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(groups of related words that function as a single part of speech)

Verbal: Prepositional Appositive

these phrases are created using verbs in various forms

* begins w. a preposition * ends w. a noun or pronoun (called the object of the preposition)

* is used to explain another noun or pronoun * directly follows what it is explaining * is often set off by commas




* acts as adjective or adverb

Example: My grandfather walked (to the store) (around the corner).

Example: We walked along Main Street, a historic avenue, during our visit to Oakland.

* begins with a present or past tense verb * present tense = -ing * past tense = -ed, -n, -t, or -en * is used as an adjective so describes a noun or pronoun

* begins with a present tense verb, ending in -ing * is used as a noun (subject, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition)

* begins with a verb in its infinitive form, starting with to * is used as a noun, adjective, or adverb * includes these other forms: to be trying, to have tried, to be trying and to have been tried

Common aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, as, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but ("except")... (p L34 in BK)

Compound according to, ahead of, apart from, aside from, as of, because of, by means of, in addition to, in back of, in front of, in place of, in spite of, instead of... (p L35 in BK)

Example: After sunset we saw a bird gliding across the sky. Beaten by her rival, the former champion wept.

Example: Smiling broadly is the usual expression for class pictures. She canoed for 8 hours (without taking a break).

To exercise a pet regularly is very important. I hope to find a pet soon.