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Mathematics PULLOUT WORKSHEETS By Surender Verma M.Sc. (Mathematics), B.Ed. Delhi Public School, Dwarka, New
Mathematics
PULLOUT WORKSHEETS
By
Surender Verma
M.Sc. (Mathematics), B.Ed.
Delhi Public School,
Dwarka, New Delhi
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CONTENTSCONTENTSCONTENTSCONTENTSCONTENTS

1. Real Numbers

7-15

Worksheets (1 to 6) Assessment Sheets (1 and 2) Chapter Test

2. Polynomials

16-28

Worksheets (10 to 15) Assessment Sheets (3 and 4) Chapter Test

3. Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

29-50

Worksheets (18 to 29) Assessment Sheets (5 and 6) Chapter Test

4. Triangles

51-72

Worksheets (33 to 45) Assessment Sheets (7 and 8) Chapter Test

5. Introduction to Trigonometry

73-87

Worksheets (50 to 58) Assessment Sheets (9 and 10) Chapter Test

6. Statistics

88-97

Worksheets (62 to 65) Assessment Sheets (11 and 12) Chapter Test

PRACTICE PAPERS (1 to 5)

99-132

– 3 –

SolutionsSolutionsSolutionsSolutionsSolutions tototototo PULLOUTPULLOUTPULLOUTPULLOUTPULLOUT
SolutionsSolutionsSolutionsSolutionsSolutions tototototo
PULLOUTPULLOUTPULLOUTPULLOUTPULLOUT WORKSHEETSWORKSHEETSWORKSHEETSWORKSHEETSWORKSHEETS
[Summative[Summative[Summative[Summative[Summative Assessments]Assessments]Assessments]Assessments]Assessments]
[FIRST TERM]
Chapter 1 REAL NUMBERS WORKSHEET–1 As RHS of this equation is rational, but LHS is
Chapter
1
REAL NUMBERS
WORKSHEET–1
As RHS of this equation is rational, but
LHS is an irrational so a contradiction.
3
125
5
1
10. Let a be any odd positive integer and b
1. (B)
=
=
= 0.0625
43
.
3
2
5
16 × 5
16
=
4. By Euclid’s lemma there exist integers
125
q and r such that
Clearly, the decimal form of
termi-
4
.
3
2
5
a
= 4q + r, 0 ≤ r < 4
nates after four places.
a = 4q or 4q + 1 or 4q + 2 or 4q + 3.
2. (C) We know that the factors of a prime
are 1 and the prime itself only.
Therefore, the common factor of p and q
will be 1 only. Hence, HCF (p, q) = 1.
Therefore, for a to be odd, we have to take
a
= 4q +1 or 4q +3.
3. (A)As prime factors of 1005 are:
1005
= 5 × 3 × 67.
11. The maximum capacity of a bag will be
the HCF of 490, 588 and 882. Let us find
out the required HCF by prime factorisa-
tion method.
7 is not a prime factor of 1005.
490
=
2 × 5 × 7 2
24
192
588
=
2 2 × 3 × 7 2
4. Hint:
=
= 0.192
.
125
1000
882
=
2 × 3 2 × 7 2
5. LCM = First number × Second number
HCF
HCF =
2 × 7 2 = 98
96 × 404
Thus, the maximum capacity of a bag is
98 kg.
=
= 24 × 404 = 9696.
4
WORKSHEET–2
6. (i) 660; (ii) 330
Hint: Going in opposite direction to the
factor tree, we obtain
2 × 165 = 330 ( ii ) and 2 × 330 = 660 ( i ).
1. (A) HCF (p, q)=1 ⇒ p and q are coprime.
If
p and q are coprime with q ≠ 0 and p is
q
7. HCF = 3; LCM = 420
Hint: 12 = 2 2 × 3; 15 = 3 × 5; 21 = 3 × 7.
rational number, then q has only 2 and 5
as prime factors.
a
8. (i) Terminating
i.e.,
q = 2 m × 5 n where, m and n are non-
543
543
Hint:
=
.
negative integers.
250
1
3
2
×5
(ii) Non-terminating repeating.
2. (B) Going to opposite direction to the
factor tree, we obtain
91
1
Hint:
=
=
.
3 × 7 = 21 ( ii )
and 2 × 21 = 42 ( i ).
108
12
2
1
2
×3
3. (A)Required number = 23×1449
9. Hint: Let 5 – 2
3 =
a ; b ≠ 0
161
b
5
b
a
= 1449
3
=
= 207.
2 b
7
R
E A
L
N
U
M
B
E
R
S
7
4. 2 = 1.414 and 3 = 1.732 Therefore, we can take 1.5 = 3
4. 2 = 1.414
and
3 = 1.732
Therefore, we can take 1.5 = 3
2
3
as
2 <
<
3 .
2
5. Hint:
As 12576 > 4052

Further

12576 = 4052 × 3 + 420 4052 = 420 × 9 + 272

Further

420 = 272 × 1 + 148

Further

272 = 148 × 1 + 124

Further

148 = 124 × 1 +

24

Further

124 = 24 × 5 + 4

Further

24 = 4 × 6 + 0.

In the last equation, remainder is zero. Hence, the required HCF = 4.

6. First given number is composite as

5 × 3 × 11 + 11 =

11 (15 + 1) = 11 × 16 11 × 2 × 8

= But second given number is prime as 5 × 7 + 7 × 3 + 3 = 35 + 21 + 3 = 59.

7. No. Prime factors of 6 n will be of type 2 n × 3 n . As it doesn't have 5 as a prime factor, so 6 n can't end with the digit 5.

8. Hint: Let a be any positive integer a = 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2 a 2 = 9q 2 = 3m; m = 3q 2 a 2 = (3q +1) 2 = 3m + 1, m = q (3q + 2) a 2 = (3q + 2) 2 = 3m + 1, m = 3q 2 + 4q + 1.

9. We represent 6, 72 and 120 in their prime factors.

or

or

6 = 2 × 3

72 = 2 3 × 3 2

120 = 2 3 × 3 × 5 Now, HCF = 2 × 3 = 6 And LCM = 2 3 × 3 2 × 5 = 360.

10. Hint: Let

2 − 5 2
2 −
5
2

= x, a rational number

= x +

Squaring both sides, we get

5
5

2 = x 2 + 5 + 2x

5
5
2 – x –3 5 = 2 x
2
x
–3
5
=
2 x

RHS of this last equation is rational, but LHS is an irrational which is a contradiction.

8

11. Length = 6 m 30 cm = 630 cm Breadth = 5 m 85 cm = 585 cm

Height = 3 m 60 cm = 360 cm The required length of the tape will be the Highest Common Factor (HCF) of the numbers 630, 585 and 360. Let us find out the HCF.

630

= 2 × 3 2 × 5 × 7

585

= 3 2 × 5 × 13

360

= 2 3 ×

3 2 × 5

HCF = 3 2 × 5 = 45

Hence, the length of the tape will be 45 cm.

WORKSHEET3

1. (C)

 

43

=

43 × 5

=

215

2

43

× 5

(2 × 5)

4

10

4

= 0.0215

Hence, the number terminates after four places of decimal.

2. (A)

= 2 – 3 = – 1. – 1 is a rational number. 3. (C) 128 = 2 7 ; 240 = 2 4 × 3 × 5. Now, HCF (128, 240) = 2 4 = 16.

(

= 2 4 × 3 × 5. Now, HCF (128, 240) = 2 4 = 16.

2323− += 2

3 × 5. Now, HCF (128, 240) = 2 4 = 16. ( 2323 − +=

)(

5. Now, HCF (128, 240) = 2 4 = 16. ( 2323 − += 2 )(
5. Now, HCF (128, 240) = 2 4 = 16. ( 2323 − += 2 )(

)

(

Now, HCF (128, 240) = 2 4 = 16. ( 2323 − += 2 )( )

)

2

(

3
3

)

2

HCF × LCM Second number = 232.

5. No. Hint: Prime factors of 15 n will not be of type 2 n × 5 n .

4. Hint: First number =

6.

Rational number = 0.27 Irrational number = 0.26010010001

.

7.

(i)

145

29

8

232

= 0.232

625

=

125

×

8

=

1000

.

 

(ii)

7

125

875

= 0.0875

.

 

×

=

 

80

125

10000

 

8. Let us assume, to the contrary that

is10000   8. Let us assume, to the contrary that rational. We can take integers a

rational. We can take integers a and b 0 such that

a 3 =
a
3 =

b

, where a and b are coprime.

3b 2 = a 2

a 2 is divisible by 3

a is divisible by 3

We can write a = 3c for some integer c

(i)

M A T H EMAT

I CS

by 3 ⇒ a is divisible by 3 We can write a = 3c for some
by 3 ⇒ a is divisible by 3 We can write a = 3c for some

– X

a 2 = 9c 2

3b 2 =

9c 2

[ a 2 = 3b 2 ]

b 2 = 3c 2

b 2 is divisible by 3

b is divisible by 3

(ii)

From (i) and (ii) we observe that a and b have atleast 3 as a common factor. But this contradicts the fact that a and b are co- prime. This means that our assumption is not correct.

co- prime. This means that our assumption is not correct. Hence, 3 is an irrational number.

Hence, 3 is an irrational number.

9. As:

1032 =

408 × 2 + 216

(i)

408

= 216 × 1 + 192

(ii)

216

= 192 × 1 + 24

(iii)

192

= 24 × 8 + 0

(iv)

HCF = 24

From (iii)

 

24 = 216 – 192

 
 

= 216 – [408 – 216] {

Use (ii)}

= 2 × 216 – 408

= 2[1032 – 2 × 408] – 408

{ 24 = 1032 × 2 – 5 × 408

m = 2.

Use (i)}

10. Hint: Let x be any positive integer.

Then it is of the form 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.

If

x =

3q, then

If

x 3 = (3q) 3 = 9m; m = 3q 3 x = 3q + 1, then

x 3 = (3q + 1) 3

 

If

9m + 1; m = q(3q 2 + 3q + 1). x = 3q + 2, then

=

x 3 =

(3q + 2) 3

=

9m + 8; m =

q (3q 2 + 6q + 4).

11. The maximum number of columns must be the highest common factor (HCF) of 616 and 32. Let us find out the HCF by the method of Euclid's division lemma. Since 616 > 32, we apply division lemma to 616 and 32, to get 616 = 32 × 19 + 8 Since the remainder 8 0, we apply the division lemma to 32 and 8, to get 32 = 8 × 4 + 0

R
R
the division lemma to 32 and 8, to get 32 = 8 × 4 + 0
the division lemma to 32 and 8, to get 32 = 8 × 4 + 0

E A

L N U M B E R S
L
N
U
M
B
E
R
S

The remainder has now become zero, so our procedure stops. Since the divisor at this stage is 8, the HCF of 616 and 32 is 8 Hence, the maximum number of columns is 8.

WORKSHEET4

1. (B) (

maximum number of columns is 8. WORKSHEET – 4 1. (B) ( 6565 − )( )

6565

number of columns is 8. WORKSHEET – 4 1. (B) ( 6565 − )( ) +=

)(

of columns is 8. WORKSHEET – 4 1. (B) ( 6565 − )( ) += (
of columns is 8. WORKSHEET – 4 1. (B) ( 6565 − )( ) += (

)

+=

(

6
6

)

2

(

5
5

)

2

= 6 – 5 = 1 = Rational number.

2. (B) Hint: Denominator is not in the exact form

of 2 m × 5 n , where m, n are non-negative

integers.

3. (C) 0 r < b.

4. Hint: 107 = 4 × 26 + 3.

5. Hint: 7 × 13 = (ii) and (ii) × 11 = ( i ).

6. Let us represent each of the numbers 30,

72 and 432 as a product of primes.

30

72

2 × 3 × 5

= = 2 3 × 3 2

432 = 2 4 × 3 3 Now, HCF = 2 × 3 = 6 And LCM = 2 4 × 3 3 × 5 = 2160.

7. Here, 396 > 82.

396 = 82 × 4 + 68

Further

82 = 68 × 1 + 14

Further

68 = 14 × 4 + 12

Further

14 = 12 × 1 + 2

Further

12 = 2 × 6 + 0

In the last equation, the remainder is zero and the divisor is 2. Hence, the required HCF = 2.

8. Hint: Let 3 + 2

5
5

=

a ; b 0
b

a – 3 b ⇒ = 5 = Rational 2 b Which is a contradiction
a
– 3
b
=
5 = Rational
2 b
Which is a contradiction as
tional number.
5 is an irra-

Hence, 3 + 2

5 is an irrational number. 5 is an irrational number.

9. (i) The given fraction can be written as

43 43 × 5

=

2

43

·5

10

4

= 0.0215

Hence, the given number terminates after four places of decimal.

9

(ii) The given fraction can be written as

359

2

4

× 359

5744

2×5

5

=

2

55

×5

=

100000

 

= 0.05744

Hence, the given number terminates after five places of decimal. 10. The required number of students will be the highest common factor (HCF) of 312, 260 and 156. Let us find out the HCF by the method of prime factorisation.

312

= 2 3 × 3 × 13

260

= 2 2 × 5 × 13

156

= 2 2 × 3 × 13

HCF = 2 2 × 13 = 52

Number of buses required

Total number of students

=

Number of students in one bus

312 + 260 + 156 = 14

=

Thus, the maximum number of students in a bus and number of buses required are

52 and 14 respectively.

52

11. Hint: Let x = any positive integer x = 5m, 5m + 1, 5m + 2, 5m + 3 or 5m + 4 Now take square of all form.

WORKSHEET5

1. (C) Hint: LCM of 18, 24, 30, 42 = 2520 Required number = 2520 + 1 = 2521.

2. (C) Let the quotient is m divided by 8.

when n 2 – 1

n 2 – 1 = 8 × m

is

n 2 – 1 = An even integer.

n 2 = An even integer + 1 = Odd integer

n = An odd integer.

3. (B)

Hint: HCF (65, 117) = 13

Now,

65m – 117 = 13.

m = 2 will satisfy this equation.

4. Prime factors of numbers 1 to 10 are:

1 = 1; 2 = 1 × 2; 3 = 1 × 3; 4 = 1 × 2 2

10

5 = 1 × 5; 6 = 1 × 2 × 3; 7 = 1 × 7;

8 = 1 × 2 3 ; 9 = 1 × 3 2 ; 10 = 1 × 2 × 5 Now, LCM = 1 × 2 3 × 3 2 × 5 × 7 = 8 × 9 × 5 × 7 = 2520 is required number.

5. Hint:

5 − 3 5 + 3
5
3
5
+
3

= 2x

15
15

4 –

15
15

= 2x

15
15

x = 2, which is a rational number.

6. Hint: Any odd positive integer will be type of 4q + 1 or 4q + 3

(4q + 1) 2

= 16q 2 + 8q + 1

 

=

8 (2q 2 + q) + 1

=

8n + 1

Also,

(4q + 3) 2 =

16q 2 + 24q + 9

 

=

8 (2q 2 + 3q + 1) + 1

=

8n + 1.

7. 35 cm Hint: Find HCF. a 8. Hint: Let 5 − 32 = b
7. 35 cm
Hint: Find HCF.
a
8.
Hint:
Let
5 − 32 =
b

where a, b are integers and b 0

Squaring on both sides, 2 a 5 + 18 − 6 10 = 2 b
Squaring on both sides,
2
a
5 + 18 − 6
10
=
2
b
2
a
23 −
=
6
10
2
b
2
2
23 b
− a
= 10
2
6
b

a contradiction.

9. (i) Terminating.

(ii) Terminating.

10. The required number of burfis will be the highest common factor of 420 and 130. Let us find out the HCF using Euclid's division lemma. It is clear that 420 > 130. We apply Division lemma to 420 and 130, to get

420 = 130 × 3 + 30

Since the remainder 30 0, so we apply Division lemma to 130 and 30, to get

130 = 30 × 4 + 10

M A T H EMAT

I CS

30 ≠ 0, so we apply Division lemma to 130 and 30, to get 130 =
30 ≠ 0, so we apply Division lemma to 130 and 30, to get 130 =

– X

Again the remainder 10 0, so we apply Division lemma to 30 and 10, to get 30 = 10 × 3 + 0 Now, the remainder is zero. So the HCF of 420 and 130 is the divisor at the last stage that is 10. Hence, the required number of burfis is 10.

11. Let n = 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2. Case I: If n = 3q, then n = 3q divisible by 3

n

+ 2 = 3q + 2

Not divisible by 3

n

+ 4 = 3q + 4 = 3(q + 1) + 1

Not divisible by 3.

Case II: If n = 3q + 1 then only

n + 2 =

3q + 1 + 2 = 3q + 3

= 3(q + 1) is divisible by 3.

and if

n = 3q + 2 then only

n + 4 = 3q + 6 = 3(q + 2) is divisible by 3.

WORKSHEET6

1. (C) 3825 = 5 2 × 3 2 × 17 So, 11 is not a prime factor of 3825.

2. (C) As p and p + 1 are two consecutive natural numbers, HCF = 1 and LCM = p (p + 1).

3. (A)

4.

Hint: The given number is

51

17

or

1500

500

Denominator = 500 = 2 2 × 5 3 Clearly, the denominator is exactly in the form 2 m × 5 n , where m and n are non- negative integers; so the given number is a terminating decimal expansion.

Hint:

8=2 3 ;

9 = 3 2 ;

25 = 5 2

HCF (8, 9, 25) = 1

LCM (8, 9, 25) = 1800.

5. Hint: HCF (210, 55) = 5 ∴ 210 × 5 + 55y = 5
5. Hint:
HCF (210, 55) = 5
210 × 5 + 55y = 5
55y = 5 – 1050
− 1045
y =
= – 19.
55
R
E A
L
N
U
M
B
E
R
S

6. Irrational

2 − 3 x Hint: = 2 + 3 3 x ⇒ 7 – 4
2
− 3
x
Hint:
=
2
+ 3
3
x
7 – 4
3
=
3
7
3 – 12 = x = Irrational.

7. Rational Number = 0.55 Irrational number = 0.5477477747

8. 15

.

Hint: HCF (1380, 1455, 1620) = 15.

9. (i) 0.052.

(ii) 5.8352.

10. We know that any positive integer is either of the form 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2 for some integer q. Now, three cases arise. Case I. When p = 3q,

p + 2 = 3q + 2 and p + 4 = 3q + 4

p =3q is exactly divisible by 3 p + 2 = 3q + 2 leaves 2 as remain- der when it is divided by 3

p + 4 = 3q + 4 or 3 (q + 1) + 1 leaves 1 as remainder when it is divided by 3. Case II. When p = 3q + 1, p + 2 = 3q + 3 and p + 4 = 3q + 5

p = 3q + 1 leaves 1 as remainder when it is divided by 3 = 3q + 3 or 3 (q + 1) is exactly divisible by 3

p + 4 = 3q + 5 or 3(q + 1) + 2 leaves 2 as remainder when it is divided by 3. Case III. When p = 3q + 2, p + 2 = 3q + 4 and p + 4 = 3q + 6 Here, p = 3q + 2 leaves 2 as remainder when it is divided by 3.

p + 2 = 3q + 4 or 3(q + 1) + 1 leaves 1 as

remainder when it is divided by 3

p + 4 = 3q + 6 or 3(q + 2) is exactly divisible by 3.

Hence, in all the cases, one and one number

out of p, p + 2 and p + 4 is divisible by 3,

where p is any positive integer.

Here,

Here,

p + 2

11

OR Any positive odd integer is type of 2q + 1 where q is a whole number.

(2q + 1) 2 = 4q 2 + 4q + 1 = 4q (q + 1) + 1 (i)

Now, q(q + 1) is either 0 or even

So it is 2m, where m is a whole number.

from (i)

(2q + 1) 2 = 8m + 1.

11. Since, height of each stack is the same,

therefore, the number of books in each stack is equal to the HCF of 96, 240 and 336. Let us find their HCF 96 = 2 4 ×2×3

240

336

= 2 4 ×3×5 2 4 × 3 × 7

= So, HCF = 2 4 × 3 = 48. Now, number of stacks of English books

=

96

48

= 2

Number of stacks of Hindi books

=

240

48

= 5

Number of stacks of Mathematics books

=

336

48

= 7.

ASSESSMENT SHEET1

1. (D) The denominator of each fraction in the options (A), (B) and (C) can be expressed in the form 2 n 5 m , where m, n being whole numbers. 2. (A) Let x be any positive integer then it is of the form 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2. So, x 2 can be written in the form 3m or 3m + 1.

3.

HCF × LCM = Product of the two numbers 40 × 252 × p = 2520 × 6600

p = 2520

×

×

6600

40

4. True, If the number 3 n ends with the digit 0, then its prime factorisation contains the prime 5. But by the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, there is no prime other than 3 in the factorisation of 3 n .

252

= 1650.

12

5. The required number would be the HCF of 967 – 7 = 960 and 2060 – 12 = 2048. Let us find the HCF of 960 and 2048 by using Euclid’s algorithm. Since 2048 > 960

2048 = 960 × 2 + 128

960

= 128 × 7 + 64

128

= 64 × 2 + 0

Since the remainder becomes zero and the divisor at this stage is 64, the HCF of 960 and 2048 is 64.

Hence, the required number is 64.

6.

of 960 and 2048 is 64. Hence, the required number is 64. 6. Clearly, 456 =

Clearly,

456 = 2 3 × 3 × 19

and

360 = 2 3 × 3 2 × 5

HCF

= 2 3 × 3 = 24

and LCM

= 2 3 × 3 2 × 5 × 19 = 6840.

7. Let us assume the contrary that rational number.

3
3

is

a

So,

3 = a , where a and b are coprime.

3 is a So, ∴ 3 = a , where a and b are coprime. b

b

3 =

a

b

2

2

(Squaring both sides)

⇒ 3b 2 = a 2

a 2 is divisible by 3

a is divisible by 3 because 3 is a prime.

We can write a = 3c for some integer c

Substituting a =3c in 3b 2 = a 2 , we get

3b 2 =9c 2

b 2 = 3c 2

b 2 is divisible by 3

b is divisible by 3.

Therefore, both a and b are divisible by 3. But this contradicts the fact that a and b are coprime that is, no common factor other than 1.

M A T H EMAT

I CS

the fact that a and b are coprime that is, no common factor other than 1.
the fact that a and b are coprime that is, no common factor other than 1.

– X

Consequently, we arrive at the result that

Consequently, we arrive at the result that our assumption that 3 is rational, is wrong. Hence,

our assumption that 3 is rational, is wrong.

result that our assumption that 3 is rational, is wrong. Hence, 3 is an irrational number.

Hence, 3 is an irrational number.

8. Let a be any odd positive integer. Then, it is of the form 6p + 1, 6p + 3 or 6p + 5. Here, three cases arise. Case I. When a =6p + 1,

a 2 = 36p 2 + 12p + 1

= 6p(6p + 2) + 1 = 6q + 1, where q = p(6p + 2). Case II. When a =6p + 3,

a 2 = 36p 2 + 36p + 9

= 36p 2 + 36p + 6 + 3

= 6(6p 2 + 6p + 1) + 3

= 6q + 3,

where q =6p 2 + 6p + 1.

Case III. When a =6p + 5,

a 2 = 36p 2 + 60p + 25

= 36p 2 + 60p + 24 + 1

= 6(6p 2 + 10p + 4) + 1

= 6q + 1,

where q =6p 2 + 10p + 4. Hence, a is of the form 6q + 1 or 6q + 3.

ASSESSMENT SHEET2

1. (D) 14587 = 11.6696.

1250

Clearly, the decimal expansion terminates after four decimal places.

2. (C) LCM (p, q) = x 3 y 2 z 3 .

3. HCF × LCM = Product of the two numbers.

9 × LCM = 306 × 657

LCM = 306

× 657

9

= 22338.

4. The maximum number out of 3, 5, 15, 25, 75 is 75. Therefore, the HCF of 525 and 3000 is 75.

5. The denominator of

R
R
the HCF of 525 and 3000 is 75. 5. The denominator of R E A L
the HCF of 525 and 3000 is 75. 5. The denominator of R E A L

E A

L N U M
L
N
U
M
257 is 5000. 5000 B E R S
257
is 5000.
5000
B
E
R
S

5000 = 5 × 10 3 = 5 × (2 × 5) 3 = 2 3 × 5 4 .

Further,

257

=

257

 

=

257

×

2

5000

5

×

10

3

5

3

×× 10

2

6. Let

=

514

10

4

= 0.0514.

x =2p + 1 and y = 2q + 1

x 2 + y 2 = (2p + 1) 2 + (2q + 1) 2

= 4p 2 + 4p + 1 + 4q 2 + 4q + 1

= 4(p 2 + p + q 2 + q) + 2

= S + T

where

S is divisible by 4 and so an even integer.

T is not divisible by 4 but an even integer.

Therefore, S + T is even, as sum of any two evens is even, and not divisible by 4.

S = 4(p 2 + p + q 2 + q) and T = 2

7. Let us assume the contrary that 5 is a

rational number.

We can take coprime a and b (say) such that

number. We can take coprime a and b (say) such that a 5 = b ⇒
a 5 = b ⇒ b 5 = a
a
5 =
b
⇒ b
5 = a

; b 0

Square both the sides to get

5b 2 = a 2

a 2 is divisible by 5

a is divisible by 5 because if square of a

number is divisible by a prime, then the

number is divisible by the prime.

Let us take some integer c such that

a =5c

Square both the sides to get

a 2 = 25c 2

Substitute a 2 = 25c 2 in 5b 2 = a 2 to get

5b 2 = 25c 2

b 2 =5c 2

b 2 is divisible by 5

b is divisible by 5

Therefore, both a and b are divisible by 5.

13

This contradicts the fact that a and b are coprime that is a and b have no common factor.

Our assumption is false.

So, we conclude that

number.

5
5

is an irrational

8. Any positive integer n can be written in the form 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2. Here, three cases arise as follows:

Case I. When

n =3q,

n 3 = (3q) 3 = 27q 3

n 3 + 1 = 27q 3 + 1 = 9 × 3q 3 + 1

= 9m + 1, where m = 3q 3 .

Case II. When n =3q + 1,

n 3 = (3q + 1) 3

= 27q 3 + 1 + 3(3q + 1) × 3q

= 27q 3 + 27q 2 + 9q + 1

n 3 + 1 = 27q 3 + 27q 2 + 9q + 2

= 9 (3q 3 + 3q 2 + q) + 2

= 9m + 2,

where m =3q 3 + 3q 2 + q

Case III. When n =3q + 2,

n 3 = (3q + 2) 3 = 27q 3 + 8 +

3 × 6q (3q + 2)

= 27q 3 + 8 + 54q 2 + 36q

n 3 + 1 = 27q 3 + 54q 2 + 36q + 9

= 9 (3q 3 + 6q 2 + 4q + 1)

= 9m, where m = 3q 3 +

6q 2 + 4q + 1. Hence, n 3 + 1 can be expressed in the form 9m, 9m + 1 or 9m + 2 for some integer m.

CHAPTER TEST

1. (D)Since 32844 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 7 × 17 × 23 So, 11 is not prime factor of 32844.

2. (A)

14

LCM = 306 × 1314

18

= 22338.

3. (C) As, 8q is even and 6 is even, 8q + 6 is even.
3. (C)
As, 8q is even and 6 is even, 8q + 6 is even.
56125
= 449
4.
0.56125 =
100000
800
449
449
=
=
2
32 × 25
2 5
× 5
∴ 2 n × 5 m = 2 5 × 5 2
n
= 5, m = 2.
2
5.
(
2 –
9
)
= 2
– 2
18 + 9
= 11 – 2
18

= irrational.

6. Yes. 2 × 3 × 5 × 13 × 17 + 13

= 13

= 13 × 511

= a composite number.

× (2 × 3 × 5 × 17 + 1)

7. No.

Hint: Prime factors of 9 n will be type of

3 2n , i.e.,

3

×

3

×

3

Even no.

of times.

8.

120

105

150

= 2 3 ×3×5

= 3 × 5 × 7

= 2 × 3 × 5 2

HCF = 3 × 5 = 15

9.

And

LCM

= 2 3 ×3×5 2 × 7

 

=

8 × 3 × 25 × 7

=

4200.

Hint:

 

Let

2–3 3

2–3

3
3

= x where x is rational.

(
(

2–3

3
3

) 2

= x

2

2 + 27 – 6

6
6

=

29 – x 2 =

2 x 6 6
2
x
6
6

29 – x

2

= 6

6 .
6 .
 

6

Since 6 is not a perfect square. So

always irrational.

It's a contradiction.

M A T H EMAT

I CS

6 is – X
6
is
– X

10. We know that any positive integer is of the form 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.

Case I:

n =3q

n 3 = (3q) 3 = 9 × 3q 3 = 9m

n 3 +1=9m + 1, where m = 3q 3 .

Case II:

n =3q + 1

n 3 = (3q + 1) 3

 

= 27q 3 + 1 + 27q 2 + 9q

= 9q (3q 2 + 3q + 1) + 1 =9m + 1

n 3 + 1

= 9m + 2, where

m = q(3q 2 + 3q + 1).

Case III:

n

= 3q + 2

n 3 = (3q + 2) 3

R
R

= 27q 3 + 8 + 54q 2 + 36q

3 = (3 q + 2) 3 R = 27 q 3 + 8 + 54
3 = (3 q + 2) 3 R = 27 q 3 + 8 + 54

E A

L N U M B E R S
L
N
U
M
B
E
R
S

n 3 + 1

= 27q 3 + 54q 2 + 36q + 9 = 9(3q 3 + 6q 2 + 4q + 1)

=9m,

where m

=3q 3 + 6q 2 + 4q + 1.

Hence, n 3 + 1 can be expressed in the form 9m, 9m + 1 or 9m + 2, for some integer m.

11. Length

= 8.25 m = 825 cm

Breadth = 6.75 m = 675 cm Height = 4.50 m = 450 cm The required length of the rod will be the highest common factor of 825 cm, 675 cm and 450 cm.

Now,

825 =

3 × 5 2 × 11

675 = 3 3 × 5 2

450 = 2 × 3 2 × 5 2 So, HCF (825, 675, 450) = 3 × 5 2 = 75 Hence, length of the rod is 75 cm.

❑❑

15

Chapter 2 POLYNOMIALS WORKSHEET–10 8. Solving α + β = 3 and α – β
Chapter
2
POLYNOMIALS
WORKSHEET–10
8. Solving α + β = 3 and α – β = –1,
we get α = 1, β = 2
1. (C)
Hint: put x 2 + 2x + 1 = 0 and solve for x.
Polynomial is x 2 – (α + β) x + αβ
p(x) = x 2 – 3x + 2.
2. (C) Since the given graph of y = p(x) cuts
x-axis at three points, so the number of
zeroes of p(x) are 3.
3. (A)
9. According to the division algorithm,
p(x) = g(x) × q(x) + r(x)
⇒ x 3 – 3x 2 + x + 2 = g (x) × (x – 2) + (– 2x + 4)
(As given in question)
1
α+β
Hint: 1
+
=
.
α
β
αβ
3
2
xxx
– 3
+ 3
– 2
g(x) =
x – 2
4. Let one zero be α, then the other one will
1
To find g(x), we proceed as given below.
be
α .
1
k
α .
α
= – 15
k = – 15.
2
3
5. Sum of zeroes (S) =
+
3
4
= 3–8
5
=
4
3
4
3
2
3
1
Product of zeroes (P) =
×
=
Thus, g(x) = x 2 – x + 1.
3
4
2
Now, required polynomial will be
1
3
5
1
10.
;
3
x 2 – Sx + P, i.e., x 2 +
2
4
3 x
– 2
Hint: 6x 2 – 7x – 3 = 0
or 4
3 x 2 + 5x –
2
3 .
⇒ 6x 2 – 9x + 2x – 3 = 0
6. Let f (x) = 2x 2 + 2ax + 5x + 10
If x + a is a factor of f (x), then f (– a) = 0
Therefore, 2a 2 – 2a 2 – 5a + 10 = 0
⇒ 3x (2x – 3) + 1 (2x – 3) = 0
⇒ (2x – 3) (3x + 1) = 0
3
1
a = 2.
x =
or
2
3
7. x 3 – 4x 2 + x + 6
1
3
7
–b
Hint: If the roots are α, β and γ of a cubical
polynomial, then the polynomial will be
(x – α) (x – β) (x – γ)
= (x – 3) (x – 2) (x + 1) = x 3 – 4x 2 + x + 6.
α + β =
+
=
=
3
2
6
a
–1
3
–1
c
α . β =
.
=
=
3
2
2
a .

16

M A T H EMAT

I CS

+ β = + = = 3 2 6 a –1 3 –1 c α .
+ β = + = = 3 2 6 a –1 3 –1 c α .

– X

11. Let p(x) = x 4 + x 3 – 34x 2 – 4x + 120 Given zeroes of p(x) are 2 and – 2 (x – 2) (x + 2) = x 4 – 4 is a factor of p(x). We divide p(x) by x 2 – 4,

x 2 – 4

x 2 + x – 30

x 4 + x – 34xx– 4

3

2

+ 120

x

4

4

x

2

+

 

x

3

30

xx

2

– 4

+120

x

3

– 4x

+

 

2

30x +

1 20

 

30x

2

+

1 20

+

0

p(x) = (x 2 – 4) (x 2 + x – 30) Other zeroes of p(x) are given by x 2 + x – 30 = 0 x 2 + 6x –5x – 30 = 0 x(x + 6) – 5(x + 6) = 0

of p ( x ) are given by x 2 + x – 30 = 0

(x – 5) (x + 6) = 0 x = 5, – 6

Hence, all the zeroes are 2, – 2, 5 and – 6.

WORKSHEET– 11

1. (A)

p(x) =

2x 2 – 2x + 1

Sum of zeroes = 1

Product of zeroes = 1

2 .

2. (A)Let α = 5 and β = – 5, then the quad- ratic polynomial will be x 2 – (α + β)x + αβ

or x 2 – 25.

3. (D) Let us take option (D) p(x) = (x 2 – 2) – (x
3. (D) Let us take option (D)
p(x) = (x 2 – 2) – (x 2 + 3x) = – 3x – 2
This is a linear polynomial.
4. For zeroes of p(x),
put p(x) = 0
4x 2 – 4x + 1 =
0
4x 2 – 2x – 2x + 1 = 0
2x (2x – 1) – 1(2x – 1) =
0
(2x – 1) (2x – 1) =
0
2x – 1 =
0
1
1
x =
2 ,
2 .
P
O L
Y N
O
M
I
A
L
S

5. p = 2 Hint:

(2) 3 – 3(2) 2 + 3(2) – p =0

8 – 12 + 6 – p =0

2 – p =0

p = 2.

6. Let α and β be the two zeroes of f(x) = ax 2 + 2x + 3a

and αβ = 3a

2

a a

Then, α + β = –

According to the question,

– 2

= 3

a

a =

– 2

3

.

= 3

7. Let the third zero be α, then

sum of the zeroes = –

coefficient of x

2

coefficient of x

3

6

1

2 + 3 + α = –

α = 1

Hence, the third zero is 1.

8. Let us divide 6x 4 + 8x 3 + 17x 2 + 21x + 7 by 3x 2 + 4x + 1.

8 x 3 + 17 x 2 + 21 x + 7 by 3 x 2

Clearly, the remainder is x + 2. Now, ax + b = x + 2 Comparing like powers of x both the sides, we obtain

a = 1, b = 2.

9. We know that,

Dividend = (Divisor × Quotient) + Remainder

4x 3 – 8x 2 + 8x + 1 = g(x) × (2x – 1) + x + 3

g(x) × (2x – 1) = 4x 3 – 8x 2 + 7x – 2

g(x) =

4

xxx

3

–8

2

+

7

–2

2

x

–1

17

Now,

2

2x –3x +2

2x – 1

3

4xx–8

2 +7x –2

3

4x + –2x

2

–6

–6

+

x

x

2

2

+7

+3 –

x

x

–2

x

x

– +

4

4

–2

–2

0

Hence, g(x) = 2x 2 – 3x + 2.

10.

4 –2 –2 0 Hence, g ( x ) = 2 x 2 – 3 x

3 and 1

Hint:

x 2

3 x – x +

3 x x +

3 = 0 x =

3 = 0

x =

3 , 1

3 , 1

Now,

sum of zeroes =

3 + 1

3 + 1
 

Coefficient of x

 

= –

Coefficient of x

2

And product of zeroes =

3
3

11. p(x) =

x

2

of x 2 And product of zeroes = 3 11. p ( x ) = x

2x 12;

Constant term

(

2

= 2 . Coefficient of x 2, 3 2 )
=
2 .
Coefficient of x
2, 3
2
)

Hint: For zeroes:

1. (C)

x

2

(

2 x – 2xx3 2 2 ) ( x+ 2 2 )
2
x
2xx3
2
2
)
(
x+ 2
2
)

2x – 12 = 0

0

= 0

12 =

x = – 2

or x = 3 x = 3

+−−2

x –3

2 . 2 .

WORKSHEET12

Sum of zeroes = ( 5) = 15

 

1

3

 

Product of zeroes =

3

2 1
2
1

3

=

9

2 .

18

2. Sum of zeroes = 6