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CEISQ! Optics P.259 55. (1990-CE-PHY 1-6) igure 8 Figure 8 shows an experimental set-up to study image formation by @ convex lens A of focal length 40 em. The object is an illuminated letter "7 placed a few metres away. The tracing paper is moved to catch a sharp image. (a) (i) What is the approximate distance between lens A and the image ? Lxplain briefly, ii) Sketch the shape of the image seen by the observer (4 marks) (b) If the experiment is repeated with a convex lens of longer focal length, what will be the cchanye un the size of the image ? IMustrate your answer with a ray diagrain, (4 marks) si amceeanvt. 3 ( Migure 4 shows a ray of red light entering & {fo consul pss ate eon Ae ee Tiegh noes cr Tec a7 cn oed tr bk \ SC \ ent (a) How sould the trequeney, wavelength and speed af the ray be afleeted when H enters dhe lass block ? CQ mares) (bi When the ray reaches Cit spliis into ive Copy Figure 4 ante your ansiser book anal sketel the nee rays, Gms fer Caleutate 6) thesetfuetive Indes of the glass block. (the angle of refraction of the ray on leaving the elas block Ch amarks) fly Wht buppens if the ray reaches C avith an angle of incidence greater than 39° (Lanark (oy A perisenpe consists af two nehbangled pris, U1 Draw a ray diagram to show how the periscope works (iy State une advantage of using oglit-angled prisms over pksne miners. (mks: (CPISQ) Optics P260 57. (1992-CE-PHY I~ 3) A student holds image of the Jette f@) ) we «ly we Magnifying gins a magnifying glass close to his eye to Took at some small print on a paper, The IX" is shown in Figure 4, ‘Phe magnification is 3 ‘What kind of Jens is used as a magnifying glass ? (1 mark) Stale the nature (real or virtual, erect or inverted) of the image. (2 marks) ‘The paper is placed at a distance of 8 em ftom the lens. In Figure 5. AB represents the object, and pg are incident rays. A scale of I em representing em for the object distance suse () Draw the refracted rays of p and g and the image of AIS mn Figure § (i) From the ray dragram, measure CI) the image distance, (2) the focal length of the leas (O ouarks Figure S Is the paper is placed closer to the lens, how would the st7e of the mage and the mage distance be alfected Musbiaie your answer with a ray diagram. mur {the paper is moved «away from the fens 10 & position hevond the foeus, the student finds ssamiat be observed. Explain briesly Ut 9 clear tm (2 marks) 58, CEISQY Optics P.261 (1993-CE-PHY 1-3) ) iby - A tay of light travelling in the direction AQ in air enters a semi-circular glass block us showa in Figure 4. The ray is refracted along OB in the glass block. Different values of le of meidence are used and the corresponding values of the angle of refraction ¢ ure measured. ‘The following result is obtained [15° [20° [25° [30° [35° [aoe ja (9.08 [12.0 [16.3 [19.0% 22.3°)25.19 () Using a seale of 1 cm to 005, plot the graph of sind (vertical axis} against sing Chosrental uxis) on graph paper (83) Find the slope of the graph and state its physical meaning (bi) A student predicts that (otal intemal reflection will occur when a ~ 45°. Is he right vrwsrong ? Uxplain briefly 1 mrs) (hin plass fibres ean be used as 3 light guide, Gi) baplain, with the aid of diagram, how a light ray is transmitted along a curved tess fibre, ii) State one application of light guides (4 marks)