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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, Pilani Pilani Campus

INSTRUCTION DIVISION FIRST SEMESTER 2012-2013 Course Handout (Part II)

03/08/2012

In addition to part-I (General Handout for all courses appended to the timetable) this portion gives further specific details regarding the course. Course No. Course Title Instructor-in-Charge : PHY C212 : Classical Mechanics : BISWANATH LAYEK

Course Description : After critical analysis of Newtonian approach to tackle the mechanical problems, DAlemberts principle is introduced. Following the footstep of DAlembert, Lagrangian formulation is then presented as a (beautiful) package of the whole mechanical system. Lagrangian formulation is then applied to two-body central force motion. The course also deals with an alternative principle, i.e. principle of least action (which is more powerful in some sense). The phase space description of the dynamical system, viz., Hamiltonian formulation, thedual brother of Lagrangian approach will then be introduced. Scope & Objectives : This is an advanced course on classical mechanics which deals with some advanced techniques for solving problems of mechanical systems. It deals with formulations of classical mechanics that find their use in almost all branches of physics. The Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism which are the heart of this course will be very useful for the students to learn more advanced level topics such as field theoretical approach to electrodynamics/gravity etc. etc.. Text Book: (1) H. Goldstein, C. Poole & J. Safko, Classical Mechanics, Third Edition, Pearson Education, Inc., 2002 (2) N. C. Rana and P. S. Joag, Classical Mechanics, Mc Graw Hill, 2006 Course Plan: (Note : The symbols T1, T2 And CN stand for 1st text book, 2nd text book and class notes, respectively.) Lect. No. 0 1-2 Learning Objectives Few mathematical tools Kinematics & dynamics of a mechanical system in Newtonian approach : A very brief overview Newtonian approach : A Critical analysis Lagrangian Formulation : Topics to be covered Advanced calculus : MATH-1 Level Newtonian mechanics for a particle/system of particles : Conservation principles etc. etc. Motions under constraints: Classification scheme. Degree of freedom (DOF), invitation to generalized coordinates. Systematic method to Reference to Text book/CN Self revision T1: Sec. 1.1 1.2, T2 : Introductory Chapter T1: Sec. 1.3, T2 : Sec. 1.1-1.2 & CN T1 : Sec 1.4-1.6

3-4

5-8

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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, Pilani Pilani Campus


Description of the system in configuration space eliminate/bypass constraints, Principle of virtual work, D-Alemberts principle : EulerLagranges (E-L) equation (whole system in one package) Setting up the problem through Lagrangian approach : Reduction of two-body problem to an equivalent one-body problem, Obtaining two 2nd ODE using E-L equation. Two first integrals of motion, classification of orbits based on bounded/unbounded motion, stability criteria, closure property etc. etc. Orbits under inverse-square law of force, any deviation from inverse square law ? Qualitative understanding of precession of orbits via phenomenological model. Principle of least action : Fermats principle in optics, Geodesics for material bodies, Material bodies in conservative force fields (Brachistochrone, Tautochrone etc. etc.) Obtaining E-L equation. Linkage to DAlemberts principle. Construction of the Hamiltonian from Lagrangian through duality transformation. Four basic CT, Symplectic approach to CT, CT in Poisson Bracket (PB) formulation etc.etc. Signature of symmetries in Lagrangian and Hamiltonian, Obtaining corresponding conserved quantities. Orthogonal transformations, Euler Angles, Rotating Frames T2 : 1.3,1.4, 1.7, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3

9-10

Central force problem : A detailed study

T1: Sec. 3.1

11-14

Qualitative understanding of power law forces : An Effective Potential description Kepler problems : Study to our solar system

T1: Sec. 3.2 3.6

15-16

T1 : Sec. 3.7-3.8

17-20

Calculus of variations (an integral principle approach) and its application to different branches of physics Hamiltons principle : An elegant & more powerful approach Hamiltonian Formulation : A Phase space description Canonical Transformation (CT): An optimistic/purely academic approach Noethers Theorem : Coservation Principle Rigid body : Kinematics

T2 : Sec. 6.1-6.4, Chap 7 & CN

21-23

T1 : Sec. 2.1-2.6

24-26 27-30 31-33

T1: T2: 5.5 T1: T2: CN

Sec. 8.1, 8.2 Sec. 5.1-5.3, Sec.9.1- 9.5 Sec. 8.1-8.5

34 40

Sec. CN

4.1-

4.10,

Evaluation Scheme:

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BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE, Pilani Pilani Campus

Sl. 1 2 3

Evaluation Component Mid Term Tut./Assign. Compre. Exam.

Duration 90 Min. 20 Min. (For Tut.) 3 Hrs.

Weightage 30% 30% 40%

Date & Time 03/10 (11-11:30) 11/12 FN

Nature of Component CB CB CB (20%) + OB (20%)

Chamber Consultation Hour: Will be announced in the lecture class. Notices: Will be put on Intrabits/Physics Dept notice board. Make-up Policy: No Make will be granted for tutorial tests. Make-up for the tests will be granted only for genuine cases of health problems or urgency for going out of town with prior permission. Instructor-in-charge BISWANATH LAYEK

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