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ELECTROCHEMISTRY 1. Diagram 11 shows the set-up of apparatus of an electrolysis process.

Electrolyte

Carbon electrodes

X
A Diagram 11

Which of the following electrolytes produce oxygen gas at electrode X ? -3 I 1.0 mol dm hydrochloric acid -3 II 1.0 mol dm sulphuric acid -3 III 1.0 mol dm potassium nitrate solution -3 IV 1.0 mol dm potassium bromide A B C D I and II only II and III only III and IV only II , III and IV only

2. The table below shows the observations of an experiment. Electrode Anode Cathode Observations A greenish-yellow gas is released A colourless gas which burns with a pop sound is released

The electrolyte may be A. Dilute hydrochloric acid B. Concentrated potassium chloride solution C. Copper (II) chloride solution D. Concentrated magnesium bromide solution

3.

Diagram 6 shows the electrolysis of 1.0 mol dm potassium iodide solution.

-3

Carbon electrode X

Carbon electrode Y

1.0 mol dm potassium iodide solution

-3

Diagram 6 Which of the following are the products formed at the carbon electrodes X and Y? X dan Y? Carbon electrode X A B C D Oxygen Iodine Hydrogen Iodine Carbon electrode Y Hydrogen Hydrogen Oxygen Potassium

4. Electrolysis is being carry out on an aqueous sodium sulphate solution, 2 mol dm electrode. Which of the following reaction will occur in anode and cathode? Anode A B C D 4OH 2H2O+O2 + 4e 4OH 2H2O+O2 + 4e 2SO4 SO2 + O2 +2e + Na Na + 2e
+ -

-3

using carbon

Cathode Na + e Na + 2H + 2e H2 + 2H + 2e H2 + Na + e Na

5. The diagram shows a simple cell with a copper electrode and another metal electrode,Y. V + Copper Electrode Y Dilute sulphuric acid

When electrode Y is replaced with other metals, the maximum voltage obtained is showns as table below. Metal that replaces electrode Y Lead Zinc Aluminium Magnesium Voltage (V) 0.5 1.1 2.0 2.7

If electrode Y is replaced with iron, the voltage obtained is A B C D between 0.5 V and 1.1 V between 1.1 V and 2.0 V between 2.0 V and 2.7 V more than 2.7 V

1.

Figure 5 shows the set-up of apparatus to investigate the electrolysis of -3 0.0001 moldm sodium chloride solution.

Carbon electrode X
Dilute sodium 0.0001 moldm-3 chloride solution sodium chloride solution FIGURE 5 (a) Name all the anions present in the solution.

Carbon electrode Y

[1 mark] (b) What is the energy change that occurs in the electrolysis process? [1 mark] (c) (i) Name the gas collected in the test tube at electrode X. [1 mark ] (ii) Write the half equation for the reaction at electrode X. [1 mark] (iii) Explain how to confirm the gas produced at electrode X. [2 marks] (iv) What ion is discharged at electrode Y? Explain your answer. .... .... [2 marks ]

(d) The volume of gas collected at electrode Y is 30 cm . 23 -1 Given that Avogadro number is 6.02 10 mol and 1 mol of gas occupies a volume of 24 3 -1 dm mol at room condition. (i) Calculate the number of mole of the gas produced.

[1 mark]

(ii) What is the number of gas molecules collected?

[1 mark]

Diagram 2 shows the set up of apparatus to investigate the electrolysis of silver nitrate solution with carbon electrodes and copper(II) sulphate solution with copper electrodes. A

Carbon electrode

Copper electrode

Silver nitrate solution Copper(II) sulphate solution

Cell 1 Diagram 2 (a) What is the energy change in electrolysis?

Cell 2

[ 1 mark] (b) Write the formulae of all the ions present in silver nitrate solution.

................................................................................................. [ 1 mark] (c) In the electrolysis of Cell 1 (i) What is the observation at electrode B? . [ 1 mark] Write the half equation for the reaction at electrode B.

(ii)

[ 1 mark] (d) In the electrolysis of Cell 2. (i) What is the observation at electrode C? . [1 mark] Write the half equation for the reaction at electrode C. [1 mark]

(ii)

(e )

What are the processes that occur at electrodes A and D? Electrode A Electrode D : : [2 marks]

(f )

State which cell the concentration of electrolyte remains unchanged. .............. [1 mark]

(g )

State one application of electrolysis in industrial. .............. [1 mark]