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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

version 5

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Our Company is committed to continuous improvement of its global health, safety and environmental processes while supplying high-quality, environmentally responsible products and services to our customers.

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Table of contents
Overview Rig-Equipment Engineering
Integrated Package Delivery 2 6 6 10 10 12 18 18 22 24 30 37 45 46 46 50 50 52 54 56 58 60 62 64 66 67 70 70 74 76 78 82 tHerMal PHase seParation Waste Injection WI Training Centers Liquid Waste Treatment Dewatering reClaiM Technology 106 107 109 110 110 112

Solids Control and Products


Drilling Waste Management Systems Mud Mixing System Shakers BEM-650 Shale Shaker MD-3 Shale Shaker Meerkat PT Shale Shaker Mongoose Pro Shale Shaker Mongoose PT Linear- And Dual-Motion Shaker Vibratory systeMs analysis testing (Vsat) Mud Cleaners High-Volume Mud Cleaners Centrifuges 414 Centrifuge 518 Centrifuge CD-250 Centrifuge CD-500 Centrifuge CD-500 Centrifuge Electric-Drive High-Volume CD-500 Centrifuge Fully Hydraulic High-Volume CD-500 Centrifuge Slim-Line High-Volume CD-600 Centrifuge Drilling FluiDs TemperaTure ConTrol sysTem FluiDs proCessing sysTem (Fps) Screens Composite OEM and Replacement Screens Duraflo AXIOM Screens Duraflo Composite OEM Screens Duraflo Composite Replacement Screens Hiflo Composite Replacement Screens

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing


CarbontraCker D-gassers 3 PHase sePerator CD-1400 Centrifugal D-gasser Compact Vacuum D-gasser Horizontal D-gasser Vertical D-gasser muD/gas separaTors MuD/gas seParator MuD/gas seParator re-CertifiCation serViCe suPer MuD/gas seParator (SMGS) toga System Drilling Chokes autoCHoke low Pressure autoCHoke (lPaC) suPerCHoke esuPerCHoke Pressure & Fluid Management System oPtiM-izer Pressure & fluiD ManageMent systeM (PFMS) Pipeline Services Choke maniFolDs

114 114 116 116 117 119 121 122 123 123 125 126 128 132 132 134 135 136 137 137 138 142 143 144 144 144 146 147 147 148 150 150 152 154 156 156

Waste Management
Tank Cleaning Automatic Tank Cleaning Production Tank Cleaning Oilfield Water Management aqualibriuM Oilfield Water Management Multi-PHase Clarifier (MPC) Slop Treatment The enViroCenter Process enVirounit Production Waste Management

84 Cuttings Handling & Transportation 84 CleanCut Cuttings Collection & Transportation System 84 VaCuuM ColleCtion systeM 91 95 Verti-G Cuttings Dryer Verti-G Low-Profile Cuttings Dryer 98 Cuttings Treatment 99 Bioremediation Technology 99 fox systeM enHanCeMent 100 Hammermill 101 Rotary Kiln 103 Thermal Desorption Technologies 104

Drilling Waste Management

Process Control & Rig Instrumentation


SG-smarT Data-Acquisition System

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Solutions for you and your well

Solids Controls, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Drilling Fluid Systems & Products

Rig-equipment engineering Solids control Solids-control systems Mud mixing Shakers Mud cleaners Centrifuges fluiDs ProCessing systeM (fPs) Cuttings handling and transportation Oilfield screens Waste injection Cuttings treatment

Pressure control D-gassers Disc-type chokes Shuttle chokes Choke consoles Pressure & fluiD ManageMent systeM (PfMs) Rig instrumentation Enhanced fluids treatment Vessel cleaning Produced water treatment Production waste management

Wellsite and project engineering Simulation software Drilling-fluid systems and additives alPine sPeCialty CHeMiCals* feDeral* Wholesale HDD Mining & Waterwell Technical support

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Completion Fluid Systems & Products, Reservoir Drill-In Fluids, Breakers, Filtration & Specialized Tools

Production Technologies

Specialty production chemicals Chemical management Drag reduction H2S treatment Descaling, decontamination and decommissioning Commodity and utility chemicals Produced water treatment Production Waste Management

Engineering/simulation software Reservoir drill-in fluids Intervention fluids Breakers Spacers and Displacement Chemicals Specialized Tools Completion Fluids Filtration Fluid-loss control systems Packer fluids

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Performance beyond compliance


Drilling Waste Management
Dealing with the high volumes of solids and fluids produced while drilling is only part of todays Drilling Waste Management story. M-I SWACO offers a proactive approach that provides new opportunities to reduce the consumption of resources, and increase their reuse. Alongside compliance with environmental regulations, our solutions are also helping customers improve performance; both operationally and economically. We work with operators to:

Address specific waste management challenges while keeping pace with drilling Meet or exceed local regulations, as well as corporate responsibility and sustainability objectives Improve well site economics and the viability of operations Minimize produced waste volumes and treatment requirements Introduce onsite treatment capabilities that minimize or remove the need for costly waste transportation Increase the reuse of valuable drilling fluids and natural resources to minimize consumption and waste volumes Preserve fluid quality to protect downhole equipment, prevent NPT, improve drilling performance and protect the production potential of the reservoir

Broad capabilities for diverse challenges


Wherever you operate, M-I SWACO provides access to global capabilities and leading technologies, supported by a network of unmatched resources and specialist expertise. Through a longstanding program of research and development, M-I SWACO strives to constantly improve the performance of our technologies. This commitment also results in innovations designed to meet the changing requirements of a new generation of wells.

On and offshore operations

Unconventional gas resources and deepwater plays

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Remote locations and hostile environments

Protecting people, safeguarding places


Wherever they are, M-I SWACO people are dedicated to operating safely; protecting their colleagues, customers and the communities in which they work. Whether operating at pristine frontiers or in established, mature fields, they respect these environments at all times. From the lab to the office to the wellsite, each member of the M-I SWACO team is dedicated to meeting client expectations.

Supporting a full range of operations


M-I SWACO can help customers improve performance and protect valuable assets across the full E&P lifecycle. Drilling Waste Management is one of a wide range of technical disciplines that also include:

Drilling Fluids and Systems Completion Fluids and Systems Production Technology and Chemicals

Environmentally-sensitive regions

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Integrated Package Delivery


Rig-Equipment Engineering

Reduce risk. Lower costs. Get measurable, improved results on your next project
Those are the exact results that the M-I SWACO Integrated Package Delivery (IPD) capabilities deliver through integrated mud mixing, fluids processing, drilling and Drilling Waste Management (DWM). We can apply this integration to our drilling and DWM product lines across the globe, helping you succeed in harsh environments, where extended life requirements of assets and facilities matter most, where QHSE issues demand continual close attention, and where it makes good business sense to reduce spares.

As the worlds largest supplier of drilling and completion fluids and drilling waste management equipment, M-I SWACO can take you from flowline to ultimate reuse or disposal as a logical extension of our vast knowledge of fluid technology and management. Our Aberdeen-based IPD organization manages the design, procurement, manufacture, installation and commissioning of custom-built, integrated equipment packages for M-I SWACO operations worldwide. The team also has offices in Houston, Stavanger, Volgograd and Singapore.

What M-I SWACO IPD can do for you While it is an accepted fact that the use of modern technology can significantly reduce E&P costs, operators and service companies are still faced with the burden of identifying and then applying the optimum technologies for project needs. The decision to evaluate a project in detail from start to finish, followed by strategic management, can help the operator reduce costs and increase operational efficiency. Our experienced multidisciplinary team delivers integrated packages of equipment for the management of drilling and completion fluids, oil and synthetic-coated drilled cuttings as well as production and well flowback waste streams.

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Rig-Equipment Engineering: Integrated Package Delivery

Making technology and engineering work for you We have learned what is important to you. Weve been involved since the 1980s when modifications to equipment were necessary to meet the stringent regulations for North Sea operation. Because weve experienced firsthand the growing sensitivity to QHSE issues associated with rig construction, M-I SWACO has rapidly expanded IPD services to meet ever-increasing demands such as CE/ATEX and NORSOK compliance in the North Sea and international standards and country regulations in the Caspian Sea and eastern Russia. As the economic stakes of drilling and production rise, more operators are taking a second look at projectspecific bulk-handling and drilling waste management packages.

Its a way of controlling costs in the face of challenging demands such as:

Harsh environments Extended-life requirements Spares reduction Environmental regulations Health and safety issues

Capabilities with strong advantages for you Much has changed in our industry, and M-I SWACO has actively embraced the integrated-project concept that has emerged in recent years. To provide customized, value-added solutions with a guarantee of technical integrity and quality of work, our IPD division performs in-depth examination of your project, merging management skills with appropriate technologies. Our scope of equipment and process-control services is configured to serve you first and foremost.

While we design, engineer and manufacture equipment to suit your needs, the team also works to reduce costs through commonality of materials and spares in addition to providing consistent documentation. Clients around the world have discovered that the benefits from IPD services, such as improved safety, regulatory compliance, reduced costs and improved overall efficiency offset all upfront requirements.

Features and advantages

Meet goals faster and more efficiently through informed, up-to-the-minute engineering decisions Achieve higher-quality results from improved project insight Maximize the drilling fluids program through detailed engineering equipment design and process Reduce non-productive time through remote control and monitoring Mitigate QHSE incidents through preliminary planning, removal of personnel from hazardous environments and consistent documentation Realize gains from strategically located M-I SWACO IPD networks

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Integrated Package Delivery


Rig-Equipment Engineering

The M-I SWACO Integrated Package Delivery group is dedicated to producing project-specific, fit-for-purpose equipment packages, including drilling waste management and mud-mixing systems, for new and refurbished drilling installations.

Integrated controls deliver improved safety, efficiency and economics Human-Machine Interface (HMI) systems are becoming increasingly common features in modern drilling installations. They can be designed to operate in standalone mode, or can be integrated into the drilling-rig manufacturers other control systems. The outputs from these systems, including alarms, are available to the operator, driller, and loggers and M-I SWACO personnel. HMI systems allow operators to set performance parameters, or preset timed operations, for equipment that previously had to be manually operated and monitored. Benefits include a significantly improved working environment, keeping workers out of potentially hazardous environments, reducing personnel requirements, and improving equipment performance. We use systems-control hardware and software that enables remote control

and monitoring of all our main equipment packages. Reliable remote monitoring from either shore-based or corporate facilities is a growing reality. Benefits now being witnessed by various global operators include:

we design, build and manufacture. To address this issue, another core activity of the IPD team is to produce project-specific documentation that accompanies each of the packages. We provide:

Improved operating safety from remote control Efficient equipment adjustment and control Efficient mixing and blending of chemicals into mud systems Minimal exposure of personnel to potentially hazardous areas through remote detection of equipment failure or inoperability Reduced onsite personnel requirement as a result of remote diagnostics

A Supplier Master Documentation Schedule (SMDS) that can include up to 600 documents for complex projects A data-collection tool that captures information of every tag detail within the scope of supply Project-specific user manuals Project-assurance manuals

Smoother operations begin with project-specific documentation Documentation becomes particularly important toward helping equipment operators get the most from the systems

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Rig-Equipment Engineering: Integrated Package Delivery

Maximum value on location Take advantage of our global reach. We have operations in the U.S., Europe, the Middle East, Africa and the Asia Pacific region. Each regional base offers our full range of services to meet your local project requirements. We recognize that our clients are searching for solutions to meet the needs of projects with a multicountry profile. Take the next step in fluids assurance and solids control. Seamless operations from technical integrity and quality are the result of these high-performance engineering packages.

A wide range of integrated services that deliver measurable, on-time results to your bottom line
Technical Expertise

PLC Control Systems

Multi-disciplined team approach Project management Detailed engineering and design 3-D solid modeling and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Development of manufacturers equipment and systems Fabrication and package integration System testing and mechanical completion Integration with rig/platform drilling-control and -monitoring system Installation and commissioning Training and technical support ISO9001 and 14001 approved Solids control Drilling waste management Cuttings re-injection Cuttings transport and storage Cuttings dryers Mud mixing and bulk handling Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) control systems EnViroCenter* facilities Cuttings treatment Water treatment Thermal treatment H2S well test cleanup Modular DWM design capabilities Total fluids and DWM integration

Control system design and development Application programming Siemens^ S7 300^ series Profibus communications HMI SCADA systems Cimplicity Plant Edition^ Control-philosophy development Design and manufacture of control equipment HMI screen presentation Design and supply of customized control systems Hazardous-area equipment design PLC applications Instrumentation Embedded microcontrollers Remote diagnostics Process automation Project management Design consultancy Product development Equipment evaluation Feasibility studies Training simulators

System Design Capabilities

Integrated Systems

Services

^Siemens and S7 300 Series are marks of Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Corporation. ^Cimplicity Plant Edition is a mark of GE Fanuc Automation.

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Drilling Waste Management Systems


Solids Control Systems & Products Improve drilling efficiency and environmental compliance with an integrated solids-control system
The goal of all modern solids-control systems is to reduce overall well costs through the efficient removal of drilled solids while reducing and minimizing the loss of drill fluids. Additional goals include worker health and safety and environmental compliance. The key to designing the best systems in the market comes down to working with the rig designers, contractors, operators and ship yards to provide the best in class. To operate each type of equipment so that the maximum separation efficiency is achieved requires a lot of thought, and many factors must be considered. The quantity and sizing of equipment must be specific so that the efficiency of the solids-control system can be maximized through data such as final volume of mud accumulated while drilling, total volume of solids removed and fluid dilution rates. The greater percentage of drill solids removed and drilling fluid preserved, the higher the operating efficiency. Redefining solids control through the systems approach To meet the demands of new advancements within the drilling market, M-I SWACO has looked at the wider drilling process to design a fit-for-purpose solids-control system. Incorporating modern drilling methods, new equipment enhancements and understanding issues such a limiteddischarge legislation and drilling-fluid properties, we have designed the best-in-class system for the market. We work with the customer at the project and local operational levels so we can transfer process knowledge and practical operational experience to the systems design. This helps ensure that the system meets the requirements for todays drilling practices and allow expansion for tomorrows. As the heart of the fluids process, solids control is the key to cost reduction. Ensuring its effectiveness lies in understanding that different drilling operations will optimize, and must be able to configure, the installed equipment in different ways. This is how the volume of liquid contents in the waste stream is minimized, reducing waste-processing costs. Tight control greatly reduces the need for dilution, and this further minimizes fluid and waste-processing costs. The key to accurate process design is applying comprehensive analysis techniques and competently executing their application.

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Drilling Waste Management Systems

Delivering solutions

Clean mud Mud returns with drill solids Header boxes designed with controlled flow distribution and purpose-built controls Latest shaker and screening technology Drill solids Waste disposal

Accommodating the process-design variables The first consideration in designing the solids-control system is that there are enough shale shakers to process the drilling fluid, accounting for circulation rates, mud types, water depths, drilling-fluid properties and separation parameters to a given specification. The goal is to remove as much of the drilled cuttings as possible. Given the importance of the shale shaker, it is also very important to understand the effects of separation efficiency on screen life with different motions and G-forces. M-I SWACO helps clients determine the most efficient shakers and screens to achieve optimum economic performance of the solids-control system. The separation performance of a shale shaker screen is normally represented by the percentage of drill solids removed and the screen life. Grading the screens will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, but the best way to compare is to look at fluid volume capacity versus solidsremoval efficiency.

The mud cleaner is a bank of hydrocyclones mounted over the shaker. In some installations, there are desander and desilter cones mounted in such a way that the unit can be used as a mud cleaner or as a shaker and hydrocyclone unit separately. With todays finer-screening shakers that have higher overall efficiency rates than the traditional linear-motion shakers, the applications for mud cleaners are limited. Decanting centrifuges are a very important component of the solidscontrol system and understanding how to optimize them can be challenging, but when used properly, they are a very valuable asset to complete the system. Centrifuges are capable of removing very fine solids - down to 5 - that cannot be removed by any other equipment. The centrifuge can greatly improve the separation efficiency of the solids-removal system while drilling with water-base muds to assist in the reduction of liquid-discharge volumes. In weighted muds, the centrifuge is used to reclaim barite while removing colloidal solids that can cause high mud viscosity, poor filter-cake properties and decreased penetration rates. The centrifuge is the primary separation device used in a chemically enhanced dewatering system to reduce liquid discharge volumes.

Sample configurations

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Mud-Mixing System
Solids Control Systems & Products

Regardless of rig size or project complexity, M-I SWACO will use our operational and engineering experience to design a system that meets the customers and market expectations. We will then engineer, fabricate and commission the mud-mixing system required to perform efficiently and safely. Whether its a single HiriDe* eductor, or a fully automated, touch-screen-controlled, multifunction system, it will deliver the best performance available.

If one quality best describes the system, it is versatility. Originally conceived for mixing drilling fluids, an M-I SWACO system can be designed for completion fluids as well. Rugged construction, using low-temperature carbon steel and stainless steel, ensures long life in hostile environments. All components feature a minimized footprint and the flexibility to be positioned as rig space dictates.

System components
Each of the components supplied by M-I SWACO can be put in one of three categories: Solids induction, liquid injection and control.

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Mixing

Arrangement drawing: Bulk-bag-additive unit


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).
62.9 (1,597.7)

Solids induction
Bulk-bag-additive unit The big bag unit coupled with the HiriDe eductor ensures optimum feeding performance, product management and safety.

67 (1,701.8) 60 (1,524) 0.2 (5.1) CG

Adjustable for bulk bag heights 48 to 72 in. (1,219 to 1,829 mm) Super sacks up to 4,000 lb (1,814 kg) Integrated sack cutter Improved materials handling Improved mixing rates - bentonite 33,000 lb/hr (14,969 kg/hr) Reduces hazardous dust, material storage requirements, waste generation and product loss Feeds directly into the HiriDe eductor which reduces dust and entrains the solid additives

31.5 (800.1) CG

EMPTY LIFT ONLY

119.5 (3,053.3)

66.6 (1,691.6)

66.6 (1,691.6)

29.2 (741.7) 29.4 (746.8) 58.8 (1,493.5)

11.7 (297.2)

29.4 (746.8) 29.5 (749.3) 58.9 (1,496.1)

Surge tank The pressure vessel integrates the storage and feed of bulk materials. An integral load cell and indicator accurately presents the amount of material added by weight.

Arrangement drawing: Surge tank


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).
0.5 (12.7) CG

Maintains a continuous flow of solids; accurate level and flow control Optimal mixing efficiency and effectiveness With HiriDe eductor creates a dust-free environment for improved health and safety conditions Standard capacity is 70.6 ft3 (2 m3). Manufactured in other sizes. Conforms to ASME Section VIII Div 1 and hazardous-area operation ATEX and the European Pressure Equipment Directive PED 97/23/EC Automated management of storage volume Fitted with load cells and high- and low-level indicators, pressure gauge, and pressure-relief valve Can operate in low temperatures 4F (20C) Maximum process temperature of 200F (93C)

13.2 (335.3) CG

76.9 (1,953.3)

72.7 (1,846.6)

153.9 (3,909.1)

172.8 (4,389.1)

94.3 (2,395.2) CG

94.3 (2,395.2) CG

18.6 (472.4) CG 118.5 (3,009.9)

32.3 (820.4) 114 (2,895.6)

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Mud-Mixing System
Solids Control Systems & Products
Automatic sack slitter and pallet lifter An operator feeds sacked chemicals into the automatic sack slitter where the chemical is separated from the sack in a dust-controlled environment. The chemicals are then passed through the HiriDe eductor, or dosing screw/ valve to the HiriDe eductor, to facilitate mixing. The sack is discarded into a disposal bag to minimize operator handling and dusting. A pallet lifter is used in conjunction with the sack slitter to ergonomically enhance the operators activities by eliminating the need for bending and picking up heavy sacks.

Arrangement drawing: Automatic sack slitter


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

121.2 (3,078.5)

65.4 (1,661.2) CG

76.5 (1,943.1) CG

149.1 (3,787.1)

Ergonomic design Automatic sack compactor Self-cleaning, dust-extraction system Can process up to 120 sacks/hr Rated for hazardous environment Zone 1 gas Minimized lifting with pallet lifter Dust-free attachments create a healthier environment Minimized product loss Lower maintenance
62.1 (1,577.3) 73.5 (1,866.9) 96 (2,438.4) 65.4 (1,661.2) 65.4 (1,661.2) CG 28.2 (716.3)

76.5 (1,943.1) CG 154 (3,911.6)

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Mixing

hiriDe Eductor
The HiriDe eductor integrates a proprietary MiniMuM Pressure DroP (MPD) 175 nozzle and unique triMix Diffuser (TMD) into an easily installed, rugged, stainless steel frame which has been designed to an optimal height for improved ergonomics. The unit is available in three configurations: FE, SE and EA.

Arrangement drawing: hiriDe Eductor


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

29.6 (751.8)

49 (1,244.6)

Rapid, complete mixing of dry or liquid additives into the fluid system Lowest comparable pressure loss Creates high shear rates in a circulating loop Compact design with small footprint Dust-free, dry-product mixing Minimizes fish eyes in hard-to-mix products Requires less energy Flexible design eliminates extra equipment Ideal for rigs where space is at a premium A greater degree of worker safety
CONFIG 02 W/CL CAP

39.3 (998.2)

8 (203.2) 42.2 (1,071.9)

Arrangement drawing: hisiDe Blender


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters)

hisiDe Blender (rental equipment)


The HisiDe* blender is an example of scientific theory and practical engineering meeting to create the next evolution of mix-on-the-fly technology. In offshore drilling, precise fluid density and rheological control are much too important to be left to a mix-on-the-fly unit that may not be doing its job. M-I SWACO personnel, using advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling, have proven that this is often the case. With the aid of CFD, M-I SWACO has designed and engineered the HisiDe blender as the answer to the question of accuracy and speed in mix-on-the-fly operations. Capitalizing on a unique combination of baffle geometry, exhaustive design and patented1, Westfall^ static mixers; the HisiDe blender delivers efficient cut37.3 (947.4)

49 (1,244.6)

19.2 (487.7)

17 (431.8)

63.6 (1,615.4)

back of WBM and effective shearing of OBM, ensuring downhole stability, emulsion quality and rapid supply-boat turnaround.

In-line baffle premixing and in-line static mixers Same unit for OBM and SBM Fewer downhole problems Faster turnaround for supply vessels Easy-to-use, trouble-free operation Energy-efficient design

Accurate, high-volume and thorough mixing on the fly All-steel construction and no moving parts Minimal pressure drop across the unit

Patent number 5,839,828 ^Westfall is a mark of Westfall Manufacturing Company.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Mud-Mixing System
Solids Control Systems & Products Liquids injection
Caustic soda mix tank This unit provides an enclosed area for adding sacks of caustic soda to the fluid system.

Arrangement drawing: caustic soda mix tank


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).
49 (1,244.6)

Compact footprint similar to HiriDe eductor Ergonomic height Dust-free enclosure Wetted parts are stainless steel Minimal lifting required Reduced product loss and healthier environment Minimized corrosion
38.5 (977.9) CG

27.6 (701) CG 18.6 (472.4) CG 35.8 (909.3)

80.7 (2,049.8)

57.5 (1,460.5)

Chemical-additive unit The chemical-additive unit is the new standard for introducing liquid chemicals into the fluids-mixing process.

38.5 (977.9) CG 6.9 (175.3)

Precise control of injection rates Quick installation; easy to operate Compact footprint: 5 x 8 x 4 ft high (1.5 x 2.4 x 1.2 m high) ATEX Zone 1 gas motors and meters Wetted parts are stainless steel Gear pumps for high-viscosity fluids and greater control over the chemical-injection process. Each revolution of the gears delivers a finite volume of chemical Optimal liquid dosing Low-maintenance operation Pumps a wide variety of chemical additives
51.8 (1,315.7) 64.1 (1,628.1)

26.7 (678.2) 27.6 (701) CG 43.4 (1,102.4)

17.8 10.8 (452.1) (274.3) 18.6 (472.4) CG 35.6 (904.2)

Arrangement drawing: chemical-additive unit


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

31.3 (795) CG

41.6 (1,056.6) CG

53.9 (1,369.1) CG 24.6 (624.8) CG 41.6 (1,056.6) CG 90 (2,286) 24.6 (624.8) CG 31.3 (795) CG 64.1 (1,628.1)

53 (1,346.2)

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Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Mixing

System control
Human-Machine Interface (HMI) systems are becoming increasingly common features in modern drilling installations. They are designed to operate in standalone mode, or can be integrated into other control systems. Outputs from these systems, including alarms, can be available to a multitude of control displays including the driller, operator, logger and M-I SWACO personnel. HMI systems allow operators to set upper and lower performance parameters and preset some timed operations for equipment that once required manual operation and monitoring. advantages include:

Improved working environment Reduced dust and potential hazards Reduced personnel requirements Improved equipment performance

The Mud-Mixing system runs on Cimplicity Plant Edition^ which is run on the Windows XP^ operating system as the main SCADA package. A Microsoft SQL server is configured as the logging PC to afford reliable historic data logging and retrieval. User interface and system control is achieved via a trackball/mouse and keyboard. All communications between the application PLCs and the workstations are controlled via the M-I SWACO dual redundant servers. Workstation displays show various information pages which are selectable via the trackball/mouse. The operator can control and monitor the performance of equipment using the operator-interface unit. To allow the operator to configure and control the package, a layered paged system is available for ease of use.

The overall control system for the fluids-mixing package consists of a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) control cabinet networked via Ethernet to a server panel holding two redundant server PCs, a logger PC and viewer monitors. In addition to the main acquisition network, a maintenance and diagnostic Profibus MPI network is provided for diagnostic and maintenance tasks.

^Cimplicity Plant Edition is a mark of GE Fanuc Automation. ^Windows XP is a mark of Microsoft Corporation.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

BEM-650 Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

Easy-access inspection ports, with pop-in covers, prevent fluid loss during surges. True, cold installation via feeder to pipe flange.

Better solids and fluids processing, less screen wear


The BEM-650 Shale shaker is the third-generation balanced-ellipticalmotion shale shaker from M-I SWACO. Its performance is centered on our field-proven and patented, balancedelliptical-motion technology. Independent testing has confirmed that, compared with other shaker types, this gentle rolling motion consistently provides better solids removal and fluid recovery with less screen wear. The BEM-650 Shale shaker has been designed with a number of significant refinements that include:

Smaller footprint Fully stainless steel design Dual decks (for scalping and fine solids separation) Automated deck-angle adjustment2 Detachable feeder Pneumatic screen clamping3 As a result, the BEM-650 Shale shaker routinely provides: A compact unit built for long life Improved solids removal and fluid recovery at higher feed rates Faster and safer screen changing

1 2

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Vibratory Screen Separator U.S. Patent No. 5,265,730 Patent pending U.S. Patent No. 6,513,665

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: BEM-650 Shale Shaker

Features and advantages

Patented1, balanced elliptical motion produces a drier cuttings discharge and results in improved separation efficiency Stainless steel construction reduces maintenance costs as a result of low corrosion State-of-the-art motion generators are oilfield proven and require minimal maintenance Flowback pan between top and bottom decks maximizes effective screening area Integral scalping deck improves process capacity, reduces installation costs and improves primary deck screen life Gumbo slide design minimizes gumbo buildup Dual-angle bottom deck improves separation of water-base-mud cuttings Shallow header tank delivers better fluids distribution to screens with no solids settling Sloping sump design with left and/or right discharge minimizes settling of ultra-fines Meets certification requirements at highest level - ATEX, NORSOK, CE and UL-rated versions available Low operational noise levels ensure safety Extra-long drip lips Easy-to-install optional vaporextraction hood reduces operator exposure to vapors associated with drilling fluids M-I SWACO design and service organization provides assistance with rig installation surveys, flowdistribution design to shakers, as well as shaker house and solidscontrol system design

Flow-distribution box

Screen-clamping system

Detachable flow-distribution box with built-in lift points allows for flexible installation Allows true, cold installation to 10 in. (254 mm) pipe flange No welding, torch cutting or grinding is necessary Two large slide gates, with reliable tab/slot locators, reduce tendency to clog with gumbo Control panel, with simple start/stop button is suitable for remote operation, reducing operator exposure to vapors associated with drilling fluids Easy-to-use pneumohydraulic deckangle adjustment2 reduces mud losses from screens Bed-angle indicator aids accurate adjustment of basket angle Composite screen technology increases effective open area, improves process capacity and maximizes screen life Special, lightweight screen design allows for easier screen handling Pre-tensioned screens (top and bottom decks) allow for quicker screen changes All screens front load to improve operator safety

Operated by single three-way, three-position SST ball valve Pressure regulator permanently set to proper operating pressure Pneumatic quick clamping of screens for quick screen-changing operations Screen clamping and angle adjustment operated by rig air supply, lowering maintenance and utilities All components bolt on Clamp blade axles cast into part with larger shaft size Clamp blade receivers have tighter tolerance and increased materials depth Removable cover allows easy access for rear-screen inspection and maintenance Contains splashing and prevents fluid loss during surges Improves access to rear clamp blades

Controls

Two inspection/cleanout ports

Screen technology

Gumbo slide design minimizes gumbo buildup.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

BEM-650 Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers BEM-650 Shale Shaker
B

Specifications

Length: 96.6 in. (2,454 mm) Width: 81 in. (2,057 mm) Weir height: 41.2 in. (1,046 mm) Height: 66.1 in. (1,679 mm) Weight: 3,900 lb (1,769 kg) Gross screen area Scalping deck: 13.8 ft2 (1.3 m2) Primary deck: 27.6 ft2 (2.6 m2) Net (API) screen area Scalping deck: 10.8 ft2 (1 m2) Primary deck: 21.6 ft2 (2 m2) Deck angle adjustable: +5, 3 Screen type: Pre-tensioned composite Screen clamping: Pneumatic Two scalping and four primary screens Coated carbon steel springs Two (2) vibrator motors 460V/60 Hz/1,800 rpm/2 hp or 400V/50 Hz/1,500 rpm/1.75 hp Other voltages are also available Explosion proof Class I, Groups C and D Class II, Groups E, F and G UL, CE, CSA, ATEX, NORSOK Motor weight: 200 lb/60 Hz (91 kg, 60 Hz) 216 lb/50 Hz (98 kg, 50 Hz) Nominal flow capacity >600 gpm (2,271 L/min), dependent upon fluid properties, solids loading, screen configuration, deck angle and maximum 5.0 G-force

C A L K H J I G F E D

Screen Deck and Screens

Basket Isolation Section A Multiple fine screening wire mesh choices: High-capacity mesh (HC) designed to produce excellent flow rates Long-life mesh (XR*) designed to extend time between screen changes Other mesh types available, including TBC* and XL Two, large slide gates reduce tendency to clog with gumbo Section B Two, large slide gates reduce tendency to clog with gumbo Section C Detachable flow-distribution box allows for flexible installation Section D Control panel, with simple start/ stop button, is suitable for remote operation Section E Rear-screen inspection port, equipped with removable cover, simplifies inspection and maintenance Section F State-of-the-art motion generators are oilfield-proven for low maintenance Section G Bed-angle indicator aids accurate adjustment of basket angle Section H Screen-clamping system, with singlepoint, pneumatic control, speeds screen-changing operations Section I Flowback pan between top and bottom decks Section J Lower deck contains four pre-tensioned, flat-panel primary screens with a gross screen area of 27.6 ft2 (2.6 m2) Section K Upper deck contains two pre-tensioned, flat-panel scalping screens with a gross screen area of 13.8 ft2 (1.3 m2) Section L Patent-pending, deck-adjustment system

Motor Specifications

Fully stainless steel design. CE, ATEX, NORSOK and UL-rated versions available

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: BEM-650 Shale Shaker

BEM-650 Shale Shaker


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).
8.9 (226) 19.6 (498) Air inlet

96.6 (2,454) 97.2 REF (2,469)

47.6 (1,209) Approx. C of G

ISO view, 1:20

76.5 56.2 (1,943) (1,428)

Removable inspection covers, 10 (254) opening

6.8 (173)

37.5 (953) Approx. C of G

36.3 (922) Recommended screen removal Recommended motor removal (both sides)

32 (813)

Lifting lugs (4 places)

5.4 (137)

Approximate location of electrical connection, .75 (19) FNPT

26 (660) 11 (279) 14.2 (361) B.C.

25.3 (643) 16 (406) OD of cover 4.8 (122) Air inlet, 0.25 (6) FNPT
120 (3,048) Recommended motor removal (both sides) Adjustable slide gates for flow control

45.3 (1,151)

36.7 (932) Elec. connection

42.4 (1,077)

32.9 (836) 21.5 (546)

73 (1,854) Max. 66.1 vertical (1,679) adjustment of slide gates

38.2 (970)

Hydraulic reservoir
Hydraulic lift controls

28 (711) Screen area top deck 56.2 (1,427) Screen area bottom deck 81 (2,057)

Pneumatic clamping system controls

4 (102)

1 (25)

85.6 (2,174)

Feeder assembly Removable inspection cover, 10 (254) opening

33.3 (846)

Motion generator, 2 hp (voltage per customer contract), explosion-proof, 2 places

9.2 (234) 2 (51) Starter assembly

67 (1,702)

Grounding lug

Splash guard

45.6 (1,158) 22.9 (582) Approx. C of G

15.2 (386)

22.4 (569)

41.2 (1,046) Weir height

View A-A 4X 11 (28) mounting holes


Deck-angle adjustment indicator

41 (1,041) 87.8 (2,230)

31.5 (800)

Lifting lug, 2 (51) diameter hole for lifting equipment Discharge gate, 2 required

These renderings are for information purposes only and are not actual schematics.

21

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

MD-3 Triple-Deck Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

M-I SWACO new-generation MD-3* triple-decker shaker offers an ideal combination of high efficiency, adaptability and space optimization. The compact MD-3 shale shaker is unique in that it can adapt quickly as drilling conditions and cuttings volumes change. Changing drilling conditions require immediate and flexible solids control solutions. At the same time, evertightening environmental restrictions demand up-to-the-minute compliance. There is also the matter of high drilling costs and the need to recover expensive base fluids. In addition, offshore and some onshore locations have limited space available demanding technologies be as compact as possible.

The MD-3 shale shaker meets all those requirements and more. The advanced MD-3 shaker delivers in a small footprint, a high-efficiency solids-control option adaptable to changing drilling conditions. The highly efficient solids removal capacity of the MD-3 shaker translates to lower waste volumes, costs and downtime. Whats more, by generating drier cuttings at reduced volumes, the MD-3 shaker cuts your environmental footprint and associated coats.

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: MD-3 Triple-Deck Shale Shaker

Features

Progressive and balanced modes of elliptical motion Unique feeder assembly that presents fluid to the scalping screens as a uniform, low impact curtain. Feeder easily can be configured into a variety of connection points for installations with limited space High-capacity operating mode for increased capacity and conveyance rate Efficiency operating mode for increased fluid recovery, discard dryness and screen life Vibratory Motion DriVe* in two modes (6.3 and 7.2 Gs) produces a drier cuttings discharge and results in improved separation efficiency Vibratory Motion DriVe allows operating modes to be switched while shaker is in motion Heavy-gauge carbon-steel construction and 316 L stainless steel on high-wear areas reduce maintenance costs and helps to ensure long service life Fluid distribution designed to utilize all available screen area, regardless of drilling conditions

Modular platform to accommodate a variety of features Available in common power supply configurations to meet all applicable global electrical standards Deck-adjustment system capable of adjustment while processing fluid Fume-extraction hood reduces operator exposure to vapors associated with drilling fluids and prevents fluid splashing outside the shaker boundaries State-of-the art motion generators are oilfield proven and require minimal maintenance Standard spray bar assists conveyance of heavy and/or sticky solids on scalping deck during various formations

Advantages

Produces drier cuttings Extends screen life Minimizes HSE footprint Lowers waste volume Reduces costs Requires less rig space

23

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Meerkat PT Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

The flexibility of dual motion


The dual-motion shale shaker that adapts as solids change M-I SWACO has combined linear and balanced elliptical motion technology to create the revolutionary Meerkat PT* dual-motion shaker. The design incorporates a 0.6 hp vibrator motor that allows it to perform on an unparalleled level. But as drilling conditions change, the Meerkat PT dual-motion shaker can be adjusted on the fly. Simply flipping a switch on the control box reconfigures the shaker from linear to balanced elliptical motion. There is no need to suspend or shut down operations. With the Meerkat PT shaker operating in the gentler balanced elliptical mode, solids encounter reduced G-forces and longer screen residence time. This results in drier solids, improved drilling-fluid recovery, longer screen life and reduced operating costs.

The economy of linear motion The dual-motor Meerkat PT linearmotion shaker is especially effective while drilling top-hole sections where heavy, high-volume solids are usually encountered. In these intervals, shakers need to generate high G-forces to effectively move dense solids across the screens. The M-I SWACO Meerkat PT shaker represents the latest developments in compact, modular design and the flexibility for multiple configurations to meet a wide range of customer requirements and rig environments. This brochure is a reference to the two standard configurations of the Meerkat PT shaker:

All motor specifications (hp, voltage, speed) are nominal values and may vary with configurations. Additional nonstandard configurations of the Meerkat PT shaker will be made available upon customer request.

Standard Meerkat PT shaker with header box Standard Meerkat PT low-profile shaker with possum belly

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: meerkaT PT Shale Shaker

Features and advantages

Units can be customized to meet both tight-space requirements and high-performance criteria All configurations are compact and modular Linear motion for fast conveyance and heavy loading; balanced elliptical motion for maximum retention time and drier cuttings Elliptical motion at the flip of a switch without stopping the shaker Balanced basket functions flawlessly in either linear or balanced elliptical mode, with dry, light loads or wet, heavy loads

Most reliable mechanical jacking system in the industry - simple and easy to use; requires no pinning Unique distribution box option can replace flowline possum belly, providing increased handling capacity and dampening the velocity of fluid from the flowline Pre-tensioned composite screens for fast screen changes and overall ease of use Ultra-tight seal between screen and screen bed eliminates solids buildup and costly bypass of solids Largest net-usable screen area among shakers of similar footprint: 15.9 ft2 (1.5 m2)

Comparison of balanced elliptical motion to linear motion


Linear Motion Balanced Elliptical Motion

G-force linear motion up to 6.9 Gs Speeds conveyance Increases shaker-fluid capacity Enables shaker to process heavier solids loads Enhances cuttings-processing volume

Uniform elliptical motion at all points on basket Reduces G-forces (5.7 Gs maximum) Optimizes solids removal Maximizes drilling-fluid recovery Drier cuttings Extends screen life

25

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Meerkat PT low-profile shaker with possum belly


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: meerkaT PT low-profile shaker
19.5 (495) APPROX C.G. 19.5 (495) APPROX C.G. MANUAL DECK ANGLE ADJUSTMENT 34.2 (2 PLCS) (869) APPROX C.G. DECK ANGLE INDICATOR

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers meerkaT pT low-profile shaker with possum belly
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications Length: 94 in. (2,388 mm) Width: 72.5 in. (1,842 mm) Weir height: 22.3 in. (566 mm) Height: 44 in. (1,118 mm) Weight: 2,965 lb (1,345 kg) Screen Deck and Screens Screen area: Gross: 22 ft2 (2 m2) Net (API): 15.9 ft2 (1.5 m2) Deck-angle adjustment: 3 to +3 Screen type: Pre-tensioned 44 4 x 2 ft (1.2 x 0.61 m) (1,118) APPROX C.G. Three screen panels per shaker Basket Isolation B Powder-coated steel springs
57 (1,448) SPRING CENTER TO CENTER

44 (1,118) APPROX C.G.

B
57 (1,448) SPRING CENTER TO CENTER 44 (1,118) APPROX C.G.

B
56.9 (1,445) 72.6 (1,844)

B
57 (1,448) SPRING CENTER TO CENTER

B
56.9 (1,445) 72.6 (1,844) 8-IN. BYPASS (2 SIDES)

48.7 (1,237) SPRING CENTER TO CENTER 90 (2,286)

44 (1,118) APPROX C.G.

ISO 1

POSSUM BELLY GATE

B
56.9 (1,445) 72.6 (1,844)

48.7 (1,237) SPRING CENTER TO CENTER 90 57 (2,286) (1,448) SPRING CENTER TO CENTER MOTION GENERATOR 2 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER SPECIFICATIONS) EXPLOSION PROOF (NON-EXPLOSION PROOF OPTIONAL) 2 REQUIRED 44.1 (1,120) APPROX C.G. MOTION GENERATOR 2 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER SPECIFICATIONS) EXPLOSION PROOF (NON-EXPLOSION PROOF OPTIONAL) 2 REQUIRED 44.1 (1,120) APPROX C.G.

8-IN. BYPASS (2 SIDES)

B
56.9 (1,445) 72.6 (1,844)

LY

Motor Specifications B SECTI N BO 1: 0 1 Two (2) primary vibratorPOSSUM BELLY motors GATE One (1) secondary vibrator motor on dual-motion model 440-480V/60 Hz/1,800 rpm or SECTI N BO B SPARE 380-415V/500HZ/1,500 rpm SCREEN WEDGES 1: 1 (2) PER SHAKER 48.7 (1,237) Explosion SPRING CENTER TO CENTER proof Class I, Groups C 90 LIFTING and D (2,286) LUG 4 PLCS UL/cUL, CE, ATEX, NORSOK 40.2 (1,021)
(2) PER Nominal Fluid Capacity SHAKER 500 gpm (1,893 L/min) 4X 1.8 (46) LIFTING LUG 4 PLCS SPARE SCREEN WEDGES

ISO V IEW 1: 5 1

MANUAL DECK ANGLE ADJUSTMENT (2 PLCS) DECK ANGLE INDICATOR 8-IN. BYPASS (2 SIDES)

MOTION GENERATOR 0.60 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER SPECIFICATIONS) EXPLOSION PROOF (NON-EXPLOSION PROOF OPTIONAL) 1 REQUIRED PER SHAKER

MANUAL DECK ANGLE ADJUSTMENT 46 (1,168) @ +3 (2 PLCS) 44 (1,118) @ 0 41.5 (1,054) @ 3 POSSUM BELLY GATE DECK ANGLE INDICATOR

48.7 POSSUM BELLY (1,237) FEEDER MOTION GENERATORCENTER SPRING CENTER TO 0.60 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER SPECIFICATIONS) 90 EXPLOSION PROOF (2,286) (NON-EXPLOSION PROOF OPTIONAL) 1 REQUIRED PER SHAKER

10-IN. INLET CONNECTION 8-IN. BYPASS (2 SIDES) WELD COVER PLATE

ISO V IEW 1: 5 1

APPROXIMATE LOCATION OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTION (0.75-IN. [19.1 mm] FNPT)

40.9 33.3 (1,039) 22.3 (846) (566) WEIR 13.9 POSSUM BELLY (353) HEIGHT FEEDER

21.8 10-IN. INLET CONNECTION 17.9 (554) WELD COVER PLATE (455) APPROXIMATE LOCATION OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTION (0.75-IN. [19.1 mm] FNPT)

34.2 (869) APPROX C.G.

72.5 (1,842)

40.2 (1,021)

SECTI N BO B 1: 0 1

6 (52) SKID 46 (1,168) @ +3 44 (1,118) @HEIGHT 0 41.5 (1,054) @ 3

3 MOTOR STARTER BOX 75.2 (1,910) 90 (2,286) MANUAL DECK ANGLE ADJUSTMENT (2 PLCS) 94 (2,388) 3 MOTOR STARTER BOX

4.5 (114)

4X

MOTION GENERATOR 2 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER SPECIFICATIONS) EXPLOSION PROOF (NON-EXPLOSION PROOF 1.8 OPTIONAL) 2(46) REQUIRED

72.5 (1,842)

MOTION GENERATOR 0.60 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER SPECIFICATIONS) EXPLOSION PROOF (NON-EXPLOSION PROOF OPTIONAL) 1 REQUIRED PER SHAKER 6 (52) SKID 44.1 (1,120) SPARE HEIGHT WEDGES SCREEN APPROX C.G. (2) PER SHAKER BELLY POSSUM FEEDER

40.9 33.3 (1,039) 22.3 (846) (566) 21.8 MOTION GENERATOR 2 HP MOTION GENERATOR 0.60 HP WEIR (554) 13.9 (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER SPECIFICATIONS)(353) HEIGHT SPECIFICATIONS) EXPLOSION PROOF EXPLOSION PROOF (NON-EXPLOSION PROOF (NON-EXPLOSION PROOF OPTIONAL) OPTIONAL) 1 REQUIRED PER SHAKER 2 REQUIRED 44.1 (1,120) APPROX C.G.

17.9 (455)

4.5 (114)

DECK ANGLE INDICATOR 75.2 10-IN. INLET CONNECTION (1,910) WELD COVER PLATE 90 (2,286) APPROXIMATE LOCATION OF 94 ELECTRICAL CONNECTION (0.75-IN. [19.1 (2,388) mm] FNPT) 46 (1,168) @ +3 44 (1,118) @ 0 41.5 (1,054) @ 3 21.8 (554) 17.9 (455)

31.5 (800)

POSSUM BELLY FEEDER

46 (1,168) @ +3 44 (1,118) @ 0 41.5 (1,054) @ 3 19.5 (495) APPROX C.G. 4X 3 MOTOR STARTER BOX 1.8 (46)

LIFTING LUG 4 PLCS

APPROXIMATE L ELECTRICAL CON (0.75-IN. [19.1 mm 40.9 33.3 (1,039) LIFTING 22.3 (846) LUG (566) WEIR 13.9 (353) HEIGHT

13.9 (353)

40.9 40.2 (1,021) 33.3 (1,039) 22.3 (846) (566) WEIR HEIGHT

6 (52) SKID HEIGHT

34.2 (869) APPROX C.G. 75.2 (1,910) 90 (2,286) 94 (2,388)

6 (52) SKID HEIGHT

4.5 (114)

72.5 (1,842)

31.5 (800) 75.2 (1,910) 90 (2,286) 94 (2,388)

3 MOTOR STARTER BOX 63 (1,600) 64.3 (1,633)

26

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

63 1,600)

MOTION GENERATOR .6 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT) EXPLOSION PROOF

Standard Meerkat PT shaker with header box


ISO V IEW

10 (254)

MOTION GENERATOR 2 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT) EXPLOSION PROOF 2 PLACES

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers


6 (152) 34.2 (869) 26 (660) 10-IN. INLET CONNECTION 25 (636) 8-IN. INLET CONNECTION

APPROXIMATE LOCATION OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTION (0.75-IN. PT)

8 (203)

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: meerkaT PT Shale Shaker

sTanDarD meerkaT pT shaker with header box


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

24 (610) 6-IN. INLET CONNECTION 10.3 (262)

68.9 1,750)

Specifications Length Linear motion: 96.6 in. (2,454 mm) Dual motion: 120 in. (3,048 mm) Width: 68.9 in. (1,750 mm) SPARE SCREEN WEDGES (2) PER SHAKER Weir height: 29 in. (737 mm) Height: 51 in. (1,295 mm) Weight: 3,145 lb (1,427 kg) Screen47.2 Deck and Screens (1,199) Screen area: Gross: 22 ft2 (2 m2) 23.1 (587) APPROXIMATE C.G. Net (API): 15.9 ft2 (1.5 m2) Deck-angle adjustment: 3 to +3 APPROVED LIFT POINT Screen type: Pre-tensioned 4 x 2 ft (1.2 x 0.61 m) 63 (1,600) Three screen panels per shaker Basket Isolation Powder-coated steel springs

APPROVED LIFTING POINT

31.6 (803)

REAR VIEW

63 (1,600)

APPROVED LIFTING POINT

MANUAL DECK ANGLE ADJUSTMENT ONE EACH SIDE

52.8 (1,341) APPROXIMATE C.G. THREE MOTOR CONTROL PANEL

53 (1,345) @+3 48.5 (1,232)@ 3 29 (737) WEIR HEIGHT


51 (1,295)

41.6 (1,057)

29.5 (749) APPROXIMATE C.G.

63 (1,600)

DECK ANGLE INDICATOR ONE EACH SIDE UNIT TAG

ISO V MUDEACH SIDE IEWONE OUTLET

33.5 (851) 73.1 (1,857)

44.6 (1,133) 101.4 (2,576)

EARTH GROUNDING POINT (BOTH SIDES)

64.5 1,638)

ISO V IEW

10 (254)

MOTION GENERATOR .6 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT) EXPLOSION PROOF

MOTION GENERATOR 2 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT) EXPLOSION PROOF 2 PLACES

APPROXIMATE LOCATION MOTION GENERATOR .6 HP OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTION (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT) (0.75-IN. PT) EXPLOSION PROOF

8 (203)

Motor Specifications Two (2) primary vibrator motors One (1) secondary vibrator motor on 101.4 (2,576) dual-motion model 440-480V/60 Hz/1,800 rpm or 380415V/50 Hz/1,500 rpm Explosion proof Class 1, Groups C and D UL/cUL, CE, ATEX, NORSOK
68.9 (1,750)

6 (152) APPROXIMATE LOCATION OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTION (0.75-IN. PT)

MOTION GENERATOR 2 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT) 34.2 EXPLOSION PROOF (869) 26 (660) 2 PLACES 10-IN. INLET CONNECTION 25 (636) 8-IN. INLET CONNECTION

24 (610) 6-IN. INLET CONNECTION 10.3 (262)

34.2 (869)

APPROVED LIFTING POINT

31.6 (803)

26 (660) 10-IN. INLET CONNECTION 25 (636) 8-IN. INLET CONNECTION

REAR VIEW

63 (1,600)

APPROVED LIFTING POINT

24 (610) 6-IN. INLET CONNECTION 10.3

APPROVED LIFTING POINT

31.6 (803)

R
63 (1,600) MANUAL DECK ANGLE ADJUSTMENT ONE EACH SIDE 52.8 (1,341) APPROXIMATE C.G. THREE MOTOR CONTROL PANEL MANUAL DECK MOTION GENERATOR .6 HP ANGLE ADJUSTMENT (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT) ONE EACH SIDE EXPLOSION PROOF

Nominal Fluid Capacity SPARE SCREEN WEDGES (2) PER SHAKER 500 gpm (1,893 L/min)

SPARE SCREEN WEDGES (2) PER SHAKER

52.8 (1,341) APPROXIMATE C.G.

53 (1,345) @+3 47.2 (1,199) 23.1 (587) APPROXIMATE C.G. 48.5 (1,232)@ 3
51 (1,295)

THREE MOTOR CONTROL PANEL 41.6 MOTION GENERATOR 2 HP (1,057) 29 (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT) (737) EXPLOSION PROOF 53 (1,345) @+3 WEIR 2 PLACES HEIGHT 51 (1,295) 48.5 (1,232)@ 3

4X

1.5 (38) 23.1 (587) APPROXIMATE C.G. DECK ANGLE INDICATOR ONE EACH SIDE 29.5 (749) UNIT TAG APPROXIMATE C.G. 63 (1,600) 64.5 (1,638)

47.2 (1,199)

101.4 (2,576)

APPROVED LIFT POINT APPROVED LIFT POINT

E C.G.

MUD OUTLET ONE EACH SIDE

33.5 (851) 73.1 (1,857)

44.6 (1,133) 101.4 (2,576)

EARTH GROUNDING POINT (BOTH SIDES)

APPROVED LIFT POINT

DECK ANGLE INDICATOR ONE EACH SIDE UNIT TAG

MUD OUTLET ONE EACH SIDE

33.5 (851) 73.1 (1,857)

( 101.4 (2,576)

68.9 (1,750)

SPARE SCREEN WEDGES (2) PER SHAKER

27

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

In any configuration, the Meerkat PT shaker takes performance to a new level


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers Features and advantages

Combines two or three Meerkat PT shakers into one integral assembly by bolting together skids with field-installable kit Standard assembly includes common possum belly Available options: Multiple header tanks Mud cleaner Lifting frame Distribution box Can be lifted/rigged as single unit Single flowline connection to shakers Feeder slide gates integral to possum belly Flow distribution controlled by slide gates Flow can be opened/closed to any shaker Flow can be regulated by adjusting slide gate height

The Meerkat PT shakers modular construction is as basic and important to its success as the units dual-motion capability. By incorporating the concept of modules, M-I SWACO has built big advantages into the Meerkat PT shaker. Customers have the option of bolting single Meerkat PT units into a dual or triple configuration, with different feed systems and mud cleaner options. In the field, rig personnel can reconfigure the unit quickly, via bolted connections, to meet changing requirements. Another big advantage of the M-I SWACO bolted, modular design becomes apparent when its time to ship the unit internationally. With the M-I SWACO mobilization option, our crews will partially disassemble the Meerkat PT shaker and pack it in a safe, compatible container. The units modularity reduces disassembly and packing time at the shipping end and unpacking and reassembly time at the receiving end. Once onsite, crews can configure the modules and install the shakers, using bolted, not welded, connections.

meerkaT PT dual shaker

meerkaT PT Low-Profile dual shaker

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: meerkaT PT Shale Shaker

meerkaT PT Mud Cleaner*


Mud cleaners can be installed on the single, dual and triple configurations:

These configurations are just the beginning


M-I SWACO is currently developing additional configurations of the Meerkat PT shaker. To see for yourself what we have planned, visit an M-I SWACO representative to review the latest specifications for our soon-to-be-launched models.

The D-sanDer* unit is available in two- or three-cone The D-silter* unit is available in six, eight or ten twin-cone Low profile (approx. 64 in. [1,626 mm] to top of trough) Integral bypass between shaker and D-silter/D-sanDer units Compact footprint Allows inspection/ maintenance without ladders or scaffolds Operates as D-silter and D-sanDer units and flowline shaker independently

These configurations are just the beginning


M-I SWACO high-capacity composite shaker screens are the most rugged, longlasting and efficient screens available. The new composite screens, unique in the industry, provide resistance to corrosive drilling fluids. The screens also offer significant fluid capacity, excellent resistance to blinding, drier solids discharge and a large net-usable screen area. Composite construction creates an ultra-tight seal between the screen and screen bed and eliminates solids buildup and costly solids bypass. The unique screenlocking mechanism wedges the screen firmly in place and allows the screen to be removed for repair or replacement.

29

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Mongoose Pro Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers The flexibility of dual motion
With the new generation Mongoose Pro dual-motion shale shaker, M-I SWACO has combined balanced and progressive elliptical motion technology for a shaker that adapts as drilling conditions change. As drilling conditions change, the evolutionary Mongoose Pro dual-motion shaker can be adjusted on the fly. Simply flipping a switch on the control box reconfigures the shaker from balanced to progressive elliptical motion. There is no need to suspend or shut down operations. With the Mongoose Pro shaker operating in the gentler progressive elliptical mode, solids encounter reduced G-forces and longer screen residence time. This results in drier solids, improved drilling-fluid recovery, longer screen life and reduced operating costs.

Features

Benefits

Dual motion: Balanced Elliptical/ Progressive Elliptical Motion change during operation at the flip of a switch Two 2.5 hp motion generators Increased screen access Heavy duty, reliable, mechanical deck adjustment system. Jacks with corrosion resistant coating Large capacity distribution box Utilizes high-tension composite screens Ultra-tight seal between screen and screen bed Largest non-blanked screen area among shakers of similar footprint: 21.2 ft (1.97 m)

Balanced Elliptical motion in Capacity mode provides increased fluid capacity and solids conveyance rate Progressive Elliptical motion in Efficiency mode for increased fluid recovery, discard dryness, and screen life Rugged design and simple operation reduces maintenance costs Lightweight composite screens allow quick screen change out Screen to shaker seal eliminates solids buildup and costly solids bypass Easier access for quicker and safer screen changes and screen inspections Continuous shaker operations when switching between motions

The economy of elliptical motion


The Mongoose Pro shaker in balanced elliptical mode is especially effective while drilling top-hole sections where heavy, high-volume solids usually are encountered. In these intervals, shakers need to generate high G-forces to effectively move dense solids across the screens. During drilling breaks and increased viscosity the balanced elliptical motion eliminates the need for screen changes as well as losses.

30

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: mongoose pro shale Shaker

Composite screens provide longer life and more screen area


M-I SWACO high-capacity composite shaker screens are the most rugged, long-lasting and efficient screens available. The new composite screens, unique in the industry, provide resistance to corrosive drilling fluids. The screens also offer significant fluid capacity, excellent resistance to blinding, drier solids discharge and a large net usable screen area. Composite construction creates an ultra-tight seal between the screen and screen bed and eliminates solids buildup and costly solids bypass. The unique screen-locking mechanism wedges the screen firmly in place and allows the screen to be removed for repair or replacement.

Comparison of balanced and progressive elliptical motion


Balanced Elliptical Motion Progressive Elliptical Motion

Balanced elliptical motion 7.5 Gs Speeds conveyance Increases shaker-fluid capacity Enables shaker to process heavier solids loads Enhances cuttings-processing volume

Reduces G-forces (6.5 Gs maximum) Optimizes solids removal Maximizes drilling-fluid recovery Drier cuttings Extends screen life

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Basic Mongoose Pro shaker with header box


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers Basic mongoose pro shaker with header box specifications
Specifications

Deck-angle adjustment: 3 to +3 Screen type: Pre-tensioned 4 x 2 ft (1.2 x 0.61 m) Four screen panels per shaker Powder-coated steel springs Two 2.5 hp motion generators 460V/60 Hz/1,800 rpm or 400V/50 Hz/1,500 rpm Explosion proof Class I, Groups C and D UL/cUL, CE, ATEX, NORSOK

Overall length: 119.8 in (3,044 mm) Overall width: 68.9 in. (1,749 mm) Weir height: 29 in. (737 mm) Height: 52.4 in. (1,330 mm) at 0 deck angle Weight: 3,300 lb (1,500 kg) Length: 92.9 in. (2,359 mm) Width: 63.0 in. (1,600 mm)

Basket Isolation

Motor Specifications

Foundation Dimensions

Screen Deck and Screens

Screen area: Gross: 29.4 ft2 (2.73 m2) Net (API): 21.2 ft2 (1.97 m2)

All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

APPROXIMATE LOCATION OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTION (3/4" FNPT)

O [ 10.1 ] 257 112.6 [ 2860 ] O [ 8.1 ] 206 O [ 6.1 ] 156

B
REMOVABLE INSPECTION COVERS 10" (2 PLCS)

37.4 [ 951 ] 30.0 [ 762 ] 10" INLET 29.0 [ 737 ] 8" INLET REMOVABLE FEEDER LID

28.0 [ 711 ] 6" INLET

10.5 [ 267 ]

31.5 [ 800 ]

RECTANGULAR COVER PLATE AT BYPASS RECTANGULAR TO PIPE TRANSISTION AVAILABLE

MOTOR ROTATION PLATE

REAR VIEW

MANUAL DECK ANGLE ADJUSTMENT 1-1/4" [31] SOCKET (2 PLCS)

CONTROL PANEL LOCATION SPARE SCREEN WEDGES (2 PER SHAKER)

DECK ANGLE INDICATOR (2 PER SHAKER) 54.9 [1394] +3 APPROX [ 52.4 ] 0 1330 49.9 [1267] -3

4X O [ 1.5 ] 38

47.2 [ 1199 ]

43.4 [ 1102 ] 29.0 [ 737 ] WEIR HEIGHT

23.6 [ 599 ] APPROX C.G. APPROVED LIFTING POINT (4 PLCS) 63.0 [ 1600 ] SKID WIDTH 64.2 [ 1630 ] 68.9 [ 1749 ] OVERALL WIDTH

13.0 [ 330 ] SKID HEIGHT REMOVABLE MUD OUTLET COVER (2 PLCS) 48.4 [ 1230 ] APPROX C.G. 92.9 [ 2359 ] SKID LENGTH 119.8 [ 3044 ] OVERALL LENGTH EARTH GROUNDING POINT (2 PLCS)

30.3 [ 770 ] APPROX C.G.

36.5 [ 927 ]

18.3 [ 464 ]

These renderings are for information purposes only and are not actual schematics.

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Basic Mongoose Pro shaker with possum belly


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: mongoose pro shale Shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers Basic mongoose pro shaker with possum belly specifications
Specifications

Deck-angle adjustment: 3 to +3 Screen type: Pre-tensioned 4 x 2 ft (1.2 x 0.61 m) Four screen panels per shaker

Overall length: 124.6 in. (3,164 mm) Overall width: 68.9 in. (1,749 mm) Weir height: 29 in. (737 mm) Height: 52.4 in. (1,330 mm) at 0 deck angle Weight: 3,430 lb (1,560 kg) Length: 92.9 in. (2,359 mm) Width: 63.0 in. (1,600 mm)

Basket Isolation

Powder-coated steel springs Two 2.5 hp motion generators 460V/60 Hz/1,800 rpm or 400V/50 Hz/1,500 rpm Explosion proof Class I, Groups C and D UL/cUL, CE, ATEX, NORSOK

Motor Specifications

Foundation Dimensions

Screen Deck and Screens


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Screen area: Gross: 29.4 ft2 (2.73 m2) Net (API): 21.2 ft2 (1.97 m2)

124.7 [ 3167 ]

ISO VIEW 1:20

MOTOR ROTATION PLATE MOTION GENERATOR 2.5 HP (VOLTAGE PER CUSTOMER CONTRACT) EXPLOSION PROOF 2 PLACES MANUAL DECK ANGLE ADJUSTMENT 1-1/4" [31] SOCKET (2 PLCS) APPROXIMATE LOCATION OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTION (3/4" FNPT) O [ 10.1 ] 257 O [ 8.1 ] 206 O [ 6.1 ] 156 DECK ANGLE INDICATOR (2 PER SHAKER) 54.9 [1394] +3 APPROX [ 52.4 ] 0 1330 49.9 [1267] -3

SPARE SCREEN WEDGES (2 PER SHAKER)

CONTROL PANEL LOCATION

4X O [ 1.5 ] 38

47.2 [ 1199 ]

34.2 [ 867 ] 41.6 [ 1057 ] 29.0 [ 737 ] WEIR HEIGHT 26.0 [ 661 ] 10" INLET

23.0 [ 583 ] APPROX C.G. APPROVED LIFTING POINT (4 PLCS) 63.0 [ 1600 ] SKID WIDTH 64.2 [ 1630 ] 68.9 [ 1749 ] OVERALL WIDTH

13.0 [ 330 ] SKID HEIGHT REMOVABLE MUD OUTLET COVER (2 PLCS) 51.1 [ 1298 ] APPROX C.G. 92.9 [ 2359 ] SKID LENGTH 124.7 [ 3167 ] OVERALL LENGTH EARTH GROUNDING POINT (2 PLCS)

25.0 [ 635 ] 8" INLET 24.0 [ 609 ] 6" INLET

30.4 [ 772 ] APPROX C.G.

36.5 [ 927 ]

18.3 [ 464 ]

10.3 [ 260 ]

31.5 [ 800 ]

These renderings are for information purposes only and are not actual schematics.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Key features of the Mongoose Pro shale shaker

Utilizes high-tension composite screens for increased feed screen access

High capacity distribution box

Dual motion: Balanced Elliptical/Progressive Elliptical change at the flip of a switch

Two 2.5 hp motion generators

Heavy duty, reliable, mechanical deck adjustment system. Jacks with corrosion resistant coating Largest non-blanked screen area among shakers of similar footprint: 21.2 ft (1.97 m)

Ultra-tight seal between screen and screen bed

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Mongoose Pro dual, triple and quad shakers take performance to a new level
Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: mongoose pro shale Shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers


Now, Mongoose Pro shakers can be yoked together to deliver even more capabilities. Two, three, or even four, Mongoose Pro shakers can be pre-aligned at the factory and mounted together on a single skid using a common collection box. A single lift moves the shakers into place, allowing them quickly to be put into service. Economy of motion as the shakers are installed is the first step in cost savings. The next step is the improved processing that dual, triple or quad Mongoose Pro shaker delivers. Now, you can easily double, triple or quadruple the already top-of-theline performance you get from the M-I-SWACO Mongoose Pro shaker.

mongoose pro Dual Shaker specifications


Specifications

Overall length: 128 in. (3,241 mm) Overall width: 145 in. (3,689 mm) Weir height: 29 in. (737 mm) Height: 52.4 in. (1,330 mm) at 0 deck angle Weight: 9,400 lb (4,264 kg)

Features and benefits

Combines up to four Mongoose Pro shakers into one integral assembly by bolting together skids using a field-installable kit Standard assembly includes common possum belly (feed manifold for quad) Can be lifted/rigged as single unit Single flowline connection to shakers Feeder slide gates integral to possum belly Flow distribution can be opened/ closed to any shaker Flow can be regulated by adjusting slide gate height Available options: Multiple header boxes Mud cleaner Lifting frame

These renderings are for information purposes only and are not actual schematics.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

mongoose pro Triple Shaker specifications

Specifications

Overall length: 137 in. (3,481 mm) Overall width: 213 in. (5,413 mm) Weir height: 33 in. (838 mm) Height: 56.4 in. (1,330 mm) at 0 deck angle Weight: 15,000 lb (6,804 kg)

These renderings are for information purposes only and are not actual schematics.

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Mongoose PT Linearand Dual-Motion Shale Shaker


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: mongoose pT Linear- and Dual-Motion Shale Shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers The economy of linear motion
The dual-motor Mongoose PT linear-motion shaker is especially effective while drilling top-hole sections where heavy, high-volume solids are usually encountered. In these intervals, shakers need to generate high G-forces to effectively move dense solids across the screens.

The flexibility of dual motion


The dual-motion shale shaker that adapts as solids change M-I SWACO has combined linear and balanced elliptical motion technology to create the revolutionary Mongoose* PT dual-motion shaker. The Mongoose PT design incorporates a 0.6 hp vibrator motor1 that allows it to perform on an unparalleled level. But as drilling conditions change, the Mongoose PT dual-motion shaker can be adjusted on the fly. Simply flipping a switch on the control box reconfigures the shaker from linear to balanced elliptical motion. There is no need to suspend or shut down operations. With the Mongoose PT shaker operating in the gentler balanced elliptical mode, solids encounter reduced G-forces and longer screen residence time. This results in drier solids, improved drillingfluid recovery, longer screen life and reduced operating costs.

Features and advantages

Linear motion for fast conveyance and heavy loading; balanced elliptical motion for maximum retention time and drier cuttings Elliptical motion at the flip of a switch without stopping the shaker Balanced basket functions flawlessly in either linear or balanced elliptical mode, with dry, light loads or heavy loads Most reliable mechanical jacking system in the industry - simple and easy to use; requires no pinning Unique distribution box option can replace flowline possum belly, providing increased handling capacity and dampening the velocity of fluid from the flowline Pre-tensioned composite screens for fast screen changes and overall ease of use Ultra-tight seal between screen and screen bed eliminates solids buildup and costly bypass of solids Largest net-usable screen area among shakers of similar footprint: 21.2 ft2 (1.97 m2)

Patents applicable to Mongoose PT include 6,485,640; 6,513,664; 6,679,385; 6,746,602; 6,838,008.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Comparison of balanced elliptical motion to linear motion


Linear Motion Balanced Elliptical Motion

G-force linear motion up to 6 Gs Speeds conveyance Increases shaker-fluid capacity Enables shaker to process heavier solids loads Enhances cuttings-processing volume

Uniform elliptical motion at all points on basket Reduces G-forces (5 Gs maximum) Optimizes solids removal Maximizes drilling-fluid recovery Drier cuttings Extends screen life

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Basic Mongoose PT shaker with possum belly


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: mongoose pT Linear- and Dual-Motion Shale Shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers Basic mongoose PT shaker with possum belly specifications
Specifications

Basket Isolation

Length: 123 in. (3,123 mm) Width: 63 in. (1,600 mm) Weir height: 29 in. (737 mm) Height: 51 in. (1,295 mm) Weight: 4,070 lb (1,846 kg)

Powder-coated steel springs Two (2) main 2 hp vibrator motors One (1) additional 0.6 hp vibrator motor on dual-motion model 460V/60 Hz/1,800 rpm or 400V/50 Hz/1,500 rpm Explosion proof Class I, Groups C and D UL/cUL, CE, ATEX, NORSOK 600 gpm (2,271 L/min)

Motor Specifications

Screen Deck and Screens

Screen area: Gross: 29.4 ft2 (2.73 m2) Net (API): 21.2 ft2 (1.97 m2) Deck-angle adjustment: 3 to +3 Screen type: Pre-tensioned 4 x 2 ft (1.2 x 0.61 m) Four screen panels per shaker

Nominal Fluid Capacity

All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).


63 (1,600)

10 (254)

Motion generator 0.6-hp (voltage per customer contract) explosion-proof Motion generator 2-hp (voltage per customer contract) explosion-proof 2 places

Approximate location of electrical connection (0.75 in. NPT)

8 (203) 6 (152)

124.7 (3,167)

34.2 (868) 26 (660) 10-in. inlet conn. 25 (635) 24 (610) 8-in. inlet 6-in. inlet conn. conn. Approved lifting point 10.3 (260) 31.6 (803) 63 (1,600)

REAR VIEW

Approved lifting point

68.9 (1,749) Manual deck-angle adjustment one each side 61.7 (1,567) Approximate C.G. Three-motor control panel 4X 1.5 (38) 53 (1,345) @ +3 51.1 (1,297) @ 0 48.5 (1,232) @ 3

51 (1,295) 20.4 (517) Approx. C.G. 30.3 (770) Approximate C.G. 63 (1,600) 64.5 (1,638) Approved lift point

41.6 (1,057) 29 (737) Weir height

Approved lift point

Deck-angle indicator one each side Unit tag

Mud outlet one each side

33.5 (851) 92.9 (2,359) 123 (3,123)

42.9 (1,090)

Earth grounding point (both sides)

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Basic Mongoose PT shaker with header box


Solids Control: Shakers Basic mongoose PT shaker with header box specifications
Specifications

Basket Isolation

Length: Linear motion: 116 in. (2,946 mm) Dual motion: 120 in. (3,048 mm) Width: 63 in. (1,600 mm) Weir height: 29 in. (737 mm) Height: 51 in. (1,295 mm) Weigh: 3,800 lb (1,724 kg) Screen area: Gross: 29.4 ft2 (2.73 m2) Net (API): 21.2 ft2 (1.97 m2) Deck-angle adjustment: 3 to +3 Screen type: Pre-tensioned 4 x 2 ft (1.2 x 0.61 m) Four screen panels per shaker

Powder-coated steel springs Two (2) main 2 hp vibrator motors One (1) additional 0.6 hp vibrator motor on dual-motion model 460V/60 Hz/1,800 rpm or 400V/50 Hz/1,500 rpm Explosion proof Class I, Groups C and D UL/cUL, CE, ATEX, NORSOK 600 gpm (2,271 L/min)

Motor Specifications

Screen Deck and Screens

Nominal Fluid Capacity

All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

63 (1,600) 31.5 (800) Bolt circle for 10-in. (254-mm) 150-lb (68-kg) flange

Approximate location of electrical connection ( in. [19.1 mm] FNPT)


30 15 37.9 (964)

Removable inspection covers (10-in. [254-mm] opening) 112.6 (2,860)

Motion generator 0.6-hp (voltage per customer contract) explosion-proof

30 (762)

Motion generator 2-hp (voltage per customer contract) explosion-proof (2 places)

Approved lifting point

10.5 (267) 31.5 (800)

Approved lifting point 10-in. (254-mm) inlet connection weld cover plate

REAR VIEW

Manual deck-angle adjustment one each side

59.7 (1,516) Approximate C.G.

3-motor control panel

1.5 4X (38)

51 (1,295) 21.8 (553) Approx. C.G. 30.3 (770) Approximate C.G. 63 (1,600) 64.5 (1,638) 68.9 (1,749) Approved lifting point

53 (1,346) @ +3 Approx. 51.1 (1,297) @ 0 48.5 (1,232) @ 3

29 30 (737) (762) Weir Inlet height C/L Deck-angle indicator one each side Unit nameplate Mud outlet one each side 92.9 (2,359) 104.4 (2,651) 106.3 (2,701) 116 (2,946)

42.8 (1,088) Approx.

Approved lifting point

33.5 (851)

32.5 (826) Earth grounding point (both sides)

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Mongoose PT dual and triple shakers


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: mongoose pT Linear- and Dual-Motion Shale Shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers Take performance to a new level
Now, Mongoose PT shakers can be yoked together to deliver even more capability. Two, or even three, Mongoose PT shakers can be pre-aligned at the factory and mounted together on a single skid using a common collection box. A single lift moves the shakers into place, allowing them quickly to be put into service. Economy of motion as the shakers are installed is the first step in cost savings. The next step is the improved processing that a dual or triple Mongoose PT shaker delivers. Now, you can easily double or triple the top-of-the-line performance you get from the M-I-SWACO Mongoose PT shaker.

mongoose PT Dual Shaker specifications


Specifications

Length: 128 in. (3,241 mm) Width: 145 in. (3,689 mm) Weir height: 29 in. (737 mm) Height: 51 in. (1,295 mm) Weight: 9,400 lb (4,264 kg) Nominal fluid capacity: 1,200 gpm (4,542 L/min)

Features and advantages

Combines two or three Mongoose PT shakers into one integral assembly by bolting together skids with field-installable kit Standard assembly includes common possum belly Can be lifted/rigged as single unit Single flowline connection to shakers Feeder slide gates integral to possum belly Flow distribution controlled by slide gates Flow can be opened/closed to any shaker Flow can be regulated by adjusting slide gate height Available options: Multiple header boxes Mud cleaner Lifting frame

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

mongoose PT Triple Shaker specifications

Specifications Length: 137 in. (3,481 mm) Width: 213 in. (5,413 mm) Weir height: 33 in. (838 mm) Height: 55 in. (1,297 mm) Weight: 15,000 lb (6,804 kg) Nominal fluid capacity: 1,800 gpm (6,813 L/min)

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

The Mongoose PT shaker configures to your needs


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: mongoose pT Linear- and Dual-Motion Shale Shaker

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

Unique screen-locking mechanism

Bypass door

Deck-angle adjustment

Bed-angle adjustment

Adjustable feeder slide gates control flow distribution

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

The Mongoose PT Mud Cleaner


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers
Mud cleaners can be installed on the single, dual and triple configurations:

D-sanDer* is available in two- or three-cone D-silter* is available in six, eight or ten twin-cone In dual and triple configurations, header box is replaced with a common possum belly. Multiple header-box setup is also an option Low profile (approx. 64 in. [1,626 mm] to top of trough) Integral bypass between shaker and D-silter/D-sanDer Compact footprint Allows inspection/maintenance without ladders or scaffolds Operates as D-silter, D-sanDer and flowline shaker independently

mongoose PT mud cleaner

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Vibratory systeMs analysis testing (VSAT) Program


Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers: VibraTory sysTems analysis TesTing (VsaT) Program

Solids Control Systems & Products: Shakers

The Vibratory systeMs analysis testing* (VSAT*) program is a field proven solution for operators experiencing sub-par shale shaker performance. The VSAT service, provided as part of the VSAT program, includes an inspection of the problem shakers, a review of rig practices, a vibratory-motion analysis of the shakers, a written evaluation of the findings and recommendations for improving performance. As an option, the VSAT specialist can conduct a training session for the shaker hands. Subjects covered include screen selection, rig-specific operation and maintenance procedures, and best practices compiled from worldwide operating experience. The VSAT program is ideal for rigs that are encountering screen failures, drilling fluid flowing off the end of the shaker screens, poor solids conveyance and for situations when energy (G-force) output is less than expected.

Features

Advantages

Applicable to all common brands of shakers and screens Precise determination of all shaker-related problems Detailed equipment database of shakers and screens Clear, detailed written reports Training available for rig crews

Improved shaker performance, immediately and long-term Drier cuttings and lower disposal volumes Improved ROP and drilling fluid recovery Better drilling-fluid performance and longer life Better solids handling Cuts costs Reduced drilling waste volumes Longer screen life, better screen performance

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Drilling Waste Management Version 5

High-Volume Mud Cleaners


Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Cleaners

Environmentally efficient Removing and drying drilled solids helps meet environmental regulations by minimizing waste generated and reducing disposal costs. Minimizes maintenance Continuous removal of sand and abrasive cuttings from drilling fluids cuts downtime and reduces repair and replacement of worn parts on downstream equipment. Wide range of mud cleaners for your drilling-fluid system M-I SWACO mud cleaners are available in a variety of configurations. The Model 6T4 (12 clone), Model 8T4 (16 clone) and Model 10T4 (20 clone) D-silters, when matched with an M-I SWACO shale shaker, provide processing rates from 900 to 1,500 GPM (3,406.9 to 5,678.1 L/min). The Model 2-12 D-sanDer, when matched with an M-I SWACO shaker, provides processing capabilities to 1,000 GPM (3,785.4 L/min). The three-in-one Model 2-12 D-sanDer and Model 6T4 (12 clone) D-silter mounted over an M-I SWACO high-performance shaker provides the most versatile separation combination package with rates of 1,000 and 900 GPM (3,785.4 and 3,406.9 L/min) respectively.

Features and advantages

Assists with environmental compliances Cuts downtime and reduces repair Complete product line provides diverse configuration options Field-proven performance Lowers drilling-fluid and disposal costs Minimizes maintenance on downstream equipment Compatible with oil- or water-base muds Effective in controlling drilled solids and retaining expensive barite

The M-I SWACO line of mud cleaners consists of a two-stage separation process using a combination of hydrocyclones mounted over a shale shaker to operate as a single unit. Designed to handle the entire circulating volume, mud cleaners are effective on both weighted and unweighted drilling-fluid systems in removing and drying solids while retaining the expensive liquid. The hydrocyclones make the primary separation with underflow directed onto the shakers vibrating screen. Used correctly, the M-I SWACO mud cleaners lower both drilling-fluid and disposal costs. Versatile M-I SWACO mud cleaners can be configured with an M-I SWACO D-silter*, a D-sanDer* or both over a highperformance shaker to process weighted or unweighted drilling-fluid systems.

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Version 5 Drilling Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Cleaners: High-Volume Mud Cleaners

Works with oilor water-base muds


M-I SWACO mud cleaners are designed to work with either oil- or water-base weighted muds, as well as with either dispersed or non-dispersed muds. They are also effective on unweighted drilling-fluid systems, removing fine drilled solids while retaining expensive liquid phases. Field-proven, M-I SWACO mud cleaners are especially effective in controlling drilled solids and retaining expensive barite when used in conjunction with M-I SWACO fine-screen shale shakers and centrifuges.

and economically reducing hole problems associated with excessive drilled solids. Drilling fluid passes through a series of hydrocyclones either D-silter or D-sanDer units that separate the fine, light particles from the heavy, coarse particles. Barite and other heavy drilled solids are then carried in the underflow to a 100- to 200-mesh vibrating screen. There, they are separated, with the barite passing through the screen and returning to the active system. The M-I SWACO D-silter unit features the exclusive polyurethane twin swaCone* D-silter cones with a unique 20 taper angle (compared to the 15 taper angle on most other units). The twin-cone design provides a 50% greater capacity than other 4 in. (102 mm) cones. The M-I SWACO D-sanDer Models 2-12 and 3-12 are designed to remove sands and abrasive cuttings - 95% of all particles to 74 microns and more than 50% of particles to 40 microns.

The D-sanDer features your choice of two or three 12 in.- (304.8 mm) diameter replaceable, wear-resistant, polyurethane hydrocyclones and quick-release stainless-steel clamps for simplified changeout. These high-volume mud-cleaner product combinations provide drillers a wide range of efficient, space-saving processing options including connection to centrifuges for barite recovery. Mud cleaners can be installed on the single, dual and triple configurations:

The D-sanDer unit is available in two- or three-cone The D-silter unit is available in six, eight or ten twin-cone Low profile (approx. 64 in. [1,626 mm] to top of trough) Integral bypass between shaker and D-silter/D-sanDer units Compact footprint Allows inspection/maintenance without ladders or scaffolds Operates as D-silter and D-sanDer units and flowline shaker independently

How it works
Mud cleaners combine a hydrocyclone system with a shale shaker to help remove the fine drilled solids from the drilling fluid. Together, they have the capability to process the entire drilling-fluid circulation volume, and remove drilled solids from weighted mud systems; retaining expensive barite and liquids,

Meerkat PT Mud Cleaner*

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Drilling Waste Management Version 5

High-Volume Mud Cleaners


Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Cleaners These hydrocyclone options are available for all M-I SWACO shakers D-sanDer Mud Cleaners
Model 1-12 D-sanDer (vertical) 2-12 D-sanDer (vertical) 2-12 D-sanDer (slant) 3-12 D-sanDer (vertical) 3-12 D-sanDer (slant) Number of Clones 1 2 2 3 3 Length in. (mm) 33 (838.2) 36 (914.4) 78 (1,981.2) 40.7 (1,033.8) 83 (2,108.2) Width in. (mm) 19.5 (495.3) 51.5 (1,308.1) 47.5 (1,206.5) 75.5 (1,917.7) 71 (1,803.4) Height in. (mm) 74.4 (1,889.8) 71.2 (1,808.5) 35.2 (894) 78.3 (1,988.8) 41.5 (1,054.1) Weight lb (kg) 401 (181.9) 1,125 (510.3) 1,030 (467.2) 1,878 (851.9) 2,450 (1,111.3) Capacity gpm (L/min) 500 (1,892.7) 1,000 (3,785.4) 1,000 (3,785.4) 1,500 (5,678.1) 1,500 (5,678.1)

D-silTer Mud Cleaners


Model 4T4 6T4 8T4 10T4 Number of Clones 8 12 16 20 Length in. (mm) 52 (1,320.8) 66 (1,676.4) 80.3 (2,039.6) 94.5 (2,400.3) Width in. (mm) 30 (762) 30 (762) 30 (762) 32 (812.8) Height in. (mm) 56.1 (1,424.9) 56.1 (1,424.9) 56.1 (1,424.9) 60.3 (1,531.6) Weight lb (kg) 680 (308.4) 800 (362.9) 925 (419.6) 1,150 (521.6) Capacity gpm (L/min) 600 (2,271.2) 900 (3,406.9) 1,200 (4,542.5) 1,500 (5,678.1)

Combo D-sanDer/D-silTer Mud Cleaners


Model of D-sanDer 2-12 D-sanDer 2-12 D-sanDer Model of D-silTer 4T4 6T4 Number of Clones 12 16 Length in. (mm) 129.5 (3,289.3) 129.8 (3,296.9) Width in. (mm) 72.8 (1,849.1) 80.5 (2,044.7) Height in. (mm) 97 (2,463.8) 97 (2,463.8) Weight lb (kg) 7,072 (3,207.8) 7,162 (3,248.6) Capacity gpm (L/min) 1,000/900 (3,785.4/3,406.9) 1,000/1,200 (3,785.4/4,542.5)

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Version 5 Drilling Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Mud Cleaners: High-Volume Mud Cleaners

mongoose Combo 2-12 D-sanDer 8T4 D-silTer

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

414 Centrifuge
Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges
The M-I SWACO 414 Centrifuge* delivers high performance and low operating costs for oilfield and industrial mud and fluids-handling applications. This highly efficient decanting centrifuge recovers up to 95% of barite and returns it to the active system, while rejecting finer, low-gravity solids. The advanced design of the stainless steel bowl and scroll maintains an even layer of conveyed solids for more uniform separation and maximum solids-control efficiency.

The M-I SWACO 414 Centrifuge - precision equipment engineered to handle rugged oilfield service.

Features and advantages

Balanced scroll design increases recovery capacity Efficient operation processes up to 140 GPM (530 L/min) with a 6 to 10 micron cut on weighted mud systems; processes up to 250 GPM (946.4 L/min) with a 5 to 7 micron cut point on unweighted mud Stainless steel bowl, scroll compartment and cover to resist corrosion and abrasion Tungsten-carbide scroll points with wide spacing of flights at the narrow end create a finer layer of conveyed solids for more uniform separation under high G-forces

Precision balanced to run at high RPMs for extended periods with greater efficiency, minimizing maintenance and downtime Operating safety controls include self-limiting vibration and torque switches to protect against catastrophic failure Variable speed electro-hydraulic backdrive is available as an option for the 414 Centrifuge Recovers up to 95% of barite, minimizing costly additions while maintaining prescribed mud weights Rejects finer, low-gravity solids from drilling fluids

Cost-efficient operation - reduces discard volume versus dilution displacement alternatives 30 to 60% depending upon mud weights Ideal for use with weighted or unweighted mud systems Rugged construction and corrosion-resistant materials provide long service life and low maintenance costs in the toughest oilfield environments

Liquid zone

Drying zone

Whole mud feed

Liquid return to active

Pool

Beach

Solids discard

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

57.2 (1,452.9)

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges: 414 CenTriFuge

414 CenTriFuge
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

C.G. 4 (101.6)

20 (508)

70 (1,778)

Specifications Bowl size: 14 x 34 in. (356 x 864 mm) Length: 95.4 in. (2,423.2 mm) Width: 70 in. (1,778 mm) Height: 34.1 in. (866.1 mm) Weight: 4,040 lb (1,832 kg) Horsepower: 25 hp/7.5 hp

38.2 (970.3)

25.6 (650.2)

24 (609.6)
38.2 (970.3) 25.6 (650.2)

C.G.
24 (609.6)

39.2 (995.7)

C.G.

39.2 (995.7)

57.2 (1,452.9)

C.G.

95.4 (2,423.2)

57.2 (1,452.9)

C.G.

95.4 (2,423.2)

C.G. 4 (101.6)

C.G. 4 (101.6)

20 (508)

20 (508)

24.3 (617.2)

34.1 (866.1)
24.3 (617.2)

34.1 (866.1)

70 (1,778)

51

70

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

518 Centrifuge
Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges
The M-I SWACO 518 Centrifuge* is the premier high-speed, decanting centrifuge for drilling-mud and fluids-handling applications. Ruggedly built for oilfield and industrial service, it is especially effective in environmentally sensitive areas. It delivers high fluid-recovery rates and efficient solids control to significantly reduce the costs of makeup fluids and disposal. The M-I SWACO 518 Centrifuge is precision-balanced for smooth operation over long periods at speeds of 1,900 to 3,250 RPM, generating centrifugal forces up to 2,100 Gs.

How it works
The heart of an M-I SWACO centrifuge is its high-speed, precision-balanced rotating stainless-steel bowl. Inside the bowl, a double-lead spiral-screw conveyor rotates in the same direction as the bowl but at a slightly slower RPM. Feed slurry enters through a hollow axle at the narrow end and is distributed to the bowl. Centrifugal force as high as 500 Gs at 1,900 RPM (or 2,100 Gs at 3,250 RPM) holds the slurry against the bowl wall in a pool. Trapped silt and sandsized particles settle and spread against the bowl wall where they are conveyed to the solids underflow discharge ports by tungsten-carbide-tipped scroll flights. Silt and sand particles exit damp, but with no free liquid. The free-liquid phase carries the fine, 2 to 3 micronsize particles through the nonplugging stainless steel and tungsten-carbide hardfaced-discharge ports.

Features and advantages

Innovative design includes longer bowl for increased retention time, resulting in drier solids and finer cut points Tungsten carbide scroll points with wide spacing flights at tapered end create a finer layer of conveyed solids for consistent, uniform separation and maximum solidscontrol efficiency Stainless steel bowl, scroll, compartment and cover resist corrosion and provide long service life Precision balanced to run at high RPMs for extended periods with greater efficiency, minimizing maintenance and downtime Skid mounted, low profile minimizes space requirements

Effectively removes the finest silts and returns valuable fluids for reuse Reduces makeup fluids, dilution, cleanup and disposal costs Ideal for any solids-control application; especially valuable in environmentally sensitive areas Rugged construction and corrosionresistant materials provide long service life and low maintenance costs in the toughest oilfield environments Works efficiently with other M-I SWACO equipment to maximize solids control

Liquid zone

Drying zone

Whole mud feed

Liquid return to active

Pool

Beach

Solids discard

52

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges: 518 CenTriFuge

518 CenTriFuge
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

C.G.

39.2 (995.7)

Standard 518 Specifications Bowl size: 14 x 56 in. (356 x 1,422 mm) Length: 119 in. (3,022.6 mm) Width: 70 in. (1,778 mm) Height: 34.1 in. (866.1 mm) Weight: 4,800 lb (1,832 kg) Horsepower: 25 hp/7.5 hp High Volume 518 Specifications Bowl size: 14 x 56 in. (356 x 1,422 mm) Length: 119 in. (3,022.6 mm) Width: 70 in. (1,778 mm) Height: 34.1 in. (866.1 mm) Weight: 5,100 lb (2,313 kg) C.G. Horsepower: 50 hp/20 hp
39.2 (995.7) 38.2 (970.3) 49.2 (1,249.7)

70 (1,778)

C.G. 4 (101.6)

20 (508)

38.2 (970.3)

49.2 (1,249.7)

24 (609.6)

24 (609.6)

C.G.

39.2 (995.7) 72.1 (1,831.3) C.G. 119 (3,022.6) 72.1 (1,831.3) C.G. 119 (3,022.6) 70 (1,778)

70 (1,778)

C.G. 4 (101.6) 24.3 (617.2)

34.1 (866.1)

20 (508)

C.G. 4 (101.6) 24.3 (617.2)

34.1 (866.1)

20 (508)

53

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CD-250 Centrifuge Electric-Drive High-Volume


Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges

The new CD-250 Electric-Drive High-Volume (EDHV) centrifuge delivers maximum fluid/solid processing capacity with minimal footprint. With the industrys smallest processing power footprint, the CD-250 EDHV decanting centrifuge was engineered around the concepts of smaller size, lower weight, shorter installation and removal times, and a user-friendly control system. Despite its comparatively smaller size, the CD-250 EDHV centrifuge processes and recovers high volumes of valuable fluid while reducing the total volume of waste. Its relative ease of installation and removal save valuable time. By recovering more fluid and producing drier cuttings with a smaller volume, the CD-250 EDHV centrifuge helps operators reduce their waste and disposal volumes and minimize their environmental footprint.

Features

Advantages

Specially designed electric motor saves space and reduces weight Variable-speed bowl - from 0 to 4,000 rpm High G-forces - up to 2,191 Gs at 4,000 rpm. Fine cut point Simple design High sigma value relative to the units overall size: Up to 1,238 m2 at 4,000 rpm Optional Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) to protect, control and optimize centrifuge performance Rugged construction for harsh environments 24/7 technical assistance

High-volume fluids/solids processing Minimal footprint Reduced costs Minimizes environmental impacts Easy to operate, maintain

54

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges: CD-250 CenTriFuge Electric-Drive High-Volume

CD-250 CenTriFuge eleCTriC-DriVe high-Volume


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications Centrifuge Bowl length (internal): 941.5 mm (37.07 in.) Bowl diameter (internal): 253 mm (9.96 in.) Bowl speed range: 0 4,000 rpm Maximum G force (with strips): 2,191 g (at 4,000 rpm) Sigma value max: 1,238 m2 Conveyor speed range: Linked to bowl speed (26 rpm when bowl runs at 4,000 rpm) Conveyor pitch: 00 mm (3.94 in.) Maximum solids discharge rate: 4.4 m3/h (19 gpm) Hydraulic Capacity (Water): 17.0 m3/hr (75 gpm) at 4,000 rpm Pond set at 29 mm (1,14) 14.3m3/h (63 gpm) at 3,000 rpm Gearbox and Drive Type: Akim ZG 2400/10 Planetary Gearbox) 365mm = 14.37in Ratio: 60:1 Max torque: 2000 Nm (2,475 ft-lb) System power: 50 kW Required (400 V @ 50 Hz, 3 Ph 460 V @ 60 Hz, 3 Ph) Drive system: Variable bowl speed, not changeable differential value Main drive electric motor: 20 HP (15 kW) Control system: PLC in manual control mode Overall dimension and weight

Center of gravity position


Length XG: 1,091 mm (42.95 in.) Height YG: 739.5 mm (29.11 in.) Width ZG: 364 mm (14.33 in.) Feed pipe flange: 1 in. WN RF ANSI 150# LB Liquid discharge connection flange: 1 x 7.5 in. Victaulic Solids-discharge connection flange: 413 mm x 268 mm (16.26 in. x 10.55 in.)
365mm = 14.37in

Nozzle schedule

550mm = 21.65in 730mm = 28.74in

663mm = 26.1

Length X: 2,233 mm (87.91 in.) Height Y: 1,174 mm (46.22 in.) Width Z: 730 mm (28.74 in.) Total Weight: 1,010 kg (2,227 lb)
730mm = 28.74in 550mm = 21.65in 663mm = 26.10in

519mm = 20.43in

829mm = 32.64

196mm = 7.72in

1314mm = 51.73in

954mm = 37.56in

55

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CD-500 Centrifuge
Solids Control: Centrifuges How it works
The heart of the M-I SWACO CD-500 Centrifuge is its high-speed, precisionbalanced rotating stainless steel bowl. Inside the bowl, a single-lead spiralscrew conveyor rotates in the same direction as the bowl but at a lower RPM. Feed slurry enters through a hollow axle at the narrow end and is distributed to the bowl. Centrifugal force as high as 379 Gs at 1,200 RPM (or 2,066 Gs at 2,800 RPM) holds the slurry against the bowl wall in a pool. Trapped silt and sandsized particles settle and spread against the bowl wall where they are conveyed to the solids underflow discharge ports by the tungsten-carbide-tipped scroll flights on the conveyor. Silt and sand particles exit damp, but with no free liquid. The cleaned fluid is discharged through weirs that regulate the pool depth.

High-volume solids removal The CD-500 Centrifuge can process up to 200 GPM (757.1 L/min) of drilling fluid. Variable bowl speed The bowl speed can be adjusted infinitely from 379 Gs at 1,200 RPM to 2,066 Gs at 2,800 RPM to control particle separation (cut point) for improved solids removal or cleaner effluent: At 1,600 RPM and feed rates of 200 GPM (757.1 L/min), it provides a D90 cut point of 8 to 12 microns, depending upon the composition of the mud At 2,800 RPM and feed rates of 100 GPM, (378.5 L/min) it provides a D90 cut point of 3 to 6 microns,depending upon the composition of the mud Variable-speed pump Calibrating pump speed with feed rate allows an optimum relationship between the two variables that improves solids-control efficiency. Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) The PLC makes and monitors speed adjustments and may be housed within an explosion-proof enclosure. RPM readouts of the conveyor and bowl are displayed at the control panel.

Tungsten-carbide scroll points Tungsten-carbide hardfaced points at the tapered end of the scroll protect the conveyor against wear. Specially designed, widely spaced flights Conveyor pitch in the conical section is designed to reduce plugging and promote maximum solids removal at high-differential speeds. Stainless steel components The stainless steel bowl, scroll, compartment and cover resist corrosion and provide long service life. Operating safety controls Safety features include self-limiting vibration and torque switches to protect against catastrophic failure known to occur in other high-speed centrifuges. Drive options The centrifuge can be supplied with a number of drives: standard electric, PLC-controlled; variable-frequency drive; or hydraulic drive. Mounting options For tight-fitting offshore installations, the centrifuge can be supplied with a pedestal mount. For land applications, the low-mount design allows for a simple centrifuge stand with one set of handrails.

Features and advantages

Provides precise control over the separation process to accommodate variations in solids loading and material sizes; can be regulated to produce cleaner effluent High-volume processing Adjustable speeds on bowl, scroll and pump Automatic PLC monitoring and adjustment compensates for varied drilling conditions, while reducing operator involvement and effort Allows drilling at high ROP Runs efficiently at high speeds for prolonged periods Rugged construction and corrosionresistant materials provide long service life and low maintenance costs in the toughest oilfield environments Protection against failure at high speeds Reduces solids packoff Works efficiently with other M-I SWACO equipment to maximize solids control

56

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges: CD-500 CenTriFuge

CD-500 CenTriFuge
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications Physical Data Bowl size: 18.6 x 71 in. (472 x 1,800 mm) Length: 150.5 (3,821.5) Width: 84.6 (2,150) Height: 76.8 in. (1,950 mm) Weight: 11,416 lb (5,178 kg) Horsepower: 60, 60 + 20 Rotating Assembly Length: 70.9 in. (1,800 mm) Lambda ratio: 3:8 (bowl length/bowl inside diameter) Weight: 1,754 lb (795.6 kg) Cylindrical Section Diameter: 18.6 in. (472 mm) Length: 37.9 in. (963 mm) Material: Stainless steel duplex with 1.4462

Conical Section Diameter, small end: 11.4 in. (290 mm) Diameter, large end: 18.6 in. (472 mm) Length: 31.6 in. (802 mm) Cone angle: 7.3 Material Conical section: Stainless steel duplex with 1.4462 Discharge ports: Tungsten carbide HRC 67 hardfacing Conveyor Length: 65.4 in. (1,661 mm) Weight: 573.2 lb (260 kg) Type: Single lead Pitch: 5.1 in. (130 mm) Material Body: 316 Stainless steel Flighting: 316 Stainless steel Hardfacing: Tungsten carbide HRC 67

Gear Box Type: Two-step (Cyclo) (ZS 600 model; ZS 619-87) Gear ratio: 59:1 Torque, maximum: 5,166 ft-lb (7,000 Nm) Weight: 286 lb (130 kg) Overload protection Primary: Electrical Secondary: Resettable mechanical clutch Differential speed, maximum: Variable - 1 to 65 rpm

150.5 (3,821.5) 121.1 (3,075) 26.8 (681)

3.9 (100)

53.7 (1,365)

72.8 (1,850)

44.4 (1,127)

7.5 (190)

36.8 (935.5)

93.4 (2,371)

20.3 (515)

59.4 (1,508) CA

29.1 (740)

76.8 (1,950)

1.5 (37.5)

28.5 (725)

15.8 (400)

33.3 (845)

19.7 (500) 23.6 (600)

57

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CD-500 Centrifuge Electric-Drive High-Volume


Solids Control: Centrifuges

The VFD CD-500 EDHV centrifuge is a high-volume unit that features a variable-frequency drive. This lets the operator maintain accurate control of the solids-processing speeds despite fluctuations in the volume of cuttings. The result is fewer instances of solids packoff, lower oil-on-cuttings percentages, finer degrees of cut and cleaner effluents. A VFD (Variable Frequency Drive) module monitors and controls both the main and rear electric drives. The operator can manage bowl and scroll speeds via a touchscreen that also displays input from the various sensors, including temperature, current, rotational speed and vibration.

Environmental operating conditions

Temperature range: -20C to 40C (-4F to 104F). Higher temperature shall be met (submitted by a specific assessment) and it must be specified on the purchase order (which must be managed as a special order).

Noise level

Automatic and manual control Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) to protect, control and optimize the performance of the centrifuge and to avoid solids packoff Higher torque resistance than conventional centrifuge Solids packoff removal device 24/7 technical assistance

83 dBA (calculated A-weighted emission sound pressure level at 1 meter).

Control System

Safety features

Torque limiter with a torque-limiter switch on the back drive protects the gearbox sun-wheel shaft A vibration sensor will stop the centrifuge in the event of high vibration Micro-switches on the belt guards and vessel prevent centrifuge startup while servicing Temperature sensors monitor the bearings to prevent overheating

The systems VFD module can be moved for remote monitoring and control. Proprietary PLC software manages these processes via the data coming from and going to the unit. Alarms and maintenance screens appear automatically.

Features and advantages


Certifications

ATEX: Ex II 2G c IIB T3 (Norsok certificate available).

Processes up to 682 gal/min Variable-speed bowl from 0 to 3,400 rpm High G-forces up to 2,998 Gs at 3,400 rpm High sigma value: up to 5,491 m2 (59104.57 ft2) at 3,400 rpm Variable speed scroll with differential regulation from 1 to 40 rpm Variable speed pump improves solids-control efficiency Higher solids removal and barite recovery than conventional centrifuges

58

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges: CD-500 CenTriFuge Electric-Drive High-Volume

CD-500 CenTriFuge eleCTriC-DriVe high-Volume


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Physical Data Centrifuge Bowl length (internal): 1,715 mm (67.52 in.) Bowl diameter (internal): 472 mm (18.58 in.) Bowl speed range: 0 - 3400 rpm Maximum G force (with strips): 2,998 g (at 3,400 rpm) Sigma value max: 5,491 m2 Conveyor speed range: 1 - 40 rpm Conveyor pitch: 130 mm (5.12 in.) Maximum solids discharge rate: 11.8 m3/h (51.8 gal/min) Hydraulic capacity (water): 71.1 m3/h (313 gal/min) at 3,250 rpm with pond set at 66 mm (2.60 in.): 155 m3/h (682 gal/min) at 1,700 rpm Gearbox and Drive Type: Akim 3700/10 planetary gearbox Ratio: 80:1 Max torque: 8,500 Nm (6,269 ft-lb) System power: 225 kW Required (400 V @ 50 Hz, 3 Ph 460 V @ 60 Hz, 3 Ph) Drive system: Electric, independent systems for bowl and scroll drive Main drive electric motor: 100 HP (75 kW) Back drive electric motor: 29.5 HP (22 kW) Control system: PLC in automatic or manual control mode

Nozzle Schedule

Feed pipe flange 2 in. with ANSI B 16.5 Liquid-discharge connection flange 1 x 8 in. Victaulic Solid-discharge connection flange 810 mm x 450 mm x 500 mm H (31.89 in. x 17.72 in. x 19.69 in. H)

CD 500 HV ELETTRI CD 500 HV ELETTRI

539

539

1994 1994

1074

1074

1994 1994

Overall dimension and weight


Length X: 3,946 mm (155.35 in.) Height Y: 1,215 mm (47.83 in.) Width Z: 2,020 mm (79.53 in.) Total weight: 4,929 kg (12,063 lb) Length XG: 1,994 mm (78.50 in.) Height YG: 539 mm (21.22 in.) Width ZG: 1,074 mm (42.28 in.)

Center of gravity position


59

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CD-500 Centrifuge Fully Hydraulic High-Volume


Solids Control: Centrifuges
The CD-500 FHHV centrifuge features two hydraulic motors (main and back drive) that can operate in automatic or manual mode. Proprietary PLC software controls and monitors the centrifuge and can also regulate the feed pump. The operator can control bowl and scroll speeds via a touch screen that can also display input from the various sensors, including temperature, pressure, current, rotational speed and vibration. The units design reduces the chances of packoffs and produces a finer cut. Compared to conventional centrifuges, the CD-500 FHHV unit produces a cleaner liquid discharge and delivers lower residual oil on cuttings.

Environmental operating conditions


Temperature range: -20C to 40C (-4F to 104F). Higher temperature shall be met (submitted by a specific assessment) and it must be specified on the purchase order (which must be managed as a special order).

High sigma value: up to 5,491 m2 (59104.57 ft2) at 3,400 rpm Variable speed scroll with differential regulation from 1 to 40 rpm Variable speed pump improves solids-control efficiency Higher solids removal and barite recovery than conventional centrifuges Automatic and manual control Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) to protect, control and optimize the performance of the centrifuge and to avoid solids packoff Higher torque resistance than conventional centrifuge Solids packoff removal device 24/7 technical assistance

Safety features

Torque limiter with a torque-limiter switch on the back drive protects the gearbox sun-wheel shaft A vibration sensor will stop the centrifuge in the event of high vibration Micro-switches on the belt guards and vessel prevent centrifuge startup while servicing Pressure sensors monitor the main and back drives Temperature sensors monitor the bearings and the hydraulic oil to prevent overheating

Noise level
83 dBA (calculated A-weighted emission sound pressure level at 1 meter).

Screen and PLC


Designed to control and monitor all data coming from and going to the unit. The alarms and maintenance screens will appear automatically.

Features and advantages


Processes up to 682 gal/min Variable-speed bowl from 0 to 3,400 rpm High G-forces up to 2,998 Gs at 3,400 rpm

Certifications
ATEX: Ex II 2G c IIB T3. (Norsok certificate available)

60

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges: CD-500 CenTriFuge Fully Hydraulic High-Volume

CD-500 CenTriFuge Fully hyDrauliC high-Volume


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Physical Data Centrifuge Bowl length (internal): 1,715 mm (67.52 in.) Bowl diameter (internal): 472 mm (18.58 in.) Bowl speed range: 0 - 3400 rpm Maximum G force (with strips): 2,998 g (at 3,400 rpm) Sigma value max: 5491 m2 Conveyor speed range: 1 - 40 rpm Conveyor pitch: 130 mm (5.12 in.) Maximum solids discharge rate: 11.8 m3/h (51.8 gal/min) Hydraulic capacity (water): 71.1m3/h (313 gal/min) at 3,250 rpm with pond set at 66 mm (2.60 in.): 155m3/h (682 gal/min) at 1,700 rpm Gearbox and Drive Type: Akim 3700/10 Planetary Gearbox Ratio: 80:1 Max torque: 8,500 Nm (6,269 ft-lb) System power: 270kW required (400 V @ 50 Hz, 3 Ph 460 V @ 60 Hz, 3 Ph) Main drive hydraulic motor: Denison system drive: 90 kW (120HP) electric motor Back drive hydraulic motor: Bondioli Pavesi Drive system: Hydraulic, independent systems for bowl and scroll drive Electric motor: 90 kW (120HP) Control system: PLC in automatic or manual control mode

Nozzle schedule Feed pipe flange: 2 in. with ANSI B 16.5 Liquid-discharge connection flange: 1 x 8 in. Victaulic Solid-discharge connection flange: 810 mm x 450 mm x 500 mm H (31.89 in. x 17.72 in. x 19.69 in. H)

CD 500 HV FH

856

2032

1084

2032

Overall dimension and weight Length X: 4,146 mm (163.23 in.) Height Y: 2,290 mm (90.16 in.) Width Z: 2,220 mm (87.40 in.) Total weight: 6,401 kg (14,112 lb)

Center of gravity position Length XG: 2,032 mm (80.00 in.) Height YG: 856 mm (33.70 in.) Width ZG: 1,084 mm (42.68 in.)

User screen

61

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CD-500 Centrifuge sliM-line HigH-VoluMe


Solids Control: Centrifuges
The CD-500 SLHV unit is designed for high-volume drill-solids removal within a relatively small footprint. The high bowl rotational speed generates high G forces and excellent fluid separation. The result is drier cuttings and cleaner liquid discharge with lower oil-on-cuttings percentages and less probability of solids packoff than with conventional centrifuges. A VFD (Variable Frequency Drive) module monitors and controls both the main and rear electric drives. The operator can manage bowl and scroll speeds via a touchscreen that also displays input from the various sensors, including temperature, current, rotational speed and vibration.

Control System
The systems VFD module can be moved for remote monitoring and control. Proprietary PLC software manages these processes via the data coming from and going to the unit. Alarms and maintenance screens appear automatically.

Safety features

Torque limiter with a torque-limiter switch on the back drive protects the gearbox sun-wheel shaft A vibration sensor will stop the centrifuge in the event of high vibration Microswitches on the belt guards and vessel prevent centrifuge startup while servicing Temperature sensors monitor the bearings to prevent overheating

Features and advantages


Compact footprint Processes up to 682 gal/min Variable-speed bowl from 0 to 3,400 rpm High G-forces up to 2,998 Gs at 3,400 rpm High sigma value: up to 5,491 m2 (59104.57 ft2) at 3,400 rpm Variable speed scroll with differential regulation from 1 to 40 rpm Variable speed pump improves solids-control efficiency Higher solids removal and barite recovery than conventional centrifuges Automatic and manual control Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) to protect, control and optimize the performance of the centrifuge and to avoid solids packoff Higher torque resistance than conventional centrifuge Solids packoff removal device 24/7 technical assistance

Certifications
ATEX: Ex II 2G c IIB T3 (Norsok certificate available).

Environmental operating conditions


Temperature range: -20C to 40C (-4F to 104F). Higher temperature shall be met (submitted by a specific assessment) and it must be specified on the purchase order (which must be managed as a special order).

Noise level
83 dBA (calculated A-weighted emission sound pressure level at 1 meter).

62

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges: CD-500 CenTriFuge Slim-Line High-Volume

CD-500 CenTriFuge slim-line high-Volume


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Physical Data Centrifuge

Length XG: 2,126 mm (83,70 in.) Height YG: 1,147 mm (45,16 in.) Width ZG: 614 mm (24,17 in.) Feed pipe flange: 2 in. with ANSI B 16.5 Liquid-discharge connection flange 1 x 8 in. Victaulic Solid-discharge connection flange 810 mm x 450 mm x 500 mm H (31.89 in. x 17.72 in. x 19.69 in. H)

Bowl length (internal): 1715 mm (67.52 in.) Bowl diameter (internal): 472 mm (18.58 in.) Bowl speed range: 0 - 3,400 rpm Maximum G force (with strips): 2,998 g (at 3,400 rpm) Sigma value max: 5,491 m2 Differential speed range: 1 - 40 rpm Conveyor pitch: 130 mm (5.12 in.) Maximum solids discharge rate: 11.8 m3/h (51.8 gal/min) Hydraulic capacity (water): 71.1 m3/h (313 gal/min) at 3,250 rpm with the pond set at 66 mm (2.60 in.): 155 m3/h (682 gal/min) at 1,700 rpm Type: Akim ZG-3700/10 planetary gearbox Ratio: 80:1 Max torque: 8,500 Nm (6269 ft-lb) System power: 225 kW Required (400 V @ 50 Hz, 3 Ph - 460V @ 60 Hz, 3 Ph) Drive system: Electric, independent systems for bowl and scroll drive

Nozzle Schedule

CD 500 SAVE SPACER

Gearbox and Drive

1147

2126

Back drive electric motor: 29.5 HP (22 kW) Control system: PLC in automatic or manual control Length X: 4,149 mm (163.35 in.) Height Y: 1,934 mm (76.14 in.) Width Z: 1,230 mm (69.29 in.) Total Weight: 4,950 kg (10,913 lb)

614

Main drive electric motor: 100 HP (75 kW)

G= G

2126

Overall dimension and weight


Overall dimension and weight

63

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CD-600 Centrifuge
Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges

Features and advantages


High processing volumes Resists packoff More thorough processing for cleaner effluents Requires fewer operating personnel Automatically adjusts to changing drilling conditions Manual or automatic control via touch-screen or manual control panel

The CD-600 Centrifuge* from M-I SWACO is specially engineered for high-volume drilling. Controlled and monitored via a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), the centrifuge experiences less solids packoff, produces cleaner effluents, requires fewer operating personnel and features automatic adjustment for different operating conditions. A touch screen on the operators console provides the interface for monitoring the RPM of the conveyor and bowl and for adjusting motor speed. The manual control panel for the centrifuge has the option for operating the centrifuge manually or automatically. The main drive speed can be adjusted on the touch screen panel when operating the CD-600 Centrifuge manually.

CD-600 CenTriFuge
Processing mud properties 10 lb/gal oil-base mud PV 30 20% solids Bowl speed/ G-force 1,800rpm 1,086 G Differential speed 15rpm Nominal flowrates 90m3/hr 40gpm Gear box torque 32% of maximum allowable Main drive torque 91% of maximum allowable

64

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Centrifuges: CD-600 CenTriFuge

CD-600 CenTriFuge
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications Physical Data Bowl size: 23.5 x 76 in. (598 x 1,928 mm) Length: 178 in. (4,500 mm) Width: 87 in. (2,210 mm) Height: 85 in. (2,145 mm) Weight: 19,842 lb (9,000 kg) Rotating Assembly Length: 115 in. (2,911 mm) Lambda ratio: 3.23 (bowl length/bowlinside diameter) Weight: 2,116 lb (960 kg)

Overload Protection Primary: Electrical Secondary: Resettable back drive of the torque limiter Conveyor Weight: 1,080 lb (490 kg) Type: One lead Pitch: 5.9 in. (150 mm) Material Body: Duplex A890 (4A) Flighting: AISI 304 stainless steel Hard-facing: Tungsten carbide (hard facing/HRC 67)

Cylindrical Section Diameter: 23.5 in. (598 mm) Length: 52 in. (1,322 mm) Material: Duplex A890 (4A)

Conical Section Diameter, large end: 23.5 in. (598 mm) Length: 23.9 in. (606 mm) Diameter, small end: 18 in. (450 mm) Cone angle: 7

Gear Box Type: Two-stage ZSPN 621-190-87 (Cyclo SUMITOMO gear box) Gear ratio: 87:1 Torque: 9,330 ft-lb (12,650 Nm) maximum Weight: 198 lb (90 kg) Differential speed: Variable, 1 to 50 rpm

Material Conical section: Duplex A890 (4A) Discharge ports: Tungsten carbide (hard facing/HRC 67)

Control System Automatic control by PLC Closed-loop hydraulic power package with 180 hp electric motor Touch-screen panel

85 (2,145) 62.3 (1,582) 8.9 (225) 11.8 (300) 8.9 (225) 8.3 (210) 11.8 (300) 8.3 (210) 3.9 (100) 11.8 (300) 42.8 (1,086.5) 42.8 56.3 (1,430) (1,086.5) 56.3 (1,430) 67.7 (1,720) 178 (4,500) 67.7 (1,720) 178 (4,500) 45.3 (1,150) 11.8 (300) 61 (1,550) 45.3 (1,150) 61 (1,550) 62.3 13.8 28.9 (1,582) (350) (735) 13.8 28.9 (350) (735) 2 (50) 3.9 (100) 2 (50) 3.9 (100)

85 (2,145)

3.9 (100)

85 (2,145)

8.9 (225) 58.3 (1,480) 58.3 87 (2,210) (1,480) 87 (2,210) 28.7 (730) 28.7 (730) 87 (2,210) 3.9 (100) 11.8 (300) 8.3 (210)

79.1 (2,010)

3.9 (100)

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Drilling fluiD teMPerature Control systeM


Solids Control Systems & Products
soliDs ConTrol sysTems & proDuCTs: Drilling FluiD TemperaTure ConTrol sysTem
66

The Drilling fluiD teMPerature Control systeM* was engineered specifically to reduce the risks and complications associated with drilling HTHP wells using oil-base drilling fluids. The technology is specifically focused on efficient heat transfer in drilling fluids and has a proven track record, showing an impressive impact on drilling efficiency. This technology can reduce risk factors and drilling complications while simultaneously increasing safety and decreasing operating costs.

Even the most temperature-tolerant fluids have their limits before they begin to break down or behave erratically and cause problems such as fluid loss, reduced viscosity, stuck pipe and unstable filter cakes. In the case of oil- or synthetic-base fluids, additional problems can occur at the surface. The overheated fluids can release fumes that result in uncomfortable or hazardous breathing conditions for rig crews. In addition, any drilling fluids heated beyond their limits can produce inaccurate readings from Measurement While Drilling (MWD) and Logging While Drilling (LWD) tools as well as excessive wear on the elastomers found in these tools and in the BOP, riser, shakers, centrifuges and mud pumps.

Skid-mounted, ready for immediate operation Effectively reduces drilling fluid temperature Engineered to ensure maximum serviceability Incorporates the Alfa Laval titanium plate heat exchangers Maintains oil-base fluids below their flash points Increases endurance and accuracy of downhole devices such as MWD and LWD Fewer additives required to maintain drilling-fluid rheological properties

Advantages

Better drilling-fluid performance Longer elastomer life in MWD/LWD tools, BOP, riser, shakers, centrifuges and pumps Reduces NPT on downhole tools. Fewer conditioning additives required, lower drilling fluid costs Improves personnel safety and working environment MWD and logging tools can be used at greater depths Increased up-time strengthens your bottom line

Features

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

fluiDs ProCessing systeM (fPs)


Solids Control Systems & Products
Solids Control Systems & Products: FluiDs proCessing sysTem (Fps)

The fluiDs ProCessing systeM from M-I SWACO is a complete solids-control solution - from shale shakers to centrifuges to D-gasser units - strategically combined into a single, skid-mounted unit. Just as important, every FPS comes with a round-the-clock service crew, backed by a system supervisor and on-call technical services specialists.

System integration. Instead of a collection of equipment from various sources, the FPS is a field-proven network of solids-control components specifically designed to function as a single unit.

Custom engineering. M-I SWACO analyzes well parameters and drilling objectives for each application and tailors the right combination of equipment for optimal results.

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Features and advantages


Improved efficiency and processing rates Typical rig-owned solids-control equipment is less than 50% effective; the M-I SWACO FPS units achieve 80 to 90% efficiency in solids removal and drilling-fluids recapture Increased ROP of nearly 40% Average 37% reduction in drill bit consumption An average of 33% faster in drilling days to TD Helps prevent lost circulation Reduces circulation time to condition mud Reduces pump maintenance and downtime Reduces potential for stuck pipe and hole problems

Typical system components


On a 1,500 bbl tank system, the equipment typically consists of:

(One) Triple Mongoose PT shaker consisting of (3) Mongoose PT shakers, with one of the shakers set up as a 3-in-1 mud cleaner consisting of (3) 12 in. desander cones rated for 1,500 GPM and (1) 10T4 (20, 4 in.) desilter cones rated for 1,500 GPM (One) Vacuum D-gasser (Nine) 10 hp agitators (Four) 8 x 6 x 14 100 hp centrifugal pumps (Ten) Mud guns High-pressure jet system (One) Hopper house with a lowpressure, high-shear mixing hopper

Improves well logging, mud circulation and mud conditioning

Cost savings Reduction in mud costs as much as 43% Reduces costs of transporting makeup water, diesel and chemical makeup materials Significantly reduces site preparation and restoration costs Reduces waste haul-off expense Environmental Advantages Reduces or entirely eliminates the need for reserve pits Minimizes waste

Helps satisfy the most stringent environmental requirements

Flexibility Versatile enough for use with water-, oil- or synthetic-base fluids Single-unit design saves transport and assembly time

Equipment features Skid shakers and MuD/gas seParator (MGS) together for one lift MGS pivots down for easy moving Hydroclones fold into tanks for quicker moves The Tank System consists of three tanks Tanks designed to be moved faster Tanks designed for easy cleaning Tanks designed for easy operating Optional covered tank design to eliminate roofs Optional cantilevered skid (mechanical or hydraulic) Tanks designed for QHSE issues Stairs incorporated into tank skids

Folding handrails replace removable handrails

Other QHSE design features Cantilever walkways reduce pinch points (quicker rig up/down) Reduced trip hazards by having valves on side of tank Reduced operator fatigue

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1,248 (31,699.2)
Elevation view shaker tank

Elevation view intermediate tank

102.6 (2,606)

210.8 (5,354.3)

All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

806.1 (20,474.9)
Elevation view suction tank

Fluids Processing System (Fps)

Hopper house elevation view

1,494.3 (37,955.2)

Hopper house plan view

Plan view suction tank

Plan view shaker tank

Plan view shaker tank

1,248 (31,699.2)
Elevation view shaker tank

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Elevation view intermediate tank

102.6 (2,606)

Solids Control Systems & Products: FluiDs proCessing sysTem (Fps)

210.8 (5,354.3)

324 (8,229.6)

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Composite OEM and Replacement Screens


Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens

Features and advantages

Available for M-I SWACO BEM-600, BEM-650 and Mongoose Pt shale shakers and Brandt VSM 300 brand shakers Patented, composite frame design Smaller, more numerous panels Open area remains unchanged Screen weight remains the same snaP-lok plug-repair system for the Brandt VSM 300 shaker Improved labeling system Screen is resistant to fluids that shorten metal-frame-screen life Consistently manufactured, rugged construction Increased operational life Lower screen replacement costs Quick and easy to repair Less downtime Does not rust or delaminate Improved QHSE considerations

Because you have to drill different types of formations, you have to make choices in your shaker screens. Quite often, this choice involves a trade-off of using a mesh that is efficient but is mounted on a frame that leaves a lot to be desired. With drilling costs on the rise, you need to be choosing among positive options, not trade-offs.

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Brandt and VSM 300 are marks of Varco I/P, Inc.

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens: Composite OEM and Replacement Screens

DuraFlo composite screens


With more than 30 years experience in solids control and drilling waste management, it was only natural that M-I SWACO would invent the composite-frame shaker screen. The evolution began with the patented Hiflo* screen, which was the first to use a grid made from a composite of high-strength plastic and glass, reinforced with high-tensile-strength steel rods. Todays patented Duraflo* screens are the next evolutionary step, delivering even longer screen life and greater ease in making repairs than either Hiflo or metal-frame screens. The Duraflo screen is available with HC, Ultra-Fine, TBC and xr MesH*, giving operators screening flexibility in addition to an overall-improved product. Longer screen life The composite frame design provides smaller more numerous panels, evenly distributing mechanical stresses and containing mesh tears when they occur.

Maintains or reduces current screen weight The Duraflo composite screen weighs about the same as the original Hiflo screen and significantly less than metal-frame screens. Easy to repair The patented1 snaP-lok* plug-repair system, available on Duraflo screens for the Brandt VSM 300 shaker, reduces repair time to less than two minutes. Simply remove the screen from the shaker and snap in a factory-made plug. This system eliminates the need for removing the damaged mesh and requires no cutting, gluing or bonding time.

XR Mesh for unmatched screen life and exceptional capacity Larger-diameter wire gives xr MesH screens the longest life in the industry today. Combining XR Mesh screens with the Duraflo composite frame technology allows for exceptionally high fluid-handling capacity. The high conductance also results in reduced mesh loading in comparison to standard mesh types, further ensuring unmatched screen life. Ultra-Fine mesh for sandstone The Ultra-Fine (XL) screen has been specifically designed to cope with drilling sandstone formations, which can typically present blinding problems when using standard screen meshes.

Four different screen meshes


With the Duraflo frame as a solid base, M-I SWACO offers four different meshes that let you choose the right mesh for the job without sacrificing long life, throughput capacity or any of the other Duraflo advantages.

The anatomy of the three-layer DuraFlo screen


Duraflo* screen frames consist of a grid made from a composite of high-strength plastic and glass, reinforced with high-tensile-strength steel rods. Because these frames balance durability with strength, they are more efficient transport mechanisms than steel frames in several ways. Duraflo screens have higher throughput capacities and significantly longer operational lives. They do not rust or delaminate, so they can be used, stored and reused. Model for model, composite frames weigh less than all-steel frames. And they have an increased open area, providing a higher conductance rate. Patented2 Duraflo Composite Frame technology, combined with four different screen meshes, lets you choose the right mesh for the job without sacrificing long life, throughput capacity or any of the other composite screen advantages.
Triple-layer screen mesh

High-strength, glass-reinforced plastic frame

High-tensile-strength steel rod sub-structure

1 2

U.K. Patent No. GB 2,379,177. U.K. Patent No. GB 2,322, 590; U.S. patents pending.

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Composite OEM and Replacement Screens


Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens
TBC mesh for a better cut TBC mesh is designed specifically for applications requiring a well-defined separation efficiency or cut. HC (high-capacity) HC (high-capacity) mesh is another layered rectangular mesh that M-I SWACO manufactures, although it is not patented. The diameter of the wire used to make HC mesh is smaller than the wire used to make xr MesH, and the mesh is not calendared. Compared to xr MesH, HC mesh has more open area and therefore more capacity, but it has a shorter screen life and lower separation efficiency. capacity and screen life, are also considered critical parameters. In order to select the correct screens for their applications, our customers need complete information. In the real world, the solids our customers must process are wet; they differ in size, shape and other properties from well to well; and their residence time on a screen is no longer than 30 sec. So the concept of using API RP 13C dry test media in a 10 min test really doesnt give the performance information needed. M-I SWACO follows the procedures found in Chapter 4 of the ASME drillingfluids processing handbook. They use real screens on real shakers, with real drilling fluid. In other words, they measure performance. A Mongoose Pt shaker was set up in the M-I SWACO test laboratory, a simple water-base fluid was used, and sand was added to represent drilled cuttings. Next, the fluid was pumped over the shaker and, when steady state conditions were observed, the flow rate to the shaker was recorded, the solids discard rate from the shaker was measured, and a 20 gal (75.7 L) sample of underflow was taken. The solids discard was then wet-sieved through an ASTM sieve stack to obtain the particle-size distribution. The underflow sample was then wet-sieved through an ASTM sieve stack to obtain both the particle-size distribution and the overall mass flow rate through the

API RP 13C Screen Number Definitions


API RP 13C Screen Number 40 45 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 170 200 230 270 325 API RP 13C d100 Separation (micron) > 390.0 to 462.5 > 327.5 to 390.0 > 275.0 to 327.5 > 231.0 to 275.0 > 196.0 to 231.0 > 165.0 to 196.0 > 137.5 to 165.0 > 116.5 to 137.5 > 98.0 to 116.5 > 82.5 to 98.0 > 69.0 to 82.5 > 58.0 to 69.0 > 49.0 to 58.0 > 41.5 to 49.0

Screen performance: Beyond API RP 13C


High performance has always been a hallmark, and a customer expectation, of M-I SWACO shaker screens. To support that expectation, we go beyond the API RP 13C number which best describes the separation potential of only a single-layer, square-mesh screen. Our customers do not work exclusively in a singlelayer, square-mesh world. That is why M-I SWACO developed a variety of screens with layered meshes, rectangular-mesh combinations and thicker wire diameters. These products deliver consistently high results when not only cut point, but

shaker screen. A mass-balance equation was performed, and the result was a separation-potential curve for the screen. The ASME wet-sieve tests, whether run in a lab or on a rig, deliver a much more realistic indication of cut point (performance) than API RP 13C, and M-I SWACO will label its screens accordingly. Our customers purchase screens from M-I SWACO for their performance, so they need to know how to measure it for the best results possible. Since screen performance is a combination of separation (effective cut point), capacity (conductance and non-blanked area), and life (mesh type), all of that information is included on our performance label. We will, of course, label our screens according to API RP 13C. But, we will also label our screens with our performance label to avoid the confusion that could be caused by selecting a screen based solely on API RP 13C.

New labeling system


An improved labeling system has been implemented on both Duraflo screens and boxes. The new labels are larger and have been laminated with a heat- and oil-resistant coating, making it easier to identify screen size, mesh size and API data, even after prolonged use.

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Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens: Composite OEM and Replacement Screens

Screen Designation XR 84 XR 105 XR 120 XR 165 XR 200 XR 230 XR 270 XR 325 XR 400 XL 84 XL 105 XL 120 XL 165 XL 200 XL 230 XL 270 XL 325 TBC 52 TBC 84 TBC 105 TBC 120 TBC 165 TBC 200 TBC 230 TBC 250 TBC 270 TBC 300 TBC 325 HC 84 HC 105 HC 120 HC 165 HC 200 HC 230 HC 270 HC 325

API RP 13C Screen Number 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 170 200 60 70 100 120 140 170 200 230 45 70 100 100 140 170 200 230 270 325 325 60 60 60 80 100 120 170 200

API RP 13C d100 (micron) 308 250 211 181 162 118 110 89 73 237 198 162 120 111 80 78 55 339 213 162 147 104 87 74 66 58 49 43 264 249 232 179 163 133 96 82

ASME d50 (micron) 215 204 156 130 104 91 89 64 208 166 136 119 91 69 66 59 352 221 169 156 107 91 78 69 61 56 214 212 164 139 119 109 92 66

ASME refers to a solids-separation efficiency measurement detailed in Chapter 4 of the ASME Drilling Fluids Processing Handbook. It is not an international standard endorsed by the ASME.

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Duraflo AXIOM AX-1 Composite Replacement Screens


Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens
The DuraFlo* composite AXIOM AX-1^ screen. Now available from M-I SWACO* to fit AXIOM AX-1 shakers. The OEM screens for this shaker are metal backed, and rely on a sliding steel tray for structural support. With the M-I SWACO Duraflo AXIOM AX-1^ screen, the metal backed screen is replaced with a rigid, lightweight composite material and does not use the sliding steel tray for support. Duraflo screens have a patented design that is unique to our industry and has many fieldproven advantages.

Design improvements
Like our other composite screens, M-I SWACO Duraflo AX-1 screens utilize the polymer frame with the steel reinforcing structure, but also include a gasket made of a softer material that is co-molded onto the leading edge of the frame. This provides a soft but durable seal between the shaker and the screens as well as between the screens themselves. There are latches on the ends of each screen that join the screens while in operation and allow for the removal of the screens from the shaker without the use of hooking tools. Each of the three decks on the AX-1 shaker utilizes six screens for a total of 18 screens per shaker. Screens on the AX-1 are clamped via pneumatic bladders on top of the screens.

Quick screen changes. Easy to use push-and-lock latches make screen changes fast and easy Corrosion-resistant. The polypropylene frame with stainless steel mesh has had no corrosion or chemical resistance problems. Metalbacked screens do have problems due to the carbon steel plate that is exposed on some parts of the screen Consistent tension. The composite screen manufacturing process ensures the proper tension is applied to each layer of mesh, and that the mesh and frame have a consistent bond across the screen. This tight control of mesh tension reduces fatigue of screen wires and improves screen life. Reliability. The mesh is bonded directly to the frame and improves the life of the screen Non-blanked area. The non-blanked area is 2.8 ft2, the same as the OEM screens Choose from XL*, HC*, and XR* meshes. Your M-I SWACO representative will help you match the most effective mesh to your application

Product description
Duraflo composite screens were developed by United Wire/M-I SWACO as an improvement to the metal-framed shale shaker screens previously offered throughout the industry. Composite screens consist generally of a glassfiber-filled polypropylene frame with a high-strength steel internal reinforcing structure. One to three layers of stainless steel wire cloth are bonded to the composite frame by melting the cloth directly into the top surface of the polymer frame. M-I SWACO holds patents on both the design of composite screens and the production processes. This technology has been used successfully since 1998 on other shaker screens:

Features and advantages


Improvements over the metal-backed OEM screens

Increased g-forces. Use of the sliding steel support tray is not necessary, which improves the g-force of the machines due to lighter overall weight M-I SWACO composite screens weigh 8.0 kg each, so 18 screens to dress out the shaker weigh a total of 144 kg The OEM screens weigh 4.4 kg each and the six sliding screen trays weigh 45 kg each, so 18 screens plus the trays weigh 349 kg total The total screen assembly weight of M-I SWACO Duraflo AX-1 screens is 59% less than that of the metal OEM screens and trays

OEM screens for the M-I SWACO Mongoose* PT, BEM-650* and MD-3* shakers Replacement screens for the NOV Brandt VSM-300^ and Cobra^ shakers

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Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens: DuraFlo AXIOM AX-1 Composite Replacement Screens

Part Number
WAXCXL024C WAXCXL038C WAXCXL050C WAXCXL070C WAXCXL084C WAXCXL105C WAXCXL120C WAXCXL165C WAXCXL200C WAXCXL230C WAXCXL270C WAXCXL325C WAXCXL400C WAXCXR084C WAXCXR105C WAXCXR120C WAXCXR165C WAXCXR200C WAXCXR230C WAXCXR270C WAXCXR325C WAXCXR400C WAXCXR500C WAXCHC084C WAXCHC105C WAXCHC120C WAXCHC165C WAXCHC200C WAXCHC230C WAXCHC270C WAXCHC325C WAXCMG010C WAXCMG020C WAXCMG030C

Mesh Designation
XL024 XL038 XL050 XL070 XL084 XL105 XL120 XL165 XL200 XL230 XL270 XL325 XL400 XR084 XR105 XR120 XR165 XR200 XR230 XR270 XR325 XR400 XR500 HC084 HC105 HC120 HC165 HC200 HC230 HC270 HC325 MG010 MG020 MG030

D100 (Micron)
787 480 295 239 205 186 144 116 100 78 72 61 44 237 233 204 142 117 110 100 61 49 48 237 235 201 171 146 122 84 73 2013 955 574

API Designation (Equiv Sieve)


API 20 API 35 API 50 API 60 API 70 API 80 API 100 API 140 API 140 API 200 API 200 API 230 API 325 API 60 API 60 API 70 API 100 API 120 API 140 API 140 API 230 API 270 API 325 API 60 API 60 API 70 API 80 API 100 API 120 API 170 API 200 API 10 API 18 API 30

Conductance (kD/ mm)


12.01 10.39 6.02 3.98 3.15 4.39 2.20 1.77 1.62 1.12 0.78 0.39 0.38 4.30 3.62 3.59 2.60 1.30 1.10 1.04 0.68 0.48 0.30 3.69 4.09 3.16 2.13 1.82 1.46 1.00 0.77 56.89 26.10 14.00

Non-Blanked Area (sq ft)


2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8

DuraFlo Composite AX-1 Screen

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Duraflo Composite OEM Screens


Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens For BEM-600 and BEM-650 shakers
Simply stated, the Duraflo OEM screen for M-I SWACO BEM-600 and BEM-650 shale shakers takes the best screen and matches it to the best balanced elliptical motion shakers on the market. Featuring a patented, composite frame design that holds up under virtually all drilling conditions, the screen delivers unsurpassed usable screen area. Duraflo screens are available with HC, Ultra-Fine (XL) and XR MesH, giving operators maximum screening flexibility. label to avoid the confusion that could be caused by selecting a screen based solely on API RP 13C.

Features and advantages


Patented, composite frame design Smaller, more numerous panels Unchanged open area

Improved labeling system Resistant to fluids that shorten metal-frame-screen life Consistently manufactured, rugged construction Increased operational life Lower screen-replacement costs Quick and easy to repair Less downtime Does not rust or delaminate Improved QHSE considerations

BEM-600 and BEM-650 shakers Specification


Screen Designation MG 10 MG 20 MG 30 MG 40 XR 84 XR 105 XR 120 XR 165 XR 200 XR 230 XR 270 XR 325 XR 400 XL 24 XL 38 XL 50 XL 70 XL 84 XL 105 XL 120 XL 165 XL 200 XL 230 XL 270 HC 84 HC 105 HC 120 HC 165 HC 200 HC 230 HC 270 HC 325 60 70 100 120 140 170 200 60 60 60 80 100 120 170 200 237 198 162 120 111 80 78 264 249 232 179 163 133 96 82 208 166 136 119 91 69 66 214 212 164 139 119 109 92 66 Contact MI-SWACO for details 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 170 200 308 250 211 181 162 118 110 89 73 868 554 414 287 239 198 152 123 111 82 77 206 198 152 123 111 88 57 50 215 204 156 130 104 91 89 64 Same as top cloth opening API RP 13C Screen Number API RP 13C d100 (micron) ASME d50 (micron) Cloth Opening (Microns) 1905 864 542 394 193 161 131 103 81 72 61 Conductance (Kd/mm) 49.7 15.9 8.3 5.53 4.13 3.46 3.18 2.47 1.88 1.48 1.26 0.94 0.68 11.8 10.13 6.17 3.47 3.54 2.93 2.34 1.86 1.66 1.24 0.99 4.83 5.51 4.48 3.63 3.21 2.62 1.61 1.17 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 63.37 54.4 33.13 18.63 19.01 15.76 12.57 9.99 8.89 6.66 5.32 25.94 29.59 24.06 19.49 17.24 14.07 8.65 6.28 Usable Area (ft2) 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 5.37 Transmittance (Cond x Area) 266.89 85.38 44.57 29.7 22.18 18.58 17.08 13.26 10.1 7.95 6.77

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Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens: DuraFlo Composite OEM Screens

For mongoose pT shakers


Composite screens provide longer life and more screen area M-I SWACO high-capacity composite shaker screens are the most rugged, long-lasting and efficient screens available. The new composite screens, unique in the industry, provide resistance to corrosive drilling fluids. The screens also offer significant fluid capacity, excellent resistance to blinding, drier solids discharge and a large net usable screen area. Most significantly, our unique design does not compromise performance. The new screens perform on par with the MagnuM* and MagnuM xr MesH screens that have been used effectively in the field for years. Composite construction creates an ultra-tight seal between the screen and screen bed and eliminates solids buildup and costly solids bypass. The unique screen-locking mechanism wedges the screen firmly in place and allows the screen to be removed for repair or replacement.

mongoose pT shakers Specification


Screen Designation MG 10 MG 20 MG 30 MG 40 XR 84 XR 105 XR 120 XR 165 XR 200 XR 230 XR 270 XR 325 XR 400 XL 24 XL 38 XL 50 XL 70 XL 84 XL 105 XL 120 XL 165 XL 200 XL 230 XL 270 XL 325 TBC 52 TBC 84 TBC 105 TBC 120 TBC 165 TBC 200 TBC 230 TBC 250 TBC 270 TBC 300 TBC 325 HC 84 HC 105 HC 120 HC 165 HC 200 HC 230 HC 270 HC 325 60 70 100 120 140 170 200 230 70 70 100 100 140 170 200 200 230 270 325 60 60 60 80 100 120 170 200 237 198 162 120 111 80 78 55 221 221 169 156 107 91 78 69 61 56 43 264 249 232 179 163 133 96 82 214 212 164 139 119 109 92 66 208 166 136 119 91 69 66 59 221 221 169 156 107 91 78 69 61 56 3.98 3.03 2.21 2.33 1.57 1.41 1.17 0.75 0.74 0.53 0.4 4.83 5.51 4.48 3.63 3.21 2.62 1.61 1.17 Contact MI-SWACO for details 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 170 200 308 250 211 181 162 118 110 89 73 215 204 156 130 104 91 89 64 Same as top cloth opening API RP 13C Screen No. API RP 13C d100 (micron) ASME d50 (micron) Conductance (Kd/mm) 49.7 15.9 8.3 5.53 4.13 3.46 3.18 2.47 1.88 1.48 1.26 0.94 0.68 11.8 10.13 6.17 3.47 3.54 2.93 2.34 1.86 1.66 1.24 0.99 Part Number WMONMG010C WMONMG020C WMONMG030C WMONMG040C WMONXR084C WMONXR105C WMONXR120C WMONXR165C WMONXR200C WMONXR230C WMONXR270C WMONXR325C WMONXR400C WMONXL024C WMONXL038C WMONXL050C WMONXL070C WMONXL084C WMONXL105C WMONXL120C WMONXL165C WMONXL200C WMONXL230C WMONXL270C WMONXL325C WMONTB052C WMONTB084C WMONTB105C WMONTB120C WMONTB165C WMONTB200C WMONTB230C WMONTB250C WMONTB270C WMONTB300C WMONTB325C WMONHC084C WMONHC105C WMONHC120C WMONHC165C WMONHC200C WMONHC230C WMONHC270C WMONHC325C

Features and advantages


Patented, composite frame design Smaller, more numerous panels Unchanged open area Improved labeling system Resistant to fluids that shorten metal-frame-screen life Consistently manufactured, rugged construction Increased operational life Lower screen-replacement costs Quick and easy to repair Less downtime Does not rust or delaminate Improved QHSE considerations

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Duraflo Composite Replacement Screens


Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens For Brandt VSM 300 brand shale shakers
The new and improved Duraflo replacement screen to fit the Brandt VSM 300 brand shaker takes the best screen for this shale shaker to the next level of performance. This screen uses a new frame design that features several improvements over original Duraflo screens. It is lighter, more easily repaired, promotes longer screen life and is easier to remove. Like its predecessor, Duraflo screens are available with TBC, Ultra-Fine (XL) and XR MesH, giving operators screening flexibility in addition to an overallimproved product. Screen repairs Utilizing the new snaP-lok plug-repair system, three plugs were installed in less than two minutes on one of the rear Duraflo screens - two at the back and one in the middle. The new plug simply snapped in from the rear of the screen and created a good seal so no solids could penetrate the damaged panel. The screens were reinstalled and put to use immediately. The snaP-lok plugs were checked regularly and the screens were removed after 22 hrs with all three plugs still firmly in place. Another plug was installed later during the test on a partially damaged screen. This screen was removed after approximately 20 hrs with the plug still snugly in place. Screen life Two identical shakers were fitted with two Duraflo Ultra-Fine (XL) 175 mesh screens on the left side of the shaker bed, and with two Hiflo Ultra-Fine 175 mesh screens on the right. Both shakers used 20 mesh scalping screens and operated at the same G-force. During testing, all screens were checked every 4 hrs for damage. As a result of the use of a downhole turbine during the interval, a large amount of fine cuttings was generated and introduced to the shakers. Over the period required to drill the 81/2 in. interval, a total of seven Duraflo and nine Hiflo screens were used. The Hiflo screens lasted an average of 51 hrs, while the average life of the Duraflo screens was recorded at 65 hrs - an improvement of 27%.

New interlocking screen joint


The Duraflo screen features a new, patent-pending, interlocking joint, eliminating the need for hooks. To remove the rear screen, simply pull the front screen and both front and rear screens will be removed together. When replacing, insert the screens separately. The new joint reduces changing time to less than two minutes, making it easy to change all screens during a connection if necessary.

Field-proven results
In a recent field trial, the improved performance of Duraflo screens was evident. Screen replacement Each time the front screen was pulled for checking or changeout, the new interlocking joint between the Duraflo front and back screens automatically pulled the back panel, eliminating the need for a screen hook. When the front screen was pushed in during replacement, it automatically created a seal with the rear screen. Screens were checked or changed out more than 25 times, performing consistently without any operational issues. It was also noted that the 16% weight reduction in the new Duraflo screens assisted in the easy removal of the screens from the shaker (compared to previous Duraflo composite screens).

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Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens: DuraFlo Composite OEM Screens

Features and advantages


Smaller, more numerous panels Increased open area snaP-lok plug-repair system for the Brandt VSM 300 shaker Redesigned, interlocking joint Weighs 16 to 50% less Improved labeling system Increased operational life Lower screen replacement costs Higher throughput Quick and easy to repair Less downtime Higher conductance rate Safer, faster and easier to handle Does not rust or delaminate

Screen Designation XR 84 XR 105 XR 120 XR 165 XR 200 XR 230 XR 270 XR 325 XR 400 XL 84 XL 105 XL 120 XL 165 XL 200 TBC 52 TBC 84 TBC 105 TBC 120 TBC 165 TBC 200 TBC 230 TBC 250 TBC 270 TBC 300 TBC 325

API RP 13C Screen No. 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 170 200 60 70 100 120 140 45 70 100 100 140 170 200 200 230 270 325

API RP 13C d100 (micron) 308 250 211 181 162 118 110 89 73 237 198 162 120 111 339 221 169 156 107 91 78 69 61 56 43

ASME d50 (micron) 215 204 156 130 104 91 89 64 208 166 136 119 91 352 221 169 156 107 91 78 69 61 56

Conductance (Kd/mm) 4.13 3.46 3.18 2.47 1.88 1.48 1.26 0.94 0.68 3.54 2.93 2.34 1.86 1.66 3.98 3.03 2.21 2.33 1.57 1.41 1.17 0.75 0.74 0.53 0.4

Part Number W300XR084J W300XR105J W300XR120J W300XR165J W300XR200J W300XR230J W300XR270J W300XR325J W300XR400J W300XL084J W300XL105J W300XL120J W300XL165J W300XL200J W300TB052J W300TB084J W300TB105J W300TB120J W300TB165J W300TB200J W300TB230J W300TB250J W300TB270J W300TB300J W300TB325J

Non-blanked area: 4.62 ft2 (.429 m2)

Installing a snap-lok Plug


Step 1 Identify the damaged panel. snaP-lok plugs can be fitted into any location within the frame except those openings adjacent to the shaker side walls. Step 2 Turn the screen over and lay the screen on a flat surface (a bench or the floor, for example) in an area free of obstructions. Place the plug above the damaged panel with the hollow section facing up. Step 3 Push the plug in as far as it goes. Step 4 Place a second plug on top of the first plug with the hollow section facing down. Step 5 Push down on both plugs with your hand until the first plug clicks into place. If the plug does not click into place, use a hammer or a mallet to tap the second plug. Hold the second plug in place with a finger to prevent it from jumping back. Make sure both ends of the plug are struck firmly. Step 6 When the plug is fitted correctly, the second plug will sit flush with the rest of the frame. Remove the second plug from the frame. Once the first plug is in place, it cannot be removed.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Duraflo Composite Replacement Screens


Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens For NOV Brandt Cobra shakers
The Duraflo Composite Replacement Screens from M-I SWACO, for the National Oilwell Varco (NOV) Brandt Cobra^, King Cobra^ and LCM-3D^ shakers, provide greatly improved performance and reliability over traditional metal-backed screens.
*

and soft gasket allows the screen to be removed and reinstalled while still supplying a reliable seal. These improvements add up to improved screen life and savings on per-well screen costs. The patented Duraflo design has been developed over several years and has proven effective in increasing fluidshandling capacity on other equipment, such as the M-I SWACO Mongoose Pt and BEM-650 shakers and Brandt VSM 300 shakers. This improved capacity is a result of increasing the non-blanked area of the screen. For the Duraflo screen, non-blanked area has been increased 20%, allowing finer screens to be run and improving solidsremoval efficiency. Lower weight is another advantage of Duraflo screens vs. metal-backed. By bonding the mesh directly to the composite frame and eliminating the steel support plate, screen weight has been reduced by 29%. This reduction makes installation easier and safer. And, because the frame is specifically designed to match the overall screen frame with the overall shaker support structure, the rigid frame efficiently transfers vibration from the shakers to the screen mesh.

M-I SWACO Duraflo Composite Screens use a polypropylene frame with an internal reinforcing cage made of high-strength steel. This new design improves solids-control performance by increasing screen life and fluidshandling capacity while providing a screen that is lighter in weight than older, metal-backed designs. For adaptability to a wide range of drilling conditions, Duraflo Composite Screens are available with XL Mesh, a triplelayer square opening cloth, and with patented XR MesH for increased screen life and capacity. Because the mesh is bonded directly to the composite frame in the Duraflo design, there is no need for a separate support plate that could detach from the frame during operation. An integral gasket on the bottom of each frame provides an excellent seal between the screen and the shaker, and the virtually unyielding bond between the frame

On traditional metal-backed screens, the mesh is bonded to a metal plate, which is in turn bonded to a steel frame. A gasket is then glued onto the bottom of the frame. The result is a screen made of multiple components that can fail at any of the bond lines. On the M-I SWACO new Duraflo Composite Screen, the mesh is bonded directly to the molded structure and has little opportunity for catastrophic failure. The absence of adhesives from the screen also removes the chance of chemical attack on glued components. The gasket remains in place even when drilling with hot, oil-base muds, whereas the gaskets on metal-framed screens have a history of separating in this application.

Metal-backed screens are constructed of multiple components: support plate, steel frame and gasket; these can separate and fail during operation.

Top view of new DuraFlo screen, showing mesh bonded directly to the composite frame.

Bottom view of new DuraFlo screen, showing the soft gasket that is molded into the composite frame so that it cannot separate during operations.

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Cobra, King Cobra and LCM-3D are marks of Varco I/P, Inc.

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens: DuraFlo Composite OEM Screens

Mesh Type and Designation XR 84 XR 105 XR 120 XR 165 XR 200 XR 230 XR 270 XR 325 XR 400 XL 24 XL 38 XL 50 XL 70 XL 84 XL 105 XL 120 XL 165 XL 200 XL 230 XL 270 XL 325 XL 400

API RP 13C Number 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 170 200 18 25 35 45 60 70 100 120 140 170 200 270 325

API RP 13C d100 (micron) 308 250 211 181 162 118 110 89 73 1058 668 508 363 237 198 162 120 111 80 78 55 48

Conductance (Kd/mm 6.20 3.37 2.93 2.40 2.09 1.46 1.30 0.94 0.62 12.57 10.12 6.38 4.72 3.49 2.95 2.46 1.74 1.64 1.28 1.05 0.62 0.53

Features and advantages

Increase in usable area (5.5 ft2 [0.5 m2]) Lightweight (25 lb [11.3 kg]), approximately 10 lb (4.5 kg) lighter than conventional metal-backed screens Gasket molded into the frame rather than glued with adhesives Consistent tension applied during bonding on each layer of mesh Corrosion-resistant polypropylene frame Screens available with XR and XL meshes in all designations. Also available with market-grade cloth for coarse scalping applications Increased screen life and reduced chance of catastrophic failure as a result of one-piece design

Heightened corrosion resistance resulting from a polypropylene composite frame, eliminating the opportunity for the plate to detach from the frame Improved fluids-handling capacity from increased Non-Blanked area (NBA) and improved NBA from 4.6 to 5.5 ft2 (0.4 to 0.5 m2) Reduced overall screen costs per well as a result of lengthened screen life Enhanced personnel safety because lighter screens are easier to lift in and out of the shaker and easier to carry to the shakers Increased opportunity to reuse screens because gasket remains intact

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Hiflo Composite Replacement Screens


Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens For Brandt VSM 100 brand shale shakers
hiFlo primary screens Patented composite frame technology, combined with three different screen meshes, lets you choose the right mesh for the job without sacrificing long life, throughput capacity or any of the other Hiflo screen advantages. Patented composite frame technology As often happens, screen manufacturers call great attention to their screen meshes while avoiding the subject of the frames. Usually, it is because the frames are all-metal and are not engineered as well as the screen mesh material. In contrast, Hiflo patented screen frames consist of a grid made from a composite of high-strength plastic and glass, reinforced with high-tensile-strength steel rods. Because these frames balance durability with strength, they are more efficient transport mechanisms than steel frames in several ways. Hiflo screens have higher throughput capacities and significantly longer operational lives. They do not rust or delaminate, so they can be used, stored and reused. Model for model, Hiflo frames weigh less than all-steel frames. And they have an increased open area, providing a higher conductance rate. When compared to metal-frame screens, Hiflo screens for use with Brandt VSM 100^ brand shakers have 27% more open area.

The Anatomy of a Two-Layer hiFlo Screen


TBC screen mesh (shown as an example)

High-strength, glass-reinforced plastic frame

High-tensile-strength steel rod sub-structure

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Mark of Varco I/P, Inc.

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Solids Control Systems & Products: Screens: hiFlo Composite Replacement Screens

For Brandt VSM 100 brand shale shakers Specification


Screen Type Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Primary Screen Designation XR 84 XR 105 XR 120 XR 165 XR 200 XR 230 XR 270 XR 325 XR 400 XL 84 XL 105 XL 120 XL 165 XL 200 XL 230 TBC 52 TBC 84 TBC 105 TBC 120 TBC 165 TBC 200 TBC 230 TBC 250 TBC 270 TBC 300 TBC 325 API RP 13C Screen Number 50 60 70 80 100 120 140 170 200 60 70 100 120 140 170 45 70 100 100 140 170 200 200 230 270 325 API RP 13C d100 (micron) 308 250 211 181 162 118 110 89 73 237 198 162 120 111 80 352 221 169 156 107 91 78 69 61 56 43 208 166 136 119 91 69 352 221 169 156 107 91 78 69 61 56 ASME d50 (micron) 215 204 156 130 104 91 89 64 Conductance (Kd/mm) 4.13 3.46 3.18 2.47 1.88 1.48 1.26 0.94 0.68 3.54 2.93 2.34 1.86 1.66 1.33 3.98 3.03 2.21 2.33 1.57 1.41 1.17 0.75 0.74 0.53 0.40 Part Number W100XR084C W100XR105C W100XR120C W100XR165C W100XR200C W100XR230C W100XR270C W100XR325C W100XR400C W100XL084C W100XL105C W100XL120C W100XL165C W100XL200C W100XL230C W100TB052C W100TB084C W100TB105C W100TB120C W100TB165C W100TB200C W100TB230C W100TB250C W100TB270C W100TB300C W100TB325C

Non-blanked area: 4.69 ft2 (.422 m2) Results for rectangular weaves may not be directly comparable to data for square mesh. Contact your local M-I SWACO representative for details.

Screen Type Scalping Scalping Scalping Scalping Scalping Scalping Scalping Scalping

Screen Designation 8 mesh 10 mesh 20 mesh 30 mesh 40 mesh 50 mesh 60 mesh 80 mesh

API 8 10 20 30 40 50 60 80

API (micron) 2,465 1,980 915 567 411 318 292 180

Conductance (Kd/mm) 74.26 60.72 20.51 9.95 5.81 4.58 3.73 2.22

Part Number W100MG008H W100MG010H W100MG020H W100MG030H W100MG040H W100MG050H W100MG060H W100MG080H

Non-blanked area: 4.69 ft2 (.436 m2)

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CleanCut Cuttings Collection and Transportation System


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation New thinking solves an old problem
In addition to deeper water depths, complex logistics and hostile environments, offshore operators face another challenge - zero or near-zero discharge of drill solids. With increasing environmental regulations, operators have had to rethink the way in which cuttings contaminated with oil- and synthetic-base drilling fluids are handled. Several methods have been developed to handle these contaminated cuttings, including skip-and-ship for shore disposal, slurrification for disposal, and onshore and offshore thermal desorption. The CleanCut* system from M-I SWACO gives operators a flexible solution for improving the safety and efficiency of drill-cuttings containment and disposal. The system captures the drill cuttings as they exit the shaker and keeps them contained in a sealed system all the way to final processing, using positivepressure pneumatic conveyance. The temporary bulk storage of drill cuttings provided by the CleanCut system protects drilling logistics from interruption by weather, allowing peak drill-cuttings volumes to be held for later processing while drilling continues. This flexibility can prevent expensive downtime on critical drilling operations. The bulk transfer of drill cuttings from rig to supply boat, and from supply boat to final process location enables large volumes of drill cuttings to be handled safely offshore, eliminating the numerous, potentially risky crane lifts normally required. The CleanCut system is a field-proven technology with an outstanding record of reliability and performance worldwide.

Features and advantages


Safety Conveyance is fully enclosed and automated, with minimum involvement of personnel Crane lifts are minimized, improving offshore safety Equipment is specified to hazardous-zone classifications Ease of Use Flexible installation to suit rig layout with small equipment footprints The system transfers untreated cuttings at high rates Adds flexibility and reliability to operations including shipping cuttings to shore, inter-field transfer, slurrification and disposal, and thermal treatment offshore and onshore Reliability Dense phase conveying technology developed over three decades of tough service in a range of industries CleanCut technology has been extensively field proven in operations worldwide since 2000 Outstanding equipment uptime record Environmental Protection Totally enclosed system No addition to waste stream Can encompass the entire cuttings supply chain The first total solution from shaker to process plant

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

How it Works
The CleanCut system uses two main pieces of equipment:

Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation: CleanCuT

Section A - Shakers Drill cuttings are discharged from the shakers into the CCB. Section B - CCB The CCB unit loads and discharges cuttings on a batch basis. Section C - ISO-Pump units Drill cuttings are pumped from the CCB unit to the ISO-Pump storage tanks, each with a capacity of 95 bbl/530 ft3. Each ISO-Pump unit stands on a weighframe to indicate load status. Special diverter valves are used to select the destination of the cuttings. Section D - Skip-Loading Station Cuttings boxes can be filled directly by the cuttings blower or by cuttings discharged from the ISO-Pump units. Section E - Cuttings Waste Injection Unit A WI installation can be fed directly by the CCB unit. ISO-Pump units serve as buffer storage for cuttings production above the injection rate and enable maintenance timeouts.

Section F - Transfer Hose A flexible hose is used for bulk transfer of drill cuttings from the rig ISO-Pump units to identical ISO-Pump units mounted on the supply vessel. The hose can be supplied with a full-bore safety breakaway coupling to reduce environmental exposure and eliminate any spills. Section G - ISO-Pump units on Supply Vessel ISO-Pump units are mounted vertically or horizontally on the supply vessel deck using a dedicated frame system. The supply vessel can be used to transport the cuttings to shore for disposal, or for offshore interfield transfer. The supply vessel can sail to a WI facility offshore, where a flexible hose is used to pneumatically convey the cuttings up to identical ISO-Pump units on deck, prior to slurrification in the WI unit. Alternatively, the vessel returns to harbor and the cuttings are discharged in bulk through a hose into the shore reception facility, or lifted onto a truck and transported by road to a treatment facility.

The CleanCut Cuttings Blower (CCB*) conveys cuttings from the shakers into the system The ISO-Pump unit is a combination storage vessel and conveying device built within standard, 20 ft (6.1 m) ISO container dimensions. Because each pump is an independent conveying unit, a high degree of backup is integral to any multiple-unit installation The ISO-Pump component can also be transported fully laden with cuttings by road or rail to a discharge location

The CleanCut blower is the prime mover of cuttings, whether to ISO-Pump units or directly to cuttings boxes, dryers, Waste Injection (WI) installations or other destinations. Cuttings feed into the CCB unit on a batch basis, controlled by timer or hopper-level probe. In operation, the unit is filled, sealed and pressurized; the outlet is opened, and positive air pressure conveys the material to its destination. The cycle is repeated as frequently as required to match the rate of cuttings production. When introduced into the cuttingshandling system, ISO-Pump units provide buffering for skip loading, WI, drilling operations with controlled process rates, equipment downtimes or logistics issues related to cuttings disposal. Each ISOPump unit can discharge its contents back into any of the processes from which it receives the cuttings. Bulk transfer is the optimal solution for taking cuttings safely and reliably from shaker ditch to shore for recycling or disposal. ISO-Pump units on the rig discharge directly to ISO-Pump units on the supply vessel through a flexible hose. On return to harbor, the cuttings are discharged from the boat ISO-Pump units to shore reception, which may be a thermal desorption plant or other recycling facility, or to land transport.

A C

E F G

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CleanCut Cuttings Collection and Transportation System


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation CleanCuT Cuttings Blower (CCb m8)
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications

Weight: 1.65 tons (1.5 tonnes) empty 2.5 tons (2.3 tonnes) full Length: 55.1 in. (1,400 mm) Width: 52 in. (1,320 mm) Height: 100.2 in. (2,545 mm), including feed hopper Working Volume: 1.4 bbl/8 ft3 (0.227 m3) Power: 3-phase, 440V, 60 Hz, 10A supply Air Supply: 116 psi 750 cfm (8 bar 21 m3/min)
24.4 (620)

32.5 (825)

26.3 (669)

100.2 (2,545)

94.3 (2,395)

64.4 (1,635)

29.9 (760) 33.7 (856) 44.1 (1,120) 52 (1,320) 55.1 (1,400) 47.2 (1,200)

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Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation: CleanCuT

CleanCuT Cuttings Blower (CCb m4)


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications

Weight: 2,835 lb (1,286 kg) empty 4,158 lb (1,886 kg) full Length: 55.1 in. (1,400 mm) Width: 61.4 in. (1,560 mm) Height Model 4: 88.1 in. + 2 in. (2,237 mm + 50 mm) for jacking Model 8: 100.2 in. + 2 in. (2,545 mm + 50 mm) for jacking Working Volume: 0.75 bbl/4 ft3 (0.12 m3) Power Model 4: 1-phase, 110 to 220V, 50 to 60 Hz, 2A supply Model 8: 1-phase, 110 to 220 V, 50 to 60 Hz, 2A supply Air Supply Model 4: 500 cfm @ 116 to 150 psi (14 m3/min @ 8 to 10 bar) Model 8: 750 cfm @ 116 to 150 psi (21 m3/min @ 8 to 10 bar)

63.2 (1,606)

60.1 (1,526)

Material inlet

88.1 (2,237) 77.6 (1,972) 53.3 (1,354)

2-in. (50.8-mm) NPT female

13.7 (347)

52.8 (1,342) 58.8 (1,494) 60.8 (1,545) Left view

Outlet

Back view

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CleanCut Cuttings Collection and Transportation System


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation CleanCuT ISO-Pump
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications

Weight: 6.6 tons (6 tonnes) empty Up to 35.8 tons (32.5 tonnes) full Length: 96 in. (2,438 mm) Width: 102 in. (2,591 mm) Height: 238.5 in. (6,059 mm) Working Volume: Approx. 95 bbl/530 ft3 (15 m3) Air Supply: 116 psi 750 cfm (8 bar 21 m3/min)

102 (2,591)

96 (2,438)

238.5 (6,059)

186.1 (4,728)

66.8 (1,696)

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Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation: CleanCuT

CleanCuT R-Valve
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications

Weight: 413.2 lb (187.4 kg) Length: 27.5 in. (699 mm) Width: 28 in. (711 mm) Height: 20.9 in. (531 mm) Control Air Pressure: 6.0 bar

Mounting holes THD M16 25 4 places REF 28 (711) 17.2 (438)

6.3 (160) 2 places

17.2 (438) 2 places 27.5 (699) 13.8 (349.4)

16.4 (415.7) 20.9 (531) 1.8 (45.5) 10.1 (256)

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

CleanCut Cuttings Collection and Transportation System


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Handling & Transportation CleanCuT tilt table
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Specifications

Weight: 407.9 lb (185 kg) Length: 58.4 in. (1,484 mm) Width: 58.9 in. (1,498 mm) Height: 36.5 in. (926 mm)

15.8 (402)

16.4 (417)

21.4 (544)

Mounting bracket

45 (1,144)

27.6 (700) 58.9 (1,498)

58.4 (1,484)

CleanCuT key performance indicators since 2000


1,100 well sections handled 1.6 million barrels of cuttings collected 4.9 million feet of hole drilled 116,000 operating hours 99.80% uptime on CleanCut equipment

44.6 (1,132)

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

VaCuuM ColleCtion systeM


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation: VaCuum ColleCTion sysTem

Features and advantages


Field-Proven Operated successfully on several hundred wells for operators around the world since 1993 Versatile Suitable for most applications: cuttings collection and transportation; waste injection; rig, pit and tank cleaning; vessel cleaning; and fluid recovery Efficient Maximizes filling of cuttings-collection modules Cuttings collection and continuous vacuum does not interrupt drilling Conveys fluids and cuttings horizontally and vertically, saving valuable rig-floor space Skid-mounted diaphragm pump for recycling and fluid transfer Environmental Compliance Designed to meet the most stringent discharge regulations Modular Design Flexible design allows central rig location with remote on/off Suitable for all rig configurations Simple Installation Minimal or no welding required Makes hookup faster and safer Preinstalled collection pipe serves multiple collection locations Equipment tool box with spare parts includes connections, pipe, wands and hoses

Safe No hazardous moving parts Fill sensors for automatic shut-off Vacuum power skid is completely contained Customized, non-sparking blower design with hazardous-duty class electric motors Explosion-proof (Class I, Zone I) 30 or 100 hp electric motor

Total Containment Contains all drilling waste streams Minimizes potential contamination during drilling

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

1 1 1 1 3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 3

Rig shaker Cuttings trough Vibrating U tube insert Outlet valve locked closed Cuttings container (vacuum rated) RVT drop tank Vacuum unit

1 1 1 1 2 3 7 8

4
5 5

5 6

1
7 6

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

6 7

MONGOOSE PT shaker Cuttings ditch Vacuum bazooka Outlet valve Roto valve hopper Screw conveyor Vacuum drop tank Vacuum unit Cuttings dryer

Vacuum Cuttings Collection

Cuttings collection to feed dryer

Vacuum units Classifying shaker

Cleaning of drill floor

Oth roo Pit er m flo Rig or

Cleaning of shaker room

Rig shakers

Cleaning of mud pits


RVT drop tanks

Drainwater and slops

Cuttings ditch Batch holding tank

Se

aw

ate

up rs

ply
Fines tank

Coarse tank (sealed) Coarse tank circulating pumps

Wellhead

Cleaning of separators

Vacuum power skid

Reclamation tank Rig vacuum tank


Transfer pump Slurrification unit Fines tank circulating pumps High-pressure injection pump

Return to mud system

Rig- and tank-cleaning operations

Slurrification and re-injection

The VCS modular components enable usage in a wide variety of rig operations including: Total cuttings containment Secondary recovery where total cuttings containment is not required Secondary mud-recovery systems Cuttings waste injection systems Tank and vessel cleaning Shipping cuttings to shore Mud-spill cleanup on rig floor Pit cleaning for mud-systemchange out Liquid-waste-stream transfer Non-hazardous oilfield-waste minimization, recycling and cleanup

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Cuttings collection box Patented1 design offers safety and versatility in cuttings handling. Features include double marine lightweight (only 65 lb [29.5 kg]) self-sealing hatches at each end for easy unloading, safe, one-way rupture disk valve, square tubing to eliminate inadvertent and hazardous gravel/cuttings pickup, and stacking frame interlocks enabling three-high, space-saving storage. Also meets air/hydrostatic inspection, USCG, MMS.

Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation: VaCuum ColleCTion sysTem

Cuttings box specifications


Model 15 bbl Unit Model 25 bbl Unit Length in. (mm) 80 (2,032) Length in. (mm) 106 (2,692) Width in. (mm) 53 (1,346) Width in. (mm) 70 (1,778) Height in. (mm) 60 (1,524) Height in. (mm) 59 (1,499) Weight lb (kg) 3,000 (1,361) Weight

5,000 (2,268)

Vacuum power skid The Vacuum Collection System is a powerful drill cuttings collection system designed specifically for the oil industry. Easy to install with little or no welding required, it minimizes costly rig time for preparation and installation. At the heart of the system is the Vacuum Power Skid. Patented,1 the Quiet Vac Power Skid features insulated noise-depression enclosure, explosion-proof (Class I, Zone I) motors in 30, 75 and 100 hp.

Vacuum unit specifications


Model 30 hp Unit Length in. (mm) 84 (2,134) Motor: 480 volts, 3-phase 60 amp Width in. (mm) 48 (1,219) Height in. (mm) 66 (1,676) Air Flow: 550 ft3/min (934.4 m3/hr) Weight lb (kg) 1,800 (816)

Model 75 hp Unit

Length in. (mm) 84 (2,134)

Width in. (mm) 64 (1,626)

Height in. (mm) 77 (1,962)

Model 100 hp Unit

Length in. (mm) 109 (2,762) Motor: 480 volts, 3-phase 200 amp

Width in. (mm) 74.5 (1,892)

Height in. (mm) 72 (1,828)


3 3

Weight lb (kg) 12,000 (5,443)

Air Flow: 1,541 ft /min (2,618.1 m /hr)

Protected by one or more of the following: U.S. Patent Nos. 5,402,857; 5,564,509; Des. 296,027; Des. 337,809; UK Patent No. GB 2 286 615. Other domestic and foreign patents pending.

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Rig Vacuum Tank (RVT) As its name implies, the RVT functions as the rigs central vacuum-cleaner canister. Remote controlled from the rig floor, it features strategically placed connections for vacuum attachments to clean critical areas... i.e., rig floor, cuttings ditch, shaker house, deck areas, pit room and loading stations. It can also function as temporary storage during high-volume removal or as a drop tank.

RVT tank specifications


Model Rig Vacuum Tank (RVT) Length in. (mm) 60 (1,270) Width in. (mm) 53 (1,651) Height in. (mm) 60 (1,524) Weight lb (kg) 2,000 (907)

Continuous vacuum rotary hopper Versatile vacuum-fed rotary hopper is an ideal solution for operations where vacuumed materials need to be discharged into separate non-vacuum-rated receptacles. The hopper allows continuous vacuum collection along with continuous discharge of materials into open-top waste injection units, standard open-top cuttings containers, sturdy lined bags or feeding of materials to cuttings dryers.

Rotary hopper specifications


Model Rotary Hopper Specifications Air Flow: 100 ton/hr Length in. (mm) 56 (1,422) Width in. (mm) 59 (1,499) Height in. (mm) 72 (1,829) Weight lb (kg) 3,200 (1,451)

Holding Tanks: (2) capacity 5 bbl each

Motor (2 hp): 480 volts, 3-phase 10 Amp

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Verti-g Cuttings Dryer


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation: VerTi-g Cuttings Dryer

Features and advantages


Superior environmental performance Highly effective liquids/solids separation minimizes fluid content of cuttings Reduces waste-disposal volumes Improved drilling-fluid recovery Effective separation reclaims high percentages of fluid that can be reused in the active mud system Recovers whole mud lost from shaker failure, rig motion and screen blinding

Skilled operators Experienced M-I SWACO personnel maintain peak operating efficiency Operational advantages Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), with automatic warning indicators, monitors temperature, torque, oil levels and operating hours High-capacity, continuous-feed units have the throughput to keep up with drilling Tungsten-carbide-coated, independently adjustable flights reduce wear and ensure optimal tolerance

Ease of maintenance Normal wear parts are easily accessible from the top of the unit; belts are easily changed without removing gear assembly Interchangeable tungsten-carbide rotor blades protect rotor and gear box from excessive erosion, minimizing main component failure

Safety Explosion-proof motors and start/stop boxes can be certified as required for use in Class I, Division I, CE/ATEX or NORSOK areas Custom-built stands and walkways integrated into the rigs reduce risk to personnel

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Size and capacity


Typically, the standard-profile Verti-g* (01) dryer processes 66.1 to 99.2 tons (60 to 90 metric tons) of cuttings per hour. The variations depend on the condition related to size, wetness and softness of the cuttings. The medium-profile Verti-g (04) dryer has a shorter screen and processes 44 to 66.1 tons (40 to 60 metric tons) of cuttings per hour. M-I SWACO also has a low-profile model Verti-g (03) dryer with a process rate of 27.6 to 44 tons (25 to 40 metric tons) per hour, typically used in smaller hole sizes and where the height is a limitation. However, a backup system during peak drilling can be achieved by combining the Verti-g dryer with the CleanCut system and its unique storage and pneumatic feed system. Installation surveys will determine the exact height as all dryers need a feed-and-discharge system.

In the quest for improved environmental practices, operators need solutions that take liquids/solids separation to a new level. The Verti-g cuttings dryer from M-I SWACO incorporates a high-speed vertical dryer that achieves maximum liquids/solids separation in large-volume processing. This gives operators a critical advantage in meeting increasingly stringent environmental regulations for offshore cuttings disposal. The VerTi-g process Cuttings from shale shakers are conveyed to the Verti-g dryer through a variety of site-engineered conveyance systems that

include gravity feed, pneumatic transfer, vacuum transfer and screw conveyors. The flow of cuttings into the Verti-g centrifuge is PCL-controlled and continuously fed to yield optimum liquids/ solids separation. Once cuttings are introduced into the dryers charge hopper, widely spaced, independently adjustable flights continuously direct cuttings to the screen surface. Flights within the Verti-g dryer create a rolling action that promotes further separation and prevents screen plugging. Under high G-forces created by the large cone diameter, liquids/solids separation occurs instantly as cuttings

make contact with the finer-mesh, high-capacity dryer screen while producing cleaner return fluid and drier solids discharge. Solids are discharged at the screen bottom and fall by gravity into the waterflushed cuttings trough and shunted overboard. Solids can also be collected for onshore disposal. Processed liquids pass through the screen and then exit through one of two effluent openings. The fluid is collected and pumped to the M-I SWACO decanting centrifuge for final processing and reuse in the active mud system.

VerTi-g with Auger Feed

VerTi-g with Roto Valve

1 1 3 2

6 1 1 4 3 9 11 4 8 6 5 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Scalping shaker Cuttings ditch Primary shaker Roto-Valve vacuum hopper Cuttings box drop tank 100 hp vacuum unit Auger Verti-g cuttings dryer 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 10 2 3 7 8 9 10 14 Dry cuttings discharge Dryer effluent tank Dilution from active Centrifuge feed pump Centrifuge Centrifuge solids discharge Mud return to active 12 13 11 15 5

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Flowline shaker Mud cleaner Screw conveyor Verti-g cuttings dryer Cuttings discharge Recovered mud

7. Catch tank 8. Centrifuge feed pump 9. Centrifuge 10. Solids discharge 11 Clean mud to active

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Verti-g (01) Cuttings Dryer (Standard)


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation: VerTi-g Cuttings Dryer

VerTi-g cuttings dryer (standard) specification


Length in. (mm) 109 (2,780) Width in. (mm) 81.5 (2070) Height in. (mm) 73.6 (1,1870) Weight lb (kg) 11,420 (5,180)

Power requirements 380 to 440V/3 phase/60Hz (150-amp circuit breaker) One (1) 75 hp explosion-proof motor for dryer
1.5 (38) base fluid flush ring

One (1) 0.5 hp explosion-proof motor for lubricator pump

70.7 (1,796) 5.6 (143) C of G

Operational specifications
72 (1,829) 121.3 (3,081) Stand height may vary

Screen turns up to 890 rpm


C G 27.3 (693) C of G

6 (152) liquid effluent return line G-force up to 400 quantity 2 typical Access panel quantity 3 typical Centrifuge solids discard & Canadian (optional) 57.5 (1,461) C G 34.7 (881)

Operational specifications Equivalent Tyler mesh 65 60 45 32

Opening in. (mm)

U.S. mesh 70 60 45 35

Micron equivalent 203 254 381 508


107.1 (2,720)

0.008 (0.203) 0.010 (0.254) 0.015 (0.381) 0.020 (0.508) Overboard


flange 12 (304) or 14 (356) available

VerTi-g Cuttings Dryer (Standard)


81.5 (2,070) All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters). typical width

2 (51) slide flush rail can be rotated

10.9 (277) 41 (1,041) C of G

94 (2,388)

70.7 (1,796) 5.6 (143) C of G 1.5 (38) base fluid flush ring 6 (38) liquid effluent 1.5(152) base fluid return line flush ring quantity 2 typical C G C G Access panel effluent 6 (152) liquid quantityline return 3 typical quantity 2 typical Centrifuge Access panel solids discard quantity (optional) 3 typical Centrifuge solids discard (optional) 57.5 (1,461) 34.7 57.5 (881) (1,461) 34.7 (881) C G C G 70.7 (1,796) 5.6 (143) C of G

72 (1,829) 121.3 (3,081) Stand height may 121.3 vary (3,081) Stand height may vary 72 27.3 (1,829) (693) C of G 27.3 (693) C of G

Overboard flange 12 (304) or 14 (356) available Overboard flange 12 (304) or 14 (356) 81.5 (2,070) available typical width 81.5 (2,070) typical width

2 (51) slide flush rail can be rotated 2 (51) slide flush rail can be rotated 41 (1,041) C of G 41 (1,041) C of G

107.1 (2,720)

107.1 (2,720) 10.9 (277) 10.9 (277)

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94 (2,388)

Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Verti-g (03) Cuttings Dryer (Low-Profile)


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Collection and Transportation VerTi-g (03) cuttings dryer (low-profile) specification
Length in. (mm) 97.8 (2,483) Width in. (mm) 81.5 (2070) Height in. (mm) 42.5 (1,080) Weight lb (kg) 4,200 (1,905)

Power requirements 380 to 440V/3 phase/60Hz (150-amp circuit breaker) One (1) 30 hp explosion-proof motor for dryer Operational specifications
8 (203) liquid effluent Screen turns up to 1,022 rpm return line quantity 2 typical

One (1) 0.5 hp explosion-proof motor for lubricator pump

G-force up to 400
1.8 (46) C of G 11.8 (300) C of G

Operational specifications
42.5 Opening (1,080) in. (mm)

Equivalent Tyler mesh 65 60 45 32


Overboard flange 12 (304) or 14 (356) available

0.008 (0.203) (2,329)

91.7

Canadian & U.S. mesh Centrifuge 70 (optional) 60 45 35

16.2 (411) C of G Micron

equivalent 203 254 381 508

solids discard

Stand height 0.010 (0.254) may 16.3 (413) vary 0.015 (0.381)of G C

0.020 (0.508)

VerTi-g (03) Cuttings Dryer (Low-Profile)


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).
81.5 (2,070) typical width 2 (51) slide flush rail can be rotated

97.8 (2,484) 11.8 (300) C of G

10.9 (277) 1.8 (46) C of G 94 (2,388) C of G

8 (203) liquid effluent return line quantity 2 typical 8 (203) liquid effluent return line quantity 2 typical 42.5 (1,080) 91.7 (2,329) 42.5 Stand (1,080) height may 91.7 16.3 (413) vary (2,329) C of G Stand height may 16.3 (413) vary C of G

1.8 (46) C of G

11.8 (300) C of G

1.8 (46) C of G Centrifuge solids discard (optional) Centrifuge solids discard (optional)

16.2 (411) C of G

11.8 (300) C of G

16.2 (411) C of G

Overboard flange 12 (304) or 14 (356) available Overboard flange 12 (304) or 81.5 14 (356) (2,070) typical width available

97.8 (2,484) 2 (51) slide flush rail can be rotated 2 (51) slide flush rail can be rotated 1.8 (46) C of G 94 (2,388) C of G 1.8 (46) 11.8 (300) C of G 97.8 (2,484) 11.8 (300) C of G 10.9 (277)

81.5 (2,070) typical width

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Bioremediation Technology
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment
M-I SWACO has developed a portfolio of bioremediation technologies that provide a permanent and environmentally responsible solution for treating oil-wet drilling cuttings. Oilfield bioremediation transforms waste into a resource by controlling, managing and actively treating cuttings from oil-base drilling fluid in a process where microorganisms transform and degrade hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. The process reduces the toxicity, concentration and mobility of organic compounds and can be designed to convert cuttings into an agriculturally acceptable by-product, resulting in a unique zero-waste treatment. The M-I SWACO approach begins with the design of the drilling fluid with much of the research undertaken at the industrys only R&D greenhouse at the Houston headquarters. An example of a bioremediation-ready drilling fluid is our ParalanD* paraffin-base drilling fluid system. With its unique environmentally acceptable design, this system not only improves drilling efficiency, but also reduces the cost and footprint of cuttings disposal. The components are biodegradable and of low toxicity, with an internal phase that provides nutrients for plant growth.

Features

Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment: Bioremediation Technology

Experienced personnel support the initiation and development of the process A certified, third-party laboratory physical and chemical analysis A reliable and proven method that ensures the final quality of cuttings A natural process that uses indigenous microorganisms to degrade hydrocarbons compounds Does not incorporate significant chemical additions or external biological material Minimum mechanical devices for waste handling Comprehensive treatment and contingency plan Continuous monitoring and reporting of degradation process Revegetation of the treatment area

Advantages

Enhances native soil conditions in sandy or barren soils A central site can service multiple wells and vastly reduce disposal costs Eliminates organic contaminants from the drilling waste Reduces environmental risk associated with future leaching of oil and water/soil contamination Reduced cost compared to technologies that might take longer for final results or that use sophisticated chemicals or equipment End product can be reused Does not generate contaminated byproducts Monitoring program provides a reliable database that documents the advance and quality of the land farming process

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fox systeM enHanCeMent


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment
tHe fluiD oxiDizer* (fox*) system was developed as a simple process solution, allowing the removal of pungent odors from thermally recovered oil and water. Applicable to all three M-I SWACO Thermal Desorption technologies, this system enhancement seeks to improve the oil properties of recovered diesel oil such that the recovered oil can be recycled to the mud system and/or reused as a fuel on the thermal unit resulting in cost reduction. The process is based on ozone treatment of both oil and water, proven to be an effective method of removing odors caused by degradation of oil and chemical additives used in the make up of drilling fluids along with thermal cracking. The fox system enhancement is the first method developed to reduce odor with no handling and waste generation and is available for land projects and is being configured for offshore use. Field tests with a pilot unit in Kazakhstan have proved the potential of ozone treatment technology in treating thermally recovered oil with the oxidation of organic compounds to enhance final product quality. The tests showed successful treatment of oil and water in multiple 24 hr continuous runs. Since odor is subjective, participants in a study from three discrete locations ranked ozone-treated oil as less offensive than untreated oil. Furthermore, the same participants ranked ozone-treated oil as less offensive than virgin base oil.

Features

Specifications
Fox land unit specifications

20 ft (6.1 m) self-contained, portable unit Integrated air supply CE marked All consumables generated within unit Continuous process

Self-contained and portable Unit size: ISO 20 ft (6.1 m) container Normal operating temperature: +41F/104F (+5C/+40C) Survival temperature: -4 F/104F (-20C/+40C) Ingress Protection Rating: IP55 Recovered Oil Process Rate: 793 gal/day (3,000 L/day) Recovered Water Process Rate: 2,906 gal/day (11,000 L/day) Voltage: 400V AC Frequency: 50 Hz Conformity (Voltage, frequency, IP rating, and conformity can be configured to suit each project or application): CE, GOST R

Advantages

No handling or large storage vessels Cleans both water and oil Purifies oil without creating a waste stream Reduces challenges associated with clay filtration and other chemicals

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Hammermill Offshore
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment: Hammermill Offshore

Now the Hammermill unit is specifically designed for offshore, capable of being installed in the space that would have been used for the skips previously used to collect and transport cuttings to shore. Through the integration of the proven CleanCut cuttings transfer and storage technology with an M-I SWACO Thermomechanical Cuttings Cleaner (TCC) modular design, we provide the total offshore solution, including:

Reduced manpower on the rig Reduced crane lifts for lifting cuttings containers (skips) - reduced manpower - removal of additional deck hands on the rig to handle the skips Reduced emissions - Diesel crane emissions - unloading the cuttings containers from the rig - Ship to shore of skips on supply boat - fewer boats, reduced emissions - Reduced emissions from diesel cranes onshore to unload the cuttings containers from the supply boat - Reduced emissions from the trucks to transport the cuttings containers to the onshore thermal process facility - Reduced emissions to unload the cuttings containers from the truck at the onshore thermal treatment facility - Reduced emissions from forklift trucks to empty the cuttings containers into the onshore thermal treatment facility - Reduced cost of container rental

Features

Pneumatic transfer of drilled cuttings offshore to a thermal system Complete enclosed system CleanCut and Hammermill PLC-controlled for reduced manpower requirements Cross-trained CleanCut and TCC engineers Modular DNV 2-7.1 approved modules Minimal rig-up/rig-down time - Plug and socket on cabling to reduce rig-up/rig-down time Best available technology for drive module featuring the new CAT C32 low emissions engine (less than Tier 2) ATEX Approved Rated for Zone 2 use Hammermill technology utilizing friction to generate heat within the cuttings that separates the base oil without damaging its molecular structure Offshore rigs and other installations where space is at a premium and where base oils must be recovered from drilled cuttings, both for the recovery of the base oil and for preparing the cuttings for disposal or reuse

ATEX approved CE marked Small footprint Low manpower requirements Operates very cleanly and quietly Ability to operate offshore

Advantages

Limited process temperature Very short retention time required for complete removal of oil in the solids Good condition of the recovered oil Efficient, intense agitation to break up solid particles, inducing efficient thermal desorption

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Hammermill Onshore
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment
The Hammermill desorption process is based on direct mechanical heating through the use of a pounding mills action on the cuttings. The combination of high mechanical shear and in-situ heat generation creates an environment that promotes flash evaporation of water and hydrocarbons. There is no ignition source in this type of desorption process, hence the term friction. This technology eliminates the need for large surfaces and complex systems for warming and maintaining a heat-transfer medium, e.g., hot oil, steam or exhaust gas. It is fast, clean and efficient to run. Due to the operating flexibility of the mechanical approach to desorption, Hammermill systems can be designed as compact units that meet the highest safety and explosion-proofing standards. The drilling waste must be screened for larger objects by a simple shaker screen on top of the feed hopper. Double piston pumps have proven to be the most reliable method of introducing the material to the process mill. The efficient crushing of the solids results in significant amounts of ultra-fine particles following the vapors from the process chamber. These particles are efficiently removed by a cyclone and a special dust separator prior to the vapors moving through the condensers.

Hammermill performance
Specs Oil on cuttings (TPH) Flash point reduction of recovered oil, C Solids in recovered oil, ppm Oil in recovered water, ppm <1 <5 <1 <1,000 Best recorded 0.02% 0 <0.5 <50

Features

ATEX approved CE marked Small footprint Low manpower requirements Operates very cleanly and quietly Ability to operate offshore

Advantages

Limited process temperature Very short retention time required for complete removal of oil in the solids Good condition of the recovered oil Efficient, intense agitation to break up solid particles, inducing efficient thermal desorption

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Rotary Kiln
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment
Thermal Desorption using Rotary Kiln Technology enables recovery of entrained water and oil from contaminated cuttings. This technique, using a rotating, inclined cylinder, has been successfully used to process waste cuttings for decades. The M-I SWACO Rotary Kiln process moves contaminated material to a feed auger that delivers it into the kiln. The material is indirectly heated, increasing the temperature and resulting in desorption of the oil and water. The oil and water vapors are removed from the kiln and quickly condensed for oil and water separation and recovery. The oilfree treated solids are then cooled and rehydrated in an enclosed discharge auger while being conveyed away from the unit for disposal onsite or offsite. Our process is based on an indirectfired method in which all heat being transferred to the processed material is conducted to and radiated through the kiln shell. Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment: Rotary Kiln

Features

Variable process rates from 15 MT/ day to 35 MT/day depending on material composition and kiln size Modular design enables custom system configurations Truck-mounted mobile design Minimal rig-up/rig-down time Indirect thermal desorption

Advantages

Operates with low emissions Consistent treated solids results: <1% TPH Significantly less solids carryover (<1% BS&W) in recovered oil Effectively treats high-liquid-content cuttings (>40% by weight) Reusable recovered oil quality Minimal personnel requirements Highly mobile

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Thermal Desorption Technologies


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment

Features and advantages

Efficient base-oil recovery and onsite treatment for immediate reuse Three desorption systems to address project-specific requirements Consistently achieves <1% TPH on treated solids and <1% BS&W in recovered oil Effective odor removal to meet current environmental guidelines Modular desorption system designs for minimal rig-up/rig-down time System enhancement to purify oil without creating a waste stream Reduced emissions from minimized use of cranes, trucks and ship-toshore skips to transport cuttings for disposal Recycling of discharged, treated material Enhanced fluid-recovery rates Rigorous testing of solids prior to disposal

M-I SWACO offers three Thermal Desorption technologies, all designed to reduce the amount of produced waste at the source, reclaim valuable base oils and prepare solids for disposal:

tHerMal PHase seParation* (TPS*) Hammermill (onshore and offshore systems) Rotary Kiln

All three technologies are capable of producing dry, clean solids with less than 1% and often less than 0.5% Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (TPH) content - a major accomplishment for the petroleum industry. Our tHerMal PHase seParation, Hammermill, and Rotary Kiln units are engineered for high mobility and have the flexibility to adapt to changing operational requirements. After appropriate treatment, discharge material can often be used as a fundamental building material; for example, as a base material in the construction of roads or building blocks. An additional system enhancement the fluiD oxiDizer* (fox*) unit - removes odors associated with thermally recovered oil and water.

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Finding the best solution


The best solutions are the result of an in-depth understanding of the unique project situation and issues that can include:

Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment: Thermal Desorption Technologies

Project location Source of material Discharge or reuse Recovery Logistics Storage capacity Preprocessing preparation Separation of solids, oil and water Processor type and capacity

Addressing each set of circumstances allows M-I SWACO to address the broad spectrum of customer needs, including removal of contaminants, safe solids disposal, reuse of hydrocarbons and water, cost control and safety.

Adapting technology to local needs worldwide


M-I SWACO has commissioned, operated and completed desorption projects around the world, consistently improving the technology and the results since 1999. We have completed projects in Australia, Central Asia, North and South America, and the Middle East. Our operations experience covers vastly different locations and climates from open steppe and desert to elevated tropical jungle and even urban locations.

The desorbed vapors are removed and condensed. The condensate is then divided into fractions using a specially engineered oil/water separator. Recovered base oil is collected, tested and recycled as base fluid and/or used as fuel. Water is recovered and is also used to re-wet treated solids. Treated solids can be safely disposed of in many ways, depending on local regulations.

Eco-sensitive project realizes $1 million in savings


A project site in Ecuador was completely isolated, accessible only by helicopter and too remote for continual re-supply of drilling fluid or removal of spent mud and contaminated cuttings. The major multinational operator needed an economical, effective solution for managing the synthetic-base drilling fluids and contaminated cuttings in this remote, ecologically sensitive region. Environmental considerations dictated complete reuse of recovered base oil without degradation or contamination, and treated solids were subject to a limit of <1% residual oil. The M-I SWACO TPS-2 Thermal Phase Separation system offered the operator two key advantages: compact design and ability to be transported by helicopter.

Savings exceeding $1 million from the use of the M-I SWACO TPS-2 unit were reported early in the project. Averaging greater than 99% recovery/removal and allowing reuse of the high-value synthetic-base fluid, the TPS-2 system provided ecologically sound recycling of spent muds and treatment of contaminated cuttings. Gas chromatographic analysis indicated <1% base sediment and water, demonstrating that the recovered base oil met the required specifications. For more information about our portfolio of thermal desorption technologies, contact your M-I SWACO representative.

How it works
While each desorption technology from M-I SWACO operates differently from the others, many of the basic principles are the same. Hydrocarbons are volatized from oily solids in a closed chamber using carefully controlled heat. Temperature levels and retention time in the chamber are closely monitored to ensure maximum phase separation without exceeding the fractionation point of the base oil.

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tHerMal PHase seParation


Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment Completed Desorption Projects
Year completed 2000 1999 2003 2001 2007 2001 2005 2002 2002 2004 2004 2006 2007 2008 Ongoing 2008 2008 Ongoing 2008 Ongoing Ongoing Location Ecuador Australia Bolivia UAE Kazakhstan Argentina Mexico, LTTD Ecuador UAE UAE Germany Algeria Algeria Algeria Kazakhstan Venezuela Neuquen, Argentina Tartagal, Argentina Bremen, Germany Denhelder, Netherlands Siberia, RU Tons treated 13,000 1,120 21,998 2,011 88,040 5,064 182,635 1,277 1,253 1,026 2,949 39,234 21,550 180,966 71,293 10,000 3,500 3,200 5,000 5,000 582 Technology Indirect TPS Indirect TPS Indirect TPS Indirect TPS Indirect TPS Indirect TPS Indirect - LTTD Indirect TPS Indirect TPS Indirect TPS Direct - Hammermill Indirect - TPS Indirect - TPS Indirect - TPS Direct - Hammermill Rotary Kiln Rotary Kiln Incinerator Direct - Hammermill Direct - Hammermill Direct - Hammermill

M-I SWACO tHerMal PHase seParation (TPS) technology delivers an unprecedented level of economy and environmental benefits in the treatment of drilling fluids and drilled cuttings. These systems provide a completely self-contained, versatile process based on indirectly heated thermal desorption. Results of TPS technology include:

Highly efficient hydrocarbon removal and recovery Unsurpassed recovered oil quality for onsite base oil recycling Low emissions that comply with all current guidelines

Our systems, based on three primary components - desorption chamber(s), gas/liquid treatment unit, and control unit - minimize treatment costs and achieve comprehensive environmental compliance.

Features

Advantages

Processing rates in excess of 300 MT/day Future CE marked Modular design enables custom system configurations

Operates with low emissions Recovers up to 85% of valuable base oil for immediate reuse Consistent treated solids results: <1% TPH and 10 ppm leachable TPH Significantly less solids carryover (<1% BS&W) in recovered oil Effectively treats high-liquid-content cuttings (>40% by weight) Superior recovered oil quality Minimal personnel requirements

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waste injeCtion
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment Features

Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment: WasTe injeCTion

All-inclusive process that includes geomechanical modeling and simulation, well and operation design, data acquisition, and monitoring assurance Multi-disciplinary network of engineers Highly trained operational personnel Specially dedicated injection training centers Capable of injecting variety of wastes, including slurrified cuttings, lube oil, rig drain fluids, produced water, waste mud and crude-oil contaminated cuttings, among others Includes collection and conveyance mechanism, high-pressure pump and slurrification systems, subsurface disposal domain and data collection and monitoring

M-I SWACO has developed an integrated waste injeCtion* process that has emerged as a cost-effective and sound solution for drilled waste disposal at environmentally sensitive and remote asset developments. WI operations may be done in situ at or near the waste generation site eliminating the need to package and haul cuttings long distances to treatment facilities. Operators save time, labor, rig space and mitigate HSE risk by avoiding transportation over water or on roadways. Originally conceived solely for drill cuttings injection, the waste injeCtion process has expanded to include many other waste streams generated during E&P operations. The waste injeCtion system includes a slurrification process whereby drilling waste is collected, mixed with water, and conditioned to form a stabile slurry ready for injection into a suitable down-hole storage formation.

M-I SWACO has designed a comprehensive waste injeCtion assurance program whereby a multidisciplinary team of professionals work to minimize the risks of future liability and to optimize operations. An experienced team of GeoMechanics engineers start by examining the merits of potential injection formations. Once feasibility is established, design iterations begin, culminating in a final design deemed best for purpose. Together with operations engineers, an execution plan is crafted for the injection process. During the life of the project, the injection well is monitored for integrity and to allow analysis to generate advice for beneficial changes to operations . This results in highly refined policies and procedures and when combined with a global network of technology centers and a technical resource network, this guarantees a comprehensive and validated disposal strategy and that an execution plan is tailored as the project requires. The comprehensive waste injeCtion process gives operators the confidence and ability to drill and inject simultaneously at the same location.

Advantages

Provides permanent disposal solution Reduces disposal costs Minimizes environmental liabilities; meets all zero discharge requirements and lowers CO2 emissions Customized solution

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Basic components of waste injection


Cuttings generation

Injection Process Overview


The waste injeCtion process involves the gathering of solids and wastes through a series of specialized equipment that classify, degrade, mix and condition them into stable and pumpable slurries. Afterwards, the slurry is injected via hydraulic fracturing into a subsurface formation that earlier had been analyzed and deemed suitable for the permanent isolation of the waste. The proper injection formation is identified at the onset as one that will ensure injected waste does not propagate into undesirable zones protecting the environment surrounding the disposal zone. The equipment package comprises a conveyance apparatus, slurrification unit, high-pressure injection pumps and monitoring equipment. The skidmounted waste injeCtion analyst* delivers real-time and recordable injection pressure, density and volume data. All of the equipment and processes are operated by high skilled specialists, who undergo extensive training at dedicated waste injeCtion training centers worldwide.

Cuttings collection

Treatment and pumping

Wellhead

Sub-surface Conduit

Subsurface conduit

Disposal domain

Waste Injection process

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wi Training Center
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment
Drilling Waste Management: Cuttings Treatment: Wi Training Center

Training is the key to successful WI operations


M-I SWACO is committed to assuring the competency of personnel and delivers both theoretical and practical hands-on training solutions in all aspects of the WI process to both employees and customers. Training centers around the world are fully equipped with training rooms, laboratories, WI/CleanCut training simulators, a full-scale WI slurrification system, a CleanCut cuttings collection and transport system, a VaCuuM ColleCtion systeM (VCS) and an M-I SWACO 518 Centrifuge. The WI curriculum is competency-based, requiring trainees to complete trainer-assessed tasks and follows the requirements of ISO 9001 and ISO 10015. M-I SWACO WI Training Centers are located in Aberdeen, Scotland; Bangkok, Thailand; and Houston, Texas.

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Dewatering
Drilling Waste Management: Liquid Waste Treatment Typical setup for land rig dry location
1 2 1 Flowline 2 Rig shaker 3 Mud cleaner 4 Active mud system 5 Feed pump 6 Centrifuge 7 E NVIRO U NIT* 8 Living area 9 Mix tank 10 Store tank 11 Acid tank 12 Coagulant tank 13 Catch tank: 8 4 4 4 2 3

Drilling fluid Centrifuge effluent Clean water Dirty water Acid Coagulant Solids

clean water unit


9 10 11 7 16 12 6

Flocculation unit

13

14

14 Catch tank:

dirty water

15

15 Storage tank:

clean water 16 Storage tank: dirty water

Typical setup for land rig dry location

M-I SWACO has engineered portable and containerized Dewatering technologies that remove colloidalsized particles that can seriously degrade the performance of water-base drilling fluids. The Dewatering systems eliminate the need for costly dilution to maintain density and rheological properties, thereby conserving water, reducing waste volumes and costs.

The fine particles are removed through a chemically enhanced process of enhanced centrifugation that is much more cost-effective than using a single high-speed centrifuge. A number of designs are available to fit within any onshore or offshore rig requirement. Regardless of the unit used, M-I SWACO Dewatering* systems provide operators a powerful tool for maintaining optimum drilling fluid properties, while minimizing waste, reducing treatment and disposal costs.

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Drilling Waste Management: Liquid Waste Treatment: DeWaTering

Dewatering process flow


Dewatering unit Mud from storage or active mud system Barite recovery centrifuge (weighted fluid) Mixing system 1 Mixing system 2 Mixing system 3 Recovered fluid to active mud system or storage

Feed pump

M-I SWACO centrifuge

Barite discharge returned to mud system

Acid injection system

Coagulant mixing and injection system

Flocculant mixing and injection system

Discarded flocked solids

Features

Advantages

How it works
As the used fluid passes through the flow loop in the Dewatering unit, it is chemically treated to enhance flocculation. The chemical treatment is tailored for the type of fluid being treated and the required quality of the recovered fluid. Once flocculated, the fluid is fed through the Dewatering centrifuge, where the solids are removed to recover clean and reusable fluid.

High-capacity centrifuge Fully-contained unit with a small footprint for rigs with limited space Optional magnetic flow meter records volumes processed as well as water usage Allows cut-point to be reduced below the capabilities of standard solids-control equipment operating parameters Water-recycling capability makes it easier to keep mud in good condition at all times and is ideal where water is scarce

Recycling of the fluid phase reduces water-hauling, drilling fluid and disposal costs Optimizes environmental performance Reduces chemical costs Maintains active mud in good working condition

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reClaiM Technology
Drilling Waste Management: Liquid Waste Treatment

No reClaim treatment.

reClaim unit in Abu Dhabi mud plant.

The reClaiM* technology is a closed-loop, chemically enhanced solids removal process, capable of eliminating the majority of low-gravity solids (LGS) from oil- or synthetic-base drilling fluids. This portable system solves the problem of drilling fluid degradation, while reducing fluids-related costs. During the drilling process, these fine solids build up in a mud system because conventional solids-control equipment is unable to remove particles smaller than 8 to 10 microns. The buildup of LGS hinders efficient drilling by initiating pipe sticking, increasing torque, decreasing ROP and other issues relating to highviscosity mud. Before reClaiM system, the only conventional option was to dilute the mud to reduce the level of fine solids or build new mud.

How it works
The system works by mixing the spent mud with a surfactant and flocculating polymer. The surfactant reduces the emulsion stability of the mud and water-wets the solids to allow the flocculating polymer to adhere to the fine solids. The flocculated mud stream is then fed into the proprietary high-speed centrifuge and the virtually solids-free, reusable, nondegraded oil is recovered and returned to the active mud system or tanks for storage. The solids stream is discarded from the centrifuge for disposal. The waste stream contains not only the flocculated solids, but also a portion of the water phase.

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Drilling Waste Management: Liquid Waste Treatment: reClaim Technology

reClaim compact unit


10-ft (3-m) skid NAF flocculation package only Coriolis flow meters PLC control installed within the skid ATEX-certified equipment DNV-approved skid No steel totes for polymer and surfactant storage 4 injection points (water, surfactant, polymer and base oil) Feed pump only No discharge tank

Features and advantages

reClaiM system comprises polymer and surfactant tanks, polymer and surfactant pumps, mixers, feed and return lines and the control panel Meets all height and weight limitations for transportation Closed-loop, dry location Requires no welding; all connections to active or stored mud made with quickconnect hose and/or Victaulic piping All electrical is self-contained, requiring only a single 100 kW supply connection Technology proven on all types of non-aqueous drilling fluids Effluent specific gravity can be reduced to near-virgin-base-oil OWR as low as 60:40 can be economically treated as high as 98:2

Reduces drilling, disposal costs Optimizes drilling fluid performance Increases ROP Fewer occurrences of stuck pipe Reduces reservoir damage Significantly reduces disposal costs for excess fluids Reduces storage requirements and costs Lowers transportation costs Eliminates the high cost associated with dilution of fluid Recovers reusable base oil from spent mud

Solids discard with reClaim treatment.

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CarbontraCker
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing

Produced Gas Measurement: Pressure Control, Production Testing, Underbalance Drilling and Managed Pressure Drilling. The CarbontraCker* gas flow measurement system was engineered to measure the volume of gas produced while drilling. The CarbontraCker gas meter represents a step-change innovation in helping operators minimize the environment impact of their operations, including the carbon footprint. The CarbontraCker gas meter is suitable offshore or onshore and is particularly beneficial in tight-gas shale plays. The CarbontraCker gas meter installs directly into the flare line to provide real-time accurate gas flow measurement and composition. The CarbontraCker gas meter is applicable for any situation

requiring a determination of the amount of gas being flared while drilling. It is particularly beneficial for reservoir characterization by detecting and monitoring nuisance gas during tight-gas, underbalanced-drilling (UBD). With the increasing need for the reservoir characterization of tight gas, the economic advantages of the CarbontraCker gas meter in underbalanced drilling has been clearly recognized .The CarbontraCker gas meter is accurate at flow velocities ranging from 0.1 to 275 ft/sec (0.03 to 83.8 m/sec). It installs in the flare line between the MuD/gas seParator* (MGS) and the flare stack, measuring gas-flow velocity, temperature and pressure to determine actual and standard volumetric flow, as well as mass flow rates.

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Features

Advantages

Measures hydrocarbon-gas velocity from 0.1 to 275 ft/sec (.03 to 83.8 m/sec) Ultrasonic flow measurement technology Integrated data acquisition and storage No moving parts; tolerates dirty or wet conditions Works in the presence of CO2 No onsite technician required for operation Measures velocity, volumetric flow and mass flow Built-in power supply for pressure and temperature transmitters Digital interface: Wellsite Information Transfer Specification (WITS) Level 0 No obstruction of the flare line

Adds another degree of certainty to tight-gas exploration and development Potential to increase efficiency of well delivery through accurate data and more informed decisions Reliable in noisy and/or highly contaminated environments Self-operating with no drain on personnel time Accurate flow rates independent of gas composition Minimal maintenance Readily communicates with rig instrumentation Self-diagnostics maintain accuracy

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: CarbonTraCker

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

3-PHase seParator
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: D-Gassers Features

Skid mounted for easy transport Designed to ASME Section 8 Div 1 for lethal service and NACE MR-0175 specifications Engineered for H2S applications Available in multiple configurations, sizes and pressure ratings to meet each customers particular needs Bypass capabilities provide option to divert well stream to either sale or containment tanks / in. corrosion allowance External float chambers allow operators to easily check float operation during use

D-Gassers: Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing The 3-PHase seParator* unit is an instrumented vessel that is used in production well testing and frac flowback operations to separate well effluent into oil, water and gas. The 3-PHase seParator units are NACE-compliant and ASME U - stamped pressure vessels.

1 8

within the separator. After the effluent has settled in the vessel for suitable period, the gas will rise out of the solution. The gas passes over a mist extractor that removes any additional liquid before it flows out of the top of the vessel and through the gas outlet. The gas is then be measured and either sold or flared. The liquids, meanwhile, continue to settle with the oil separating from the water and rising. A weir plate is used to separate the oil, which exits the vessel through an oil outlet, while the water leaves

Advantages

Effectively separates free gas, oil and water from well effluent Longer vessel life Bypass capability of liquid and gas meters prevents having to shut in the well when repairing meters, or changing orifice plates, respectively, or for leak maintenance Comingling capabilities among all fluid phases provides customers options on how to distribute output Discharge lines configured to enhance safety Eliminates well shut-in for repairs, maintenance and replacements Discharge lines are configured for safety and ease of maintenance Cost-effective

How it Works
The effluent that is being produced by the well is flowed into the inlet of the separator where a diverter plate redirects and slows the flow, providing interference to allow the effluent to settle more readily

3-phase separaTor

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

CD-1400 Centrifugal D-gasser


Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: D-gassers
The M-I SWACO CD-1400 Centrifugal MuD D-gasser* unit provides an innovative and space-saving solution to degassing problems. The D-gasser units use a patented, centrifugal-force system rather than conventional vacuum or impact systems. M-I SWACO D-gasser units exert centrifugal force to the mud, multiplying the force acting on the gas bubbles to increase buoyancy and release. The increase in buoyancy accelerates the bubble-rise velocity. As the bubbles rise toward the surface, they escape the mud and are further broken down by flow turbulence. The freed gas and the gas-free mud are then separately discharged as desired.

Reduces potential blowouts The removal of entrained gases, including H2S and corrosive oxygen, from drilling fluids reduces the threat of dangerous and costly blowouts caused by recirculating gas-cut mud In-tank mounting Easy-to-install, in-tank mounting virtually eliminates the need for rig-floor space Energy efficient System requires less energy to operate with UL-approved, 25 hp, explosion-proof 230/460 VAC 3-phase 60 Hz motor Self-contained The unit is complete with centrifugal cylinder unit, screens, electric motor and mount High performance Provides lowest hp/GPM throughput ratio, generating up to 1,000 to 1,300 GPM (4,164 to 4,921 L/min), depending on operating conditions

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: D-gassers: CD-1400 CenTriFugal D-gasser

Features and advantages

Removes entrained gases The Centrifugal D-gasser units remove all of the entrained gases from the drilling fluids in the return flow by using high-speed centrifugal force

CD-1400 CenTriFugal D-gasser


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Notes
N1 N2 Mud discharge nozzle 6 in. (152.4 mm) Gas discharge nozzle 2.5 in. (63.5 mm)

N2 N1

19.9 (505.5)

23.8 (604.5)

41.5 (1,054.1) 121.9 (3,096.3) 71.7 (1,821.2) 67.1 (1,704.3) 59.4 (1,508.8) 21 (533.4) 21.2 (538.5) 64.9 (1,648.5)

20.8 13.2 (528.3) (335.3)

0.9 typ (22.9) 24 typ on 37.7 B.C. (957.6)

10 typ

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Shown above is a 3D cutaway image of dynamic flow within the CD-1400 CenTiFugal D-gasser. The orange arrows show the flow of fluid. The blue arrows show the gas going to vent or flare. By using centrifugal force, gas is separated from the fluid efficiently within a small footprint.

CD-1400 CenTriFugal D-gasser with Gas Blower


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Notes
N1 6 (152.4) 1.5 (38.1) 150 (68) 150 (68) Mud discharge Gas discharge

Specifications

Length: 41.5 in. (1,054.1 mm) Width: 43.7 in. (1,110 mm) Height: 121.9 in. (3,096.3 mm)
41.5 (1,054.1)

Weight: 2,018 lb (915 kg) Capacity: 1,000 to 1,300 gpm (4,164 to 4,921 L/min)

N2

20.8 (528.3)

13.2 (335.3)

0.88 (22.4) typ on 37.7 (957.6) BC

N1

121.9 (3,096.3)

64.9 (1,648.5)

23.8 (604.5)

24 typ 10 typ A_1

19.9 (505.5)

21.2 (538.5)

N2

N2

59.4 (1,508.8) 67.1 (1,704.3) 71.7 (1,821.2)

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Compact Vacuum D-gasser


Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: D-gassers Process overview
Gases are entrained in drilling fluids from the wellbore during normal drilling operations as well as during kicks or well-control situations. These gases present safety hazards and create operational problems when gas-laden fluid reaches the surface. Degassing is accomplished at the surface by one of two methods (1) atmospheric separation or (2) vacuum separation. The simplest form of atmospheric degassing occurs naturally in the surface mud tank system. As the mud flows over the shale shakers and through the pits, gas bubbles will form in the mud and escape to the atmosphere. In event of hazardous gases being present, it is desirable to localize the point where gas is released from the mud by installing a vacuum-style degasser. Vacuum-style degassers are installed in the first compartment downstream of the sand trap and upstream of any centrifugal pumps. Vacuum degassers work by removing entrained gases from the drilling fluid by exposing the fluid to pressures well below ambient atmospheric pressure. Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: D-gassers: Compact Vacuum D-gasser

Features and advantages

Fiberglass leaves eliminate corrosion; reduce repair and maintenance costs Large Cleanout Port allows easier access for cleaning inside of D-gasser Large surface area allows gas entained in mud to be released effectively Interchangeability of many of the parts with the Horizontal D-gasser allows use of existing inventory parts Same field-proven vacuum pump as Horizontal D-gasser Short footprint can be installed in smaller spaces

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How it works
The M-I SWACO Compact D-gasser unit works by removing entrained gases from the drilling fluid as illustrated at right. Vacuum degassing is more effective than atmospheric degassing due to the exposure of the drilling fluid to pressures well below ambient atmospheric pressure. The unit directs the incoming fluid flow over internal plates that create large surface areas over which thin layers of the fluid continuously flow. The transit time required for the gas to travel up, through the fluid and break out of the mud is minimized by spreading the fluid into thin layers. At pressures below atmospheric pressure, the rate at which gas separates from a fluid is accelerated. The low pressure promotes the growth of large gas bubbles which rise rapidly to the nearest surface.

The free gas that breaks out of the drilling fluid is continuously removed from the vessel by the action of the pistonstyle vacuum pump on the unit. The removed gas is typically directed to the flare stack.

Incoming fluid disperses in thin layers over the internal disk stack Gas outlet Motive force fluid to venturi jet pump Fluid level Degassed mud

The level of mud within Outlet to mud pit Inlet: gas cut mud the vessel is controlled by a float valve to ensure that the disk inside the vessel drops rapidly until the stack is never submerged. As fluid level float lowers and full vacuum is restored. rises and lifts the float, air enters the A liquid-trap tank in the gas-removal vessel through the three-way valve to piping collects any fluid or condensate decrease the vacuum inside the vessel. that may have entered the gas-removal With less vacuum inside the vessel, the rate at which fluid is drawn into the tank piping. A float ball in the liquid-trap tank prevents the liquids from entering slows and the rate at which fluid exits the vacuum pump. the vessel increases. The fluid level

Compact Vacuum D-gasser


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).
94.5 (2,400)

Specifications

Length: 00.5 in. (2,553 mm) Width: 69.9 in. (1,775 mm) Height: 79.4 in. (2,016 mm) Vessel diameter: 60 in. (1,524 mm) Weight (dry): 4,750lb Capacity: Up to 1,000 gpm (4,164 L/min)

58.1 (1,477)

28.1 (715) 58.3 (1,480)

100.5 (2,553)

94.5 (2,400)

69.9 (1,775)

58.1 (1,477)

79.4 (2,016) 7.4 (187) 13.5 (343) 58.3 (1,480) 30 (762)

60.3 (1,532)

28.1 (715)

100.5 (2,553)

60 (1,524)

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Horizontal D-gasser
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: D-gassers
Introduced in 1951, the M-I SWACO D-gasser* has performed reliably on over 200,000 wells and earned its reputation as the standard of the industry. All M-I SWACO D-gasser units are designed to remove virtually all entrained gases, including H2S and corrosive oxygen, from drilling mud. This reduces the threat of dangerous and costly blowouts caused by recirculating gas-cut mud. With its smaller footprint, 42 x 60.7 in. (1,066.8 x 1,541.8 mm), the vertical model is ideal for confined-space applications.

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: D-gassers: Horizontal D-gasser

Horizontal D-gasser
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

176.9 (4,493) 157 (3,988)

42 (1,067)

103.5 (2,629)

22.4 (569)

5.9 (150)

47.9 (1,217) 12.5 (318) 34.5 (876) 21 Typ. (533) 17.6 (447) 32.7 (831)

5.8 (147)

6.8 (173)

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Vertical D-gasser
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: D-gassers Features and advantages

Skid-mounted Simplifies spotting and installation. Self-contained The unit consists of a cylindrical vacuum tank with internal baffle system, vacuum pump, jet nozzle and three-way float valve Three-way float valve Unique design allows venting to the flare line during H2S service Simple operation The return-flow, gas-cut mud is drawn into the tank through a vacuum created by the discharge jet and pump. The mud is then dispersed in a thin layer over a two-tier, baffle-plate system where the entrained gas, including H2S and corrosive oxygen, is recovered by the vacuum pump

The freed gas is then discharged at a safe distance from the drilling operation while the restored mud is returned to the active mud system

Few moving parts The D-gasser unit features only three moving parts: the float inside the vacuum vessel, the vacuum breaker valve, and the vacuum pump. The float ensures that the system maintains the desired mud-fill level within the vessel during operation High performance An M-I SWACO D-gasser can handle up to 1,000 GPM (3,785.4 L/min) while restoring mud to its original density Built rugged The unit is ruggedly built and coated inside and out with corrosion13.8 resistant epoxy to ensure long life (350.5) and minimum maintenance
20.3 (515.6) 20.3 (515.6)

13.8 (350.5)

45 typ 4 plcs

45 typ 4 plcs

Vertical D-gasser
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

13.5 (342.9) 2.5 (63.5)

27 (685.8) 13.5 (342.9) 2.5 (63.5)

27 (685.8)

36 (914.4) diameter 12 (304.8)

36 (914.4) diameter 12 (304.8)

18.2 (462.3) .31 30.3 (7.9) (769.6)

18.2 (462.3) .31 30.3 (7.9) (769.6)

13.8 (350.5)

20.3 (515.6)

45 typ 4 plcs 149 (3,784.6) 119.9 (3,045.5) 54.8 (1,392) 36 (914.4) diameter 12 (304.8) 54.8 (1,392) 34.2 (868.7) 42 (1,066.8) 42 (1,066.8) 21 (533.4) 42 (1,066.8) 60.7 (1,541.8) 20.3 21 (515.6) (533.4) 42 (1,066.8) 31.7 (805.2) 60.7 (1,541.8) 56.9 (1,445.3) 36.3 (922) 149 (3,784.6) 119.9 (3,045.5) 56.9 (1,445.3) 36.3 (922)

34.2 (868.7)

20.3 (515.6)

8.2 2.3)

31.7 (805.2)

.31 0.3 (7.9) 9.6)

122

149 (3,784.6)

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

MuD/gas seParator
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: muD/gas separaTors
The field-proven M-I SWACO MuD/gas seParator* is an extremely reliable, vital piece of safety equipment for todays drilling operations. It is ideal for use where drilling is likely to encounter large volumes of gas, sour gas or when an operator is drilling with an underbalanced mud column. tHe MuD/gas seParator is primarily used to separate and safely vent large pockets of free gas, that may include toxic gases such as hydrogen sulfide, from the drilling-fluid system. Separates free gas Separates and vents large pockets of free-gas accumulations, including toxic gases such as H2S, from the active system. Reduces hazardous gas threat The separated gas is carried by vent lines to a remote location and flared. Fail-safe gas delivery is controlled by a backpressure manifold valve in the flare line. Skid-mounted and trailerable Simplifies transport, spotting and installation. Unit can lay down during over-the-road transport. Versatile configuration tHe MuD/gas seParator is available in either a land or compact offshore configuration. The land version is designed so it can be raised or lowered for flowline adjustments to minimize piping. ASME and NACE specifications The only separator designed in accordance with ASME and NACE specifications. Rugged construction The unit is ruggedly built and coated with corrosion-resistant epoxy to ensure long life while processing hazardous and toxic gases. Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: muD/gas separaTors: muD/gas separaTor

How it works
The M-I SWACO MuD/gas seParator consists of a cylindrical pressure vessel in a fixed vertical position. Inside is a series of specially angled baffle plates, stepped from the top to the bottom. When contaminated mud is routed into the separator, it flows downward successively over each plate. During this process, the heads of entrained gases break out. The released gas is then carried by the vent lines to a remote location where it can be safely flared. The flow of liquid from the vessel can be regulated by a liquid-level-control valve or a U-tube, ensuring adequate retention time in the separator for the gas to break out. The gas delivery from the MuD/gas seParator to the flare line can be controlled by a back-pressure manifold (valve) in the flare line.

The M-I SWACO MuD/gas seParator is ideal to assist in controlling dangerous, near-surface expansion and accumulation of gas during a well kick.

Features and advantages

Separates large volumes of free gas including H2S Reduces threat of hazardous and toxic gases Skid-mounted for easy transport Versatile configurations Designed to ASME and NACE specifications Corrosion-resistant epoxy coated to ensure long life

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muD/gas separaTor (Land Version)


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).
30.6 (777.2) 0 54 45 270 See note #9 See note #9 See note #10 90 88 (2,235.2) 216 (5,486.4)

Notes
1 2 3
See detail A for flange locations See note #6 83 (2,108.2) See note #7

Millimeters in parentheses Approximate weight, 15,000 lb (6,800 kg) Flange, 6 in. (152.4 mm) RF. STL, 150 psi (10.3 bar) Flange, 16 in. (406.4 mm) RF. STL, 150 psi (10.3 bar) Flange, 8 in. (203.2 mm) RF. STL, 150 psi (10.3 bar) Victaulic coupling, 6-in. (152.4-mm) Style 77 W/grade E gasket Adjustable dimensions for installation purposes Alternate inlets Valve, 8 in. (203.2 mm) butterfly Valve, 8 in. (203.2 mm) butterfly

180 Detail A

5 6

See note #3 276 (7,010.4)

See note #5
214.8 (5,456) 202.8 (5,151.2) 190.8 (4,846.3) 172.2 (4,373.8)

263.9 (6,703.1) 251.9 (6,398.3) 233.4 (5,928.4) 2 in. (50.8 mm) flange

See note #6 See note #3 Inlet

Gas discharge 135 (3,429)

7 8

See note #6 Mud discharge C L


See note #3 See note #11 129.8 (3,297) 117.8 (2,992.1) 105.8 (2,687.3) 87.2 (2,214.9)

208.2 (5,288.3) 196.2 (4,983.5) 184.2 (4,678.7) 165.6 (4,206.3)

108 (2,743.2)

42 (1,066.8) 30 18 (762) (457.2)

41.8 108 (2,743.2) (1,061.7) 89.4 (2,270.8) 126.5 (3,213.1)


29 (737) 0 36

131.9 (3,350.3) 120 (3,048)

9 10 11

muD/gas separaTor (Offshore Version)


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

270 29 (737) 270 0 36 45

90 45

30.6 (777.3)

Notes
1 Millimeters in parentheses Approximate weight, 6,450 lb (2,930 kg) Flange, 8 in. (203.2 mm) r.f.s.o. stl, 150 psi (10.3 bar) Nipple, 6 in. (154.2 mm) npt x 5 in. (127 mm) std, blk Flange, 16 in. (406.4 mm) r.f.s.o. stl, 150 psi (10.3 bar) Flange, 8 in. (203.2 mm) r.f.s.o. stl, 150 psi (10.3 bar) Alternate inlets, 6 in. (154.2 mm) Valve, 6 in. (154.2 mm) butterfly Valve, 8 in. (203.2 mm) butterfly 2 3

180

See note 6 Alternate inlet 6-in. (154.2-mm) flange

See note 6

90 45

30.6 (777.3) See note 7

45

180

See note 5 See note 3

See note 6 2-in. (50.8-mm) flange Alternate inlet 6-in. (154.2-mm) flange See note 6

See note 6 155 (3,937) C.G. See note 7 220 (5,588)

4 5 6 7 8 9

See note 5 73.8 See note 3 (1,874.5) 60 (1,524)

155 (3,937) 155 105 (3,937) (2,667) C.G. 42 (1,066.8) 105 (2,667) 42 (1,066.8) See note 3 34 (863.6) See note 9 See note 8 See note 9 See note 8 220 (5,588)

102 (2,590.8) 2-in. (50.8-mm) flange 70 (1,778) See note 6 90 (2,286) 102 (2,590.8) 70 (1,778) 90 (2,286)

155 (3,937)

73.8 (1,874.5)

60 (1,524)

30 C.G. (762) 62.5 (1,587.5) 80 (2,032) 30 C.G. (762) 62.5 (1,587.5) 80 (2,032)

C.G.

70.8 See (1,798.3) note 3 34 (863.6)

C.G.

70.8 (1,798.3)

Specifications Land Version Offshore Version

Length 216 in. (5,486 mm) 80 in. (2,032 mm)

Width 88 in. (2,235 mm) 80 in. (2,032 mm)

Height 276 in. (7,010 mm) 220 in. (5,588 mm)

Weight 15,000 lb (6,804 kg) 6,450 lb (2,926 kg)

Footprint (Skid) 216 x 88 in. (5,486 x 2,235 mm) 68 x 60 in. (1,727 x 1,524 mm)

Liquid capacity

Gas capacity

Working pressure

1,500 gpm (5,678.1 L/min)

17.5 MMscf/d (495.5 m3/d)

125 psi (8.6 bar)

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MuD/gas seParator re-CertifiCation serViCe


Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: Mud/Gas Separators
Phase 1: Inspection and evaluation When you contact M-I SWACO, we will provide a quote for:

Features

Designed for operator convenience Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: muD/gas separaTors: muD/gas separaTor re-CerTiFiCaTion serViCe Industry-certified manufacturing and repair shops Rental replacements available during inspection and repairs

A rental Mud/Gas Separator during the inspection/repair process period Cleaning, purging, inspection, and an engineering evaluation of your separator M-I SWACO Engineering will apply ASME Codes and API Specifications for the evaluation and recommendations for re-certification

Advantages

Increased safety Minimum downtime ASME Compliant Maximum separator efficiency

Phase 2: Certification and/or repair Once the inspection results have been reviewed, M-I SWACO will provide you with the following;

The M-I SWACO service for the inspection, evaluation and certification of your muD/gas separaTor units. As components of ASME^ Well Control Equipment, mud gas separators must be maintained according to a very specific set of ASME regulations. To help keep your separators in compliance, M-I SWACO has developed a product-specific service for the inspection, evaluation and certification of MuD/gas seParator* and suPer MuD/gas seParator* units.

Certification of the vessel to its original working parameters as required Recommendations and/or repairs If repairs are required to meet certification, M-I SWACO will manage the repair process of your Mud/Gas Separator Provide M-I SWACO Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) Certification

Are your separators in compliance? Call your M-I SWACO representative to learn more about ensuring your equipments compliance with the latest requirements.

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suPer MuD/gas seParator (sMgs)


Pressure Control, Frac Flowback & Well Testing: muD/gas separaTors
The M-I SWACO suPer MuD/gas seParator* offers the highest gas- and liquid-handling capacity available. Its highly efficient baffling system maximizes mud/gas separation, enabling operators to drill deeper, larger-diameter wells and exploratory wells at higher circulating rates while safely handling greater volumes of gas. It also minimizes mist carryover and gas-cut mud at the flowline. environments, and eliminates the need and cost of a skimming system in a gas environment

Manufactured to exacting standards in accordance with: NACE MR-01-75 for H2S service. Provides for safe handling of corrosive, deadly sour gas and gas-cut drilling fluids OSHA 29CFR 1910 for safety. Provides safe and easy access for rig-up and servicing via ladder and platform system ASME boiler and pressure vessel code Section VIII, Division I, Section IX, lethal service and so stamped. Provides maximum rigsite safety during underbalanced drilling operations

High-efficiency baffle system Maximizes mud/gas separation, minimizes mist carryover which produces a cleaner flare and minimizes gas-cut mud at the flowline Capable of pressured operation. Increases gas- and liquid-handling capacities and permits immediate sale of gas during drilling operations Adjustable U-tube (liquid seal) height to 14 ft (4.3 m) without additional elevation of the vessel Increases vessel pressure, creating higher flare capacity, enabling more efficient separation of emulsions and gas-cut mud in either gas or oil environments Higher liquid-capacity vessel with multiple nozzle ports. Permits pumping of hot mud directly into the vessel to reduce gas hydrates. Increases mud gradient within U-tube to increase gas-handling capacity

Features and advantages

Large 6 x 22.3 ft (1.8 x 6.8 m) diameter vessel with 12 in. (304.8 mm) flare line Allows the highest gas- and liquidhandling capacity available Optimizes safety and control The suPer MuD/gas seParator unit enhances safe drilling practices during underbalanced conditions, improves kick handling capabilities, permits optimum circulation rates and large-diameter holes to be drilled through the targeted zone, provides more efficient separation of emulsions and gas-cut mud in either gas or oil

How it works

The mud enters the vessel through the intake line The fluid runs over the baffle system as gas is separated and migrates out of the vessel through the flare line The degassed mud is discharged into the active mud system through the mud return line

super muD/gas separaTor (smgs)


Specifications

200 ft (60.9 m) flare line up to 12 in. (304.8 mm) diameter 8 in. (203.2 mm) inlet and 12 in. (304.8 mm) return flowlines Atmospheric operation1: Gas capacity: 65 MMscf/d Fluid capacity: 38,000 bbl/d Pressured operation: Gas capacity: 83 MMscf/d Fluid capacity: 59,000 bbl/d Vessel: Diameter: 6 ft (1.8 m) Height: 22.3 ft (6.8 m) Flare line: 12 in. (304.8 mm) Weight: 24,000 lb (10,866 kg) Skid: 8 x 10 x 30.4 ft (2.4 x 3.1 x 9.3 m)

Gas to flare line

Intake line

Degassed mud returned to system

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Gas- and liquid-handling capacity can be increased by customizing your system configuration.

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

super muD/gas separaTor


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Nozzle N1 N2 N3 N4 N5 N6 N7 N8
96 (2,438.4) 46.5 (1,181.1)

Size in. (mm) 8 (203.2) 16 (406.4) 2 (50.8) 12 (304.8) 2 (50.8) 6 (152.4) 6 (152.4) 2 (50.8) 16 (406.4) 8 (203.2) 12 (304.8) 2 (50.8)
52.3 12 (1,328.4) 52.3 (1,328.4)

Rating lb (kg) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68) 150 (68)

Description

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback & Well Testing: muD/gas separaTors: super muD/gas separaTor (smgs)

Mud discharge/hot mud inlet Manhole inspection port Sensor port Secondary mud inlet Sensor port Liquid level/hot mud inlet Liquid level/hot mud inlet Sensor port Manhole inspection port
96 96 Primary mud inlet (2,438.4) (2,438.4)

N9 N10 N11

52.3 (1,328.4)

46.5 46.5 Secondary mud inlet (1,181.1) (1,181.1)

N12 N13 N14

Sensor port Mud discharge Gas discharge

(304.8) 12 (304.8)

72 (1,828.8) N5 N9

72 (1,828.8)

N5 N9 N11

N5 N9

N8

N11 N4 N4 N3 N8

N11

365 (9,271)

N7 N6 268.4 (6,817.4) 268.4 (6,817.4)

N8 N3 N3

365 (9,271)

N7 365 (9,271) N6

N7 N6

N2 N1

N2 N1

N12 166.9 (4,239.3) N12 N12 166.9 (4,239.3) N14 166.9 (4,239.3)

N14

N14 N10 N13 69.5 (1,765.3) N10 N10 N13 N13

69.5 (1,765.3)

69.5 (1,765.3)

120 (3,048)

120 (3,048)

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

toga System
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: muD/gas separaTors
Almost all the gases encountered in drilling operations are extremely dangerous. This is due to the flammability and explosiveness of hydrocarbon vapors when mixed with air. These vapors may also contain highly corrosive hydrogen sulfide gas which is fatal to humans and can cause complete failure in some steels. Developed by M-I SWACO research and engineering, the toga* system combines two field-proven products - the M-I SWACO D-gasser and M-I SWACO MuD/gas seParator - working together to totally separate and vent or flare all gases. Safely vents all gases The toga system is a totally enclosed gas-separation system that safely removes and/or flares all gases in the drilling fluid circulated from the wellbore. Efficient Effectively contains and separates gases encountered while drilling. Meets or exceeds safety regulations The Toga system meets USGS and Texas Railroad Commission regulations as well as API guidelines and NACE standards for drilling in H2S environments. Multiple applications The Toga system is suitable for both onshore and offshore applications. The system is available in a variety of efficient configurations including land, space-saving offshore, and highly mobile trailer-mounted versions. Used primarily to control high-volume free gas, the Toga system is also a valuable tool during a well kick to help control the near-surface expansion of gas. It is also ideal for control of continuous underbalanced drilling.

Features and advantages

Totally enclosed system safely removes and/or flares all gases Ideal for control of continuous underbalanced drilling Available in a variety of configurations to accommodate virtually all applications Meets or exceeds all safety regulations for drilling in H2S environments

Two vacuum pumps for increased discharge capacity and redundancy for routine maintenance and repair Removes virtually all entrained gases, including H2S and corrosive oxygen, from drilling fluids Restores mud to its original density allowing for reuse in the active mud system Reduces the threat of dangerous and costly blowouts Prevents gas from escaping into the active mud system

M-I SWACO total-gas-containment system safely vents all gases


Gas vent line MuD/gas seParator Gas vent line Vacuum D-gasser Gas vent line

Mud tank Degassed mud Gas-cut mud from flowline or shale shaker Back flow

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Toga system (Land Version)


All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Notes
1 Not supplied with toga system

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: muD/gas separaTors: Toga System

Mud tank

Mud tank

Mud tank

Mud tank 1

Mud tank

Mud tank 1

Mud tank

Custom configuration options are based on application requirements.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

toga System
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: muD/gas separaTors Toga system (Offshore Version)
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Notes
1 Not supplied with toga system

Mud tank

Mud tank

1 1

Mud tank

Mud tank

Mud tank

Mud tank

Mud tank

Custom configuration options are based on application requirements.

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

1 (25) 0.8 (19)

67.6 (1,717) Center item #3 over a 1.4-in. (35.6-mm) diameter hole through one wall of 6-in. (152.4-mm) diameter pipe before welding

Toga system (Land Version)


All dimensions are expressed in (940) (millimeters). inches
37

Notes
1 2 Not supplied with Toga system Flange-forged steel Coupling

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: muD/gas separaTors: Toga System

10 (254)

0.7 (18) diameter drill through bottom of flange only, 4 holes 86.9 ref (2,207)

1 (25) 0.8 (19)

3.5 ref (89) 67.6 (1,717) 3 (76) Center item #3 over a 1.4-in. (35.6-mm) diameter hole through one wall of 6-in. (152.4-mm) diameter pipe before welding

1
37 (940) Cut 6-in. (152.4-mm) pipe back to 3-in. (76.2-mm) dimension, add 6-in. (152.4-mm) flange with bolt pattern straddling center line of 6-in. (152.4-mm) pipe

10 (254)

0.7 (18) diameter drill through bottom of flange only, 4 holes 86.9 ref (2,207)

30 ref (762)

3.5 ref (89) 3 (76)

39 ref (991) Cut 6-in. (152.4-mm) pipe back to 3-in. (76.2-mm) dimension, add 6-in. (152.4-mm) flange with bolt pattern straddling center line of 6-in. (152.4-mm) pipe

30 ref (762)

39 ref (991)

Custom configuration options are based on application requirements.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

autoCHoke
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: Drilling Chokes
- Results in less rig downtime. Maintaining the BHP at 50 psi (3.4 bar) during well-control or drilling operations can reduce the circulation time by at least one complete circulation when removing gas from the wellbore - Reduces fluid-loss expense. Automatic adjustment during well-control operations minimizes the occurrence of over-pressuring the formation and the resultant fluid loss

Preset maximum pressure capability Downstream choke-bore protection - Tungsten-carbide sleeves. Extendedwear sleeves increase in-service life and absorb the effects of abrasive downstream turbulence and protect the API ring gasket

No-leak shut-in seals and long-life materials - Metal-to-metal and elastomerto-metal seals. Constructed of longlife components for severe service operations: tungsten-carbide static trim, reversible dynamic trim, hardfaced (satellite) shuttle assembly and internal removable body sleeve. Chrome-plated internal bores for corrosion resistance

Frac flowback - Ideal for use as a pressure relief valve in frac flowback work. The hardfaced wear sleeve and the tungsten carbide downstream sleeves stand up to the highly abrasive sand flow of frac operations

The M-I SWACO autoCHoke* unit provides automatic, precise pressure control. It is the best choke technology available today for UBD and MPD applications. The autoCHoke unit regulates casing pressure automatically under all conditions for a wide range of tasks: regulating mud pump start-up or shutdown, making and breaking drill-pipe connections, or allowing mud/gas flows alternately through the choke. Stripping pipe is simpler and safer with the autoCHoke unit due to its ability to maintain casing pressure. As drill pipe is lowered into the hole, an equal volume of fluid under pressure is automatically displaced through the choke.

auToChoke control console


The autoCHoke console is constructed of stainless steel and is complete with drill pipe and casing-pressure gauges, a hydraulic oil pump control regulator, a hydraulic oil set-point gauge, and a hand-operated hydraulic backup pump. The autoCHoke console is equipped with an electronic position indicator, digital pump-stroke counters with a rate meter, stop watch and clock.

Compliance - M-I SWACO is licensed to manufacture drilling chokes and consoles under API 6A & 16C and in compliance with NACE MR-01-75

High-capacity - High-capacity 3 in. (76 mm) choke bore. Improved flow characteristics at throttle point and through choke bore - Self-cleaning orifice. Reduces plugging

Advantages

High pressure rating - 10k psi (689 bar) - 15k psi (1,034 bar)

Maintains casing pressure - Dynamically positioning shuttle. Automatically adjusts fluid flow to regulate casing and drill-pipe pressures

Bottomhole Pressure (BHP) - Precise control. The precise control of the autoCHoke unit can dynamically maintain BHP when controlled pressure drilling is required

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

How it works
The unique design of the autoCHoke unit features a dynamically positioning shuttle that moves back and forth on an axis housed inside of a hardfaced wear sleeve. The shuttle seats into the 3 in. (76 mm) diameter orifice in the static trim piece. Hydraulic pressure (adjusted through a set-point pressure regulator) is applied to the back side of the shuttle. This creates a pressure-balanced situation between the casing pressure of the well and the hydraulic pressure of the choke. If the casing pressure is higher than the hydraulic pressure, the shuttle moves back and clears the orifice. If the casing pressure is lower than the hydraulic pressure, the shuttle moves forward and closes the orifice. As the shuttle moves back and forth, it regulates the flow of fluid or gas from the well through the 3 in. (76 mm) orifice. Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: Drilling Chokes: auToChoke
Shuttle nut Inlet

Dynamic trim

Extended trim

Shuttle

Static trim

Long trim

Discharge

Fully closed

Hydraulic set-point pressure

Passing Debris

Hydraulic set-point pressure

Fully opened

Hydraulic set-point pressure

Casing Pressure

Casing Pressure

Shuttle sliding

Casing Pressure

auToChoke specifications:
psi (bar) Length in. (mm) Width in. (mm) Height in. (mm) Weight lb (kg) Temperature rating F ( C) Bore size in. (mm) Pressure psi (bar) API inlet flange in. (mm) API outlet flange in. (mm)

10,000 (689) 15,000 (1,034) Control console 10,000 (689) 15,000 (1,034)

41.51 (1,054.3) 44.26 (1,124.2)

11.50 (292.1) 12.50 (317.5)

16.31 (414.3) 19.75 (501.7)

580 (263) 700 (317.5)

20 to 250 (29 to 121) 20 to 180 (29 to 121)

3 (76) 3 (76)

10,000 (689) 15,00 (1,034)

3.06 (78) x 10,000 psi (689 bar) 3 1/16 (77.8) x 15,000 psi (1,034 bar)

3.06 (78) x 10,000 psi (689 bar) 3 1/16 (77.8) x 15,000 psi (1,034 bar)

24 (610) 35 (889)

26 (660) 28.5 (724)

55 (1,397) 55 (1,448)

655 (298) 730 (332)

N/A N/A

N/A N/A

N/A N/A

N/A N/A

N/A N/A

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

low Pressure autoCHoke (lPaC)


Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: Drilling Chokes
Drilling Chokes: Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing The M-I SWACO low-Pressure autoCHoke* (LPAC*) system provides operators precise wellbore pressure control in underbalanced (UBD) and managed-pressure drilling (MPD) operations. Maintaining tight control of bottomhole pressure is critical to successful application of MPD and UBD techniques, especially in managed pressure drilling where the window of operation is often significantly narrower than in conventionally drilled wells. Keeping the bottom hole pressure above the pore pressure and wellbore stability thresholds, and below the formation fracture gradient often requires highly accurate control to avoid losses or damage to the wellbore. The combination of the LPAC unit and the specially designed autoCHoke* gives drillers a new level of control over the wellbore pressure profile during UBD and MPD operations. The LPAC unit works at a higher resolution so choke operators have control of pressure accuracy within a range of +/- 50 PSI.

Cut-away of the auToChoke system in operation

Features

Advantages

Accurate control at lower pressures Helps to maintain wellbore pressure within narrow limits Operates two AUTOCHOKE units simultaneously Small-footprint remote HMI unit in drillers cabin Touch screen panel on both Local HPU and Remote HMI Increased gauge resolution and digital readouts Accumulator and power backup

Near-constant bottomhole pressure control during UBD/MPD applications Precision control for stripping pipe in and out of the hole Reduces fluid losses and NPT. Helps to avoid pressure-control incidents Ability to maintain a tighter pressure window while drilling could eliminate the need for an extra casing string Ability to seamlessly transition between chokes Chokes can continue to operate for up to two hours after loss of rig air and one hour after loss of rig power Remote unit can be placed next to the driller for better communication with the choke operator Touch screen allows precise pressure inputs to the chokes Digital readouts reduce errors in pressure readings and pressure inputs

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

suPerCHoke
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: Drilling Chokes Advantages

High-pressure rating - Built to handle 10,000 to 20,000 psi (689 to 1,379 bar) - 10,000 psi (689 bar) - 15,000 psi (1,034 bar) - 20,000 psi (1,379 bar) Dependable choke-disc design - Heavy-duty, diamond-lapped tungsten-carbide discs honed to near-perfect flatness. Also feature half-moon-shaped orifices. Rotation of actuator fork allows finite regulation of the opening size from full-open to full-close

Versatility - Ideal for onshore and offshore applications. Controls can be operated from either primary or optional auxiliary consoles Three operating modes - Normal. Activation is rig-air operated. - Lost rig air. Activation is manual with hydraulic pump located on remotecontrol skid - Severed hydraulic lines. Activation is manual with bar provided on indicator head

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: Drilling Chokes: superChoke

Widely used and respected for well-kill and high-pressure drilling, the M-I SWACO suPerCHoke* product line is especially effective in well control, well testing, and well cleanup operations. These chokes are effective in H2S and abrasive-fluid applications.

Compliance - Constructed for H2S service. M-I SWACO is licensed to manufacture drilling chokes and consoles under API 6A and 16C and in compliance with NACE MR-01-75

Control consoles
M-I SWACO choke-control consoles are available to control either a single or twin suPerCHoke unit. These consoles are equipped with either standard or optional digital gauges. Hydraulically operated consoles are self-contained and skid-mounted for easy installation on or near the rig. A key feature of the consoles are the large, easy-to-read gauges which monitor critical drill-pipe and casing pressures.

Positive closure - A 17 deadband overlap beyond the full-close position ensures closure even if the plates become worn following extended exposure to abrasives-laden fluid flow. Quality of the seal is not affected by pressure drops and surges. In fact, the seal improves under pressure Tungsten-carbide sleeves - Increase in-service life. Extendedwear sleeves absorb the effects of abrasive downstream turbulence and protect the API ring gasket

superChoke specifications:
psi (bar) 10,000 (689) 15,000 (1,034) 20,000 (1,378) Control consoles Single Dual 55 (1,397) 55 (1,397) 27 (686) 27 (686) 65 (1,651) 69 (1,753) 588 (267) 690 (313) N/A N/A N/A N/A Length in. (mm) 35.7 (906.8) 43.3 (1,099.8) 43.4 (1,102.4) Width in. (mm) 21.6 (548.6) 21.6 (548.6) 24.3 (617.2) Height in. (mm) 11.5 (292.1) 11.5 (292.1) 13.2 (335.3) Weight lb (kg) 441 (200) 600 (272) 650 (295) Temperature rating F ( C) 20 to 250 (29 to 121) 20 to 250 (29 to 121) 20 to 250 (29 to 121) Pressure psi (bar) 10,000 (689) 15,000 (1,034) 20,000 (1,378)

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

esuPerCHoke
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback & Well Testing: Drilling Chokes

Reduced cabling requirements The esuPerCHoke unit requires only one communication cable between the remote and local console Three modes of operation - Remote at drillers console - Local at the choke manifold - Manual at the choke itself, using the hand-wheel High torque The esuPerCHoke system is capable of more than 19,400 in.-lb (2,191.9 Nm) torque. It can sever a 1/2 in. (12.7 mm) alloy steel rod and still achieve the full-close position Variable-speed drive The operator can control the speed at which the choke is opened or closed, giving the operator precise chokepositioning adjustment during critical well-control situations Faster open/close speeds Eight seconds from full-open to full-close. This time exceeds that of a hydraulically actuated choke in cold-weather environments

Enhanced communication capability The esuPerCHoke system records data via Ethernet to external data-acquisition systems, greatly enhancing the ability to evaluate frac flowbacks, well-control problems, and leak-off tests in real time

The esuPerCHoke* unit is the M-I SWACO standard suPerCHoke unit; it incorporates an electric motor actuator and an electronic console.

High-pressure rating - Built to handle 10,000 and 15,000 psi (689 to 1,034 bar) Cold weather The electric motor and electronic console replace the air-over-hydraulic console and improve reliability in cold-weather environments Small footprint The electronic consoles quiet and space-saving design allows the console to be located in the drillers cabin

esuperChoke specifications:
psi (bar) 10,000 (689) 15,000 (1,034) Control consoles Single Dual 18 (457) 18 (457) 10 (254) 10 (254) 14 (356) 14 (356) 60 (27) 60 (27) N/A N/A N/A N/A Length in. (mm) 38.5 (978) 47.38 (1,203) Width in. (mm) 14.38 (365) 14.75 (375) Height in. (mm) 21.38 (543) 25 (635) Weight lb (kg) 525 (238) 775 (352) Temperature rating F ( C) 20 to 250 (29 to 121) 20 to 250 (29 to 121) Pressure psi (bar) 10,000 (689) 15,000 (1,034)

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

oPtM-izer
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback & Well Testing: Pressure & Fluid Management Systems Features

Three processing modes Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: Pressure & Fluid Management Systems: opTm-izer Fully variable speed centrifuge technology, from single centrifuges to dual big-bowl packages Automatic level control and automation package Available in 9 ft, 10 ft and 12 ft widths All-inclusive single-load, closed-loop package solution Optional cold-weather package

Advantages

Better solids removal to reduce dilution and waste volumes Lowers the percentage of liquid on cuttings Fully contained to avoid any liquid/solid spills Increased solids removal efficiency Lower mobilization, transportation and installation costs Reduced manpower requirements No crane picks Lower drilling-waste disposal costs

The oPtM-izer* solids control system is a mobile closed-loop unit engineered to save time, labor and installation costs for onshore operations. The oPtM-izer unit can work alone or as a supplement to rig shakers. It can be moved in, rigged up and put into operation on location within two hours of arrival. The oPtM-izer unit was engineered specifically for land rigs not equipped to perform specialized solids-control operations and that do not require these capabilities while drilling the entire well. The oPtM-izer unit is for land-based drilling operations that require barite recovery, high-capacity processing, dewatering and/or mud stripping.

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Pressure & fluiD ManageMent systeM (PfMs)


Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: Pressure & Fluid Management Systems
The M-I SWACO Pressure & fluiD ManageMent systeM is our innovative answer for coiled-tubing drilling and completion techniques and technologies that require precise pressure control and efficient removal of waste and gas from drilling fluids. The system accomplishes these objectives while satisfying environmental regulations, narrow pressure-gradient limitations, solids-removal specifications, and space, weight and time limitations for any coiled-tubing project. Because of its modular design, the compact system can be transported to land or offshore rigs and unloaded in just six lifts. Rig-up and rig-down require minimal time and space because virtually all of the necessary electrical and plumbing are self-contained. The end result of the systems equipment and design is a closed-loop, continuous operation which is proven and tested to free your fluids of unwanted solids and gas, reducing costs and increasing safety on your rig.

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Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

Two separate sections ensure thorough processing


The system consists of several pieces of equipment organized into two main sections that ensure complete processing and safe operation in any application. The two sections and their major components are: Pressure control

Features and advantages


Ease of logistics

The three-piece modular system is skid-mounted A 154 bbl, three-compartment tank with all the pumping, mixing, fluidsmoving capabilities necessary Single-point accountability - only M-I SWACO is on location for Drilling Waste Management (DWM) and pressure control No welding or bolting required, all plumbing uses victaulic or hammered unions for fast rig-up Smaller footprint, lighter load, meets all height and weight limitations for transportation Reduced requirements for additional hoses, pumps and lines All electrical is self-contained, requiring only one 300 kw supply connection to the main electrical distribution panel on the tank Cost reduction Significant reduction in well-control events, stuck pipe, lost circulation, formation damage and collateralequipment damage Reduced disposal and fluids costs Rig-up through rig-down is faster, improving overall project cost A continuous, closed-loop, pressurecontrol and drilling waste management system of field-proven equipment: patented 10k autoCHoke units, FMC 1502 2 in. (50.8 mm), 15,000 psi (1,034 bar) manifold, M-I SWACO MuD/gas seParator, vacuum D-gasser, 4T4 D-silter and patented Mongoose PT shaker equipped with patented OEM composite screens Sensitive and precise wellheadpressure, casing-pressure and drill-pipe-pressure control

Chokes rated for severe-service operations (engineered for reduced wear) and H2S rated The 3-in. (76.2-mm), full-bore 10k autoCHoke features a non-plugging, self-cleaning orifice Efficient gas separation achieved by a vortex- and baffling-effect in the MuD/gas seParator, and bafflingand vacuum-effect in the D-gasser Dual-motion Mongoose Pt shaker: linear motion for fast conveyance and heavy loading; balanced elliptical motion for maximum retention time and drier cuttings Pre-tensioned OEM composite screens for fast change-out, accommodate a greater fluid capacity, resist blinding, produce a drier solids discharge, and are the most rugged, efficient and longestlasting screens available A 600-GPM- (2,271.2 L/min) capacity 4T4 D-silter that will efficiently remove silt and sand particles above 25 microns and some as small as 5 microns

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: pressure & FluiD managemenT sysTems (pFms)

A choke manifold Dual, patented 10k autoCHoke units for precise control of well pressure with improved wear characteristics for severe-service jobs and no plugging A field-proven M-I SWACO MuD/gas seParator for removing high volumes of free gas A 154 bbl, three-compartment fluid-collection tank outfitted with pumps, agitators, gun lines and transfer lines A vacuum D-gasser for final removal of any gas still entrained in the fluid after solids-control processing A patented, dual-motion Mongoose Pt shaker outfitted with patented, pre-tensioned OEM composite screens A proven-technology 4T4 D-silter for removing finer particles Coiled-tubing operations Workover operations Conventional drilling with small-footprint requirements Cleanup operations Frac and flowback operations Re-entry or recompletion operations New wells

Solids control

Typical applications

Superior performance

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Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management Version 5

Features and advantages


1. Fluid from the drilling operation is routed from the well to a pressurecontrol-section inlet. The fluid will enter through the pressure-control inlet and valves are opened or closed as needed to direct the used fluid through either the first choke or the second choke. Upon exiting the first or second choke, the fluid will be directed to a manifold outlet. Note: The pressure-control section is equipped with two M-I SWACO 10k autoCHoke units. The second choke is provided as a backup in the event that the first choke becomes nonfunctional for any reason. Thus, if the first choke is in need of repair or must undergo preventive maintenance requiring it to be taken off-line, the manifold valves may be used to redirect fluid flow to the second choke while the first choke is repaired or maintained and the drilling process may continue uninterrupted. The manifold also includes a diverter line which can act as a third flow path in the unlikely event that the two chokes fail or exceed capacity or pressure limitations. 2. Fluid from the manifold is directed to a MuD/gas seParator which includes a tank within which are a series of baffles. The contaminated fluid is directed through a tank inlet, located near the top of the tank. Flow inside the tank is tangential to the tank wall, resulting in a vortex effect. The drilling fluid splashes over the series of baffles, causing entrained gases to break free. The gases are released through a vent in the top of the tank. The degassed drilling fluid is directed to a separator outlet located in the side of the tank near the bottom which is equipped with a float to prevent overloading the separator and discharge of the gas over the DWM tank area. 3. A flare line directs the gases to a safe area away from operations. 4. Degassed fluid from the gas separator gravity-feeds to the possum belly of the Mongoose Pt shale shaker which is outfitted with OEM composite screens that separate solids of a predetermined size from the fluid.

PFMS Process Flow


Drilling or reservoir drill-in fluids from well

1
Two M-I SWACO autoCHoke units Fluids

2
MuD/gas seParator Degassed Gases

3
Vent via flare line

4 5
Solids Solids-collection containers (2) Mongoose Pt shale shaker Fluids Gases Fluids Solids

fluids

Auger to cuttings boxes

6
Fluid-collection tank: Pit #1 Recycle

6a
Vacuum D-gasser

Solids

8
4t4 D-silter Fluids

7
Degassed fluids

Fluid-collection tank: Pit #2 Recycle

Desilted fluids Fluids to active rig pumps for recirculation down wellbore

10

Fluid-collection tank: Pit #3

Note: The shaker is mounted on the DWM tank which includes:


The Mongoose Pt shale shaker Two solids-collection containers A 4T4 D-silter A vacuum D-gasser

A fluid-collection tank divided into three pits 5. The solids are then directed to a solidscollection container. The shaker is mounted above the solids-collection container so that gravity can move the separated solids from the shaker to an auger that moves them, in turn, to the solids-collection container. Depending on the application, the customer might want a reversible auger so that cuttings can be collected at both ends of the auger, first at one end, and then the other, by simply changing the augers direction of rotation. 6. Next, the fluid from the shaker moves to pit #1 within the fluid-collection tank,

and from there it is pumped to the D-gasser (6a), to remove entrained gases that were not removed initially in the MuD/gas seParator. The gases removed from the fluid are vented (3). The D-gasser is on a modular skid, allowing it to be conveniently located over the fluid-collection tank. 7. The degassed fluid then moves to pit #2 in the fluid-collection tank. Fluid from the second pit is designed to back flow to pit #1 for reprocessing by the D-gasser. 8. The fluid collected in the second pit is pumped to the 4T4 D-silter used to remove additional solids to a 25-micron cut point. 9. The desilted fluid is then sent to pit #3 in the fluid-collection tank. Fluid from the third pit is designed to back flow to pit #2 for reprocessing by the D-gasser. 10. Fluid from the third pit is pumped to the active rig pumps for recirculation down the wellbore.

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Equipment description and requirements

Pressure Control, Frac Flowback and Well Testing: pressure & FluiD managemenT sysTems (pFms)

4T4 D-silTer

Choke console

Manifold

Dimensions: 52 x 30 x 56.1 in. (1,321 x 762 x 1,425 mm), mounted on tank Weight: 680 lb (308.4 kg) Capacity: 600 gpm (2,271.2 L/min)

Stainless steel, 24 x 55 x 26 in. (609.6 x 1,397 x 660.4 mm) Air and hydraulic operated, 125 psi (8.6 bar) @ 35 cfm air supply

FMC 1502 2 in. (50.8 mm), 15,000 psi (1,034 bar) tested Dimensions: 8 x 6 ft (2.4 x 1.8 m) Weight: 4,000 lb (1,814 kg) H2S service

10k auToChoke

3.06 in. (77.7 mm) x 10,000-psi (689.5-bar) API inlet and outlet flange Weight: 580 lb (263.1 kg) Stainless steel Temperature rating: 20 to 180F (29 to 82C) Bore size: 3 in. (76.2 mm) Patented

muD/gas separaTor

Vacuum D-Gasser

Dimensions: 80 x 80 x 220 in. (2,032 x 2,032 x 5,588 mm) Weight: 6,450 lb (2,926 kg) Liquid capacity: 1,500 gpm (5,678 L/min) Gas capacity: 17.5 MMscf/d Working pressure: 125 psi (8.6 bar) H2S service

Dimensions: 157 x 42 x 87 in. (3,988 x 1,067 x 2,210 mm), mounted on tank Weight: 3,350 lb (1,520 kg) Capacity: 1,000 gpm (3,785 L/min) Cuttings boxes 30 hp vacuum system Cargo basket 185 cfm air compressor 200 kw power generator Diaphragm pump Operating personnel (well-control certified)

Optional equipment

Three-compartment fluid-collection tank


Dimensions: 23 x 8 x 7 ft (7 x 2.4 x 2.1 m) Weight: 25,000 lb (11,340 kg) Capacity: 154 bbl, three compartments Pumps: 40 hp motors with 4 x 3 in. (101.6 x 76.2 mm) mission pumps and 11 in. (279.4 mm) impellers Power: 460V/60 Hz/300 kw supply

mongoose pT Shale Shaker

Dimensions: 116 x 63 x 47 in. (2,946 x 1,600 x 1,194 mm), mounted on tank Weight: 3,450 lb (1,565 kg) Gross screen area: 29.4 ft2 (2.73 m2) Power: 460V/60 Hz/1,800 rpm (supplied by tank distribution)

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Pipeline Services
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback & Well Testing: Pipeline Services Features

Portable equipment with land transportation or skid-mounted units for offshore Safety-trained and qualified, experienced operations with all required certifications Cleaning equipment, filtration, chemic als and laboratory services Only approved replacements used, such as coded vessels, seamless high-pressure pipe and swivel flanges Integration of coded welding shops with customer recommendation requirements Worldwide network of warehouses and service locations 2 to 10 in pipe size available Swivel 90 flanges for ease of alignment

M-I SWACO Pipeline Services offers an all-inclusive portfolio that includes the disassembly of permanently installed equipment, inspection, cleaning, testing, launching and receiving pigs, and reassembly. With Pipeline Services, operators can eliminate the expense of maintaining properly trained crews to deal with gas pipeline fluids, contaminants, leaks, corrosion and other damage. Ideally suited for remote operations, Pipeline Services provide experienced and highly trained crews using a wide range of mobile equipment have the expertise to complete the job required with as little downtime as possible. The wide suite of services include the CarbontraCker gas measurement technology, complete lab services, leak detection and correction, pigging, solids sampling, chemical analysis and cleaning, filtration and on-line cleaning, among others.

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Advantages

Reduces personnel costs Compliant with all local, national and international environment regulations Minimal downtime Prompt, reliable service 24 hours a day regardless of location
Our state-of-the-art flare stacks provide for a safe gas-flaring environment

10 in. flange flowline

Swivel-ring flanges for ease of alignment and fast connections

Version 5 Solids Control, Pressure Control & Waste Management

CHoke ManifolD
Pressure Control, Frac Flowback & Well Testing: Choke maniFolD Features

ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certification Pressure Control, Frac Flowback & Well Testing: Choke maniFolD Space saver, small footprint available Four point lifting and integral forklift pockets Double block and bleed available Buffer tanks available All components manufactured and monogrammed to API 6A, PSL3, temperature class P X and material class EE Suitable for H2S

Advantages

Fully mobile for easy placement and movement Safe, offline choke and component change outs Provides better control of downstream flow Slotted U-bolt base under buffer tank for easy removal Sensor ports available for pressure and temperature transducers or gauges, sample and chemical injection Pressure Control: Well control and MPD/UBD Operations The CHoke ManifolD* is the standard use manifold for choke and kill operations and performing managed pressure drilling (MPD) or underbalanced drilling (UBD) operations. The manifold is designed to direct flow from the well through the drilling chokes during a well control situation, for example when operators have to circulate out a kick, or during MPD/UBD operations when the choke is used to control surface casing pressure. The typical manifold configuration allows the choke and manifold operator to shut the gate valves on one leg of the manifold and service the choke while the flow is directed to another leg of the manifold. Available options include double block and bleed configurations, buffer chambers and custom skid designs. All offerings are designed to meet NACE MR0175 and API 6A for H2S service. Choke and kill manifolds are monogrammed in accordance with API 16C. The M-I SWACO CHoke ManifolD is available in the following pressure ratings: 5,000, 10,000, and 15,000 psi, depending on the application. Well control manifolds are usually pressure rated for 10,000 or 15,000 psi WP, MPD/UBD manifolds are pressure rated usually 5,000 psi WP.

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Automatic Tank Cleaning (atC)


Waste Management: Tank Cleaning

Whether onshore or offshore, tanks used for oil and gas exploration and production need to be cleaned, either to remove solids or to avoid cross contamination of fluids. Until now, tank cleaning has typically involved numerous laborers equipped with hoses, pressure washers, shovels and squeegees. The task has been slow, labor-intensive, dirty and potentially dangerous. According to industry data, tank and pit cleaning operations have recently required 9 million hours spent in confinedspace-entry conditions and have generated 16.45 million barrels of waste. Having people working inside a tank is not only time consuming, but poses unnecessary health and safety risks.

M-I SWACO has improved upon this situation with a system that is completely automatic, designed to reduce cleaning time and manpower. We have developed cleaning processes for both land and onshore drilling installations and on offshore supply boats which greatly reduce, and in some cases eliminate, the need for pit and tank entry. Our patented system cleans the pit without prevacuuming of the settled solids. It incorporates a full recycling system which separates out the solids on the fly, allowing the same small volume of wash water to be reused tank after tank. It eliminates or vastly reduces confined-space entry and can cut cleaning times by up to 80%.

Features and advantages

Fully automated tank cleaning procedures Multiple Tank Cleaning Machines (TCMs) operate simultaneously Optimally positioned TCMs Three distinct cleaning patterns - down, crisscross, helical Compact and portable to dockside and offshore Customized cleaning chemistry Wash-water recycling Saves 80% more rig time vs. manual methods as a result of quick rig-up/ rig down More thorough cleaning over entire tank Reduces risk as a result of limited confined-space entry Decreases generated waste by as much as 70% Easy to operate with a small crew Minimizes solids-haulage costs Reduces percentage of slop

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How it works
TCMs are first configured to your tank or pit contour requirements and then are optimally positioned inside the tank or pit, based on the desired cleaning pattern and an analysis of tank geometry (open or closed top, shape, obstructions, bottom angle and tank suction). A portable ATC unit is brought onboard when the cleaning job is going to take place. The TCMs are connected to the ATC skid containing pumps, which send a mixture of surfactant and water to the TCMs. Powerful water jets clean every surface inside the tank, following a specially programmed cleaning pattern, requiring no human intervention during the cleaning operation. A portable slop pump/ rig tank pumps transfer the slop back to a wash-water-recycling unit inside the ATC unit, where the liquid phase is separated from the solids. Liquid is directed back to the TCMs to be reused as cleaning fluid until it becomes too contaminated by the fine solids. At the end of the operation, cleaning fluid and solid waste, predominantly barite, are safely removed from the installation or reused.

Automatic cleaning procedure Tank cleaning machines are installed and configured to each tanks contours. The cleaning jets follow the preprogrammed paths, requiring no human intervention. A separate, portable, slop pump inside the tank either pumps the dirty cleaning water overboard, if such discharge is permitted, or pumps it to a wash-waterrecycling unit. Multiple TCMs operate simultaneously The ATC process can involve a number of tank cleaning machines, allowing work to be completed quickly while reducing downtime and saving money. Optimally positioned TCMs With a one-time installation inside the tank, the necessary equipment remains in place for future use. Custom-designed cleaning pattern These cleaning tools deliver a higherdensity cleaning pattern, directing concentrated cleansing energy at the specific areas where the tank is dirtiest. Portable to dockside and offshore The largest ATC skid from M-I SWACO is 94.5 W x 122 H x 165.4 L in. (2,400 x 3,100 x 4,200 mm) and is crane-lifted aboard the rig, boat or dock. This equipment connects to the TCMs, using lightweight, flexible hoses. Non-toxic chemicals M-I SWACO conducts lab tests to determine the best chemicals to use in combination with each mud. These environmentally acceptable chemicals are tested for biodegradability, superior

Waste Management: Tank Cleaning: Automatic Tank Cleaning (ATC)

cleaning performance, low foam factor and the ability to deliver optimal results while ensuring operator safety. Wash-water recycling The closed-loop system reuses fluid by separating solids from the liquid. The 30 bbl of water/cleaning liquid prepared at the outset of the cleaning operation is used to clean several tanks before it becomes so contaminated with fine solids that it must be pumped to a waste container and replaced with clean water/ cleaning liquid. Once the fine solids have settled out in the waste container (typically overnight), the liquid can be reused. Specifications Specifications vary because each ATC configuration is customized for individual projects.

Examples of savings using the M-I SWACO ATC system


Well #1 Number of tanks cleaned Hrs saved Savings 14 122 $32,000 Well #2 30 90 $25,600 Well #3 29 130 $38,400 Well #4 22 138 $38,400

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Production Tank Cleaning


Waste Management: Tank Cleaning Features and advantages

Comprehensive approach includes thermographical and manual measurements to determine the quantity and type of sludge Uses environmentally sound biosurfactants, which are highly effective in separating hydrocarbons from water and sediments Cold tapping and installation of telescopic jet conducted with tank remaining in service For circulation, position of jetting tool can be controlled either hydraulically or manually Hydrocarbons can be recovered from the top of the system with the water either reused or sent to a water treatment plant

Advantages

Recovers 95% of all hydrocarbons from the sludge Minimizes HSE risks and waste disposal volumes Minimizes downtime as tank remains in service during the desludging phase Eliminates need for secondary tank or oil batches. The product inside the tank can be used to dissolve the sludge Mechanical modules can be left installed for future cleaning operations and to prevent sludge accumulation Closed tank degassing without emissions in atmosphere

M-I SWACO offers an automated biological-based technology designed to clean production tank sludge without the HSE issues of traditional cleaning approaches. The acquisition of industry leader Idrabel Italia Environmental Technologies gave us exclusive access to the unique bioreCoil* system. The technology removes more than 95 percent of the hydrocarbons in tank sludge while reducing waste volume and requiring limited manual entry. The technology is applicable for all oil product storage tanks used in refineries, terminals and tank farms. These tanks must periodically be cleaned to remove accumulated sludge and for regulatory inspections. Conventional cleaning systems not only require prolonged shut downs, but also generate large volume of wastes that must be treated. More importantly, those systems mandate confined-space entry with associated health and safety risks to personnel.

Our all-inclusive bioreCoil system is a biological-based recovery technology employs environmentally acceptable biosurfactants. The use of biosurfactants is highly effective in separating hydrocarbons from water and sludge sediments. The bioreCoil system is based on the spraying of diluted chemicals in water. The system uses chelating agents to capture the volatile materials while the biosurfactants destroy them. The resulting waste water can then be reused or treated in an urban sewage plant. Our production tank cleaning technology follows a project-specific approach that begins with mapping and characterizing the sludge. We then configure and install the cleaning machines based on your project dimensions. In addition, downtime is minimized as the tank remains in service during the desludging process.

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aqualibriuM
Waste Management: Oilfield Water Management Features

Proven technologies that recycle water for reuse, disposal and discharge Single point of integration and responsibility Comprehensive evaluation of engineering alternatives. Highly trained field and support personnel Short- and long-term service/ operation services Mobile systems for onsite treatment; permanent facilities for centralized treatment Extensive field and R&D expertise in water treatment, cleanup and recycling Understanding of local environmental regulations Technologies adaptable to project requirements Technical service engineering Technologies supported by an in-house laboratory

The right combination of integrated expertise and technologies

Convent ional

Waste Management: Oilfield Water Management: aqualibrium

drilling

Desalination

Coal bed methane

d rilli n

Shale gas drilling

Drilling systems
Return to th nvironment ee

Industrial use

Frac fluids

Irrigation

aqualibriuM technology suite is the M-I SWACO balanced approach to water management and is ideal for conventional and nonconventional applications where water reuse, environmental compliance and optimum operational costs are paramount considerations. The aqualibriuM technology suite is gaining increased use in unconventional reservoirs where horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing technologies consume massive volumes of freshwater. Because not all unconventional plays are located near adequate water supplies, conserving water is a major economic issue as well as an environmental consideration. The importance of water in developing nonconventional resources is expanding and stressing local sources of supply and disposal. Consequently, the demand is growing for technologies that will economically reduce water consumption by recycling the return fluids from well-stimulation activities.

Advantages

Optimal water management solution Cost savings over current water management approaches Reduction in water costs by reusing or recycling Reduction in scaling ions and microbes Regulatory compliance issues addressed in all solutions Reduction of transportation costs Minimizes environmental impact Incremental efficiencies from higher quality water Immediate productivity, virtually no learning curve Accurate modeling of scaling tendencies increases production rates

The technology also is applicable for conventional applications where produced and contaminated water become a surface liability when stored in ponds, where subsurface disposal is limited, and where local discharge regulations require water to be treated before it is released to the environment. The methodologies in the aqualibriuM system include filtration, reclamation and desalination. Water either can be treated via mobile units or in larger operations, permanent central processing facilities.

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Multi-PHase Clarifier (MPC)


Waste Management: Oilfield Water Management
The M-I SWACO Multi PHase Clarifier* (MPC) is an effective, automated, economical tool for first-stage separation of all hazardous drains systems on drilling rigs. Separation Capability The MPC has the ability to break the drain runoff from multiple areas such as the rig floor and the shaker deck, into three waste streams:

Innovative Design The MPC unit is designed to break the flow from the various drains systems into three phases for additional processing, routing and/or storage. The collection drains targeted are primarily the shaker house and the rig floor. The main deck, helicopter pad and even the pump room can be considered for collection of waste fluids.

Water Free-oils (base, leaks, and accidents) Dense phase (whole mud and emulsions)

Features and advantages


Can accommodate whole mud influx Small footprint No moving parts Automated Manual bypass option Low cost Separation technology for oil-based mud, fresh- and saltwater, and emulsions Most advanced initial multiphase separation technology Effective first-stage, no pressure separation/diversion of all phases Controlled closed loop management Reduced treatment volume Simple, rapid follow-up solids cleanout

This waste stream separation is created without chemical or mechanical assistance. The MPC unit is designed to handle everyday offshore rig flows up to 150 gal/min and enable automated separation, collection, routing and processing of varying degrees of emulsified mixtures. The unit is capable of dropping out solids and heavy fluids/ muds, separating water from free-oil, sending each waste stream to a desired location, and minimizing volumes for post-treatment. Offshore Rig Ready With the MPCs small footprint, more than one water-solids-oil separator can be used on each rig. MPC technology can be used as a pre-qualifier for more elaborate water cleanup. Because solids can create problems with these more technically advanced downstream processes, the ability to drop solids out of multiple waste streams prior, reduces treatment volumes and cost. The unit can be used to process all hazardous drains including:

Shaker house Rig floor Main deck Cuttings collection area


The MPC unit can be ordered in one of two formats: 1. Monitored waste streams (water-oil-dense phase flow determined by an external magnetic stroke counter). 2. Non-monitored waste streams (all streams pumped off without determination of quantity).

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Existing processing levels


Level One - Basic operation. All liquids from high volume areas drain into the ocean. Level Two - Basic recovery with manual cleanout and no automation. A simple tank is utilized with no extensive retention and no over/under weirs. Level Three - Using automated pumps, solids and oil are separated. Retention and over/under weirs are used to manufacture the most desirable product possible without the use of costly or time consuming subsystems. Level Four - Separation is accomplished with the use of additional filtration methods and chemical flocculation to achieve a very clean release water. Waste Management: Oilfield Water Management: mulTi-phase ClariFier (mpC)

Multi-Phase Clarifier (MPC) specification


Duty Skid dimensions Skid weight Process tank capacity Holding tank capacity Skid lift Connections Level III water/oil separation 5.7 ft wide x 5.7 ft long x 6.6 ft tall (1.75 m wide x 1.75 m long x 2 m tall) 2.3 MT (empty) and 4.37 MT (full) 47.7 ft3 (1.35 m3) continuous 5.2 ft3 (0.147 m3) each 1 x 4-way sling. Single-lift eye. Receiver is 10 in. (254 mm) receiver port. Discharge is 2 in. (50.8 mm) quick-connect fitting/hose from the dedicated oil pump as well as water pump. System is Class 1, Div 1 (XP). Electrical power required for solenoids which automatically open/ close air valves to each pump. 4-core, 229.7 ft (70 m) of power cable is also supplied. Plug supplied by rig/ customer. Manual bypass included. 2 in. (50.8 mm) air diaphragm

Electrical

Oil, solids and water pumps

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The enViroCenter Process


Waste Management: Slop Treatment
With ever-stricter environmental regulations shifting toward true zero-discharge, drilling wastes are becoming an increasing liability. Even with careful well planning, friendlier fluid systems and excellent solids-control programs, we will still have some drilling wastes. The challenge then becomes how to manage the cuttings, fluids and other materials that are generated. M-I SWACO has the solution to handle bulk fluid waste as a resource and recycle these components back as high-quality drilling fluids. This is the enViroCenter* concept.

Not all drilling waste has to go to waste


Where some companies see drilling-fluids waste as something to be disposed of, M-I SWACO sees an opportunity to dramatically reduce our customers waste streams, disposal costs and environmental liability. Through our enViroCenter facilities, customers can not only call on us to recover and treat contaminated drilling and completion fluids, but also recycle the reclaimed, reusable fluid constituents as raw material for producing fresh drilling and completion fluids.

The drilling-fluid-treatment process has a remarkable average of 90% reduction of the total waste volume and an average recovery of 36% of the total volume as high-quality drilling fluid. The 90% recovered includes reclaimed water, brine, drilling fluid and base oil that otherwise would be sent off for disposal. Depending on fluid type and value, level of contamination, cost of disposal and environmental regulations, the recovered drilling and completion fluids can be used anywhere in the world.

The enViroCenter concept became a success when new processes and chemicals made reclamation of water- or brine-contaminated oil-base drilling fluids possible, similar to completion-fluids reclamation. enViroCenter facilities offer several services, all integrated with the overall goal of waste minimization, fluid reuse, increased operator profit and improved margins.
IFE Environmental Solutions Strategy

Reduction at source
Recycling and reuse
Recovery
Treatment
Responsible disposal

Waste minimization

Liability minimization

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Our waste minimization priorities optimize your environmental program


Very often, people confuse the terms recycle, recover and reuse, or they consider all of them simply as recycling. M-I SWACO enViroCenter* facilities consider and treat drilling wastes in very specific manners, according to a plan that can be illustrated with an inverted pyramid. We will always strive to manage wastes at the highest possible (widest) level of the pyramid. The highest level of waste minimization works to reduce the waste at its source; the best kind of problem is the one you never have. At the second highest level, we will help our customers recycle and reuse components as much as possible in their original form. If you can reuse a drilling fluid nearly as-is, with only a minor treatment for fines removal for example, we can help make that happen. We can recycle some components for uses other than their original purpose. For example, using recovered water for washing boat tanks. Near the bottom, at the third-lowest level we recover components, and at the second-lowest level we treat fluids or components - trying to move them up the pyramid, perhaps to reuse them in formulating a fresh batch of fluid. At the lowest level, we isolate the residue and dispose of this in a responsible manner, after we have exhausted all other possibilities. Unfortunately, most so-called wastemanagement companies today are at the lowest level of waste minimization, acting merely as disposal companies rather than as waste managers.

are substantial. Restoring the proper Oil-to-Water Ratio (OWR) and electrical stability often requires large adjustments to the base oil, emulsifier, wetting agents, organic clays, salt and other components. So what are the options? Offshore discharges are out of the question because of environmental regulations. Thermal desorption is an alternative, but it is relatively costly to heat and evaporate large quantities of water in order to recover the oil phase. Incineration requires fuel to burn the fluids, and it recovers nothing: not a very good course where premium fluids are concerned. And while Waste Injection (WI) removes the fluid, there is no recovery for reuse and recycling. The solution to these shortcomings found in other processes is the enViroCenter method, a chemical and mechanical separation process with financial and environmental benefits to the operator.

Waste Management: Slop Treatment: The enViroCenTer Process

typically in the range of 1 to 10%, that is, more than 40 ppm of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (TPH). Oil-base drilling fluids sediment from boat-cleaning operations During cleanout of drilling fluids tanks (mud pits) on the drilling rig/platform or storage tanks on the supply/standby boat, the main constituent will be sediments and wash water. Depending on whether this is a manual-cleaning (low volumes) or automatic-cleaning (high volumes) process, the amounts of wash water may vary and therefore the percentage of sediments in the water will vary accordingly. The recovered sediments typically contain 70% weighting material and some small fraction of drill solids, with the heaviest particles settling faster. Usually, barite has a Specific Gravity (SG) of 4.2, and typical drill solids from clay formations have a 2.6 SG.

What can the enViroCenTer process treat?


Oil-, synthetic- or diesel-base drilling fluids contaminated with water or brine The original oil- or synthetic-base drilling fluids will normally have a liquid phase with an OWR or Synthetic-to-Water Ratio (SWR) of 80:20. Drilling fluids typically become contaminated with excess water during low-efficiency wellbore displacements to water or brine, or from a water-line valve left open and leaking into pits, etc., both of which take the drilling fluids far out of specification. After contamination, we typically receive 50 to 90% water and 10 to 50% drilling fluids. Water or brine contaminated with oil-, synthetic- or diesel-base drilling fluids Water or brine will become contaminated with drilling fluids during wellbore displacements when water or brine is used to displace the fluid. Contamination also occurs during deck and/or pit washing where large quantities of water are used. The water in the tanks will appear to have an oil film at its surface and small amounts of sediment on the bottom. This oil film is

The advantages of enViroCenTer waste management over other processes


When oil- and synthetic-base drilling fluids become contaminated with water or brine, the economical consequences

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enVirounit
Waste Management: Oil & Gas Treatment

Features and advantages

The enVirounit* module helps operators reach their overall goal of waste minimization, fluid reuse, increased profit and improved margins EnviroUnit modules utilize the proven, successful approach and methods employed at M-I SWACO enViroCenter facilities The drilling-fluid-treatment process has a remarkable average of 90% reduction of the total waste volume and an average recovery of 36% of the total volume as high-quality drilling fluid The enVirounit reclamation process offers operators significant improvements in drilling fluid costs and environmental expenditures

The use of enVirounit filtration and remediation services offshore can deliver significant performance and cost benefits while simultaneously meeting environmental regulations New processes and chemicals have made reclamation of water- or brinecontaminated oil-base drilling fluids possible, similar to completion-fluids reclamation

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With the petroleum industry moving toward zero discharge from offshore installations, there is a growing need for rig-based, purpose-built, modular units that can treat and recycle fluid resources that are currently sent onshore for waste disposal. This is particularly important for deep and ultra-deepwater wells far from shore disposal facilities and that rely on enormous volumes of drilling, reservoir drill-in and completion fluids. M-I SWACO can now deliver to the rig the mechanical and chemical processes used in its enViroCenter facilities through its enVirounit module, a portable enViroCenter facility for offshore applications where the chemical and mechanical processes are identical to the onshore facility. The only difference is that the capacity is tailored to typical offshore operations.

The original oil- or synthetic-base drilling fluids will normally have a liquid phase with an Oil-to-Water Ratio (OWR) or Synthetic-to-Water Ratio (SWR) of 80:20. Drilling fluids typically become contaminated with excess water during low-efficiency wellbore displacements to water or brine, or from a water-line valve left open and leaking into pits, etc., both of which take the drilling fluids far out of specification. After contamination, fluids usually consist of 50 to 90% water and 10 to 50% drilling fluids. Water or brine contaminated with oil-, synthetic- or diesel-base drilling fluids Water or brine will become contaminated with drilling fluids during wellbore displacements when water or brine is used to displace the fluid. Contamination also occurs during deck and/or pit washing where large quantities of water are used. The water in the tanks will appear to have an oil film at its surface and small amounts of sediment on the bottom. This oil film is typically in the range of 1 to 10%, that is, more than 40 ppm of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (TPH). Oil-base drilling fluids sediment from tank-cleaning operations During cleanout of drilling fluids tanks (mud pits) on the drilling rig/platform, the main constituent will be sediments and wash water. Depending on whether this is a manual-cleaning (low volumes) or automatic-cleaning (high volumes) process, the amounts of wash water may vary and therefore the percentage of sediments in the water will vary accordingly. The recovered sediments typically contain 70% weighting material and some small fraction of drill solids, with the heaviest particles settling faster. Usually, barite has a Specific Gravity (SG) of 4.2, and typical drill solids from clay formations have a 2.6 SG.

The basic enVirouniT processes for drilling and reservoir drill-in fluids

Breaking the emulsion With M-I SWACO proprietary, watersoluble emulsion breakers, the whole drilling fluid will separate as whole fluid and settle to the bottom of the processing tank. The water will break out at the top of the tank along with the emulsion-breaking chemicals and will be pumped off for further treatment Reclaiming the drilling fluid The drilling fluid remaining in the tank normally has an OWR of 70:30 but can have a ratio as high as 80:20, similar to the original fluid. This significant fluidsrecovery process saves our customers substantial disposal fees and lowers the total cost of their drilling programs Processing the separated water As many as three separate steps can be involved in processing water separated from the drilling fluids - Flocculation Flocculation chemicals remove the remaining particles and oil trapped in the water phase. The water is pumped off for filtration, and the flocculated particles can be sent to a filter press for further treatmentt - Filtration The water passes through a filter unit equipped with oil-absorbing filters. Prior to discharging or reusing the water, it must be sampled and analyzed according to local environmental regulations and, if required, sends it to a third-party laboratory for independent analysis - Filter-pressing the flocculants (optional) If further processing of the settled flocculants is deemed cost-effective, their volume can be reduced with the use of a filter press, and the dry filter cake disposed of

Waste Management: Oil & Gas Treatment: enVirouniT

Proven technology scaled for the rig


The enViroCenter concept employed in the enVirounit module became a success when new processes and chemicals made reclamation of wateror brine-contaminated oil-base drilling fluids possible, similar to completionfluids reclamation. The drilling-fluid-treatment process has a remarkable average of 90% reduction of the total waste volume and an average recovery of 36% of the total volume as high-quality drilling fluid. The 90% recovered includes reclaimed water, brine, drilling fluid and base oil that otherwise would be sent off for disposal. Depending on fluid type and value, level of contamination, cost of disposal and environmental regulations, the recovered drilling and completion fluids can be used anywhere in the world.

What can the EnviroUnit processes treat?


Oil-, synthetic- or diesel-base drilling fluids contaminated with water or brine

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ProDuCtion waste ManageMent


Waste Management: proDuCTion WasTe managemenT Features

Comprehensive portfolio of products and services Provides single process or combination of solutions Worldwide network Highly experienced chemists and engineers Mobile laboratory analysis and test equipment and regional laboratories Comprehensive analytical techniques

Advantages

Delivers unrealized revenue from waste stream Minimizes HSE risks Unique and always reliable treatment solutions Unparalleled knowledge of chemical composition and physical characteristics Solutions targeted for any location Cost reduction on final disposal due to waste minimization By freeing-up tank space, production operations are optimized realizing additional revenues for the operator M-I SWACO ProDuCtion waste ManageMent technologies is designed to recover revenue-producing crude oil from off-spec crude oil, oily sludge and slop deposited in waste pits or tanks. The extensive mechanical and chemical portfolio of ProDuCtion waste ManageMent solutions hasrecovered hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of unrealized revenue from what otherwise was production waste. The technology offering also includes customized solutions for removing contaminant components from produced water.

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Typical sludge plant layout


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Sludge pit Solids pit Water pit 6 in. (152.4 mm) sludge pump Shaker screen Solids skip Heat tank 6 x 8 in. (152.4 x 203.2 mm) pump 518 CENTRIFUGE* and feed pump 10 in. x 24 ft (254 mm x 7.31 m) screw conveyor Water settling tank Light tower
3 11

Waste Management: proDuCTion WasTe managemenT

12 4 13 2 5 6 15

14

18 16

17

10

7 8 9 25

19 20

26 24 12 27

21

13 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 14 15 16 23 17 18 19 20 21 22

Chemical Skim pump Set tank 1 Set tank 2 Clean oil tank Vacuum tank

28

Air compressor 375 kva generator 125 hp boiler Power distribution 250 kva generator Diesel tank Water feed tank Water pump Office and accommodation Spares and lab

Before

After

The ProDuCtion waste ManageMent network offers a comprehensive suite of products and services to remediate oilfield wastes that can vary considerably in composition and characteristics, but all pose serious HSE concerns. A team of highly experienced chemists and engineers initiate the process by first analyzing the waste composition and simulate the field treatment process to determine the most effective remediation strategy. The ProDuCtion waste ManageMent approach for a specific project can include a single process or a combination of solutions to effectively and economically manage the most complex production waste problems. Complete laboratory analysis and test equipment are available for prompt mobilization to any location.

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sg-sMart Data-Acquisition System


Process Control & Rig Instrumentation
The sg-sMart* data-acquisition system is an advanced drillers monitoring system that can accurately measure, monitor and display all drilling variables in real time. This computer-controlled data-acquisition system employs integrated microcontroller technology and fiber optics to provide accurate, instantaneous measurement and display critical drilling data. The M-I SWACO sg-sMart dataacquisition system has been awarded U.S. patents1 for its intrinsically safe operation in hazardous locations. displayed on the drillers monitor can be transmitted via regular, voice-grade telephone lines to a remote monitor located anywhere in the world. Flexible Two levels of capability allow expandability:

Features and advantages


Easy to use A common-sense interface makes the sg-sMart system simple and easy to use, and its self-documenting, menu-driven features facilitate evaluation and analysis. Designed for the driller Both the hardware and the software are designed to assist the driller. Data displays in easy-to-read alphanumeric and graphical formats. Accurate Integrated microcontroller technology and fiber optics link the sensors with the system to ensure high-speed accuracy, reliability and improved measurement resolution. Safe and reliable CSA-approved, field-proven and intrinsically safe for installations in Class I, Division I areas, the sg-sMart system can operate in a wide range of temperatures from 25 to 150F (32 to 65C). Minimum maintenance Built-in diagnostics simplify troubleshooting, stainless steel enclosures resist corrosion, and field repairability reduces downtime. Versatile Besides measuring and monitoring parameters onsite, all information

Level I Provides basic monitoring and measurement functions of PVT (up to 10 pits), gain or loss, PVT for two trip tanks with gain/loss, total pump strokes (5 pumps), return-flow rate (0 to 100%), fill-stroke count (each fill and total) Level II This system monitors and tracks additional information, including: Rate of Penetration (ROP), RPM, pump pressure, hydraulic and rotary torque, weight-on-bit, and hook load Options Choice of additional analog output channels, company mans display, tool pushers display, circular chart recorder and transmission hardware to remote monitor

Real-time measurement and display of critical drilling data Intrinsically safe operation in hazardous locations Reliable operation in a wide range of temperatures Simple, practical and easy to use Field repairability reduces downtime Stainless steel enclosures resist corrosion

Major Components
The SG-Smart data-acquisition system consists of four major components: Drillers Monitor CPU Junction Box Barrier Box One Satellite Box (Level I) or Two Satellite Boxes (Level II)

Measures and monitors critical drilling information The sg-sMart system is a versatile, computerized data-acquisition system that provides complete real-time data. Available in two versions, the basic Level I or the more advanced Level II, the sg-sMart system is simple, practical and easy to use, with modular features that make it expandable for future technologies. Integrated microcontroller technology, fiber optics and state-of-the-art electronics Designed to enhance drilling operations Built-in diagnostics to simplify troubleshooting Expandable for future technologies Drilling data can be transmitted to a remote monitor Optional data storage of all parameters

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sg-smarT, Level I
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

sg-smarT data-acquisition system


Level I Level II Color drillers monitor; Circular chart recorder, pits (4); Trip tank; Trip gain/ loss; Return flow; Strokes - Pump #1, #2; Strokes per minute - Pump #1, #2; Total strokes; Total strokes per minute; Trip screen - monitors strokes or bbl to fill; Pump pressure; Drilling depth and ROP; Hook load and bit weight; Bit rpm; Rotary torque (electric/hydraulic); Annulus pressure; Pump output (calculated); Tool pushers computer

Standard

Color drillers monitor; Pits (4); Trip tank; Trip gain/loss; Return flow; Strokes - Pump #1, #2; Strokes per minute - Pump #1, #2; Total strokes; Total strokes per minute; Trip screen monitors strokes or bbl to fill.

Process Control & Rig Instrumentation: SG-Smart Data-Acquisition System

Optional

Company mans workstation Pump pressure Drilling depth and ROP Hook load and bit weight Bit rpm Rotary torque (electric/hydraulic) Annulus pressure Pump output (calculated) Workstation Slave monitor Circular recorder Printers Additional pit probes

Company mans workstation Additional workstation Additional slave monitor Additional circular recorders Printers Additional pit probes Infrared gas detector

1 4 6 7 5

Qty 1
2

No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Description Box assembly junction interface Box assembly junction barrier Drillers monitor Box assembly junction satellite Transmitter assembly pit level 100 in. (2,540 mm) 1.5k ohm without cable Transmitter assembly flow elec i/s without cable Switch assembly proximity i/s without cable Horn assembly i/s 24 vdc

1 1
8

Horn

1 5 1 2 1

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Process Control & Rig Instrumentation sg-smarT, Level II
All dimensions are expressed in inches (millimeters).

Qty 1 1 1 2 5 1 3 1 1 5 2 1 1 1 1 1

No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Description Box assembly junction interface Box assembly junction barrier Drillers monitor Box assembly junction satellite Transmitter assembly pit level 100 in. (2,540 mm) 1.5k dhm without cable Transmitter assembly flow elec i/s without cable Switch assembly proximity i/s without cable Switch proximity i/s csa .59 in (15 mm) range Horn assembly i/s 24 vdc Module assembly communication fdc Transducer assembly i/s 1,000 psi (68.9 bar) 1-5 vdc output Transducer assembly i/s 6,000 psi (413.7 bar) 1-5 vdc output Transducer assembly i/s 10,000 psi (689.5 bar) 1-5 vdc output Sensor assembly i/s induction torque 0-2.9v output Monitor assembly remote Recorder assembly circular chart 2 pen elec programmable
Optional

Measured Variables 1. Mud Pit level Magnetic float-level type. 0 to 5 volt signal - Optional Ultrasonic2. 2. Trip Tank level Same as mud pit. 3. Skim Tank level Same as mud pit. 4. Analog Spare Additional inputs for 0 to 5 volt signal. 5. Return Flow Weighted paddle in the return flowline for 0 to 100% relative flow. 0 to 5 volt signal. 6. Hookload Either 0 to 100 psi (0 to 6.9 bar) sensor on a deadline or 0 to 1,000 psi (0- to 69 bar) sensor on the sensator. 7. Pump Pressure 0 to 6,000 psi (0 to 413.7 bar) sensor on the standpipe. 1 to 5 volt signal. 8. Casing Pressure 0 to 10,000 psi (0 to 689.5 bar) sensor on the choke. 1 to 5 volt signal. 9. Rotary Torque Electric - Induction measurement of current in one leg of the drive motor. Hydraulic - 0 to 1,000 psi (0 to 69 bar) sensor on the rotary hydraulic system. Top Drive - 4 to 20 mAmp2 signal from top drive unit. 10. Methane Gas Infrared hydrocarbon sensor that samples gas from the possum belly. 11. CO2, H2S 4 to 20 mAmp2 sensors. 12. Mud weight In/Out 4 to 20 mAmp2 differential pressure sensor in the discharge and suction pits. 13. Mud Temperature In/Out 4 to 20 mAmp2 sensor in the flowline and suction pit.

15

16

4 7

6
5 5

14

13

12

11

Horn

14. Mud Conductivity In/Out 4 to 20 mAmp2 sensor in the discharge and suction pits. 15. Depth Standard - Sensor on the drilling recorder to measure depth. Bit Tracking - Sensor on the fast sheave that tracks block location. 16. Downtime Switch Input for a mechanical switch to tell the system when system is in downtime if using standard depth.

17. Rotary RPM Standard - Proximity sensor that measures the revolutions of the rotary table. Top Drive - 4 to 20 mAmp2 from top drive unit.

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Any non-standard or 4- to 20-mAmp sensor requires the use of an isolated satellite box. One isolated satellite box can accept 10 analog and 4 digital sensors.

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Sensor List: SG-smarT, Level I and II


Variable Description Analog Spares Analog Spares Total Bit Location Bit Weight Block Location Casing Pressure Casing Pressure G/L CO2 Connection Distance Count-up Timer Depth Electric Torque Fill Volume H2S Hookload Hydraulic Torque Mud Conductivity In Mud Conductivity Out Mud Gas Out Mud Temperature In Mud Temperature Mud Weight In Mud Weight Out Pipe Acceleration Pipe Velocity Pit G/L Pit Tanks Pump Pressure Pump Pressure G/L Pump SPM Pump Strokes Return Flow ROP Rotary rpm Skim Tank G/L Skim Tanks Spare Accumulations Spare Rates Strokes to Fill Time in Slips Total Fill Volume Total Pit Volume Total Pump SPM Total Pump Strokes Total Skim Volume Total Trip Volume Trip G/L Trip Tanks Volume per Minute Measured or Calculated Measured Calculated Calculated Calculated Measured Measured Calculated Measured Calculated Calculated Measured Measured Calculated Measured Measured Measured Measured Measured Measured Measured Measured Measured Measured Calculated Calculated Calculated Measured Measured Calculated Measured Measured Measured Calculated Measured Calculated Measured Calculated Measured Calculated Calculated Calculated Calculated Calculated Calculated Calculated Calculated Calculated Measured Calculated Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 2 Yes Yes 4 5 5 Yes 5 5 Yes Yes 10 Yes Yes sg-smarT Level I 4 Yes sg-smarT Level II 10 Yes Optional Yes Optional Yes Yes Optional Optional Yes Yes Yes Yes Optional Yes Yes Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Yes 10 Yes Yes 5 5 Yes Yes Yes Yes 4 5 5 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 2 Yes

Process Control & Rig Instrumentation: SG-Smart Data-Acquisition System


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Technology Centers
Houston, Texas Tel: 281 561 1300 Fax: 281 561 1441 Aberdeen, Scotland Tel: 44 1224 334634 Fax: 44 1224 334650 Stavanger, Norway Tel: 47 51 577300 Fax: 47 51 576503

This information is supplied solely for informational purposes and M-I SWACO makes no guarantees or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to the accuracy and use of this data. All product warranties and guarantees shall be governed by the Standard Terms of Sale. Nothing in this document is legal advice or is a substitute for competent legal advice.

P.O. Box 42842 Houston, Texas 77242-2842 www.miswaco.slb.com Email: questions@miswaco.slb.com

2010 M-I L.L.C. All rights reserved. *Mark of M-I L.L.C. DMC.2300.1104.R2 (E) 2.5M Litho in U.S.A.