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Item no.: 0001-3567.V03


2008-12-23

Foundation Loads
V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A
50 Hz

Vestas Wind Systems A/S Alsvej 21 8900 Randers Denmark www.vestas.com


VESTAS PROPRIETARY NOTICE: This document contains valuable confidential information of Vestas Wind Systems A/S. It is protected by copyright law as an unpublished work. Vestas reserves all patent, copyright,
trade secret, and other proprietary rights to it. The information in this document may not be used, reproduced, or disclosed except if and to the extent rights are expressly granted by Vestas in writing and subject to applicable
conditions. Vestas disclaims all warranties except as expressly granted by written agreement and is not responsible for unauthorized uses, for which it may pursue legal remedies against responsible parties.

Item no.: 0001-3567.V03


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Foundation Loads
V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A

Date:

2008-12-23

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History of Document
Rev. no.:
0
1

Date:
2008.05.07
2008.05.26

2008.05.30

Description of change
New document
Lateral and nominal foundation stiffness added. Loads during
normal production recalculated.
Text in section 5 deleted

2008.12.23

Extreme loads during operation added for IEC61400-1 Ed.2.

Contents ...........................................................................................................................Page
1.
Introduction...................................................................................................................... 3
2.
References ...................................................................................................................... 3
3.
Loads according IEC61400-1 Ed. 3................................................................................. 4
3.1 Extreme Loads ........................................................................................................ 4
3.1.1 Resulting Extreme Load ............................................................................... 4
3.1.2 Extreme Load during Normal Operation ....................................................... 4
3.1.3 Own Weight Moment .................................................................................... 5
3.2 Fatigue Loads ......................................................................................................... 5
3.2.1 Equivalent and Mean Load ........................................................................... 5
4.
Loads according to IEC61400-1 Ed. 2 ............................................................................. 6
4.1 Extreme Loads ........................................................................................................ 6
4.2 Extreme Loads During Normal Operation ............................................................... 6
4.3 Fatigue Loads ......................................................................................................... 6
4.3.1 Equivalent and Mean Load ........................................................................... 6
5.
Stiffness of Foundation .................................................................................................... 8
Appendix A.
Co-ordinate Systems .................................................................................... 9
Appendix B.
Combination of Ranges and Mean Values ................................................. 10
Appendix C.
Rainflow Spectrum according to IEC61400-1 Ed. 3 ................................... 11
Appendix D.
Rainflow Spectrum according to IEC61400-1 Ed. 2 ................................... 13

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Foundation Loads
V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A

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Introduction

This document presents the foundation loads for the V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A. Two
load set are presented in this document. The loads presented in section 3 are simulated in
accordance with IEC61400-1 Edition 3, ref. [1] and the loads presented in section 4 are simulated according to IEC61400-1 Edition 2, ref. [2].
The most critical of the two load set are to be used in the design of the foundation. The two
load set are NOT to be combined.
The requirements for the foundation stiffness are given in section 5.
Design requirements for interface between tower and foundation can be found in ref [4] and
the tower and embedment used for calculating the loads can be found in ref [5] and [6].

2.

References
Reference

Document

Doc. No.

[1] Design Code

IEC61400-1 Edition 3

[2] Design Code

IEC61400-1 Edition 2

[3] GL Guideline

GL Rule and Guidelines, edition 2003 with supplements 2004

[4] Design requirements

Additional Tower & Foundation Interface Requirements

0001-3891

[5] Tower drawing

TOWER 1 TOWER MOD PROGR.

75950002

[6] Embedment drawing

EMBEDM. 1 - TOWER MOD PROGR.

75950004

Table 2-1 References.

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V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A

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Loads according IEC61400-1 Ed. 3

Section 3 presents the foundation loads simulated according to IEC61400-1 Ed. 3.

3.1

Extreme Loads

Foundation loads components at the instant of extreme resulting bending moment are given
in Table 3.1 and Table 3.2. Own weight moment contribution due to tower out of vertical
(0.008 m/m) is included with PLF 1.10 in below resultant moments.
Loads are given at height: 0.60m
Mres:
Mz:
Fres:
Fz :

3.1.1

Extreme resulting bending moment.


Simultaneous torsion moment.
Simultaneous resulting shear force.
Simultaneous vertical force.

Resulting Extreme Load

Extreme resulting tower bottom moment according to ref [1] incl. own weight moment contribution due to tower out of vertical.
Characteristic Extreme Load for Normal Load Cases (PLF = 1.35)
Mres
Mz
Fres
Fz
PLF
Design Load Case
[kNm]
[kNm]
[kN]
[kN]
[-]
[-]
45930
-1007
562
-2536
1.35
3.2 (32PREogVrp3.int)
Table 3.1 Characteristic extreme load for normal load cases, PLF = 1.35. PLF not included.

Characteristic Extreme Load for Abnormal Load Cases (PLF = 1.10)


Mres
Mz
Fres
Fz
PLF
Design Load Case
[kNm]
[kNm]
[kN]
[kN]
[-]
[-]
55241
-1532
669
-2536
1.10
2.3 (23GrEogVrp4.int)
Table 3.2 Characteristic extreme load for abnormal load cases, PLF = 1.10. PLF not included.

3.1.2

Extreme Load during Normal Operation

The extreme load during normal operation is based upon; DLC 1.1, 3.1 and 4.1 according to
ref [3] incl. own weight moment contribution due to tower out of vertical.
Characteristic Extreme Load during normal operation (PLF = 1.35)
Mres
Mz
Fres
Fz
PLF
Design Load Case
[kNm]
[kNm]
[kN]
[kN]
[-]
[-]
24931
-530
337
-2592
1.35
1.1
(1112a(fam))
Table 3.3 Characteristic Extreme Load during normal operation.

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Item no.: 0001-3567.V03

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3.1.3

Date:

Foundation Loads
V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A

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2008-12-23

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Own Weight Moment

The own weight moment contribution due to tower out of vertical is listed in Table 3.4.
Tower Own Weight Moment
Tower out of vertical:
Tower top mass:
Height tower top to tower top mass:
Partial load factor:

0.008
106465
1.230
1.10

Moment due to tower out of vertical:

m/m
kg
m
-

1026 kNm

Table 3.4 Tower own weight moment. PLF not included.

3.2

Fatigue Loads

3.2.1

Equivalent and Mean Load

For the foundation, the mean loads have to be considered. The mean loads must be combined with either the equivalent loads or the fatigue load spectrum as illustrated in Appendix
B.
Loads are given at height: 0.60m
The equivalent loads given may be used only if the material property can be characterised by
an S/N-curve with the same slope as given for the equivalent loads.

Equivalent and Mean Fatigue Foundation Loads


Fy
Mx

[kN]
[kNm]

Mean load
136
-9508

Range m = 4
240
13113

Range m = 7
245
17380

Table 3.5 Equivalent fatigue foundation loads. Neq=1e7.

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Item no.: 0001-3567.V03

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4.

Date:

Foundation Loads
V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A

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2008-12-23

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Loads according to IEC61400-1 Ed. 2

Section 4 presents the foundation loads simulated according to IEC61400-1 Ed. 2.

4.1

Extreme Loads

Extreme tower bottom moment according to ref [2] incl. own weight moment contribution due
to tower out of vertical.

Characteristic Extreme Load


Mx

My

Mz

Fx

Fy

Fz

PLF

[kNm]
-1307

[kNm]
50583

[kNm]
1878

[kN]
709

[kN]
128

[kN]
-2457

[-]
1.35

Design
Load
Case
[-]
V906145

Table 4.1 Characteristic extreme loads. PLF not included.

4.2

Extreme Loads During Normal Operation

Extreme tower bottom moment according to ref [2] incl. own weight moment contribution due
to tower out of vertical.

Characteristic Extreme Load


Mx

My

Mz

Fx

Fy

Fz

PLF

[kNm]

[kNm]

[kNm]

[kN]

[kN]

[kN]

[-]

27230.9

3630.9

-343.0

47.9

-306.5

-2532

1.35

Design
Load
Case
[-]
V90c12R
S

Table 4.2 Characteristic extreme loads. PLF not included.

4.3

Fatigue Loads

4.3.1

Equivalent and Mean Load

For the foundation, the mean loads have to be considered. The mean loads must be combined with either the equivalent loads or the fatigue load spectrum as illustrated in Appendix
B.
The equivalent loads given may be used only if the material property can be characterised by
an S/N-curve with the same slope as given for the equivalent loads.
Equivalent and Mean Fatigue Foundation Loads

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Fy
Mx

[kN]
[kNm]

Foundation Loads
V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A

Mean load
155
-10920

Range m = 4
205
15329

Range m = 7
209
16029

Table 4.3 Equivalent fatigue foundation loads. Neq=1e7.

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Item no.: 0001-3567.V03

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Stiffness of Foundation

The nominal spring stiffness used for the load calculations is 84 GNm/rad resulting in a
nominal tower frequency of 0.322 Hz. The spring stiffness of the foundation must be at least
C,dyn 36 GNm/rad for the loads to be valid. The minimum lateral stiffness of the foundations is given in Table 5.1 as a function of the rotational stiffness.
Minimum Lateral Stiffness

Rotational
[GNm/rad]
stiffness
Lateral
[MN/m]
stiffness

36

41

46

51

56

61

66

71

200

500

50

30

22

20

18

16

14

14

Table 5.1 Minimum lateral stiffness.

The natural frequency of the tower must be within the frequency interval [0.313; 0.338] Hz.

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Appendix A. Co-ordinate Systems

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Appendix B. Combination of Ranges and Mean Values


Mean values and ranges are to be combined as illustrated below.
Load
Upper value
Load range

Mean value

N
i

Lower value

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2008-12-23

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Appendix C. Rainflow Spectrum according to IEC61400-1 Ed. 3


This appendix contains the rainflow spectrum for the bending moment (Mx) and the shear
force (Fy) at the bottom of the tower calculated according to IEC61400-1 Ed.3.

Foundation Fatigue Load Spectrum


Tower shear, bottom Fy [kN]
Range
9.1033E+02
8.9213E+02
8.7392E+02
8.5571E+02
8.3751E+02
8.1930E+02
8.0109E+02
7.8289E+02
7.6468E+02
7.4647E+02
7.2827E+02
7.1006E+02
6.9185E+02
6.7365E+02
6.5544E+02
6.3723E+02
6.1903E+02
6.0082E+02
5.8261E+02
5.6441E+02
5.4620E+02
5.2799E+02
5.0979E+02
4.9158E+02
4.7337E+02
4.5517E+02
4.3696E+02
4.1875E+02
4.0055E+02
3.8234E+02
3.6413E+02
3.4593E+02
3.2772E+02
3.0951E+02
2.9131E+02
2.7310E+02
2.5489E+02
2.3669E+02
2.1848E+02
2.0027E+02
1.8207E+02

Frequency
7.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
3.2000E+01
7.0000E+00
6.5000E+01
8.8000E+01
3.4210E+03
4.9000E+01
9.5500E+01
3.4340E+03
7.6500E+01
1.1800E+02
3.5035E+03
1.2600E+02
6.7300E+03
1.1800E+02
1.1150E+02
3.5235E+03
1.3060E+03
4.6370E+03
6.5585E+03
1.4003E+04
2.9838E+04
6.6756E+04
1.2727E+05
2.3507E+05
4.3184E+05
6.1047E+05
9.9266E+05
1.3744E+06
2.4728E+06

Tower bending, bottom Mx [kNm]


Range
6.2677E+04
6.1424E+04
6.0170E+04
5.8917E+04
5.7663E+04
5.6410E+04
5.5156E+04
5.3902E+04
5.2649E+04
5.1395E+04
5.0142E+04
4.8888E+04
4.7635E+04
4.6381E+04
4.5128E+04
4.3874E+04
4.2621E+04
4.1367E+04
4.0113E+04
3.8860E+04
3.7606E+04
3.6353E+04
3.5099E+04
3.3846E+04
3.2592E+04
3.1339E+04
3.0085E+04
2.8832E+04
2.7578E+04
2.6324E+04
2.5071E+04
2.3817E+04
2.2564E+04
2.1310E+04
2.0057E+04
1.8803E+04
1.7550E+04
1.6296E+04
1.5043E+04
1.3789E+04
1.2535E+04

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Frequency
7.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
0.0000E+00
7.0000E+00
2.3500E+01
0.0000E+00
4.0500E+01
1.0650E+02
3.3905E+03
6.3000E+01
3.3565E+03
1.0100E+02
4.7500E+01
4.3000E+01
2.9000E+01
3.4595E+03
6.7810E+03
1.5000E+02
1.1450E+02
1.1150E+02
3.4525E+03
1.2900E+02
2.6300E+02
3.7760E+03
8.0250E+02
1.3137E+04
1.1760E+04
1.3958E+04
2.3378E+04
3.2567E+04
1.0699E+05
1.5700E+05
3.5733E+05
4.4629E+05
5.3343E+05
7.6859E+05

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1.6386E+02
1.4565E+02
1.2745E+02
1.0924E+02
9.1033E+01
7.2827E+01
5.4620E+01
3.6413E+01
1.8207E+01

Foundation Loads
V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A

3.7497E+06
5.7468E+06
9.7430E+06
1.7698E+07
3.6594E+07
7.8429E+07
1.6266E+08
2.7878E+08
4.2595E+08

1.1282E+04
1.0028E+04
8.7748E+03
7.5213E+03
6.2677E+03
5.0142E+03
3.7606E+03
2.5071E+03
1.2535E+03

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1.3640E+06
1.8165E+06
3.1623E+06
4.5367E+06
7.1307E+06
1.2166E+07
2.6973E+07
9.6756E+07
3.6574E+08

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Item no.: 0001-3567.V03


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Foundation Loads
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Date:

2008-12-23

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Appendix D. Rainflow Spectrum according to IEC61400-1 Ed. 2


This appendix contains the rainflow spectrum for the bending moment (Mx) and the shear
force (Fy) at the bottom of the tower calculated according to IEC61400-1 Ed.2.
Foundation Fatigue Load Spectrum
Tower shear, bottom Fy [kN]
Range
15
30
45
60
75
90
105
120
135
150
165
180
195
210
225
240
255
270
285
300
315
330
345
360
375
390
405
420
435
450
465
480
495
510
525
540
555
570
585
600
615
630

Frequency
1.69864E+08
7.18614E+07
3.57203E+07
1.91890E+07
1.31171E+07
7.34296E+06
6.30426E+06
4.44564E+06
2.96498E+06
2.49300E+06
1.64343E+06
1.48939E+06
8.83676E+05
1.19901E+06
5.89670E+05
5.63476E+05
2.43570E+05
1.36488E+05
4.64852E+04
3.09840E+04
2.25864E+04
8.21474E+03
5.35845E+03
2.56825E+03
2.41540E+02
1.82721E+03
0.00000E+00
1.39523E+02
1.13569E+03
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
9.60160E+01
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
1.39523E+02
1.39523E+02
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00

Tower bending, bottom Mx [kNm]


Range
1118
2236
3354
4472
5590
6708
7826
8944
10062
11180
12298
13416
14534
15652
16770
17888
19006
20124
21242
22360
23478
24596
25714
26832
27950
29068
30186
31304
32422
33540
34658
35776
36894
38012
39130
40248
41366
42484
43602
44720
45838
46956

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Frequency
1.01463E+08
5.57698E+07
2.74576E+07
1.70811E+07
1.08730E+07
7.02990E+06
5.78107E+06
4.76752E+06
2.51030E+06
2.05795E+06
1.53179E+06
1.36162E+06
9.87946E+05
1.07304E+06
6.70264E+05
3.89162E+05
3.49613E+05
1.61661E+05
4.59917E+04
8.38143E+04
1.41946E+04
1.59737E+04
2.96727E+03
6.93962E+03
1.48516E+03
1.22261E+03
8.46141E+02
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
7.77130E+02
4.98083E+02
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
9.60160E+01
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
1.39523E+02
0.00000E+00
1.39523E+02

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Foundation Loads
V90 1.8 MW VCS HH 80 m IEC2A

2.79047E+02

48074
49192
50310

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0.00000E+00
0.00000E+00
2.79047E+02

2008-12-23
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