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3.

Define agonist/antagonist/fixator and synergist The agonist is where the bicep contracts and the triceps is the antagonist by lengthening and relaxing the fixator would be the deltoid by keeping the arm in the correct position whilst doing a bicep curl and the synergist would be the abdominals by stabilising the muscle but not anything to do with the agonist or antagonist. 4. Using a sporting example can you explain the agonist/antagonist/fixators and synergists so in football when you kick a ball you quadriceps would be the agonist because its contracting your hamstring would be the antagonist because its lengthening your gluteus Maximus would be the fixator to keep the muscle stabilised and your abdominals would be the synergist because it would keep your position right when kicking the ball. 5.Explain how muscles are joined to the bone via tendons at the origin (non-moving attachment) and the insertion (the moving attachment) This would be when muscles move they have two parts to where they are attached to the origin and insertion so for the bicep the origin would be the shoulder and the insertion would be the ulna or radius because the shoulder is not moving where the ulna or radius is moving

Muscles and movement


1.Explain the three types of muscle tissueCardiac/Skeletal/Smooth
Skeletal muscles: these muscles are voluntary so for example if you flex your bicep your ,radius, and ulnar will move as well. Cardiac muscles: this muscle is involuntary so it will contract with out the brain telling is to contract for example the heart. Smooth muscles: these muscles are involuntary for example this would be found in the digestive system and would help push the food through the gastrointestinal tract.

2.Where would you find examples of all three types You would find the skeletal muscle in the bicep by flexing the bicep the ulnar and radius with move as the muscle is contracting. The cardiac muscle would be the heart because its involuntary by contracting without the brain telling it to contract. The smooth muscle would be found in the digestive system to push food through.

Muscle Structure

The muscle is surrounded by empisyium and inside there are these little bundles and they are called perimysium but what inside that is called endomysium and each of those little bundles are called muscle fibres.