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BOLT TORQUES FOR ASME B16.5 FLANGES WITH SPIRAL WOUND GASKETS TO ASME B16.

20
FLANGE MATERIAL
GASKET FILLER MATERIAL
STUD BOLT GRADE
NUT GRADE

ASTM A105
FLEXIBLE GRAPHITE
ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A194-2H

FLANGE PRESSURE CLASS

150

lb

NOMINAL FLANGE DIAMETER

15

mm

IS FLANGE JOINT INSULATED?


MAXIMUM FLUID TEMPERATURE
MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION
MAXIMUM BOLT UTILISATION
STUD BOLT CONDITION
IGNORE MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE?
TORQUE COEFFICIENT, K
STUD BOLT SIZE
NO. OF STUD BOLTS
BOLT LOAD
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS

NO
0
20
C
[375 C MAX]
% OF YIELD STRENGTH
% OF YIELD STRENGTH

40
60

NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE)

NO
0.17
1/2
4
24.0
16.0
31.0
52.0

in
kN
Nm
Nm
Nm

BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION

NOTES:
1. BOLT TORQUE (Nm) = TORQUE COEFFICIENT, K x BOLT LOAD (kN) x BOLT DIAMETER (mm)
2. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 70 MPa
3. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 200 MPa
4. GASKET PRESSURE = 190 MPa
5. BOLT UTILISATION = 40 % OF YIELD STRENGTH
6. FOR FLANGE BOLTING PROCEDURE REFER TO DRAWING NO. 467972
7. WASHERS ARE TO BE USED UNDER EACH NUT FOR STUD BOLT SIZES > 1"
8. GASKET TO HAVE OUTER (CENTERING) AND INNER RINGS

COMPLETE BOLT LOAD RESULTS

MINIMUM BOLT LOAD (BOLT UTILISATION)


MINIMUM BOLT LOAD (GASKET PRESSURE)

24
9

kN
kN

MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD (FLANGE STRENGTH)


MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD (BOLT UTILISATION)
MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD (GASKET PRESSURE)

19
36
25

kN
kN
kN

MINIMUM BOLT LOAD


MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD

24
19

kN
kN

BOLT LOAD RANGE


GASKET PRESSURE RANGE

24 - 24
190 - 190

97959700.xls.ms_office

kN
MPa

NOTES:
1. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION
2. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION

97959700.xls.ms_office

OR ASME B16.5 FLANGES WITH SPIRAL WOUND GASKETS TO ASME B16.20

[375 C MAX]

BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION

COMPLETE BOLT LOAD RESULTS

97959700.xls.ms_office

97959700.xls.ms_office

TORQUE TABLES FOR ASME B16.5 FLANGES WITH SPIRAL WOUND GASKETS TO ASME B16.20
FLANGE SPECIFICATION: ASME B16.5
MAXIMUM FLUID TEMPERATURE: 20 C
FLANGE MATERIAL: ASTM A105
STUD BOLT SPECIFICATION: ASTM A193-B7
NUT SPECIFICATION: ASTM A194-2H
GASKET SPECIFICATION: SPIRAL WOUND GASKET TO ASME B16.20 WITH OUTER (CENTERING) & INNER RINGS
BOLT LUBRICANT: NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE)
TORQUE COEFFICIENT:
0.17
CLASS 150

BOLT SIZE (in)


NO. OF BOLTS
BOLT LOAD (kN)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (ft.lb)

15
1/2
4
24.0
16.0
31.0
52.0
11.0
23.0
38.0

20
1/2
4
24.1
16.0
31.0
52.0
12.0
23.0
38.0

25
1/2
4
31.0
20.0
40.0
67.0
15.0
30.0
49.0

32
1/2
4
36.0
23.0
47.0
78.0
17.0
34.0
57.0

40
1/2
4
36.0
23.0
47.0
78.0
17.0
34.0
57.0

50
5/8
4
57.7
47.0
93.0
156
34.0
69.0
115

65
5/8
4
57.7
47.0
93.0
156
34.0
69.0
115

NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)


80
100
125
150
5/8
5/8
3/4
3/4
4
8
8
8
58.2
52.6
86.1
86.1
47.0
43.0
84.0
84.0
94.0
85.0
167
167
157
142
279
279
35.0
31.0
62.0
62.0
69.0
63.0
123
123
116
105
206
206

200
3/4
8
103
100
201
334
74.0
148
247

250
7/8
12
119
135
271
451
100
200
333

300
7/8
12
119
135
271
451
100
200
333

350
1
12
157
203
407
678
150
300
500

400
1
16
157
203
407
678
150
300
500

450
1 1/8
16
207
301
602
1004
222
444
740

500
1 1/8
20
207
301
602
1004
222
444
740

600
1 1/4
20
263
426
853
1421
314
629
1048

15
1/2
4
24.0
16.0
31.0
52.0
11.0
23.0
38.0

20
5/8
4
38.5
31.0
62.0
104
23.0
46.0
77.0

25
5/8
4
42.5
34.0
69.0
115
25.0
51.0
85.0

32
5/8
4
54.0
44.0
87.0
146
32.0
64.0
107

40
3/4
4
76.7
74.0
149
248
55.0
110
183

50
5/8
8
48.1
39.0
78.0
130
29.0
57.0
96.0

65
3/4
8
57.4
56.0
112
186
41.0
82.0
137

NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)


80
100
125
150
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
8
8
8
12
83.1
86.1
86.1
86.1
81.0
84.0
84.0
84.0
162
167
167
167
269
279
279
279
60.0
62.0
62.0
62.0
119
123
123
123
199
206
206
206

200
7/8
12
119
135
271
451
100
200
333

250
1
16
157
203
407
678
150
300
500

300
1 1/8
16
207
301
602
1004
222
444
740

350
1 1/8
20
138
201
402
669
148
296
494

400
1 1/4
20
195
316
632
1053
233
466
776

450
1 1/4
24
229
371
742
1237
274
547
912

500
1 1/4
24
261
422
845
1408
311
623
1038

600
1 1/2
24
335
652
1303
2172
481
961
1602

CLASS 300

BOLT SIZE (in)


NO. OF BOLTS
BOLT LOAD (kN)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (ft.lb)

CLASS 600

BOLT SIZE (in)


NO. OF BOLTS
BOLT LOAD (kN)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (ft.lb)

15
1/2
4
25.3
16.0
33.0
55.0
12.0
24.0
40.0

20
5/8
4
38.5
31.0
62.0
104
23.0
46.0
77.0

25
5/8
4
48.4
39.0
78.0
131
29.0
58.0
96.0

32
5/8
4
54.0
44.0
87.0
146
32.0
64.0
107

40
3/4
4
76.7
74.0
149
248
55.0
110
183

50
5/8
8
48.9
40.0
79.0
132
29.0
58.0
97.0

65
3/4
8
57.4
56.0
112
186
41.0
82.0
137

15

20

25

32

40

50

65

NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)


80
100
125
150
200
3/4
7/8
1
1
1 1/8
8
8
8
12
12
83.1
119
157
157
207
81.0
135
203
203
301
162
271
407
407
602
269
451
678
678
1004
60.0
100
150
150
222
119
200
300
300
444
199
333
500
500
740

250
1 1/4
16
250
404
808
1347
298
596
993

300
1 1/4
20
257
415
831
1385
306
613
1021

350
1 3/8
20
260
463
927
1545
342
683
1139

400
1 1/2
20
340
661
1321
2202
487
975
1624

450
1 5/8
20
447
942
1884
3140
695
1390
2316

500
1 5/8
24
411
865
1730
2883
638
1276
2127

600
1 7/8
24
492
1194
2388
3981
881
1762
2936

NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)


80
100
125
150
200
7/8
1 1/8 1 1/4 1 1/8 1 3/8
8
8
8
12
12
108
152
193
175
220
122
222
313
255
392
244
444
625
510
784
407
739
1042
850
1306
90.0
164
231
188
289
180
327
461
376
578
300
545
769
627
964

250
1 3/8
16
201
357
715
1192
264
527
879

300
1 3/8
20
242
430
861
1435
317
635
1058

350
1 1/2
20
264
513
1025
1709
378
756
1260

400
1 5/8
20
304
639
1279
2131
472
943
1572

450
1 7/8
20
442
1073
2146
3577
791
1583
2638

500
2
20
436
1129
2258
3763
833
1665
2776

600
2 1/2
20
603
1952
3904
6506
1440
2879
4799

CLASS 900

BOLT SIZE (in)


NO. OF BOLTS
BOLT LOAD (kN)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (ft.lb)

CLASS 1500

BOLT SIZE (in)


NO. OF BOLTS
BOLT LOAD (kN)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (ft.lb)

15
3/4
4
39.5
38.0
77.0
128
28.0
57.0
94.0

20
3/4
4
39.5
38.0
77.0
128
28.0
57.0
94.0

25
7/8
4
54.7
62.0
124
207
46.0
92.0
153

32
7/8
4
81.9
93.0
186
309
68.0
137
228

15
3/4
4
35.9
35.0
70.0
116
26.0
51.0
86.0

20
3/4
4
36.3
35.0
71.0
118
26.0
52.0
87.0

25
7/8
4
50.0
57.0
113
189
42.0
84.0
139

32

40
1
4
102
132
264
441
98.0
195
325

50
7/8
8
77.1
87.0
175
291
64.0
129
215

8
94.9
123
246
410
91.0
181
302

NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)


80
100
125
150
200
1 1/8 1 1/4 1 1/2 1 3/8 1 5/8
8
8
8
12
12
119
166
219
190
256
173
268
426
338
540
347
537
852
677
1080
578
894
1420 1128 1799
128
198
314
250
398
256
396
628
499
796
426
660
1047
832
1327

250
1 7/8
12
336
817
1633
2722
602
1205
2008

300
2
16
342
886
1773
2955
654
1308
2179

350
2 1/4
16
441
1285
2571
4285
948
1896
3160

400
2 1/2
16
552
1789
3578
5964
1320
2639
4399

450
2 3/4
16
615
2192
4385
7308
1617
3234
5390

500
3
16
740
2874
5748
9581
2120
4240
7066

600
3 1/2
16
1022
4635
9269
15449
3418
6837
11395

65
1 1/8
8
94.9
138
277
461
102
204
340

NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)


80
100
125
150
200
1 1/4 1 1/2 1 3/4 2
2
8
8
8
8
12
119
166
233
311
311
193
323
527
806
806
385
647
1054 1612 1612
642
1078 1757 2686 2686
142
239
389
594
594
284
477
778
1189 1189
473
795
1296 1981 1981

250
2 1/2
12
502
1627
3253
5422
1200
2399
3999

300
2 3/4
12
559
1993
3986
6643
1470
2940
4900

350

400

450

500

600

65
1

CLASS 2500

BOLT SIZE (in)


NO. OF BOLTS
BOLT LOAD (kN)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (Nm)
BOLT TORQUE 1ST PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE 2ND PASS (ft.lb)
BOLT TORQUE FINAL PASS (ft.lb)

1
4
81.9
106
212
353
78.0
156
261

40
1 1/8
4
102
149
297
496
110
219
366

50
1
8
77.1
100
200
333
74.0
147
246

NOTES:
1. BOLT TORQUE (Nm) = TORQUE COEFFICIENT, K x BOLT LOAD (kN) x BOLT DIAMETER (mm).
2. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 70 MPa.
3. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 200 MPa.
4. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 40 % OF Y.S. (CLASSES 150, 300 & 600), 30 % OF Y.S. (CLASS 900), 27.5 % OF Y.S. (CLASS 1500) & 25 % OF Y.S. (CLASS 2500).
5. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
6. FOR FLANGE BOLTING PROCEDURE REFER TO DRAWING NO. 467972.
7. WASHERS ARE TO BE USED UNDER EACH NUT FOR STUD BOLT SIZES > 1".
8. TABLES ARE TO BE USED AS A GENERAL GUIDE.
9. TABLES SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED TO CONTAIN ABSOLUTE VALUES DUE TO THE LARGE NUMBER OF UNCONTROLLABLE VARIABLES INVOLVED WITH BOLTED JOINTS.
10. ALL BOLT TORQUE TABLES ARE BASED ON THE USE NEW BOLTS AND NUTS.
11. THE FLANGES ARE ASSUMED TO BE IN GOOD CONDITION AND IN COMPLIANCE WITH ASME B16.5 SPECIFICATIONS.
SPECIAL ATTENTION SHOULD BE GIVEN TO SEATING SURFACE FINISH AND FLATNESS.
12. ONLY TORQUE WRENCHES THAT HAVE BEEN CALIBRATED SHOULD BE USED.
13. FLANGE JOINTS ARE CONSIDERED TO BE UNINSULATED.

REVIEW CALCULATIONS

FLANGE SPECIFICATION: ASME B16.5


LEGEND:
MAXIMUM FLUID TEMPERATURE: 20 C
G:
BOLT LOAD REQU
FLANGE MATERIAL: ASTM A105
B:
BOLT LOAD REQU
STUD BOLT SPECIFICATION: ASTM A193-B7
NUT SPECIFICATION: ASTM A194-2H
GASKET SPECIFICATION: SPIRAL WOUND GASKET TO ASME B16.20 WITH OUTER (CENTERING) &

CLASS 150

GASKET PRESSURE (MPa)


BOLT UTILISATION (% YS)
FLANGE STRESS LEVEL (% ALLOW)

15
190
40
125
B

20
133
40
100

25
124
52
100

32
133
60
72

40
94
60
60

50
118
60
75

65
101
60
81

25
170
44
100

32
200
56
80

40
200
53
98

50
197
50
100

65
202
40
90
B

NOMINAL DIAMETER
80
100
70
87
60
55
61
100
G

NOTES:
1. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 70 MPa.
2. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 200 MPa.
3. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 40% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
4. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
CLASS 300

GASKET PRESSURE (MPa)


BOLT UTILISATION (% YS)
FLANGE STRESS LEVEL (% ALLOW)

15
190
40
100
B

20
212
40
100
B

NOMINAL DIAMETER
80
100
200
142
58
60
96
73

NOTES:
1. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 70 MPa.
2. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 200 MPa.
3. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 40% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
4. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
CLASS 600

GASKET PRESSURE (MPa)


BOLT UTILISATION (% YS)
FLANGE STRESS LEVEL (% ALLOW)
NOTES:
1. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 70 MPa.

15
200
42
93

20
212
40
100
B

25
194
50
100

32
200
56
58

40
200
53
76

50
200
51
64

65
202
40
70
B

NOMINAL DIAMETER
80
100
200
157
58
60
74
72

2. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 200 MPa.


3. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 40% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
4. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
CLASS 900
15

20

25

32

40

50

65

GASKET PRESSURE (MPa)


BOLT UTILISATION (% YS)
FLANGE STRESS LEVEL (% ALLOW)

NOMINAL DIAMETER
80
100
200
200
54
44
75
73

NOTES:
1. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 70 MPa.
2. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 200 MPa.
3. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 30% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
4. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
CLASS 1500

GASKET PRESSURE (MPa)


BOLT UTILISATION (% YS)
FLANGE STRESS LEVEL (% ALLOW)

15
312
27.5
63
B

20
217
27.5
45
B

25
219
27.5
47
B

32
200
41.1
61

40
200
39.0
63

50
200
38.7
68

65
200
36.3
59

NOMINAL DIAMETER
80
100
200
200
34.5 37.8
53
54

65
200
27.6
40

NOMINAL DIAMETER
80
100
200
200
27.1 25.2
35
37

NOTES:
1. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 70 MPa.
2. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 200 MPa.
3. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 27.5% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
4. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
CLASS 2500

GASKET PRESSURE (MPa)


BOLT UTILISATION (% YS)
FLANGE STRESS LEVEL (% ALLOW)

15
283
25.0
35
B

20
200
25.3
26

NOTES:
1. MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 70 MPa.
2. MAXIMUM GASKET PRESSURE = 200 MPa.
3. MINIMUM BOLT LOAD = 25% OF YIELD STRENGTH.
4. MAXIMUM BOLT LOAD = 60% OF YIELD STRENGTH.

25
200
25.1
29

32
200
31.3
35

40
200
29.6
35

50
200
29.5
46

BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM GASKET PRESSURE


BOLT LOAD REQUIRED FOR MINIMUM BOLT UTILISATION

OUTER (CENTERING) & INNER RINGS

NO. < MIN RECOMMENDED


NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)
125
150
200
119
83
70
60
60
72
97
72
72
G

MIN REC AVE (< MIN REC)


250
100
60
91

300
73
60
64

350
89
60
97

400
88
60
95

450
80
60
77

500
91
60
89

600
89
60
90

0
0
1

70
40

NO. < MIN RECOMMENDED


NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)
125
150
200
119
125
121
60
60
60
64
94
80

MIN REC AVE (< MIN REC)


250
175
60
92

300
169
60
91

350
130
40
102
B

400
136
44
100

450
134
52
100

500
138
59
100

600
136
51
100

0
0
3

70
40

NO. < MIN RECOMMENDED


NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)
125
150
200
163
179
169
60
60
60
85
87
84

MIN REC AVE (< MIN REC)


250
200
57
95

300
196
58
100

350
194
48
100

400
194
51
100

450
200
57
75

500
200
52
78

600
200
45
73

0
0
0

70
40

NO. < MIN RECOMMENDED


NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)
125
150
200
200
200
200
44
51
40
64
68
64

MIN REC AVE (< MIN REC)


250
200
37
62

300
200
44
68

350
200
40
57

400
200
38
54

450
200
41
57

500
200
35
48

600
231
30
41
B

0
0
0

70
30

NO. < MIN RECOMMENDED


NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)
125
150
200
200
200
200
33.1 34.9 32.5
44
41
40

MIN REC AVE (< MIN REC)


250
200
31.1
36

300
227
27.5
36
B

350
309
27.5
41
B

400
257
27.5
41
B

450
223
27.5
35
B

500
243
27.5
36
B

600
253
27.5
36
B

0
0
0

70
27.5

NO. < MIN RECOMMENDED


NOMINAL DIAMETER (mm)
125
150
200
212
218
243
25.0 25.0 25.0
33
31
31
B
B
B

MIN REC AVE (< MIN REC)


250
321
25.0
31
B

300
245
25.0
27
B

350

400

450

500

600
0
0
0

70
25

MIN MAX
70
40
60

190
72
125

MIN MAX
119
40
64

212
60
102

MIN MAX
157
40
58

212
60
100

MIN MAX
200
30
41

231
54
75

MIN MAX
200
28
35

312
41
68

MIN MAX
200
25
26

321
31
46

Calculations For ASME B16.5 Flanges With Spiral Wound Gaskets to ASME B16.20
Flange Material =
Stud Bolt Grade =
Nut Grade =
Minimum Gasket Stress =
Maximum Gasket Stress =
Minimum Bolt Load (Class 150, 300 & 600) =
Minimum Bolt Load (Class 900) =
Minimum Bolt Load (Class 1500) =
Minimum Bolt Load (Class 2500) =
Maximum Bolt Load =
Bolt Condition =
Torque Coefficient, K =

ASTM A105
ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A194-2H
70 MPa
200 MPa
40.0 % of Yield Strength
30.0 % of Yield Strength
27.5 % of Yield Strength
25.0 % of Yield Strength
60 % of Yield Strength
NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE)
0.17

Class 150

Gasket Contact ID (mm)


Gasket Contact OD (mm)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (in)
Threads per Inch
Gasket Contact Area (mm2)
Bolt Core Area (mm2)
Bolt Yield Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Based on Flange Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Available (kN)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Available (MPa)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Recommended or Available (MPa)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Bolt Utilisation (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Gasket Pressure (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load (kN)
Minimum Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Bolt Load (kN)
Preferred Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Gasket Pressure (MPa)

15
19.1
31.8
4
1/2
13
507
83.4
720
19
36
284
200
24
9
24
52
19
42
152

20
25.4
39.6
4
1/2
13
726
83.4
720
24
36
198
198
24
13
24
52
24
52
133

25
31.8
47.8
4
1/2
13
999
83.4
720
31
36
144
144
24
17
24
52
31
67
124

32
47.8
60.5
4
1/2
13
1079
83.4
720
50
36
133
133
24
19
24
52
36
78
133

40
54.1
69.9
4
1/2
13
1533
83.4
720
60
36
94
94
24
27
27
58
36
78
94

50
69.9
85.9
4
5/8
11
1957
134
720
77
58
118
118
38
34
38
104
58
156
118

Nominal Pipe Size (mm)


65
80
100
125
150
200
250
82.6 101.6 127.0 155.7 182.6 233.4 287.3
98.6 120.7 149.4 177.8 209.6 263.7 317.5
4
4
8
8
8
8
12
5/8
5/8
5/8
3/4
3/4
3/4
7/8
11
11
11
10
10
10
9
2276 3325 4851 5788
8293 11800 14357
134
134
134
199
199
199
276
720
720
720
720
720
720
720
71
95
53
89
120
144
132
58
58
58
86
86
86
119
101
69
95
119
83
58
100
101
69
95
119
83
58
100
38
38
38
57
57
57
80
40
58
42
51
73
103
84
40
58
42
57
73
103
84
107
157
115
186
235
334
316
58
58
53
86
86
86
119
156
156
142
279
279
279
451
101
69
87
119
83
58
100

300
339.9
374.7
12
7/8
9
19528
276
720
186
119
73
73
80
114
114
430
119
451
73

350
371.6
406.4
12
1
8
21263
363
720
162
157
89
89
105
124
124
536
157
678
89

400
422.4
463.6
16
1
8
28632
363
720
165
157
88
88
105
125
125
541
157
678
88

450
474.7
527.1
16
1 1/8
8
41168
478
720
268
207
80
80
138
180
180
875
207
1004
80

500
525.5
577.9
20
1 1/8
8
45343
478
720
233
207
91
91
138
159
159
771
207
1004
91

Class 300

Gasket Contact ID (mm)


Gasket Contact OD (mm)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (in)
Threads per Inch
Gasket Contact Area (mm2)
Bolt Core Area (mm2)
Bolt Yield Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Based on Flange Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Available (kN)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Available (MPa)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Recommended or Available (MPa)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Bolt Utilisation (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Gasket Pressure (kN)

600
628.7
685.8
20
1 1/4
8
59000
609
720
292
263
89
89
176
206
206
1115
263
1421
89

Gasket Compre

15
19.1
31.8
4
1/2
13
507
83.4
720
24
36
284
200
24
9

20
25.4
39.6
4
5/8
11
726
133.6
720
38
58
318
200
38
13

25
31.8
47.8
4
5/8
11
999
133.6
720
42
58
231
200
38
17

32
47.8
60.5
4
5/8
11
1079
133.6
720
67
58
214
200
38
19

40
54.1
69.9
4
3/4
10
1533
199.4
720
78
86
225
200
57
27

50
69.9
85.9
8
5/8
11
1957
134
720
48
58
236
200
38
17

Nominal Pipe Size (mm)


65
80
100
125
150
200
250
82.6 101.6 127.0 155.7 182.6 233.4 287.3
98.6 120.7 149.4 177.8 209.6 263.7 317.5
8
8
8
8
12
12
16
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
3/4
7/8
1
10
10
10
10
10
9
8
2276 3325 4851 5788
8293 11800 14357
199
199
199
199
199
276
363
720
720
720
720
720
720
720
64
87
118
135
91
149
171
86
86
86
86
86
119
157
303
207
142
119
125
121
175
200
200
142
119
125
121
175
57
57
57
57
57
80
105
20
29
42
51
48
69
63

97959700.xls.ms_office

300
339.9
374.7
16
1 1/8
8
19528
478
720
228
207
169
169
138
85

350
371.6
406.4
20
1 1/8
8
21263
478
720
135
207
194
194
138
74

400
422.4
463.6
20
1 1/4
8
28632
609
720
195
263
184
184
176
100

450
474.7
527.1
24
1 1/4
8
41168
609
720
229
263
153
153
176
120

500
525.5
577.9
24
1 1/4
8
45343
609
720
261
263
139
139
176
132

600
628.7
685.8
24
1 1/2
8
59000
919
720
335
397
161
161
265
172

Page 14

Minimum Bolt Load (kN)


Minimum Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Bolt Load (kN)
Preferred Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Gasket Pressure (MPa)

24
52
24
52
189

38
104
36
98
200

38
104
42
115
170

38
104
54
146
200

57
186
77
248
200

38
104
48
130
197

57
186
57
184
200

97959700.xls.ms_office

57
186
83
269
200

57
186
86
279
142

57
186
86
279
119

57
186
86
279
125

80
301
119
451
121

105
452
157
678
175

138
669
207
1004
169

138
669
135
658
127

176
947
195
1053
136

176
947
229
1237
134

176
947
261
1408
138

265
1714
335
2172
136

Page 15

Class 600

Gasket Contact ID (mm)


Gasket Contact OD (mm)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (in)
Threads per Inch
Gasket Contact Area (mm2)
Bolt Core Area (mm2)
Bolt Yield Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Based on Flange Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Available (kN)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Available (MPa)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Recommended or Available (MPa)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Bolt Utilisation (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Gasket Pressure (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load (kN)
Minimum Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Bolt Load (kN)
Preferred Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Gasket Pressure (MPa)

Nominal Pipe Size (mm)


65
80
100
125
150
200
250
82.6 101.6 120.7 147.6 174.8 225.6 274.6
98.6 120.7 149.4 177.8 209.6 263.7 317.5
8
8
8
8
12
12
16
3/4
3/4
7/8
1
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
10
10
9
8
8
8
8
2276 3325 6087 7724 10503 14639 19961
199
199
276
363
363
478
609
720
720
720
720
720
720
720
82
112
166
184
180
246
262
86
86
119
157
157
207
263
303
207
157
163
179
169
211
200
200
157
163
179
169
200
57
57
80
105
105
138
176
20
29
53
68
61
85
87
57
57
80
105
105
138
176
186
186
301
452
452
669
947
57
83
119
157
157
207
250
184
269
451
678
678
1004
1347
200
200
157
163
179
169
200

300
327.2
374.7
20
1 1/4
8
26181
609
720
257
263
201
200
176
92
176
947
257
1385
196

350
362.0
406.4
20
1 3/8
8
26824
756
720
260
327
244
200
218
94
218
1293
260
1545
194

400
412.8
463.6
20
1 1/2
8
34963
919
720
340
397
227
200
265
122
265
1714
340
2202
194

450
469.9
527.1
20
1 5/8
8
44749
1097
720
599
474
212
200
316
157
316
2218
447
3140
200

500
520.7
577.9
24
1 5/8
8
49309
1097
720
529
474
231
200
316
144
316
2218
411
2883
200

600
628.7
685.8
24
1 7/8
8
59000
1502
720
676
649
264
200
433
172
433
3502
492
3981
200

Nominal Pipe Size (mm)


80
100
125
150
200
250
95.3 120.7 147.6 174.8 222.3 276.4
120.7 149.4 177.8 209.6 257.3 311.2
8
8
8
12
12
16
7/8 1 1/8 1 1/4
1 1/8
1 3/8
1 3/8
9
8
8
8
8
8
4307 6087 7724 10503 13202 16057
276
478
609
478
756
756
720
720
720
720
720
720
143
208
300
256
345
324
119
207
263
207
327
327
222
272
273
236
297
326
200
200
200
200
200
200
60
103
132
103
163
163
38
53
68
61
77
70
60
103
132
103
163
163
226
502
710
502
970
970
108
152
193
175
220
201
407
739 1042
850
1306
1192
200
200
200
200
200
200

300
323.9
368.3
20
1 3/8
8
24164
756
720
354
327
270
200
163
85
163
970
242
1435
200

350
355.6
400.1
20
1 1/2
8
26380
919
720
463
397
301
200
198
92
198
1286
264
1709
200

400
412.8
457.2
20
1 5/8
8
30371
1097
720
559
474
312
200
237
106
237
1663
304
2131
200

450
463.6
520.7
20
1 7/8
8
44179
1502
720
772
649
294
200
324
155
324
2627
442
3577
200

500
520.7
571.5
20
2
8
43577
1728
720
905
746
343
200
373
153
373
3223
436
3763
200

600
628.7
679.5
20
2 1/2
8
52191
2790
720
1473
1205
462
200
603
183
603
6506
522
5634
200

Nominal Pipe Size (mm)


80
100
125
150
200
92.2 117.6 143.0 171.5 215.9
120.7 149.2 177.8 209.6 257.3
8
8
8
12
12
1 1/8 1 1/4 1 1/2
1 3/8
1 5/8

300
323.9
368.3
16
2

350
362.0
400.1
16
2 1/4

400
406.4
457.2
16
2 1/2

450
463.6
520.7
16
2 3/4

500
514.4
571.5
16
3

600
616.0
679.5
16
3 1/2

15
19.1
31.8
4
1/2
13
507
83.4
720
27
36
284
200
24
9
24
52
25
55
200

20
25.4
39.6
4
5/8
11
726
133.6
720
39
58
318
200
38
13
38
104
36
98
200

25
31.8
47.8
4
5/8
11
999
133.6
720
48
58
231
200
38
17
38
104
48
131
194

32
47.8
60.5
4
5/8
11
1079
133.6
720
93
58
214
200
38
19
38
104
54
146
200

40
54.1
69.9
4
3/4
10
1533
199.4
720
101
86
225
200
57
27
57
186
77
248
200

50
69.9
85.9
8
5/8
11
1957
134
720
76
58
236
200
38
17
38
104
49
132
200

15

20

25

32

40

50

65

15
19.1
31.8
4
3/4

20
25.4
39.6
4
3/4

25
31.8
47.8
4
7/8

32
39.6
60.5
4
7/8

40
47.8
69.9
4
1

50
58.7
85.9
8
7/8

65
69.9
98.6
8
1

Class 900

Gasket Contact ID (mm)


Gasket Contact OD (mm)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (in)
Threads per Inch
Gasket Contact Area (mm2)
Bolt Core Area (mm2)
Bolt Yield Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Based on Flange Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Available (kN)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Available (MPa)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Recommended or Available (MPa)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Bolt Utilisation (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Gasket Pressure (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load (kN)
Minimum Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Bolt Load (kN)
Preferred Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Gasket Pressure (MPa)

Class 1500

Gasket Contact ID (mm)


Gasket Contact OD (mm)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (in)

97959700.xls.ms_office

250
266.7
311.2
12
1 7/8

Page 16

Threads per Inch


Gasket Contact Area (mm2)
Bolt Core Area (mm2)
Bolt Yield Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Based on Flange Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Available (kN)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Available (MPa)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Recommended or Available (MPa)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Bolt Utilisation (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Gasket Pressure (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load (kN)
Minimum Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Bolt Load (kN)
Preferred Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Gasket Pressure (MPa)

10
507
199.4
720
63
86
680
200
39
9
39
128
25
82
200

10
726
199.4
720
88
86
474
200
39
13
39
128
36
118
200

9
999
276.5
720
116
119
478
200
55
17
55
207
50
189
200

9
1637
276.5
720
134
119
292
200
55
29
55
207
82
309
200

8
2041
363.2
720
162
157
307
200
72
36
72
311
102
441
200

9
3085
276
720
114
119
310
200
55
27
55
207
77
291
200

8
3796
363
720
160
157
331
200
72
33
72
311
95
410
200

8
4756
478
720
225
207
348
200
95
42
95
460
119
578
200

8
6627
609
720
309
263
318
200
121
58
121
651
166
894
200

8
8768
919
720
499
397
362
200
182
77
182
1178
219
1420
200

8
11401
756
720
465
327
344
200
150
67
150
889
190
1128
200

8
8
15387 20173
1097
1502
720
720
635
924
474
649
370
386
200
200
217
297
90
118
217
297
1525
2408
256
336
1799
2722
200
200

8
24164
1728
720
957
746
494
200
342
106
342
2955
302
2608
200

8
22802
2227
720
1080
962
675
200
441
100
441
4285
285
2769
200

8
34456
2790
720
1359
1205
560
200
552
151
552
5964
431
4649
200

8
44179
3416
655
1780
1343
486
200
615
193
615
7308
552
6557
200

8
48739
4106
655
2082
1614
530
200
740
213
740
9581
609
7892
200

8
64605
5675
655
2877
2230
552
200
1022
283
1022
15449
808
12205
200

15
19.1
31.8
4
3/4
10
507
199.4
720
103
86
680
200
36
9
36
116
25
82
200

20
25.4
39.6
4
3/4
10
726
199.4
720
138
86
474
200
36
13
36
116
36
118
200

25
31.8
47.8
4
7/8
9
999
276.5
720
171
119
478
200
50
17
50
188
50
189
200

32
39.6
60.5
4
1
8
1637
363.2
720
233
157
383
200
65
29
65
282
82
353
200

40
47.8
69.9
4
1 1/8
8
2041
478.4
720
291
207
405
200
86
36
86
418
102
496
200

50
58.7
85.9
8
1
8
3085
363
720
167
157
407
200
65
27
65
282
77
333
200

Nominal Pipe Size (mm)


65
80
100
125
150
200
250
69.9 92.2 117.6 143.0 171.5 215.9 270.0
98.6 120.7 149.4 177.8 209.6 257.3 311.2
8
8
8
8
8
12
12
1 1/8 1 1/4 1 1/2 1 3/4
2
2
2 1/2
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
3796 4756 6657 8768 11401 15387 18781
478
609
919 1292
1728
1728
2790
720
720
720
720
720
720
720
239
340
451
701
1000
1000
1616
207
263
397
558
746
746
1205
436
443
477
509
524
582
770
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
86
110
165
233
311
311
502
33
42
58
77
100
90
110
86
110
165
233
311
311
502
418
592 1071 1757
2686
2686
5422
95
119
166
219
285
256
313
461
642 1078 1656
2461
2215
3379
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

300
317.5
368.3
12
2 3/4
8
27362
3416
655
2101
1343
589
200
559
160
559
6643
456
5415
200

350

400

450

500

600

Class 2500

Gasket Contact ID (mm)


Gasket Contact OD (mm)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (in)
Threads per Inch
Gasket Contact Area (mm2)
Bolt Core Area (mm2)
Bolt Yield Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Based on Flange Strength (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Load Available (kN)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Available (MPa)
Maximum Gasket Pressure Recommended or Available (MPa)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Bolt Utilisation (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load Based on Minimum Gasket Pressure (kN)
Minimum Bolt Load (kN)
Minimum Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Bolt Load (kN)
Preferred Bolt Torque (Nm)
Preferred Gasket Pressure (MPa)
Notes:

1. Tables are to be used only as a general guide.


2. Tables should not be considered to contain absolute values due to the large number of uncontrollable variables involved with bolted joints.
3. If there is doubt as to the proper torque value to use, it recommended that the maximum value be used.
4. All bolt torque values are based upon the use of new nuts and new bolts of proper design, acceptable quality and approved materials of construction as well as metallurgy.
5. The flanges are assumed to be in good condition and in compliance with ASME B16.5 specifications. Special attention should be given to seating surface finish and flatness.
6. Only torque wrenches that have been calibrated should be used.
7. Refer to Drawing No. 467972 for the flange bolting procedure to be used.
8. No provisions have been made in these tables to account for vibration effects on the bolts.
9. Spiral wound gaskets are to be supplied with both outer (centering) and inner rings.

97959700.xls.ms_office

Page 17

Data For ASME B16.5 Flanges & ASME B16.20 Spiral Wound Gaskets
O
375 C

Maximum Fluid Temperature =

Class 150

Gsk. ID Contact (inches)


Gsk. OD Contact (inches)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (inches)
Threads per Inch
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Carbon Steel (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Stainless Steel (MPa)

0.5
0.75
1.25
4
1/2
13
231
192

0.75
1
1.56
4
1/2
13
289
240

1
1.25
1.88
4
1/2
13
372
309

1.25
1.88
2.38
4
1/2
13
598
497

1.5
2.13
2.75
4
1/2
13
720
598

2
2.75
3.38
4
5/8
11
579
481

2.5
3.25
3.88
4
5/8
11
534
444

3
4
4.75
4
5/8
11
714
593

Nom. Pipe Size (inches)


4
5
6
5
6.13
7.19
5.88
7
8.25
8
8
8
5/8
3/4
3/4
11
10
10
394
446
603
327
370
501

8
9.19
10.38
8
3/4
10
720
598

10
11.31
12.5
12
7/8
9
477
396

12
13.38
14.75
12
7/8
9
674
560

14
14.63
16
12
1
8
445
370

0.5
0.75
1.25
4
1/2
13
287
238

0.75
1
1.56
4
5/8
11
287
238

1
1.25
1.88
4
5/8
11
318
264

1.25
1.88
2.38
4
5/8
11
503
418

1.5
2.13
2.75
4
3/4
10
392
326

2
2.75
3.38
8
5/8
11
360
299

2.5
3.25
3.88
8
3/4
10
321
267

3
4
4.75
8
3/4
10
434
361

Nom. Pipe Size (inches)


4
5
6
5
6.13
7.19
5.88
7
8.25
8
8
12
3/4
3/4
3/4
10
10
10
594
678
458
493
563
380

8
9.19
10.38
12
7/8
9
538
447

10
11.31
12.5
16
1
8
472
392

12
13.38
14.75
16
1 1/8
8
476
395

14
14.63
16
20
1 1/8
8
283
235

3
4
4.75
8
3/4
10
563
468

Nom. Pipe Size (inches)


4
5
6
4.75
5.81
6.88
5.88
7
8.25
8
8
12
7/8
1
1
9
8
8
601
507
495
499
421
411

8
8.88
10.38
12
1 1/8
8
515
428

10
10.81
12.5
16
1 1/4
8
430
357

12
12.88
14.75
20
1 1/4
8
421
350

14
14.25
16
20
1 3/8
8
344
286

3
3.75
4.75
8
7/8
9
518
430

Nom. Pipe Size (inches)


4
5
6
4.75
5.81
6.88
5.88
7
8.25
8
8
12
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 1/8
8
8
8
434
492
536
361
409
445

8
8.75
10.13
12
1 3/8
8
456
379

10
10.88
12.25
16
1 3/8
8
429
356

12
12.75
14.5
20
1 3/8
8
468
389

14
14
15.75
20
1 1/2
8
504
419

Nom. Pipe Size (inches)


4
5
6

10

12

14

Class 300

Gsk. ID Contact (inches)


Gsk. OD Contact (inches)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (inches)
Threads per Inch
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Carbon Steel (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Stainless Steel (MPa)

Class 600

Gsk. ID Contact (inches)


Gsk. OD Contact (inches)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (inches)
Threads per Inch
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Carbon Steel (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Stainless Steel (MPa)

0.5
0.75
1.25
4
1/2
13
327
272

0.75
1
1.56
4
5/8
11
289
240

1
1.25
1.88
4
5/8
11
362
301

1.25
1.88
2.38
4
5/8
11
695
577

1.5
2.13
2.75
4
3/4
10
506
420

2
2.75
3.38
8
5/8
11
572
475

2.5
3.25
3.88
8
3/4
10
410
341

Class 900
0.5

0.75

1.25

1.5

2.5

Gsk. ID Contact (inches)


Gsk. OD Contact (inches)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (inches)
Threads per Inch
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Carbon Steel (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Stainless Steel (MPa)

Class 1500
0.5

0.75

1.25

97959700.xls.ms_office

1.5

2.5

0.75
1.25
4
3/4
10
314
261

1
1.56
4
3/4
10
440
365

1.25
1.88
4
7/8
9
418
347

1.56
2.38
4
7/8
9
484
402

1.88
2.75
4
1
8
446
370

2.31
3.38
8
7/8
9
413
343

2.75
3.88
8
1
8
441
366

3.63
4.75
8
1 1/8
8
471
391

0.5
0.75
1.25
4
3/4
10
516
429

0.75
1
1.56
4
3/4
10
690
573

1
1.25
1.88
4
7/8
9
618
513

1.25
1.56
2.38
4
1
8
642
533

1.5
1.88
2.75
4
1 1/8
8
609
506

2
2.31
3.38
8
1
8
459
381

2.5
2.75
3.88
8
1 1/8
8
499
414

3
3.63
4.75
8
1 1/4
8
558
464

1
150
300
600
900
1500
2500

2
15
15
15
80
15
15

3
20
20
20
100
20
20

4
25
25
25
125
25
25

5
32
32
32
150
32
32

6
40
40
40
200
40
40

7
50
50
50
250
50
50

8
65
65
65
300
65
65

9
80
80
80
350
80
80

10
100
100
100
400
100
100

11
125
125
125
450
125
125

150

15

20

25

32

40

50

65

80

100

1
150
300
600
900
1500
2500

2
15
15
15
80
15
15

3
20
20
20
100
20
20

4
25
25
25
125
25
25

5
32
32
32
150
32
32

6
40
40
40
200
40
40

7
50
50
50
250
50
50

8
65
65
65
300
65
65

9
80
80
80
350
80
80

150

15

20

25

32

40

50

65

ASTM A193-B7

15

20

25

32

40

50

65

Gsk. ID Contact (inches)


Gsk. OD Contact (inches)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (inches)
Threads per Inch
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Carbon Steel (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Stainless Steel (MPa)

4.63
5.88
8
1 1/4
8
507
421

5.63
7
8
1 1/2
8
543
451

6.75
8.25
12
1 3/8
8
615
511

8.5
10.13
12
1 5/8
8
579
481

10.5
12.25
12
1 7/8
8
615
511

12.75
14.5
16
2
8
554
460

14.25
15.75
16
2 1/4
8
485
403

Nom. Pipe Size (inches)


4
5
6
4.63
5.63
6.75
5.88
7
8.25
8
8
8
1 1/2
1 3/4
2
8
8
8
491
543
579
408
451
481

8
8.5
10.13
12
2
8
579
481

10
10.63
12.25
12
2 1/2
8
579
481

12
12.5
14.5
12
2 3/4
8
615
511

14

12
150
150
150
500
150
150

13
200
200
200
600
200
200

14
250
250
250

15
300
300
300

16
350
350
350

250
250

300
300

350

125

150

200

250

300

350

10
100
100
100

11
125
125
125

12
150
150
150

13
200
200
200

14
250
250
250

15
300
300
300

16
350
350
350

100
100

125

150

80

100

125

150

200

250

300

350

80

100

125

150

200

250

300

350

Class 2500

Gsk. ID Contact (inches)


Gsk. OD Contact (inches)
No. of Bolts
Size of Bolts (inches)
Threads per Inch
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Carbon Steel (MPa)
Maximum Bolt Stress Based on Flange Strength - Stainless Steel (MPa)

Flange Sizes
ASTM A193-B7 & B16 STUD BOLTS

ASTM A193-B8 & B8M CLASS 2 STUD BOLTS

Bolt / Nut Data


Bolt Yield Strength Ratios

97959700.xls.ms_office

MATERIAL

TEMPERATURE (OC)
250
300
350
0.85
0.82
0.85
0.82
0.89
0.87
0.85
0.89
0.87
0.85
0.63
0.61
0.58
0.68
0.65
0.59
0.80
0.80
0.76
0.81
0.80
0.76
0.65
0.62
0.60
0.70
0.66
0.61
0.82
0.81
0.79
0.83
0.81
0.79

20
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

50
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

100
0.93
0.93
0.96
0.96
0.78
0.82
0.89
0.89
0.82
0.86
0.93
0.93

150
0.89
0.89
0.94
0.94
0.71
0.78
0.84
0.84
0.75
0.82
0.88
0.89

200
0.87
0.87
0.92
0.92
0.66
0.72
0.81
0.82
0.69
0.75
0.84
0.85

1/2

1/2

1/2

1/2

1/2

5/8

5/8

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

2
720
720
690
665

3
720
720
690
665

4
720
720
690
665

5
720
720
690
665

6
720
720
690
665

7
720
720
690
665

ASTM A193-B7

720

720

720

720

720

Class 300

1/2

5/8

5/8

5/8

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

2
720
720
690
665

3
720
720
690
665

4
720
720
690
665

ASTM A193-B7

720

720

Class 600

1/2

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B7

ASTM A193 GRADE B7 (d <= 2 1/2")


ASTM A193 GRADE B7 (d <= 4")
ASTM A193 GRADE B16 (d <= 2 1/2")
ASTM A193 GRADE B16 (d <= 4")
ASTM A193 GRADE B8 (d <= 3/4")
ASTM A193 GRADE B8 (d <= 1")
ASTM A193 GRADE B8 (d <= 1 1/4")
ASTM A193 GRADE B8 (d <= 1 1/2")
ASTM A193 GRADE B8M (d <= 3/4")
ASTM A193 GRADE B8M (d <= 1")
ASTM A193 GRADE B8M (d <= 1 1/4")
ASTM A193 GRADE B8M (d <= 1 1/2")

Maximum Bolt Op
400

425

450

500

525

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

0.82
0.82
0.55
0.58
0.74
0.74
0.57
0.60
0.77
0.77

0.80
0.80
0.53
0.56
0.72
0.73
0.56
0.59
0.76
0.77

0.52
0.56
0.71
0.72
0.55
0.59
0.75
0.76

0.49
0.53
0.68
0.69

0.48
0.53
0.67
0.68

5/8

5/8

3/4

3/4

3/4

7/8

7/8

8
720
720
690
665

9
720
720
690
665

10
720
720
690
665

11
720
720
690
665

12
720
720
690
665

13
720
720
690
665

14
720
720
550
550

15
720
720
550
550

16
720
720
550
550

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

3/4

5/8

3/4

3/4

3/4

3/4

3/4

7/8

1 1/8

1 1/8

5
720
720
690
665

6
720
720
690
665

7
720
720
690
665

8
720
720
690
665

9
720
720
690
665

10
720
720
690
665

11
720
720
690
665

12
720
720
690
665

13
720
720
550
550

14
720
720
550
550

15
720
720
450
450

16
720
720
450
450

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

5/8

5/8

5/8

3/4

5/8

3/4

3/4

7/8

1 1/8

1 1/4

1 1/4

1 3/8

2
720
720
690
665

3
720
720
690
665

4
720
720
690
665

5
720
720
690
665

6
720
720
690
665

7
720
720
690
665

8
720
720
690
665

9
720
720
690
665

10
720
720
550
550

11
720
720
550
550

12
720
720
550
550

13
720
720
450
450

14
720
720
450
450

15
720
720
450
450

16
720
720
345
345

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

7/8

1 1/8

1 1/4

1 1/8

1 3/8

1 3/8

1 3/8

1 1/2

9
720
720

10
720
720

11
720
720

12
720
720

13
720
720

14
720
720

15
720
720

16
720
720

Bolt Yield Strength at Maximum Operating Temperature


Class 150
1

Class 900
1

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16

97959700.xls.ms_office

ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2


ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

550
550

450
450

450
450

450
450

345
345

345
345

345
345

345
345

ASTM A193-B7

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

Class 1500

3/4

3/4

7/8

7/8

7/8

1 1/8

1 1/4

1 1/2

1 3/8

1 5/8

1 7/8

2 1/4

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

2
720
720
690
665

3
720
720
690
665

4
720
720
550
550

5
720
720
550
550

6
720
720
550
550

7
720
720
550
550

8
720
720
550
550

9
720
720
450
450

10
720
720
450
450

11
720
720
345
345

12
720
720
345
345

13
720
720

14
720
720

15
720
720

16
720
720

ASTM A193-B7

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

Class 2500

3/4

3/4

7/8

1 1/8

1 1/8

1 1/4

1 1/2

1 3/4

2 1/2

2 3/4

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

2
720
720
690
665

3
720
720
690
665

4
720
720
550
550

5
720
720
550
550

6
720
720
450
450

7
720
720
550
550

8
720
720
450
450

9
720
720
450
450

10
720
720
345
345

11
720
720

12
720
720

13
720
720

14
720
720

15
655
655

ASTM A193-B7

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

720

655

Bolt / Nut Combinations


1

2
ASTM A194-2H
ASTM A194-4
ASTM A194-8 (STRAIN HARDENED)
ASTM A194-8M (STRAIN HARDENED)

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B7

ASTM A194-2H

Temperature Limits (0C)


1
Bolt Material
ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B7

2
Max Temp
300
425
525
450
300

Gasket Data
Minimum Recommended Gasket Pressure =
Maximum Recommended Gasket Pressure =

70 MPa
200 MPa

97959700.xls.ms_office

16

Temperature Limits (0C)

PTFE
FLEXIBLE GRAPHITE

2
Min 150
250
450

FLEXIBLE GRAPHITE

450

1
Gasket Material

Input Data
Minimum Bolt Utilisation (% of Yield Strength)
1
150
300
600
900
1500
2500

2
0
0
0
0
0
0

3
20
20
20
10
10
5

4
25
25
25
15
15
10

5
30
30
30
20
20
15

6
35
35
35
25
25
20

7
40
40
40
30
27.5
25

150

20

25

30

35

40

Temp
20
50
20

Strength
248
248
248

Flange Material
Flange Material
ASTM A105
ASTM A182-F304
ASTM A182-F304L
ASTM A182-F316
ASTM A182-F316L

Flange Yield Strengths


o

Operating Temp.

Material
ASTM A105
ASTM A182-F304
ASTM A182-F304L
ASTM A182-F316
ASTM A182-F316L
ASTM A105

C
20

Max. Temp.
Limit
400
550
550
550
550

Strength
248

20

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

550

600

248
206
172
206
172

248
206
172
206
172

226
170
145
176
144

220
155
132
161
131

214
144
122
149
120

204
135
114
139
112

188
128
108
132
105

181
124
104
127
101

173
119
101
123
96

0
115
98
121
93

0
111
95
119
89

0
107
92
117
85

0
0
0
0
0

Ref.
Strength
248

Reduct. Reduct.
Factor 1 Factor 2
1.00
1.00

97959700.xls.ms_office

Bolt Torque Coefficients


ASTM A193-B7 & B16 STUD BOLTS

16
16.63
18.25
16
1
8
453
376

16
16.63
18.25
20
1 1/4
8
320
266

16
16.25
18.25
20
1 1/2
8
370
307

16
16.25
18
20
1 5/8
8
509
423

16

18
18.69
20.75
16
1 1/8
8
561
466

18
18.69
20.75
24
1 1/4
8
376
312

18
18.5
20.75
20
1 5/8
8
546
454

18
18.25
20.5
20
1 7/8
8
514
427

18

20
20.69
22.75
20
1 1/8
8
487
405

20
20.69
22.75
24
1 1/4
8
428
356

20
20.5
22.75
24
1 5/8
8
482
400

20
20.5
22.5
20
2
8
524
435

20

24
24.75
27
20
1 1/4
8
479
398

24
24.75
27
24
1 1/2
8
365
303

24
24.75
27
24
1 7/8
8
450
374

24
24.75
26.75
20
2 1/2
8
528
439

24

BOLT CONDITION

ASTM A193-B8 & B8M CLASS 2 STUD BOLTSASTM A193-B7 & B16 STUD BOLTS

BOLT CONDITION

BOLT CONDITION

1px1 (MOLY)V

0.18

COPPER BASED ANTI-SEIZE

0.19

1px1 (MOLY)V

0.18

AS RECEIVED

0.20

NO LUBRICANT - CLEAN STAINLESS STEEL

0.30

AS RECEIVED

0.20

AS RECEIVED OR LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 771

0.13

GENERAL MACHINE OIL

0.24

AS RECEIVED OR LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 771

0.13

BOWMAN ANTI-SEIZE

0.12

LIGHTLY OILED

0.24

BOWMAN ANTI-SEIZE

0.12

CADMIUM PLATED

0.17

LOW FRICTION OIL

0.18

CADMIUM PLATED

0.17

CADMIUM PLATED (DEGREASED)

0.20

MOLYBDENUM DISULPHIDE BASED GREASE

0.17

CADMIUM PLATED (DEGREASED)

0.20

CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED)

0.14

MOLYBOND GA50

0.17

CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED)

0.14

CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243)

0.13

NICKEL BASED ANTI-SEIZE

0.18

CADMIUM PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243)

0.13

CLEAN, NONPLATED, AS RECEIVED

0.20

NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE)

0.21

CLEAN, NONPLATED, AS RECEIVED

0.20

COPPER BASED ANTI-SEIZE

0.16

COPPER BASED ANTI-SEIZE

0.16

DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243

0.20

DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243

0.20

EXPOSED TO ELEMENTS, BEGINNING TO OXIDISE

0.30

EXPOSED TO ELEMENTS, BEGINNING TO OXIDISE

0.30

GALVANISED (DEGREASED)

0.42

GALVANISED (DEGREASED)

0.42

GALVANISED (LIGHTLY OILED)

0.22

GALVANISED (LIGHTLY OILED)

0.22

GENERAL MACHINE OIL

0.20

GENERAL MACHINE OIL

0.20

GREASE

0.16

GREASE

0.16

GREASE (HEAVY)

0.14

GREASE (HEAVY)

0.14

HOT DIPPED GALVANISED

0.25

HOT DIPPED GALVANISED

0.25

INORGANIC SILICATE (IOZ)

0.17

INORGANIC SILICATE (IOZ)

0.17

LIGHTLY OILED

0.20

LIGHTLY OILED

0.20

LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243

0.14

LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243

0.14

LOCTITE MOLY PASTE

0.11

LOCTITE MOLY PASTE

0.11

LOW FRICTION OIL

0.15

LOW FRICTION OIL

0.15

MOLYBDENUM DISULPHIDE BASED GREASE

0.14

MOLYBDENUM DISULPHIDE BASED GREASE

0.14

MOLYBOND GA50

0.14

MOLYBOND GA50

0.14

MOLYKOTE

0.18

MOLYKOTE

0.18

MOLYKOTE P74

0.14

MOLYKOTE P74

0.14

NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE)

0.17

NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE)

0.17

NICKEL BASED ANTI-SEIZE

0.15

NICKEL BASED ANTI-SEIZE

0.15

NO LUBRICANT - CLEAN STEEL

0.25

NO LUBRICANT - CLEAN STEEL

0.25

NONPLATED, BLACK FINISH

0.30

NONPLATED, BLACK FINISH

0.30

PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED)

0.14

PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED)

0.14

PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243)

0.11

PHOSPHATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243)

0.11

PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED)

0.24

PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED)

0.24

PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243)

0.14

PHOSPHATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243)

0.14

SOLID PTFE FILM

0.12

SOLID PTFE FILM

0.12

TEFLON 7630

0.09

TEFLON 7630

0.09

WAXED

0.10

WAXED

0.10

XYLAN

0.10

XYLAN

0.10

ZINC PLATED

0.22

ZINC PLATED

0.22

ZINC PLATED (DRY)

0.29

ZINC PLATED (DRY)

0.29

ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED)

0.14

ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED)

0.14

ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243)

0.15

ZINC PLATED (DEGREASED & LOCTITE 243)

0.15

ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED)

0.18

ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED)

0.18

97959700.xls.ms_office

16.00
18
16
2 1/2
8
487
405

18.25
20.5
16
2 3/4
8
521
433

20.25
22.5
16
3
8
507
421

24.25
26.75
16
3 1/2
8
507
421

16

18

20

24

17
400
400
400

18
450
450
450

19
500
500
500

20
600
600
600

400

450

500

600

400

450

500

600

17
400
400
400

18
450
450

19
500
500

20
600
600

400

450

500

600

400

450

500

600

ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243)

0.16

97959700.xls.ms_office

ZINC PLATED (LIGHTLY OILED & LOCTITE 243)

0.16

NEVER-SEIZE (PASTE)

0.17

Maximum Bolt Operating Temperature = 20


50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

1 1/8

1 1/8

1 1/4

17
720
720
550
550

18
720
720
450
450

19
720
720
450
450

20
720
720
450
450

720

720

720

720

1 1/4

1 1/4

1 1/4

1 1/2

17
720
720
450
450

18
720
720
450
450

19
720
720
450
450

20
720
720
345
345

720

720

720

720

1 1/2

1 5/8

1 5/8

1 7/8

17
720
720
345
345

18
720
720

19
720
720

20
720
720

720

720

720

720

1 5/8

1 7/8

2 1/2

17
720
720

18
720
720

19
720
720

20
720
720

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

<--- BOLT SIZES (in)

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

<--- BOLT SIZES (in)

<--- BOLT SIZES (in)

<--- BOLT SIZES (in)

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16

97959700.xls.ms_office

ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2


ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2
720

720

720

720

2 1/2

2 3/4

3 1/2

17
720
720

18
655
655

19
655
655

20
655
655

720

655

655

655

<--- BOLT SIZES (in)

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

ASTM A193-B7
ASTM A193-B16
ASTM A193-B8 CLASS 2
ASTM A193-B8M CLASS 2

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

<--- BOLT SIZES (in)


17

18

19

20

97959700.xls.ms_office

97959700.xls.ms_office

97959700.xls.ms_office

97959700.xls.ms_office

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
345
345

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
690
665

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
345
345

720
720
345
345

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

97959700.xls.ms_office

550
550

450
450

450
450

450
450

345
345

345
345

345
345

345
345

720
720

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
345
345

720
720
345
345

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720
550
550

720
720
550
550

720
720
450
450

720
720
550
550

720
720
450
450

720
720
450
450

720
720
345
345

720
720

720
720

720
720

720
720

655
655

97959700.xls.ms_office

720
720

655
655

655
655

655
655