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CONTENTSCONTENTSCONTENTSCONTENTSCONTENTS
1. Real Numbers 
715 
Worksheets (1 to 6) Assessment Sheets (1 and 2) Chapter Test 

2. Polynomials 
1628 
Worksheets (10 to 15) Assessment Sheets (3 and 4) Chapter Test 

3. Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables 
2950 
Worksheets (18 to 29) Assessment Sheets (5 and 6) Chapter Test 

4. Triangles 
5172 
Worksheets (33 to 45) Assessment Sheets (7 and 8) Chapter Test 

5. Introduction to Trigonometry 
7387 
Worksheets (50 to 58) Assessment Sheets (9 and 10) Chapter Test 

6. Statistics 
8897 
Worksheets (62 to 65) Assessment Sheets (11 and 12) Chapter Test 

PRACTICE PAPERS (1 to 5) 
99132 
– 3 –
Further 
12576 = 4052 × 3 + 420 4052 = 420 × 9 + 272 

Further 
420 = 272 × 1 + 148 

Further 
272 = 148 × 1 + 124 

Further 
148 = 124 × 1 + 
24 
Further 
124 = 24 × 5 + 4 

Further 
24 = 4 × 6 + 0. 
In the last equation, remainder is zero. Hence, the required HCF = 4.
6. First given number is composite as
5 × 3 × 11 + 11 =
11 (15 + 1) = 11 × 16 11 × 2 × 8
= But second given number is prime as 5 × 7 + 7 × 3 + 3 = 35 + 21 + 3 = 59.
7. No. Prime factors of 6 ^{n} will be of type 2 ^{n} × 3 ^{n} . As it doesn't have 5 as a prime factor, so 6 ^{n} can't end with the digit 5.
8. Hint: Let a be any positive integer a = 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2 a ^{2} = 9q ^{2} = 3m; m = 3q ^{2} a ^{2} = (3q +1) ^{2} = 3m + 1, m = q (3q + 2) a ^{2} = (3q + 2) ^{2} = 3m + 1, m = 3q ^{2} + 4q + 1.
9. We represent 6, 72 and 120 in their prime factors.
or
or
6 = 2 × 3
72 = 2 ^{3} × 3 ^{2}
120 = 2 ^{3} × 3 × 5 Now, HCF = 2 × 3 = 6 And LCM = 2 ^{3} × 3 ^{2} × 5 = 360.
10. Hint: Let
= x, a rational number
= x +
⇒
Squaring both sides, we get
⇒
2 = x ^{2} + 5 + 2x
RHS of this last equation is rational, but LHS is an irrational which is a contradiction.
8
11. Length = 6 m 30 cm = 630 cm Breadth = 5 m 85 cm = 585 cm
Height = 3 m 60 cm = 360 cm The required length of the tape will be the Highest Common Factor (HCF) of the numbers 630, 585 and 360. Let us find out the HCF.
630 
= 2 × 3 ^{2} × 5 × 7 

585 
= 3 ^{2} × 5 × 13 

360 
= 2 ^{3} × 
3 ^{2} × 5 
∴ HCF = 3 ^{2} × 5 = 45
Hence, the length of the tape will be 45 cm.
WORKSHEET–3
1. (C)
43 
= 
43 × 5 
= 
215 

2 
43 × 5 
(2 × 5) 
4 
10 
4 
= 0.0215
Hence, the number terminates after four places of decimal.
2. (A)
= 2 – 3 = – 1. – 1 is a rational number. 3. (C) 128 = 2 ^{7} ; 240 = 2 ^{4} × 3 × 5. Now, HCF (128, 240) = 2 ^{4} = 16.
(
2323− += 2
)(
)
(
)
2
− (
)
2
HCF × LCM Second number ^{=} ^{2}^{3}^{2}^{.}
5. No. Hint: Prime factors of 15 ^{n} will not be of type 2 ^{n} × 5 ^{n} .
4. Hint: First number =
6. 
Rational number = 0.27 Irrational number = 0.26010010001 
. 

7. 
(i) 
145 
29 
8 
232 
= 0.232 

625 
= 
125 
× 
8 = 
1000 
. 

(ii) 
7 
125 
875 
= 0.0875 . 

× 
= 

80 
125 
10000 
8. Let us assume, to the contrary that
is
rational. We can take integers a and b ≠ 0 such that
b
, where a and b are coprime.
⇒ 3b ^{2} = a ^{2}
⇒ a ^{2} is divisible by 3
⇒ a is divisible by 3
We can write a = 3c for some integer c
(i)
_{M} _{A} _{T} _{H} EMAT
I CS
– X
⇒ a ^{2} = 9c ^{2}
⇒ 3b ^{2} = 
9c ^{2} 
[ ^{∴} a ^{2} = 3b ^{2} ] 
⇒ b ^{2} = 3c ^{2} 

⇒ b ^{2} is divisible by 3 

⇒ b is divisible by 3 
(ii) 
From (i) and (ii) we observe that a and b have atleast 3 as a common factor. But this contradicts the fact that a and b are co prime. This means that our assumption is not correct.
Hence, _{3} is an irrational number.
9. As: 
1032 = 
408 × 2 + 216 
(i) 
408 
= 216 × 1 + 192 
(ii) 

216 
= 192 × 1 + 24 
(iii) 

192 
= 24 × 8 + 0 
(iv) 

⇒ HCF = 24 

∴ From (iii) 

⇒ 24 = 216 – 192 

= 216 – [408 – 216] { 
Use (ii)} 
= 2 × 216 – 408
= 2[1032 – 2 × 408] – 408
{ 24 = 1032 × 2 – 5 × 408
⇒ m = 2.
Use (i)}
10. Hint: Let x be any positive integer.
Then it is of the form 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.
If 
x = 
3q, then 

If 
x ^{3} = (3q) ^{3} = 9m; m = 3q ^{3} x = 3q + 1, then 

x ^{3} = (3q + 1) ^{3} 

If 
9m + 1; m = q(3q ^{2} + 3q + 1). x = 3q + 2, then = 

x ^{3} = 
(3q + 2) ^{3} 

= 
9m + 8; m = 
q (3q ^{2} + 6q + 4). 
11. The maximum number of columns must be the highest common factor (HCF) of 616 and 32. Let us find out the HCF by the method of Euclid's division lemma. Since 616 > 32, we apply division lemma to 616 and 32, to get 616 = 32 × 19 + 8 Since the remainder 8 ≠ 0, we apply the division lemma to 32 and 8, to get 32 = 8 × 4 + 0
E A
The remainder has now become zero, so our procedure stops. Since the divisor at this stage is 8, the HCF of 616 and 32 is 8 Hence, the maximum number of columns is 8.
WORKSHEET–4
1. (B) (
6565−
)(
)
+=
(
)
2
−
(
)
2
= 6 – 5 = 1 = Rational number.
2. (B) Hint: Denominator is not in the exact form
of 2 ^{m} × 5 ^{n} , where m, n are nonnegative
integers.
3. (C) 0 ≤ r < b.
4. Hint: 107 = 4 × 26 + 3.
5. Hint: 7 × 13 = (ii) and (ii) × 11 = ( i ).
6. Let us represent each of the numbers 30,
72 and 432 as a product of primes.
30
72
2 × 3 × 5
= = 2 ^{3} × 3 ^{2}
432 = 2 ^{4} × 3 ^{3} Now, HCF = 2 × 3 = 6 And LCM = 2 ^{4} × 3 ^{3} × 5 = 2160.
7. Here, 396 > 82.
∴ 
396 = 82 × 4 + 68 
Further 
82 = 68 × 1 + 14 
Further 
68 = 14 × 4 + 12 
Further 
14 = 12 × 1 + 2 
Further 
12 = 2 × 6 + 0 
In the last equation, the remainder is zero and the divisor is 2. Hence, the required HCF = 2.
8. Hint: Let 3 + _{2}
=
^{a} ; b ≠ 0
b
Hence, 3 + _{2}
_{5} is an irrational number.
9. (i) The given fraction can be written as
43 43 × 5
=
2
43
·5
10
4
= 0.0215
Hence, the given number terminates after four places of decimal.
9
(ii) The given fraction can be written as
359 
2 4 × 359 
5744 

2×5 
5 
= 
2 55 ×5 
_{=} 100000 

= 0.05744 
Hence, the given number terminates after five places of decimal. 10. The required number of students will be the highest common factor (HCF) of 312, 260 and 156. Let us find out the HCF by the method of prime factorisation.
312 
= 2 ^{3} × 3 × 13 
260 
= 2 ^{2} × 5 × 13 
156 
= 2 ^{2} × 3 × 13 
∴ HCF = 2 ^{2} × 13 = 52
Number of buses required
Total number of students
_{=}
Number of students in one bus
312 + 260 + 156 _{=} _{1}_{4}
_{=}
Thus, the maximum number of students in a bus and number of buses required are
52 and 14 respectively.
52
11. Hint: Let x = any positive integer x = 5m, 5m + 1, 5m + 2, 5m + 3 or 5m + 4 Now take square of all form.
WORKSHEET–5
1. (C) Hint: LCM of 18, 24, 30, 42 = 2520 ∴ Required number = 2520 + 1 = 2521.
2. (C) Let the quotient is m divided by 8.
when n ^{2} – 1
∴ n ^{2} – 1 = 8 × m
is
⇒ n ^{2} – 1 = An even integer.
⇒ n ^{2} = An even integer + 1 = Odd integer
∴ n = An odd integer.
3. (B)
Hint: HCF (65, 117) = 13
Now, 
65m – 117 = 13. 
∴ 
m = 2 will satisfy this equation. 
4. Prime factors of numbers 1 to 10 are:
1 = 1; 2 = 1 × 2; 3 = 1 × 3; 4 = 1 × 2 ^{2}
10
5 = 1 × 5; 6 = 1 × 2 × 3; 7 = 1 × 7;
8 = 1 × 2 ^{3} ; 9 = 1 × 3 ^{2} ; 10 = 1 × 2 × 5 Now, LCM = 1 × 2 ^{3} × 3 ^{2} × 5 × 7 = 8 × 9 × 5 × 7 = 2520 is required number.
5. Hint: 
5
−
3
5
+
3

= 2x – 
15


⇒ 
4 – 
15

= 2x – 
15

⇒ x = 2, which is a rational number.
6. Hint: Any odd positive integer will be type of 4q + 1 or 4q + 3
∴ 
(4q + 1) ^{2} 
= 16q ^{2} + 8q + 1 

= 
8 (2q ^{2} + q) + 1 

= 
8n + 1 

Also, 
(4q + 3) ^{2} = 
16q ^{2} + 24q + 9 

= 
8 (2q ^{2} + 3q + 1) + 1 

= 
8n + 1. 
where a, b are integers and b ≠ 0
a contradiction.
9. (i) Terminating.
(ii) Terminating.
10. The required number of burfis will be the highest common factor of 420 and 130. Let us find out the HCF using Euclid's division lemma. It is clear that 420 > 130. We apply Division lemma to 420 and 130, to get
420 = 130 × 3 + 30
Since the remainder 30 ≠ 0, so we apply Division lemma to 130 and 30, to get
130 = 30 × 4 + 10
_{M} _{A} _{T} _{H} EMAT
I CS
– X
Again the remainder 10 ≠ 0, so we apply Division lemma to 30 and 10, to get 30 = 10 × 3 + 0 Now, the remainder is zero. So the HCF of 420 and 130 is the divisor at the last stage that is 10. Hence, the required number of burfis is 10.
11. Let n = 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2. Case I: If n = 3q, then n = 3q divisible by 3
n 
+ 2 = 3q + 2 
⇒ Not divisible by 3 
n 
+ 4 = 3q + 4 = 3(q + 1) + 1 
⇒ Not divisible by 3.
Case II: If n = 3q + 1 then only
n + 2 =
3q + 1 + 2 = 3q + 3
= 3(q + 1) is divisible by 3.
and if
n = 3q + 2 then only
n + 4 = 3q + 6 = 3(q + 2) is divisible by 3.
WORKSHEET–6
1. (C) 3825 = 5 ^{2} × 3 ^{2} × 17 So, 11 is not a prime factor of 3825.
2. (C) As p and p + 1 are two consecutive natural numbers, HCF = 1 and LCM = p (p + 1).
3. (A)
4.
Hint: The given number is
51
17
or
1500
500
∴ Denominator = 500 = 2 ^{2} × 5 ^{3} Clearly, the denominator is exactly in the form 2 ^{m} × 5 ^{n} , where m and n are non negative integers; so the given number is a terminating decimal expansion.
Hint:
8=2 ^{3} ;
9 = 3 ^{2} ;
25 = 5 ^{2}
∴ HCF (8, 9, 25) = 1
LCM (8, 9, 25) = 1800.
6. Irrational
7. Rational Number = 0.55 Irrational number = 0.5477477747
8. 15
.
Hint: HCF (1380, 1455, 1620) = 15.
9. (i) 0.052.
(ii) 5.8352.
10. We know that any positive integer is either of the form 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2 for some integer q. Now, three cases arise. Case I. When p = 3q,
p + 2 = 3q + 2 and p + 4 = 3q + 4
p =3q is exactly divisible by 3 p + 2 = 3q + 2 leaves 2 as remain der when it is divided by 3
p + 4 = 3q + 4 or 3 (q + 1) + 1 leaves 1 as remainder when it is divided by 3. Case II. When p = 3q + 1, p + 2 = 3q + 3 and p + 4 = 3q + 5
p = 3q + 1 leaves 1 as remainder when it is divided by 3 = 3q + 3 or 3 (q + 1) is exactly divisible by 3
p + 4 = 3q + 5 or 3(q + 1) + 2 leaves 2 as remainder when it is divided by 3. Case III. When p = 3q + 2, p + 2 = 3q + 4 and p + 4 = 3q + 6 Here, p = 3q + 2 leaves 2 as remainder when it is divided by 3.
p + 2 = 3q + 4 or 3(q + 1) + 1 leaves 1 as
remainder when it is divided by 3
p + 4 = 3q + 6 or 3(q + 2) is exactly divisible by 3.
Hence, in all the cases, one and one number
out of p, p + 2 and p + 4 is divisible by 3,
where p is any positive integer.
Here,
Here,
p + 2
11
OR Any positive odd integer is type of 2q + 1 where q is a whole number.
∴ (2q + 1) ^{2} = 4q ^{2} + 4q + 1 = 4q (q + 1) + 1 (i)
Now, q(q + 1) is either 0 or even
So it is 2m, where m is a whole number.
∴
from (i)
⇒
(2q + 1) ^{2} = 8m + 1.
11. Since, height of each stack is the same,
therefore, the number of books in each stack is equal to the HCF of 96, 240 and 336. Let us find their HCF 96 = 2 ^{4} ×2×3
240
336
= 2 ^{4} ×3×5 2 ^{4} × 3 × 7
= So, HCF = 2 ^{4} × 3 = 48. Now, number of stacks of English books
_{=}
96
48
= 2
Number of stacks of Hindi books
_{=}
240
48
= 5
Number of stacks of Mathematics books
_{=}
336
_{4}_{8}
= 7.
ASSESSMENT SHEET–1
1. (D) The denominator of each fraction in the options (A), (B) and (C) can be expressed in the form 2 ^{n} 5 ^{m} , where m, n being whole numbers. 2. (A) Let x be any positive integer then it is of the form 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2. So, x ^{2} can be written in the form 3m or 3m + 1.
3.
HCF × LCM = Product of the two numbers 40 × 252 × p = 2520 × 6600
⇒
_{p} _{=} 2520
×
×
6600
_{⇒}
40
4. True, If the number 3 ^{n} ends with the digit 0, then its prime factorisation contains the prime 5. But by the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, there is no prime other than 3 in the factorisation of 3 ^{n} .
252
= 1650.
12
5. The required number would be the HCF of 967 – 7 = 960 and 2060 – 12 = 2048. Let us find the HCF of 960 and 2048 by using Euclid’s algorithm. Since 2048 > 960
∴ 2048 = 960 × 2 + 128
960 
= 128 × 7 + 64 
128 
= 64 × 2 + 0 
Since the remainder becomes zero and the divisor at this stage is 64, the HCF of 960 and 2048 is 64.
Hence, the required number is 64.
6.
Clearly, 
456 = 2 ^{3} × 3 × 19 
and 
360 = 2 ^{3} × 3 ^{2} × 5 
∴ HCF 
= 2 ^{3} × 3 = 24 
and LCM 
= 2 ^{3} × 3 ^{2} × 5 × 19 = 6840. 
7. Let us assume the contrary that rational number.
is
a
So,
∴
_{3} = ^{a} , where a and b are coprime.
b
3 =
a
b
2
2
(Squaring both sides)
⇒ 3b ^{2} = a ^{2}
⇒ a ^{2} is divisible by 3
⇒ a is divisible by 3 because 3 is a prime.
We can write a = 3c for some integer c
Substituting a =3c in 3b ^{2} = a ^{2} , we get
3b ^{2} =9c ^{2}
⇒
b ^{2} = 3c ^{2}
⇒ b ^{2} is divisible by 3
⇒ b is divisible by 3.
Therefore, both a and b are divisible by 3. But this contradicts the fact that a and b are coprime that is, no common factor other than 1.
_{M} _{A} _{T} _{H} EMAT
I CS
– X
Consequently, we arrive at the result that
our assumption that _{3} is rational, is wrong.
Hence, _{3} is an irrational number.
8. Let a be any odd positive integer. Then, it is of the form 6p + 1, 6p + 3 or 6p + 5. Here, three cases arise. Case I. When a =6p + 1,
∴ a ^{2} = 36p ^{2} + 12p + 1
= 6p(6p + 2) + 1 = 6q + 1, where q = p(6p + 2). Case II. When a =6p + 3,
∴ a ^{2} = 36p ^{2} + 36p + 9
= 36p ^{2} + 36p + 6 + 3
= 6(6p ^{2} + 6p + 1) + 3
= 6q + 3,
where q =6p ^{2} + 6p + 1.
Case III. When a =6p + 5,
∴ a ^{2} = 36p ^{2} + 60p + 25
= 36p ^{2} + 60p + 24 + 1
= 6(6p ^{2} + 10p + 4) + 1
= 6q + 1,
where q =6p ^{2} + 10p + 4. Hence, a is of the form 6q + 1 or 6q + 3.
ASSESSMENT SHEET–2
1. (D) ^{1}^{4}^{5}^{8}^{7} = 11.6696.
1250
Clearly, the decimal expansion terminates after four decimal places.
2. (C) LCM (p, q) = x ^{3} y ^{2} z ^{3} .
3. HCF × LCM = Product of the two numbers.
⇒ 9 × LCM = 306 × 657
_{⇒} _{L}_{C}_{M} _{=} 306
× 657
9
= 22338.
4. The maximum number out of 3, 5, 15, 25, 75 is 75. Therefore, the HCF of 525 and 3000 is 75.
5. The denominator of
E A
5000 = 5 × 10 ^{3} = 5 × (2 × 5) ^{3} = 2 ^{3} × 5 ^{4} .
Further, 
257 
= 
257 
= 
257 
× 
2 

5000 
5 
× 
10 
3 
5 
3 ×× 10 
2 
6. Let
^{=}
514
10
4
= 0.0514.
x =2p + 1 and y = 2q + 1
∴ x ^{2} + y ^{2} = (2p + 1) ^{2} + (2q + 1) ^{2}
= 4p ^{2} + 4p + 1 + 4q ^{2} + 4q + 1
= 4(p ^{2} + p + q ^{2} + q) + 2
= S + T
where
S is divisible by 4 and so an even integer.
T is not divisible by 4 but an even integer.
Therefore, S + T is even, as sum of any two evens is even, and not divisible by 4.
S = 4(p ^{2} + p + q ^{2} + q) and T = 2
7. Let us assume the contrary that _{5} is a
rational number.
We can take coprime a and b (say) such that
; b ≠ 0
Square both the sides to get
5b ^{2} = a ^{2}
⇒ a ^{2} is divisible by 5
⇒ a is divisible by 5 because if square of a
number is divisible by a prime, then the
number is divisible by the prime.
Let us take some integer c such that
a =5c
Square both the sides to get
a ^{2} = 25c ^{2}
Substitute a ^{2} = 25c ^{2} in 5b ^{2} = a ^{2} to get
5b ^{2} = 25c ^{2}
b ^{2} =5c ^{2}
⇒ b ^{2} is divisible by 5
⇒ b is divisible by 5
Therefore, both a and b are divisible by 5.
13
This contradicts the fact that a and b are coprime that is a and b have no common factor.
∴ Our assumption is false.
So, we conclude that
number.
is an irrational
8. Any positive integer n can be written in the form 3q, 3q + 1 or 3q + 2. Here, three cases arise as follows:
Case I. When
n =3q,
∴ n ^{3} = (3q) ^{3} = 27q ^{3}
∴ n ^{3} + 1 = 27q ^{3} + 1 = 9 × 3q ^{3} + 1
= 9m + 1, where m = 3q ^{3} .
Case II. When n =3q + 1,
∴ n ^{3} = (3q + 1) ^{3}
= 27q ^{3} + 1 + 3(3q + 1) × 3q
= 27q ^{3} + 27q ^{2} + 9q + 1
∴ n ^{3} + 1 = 27q ^{3} + 27q ^{2} + 9q + 2
= 9 (3q ^{3} + 3q ^{2} + q) + 2
= 9m + 2,
where m =3q ^{3} + 3q ^{2} + q
Case III. When n =3q + 2,
∴ n ^{3} = (3q + 2) ^{3} = 27q ^{3} + 8 +
3 × 6q (3q + 2)
= 27q ^{3} + 8 + 54q ^{2} + 36q
∴ n ^{3} + 1 = 27q ^{3} + 54q ^{2} + 36q + 9
= 9 (3q ^{3} + 6q ^{2} + 4q + 1)
= 9m, where m = 3q ^{3} +
6q ^{2} + 4q + 1. Hence, n ^{3} + 1 can be expressed in the form 9m, 9m + 1 or 9m + 2 for some integer m.
CHAPTER TEST
1. (D)Since 32844 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 7 × 17 × 23 So, 11 is not prime factor of 32844.
2. (A)
14
_{L}_{C}_{M} _{=} 306 × 1314
18
= 22338.
= irrational.
6. Yes. 2 × 3 × 5 × 13 × 17 + 13
= 13
= 13 × 511
= a composite number.
× (2 × 3 × 5 × 17 + 1)
7. No.
Hint: Prime factors of 9 ^{n} will be type of
3 ^{2}^{n} , i.e.,
3
×
3
×
3
Even no.
of times.
8.
120
105
150
= 2 ^{3} ×3×5
= 3 × 5 × 7
= 2 × 3 × 5 ^{2}
∴ HCF = 3 × 5 = 15
9.
And 
LCM 
= 2 ^{3} ×3×5 ^{2} × 7 

= 
8 × 3 × 25 × 7 

= 
4200. 

Hint: 

Let 
2–3
3

= x where x is rational. 

⇒ 
(
2–3 
3

) ^{2} 
= x 
^{2} 
⇒ 
2 + 27 – 6
6

= 

⇒ 
29 – x ^{2} =
2
x
6
6


⇒ 
29 – x 
2 
= 6 
6 .


6 
Since 6 is not a perfect square. So
always irrational.
∴ It's a contradiction.
_{M} _{A} _{T} _{H} EMAT
I CS
10. We know that any positive integer is of the form 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2.
Case I: 
n =3q 

⇒ 
n ^{3} = (3q) ^{3} = 9 × 3q ^{3} = 9m 

⇒ 
n ^{3} +1=9m + 1, where m = 3q ^{3} . 

Case II: 
n =3q + 1 

⇒ 
n ^{3} = (3q + 1) ^{3} 

= 27q ^{3} + 1 + 27q ^{2} + 9q 

= 9q (3q ^{2} + 3q + 1) + 1 =9m + 1 

⇒ 
n ^{3} + 1 
= 9m + 2, where 
m = q(3q ^{2} + 3q + 1).
Case III: 
n 
= 3q + 2 
⇒ 
n ^{3} = (3q + 2) ^{3} 
= 27q ^{3} + 8 + 54q ^{2} + 36q
E A
n ^{3} + 1 
= 27q ^{3} + 54q ^{2} + 36q + 9 = 9(3q ^{3} + 6q ^{2} + 4q + 1) 
=9m, 

where m 
=3q ^{3} + 6q ^{2} + 4q + 1. 
Hence, n ^{3} + 1 can be expressed in the form 9m, 9m + 1 or 9m + 2, for some integer m.
11. Length
= 8.25 m = 825 cm
Breadth = 6.75 m = 675 cm Height = 4.50 m = 450 cm The required length of the rod will be the highest common factor of 825 cm, 675 cm and 450 cm.
Now,
825 =
3 × 5 ^{2} × 11
675 = 3 ^{3} × 5 ^{2}
450 = 2 × 3 ^{2} × 5 ^{2} So, HCF (825, 675, 450) = 3 × 5 ^{2} = 75 Hence, length of the rod is 75 cm.
❑❑
15
16
_{M} _{A} _{T} _{H} EMAT
I CS
– X
11. Let p(x) = x ^{4} + x ^{3} – 34x ^{2} – 4x + 120 Given zeroes of p(x) are 2 and – 2 (x – 2) (x + 2) = x ^{4} – 4 is a factor of p(x). We divide p(x) by x ^{2} – 4,
x ^{2} – 4
x ^{2} + x – 30
x ^{4} + x – 34xx– 4 3 2 + 120 

x 
4 
– 
4 
x 2 

– 
+ 

x 3 
– 
30 xx 2 – 4 
+120 

x 3 
– 4x 

– 
+ 

– 
2 30x + 1 20 

– 
30x 2 + 1 20 

+ 
– 
0
p(x) = (x ^{2} – 4) (x ^{2} + x – 30) Other zeroes of p(x) are given by x ^{2} + x – 30 = 0 x ^{2} + 6x –5x – 30 = 0 x(x + 6) – 5(x + 6) = 0
⇒
⇒
(x – 5) (x + 6) = 0 x = 5, – 6
⇒
Hence, all the zeroes are 2, – 2, 5 and – 6.
WORKSHEET– 11
1. (A) ∵
p(x) =
2x ^{2} – 2x + 1
∴ Sum of zeroes = 1
Product of zeroes = ^{1}
2 ^{.}
2. (A)Let α = 5 and β = – 5, then the quad ratic polynomial will be x ^{2} – (α + β)x + αβ
or x ^{2} – 25.
5. p = 2 Hint:
(2) ^{3} – 3(2) ^{2} + 3(2) – p =0
⇒ 
8 – 12 + 6 – p =0 
⇒ 
2 – p =0 
∴ 
p = 2. 
6. Let α and β be the two zeroes of f(x) = ax ^{2} + 2x + 3a
and αβ = ^{3}^{a}
^{2}
a a
Then, α + β = –
According to the question,
⇒
– 2
= 3
_{a}
a =
– 2
3
^{.}
= 3
7. Let the third zero be α, then
sum of the zeroes = –
coefficient of x
2
coefficient of x
3
^{–} ^{6}
1
⇒ 2 + 3 + α = –
⇒ α = 1
Hence, the third zero is 1.
8. Let us divide 6x ^{4} + 8x ^{3} + 17x ^{2} + 21x + 7 by 3x ^{2} + 4x + 1.
Clearly, the remainder is x + 2. Now, ax + b = x + 2 Comparing like powers of x both the sides, we obtain
a = 1, b = 2.
9. We know that,
Dividend = (Divisor × Quotient) + Remainder
⇒ 4x ^{3} – 8x ^{2} + 8x + 1 = g(x) × (2x – 1) + x + 3
⇒ g(x) × (2x – 1) = 4x ^{3} – 8x ^{2} + 7x – 2
g(x) =
4
xxx
3
–8
2
+
7
–2
2
x
–1
17
Now,
2
2x –3x +2
2x – 1
3
4xx–8
2 +7x –2
3
– 4x + –2x
2
–6
–6
+
x
x
2
2
+7
+3 –
x
x
–2
x
x
– +
4
4
–2
–2
0
Hence, g(x) = 2x ^{2} – 3x + 2.
10.
_{3} and 1
Hint: ⇒ 
x ^{2} – 
_{3} x – x + 
_{3} = 0 x = 
_{3} , 1 
Now, 
sum of zeroes = 
_{3} + 1 

Coefficient of x 

= – 
Coefficient of x
2
And product of zeroes =
11. p(x) =
x
2
−
2x − 12;
Constant term
_{(}
−2
Hint: For zeroes:
⇒
⇒
⇒
1. (C)
x
2
(
2x – 12 = 0
0
= 0
12 =
x = – _{2}
or x = _{3}
+−−2
x –3
_{2} .
WORKSHEET–12
Sum of zeroes = ^{–}^{(}^{–} ^{5}^{)} = 15
1
3
Product of zeroes =
3
3
=
^{9}
2 ^{.}
18
2. Sum of zeroes = 6 
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