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KNOWLEDGE ON VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL TOPICS


ENCIRCLE THE LETTER OF THE BEST ANSWER.
1. Acid rain is due to compounds that form acids when they come in
contact with water, such as _____.
a) sulfur dioxide b) carbon
tetrachloride c) carbon monoxide d) hydrogen trioxide
2. Which material can be recycled? a) styropor packaging
c) used baby diapers

b) paper

3. Composting _______ a) involves biodegradation b) involves


decomposition
c) is hastened by organisms such as
earthworms and nematodes d) (all of the above)
4. Aquifer refers to ____. a) a water-bearing permeable rock b) an
underground river c) an underground lake d) water table

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SUMMARY OF 24 MEASURED (NON-EXTREME) items


+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|
RAW
MODEL
INFIT
OUTFIT
|
|
SCORE
COUNT
MEASURE
ERROR
MNSQ
ZSTD
MNSQ
ZSTD |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| MEAN
121.5
199.0
.00
.18
.99
-.1
1.09
.1 |
| S.D.
40.3
.0
1.20
.03
.19
1.7
.49
2.1 |
| MAX.
180.0
199.0
2.48
.27
1.40
3.3
2.30
4.6 |
| MIN.
35.0
199.0
-2.18
.16
.64
-2.8
.39
-3.0 |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------------|
RELIABILITY .97 |
| REAL RMSE
.19 ADJ.SD
1.19 SEPARATION 6.11 item
|MODEL RMSE
.19 ADJ.SD
1.19 SEPARATION 6.37 item
RELIABILITY .98 |
| S.E. OF item MEAN = .25
|
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
UMEAN=.000 USCALE=1.000
item RAW SCORE-TO-MEASURE CORRELATION = -.99

* +
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-------------------------------------------------------------------------------persons MAP OF items


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person: REAL SEP.: 1.84 REL.: .77 ... item: REAL SEP.: 6.11 REL.: .97
item STATISTICS: MEASURE ORDER
+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|ENTRY
RAW
MODEL|
INFIT | OUTFIT |PTMEA|
|
|NUMBER SCORE COUNT MEASURE S.E. |MNSQ ZSTD|MNSQ ZSTD|CORR.| item |
|------------------------------------+----------+----------+-----+------|
|
5
35
199
2.48
.20|1.17
1.5|2.30
3.7| .06| I0005|
|
7
51
199
1.95
.17|1.08
1.0|1.97
3.9| .18| I0007|
|
9
62
199
1.63
.16|1.11
1.6|1.14
.9| .26| I0009|
|
19
80
199
1.17
.16| .99
-.3| .91
-.7| .40| I0019|
|
4
82
199
1.12
.16|1.18
3.3|1.68
4.6| .21| I0004|
|
1
89
199
.95
.16|1.09
1.8|1.32
2.6| .31| I0001|
|
14
89
199
.95
.16|1.03
.7| .97
-.2| .38| I0014|
|
22
97
199
.75
.16| .94 -1.2| .86 -1.4| .47| I0022|
|
20
107
199
.50
.16| .98
-.3| .96
-.4| .44| I0020|
|
17
112
199
.38
.16| .91 -1.6| .84 -1.6| .51| I0017|
|
16
116
199
.28
.16|1.03
.4|1.03
.3| .42| I0016|
|
18
124
199
.07
.16| .82 -2.8| .71 -3.0| .60| I0018|
|
13
129
199
-.07
.17| .96
-.5|1.02
.2| .48| I0013|
|
12
145
199
-.55
.18| .88 -1.2| .80 -1.5| .56| I0012|
|
6
147
199
-.62
.18|1.32
2.9|1.27
1.8| .27| I0006|
|
23
148
199
-.65
.18| .84 -1.6| .78 -1.6| .59| I0023|
|
8
149
199
-.68
.19| .99
-.1| .96
-.2| .49| I0008|
|
11
155
199
-.90
.19| .85 -1.3| .79 -1.2| .58| I0011|
|
15
155
199
-.90
.19| .79 -1.9| .71 -1.8| .62| I0015|
|
3
157
199
-.98
.20|1.23
1.8|1.10
.6| .36| I0003|
|
21
162
199
-1.18
.21| .72 -2.3| .64 -2.0| .66| I0021|
|
24
168
199
-1.46
.22| .72 -2.0| .75 -1.1| .65| I0024|
|
10
178
199
-2.04
.26| .64 -2.2| .39 -2.4| .68| I0010|
|
2
180
199
-2.18
.27|1.40
1.9|2.27
2.8| .18| I0002|
|------------------------------------+----------+----------+-----+------|
| MEAN
121.5 199.0
.00
.18| .99
-.1|1.09
.1|
|
|
| S.D.
40.3
.0
1.20
.03| .19
1.7| .49
2.1|
|
|

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------persons MAP OF items


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TABLE 30.1 knowledge test degree program


ZOU335ws.txt Jul 11 13:53 2012
INPUT: 186 persons, 24 items MEASURED: 186 persons, 24 items, 2 CATS
3.57.3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------DIF class specification is: DIF=$S2W1
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| person
DIF
DIF
person
DIF
DIF
DIF
JOINT
item
|
| CLASS MEASURE S.E. CLASS MEASURE S.E. CONTRAST S.E.
t d.f. Prob. Number Name |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| D
5.89 4.05 M
9.57 1.76
-3.67 4.41 -.83 184 .4062
1 I0001 |
| D
-20.64 6.17 M
-20.20 3.04
-.44 6.87 -.06 184 .9490
2 I0002 |
| D
-8.98 4.82 M
-9.50 2.26
.53 5.32
.10 184 .9212
3 I0003 |
| D
10.82 4.08 M
10.80 1.76
.02 4.45
.00 184 .9971
4 I0004 |
| D
20.01 4.62 M
26.99 2.32
-6.97 5.17 -1.35 184 .1790
5 I0005 |
| D
-14.10 5.33 M
-4.12 2.00
-9.98 5.70 -1.75 184 .0815
6 I0006 |
| D
22.25 4.85 M
18.74 1.91
3.52 5.22
.67 184 .5012
7 I0007 |
| D
-6.75 4.63 M
-6.21 2.09
-.54 5.08 -.11 184 .9157
8 I0008 |
| D
14.24 4.21 M
16.61 1.85
-2.37 4.60 -.52 184 .6067
9 I0009 |
| D
-20.64 6.17 M
-23.23 3.33
2.59 7.01
.37 184 .7121
10 I0010 |
| D
-8.98 4.82 M
-8.51 2.20
-.47 5.30 -.09 184 .9299
11 I0011 |
| D
-.90 4.24 M
-6.65 2.11
5.75 4.74 1.21 184 .2263
12 I0012 |
| D
2.58 4.11 M
-1.45 1.91
4.03 4.53
.89 184 .3747
13 I0013 |
| D
20.01 4.62 M
7.10 1.76
12.91 4.94 2.61 184 .0097
14 I0014 |
| D
-4.68 4.47 M
-10.55 2.32
5.87 5.04 1.16 184 .2456
15 I0015 |
| D
7.53 4.04 M
1.35 1.84
6.18 4.44 1.39 184 .1653
16 I0016 |
| D
.87 4.17 M
3.97 1.79
-3.10 4.53 -.68 184 .4954
17 I0017 |
| D
5.89 4.05 M
-.73 1.89
6.63 4.46 1.48 184 .1395
18 I0018 |
| D
9.16 4.05 M
12.36 1.77
-3.20 4.42 -.72 184 .4706
19 I0019 |
| D
2.58 4.11 M
5.86 1.77
-3.28 4.47 -.73 184 .4642
20 I0020 |
| D
-17.13 5.69 M
-11.09 2.35
-6.04 6.16 -.98 184 .3279
21 I0021 |
| D
7.53 4.04 M
7.41 1.76
.12 4.41
.03 184 .9787
22 I0022 |
| D
-17.13 5.68 M
-4.12 2.00
-13.01 6.03 -2.16 184 .0321
23 I0023 |
| D
-17.13 5.70 M
-14.07 2.54
-3.06 6.24 -.49 184 .6240
24 I0024 |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

* + 9(

,* 4,

14. This refers to the preservation, protection and management of


resources. a) Conservation b) Environmentalism c) Sustainable
Development

* + 'B

23. _______ development involves meeting the needs of the


present without compromising the ability of future generations
to meet their own needs.
a) Deep Ecology b) Viable c)
Sustainable
d) Equitable

TABLE 30.1 knowledge test gender DIF


ZOU812ws.txt Jul 11 14:03 2012
INPUT: 182 persons, 24 items MEASURED: 182 persons, 24 items, 2 CATS
3.57.3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------DIF class specification is: DIF=$S3W1
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| person
DIF
DIF
person
DIF
DIF
DIF
JOINT
item
|
| CLASS MEASURE S.E. CLASS MEASURE S.E. CONTRAST S.E.
t d.f. Prob. Number Name |
|---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| F
7.27 1.92 M
14.57 3.23
-7.30 3.75 -1.94 179 .0534
1 I0001 |
| F
-19.81 3.23 M
-22.66 5.48
2.85 6.36
.45 179 .6546
2 I0002 |
| F
-8.59 2.38 M
-15.23 4.55
6.64 5.13 1.29 179 .1974
3 I0003 |
| F
12.07 1.94 M
9.55 3.13
2.52 3.68
.68 179 .4952
4 I0004 |
| F
25.47 2.44 M
27.18 4.10
-1.70 4.77 -.36 179 .7212
5 I0005 |
| F
-4.92 2.20 M
-6.84 3.73
1.91 4.34
.44 179 .6595
6 I0006 |
| F
21.20 2.20 M
13.54 3.20
7.66 3.88 1.97 179 .0499
7 I0007 |
| F
-5.41 2.23 M
-9.81 3.99
4.40 4.57
.96 179 .3369
8 I0008 |
| F
13.97 1.97 M
24.08 3.78
-10.12 4.26 -2.37 179 .0187
9 I0009 |
| F
-24.64 3.76 M
-17.41 4.80
-7.23 6.10 -1.19 179 .2374
10 I0010 |
| F
-9.16 2.42 M
-6.84 3.73
-2.33 4.45 -.52 179 .6015
11 I0011 |
| F
-5.41 2.23 M
-6.84 3.73
1.42 4.35
.33 179 .7437
12 I0012 |
| F
-.44 2.04 M
.46 3.30
-.90 3.88 -.23 179 .8172
13 I0013 |
| F
7.27 1.92 M
13.54 3.20
-6.27 3.73 -1.68 179 .0944
14 I0014 |
| F
-8.59 2.38 M
-9.81 3.99
1.22 4.65
.26 179 .7927
15 I0015 |
| F
2.38 1.98 M
5.62 3.15
-3.24 3.72 -.87 179 .3854
16 I0016 |
| F
3.54 1.95 M
2.58 3.22
.96 3.77
.25 179 .7993
17 I0017 |
| F
-.44 2.04 M
1.53 3.26
-1.97 3.84 -.51 179 .6088
18 I0018 |
| F
12.82 1.95 M
10.53 3.14
2.29 3.70
.62 179 .5368
19 I0019 |
| F
7.64 1.92 M
-.65 3.35
8.28 3.86 2.15 179 .0330
20 I0020 |
| F
-16.08 2.89 M
-5.48 3.63
-10.60 4.64 -2.28 179 .0236
21 I0021 |
| F
8.37 1.92 M
2.58 3.22
5.79 3.75 1.55 179 .1237
22 I0022 |
| F
-6.42 2.27 M
-6.84 3.73
.41 4.37
.09 179 .9249
23 I0023 |
| F
-13.73 2.71 M
-17.41 4.80
3.68 5.52
.67 179 .5051
24 I0024 |
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

21. In organic agriculture, the use of which of the following is discouraged? a)


biological pest control
b) crop rotation c) pesticides d) green fertilizer

7. Which can be a good carbon sink? a) ocean


atmosphere

b) volcano

c) desert

d)

20. Which is an impact of land pollution? a) increased oxygen levels due to


decomposition of organic materials b) smothered habitats c) increased
light penetration in the water column d) decreased human health risks

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1. Use the test to determine the level of environmental


knowledge of OTHER students.
2. Investigate reasons underlying differences in
responses, in relation to degree program and/or sex.
3. For instrument development, consider re-phrasing
or discarding the following items: 2, 7, 9, 10, 14, 20,
21, and 23
See next slide for positions of these
items.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------persons MAP OF items


<more>|<rare>
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|
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|
| I0005
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S|
##### |
| I0009 [DIF] sex
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######### | I0004
1
+
.###### | I0001 I0014 [DIF] degree program
| I0022
.####### |
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.###### | I0017
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. | I0008
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## |T
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. |

THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR


YOUR KIND ATTENTION!