Sei sulla pagina 1di 3

Adolf Hitler (German pronunciation: [adlf htl]; 20 April 1889 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and

d the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party. He was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and served as head of state as Fhrer und Reichskanzler from 1934 to 1945. A decorated veteran of World War I, Hitler joined the precursor of the Nazi Party (DAP) in 1919, and became leader of NSDAP in 1921. He attempted a failed coup d'etat known as the Beer Hall Putsch, which occurred at the Brgerbrukeller beer hall in Munich on November 8-9, 1923. Hitler was imprisoned for one year due to the failed coup, and wrote his memoir, Mein Kampf, while imprisoned. After his release on December 20, 1924, he gained support by promoting Pan-Germanism, anti-semitism, anti-capitalism, and anticommunism with charismatic oratory and propaganda. He was appointed chancellor on January 30, 1933, and transformed the Weimar Republic into the Third Reich, a singleparty dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideals of Nazism. Hitler ultimately wanted to establish a New Order of absolute Nazi German hegemony in continental Europe. To achieve this, he pursued a foreign policy with the declared goal of seizing Lebensraum ("living space") for the Aryan people; directing the resources of the state towards this goal. This included the rearmament of Germany, which culminated in 1939 when the Wehrmacht invaded Poland. In response, the United Kingdom and France declared war against Germany, leading to the outbreak of World War II in Europe.[2] Within three years, Germany and the Axis powers had occupied most of Europe, and most of Northern Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean. However, with the reversal of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, the Allies gained the upper hand from 1942 onwards. By 1944, Allied armies had invaded German-held Europe from all sides. Nazi forces engaged in numerous violent acts during the war, including the systematic murder of as many as 17 million civilians,[3] including an estimated six million Jews targeted in the Holocaust and between 500,000 and 1,500,000 Roma,[4] Poles, Soviet civilians, Soviet prisoners of war, people with disabilities, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and other political and religious opponents. In the final days of the war, during the Battle of Berlin in 1945, Hitler married his longtime mistress Eva Braun and, to avoid capture by Soviet forces less than two days later, the two committed suicide[5] on 30 April 1945.

About Adolf Hitler

In office 2 August 1934 30 April 1945 Chancellor Himself Paul von Hindenburg Preceded by (as President) Karl Dnitz Succeeded by (as President)

Chancellor of Germany
In office 30 January 1933 30 April 1945 Paul von Hindenburg President Himself (Fhrer) Franz von Papen Deputy Vacant Preceded by Kurt von Schleicher Succeeded by Joseph Goebbels 20 April 1889 Braunau am Inn, AustriaHungary 30 April 1945 (aged 56) Died Berlin, Germany Austrian citizen until 7 April 1925[1] Nationality German citizen after 1932 National Socialist German Workers' Party Political party (19211945) Other political German Workers' Party (19201921) affiliations Eva Braun Spouse(s) (2930 April 1945) Occupation Politician, soldier, artist, writer Religion See Adolf Hitler's religious views Born Signature Military service German Empire
The template Flagdeco is being considered for deletion.

Allegiance Service/branch

Reichsheer Years of service 19141918 Rank Gefreiter Unit 16th Bavarian Reserve Regiment Battles/wars World War I Iron Cross First and Second Class Awards Wound Badge