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Primary Ayer, Eleanor H., Helen Waterford, and Alfons Heck. Parallel Journeys.

New York: Atheneum for Young Readers, 1995. This book was very helpful because it compared the journey of a German boy who was a soldier and a Jewish girl. They both had to overcome different challenges. It showed how the Holocaust affected both sides, and gave us some deep thinking quotes by them. Bartel, Judy. The Holocaust: A Primary Source History. Milwaukee, WI: Gareth Stevens Pub., 2006. This book gave us a lot of quotes and testimonies about the Holocaust. We also got a few pictures from here. Frank, Anne. The Diary of a Young Girl. New York: Bantam Books, 1993. This diary gave us a view at how some people had to hide for years so they wouldn't be killed. It was a valuable insight to life as a young Jewish girl, who had to suffer through the Holocaust. Ghosts of Rwanda. Dir. Greg Barker. PBS, 2005. DVD. From this documentary we learned that the Rwanda genocide only lasted one hundred days. We also learned that there were about one million deaths in that time. This averages out to ten thousand deaths a day, which is insane. We also saw some of the victims and killers testify about their experiences. Hari, Daoud. The Translator: A Tribesman's Memoir of Darfur. New York: Random House, 2008. This memoir put a twist on the Darfur genocide. It was shown from the perspective of Daoud Hari, a survivor who stayed behind to translate, risking his life many times in the process. "Henny Simon." Personal interview. 20 Jan. 2012. This kind woman let us interview her about her experience as a Jew going through the Holocaust. She shared the horrid memories of being stuck in a concentration camp. We learned empathy this way. Simon, Henny. "Am I my Brother's Keeper?" The Story of a Holocaust Survivor. Colchester, CT, 1985. This was a memoir written by Henny Simon, whom we were also able to interview. This is a look at her life throughout the Holocaust and the years after, especially through the concentration camp Stutthof.

Secondary Adams, Simon. Holocaust. Mankato, MN: Sea-to-Sea Publications, 2009. From this book, we learned about Kristallnacht, which translates into "The Night of Broken Glass." We learned that Kristallnacht started because a German Jew, named Hirschel Grynszpan was upset because his parents were expelled to Poland, so he shot a German official. African Americans. http://www.enotes.com/african-americans-reference/africanamericans. February 20, 2012. Web. This article was about why the United States enslaving African Americans is considered genocide. Altman, Jacobs Linda. Impact of the Holocaust. Berkeley Heights: Enslow Publishers Inc., 2003. The Impact of the Holocaust taught us the lesson of the Holocaust. For example, as horrific as it was, it was done by ordinary people. And the sad thing is, ordinary people could have prevented it too. But the Holocaust happened, and it proved the cost of racism and showed that humans are capable of a lot of inhuman things. Bartoletti, Susan Campbell. Hitler Youth: Growing up in Hitler's Shadow. New York: Scholastic Nonfiction, 2005. This book was about the Hitler Youth. This organization eventually grew to include all organizations for kids at the time of the Holocaust. It instilled in Germany's youth a sense of false pride and taught them discrimination. Berenbaum, Michael, and Yitzchak Mais. Memory and Legacy: The Shoah Narrative of the Illinois Holocaust Museum. Lincolnwood, IL: Publications International, 2009. This book explained how Raphael Lemkin coined the term "genocide." He came up with it because he wanted to commensurate with his experience and the experience of millions of others. Bodden, Valerie. The Holocaust. Mankato, MN: Creative Education, 2008. This source had a lot of valuable information. It had a great picture depicting all the camps in Germany. It also talked about Palestine, the Nuremburg Trials, and Kristallnacht. Booker, Salih and Ann-Louise Colgan. Genocide in Darfur. June 24, 2004. http://www.thenation.com/article/genocide-darfur February 29, 2012. Web. This website informed us about the Darfur genocide and explained why the United States isn't doing anything. For example, the United States wants to keep buying oil from them, so they dont want to mess anything up diplomatically.

Darfur Conflict. http://www.english-online.at/current_affairs/sudanconflict/sudan-crisis.htm. March 2, 2012. Web. We got the picture of Darfur from this source. Genocide Convention. April 11, 2012. http://untreaty.un.org/cod/avl/ha/cppcg.htm l Web. This website was the source that gave us the picture of the 1948 Genocide Convention. Graseck, Susan. Confronting Genocide: Never Again? Providence, RI: Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University, 2008. This book was our most valuable source. It gave us a lot of information on the Bosnian Genocide, and all the other genocides. It also gave us information on how the term genocide came about. Guenter, Lewy. Were American Indians Victims of Genocide? http://hnn.us/articles/7302.html. January 22, 2007. January 31, 2012. Web. This site had an article that debated whether the treatments of Americas Native Americans were indeed victims of genocide. The conclusion was yes. Hirsch, Herbert. Genocide and the Politics of Memory: Studying Death to Preserve Life. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1995. This book was a valuable insight as to why people would kill anybody. It explains that their whole perspective of right and wrong changes. Lifton, Robert Jay, and Eric Markusen. The Genocidal Mentally: Nazi Holocaust and Nuclear Threat. New York: Basic, Inc., 1990. From this book, we learned how the genocidal mentality has evolved. It's easier than ever to occur, because it is physically and emotionally simpler. You can just press a button, and a bomb drops. Now you're emotionally detached from the event, so you can do it many times. Map of Turkey. April 11, 2012. Http://www.csmonitor.com Web. We used this source to get a map of Turkey to explain the Armenian genocide. Nazi Ideology and the Holocaust. Washington, D.C.: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2007. This source discussed, among other things, symbolization. It showed a picture of a Jewish boy wearing the Star of David, the symbolization the Nazis used to single out Jews.

Newman, Amy. The Nuremberg Laws: Institutionalized Anti-Semitism. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 1999. This book helped us find information on the Nuremberg Laws. The Nuremberg Laws took away the rights of Jews, making them seem even less human than the perpetrators had made them seem before. These were similar to the Jim Crowe laws, which took away a lot of the rights of AfricanAmerican people. Ohlone Native Americans in a tule boat in the San Francisco Bay, 1822. http://www.berkeleyside.com/2011/10/19/the-lives-of-the-muwekmaohlone-tribe-in-thousand-oaks/ This was a picture used to illustrate the Native Americans who were targeted by the Europeans who came to the United States when it wasnt yet a country. Shown is an Indian who is wearing a blanket given to him by the Englishmen, likely infected with smallpox. Raphael Lemkin. April 11, 2012. Http://factseekerdcb2.wordpress.com/2008/12/0 2/raphael-lemkin/ Web. This is a picture of Raphael Lemkin. He is the man who coined the term genocide. Schindler's List. Dir. Steven Spielberg. Prod. Steven Spielberg. By Steven Zaillian. Perf. Liam Neeson, Ben Kingsley, and Ralph Fiennes. Universal Pictures, 1993. This movie helped us understand how badly victims of the Holocaust were treated at the concentration camps. It showed us a new perspective of Nazi soldiers; they werent all bad. We also found a few quotes we could use to support our information. Sheehan, Sean. Timelines. The Holocaust. Mankato, Minn: Arcturus Pub., 2008. This book taught us a lot of important dates such as the start of WWII. We also learned about Munich, the first concentration camp and Lodz, the first ghetto. From this book, we gleaned a valuable insight on some of the horrific things Nazis did, from a quote by a German witnessing Jews being shot in a ditch. Stanton, Gregory H. The 8 Stages of Genocide. http://www.genocidewatch.org/genocide/8stagesofgenocide.html. 1996. February 8, 2012. Web. This website told us how genocide occurs. It has eight stages, going from mentally separating two groups to denying that the mass murder even happened. United Declaration of Human Rights. April 11, 2012. http://opiniojuris.org/2009/04 /03/universal-declaration-of-human-rights/ Web.

This is the website that we got the Wordle of the United Declaration of Human Rights from. We chose this instead of a picture because it quoted the declaration and was a creative picture. United Nations. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Http://www.un.org/millennium/law/iv-1.htm. January 13, 2012. Web. This showed us the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. This document was created after the Holocaust, because people knew something had to be done about genocide- nobody was being punished, and this is a HUGE crime! Weiss, Rick. Climate Link to Neanderthal Demise Abates. September 13, 2007. http://www.neanderthal-man.com/genocide.html March 1, 2012. Web. This website explains that the theory of Neanderthals going extinct from severe climate change may be false and that it might actually have been genocide committed by our ancestors.