoastainc, thy wil aye &
free expansion of (8r)ap ~ dag T Lap ~ 26(10*)(80 — 30)(30) = 039 mand
(onlco = eadT Len = 24(10*)(80 — 30)(450) = 054mm Referring to the
deformation diagram ofthe tube and the rod shown in Fi,
(rn  (5r)aa] + {(Ar)eo  (Br}eo)
£00)
02 = 039 ——___F0)_) ,
‘ome? — oo?) aaTya0)
F M0160"
Normal Stes
ug = = 2 = as MPa Ams,
‘(000s  0025)
oo BOS _ ¢soupa Ams
ows)
P= 1074241N
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‘als No portion of this material ay be produced in fom oy ay ass, tout posi a wis the publisher.
+485. The AMIOO4TOI magnesium alloy tube AB is
‘capped witha rigid plate. The gap between E and end C of
the 06176 aluminum alloy solid circulae rod CD is 0.2 mea
when the temperature is at 30° C. Determine the highest
temperature to which it can be ened without casing
felling either n the tube or the rod. Neglect the thickness
tthe nid cop.
c= Eg HABE ae Haney 5MPa Ans
487. Determine the maximum normal sess developed
in the bar when tis subjected toa tension of P = SEN,
Forth fil:
(atone)
12MPs
For the hoe:
Be
B
B
From Fig.425.K = 2375,
ous ~ Korg
sao) )
= 295g ney
= 190MPs Ans
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‘als No portion of tis material maybe produced, in fom oy ay eas, witout posi a Wife publisher.
4.88, If the allowable normal sess for the bar i
aie ~ 120 MPa, determine the maximum axial force P
‘hat can be applied to the bas
Assume failure ofthe fill.
wo,
i eee)
From Fig 424.K = 14
San Koy
P
sao = 14 (sega)
8S7KN
Assume failure ofthe hole
From Fig 425.4 = 2295
roe ~ tas = Key
P
2000) =22%5 (Goranara)
P= S05 EN (controls) Ans.
+499. The members tobe made from astee pate thats
025 in. tick. If «Ln. hole is dled through its center,
‘determine the approximate width of the plate so that it
‘can support an axial force of $8508 The allowable sre
Seg = 22S. som 3508
ee = ons = Keng
aa
we 0a,
tin
»
aask 455)
33
Dy tslandono tome +25.mee =~ 02, K~ 24s
wo 29
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“east No potion ofthis mail may be roprodaed aa orm or by any means without permission a wit fom the pulser
£90, ‘The A.36 ste! plate has a thickness of 12 mm. If
there are shoulde fillet at Band C.and ao. ~ 150 MPa,
ddctermine the maximum axial load P that ican support.
Calculate ts elongation, nepectng the effect of the filets.
Masimnums Normal Stress at filet:
ro
£805 and
sie
20
0
Fromthe text,K'= 14
ame ~ Cater ~ Keng
;
wa id ata]
P= 77.86N = 771kN Ams
Displacement:
rss
aE
TAes6(a00)  _77142.86(800)
WaoUaRAO AT * Waye.012y200j00)
= 0429 a Ans
491, Determine the maximum axial fore P that can be Li a12sin,
applica to the bar. The bar is made from steel and has an ae
SMlowable stesso ue = 2
Assume failure of the fillet
£025
125
From Fig 424, K = 173
tee ~ nex ~ Key
21179
P= 1ssrkip
Assune tre ofthe ole
955
wos
From Fig. 4125, K ~ 248
ate ~ Sm Kan
P
126 (Garam)
P= 121 kip. (contol) Ans
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“4.02, Determine the maniawm normal stress developed
the bar when itis subjected fo a tension of P = 2p.
Aviat:
fe
From Fig 424, K = ori,
Athol
Prom Fig 425, K = 245
2
Tas,
Sa = 285) 34Sksi (Controls) Ao.
+493. Determine the maximum normal stress developed
the bar when itis subjected toa tension of P
Maximum Normal Stress at fillet
47 MPs
suo)
26 aoetnayan
=883 MPa (Controls) Ams
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£94 The resulting stress distribution along section AB
{or the bar is shown, From ths distribution, determine the
approximate resultant aval force P applied tothe bar Also,
‘wht isthe stresconcentation factor for this geometry?
folume under curve
Jos
Number of squares = 10
P~ 10(3)(1,(05) ~ 15 kip Are
P___1skip
oe a ~ Winyosiny 75 'i
og _ 12 ksi
Tan TSI
£95. ‘The resulting stress distribution along section AB sia
{or the bar is shown, From ths distribution, determine the
approximate resultant axa force P applied tothe bar AIS,
‘wl isthe sires concentration factor fr this poometty?
Number of guares =28
P ~ 28(6(02)05) ~ 168 kip Ans.
P__ 68
ee A ~ 20S 05)
= tke
ou _ 36
290 Ams
74.96, “The resulting stros distribution along section AB om
for the bar is showa. From this distribution, determine the
approximate resultant axial force P applied tothe bar. Also,
‘wat isthe steess concentration facto fr this poomety?
Number of guares = 19
P= 19(5)(10%(01)001) ~ 19 eN
P1900) 
omg = 5 = Gi = 2875 MPa
rau __30MPa
tag 7 BISMPa Am
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‘als No portion of tis material maybe oproducd, in nfo oy ay eas, tout poms a iis the publisher.
+497. The 0p weigh isslowly seton the top of post
‘made of 201416 alumioum with an A26stec core. f both
tmatcrils canbe considered elastic perfectly plastic,
determine the sressin cach materia.
Equations of Equilibrium:
HTEF,= 0; Put Pa 300
Plastic Analysis: Assume both materials sil have castically under the load.
8
+
Solving Eqs [1] and [2] yields
S61 kip Py = MOD Kip
(oKy
An
= 4858 65> (oe — HDS
“Therefor, te tel core yells and othe elastic analysis is invalid The stres inthe
seals
= (oyu = 3608S Am.
Pa =(pwAn 260(F)) = 11340 kip,
From Ba [1] Pa = 18550 kip
= IAB isi < (oy)y = 600K
Ans.
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4498. ‘Me bac has across sectional area of 0 in andi 4 2 Bk C sup
tmade of & material that has a stressstrain diagram that — =
fen be approximated by the two line seyments shown,
Determine the elongation of the bar due to the applied sts)
loading.
«i

Average Normal Stress and Strain: For segment BC ‘son wa ind
Fi 8 eos
20 _ 420
qq ~ 0001 ~ D021 — O.00T
Brae ~ Bac + Bay ~ O12 + 0420 ~ 0432 in. Ans.
eS gy
fargo a8,
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499. The sig be spp by pina A a wo 6 :
fel wien cach bing» dams of mani the yl yy 9
Stew forthe wees uy = 0 MPa and = 200 GPa,
Stern he nen of th dia tow htc
be paced onthe tens andl ut aun we tt eet
ll. Wha isthe dsplacemen! of pola fortis as?
For the canon, sume tat the ssl san
pevtecly paste .
equations of Eilibriam Sian Bie
CHEM A= 0, Fax(O4) + Feo(065) ~ 080 (04)
04 Fax + 065Fen = 0320 m
Plastic Analysis: Wie CD will yc ist followed by wire BE. When both wies yield
(=)(ome) = 6.660 KN
Substituting the resuls into Eq, [1] yields:
Sc _ Sse
Oxo
8g = Bye = 20.120) = 424mm Ans.
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"4100, ‘The rsid bar is supported by a pin at A and two <
stool wires each having a diameter of mam. If the yield a a
stress for the wites is oy = 530 MPa, and Ey = 200 GPa,
Getcemine (a) the intensity ofthe istbuted load w hat
‘an be placed on the beam that wil cause only one ofthe
twies to tact to yield and (b) the smallest iateasity of
the distributed load that wil cause both wies to yield. For
the ealeulation, assume thatthe steel is elastic perfectly = + “ o
plastic Tit
[$00 mF 20am ——
Equations of Equilibrium: and
G+EM4= 0b Fal 0) + Feel 6S) ~ 08w (04)
0A Fg + 065 Fey = 0.320 a
() By observation, wire CD will ye fist
eyA= sx(0F)()(oane)
Then Feo,
6.660 kN,
From the geometry
Pe Ro icy = 16tSbae
Fok _
AE
Feo Bh
Using Fp = 6660 Nand solving Es [I] an 2 ile:
Fog = 40994
w= 187ENm Am.
(©) When bot wreck
Fue= Feo = (oA
< sao(\(Z)(o0e) = 6660 KN
Substitating the rests into [I] yields
w= 219 N/m Ans.
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“4.101. The rig lever arm ie supported by two A36 steel
wires having the same diameter of 4mm. If a force of
P—3EN is applied to the handle, determine the force
‘developed inboth wces and their corresponding elongations.
(Consider A36 steel as an clastcperfetly plastic material,
Equation of Equbrinm, Refering to the free body diagram ofthe lver shown
Fe,
CMe =O) Fant) + Fen (50) ~ (10450) ~0
2+ Feo 900) o
asic Analysis. Assuming that both wires AB and CD behave as lineady elastic,
the compatibility equation canbe written by referring to the peometry of Fi. b,
vo
2Peo °
Fg = 3000
1100
= 124M < (ove (ox)
Hoar) cn 3
=a
as a8 Pa > Cre wey
a (on
Sioce wie AB iki the clastic analysis nat vl The ston mst be reworked
—
Fag ~ (ora Aan ~ 20(10)[F(0008)
~sursos = 34448 ie
Substituting this rest into Eq. (2),
Feo ~ N68IN ~2724N Ans
Fon 71681
Feo _ 1681 as620 ura <(v)e (oxy
Aco Ham) “
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4101, Continued
Since wire CD is linearly elastic ts longation cam be determined by
Feoleo ___ 7681(300)
50 Aeon Hoo) (20(17)
~ 02248 mm ~ 0324 nm Ans
From Ea, @),
Baa ~ 28g ~ HO328) ~ 0669 Ans.
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44102, The sigid lever arm is supported by two A26 tet
wires having the same diameter of 4 mm. Determine the
sallest force P that will ause (a) only one of the wires C0
yield: (b) both wires to yield. Consider A:36 stel as an
‘elatcperfectly paste material,
ation of Equilibriam, Refering tothe freebody diagram of the lever arm shown
Fig,
CHEM = 0 F 4x (300) + Fe(180) — PASO)
2F ay + Fe
o
Elasle Analysl. The compatibility equation can be written by referring to the
_poometry of Fie. b.
®
Assuming hat wire AB i about wo yield frst,
F,
(ra Aun = 250(10[£(0004) 
From Eq. (2),
Fey = His) = 150908
Substituting the result of 4g and Fey into Eg, (1),
Pati Analysis Sine both wites AB and CD are required to yield,
(ove A = 2s0(u0= (0008 ]
Substituting this result into Eq (1),
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44102. The theee bars ae pinned together aad subjected
tothe load P each bar has a eos sectional area A, Tength
Land s made from an elastic perfectly plastic material, for
Which the yield sires is oy, determine the largest load
(timate load) that can be supported by the bars ie. the
Toad P that causes all the bar 10 viel Also, what i the
horizontal displacement of point A when the load reaches
its ultimate value? The modulus of elasticity is .
P= 314150N — 3.14kN Ans.
‘When al bar yield, the force in cach bar Fy = oy A
SEF,=0; P—20yAcos® — ay =0
P= oyAQeos0 + 1) Ans.
ae AC wil yok ist followed by bars Af and AD.
“4104 The cigid beam ie supported by thees 25mm
isnster A%6 stool ods. If tha beam supports the force of
P~ 230 KN, determine the force developed in each rod.
Consider the tel tobe an laste perfectypstc material
‘Equation of Equilibrium, Referring othe frebody diagram of the beam shown in
Fie
+138, = 0; Pan + Foe + Por ~230(10°) = 0 o
GC +3My =O F qe( 400) + Fer(1200) ~ 230(10*)(800)
Fae + $F
aio) e
lastic Analysis. Referring to the deflection diagram ofthe beam shown in ig. 6,
the compatibility equation canbe wrttea as
1
Ban + her
Fal. _2(Feol:)  1 Feel.)
az ~ aE) * AE
a: of
Fac ~ 3 Fan + 5 Fee °
Solving Eqs (1). (2). and (3)
For = 1312851N Fue = 6S71420N Pag = 22857.14N
198
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4104, Continued
Normal tess.
i107
26074 MPa > (ore ae
ons) Ci
osri429
($5029 _ rsss7 Pa < (re (oxy
x00)
(6594 MPa < (oye (OK)
00 ia” Home)
Since rod CF yields the elastic analysis #8 not valid. The solution must be
reworked using
Fer = (ova dcr ~ 280(10  7a02s!) = 12271846N = 24 Ams
‘Substituting this rel into Eq. (2),
Fu
184461 N =918KN Ans.
Substituting the result for Fey and Fito B.C),
Fan ~ 1518693 = 15.4 kN Ans
157.10 MPa < (oy) ox)
Fan _ 153685 _ 3.45 MPa < (@y)n OK)
40 Ann ous)
iZoomm  ¢oomm 4aomm >
@
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+4105, ‘The rigid beam ix supported by three 25ma
ee he eae
setuSaa ma aereaen ee
cee eee eee “a
aaa
Lh.
Ceteclact!
Equation of Equilibrium, Referring tothe free hody diagram ofthe beam shown
Fea,
+138, = 0 Fan + Fae + For ~ 25010) = 0 w
CAMA 0 Fg( $0) + Fer(1200) ~ 230(10°)(800) —
Fae + Fer ~ (10) ®
Elastic Analysis Refrsing tothe deflection diagram of the heam shown in Fig,
the compatibility equation canbe written as
w+ (2) a0)
Ba
Sar ~ F840 + 38cr o
ab EE) eae)
2
Fae = 3 Pant 5 Fer o
Solving Eqs (1) (2), and (4)
Fer =13MOKSTN yp = (STIN2DN Fay = 3ASTAGN
Normal Stes
ocr = 260.24 MPa(1) > Corde we)
oe 19387 MPa (T) < (ye (OK)
ony = £2 = 6694 MPa(T) < (era (ox)
Since rod CF yields, the elastic analysis is aot valid. The solution must be
reworked uring
ce = (Orbe = 250MPa (1)
Fer = ocr Ace = 20(104 Z(o02s) = 271846N
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44105, Continued
Sutstitutng this result into Eq. (2),
F ge = 918445 N
Substituting the result for Fey and Fy into Ea, (1),
Fay = 1586938
we _ SISAL
me = Fe ~ Hom) 7 SHOMPACD < Corde oxy
Fay _ 1543698 s ;
oa Fee Fama SMUD < Corde (OK)
Residual Stresses. The proces of removing P can be represented by applying the
force P’, which has @ magnitude equal to that of P but is opposite in sense, Fic.
Since the proces occurs ina linear manne, the corresponding normal siress mst
have the same magnitude but opposite sease to that oblained from the clastic
analysis Thus
ey = 2S.7AMPA(C) oy = 13387 MPa(C) ony = 6694 MPa(C)
‘Considoring the tonsil stress. as positive and the compressive stress. as nopative,
(er), = Bee + Wer = 250 + (261.74) = “177 MPa
32 MPa(T) Ans.
“355 MPa =355MPa(C) Ams.
T7MPa(C) Am.
(one), = Ge * one = 187.10 + (13387)
(oan), = 40 + an = HAS + (66.84)
[400mm  foomm \4a,
@
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$106, ‘The distributed loading is applied to the sis
beam, which is supported by the thre bars Each bar basa
crossaccional area of 125 i? and & made (OM a4,
‘material having a sirsesiin diagram that can be 70%)
‘pproximated by the two ine segments show, I load of
tap
sk
©
w= 25 kip/fts appt the hea, det the sss
inesch brand theeria depscementofthe bean 
on ag — nf)
C+EMy Feld) — FAA) = 0
Pao Fok
HIER, <0; OF + Ra 200=0 o
Since the leading and geometry are symmetrical, the bar will remain horizontal
“Therefor, the dsplacemeat ofthe bars is the same and henee the force in each bar
isthe same. From Ea (1)
Fg = 6687 kip
% oc SS ‘Ans.
From theses tain diagram
336
© 0012 ~ 02 ~ noord RAAT
aL = 01447%15)(12) = 869in, ‘Ans
202aE Sebettean SRORR! “G/ARIAA: /S i OE yee B82
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4.7. The distributed loading is applied to the
rigid beam, which is supported by the three bars
Each bar has crosssectional area of 0.75 in? and is
smade from a material having astressstrain diagram
that can be approtimated by the two line segments
shown, Determine the inteasity of the distributed
loading w aseded to cause the Beam to be displaced
downward 15 in,
omni
Fed) — FAN) =O Fa=Fe=F
2F + Fy Sw =0
fsthe same,
From Ea. (1),
Fy = F = 206600
From the stresestrain diagram:
Was
“50H
23 36
‘mms — ora ~ 02 — 0001S
* = 0405 inn
= 38.87 ks
Hence F = A = 3889 (0.15) = 29.15 kip
From Bg. (2).w = 109 kip/t
pth
inn)
1
w
Since the system and the loading ae symmetrical the bae wll remain horizontal.
“Rence the displacement of the bars isthe sme and the force supported by each bar
®
Ans.
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4.108, ‘The rgid beam is supported by the three posts A, P P
Band C of equal length Posts and C have a diameter of
7S mm and are made of aluminum, for which Ey = 70 GPa
andy) = 20 MPa. Post has a diameter of 20 mm and
cee ee he imars ad ‘1 >—
(epi ste Bele st emp oP Sah peal Ba
SS yn yl ae poll
poecptepim pie
2My=0; Pa Fo= Fu
$13Fy= 0; Fy + 2Py—2P
a
(2) at and Cl ytd,
Fa= (oud
= acotygyounsy
= S36 KN
(69, 4 BOD 0
Compatiiy condition
Bend
oss)
aarfonaay 0072
Fe ROTGEN
Ee sie de ie
Fromq (0),
076 + 28836)  2P = 0
oan Am
(0) a peti
From Eg. (I): 188.5 + 2(8836) —2P — 0
isan Ans.
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+4100. The rigid beam is supported by the three posts e e
2B, and C. Posts A and C have a diameter of 6D
and are made of aluminum, for which Ey ~ 70 GPs
(oy)a = 20MPa. Post 8 & made of brass for which
Bye = 100GPa_and (ay) = 590MPa. If P = 150 EN,  7 a
determine the largest diameter of post A so that all the a br a
post yield at the same tine,
am 222
OF da + Fae ~ 260
(aly = (aA
= 20(101( 0.067 = 56.55 kN
rom Ea. (1),
215655) + Fyy — 260 = 0
Fye= M69KN
14690104)
(oye = S90 7
fe = ra
dy ~ 001779 m ~ 178mm Ans.
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44116, Te wie BC a ant of 125 ina he
tata a he sia cracls shown he
fare Determine the real daplcement the het
‘the pal a he gs soy need ad ecb
ution of Eirias
G+EMa= 0; — FactS0) ~ P(80) = 0 Ot,
(a) From Eq.[1] when P = 4501b, Fae *
Averge Normal Sire Sir:
oe = Hie = TI sort oom tt
From te Str Stn diagram f
sa 0
SRO ge = 00nsr inn
ac OOM Hf ke
Displacement: * P
Bc ~ tach ~ OST) — 2347
ae re
fof. ay =
(0) FomEg It whca P= e001, yc = 0
Ane Nora St i Sai
Fac __ 96
om ge Ruse MM
From Ste Sndigra
naw __w—7
exe — 0007 12007 OE infin.
Dipacomet
Bye ~ ache ~ OITA) ~ 3508,
Se ate, gad
8288, 55 Erasmo) ~ 6unin An
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JIL, The bar having @ diameter of 2 in. is fixed
‘connected at its ends and supports the axial load PI the
material is clastic perfectly plastic as shown by the
stressstrain diagram, determine the smallest load Paceded
to cause segment CB 10 yield If this load is released,
‘determine the permanent dieplacement of point C.
nin)
or
When P is increased, region AC will hecome plastic first, then CB wil become
plastic. Thus,
Fa Fa~ 0A ~ 291) ~ 2382 kip
Fat FaP0 o
P ~ 2002832) ~ 125.6 kip
SIF
P~ 126 kip Ans.
‘The deflection of point Cis,
fe
2 = (Q001)(3)12) = 006i. —
‘Consider the reverse of Pon the bat
FQ) _ Fa)
AE AB
Fa’ = 15 Fal
So that from Ea. (1)
Fy =04P
Fy = 06P.
10412566)3)012),
"(DF @0/0.001)
5 ~ 0.036 — DeDss ~ A720. — Ans.
= U0 ia, +
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4112, Determine the clongation of the bar i
Prob. 4111 when both the load P and the supports
peaorel
te)
»
ae ets)
When P is increased, region AC will become plastic fit, then CB wil become
plasti Thas,
B= Bq = 0A = {aX} = 2852 kip
BEE,=0 Fat Fe a
P = 20282) = 2566p
16 Kip Ans
“The deflection of point Cis
dened
Consider the reverse of onthe bar
FQ)
AE
Pe
Sothat from Ea. (1)
“The reat ection are
Fy) = Fy" ~ 60832 + 06(125.65) ~ 62452 — 04(12566) ~ 1256p
‘hea the supports are removed the elongation willbe,
PL__12568(5\12)
88 ~ Sapanjoany ~ 0120 a
fe
fee
i
=
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“4.13. A material hasa stressstrain digram that cam be °
described by the curve o ~ ce!” Deteemine the deflection
Sof the end of a rod made From this material if it has a
length L, crosestcional area A. and a specific weight 7
olf see 
#0) = eats) we: 4
Pa) a bas
However o(e) = 707; ace) = $F Pe
From Eq. (1), I:
Pu) _ aa
rea
tax
Ams
44114, The 2014:T6 shuminum rod has a damter of. 4 ;
ae slightly attached to the rid supports at A and B when mal
T, TW. i the temperature becomes Ts ~ —10°E,
nasil foros of P — 1619 applied to the igi collar at "2 s
‘Showa, determin the rections st Asad
Aa art Oe a
oy 3 Fx(t3) . Pe
Pasay ~ PMO — (10) + ET eo
fa Hf
Ge 2(0.008) + 2.1251 — F, 4
Ayr.
(3
Fa=2itkip Ans, mm _ uanine
a
4415, The 201476 aluminum rod has diameter of i
(05 in. and is lightly attached to the iid supports at A i
and B when Ty ~ 70°F. Determine the force P that must 7
te apptiod to the collar so that, when T= OFF, the hea
P15)
OS \IOHVIP)
P= 4s5Kip Ans.
r2s(u0*y(70)13)1 + 0
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“416 The rods cach have the same 25nm diameter
and bmm length. If they are made of A36 stecl,
determine the forces developed in each rod when the
temperature increases to 50°C.
Equation of Equilibrio: Referring to the lreeody diagram of joint A shown in
Papsing? ~ Pye sia
Fay ~2Fcos
Pac= Pao =F
Fas a
Compatbiicy Equation: If AI and AC are unconstrained, they will have
2 fot expanson of (3)]an~ (8x)ac = te ATL = 1200 X06
Retest the iil sd al pstion oon A,
Bra (r)an= (51), ~ Bre
Due to symety it A wil ples horizontal. and Bc? — PA — 2g Tha,
@).
854g (Br)an = 2(8r) ac ~ Bac
2067) 4 304 By! ~ 28 Ths this equation becomes
F (60) Fon)
pst — 036 = 210.35) —2 —_F_
F{a02?) aoc) atthe
Figg 28 ~ 17671459 e
Solving Bas (1) and 2),
Fan ~ Fac ~ Pap ~ S890486N ~ S89KN Ans
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“$117, Two A36 steel pipes, cach having a cross
sectional area of On, are sorewed together using & 2
‘union at B as shown. Originally the assembly is adjusied so
that no foad is on the pipe. If the unioa i the tightened
‘so that sere, having lead of 0.15n, undergoes two fll SSeS
‘urns, determine the average normal sess developed inthe
pine, Assume that the wnion at and couplings at A and ©
are rigid. Neglect the size of the union. NotThe lead would
‘cause the pipe, when unloaded, to shorten 0.13 in. whea the
tion rotated one revolution,
“Te load acting on both segments A and Care he same sce no external oad 0s)05in
acts on the system, 1G
03 bya + Bac —— A
ag Pex), PO, In by
0.32@29)(107) * 03229)(10*)
P= s64Kip
on=o Am
——
.
displacement of end B relative to end A just before the plug. ou, ica
arts tosipout Ea, ~ 98 GP.
Equations of Equitioriam: owenesa
SER P— Aso. OKH 00090. = 0 f
P= 6540 KN = 5654N Ams stopaanieens
Panosesescoon
al
Distacement sane
se est oie
jna> DE
_ 56549010.) 7°" 956549(1") xe
~ saan) * arama ye5y0%)
~ 0008188 m ~ 0.0918 mm Am.
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44119, The assembly consists of two bars AB and CD of
the same material having a modulus of elasticity Ey and
‘coefficient of thermal expansion a, and a bar EF having 8
‘modulus of elastity E; and coefficient of thermal
‘expansion as. All the bars have the same length Land
‘rosssectional area A. If the rigid beam ‘orginally
horizontal at temperature 7, determine the angle it makes
vith the horizontal when the temperature is increased
on
Equations of Equlibiame
C4EMe= 0 Fan~ Fur F
+TER,= 0; Fep2F0 oy
Compaibitivy:
San anbe~aade Ben ~ CBeodr + Bender
Sax ~ xshr ~ arde
From the geometry
Bey — Ban _ Sar Ban
a oy
Ben = Bae + Ban
code + Ccode] = Gaebe~ Gere + Gaar — ashe
fac: T™HL+
Fu) Fa
= ft, TL A 9 Te Ty AD Bl
Substitute Eq, [1] into (2).
seu re
2m (Ts ToL +
Fu.
(= 790 FE + ay = ToL
se
AE AR Te T (Ts)
ses sn,
(Sieg!)  tea: oe
=F
AEE, Tait) ETT wt
aay re
Ou a= HENGE =) = BT, 0)
(ue= ait 708
upp ~ AEE AE = Tes = ML) _ Ex(Ts — Tylon — aX)
= AE, (SEz + Ey) SE, + Ey
LSE + EMTs ExLdTs
3+ E
5a
@aahe~ Bande =
212
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4119, Continued
uds~T)
aE: — &)] Roo
(SE: + Et BE)
Ls ~ Tiles = a6)
SE: +E,
4p Ser = San _ BELT: ~ Tas a) m
a SE, + E3) =
ee dey
*4.120, ‘The rigid ink i supported by a pin at A and two.
‘A36 stool wires each having an unstctched lngth of 12a.
tnd eros sectional ares of 0.0125 in. Determine the force
developed in the wires when the link supports the vertical
oad of 501.
Exquations of Eqaitibriam:
CHEM =O —Fe(9) — Fala) + 35016)  0 a
Compas
ssi
Fx(L) _ FekL)
WAE UAE me
OF, ~ aR, pI sn
Solving Fe 1] and [2 yok: pe
Fg S66 Ans. og
Fe = 195th Ans. 7
2135 bettnnn SAORR “G/AR/SA: °9659 OE Ripe B08"
eS
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‘A shaft is made ofa ste! alloy having an allowable
Shear stress of raioe ~ 12K I the diameter ofthe sha is
15 in, determine the maximum torque T that can be
‘ransmited. What would be the maximum toeque Tif
‘iniameter hole is bored through the shaft? Sketch the
shearstress distribution along. a ral ine in each ease
Allowable Shear Stress: Applying te torsion formula
te
Faae = Fate = FE
_ 1079,
© £075),
T= 195kip
Allowable Shear Stres Applying the torsion formula
pete
rau ~ tan ~ 5
p= 207)
FOI — 03)
1 = 6381 kip
_Tp__ 638105)
tresm 7 ~ Faas — 05)
ow
Ane
areas
Ans.
one
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5.2. The slid shaft of ead is subjected toa torque T. “
Determine the radius r of tho inner coee of the shaft that
resists onehalf of the applied torque (7/2). Solve the
problem two ways (a) by using the torsion formula, () by c
finding the resultant of the shearstress distribution.
 @
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S.A The solid shaft is ied to the support at © and
‘subjected to the torsional loadings shown. Determine the
shear tress at points A and B and sketch the shear sresson
‘volume elements located a these points el
“The internal torques developed at Cross sections pas theough poiat Hand A see
shown in Fig. a and 6, respectively.
“he pole moment of aria of he sate (0.03) — 40.7000") mt Foe
point B.py ~ C~ 0075 Ths,
Tue
410°V0.075)
re
$9.70010°9)
036410") Pa
From point ,p4 ~ 005 m,
ng = Lata _ 10005)
ao" 0009
n36(108) Pa
SI
©)
o
4k
(a ) @ 4knm
21696 betta SRORM "SPARIAA: /9 65 TE yeah REP
=f>
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shearsiessdisiibution.
8) Applving Torsion Formate
Te ___ 75004)
For ons)
re.
Or 00755
mac ~ 047008) =
z
1SNm
by Integration Method:
SA, The tube is subjected to a torque of 7S0N a,
Determine the amount of this torque that is resisted by the
‘ray shaded section. Solve the problem two ways: (a) by
‘sing the torsion formula, (b) by finding the resultant ofthe
ae = = ay ~ 0488 MPa
r= (C)ran ant 4A apa
the absolute maximum sheae stress developed inthe pipe.
oe
5.5. The copper pipe hasan outer diameter of 40 man aad
an ner diameter of 37 mm, If its iehtly secured to the wall
at A and three torques ace applied to its shown, determine
Nm
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S46, The solid shaft has diameter of O75 in. If i is
subjected to the torques shown, determine the maximum
shear stess developed in regions BC and DE of the shat.
‘The bearings at A and F allow fee rotation ofthe sta
Tree _35(12\0375)
(oleae TF a5 a
Tyee _ 25(12)(0375) _
C08) mm = = se Ams.
Xen
Foun
57. The solid shaft hae a diameter of 075 ia. If
subjected to the torques showa, determine the maxinim
shear stress developed in repions CD and EF of the shalt.
‘The bearings at A and Fallow fee rotation ofthe sha
Tere
(0p oe = EE = 0 Ans.
Greolan = Te0E — 19023031)
(reobawe = 7 OT
= 2173 pai = 217 bat Ams
bee
Soup
bedag fous
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°5S.8, The solid 3aum diameter shaft is used to transit SON sone
the torques applied to the gears Determine the absolute
maximum shear sieoss onthe shaft, s oom
Internal Torque: As shown on torque diagram. )
Maximum Shear Sires: From the torque diagram Tig = 400 Nm. Then, applying
torsion Formula ON
a Bom
Tom
so}
15.9, The shafl consists of three concentric tubes, each
‘made from the same material and having the inner and r=s0Nm
‘outer rai shown. If torque of 7 — 80) Nv ieappliod to
the ig disk fined to ie ead, determine the maximum she
‘stress inthe sha.
2m
4~ Foss! — 03) + Za  0125) + Z (oso — (om
J = 258500)
Te 52m
+ cha
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‘S10, The coupling i+ used to connect the two shafts r
together. Assuming that the shear stress in the bolts is
uniform, determine the number of bolts necessary to make R
‘the maximum sheae sess inthe shat equal to The shear
‘ress inthe bots Each bolt has a diameter d
‘isthe numberof ols and isthe sheae force in each bot L
Tanpr= =e ?
mer=o =e
22
A @e ae
Maximum shea sess for the shaft
ae
Te
SUL The assembly consists of two sections of galvanized
Steal pipe connected together using a reducing coupling at
“Thesmaller pipe hasan outer deameter of (73 n.and an inner
ameter of 0.5 ia, wheress the lager pipe has an outer
‘iameter of in and aa inner diameter of (6a. the pipe is
‘ih secured othe wall at C, determine the maximum shear
sires developed in each section ofthe pepe when the couple
shown applied fo the handles ofthe wrench
Te_ 2100375)
7” Foss" oxe
Te__ 21005)
36 ksi
rT ~ FOS — 048)
ain 5
FSV terewtin
0 Tuer
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°5.12, The motor delivers a torque of 50 Nm tothe shaft
AB. This torque is transmited to shaft CD using the gears
at E and F. Determine the equilibrium torque Ton shaft
CD and the maximum shear sess in each shaft. The
bearings 8, C.and D allow fee rotation ofthe shafts
Equitiriam:
CHEMO 50 FOS) = 0 F = 1000N
GHEMp= 0, T= 10000125)  0
T= 125Nm Ans
“Internal Torque: As shown on FBD. ae
Maximum Shear Sires: Applying torsion Formula.
Ams
12500175) re
EOE) =
£18, Ifthe aplid torqu oa shaft CD 87" — 75Nm,
determin the aolute maxon shear tes each shat
“The bearings B, Cand D allo free rotation of the shafts
andthe motor holds the shafts fied from rotating,
Equtibiane
C+EMe = 0) 75 ~ F025)
C+EMe = 0) (005) ~ Ta =0
Ty = 200Nm
{Invert Torque: As shown on FED.
Masinum Shear Sires: Applyig the tosioa formula
Tent
eau = 7 Ams
Tee _ 75.40.0175) Fr
(eolan =F = Fra ~ 891M Ams
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S14, The sold SOnm distor shaft is used to teanamit 250m
the torques applied to the gears. Determine the absolute
‘masini shed stress inthe shal
190m
“Thoternal torque dovelopd ia sopmeats AB, BC and CD ofthe shaft are showa
in Fiesa.bandc.
‘The maximum torque occurs in segment AB. Thus the absolute maximum shear
this segment. The polar moment of inertia of the shaft is
1053 (10" Sm Tas,
rau)ay ~ Zi8¢  2005) _ se s(u0)pa = 102MPa Ams
(rane = F ~ Sresseci yO)
R5ONM Jy=Z50Nm 50h
Net
Pe sti6Nm
@)
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5.15. The solid shaft is made of material that has an
allowable shear stress of fue ~ 10 MPa. Determine the
‘equired diameter of the sha fo the nearest am.
‘The internal torques developed in each sepment ofthe shaft are shown nthe torque
diagram, Fig a.
‘Segment DE is etc since its subjected to the preatest internal torque: The polar
moment ofintia of thesatisd = 2($) = ZatTmas
“
sn Tae, guy "48)
7 ze
= 003201 m = 3291 am
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1516 The solid shaft has a diameter of 40. mm,
Determine the absolute maximum shear stress in the shaft
and sketch the sheaesteessdsteibuion along radia Hine
‘tthe shaft where the shear sees is maximum,
‘The aternal torque developed in each sepment ofthe shaft are shown i the torque
diagram, Fig a
Since segment DE subjected to the greatest forque the absolute maximum shear
suess occurs hee, The polar moment of inertia of the shaft js J ~ =O")
~ 80109 Ths,
Tope _ 74002) _ “ a
ae = THEE = EL = 5510 Pa = 57 »
The shea stres distribution along thera ines shown in Fb
5.57 mfe
@)
*$.17, ‘The rod bas a diameter of 1 in. and a weight of
10ibift. Determine the maximum torsional stress inthe rod
at asection located at A duc to the rod'sweieht.
Here, we are ony interested inthe internal torque: Thus, other components ofthe
{ntoenal loading are nt indicated in the FBD ofthe cit segment ofthe rod, Fi
Ty ~ 102) =0 T,=s01b8
i) ia
‘The polar momeat one of tection at ~ (0) O01 it
Toe at %
Tae _ 960(05) (04) Ib
489.24 psi = 4.89 ksi Ans.
ee > M8125
@
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SAK Tho rod has 4 diamotar of 1 ia. and a weight of
15 Ib Determine the maximum torsional stress in the rod
ata section located at B de to the rods weight,
Hore, we are oaly interested inthe internal targus, Thus other comypoacats of the
internal loading are not indicated in the FBD othe cut segment of the rod, Fi.
2M,
o 15(4)2) = 0
‘The por moncat of iri of he camcstn J = "0s
‘uta Ta
% io Tak 728 ksi
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5.10, Two wrenches are used to tighten the pipe. If
2300 N i applied to each weeneh, determine the maximum
torsional shear sicess developed within regions AB and BC.
‘The pipe has an outer diameter of 25 mm and inner
diameter of 20 mam. Sketch the shear sess dsribution foe
both eases
Internal Loadings: The internal torgue developed in sepments AB and BC of the
pipe can be determined by writing the moment equation of equilibrium about the x
vis refering to their espective free  body diagrams shown in Figs @ and,
2 My = 0: Pan ~ 300(025) = 0 Tan = 15Nm
Aad
My = 05 Tc ~ 3000025) ~ 300(025)=0 Tye = 1SONm
Allowable Shear Swess "The polar moment of inertia of the pipe is
£ (oo12st — oot) = 22.64240%)
“Tage _ 1500129)
(raan = Eas = POMS, ya ie
1900)
(aleama Tat — 2300s
Tace _ 15400125)
Ans
7
— et MP 300N,
oasm,
“he shear ses dsittion slong the adil a of Segments AB and BC of he
pipe zshown a gnc tad specie.
>
to
me
@
a Gpampo.
Gar 826M.
>
Toc
[Omne
x
25m ‘asm
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%5.20, Two wrenches are used to tighten the pipe Ifthe
pipe is made from a material having an allowable shear stress
Of aoe ~ 85 MPa, determine the allowable maximum free
P that can be applied to each wreach The pe hs sn outer
siameter o125 mn and inner diameter of 20
Intemal Loading: By observation, segment BC of the pipe i ital since i
subjected to a greater internal torque than seement AB. Weiting the moment
equation of equilibrium about the x axis by referring to the feeebody digsam
shown in Figg, we have
2M, ~ 0: Tac ~ P(025) ~ P(025) ~ 0 Tre  0S.
Allowable Shear Sess: The polar moment of iaertia of the pipe ix
= (0012s — oot) = 2262¢10%)mt
Tne,
ae
Am.
025m
7
he
025M
P @
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521, The 6imavdiamete sold shaft is subjected tothe
istributed and concenirated torsional loadings shown
Determine the absolute maximum and minimum shear
‘seesses on the outer surface of the shaft snd specity their
locations measured from the fixed end A.
“The interal torque for segment BC is Constant Tac: ~
the internal for segment AB varies with x, Feb
1201 Nm, Fig. However,
Tay 2000 + 1200 ~ 0 Tag ~ (200 ~ 1200) Nm
‘The minimum shear stress occurs when the ineenal torque i 210 in segment AB.
By setting Tan = 0,
0 = 200; 209 x= 06m Ans
Aad
4=15m— 06m = 09m ro
Z ro
“The maximum shear stress occurs when the internal torgue is the greatest. This
coceursat fixed support A where
a= Ans.
A tis locaton,
(Ppa)oae ~ 2000(1.5) — 1200 ~ 1800 Nen
(0405(10°*) 2 Thus,
__1800(018)
SR = aio = eawPs Am,
> Ten /Zoonm
1200Nm
@
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5.22, The sold shalt is subjected to the distibuted as
‘concentrated orional loadings shown. Determine the
‘required diameter dof the shat to the nearest mm ifthe
allowable shear stress for the material 8 aoe ~ 5D MPa
“The internal torque for sopment BCis constant Ty: ~ 1200 Nm, ig. a. However,
the internal torque for segment AB varies with x, Fig b
Tag — 20008 + 12000 Tay ~ (20008 — 1200) Noam
For segment AB, the maximum internal torque occurs a fixed support A where
x= 15m Thos,
ina
() 4pm
re sonia)
san =H: suey = MD
= 008681 m am.
per/200Nm x
h
1200 Nem. im
@ ne Nem
1200Nm (by
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5.24, The copper pipe has an outer dismeter of 2.50 ia.
and an inner diametr 2.30, Its Gehl secured tothe
wall at Cand a uniformly distributed torque is applied to it
ss shown, determine the shea sres developed at points &
and B. These points le onthe pipe’s outer surface, Sketch
the shearsiresson volume elements located at A and B.
Internal Torque: As shown 00 FED.
Maxima Shear Stes: Applying the trio formula
ase
uals
125029129
~ Faas)” a
Ans.
+525. The copper pipe has an outer diameter of 250,
find an inner diameter of 230 in. fit stghly secured to
the wall at Candit issubjeeted othe uniformly distributed
torque slong ite entire length, detsemine the absolute
‘matinnam shear stess ia th pipe. Disease the voliity of 4
this result. sie
Internal Torque: Too maxis torque occurs atthe support C.
Tra ~ (251010) ( = 202 ft A
Maximum Shear Stress Applying the torsion Formal
_Taue
" T
20041290125) _
~ Faas — 1159 a
‘According to SaintNenant’ principle, application ofthe torsion formula should be
as points sufeenily removed from the supports or points of concentrated loading
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5.26, A ofindccal spring consists of a rubber anaulus
bonded to rgd ring and shaft. If the rings held
a torque Tis applied to the shat, determine the maximum,
Shearstressin he rubber
ME SRE
7 A Qarh Ph
Shose stress is axionum whoa ris the smallst i. ~ 7 Hence,
r
toe Fen ae
Fee
5.1, The AG see sha i supported on smth wm
tearing tha allow ito saat fy I the gars ae =
‘subjected to the toxqus show, determine the maximum
shear stress developed in the opments AB and BC. The
‘shaft has # diameter of 0 mm.
100
‘The internal torguc developed in segments AB and BC arc showa in thie 20m
respective FBDs Figs and b.
‘The polar moment of inertia of the shal is.
£0.02") = $090) mn Tas,
0x00)
Fe rio” TST Pa — 23.9 MPa Ans.
Face _ 2002) _ 5 srg py
SOonm oz Soonm
@) v2
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*5.28 The A.36 stocl shaft is supported oa sooth ox
bearings tha allow it to rotate freely. Ifthe gears are
subjected 10 the torques shown, determine the required
‘iametr ofthe shall 1 the nearest MEN if Tn ~ 6 MPA.
The internal torque developed in segments AB and BC are shown in their 4
respective FEDS Fig.@ and D 20Nm
Hire, segment AB is critical since its internal torque isthe greatest. The polae
‘moment of neti ofthe shat is =
2004a/2)
a
Ig
ao = Es 00") =
002082 m = 30mm Ams
+529. When deiling a well at constant angular velocity,
the bottom end of the drill pipe encounters a torsional
resistance T,.Alo,sol along the sides ofthe pipe crea
istributed ‘itional torque along its length, varying
‘uniformly from zero a the surface to fy at A. Determine
the minimum torgue Ty that must be supplied by the drive
‘unit to overcome. the
‘the mmainsam shear stess inthe pipe. The pipe has aa outer
‘divs, nd a inne
1
Tat Stab —Tr0
y= Tatil
Maximum shear stress: The masimum torgue is within the region above the
distributed torque.
Te
7
P00 _ eta tub
Wi) a
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5.30, The shaft is subjected toa distributed torque along
its length of ¢ = (10s") Nm/m, where xis in meters Ifthe
‘maximum sress in the shaft to remain constant at
8 MPa determine the required Variation ofthe radius co
the shall ford) = x = 3m.
re frar~ [0
Te.
=,
2 = 2652600)
= 298) mm
10
we
sncto) ~
SM. Thesoldstct shaft AChasaciamoter of25 mm a
is supported by smooth bearings at D and E:Itis coupled to
motor at C, which delivers 3 KW of power tothe shaft
whi itis turing at $0 rev/s Iigears A and B remove 1kW
and kW, respectively, determine the maximum shear stress
Geveloped inthe shaft within epions AB and BC. The shaft
{sree to tua ints support hearings D and E.
3183 (00125) _
29 Gay i
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5.32, ‘The pump operates using the motor that has
power of 85 W. Ihe impeller at Bis turning at 150 re/mis
determine the maximum shear sess developed in the
20madiameter transmission shat at A.
150 rev/min
Internal Torque:
Le
5411 (000
jon eM Ans
sS.R. The gear motor can develop 2 hp when it tars at
{50 rev/min. I the shaft has a diameter of Tin. detormine
‘the mavinsio shear stress developed inthe shaft.
‘hearsay oes i 2)
(oS) (a
me)
and the power is
100 ys
Thea
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ML The gear motor can devclop 3 hp when it tans at
1s0zcv/aia I'he allowable shar sts for the shat
“tor ~ 12 i determine the smallest ameter ofthe shalt
{othe nearest in. that ean be wed
“The angulae velocity ofthe shaft i
soni.) — a
3)
Bes
wh /32
“The polar moment of inertia ofthe shaft is
Faw =F, 12100
suis
8, The %mmdiameter shaft on the motor is made
fof 4 material having an allowable shear sess of
Taane = TSMPa. Ifthe motor is operating atts maximum
power of kW, determine the minimum allowable rotation
‘ofthe shaft.
J = (oorast) = 38.3485(10° at
2B, ravi
sam Tro = OOD,
1 =20010Nm
ne Loti
Allowable Shear Stress The polar moment of inertia of the shaft is
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5.36, ‘The driveshaft of the motors made of a material
having an allowable shea stress of rane ~ 75 MPa. I the
‘outer diameter of the tabula shat & 30 mm and the wall
thickness is 25 mm, determine the maximum allowable
power that can be supplied to the motor when the shaft i
‘operating at an angular velocity of 150 rev/min
Ingernal Loading: The angular velocity ofthe shaft is
wom) 3) i) mee
We have
Allowable Sheat Sires: ‘The polar sioment of inca of the shaft ie
J Foon! — n00ns*) ~ 1073794107
z
ssi nn
ae = ye 107379107)
in the shaft caused by torsion.
Internal Torque
soit anes
a” S00r
Masimum Shear Sires Applying torsion formula
Fe _ sam.surayay
747
= i psi 602s Ans
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5.3% The motor A develops a power of 300 W and turns
its connected pulley at 90 rev/min. Determine the required
diameters ofthe sce shafts on the pulleys at A and ifthe
lowable shear stress is roy ~ 85 MPa
150 me
Internal Torque: For shats A and B
aa) ae
3.00 eas
P 300 W ~300Nm/s
Allowable Shear Stews For shaft A
jean
)
ey
a, =00240m jas
aotieatte
s(t) ere
y= 001685 ~ 168.00 Ame
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5.8, Te sold esha DF ha ante of 25 iz uw
and is supported by smooth bearings at D and E. It is 3kW 4 kW 7
Coupled to» motor ac vcs dle 1 W of power to A
theft whe ts wing ares ear a 8nd © Fr
Temowe 3 W.4 Band 3 especie termine te > alam
tmavimum scares devekpe ne Sa than eins
CF ant AC The shat feet ranean besings
Dante!
tev Dead
= 9% [222] aera
sl ww sap Teme am
12 — 20) _ secon Rammed
* me Feaetnn gyatrnm
3a
: er22 zn
iy
nsw an
Te _ 2200125) _
ne Am.
“5.44 Detemiae the sbtute matin shear set ro maw
Simpson bess ayy ay
202 [2224] — eats
From the torque diagram,
Tug = 382Nm
toe — Te ~ 8200025) — 195 4pm
= Foo)
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‘als No portion of tis material aay be oproducd, in nfo o by ay eas, tout peso a Wifes the publisher.
sS4L, The A.26 steel tubular shaft is 2m long and has an a we
‘outer diameter of 80 mm, Wheait is rotating at 40 rad/s it
transmits 25 kW of power from the motor M to the pump
PDelermine the smallest thickness of the tube if the
lowable shear ste5$ Fang = 80 MPa
“The intemal torque in the shaft is
p20)
£80 cess
“ie prone tien oft shat = N02 ~ Ta,
exons
0) ~ ome — oh
cana
soma
1005  oman
= 00286 = 2284 nm = 25.00 Am.
5.2 The A 36 ul stata ig das fe
fn outer diameter of 0 ma, I i required to transmit
KW of power from the motor M10 the pump?
Determine the smallest angular velo the shaft ean have
ithe allowable shear i@88 7aig = 80 MPa,
“The polar moment of neta ofthe satis J = Z(0Us4)
405109) Ths,
Te (003)
vaaoe = ety  OT
Te 0 T0510
7 =230.92Nm
P=To; (UP) = 2302.20
= 1768 ras = 177 rad/s Ams.
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S48. A stool tube having an outer diameter of 25 in. is
‘wed (0 transmit 35 hp when turning. at 2700 rev/min,
Determine the iner diameter dof the tube tothe nearest
in: ithe allowable shear e388 Tate ~ IDA
35(550) = 728274)
axon
stan lf
mentee
sa = NZD
tai
ved=2, i
*S.44 The driveshaft AB of an automobile i made of
stool having an allowable shear ses of yy = 8 i I the
‘uerdiamotr of the shafts 25 in. and the engine delivers
200 bp to the shaft when itis turing at 140 rey
determine the miimurn required thickness ofthe shal’ wall,
4002) _
BCP — 11938 a4)
To
2004550) = 7111938)
onan
Ailes OE
re —
s21.0012)1.25)
Har)”
25 — 1072
810) = r= LOI,
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+5445. The drive shalt AB of an automobile is to be
designed asa thinwalled tube. The engine delivers 150 4p
‘when the shaft is turning at 150 rev/min. Determine the
‘minimum thickness of the sha’ wall f the shaft's outer
‘iameters2.5in. Tae material has an allowable shear stress
Of rae = TS
35022) ssasnas
54s = sta
525210129125)
Has"— 1
= ty n= 125 — L140
= 0.104ia, Ans
74105)
11460
$46, The motor delivers 15 np to the palley at A while
Turing gta content rte of 18H rm. Determine 0 the 4, lc
caret in the smallest dhmoter of shaft BC it the
‘Mlowable scar sues for ste! Taye = 12K The belt bia
{oes not lipo the pulley. =
“The angular velocity of shaft AC can he determined wsing the pulley catia tht ie
Tis in.
) Fer )(ais)  sre :
= 5014/6
28) 99.20
‘epncanmet iene) 2(4) ~ 2mm
ae TE rn = ED
4076 in Am,
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S47, The propellers of a ship ate connected to A36
steel shaft hat is 60 m Tong and has an outer diameter of
5340 mm and inner diameter of250 mm, Tthe power outputs
445 MW when the shaft rotates at 20/rads, determine the
‘maximum torsional stress i te shaft and its angle of twist
4500) _
y= 25107) Nom
225(107(0.170)
= AION) ___ 43a Ams
Fl(0.7O} — (0.13034)
a ashi Keay
Te
2085 rad = 11.9° Ans.
Floro)* — (@120}475(10")
S48, A shaft ie subjected to a torque T. Compare the
ffestveness of using the tabs shown inte figure with that
‘of solid ection frais To do this compte the perce
increase in torsional stres and angle of twist per unit Tength
Tor the tube vers the solid section,
Shear stress
For the tube, .
As.
Ame of tvs
Forthetube,
1.
*T@
Fortes
Th
TG
*
increase in b =
= 6.67% Ans.
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+5, The A26stec axle ime from tubes AB and CD
and a wold section BC. Itis supported on smooth bearings
that allow it to rotate freely. the gears fixed to itsend are
subjected to 85Nm torques determine the angle of twist
Of pear A relative to gear D. The tubes have an outer
‘ameter of 30 mm and an inner diameter of 20 mm, The
— 285104) ssy0a5)
Froos* — ooranao) * Foaryaxa0)
~ 001534 rad ~ 0879"
5.80, The hydrofoil boat has an A:36 steol propellor
shaft that i 100 long. It is consected to an inline diesel
fngine that delivers # aaxinum power of 2500 bp a
feiuses the shaft to rotate at 1700 ¢pm. If the outer
diameter of the shaft is 8 in, and the wall thickness is in.,
‘etermine the maximum shear stess developed in the
shaft Abo, what isthe “wind up." oF angle of twist i the
shat at fll power?
nea Toe
22 (28) Lm. Sem me
r= aosp (2822) «as uma ty
12128 marin
Maximum Shear Sizes: Applying torsion Formula.
Te
rma =F
rT) _
Fe 305) SS a
Angle of Deis
Th __7RA702)00)12)
IG ~ (at 3025)11.00109
= O07 rad = 443° Ao.
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S51. The engine of the helicopter i delivering 600 hp
{o the rotor shaft’ AB when the biade is rotating at
1200 rev/min, Determine to the nearest in the diameter
of the shat AB if the allowable shear ste 1 aoe ~ 8 KS
and the vibration limit the angle of twist ofthe shatt (0
‘BOS rad. The shaft is? ft ong and made from L2stel,
‘Shear stres failure
Angle of twist imitation
™
ie
6
2sns.06(12,2312)
FeCLOj ur)
¢~ 096Ti9
Sear srs faire conto the design.
d= 26 = 2043586)  27240,
Used ~ 27510 Ans
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5.82, The engine of the helicopter is delivering 600 hp
to the rotor shaft AB when the blade i colating at
1200 eev/min, Determine to the nearest, the diameter of
the shalt AB ifthe allowable shear ste 8 Fatew ~ 10.5 KS
and the vibrations limit the angle of twist Of the shaft to
(005 radThe shafts ftloag and made from L2 steel
2408.
Angle of twist imitation
1
825g.
cos = 2250601290K1)
Fe OLA!)
© = 0967%n
‘Shea stress failure contro the design
4 = 26 = 2 (1.208) ~ 2.480
Used ~ 2508. Ans.}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 246 ———
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*$54 The 20mediameterA.26 sou shaft i subjected to
the torques shown. Determine the ange of twist of the end B.
Internal Torque: As shown 0 FED.
Angle of Duis
o> D5
=e 00108) + (4 +4 wR
Fm osm  80.0(0.8) + (—60.0(0.6) + (90.0)(02)]
= 0.0n2 rad ~ [374° es
clot
aoe bos
y 70M
gout
Ben
gout
S84 The assembly is made of A396 stel and consists of
solid rod 20mm in dimeter fied tothe inside ofa tube using
‘pi isk at 2. Determine the angle of twist at D. The tube
‘hs an outer diameter of 40 man and wall hikes ofS men. p
‘Theintenal torques developed in segments AB and BD ofthe assembly are shown
in Fig aand 6
‘The polar moment of neta f sli od and tubo are Jy ~ Z (0004 — ai
= S46875(10%}r mt and Jan = F (O01) = S(00*}r nT,
wy Tily_Tanban , Troan
PoE AG: danGe. Wate
ys) =o)
~ RSTO STO” KA} SIO]
= 0017s rat = Lae Am
Tye ION
isoNm
(b)
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‘ais No portion of this material aay be uproducd in foro by ay ass, witout posi a Wifes the publisher.
8 The asembly is made of A36 steel and consists of a
solid rod 20mm ia diameter fed tothe inside ofa ube wing
pid disk at B. Determine the ange of twist at . The tube
‘hasan outer diameter of 4 mm and wall hickness of 5 mam. <
‘The internal torques developed in segments AB and BC of the assembly are shown
in Figs and b.
The pola moment of iain of the mie ix J ~ Zona! — 001s
= 54.6875 (10° "or it. Thus,
Tihs _ Tartan , Toe bac
UG, IG, SIG
SABRTSCLO™ br [7SCIPY) om + 13003]
(0.003958 rad = 0227" Ans.
pen !5ON
isoNm
*556, The splined ends and gears attached (0 the 36
steel shaft ae subjected to the torques shown. Determine
the angle of twist of end with respect 1 end A, The Shaft
hhasa diameter of #0 mam.
yg = TE = HOMO), 20004) 05)
eG Gt ee TG
130 190,
IG ~ FOUR VTS
= 101008 rad = 0578"
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651. The motor delivers 40 hp tothe 204 stains sts!
Shaft while it rotates at 20 He. The shafts Supported on
South bearings at A and B, which allow fee rotation of
{he shaft The pears Cand D fixed tothe sa remove 23hp
and 15 hp, respectively Determine the ameter of the
‘att to the neaeest $i. i the allowable shear sess 6
“te ~ Skat and th allowable angle of twist of C with
FapectoD S02".
ry = 150)
“Fay emi E re
Ty  PED  esesinn
Internal Torque: As shown on FBD.
Allowable Shear Stress Assume failure du to shear stress By observation, section
‘AC isthe citi rion. beens
Te
Fae =F
rs.on4t2y(4)
* asesnp
80)
a
Angle of Twist: Assume fare due to angle of twist Kiniation,
cole
ten =
0269) _ _ 656501298)
80
coe)
137 in (controls)
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8% The motor delivers 40 hp fo the 3 stainless steel
solid salt while it rotates a 20 He. The shalt ha a diameter
of 15 in. and is supported on smooth bearings at A and B
‘which allow fee rotation ofthe shaft. The gears C and D
fixed to the shaft remove 25 hp and 15 hp, respectively.
Determine the absolute maximum strese in the shaft and
the angle of twist of pear C with respect to gear D.
7
sternal plied Torque: Spying T ~ 527m have
Ty = 2 < sorwn te= FD  ewrw0
™ = Fe) = Baan)
156550)
Ty = > = esesi0n
220)
{Internal Torque: As shown on FBD.
Allowable Shear Stres:"The maximum torque occurs within region AC ofthe shaft
where Tras Tac = 175.07 yf,
im EM
oy
Lastsaan
Tam € _¥75.07(12)075) Biases an
no Busy oT Ans.
Angle of Twists
Teokeo
ew ~ 5G
— 65651128)
FOHALHIOy
‘001183 rad = 6s? Ans.
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‘S50, The shaft is made of A6 stel.I¢has a diameter of
in. and is supported by bearings at A and D, which allow
{ree rotation. Determine the angle of twist of B with
respect to D,
‘Theiternal torques developed in sezments BC and CD ate showa in Fes. and.
(054)  043125s int Thus,
‘The polar moment of inertia ofthe shatis J —
Ti! Tashi” Toolea
Pe aa Gs ai Ge
=e0412y2.5)12)
(oai2s9y(11.000%)
0.02000 ad = 115° As.
@)
°S.60, “The shaft made of Assteel,Ithasa diameter of
in. and is supported by bearings at A and D, which allow
{ree rotation, Determine the angle of twist of gear C with
respect to 8.
The internal torque developed in veement Bis shown in Fig. a
The par moment fini of thesha iJ = (0) = O4025e it Tha,
_Tachac __~0402)(25)12)
be TG, ~ (GaRI2S U.K)
102000 rad
~ 1s Ans.
@)
Combe T =Golbse
@
250 betta SAORR: “SPARISA: °9 658 TB pepe BF:
=f
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+S.61. The two shafts are made of A36 stool. Bach has
siameter of in and they are supported by bearings at A,
4 and C, which allow fre rotation. I the support at D i
fixed, deicrmine the angle of twist of ead B when the
torques are applied to the assembly 28 show
{Internal Torque: As shown on FBD.
Angle of Twist:
FosaHIe
= 001778 ad = 091778 rad
‘Since theres no torque applied between Fand B then
by ~ be ~ 002667 rad ~ 153°
py
60.0(12\30) + 20.12)(10))
Ffpoos
a
Bogner eon
eh a
Ersaoess
Tee
Ans
lease
“Hi eat
eS
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5.42, The two shafts ate made of A26 stel. Each has a
diameter of 1 in. and they are supported by bearings at A,
B, and C, whic allow free rotation. If the support at D is
fixed, determine the angle of twist of end A when the
{torques are applied to the assembly as shown,
Internat Torque: As shown on FBD.
Angle of Tie
Fffguaon
tr
CBagnewen
wenn an
~ Soe  $c00r77s) ~ 002667 rad Bsr
een qeeng ke see,
Tortoe
yp = “Re
Beaean
—40(12)(10) eh
Fosm007
= 0.004445 rad = 0.004445 rad &
© « He
be br dae 6
nas + ass
= omni ea = 178° Am
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‘hich is surrounded by and attached toa tube AB using a
‘igi ving at B.The ring at A can also be assumed rigid a 73a,
and is fixed from rotating 2 tongue of T = 2
ppliod tothe shaft, determine th angle of twist at tho ond C
‘nd the maximum shar stress ia the tubs aad shat
S46 The device serves asa compact torsional spring Its
trae of AS scl aa comets oa dla hl C2 —na 
2a 2
“Internat Torque: As shown on FBD. Se
Masinvum Shear Stress
(1cdam Ans.
Aas. en
(aad ~
Angle of Twist:
fesenpm.
(2.00),12)
Say ~ 02082 ad
Toc be
we
20428)
Fras)
be= Ont dole
= nocnns2 + nossa
= 1046s rad = 266° Ans.
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*564, ‘The device serves asa compact torsion spring Mis
mado of A36 steel and consis of solid inner shalt CB
which i surrounded by and attached toa tube AB using a
‘igi rng at B. The ring at A can also be assumed rigid and
$s fixed from rotating I the allowable shear stress for the
‘material i$ ane = 12 si and the angle of twist at Cis
limited 10 doy = 2, determine the maximam torque T
that ean be applied atthe end C.
Internal Tongue: As shown on FED.
Allowable Shear Stress: Assume fire due to shear sess.
Tie
T
Fos) <
T= 2356 kipin
> Tase
ae = Tate = 7
ray,
Fr 0759
1289 kipin
120
r
Angle of Twist: Assume faire duc to angle of twist limitation
TaaLas ra)
0 1G FF a7) TLD)
= ouoioisr
$0 = ig — TSHIRTS
sia
(bcdanm ~ $8 + teyn
Xm)
$2) ~ oomioier + oooze24r
T = 225 kip sin (controts) Ams
254}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 255 ———
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+5.68. The A.26 steel assembly consists of a fue having
fn outer radius of Lin. and a wall thickness of0.25ia, Using
2 rigid plate at B itis conaccted to the solid 1indiameter
Shaft AB. Determine the rotation ofthe tube's end C if a
torque of 2001 «in. is applied to the tube at this end. The
fend A ofthe shat i ied supported.
Fook 20000) senna Ay
4016 Fesraioaey E an
Tete
= Tosh 2004) Gu sani
10 Te" ~ Fae owrsyaT OT NONI Tad = me
te = nt ben
Qon1ss2 + n.0001119
on1964 rad = 0413" Ans.
255}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/20 3:53 DM Dage 256 ———
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$66, The 6am diameter shaft ABCis supported by two
journal bearings, while the 80mm diameter shaft EF i
fixed at E and supported by a journal bearing at A TE
Ty =2kNm and 7) ~ 4 kNm, determine the angle of
twist of gears and C.The shafts are made of A36 steel
guiibrom: Ref
3M, —0; F(00S) — 4(10%) ~ 2(104) = 0 F = S010)
ing tothe foe body diagram of shaft ABC shown ia Fig.@
Internal Loading: Referring (othe free body diagram of gear D in Fb
EM, ~0; 80(10°K0.1) ~ Toy = 0 Tow ~ 800)Nm
‘Also, from the free  body diagram of pear A, Fig.
2M, = 0: Tay — 410%)
4(00)Nm
‘And from the ree body diagram of gear C.F. d,
3M, =; Tye ~ 2(10°) = 0 Te =
2(10°) Nom
Angle of Twise The polar moment of inertia of seemenis AB, BC snd DH
of the shah are Say = dye = £(005') = 04n5(10"emt and
(008) ~ 128(10S ea We have
Jon
Tonto 00X06)
$0 Tonkin T2KIO* ym 75H)
poised
‘Then, using the gear ratio,
snu(2)
Aso,
fps =O ed =
Jockin O50} PSK
TasLan 410.5)
M08 pansisind
88 TyGe 0A05(10*) (TKIP)
n+ bun
cuaize + o02sts
2047 rad = 266° Am
bat ben
cuaize + 001886
= 00008 rad  2.30" Ams
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‘st No portion of hs material ay be rproduced, in any fora or by any means without permission la wring fom the publi,
5.66, Coninoed
F=80010»n
olen
U2
Toni
(b>
2003 Nin
@)
C. 26.
4lpnm te>x
x
The 2U0Nm
© (d)
257}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 25 ———
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5.67, The 6nm diateter shaft ABCs supported by two
journal bearings while the 8mm diameter shaft EA's fixed
at E and supported by a journal bearing at F.T the ange
Oftwist at gears A and C is required to be O04 rad,
determine the magnitudes ofthe torques T, and T, The
‘has are made of A36 ste.
Equilibrio: Referring to the free  body diagram ofshaft ABC shown in Fig.a
3M, =0; F(00S) —T,—7;=0 F=133%(7, +73)
Invernal Loading: Referring tothe fee oay diagram of pear Din Fi,
2M,=0; 1838(7, + 13}(01) ~Toe= 0 Toe = 1333(7, +72)
Alo, from the froe body diagram of gear A. Fi,
2M, 0; Typ TO Ta 7
and from the fee  body diagram of gear C,Fie
T="
Angle of Twit The polar moments of inertia of segments AB, BC and DH
are Jan = Soc = F (0.03) = 0405(10*}amt and
128410") rmt We have
_ Te tou 13371 +73)08)
*ToGe ~ 128009 5K00)
= 2e2ssqw09(21 + 7)
“Then, singe peu rato,
assesa9(ry +7)
n= of 2) = reser +1 )(
Also,
Toe bine Ty09)
$08 Tac Gu ~ OA05(I0*V=(TSHIP)
Tan Law 706)
TasGu — 0405(10®} (7510)
oasiqu9r,
= 628760107
‘Here, itis required that $4 = dc = 0.04 rad. Thus,
$a bn + ban
bas = 35368(10°9(7, + Ta) + 62876(10)7y
1+ 2771 = 1190073 0
c= 60 bei
0a = ssas8(10'9(7, +13) + 9431400497,
6667P, + Ts = 1150073 2
2588 Sebeitene SRORD /SPARISA: 9:58 Ryn BRE:
See
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‘at No portion of ths material ray be produced, in any fora or by any means, without permission ia wring fom the publi.
5.67. Comtinved
Solving Eqs (1) and 2),
188.98 Nm =
19KN+m
228347 Nem = 328 kN
zB x
The
©
Ans.
F=/3.233(7 +h)
‘Olm
°S.Gk, The Wamdiameter shafts are made of 12 tool
sloel aad are supported on jouenal earings that allow the
shalt rotate fealy. the motor at A develops. torque of
T ~45Nmonthe shaft AB, while the tuebie at Ei fixed
{rom turning, determine the amount of rotation of gears B
and,
Internat Torque: As shown on FBD.
Angle of Twist
Teekee
IG
6754075)
(anis'y75000)
be
100848 rad = 0486"
ta Fe ge 0707
Ans.
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+560, The shafts are made of A%6 steel and each has 3
diameter of 80 mm, Determine the angle of twist at end E,
Eaquilbrim: Referriag tothe foe body diagram of shaft CDE shown ia Fig,
2M, ~ 0; 10(105) ~ 200°) — F(02) 0 F = 4000)
Internal Loading: Refecing to the foe body diagram of gear B. Fi,
EM.—0; —Tan ~ 40(10°V015) ~ 0 Tan = ~6(10°)Nm
Referring othe free boy diagram of gear D, Fi
2M, = 0; 10(10%) ~ 200°) ~ Ten
Teo = 80)Nm
Referring to the free body diagram of shaft DE, Fig d,
EM, = 0; Top ~ 200%) = 0
Angle of Twit The polar moment of incria of the shafts are
$ (00) = 1.2800*)w mt,
We have
10,08)
IG, ~ 1280} FSHIO)
= 01194 rad ~ 0.01194 ead
= 001194 rad
Thus,
ede dae
by ~ 08952 + 001194
= 2080 ad = 120° Ans
260s060 5/25/20 3:53 DM Daga 261 —e—
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5.0. Continved
01m
Nal
The
x
Fe40oON
b
(00am ®
x
@ 200m
he
x
ego 2U0}) Nm Zio
é @)8 SebeEtean SHORM "S/AR/SA: 9559'8  Bye AEE
=P
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ve of A36 steel and each has a
ine the angle of twist of gear D.
70, Th shafts are
ameter of 80 ma. Det
quis Refering tothe foebody diggram of shaft CDE shown in Figo,
2M, = 0; 110) ~ 2405) — F(02) ~0 F 4000)
Inernal Loading: Referring othe fee ~oay diagram of ear B, Feb
EM, =; Tap — 4000°)015)  0 Tan = ~6(0°) Nom
Referring to the tree body diagram of gear D, Fic
EM, =U: 110) — 21103) — Ten = 0 Teo = 810°) Nm
Ample of Twit: The polar moment of inertia of the shafts
JF (aoe!) ~ 129(10%e a. We have
TapLay___~6(10°X05)
IG ~ TRIO Fe(II)
01194 rad = 001194 red
ie in
sso) «tm ) amin
ee 1.2810") er(75)(10") om
i
bo ~ HONH9S2 + A01502
= 000487 ad = 140° As
10G09nm
AUODNM
@
‘ORM
al”
The
x
F=40U09N
)
iz
1000289 scoyyyhrn
©
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S72, The Simm diameter shalt is made of 6061T6
aluminum alloy and subjected to the torsional loading
shown. Determine the angle of twist at end A.
Equlira: Referrog tothe free body diagram of segment AB shown a Fi.
EM, ~0; Tae 2(10*)0 Tan ~ —2X10)Nm
An he ree body diagram of segment BC, iD,
EM, = 0 Tae ~ 10(10%)x — 2010) = 0 Toe = [1.4ys + 2009) )Nm
Angle of ‘Twit: The polar moment of inertia of the shaft ix
J 5 (008) = 12800x mt We have
ban Tle Tanln (" Tocds % a
: i Wy h IGy “AB
007906) r [toad ye + 200)]ae x
Tarjan) * J ~axao ye aoKi 200) Nm
; =
ee {0+ [sone +2000)" @)
tr? rad = 20" am
00D Nm
>
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“S7R. The tapered shaft has a length Land a cadius r
end A and 2r at end B. Hits fined at ond Band is subjected
{oa torque 7, determine the angle of twist of end A. The
shear modulus 6.
Geometry:
Angle of Twist
ral acral
om.
Ber
Ans.
S74, The rod AAC of radius cis embedded into a medium
‘where the distributed torgue rection varies lineal from
ra10 at Cto gat B.Ireouple forces Pace applied to thelever
Arm, determine the valve of for equilibrium. Also find the
Angle of twist of end A. The rod is made from material
having a shear modulus of 6.
Equiriam: Referring tothe frebody diagram of the entire rod shown in Fi,
= Loa(E
sien reta(2)
fi
se ges! it oe
way fa
‘eo P(t
torque within repion x ofthe shat
Referring to the ree  body diagram shown in ig,
2M,=0; Pd—Typ=0 Tap = Pa
264eS
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S74 Continued
Angle of Twist:
He Tyede  Tan ka
WG * 4G
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5.75, When deiling a wel, the deep end ofthe dil pipe
is assumed to encounter a torsional resistance T',.
Furthermore, ol fricton along the sides ofthe pipe creates
linear distribution of torque per unit length, varying from
‘210 a he surface B t0 fy at A. Determine the necessary
{orque Ti that must be supplied by the drive nit to tum
the pipe. Alo, what i the relative angle of twist of one nd
fof the pipe with respect to the other ead atthe instant the
pipe is about to turn? The pipe hasan our radius and an
yest as
ep hts
1a) + Be Ms
fb+Ts
TZ a
Teds
16
However, = T(r.‘ — ri!)
Blt +304) ‘a
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88.76 A ojindrcal spring consists of a rubber annulus
bonded toa rsd ring and salt. tthe ings held fixed and
tongue T's applied to the reid shal determine the angle
‘of tis of the shaft. The shear modults ofthe rubber is C.
Hint. AS sbown ia. the figure, the deformation of the
element at rave ran be determined from rd = dry. Use
this expression aloag with + ~ T/(2rr%h) from Peoh 526,
toobtaie the result
®
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sE71, The A16stoel shaft has a diameter of 50m ands
fixed at its ends A snd B, Iii subjected to the torque,
determin the manimuim shear stessinrelons AC and CB Que
ofthe shat
om
a7 )
guia
ee uw
Compariiny z
Beja ~ dome cree
Ta04) _ Tos
IGG 7
14> 200, eB
Solving Eas [1] and (2 yields:
T,200Nm Ty
100
Ans
Ans.
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TR The A.36 soo! shaft has a diameter of 60 mm sad is
Iixedatitseads A and B. Iitissubjectedt the torquesshowa,
termine th absolute maximum shearstesin the shat
Referringto the FBD of the shaft shown in ig.
Ta+ Te 50 200=0 o
‘Using the method of superposition Fig b
a= (adr, — (adr
QS) _ [5000.8  7000)
73 6
a= a1420Nm
Subtiteiselinto Ea,
T= 2871Nm
Refeting tothe torase dagen shown in Bg c segment AC i mbites to CADE
‘maxim intoral torque. Thus the absolute maximum shear stress occurs here. Sonim
Tce _$1429(008)
00039
rAbs =
= 971 Ma Ans.
J
500+
Z00Nm OM;
a
eG @)
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5:79, The stool shaft is made from two segments: AC has
diameter of 05 in, and CB has a diameter of Vin itis
fixed at its ends A and B and subjected fo a torque of
determine the maximum shear stress in the shat
Gu = 108(10") ks
Equilibrium
Ta+ Tos =0 w
Compatibility condition:
do ~ do : 9, %
TAs), Tae)
2
Solving Eas (1) and (2) yields
T, Olt Ty anf
Te _ 6012025) ;
rae FF Togas 2k fas) Ans.
Te _ s40c12y05)
Tom OE — 09 ksi
730s}
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5.80, The shaft x made of A36 ste, has a diameter of
80 mm, and is fied at B while A is loose and can rate
(0.05 rad before becoming fied. When the torques are
applied to Cand D determine the maximum shear stress in
regions AC and CD of the shal
Referring to the FBD of the shaft shown in Fi.
2M.= 0) Ty tT, +24=0
Using the method of superposition, Fig,
4a~ Bae ~ Orr,
[ 4000.6), 20°06),  Ta(s)
ons  [A006 , _20006) _] __Ta.s) _
Foo [TSa%)] Foo [7s0@)]]  00s [7500]
Ty ~ HO@26Nm ~ LIG2ENm
Substitute this est ato Ea (1),
838 Nom
Referring tothe torgue diagram showa in Fig. c, segment CD is subjected to a
‘maximum internal torque. Thus, the absolute maximum shear stress occurs here.
2838 00"
roxs ~ Tem’ — PAS OOOO) 5510) Pa —282MPa A.
(b)
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*S.81, The shafts made of A.26 steel and has a diameter
‘of 8 mm. tis fixed at andthe support at A has torsional
sitive of E = 0.5 MN mead Tits subjected tothe gear
{orques shown, determine the absolute maximum shear sites
inthe shat.
[Refering to the FBD ofthe shaft show ia Fig. 0,
SM,= 0; Ty + Ty +2—4=0 o
Using the method of superposition, Fig. b, Z0orion,
n= (alr adr
ty __auoyoH novo  ra
5005 ~  Faosypsaoy] * Foospsae]  Fearlrscey]
Ty = 49801 Nem = 1498 KNm
‘Substituting this result into Eq (1),
)SOLKNm
ec.segment CD subjected to maximum
rg. Ths the maim eae stress ocr er
ys ~ TERE — EARAIOIEOD — 555 — 24.0 a Ans
oy
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5.82. The shat is made froma solid stet section AB
‘a tubular portion made of stcl and having a brass core,
fi is fixed to a rigid support at A, and a torque of
T= 50lbf1 is applied toi at C, determine the angle of
twist that occurs at C and compute the maximum shear
Stress and maximum shear strain in the brase and see
“Take Gy ~ 115(1G ksi, Gg ~ 5.610) ksi.
Equilibrium:
Te +Ta~ 500
‘Both the steel tube and brass core undergo the same angle of twist bs
7.5(2)02) Tr, @y02)
FOS} soni 0511S)
Solving Eqs (1) and (2) yields:
T= S8A2816f; Ty = 1572 Ib
= ph _ 1s), s00248)02)
90 276 ~ Fes Ea 0” HEVALS\UO)
= npnn0i9 rad = 0.16"
(hana Ta Es
sss0012)1)
= 394.65 psi = 395 psi (Max)
Cha = Eee = HEE e000
(oka TEE SEND oer — et
(ae = i = A = 100) a
o
®
Ans.
Ans.
Ams.
Ans.
An.
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5.83, The motor A develops torque a pear of 450 bt,
‘hich isappled along the ans of the 2indiameter steels
(CD. This torque isto be transite Yo the pion gears at E
and F. If these pears ate temporarily fined, determine the
‘maximum shear sires in segments CB and BD of the shat
‘Also, whats the angle of twist ofeach of these segments? The
Equilibrium:
Te+T.~490=0
Compatibility condition:
doe = ba
e
Solving Eas (1) and (2), vcd
Ta = 2574
Te= Wass
wnsai2y) _ a
(adn = EDO sara a
(10 on = EO 196i As.
6 — SERV) _ css rad  0.338" Ans
EEO
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85.84 A portion ofthe A.26 ste! shaft is subjected toa
linearly distributed torsional loading. I the sbalt has the
dimensions shown, determine the reactions at the Fixed
supports and C Segment AW has diameter of Lia. and 4
Segment BC has a diameter of 0.75 i  s
o
Ta ~ 1502 + Z15(60 — se
00x — 25°) bin
Compatibility condition:
Saja ~ bc
z Tate Lae
tun~ [PREF [erg — cone — 252) a
I
= thins tee fy soon 2ee
= Bite 08 + ose
_ at, = 30010
oa Fal Ct00% 260)
cor, 3900 __ Tet
FOIE FOSS
COT, — T68Te ~ 36000 °
Solving Eas (1
Te
T= 878261:
nd (2) viel
IRL Ans.
174 Ibin
in. = 73211 Ans.
2758 Sabettnae SAORD: “G/ARISA: "9659 HB Sym 276:
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+585, Dstermi the rotation of joint andthe absolute
‘maximum shear tess inthe shaft ia Prob. 584,
Equilibrium:
Ty + Te 9000
1
Tate +5000 ~ 0)x = A500 +E
1560 —9)
Te=
sar + 2500 — le
= (ons — 252) hin
Compa condom:
bua ~ dnc
tes [TH
1
of = (80x — 25¢)] dx
Tg (Ter tse + oss
cor, — 3600
Te
Te88)
Forse
or, = 30.0
FIG
GOT 4 ~ 768 = 360 000
Solving Eas (1) and (2) yields:
To = 217A bin. = 184 
Ta = 81826
ia, = 73216f8
For segment BC:
Tek,
217.488)
n= O90 = 5
ORS ULIMIT
be = 17"
Te_214@x15)
7 3035"
262k
Forseement AB,
To _ 81826(075)
to 7 gars ~ BSH
re 1a
00 bin fa,
cm)
e
Tow Co00n~e5e)
Ans
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5.86, The two salts are made of A36 stl. Each his a
diameter of 5 mun and they are connected wsing the gears
fixed to thei ends Theie other ends are attached to fixed
supports at A and They are also supported by journ
bearings at C and D, which allow free rotation ofthe shafts
slong their sxex If x torque of 500 Nm i applied to the
[ear at Eas showe, determine the reactions at A and B.
Eguitibeiam:
T+ F(O.) ~ 500
m1
‘ai
Ty 42% p— 5000 ry %
—
74 of 
Solving Eqs [3] and [4] yids
Ty 222Nm Ans.
Ty =S56Nm Aas.
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S87, Determine the rotation of the gear at E ia
Prob 586
T+ Flo.) — 5000 W
Ty ~ F005) ~0 BI
a
Feom Eqs 1} and 2] Ae
T.+ 279 5000 1 Fae
Compas en
4s = 06840
5 = 0560 #
TAS) _ g<[TAOT)
tee
14 ~0250r, 1
Solving Eas [3] and [4] yields:
Ty~222Nm Ty ~SSS6Nm
Angle of Tis:
585615)
oe
Ans.
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“5.88, ‘The shafts are made of A36 steel and have the
‘same diameter of in. I tongue of 15 kip «fis applied to
gear B, determine the absolute: maximum shear stress
developed inthe shaft
Equlrium: Referring to the fee  body diagrams of shall ABC and DE shown in
Figs a and b, respectively, we have
DM,= 0) Ta + POS) — 15
o
and
M.= 0, FU) —Te0 ®
Internal Loadings: The internal torques developed in sepments AB and BC shalt
‘ABC and shaft DE are shown in Figs. c,d and e, respectively
Compattiiey Equation:
tee = 470
(eee (a
IG, IG, J IG, J
[res + F0S25)}05) = 7201) k
rye rears s lerh
Solving Eqs (1) (2)and (3) we have ©)
F=4a2kip Te Adidkipst T= 2IDtip
an Shar yo ne At ABC
(mien Be oot
F BenFos)
4k F ssh a @)
5 kipfe
@)  x Bete
b) ©}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 280 ———
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*$89, The shafts are mule of A36 tes} and have the
same diameter of 4 in. Ifa torgue of 15 kip tis applied to
gear B, determine the angle of twist of pear B.
Equirium: Referring to the fee  body digrams of shafts ABC and DE show in
Figs a and especively,
EM,0; Ty + F(OS)—150 w
and
2M,=0; FC) Te=0 @
Internal Loadings: The intraal torques developed in segments AB and BC of shalt
‘ABC and shaft DE are shown in Figs. and, espectively.
‘Compasibity Equation: Is required that
@
Solving Eqs (1),(2).and (3),
apse fiestas 2 9p> ap t
Taalag UI) 2510) se
~The e510 leek
3 Cs)anaxy
; a3
2 peste goer 1
F F
Qo ostt
te 7
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5.90, The two 3ftlong shafts are made of 201476
sluminum. Each bas a diameter of 15 in, and they are
‘connected using the gears fixed to their ends Their other
ends are attached to xed supports at A and B. They ace
also supported by bearings at C and D. which allow free
‘olution of the shafts slong their axes IF torque of 600 bf
Ze applied tothe top gese se shown, determine the caxiaim
shear stoss ia each shalt
From Eqs (1) and 2)
T,+2y 00~0 °
Mbp) ~ HBA), ~ OSH
Tabs
7a"
Ta. = 0ST “
Solving Eqs (3) and ()yilds:
Ty= 20Ibt T= 12018
240(12\0.15)
(aha = AF = ST SEs ais
120412)(075)
(os)
Tks Ans.
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‘S91, “The A.36 steel shalt i mad from wo segment: AC
has a giamoter of 5 in, and CB has a diameter of 1 in. It
the shafts fixed ais ends. A and B and subject toa uniform
dstauted torque of 0 Ibvin/in, along segment CB,
‘determine the absolute maximum shear ses in the shaft.
Equitas
Ta + Ty — 60020) ~
w
Compatibility condition: BoC 120 0
tein deja
=f Tedde Pe
toe [c= [G08
= wws2(10%y74 — oon?
TAS)
Is200 OOM
185200977y ~ 7408107, = 01112
@
Solving Eqs (1) and (2) yields:
Ans
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5.92, I the shaft i subjected to uniform distributed
forgue of f= 20 KNsm/m, determine the maximum shear
stress developed in the shall The shat is made of 201415
luminum alloy and is ied at Aand C.
‘Equilibrium: Referring tothe free  body diagram ofthe shalt shown in Fig. a, we
have
0 4+ Te ~20(10"K04) = 0 o
Compatibility Equation: The resultant torque of tho distributed torque within the
‘ogi x ofthe shaft is Ty ~ 20(10}x Nm Thus the intersal teque developed ia
the shaft a a funtion of x whea end Cis foes T(2) ~ 20(10"}x Nm, Fig b.Using
the method of superposition, Fi.
te (ch ~ (tel
om Tx)dx Teh,
te Oe
_ ft" 2000 ads Tel)
oof ee
rao
Te ~ 100Nm
Substituting this result into Eq (1),
T= 6400 Nem
‘Maximum Shear Stress: By inspection, the maximum internal torque occurs at
support A. Thus,
AO) a ai iat Ams
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5.03, The tapered shaft is confined by the fixed supports
at A and B. IC a torque T is applied at its midpoint,
‘detecmine the restions at the supports,
Equilibria:
Ty+T,T0 m
Section Properties:
nay=et te
"Tae
2! j_de
Gh Coe
oni i
eG al
37h
Bake
tex! Tuts
Tosh arwe
Bal! fae
woh ore
be
5 “ale fz al I
_ Tab
aecG
Compartbitiy:
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5.94, The shaft of radius cis subjected to a distributed 2
{orguef, measured as torque length of shal. Determine the
‘eactionsat the fixed supports A and B.
colt (Gy)
o
Ams
From Ea. (1),
. .
© tect]
mG cezrerteat
Op. 4
tb
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$95, Compare the values of the maximum clastic shear
sires andthe angle of twist developed in 30 saines steel
stafs having circular and square oss sections Each shaft
thas the same crosssectional area of 9 in length of 36
And is subjected toa torque of 400 Ibvin.
rear _ 21400)
Foe ge PH
axir _ 81400
(SE  Os
Anata Pete
Feels
4. Te 0000
Te FBP 11000)
OOS ad = 04582"
Forests shat
aG SCLLO\(LO)
~ 0.001147 rad = 0.0687"
‘The rectangular shaft has 2 greater maximum shear stress. and angle of twist
atl
Ams.
As
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007Sia,
ozsia,
4 0,
sin
Toe
5.126, A solid shaft is subjected tothe torque T, which
‘causes the material to yield. I the material is elastic plastic,
show thal the torque can be expec in erms of he angle
Of twist¢ ofthe shaft as T = 47y(1 ~ 8/46"), where Ty
Dividing Eq (1) by Eq. (2) yields:
eae
cay
‘Use ig. 526 rom the text.
$e° from te text and Eg. (3)
we)
w
@
@
orp16060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 208 ———
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$127. A solid shaft having a diameter of 2 in is made
fof clasticplastic material having 2 yield seat of
sy=I6kst and shear modulus. of G~ 12(10) ksi,
‘Determine the torque required to develop an elastic core
the shaft having a diameter of 1 in. Also, what is the
plastic torque?
‘Use Eg. 5.26 from the txt
B43 95) 20% ea) —
T= be — py?) = ur) — 05%]
= 3246 kipin, = 2.71 kip Ans.
Use Eg. 527 from the text
ee ee
Tp = Ene! = Zeon)
= 3351 kipin. = 2.79 kip Ans.
SIDR Determine the torque nseded to twist a short
‘3mmdiameter tel wite through several revolutions itis
‘made from steel assumed to be elas plastic and having a
Yield stress of ry ~ 80 MPa. Assume that the material
‘becomes fly plastic.
‘When the material becomes fuly plastic thea, from Ea. 527 in the text,
rp a2Etg «2K ans Stetina SRORR: "S/ARISA: 9659 TE Ry AE
=¥=
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+5120, ‘The solid shaft is made of an elastic perfectly
plastic material as shown, Determine the torque F needed
fo form an elastic core in the shat having a radius of
@
(psitm = 160 + 103.33 = ~567 MPa
160 + 20657 = 467 MPa
r= 20m. Ihe shat 3m tone through what sogle *
Goes one endothe hat wit wth respect tothe other end?
‘When the torque removed, determine the resid sess
Aistrbation inthe shaft and the permancot ange of wit
0s)
we
sti Pau Tongue: Applying E526 fom th text ye)
T=2E(40— ot)
= F120 640) — 0"
= DOP (aoe) — 002]
= 2077640 Nem = 208kN+m Ans y sok
() = 0 ad = 38° Ams
00
When the reverse T= 207164 Nmis applied, YW
sea)
ms ~ “GP stn
TL _ ams) é
#76 ~ Fone Kana we
“The permanent angle of twist ix ra,
en 68
= 0600 — 03895 = 02125 nd = 122° Ams
Residual Shear Stes
4 Fe _ 2077641006)
ne Fray = 807 Ms
Te _ 20776.40.0)
ne = Fag AMPA
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$130, ‘The shaft is subjected to a maximum shear stain
of 0.0088 rad, Determine t i
ifthe material has strain har
stress stain diagram. :
rom the shear strain digram, "
pr 2. T
Too ~ Toss? fy = 025m. r(ksi)
2
From the sear stesatnia gr, 
A
eet 5.4 010006 ome 7)
ran [ray peat
wan [ap dns ae [cas + 81009 dp
ft aftee
= 17230 kipin, = 144 ip ft Ans
~ 2al6o!
5.1L. An 80mm diameter solid circular shafts made of
an elasticperfectly plastic material having a yield shear
‘tess of ry ~ 12SMPa_ Determine (a) the maximum elastic
4,(woe)9(u")
= 1256637 Nm = 126KNm Ans.
Se(om)ien( ur)
1675S.16Nm
1O8kNm Ans.
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25.122 ‘The hollow sa has the crs ston shown and
is mado ofan elaticperecty pase material having @
yield shear stress of zy. Determine the ratio of the plastic
torque T othe maximum clas trgue Ty a
‘Maximum Elastic Torque. In tis case the torsion formula is stil applicable.
Fe stot
rent [pe
li
(5)
lee
‘The ratio‘
S131, The shaft consists of two sections that are rigidly
‘coanected. If tho material is elastic plastic as shown,
determine the largest torque T that can be applied 10 the
Saf. Also, draw the shearsress distribution ver a radial
line for each section, Neglect the fest of stress
concentration,
(07Sin. diameter seement wil be fll plastic: From By. S27 ofthe text:
_ ae
14)
zeit
 LM as99
= rnszoivein = owen Am
For Lin, diameter segmeat
Te _ 13283005)}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 309 ——o—
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SAM, The hollow shaft is made of an clasti perfectly
plastic material having a shear modulus of G and a yield
shear stresof ry Determine the applied torque, when the
‘materia ofthe inner surface isabout to yield (plasi orga).
‘Alo find the correspondig angle of twist andthe maximum
shear strsn, The shaft has length of F.
Plaste Torque. Using the general equation with +
Ten deey [Pap
2
aR led =ai) te %
Angi oT When he mail abut lathe ner src, =p
ae aatmatst tv olde oer rte He Yous
im
&
(@)
ah
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S138, The hollow shalt as inner and outer diameters of
6 mm and 8) mm, respectively. It is made of an elastic
perfectly plastic material, which has the r~y diagram shown,
‘etermine the eactions tthe fixed Supports A and C,
Equation of Equilibrium, Reforing to the fee  body diagram ofthe shaft howa in
Fea,
2M, = 0; T+ Te 15(105) —
my (ed)
won
Elastic Analysis Is required that 4
nj Ths the compatibility equation is
nya = One
TaLan _ Tebne
iG IG
TAOS) = TAOAS)
Te=Ma 2
Solving Eas (1) and (2),
Ty = 30Nm
“The maximum clastic torque and plastic torque in the shaft canbe determined fom
Hoos" — ow
or
trode
Tea ae [rae
(02) 7 ein
[2010 ~ s24658Nm
Sine Te > Ty, the resus obiained using the clastic analysis area valid
Plastic Amal. Assuming that Sepment BCs ly laste,
Te = Ty = 929911Nm = 934Nom Ans
Subang hires into Ey (2,
T= SWONm = $70 kNm Ams16060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 311 ——
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SAR6, Comtinsed
Since Ty (Ty)pthe results obtained using the elastic analysis are not valid,
319}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 320 ———
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S141, Continued
‘Plastic Analysis, Asroming that the tube is uly plastic,
T= (0p), = 18908 Nm = 739kNm Ans
Substituting this result into Ea, (1),
T. = 761097 Nm ~ 7.61 KNm Ans.
Since T, < (Ty)qthe core s stil linearly elastic. Thus,
Ta __T6OSTO085)__
= be = TG, = Fons yrsyaoy ~ 09589 ed
x %,
oe 0359  Teas)
(0.002303 rad
Sines 7, > (94) ~ OZ ead, the tubo i indeed flly plastic.
@
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S18. A torque is applied to the shaft of rads r. I the
rar sresssirain relation of 7 — ky,
determine the maximum shea stress
v= (aa)
ior
Dee
Fe = ine
SLMS, Consider a thinwalled tubs of mesa endive rad
thickness t Show that te maximum shear sires in the tabs
due to an applied torque T approaches the average shear
‘stress computed from Eq. 518 38 r/o
met
z
He)A2))
lr + Of Ar oF = Flere + tore
a fats 3 eS
HAP 6) Bere
_ t+ or
Fo — Fer + O) Bee
ar
“Tidy
oe
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S144 “The 30 stainless sto shaft is3 moog and hasan
‘outer diameter of 60 am. When it rotating at 60 ad, it
transmits 30 kW of power from the engine E to the
generator G. Determine the smallest thickness of the shaft
i the allowable shear stress i ray = 150 MPa andthe
‘haf restricted not to twist more than DAN rad,
Interna Tore
sao w(SP) — soc Nm/s
3000)
a
2
soo Nm
Allowable Shear Stes: Assume failure due to shea sees.
Te
ne = Tat =
500(0.08)
soi)
Ange of Deis: Asse titre de to angle of twist initio,
1
oa.
500(3)
(00x — rf)(75.0)007)
928403. ~ 284053 am
08
‘Choose the smallest value ofr, = 284083 mm
1 mm Ans.
~ n= 30 28.4033}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 323 ———
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SEAMS. The A.26 stecl circular tube is subjected
forgue of 10 Nm. Determine the shear sires atthe
radius p = 60 mm and compute the angle of twist of the
tube if it & 4m long and fixed at its far end. Solve the
problem using Eqs 57 and 515 and by using Eqs 518
masa
‘Shear Snes
Avisos Ea.57,
15 ~ 005+ 28 — opasm = 006 255 — onsrsn
10(10°}(0.06)
ey aT rod
Tr 10010")
Tee Te A, ~ 20005)(ex00C) au a
Anale of Twist
Applying Eg. 515,
1
$2 a6
~ Fanas — 0057s \TSOKITy
= 078s rad = 4405" Am
Aibiog a. 520,
Te fats
oo age [T
1. 4
~ lly fos we fara
deTtp
4AGt
2 (103 10°¥4)(006)
To Fos OR
Crs rad
sas Ans.
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5.146, Rod AB is made of A236 sel with allowable
Shear ste of (rane)a ~ MP and tube BC is made of
‘AMIOMT6L magnesium alloy wth an allowable shear
$1080 (aoe)ne~ 45MPa.The angle of twist of end Cis
‘ot alowed fo exceed (15 ra. Determine the maxioim
‘ilowable torque T that can be sppied to the assembly
in Figs o and B rosposively
Allowable Shear Stew: The polar moment of inertia of rod_AB and tube
1C are Jan  ¥(ois) = 253125(0"*e a and Jac ~ £003 — 002s")
= 1286895(10* We have
O05)
280) — S500 a
T= 30781Nem
and
a ee
Toc 209687510"
T= 988.19 Nem
Ange of wise
Tuba 70, 7
tg = Bebe = TD = earranio5r = ost 0097
ad
Ta Lac Tes) f
$8 Tac Gag THBARTIO RTT “OA IT
Gaping. Sa AiR T >
dein bua * $e ben T
0s ~ an17s7Q0yF + o03373(10yT
7 ~ 331Na (coats) Ans. (b)
32416060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 328 ———
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LAT. shaft has the crossetion shown and is made of
2014Té aluminum alloy having an allowable shear stress of
“oie = 125 MPa. Ifthe angle of twit per meter length is
‘not allowed to exceed 0.03 rad, determine the required ot
‘minimum wall thickness ¢ to the newest millimeter wien
theshalfsubjected to tongue of T= ISKN=m,
Section Properties: Referring tothe geometry shown in ig,
mis
os( gs) +4
fr2019 + x0079 a510
(007s!) ~ 008s?
Allowable Shea Stes
=
1500)
(og) te = Hct ae
~ aoot8s8)
sons03
Angle of Twist
got ftt
Tawa hr
0) (05882)
Fomssmangy
07184 m= 7.18 mm (controls)}O5 Solutions 46060 5/25/10 3:53 DM Dage 326 ———
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ey ey ere sine
Sun htehih's pled ang eso 2
Sawer hse wed he ine tee eb i.
teeitedoth on past Cunt hes eae
dapraiy ere teatae ancien ere ors : 7,
‘Spheue Coa bo chest Ain sib age a ! 3
rer eact othe semen! The ps a Coed D
Sth cea focsmosantoc tc a
Equities
Fgtity= uW
Compatbitny
soe
2
Solving Es 1] and [2] yes:
T= 2ST Te ~ 242010.
Masia Shear Sires
Ans
Ans
2s 71022\05\12)
© $(1L0)00)
‘oon3s72 md = 0.205° Ans.
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sais No portion of tis material ay be oproducd, in any fom oy aay meas, tout persion a Wins the publisher.
$18, The coupling consists of two disks fied to separate 2 Banoep
shals cach 28 mm in diameter. The shalts are supported on
journal bearings that allow free rotation. In order to limit
the torque T that canbe transmitted, a “shear pin” Pis used
to connect the disks together. I this pin can sustain an tn
‘average shear force of 550 N befor it fails detcrmiae the
‘matimum constant torque T that eaa be transmitted from 21
‘one shalt to the other. Also, what i the maximum shoa
‘sos ia cach shalt when the “sear pin” is about to fal?
Equilibrium:
2M.= 0; T 5500013)
T=T1SNem Am.
og
Maximum Shear Stress: ae
Te _ Tus(ou12s) Sed
J 3(00125") aoe ee
5.150, The rotaing flywheel and shaft is brought 19 a
‘zuddea stop at D hen the beating freezes This esses the
fyheelt0 omillate clockwise counterclockwise, 20 that a
point A on the outer edge of the flywheel is displaced
through a 10mm arc in either direction. Determine the
maximum shear ses developed in the tubular 304 stainless
‘el shal due to this oscillation. The shaft has an inner
‘diameter of 25 mm and an outer diameter of $5 me. The
journal bearings at B and Callow the shaft to rotate feoly
Angle of Deis:
Th 0
TE wee 4015 aa
2)
BOIS HTSOVIT)
7 =s02Nm
Maximum Shear Steese
Te__ 5100109175) op es
7 Fors — 00125)
327Shite SAORM “S/ARISA: 9659'S08  Rpg S08:
=f o
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S.1SH, Ifthe slid shaft AH to which the valve handle i
itched is made of CX340) rod bras and has a diameter of
mm, determine the maximum couple forces Fthat can be
applied to the handle just before the material tart of
Take Taton = 4OMPa, What is the angle of twist of the
handle? The shat is ied a
Te
Fas = Tate = HE
gun) — 23410005)
i
F = 2618N ~ 262
1 03F 785Nm
Th ___788(018)
TG” FO.0057EA0)
= 005245 rad = 186°
Ans.
Teese
ee
y
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sais No portion of ths mate aay be opsoduced, i ny Zoma oy ay muss Wut persion Is Nt om to publsber
(61. Draw the shea and monet dngrans for the shaft Th
bearings at A and exert only vertical reactions on the shal
tee
62, Draw the scar snd moment dsgrams forthe simply 4a
supported beam,
Apne
o
vee)
I. em)
Kalen)
ee
a xi)
moment diagran
©
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‘als No portion of hs atta aay be nvprdaced, in Zoo by any asuns ithout pasion is Wali iow he publsber,
63. The engine cea is used to support the engine, which
has weight of 120018 Draw theshear aad moment diagrams
ff the Boom ABC when isin te horizontal position shown,
+My, Zry(9)— 1200080; Fy = 400010
ales Se 8
TLL
“64. Draw the shear and moment diagrams fr the can 2AN fa
lever beam.
ee
2» —____}
“The foehay diagram of the beams right segment sectioned through an arbitrary
pint shown in Fg a willbe wed writs the sheer and momcat equations of ths bean
+1,
v209
ftoa]6
“The shoar and moment diagrams show in Figs band ¢ are plotted usiag Eqs (1)
v=21kN, (1)
CHEM =0; M = 20
M=[2 +42—10KNm2)
an (2),respeetivols The valle of thesheae and moniea atx ~ Disevahisted wing
as (1) and).
420 =44N
(0 + 4(0) ~ 10) = 100Nm
veKw end
Bs
a: + xt)
x(n) “6
w oe ~/0
©)
330Oe Siettinh tains AGGMR, een) B/PA/ TR: Delt: Dagn 331°
=e
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sais No portion of hs mate aay te produced, a ny Zoma ob ay nua Witut persion Is Ni os to publsber
Se =)
an )
oo aa ee
me
f
——— —
is
5
4
i nce ar hig at te suv
Secret
Bend fu 4 e
ara
‘ompouna beam whic spn connected at
the
67. Draw the shear and moment ciagrams for the
kp 8p
(aise a
331ge es rae ee aa! Sp
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‘sls No portion of is atta aay be vprdaced, i gf ory aay suas witout prison a Wl ios the pubs.
68. Draw the shear aad moment diagratns forthe siaiply 1s
supported beam,
Soo tt
= y
‘The feebody diagram of the beam’ left seyment sectioned tough an arbitrary
Point shown in Fig. will be used to write the shear and moment equations The
Intensity ofthe angular dstriputed lad at the pot of sectioning is
ve n(g) ens
Referring to Fi. b,
V = p75 ~ 625s"), (1)
75x — 2688. b14(2)
‘The shear and moment diagrams show in Figs cand d ae plotted wing Eq (1)
and 2), espoctivly Th location where the shear is equal to zero cia be obi
bysotting ¥ ~ Oin Ea. (1).
0215 — 62592 x= 6603
‘The value ofthe moment at
(6623 1 (V = 0) is evaluated using Ea. (2).
M peasy ~ 276633) — 208Y66A3) ~ 1716 1bfe
382Eee eee tig oy ea
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6.9, Daaw the shear and momoat dagrans forthe beam. skip
Hine: The 2Dkip load must be replaced by equivalent
Ioadings at point Con the axis the hear. 20
eh ae Pe ad
SM ath yer ae
nar a
ve)
Nes apy
610. Members ABC and BD of the counter chair ace
‘ipily connected at Band the smooth eollar a Disallowed
tomove (rely along the verbal ot. Draw the shes and
moment diagrams for member ABC.
Equations of Equilrium: Referring o the feebody diggram ofthe frame shown
inFia
+13Fy=0 4, 180=0
4, = 15016
CHEM = 0 Nofls) ~ 1806)
Np = 3018
‘Shear and Moment Diagram: The couple moment acting on B duc 10 Np is
‘Mg = 300(15) = 450 Ibf. The loading acting on member ABC isshown in Fi 16%
tthe sear and moment agrams are shown nis 2d .
a
he
vee) (les) =
(50 T val
~ + pH 4 fb, ie @
© ats 7
@
Ls
Be\© 2010 Person Education, Ine, Upper Salo River. A sais osorved Ts mutes protested unr al cope ans s thoy cusreadly
‘als No portion of hs atta maybe vproducd, i ag foo by aay suas witout prsion a Wl he pubs.
GAL The overhanging beam has been fabricated with
a projected arm BD oa it Draw the shear and momeat
‘agrams forthe beam ABC # it supports ood of S00 Th.
"Hine oaing inthe supporting strat DE must be replaced
by equivalent leads at pot oa the axis ofthe beam,
Support Reactions:
G4EMe =o; s00(10)
3 4
BF ett) ~ 4 Fe) ~
Foe = 200
+138,<¢ w0+ 3m c,=0 c= am
sar0 c.rdamn0 c= 1600
Shear and Moment Diagram:
612. A reinforced concrete pler is wsed to support the @N asin asin asin EN
stringers for a bridge deck. Draw the shear and moment [im tmf Sm piso pinto
ngrams for the pie when i is subjected tothe stringer Patond
loads shown, Asume the column at A and # exert only
‘oil reactions ont pst.
Tas a! ese
Prize
a
aMeee cere ig Pere at
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sais No porto of tis mate maybe oproduced, a foro by ay naa witut persion ls Nt om tho publsber
GAR. Draw the shese and moment diagram for the
compound beam Its supported bya sooth pte at A which
sles within the groove and soit canpot support a vercal
fore, although iteinsupporta moment and alba
‘Support Reactions:
From the FBD of segment BD
+tMe
B, (a) ~ Plo
413 PoP
Abe,
From the FED of segment AB
CHEMA=0; PRO) Pl@)—Mu=0 Ma Pe
4138,=0, P= P=0;cquibium satis)
’ te Spe *
nals   » wl
ae =t= pp ft} A te
4 9  
614, “The industial robot shel in the taionary position
shown. Draw thesbear nd moment diagrams ofthe arm ABC
iftispinconnected a and comected toa hydeaabe tinder
(vo.loree member) BD. Asume tho aa and rip have 4
‘usfora Weigh of  SIb/ia and suppor the loa af 4 bat C.
3352010 Poason Education, Ine, Upper Sado Rives NI. Al dah served This mater sprteted unde al copyright ans s they cused
‘sls No portion of is atta ay be vpredaced, i gf or by aay sans witout prison a Wl ios he pubs.
616. Draw the shoae and moment dagrans for the shaft 00%
and dotermine the shear std moment throat the haf 3s
a function of x. The bearings at 4 and B exert only vertical
feaetionson the shat 4
FH,  el le
sow
Ane
Ans
Am.
C+EMyy = 0 M+ 800(e — 3)  2208 = 0
= (san + 200) Am
me
Brste Hy
saath,
og ~ BOMVON) _ oa mapa (cy Ans.
irs
one Am.
Seid treedimeooa vow of te ses dation
ting ovr th coi comesctonal
Seco Propery
Propeny: ; seek
1 SL omao22) + $co1{am) ~ rra1s(20) Pai
ending Sie Apising the fears forma ax = ME and = MP.
; “
00010 _ sonar re ae
T7810,
pany = AAPMOOD = 40 a
Ts
361SO ee ee Se
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‘sls No portion of is atta nay be vprdaced, i foo by any suas witout prsion a Wl the pubs.
(6$8, If the beam is subjected to an internal moment
Of M ~ 100kipf& determine the maximum tensile and
‘compressive benung stress the beam,
Section Properties: The neutral axis pases through centroid C ofthe cross ston
as shown in Fig The losation of Cis
46 ~A(.8!))
aozensy ee
“Thus. the moment of inertia ofthe cross section about the neutral axis is
37+ Ad
406(#) + ser(assss 4) [eC 58) + (1s?) (ss 
2isstint
[Maximum Reading StesThe maximum compressive and tensile bending sree
‘osars a the top ani Batiom edges ofthe cross seetion
Ans.
@
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699, WF the beam is m
allowable lense and compressive ste of (a)
and (€ategle~ 22 ks. respectively, detemine the maximum
slloaleltemal mement Mhat canbe applied the ba.
Section Properties: Me neutral ais passes through centro Cof the cross section
asshown in Fig The location of Cis
4 486) ~ oli]
ee ee asin
3A ais)
"Thus, the moment of inertia ofthe cross seetion about the neutral axis is
1=3T4 ad
~ Hoole") + o¢sfasase — 4)?
(134) + o(us?)(asisa— >]
= 24s it
Allowable Mending Stress: The maxioum compressive and tensile heading stress
‘ccc at the top and bottom edgas ofthe eros section For he top age.
wy gs — 4345)
Cade = 0 aes
1
= 1317stkinin( HL) = to9798ip
Forte botom ede,
4.3458)
4 Teer
a= tmnspe( HL) sop conto) Ame
@) 
(a)
363ee ee ee ee ee
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‘alsNo portion of hs matt maybe vprdacd, i ag fon or by aay suas witout prison also he pubs.
%660. The beam is constructed from four boards 48
shown. If its subjected ¢0 a moment of M, = 16 kip It
determine the stress at points A and B. Sketch a
{hreedimensional view ofthe stress dsteibution
24S(10X4)] + 1.561) + 16(40)01)
ao) + 16a) + 100)
= 92063
1 = coo? + 1400200  5°] + asin) + reyaes  930187 4a
Lexan) + saya — 8045? = 10307 it oe
oath
on Mn MANA = 8209) 5 ros a ?
oa Me ORO) asi Aas
eres
661, "The beams constricted from four boards as shown,
itis subjected to a momeat of M. = I6kipt, determine
‘he resultat force the stess produces on the top Boar C.
21SU0K2)] + 0.5;6y(1) + 16¢40)0)
‘ONT + 16C1) + 1001) SORE.
:
ana) + aero 9] +bao0) + «nosvx00e
+ E(0)00% + 110,06 — 9049? = 1073.07 a2
_ Me _ 1642
ar SR07
My _ 16(12)(11 ~ 9.3043)
a 100807
4
(Fae = P@0544 + 0.2978)(10)1) = 118 kip Ans.
364Scie ae were eet cee es ett
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602, A box beam is constructed from four picses of
‘wood, glued together as shown. Ifthe moment acting oa the
cross section i 10 ENm, determine the stress at points A
and B and show the results acting on volume elements
Tocated at thse points
“The asmnent of inertia ofthe crosseetion about the neutral axis
Z 02x03) ~4 (016,028)  02817007
For point A, y= © = 018m.
_ Mya _10(104 (015)
47 = ar)
207(10°)Pa = 621 MPa (©)
For pot, yp = 0.125 m,
S172(10"yPa = 5ATMPa (1)
20mm. [160
~\
= 108m
Ans.
‘The state of stress at point A and B are represented by the volume element shown
inFigeaand 6 respectively
@)
G57
om
3682010 Poason Education. tne, Upper Sado Rives NJ. Al ahs oserved This mater prtsted unde al opyriht ans s they cused
‘als No portion of hs atta ay be vprdaced, i foo by aay sans witout prion a Walshe pubs.
660 Determine the dimensions a of «beam having 4
‘squire eros section in terms of the radius ofa beam with
4 eieular eros section i oth beams are subjected to the ra
Sam iniernal moment which results i the same maxima
bending sts. A
Section Properties: The moments of inertia ofthe square and circular cross sections
about the neutral axis are
Me _ Mia?2) _ 6M.
Te ay
rte ine Smet =
(oon) = Me = Me 1M
oT ae
Le
is resid that
(emn)s = (Gmee
om 4
em
a= 1st Ans.
664 Thestoelrod having a diameter of ln ssubjected to
an atemal moment of M = 300 Tht, Determine the sre
created at points A and H, Also, sketch 3 theee aerial _
‘ow of thesteee dstribation acing over the crow sto,
034 = o0w0s74 int
= = S00
300(12}(05)
OD = 36:7 si Ans.
asi,
My _ 500012K05 in 45")
a4 SAT ~ 25948 Ans.
we
aT
366(© 2010 Person Education, tae, Upper Sade River, NE. A sghis sored Tis mata protected unr all copyaht law os thoy cateatly
sais No portion of tis mate maybe opredaced, nny foun by aay eas iu! persion Is Nl ws tho pulser.
1668, Ifthe moment acting on the cree section ofthe bea
Js M~ 4kipft, determine the maximum bending stress in
the beam, Sketch # threodimensional ew of the stress
stitution aeting over the eos Seti.
‘The moment of inertia ofthe crosssection about the neutral axis
(2)05) ~ 54059129 = 1868 nt
Along the top ego the ange Sia Tous
‘Me _ 400°)02)05)
T 7 e —
Om 93 pst
Along the bottom edge to the flange, y ~ 6 in. Thus
My _ 400/210) _
Tes
155 pst
666. ICM = 4 kipf, determine the resultant force the
bending stress prosicos onthe top board ofthe hear,
“The moment of inertia ofthe cross section about the neutral axis
5412)
OUD) = 1968 int
‘Along the top edge ofthe Mange Sin Thus
Me _ 40)(2)05) _
fo ey
19.24 pst
Along the bottom edge ofthe flange, y= 6 nThus
My _ 4000216)
OO «15459 psi
“The resultant force acting on board A is equa othe volume ofthe trapezoidal
stra bocksbownia ig
Fe ~ F09324 + 15439)(15)12)
= 31304315
33 kip
Jom.
18459 pst
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‘als No portion of is atta ay be vpredaced, i ag foo by any sans without prasion a Wiss the pubs.
(667. "The rod is supported by smooth journal bousings Devin
i ee eer
See era ae eset rates es j {
epahens i
Absolute Masimam Bending Sires The oaximuin moM201 8 Me = 1.34 kN=m
‘ss inieated onthe moment ditgram. Applying the flexure formula
Mase
aT
acto? y0.085)
Foss)
= 158 MPa Ans
rrayeseo ws denis30m)
tes
mp
samen
368All igh served This mares spotted under ll copysaht ams as they een
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sais No porto of his mate aay to oproduced, i ny foua or by ay muss Wut persion eNom to publsber
*66 “The rods supported by smooth joural bearings at
2am
‘ver yertcal reactions on the aba F
lest damtrd if the allowable Bening i
SS 8 = 150 MP q
z
erg ruse
Allowable Bending Stes he mins morneat it Mong = 1138KNm ss eayate me $e0ne9or?
‘nated on the moment diagram. Apphing the Sere Yana =
sere rats
uisaodl¢ ths sed
san(cn) = 24C0%(4)
Hoy youn
4 = 00806m = £63 om am 4 ts
 nas
messy
2600, Two desions for a beam ate 19 be considered 29m
Detemine which ove will support a moment of 0m _
ASU EN at wi the last amouat of ening stress What is tT
thatstrs?
Section Propet: em
ersten) 
4 (02)(038*)  5017/03) = 02164500") sr
aus
Forsection () ®
4 (o.2)(030°) ~ 4 (ass)(03°) = 036125(107) mt
Me
‘Mass Bending Sires Applying he Mesure formals Gaye = ME
Forssction (9)
For section (b)
150(10°K0.18)
a= SS = 1472 Ms = 747 MPa Ams
309
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‘als No portion of hs atta ay be vprducd, i Zoo by aay suas ioutprsion a Wl os the pubs.
(670, Th senply supported ts is subjected tothe central
‘Eat Nol ceo he gon ia ad al]
a tae rae ce ore rel
oupnccr tases meee wont arora
and thicenes: of in. abd the boom member fa solid oad f i 
rosie tes ala]
FA _ 0+ (6s0K04786)
SA ~ OATES + 10S
(91 in
1 [x09 a0a57] euans0 — ann + bras
som int
+ 0:19685(4.0091
Mgas = 30009 ~ 1.5)(2) = 2700016 in
27 0004.6081 + 0.25)
Som
671. The anle of the freight car subjected t0 wheel
Ivodingsof 20 kip Ititissupported by two jouraa bearings a
Cand D deteae the maximum beadiag sree developed
athe center ofthe wae, where the diameter 55 in.
in
‘aE io!
hip hip
Me _ 200275)
Pros"
as = 2st Ans
Hone 20 p's
 )
370(© 2010 Pessoa Education, tac, Upper Sade River, NE. Al sdghisoserved This aul i yretected unde alcopyight laws shay cates
sais No porto of hs mate aay te oprodued, i ny foun oy ay nua Wout persion ls Nt oa to publsber
*672, "The stel beam has the crosesectional aca shown. mm
Determine the largest itersity of distributed food Wy that it
‘cin suppor so th the maximum bending stress inthe bear,
{does M01 ENCE ng = 22
ah aa SS
Support Reactions: As shown on FBD.
Interval Moment: The masimim moment oocurs at mi spn The maximm
‘moments determined using the method of sections
Section Pooperty:
(106) — F.m(s0!) = rsrassiat
Absolute Maman Rending Stes'The maxinvain oaneat i Mia ~ 48.0 36
indkated on the FBD. Applying he flexure formula
ma =
48.005 (1295.30)
2 qs7308
no 110 kip/t An.
673 Thestoot beam hasthe cose sectional are shown IE
y= OS kit, determing the maximums beading ste in
the beam.
Support Reaction: As shown on FED.
Intemal Moment: Toe maximum moment oocurs at mil span, The axiom
‘moment is determined using the method of sections
Section Properss:
4 (00) (
1= Sew) Sonia) = esa
Absolute Maximum Beading Stes'Tho maximum oneal is Mygy ~ 240 ip
‘indicated on the FBD. Appling the Mexare formula
a7\© 2010 Pearson Education, Lae, Upper Sadlo River. A sah osorved Ts muti protested unr al cope ans s thoy cusraly
‘als No portion of is atta may be vprdacd, in Zoro by ay abuns without pasion is Wali io he publisher,
674. The boat has 4 weight of 200 Ib and a center of
raity a¢ G.I itrests onthe tale atthe smooth contact A
and can be considered pinned at B, determine the absolute
‘maximum bending sess developed in the main strut of
the trailer. Consider the srt o Bea bexbeam having the
“mensions shown and pinned aC
Boat: 2300 /6
Be=0
C43My= 0, WAO) + 28008) = 0
N,= 71780 ate
HER, — 0; 127778 2000+ B,0
2, = 22
sembly
C43Me = 0, N5f00) + 240) = 0
N= 20701
HEF, 0; ¢,+2012000
G=20m
1 = UISNGY ~ 3 .5).25) = 3.267610"
rae ~ ME = BMS) — ats Ans
12707616 2222 be
tos
an
rt
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All sights served This mares spotted under ll copysaht ams as they eens
(675. “The shaft is support by smooth thst bearing at
Aandlsmooth journal bearing t D. the shat asthe eros
‘Soetion shown, determine the absolute maxinum bending
stres i the sha.
‘Shear and Moment Digrams: As shown in Fig.
Maximum Moment: Due to symmety.the maximum moment occurs in region BC
ofthe shit Referring othe freesbody diagram of the seument shown in Fi.
Sectlon Properties The moment of inertia of the eros section about the neutral
1~ (a0 — o9ns*) ~ 1.7038(10)a*
re Maximum Bending Stress
2.25(10°)(008)
Maat
= s28MPa Aas.
nae
4676. etersioe the moment M that must be applied eo
‘he beam inorder lo erates maximum stesso 0 MPa. ABO
skeich theses dsibution acting over the cross ection
“The moment of inertia ofthe erst section about the neutral axis
J eosn03%) ~ 4 (o2iyare’ = 0367220107) mt
“Ths,
Me Moos)
ge i BM) — Sasa
Mf = 195.96 (10°) Nm = 196EN Ao.
“The bending sess disrbution over
ye crosssections showin Figo
373‘©2010 Pearson Edun, Ine, Upper Sade River, NE Al sgh served This mati i prctocted unr al copyright lane es hey cualy
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671. The sec beam bas the cromectiona are shown ‘
citer ete thes nol ced HITT SUT
sxiony— 2790 = 034! Fw tintin
Me eat as
oa oxi Ete
san(12y53) pu
293
w= Last Ane.
67. The sel foam hos the croseectionl art shown é,
IE Ski termite he ste ana en Traunnuet TH
ey
St
03% Tive
oe
t
From Prob, 6.7%
M = S2w = 22(5)(12) = 1920 kipin
= 152.344 int
Me _ 10055)
a aps SR ae
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679. If the beam ACB in Pook. 69 has a squsee cross Skip
section, 6 in, by 6 im, determine the absolute maximum,
bending tess the beam.
Maan = 46:7 kip“
na = Be SEIU _ 654
7 FO)
nan"? sue
Wee
a ‘
his
moi) gy
Bs
6AM, If the exane boom ABC in Prob, 63 has a ——————
rectangles section with sso of2 Sin determine i
euie eight ho daenerest inthe lowe bending
SES 8 gy = 2488
8) ~ 12008) = 4000
Ay a es a;
‘Me _ 9000(12)(8)
an TE ase ~ M0"
b= 26a. Ans.
Useh = 275i, Ans.
tf Po
fe haw
375See ee ee ee eS
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‘als No portion of hs atta maybe vprdacd, in Zoo by ay abuns without poision is Wis iow he publsber
681. ithe reaction ofthe ballast on the railway te ea
be assumed uniformly distributed over its length as
shown determine the matimum beading stress developed
Jn the tie. The tie has the rectangular exass section with
thickness ¢ = 6in
Support Reactions Refcrrng to the fre body diagram of the tie shown in Fi.
ve have
+13R,
6
48) ~ 205) = 0
7S kip/tt
Ms Swen Th she and it gramme own nF. bs As
indksedon he moment dig, masinun moet i Mgg_ = 75
Absolute Maxim Bending Sess
7512)6)
Tye)
Fue
Mat
Ans.
(eps kps VV Ckips)
376Eee a ero ree rec tng! SS
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sais No porto of is mate maybe oproduced, ny foro by ay uss wut persion Is Ni os tho publsbe
fab ead ek on oie aa
ees i
Din,
Seon Reams Rolin he re oty agama Heston gene Kips bb kpe
+138, =0, wis) — 205
o
7S kip/t
Mam Ment Th haa nd men span shom Fig band At
indeed onthe moment dara the masiman monet Maa = 781
Absolute Masimunt Bending Stress:
3772010 Puason Education, tne, Upper Sade Rvs NI Al ahs oserved This mates protected undo al opi ans: they cue
‘sls No portion of is atta aay be vprduced, in gf or by any suas iout prison a Wl the pubs.
683. Determine the absolute maximum boning seoss 1skNn
in the tubular shaft if ~ 160 mm and dg ~ 200 mm,
Section Property
1 = £ (14 — aos!) ~ 45370(104)
Absoleie Masimum Bending SiessThe musi moment is Mas
ssindicated on the moment digram. Applying the Nexure foraula
Ma
ome =
0.00060
46370010)
19 MP Ans.
378(© 2010 Pearson Edson, ac, Upper Sade River, NK. Al sighs strved This mail protected unr al sopytiht ov say cuzently
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+684, The tubular salt isto have a cross section such 54a
that its inner diameter and outer ameter are related by
Od, Determine these requited dimensions if the
lowable bending stess is Caen = 155 MPa
))]
Allowable Reading Stress: Tas msairin moatest i Mays ~ 60.0KNm as
{indicated on the momeat diagram Applying the Nexure formula
316
m0a0($)
S510) = Teoma
4, ~ 01883. ~ 188 ma Am.
‘Ts 4, = 08d, = 151 mm Am.
stop 20501
3792010 Poason Education. tne, Upper Sado Rives NJ. Al ahs osrved This mater protected unde al opyriht ans s they cused
‘als No portion of is atta ay be vpreducd, in ag for by aay sans witout prision a Ws ios he pubs.
igor coos setion in S00 N/a
the proportion shown. Determine is required dimension b
ifthe allowable bending ste cay = 10 MPa
os
Allowable Rending Stes: The maxevusn omic May ~ S625 Nm.s
indicated on the moment diagram. Applying the fiexure formula
FOU
08313 m = 53. am ‘Ans
s200a)/0000
380(© 2010 Pearson Edvation, nc, Upper Sade River, NE. All sighs sterved This mati protected under al opti ow shay czy
sais No porto of ths mate maybe oproduced, a ny Zomo by ay uss Wout persion Is Nitin os to publsber
686, Determine the sbsolute maximum bending stress
in the Dindiameter shaft which is subjected 10 the
concentrated forces The journal bearings at and B only
suppor vertical forces
‘The FRD of the shafts shown in Fig.
“The shear and moment diagrams ae showin Fig. and c, respectively. As
Indicated on the moment di2prim, Mfg, = 15000 bin
‘The moment of inertia ofthe evosssection about the neutral axis
Za = 025 mint
Osi
800 6006
sin.  /Sin. Join.
fy 00 tb @) by 600 Ib
Vitby
B 15000
Kn)
O 15 30 60
«)
381‘©2010 Pearson Education Lae, Upper Sat Al eas eserves materi prteted undo all copyright ans sty cused
‘als No portion of hs atta uy be vprdacd, in foo by ay abuns without pasion a Wis iow he publsber
G87. Determine the smallest allowable diameter of the
rated forces. The
journal
‘The allowable bending ste 8 Gane ~ 2248,
‘The FRD of the sha shown in Fig. a
‘The shear and moment diggrams ae shown in Fig. bund e respectively. AS
indented on the mowtentdiaprtn. May 1,000 1b:
“The moment ofineitia ofthe crosssection about the aeutel axis
“iO a
Herc = d/2Tous
1
Max 4p) — 198804).
rae PR)
Sosa =2in Ams
8004 0b
900 B {5000
a5 ad xan) Xin)
382(© 2010 Pearson Edson, ne, Upper Sade River, NK. Al sighs strved This matali protected under al opytiht ow say curses
‘ais No porto of ths mate maybe produced, ny foun by ay nus Witt persion Is Ni om to publsber
688. Ifthe Deum bas square cross section of 9 ia. on
cach side, determine the absolute maximum bending sess
inthe beam,
Absolute Masinum Beading Stes: Tho axioms moment
‘sindicated on moment diagram. Applying the Nexure form
Mg = 448 ip ft
Mme _ 44802K45)
oa ee ET aaa Am.
+689, Ifthe compound beam in Prob 642 has a square
ross section, determine its dimension @ if the allowable
bending sees de = 150 MPa.
AMfowable Bending Sires: Toe maximum monnents is Mygx = 7.50 KN mas
{indicated on moment diagram. Applying the exureformila
Mea
on =
2000/3)
rsi(i) 
= 0.06604 m ~ 6.9mm, Ans
a,
fy
“70
383\© 2010 Person Education. Tae, Upper Sadle Rivet. A sais served Tis mate protected unr al cope ans as they cuzeatly
‘als No portion of ib atta maybe vprdacd, i fom ory any suas without prasion awl ios the pubsbr.
(600, Ifthe beam in Prob. 628 has a recangulse cross sction
with a width # and a height fi determine the absolute maximum
tending stress inthe beam,
Absolute Masiuam Rending Sires: Te maximam moments it Mag = nt
‘sino hemerent agra Appin te Hrs oma
Mace 8) re .
foe bk 36bnE =
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691. Determine the absolute masiaumn be
in the 8imm shaft which is subjected © the
‘cmeentrated forces. The journal bearings at A and B only
Support vertical forces
able
aN
“The FRD of the shafts showin Fig.
“The sear and moment diagrams are shown in Fig and respecte. As
iff on he momen apr  Mn
“The moment of inertia ofthe eros section about the neutral axis
(oo
06400" at
‘Hore.¢ = 0.04 Thus 05m T Odm 06m
ciao) 12a) Ays30nl ZoknN By 2 KN
(a)
= u9srueyPa
= 19 MPa Ans.
VC KN)
los
“Te
MCKNm)
©
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diameter of the
shaft whic is subjected to the concentrated forces. The
Journal bearings at A and B only support vertical forces
‘Theallowable bending sire 5 Calne ~ 150 MP
“The FBD of the shaft is shown in Fig
‘Toe shear and momo grams are shown in Fa band respectively. As
indsated onthe monioat disp, [May  ~ GN t,
‘The moment of inertia ofthe crosesection about the acutel axis
1on(d eat
a o5m bO4amy O.Gm
ore = 4/2 Thue raokss Ags30KN Zoks] By? 2 kN
cae Met sain = OND @)
4=00M3m=74i3mm= 75mm Am.
VCKN) MCKNm)
1
‘Xqm)
jor" xy
a be )
he
(b) ©
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693, "The onan hiss mas of Th and stants notions at
the end ofthe diving board. If the board has the cross tion
shown, determine the maximum normal sain developed in
‘he board, The msulus of elasticty for the materi
= 125GPa, Assume Aisa pin and Bs ole, 290m
xm
apa
Wal 19am 10
1502 250°
Internal Moment: Toe saxionse smoment ascurs a support B. The maxima
vere
‘nti etc ing te mtd of sons
Section Proper
Tf ee
ma sasien eg
201025,0.0) + 0035021005 gy
e '0,35(0.02) + 0.03(0.03)_ = ol J 19298 Aen
Fl
1= 039002) + oas;omyoo12848 — 0017 ison
+ 51009)(008") + 0030.03;0035 ~ 0012848)"
79925(10°8) mt
Absolute Maximum Beng Sires: The maxima moment is Mau, ~ 1912.95 Nm
‘sindicated oa the FBD. Applying the eure formula
91295(008 ~ 012848)
D7BHO5(10*)
~ S892 MPa
Absolute Matimam Normal Siain: Applying Hooke's law. we have
a _ S89200%) 3
aa 2a = RAED — 9. 704(10) myn Ans
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‘als No portion of hs atta ay be vprdaced, in ag foo by ay suas witout prion a Wis ios he pubs.
604, “The two solid stel rds ane bolted together along
their Keng and support the loading shown. Assume the
supportat 4 isa inand B sa roller Determine the roquited
ameter d of each of the rads ifthe allowable bending
SIRES 8 tw = 180 MP,
[s)#@)3
Allowable Bending Stress: Tae maxiosum moment is Mau, = 100ENm a6
indicated on moment diagram. Applying the flexure formula
Mae
Se = Bate =
a(x) = 200K
4
N62 m= 16mm
ow
204N/a
695. Solve Prob 604 ifthe rods are rotated OD" so that
both cade rest on the supports at A (pin) ad (ole).
‘Section Pooperts
ay) =
2) ] af
Altowable Bending Sines Te masini moment 6 May ~ 1G KNm 8
‘nated onthe moment dingrem. Appin the Nevare formula
ena, = Mast
an = Cae =
vad) 00
4 = 01985m = 199 am
we =
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*696, “The cir is supported by an arm that is hinged s0 01
Itrotatesabout the vertical axisat A. Ifthe load on the chaie
fs ISD Ib and the arm isa hollow tabe section having the
‘dimensions shown determine the maximum beading stress
stsection a
aie
Du.
tint “fF OSia,
Ne)  Fos
Me _ \440(5)
an = ME = SEES = 135 ksh Aas.
1697. A portion ofthe femur can be mocled 48a tube tts) e
Ihwving aa ine diameter of 0375 inand an outer darneter ”
fof 125 in. Determine the maximum elastic stati forse P 220]
that ean be applied to its center. Asam the bone to be 125
roller supported atts ends The oe diagram for the bone
‘mass isshown ands the same i tension asi compression.
r= Sof) — (28)!] = orisa7 int eel
Mon = 2 =2P
Require ce = 125 si
Me
T
2125/2)
1 r
P= 0119kip = 191 Aas.
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‘als No portion of hs atta ay be vpreducd, i gf or by aay sans witout prion a Walshe pubs.
Sees
sailors oa wa pacias seeade in sOg a
eet aie ele hea
te 2008) pag i reel
ree
: <) yen
; 9 Fx
ae
Mele lieee a vip
eich side, determine the absolute maximum bending st
inthe beam.
‘The maximum moment occurs a the fixed support A. Referring tothe FED shown,
aR,
GEM a= 0, Maus ~ 40(6)(8) 5 400,68) = 0
Maus = 1660011
“The moment of nari ofthe about the neutral axis
1 6x6
lO) — 108 Thos,
Me _ 1680012)
1 108
650 ps = S60 kt Ans.
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%6100, ‘The stool beam has the crosesectional rca
shown, Determine the largest intensity of the distributed
Toad wy that it can support so thatthe maximum bending
stress inthe beam doesnot exceed dat = 22K
‘Support Reactions. Tae FBD of the beams shown in Fig
“The shear and moment diagrams are shown in Fig. and, respectively. As
Indicated on the moment diagram. Ma = 27%
“The moment of inertia ofthe erosssection about the neutral axis
Lacie 2
Fos)  L702)
2018075int
Here, ~ 625inThes,
Ao.
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6101. The stool heem has the croseseetional area
shown. If vy ~ 2kip/ft, detemnine the maximum beoxing
stress in th beam,
‘The FID of the beam is shown in Fie.
‘The shear and moment diggrams are shown in Fi. band ,espestively AS
Indicated on the moment diagram. Maye ~ S4ip ft.
“The moment of inertia ofthe I rossection bout the beading xi is
(1287)  675) 224)
= 20488375 int
Hero,e = 625in. Thus
_ $4.0296625)
DNS
= 197
98k Ans.
2QN08) kip
® qu)
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6192, ‘The bolster or main supponing gee ofa tuck 1skipit
body subjected tothe uniform disributedoad Determine
Uictending srt potted a TITTLE
ae
fn * fe
a =
05. fi
A
a Rosin
ie
am jbo
T Xe
075
Suppor Reactions: hs shows on FED.
Incenal Moment: Using the method of ction
EMya = 0) M+ 12016) ~ 1508) =0
M~T20kipt
Section Property:
2) — 2 essy(ia) = ‘at
J.o(035')  56512!) = as
Bending Sires Applying the exe formula =~ MP
200124675)
NET) — 133435 Ans.
FOONO — transi Am.
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Ci ch ed ena 8
oe ey eae eat
emer
Sm
“The shear and moment diagrams are shown in Fig. bane, espectively AS.
Indicated on the moment diagram, Mf) = 0.125 . 1
[1150 mm
“The moment of inertia ofthe crosexection i,
wa)
(0075)( 015") = 21.09373(104
2
Here, ¢ = 0075 Thus,
= Mom ¢
ee =
(10°) =
~ arans7s(i0~)
= 11250 N/m = 11.254N/m
~OREW ~O/e5Ww
©
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$6108 If w= 1OKN/m, determine the maximum
bending stress ia the beam. Sketch the stress distribution
seing over the cross soction
Support Reactions The FBD ofthe beam issbown in Fig. LEstsaet= pa eta
“i sae gt eth econ
Jabs onbe nment apt ie] = 12S0N
ar
mE
Hmm
10(2) KN
“The atimeat of inertia ofthe cross seston is
(0075)(015°) = 21.00375(10*) m*
Hore, ¢ = 0075 m. Tous
 Manse
ae
_ 125(10°}0075)
~ Sums)
= 4.44 (108) Pa
= 444 MPa
“The bending stresistribution over the cro section i showa i Fig.
CEN) M Cem)
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6105. Ifthe allowable bending sre forthe wood beam amine
0 pai, determine the required dimension b to
the nearest} in.ofitscrosssction, Assume the support at A
‘sapinand B isa cole
snare baat ai Panini
oe i
‘The sear and moment diagrams ae show
fndieuied on the moment diagram M,
“The moment ofinertia ofthe cross section
i pod
1 =f onavy = So"
Here,¢ = 2/3 = 0Thus,
33301016)
0 =
pa
1
b= 14ssin= 7a Ams
M(lbfe)
3009, oe 5000
XG)
2 3 45 6 ie
(Cy
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6106, "The wood beam has a rectangular cross section in soon
the proportion shown. If ‘etemine the absolite
‘maximum bending stress inthe beam,
‘Tho FD of the beam is shown in Fig.
‘The shear and moment dagrams are shown in Fig b and c. respectively As
indicated on the momeat dagrom, Mr = 3450 bf
“Tho moment ofinerti ofthe cross
2.5 (19) = 2100375 int
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‘lst No portion of hs atta aay be vprduced, i Zoo by aay sans iout prasion a Wl ios he pubs.
6.107. Atwamis made of mater hat hata modula of
chstny in compression diferent trem lh given fot =
terion, Determine the lca cof the metal aid
304 Ans
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6112, ‘The resultant internal moment acting on the
cross section ofthe aluminum strat as a magnitude of
M=50Nem and is directed as shown, Determine
‘maximum beading sre inthe strut The location ofthe
Controid C of the stru's crossectional area must be
termined. Also,epesity the orieetation ofthe neue xis
1e~ fh104(002") + (0a4yo92yo.0s7368 — 001)?
+ 1000028) + o04a8)(0110 — o1057368)*
= s7.604(10
i nt ’ 3
1, = fy@2,(048) — F(01s9(024") = 0366829(10)
Maximum Bending Sires: By ispection the maxiavum bending sress can occur a
either point or B. Applying the exe formula for bial bending at pois A
=
ce cant), 023
2 ‘57.6014(10°)
tase = 12960416 040) ie
see isto) a
ul ‘S7.6014(10"*)~(0:366827(107)
asm c9
natin Net Ase
“Youn  — Fromm
 som +20 
Internat Moment Components:
22 39) = —490Nom Ses) = 208m ui
M,= Besa = s890N0m My = S62) = 200N
Section Properties: .
_ SFA _ nowy(o02) + 210110)02290000)
7A TA) + 218002)
= 0057368 = 57 en Am.
Pe
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6113, Consider the general ease of « prismatic bea ’
subjecied to beading moment companents M, and Mo,
as shown. when the s 2 axes pos through the centri
Of the cross section, Ifthe materia Tinea, the
Dorma stress in the beam i linear fanetion of pasion
sich that o'— a+ by +e. Using the equiiiam con
sitions 0 fyrdA, M,~ [yzoda, Me=J,—yodA,
elcmine tc constans by and cand show that the
mal sires can be determined fom the equation
(Maly + Mylo) + (Myf + Maly) €V Usd by2
there the moments anid prods of instia ae Uefined in
“Appenalx A
Equilibrium Condition:
= fovea
Jlerwrreaea
vnafsavofranref cea m
sfpevte
= [serves
[stare rua ref ea a
as byter
de> [oso
= [ety beara
1
‘Section Properties: The inegrats are defined in Appendix A. Note that
[ras [cas 01m
From Ba. [1] an=0
From £4 (2 y+ ely
Fong) M,= bl,~ ele
Solving for, he
= 0(Since A + 0)
Myo Mee
Tyla Te
(teets)
Thus, oe =
Moly + Mylye)  (My + Mel
Sa) (AR) (ep)
Tl te Th ie
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G14, ‘The cantilevered beam is made rom the Zsection
sn
faving the cearaccon abown I pyar th wo
tena dccrmine the beng stra te wall nthe 4 6
‘at point A Ue beef Prk 113
==
(aus = S03) + 50S) = 40011 = 48a om, Pe
: 1 2 e
1y= E2025) +E e2say' + @2sjayt.s2s?] = 1ecs19it Mit
= 025 in
1 fil lesa » ese] aT
1.=4caasyaasy + a eyoa5? + .asjayusy] = 297s is
Tye ~ 21.5(.1253(2)(0.25)} ~ 1.6875 int id
Using te cquton developed in Prob 6112.
Maly + My !n) My Le + Mb
0 Cora Cra
{10 + dsn,a0yL075)(4.005) + (4s0,002009) + 010125)
aa 1160310(2570378) — (1.6875)7]
sus Ant
115. Thecalievered beamis madeltom he section a
baaving the crostsection showa, If it supports the two
foadings determine the bending stress atthe wal in the
‘beam at point B. Use the result of Prob 113.
(= 0 +98) = aos = A
: ; 1
t= esse +f eane) + waves) = sani
BAW posi
2a
heey fhe saves] amen LT
Jpg = 21510125)2)025)] = L687Sink Ane
M.T, + MyT yes My Te + Malye
0 Creme) Cran)
80)(107)(2.976378) + 0)(0.125)
6875)
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*61NG "The canlevered witellange steel beam is 200mm
subjected to the concentrated free Pat is end. Determine LES
the largest magnitude of his force so tha the bending sre a ae
developed at A does not exceed dyn =
80 MP,
{vernal Moment Componenos Using method of sti
SM,= 0M, + Pos 30%)
My =O; My + Psin30°Q2) ~0
Section Properties:
1
te~ Keoa(arr) — fo19)(ars*) ~ 2s4sss 09 ont
1 ; . at
1,=2fcoon(o2)] +S orsyo0r) = 1334859 009 2
in
Allowable Bending Sires Ty inspection, mom bending sires dea points '
‘Aad Anping te evar forms fr baal ending a pit 4 re,
My Mt
A Gam =P 1
(uraPyo0es)  —Lonet04) av}
ren(tof) = —CLTRPNOS) , —L.007(02) s
TRESRIO) * BSSIO) a
P= uns ¥ = 1424 cs Ne
ro
6107, The cantilovered wideNange steel beam is
sulted tothe concentrated force of P = 600 Nat it end
Detenmine the matimum bending ress developed in the
beam at section A,
Internal Moment Components: Using method of sections
EM,= 0M, 600205302) ~ 0M, = 103023Nm
EM, = 0M, + e0sin30@)= 0, My = ~4OONm
Section Properties
t= Koa{asr)  5 (o19)(a1s") = 2x44585(10% mt
Feersfoor) = ssasse009 ot
Le {Eeon(o2)]
Maximum Bending Sires: By inspection, roaximmun bonding stress occurs at A and
2B, Applying the flexure formula for biaxial bering at point A é
1039200085) 
DN58R(LIT") " TASSHR(IO)
= 760.MPa(T) (tax) Ans
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G18. If the beams subjected to the intemal moment of
‘M = 1200, KNm, determine the maximum bending stress
acting on the bear: and the orientation of the neutal xis
niernal Moment Components The y component of As postive sinoe its directed
towsizds the positive sense ofthe aki Whereas the z component of M, which i
rected towards the negative sense ofthe 2 axis negative ig «Tos,
M, = 1200 sia 30° = 600 ENm
Mz =1200 cos 3
1039.25 N+
‘Section Properties The Inciton ofthe ceatoid ofthe crosesection is given by
TA _ 03(0.6)(03) ~ 0375(015)(015)
0.603) = 015/015)
0.2893
‘The moments of nets ofthe cross section about the principal centzidaly and =
aaa ; +
1, = F008 (02°)  015 (as) = 1a07e(107 h wruida
1, = 4 03)(a6) + 0.310603 — 02893 ‘
z
= [Frais 18°) + 0.15(015)0.395 ~ 0.2863)? 30"
= 52132(10°9)
aia yelp ta Tri angen be 8
AoB. @
i
oot te
03923(10)}02899) — ga(soe)osy
ao) 13073(107) a
Me
~ 126 MPa)
=103823(10)](03107) gf s0)0 i.
Saigo) «1a0Ta(10=)
= ~131 MPa = 131 MPa (C)(Max) Am v
pa=ob5?
a 45 an /
(b)
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G119, If the beam is made from a material having
fan allowable tensile and. compresive stress of
(atm, = 125 MPa and (anode = 150M, respectively,
ermine the maximnum allowable internal moment M tha
ean be applied to the bea,
Inernal Moment Companenss: The y component of M is postive snc itis directed
towards the poste sense of the y axis whereas the z component of M, which
‘Section Properties: The Ioestion of ths centroid of the sross seston is
yA _0.3(06\03) ~ 0.75(015)(045)
‘A 640.3 = 04500
i ew slee aiceada rape et 4
s07s(107)
(oH (03)  5 e1s\(oas)
1 asad 5
F02) (a6) + 0300003 — 028937
— [4 or5(o1s) + a1seasyasrs — 0297]
= 52122(107)m
ending Stes: By inspection, the maximum bending sees can oscor at either
cornceA or B For conse A hich a tain,
Mera, My2a i}
14> am = 4 @
sec0n02883) 05M)
sa1sa(u0rs)—* 107K
12s(to) ~
ies tnt As Pe 7H
For comer which sin compression,
a= (Came
—as(ur) = E0SSONNLC SION, asM—O18)
sami)” ana
AM = 137650712 Nm = 1377 KNm
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+6120, The shaft is supported on two journal bearings
at A and B which offer no resistance to axial loading
Determine the required diameter d of the shaft if
the allowable. beading stress for the material is
Coy = 150 MP
“The FRD of the shaft is shown in Fig a
‘The shalt is subjected to «wo bending moment components M, and M, Figs. bande,
respectively
Since all the axes through the centroid of the circular crosssection of the shaft are
trincipal axes, thea the resultant moment M = VM," + ME caa be wed for
Csi Te asin nant ose at (x = Im) The
Mae = VISFETS ~ 29049'm
Then
2asna/a
swan = 2040640)
mI) = aoe
4000901 an
As" 450N
@
Bp250N 50K
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6121, The Aommdiameter shaft is subjcted to the
vertical and horizontal loadings of two pulleys as shown. It
‘ssupported on two journal bearings at A and B which offer
ro resistance to anal loading. Furthermore the coupling (0
‘he motor at C ean be assumed not 10 fer aay support
{othe shaft, Determine the maximum ending Sess
‘develope inthe shat
‘Support Reactions: As shown.oo FBD.
Internal Moment Components: The satis subjected to 160 bending moment
components I, sad MThe moment diageam for each component dean
Maximum: Bending Ste Since al the axcs through the circk's center for circular
shalt ace principal axis then the resaltant moment M = VAf,7 + Mca be wed
to determine the maximum bending tess The maximum resultant moment occurs
AE Myge = VAP + 150" = 4272 Nm.
Applying the exure formula
— Mame
Cnn ~ M8 fa
sz720015) myo
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6122, Using the techniques outlined in Appendix A,
Example AS or A.6.the Z section has principal moments of
Inertia of Z, = 0050(10*) mt and 7, = OA7I(IO™)
computed about the principal axes of inertia y and =
respectively. If the section is subjected to an intemal
‘moment of M = 250 Nm diested horizontally s¢ shown,
elermine the stress produood al point A. Solve the
problem using Bg. 617.
My = 250 con 229! = 2009Nm
Mz ~ 250sin 329° ~ 1358 Nm
1015 cos 329° + 0.175 sin 329
Y 210m
= (0175 eos 329° — 0.15sin 329°) ~ 006846 m
My  Myt _ ~1888002210)  2009(0.06846)
TOTO) 6a 109
kPa = 208 kPa (C) Ans.
6123, Solve Prob 6122 wing the equation developed ia
Prob 6113
Interval Moment Components:
(M, = 250Nm M,
Section Properties:
Fw09)(045") + o0s:015/(0 *)]
0200s) +2
L a
300 em 8mm
= 018125(10°) at
1 y+]
= Feoasjox) +
(a13(0.08) + 05(0.05\(. ns)]
= 01350(107%) m*
Iyg = H115(005(0125)(0.) + 015(005)¢0.125401)
~o.ss(1
Bending Sires: Using tormula develope in Prob. 6.113
MeL t My Lydy + (My Let Mele
Thay
fs 0.18125(103(0.350)(10"9) — [0.1875(10°)F
= 2m kPa ~ anePa() as
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6124. Using the techniques eullied a Appendix A,
Example AS or A6,the Zsection has prineipalmmoments of
Inertia of f= 0060(10)m* apd 1, = OATI(IO™")
computed about the principal axes of inertia y and
respectively. If the soction is subjected to an internal
‘lomont of M = 250 Nm diected horizontally as shown,
olemine the stress produced at point Solve the
problem using Eg.617
Internal Moment Components:
My = 250008320" = 2009Nm
Mz = 250sin 329° = 1358Nm
‘Seetion Property:
1S c08 329" + 0.175 in 325"
¥ = O1Ssin 220° — 0.178 c0s 329°
‘Bending Sires: Applying the flexure formu fo biaxial ending
7 __ 200 910.05546)
04710") 006007)
= 203EPa ~ 203Pa (1) Ans.
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6125, Determine the bending stress at point A of the
beam, and the orientation of the neutral axis Using the
method in Appendix A the principal moments of inertia of
the cross section sre [,~ SS2Sin and fy = 2295in%,
where £” and 9’ ae the principal axes. Solve the problem 4
ving Eg. 61
Internal Moment Components: Refering to Fig. they’ and z' components of M
fare negative since they are directed towards the negative sense oftheir respective
sxos Thus,
Section Properties: Reteeing tothe goomty showain Fi,
4 = 2817 on 45° — LARS in 45° ~ 1.155 in
2.808
124) 291.155)
22s
(b)
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6126 Determine the bending sires at point of the
beam wing the esl oan is Pro 618 The moments
finer ofthe eros sceonal arc about the za y axes
wwe I 561i andthe product of teri of the
cross vecional af with respect tothe gan y axe is
1h. ~ ~3267 int (See Appenn A)
Internal Moment Components Since Mis directed towards the negative save ofthe vai it
yeomponent is negative andit has no z component. Thus,
My = —3kipte
ending Stone
a (Maly + Mylye)ya + (Myle + Malye)en
oT ile
foissary + 3)1aya26n](1sa + [342yss6) + aazenesi7)
35615360) — (3257
= 2097 si
LOE
(b)
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6127, The composite bean is made of 606176 akan
{(A) snd €83400 red brass (8), Determine the dimension fof
thotrtips tnt be neural ous fe sem eed
ats same be o metas Wat nomen ae
team sport tess being Seas fore “Ione
ttoninam (oe) 128MPa ea fo thes :
(Cate): = 35 MPAP “
[soma
Section Praperties
(0.025(0.0233)(0.05) + (0.05 + 0.58).
(O.1023(005) + (OS)
b= 091120m = 413mm Am.
Iya =F 0a0039)(008!) + a1ors5(.05h005 ~ ans?
+ 3{0.15,(008130") + 015(0.01130,0.070649 ~ 01057
)
Altowable Bending Stes: Applying the flexure formula
= 7.7851(10"9) at
Assume fire of red brass
Me
(abe = Foe
ss(t#) = Money
T7ss1(10
M = 6595 Nem = 6.60 LN +m (controls) Ams
Assume file of uluminium
ae
(ome a fe
vue) ~ osc OO]
7.785100").
M = 29213 Nm = 292kNm
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eens
Section Properties: For transformed section. ort
:
ai 
"Bye TOLOUIO) ‘ie
Lear Seamapiysnaes a
sa =
A
nsco.10233)(04s) + (007)(015)004)
‘9.410233(005) + 0:15(0.04)
0.049280
Ina = (010023)(005) + 020238(005)(0099299 — o425)°
+ Ge1s)(00e) + o1s;o0s(o07 — oss)
7459310")
Allowable Bening Sires: Appi he ers foes
Assume fice of rod brass
Me
(ate = Fae
M(@.09 0040280)
745799(109)
M = 6412 Nom = 641 Nem (compos) Ans.
Assume faire of aluminium
sano
a)  ose
(M = 28301 Nem = 244 Nom
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pes fs made from
2OL4TS aluminum alloy and seement B i A.36 stool. If Conn
= 09 kip/ft, determiae the absolute maximum bending
siress develope in the alum
um and ate Skea the eee
Stes dtibion on the ross ection, a
«BD =
a  fam
bee
Maxinum Moment Forth spy supported beam subject to the ior
wo?  08) be
“isietted load the axiom moment in the bese Mg, = 1G
oe
= 253125Kip
Section Properties: The cross section will be transformed into that of tel ss 3in.
shown in ipa. Here = £4 = 298 — a,
in Fie Hern os N
“Then, ~ ng ~ 036853) = 1096S. Ths lction of the centroid ofthe 4   Al ain.
= 2200 eat
“The moment oferta ofthe transformed section about the newt
15(3)3) + 4.5(8)(4.0965)
3G) + 50.0065)
= FeO) + 3G (23000  15
+ .65)(3") + Los6s@ayas ~ 23030)*
= 308001 int
Maximum Bending Sires: For the tel
Moostn _ 253125(02¥2.020)
rane = 26m re
oe abe
Artem,
say _PSSUSUDOON_
Soha = Mest = BSNS ase
For he aluminiven,
(onde
Manta 25.325(12)(6 ~ 2.3150)
020
‘Authe seam,
vd
“The bonding stress across the eros action ofthe composite hesm s shown in Fg
segiocm)
[aor
250s
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6130, Scament A of the composite beam is made from
2OL4T6 aluminum alloy and segment B is 36 steel. IE don
the allowable bending stess forthe aluminum and steel
strated load.
Ist
(Cay) = 15 1 a (ony = 2, determine eee
the maviium allowable intensity w of the uniform
[am
si
Maximum Moment: For the simplysupported beam subjected te the unifoom
seiod bd eau nooen tbls
we Ms)
Moe = =e
281250,
Section Proper: The eros section wil be transformed into that of ste as
Fa — 108 _ goss,
yD
‘Then = mby = 0:3655(3) = 1.0065 in. The location ofthe ce
transformed section =
shown in Fig. Heres
y=
EA GLI)
“The moment of inertia ofthe transformed section about che neutral axis
7 1 ey pat ’
137+ Ab Leys) + 39)23030 — 157 + 2.0865)"
+ Las) + Lowes@ias = 220077
09991 wt
ending Stress Assuming faire of steel,
Maas
(Catena =
Ww = 08S kipyft (conto) Ans.
Assuming fire of aumiium alloy
Mans 6
ad
(28.1250) (12)(6 ~ 2.3030)
0368 —
(aes
La2kip/tt
Dee
3in.
Al 3in.
BVA _ 15008) + 456)(1.0%5) ‘3m
fi
@
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6131, The Dough fi beam ic sntorced with A36 ;
Stops atts ceater and sides Deternine the maximum
Sites developed ia the wood and sel i the beam ise old ces
is sjeted to 4 bering moment of Mz ~ 70 Kip: Six Sin Sin
Seeth the stress dhanbuton aca over he cos section, 4h AiR AF
bata bom]
Section Properties Forte transformed section
Ex _ 19000)
E,~ Boao) ~ OST
ag = ne = O06ESII8) = 02207 in,
Iya ~ Fells + 0280076!) ~ 1.7172 nt
Maximum Bending Stress: Applying the flexure formula
‘Me _ 75(12)(3)
(aay = ME = OD = e511 Ans.
7511293)
(aude .065517 SEO) — .ss8 i Ans.
Copan
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96132. ‘The top plate fs made of2014T6 akuninum ands
sod to reinforce» Kevlsr 4 piste sm, Determine te
‘maximum stress ta the aluminum and in the Kevlar if the “A
Den isuced toa snoment of Af = 90 The B
Kise
A
ni
wn ™
in
Sesion Properties et
Ey _ 10810) ssny =.
Ex 19.0) josin ee
03579(12) = 00817, aa
0.250.305) + 2103.25)5 59(05)] + 5.25(66047¥0.
+ 2S3)(05) + GORETIO)
250i
tna ~ ORAS") + 15103)@23247 — 025°
Alo(s3") + 165825  25247)
+ Geomn(05!) + 6eoma5V(525 — 2.5247"
= ss.ai70
Maesimune Bending Stress: Applying the flexure formala
sn0(12y6 =
‘4170 sings
= 459 ps ‘Ans.
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6138, The top plate made of 201476 alurinuan is used
{o reinfors: a Kevlar 49 plastic beam. Ifthe allowable
tending stress forthe aluminum is (yin ~ 40 ksh and
forthe Kevlar (Gatch ~ 8 ksi detemizie the maximum,
‘moment M that cat Be applied to the beam.
Section Properi
Ea _ (iw)
Ey ~ 19.0010)
osm
res = OSS7HO(12)
e040 in
0.25413)08) + 21¢825)8:}(05)] + 575460047005)
THOS) + 26.5)05) + 64705)
2.5247
Ina = HUH0s!) + 1805925247 ~ 0257
1 ass’) + 2st
+ Lass!) + 16.9625 2.887)
oon(os") + eossri05ysz75  252477
= s54070 int
Masimum Bending Siress Appling the Mesure formula
Assume fllure of alumni
= osms[ e280
Ase ie Ker
Me
;
sab 2000
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GAM, ‘The member has a brass core bonded to a steel
casing Ita couple moment of 8 KNmn is applied at its ead,
delermine the maximum beading stress in the member.
E,,= 100 GPa, E, = 200 GPa,
1 as a
(015,017 — Oyo)? = 27 8466110
[Maxima stress in ste
na ua wm inne
ua
Mey _ 05(8)(10(005) 0 wen hy
(Cu) = 1SMPa
(Cae = TE = “on 4567 109)
6135. ‘The stool channal is usd to reinforce the wood
hoa Determine the maxienum sires in the steel and in
the wood if the beam is, subjeted to 2 moment of
M = 850 =f, Ey ~ 25109 ksi, By ~ 1600 ks.
(05)16V025) + 265)05)225) + (05270(35)225) _ 544
OSU) + BESHOS) + (ROES)
= £00) + cexesrosee +3()onns9) +205090016)
ysseosen*
20014104
nd fle
+ Hames) + omoagame
“Maximum stress in tet 7%
Me _ B50(12)(4 11386) _ 15 oat = 1.40 Ei Ans.
eT 2094
[Maximum stress in wood!
(
= Heda
anssi7q.39s
0 psi Ans.
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*6136, A white spruce beams relaforced with A26 tect
straps at is top and bottom as shows. Determine the
ending moment MHL can support ytonde = 22S
and (Cate de = 204
For the translonmed section,
E, _ Laney
FE. D010)
0.048276
(0088276(3) = 0.144830,
is028 nt
1 g(s)Le .
boa = FOlS) ~ HO — 0148892)
Allowable Bending Sires Applying te Nexue formula
Assume fi
jure of sted
M = 18LOkip=in
117 kiptt(Conats) Am.
Assume failure of wood,
ee
(senby = 0
MQ)
Taos
S19 kipin = 27.7 kip
20 ann
M
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6137. I the beam is subjected to internal moment of
M=45kNm, determine the maximum bending strss
‘developed inthe A:36 steel section A andl the 201476
aluminum ally section B.
Section Properties: The crs section wl be transformed ito that of steel as shown in Fig.
Ea _ Tsd(a)
Hore, n = 5 03655, Tas. By 3655(0015) = 1008485, Tae
Ex 20")
Iocation ofthe teansformes section i
Pr)
TAG ORNSHE) + w(005)
1188 m
“The moment oferta ofthe transformed section about the neuteal axis
1 = SF + ad ~ 3 caonsssas)(04) + 004895(015}0.1882 — 007s)
+ $r(o.0st) + x(00s?)02 — 0.1882)?
= 1808(10") mt
Maximum Bending Stes: For the steel
Meg _ $5(10°)0.06185)
(oma = Mee Sab im
wiasamu,
Mey 45( 10") (01882)
omtan ott a de
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GAB, ‘Tae concrete beams reinforced with three 20m
diameter see! rods. Assume that the concrete cannot
support tensile sires If the allowable compressive stress
{or concrete IS (Caiman = 125MPa and the allowable
tonsile sttass for steel © (@jyq)e = 220 MPa, determine
‘he requied dimeasion dso that hot the coacrste and tee
achieve their allowable sree simultaneously. This condition
is said 10 bo balaneod’. Also, compute the correspond
‘maxinumllowable internal moment M that canbe app
to the beam. The maul of elasticity for concrete ae steel
te Eg = 25 GPa and Ey, = 200 GPa, respectively
ros scion will he transformsdint that af coaerste a shown
ending
topo n= = 22— cota thet a con ad el
achieve their allowable sresssimaltancousl. Thus,
rman = Mie; sy) = Me
doz ras(ioy( 4) w
ant = fez]
a= 215(0"} ®
gusting Eas 1) an
s2sur(L) asia
ken = 0318543) o
Section Propetin: Te area of the steel bars is Ay [E(002)] 3(10}e m?,
“Thus the transformed area of concrete from stelis (Aza), = 9, = 8{0:3(10}s]
= 24(10~ rm? Bquating the fist moment ofthe area of concrete above and below
the neal ani about te neta in,
.2(ComeM Conn! 2) = 24(107* Jor (4 — oon)
hea? = 24(10°) rd — 24(107} an
fun! = Od ~ 1.0240 “
Solving Eas.@) and (4,
= 05308m = 581 mm Am.
1659.
‘Thus, the moment of inertia ofthe transformed section ie
(02)( 01659") + 2.4(10*) (08308 — 0.165092
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6138 Continsed
= 1.3084(107) a
Substituting this rest into a.)
wen sor] Sater)
or
98 50498 Nom = S8/OKN=m, Ans.
6138, Th beams made tom tne types of plas that me spe
treed sade tx mode cnet stor the
eure Determine th aim toning stein he PV reiic ti
bro Ee
(oo hice bb
ik Siete bet
Lin, 4
YON) + HOA) + 4580) ag Ms
HOF 06) + TSC 2
‘ead
(3)Q?) + 3QMO.934) + 5 (0.612") + 0:6(2)(1.0554") *
+ Anes) + Larne) = mais! tite
i
50) 150(1213.0658)
(onder (os) "Sa ii be
= 153 ksi Ans sn yemlt
Haast
fon
2
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*6440, The low strength conerote oor slabs integrated
with a widelnge A36 ste! beam using shear studs (not
shown) to form the composite beam. If the allowable
bending stress forthe Concrete i (Clow = 10 MPa and
lowablo bending stress for stcl I (yjoa)g = 165 MPa,
‘etocmine the manna allowable aera akmeat M that
cin be applied to the Boum,
Seale Proper Te beam 0 tow anormal ito [am
M6. To
that of stool. Hore,
__1.0075(0.015)002) + 02(037)0015) + 0.3625(0015)402) + 045(0.1)(0.105)
(QDISHO) + O3T(OAIS) + N.0540.2) + 0.101108)
= 03222
‘The moment of inertia ofthe transformed section about the neutral axis x
T= ST4 ae ~
(o2yaors)
+ 0.2(0.015)(0.3222 — 0.0075)?
+ 7p10015)(037) + ov1s(o3r\o3222  027
F02}(a01s') + 020015)(0.305 ~ 0.3222)
+ Hyo.1105,(01") + antas(o.yo4s ~ 03222)
= 64799(10*) st
Bending tress Asuming fire ote,
nam)
wrax0)
Men
(aroade = Mt res(ac
M=33177052Nm = 32ENm
Assuming failure of concrete,
Mes ‘Mos — 0322
(agnioe~ 522; 3010) ~ vo ess
[M = 329810.77 Nem = 380ENm (contro) Ams,
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6141. The esinforced concrete beam is used to support
the loading shown. Determine the absohte maximum
‘onmal stress in each ofthe A36 tee reiforcing rods and
the absolute maximum compressive stess in the concrete.
Assume the concrete has 2 high stzength in compression
nd yet nope it strength in supporting tension,
Myx ~ (LOKIpE MH) ~ 40 kip
Ay = Mayas) = 23862
Ey
29.0005) ks
Eg = 420(00')
200410")
2000)
A= nAy (23862) = 16.2600?
ra, wty() = comes
2 + aosraan ~ 52574
Solving fr the positive root:
ot
We = 557%
Kip
Kip
=
ey
4 cyssi xesiyssizy] + ons —sa19
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6142, ‘The reinforced concrete beam is made using two
steel reinforcing rods If the allowable tensile stress
{or the steel 6 (Gx)aie = 40 ksi and the allowable
compressive stres for tho concrete 1 (tan) itn = 3 Kt,
‘determine the maximum moment M that esa be applied to
the section, Asrume the concrete cannot support a tos
strass Ey ~ 29(10) si, Eggs ~ AS(10) ba
Ay = 205) = 157088
200°) "
A = og = ETP (157) ~ 31.9877
5A
2a(ayn’ + 2) + WYO) /2) — LL.987T(L6 —
22 + goosTIW’ — 158082 = 0
Solving forte positive root
1 [Lena + mers + [Seoeuy + smsyeissy2r
+ 1L,9877(16 ~ 0.45731)? = 3835.69 in"
Assume concrete ls
My.
(4593)
(uahan =“; 3 = MEY
Assume sto fs
My 2000") )/ Mas ~ 01s731)
tom —(%F) 0 (a) aa)
M
160.7 kipin. = 97 kip (contol) Ams.
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(6143, For tho curved beam in Fig. 64a, show that when
the radius of curvature approathes infinity, the eurvedbeam
[Normal Stress Curvedbeam formula
MR,
1
By
By
ArGA' ~ A)
Using Ba. (2)
aga ~ay=a  (2
,
sys) [Ete
* »} "Ly
=A] aa aly yaaa [Pan
hes le
=4 f (Ea ja ates
but, Jn ya aloo
‘Then, Arla! — A) > =
Me rn
a [bosoms a= Mara
. Meas,
Using Eg o = ha 7a" vat)
Using Ba (3)
+)1fet]
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618, Continued
“Therefor, ep)
als,
$6444 Tae member has an elliptical eros scion. Hit is
subjected to a moment of Mf = 50 Nm, determine the
stress al points A and B. Ts the stress a¢ point A’. which is
located othe member acar the wal. the sameasthat at A?
Explain.
[4evee
anus)
— OES (xs1s — Van OO ) — ons2095201 a
Amr ab ~ (0075)(00875) = 2:8125(10°?)e
A _ 28125(107%
RT “Dassoror ~ Sse
7 = R= 01175 ~ o..e6ssenst
nss30586
MR ra) ‘Sxp.ssseo4 — 1)
7)” TRO Ooo) — APEC Ams
S0(0.166556281 0.25)
Ya (0.25 (00084430586)
224A (C) Ams
wis
No, because of localized stress concentation a the wall, Aas.
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6145. “The member has at elliptical ere section. If dhe
allowable bending tess eae ~ 125 MPa determine the
‘maximum moment that canbe applied to the member
OUTS: b= 00375 m0
A= (0075)0.0575) = 00028125
[4e Vea)  OO ans — VOR Os
00530403012
A _ vonnsi2se
Dosaoos0r
166556041 m
Le
R= OATS ~ Oui66ssH04r = §.4830586(102) m
MR 9,
anG—®)
Assume tension fate
(0166586841 — 0.1)
12S) = sa (8450585107)
M=1404Nm_ (conteols) ‘Ans.
Assume compression fire
_M(0.16556941 — 0.25)
Toons 2s (025). 50886) (107)
M=294Nm
1250") =
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6146, Determine the greatest magne of the applied
forces Pifthe allowable Bending stress (yale = 90 MPa
‘compression und (74), = 120 MPs in tension.
JIntemal Moments M = O160P is postive since it tonds to ineraase the beam's
‘di of cuenta,
Section Properties
2A
az
_ 0285(015)(001) + OARSUASKOOL) + 0415(0.075)1002)
= GISODIY + HASH) + OOTETODIY
= 03190.m
A= 045(001) + 01001) + 0075(001) ~ 0037
A _ on
30263 m
Te mms
FR
319 — 0.306048 = 9012757 m
Allowabte Nonna Sires: Apply the curvedbeam formula
Assume tension fture
MUR
(ot
016P(0206248 ~ 025)
TRONS)
180489 N= 150.5 KN,
120(10!
Assume compresion fie
MR
»
=e
1.16P(0.205243  042)
‘anamrs(042yOna7S7)
(aie = Fo
—soi0*)
P= SSISSN = S52.KN (Controls) Aas.
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GUM7. WEP ~ GEN, dotermine the maximum tensile and tsa
compresine Bening sss ts bem ol,
aT ot 2
vt! 1mm
ae ale
a
r=
{Internal Moment: M = 0.16146) = 0.960 kN mis positivesine it tends to increase =
ths beams rats af carvatuce
‘Section Properties:
ote
254
BA
0.255(015)(001) + 0338(015)(001) + 041510075001) s
D1S(ODI) + ASOD + OUISODI)
(001) + 0075(0.01) = 0.00875 m*
» [aa 026 p51 yp 24t s oars ne?
2 [A= orsin + 001 nT + ons oes
12245 m
=A = 20S = 308043 m
Tha wos
7 — R= 0a19— 0300243 = 0012757 m
Nommal Stress Applying the curvedbeam formula
__ 0 960(10"Y0.306243 ~ 025)
~ “DoIs7s 0 KUORIT,
SiMPs Ans.
_ Ma =)
(Coad $=
_ seci0.06288 — 0.)
0s78(0=20OTTT
= S44 MPa Ans
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M6148, The camed beam is subjected to 4 bending
rioment of M = 990 Nan as shown. Determine the stress
at point A and B,and show the sitess on volume element
Incated at each of these points
oun
atte
salem
“mm oe
Intemat Moment: M = ~900 Nm negative since it tends to decrease the team's
rds curvature
‘Section Properties
EA = G15(0015) + 0.10.02) = 000825 m?
BFA = 0473(0133(0015) + 5640.1) (002) ~ 2.1885(102)
5 = SA _ 218875 (107)
SRE = osis0m
= 8348614(107) m
owns
~ AS  astsos7.n
Tseseracio — 507
7 — R~ 0515 ~ 0.509067 ~ 5.933479(10~) m
[Norma Stress Applying the curvadbesca foreman
_ MUR = 14) ___~Vo040.S00167 — 07)
PA Arg RY DOS OSTISIASID\O™)
382 MPa(T) Ans.
M(R— r=) __ 90010500057 — 0.4)
Arg R) ~ OORS(0ASOSEITIV
9:73 MPa (¢) Am.
073 MP:
Gieim GN.
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6149, The curved beam i subjected to a bending
‘moment of M = 90D NatDetermiae the sessat point C.
00a
abot
15m
2mm
10m
tim
a
{Internal Moment: 4 = 80 Nm isnenative since it endsto dectense the beams
dis of curvature
‘Section Properties:
EA = 0.15(0015) + 0.10002) ~ 0.00825 2?
SFA ~ 01475(0.18}(0015) + 0.640.1)(002) = 2:18875(10%) m
BFA _21RSI0) 655g
"3a 00s
s.348614(10)
aa 055
4 gorsin®S + 0110 2
r 04 035
10508067
[Normal Stress: Applying the curvedbeam foreman
M(R~ re) ___~900(0500067 — 058)
26 Are R) ~ TOADSIOSSHSTATOVIO™
= 266 MPa (1)
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6150. ‘The elbow of the pipe has an outer radius of
(075 in, and an inner radius of (63 in I the assembly is
subjected to the moments of M = 25 Ibvin, determiae the
‘matinum stress developed at section a4,
[B2206 VFS
= 201.75 — VTE = OFF) — 2 (1.75 — VIFF 0m)
= 032375800 in,
A= H(075) — 2068) = 0.1656 8
0.1656
sas
1606902579 in,
75 ~ 1.606502679 ~ 11830973240,
MUR = ra) __25(0606802679 — 1)
Arai RY W186 x OLED}
204 ps (1) Am.
(oh =
MR) _250060009=25) yc) ame
(ude
2)
(6151. “Tho curved mombor i symmetric and is subjected asin
to a moment of M — 60 lbft Determine the bendiag ==
stress inthe member at points A and B Show the stress
cing on volume elements located at these points.
1
A= 05(2) +5 ()2) = 2iat ‘
“fase?
7098
83833 — 8.7003
103308 in.
MR»)
ae)
600412487995
2B OORBIY
.60012)(8.7993 — 10)
28 5(10 0.03355)
m4 10s si (1) Ao.
=127 ksi = 127 (O) Aas. Kemer
Routes
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6182. The cured bar sed on a machine bas
recangularcros section If te ba x subjected to a couple
ssshowa, determine the maximum tensile and compressive
Stress acting at section ama, Sketch the stress dstsbution
fn the section a three dimensions.
GEEMg = 0; M — 250 cox 60" (0.075) — 250 sin 6 (035) =
= 8818.
gst gas2™8
[24 ott corn 22! —emamestn
A= (0075005) = 3.75(10%) a?
A _ 37510")
~ [2 vores
= 0197633863 m
R= 02 — 0197633863 = 0002366137
M(R= 74) __A1.891(0.197692863 — 02375)
ArAG = RY IGA H(O2TS}(OOODIHGIT,
T9172 kPa
To2kPa() Ans.
M(R— ro) 41881 (4106385 — 041025)
~ SascierScaresyoomscersy MPA) Ams
site
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615), The ceilingsupenced Carm is used to support
the Xray camera used in medical diagnoses Ifthe camera
has a ass of 150 kg wth center of mass at G, determine
‘the maximum bering stress asection A
1.22(0.)(004) + 125(02)(002)
(0.11008) + 0.2(003)
aa 124
= [4  ort + oat
A= 010008) +0200
128m
08 m2
A ons
Ro Tak Farms gory Nm
= R= 1235 — 1.24749  0251189(10)
Internal Moment: Te internal moment must be computed about the neutral axis as
shovn on FBD, Mf = ~18{693 Nm is negative since it tends to decrease the
beams rads of curvature,
Maximum Normal Stress Appiying the curvedbeam formula
o, MR= ra)
Wa)
—1816.93(1.234789 1.25)
Tost 2(a2sT1NO)
~ 11 MPa (1)
MAR ra)
Are
__ =18169301.234749 ~ 120)
Tose 20y(0251288,10"
= 262 MPa = 262.MPa(C} (Max) Ans.
rooieanss
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GAS “The circular spring clamp produces a compressive 10mm,
force of Now the plies Determine the maximum heaving Tamm
stress produced in the spring at A. The spring. has  7
Fon 200%
{Internal Moment: As sown on FED. M = 0.660 Nm ix positive since it tends to
‘etangular cross section a shown.
increse the beams rio curva fa,
Section Properties
re 220
(0200 + 0210 995 00
; L
E 2 — gore 22h 25(1072)
[iho oso n82! osm)
A= 0100)
200(10)
A____v200(10")
TB Torso
R= 0205 ~ 0204099145 = 008657(10~) m
204030345 
Maximum Normal Stress: Applying the curvedbeam formu
_MR=1)
0 arr RY
____8ss(0.2040s0843 — 021)
~ DRDOCIO HORT KOONEITIA
= LosaiPa = 1.95 MPa (©)
_ MR =n)
an ®)
= 600.204959343 — 02)
© aa0009(02)(0.040657)(10)
= 201MPa(T) (Max) Ans.
eotsonn
a8
a
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6155, Determine the maximum compressive force the
Spring clamp can exert on the plates if dhe allowable x
boning srs forthe lamp is ee ~ 4 MPa 1
Section Properties Maat uie8?
200+ 020 6355 "a
4g
4a +
bn o2t =
bin — aang ~ 097Se4028(10) m
}
A (00nya) ~ 0.200(10°)
Avante)
2° [aa orsemascoy "Mm
~ R= 0205 ~ onsos0s4s ~ 0040s
Internat Moment: Toe eternal moment must be computed about the aeutral axis at
shown on FBD. Max, = 424959P is positive since i tends to inerese te bears
rds of curvature
Allowable Normal Stes: Applying the curvedbeam formula
Assuave compression Sukie
_ MR =r)
ee = Arse R)
0.4219897(0204059 — 0.21)
200107021 YOOHIESTH
P= A189)
(20)
‘Assume tension flare
_MiRn)
1.= Ce = hy
0.245590,(0.206959
100) ~ cog oR
P=S00N (Conirals) Ams
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6186. While i fight the curve sib on the jt plane is
subjected to an anticipated momeat of M = 16Nm atthe
section. Determine the maximum bending stress in the 15
av ths section, and sketch 2 twowdimensional view of the
sess dstbution
om
Siem
I6N:
OES sm
0685, ose «oan an
[ear coon 22 msn tS «orm tt
‘Aaa ui = whe A
A 040")
itt as
Traaye ~ Tesos2sqi07) ~ 647
MO) ses 06)
(eben = Be ge— R) ~ VAIO (0.60/65 — O6LETIRS) .
feguge MEDD MODS =0 a, ae
ArAP= R)~ OAD \OHNOGIS — O6LATORS) —
6157. ithe axtusofeach ao on tepateisy = 05 in. 165%,
deiemmine the largest moment that can be applied. The A
allowable honing sues for the material ign = 18 Ei =
1 ros
ros 7 nono"
From Fig 64:
K20
Me
Come = KE
= 2 AM]
1800) ~ 2601 2 OKIDSF
M = 18028810ia = 1508ip Ans
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6158, The symmetric aotchod plate ie subjected to
bending. Ifthe radius of each notch isr = 0 in. and the
applied momentis M = 10 kipltdetermine the axioumn
bending sess in the pate
2s
Bs
(1001236625)
OO
oes
sin
6159, The boris subjected to moment of M = 40 Nm.
Determize the smallest radar of the filets so that
an allowable hending stress of yay = 124 MPa is not
exceeded
Allowable Bending Stress
Me
Cate = KE
00.01)
ve) ~Lam
Kas
“Sess Concentration Factor From te graph the text
"a no
with 2 = 9 = gand K = 145,then 2 = 025,
Fos
r= 500mm,
Am.
S610), The bar is subjected (© a moment of M=
173 Nem. I'r = 3 mm, determine the masimnim bending
stress ia the materia
‘ress Concentration Factor From the graph the tex with
17501) 
= S44
oma
20mm —_t90.
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6161. “The simply sported notched bari subjected to r r
{yo forces P. Determine the largest magnitude of Pthat ean
theapplied without causing the material yekd The materia
Saisucteahoohhurs set? = 018
té
ats, [)) peeer
125 ~ fed
[ane
Fosyaasy
Poin Am
612, Teo sapped hed ar sejcted . ,
the two loads each having a magnitude of P ~ 100 Ih
Determine the maximum beading stess developed in the
bar, and sketch the bendingstress distribution acting over
the cross seston a the coner of the but. Each notch has &
rads of 7 = 0.125 in
028 a
7 ons x
From Fig 644, ~ 192
2100625)
FOsMLaF
Me
amt eM]
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6168, Determine the length Lf the center portion of aN
tn barso tha the maim bending sees A, Band C8 oum 2000
‘hesame The bars hice of 1m, Tan rat
* os
® ao OF
From Fig 6,K ~ 15
Mae. f 084000
(Ao Zonya  975M
{erp)nax ~ (Aba = —T
175(0.2 + 0.03) Mg vTst0a) 234m
sw,osrsaqe) = C2 + HOO) =
OOOO Us
L = 095m ~ 950100 Am.
Pr stoee
4.161, The stepped tar has tiknes of 158m sna
Determine the esiatin some ha ean be apple os ar vam
rad of materal avngon allow being
cat
“eb ”
‘Stess Concentretion Factor:
For thes
cn win
btn om he rap nee
aoe
0
Forte per setin with!
ote rom the panini et
I,we have K = 1.75
Allowable Bending Stes:
Forthesmillersetion
oad) = ae
F005 \a08)
M
1.7Nm (Controls) Ans.
For the larger section
aos)
sw 3f aoe
M=29Nem
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6165, The bea is made ofan else plasticrmteral for
hich oy ~ 250 MPs, Determine the residual stress inthe
team sits top and boxtom ater the plastic moment M, i
applied and then released,
14 2.029" —4 01029  27820004
aan
C1~ Tr = ey(04(002) ~ 000229
My
30 (0215) + 0.Om2ay (01) = BOKEAS ey
~ 02000845(250)(10") ~ 211.25 kNm
uns $361
Mee *
Myf _ 21L25010N0419) _ 355 5 pap x
yt
fo
T
2 =
a
poms 1m
Ans.
6166, ‘The widelange member is made Irom un elastic
Plastic material, Determine the shape factor.
Pati analysis:
n=G
ae
lA)
or] =) + 0h = 207
a= ury
vot, Ts
M,
Elastic analysis
Shape factor:
Mp _ [bh 1) +5(h~ 25%loy
My BB ay
‘ah [ath — 1) + 0h — 29
2 Lan = @ = na 20
‘Ans.
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61GT. Determine the shape factor forthe cross section
Masivum Elastic Moment: The eoovent of inectia abot neutral ais must be
deteminod et
1 aa? + 4. aie) =
Tua Lora? +L ea!) = 2aresret
Appling the flere formula with = ey, weave
Mye
wy
orl _ oy (2416764)
My ae  1stiteey
Plastic Moment:
Mp = oy(@)(a)2a) + oy (05a\30)(05a)
= 275
Shape Factor
Mp __215¢y
My ~ Loitteoy
an
6168, “The beam is made of elastic perfectly plastic
‘terial. Determine the enaiorua elastic moment ad the
plastic momeat that can be applied to the cross section.
Take = 2in.and oy ~ 36 ks
Maxinom Elastic Moment Tie svomvent of inertia about neutral axis must be
otermined first.
x a .
Iya ~ OMe) + le) ~ a8667int
Applying the flesue formule wth o = ey wehave
Mye
oy =
gw tel 608067
eo 8
= At kipin ~ 387 kip tt
Plate Moment:
Mp = 360,0KA) + 361)6)1)
= TMkIpia = 660 Kip“ am
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6160, The box beaim i made of an clastic perfectly
plastic material for whieh oy ~ 250 MPa, Determine the
resi sires inthe top and bottom of the beam after the
plastic moment Ms applied and then released
Plosiie Moment:
Mp = 20.0") (02) 402590175) + 20{ 40) (0075}005)(0075)
280060.8 Nm
Modus of RuprureThe modulus of roptare a, can be determined using the flexure
fortnula with the applisation of rovers, plastic fanment Mp ~ 2800625 Nan
1 1 : =
1= 52 (02)  5 019018!) fe
= 91.1458 (104) = +
y= MEE _ 2002.50. 5 1 yoy 1
T~ o1uess10™) formar
‘Residaal Bending Stes: As shown 0a the diagram.
og = thea = 0, OY 3
~ 3174 ~ 250 = 674 MPa Ans
TTR a
6.17. Determine the shape factor for the wide.
‘lange beam.
1 : . 3
1.~ (02,023) ~ 5 (ory 0ay ~ 2278533(10) at
a
y= 7, = ay(02\0015) ~ oMNRey
Gat:
401)(002) = 00022,
M, ~ 000%)(0215) + 0.002ey(0.1) ~ 1000885 ay
ay (sa. 7833)0
My
ois
Eb mer a
iy TaUaTTORSSe iw
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GATL. Determine the shape fctor of the beams erose
sexton,
sh
Referring to Fig. othe laaton of centroid of he cree.sction
75016) +2690) _ 
Za aj +ey in
“The moment of inert ofthe crostestion bout the meatal a
4 (6!) + 1645.25 ~ 3° + (2) + o@V5 ~ 5257 Shin
= u075int
a]
Refertng to the stress block shown in Fa, By
foue rec0
A3)oy ~ (6~ A)i3)ay ~ Hoy
4 6i0
@)
Since d ~ Gin, ¢, = 0.Fig.e Here
M6poy = Woy
(45) = Woy (AS) = Soy
‘Thus,
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6172. The beam is made of elasticpertectly plastic
‘material Determine the maximum elastic moment and the
plastic moment that can be applied to the crass section,
Take oy ~ 36 si
Retering to Fig. the location of centroid ofthe crosssection is
= 525i
37 _ 750061 +10)
EA HOH)
‘The moment ofinertia ofthe crossection about the neutral axis
@N6) + 46NSAS ~3) + (6H) + 6)95 — 525)°
a
$
*
wer tons: BOM
Am
[Note:The centroid of a trapezodial area was used in calulation of moment areas.
(6190, "The eam smade rom three boar mailed together
5 shown, If the moment acting on the eros sections
1M = 650 Nom, determine the rerltan foros the ending
stress produces on the top board.
Setion Properties:
5 _ Ss(o29(0.018) + 200775(0.125)(002))
TAGS) + 20125)(042)
= 004s53m
a= floan(oms) + a2 0015 ones — 0005?
+ p{009(0.128) + n04o.125;0.0775 — oo4ea3)?
= 179500 (10°)
og = ES Lede
179903700")
Resultant Force:
Fx = FOO815 + 16034)(104) (00154029)
S83 N = 5.88KN
Ans.
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(G1OL, "The beams made from thee boards sed together
a shown, Determine the maximuen tensile and compressive
‘siesss inthe beam,
‘Section Properties:
0.0075(029)(0.018) + 2100775(0.128)(002)),
“0.29(0.015) + 2(0125)(002)
0s4033m
F029(0015") + 290015000833 ~ 0.00757
+ Ho09(a.25") + coxo.zsyoorrs ~ o04933)°
= 17.99087(10~) mt
Beg St giv oar = AE
a
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6192, Determine the beading stress distribution in eon oN
the beam at section aa. Sketch the disteibution ia three
dimensions acting over the eos section.
c+
Ar sa)
M2Nm
1 2 0 . nt
1.~ Sansyonis +2{ 4 )ooisyo.t = 25210900%m
c_3
ae 28 BOI) insite Am.
eT Fsni09 10)
te
aren
<<:96, Ths empath fs rood
rar a eens aces ee
oo te tease wal oe
ae 1b Sada ea
Soetimiteteie es Niche Ese ce
Ee_ 200) ey
1 = Losr0:29) = ars ht
juin ati
Me
(an = Me
_ mee) ;
a) = MOOD atm as
Failure of steel Sav.
rte
ida
sso
Teme (0.130578(10
= 16908m (onte) di
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6104, Solve Prob, 6199 if the moment is applied about
the yaxis instead of the axsas shown.
1140)
Zoo
085
Fuosasyooais’ ~ Feaaisi2syo.07s) = 1.685616 10"
alte of wood
0sss(o037s)
TESSO616{109)
2a)
I3kNm
Failure of tea
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6105, A shaft x made of a polymer having a parabolic
ross section, IF it resis an internal momeat of
M~ 125 Nem, determine the masimam bending stress
‘developed in the material) using te flexure formula and
(©) osing integration. Sketch 2 three dimensional view of
‘he sess dstributon acting over the eosssetional area.
Hint"Tae momen of neti is determined using Ea, A8 of ,
Appendix A.
Masinuum ending Stress: Tas moment of iastia about y ax mst be
‘tema finn order tous Flere Formula ams
[ras
=2[¥enay &
= ao ‘VV I= yay 2 a5
' 2 ico
= x[ Sra00 91Sva00 yi fhaw yi" se
~ sore (10) nt ~ 30.4160 (10
Tm re
om = ME = OY — aso te Ao.
7 sos7ex0%
2 owen
Masinum Bending Sires: Using integration
a ayeuanf f(a) Jen}
wae ¥VI00— yay
2) came _3 8 ;_ 16 sem
ni) = [ Son 980 —9F Som]
12s(10°) = “5 ci.s238)(10")
Ams
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Seen nae 5 yh
applied to the handles The crosssectional area is shown in e Sin
mae
‘u woe
z
+
5%
M~a3(5 + $820")
= 204616in wt"
me = ME = SAMO ee ‘
T 3051075) *
+6107. ‘The curved hoam i subjected to a bonding
‘moment of M ~ 85 Non oe shown, Determine the stress at
points A anl B and show the sisson # volume element
Tocated at these points
ios shea gud ce
= oom
A= 21 + a4s0015 = 6207)
nak S20) aati ee
R = 0495 ~ 0.484182418 = 0010817581 m By = ait
=4, = is
4 = 258Pa(C) Ans.
MOR = re) ___Ss(0ssis0418 — 040)
‘Ard? = R)~ BGO Woaoorosi7saT ~~ HPT a a
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6198, Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the 2hip/t Skip
team and determine the shear and moment in the beam as
fnctions ofr, where 0 =< 6 1 soi
+1 3F,=0 02V=0
pas a
Crue eames —2e($) a= 0
M=—x + on — 166 An.
ener eae
VO ap
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46200, A member has the triangular cross section
shown, Determine the largest internal moment M that can
th applied to the eros section without exceeding sliowale
‘ers and compressive stress Of (Cao), ~ 22 ksi and
(aoe = 15 ks respectively.
ASAT in.
(From base) = VEE
1k aevFHB P= ast
mas te oo a sto
Massy
“46158
Mi S80 kip ia, = 732kip “A
Assume fire dv 1 compressive sre:
Me, yg_ M@doHl — Last)
pared eS 40185
2S0kip (controls) Abs.
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6201, The strut as 4 square cose setion a by aad is
subjected tothe bending moment M applied at an angle 9
3 shown, Determine the masimaim bending sre in terms
‘of 4 M, and 8. What angle 8 will give the largest bending
sires inthe strat? Specify the orientation ofthe neutral
2 fori ease
Internal Moment Components
Me=Meos® My = Msing
Section Propet:
noh=he
‘Maximum Bending Sirs By lspetion, Maximus bonding stress curs at A .
41 Applying the flexure forall Bending a poi A e We
es Gs A
nF
a
=Meos0 @)  ~Aind 8)
a 4 i=
~ Meme + sine Am *
ae
oM
Hsing + cos) = 0
cos sin =
nas Am
Orientation of Neutral Axis
1,
tana F000
tana = (1) an(s
anus Am.
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A. IF the wideRange heaan is subjectod to s shear of 200 a
V~ 2DkN, determine tho shoar stress on the web at A
Indicate the shearstress components on volume element
tneted atti poi 4 ae
oma
5
frm
an  TS
= Toon
‘Te moment ot inert ofthe croseection aout te neural ais 8
02501(10%) mt
From Figo
Q4~ Fa’ ~ 016 (002\(02) ~ 06410") m?
Applying the shear formula,
Vx _ 20(10)f004010~))
74 Te = pas01 Om)
= 2.580(108)Pa = 256 MPa Ans
“The shear stress component st Ais represented bythe volume clement show ia
Pee
GeZ56. MPa.
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All sights served This mates spotted under ll copysaht ams as they cea
72. If the widestange team is subjected to 4 shear of
'V = 20KN, detennine the maximum sheer stress in the beam
‘The moment of inertia ofthe evss section about the neutral ays
1
1 = Lawes) exsas)~ ex0iaeyat
From Fie.
om = SFA! = 0.16 (040) 02) + 4075 (215)/002) ~ 056510")?
‘The maximum shear siess occurs atthe points al
snaxirnum and thickness the males.
1 eutral axis since Q 8
YOu _ 20100) 08650107)
Te 02501(1079 00)
= 34S0(10%) Pa = 346 MPa Aas
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7.3. If the widelange beam is subjected toa shear of 200
V'= 2DKN, determine the shear forse resisted by the web
tthe beam,
a 20mm
roma
3
ic
sal] PS
) oum
‘The moment of inertia ofthe crosssection about the neutral axis
1 Het, = 3)
1 = 102yase’) ~ 5 (018)03%) = 02501007) at
For $y < 0.15 m,Fie.4,asa function ofyis
= 3W/A" = 016 (002302) +4¢y+ 015N015 — yV002)
= 0865(10%) — 001s!
For = y $015 me ~ 002m Thes
vq _ 2xio)[assio~) — aon
Te a1 ORY
= {2459q0/) — 39,99(10% »?} Pa
“Te shoo fore txt by the web
Ven? Lf yd = af “Taso uo) — 39.9470°)»7] (002.4)
= 1895 (10°) N = 1904 Ans.
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sais No portion of tis mate aay be oproduced, i ny Zoun os by ay uss Wut persion Is Nin oto publisher
7A. If the Team is subjected to a vertical shest of
= I2kip, determine the masimum shear stress in the
team, Also, compute the sheaesices jump atthe lange ia
web junction AB, Sketeh the variation ofthe searstress e
Intensity over the entire cross section,
‘Section Properties:
1.501203) + 6146)
TG) + a6)
= 3.00.
TA
Ina = 02) 9) + 201030 — 157 +
= sason!
Quan = Yi A’ = 2.85(5.7)(4) = 64.98 in*
One A’ = 1.8(3)(12) = 64.81
Sia Sar: pin ea orang = "2
Ya, 126409
sae = 2 = BE as dim
YOu 12(64.8)
(any =a IME ose Am 25
Ye, 12(64.8) ge
(ray = Oita jou." J
Dh
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‘care ufos cite al ay nse yoy ny an vio fren ago pe
UC the Team i mbjpctd to # eral seas of
V°> taki, determine the vets set ore ried by en,
thenmage
an A Lf
e
Vitae
‘Seetion Poopentes:
3FA_ 15D) + HON) _ yay
EA 123) + 0)
on
1 alah 2 Leal! 2
af) + 12930 — 137 + Leale) + ayo ~ 3207 : ,
= 300,60 in" 7 4
Q= FA’ = (165 + O.5yN3.3 — yM(12) = 65.34 — 6y*
‘Shear Sirens Appling he ofr
YO _ 1006534 — 64)
Tr = 600}
~ e178 ~ 001567
jen
=
Resultant Shear Force: For the fing
= fra
= [losers — 00s} a2ey)
= aN2kip Ans.
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746. If the beam i subjectod to a shoae of V ~ 1SKN, 20m
‘termine the web's shea stress at A and B, lndicate the
Shearstress components on a volume element located
at these points Show that the neutral axis i located at
Y= 0747 {rom the bottom and seq = 02182(10) mt,
(0.015)(0125)0.03) + .1ss}(on2sj025) + (0295 \0.2)(005)
‘0125(003) + (0025)(025) + (O2)u03)
y = 04747 m
1 Leorsyooe) + o12s(oasyo7 — 01s
+ Fplo02syo.2s?) + o25(o4asyarts7 ~ 045s?
102,008) + 02000340295 ~ 0.1479 = a2Ist82 (10) mt
FA = (0210 ~ 0.015 ~ 0.17479(02M048) = 0.7219 (10)
Ab = (01747 — 0.018N(0125\03) = 0.59883 (10) a?
YOu _ 15000°07219)00%)
74" "Tr ~ vanetsncno a0) — 'MP* oH
VO
Te
15(408(0.59883)(10)
77. Il the widerlange beam is subjested (0 a shear of nam
V = SOKN, detennine the maximum shar stressin the beam.
‘Section Properties:
168.052(10)* at
o2y0310° e020)
Qa ~ 2A ~ 0025(0125,(0025) + 0.140(02) 0030) ~ 1.035310)?
Yo _ 30(10/10.0353)(10)~°
fo Te ~ 368.6520) 40025)
2 MPa Aon.
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If the wideMange beam is subjected to a shear of, 20 sam
“WIN, determine the scar force resisted by the web
ofthe beam,
1 aavoam)  Lrrs02s9 = asda
(2522 )oo1ss — yy029 = on o0nses ~ ¥y
v= fopta= ssseeor [" oranss— Fy0249
= nawoaoytommnsy —2p"If
ype sten
ve 30 —24487 = 2744 dy
+79. Determine the largest shear force Vat the member
Coa sustain ifthe allowable shear tes fane = 8 ks
A
\
aacTin
tin
OKAYS) + 212)(2))
(5) + 202) Ae
LSP) + —as?
OUP) +5 cy.t667 — 057
#2(B)ne + 2mere~ 67ers
aay ~ BVA’ = 2(091655)1.8939)(1) ~ 3.361 in?
YQ
Tr
V@os6u)
~ asa)
V = 321321 = 221 kip Ans.
8(09) ~
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HAN, Ifthe applied shear force V — 18 ip, determine the
‘maximum shear stossin the member.
(Osvys) + 21@EN
16) +2002)
1667 in
(SX?) + Sq.t66? = 0s)?
ROMP) + SayC.166 ~ 05
«2(2}ne) 20@
aus ~ 3H A’ = 240916551 8833)1) — 2.361?
= You, _ 1802611)
fom “Te ISAM) tS
111th wd ea ma alae er ses
i he Dal itn a Vat
rietnacoesien
ay0ay yon) = 209
= VQus
sano 28
10% ¥{(0.075)(0.1 (0.05) + 2(0.05)(0.1)(0.05))
rs
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9712, ‘The beam has a rovtangular cro section and is
made of wood having a allowable shear ste of funn =
200 psi Determine the maximum shear force V that cam be
‘developed in the cross section of the berm. Also, plot the
shearstres a
ion over the cross section,
(Oa the function of y, Fig.
(y+ 6Y6 ~ yi) = 4130 ~ yy
ug 002 When y = 0. ThUS
ons = 436 ~ F) = 148i?
‘The maximum shear slress vecurs of points along the neutral axis since Q is
smasimum and the thickness ~ Bi. f constant
VQ, vss)
tae Ge TG
V = 280016 = 1238p Ans
‘Thus the shoarstreseintebation a fanction of ye
2540436  ¥)
eT
= (556 (6 — 9} si
T5.56(269)
@)
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FAR Determine the maximum shear sees in the tut if
itis subjected tow shear force of ¥ = 20 kN.
Rem
44
of
nm
A
A itmm
Section Properties
1 2,
Ina ~ Fy (012)(008#) ~ 5 (009(006")
— 5:20704(10"
ane BFA’
= H1(005)(003) + 0036(0.0%2360.12)
'87.84(10°°) om?
Maximum Shear Strese Masimum shear tress oecurs at the point where the
‘neutral axis pases throug te section
Applying the shear formula
200167 8004)
‘20704(10%(008)
~ 470M
TEAK, Detenmine the maximum shear force V tat the
strut can support if the allowable shear stess for the
‘Section Properties:
L eee
Ina = (01240088) ~ 4 (oosy(oe!)
1015(0.08)(408) + 6.036(0.012)012)
784( 10°) a
Allowable shear sre: Maximam shear stress occurs atte point where the neutral
xis passos though tho soction. em.
beowm
Apply the shear fomnala SP Jone
Fast ~ Taw = pore
ofa) = Yrs
SaomaI0 0.08)
Ao.
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FAAS. Plot the shosrstress distribution over the cross
section of aod that as a radius , By what factor isthe
‘maximum shear stress greater than the average shear sires
acting over the eos section?
sages
4
1 rt
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2716 A member has 4 cone section in the form of aa
sqilteral triangle IF itis subjected to a shear force V,
‘defemnine the maximum average shear sires in the member
‘wing the shear formuls, Should he shea formula atly be
‘sed to predict his vale? Exphin.
o [yeh
o(# )a(s%)
2
vo
Te (@/36K@ KP NG)
2avix 2)
1No, heen the shear stress f not perpendicular to the boundary See Se. 75,
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7, Determine the maximum shear stress inthe srt if
itis subjected (oa shear force of V = 600 KN,
‘The moment of neti of the erosssetion about the neutral axis is
1 Leasyoar)~ Leayais) = ane at
FromFea,
Onan ~ 35A’ ~ 00040.05)03) + 0.0575(007SY(0.1)
= 1.09125(109)
‘The maximum shear stess occurs at the points along the neutral axis since @ is
masini and hikes = 0.1 mis the sales
Vayu _ 600(10°)1.09125(10%9,
de 04782750107) (0)
= 3360") Pa = 374M Aw
O38 m
0031 5
075m Prod
N A
m eoosrsn
@)
84(07 Solutions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 486
te
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TAR, Deteroine the mama shear force V hat the strat
an support ifthe allowable shea sees forthe material i
Tate = 45 MPA
“The axment of inertia ofthe cromssestion about the nuuteal axis is
osynar) ~ Eayars) = 01278 00%) at
From Fig a
Qau ~ FA’ ~ 0000203) + 0407S (OUTS\O.L)
= 1.00125 (10°)?
‘The marimar shear stessooceurs ath
smaitnum and thiksess ~ C1 the smallest
Vu v [rosi2sa09]
eee 4500) = 0.178275(10)(0.1)
v= ma7840)N 7234
o3m
0.031 "
oopsm q  anh
N
Olm
@
ae
‘foam
ints slong the neutral axis since O is
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1749, Plt the tensity ofthe shear ste drbted over mm
thecios ection of tesa fitis subjected ta sbearforce
of aN +
‘The moment finer ofthe erossseeton abou the elas fe
03y02r) ~ 4 (02901) = 0178275(107) mt =
(0.340.217) (0.2)(0.15") (10>) fom
im
iam
oasy ier
609 (0.08,03) + 5 47S + y(0075 ~ yNOa) = Last25(0
<7 = 015m ~ 03m Tas,
Wy [usss7sc0) — 01594]
2 (0.175275(10*) (0.3)
= (188708 — 1711.60) MPa
Aty = 0407S nnd y ~ 0.105 5,
For0= y < 0075 me ~ 01m. Tus
VQ _ 00140 1.001250") — 0055"
7 CATR) OT)
(978556 — 171160) MPa
Aty = Dandy ~ 0075,
thew = 374 MPa ryeqansy ~ 27.7 MPa
‘Toe plot shear tess dstebution over the crosesetion shown in Fig
003m
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2720, The steel rod is subjected to a shear of 20 kip.
Determine the maximum seat sites inthe ro
‘The momeat of inertia ofthe ciralorerossection about the neutral xis (x axis) tin
1F 42 = dria! 2in
forthe ferential ares shown shaded in Fig ais
dQ = yA = y(xdy) = Dey dy
‘However. trom the equation of the circle, x = (4 ~ y*!Then
dQ = 294  yay
“Thus, @ forthe aroa above vis
a fot vhw

247i
Xe
249
Here,t
oe = 24 — yA Thus:
vo, xia —s]
1” apa]
+ =2ayyui
[By inspecting this equation, r = fy at y = 0. Ths
va 2B sts Am
id
&in, a
} 4
x
xa C4
@
487(07 Solutions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 488
=e
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srosorved Ths muti protested unr al cope ans s they cusaly
‘sist No portion of hs atta aay be nvpredaced, in foro by ay suns without pasion a Wali iow he publsber
a. Th
steal rod is subjected (0 2 shear of 30 kip,
Determine the shoar stress at point A. Show the result on 4
volume element at this point
“The moment of inertia ofthe cireular crosseetion about the neutral axis (x axis)
C= sri
A
(0 forthe differentia area shown in ig. is
dQ = ydA = y (Andy) = Quy dy
However, from the equation of the circle, x = (4 — yl Then
ao
“Thus, O for the aren above ys
2y (4 — yay
["xaphey
2
2a98
ax = 2(4— yh Ths,
ay!
vo _x[iayi)
I
apa FF]
~¥) si
For poiat A,
‘nT
(41) = 230ksi
Ans.
“The state of shear sress at point A can be represented by’ the volume element
shown in Fig.
T2239, k5t
ct
ain,
)
(@
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Al sights served This mates spotted under ll copysaht ays as they eealy
7A, Determine the shese stress at point oa the web of
the cantilevered strut a section ea
= _ (o01)(a0sy(0.02) + (o0ss)(007y(0.02)
((0.05)(0.02) + (0.07)(0.02) oe
aasyne) + cansya0ryoo42s — aor?
(002)(007°) + (0020.07)(005S ~ 003625)! = 178625(10* ext
13425 — 00
625 m
(002) (005)(002525) = 2625(10*) mw?
V5 _ 6(0"V2625)10%
72%. Determine the maximum shear sires seting at
section a of the canflevered set
)(0.05}0.2) + (O055)(0.7\0.0) 2olh
(005y(002) + (GOTO)
Flos oer + osyo.02o0202s ~ 0017
2 mo) + conor ~ an
1.78625(10°%) ext
an ~ FA’ ~ (0026878)(0.0537( 002) ~ 288805 109) =?
= Yams _s0°V(288906)10"")
Te 178625(10°¥0.0)
= 485 MPa Ans.
(003625 m ‘sim
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724, Detemnine the masimum shear stress the Pheam wow
the critical section where the internal shear force is LLL
Tie FD ote hams shwaia Re
nbs fiset
‘Theses agra shor ini Ain, Van 275EN
“The neutral avs passes through centroid cof the crosssection, Fic
¥ a _ 0075(0.18}(008) + 0.168(003)(045)
“Ja > 03008) Ons TS)
12m
1 =A ossyais) + aovassyor2 nos
+ Frassyond) + ossonsyonss —ax3y
nus = FA" = 006(0:2)(003)
= 0216 (10) a?
‘The maximum shear sires occurs at points onthe neutral axis ince Q's maximum,
snd thickness ¢ = Q mvis he smallest
VanaQane _ 275(1090.216(109]
Te” 37.0(10*¥003)
= 7533009 Pa
= 733MPa
a
=
;
&
8
© q
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‘ais No portion of his mate aay to oproduced, i ay foun oy ay nua wut persion Is Net oto publsber
wai
4728. Determine the maxima shear stress in the
Ds
‘Tbeam at poiat C, Show the result ona volume element
Al LB
mbsf
somm
ee
Fs
+
1s0}ee  som
She 30mm
‘wing the method of sections,
+12,
‘The neutral axis passes through centroid Cof the crosssection,
5 SFA _ 0075 (0159.08) + 0165(008)0015)
EA ‘0:15(063) + H3(015) $515) kn
= 0120
Skil sm
Fio1sia0e) + o1s(o03)(0165 ~ 0127 mee
\ ism
= 200m
Byrto kd
nus = FA’ = 006 (0121003)
216 (109) m* 490 (b)
1 = Leos + aovessoi2 005
‘The maxima shear stress occurs at points onthe neural axis since Qis maximum
sl thickness = 03 m ete smallest.
VeQan _ 137800(021600~9]
= uw 2AO(10*) (0.08)
= 3657010) Pa = 3.67 MPa
Cnain 3:67 MPa.
@
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uo
some
fiberplass beam at the section where the iateral
force is maximum,
Support Reactions: As showa on FBD.
Internal Shear Force: As shown on thst dag, Vag ~ 8TRSTID,
Seton Propet:
Ine BOS)
x a) *
$65) (6) = Maes
tssr0 oasis
ven)
~ 3375(4)(075) + 1543\05) ~ 12:375ia!
Masimam Shear Stress: Maxisnuea shea stress oovurs at the point where the
neutral axis passes through the section.
Applying the shear formula
VO aus
Ee
87857012379) A
THADS{O5) i as
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721. Determine the shear stres at points C and D Skip
located the meb of the beast.
Al ly
bt} —en 6 ft 
‘The FOD ieshown in Fg.
ning he mesbod of sections i.
stry0 8Lo0v0
v= 9004p
‘Tue moment of ner ofthe beam’ ros section about ihe nex aiis
1 6x10")  4 625y6%) ~ 276in*
1 Socio) — 3 cs25ye) ~ 26
cand Qp can be computed by refering to Fic
Ge = $7.4’ = 45 (N69 +2(6)025)
Qo 4.5 (1)(6) = 27 in?
Shear Sires see pint Can are on ine wet = 075 in é
Sak
2 POE $0088) 3 A “att
= Te = 276 (0.15) ~ . = 4
Yoo _ 3000 sy, < ™
7h B67) = =
493(07 Solutions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 494 $
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9728, Determines the maxiznum shear stone ating i the 2k
‘beam atthe ial setion where the internal shear oree +
4
ben on
‘The FRD it shown ia Figo
"Theshoar diagram isshown in Fig. Ven = 18Dkip.
‘The moment of neti ofthe Beams crosssection about the neutral ase
1 2
OMIM) — F598"
= 26a!
From Fis.
45,0146) + 2000075)
=ai
“The maxim shear strat oscwes at points on the neuteal axis since Q is the
axiom and thickooes  ~ 0:75 in the smallest
Ve Goes 180023)
ta TE 6 TS)
= 287s As.
vcKip)
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sais No porto of hs mate aay te ropsoduced, a ay foun or by ay nuns Wout
perio a win om the publi,
70, ‘The team has 4 rectangular cross section aad is
subjected to a load P chats just large enough to develop &
fll plastic moment My ~ PL atthe fixed support T te Pht on
imattil is elasticplastic, then at distance = E the rr
moment Mf = Pa creates a tepan of plas ying with afalt
fan aoited elastic core having elt 2. Ta sittin
al tae i
has boon described by Eq, 630 and the moment Mis
discbuted over the cross section ts shown ia Fis 648e.
Prove thit the maimum shear stress developed inthe beam
Js given by fae = H2/A"). where A’ = 2y'b, the cross.
sctional area ofthe elastic core,
fate eon
Force Equilibrium: Toe Shaded area indicares te plastic zone, Isolate am eleent in
‘he piste none and write the equation of equates
E2FL= 0 tm Ar + oyAi— oy AL= 0
‘This proves thatthe longitudinal shear sess timp is eau to zero. Hense the
coresponding transverse tres fqe also equal to 2270 in the plastic zone,
“Therefor, te shea force V = Piscasied by the maleral ony in the clastic zone
Sesion Properties:
past =~
Qn =F A = Ty) =7>
‘Maxiauum Shear Sies Applying the shear formla
seas 2
Ie Foy)
(@ED)
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‘als No portion of is atta maybe vprdacd, i gf oy aay suas witout prision alu the pubs.
21, Th beam in Fi 69/sujecte tly patio P
tvoment Prove tht th longitudinal ad tases 2
Sarason the sim af rr Fi Conse anelemeat Patron .
ofthe beam at shown in i
# Jb
wz
Sime
Force Bguilirion: 1 fly plastic noes som he eos section, ten :
element of the material faken from the top or bottom of the cross section is
Suljeted tothe loading shown, For equilibrium
EEF .~ Ot OyAL+ tg Ar—oyAr~ 0
tows =
‘Thus no shear stress s develope on the longitudinal or transverse plane ofthe
clement. (QE D.)
32, "The beam is constructed from two bosrds fastened
together atthe top and bottom with Two 10¥S of nails
“spiced every 6 in. If each mil can support 4 $0Ih shear
foree, determine the maxims shear force V that can be
applicd to the beam.
‘Section Properties:
a ‘3 <
1 Lole) 20
=A’ = 1(6)2) = 12018"
Shear Flow: Thoto ace two rows of sails Honcs, the allowable shear flow
2600 ss yi,
vo
T
vazoy
320
v= au Ans.
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‘als No porto of hs mate maybe opreduced, Zora o by aay noua Wout persion Is Nit ws to pusher.
STARS. The beam i conscted from two boards
{astened together atthe top ad bottom with two rows of sin
nails spaced every 6 in. If an internal shear force of
Y= ecb is applied to the boards determine the shear
force resisted by each nal,
‘Section Properties:
Lepidh
14 (6(#) ~ 2010
= 16612) ~ 120008
Shear Plone
Vo _si20) aul ‘
= P= = asin.
“There are two rows of mais Hee, the sbear force resist by each nals
Am.
TM. The beam i constractd from to boards fastened
Aogeter with three cows of nas spaced « ~ 2a. apart. If
ach nal can support a 450: shear fore, determine the
‘manimurn shes force V that cin be applied to the beam. The
Aliowable shee ses forthe Wook! Faaw ~ 300 PI
"The moment of inertia ofthe crstsetion about the neutral
1 3) “
12 @@) = 1510
Relerng Fe 2,
Qa = Que = YA’ .75(1.546) = 6.75 in”
‘The masimun shar se occu othe pits on the neural ai where Qi .
mean 2 ome
_ M79 =e
350
1Bin
V = 2601 = 3604s Al
A
Shear Flow: Since there are thece 108s of ais, Fyo075in. %
(2) pO
tum ~3(2)  (8)  sy ta
Oe _ M675) )
my 135
¥ = 13508 = 135kip An
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735. ‘The beam is constructed from two bourds fastened
together with three rows of ails Ifthe allowable sheue
sess for the Wood iS Tate = 150 psi, determine the
Imaxirmuen shear force V that can be applied to the bea,
Also, find the maximum spacing » of the nai if each nail,
‘an resist 630 bin shen
“The moment ofinertia ofthe crossection about the neutral axis i
1= $3) = 135%
Bow i
Relering to Fig,
24 = Onna = FA’ = O75(1.5)(6) = 675i?
“The maxiasm shear stess occurs atthe points oa the aeutral axis whore Q i
‘maximum and = 6,
ver)
BIO
180018 = 1.80 kip Ans.
Site strom oot = (2) = (82) ~ (88)
VOx, 1950 _ 18001675)
See F oy ae
‘
bre
bin
A
4 a”
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“736, The beam is fabricated from two equivaleat
structural (2s and two plates Each plate has a height of
nid thickness of 05 in. Ira shear of V ~ SO kip is
‘ppl tothe cross section, determin the annum spacing
‘ofthe bolts Bich bolt can resist a shear force of 15 kip
Section Properi
Losi’)
(29) + Fans’)
= 9525 int
= BVA" = 256905) + 4250)05) = 10125in?
‘Shear Flow Since tere ure two shea planes oa the bot the allowable shear Now is
2115) _ 30
s737. Tho boam is fabricated from two equivalont
Structacal foes and two plates Each plate hat height of
(Gin. and a thickness of 0. in, I the bolts are spaced at
4 ~ Sin, dotermine the maximum shes force V that ean
be appli to the cross section, Each bolt can resist ¢
sheat Toree of 1S kip.
Setion Properties:
assis
= 37.4" #25005) + 4250005) 2
bogie
‘Stas Foe Sincere har anes oath lhe lobe shr ow 3
Fa
‘Va0.25) ba
395 = C335
735 An
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738, The beam Is subjected to a shear of V = 24N.
Determine the average shear stress developed in each nail
‘the nails are spaced 75 mm apart on each sie of the
‘beam. Each nal has «diameter of 4mm.
‘The neural ans passes through centroid Cof the crosssection as shown in Fig.
EA
175(005)02) + 04
‘O05(02) ¥ O20)
(00s)
01375 m
7 (0.2)(0.05") + 0.2 (0.05)(0.175 — 0.1375?"
+ oasa2) +c0s02(0195— 00?
= 63:5417(10°°) m*
forthe shaded area showa in Fig. bis
Q= YA’ = 0.0875 (0.05)(0.2) = 0.375(10°) m*
Sac tease worsens g = (8) = 28, = aor Him
vo 20 [0375 (10>)]
2, were 
OE esa
F4202N
“Tous the shear stress developed in the nls
F__ 460
ant = 2520(10)P4 = 252M ie,
= ome)
ozm
oozsm oan fLovesm
osm
Nn A
r # Ons 01S
= 00379m
(a) (b)
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730. A beam is constructed from three boards bolted
topether as showa, Determine the shear force developed
Jneach holt he bolts are spaced s = 250 mm apart andthe
applied shears V = 35 EN.
p= 2uzsn2s}002s) + 0275 03510405)
2 (0.25)(0.025) + 0.35 (0.025) ceeee
10 (,)aos025) + 0m5esenes ons)
+ fplOunsy03s) + (0025)038)0275 — 0.18576)"
(0.290236 (107) a
= Fra" = oosr76(0025 (025
Vo _ 3510.86 (107)
9°) = tame)
0385079) m*
F = qs) = 9997 025)
748, The doublovebd girder 18 conseusted from (wo Bin,
plywood sheets that ae secured fo Wood! members at top 2 ®
fad bottom. I cach fastener can support ¢00 Ib im single
shear, determine the required spaciag s of the fasteners Soe
‘needed to support the loading P = 3000 Tb, Assume A is i.
Pinned and B i roller. —_— =
in,
in
jb 6in
05a Oia
Support Reactions: As showa on FED.
Goenka tales as
Section Properties: ot oe
Ia = HOI) ~F O10") = 2002 at
2
= YA’ = 1846) = 16810" ad
‘Shear Flove: Since there ace two shea planes on the bolt, the allowable shear Now is
= ae cn tt
wa.
TUE le
{1200 _ 1500(268), rs
f= 138in Am.
S01(07 Selucions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 502 $
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‘als No portion of is atta ay be vprdaced, i gf or y any sans iu! prison a Wl ws he pubs.
ATL, The doubloweb giedee is comstucted from two i
plywood sheets that are secured to wood mtembers a is fp 2 ’
fad bottom, The allowable bending sees for the wood
Craton ~ BKSi and the aBOWabe Shear SHES 8 Taine ~ 3 KS a
Ti the fasteners are spaced § = Gin. and each fctener can 10},
support 600 lin single shear, determine the maximum load 4 a
‘PAbat can be applied to the beam, 44h
Qin
sia
Sin Osi
Support Reactions: As showa on FBD.
Internal Shear Force and Moment. As shown on shest and moment digram,
Vig = SOP a Alga, = 200P.
Section Properties: oe
1 (ast) — Leo (10 . t
faa= FOU) ~ L610») = 2900 a
= HA" = 14)(6) = 16850? 7 ea
Qaan = ZVA’ = 7(4)(6) + 4.5(9)(1) = 2085 in? te
ze
‘Shear Plow: Assume bot fille. Since there are two shear plans on tke bat, the
at)
towable hence g = 2%. — api 2a
ve
pa}
asonpiies)
cs 202
P= 1016 ~ 691 kip (Contot) am
‘Shear Stress: Assume failure due to shear stress
2500P(208.5)
0x)
222701b = Skip
ending Stress: Assume failure due to bending stress
Me
Cm = tne =
200P(12)(9)
so) = OR
P= 0nks
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742, ‘The Theam is aaied together as hows. Ifthe ls
an each support a shear fore of 950 Ib, determine the
‘maximum shear free V that the beam ean support and the
corresponding maxirnum nail spacing s to the nearest }
‘The allowable shear stes fr the W0Od rato = 450 FS
“The neutral
i pases through the centroid cf the ere section as showa in Fi
SPA _ 199 + 60290) _
SA” 202) +120)
95
B Mt2) + 6F
Fz M2) + 240205 — 6)
+ ea) «1n0 959
ses
etete FEA Ogg ade
Qa
Qn
Fiat = 475(9)2) ~ 902508
i= 35 2912) = Bin
‘The maximum shear stess occurs at the points on the neutral axis where Q is
aso
¥ (90.25)
So)
V=amissih = a8kp am
"te
Vs 99 _ e816
apse SS
1
sotisen= fh ps
(@)
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TAB. Determine the average shoar stress developed in the P
‘ls within region AB ofthe beam. The nas are ested on 2AM in
each side of te tam and are spaced 100 mm apart. Each
hail has a diameter of 4mm Take P ~ 2KN.
‘heFHD sshomine« 1m —P 15m
‘As indiate in Fig the internal shar force on the crosssection with ogion AB pan,
is constant thats Wag ~ SKN, y
“The neutral axis pases through centroid C of the cross section as shown in Fig.
Fa _ 01800402) + 0.(02\0.04)
‘B04(02) + O08)
om
1 aowyo2 ~ nay
1 = Baowyo2 + nowa2yat4  04) aE
[20095
402,008) + 0200.04,018 ~ 018)? a
= 533501079 a!
(forte shaded area shown ia Fig. dis
= 7.4" = ao4nasya2) = 03209) m*
Since there are two omsot ait = 2(£) =2(
Yaa apg 51107(02210075]
aa
P= 1s0N
) =m
“Thus the average shear tess developed in each mal &
(raa)os  Ge  —  119.37005Pa ~ 10M Ans.
Fou 9271 _o.0am
02m
225m ‘a75m
y= /275 tal cay C
,
©)
VGkn) S Foon
o
3 A A
. Hyrourm
OI ae 3 Xan)
@)
2m
@)
504
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744, The ails ace on both sides of the beam and each
can resist a shoar of 2 EN. Ta addition to the distributed 2eNim
Toading. detemnine the maximum load P tat cin be appied
to the end of the beam. Me nats ae spaced 100 man spat
andthe allomatie shear ies forthe WOOL Tae = 3 MPa
“The FRD is shown in Fig a
‘As indicated the shear diagram, Fig b, the maximum shear occurs in region AB of,
(Constant value, Vg, = (P + 3) KN,
‘The ncutral axis passes through Centro Cof the crosssection as shown in Fig.
EY A _ 018(0.00)(02) + 04(02)(000,
TA oqo) + 02005)
= udm
1 = Loon + 0402904  047
+ Floav00") + o2@04(0:18 ~ 018)
= 222300°9 at
Retering top
nm = Fi = 00710.18)008)
392(107) mi?
Qa = Teas = 0.08(0.04)(0.2) = 0.22(1077) m*
um thet cocurs ath pois co Netra whe mum
tom
fate aon = 2+ GeA[os92007y}
S10 HOO
Pensa
Stes tet mts a= 2(E)
oom 22 3007 f090009]
53.333(10%)
P= 3674N (Contos) pe
3kn. ep VCKN)
Pra
G
5 Xam)
,=@P 4675) kan
@) @)
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74. Comtinned
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748, "The beam is consinsted from four hoards which aan ,
are nuiled togelber Ifthe mus are on bth sides ofthe beara
tnd each can resist shear of SN determine the maximum
load P that can be applied to the end ofthe beam
‘Spport Reactions: As sown on FED,
AInteral Shear Fore: As shown on shea igre, V 4g = (P + 3) KN
Section Properties:
5 cosn(o1s’) ~ 5 025)(0.07)
72.010) x
oyar
Ia
06(0.254043) = 0480(104)
Shear Flow: There are two rows of na, Hence the allowable shear low 5
30)
= 0 ~ eo0knjm
“7
_ @ + a a4s000
20009
P= 66DKN Ans.
TI ete
en(10')
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als No portion of hs matt maybe vprodaced, i gf or by any suas without prasion alas ios he pubs.
TAT. Tho boam is made foe fou boards mailed together
a8 shown, Ifthe nails ean each support a shear fore of
00, detenmine their quire spacing anal ifthe beam
‘ssubjected to shear of V = 700 1b
Section Properties:
Hit) + 15@)) + 615K
1) 2) + 1300)
= 83568 in
4 G(s) 3
Feo(e) + wayessas asy*
Fol) + 2093548  1.57
~ rsa
Qe = Fi"A’ ~ L8S48(3)(1) ~ 5.5685 in?
Op ~ FA’ ~ 3848  05, 10,1) + 2[6.3848 —15)0)4)] ~ 396774?
Site Ft Te aoa tw tps Ca Dv = ad
“i
¥Qc
oe
a) ae
cs 3743
iia ae
ve
=f
1 esr
respetively
50807 Solutions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 509 $
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*748, ‘Thebox beam is coastnicted from four boards that
ave fastened topether using ils spaced along the beam
‘every 2in Tf each nal an resist a shear of 50 I, determine
te greatest shear V that ean be applied tothe beam without
‘easing fire ofthe mails
) + 2(4)K2) + GSNOK
TD + OND + OD
102K) + 20,1  05"
1 ;
+2(E) ene 20,64 ~ 2%
1977)
+400) waayes a1
61241) = 312
1 (¥On) _
CH)
4498 ~ Q0789V(2) = 50
¥ = 3171 (controls) An.
24 ~ FiA’ = 8416\) = 2040?
1 vias)
vos)
3) aay
das ~ 005160) ~ 50
v= asst
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780. A shear force of V = S0DKN is applied to the box
tinder. Determine the shear flow at points A and B,
ome
A
180m
‘The moment of neti of the erosssetion about the neutral axis is
L
1
402902) J0u9028) ~ ats) wt
Rae oF
Qa ~ HiAj ~ 0.195 (0.01)(0.19) ~ 03705 (10%) m*
Oy ~ Ad + VAs ~ 2[0.1(0.2\(0.01)] + 0.195(0.01)(0.18) ~ 0.751(10) m*
Due fo symmety, the shear flow at points A and A’, Fig a.and at points B and BY
Fig bare the same Tous
=e) «1 sen ams)
Beaker 2 0243500107)
= 22815(10") N/m = 228kN jm Ans.
i 4") “1 (23 ewe}
024850010")
= 462,46(10") N/m = 4624 je
@)
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LSI. A shear force of V = 4S0KN is applied to the box
ser, Determine the shear flow at points Cand D,
=
1
ec
ws
“The aicieat of inertia ofthe cogs section aout the aeutel ai i
510204") —
2 (024380(10%) mt
Refering to Figo, to sprametsy Ay OTs
@
‘Then refering Fed,
Qo ~ Hi + Vea ~ 0.195 (001}0.09) + 0151014001)
= 023255(107) m?
Ams.
Op _ 450005 [03255007]
ar
1.33(107)N/en = 601 N/m Am
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9752, A shear force of V = 18 KN is appliod to the
symmetricbox sider. Determine the shear flow at and B.
Section Properties:
tna ~ OU(02)  5 (0129(028)
RB
+ A; 125,000) + 01250010105)
= 12517(10) at
4 ~ YA’ ~ 0.145(0.125)(0.01) ~ 0.18125(10%) m>
Qp~ HA’ ~ 1405(0125\ 001) ~ 0413125(107)
Shear Flow:
= psaoreamssaoy
al psa)
“i
1 pam ssi]
21 psira0)
= 0887 N/mm = 944 EN/m Ans.
[Tesim
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STSS._A shear foree of V = 18 kN is applied 0 the box
finer, Determine the shear How at
iY
was
Section Properties:
tua = 0189)(03") 4 (0129028)
@
[Fonsi 01) + 0.125(001)(0.05")
ws7(10*)
148(0128)(001) + 0.105(0128)(001) + A07S(015)(002)
$375(10) mi!
a]
ass
2am 
= 38618 N/m ~ 3864N/n Ao.
Shear Flows
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784, Tae sluminum strats 10mm tick nd has the cross
section shown. If its subjected toa shear of, V = 150 N,
determine the shoar flow at points A and
05(003)(000)] + 2100%006N001)] + 0055(0.08)(001)
003}(OOT) + 2006001) + OOAODI) Bat

5 (001 0069 + 001(0.05,008 ~ 027727)
+ oman + oowaoryonss~ arn? ~ apo at
y= 00s ~ 9927727 = 9427272 m
Fy’ = 007727 — 000s = 0622727 m
4 ~ FA’ = 0Mnz727(0.04)0.01) ~ 0308010" m?
~ oan7272(003)(001) ~ s181810% a
Oe
1.39KN/m Ans
125kN/m Ans.
785. ‘Tae aluminum struts 10 mm tick and has the cross
section shown Ii is subjactod to a shoar of V = 150,
Seterine the atriuen shee lw in the strut,
o0Hs003;00H] + fosso09y000}] + 0481064000 ‘on —
uMsyOH + AUNHVOT + 20K hom
= omni 4
von 6
1 di =i? 7
1 =A; @0s(001) + o«e@onyeonrr27 ~0005°] aa Taal
nm wskm
1 nyo + 500  oer]
+
J oonyamy + oovnoryouss aera? i
d
a La.(07 Selucions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page S16 $
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"756, The beam is subjected to a shear Sores of ect
V=5 kip. Determine the shear Now at points A and B
= _ 9A _ 025(11{OS) + 2145(8)05)] + 625(103(05)
TA TQS)+ 2BHUS) + THOS) Ee >
1 = FAUNes) + 1easya.rou6 — 025) +] sys + asi as — 370046
+ anya + 10059628 — 3707
45.98
Ya = 37006 — 025 = 345046 in a a aes
(002708 in? ae
2.707
Qn = aa’ = S4so4sc11y05)
Qs = FA’ = 2.54084(10)(05)
1 (Ox) _1 (sa) a8.ry
ao} (C82) 1( LAB) — cn aa
20127027)
on 1 (HOMME) srs aaa!
751. Tae beam is constructed from four plates and is
subjected to a shear force of V = 5 kip. Determine the oe
seeteres es stc 4
FA _ 2510S) + 214.568)0.5)] + 6.25(100) nah
Se aaa sy
r= Sanios) + wasyasses) +
asi) oscar
+ FAH 0s) + 109,280
= 45.98
4504 (1140S) + 24(.6047)(05)(3.7004 ~ 0.5)
B80 in, (Ob,
= M18 By, Ans
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‘als No portion of is atta aay be vprducd, i ag for by ay sans witout prision a Wl ios the pubs.
788, The channel is subjected to a shear of V = 75 KN,
Determine the shear How developed at point A.
et
fA _ 0015(04)(003) + 210131024003)
A ‘TAO + 2102008)
FF OA(008) + 04(ua3} 0075 — oo1s)*
+fooe2) + aneayon—
1725p] = 0.12005(10%) at
0975002003)
34501079)
75(40°V(0.3450(
1025(00°%)
21S EN/n Ans.
759, The channel is subjested to shear of V ~ 75 EN.
Determine the maximum shear flow ia the chaansh
a
a
«im
yosin
om A
254 _ ooiseayous) +2101302/003))
SA 0.4(0.03) + 2(0.2)(0.03) ae
uns a re’
= Fp 010.08) + o(v0ay 00725  unis)?
y
+ 2] .0sqo2) + oaa(nanots ~ 0072s)
= 01205(10°) ot
aus
‘A’ ~ 0.07875(01575)(008) ~ 03720010") es?
75(40°)(037200)(104)
222KN jem Ams}O7 Solutions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page S17 $
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2760, The angle is subjected to a sheae of V ~ 2 kip.
Sketch the dstbution of shear flow along the lop AB.
Thaicate numerical vas tal peaks.
i
eps
y
Section Properties:
a= wasis) + osn(2s Pn)
= asses — 07678?
Shear Flows
YO.sso49 — 0.176789"
aa
= ($24 = 13674 Bin. Ans.
9 tous ~ 241i
:
pele
Fe
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761. The ascembly is subjected to a vertical shear of
V ~7 kip. Determine theshear flow at poiats A and Baud
‘the maximum shear win the eros scetion
(O2H UIA) + 2825)155K05) + 6250105)
‘OS(LI) + 2105\S5) + 705) “
(yo) + sosyanee as + (Jasyae) 209(29(28 25807
+ Kevasy + 097625  2830)
9250 int
04 = Wi'Ai’ = @.5862)(2¥0) = 25800"
19983 ia!
4042586) _
uw = 1961, Ans,
28) ae
(canes rR
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762 Determine the shearaties viraion over the ers
sectina ofthe thinwalled tube as a function of elevation and
how that Tage 2¥/A, where A= Dart. Hint: Choose
diferential rea element dA'~ Red. Using dQ ~ yd,
formulate @ fora cular section trom 8 for ~ 8) and show
that Q = 2Rreosé, where cos ¢ = VIE = F/R.
A= Rede
dQ ydA~ yRido
Hore y= Rin
Therefore dQ ~ Rr sin 6d6
Ams.
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761. Determine the location © of the shear ceater,
point O, for the thinwalled member having the cross
fection shown where by > b,. The member segments have
{he same thickness
oe
Section Proper
B+ { + oa(4)] Eh + oh +b] My
7A ~ Kian Ms,
a u*
Q=ya'= few ¢ fi,
Sheu Flow Reston x
YO, gs
TSE Hh + 00, + 6) 7
or Ge
T+ 6 + ba)”
op “
ne [nae rag Lt 2
a ey
ih + 6 +60)
Pb
ilh+ o@, +59)
Sher Center Summing moment about point A
Pe=(Fyjh—(Fy)ih
3PtR 3Pbi
pe PE _ yy __2?_yy
Mn+ 60+ 05] Aa ot +9]
(3H) he
Tos
Note that iby ~Bj,e ~ 0 (/shapo),
520}O7 Solutions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 521 $
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thickness
&
Setion Properties:
(ship easin ay aed sin 45°}
we
(a+ 3)
1A’ = dsin $8" (at) = (td sin 45")
@
‘Shear Flow Resaltan:
VO _ PledsinS)s _ 3P sin Ase
UOT ara) Mar
Spin dss /%  _avisin 8"
fim ake SES [ee ES
Shear Center Sussming eomaats about poiat A,
Pe~ Fy(2dsin 459)
(aun
bala +3)
— at
aa+9
Ps
foray
Am.
fe fntsaus*
sa(07 Solutions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 522 $
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768. Determine the location ¢ of the shear conte,
Point 0 forthe thinwalled member baying a sit along is Tf
‘Sie. Each element has 3 constant thickness }
Saisie =
: :
1= Leneat + aa(@) el,
Q Ha’ ri
Shear Flow Resultant: i *
oP MACH Peay =
ears fnar25 [rg Z 7
ry [nar 38 [ar20003r & fh
Git clei er cn pe \
Pe ~24F,) (a) + Ff2a)
rep (Brn
7
Ans.
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766, Determine the losstion © of the shir ovates,
point O, for the thinwalled member having the cross
fection shown,
‘Summing moments about A.
Ll
1f0@' +
a, = Vantaa)
1
Ao.
523}O7 Solutions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 524 $
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761. Determine the location © of the shear ceater, Leo
point O, for the thinwalled member having the cross .
fection shown, The member segments have the same
thickness
‘Shear Flow Resultant: The shear force flows through as Indicated by F,Fand F,
(oa FBD (b). Hance, The horizontal fore equim is aot satisfied (2, 0). 1a
‘order to siti this equibeum requirement. F, and F, aust be equal to 2210
Shear Center: Su
ing moatents about point A.
Pe= FO) .
Ans,
Ato,
“The shear flows through the section a indicated by Fy FF
However, 23F, #0
‘To satisfy this equation, the section eamst tip so that the sosulfaat of
F+h+RF
Also.due fo the geometry, for ealulating and we require F, = Fe
Hee =0 am
heat
no
ly ®
5
a f t
g 7
6 F, e
4 A
524(07 Selucions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 526 $
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*768, Determine the location of the shear center,
point O.for the beam having the eros section showa. The
Thickness.
r= af oar +e720(0+2)] + ena
= 1588338 + Dawe
Iaasese= J trsinoferae=ee [soa
tetra 1°(5) *
"hm ;
re assstee + ro() = sass! Sy
yeast + oP od
o (Se(E+r)+ [rsinneran
VO _ POS + cosy
T aise
Suraming moments about:
Aan.
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769, Determine the location ¢ of the sheut center,
point 0. for the thinwalled member having the eros
Section showa. The member sepmenis have the sine
fhicknes
Summing moments about A.
Pe~ F(h) + 2V0) 0
1 yas ui(®Y 2 .
Feo + 2008) + Aone aan
We, brie th = 2hyy
oto
Q= 7a"
(e= Dh + ylye = eV
2
VQ _Piiy~ any +A)
7 2
* fame
v= fade FE [ty thy Pay BE
th myme
: SPa'~ 0) — 5h (ha
PB
Franny + me
[ae
From Bg, (0),
[sth hy + lds = in — mb +
Pi a RP way 4
pe Foam EE me Lato)
4 +e — 02m)
Won, H+ 30° ~ Bhi)
B+ OE (hh
a BE gCA ant)
ie Bis
tv
ae
Ans
‘ y
plone + 8 820)
526(07 Solutions 46060 6/26/10 2:04 PM Page 527
=e
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TL), Determine tho location eof the shea center, point O,
{or the thinwalled member having the eros ection shown,
Summing moments about A
o '
yarsno
db = 9 dd = Peek er dd) = Pesto t
ra ref stoa— ec [= ay flow
oS en 1
£8 ra eta) (cata
at
Pt
= 5 £2 (20 ~ 2sinacosa) = 5! (2a ~ sin 2a)
A= rsinf(rrde) = Prsin Odd
PH( 10,thinow
14
Normal tens Since = 4 analysis sald For the
spherical tank's wal
Refering 10 the feebody dagnm shown in ig
P=pa= (aon (©)] = 32e(10°) NThus,
+1RB=0 —— Sx( 108) — 45074 — 450R, =0
Py = S856(10") 2 N
"The aoemal stress developed in cach bot is then
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86, ‘The spherical gas tank is fabricated by bolt
together two hemispherical thin shells Ifthe Sm ince
‘Gameter nk stobe designed to withstnd a gauge pressure
fof 2 MPa, determine the minimam wal thickness of the
fank and the minimum aumber of 25mm diameter bolts
‘hata heared fo seal it The tank and ths bolts are ms
{hoes material having an allowable normal sees of 150 MPa
and 250 MPa, respectively,
[Normal Stress For the spherical tank's wal,
praeice
ae
7
soho = 208
(002667 m = 25,7 mm Ans.
Since 130 > 10, chinwalt analysis is va
ot,
1 > Toner
Referring fo the freeboy diagram shown in Rg.
maAe (00°) 28) = 32n(10) N.Thus,
HIER, =O 32r(10*) 20D  MPa 9
an
her “
‘The alowabl esl fre for ech bois
(Poaton = Praen A = 250 wi [Zo 2) = 30.0625(10° }oN
Sabin his res ito Ea),
322(10°)
et) soa Am.
39.0625n(107)
din Paseo) FCB
@
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8.7. Aboileris constructed of fmm thick stel plates that
are fastened together at their ends using 2 but joi ‘ .
consisting of two 8mm cover plates and rivets having a
‘diameter of 10 me and spaced 30/mm apart as showa If the
Steam pressure i the bole is 135 MP, determine (a) the
Circumferential stress in the boils plate apart from
‘tho seam, (b) the czcurforsatialstes ia heoutee cover pats 78m
slongthe vet lina end (e)theshear stress in tha ves
som a
pr _ 138010075) _
0 Bi = UDOT) — ya s6(10) = 127 MPa Ams
») 12656 (10°(0.05)0.008) = 0/'(2(0.08)(0.008) Mie
ay’ = 704MPa Am.
9 From FBD(a)
aang asp
+TSF,=0 Fy ~ PACOMI(0009)40) = 0
F,=2536N) «
trea = 2 22 MPe Am se
4 ib
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88, The gus storage tanks fabricated by bolting opethe
‘vo half endrical hin sells and two hemispherical shells
as shown If the tank is designed to withstand » pressure
Of 3 MPa, determine the eequired minimum thickness of
{he cylindrical and hemispherical sells and the main
eqhiced amber of longitudinal bolts per mtor length st
‘ath side ofthe eylndrgal bell The tk and the 25 mn
iam bots are made from materia having an allowable
formal sees of 150 MPa and 20 MPS, respectively. The
tank has an inner camer of 4m.
[Normal Strew: For the cylindrical portion of the tank, the hoop stress is twice as
large asthe longitudinal stress.
cue =Hs sf) iP
sae 4a
Bilis
ee)
icdes cas A
Since 10, china uns sa
Referring to the frehody diogrim of the per mete lngth of the cynical
portion Figg where P= pA SUV )E()] = AC") we ave
TRF, = 0 12(108) mAPadae — AAP Daten = 0
ae «
‘Te allowable tense fore foreach bolts
foes eacte= 2so(uo) Zams)] = 122.7210)
Substituting this result into Eg, (2),
ne = 4889 = 40 bot meter Ans
NPatow Pesan NeCh)atea
@
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‘als No porto of hs mate aay bo oproduced, a foun by ay nua Wut permis Is Nt ow to publisher
+89, Thegnsstoroge tank fabricated by bling together
two hall clinical thin sels and two hemispherical shells
ssshown Ifthe tank is designed to withstand a presure of
3/MPa, determine the required minimum thickness of the
‘olindrial and hemispherical shelly and the minimum
‘quired numberof bots for each hemispherical cap The
taal andthe 25 oc diameter bolts ae aad fom material
Ihviag ae allowable normal tes of 150 MPa nd 280 MPa,
sepectvely The tank hasan inner dfameter of 4m,
[Normal Stross Fr the cylindrical portion of the tank, the hoop stress i wie as
Iuoge athe Fogitainal stress.
{ut}
F,ssx(10")
1.~ 004m = 40mm Ao.
For the hemispheric ca,
slick}
me 10108) =
1, ~ 002m ~ 20mm Ao.
“The allowable tensile force for each bot is
ddan = Oatowds {17 oars!) = 22720")
Refering 10 the frebody dingram of the hemispherical cap, Fig. where
Pa pa sot Fe )} = 12e(10°)N,
=r, 12410) — (Paton — Pda = 0
129(10")
"Dae se
Subtiting his result into Ea (1),
y= 3072 = 308 bots Ams
337(08 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page 838
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840, A wood pipe having an inner diameter of 3 fis
bound together using sted hoops each having a crase
sctional area of 02 i Ifthe allowable tres forthe hoops
‘Soran = 124s, determine their masimum spacing al
the section of pipe so that the pipe can rest an intern
fuge pressure of 4 psi. Assume each hoop supports the
pressure loading acting aloog the lengths othe pipe
Equilibrium forthe sect Hoop: From the FBD
ASF,=0; 2P—406)=0 P= 7205
Hoop Stes forthe Stee Hoop:
Is
= Cte =
pts
1200)  BS
= 333in
#045)
wel
SLL. The staves or vertical members of the wooden tank
fare held together using semicircular hoops having a
‘cknest of. in anda wih of2in Determine the oem
sires in hoop AB ifthe tank is subjected tan inter
gauge pressure of 2 psi and this loadiag tansmitied
ceily tothe hoops Asa. 0.25nameter bolts are wed
to comnect each hoop together, determine the tensile stress
in cach bolt at A and fi, Assume hoop AB supports the
pressure loading within a 12, length of ts tak ae shown,
Fx = 236,12) = 8649
3P=0, S64—2F=0; F=43216
1,
TH ih
ATE
ro
ru *
Ans.
ail
538(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 539 $
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‘ais No portion of tis mates aay to oproduced, ny foma oy ay nua Witt persion Is Nt os to publsbe
"812, Two hemispheres having an ianee radi of 2 and
wall thickness of 0.25 jn, are ited together, and the inside Sie
gauge pressure is reduced 0 —10 psi. I the coefficient
Of Staie frction i jy~ 0.5 between the hemispheres,
‘determine (a) the torque T needed 0 initiate the rotation
fof the top hemisphere relative tothe bottom one, (5) the
vertical force needed fo pull the top hemisphere off
the bottom one, and () the horizontal fres needed to side
the top hernsphere off the bottom one
[Normal Pressare: Vertical fore equibives for FED),
413F,=0; hx] N =o
The Prition Foree: Applying friction formla 4
Fy = aN = 0545760) = 2880 I
8) The Required Torque: Ia order to initiate rotation of the two hemispheres
relative to each other, the torque must overcome tha moment produced by the ope
{fiction force about the center ofthe sphere
T= Fyr = 2880m(2 4 0125/12) = 18190 ft = 182 kp: Aas. &
1) The Required Verical Force: Ta ones to jus pull the two hemispheres apart the
vertical force P must overcome the dona fore
P= N = S160r ~ 15096 th ~ 18: kip Ans.
.¢) The Required Horizontal Fore: In order to just cause the two hemispheres 10
slide relative to each othe, the horizontal force F must overcome the feetion fore.
B= Fy = 2880 = 9048 B = 9.05 kip Ao.
+8418, The 304 stainless steed nly itssupy around aj
‘the scoot iid ey. IF the band is then subjected 1 2
nonlinear temperature crop of AT = 20 in®8 F. whore 8s *
In eadins determine the ccunferental ses ia th hao. wai
St,
‘Compariitny Since the bands five to a gid eylinder (1 doesnot deform under
toad), then,
5p Br=0
10(940(10*) 201) = 269 Am.(08 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page 540 $
2040 Puason Educa, tne, Upper Sado Rvs NI. Al ahs oserved This materi protected unde al opyriht ans: they cused
‘als No portion of is atta ay be nvprduced, in Zoo by ay asuns without pasion is Was io he publsber,
S14 The ring, having the dimensions shown, is placed
fver a exible membrane which is pumped up with 3
pressure a Determine the change in the inteeal radius of
the ring after this pressure is applic, The modulus of
list forthe ring i
Equilibrium for the Ring: Form the FED
ARF, =0; 22 =
ze
‘Hoop Stes ad Stra for the Rigs
=P een
a Gane
Using Hooke's Law
Ea by
2n(ry = 2, _(rDn— ns os
ar %
However, 9
‘Then, fom Ee.
pn
1 Fea
br,
40(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 541 $
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‘als No porto of ths mate aay be oprodud, i foun by ay aus wut permsion ls Nlt Bostopublsbe
S415, “The inner ring A has an inner radius rj and over
radius 7 Belore heating, the outer fing B his an inner
‘dius sand an outer radius randy > #3 fhe outer ring
‘shoe and then fited over the inner ring determine the
pressure between the (wo rings whea eing B reaches the
temperature ofthe inner ring The material has a modulus of a 
sti of E snd a coetiint of theemal expansion ofa.
Eqaitirinm forthe Ring: From the FBD
S3R,=0; P29
Hoop Stress and Stein for the Ring:
Using Hooke’ law
"Ei, au
ann) i
Hoeven, 6, ~ == rat
“Then, rom Ea [1]
Ee)
Compatibility: Te preseue hetween the rags requires
Bat By ann eL
From te result obtained above
nego
‘Substitute into Eq, [2]
ee gaa
Fa * Bw
Bs=n) cn
sa(08 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page 542 $
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‘als No portion of hs atta ay be vpredacd, i gf or y any suas witout prmision a Walshe pubs.
8416 The oylindsical tank is fabricated by welding a
strip of thin plate helically, making an angle @ with the
longitudinal axis ofthe tank. Ite strip asa wid and
thickness ¢ and the pas within the tank of diameter di
pressured to pshow that tho normal stress developed along
the strip piven by ag = (pd/)(3 — cas 2).
Norma te
Pu _.
fe Sane oy, 3?
ora Fe
auras: We wil conser tbe wagpular cleat cut Som the Sip
stowa iP. Here
An (say and ow ond Thus ly. nich
Fa ery sine = sin and R= ane
B= oA = PE (weosy = Pom % Vy
‘Weng he force equation of euiibrium long he ax, @)
sey =0: [Bt sine]sino + [2% cove] ne — Me
52 (asinto + eco)
However. sin? + cos?@ = I. Thioqutio becomes
Bid Oia
y= Pato +1)
1
(1 ~ cos 24,50 sat
Atso,sin?@
pd
p= PE 03 — cos28)
pwd
FG  cos2¥)
ED)
5a(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 543
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‘ais No porto of hs mate aay to oproduced, i ay foun os by ay muss witout perms le Nitin Bos to publsber
8417. Inonlertoincrease the srenpth of the pressure ves,
‘lament winding ofthe same materials wrapped around the
sSreumferenceof the vesscl as shown. Ith peterson inthe
‘lament ig and the vessel issubected oan ntermal prestre
‘determine the hoop stresses inthe Flame and inthe wall
fof the vessel. Use the freebody diagram shown, and assume
the fihment winding hae = thickness anc width w foe 8
oeresponding eng of the vee.
ceulibeamy the normal sess in the walla this state is
sr tpetn)0 wien Z
wiinitalearaiinnasy
winZ
stress in the lament becomes
moot
Gn we
on = 01+ (0)
‘Aad forthe wall,
pro
wn
.= 01 eiwe
[Normal Stress in the Wall and Flament Before the Internal Pressure ix Applied:
‘The eat length w of wal is subjected fo pretension filament foree , Heace from
[Normal Siessin the Wall and Filament After the Internal Pressures Applied Toe
$418, The vertical force P acts on the bottom of the plate
huving a negligible weight. Determine the shortest distance
dt the edge ofthe plate at which it can be applied so that
{it produces no compressive stresses onthe plate at section
‘00 The pats has thickness of Loni and Pact slong the
conte ine of this thickness
__P _ por— ayo)
OGD aono2)
re
14 ~ 000667 m9 = 66.7 mm
1000 + 130004) = 0
Am.
ola?
543(08 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page 544 $
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‘sls No portion of is atta aay be nuprdaced, in fom or by ay asuns without pasion is Wali om he publisher,
$19, Determine the maxinua and minimum aoem
stress inthe hracket at section aa when the load i applied
aura o
(Consider the oquiiyium of the FBD of the top cutsopment in Fig. 0,
ATEF/@ 1000 N~100EN
GAEMe =O 100(0.1)— M0 AF = 10KNm
A= 02002) = 0606 m% 1 = 35 (008/02) = 20.010%) nt
“The normal stress developed isthe combins
jon of axial and berating stress ‘Thus,
For the lft edge fiber. y
__to0") _ s0.10?¥0.1)
ome an.0010>
(6 6110) Pa = 66,7 MP2(C) (Max) Ans
Fr the ght edge fiber, y = 0.1m Then
200140  s0c0%0.
“ah 330s is
‘0.006 20.10") ma
4(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 546. $
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820, Determine the ma 1nd minimum soem
stress ia the bracket at section aa when the loads applied
atz~ 300m,
roan
Consider the equines of the FED of the top cut segmeat in Fig a
412F, 0 N—1000 N= 100eN
Gi2Me= 0M 109102) ~
M = 208Na
A= 02(008) = 0006? — 1 = 7 003)(02") = 20000) mt
“2
“The normal sres developed isthe combination of axial and bending stress. Thus,
nM
eT
For the at edge fber, y= © = 0 Then,
ton), 200010 0.1)
© —“o006 * “anctoF
= 82.30%) Pa = 833 MPa (T(Min) Am
For the rah ede Her,» 1m Thus
— 10000) — 200410°¥0.1)
on oon
= 107 Ps Aas.
545(08 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page 546 $
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‘als No portion of is atta aay be vprducd, in ag fon or by aay sans witout prasion a Wl ios he pubs.
$21, The coping saw hat an adjustable blade that is
fiphtened with a tension of 40 N, Determine the state of
‘ses in the frame at pots A and.
Ans 1m
8.22, The champ is made from members AB and AC,
which are pin connected at A. It exerts @ compressive
force at Cand B of 180) N, determine the maximum
‘compressive stress inthe clamp a section aa. The serew EP
‘ssubjected only toa tensile force along its ais
“here ino moment inthis problem. Therefor he compresive sree produced spent
tye ore only cas
aly
Coe = 107 MPs Aas bis
&
‘iso
peson
46(08 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page 547
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‘ais No porto of is mate aay te roproduced, i ay foun or by ay uss Wut persion ls Nt os tho publsber
8.23. The clamp is made from members AB and AC,
which are pin coanected at A. If it exerts a eompresive
force at C and B of 180 N, Sketch the stress distribution
scting over section aa, The vrew EF is subjected only to
2 tensile force along its axis
“There is moment in thie problem. Thesefre, the compressive stress is produced by
sal force only
PL wo
goa = A ~ Tamisyomy  PMP
snl
Hi:=
eI
ism
Ssctiomaa
YA, The bearing pin supports the foad of 700 th.
Determine the stress components ip the support member
fat point A. The support 0.5. thick
N 700 coe 3
1 = 606.2181
v—msinar
v
018
CHIM= 0, Me —T0m125— asin) = Ae
N Me__@o2is (1750.75)
AT IOS Faso"
75 bia,
47(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 548 $
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‘als No portion of hs atta aay be vprduced, i Zoo by aay sans witout prasion a Wis ins the pubs.
825, ‘The bearing pin supports the load of 700 1h.
Determine the stress components in the support member 075i,
a pint The support is 0.5 in thick a
2 Plis
wars
30
ZF,0 N—TMeo3—0; NW —et62I8I a
2B,0 V—700sina0 0, v~ 35018
0
CHEM =O: M~7Om(L25~2sin37)= 0,
Le
Ne __sonais_  11800395) atte
ee AT US * Loose
n= 52531 Ans et
te=0 Gioce Qa =O) Aes
al
$26, The oft kink supp the loading of P ~ 30 KN P
Detemine its required adh 9 ifthe allowable ormal
sires sug ~ 78 MP. The ink haa thickness oC 40.
1 dae to ail ore:
Pai) _ 7804105)
A ODD w
«deta bending ct
Me _ 3040x005 +334)
T ~~ HOuywy
4560 00°)008 +9
ea oem egh y ’
ayy = BID) , tHE +H
Taw? = 075 + 0225 + 225
Taw — 3 02050
= 00007 = 7927 am Aas.
548(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 549 $
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8.27. The offset link has 3 width of w = 200 mm and x p
thickoes: of 40 mim, If the allowable nonnal stress is
any ~ 75 MPa, determine the maxiesum load P that can
be applied to the cables.
A= 02004)
08;
1 ~ 5 00)02)! ~ 26.6567110" xt
x, so
e
ssn) =
P= 100kN Ans.
asin P
*8.28, The joint is subjected toa foree of P = 80 Ib and
F = 0, Sketch the nonmalatress distibution acting over
scotion ail the member has «rectangular crosesectona
frou of wih 2 in ad thickness 0.5 i,
dae tail ore:
Pw
2a om
«# dx tobening
Me _ 10025)
“T ~ Zeyasy ~ POR
(ga) = 80+ 1200 asi Ams
(Cua ~ 120 ~ 80 ~ 1120 ps ~ 112k Am.
_y _0s»)
ia ne
y= 0.267
#49(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page S50 $
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‘als No portion of is atta aay be vprducd, i Zoo by aay suas witout prasion la Wl ios the pubs.
+8.20._ The oiat is subjected to afore of P ~ 200 1b snd
F ~ 150 1b. Determine the state of sites at points A and B
‘ad sketch the results on differential elements located at
{hese points The member has a rectangular eros soction
ares of with 0.75 n,n thickness 0: in
A= 031075) = 0375 ii
4 ~ Fad" ~ 012510.75K028) = OMDBANIS ins Qy = 0
J cor = ocreisint ex.
onma tes an
ea
os
209 ss5sic7) i,
Epos
057 ps = 1067 pi (©) Ans. °
Shot stress
vo
Te
150(0.0234875)
* Gaorpsa7sy  “Pe a
ao Ans.
a6
born
“87
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8.30, If tho 75g man stands ia the position shown,
‘determine the tate of stress at point A on the eros section
‘ofthe plank at section da, he center of gravity ofthe maa,
‘sat GAssume thatthe coniat point at Cis smooth,
Sesion eaand 6
Support Reaction: Referring tothe frebody diagram ofthe entre plank Fig.
Riieiee Pedashtin —iomtymie Gis = 7996)
Fe=ai38N so
0; By — 75(981) sin 30° — 477.88 cos 30° = 0 ©
be = T8LTN
SF = 0; By + 4778 sin 3° — 75(081) cos 30° = 0 pen
By = 9820N
Internal Loadings: Consider the equilibrium of the freebody diagram of the plank’s oqm
Ibvcrsonment
Fe = 0; TL—N=0 N= BLN by! By!
ZFy=0; 39824V=0 Vv = 39824 @)
cota = 2982408) =0 M=2890Nm
Section Properties: The crosescctional ares aad the atoment of inertia about the
centroid ans ofthe plank’ erss section ace
A ~ 050.05) = 003.0?
Referring to Fig. O, i
2, ~ FA" = aois7s(0.0125\06) ~ 0140525(10) me
[ermal Stew: The normal srs the combitio of axial and bending tres
‘Than
For point A,y = 0.0125 m. Then
=78173_ zsR04(o0125)
=n ~~ ga5(u0t)
~ 50394 kPa ~ So44Pa (6) Am
55108 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page 852 $
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‘als No portion of ib atta maybe vprdacd, i fom ory any suas without prasion awl ios the pubsbr.
830, Continued
‘Shear Stross The ser sires contribated by transverse shear stress. Ths,
sexaifo 140605(10"9)
149kPs Ans.
‘The tate ofsteess at point A is represented on the element shown in Fi
ON
vo
o
0.6m
be'=/B18A By 398240)
b)
corgi —CS
A ‘
YRoouysn
©)
504 KPa.
149 EP
@)
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‘ast No porto of ths mate aay to oproduced, i ny Zorn or by ay naa Witt persion ls Neti ostopublsber
SM. Determine the smallest stance d to the edge ofthe
plate at whic the force P canbe applied so that it produces
fo compressive stresses ia the plate at section a2. The
piste has a thickness of 20mm and Pacis along the
Centerline of this thickness
‘Consider the equiinriun of the PED of the feft ct segment in Fie,
NP0 N=P
CeMe& MAMI 8 w= ROI#
A=0200m) ~aamdat 1 ema)  132200")
ss trea cami oa tis
nw
ae
Since no compressive srs is desired, the normal sires a the lop ee fiber must
be equal (0 zero. Ths,
=P, Pio = (0ay
~ pond * 3383 (0)
0 250 P — 7500 (01 ~ 4)
°
(= 106607 m = 667 mem Aas.
@iLm EZ] n™
— 2
@
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‘als No portion of hs atta uy be nuprdaced, in foo by ay anuns without pasion is Wali iow he publsber,
$8.32, The horizontal forse of P = 8D KN acts at de end
‘ofthe plate The plate has a thickness of 10 mm and P acts
‘along the centesin ofthis thickness such that d'~ 50 mm,
Plot the distribution of normal stress acting along, D
section 0.
[sc
‘Consider the equitibsium of the FIBD ofthe lft eut segment in Fig.a,
*zR, 0 N800 N= #0KN
CHEM = 0% M~ 80(005) 0M = 4C0KNm
A= 0.01(02)
‘Atpoiat A,y = O.Lm Then
50010) 4.0010)0.)
4 “gon “67009
~ 20.0110") Pa = 20.0Mpa (Cc)
Atpoint By = 0 a. Then
100 10") Pa = 100 MPa (1)
‘The ction of neutral ais ca be determined wing the similar rangle
A
005m mM
N
80, c
554(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page S55 $
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“H38. The plier are made from two ste! parts pinned
fogetier at A. If smooth bolt i held ia the java and «
sxipping force of 10 Ibis applied atthe handles determine
the State stress developed inthe pliers at points B and C
“ere the ross ection is rectangular, having the cmensions
sown in the gure
TA SF=0 N—1sin3P=0, N= S0Ib
WSF = 0 V—Womsr= 6 v= 86601
C+2Me= 0 M=108)=0 M=301bin
A= 02(04) = 008:
(020°) = 1.055710°) nt
AY = 01(02(02) = 4(10) in?
oe
ao
bm
awe
cote eo=asmi=sint hm
—
ce 72 HO a
Tr 106671002)(08 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page S56 $
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4, Solve Prob 833 for points D and E tia. 10m
FS) +400) 0, F= 161 uh
eo Ans
ap = VO = HIOISHOANOAS) ne
2 e ~ Th o9xo2° 018)
ovat
My ___ 23103) at
1” Foonsyeay
Aes
at
ir
a
I) 1601 25)=28 ein
ae
356(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page S57 $
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4.35. The widefiange beam is subjected to the fading som Sib
shown. Determine the stress components at points A and B mam,
thao th reuls ona volume ment tenho hese 4
fini Use the shear forma fo compute the hear test
Pa =e
ttaatint ** es 1
oe
ose
dee ait oth
Sea  Lease = 123i aa
1= $e)  Las =. L
in
sit
OF
Am
at
Am.
nismci2yty _
AK aoa ea
0s(85)
SS) sen ksi Ans.
513303)
Parr
pt sass
Bee
557(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page S58 $
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°8.36. “The del is jammed in the wall end is subjected to .
the torgue and foree shown. Determine thestate of sos a
point Aon the eros section of dal bit at section oa 00 2
aN
1508
Section a=
Internal Loadings: Consider the equilibrium of the frebody diagram ofthe dil’
Fight en segment, Fis.
SF,= —1s0(4) =
sA,0, w10(4) 0 ys
240: 19 EN
sM=0070 ream
BM, ~ 0 ~
(0125) + M.0
g)on
M,2Nm
Section Properties: The crosssectional area, the moment of inertia bout the z axis
and the polte moment of inertia ofthe dis cress section are
A= o( 008°) = 25¢(10*)n®
1,=F (a0ns')
56254107)
41 =F (0008) = 0.21259(10)
Referring 0 Feb 8
m0
1¢ normal tress» combination of wal and bending stress Thus
My
For poiat A,y ~ O05 a. Thon
__=10___2100005)
e107] HISLSe(I
ea DISMPs(C) Ams.
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8.86. Continved
‘Shear Stress: The transverse shear stress developed ut point A is
[tro¥],= “ee =o Am.
“The torsional shes stress developed st point Ais
Ths
(ra)a=0 Ae
Grada [lr], ~ 102 Po Ans
“Te tt of tres at point is repreteted onthe element shown in ig
A
zismpa, ‘Op MR
2
B 40.005) YS
oocem Tor & 4
@®(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 560 $
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‘sls No portion of hs atta aay be vprducd, i Zoo by aay ssaas ihoutprasion a Wl ios the pubs.
837. The del is jamamed ithe wall and is subjected to ,
the forque and force shown. Determine thestat of sine a
point Bon the eross section of dil bit at section aa 0m
Internal Loadings: Consider the equilibrium of th feebody diagram ofthe dis
right sepment Fig. a,
BP. 0 W 350(3)0 4 10N
:
sry0: s9f8)Wa4 a
2m,~0,10(8)oa) +19($}i29 +14 0
Section Properties The crosssectional area, the momeat of inertia about the zai
and the polar moment of inertia ofthe dil’ cross section are
1, = (000s!) = o1s125e(10>) nt
J = E (os!) = 031254(10) m4
Referting to Fig. bs Oy is
10.005)
or
25 = Fa"
[F(ov0s)  = 83.333(10
[Normal Stes: The aormal stress «combination of axial and beading stress‘Thus,
Ny My
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837. Continued
Shear Stress: The transverse shear stress developed a point i
Am
“ae oon shea ae developed pit Bi
Tha
(cleo Am
(ole [lowe], [led],
= 1s — 1508 = on23.MPs = 100M Am
‘The state of stress at point B is represented on the clement showin in Fg.(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 562
a
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‘als No portion of is atta nay be vpredacd, i gf or by any sans witout prison a Wl ios he pubs.
8. Since coserete ean support litle or no tension this
problem can be avoned by using wites or rods to presiress
the concrete once it is formed. Consider the simply
supported beam showa, which fas # rectangular eros
Section of 18 in, by 12 in I conerete has a specific weight of
1S01b/f, determine the required tension in rod AB, which
rons throtigh the beam 30 thal no tensile toss developed
in the concrete a it center section oa. Neglect the size of
the rod and any deflection ofthe beam.
Support Reactions: As showa.on FRD.
Inverwal Force and Moment
Ser0 TN0 NT
CHEM, = 0; M+ TUT) — 9024)  0
M = 21600 — 77
Section Properties
A= 18(12) = 21650
1 ae) 
1 San(w)  se
Normal Sires: Requires 04 = 0
2
avd
<1, 216071)
26 3
2160 th = 216Ki9
notsneattoon
Leena
b4e—+—1n
z
ial
oth,(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 563 $
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£3. Soe Pro. 38 ithe od hn meter of in ‘
ie the tapsormedaten bod docied i See 68. : =
Eq = 20(10") ksi. E = 3.6010") ksi. to in. 8 in.
— eprtinttal
al
{4a +n be
Support Reactions: As shown on FED.
‘Section Properties: alscacenB00,
Aan = (= 1) = (8.0586 — 0(F)(o) = 1.3854?
A= 18(12) + 1.3854 ~ 2173854
5 2YA_ 94tsyi2) + 164.3858)
a — ost in
(18) + 12asxeouer — 9F + 1385410 ~ oot? m
= sisi
Internat Force and Moment:
A3R0& TN0 NT
CHEMe= 0, M+7169554) — 900024) = 0
A = 21600 ~ .95987
lormal Stes: Requies 04 = 0
N Me
er
1, (1600 ~ 6 95547)( 895
maa seas
T= 216308 b = 216kip Ao
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‘als No portion of is atta ay be vpreduced, i foo by aay sans iat prasion a Walshe pubs.
“84, Determine the state of stress at point A when
the beam i subjected to the cable force of 4 kN. Tadieate
‘the result a diferenil volume element
Supper eations
CAEMp =o; 4aas)—c,075) =0
= o6eereN
Ser,=0 as
Internat Foec and Momeat %
Ssr,0 sm—w0 w~400kN =
ATEF,— GV 06670 V~ 06667 EN
caEM,
1586741) —
M = 066672 a
Section Properties:
A= 0240.15) ~ 02(0.135) ~ 9.010
)
(0138)(02') = 925(10~) at
1
+ (osy(o2s) —
1Seas(oa")
2
Os 3 a" = om (01sya02) + eosa1y0015)
= 049(0°)
Normal Sires
wy
ar i
400010") 0.6667(10° (0) iO
4 3.00010") ” s2.8(104, &
as mcr ro
Sear Stes Appi se ocala
co
We
oearachfoase
= RecA ary ie
3250" 9(0015)
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+841. Determine the state of stress at point B when
the beam is subjected to the eable force of # LN. Indiate
‘he result asa differential volume clement.
Support Reactions:
C+3Mo 40825) 6,879)
6, = 05567 kN
Sar % C.40 C.~4W0EN
Interval Forces and Moment:
A2F,=% 400N=0 N= 400KN
+138,
CHEM. =, ME 01666700
OV on6sT=0
(5557 kN
BM = 05567 kN om
Section Properties:
A= 024(015) ~ 02(0138) = 9.00(10~
)
1 yy4 3 =
fo1sa2e) 4 (0135)(02") = s28(10"4)m
Os
Normal Ses
ne
RA
“umc0) _asesrcyo:29
= Soni) 2810")
0522 MPa ~ 0522 MPs (©)
Shear Stes Since Op = 0. then
Ans.
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‘als No portion of is atta aay be vprducd, i Zou o by aay sans ihout prasion a Wis ios the pubs.
42, The bar has 4 diameter of 80 ma, Determine the
stress components that act at point A and show the results
‘on volume element losated at this point
ont pivot he FRDot it peso ia
:
o)8
& no)
,5(S)oa)=0
SkN
3F,~6:
2F,
asa(2)as
64102 mt
Feo0e'
Referring to Fb,
@),
For point A,y = ~0.04m and z = D.Then
=09U010.09
17 90(10%P3
17.9 MPa (C) Ans,
‘Toe transverse shear sress developed at point A is
ViQsa
(0) rs
(oa)px YA@ae _ nfo]
Fes} it (0.64(10%) ar (08)
= 1.06110) Pa = 1.06 Ans
‘Thestate stress for point A can be represented by the volume element shown in
Fac,
566
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842, Continued
79M Pa,
B N06 MPa,
«)(08 Solutions 46060 5/28/10 8:34 AM Page 568 $
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cist No porno hs ata rn be rprccd ae form ory ty mene whut peri nwa he pubeber,
B43, The bar has a diameter of 80 mma Determise dhe
stress componsats that act at point B and show the results
‘in. Voline element located at his pont
12kNem
ur(joo=0 a,
“
se, mees(3)09) 0 ay ostnem
(004) = 064(10"*)e wt
fering to Fe,
(eo¥4" 2510)!
le
“i ara sen cnt ening enh Tn
My, Mot
ae
Ror poiat By = Oand ¢ = 0.04eThen
12005004)
OL
~2387(0") Pa = 289 MPa (C) Ans.
“The transverse shear stress developed at pot is
Vuoa _ sunrfa2er00]
at (0.64(10°*) xr (0.08)
(rw)
= 0,7058(10°) MPa = 0.706 MPa Ans.
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843. Continued
(ra) = MA@2 ‘am.
‘The state of stress for point B can be represented by the volume element shown in
1 tos oem
T
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‘als No portion of hs atta ay be vprdacd, in foo by any sbuns without pasion a Was iow he publsber
‘$4. Determine the sormal stress developed at points ox
‘A aod B. Nepoet the Weight ofthe block. 3
Refering o Fi.
3E=(Fps 612=P = 180kip
3M,= (Aly) 6(L5) ~ 12015) = My My = ~9.00ipin
EM_=(Ma}i 128) ~ 63) = Mp Me I80kipin
‘The crosssectional area and moment oferta about the y and z axes ofthe cross
A= 6G) = 18i
For point A,y = 3ia,and 2 = ~15in,
=180 1806) , 9.00(15)
450 Su TBS
= “200 ksi = L00Bsi(C)
For point B,y = 3inand z ~ 1. in.
em ;
3.00 ksi (C) Ams. 
@
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“$48, Skotch the normal toss isibation actinzover the
«2s setion at section ana Neglect the weight ofthe block.
Referring to Fig,
Pads —612=P FE
EM, = (Ma): 6.8) ~ 120.8) = Mt,
Ma) 128) —6(3)= Me My
1s 0kip
‘The crosssectional aca and the moment of inetis about he y and z axes ofthe
A=36)
180ia?
1 oi
1, = 700) = 135i
1e= HOW) = S400
‘The noemal stress developed isthe eombination of axial and bending tressThus,
F_ My Mt
7,
47,
For poiat Ay ~ 3inand g = ~L5in
=8.0(15)
1S
= 100 Ksi ~ 1.00 5 (©)
Sin,
ae
80
For poiat #,y = 3in.and z
0
—300ksi = 300431 (C)
ST(08 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page 872 $
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845, Continued
For point C,y = —2ia,and = 15in,
‘80 180(3)
no SkO
=9.00105)
= =100 si = 100%81(0)
Forpoint D,y = ~Sin.and z = —1.5in,
_ =180_ 180(3)  9.00(15)
250 an BS
= 100K (1)
“The aoemal stress distribution ove the crosssection i shown in Fig.b
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8.46, Tre support is subjected fo the compressive load P.
Delenmiae the sbeolule maximimn and minimm normal
stress acting inthe materia,
Section Properties
Aqaa+s)
Zor = Sere
Interna Forces and Moment: As shown on FBD.
Normal Stress:
ases{ica+ 9]
flat eP
Alea "
alate Ge,
pie e
 e
Inert acorn ie 22
+9
Gr +00
ear
573[08 Solutions 46060 6/28/10 8:34 AM Page 874 $
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846, Continued
Sabstiiting the resalt into Ea, yields
[sccm a]
(a+ Sap
12 12 tn
ton
Inorder to have minima normal stess 2 — 0
fa 25~
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1 subjected tothe compressive load P. :
Determine the essimum and minimum normal stress at
Jntho material All horizontal evoss sections are cca
Section Properties:
Zoe ase)
Interval Force and Moment: Asshown on FED.
Norma Sins:
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