Sei sulla pagina 1di 14

INDEX

1715: The Great Jacobite Rebellion (Szechi)

29

Abernethy, John (surgeon), 145 An Act for the Discharge of Certain Insol- vent Debtors, 51 Adams, Herbert Baxter, 138 Admiral Watson (ship), 87 adoption rite, xi, 119–20, 124–5, 128 Aegis of Life, 146, 189n61

Aeneid, 142

Ahiman Rezon, Ancients’ book of constitu-

alchemy, 26

All Saints Church, Southampton, 50

Allen, John, 102

Alweye, Ann, and gender identity, 154 America and British troops, 1, 9, 84

and Freemasonry, 85, 99, 108–9, 129,

Appendant orders, higher degrees, 98 criticism of, 125 armorial bearings, see coats of arms Ashman, P.E., 70, 176n29

associations, in the eighteenth century, 75–6 Asylum for Worthy, Aged and Decayed Freemasons, 144, 188n48 Atholl, John Murray, Duke of, 91 Auld, William, 78 Aurora chymica (Bolnest), 26–7, 169n27–9

Copyright

tion, 101

authorship, and attribution, 124

Balsamo, Giuseppe, see Cagliostro, Alessan-

dro di, Count

bankruptcy, 1, 77, 146

Bath Royal Cumberland No. 2 encampment,

112

Batley, William, on Sibly, 117 Bear and Crown Tavern, Ipswich, 116

Beaufort, Elizabeth Somerset, Duchess of,

147

123

and national identity, 137–8 and personal identity, 54, 136–7 American Civil War, 137 American Historical Association, 138 American War of Independence, 85 Ancient Grand Lodge, 79, 80, 81, 85, 91 Dunckerley’s hostility to, 112 and the Royal Arch, 79, 100, 100–1 and Union (1813), 140 Anderson, James, 116, 119, 179n56, 183n50 Anne, Queen of Great Britain, 29, 30 Anson, George Anson, 1st Baron, 72 Apoleipomena, or, Dissertations Theologi- cal, Mathematical, and Physical (Lee) (1752), 6 Apollo Lodge No. 454 Salisbury, 122

Beaufort, Henry Somerset, Duke of, 89, 91, 92, 123 Bell, Tom, 54 Berkeley, Rowland, 89 Better Coney (servant to Edward Bolnest) 27 Biddeford Trine No. 7 encampment, 112 biographies of Dunckerley ‘Sketch of the Life of Thomas Duncker- ley’ (Grierson and White) 15–16, 39, 57, 66, 77, 133 Thomas Dunckerley: A Remarkable Freemason (Chudley) 17, 41, 57, 105,

167n39

Thomas Dunckerley: His Life, Labours and Letters (Sadler) 165n3

see also Bray, William; Sadler, Henry

– 207 –

208 Thomas Dunckerley and English Freemasonry

biography in the nineteenth century, 135–7 in America, 136–8, 186n3 in Britain, 135–7, 138, 186n4 naval biographies, 151 Bisset, Maurice George, 58 Black Swan Inn, 122 Blackstone, William, 70 Blanchard, Sophie, 114 Bland, Dr Henry, 10, 28 Blayney, Cadwallader Blayney, 9th Baron, 100, 101, 102 Bluvitt, John, and roving commission, 87 Board of General Purposes, 143 Böehme, Jakob, 7 Bolnest, Edward (1627–c.1780), 26 Bolnest, Edward (b.1694; uncle), 27 Bolnest, Edward (d. c.1680), 25 chemical physician to Charles II, 26 publications, 26–7 and Society of Chemical Physicians, 26 Bolnest, Edward (d.1640/41), 26

Bolnest, Edward, Dr (d.1703; grandfather),

Bristol Encampment of Knights Templar, 111 invitation to Dunckerley, 112 Sibly’s initiation, 115 British Empire, 137 British Mercury, and Dunckerley’s claim (1789), 14–15 Brodsky, Michel, Dunckerley’s Masonic accomplishments, 155 Brown, Benjamin (Walpole’s cook), 19, 31 Buchan, William, 115 Bucholz, R.O., 21 Builders of Empire (Harland-Jacobs), 38–9 Burgis, Elizabeth, 27 Burn, J.S., 170n57 Bush, Michael, 67 Butler, Bishop John, 19 Byron, John, Captain of HMS Vanguard, 38, 46 Byron, William, 2, 46

Cabalism, 7

Copyright

27

Bolnest, Elizabeth (b.1696; aunt), 27

Bolnest, Elizabeth (née Burgis; grand-

mother), 2, 25, 30–1

bequests, 18, 31, 32

family history, 31–2

Cadiz, 48

Cagliostro, Alessandro di, Count, 126–7

fraudulent credentials, 147

sale of manuscripts, 127–8

women in Freemasonry, 126

Calcott, Wellins, 9, 124

grace-and-favour apartments, 2, 19, 25, 35 marriage, 27 pension, 35 Welsh ancestry, 108 Bolnest family, 26, 27 Bolnest, Francis (b.1630), 26 Bolnest, Mary (b. c.1690; mother), 25, 27 Book of Constitutions (1815), 93 Book of Constitutions (Entick), 87 Boscawen, Edward, 72 Boyce, William, 116 Braintree, Essex, 124, 128 Branson, Thomas, 77 Brant, Chief Joseph, 54 Bray, William biographical sketch of Dunckerley, 11, 19–20, 29, 157, 163–4, 165n6 correspondence with Walpole, 19–20, 24, 39, 65

and Dunckerley’s naval career, 41 Bristol, 51, 89, 111–12, 113, 115

Callendar, James, 78 Camden, William, 67, 69 Canada and Freemasonry, 47, 48, 85–7, 172n59 hostilities British and French troops, 84 Nouvelle-France, 84 Canceaux, HMS, 48 Carlyle, Thomas, 136, 186n4 Carr, Susanna (later Dunckerley), 33 Carter, Thomas, 28 Casper, Scott, 135, 186n3

Chamberlayne, John, and use of ‘Esquire’, 67,

170n54

Chambers, Sir William, 71 Chapter of Charity, and Sibly, 115 Chapter of Friendship No. 3, Portsmouth,

104

Chapter of Harmony, Salisbury, 103 Chapter officers, designation, 181n61 The Character of Credit (Finn), 49

Index

209

charity donations collected by Dunckerley, 86, 94, 96, 131, 132 and Freemasons, 95, 120–1 Charles II, King of England, 26

Charlotte, Queen, consort of George III, 14 Charter of Compact of the Grand Chapter, 101 Knights Templar, 111 Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of, 2, 11, 65–6, 67, 161 Christopher, James, 77 Chudley, Ron, on Dunckerley, 17, 41, 57, 105 Civil List, 60, 73 Clare, Martin, 123 Clark, Peter, on clubs and societies, 75, 76 class distinction, 2, 42, 45, 53, 133 and title ‘Esquire’, 67–68 Clement, Mrs Dorothy, 35 Clinton, George, 9 Clinton, Sir Henry, 9

coats of arms, 27, 63, 68–70, 142

Crucefix, Robert Thomas, 52, 140, 141 businesses, 146–7 court for insolvents, 146 and Dunckerley, 148 marriage to Jane Score Goss, 146 medical background, 145–6 opposition to Duke of Sussex, 144–5, 148 and Slade, 143 Crusaders, 109 Culpeper’s English Physician and Complete Herbal (Sibly), 115, 127, 185n100 Cumberland, Prince Henry, Duke of, 96

Dante, 136 de la Motte, Comte Dubois (Emmanuel- Auguste de Cahideuc), 7 debtors’ prison, 1, 2, 41, 49 Debus, Allen, on Bolnest, 26 Defoe, Danie,l 53 Dermott, Laurence, 81 and the Royal Arch, 101

and ‘unorthodox’ Modern Masons, 81–2,

Copyright

91

Devonshire, William Cavendish, 2nd Duke

of, 24

Devonshire, William Cavendish, 3rd Duke

of, 25

and Devonshire House, 41–2 Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 41 Devonshire, William Cavendish, 4th Duke of, 12 Dickinson, Henry, naval historian, 44, 72

Digby, Henry, 1st Earl Digby, Lord of the Admiralty, 40 Dillon, Hon. Charles, 89, 92 Diocletian, 148 Doctors’ Commons, 102 Domestic Medicine or the Family Physician (Buchan), 115 Dorchester Durnovarian No. 6 encamp- ment, 112 D’Oyly, John Hadley, 6th Baronet, 116 1790 parliamentary election, 116, 117,

119

Dunckerley, Adam (b.1689; father), 3, 10, 12, 139

Dunckerley’s treatment of, 139 employment, 21–2, 33

Coke, Sir Edward, 67, 69

Colchester Lodge No. 51, 103

Colchester No. 4 encampment, 112

College of Arms, 69, 70

Commentaries on the laws of England (Black-

stone), 70 Companion of the Royal Arch, 99, 101, 102, 110, 128 The Complete Freemason: Multa Paucis, for Lovers of Secrets (Dunckerley), 2 ‘The Confession of Mary Bolnist’ (Shy), 9 Constitutions of the Free-masons (Anderson), 116, 119, 183n50 Cooper, Benjamin, Grand Recorder, 95 Cornwall, 77, 111, 112 ‘corpse medicine’, 27, 169n30 Cort, Henry, 137 Court of St James, 30 cowans, 79 Coxheath militia encampment, 57, 58, 59, 63 Craft Masonry, xi, 76, 79, 98, 100, 109 Craven, Benjamin, 123 Cromwell, Oliver, 136 Crown, HMS, 44, 45, 46, 66 Crucefix, James Orme, 146 Crucefix, John Clarke, 146

210 Thomas Dunckerley and English Freemasonry

Dunckerley, Adam (b.1715; brother), 34 Dunckerley, Adam (b.1723; cousin), 33 Dunckerley, Adam (grandfather), 32–3 Dunckerley, Ann (née Martin; first wife) 41, 49

Dunckerley, Anne (daughter-in-law), 51 Dunckerley, Edward Bolnest (b.1725/26; brother), 34, 35 Dunckerley, Elizabeth (b.1718; sister), 157 Dunckerley, Elizabeth (b.1725; cousin), 33 Dunckerley family, 32–3, 34 Dunckerley, Hannah (née Somerset; second wife), 10, 114, 120 Dunckerley, James (1728–1802; cousin), 18, 33 Dunckerley, Lewis Charles (b.1698; uncle),

see also Dunckerley, Mary Ann; Dunck- erley, Thomas Bolnest finances arrears of pay, 72 debtors’ prison, 1, 2, 5 debts, 1, 51, 60, 72 Masonic expenses, 94, 95, 119 militia expenses, 56–7, 59, 60 Freemasonry, 38, 39, 45–6, 49, 108 early Masonic career, 2, 76–7, 79

establishment of ‘sea lodges’, 38, 46–7,

83–4

Fellowcraft (second degree), 45, 78 Master Mason, 80 Knights Templar, 109–13 Mark Masonry, 104

Masonic accomplishments, 154–5 Past Senior Grand Warden, 86, 130–1 Provincial Grand Master, 85–6 Royal Arch, 45, 79 and women, 114, 119–20, 122–4, 128

33

34

Dunckerley, Lewis Charles Jr (b.1726; cousin), 33

Dunckerley, Luke James (b.1719; brother),

Copyright

52, 98, 157

Dunckerley, Mary (b.1717; sister), 34

Dunckerley, Mary (née Bolnest; mother), 2

apprentices, 157

death of, 9–10

deathbed ‘Declaration’, 12–13, 162 Dunckerley’s treatment of, 139 employment as mantua maker, 35, 157 grace-and-favour apartments, 2, 19, 35 pension, 2, 35 Dunckerley, Mary (née Wilkinson; grand- mother), 33 Dunckerley, Susanna (née Carr), 33 Dunckerley, Thomas (1720/24–95), 3 apprenticeship to barber, 35, 39–40 death and burial 130 deathbed confession 12 obituary notices 89 education early education, 40 legal studies, 55–6 family marriage to Ann Martin (1743), 41, 49 marriage to Hannah Somerset (1745), 41, 49, 50 siblings, 34–5, 40, 157

grace-and-favour apartments, 19, 23,

70–1

lectures, 5–6, 7, 8

notebook of lectures, 5, 7

membership of societies

Dunckerley, Mary Ann (d. 1783; daughter),

Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion,

32, 107–8 membership of Sober Society, 6, 7 militia service, 55, 56–7, 58–9, 60, 129 narrative inconsistencies in 24–5, 28, 30 use of Fitz George signature and seal, 68, 69 personal reinvention, 3, 5, 8–9, 10–11, 53, 138–9 belief in his own mythology, 153–4 naval career, 2, 37, 39, 42, 46–8 demobilization, 1 gunner assignments, 44, 45 gunner qualification, 43–4 onboard schoolmaster, 3, 42–3, 72 Siege of Quebec, xi, 9 pensions annual pension (176 –82), 72–4, 139 naval pension, 1, 23, 40–1, 47 personal appearance

Index

211

resemblance to Royal family, 3, 15, 18, 19, 139, 163, 167n29 personality contemporary view of, 96–97,

132–133

Esquire, use of title, 67–8 Essex, 39, 89, 118, 121, 123–4 Excellent Grand and Royal Chapter, 103 ‘Extract of a Letter from the Camp of Cox- heath’, 59

social aspirations, 53, 67–8 barriers, 2, 42, 45, 133 lists of possible supporters, 11, 14 and Walpole family letter to Major Walpole, 160–1 patronage, 2, 19, 24, 56, 60, 65 writings, 159 essays, 55, 110, 131, 166n11–13 Masonic writings, 159–60 poem, 78–9 Dunckerley, Thomas (b.1760; cousin), 33

Dunckerley, Thomas Bolnest (son), 6, 45, 50–1, 157 debts, 51 HMS Vanguard and Guadaloupe, 45 marriage, 51

Felix Farley’s Bristol Journal, 115

Fellowcraft (second degree), 79, 98, 100 Ferrers, Washington Shirley, Earl, 87 Fidus, see Slade, Henry Raper Fielding, Henry, 53 Finn, Margot, study of debt, 49, 173n4 First Regiment of Dragoon Guards, 112,

118

First Royal Dragoons, 103 Fleet Prison, and marriages, 41, 49–50

The Fleet Registers (Burn), 170n57

Fortitude No. 3 encampment, 112, 118 Fortune, HMS, 43, 44 Fowke, Sir Thomas, 96 France

Masonic relief, 51, 97, 180n38

Copyright

116

French Adoption ritual, 125, 128

French Revolution, 19, 110

threat of invasion, 110, 114

Fraser, Sir Simon, 85

Provincial Grand Master for Canada, 47,

85, 87, 103 Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4, 99 Free-masonry: A Word to the Wise, 125–6 Freemasonry, 75–6 affiliated lodges ‘Engraved Lists’, 79 in America, 99 in Canada, 47, 48, 85–7, 172n59 during Seven Years’ War, 2 and esoteric knowledge, 99, 111, 124 in India, 87, 102 in the provinces, 93–4 regimental lodges, 84, 85, 112, 178n26 roving commissions, 85, 86, 87 schism between Ancients and Moderns, 46 sea lodges, 2, 38, 46–8, 83–4, 178n38,

183n42

and social events, 96, 122, 124 and symbols, 99, 128, 149, 150 and women, 114, 119–21, 124–5, 127 ‘Freemasonry at the Siege of Quebec 1759- 1760’ (Milborne), 86

Adoptive Masonry, 119, 124

Eades, Louisa, 142

Eagle, HMS, 44, 46

East India Company, 87

‘Ebenezer Sibly: The Mystical Doctor’ (Som-

mers), 185n101 Edgar, John (d.1789; son-in-law), 52, 98 Edinburgh, HMS, 43

Edward Augustus, Prince, Duke of Kent, 114 Edward I, King of England, 109 Egyptian Masonic Rite of Memphis, 147 Egyptian Rite, 126 Einhard, 135 Eminent of the Seven Degrees, Bristol, 111 Encampment of Antiquity Knights Templar,

Encampment of Redemption No. 5, York,

112

Encyclopedia of Freemasonry (Mackey), 150 ‘Engraved Lists’, of affiliated lists, 79 Enlightenment, 27, 110, 136 Entered Apprentice (first degree), 79, 98, 100 Entick, John, 87 Epps, William, 51 esoteric knowledge, and Freemasonry, 99, 111, 124

212 Thomas Dunckerley and English Freemasonry

Freemasonry for the Ladies, or the Grand Secret Discovered, 124–5, 126 Freemasons’ Hall, 94, 97, 106 funds collected by Dunckerley, 86, 94,

131

George Ludwig, Elector of Hanover (later George I, King of Great Britain), 29

George, Prince of Wales, annual pension for Dunckerley, 74, 139

German Universities, and sale of degrees,

Freemasons’ Magazine, 11, 14, 77 autobiographical essay, 14, 15 biographical sketch, 39, 139 celebration Duke of York’s birthday, 129 Dunckerley’s ‘Chesterfield Letters’, 66 Dunckerley’s history of Masonic Knights

Templar, 109 ‘On the Title of Esquire’, 67 online version, 159 poem signed ‘Fitz George’, 78 Freemasons’ Quarterly Review

article on ‘Old Charges’ manuscript, 144 contributions by Fidus, 140–1 founded by Crucefix, 148 ‘The Late Brother Thomas Dunckerley’,

140

145–6

Gibraltar, 11, 66, 77, 161 Glorious Revolution 1688, 29 Goat Lymph Sanitarium, 147 Goddard, Rayner Goddard, Baron, 70 Godwin, Joscelyn, 127, 185n105 Gordon, William, Lord, 11, 47, 72 Goss & Co., publications, 146–7 Goss, Horace, 146–7 Goss, Jane Score (later Crucefix), 146 Goss, Thomas, 143, 146, 188n60 Gould, Robert Freke, 40–1, 90, 150, 171n22, 172n54 grace-and-favour apartments, 2, 19, 22–3, 25, 35, 70–1

Graham, Alexander, 133, 186n125

Copyright

on Thomas Bolnest Dunckerley, 51–2

French Revolution, 19, 110

effect on Dunckerley, 129

From Powder Monkey to Provincial Grand

Master (Hall), 176n44

Grand Army of the Republic, 147

Grand Chapter, 95

Grand Chapter of the Ancient and Vener-

able Order of Harodim, 125

Grand Conclave of Knights Templar, 151

Grand Lodge

Galloway, James, 89, 102 negotiations with Sarum Lodge, 96–7 Gannon, R.M., 81 Garrett, Anne (later Dunckerley), 51

Gawler, John, Siege of Quebec veteran, 84,

86

Gentleman’s Magazine, 56 Dunckerley’s claim, 14, 18 Dunckerley’s obituary, 14 George Augustus, Prince of Wales (later King George II), 12, 28 George I, King of Great Britain, 29, 65 George II, King of Great Britain, 10, 12 George III, King of Great Britain, 9 cessation of Dunckerley’s pension, 139 Dunckerley’s claim to royal parentage, 13–14, 60

grace-and-favour apartments, 22 Mary Dunckerley’s ‘Declaration’, 90 pension granted to Dunckerley, 63, 65

founders, 81 royal patronage, 76 and Unlawful Societies Act (1799),

79–80

Grand Lodge of England, 79, 86 Grand Lodge of England in Minorca, 90 Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of England, 79 Grand Lodge of Ireland, 85, 91 Grand Lodge Ms. 1 (‘Old Charges’), 141 and Ann Siddall, 141, 143 provenance, 143, 144 Grand Lodge of Quebec, 86 Grand Lodge Register, 77 Grand Lodge of Scotland, 79, 85, 90 Grand and Royal Chapter of the Royal Arch of Jerusalem, 101–2, 104, 105, 125 constitutions granted, 102

Grand Stewards, regalia, 95 Grand Superintendents, 102

Index

213

Grand Z of the Grand and Royal Chapter,

102

The Great Triumphs of Great Men (Mason),

137

Grierson, James biographical sketch of Dunckerley, 15, 39, 55, 133 and Dunckerley’s acquiescence to sketch,

139–40

Guadaloupe, HMS, 2, 45, 47–8, 51 Guinnett, John Price, 85 gunners, 37–8, 40, 43, 44, 45, 84

Holt, Rowland, 89, 118 Holy Royal Arch, 99–100 Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 32, 107–8, 170n53 Horace, 5 Houghton Hall, 24, 28, 30 House of Hanover, and succession, 29, 30 Hughan, William James, 80, 103 Hussey, William, letter from Dunckerley, 56, 57–8, 60, 65, 73 ‘A Hymn for a Chapter of Royal Arch Masons’ 159

Habermas, Jürgen, 75, 177n1 Haffner, Christopher, 118

Hall, Derek, 72, 176n44 Hamill, J.M., 105, 111, 132 Hamilton, Charles, and naval biographies, 138, 140, 151 Hamilton, Mary, and gender identity, 154 Hamilton, Nigel, 135

Hampshire, 5, 39, 89, 90, 121, 139

identity in the eighteenth century abandonment of former identity, xi, 154

adoption of another person’s identity, 54 gender change, 154 illegitimate children, and acknowledgement, 9, 65, 66 India, and Freemasonry, 87, 102 Industrial Revolution, 110, 137

Inge, John, 100

Copyright

70–1

Inner Temple, and legal studies 55–6, 112

Inns of Court, 55, 56

Inquisition, 126

insolvency, 51, 142, 143, 146

Insolvent Debtor’s Court, 146

Iolo Morganwg (Edward Williams), 108 Ipswich, 115, 116 1790 parliamentary elections, 116–17 Royal Ark Mariners, 117–18 Isle of Wight, 57

Jacobins, 110 Jacobitism, 29 Jacob’s Ladder, 128 James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales, 30 James I, King of England, 112 Jarvis, Samuel Peters, 54 Johns Hopkins University, 138 Jones, Bernard, 101 Journal of the Ex Libris Society, 5

Kay, John, 137 Kennon, Mrs Sidney, 13

Kent, Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of,

114

Hampton Court Palace, 22

grace-and-favour apartments, 22, 63,

Knights Templar, 112

Masonic Lodge of Harmony, 76–7

Royal Edward of the Seven Degrees, 111 Hampton Grammar School, 142 Harcourt, Simon Harcourt, 1st Earl, 14

Harland-Jacobs, Jessica, 38–9 Harmony of the Seven Degrees, 111 Harvey, Sir Ludford, 145, 188n52 Haverfield, Thomas, 77

Hertford, Francis Seymour Conway, Mar- quess of, 22, 23 Heseltine, James, 55, 77, 81, 89, 101, 122–3 proctor at Doctors’ Commons, 102 reprimanded Dunckerley, 98 High Court of Chivalry, 69–70 History of Freemasonry in Canada (Robert- son), 172n59 History of Freemasonry (Gould), 171n22

A History of Freemasonry in the Province of Shropshire (Graham), 186n125

A History of the Rev. Hugh Peters: With an Appendix (Peters), 54

The History of Tom Jones (Fielding), 53

Keyes, Willard, 54, 174n40

214 Thomas Dunckerley and English Freemasonry

King’s Regulations, 44 Knight, John, 77, 111, 112

Knights of the East, and Royal Arch Masons,

111

Levi, Benjamin, 68–9 Library and Museum of Freemasonry, 38,

68, 80, 103

Crucefix’s candelabra and coat of arms,

Knights of the East and West, 111

Knights of the Eastern Star (seven points),

111

142

Dunckerley’s essays for the Sober Society,

159

Knights Hospitallers (Masonic), 111 Knights Hospitallers (Medieval), 109 Knights Kadosh (seventh degree), 111 Knights of Malta, 111

Knights of Rhodes, 111 Knights Rosae Cruces (seven points), 111 Knights Templar (Masonic), 54, 77 Christian chivalric degrees, 110 criticism of, 125 and Dunckerley, xi, 110–11, 113, 114 Dunckerley’s history of, 109, 111 encampments, 111–12 first Grand Master, 55 initiations, 112

Grand Lodge Ms. 1, 144 ‘Moral Part of Masonry Explained’ (Dunckerley), 159 Sibly manuscript rituals, 117 Life of Charlemagne (Einhard), 135 The Life of Washington (Weems), 136 ‘The Light and Truth of Masonry Explained’

(Dunckerley), 80, 82, 159 Lintot, Peter Lambert de, 127

Lodge of Antiquity No. 2, 126, 172n47 Lodge of Contentment No. 269, 81 Lodge of Friendship No. 3, 91 and Duke of Beaufort, 123 and Dunckerley’s attendance, 105–6

Copyright

Knights Templar (medieval), 109

Knights Templar of St John of Jerusalem

(nine points), 111

Knights of the Temple of Palestine (sixth

degree), 111

Knightsbridge Holy Trinity, Middlesex, 27

Lodge of Friendship No. 4, 16 80

Lodge of Harmony No. 255, 76–7

Lodge No. 3

founded, 91, 92, 93

named Lodge of Friendship, 91

Lady Lever Art Gallery, 5 Lady Patronesses, 114, 123, 124 Lane, John and Crucefix, 145 ‘masonic statistician’, 59, 80, 177n21 ‘The Late Brother Thomas Dunckerley’ (Fidus), 52, 140 Laughton, John Knox, 138 Law, Ernest, 22, 77 Lead, Jane Ward, 7 Leake, Martin, 70 Lee, Francis, 6, 7 Lee, Hermione, 135 Leipsic [sic] University, 143 Lennox, George Henry, Lord, 11 Lepper, John Heron, 72 L’Esperance Lodge of the Strict Observance No. 369, 126 Letters to his Son (Chesterfield), 66

48

uniforms, 113–14

Lodge No. 21 (later Antiquity), 77

Lodge No. 253, and Sibly, 115 Lodge No. 429 Marlborough, address by Dunckerley, 120–1 Lodge No. 523 Devizes, 122 Lodge of Sincerity No. 454, 80 lodges, and naming system, 79 London Encampment of Observance of the Seven Degrees No. 1, 112 London Gazette debt notice, 51

Slade’s insolvency, 142 London Lodge No. 108 (former sea lodge),

lottery tickets and Cagliostro, 127 Sibly’s scheme 115, 127 Loutherbourg, Lucy de, 128 Loutherbourg, Philippe de, 127, 128 Lucas, Elizabeth (née Bolnest; aunt), 18, 27 Luther, Martin, 136

Index

215

Lyons, Clare, study on gender change, 154,

190n1

Lyons Inn, 56

McCreery, C., and the militia, 58, 175n57 Mackey, Albert Gallatin, 148–9, 150 Magdalen Hospital, 142 Manchester Corporation, 70 Manningham, Dr Thomas, 150 Mark Masons, 104, 105, 109 Marriage Act (1753), 49

Marrow of Chymical Physic (Thrasher), 26,

169n26

Martin, Ann (later Dunckerley), 41, 49 ‘Mary Dunckerley’s Declaration to Mrs Pinkney, January 2nd 1760’, 9, 162 in Dunckerley’s papers, 15 general acceptance of ‘Declaration’,

17–18

Mason, James, 137 Masonic celebrations, and Dunckerley, 121–2, 124

‘Masonic Essays’ (Moss), 38

Masonic Fifth Science, 82

Masonic numerology, 111

Masonic Records 1717–1886 (Lane), 59, 80,

Masonic regalia, 59, 95–6, 101 Masonic rituals, and meaning of, 99 Masons’ Arms Tavern Lodge No. 67, 46, 80 Massie, Joseph, 73 Master Mason (third degree), 79, 98, 100 Masters of the Bench, 56 Mead, Dr Richard, 13 Meakins, John, 21 Meakins, Mrs, 13, 21, 23 Medicina instaurata (Bolnest), 26 medicines, 26–7 by mail order, 146 corpse medicine, 27, 169n30 goat lymph, 147 patent medicines, 117, 127, 146, 147 Medina Lodge No. 35, London, 123 Medina Lodge No. 39, Cowes, 122 Merchant Taylors’ Company, 26 Middle Temple, 112 Middleton, William, 118 Milborne, A.J.B. 86, 179n42–3

Military Lodges (Gould), 172n54 militia, 57, 58, 59 Miller, John, and HMS Penzance, 6 book of poems, 6, 50 and Sober Society, 6, 7 Milton, John, 5 Minorca, 11, 47–8, 66, 161 Missing, Thomas, 161 Mississaga tribe, 54 Mitre Tavern Lodge No. 135, 80

Modern Grand Lodge, 46, 76, 79 affiliated lodges ‘Engraved Lists’, 79 competition with Ancient Grand Lodge,

91

criticism of reformers, 125 difference between Ancients and Mod- erns, 81 and Dunckerley, 82–3

relationship with Holy Royal Arch, 100 and the Royal Arch, 101 and Union (1813), 140

warrants, 85

Copyright

177n21

Moll Flanders (Defoe), 53

Montagu, Charles-Greville, Lord, 121–2

Moore, William D., 147, 189n66

‘The Moral Part of Masonry Explained’

(Dunckerley), 82, 159

Morin, Etienne, 129 Moses, Lazarus, 69 Moses, Mordecai, 69 Moss, William, 2, 38, 46 Dunckerley’s arrears of pay, 72 Dunckerley’s ‘Chesterfield Letters’, 66, 67 Most Excellent Grand Master of the Royal Arch of Jerusalem, 101 Most Excellent Grand Officers, 101 Most Excellent Z of the Grand Chapter, 102

Multa Paucis, for Lovers of Secrets (1763/64),

72

Muschamp, Marg, 157

Namur, HMS, and Dunckerley, 41 Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 114 National Maritime Museum, collection of biographies, 138 Navy Records Society, 138 Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount, 138 New York, 147

216 Thomas Dunckerley and English Freemasonry

Newman, Aubrey, 68, 93, 116 Nonsuch, HMS, 44, 45, 46 Norris, Sir John, Admiral of the Fleet, 39,

163–4

Plutarch, 135 Plymouth, 23, 51, 157 and Freemasonry 46, 79, 80–1, 82

Plymouth, Other Windsor, 3rd Earl of, 23,

Norroy King of Arms, 70 North, Frederick, 2nd Earl of Guildford (known as Lord North), 65, 73–4 Nouvelle-France, 84 numerology, in Freemasonry, 111

Observance of the Seven Degrees, 111 ‘Ode, Composed for the Anniversary of the Foundation of the Sober Society’ (Miller), 6 Old Charges manuscript, see Grand Lodge Ms 1 Oliver, George, 52, 68, 140, 144 and Crucefix, 141, 145 and Masonic legends, 148 portrayal of Dunckerley, 149–50, 151 and Slade, 141, 142, 143

On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in

163

Pope, Alexander, 130 Pope’s Head Tavern No. 134 (later Prince

George Lodge), 46, 80 Portsmouth

and Dunckerley, 14, 43, 45–6, 56, 69, 89, 130 and Freemasonry, 77, 79, 81, 99, 101, 103–4, 115 see also Sober Society Portsmouth Lodge No. 21, 45 Premier Grand Lodge, 75, 91 Preston, William, 124, 125, 149, 150 Prince, HMS, 1, 38, 44, 47 Privy Purse, 16, 60, 65, 72 Protestant succession, 29, 30 Provincial Grand Lodges, 76, 95

Copyright

History (Carlyle), 136, 186n4

Order of St Lazarus, 111

Oughton, James Adolphus, Sir, 14, 73, 90–1

Oxford University, 26

Palmer, General John, 147

Parallel Lives (Plutarch), 135 Parker, Sir Peter, 125 Parker, Sir William, Admiral of the Fleet, 16 parliamentary elections, 30, 116–17, 119 Past Senior Grand Warden, 86, 130–1 patent medicines, 117, 127, 146, 147 patronage, 64 and Dunckerley, 2, 19, 24, 56, 60, 65 Peabody, David, 151, 189n91 Penzance, HMS, 6 Péter, Róbert, 82, 124, 178n33, 185n91 Peters, Hugh, 54 Peters, Samuel, 54 Peyton, Joseph, HMS Prince, 38 Philadelphian Society, 7 Phillimore, August, 16–17 Piatigorsky, Alexander, 105, 184n73 Pinkney, Ann, 9, 10, 11–12, 21, 25, 167n21

Pinkney, Henry, 12, 21 Pitt, William, 74

xi, 92–3

Provincial Grand Officers, regalia, 95

provincial lodges, 93–4, 95

conflict with Dunckerley, 96–7

in American colonies, 85

report by Dunckerley, 95–6

Provincial Grand Master, Dunckerley’s view,

Quarto, 9 Quatuor Coronati, 148 Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076 and Masonic research, 138 and Sadler, 16 Quatuor Coronatorum Antigrapha Volume IV, 144 Quebec and Freemasonry, 85–7, 103, 138 Siege of, xi, 9, 37, 44, 84

radical activism, 110 Rainsford, Charles, 127 Ranelagh, Lady Margaret, 12, 162 Redruth, Cornwall, 77, 111, 112 regimental lodges, 84, 85, 112, 178n26 Report of the Royal Commission on the Laws of Marriage, 49 Revelations of a Square (Oliver), 149, 165n4

Index

217

Revis, John, Grand Officer, 47 Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 59 Rhodes, Cecil, 137 Robertson, J.R., 85, 172n59 Robinson, Arthur, 15 Robinson, John Ross, 48 Robinson, Mary, 74 Rochfort, Major George, 116 Rodger, N.A.M., 45, 171n21, 172n55 Rodgers, J., 69, 176n25 Rose, George, 51, 74 Rotalo, 127 Rotch, C.D., 105–6 roving commissions, 85, 86, 87 Rowland, John, 54 Rowley, James, 15 Royal Arcanum, 147 Royal Arch, 45, 79, 85, 99–100, 101–2 integration into Modern Grand Lodge, xi, 79, 83 pairing with Craft Lodges, 100

Royal Arch Chapter of Friendship No. 257,

Dunckerley’s naval career, 37, 38, 41, 44, 48, 83 onboard schoolmasters, 3, 50 Walpole’s assistance to Dunckerley, 2, 19, 39, 64 Royal Society, 107 Rubenhold, Hallie, 59 ‘Rule, Britannia!’ (Thomson), 5 Ruspini, Bartholomew, Chevalier, 126 Ruthven, John, and HMS Guadaloupe, 2, 11, 47, 48 Rylands, W. Harry, 68, 69

Sadler, Henry, 16, 18, 44 and Chesterfield, 66–7 Curator United Grand Lodge of Eng-

land, 16 Dunckerley’s account keeping, 95 Dunckerley’s correspondence, 130–1,

132

Dunckerley’s Freemasonry, 48, 85, 89, 96

Dunckerley’s naval career, 37, 38, 42, 44,

Copyright

Knights Templar degree 110, 112

84, 120, 138

and Grand Lodge Ms 1, 144

inclusion of Dunckerley’s writings, 159

inconsistencies in Dunckerley narrative,

25, 33

Master of Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076, 16 portrayal of Dunckerley, 16, 17, 120, 130–2, 133, 138, 151 refutation of Oliver, 149–50, 151 research methods, 16–17 Rylands’ preface, 68 St Bartholomew’s Hospital, 145 St Botolph, Bishopsgate, 26, 157 St Clair, Arthur, 136–7, 187n7–10 St David’s Day Sermon, 108 St George’s, Hanover Square, 42, 142 St Giles Cripplegate, 27, 51, 52 St James, Westminster, 33, 34, 157 St Martin in the Fields church, 27, 33, 170n59 parish, 40, 42, 51 St Mary-le-Bow, 27 St Mary-le-Strand, 34, 52, 157 St Mary’s Church, Kingston, 130 Salisbury, 96, 98, 103, 111, 112, 122

Royal Arch Chapters, 95, 100, 102, 103, 104

Royal Arch of Jerusalem, and Lord Blayney,

101

Royal Archives

and Dunckerley, 14, 64, 69, 74 and Elizabeth Bolnest, 35 Secret Service payment ledgers, 14, 64,

72–3

Royal Ark Mariners, 112, 114, 117, 118, 124, 126 degree, 116 and Sibly, 115, 128, 184n57 Royal Ark and Mark Mariners, 114, 129 Royal Ark Masons, xi, 116–17, 118 Royal Chapter of the Royal Arch, 95 Royal College of Physicians, 26 Royal College of Surgeons, 145

Royal Cumberland Freemason’s School, 95,

124

Royal Edward of the Seven Degrees, 111

Royal Gloucester Lodge No. 462, 89 Royal Historical Society, 138 Royal Naval Academy, Portsmouth, 43, 56,

151

Royal Navy, 81, 138

218 Thomas Dunckerley and English Freemasonry

Samuel, Mordecai, 69 Sandbach, Richard, biography of Crucefix, 145, 148 Sarum Lodge No. 47, 96–7, 98, 180n31 schism, between Ancients and Moderns, 46, 83 Science of the Seven Degrees, Salisbury, 111 Scottish Rite, 129 sea lodges, 2, 38, 46–8, 83–4, 178n38,

183n42

sea lodge No. 224, 48 sea lodge No. 254, 46–7 sea lodge No. 279, 47 The Sea-gunner’s vade-mecum, 38, 43, 44, 84 Secret Service Money Act (1782), 73 Secret Service records, 14, 64, 72, 73 Serious Address to the Members of the House of Commons and Gentlemen residing in the Counties of Suffolk, Norfolk and Essex, 118

Seven Years’ War, 1, 2, 46, 83, 84, 111, 138 Seymour-Conway, Francis, Lord Chamber-

SIMPLEX, 67–8, 175n18 Simpson, William, barber and peruke maker Dunckerley’s apprenticeship, 35, 39–40 Walpole’s payment to, 40 ‘Sketch of the Life of Thomas Dunckerley’ (Grierson and White), 15–16, 39, 57, 66, 77, 133 Slade, Henry Raper, 141–3 and Crucefix, 143 education, 142 honorary doctorate, 143 nom de plume Fidus, 52, 140–1, 141–2,

144

Slade, Thomas Raper, 142 Smith, George, 57, 120, 184n68 Smith, Henry, 136, 137

Smith, Richard, 112 Snoek, J.A.M., 125, 185n93

Sober Society of Portsmouth, 5, 6, 69, 107 essays by Dunckerley, 55, 110, 131,

166n11–13

lectures by Dunckerley, 82

Copyright

lain (later Marquess of Hertford), 22,

23, 71

Sherwood & Company, publishers, 143

Shirreff, Major Charles, and Dunckerley,

132, 133

Short, Susannah, 157

Shy, Arlene, 9, 160 Sibly, Ebenezer, 114–15, 118, 119, 128, 153,

185n100–2

and Cagliostro, 126–7 campaign manager for D’Oyly, 116–17 departure from Ipswich, 117 Dunckerley’s support, 118 and lottery scheme, 115 and the occult, 127 publications, 128, 147 Sibly, Edmund, 127 Sibly, Job, 127 Sibly, Manoah, 127 Siddall, Ann (granddaughter of Hannah Dunckerley), 50, 51, 71 and Masonic manuscripts, 141, 143 will and bequests, 143, 188n52 Siege of Louisbourg, 84, 85 Siege of Quebec, 47, 84 Dunckerley’s participation, xi, 9, 37, 44,

84

social events, celebration of Royal birthdays,

122, 124

Society of Ancient Britons, 107, 108

Society of Antient Masons of the Diluvian

Order, 114

Dunckerley Grand Commander, 118 Sibly ‘Deputy Grand Noah’, 118

Society of Chemical Physicians, and Edward Bolnest, 26 Somerset, Hannah (c.1712–1801; later Dunckerley), 41, 50 Somerset House, 12 demolition (1775), 70–1 employees, 33–4 grace-and-favour apartments, 2, 12, 19,

22

Somerset House Lodge No. 279 (former sea lodge), 48, 89, 93 and warrant swap, 91–2 Sophia, Electress, consort of Ernest Augus- tus, Elector of Hanover, 29 South Hampshire Militia, 56, 58, 129 Sparks, Jared, 136 spelling, in the eighteenth century, 3–4 Spencer, Samuel, 89, 101

Spooner, John, 117

Index

219

Square, Masonic symbol, 149 squatters, 22, 23 Squibb, G.D., 69–70 Stanhope, Philip, 66 Stephens, Sir Philip, 40 subscription lists, 6, 9, 50, 57, 108 Suffolk, 116, 118

see also Ipswich Sugg, Richard, and ‘corpse medicine’, 27,

Union (1813), 93, 100, 111, 140 United Grand Lodge, 80 and pure ancient Masonry, 111 United Grand Lodge of England, 155 1813 amalgamation, 93, 100 manuscripts given by Ann Siddall, 141 and Sadler, 16 United Orders, and arms, 129

An Universal Military Dictionary (Smith), 57 Universalists, 7 University of Geissen, 145 University of Michigan, Clinton Papers, 9,

160

Unlawful Societies Act (1799), 79, 105 Urania, muse of astrology, 124, 125, 128

Vanguard HMS, 7, 10, 38, 47 and Dunckerley, 37–8, 43, 44, 46, 72 and Dunckerley’s son, 45, 51 Vaughan, Thomas (Eugenius Philalethes), 26 Visitation of London, 27

169n30

Supreme Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of England and Wales, 100 Supreme Order of the Holy Royal Arch, 100 Surrey History Centre, 163 Sussex, Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of, 144 opposition to Crucefix, 144–5, 148 Swanton, Robert, Captain of HMS Van- guard, 7, 10, 37, 46 Swedenborgian Theosophical Society, 127

Symbolic Masonry, 79

Copyright

Wahrman, Dror, xii

Waite, Arthur, 160

Walpole, Major Edward, 9, 10, 160–1

Walpole, Sir Edward, 2, 7, 9, 11

banishment of Dunckerley 20, 24, 65

chief secretary to Duke of Devonshire, 41

and Dunckerley’s apprenticeship, 40 and Dunckerley’s claim to royal parent- age, 18, 19–20, 24, 61, 65 grace-and-favour apartments, 2, 71 pensions for Dunckerley family, 2 Royal Navy recommendations for Dunckerley, 2, 19, 39, 64 Walpole family, 71 Walpole, Horace, 71 Walpole, Sir Robert, 2, 7, 10, 28, 30 Walsingham, Petronilla Melusine von der Schulenburg, Countess of, 65–6 War of the Spanish Succession, 29 Washington, George, 136 Watt, James, 137 Weavers’ Company, 26 Weekly Entertainer, and Dunckerley’s ances- try, 25, 28 Weems, Mason Locke, 136, 186n5 Wellcome Library, copy of Rotalo, 127

symbols, in Freemasonry, 99, 128, 149, 150

Szechi, Daniel, 29

Temple Church, 112–13

and Dunckerley’s request, 130

theosophy, 127 Thiselton, William (publisher), 125 Thomas Dunckerley: A Remarkable Freema- son (Chudley), 17, 41, 57, 105, 167n39 Thompson, James, Freemasonry in Quebec,

86–7

Thomson, James (poet), 5 Thrasher, William (W.T.), 26, 169n26 Three Tuns tavern, 77 ‘time immemorial’, 100, 111, 112, 113

The Times, advertisement for Goss & Co.,

146

Townshend, George Townshend, Marquis, 23, 38, 47–8 Transactions of the California State Agricul- tural Society, 7 Treaty of Paris, 1 Trinity House, Deptford, 3, 41, 43 Turk’s Head Tavern (Royal Arch), 89 Tyger, HMS, 44, 45, 46

220 Thomas Dunckerley and English Freemasonry

Welsh Charity School, 107 West, Thomas, 123 Wheatsheaf Tavern, Fleet Street, 50 White Hart Tavern Lodge No. 232, 80 White, Thomas, biographical sketch of Dunckerley, 15, 35, 39, 95, 131–2 Dunckerley’s acquiescence to sketch,

139–40

White, William, Grand Secretary, 86, 123 and Dunckerley, 92–3, 94, 130–1, 131 Shirreff ’s criticism of Dunckerley, 132 and Wiltshire lodges, 97 White, William, Jr, 102

Who’s Afraid of Freemasons? (Piatigorsky),

184n73

Wilkinson, Mary (later Dunckerley), 33 Wilkinson, Thomas (publisher), 125 William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan, 160 William of Wykeham, 5

Williams, John, 159

Wiltshire, conflict with Dunckerley, 89,

96–8

Wiltshire Lodge No. 523, Devizes, 122 Wine Vaults tavern, 100 women and Freemasonry, 119 ‘adoptive’ Masonry, 119–20, 124–5, 127 and Dunckerley, xi, 119–21 in France, 119 inclusion in Masonic events, 121–2 ladies’ lodge dedicated to Urania, 124 Lady Patronesses, 114, 123, 124 use of term ‘sister’, 122–3 workhouse, St Martin’s parish, 51, 173n18 Worsley, Sir Richard, 58, 59 Worsley, Lady Seymour Dorothy, 58, 59 Worsley, Thomas, 14, 73 Wyatt, James, 71 Wyatt, Walter, 50

Yarker, John, Masonic writer, 111, 182n17 York, 112, 113, 125

York, Prince Frederick, Duke of, 74, 124, 129

York, Princess Frederica Charlotte, Duchess

Copyright

Wilson, Darius, 147, 189n66

Wilson, Rev. James D., 147

of, 124