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Deploying LTE Femtocells in Order to Achieve Coverage in Rural Areas Arief Hamdani Gunawan

The Core Business


As of June 30, 2009 :

Penetration in Telco Industry


As of June 30, 2009 :

Agenda
Deploying LTE Femtocells Achieving Coverage in Rural Areas

Optimizing Traffic approach Adoption of technologies Deployment scenarios SAE capability Possibility for 700 MHz through Femto

Traffic Approach
traffic

LTE
HSPA+ / EV-DO Rev A/B
suburban

equipment capacity optimistic traffic urban optimistic revenue pessimistic traffic pessimistic revenue

HSPA / EV-DO Rev A

rural time

The decouple of traffic and revenue is bigger in higher traffic

Different Deployment Scenarios for LTE


Scenarios Today LTE Deployment
GSM LTE

GSM to LTE

Important Prerequisites: Technology maturity Demand Frequency allocation

GSM

3G1X 3G 1X EV-DO Rev A/B

3G 1X LTE

CDMA to LTE
3G 1X EV-DO Rev A

Pessimistic Scenario
3G 1X

Optimistic Scenario Other: Efficient Scalable


GSM UMTS LTE

EV-DO Rev A/B LTE

GSM UMTS

GSM UMTS

W-CDMA to LTE

Pessimistic Scenario
GSM UMTS GSM UMTS LTE

Optimistic Scenario

The LTE introduction for wireless operator

The Right Time - Relative Adoption of Technologies

3.9G

3G

2G

Rysavy Research projection based on historical data.


Saturation of 2G < LTE Introduction Timing < Saturation of 3G (after 2010) (before 2020)

System Architecture Evolution


3GPP IP Access (HSPA, HSPA+) S3/S4 LTE / SAE EUTRAN S1 S2 non 3GPP IP Access (EV-DO Rev A/B) EPC S2

WLAN 3GPP IP Access

The S2, S3, S4 interface enable SAE to provide flexibility

System Architecture Evolution Support to Achieve Coverage in Rural Areas


3GPP IP Access (HSPA, HSPA+)
Suitable to support: Existing GSM/W-CDMA in rural areas

LTE / SAE EUTRAN EPC

Suitable to support: (Optimizing) current wireline infrastructure High reliability non 3GPP

New wireless deployment

IP Access (EV-DO Rev A/B)


Suitable to support: Existing CDMA in rural areas

WLAN 3GPP IP Access


Suitable to support: Existing GSM/W-CDMA in rural areas

FEMTO, X2 interface, and SON architecture able to serve un-coverage area, remote area and isolated area

Why (Optimizing) current wireline infrastructure through Femto


Basic coverage: provide Femto as the main infrastructure in the blank spot. Data coverage: provide Femto as the main infrastructure in the low speed area or no data area (ex: GSM only area), in fact the indoor is become more critical. Capacity expansion: the independent individual BTS able to reduce congestion in BTS. User experience: provide xDSL experience in the home user/building user Cost reduction: Reduce backhaul cost and maintenance

Most Mobile Data Use Occurs Indoors

Source: Informas Mobile Access at Home Report

A Typical Femto Solution


AAA
ISP Network (ADSL) D

HLR

UE

Uu

FAP
IPsec tunnel

SEGW
Option 1

FGW
Option 2

Iu or CS/PS A/Gb CN Option 3

Service Network

AAA = Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting CS/PS CN = Circuit Switch / Packet Switch Core Network FGW = Femto Gateway HLR = Home Location Register SeGW/Sec =GW Security Gateway UE = User Equipment IEEE Communications Magazine . September 2009

Femto-subsystem reference architecture - example Femto Management System


FAP-MS FGW-MS

Fm

Fg

HPLMN Core Network Fr Fb-cs Subscriber Databases CS core Fb-ps PS core

FGW
Fa
Mobile device

Radio i/f

FAP

FL Home
GW

Access Network

SeGW

Fb-ims IMS core

HPLMN RAN

Frequency Allocation Candidate in UHF Band (470 806 MHz)


Current condition:
Capacity: 42 Analogue Channels (22 to 61). Jakarta condition: 29 trans, 37 tpi, 39 tvri, 41 ivm, 43 rcti, 45 sctv, 47 antv, 49 dvnm 51 dlob, 53 latvm 57 metro, 31 tvri, 35 ivm, 27 spcet (Source: RANCANGAN KEBIJAKAN PENATAAN PITA
FREKUENSI TV SIARAN UHF (470 806 MHz))

Future approach:
502 to 606 MHz: Band IV and V (lower): 16 channels (25 to 41) and bandwidth/channel 8 MHz for DVB-T free-to-air. 606 to 806 MHz: Band V (upper) : 20 channels (42 to 62) and bandwidth/channel 8 MHz for mobile multimedia.

Achieving Digital Dividend for LTE Deployment


Fixed Broadcast
Modulation: 64 QAM and capacity: 48 Mbps. High Definition TV (HDTV) : 4 programs SDTV (per program 2 Mbps) : 24 programs Audio content 64 kbps: 750 programs

Mobile Broadcast
Modulation: 16 QAM and capacity: 12 Mbps SDTV: 8 programs

Time and license constraint:


Digital TV Trial Analogue moratorium and simulcast Analogue Phase Out

More to SDTV rather than HDTV. More to frequency efficiency.

Closing
Deploying LTE Femtocells to achieve coverage in rural areas So, what is the main consideration to deploy LTE (in rural)?
Technology maturity
Why LTE Femtocells able to achieve coverage in rural areas Through the X2 interface, LTE able to utilize existing wireless access / cellular infrastructure Through the Femto interface, LTE able to optimize the infrastructure. FEMTO can be suitable for providing basic coverage, data coverage, capacity expansion, user experience and cost reduction. FEMTO, X2 interface, and SON architecture able to serve uncoverage area, remote area and isolated area

Demand
The uncertainty of decouple in urban is higher rather than in rural. The scalable solution of technology and/or the capability to optimize the current infrastructure might be important to serve in rural areas.

Frequency allocation
The digital dividend is very interesting for LTE deployment in many countries

The other considerations are efficiency and scalability

Thank You
Arief Hamdani Gunawan
hamdani2@telkom.co.id