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Example Problem 6:

Prestress and poststress loading



        !"# #$  %&' 1) !" $

  &   "( $)  *  #
 "(  +'   )
   # ( !" 
 
PRESTRESS) + 2)  !".+/0  &   *!
!" $
 *  #
"(+'
 # ( !" 
  POSTSTRESS)
Y
9

4.5 m

4.5 m

7
4

6m

12 m

1(! ! +' 1 #  Plane 


  !  Meter 
   Metric Ton
+'   X-Y +!!! View From +Z  +1 *

)+ &

 construction line  X = 0, 1, 12  Y = 0, 10, 1.5 +#   )

STAAD.Pro 2005: Application Examples

Ex 6 - 1

 " + ! + node + member !


1(! node  +' node  ! 23(  +' 
 node cursor '+' !) Select > By All > All Nodes  node "($) +'  + #"
+' !) Geometry > Renumber > Nodes  4 +
  !

!'(+1 Yes  4 +


  ! Renumber    '(* 5 0 +

STAAD.Pro 2005: Application Examples

Ex 6 - 2

!'(+1 6! Accept ! + node $) " !

+  " ! + member ) * !"( 


!)+!+"($) # 3! '
UNIT METER MTON
JOINT COORDINATES
1 0 0 0; 2 12 0 0; 3 0 6 0; 4 12 6 0; 5 0 10.5 0; 6 12 10.5 0; 7 0 15 0;
8 12 15 0;
MEMBER INCIDENCES
1 1 3; 2 3 5; 3 5 7; 4 2 4; 5 4 6; 6 6 8; 7 3 4; 8 5 6; 9 7 8;

    +1 +' $ General > Support


#   Fixed + Assign  node "( 1 + 2 '" *7+&!)+

SUPPORTS
1 2 FIXED

 %#!1   &   


 +"( 

 +' !)
Tools > Set Current Input Unit

+"( 
  !  Centimeter +
   Kilogram
   * General > Property +1 6! Define +' General #

 "

+' Assign To View ++1 6! Assign *


UNIT CM KG
MEMBER PROPERTY
1 TO 9 PRIS AX 2400 IZ 720000

STAAD.Pro 2005: Application Examples

Ex 6 - 3

+  
 "( !) Command > Material Constant +'  
E (modulus of
elasticity) + Poissons ratio  "
UNIT CM KG
CONSTANTS
E 280000 MEMB 1 TO 9
POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 9

 
   Mton 
  !  cm
#    %""( 1  * General > Load  '(

LOAD 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD

+1 6! Add +' Member Load > Pre/Post Stress #


!)+ !) +

Assign  &   7 + 8 ' # +


*!)+ "

UNIT CM MTON
LOAD 1 LOADTYPE None TITLE LOAD 1 PRESTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER PRESTRESS LOAD
7 8 FORCE 136 ES 7.5 EM -30 EE 7.5

  &   7 + 8 !" + 136   


1+"( 1(! ES + #1#
EE ' 7.5 2!. ' 9) &$
   #
"( + 
  !  EM  )
( 
c.g. + ! 30 2!.
  LOAD CASE 2  POSTSTRESS #
!)+'(!'   "
LOAD 2 LOADTYPE None TITLE LOAD 2 POSTSTRESSING LOAD
MEMBER POSTSTRESS LOAD
7 8 FORCE 136 ES 7.5 EM -30 EE 7.5

#(  ! 1 &  * Analysis/Print > Analysis


+' No Print Option +1 6! Add
PERFORM ANALYSIS
STAAD.Pro 2005: Application Examples

Ex 6 - 4

*
 Post-Print +1 6! Define Commands
+1 $ Analysis Results +1 6! Add
FINISH
 #(  !#1#  
+' !) Analyze > Run Analysis !'( %#  *!
!".10+ +' View Output File
****************************************************
*
*
*
STAAD.Pro
*
*
Version 2005
Bld 1001.US
*
*
Proprietary Program of
*
*
Research Engineers, Intl.
*
*
Date=
APR 7, 2006
*
*
Time=
14:48:28
*
*
*
*
USER ID: Suranaree University of Technolo
*
****************************************************

1. STAAD PLANE
INPUT FILE: EX6.STD
2. START JOB INFORMATION
3. ENGINEER DATE 07-APR-06
4. END JOB INFORMATION
5. INPUT WIDTH 79
6. UNIT METER MTON
7. JOINT COORDINATES
8. 1 0 0 0; 2 12 0 0; 3 0 6 0; 4 12 6
9. 8 12 15 0
10. MEMBER INCIDENCES
11. 1 1 3; 2 3 5; 3 5 7; 4 2 4; 5 4 6;
12. UNIT CM KG
13. MEMBER PROPERTY
14. 1 TO 9 PRIS AX 2400 IZ 720000
15. UNIT METER MTON
16. SUPPORTS
17. 1 2 FIXED
18. UNIT CM KG
19. CONSTANTS
20. E 280000 MEMB 1 TO 9
21. POISSON CONCRETE MEMB 1 TO 9
22. UNIT CM MTON
23. LOAD 1 LOADTYPE NONE TITLE LOAD 1
24. MEMBER PRESTRESS LOAD
25. 7 8 FORCE 136 ES 7.5 EM -30 EE 7.5
26. LOAD 2 LOADTYPE NONE TITLE LOAD 2
27. MEMBER POSTSTRESS LOAD
28. 7 8 FORCE 136 ES 7.5 EM -30 EE 7.5
29. PERFORM ANALYSIS
STAAD PLANE

0; 5 0 10.5 0; 6 12 10.5 0; 7 0 15 0
6 6 8; 7 3 4; 8 5 6; 9 7 8

PRESTRESSING LOAD
POSTSTRESSING LOAD

-- PAGE NO.

P R O B L E M
S T A T I S T I C S
----------------------------------NUMBER OF JOINTS/MEMBER+ELEMENTS/SUPPORTS =
8/
9/
ORIGINAL/FINAL BAND-WIDTH=
2/
2/
9 DOF
TOTAL PRIMARY LOAD CASES =
2, TOTAL DEGREES OF FREEDOM =
SIZE OF STIFFNESS MATRIX =
1 DOUBLE KILO-WORDS
REQRD/AVAIL. DISK SPACE =
12.0/ 23852.2 MB

30. PRINT ANALYSIS RESULTS


STAAD PLANE

STAAD.Pro 2005: Application Examples

2
18

-- PAGE NO.

Ex 6 - 5

JOINT DISPLACEMENT (CM


-----------------JOINT

LOAD

X-TRANS

RADIANS)

Y-TRANS

1
0.0000
2
0.0000
2
1
0.0000
2
0.0000
3
1
0.1237
2
0.0000
4
1
-0.1237
2
0.0000
5
1
0.1159
2
0.0000
6
1
-0.1159
2
0.0000
7
1
-0.0011
2
0.0000
8
1
0.0011
2
0.0000
STAAD PLANE

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

Z-TRANS

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

SUPPORT REACTIONS -UNIT MTON CM


----------------JOINT

LOAD

FORCE-X

1
2
2
1
2
STAAD PLANE

-2.73
0.00
2.73
0.00

X-ROTAN

Y-ROTAN

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Z-ROTAN

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0004
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.0004
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0007
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-0.0007
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
-- PAGE NO.

STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE

FORCE-Y

FORCE-Z

MOM-X

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

MOM-Y

MOM Z

0.00
683.74
0.00
0.00
0.00
-683.74
0.00
0.00
-- PAGE NO.

MEMBER END FORCES


STRUCTURE TYPE = PLANE
----------------ALL UNITS ARE -- MTON CM
MEMBER

LOAD

JT

AXIAL

SHEAR-Y

SHEAR-Z

TORSION

MOM-Y

MOM-Z

1
3
1
3

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

2.73
-2.73
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

683.74
951.82
0.00
0.00

3
5
3
5

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

6.35
-6.35
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1294.14
1562.36
0.00
0.00

5
7
5
7

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

1.27
-1.27
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

583.01
-11.63
0.00
0.00

2
4
2
4

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-2.73
2.73
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-683.74
-951.82
0.00
0.00

4
6
4
6

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-6.35
6.35
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-1294.14
-1562.36
0.00
0.00

6
8
6
8

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-1.27
1.27
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-583.01
11.63
0.00
0.00

2
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

STAAD.Pro 2005: Application Examples

Ex 6 - 6

1
2

1
2

1
2

3
4
3
4

138.56
-138.56
134.93
-134.93

-17.00
-17.00
-17.00
-17.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-3265.96
3265.96
-1020.00
1020.00

5
6
5
6

129.86
-129.86
134.93
-134.93

-17.00
-17.00
-17.00
-17.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-3165.38
3165.38
-1020.00
1020.00

7
8
7
8

-1.27
1.27
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

STAAD PLANE

0.00
11.63
0.00
-11.63
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
-- PAGE NO.
6

************** END OF LATEST ANALYSIS RESULT **************


31. FINISH
*********** END OF THE STAAD.Pro RUN ***********

STAAD.Pro 2005: Application Examples

Ex 6 - 7