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COORDINATED MULTI-POINT TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION

Data:05.05.2011

Students: Tosin Ogunfowora Diyana Kyuchukova

Contents

Introduction

Principles

Use

Advantages

Disadvantages

Introduction

CoMP will increase data transmission rates and help ensure consistent

service quality and throughput on LTE wireless broadband networks as well as

on 3G and 4G networks. By coordinating and combining signals from multiple antennas, CoMP, will make it possible for mobile users to enjoy consistent

performance and quality when they access and share videos, photos and other

high-bandwidth services whether they are close to the center of an LTE cell or

at its outer edges.

Coordinated Multi-Point transmission/reception (CoMP) is considered by 3GPP as a tool to improve coverage, cell-edge throughput, and/or system

efficiency.

The main idea of CoMP is as follows: when a UE is in

the cell-edge region, it may be able to receive signals

from multiple cell sites and the UE’s transmission may

be received at multiple cell sites regardless of the

system load

from multiple cell sites and the UE’s transmission may be received at multiple cell sites regardless

Principles

The main purpose of COMP is solving the interference problem

at the edge area of cells. The interference is decreased on edge

users of cells by jointly scheduling several cells with rather

strong edge interference, or by joint transmission, so that the

reception power and service experience of a cell’s edge users

can be improved.

The figure below shows the basic principle of this transmission type.

User Equipment 1 (UE1) at the cell edge is serviced by Cells 1, 2 and 3

at the same time. The interference from other cells to UE1 can be cleared

in this way, and the signal quality of cell’s edge users can be enhanced

from other cells to UE1 can be cleared in this way, and the signal quality of

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO COMP TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FOR LTE-ADVANCED

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO COMP TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION FOR LTE-ADVANCED

INTER-CELL INTERFERENCE COORDINATION

Another simple CoMP transmission scheme which relies on resource management

cooperation among eNBs for controlling inter-cell interference is an efficient way to

improve the cell edge spectral efficiency. The Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (ICIC)

enhancement currently being studied for LTE-Advanced can be classified into dynamic Interference Coordination (D-ICIC) and Static Interference Coordination (S-ICIC).

In D-ICIC, the utilization of frequency resource, spatial resource (beam pattern) or power

resource is exchanged dynamically among eNBs.

For S-ICIC, both static and semi-static spatial resource coordination among eNBs are being considered.

among eNBs. • For S-ICIC, both static and semi-static spatial resource coordination among eNBs are being

Joint Processing (JP) and Coordinated Scheduling/Beamforming (CS/CB)

CoMP involves uplink CoMP reception and downlink CoMP transmission.

Uplink CoMP reception improves cell-edge user throughput by joint multi-

cell reception of user data.

Downlink CoMP transmission is divided into Joint Processing (JP) and Coordinated Scheduling/Beamforming (CS/CB). JP achieves transmission

gain through joint processing, while CS/CB reduces inter-cell interference

through coordination, as shown in the figure.

Coordinated Scheduling/Beamforming (CS/CB)

Data are only transmitted from a single eNB, but base stations are connected with each other in order to exchange scheduling and

beamforming information so that a dynamic multi-site scheduling can

be performed.

in order to exchange scheduling and beamforming information so that a dynamic multi-site scheduling can be

Joint Processing (JP)

Two techniques are possible: fast cell selection, where only one base station is transmitting at a time and joint transmission where data are

transmitted from different points at a time and they are coherently combined at the terminal.

transmission where data are transmitted from different points at a time and they are coherently combined

Multi-Point Joint Transmission

Coherent Multi-Point Joint Transmission -Each data stream may be transmitted from multiple nodes

-Tight Synchronization across the transmitting nodes (common phase reference)

-A high-speed backbone network, e.g. Radio over Fiber

across the transmitting nodes (common phase reference) -A high-speed backbone network, e.g. Radio over Fiber

Multi-Point Joint Transmission

Non-coherent multi-cell processing

- Dynamic multi-cell scheduling and inter-cell interference avoidance

- Coordinated precoder design and beam allocation

- Each data stream is transmitted from a single BS node

- No carrier phase coherence requirement

- Looser requirement on the coordination and the backhaul

Uses

Wireless services can be accessed anywhere and at

anytime.

Communication quality can be affected by multicell

interference and can be dramatically reduced at cell

edges.

CoMP is considered by 3GPP as a tool to improve

coverage, cell-edge through put.

Advantages

CoMP transmission and reception will provide broadband packet radio access with much higher performance than those for Release 8

LTE Coordinated Multi-Point Tx/Rx (CoMP) significantly improves cell- edge user throughput by employing multicell coordination.

Users can access smooth and fast Internet whether they are in cell centre or at the cell edge.

In

the

intra-site

CoMP

the

significant

amount

of

exchange

of

information is possible since this communication is within a site.

Disadvantages

Due to the propagation loss, UEs who are close to the cell-edge also suffered from the degradation in the quality of the received signal.

CONCLUSION

CoMP increases data transmission rates and help ensure consistent

service quality and throughput on LTE wireless broadband networks as

well as on 3G and 4G networks.

Moreover, we present fast inter-cell radio resource management

schemes that achieve elaborate CoMP, and the CoMP transmission

and reception schemes including the related radio interface agreed

upon by the 3GPP for LTE-Advanced.

References

3GPP TR 36.913, V9.0.0, “Requirements for Further Advancements

for Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Acces 3GPP TS 36.300,

V8.9.0,

“Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (EUTRA) and Evolved

Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (EUTRAN); Overall

Description,” June 2009. s (E-UTRA) (LTE-Advanced),” Dec. 2009

http://3g4g.blogspot.com/2010/02/coordinated-multi-point-comp.html

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION