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Difference between Federal and Unitary form of government Federal Unitary

1. Powers are distributed between the central and state government. 2. There is an independent judiciary to resolve conflicts between the center and the state. 3. In this government citizens have to obey two sets of laws. 4. In a federal government the constitution is the outcome of an agreement and it can only be amended by a special procedure. 5. In a federal form of government there are separate legislatures at the central and state levels. 6. There is a fear of separation in federal government. 7. There is no stability in this type of government. 8. There constitution is rigid because there is no room for amendment. 9. Their territory is united in diversity. 10.This government is democratic. 11.There is political awareness in this government. 12.A federal government must have a written constitution. 13. A special judiciary with wide
powers must be needed.

1. All powers are concentrated in one central authority. 2. There is no such mechanism in unitary government. 3. In this government unitary system of law prevails. 4. In a unitary form of government the constitution is not the outcome of an agreement and can be changed by its own supreme authority. 5. A unitary government has a supreme central legislature. 6. There is a promotion of national integration. 7. Government is stable. 8. There constitution is flexible.

9. Their territory is not diverse. 10. This government is nondemocratic in nature. 11. There is no political awareness. 12. A unitary government may or may not have a written constitution.
13. There is no need of having a special judiciary with wide powers of judicial veto in a unitary government.