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UNIT SUMMARY: Concept map: Work done= force x distance moved in the direction of the force Word done

(j) = energy transferred W= F x s Power= work done/time taken P= W/t

Kinetic energy (j) - x mass x (velocity) ^2 KE: x mv^2

Potential energy transferred (j) = mass x acceleration of free-fall (N/KG) x change in height PE: m x g x h

Roller coasters and relativity

Electrical energy= voltage x current x time E= V x I x t

The principle of conservation of energy: energy cannot be created nor destroyed, but can be transformed from one kind of energy to another, or transferred from one object to another.

An object moving in a circle at constant speed must be accelerating due to its direction changing

There must be resultant force acting on an object which is moving in a circle in order to bring about this acceleration

Einsteins theory is believed as it predictions were tested successfully.

Scientists may be reluctant to accept new theories, such as Einsteins as it over-turns long established explanations.

Some scientific theories such as Einsteins theory of relativity, require creative imagination

Inward centripetal force