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Chapter 1

Introduction

BladeModeler

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-1

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

ANSYS Software for Turbomachinery

Training Manual

ANSYS offers a complete suite of software tools for comprehensive turbomachinery design and analysis
1D sizing (meanline tools) 2D rapid throughflow analysis 3D CFD with turbo pre- and post-processing Blade geometry design tools Turbomachinery specific mesh generation Integrated thermal and stress analysis (FSI)

ANSYS tools have been widely used by leading turbomachinery manufacturers for many years

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

ANSYS Turbo System 12 Workflow

Training Manual

Geometry
BladeModeler
Meanline Tools BladeGen DM with BladeEditor

Mesh
TurboGrid

Analysis
ANSYS CFX FLUENT

Unified Mesh
CFX-Mesh

TGrid
ICEM CFD Others

Vista TF

ANSYS Workbench
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

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Introduction

TurboSystem: CFD Simulation


BladeModeler

Training Manual

TurboGrid
TurboPre CFX Solver TurboPost

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

Why Use BladeModeler?

Training Manual

BladeModeler is a specialized, easy-to-use tool for the rapid 3-D design of rotating machinery components

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-5

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

Why Use BladeModeler?

Training Manual

BladeModeler is a specialized, easy-to-use tool for the rapid 3-D design of rotating machinery components

AutoCAD

IGES

BladeModeler

Pro/ENGINEER

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler
BladeModeler consists of three components:
BladeGen
Initial Sizing Tools
Vista AFD Vista CCD Vista CPD Vista RTD

Training Manual

Blade design for a single stage

DesignModeler
CAD tool to add additional features to blade Fillets, blade trimming, shroud covers Generation of fluid volume Creation of scrolls, housings, volutes, etc.

BladeEditor
Eventual replacement for BladeGen
Many functions available in BladeGen now available in BladeEditor

DesignModeler add-on that provides seamless geometry connection between BladeGen and DesignModeler Blade designs of multiple stages can be created at once

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler
BladeGen
Define machine geometry
Meridional flow path definition Blade definition on spanwise layers

Training Manual

Leading/Trailing Edge definition Blade Trimming Report generation Geometry modification User can start from
Built in 1D sizing tools Templates Data Files

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-8

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler
BladeGen
Four initial sizing tools included
1) 2) 3) 4) Vista AFD (Axial Fan Design) Vista CCD (Centrifugal Compressor Design) Vista CPD (Centrifugal Pump Design) Vista RTD (Radial Turbine Design)

Training Manual

Input performance requirements to create a meridional flow path and blade design Covered separately in Appendices

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-9

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

Vista CCD: Duty and Aerodynamic Data

Training Manual

Input Duty, Efficiency correlations, gas properties (real gasses available)

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-10

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler
DesignModeler

Training Manual

A 3D CAD modeler with analysis modeling goals Performs unique geometry modification capabilities for simulation:
Fluid Simulations:
Feature Simplification Quickly and easily create fluid volume from solid part
Enclosure Operation Fill Operation

Mechanical Simulations
Feature Simplification Spot Welds Split Surfaces Surface Model Extraction Planar Body Extraction Beam Modeling

Parametric Models
Dimensions and other parameters can be exposed in Workbench for design exploration

Bi-directional CAD associativity with all major CAD vendors


No need for third party translators Can update CAD model from Workbench

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-11

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler
DesignModeler
Automatic Fluid Zone Creation Create assemblies including nonturbo components

Training Manual

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler
DesignModeler Additional modifications to turbomachinery components

Training Manual

Revolved Trim

Blade Fillets

Shroud Cover

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-13

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler
BladeEditor DesignModeler Add-In
Create bladed components
Create meridional flow path for multiple stages Create blades for multiple stages

Training Manual

Eventually all BladeGen functionality will be migrated to BladeEditor Some parameters can be exposed in Workbench for design exploration/optimization Provides geometry connection between BladeGen and DesignModeler Allows for the import of multiple BladeGen models into one DesignModeler session Allows for easy editing of blade geometry Components from another CAD source can be imported and combined with blade geometry (i.e. A volute)

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-14

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler
BladeEditor
Can import or load .bgd file created from BladeGen into DesignModeler
BladeGen

Training Manual

BladeEditor

DesignModeler
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-15

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler
VistaTF (Through-Flow)
Separate product from BladeModeler Streamline curvature code (2D) for rapid analysis of blade Uses CFD Post for postprocessing Covered in Appendix

Training Manual

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-16

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

Vista TF - Through-Flow
Integration of through-flow solver
VISTA-TF PCA Engineers, Lincoln

Training Manual

Rapid blade row analysis Complementary to CFD simulation


Flow path optimisation Initial condition

Shroud Contour Inlet Contour


B2 B3 B4

Outlet Contour

B1

Layer Contours
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

Blade Rows
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Interface Locations Automatically Computed for Fluid Zone Creation

Hub Contour

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

Vista TF - Through-Flow
Through-flow captures the key features
Velocity gradients

Training Manual

CFD adds more precise details


Purer prediction of performance Clearance flows

Use through-flow to seed CFD


Reduced run-times

Mixed Flow Pump Stage

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

1-18

April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693

Introduction

BladeModeler

Training Manual

BladeModeler is a specialized, easy-to-use tool for the rapid 3-D design of rotating machinery components
1D sizing (meanline tools)
Vista AFD Vista CCD Vista CPD Vista RTD

2D rapid through-flow analysis


Vista TF

Blade geometry design tools


BladeGen BladeEditor DesignModeler

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved.

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April 30, 2009 Inventory #002693