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AS/NZS 3015:2004

AS/NZS 3015:2004

Australian/New Zealand Standard™


This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Electrical installations—Extra-low
voltage d.c. power supplies and service
earthing within public
telecommunications networks
AS/NZS 3015:2004
This Joint Australian/New Zealand Standard was prepared by Joint Technical
Committee EL-001, Wiring Rules. It was approved on behalf of the Council of
Standards Australia on 11 May 2004 and on behalf of the Council of Standards New
Zealand on 25 May 2004.
It was published on 12 July 2004.

The following are represented on Committee EL-001:

Australian Building Codes Board


Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association
Canterbury Manufacturers Association New Zealand
Communications, Electrical Plumbing Union
Consumers Federation of Australia
Electrical Contractors Association of New Zealand
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Electrical Safety Organization (New Zealand)


Electrical Supply Association of Australia
ElectroComms & Energy Utilities Qualifications Standards Body of Australia
Institute of Electrical Inspectors
Institution of Engineers Australia
Ministry of Economic Development (New Zealand)
National Electrical and Communications Association
New Zealand Council of Elders
New Zealand Electrical Institute
Regulatory authorities (electrical)
Telstra Corporation

Additional Interests:

Australian Communications Authority


Singtel Optus

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This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 02504.


AS/NZS 3015:2004

Australian/New Zealand Standard™


This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Electrical installations—Extra-low
voltage d.c. power supplies and service
earthing within public
telecommunications networks

Originated as AS 3015(Int)—1991.
Previous edition AS 3015—1993.
Third edition 2004.

COPYRIGHT
© Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand
All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by
any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written
permission of the publisher.
Jointly published by Standards Australia International Ltd, GPO Box 5420, Sydney, NSW
2001 and Standards New Zealand, Private Bag 2439, Wellington 6020
ISBN 0 7337 6162 3
AS/NZS 3015:2004 2

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Joint Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand
Committee EL-001, Wiring Rules, to supersede AS 3015—1993, Electrical installations—
Extra low-voltage d.c. power supplies within public telecommunications networks.
The objective of this Standard is to establish safety requirements, consistent with
maintaining continuity of essential supply, for the installation of extra-low voltage d.c.
power supplies in restricted access locations of public telecommunications networks.
This standard is intended to apply only to installations constructed after its date of
publication. The previous edition may be applied to upgrades to installation that were
originally constructed prior to he publication of this edition.
Major changes to AS 3015—1993 are as follows:
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(a) The ventilation requirements for valve-regulated cells have been reviewed.
(b) Requirements for colours of earthing conductors have been added.
(c) Allowance has been made for the use of main distribution frame or single-point
connection as the service earth bar frame in installations with the single power supply
rated at less than 2.4 kW.
(d) Requirements for equipotential bonding conductors for the lightning protection
system have been added.
(e) Appendix C has been extensively reviewed.
(f) Provision has been made for sharing of sites by two or more carriers
(g) Requirements for the protection of battery strings against overcurrent have been
added
(h) Requirements for the care and protection of batteries have been aligned with the
following:
AS
3011 Electrical installations—Secondary batteries installed in buildings
3011.1 Part 1: Vented cells
3011.2 Part 2: Sealed cells
2676 Guide to the installation, maintenance, testing and replacement of
secondary batteries in buildings
2676.1 Part 1: Vented cells
2676.2 Part 2: Sealed cells
Statements expressed in mandatory terms in notes to tables are deemed to be requirements
of this Standard.
3 AS/NZS 3015:2004

CONTENTS

Page

FOREWORD.............................................................................................................................. 4

SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL


1.1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................ 5
1.2 APPLICATION ........................................................................................................... 5
1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS .................................................................................. 5
1.4 DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................ 6
1.5 ALTERATIONS, ADDITIONS AND REPAIRS ...................................................... 10
1.6 INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OF WORK ................................................. 10
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SECTION 2 BATTERIES
2.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................ 11
2.2 BATTERY ARRANGEMENT .................................................................................. 11
2.3 VENTILATION ........................................................................................................ 14
2.4 INTERMEDIATE VOLTAGES ................................................................................ 16
2.5 CHARGING AND MAINTENANCE ....................................................................... 16

SECTION 3 DIRECT CURRENT DISTRIBUTION AND PROTECTION


3.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................ 17
3.2 CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT .................................................................................... 17
3.3 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS ..................................................................................... 17
3.4 INSULATION RESISTANCE................................................................................... 20
3.5 OVERCURRENT PROTECTION............................................................................. 20
3.6 SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR.................................................................. 20
3.7 DISTINGUISHING COLOURS OF CONDUCTORS............................................... 20
3.8 CONDUCTOR MATERIAL ..................................................................................... 21
3.9 MINIMUM SIZE OF CONDUCTOR........................................................................ 21
3.10 CURRENT-CARRYING CAPACITY OF CONDUCTORS ..................................... 22
3.11 MAXIMUM DEMAND OF A CIRCUIT .................................................................. 22
3.12 DISTRIBUTION VOLTAGE DROP......................................................................... 22
3.13 CONDUCTORS IN PARALLEL .............................................................................. 22
3.14 JOINTS AND TERMINATIONS .............................................................................. 23
3.15 MECHANICAL PROTECTION AND SUPPORT OF CONDUCTORS ................... 23
3.16 INSULATION OF CONDUCTORS.......................................................................... 23

SECTION 4 TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE EARTHING


4.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................ 25
4.2 SERVICE EARTHING AND BONDING ................................................................. 25
4.3 EARTHING AND BONDING CONDUCTORS ....................................................... 28
4.4 CABLE TRAY ISOLATION FOR ISOLATED BONDING NETWORKS............... 33

APPENDICES
A VENTILATION ........................................................................................................ 35
B WORK SAFETY RULES.......................................................................................... 37
C TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER SERVICE EARTHING ............................. 38
AS/NZS 3015:2004 4

FOREWORD
Most public telecommunications network equipment is powered commonly from a 48 V or
less supply. This voltage is the nominal voltage between positive and negative regardless of
which pole, if either, is earthed. Consequently, these supplies and their power distribution
systems fall into the category of extra-low voltage (ELV), as defined in AS/NZS 3000.
The power supplies form an integral part of the public telecommunications facility and their
proper function is vital to the continuation of such a facility, especially to essential services
such as police, fire brigade and ambulance. The practices that are included in this Standard
have been developed over many years of safe operation in public telecommunications
networks.
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5 AS/NZS 3015:2004

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA/STANDARDS NEW ZEALAND

Australian/New Zealand Standard


Electrical installations—Extra-low voltage d.c. power supplies and
service earthing within public telecommunications networks

SECT ION 1 SCOPE AND GENERA L

1.1 SCOPE
This Standard sets out requirements for telecommunications ELV d.c. power supplies used
by licensed public telecommunications carriers in the provision of public
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telecommunications networks where—


(a) the carrier owns the d.c. power supply;
(b) the d.c. power supply is located in a restricted access location;
(c) the d.c. power supply is located in premises and land that are owned, leased or
otherwise occupied in whole or in part by the telecommunications carrier; and
(d) the power supply has a battery with a nominal rating of 2 A.h. or greater at the 10 h
rate.
It specifies the minimum requirements for personal safety and safety from fire while
maintaining the viability of the public telecommunications network.

1.2 APPLICATION
This Standard applies to the installation of ELV d.c. power supplies in restricted access
locations of public telecommunications networks, e.g., telephone exchanges,
telecommunications transmission sites and pair gain systems. Application of the
requirements should ensure that the installation is safe and that continuity of the ELV d.c.
supply is maintained at all times so that telecommunications services are available to
agencies such as police, fire and ambulance authorities.
If there is conflict between the Section on ELV in AS/NZS 3000 or with any other
Australian/New Zealand Standard, the provisions of this Standard shall apply to the
ELV d.c. installations of public telecommunications carriers.
If there is conflict between this Standard and the requirements of the telecommunications
carrier’s internal documents, this Standard shall apply.
The appropriate requirements of AS/NZS 3000, AS/NZS 3100 and related Standards shall
apply to power supplies that are not installed in restricted access locations within the
telecommunications carrier’s network.

1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS


The following documents are referred to in this Standard:
AS
1170 Minimum design loads on structures
1170.4 Part 4: Earthquake loads
1768 Lightning protection

COPYRIGHT
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AS/NZS 3015:2004, Electrical installations -


Extra-low voltage d.c. power supplies and service
earthing within public telecommunications
This is a free 7 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

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