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THE BATTLE OF MACTAN Conflict between two rajahs, Rajah Sula and Rajah LapuLapu sparked this battle

e Lapu-Lapu refused to acknowledge Spains sovereignity in the Philippines Sula went to Cebu and asked Magellan to wage a war against Lapu-Lapu to make him accept Spain Magellan sailed with 1000 Cebuano warriors and 60 Spaniards (the Spaniards are in full battle gear) Magellan also asked Rajah Humabon not to join him in the battle because it will be easy for them When the actual battle commenced, Lapu-Lapus force outnumbered Magellans, which resulted in Magellans defeat and death The Spaniards retreated, sailed home, and prepared for their next visits to the Philippines SIGNIFICANCE OF MAGELLANS EXPEDITION His expedition proved that the Earth is round Pioneered the use of sea route rather than the land route They discovered the vastness of the Pacific Ocean The Philippines gathered the interest and attention of the European colonizers

FAILED VOYAGES AFTER MAGELLAN Garcia Jofre de Loaisa - establish a colony in Mollucas Sebastian Cabot - establish a colony in Mollucas Alvaro de Saavedra - captured by the Portuguese SUCCESSFUL EXPEDITIONS Ruy Lopez de Villalobos His expedition started in November 1, 1542 and arrived in Mindanao three months later Villalobos had a hard time dealing with the locals (Muslims) Ordered his men to plant corm in order to avoid starvation, which ultimately failed Villalobos sent Bernardo de la Torre to Tandaya (Samar) to get some food. Fortunately, the ruler of Tandaya, Makandala, was accommodating and helpful As a sign of gratitude, he named Samar and Leyte as Felipinas, in honor of Prince Philip of Spain Villalobos left the Philippines and sailed to Moluccas but was captured by Portuguese sailors. They were later on released but they died in Amboina in 1546 Miguel Lopez de Legazpi This expedition started on November 21, 1564, 22 years after Villalobos expedition, and he arrived on February of 1565

Legazpi was accompanied with Father Andres de Urdaneta (chief navigator and spiritual leader) and 380 crewmembers Legazpi went to Samar and Leyte and sealed his ties with the local rulers through blood compact Also went to Camigiun, Butuan, Mindanao, and Bohol Went to Manila and befriended Rajah Lakandula of Tondo June 24, 1571 - formally declared Manila as the capital of the Philippines Legazpi is also credited for providing the foundation of Spanish colonization in the Philippines