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Computer Accept data Process data Produce results Store results

Computers components Input devices Output devices Storage devices System unit Communication devices

Input Input devices

Data/instructions entered into the computer

Hardware components Allow users to enter data/instructions into a computer

2 types of input device

Human data entry

Require a certain amount of human effort to input data 1) Keyboard 2) Mouse 3) Trackball 4) Pointing stick 5) Touchpad 6) Joystick 7) Touchscreen 8) Stylus 9) Digital pen 10) Web cameras 11) Voice recognition

Source data automation

Require minimal human intervention to input data

1) ATM 2) Magnetic stripe reader

3) Barcode scanner
4) POS terminal 5) Cameras 6) OCR sensor

10) MICR 11) RFID


Data that has been processed into a useful form called information

Output device

Hardware components Convey information to people

Output devices
Monitors Printers
CRTs LCDs OLEDs Laser Inkjet plotters

Spreaker/headset Pocker projector


Hold data, instructions, & information for future use

1) Magnetic tape 2) Magnetic disks 3) Memory cards 4) Thumb drives 5) CD-ROM 6) DVD-ROM 7) Holographic memory 1) Floppy disk drive 2) CD-ROM drive 3) DVD-ROM drive

Storage medium Storage device

Physical material Keeps data, instructions, & information

Computer hardware Record/retrieves items to & from storage media

Access Methods
Sequential Access
Records must be retrieved in order in which it is stored

Direct Access
Records can be retrieved in any order

Categories of computers
Special-purpose computers
Used for limited applications by military & scientific research groups

General-purpose computers
Used for a wide variety of applications 2 major groups: 1) system used by 1 user at a time 2) System used by multiple concurrent users

General-purpose computers
PDA Handheld computers
Smartphone Laptop 1 user

Portable computers
Tablet PC Thin client Desktop computers

General-purpose computers

Servers Multiple concurrent user