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Definition of Pesticides

Pesticides are substances or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or [1] mitigating any pest. A pesticide may be a chemical, biological agent (such as a virus or bacterium), antimicrobial, disinfectant or device used against any pest. Pests include insects, plant pathogens, weeds, molluscs, birds, mammals, fish, nematodes (roundworms), and microbes that destroy property, spread disease or arevectors for disease or cause nuisance. Or any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying or controlling any pest, including vectors of human or animal disease, unwanted species of plants or animals causing harm during or otherwise interfering with the production, processing, storage, transport or marketing of food, agricultural commodities, wood and wood products or animal feedstuffs, or substances which may be administered to animals for the control of insects, arachnids or other pests in or on their bodies. The term includes substances intended for use as a plant growth regulator, defoliant, desiccant or agent for thinning fruit or preventing the premature fall of fruit. Also used as substances applied to crops either [4] before or after harvest to protect the commodity from deterioration during storage and transport.

Classification of Pesticides with examples


1. herbicides

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l.

2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid) Acetochlor Amitrole (triazine) Arsenic acid (inorganic) Atrazine Dinosep (dinitrophenol) Diquat (dipyridyl) Diuron (carbamate) Glyphosate Metolachlor Paraquat (dipyridyl) Propanil (aromatic amide)

2. insecticides

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h.

Aldrin Dieldrin Diazinon Endrin DDT Furadan Heptachlor Rotenone

i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p.

Malathion Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos-methyl Dichlorvos Pirimphos-methyl Fenitrothion Lindane Chlordane

3. fungicides

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. s. t.
4.

Anilazine Bethoxazin Bordeaux mixture Blasticidic-S Captan Chloropicrin Cylohexamide Namamycin Pyroxychlor Mancozeb Maneb Ethyl mercury methyl mercury, Phenyl mercuric acetate Benomyl Cyclohexamide Iprodione Metalaxyl Thiabendazole Triadimefon

rodenticides

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j.

Aluminum phosphate Zinc phosphate Barium Bromethalin carbonate Endrin Brodifacoum chlorophacinone diphacinone pindone valone

5.

pediculicides for lice

a. b. c. d. e.

Benzyl benzoate Carbaryl Lindane Malathione Permethrin

6. biocides.- anti-fouling agents or disinfectants a. Organotins b. brominated salicylanilides c. mercaptans d. quaternary ammonium compounds e. mercury compounds f. compounds of copper and arsenic 7. Bactericides for Bacteria

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j.

amicarthiazol bismerthiazol bronopol cellocidin chloramphenicol copper hydroxide cresol dichlorophen dipyrithione dodicin

8. Miticides or Acaricides for Mites

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o.

azobenzene benzoximate benzyl benzoate bromopropylate chlorbenside chlorfenethol chlorfenson chlorfensulphide chlorobenzilate chloropropylate cyflumetofen dimethoate dioxathion disulfoton endothion

p. q. r. s.

ethion ethoate-methyl Formothion malathion

9. Molluscicides for Snails

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n. o. p. q. r. s.

allicin bromoacetamide calcium arsenate cloethocarb copper acetoarsenite copper sulfate fentin metaldehyde methiocarb niclosamide pentachlorophenol sodium pentachlorophenoxide tazimcarb thiacloprid thiodicarb tralopyril tributyltin oxide trifenmorph trimethacarb

10. Nematicides for Nematodes

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l. m. n.

Furadan Nemacur Methyl Bromide Dichloropropene Ethoprop Enzone cadusafos chlorpyrifos dichlofenthion dimethoate ethoprophos fensulfothion fosthiazate heterophos

11. Virucides for Virus

a. b. c. d.

bingqingxiao dufulin ribavirin xinjunan

Identification of supplied pesticides No 1 Pesticide Name Akosu Picture Characteristics Form: Powder Colour: White Class: III Use: Insecticide

Kinalux

Form: Liquid Colour: Green Class: I Use: Insecticide

Abado

Form: Powder Colour: White Class: III Use: Fungicide

Bavistin

Form: Liquid Colour: Creamy Class: IV Use: Fungicide

Imas-Thiram 80

Form: Powder Colour: Greyish-white Class: III Use: Fungicide

Furadan

Form: Solid granule Colour: Purple Class: II Use: Nematicide

bm Cythrin

Form: Liquid Colour: Yellow (oil colour) Class: III Use: Insecticide

Confidor

Form: Liquid Colour: Yellow (oil colour) Class: III Use: Insecticide

Ammo Supre

Form: Liquid Colour: Brown Class: IV Use: Herbicide

10

Q- Weapon 52

Form: Liquid Colour: Brown Class: III Use: Herbicide

11

Polyram

Form: Solid granules Colour: Brown Class: IV Use: Fungicides

12

Advancia

Form: Liquid Colour: Milky white Class: II Use: Insecticide

13

Mei Zim 50WP

Form: Powder Colour: Creamy Class:IV Use: Fungicides

14

Garlon 250

Form: Liquid Colour: Brown Class: III Use: Herbicide

15

Tri-ester 32

Form: Liquid Colour: Golden Class: III Use: Herbicide

Safety use of Pesticides Safety equipments Warning of Pesticides uses

Safety of the operator