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2001


( 2003 .):

,
-
-

23 1956
, -. 29 1957 .
.
,
.
, 2002
, , : International Atomic Energy
Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria.

,
, 2004 .
IAEA/NVS/3

2001


60- . 1980 .
(IAEA/
SG/INF/1). 1987 .
[IAEA/SG/INF/1(Rev.1)], , ,
.
1987 . , 19921997 . , 1997 . () () ( INFCIRC/540 (Corrected)), ,
1999 . . , 2001 .
13 , .
, ,
. , , . ;
.
, (
. ).
2001 , .
2001
.
:
IAEA/NVS/1
IAEA/NVS/2

(1997)
(1998)

,

[ST]

,
1956 .

[9]

INFCIRC/9/Rev.2. , 1967 .

[39]

GC(V)/INF/39. , 1961 .

[66]

INFCIRC/66/Rev.2. (1965 .,
1966 1968 .)

[140]

INFCIRC/140. , 1970 .

[153]

INFCIRC/153 (Corrected). ,
,
1972 .

[179]

GOV/INF/179.
( ), 1967 .

[207]

INFCIRC/207. (, , ),
1974 .

[209]

INFCIRC/209/Rev.2. 15 1999 ., -
, 2000 .

[225]

INFCIRC/225/Rev.4 (Corrected). , 1999 .

[254]

INFCIRC/254/Rev.4/Part 1. ,
-
,
, 2000 . INFCIRC/254/Rev.4/Part 2. ,
-
,

, ,
, 2000 .
[267]

INFCIRC/267.
, 1979 .

[274]

INFCIRC/274/Rev.1. , 1980 .

[322]

INFCIRC/322. ,
,
1985 .

[331]

INFCIRC/331/Add.1.
( ), 1987 .

[395]

INFCIRC/395. ( ), 1992 .

[411]

INFCIRC/411. , 1993 .

[512]

INFCIRC/512. ,
,
, ( ),
1996 .

[540]

INFCIRC/540 (Corrected). () ()
, 1997 .

[548]

INFCIRC/548. ,
- ( ), 1998 .

[549]

INFCIRC/549. ,
, 1998 .

[SCT]

IAEA/SG/SCT/5.
, , 1998 .

[STR-327] . , 2000 .
[IAEA/NVS/1]

, 1997 .

[IAEA/NVS/2]

, 1998 .

1.

- ,
........................... 11

2.

: ,
.......... 27

3.

,
................................................................................... 34

4.

................................ 47

5.


........................................................ 56

6.

................................................ 66

7.


................................. 82

8.

, ............. 91

9.

.................................. 99

10.
.................................. 103
11. ,
...................................................................................... 113
12.
........................................................... 124
13. ........... 133
( ) ..................... 137
( ) ............ 163

10

1. -
,

, (), . -
,
.
, , ,
,
, , .
1.1.
Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency. [ST]
1956 . 1957 . II
,
. , ,
, , , - . III..5 , , , , , , , , ,
- ; , ,
, ,
. , . XII.A XII.B
, , . XII.C
,
.

11


1.2.
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NonProliferation Treaty, NPT). ( , ) .
1968 . 1970 .;
31 2003 . 189 . 1995 .
. I
, ,

,
, ,
- , ,
.
II , ,


; . III.1 - , ,

,
.
III.2 , , , , , , ,
, III.1. III.4
- , , ,
, , 18 . IV ,

12

, ,
.
VI
, .
IX.3 , ,
, , 1 1967 .
: , ( , ), , .
[140].
1.3.
Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America
and the Caribbean (Tlatelolco Treaty).
( ) , , .
1967 . 1969 .; 31 2003 .
31 . , , ,
, , , , , . 13
. . I, , - - , , . 31 2001 . 32 .
II, , ,

. 31 2001 .
, ,
,
. [179] , [411].

13

1.4.
South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty (Rarotonga Treaty). ,
( ) , , 1986 .; 31 2003 . 13 .
- ,

.
, , ,
,
, , ,
, , ,
,
III.1 , - , , . .
1 2 ,
. 3 , , , - . [331].
1.5.
Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone (Bangkok
Treaty). , , - ( ) , - .
1995 . 1997 .;
31 2003 . .
, ,
, , ,
, , , , , , ,
.
() , , ,
, -

14

, , , III.1 , - ,
, , .


, -
;

. , II . [512].
1.6.
African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (Pelindaba Treaty). , , ( ) , , 1996 . 31 2003 . 19 . , , , ,

.
; , ;
,
,
. -
, , , , , , , ,
, .
: I III ,
; II 3 . [512].
1.7.
Agreement between the Republic of Argentina and the Federative
Republic of Brazil for the Exclusively Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy

15

(Guadalajara Declaration).
( ) ,
,
, , , -
; - () , ,
, . 1991 .;
[395].
1.8.
Treaty Establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom
Treaty). ( ) 1958 .
: , , , , , , , , , , , , , . ( 1 2004 . 10
: , , , , , , , , . .) 77
VII
, -: () ,
, ; ()
, , ,
,
.
1.9.
Bilateral co-operation agreement. , , - , . , - ,
,
.

, , , .

16

1.10. Project and supply agreement. III.A.5 [ST] , .


,
, ,

. ,
, , [66].
1.11. Revised supplementary agreement relevant to safeguards. , , , ,

- ,
[267],
, , , .
.
[66] (
, INFCIRC/66).


1.12. The Agencys Inspectorate.
[39, ], INFCIRC/66 , 1961 .
INFCIRC/66
, -; ; , ,
; . ,
, .
.

17

1.13. The Agencys Safeguards System (1965, as Provisionally Extended


in 1966 and 1968). (1965 ., 1966 1968 .) [66],
, ,
, , . 1965 . , ,
.
1966 1968 , .
, INFCIRC/66 .
1.14. The Structure and Content of Agreements between the Agency and
States Required in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
Nuclear Weapons. , , [153], 1971 .,
.

,
, ,
. , ,
.
1.15. Model Protocol Additional to the Agreement(s) between State(s)
and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards.
() () [540], ,

,
, .
1997 .
:

18

() ,
.
(b) , , ,


I .
(c) , ,
.
1.16. Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the IAEA.
-,
- , , , .
(), .
, ,
, , .
[9].

,
,

1.17. Safeguards agreement.
,
, ,
, , .
, ,
, -
. . 1.18 1.21.

19

1.18. INFCIRC/153-type safeguards agreement. INFCIRC/153 ,


(. . 1.19) (. . 1.21).
1.19. Comprehensive safeguards agreement (CSA). (SA)
. SA :
(a) ,
,
, ce III.1 . [153]. ,
,

[153, 2]. SA , , ,
.
, ,
(, ).
(b) .
,
, ,
, .
(c) , ,
, , .
1.20. INFCIRC/66-type safeguards agreement.
INFCIRC/66 , [66]. , (,
, ), / , ;

20

, , , - . 1975 . ,
- . INFCIRC/66
:
(a) , , , , , ,
, .
(b) , , , ,
, , , ,
. , , -;
. , , .
(c)
, ,
.
1.21. Voluntary offer agreement (VOA). (VOA) ,
, , ,
, , , ,
, , ,

.
/
. VOA [153],

21

.
,
(.. , ( ,
), , ).
1.22. Additional protocol. ( ) ,

[540] (. . 1.15).
, [540].
INFCIRC/66
[540], . 1 [540] .
1.23. Small quantities protocol (SQP).
(SQP) , ,
.
II
,

- [153].
1.24. Suspension protocol.
( ), ( ) , , ,
( ).

, .
1.25. Co-operation protocol. ,
(, -

22

( ) ).
, .
1.26. Subsidiary Arrangements. ,

, .
INFCIRC/153 , - .
( ) , . ,
, , . ,
(, ),
.
( ) , .
1.27. Voluntary reporting scheme on nuclear material and specified equipment
and non-nuclear material. , 1993.
, , (. . 12.13). ,
, .
[540, II].


1.28. Zangger Committee Export Guidelines. , -

23

III.2 , , , , ,
, . 1971 . - . , 1974 .
-.
, , , , . , .
[209].
1.29. Nuclear Suppliers Group Guidelines. , ,
1978 . ,
().
, , , ,
, , (.
. 5.34). .
(a) 1 ,
, , (, ), ,
.
, - ,
.
(b) 2 , ,
, -

24

, ,

. ,
, , , , ,

,
. ,
, , - ,
.
[254,
1 2]. [322]

, 1985 .
1.30. Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium. , , 1997 . -,
, , ,
( , ),
. , , , , . ,
. [549].
1.31. Physical protection recommendations.
,
1999 . [225].

25

, , , ,
. 1987 .;
[274].
:

26

,
,

.

2. : ,

, , .
,
,
.
, .
2.1.
Objectives of IAEA safeguards. (SA)

, ,
.
[153, 28].
SA ,
(. . 2.5). , [540],
(. . 3.6).
INFCIRC/66
, , , , , , ,
,
.
, , - , , , , .
/ , -

27

, ,
, .
2.2.
Non-compliance. , :
(a) INFCIRC/153
, .
(b) [66]
, , , , .
() [540] ,
,
2.
(d)
,
,
.
, XII.C [ST], , - , , , ,
, .
2.3.
Diversion of nuclear material. (. . 2.2),
:
(a) INFCIRC/153 , ; , , , , ,
.

28

(b) INFCIRC/66 , .
2.4.
Misuse.
INFCIRC/66 (. . 2.2.),
, , , ,
.
2.5.
Undeclared nuclear material and activities.
,

. , , , 2 [540].
,

. ,

(. . 2.6) , 1 [540].
2.6.
Undeclared facility or location outside facilities (LOF). ()
, , ,
.
2.7.
Deterrence of diversion. (. . 2.1).
, , ,
- . , ,
, ,

.

29

-
, (. . 1.31).

2.8.
Assurance of non-diversion of nuclear material. ,
, ,
.
, .
, (. . 12.20),
, ,
(. . 12.25 13.10).
2.9.
Assurance of the absence of undeclared nuclear material and
activities.
, ,
(CSA) , (. . 2.5.).

(. . 2.8) , CSA ,
.

,
, , (. . 12.20).


, , , CSA, ,

(. . 12.25 13.10).

30


2.10. Coverage of IAEA safeguards. ,
. (CSA),

, [153, 2]. ( ). CSA , ,
, . INFCIRC/66 , , , , , ,
. , ,
/ ,
.
2.11. Starting point of IAEA safeguards.
,
, , , . 34(c)
[153], , , , ,
, , ,
, , .
34(a) 34(b) [153], , , , , , 34(c)
[153], ,
. ,
2..(vi) [540] , ,
, 34()
[153].
,

31

,
.
2.12. Termination of IAEA safeguards.

( ) ,
,
, , - , ,
. 13 35
[153] 27 [66],
, ,
, . 26
[66] ,
, ,
, . 2..(viii) [540]
, , -233, (. . 6.25).
2.13. Exemption from IAEA safeguards.
37 [153] 21 [66],
. 36 [153]
,
(,
; ,
; 238Pu
80%). 22 23 [66]
. 38
[153],
, ,
. 2..(vii(a)) [540] , 36(b)
37 [153]. (. . 6.24).
2.14. Non-application of IAEA safeguards.
-

32

,
.
- ,
, ,
. 14 [153]

.
.
2.15. Suspension of IAEA safeguards.
INFCIRC/66

, , , , [66, 24]. 25 [66], , , ,
, .
2.16. Substitution. ,
25 26 [66],
, ,
, ,
, . ,

.

33

3. ,

,
. ,

, ,
.
3.1.
Safeguards approach. (. . 3.6), , (. . 2.1). ( ) , , (. . 12.25).
,
(. . 3.3).

(. . 3.2) (. . 3.5),
(. . 3.4).
3.2.
Model (generic) facility safeguards approach. ()
, . :
(. . 3.22)
; (. . 3.6), ;
(. . 3.28) (. . 3.27); () (. . 3.33) .
.
3.3.
Facility safeguards approach.
, ,
( ) . ,

34

,
(. . 1.26).
3.4.
State level safeguards approach.
(. . 3.1),

, , .

, , (. . 3.6),

(. . 12.25).
3.5.
Integrated safeguards.
,
(. . 3.6),

. , (. . 12.25).
,
.
3.6.
Safeguards measures. ,
[540], (. . 2.1). 29 [153] (. . 6.1) (. . 8.6).
, , (, INFCIRC/66,
, , , , , - ).
19921997 .
, .
: (a) ,

35

,
[,
,
(. . 9.1 11.14)];
(b) ,
,
[, (. . 11.25)].
3.7.
Diversion strategy (diversion path). (
) () ,
(. . 2.3)

(. . 2.4). (. .
3.1). :
,
(,
). ,
(. . 3.9).
3.8.
Acquisition strategy (acquisition path).
( ) () ,
, .
(. . 3.7)
(. . 2.6)
(. . 2.5). (. . 3.4).
3.9.
Concealment methods. , (. . 3.7)
(. . 3.8) .
. :

(. . 8.6)
(. . 6.2);

36

,
(, ) (, )
(. . 6.14),
;
- ,
( ), SRD
( ) D ( ) (. . 10.4, 10.5
10.6 );
;
,
(,
);
, .
3.10. Diversion rate. , .
() (.
. 3.14) (..
(. . 6.47)),
.
, .
3.11. Diversion path analysis.

(. . 3.7).
(. . 3.2) . ,
, (.
. 3.6) .

37

3.12. Acquisition path analysis.


(. . 3.8)
,
. (. . 3.4).
, ,
(. . 3.6)
.
3.13. Conversion time. ,

. , , . ,

,
. , , , I.
I



Pu, BO



(710)

233

PuO2, Pu(NO3)4
;
BO 233U ;
MOX , (233U + 235U >20%);
, BO / 233U

(13)

, BO 233U

(13)

, < 20%

(312)

235

U;

233

- ,
,
.

38

3.14. Significant quantity (SQ). () ,


. , . (. . 3.23). , , II.
II

8 Pu

233

8 233U

BO(235U >20%)

25 235U


U (235U <20%)b

75 235U
( 10 U
20 U)

20 Th

, <80%

, .

238

Pu.

3.15. Detection time. , . ,



(. . 12.25), , : (a) ,
; (b) (, ); (c)
, . ,
(.
. 3.13).

39

, , ,
. , (. . 3.24).
3.16. Detection probability.
,
. 1 ,
(. . 10.28).
, . 1 a . 1
a, , 90%
20% .
3.17. False alarm probability. , , (. . 10.27).

. 0,05 , (. . 3.25)
(. . 3.26), .
3.18. Inventory. , (). : () , (. . 12.512.8); , .. , .
(. . 11.16), 79 80 [153].
3.19. Annual throughput.
, , [153, 99]. 84
[66]
.

40

3.20. IAEA timeliness detection goal. , (. . 4.24).


(. .
11.16)
,
, (. . 3.10).
,

(. . 12.25), :
.
.
.

,
.
3.21. Safeguards Criteria. , ,
.
() ,
,
(. . 3.23 3.24). ,
,
.
, (. . 12.20 12.23).
3.22. IAEA inspection goal. ,

(. . 3.3).
(. . 3.23) (. . 3.24). , (. . 3.21)
, , , -

41

, (. . 3.26). (. .
12.23 12.25).
3.23. Quantity component of the IAEA inspection goal.
,
- .
3.24. Timeliness component of the IAEA inspection goal.
, , - .
3.25 Discrepancy. ,
,
(. . 6.48),
(. . 8.6). ,
(..
),
, .
(. . 3.26).
3.26. Anomaly. ,

(. . 2.3) , (. . 2.4),
, (. .
12.25). :
(. . 11.14).
(. . 3.28.).
(. . 3.25).

(. . 6.1).

42

(. . 6.1).
( -) (
), SRD ( /) (. . 10.1).
,
, (. . 8.5 8.12).

(. . 8.12).
3.27. Facility practices.
,

[153, 4(a)].
,
(. . 3.3), , , ,
, .
3.28. Design information. ,
, , ,
[153,
8]; [66, 32].
; , , ; ; . , , :
(. . 3.3),
(. . 6.4)
(. . 6.5),
(. . 3.31)
(. . 3.32).
(. . 1.26);

. , ,

, , , -

43

, ,
. -
(. . 5.29). INFCIRC/66 ,
[66, 31].
, (DIQ).
3.29. Design information examination (DIE).
(DIE) , , , , ,
(. . 3.3).
3.30. Design information verification (DIV).
(DIV) ,
, (. . 3.28). DIV
, . DIV
.
DIV

(. . 5.29. 5.30).
3.31. Design information verification plan (DIVP). (DIVP) ,

(. . 3.30),
(. . 5.29).
3.32. Essential equipment list (EEL).
(EEL) , ,
. EEL (. . 3.29); ,
, ,
. -

44

(DIVP) (. . 3.31).
3.33. State system of accounting for and control of nuclear material (SSAC).
()
,
, (. . 6.1). , , . ,
:
(a) , , , ,
- , ;
(b) ;
() , -;
(d) ;
(e) ;
(f) , , ;
(g) , ;
(h) [153,
32].
INFCIRC/66

, , [66] , .

45

3.34. Regional system of accounting for and control of nuclear material


(RSAC).
(RSAC) ,
, , (. . 3.33).
3.25. New partnership approach (NPA).
(NPA) - , ,
1992 .
,
. NPA
, .
3.36. Safeguards quality assurance.
, , .
, , ,
. , , , .

46

4.

.
, , ,
.
.
4.1.
Nuclear material. (. . 4.4) (. . 4.5)
XX [ST]. . [153,
112], [66, 77] [540, 18.h].
4.2.
Nuclide. ,
( ) ( ).
4.3.
Isotope.
, ,
. , . -

, 233U 239Pu,
, -233 Pu-239.
,
(, 241Pu
14,35 ).
4.4.
Source material.
, ; , 235; ;
, , ; ,
, ;
,
[ST, XX.3].
112 [153] .

47

XX , , ,
; . [540,
18.h]. (. . 2.11).
4.5.
Special fissionable material. -239; -233; , 235
233; , ; , ;
[ST, XX.1]. . [153, 112]
[540, 18.h] (. . 4.4).
4.6.
Fissionable material. , , . (, 1 M). ,
,
() , , . , 233U, 235U, 239Pu
241
Pu , ,
238U 240Pu , .
4.7.
Fertile material. , . : 238U 232Th.
, -, 239Pu 233U.
4.8.
Uranium. 92 U.
234, 235 238. 232, 233 236
.
4.9.
Natural uranium. ,
, 238
234U, 0,7% 235U 99,3%
238
U.

48

( ) , U3O8, (. . 5.16).
4.10. Depleted uranium. , 235U , , , , , .
4.11. Enriched uranium. ,
.
.
4.12. Low enriched uranium (LEU). ()
, 20% 235U. (. . 4.5)
(. . 4.26).
4.13. High enriched uranium (HEU). ()
235U 20% .
(. . 4.5) (. . 4.25).
4.14. Uranium-233. -233 , 232Th
. -233
(. . 4.5) (. . 4.25).
4.15. Plutonium. , , 94, Pu.
238,
239, 240, 241 242. , 239Pu,

(. . 4.5) (. . 4.25) , 80% 238Pu.
4.16. Mixed oxide (MOX). (MOX)
, ( )
. MOX
(. . 4.5) (. . 4.25).

49

4.17. Thorium.
90 Th.
232Th,
233U.
4.18. Americium. 95 Am. ,
241Pu,
.
(. . 4.4 4.5) [ST],

. .
4.19. Neptunium.
93 Np. 237Np ;
.
(. . 4.4 4.5) [ST], . .
4.20. Enrichment. -233 -235 ,
[153, 105], [66, 73], .
, . , , , , , .
4.21. Depletion. ,
(, ) , ,
, (, 241Pu ).
4.22. Transmutation.
,

50

, , , 238U 239Pu
-.
4.23. Material type. , ,
. : , ;
233
U; , ; .
4.24. Material category.
. : , .
4.25. Direct use material.
,
. 80% 238Pu, 233U. , [, ()] , . ,
;
(, ), .
4.26. Indirect use material.
, . : , ,

.
4.27. Material form. :
, -.
, (, , , , ),
. - -

51

, , , ,
(, ),
.
4.28. Improved nuclear material. 74 [66], ,
,
(a)
,
(b) ,
( ) , .
4.29. Strategic value.
(. . 4.25 4.26).
4.30. Effective kilogram (ekg). (. )
, . 104 [153] 72 [66] ,
, :
(a) ;
(b) 0,01(1%) , ;
() 0,01(1%) 0,005(0,5%)
, 0,0001;
(d) 0,005(0,5%)
, 0,00005.
4.31. Feed material. , , UF6
UO2,
UO2 .
4.32. Intermediate product. , , () .
4.33. Product. , , UF6 -

52


.
4.34. Scrap. ,
. , ; ,
.
4.35. Waste. , , .

, , . (. . 2.12)
, .
4.36. Hold-up. , , , ,
.
, , (. . 6.56).
4.37. Fuel element (fuel assembly, fuel bundle). ( , ) , , ,

, ,
.
4.38. Fuel component. , , (,
, )

.
4.39. Pellet. ,

53

.
.
4.40. Specified non-nuclear material. ,

(. . 4.5). 2.a.(ix) [540]
,

, 2.a(ix)
[540, II] (. . 12.14). - ,
(. . 4.41 4.42). , (. . 1.27).
INFCIRC/66.
4.41. Nuclear grade graphite. - , , 5 , , 1,5 /2, , 3104 (30 )
- 12 . II [540] (. . 4.40).
:

(B) ,
,
.

4.42. Deuterium and heavy water.


2, 2H,
( D);
150 .
( , 99,5% D2O) , . ,
, 1:5000, , -

54

200 -
12 , II
[540]. (. . 4.40).
4.43. Zircaloy. , (Sn, Fe, Cr, Ni), , .
, 500 12 ,
,
, 1:500,
II [540]. (. . 4.40 5.33).

55

5.

( ) , ( ).
, , ,
, / .
5.1.
Nuclear fuel cycle. , . , - ,
. , , ,
, , . , , ,
( ), ,
, - .
5.2.
Nuclear fuel cycle related research and development activities. -
- ,
-
: ,
, , , , , ( , , )
, , -233, , ,
,

56

[540, 18.a].
(. . 12.14).
5.3.
Installation.
() [153] [540] (
[66]).

,
, ,
,
(. . 1.26).
5.4.
Categorisation of installations. , . :
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.
J.

.
.
.
.
.
( ).
.
.
.
( INFCIRC/66).

5.5.
Reactor. , [66,
80].
, .
(. . 5.6 5.15).
5.6.
Power reactor. , , , ,
. ,
.

57

5.7.
Off-load refuelled power reactor. , , ,
, , / .
.
5.8.
Light water reactor (LWR). (LWR) ,
() . LWR
,
, 5% 235U, (MOX) , 5%. LWR: (BWR)
(PWR). BWR , . PWR , ; , ,
().
5.9.
On-load refuelled power reactor (OLR).
(OLR) ,
/ .

ORL, .
5.10. Heavy water reactor (HWR). (HWR)
, .
CANDU (
), ,
. , , , . CANDU
(. . 5.27). HWR [ LWR (c. . 5.8)], ,
.

58

5.11. Graphite moderated reactor. , - .




( ). (AGR) .
( ) . , . c
, AGR , (. . 5.27). (TGR)
, ;

- (. . 5.28).
5.12. Fast reactor. ,

( 0,1 M)
.
238U , , .. - .
5.13. Research reactor. ,
.
. , , , , . , , .
(. . 5.27.). :
(a) (MTR)
, -

59

.
, .
(b) TRIGA , , 235U
20%,
.
5.14. Critical assembly. ,
. , ,
, ,
, ,
.
(. . 5.27)
- (. . 5.28).
5.15. Subcritical assembly. , ,
-
, . .
5.16 Uranium mine and concentration (ore processing) plant.
()
, U3O8 ( ). 34(a)
34(b) [153], , ,

.
c 2..(v) [540]

, ,
,

60

. ,
. .
5.17. Conversion plant. ,
, , / . ,

(UF6). : U3O8 UF6 (UO2); U Pu
; U Pu . UF6
UO2
, U Pu ,
, (MOX).
5.18. Fuel fabrication plant. , .
,
. , : , ,
(), (), , () .
5.19. Scrap recovery plant. ,
,
,
,
, , .
,
, .
5.20. Enrichment plant (or isotope separation plant). ( )
235U. -

61


(UF6) ( ). , , .
5.21. Reprocessing plant.

. , (
) , , . :
, , , , , (,
) , .
UO2 PuO2 .
5.22. Storage facility. ,
.
5.23. Heavy water production plant.
(
). , ,

INFCIRC/66. [540], , . (. . 4.42 5.33).
5.24. Facility. , ,
, , ; ,
,
[153, 106], [540, 18.j]. [66], ( 78 81
).
5.25. Location outside facility (LOF).
() ,

62

,
,
[540, 18.j]. 49
[153], , , .
, 66 [66], INFCIRC/66 ,
, , , - .
5.26. Facility type.
.
,
(. . 5.4).
5.27. Item facility. , , .
(, ,
).
( ), .
5.28. Bulk handling facility. -
, ,
-. -
(), ,
,
, , ,
-. ,
-, , ,
. - , ( ), -.
5.29. Facility life cycle. ,
, -

63

, , (. . 5.31).
: , , , , , , (. . 5.3.0)
. , .
5.30. Closed-down facility (or closed-down location outside facilities). ( ) , ,
[540, 18.d].
5.31. Decommissioned facility (or decommissioned location outside
facilities). ( ) , ,
() , () ,
[540, 18.].
5.32. Geological repository. , , ;
,
. ,
, .
.
5.33. Specified equipment. 2..(ix) [540] ,
, , 2..(ix) [540 II] (. . 12.14).
,
.

64

- (. . 1.27).

INFCIRC/66.
5.34. Nuclear related dual use item. ,
, ,
,
, . - (. . 12.20). , ,
,
[254, 2].

65

6.

(),
( ).
, (/),
, .
6.1.
Nuclear material accountancy. , ,
() (. . 3.33) ,
, , ( ), ,
, , , ,
.
:

(a) , , () (. . 6.4);
(b)
;
(c)
, , , (. . 6.17) (. . 6.22);
(d) (. . 6.41);
(e)
() (. . 6.43)
;
(f) (. . 6.33) -

66

(. . 6.9)
(. . 6.8);
(g) c - (. . 6.22 6.18);
(h) , ( ) (. . 4.36).

(a) (., , . 12.4 12.8);
(b) ;
(c) ,
;
(d) , .

(a) ,
,
, (., , . 6.48 6.55);
(b) (. . 3.33);
(c)
(., , . 12.2 13.8).
6.2.
Nuclear material accounting.
,
, ,
. : ,
, ,
.
6.3.
Near real time accountancy (NRTA). (NRTA) -,
-

67


, , ,
,
(. . 6.41).
, ,
, NRTA , , .
6.4.
Material balance area (MBA). ()
110 [153],
, :
(a)
;
(b)
, , , ,
.
46(b) [153] ,
, ,
: ,
,
; ,
, :
(i) ,
;
(ii)
,
;
(iii) ,
,
, , , ;

68

(iv) , - , .
6.5.
Strategic point. , ,
,
;
, , - , [153, 116].
6.6.
Key measurement point (KMP).
() , ,
.
( )
( )
[153, 108].
6.7.
Batch. ,
, , . -
[153, 100]. : ,
UF6, UO2 . , , ,
.
, ,
[. . 1.26].
6.8.
Batch data. ,
. :
(a) ;
(b) 235 -233 , ;
(c) ,
.

69

, [153, 101].
6.9.
Source data. ,
, , . , , , , , , , [153, 115].
6.10. Identity data (or identification data). , , , (. . 6.7) (. . 6.37).
(. . 6.4),
(. . 4.23), ,
(. . 6.13),
(. . 6.14).
6.11. Element code. , (.. ) INFCIRC/66
(, (. . 4.9), (. . 4.10), (. . 4.11) (. . 6.12)).
6.12. Unified uranium. ,
INFCIRC/66,
(, ) () .
235U 233U,
.
(. . 1.26).
6.13. Material description.

INFCIRC/66 (. . 12.4). : , ,
.

70

6.14. Inventory change. [153, 107]. :


(a) : (. . 6.15), (. . 6.16), (. . 6.17), (. . 6.18), (. .
6.20) (. . 6.19);
(b) : (. . 6.15), (. 6.21), (. . 6.22), (. .
6.26), (. . 6.23),
(. . 6.20), (. . 6.24 2.13) ,
(. . 6.25 2.12).
39(a) [66],
.
6.15. Import nd export.
, ,
. , , 91, 92
96 [153].
6.16. Domestic receipt. 107 [153],
, , (),
(. . 2.11).
6.17. Nuclear production. 107
[153], (. . 4.5).
6.18. Accidental gain. ,
,
(. . 6.41).

71

6.19. De-exemption. ,

[153, 107].
6.20. Retained waste. , , [153, 107].

. (. . 6.14). ,
, () , .
6.21. Domestic shipment.
() [153,
107].
6.22. Nuclear loss.
[153, 107]. (,
241
Pu) .
6.23. Measured discard. , , [153, 107].
6.24. Exemption (of nuclear material). ( )
[153, 107] (.
. 2.13).
6.25. Termination (of IAEA safeguards). (
) 35 [153] (. . 2.12).
6.26. Other loss. ,
(..
) [153, 107].

72

6.27. Arithmetical correctness. , , , , ; , .


6.28. Adjustment. ,
[153, 98]. , .
6.29. Correction. , , . ,
[153, 103].
6.30. Accounting records. ,
(), , (
) , . :
(a) ,
;
(b) , ;
(c) , ,
[153, 56]. . [153, 57].
6.31. Operating records. , , .
, , ,
,
,
,
.
:

73

(a) , ;
(b) , , ,
;
(c) ,
,
;
(d) ,
,
[153, 58].
6.32. Supporting document. , (. . 6.10),
(. . 6.9) (. . 6.8) ,
, , ()
, , / .
6.33. Measurement system. C , ,
, , , , , 32(a) 32(b) [152].
:
(a) ;
(b) ;
(c) ;
(d) ;
(e) ;
(f) ;
(g) ;
(h) ;
(i) ;
(j) ;
(k)
()
() (. . 6.43 .10.1).

74

55 [153], , , ,
.
6.34. Traceability. , , , .
6.35. International standards of accountancy.
E,
. ,
-, .
III ( ) . E (. . 6.36),
, .
III
E (
)
-

0,002

0,003

0,005

0,008

0,010

0,4

0,25

6.36. International Target Values (ITV). (ITV)


(PA) (. . 7.13) () (. . 7.24)

75

. , ; ,
, ( , ),
. , ,
. , . (ITV 2000) [STP-327].
6.37. Stratum. /
(, ) .
, , ,
, .
, , (, ).
, , (KHM) (. . 6.43).
.
6.38. Account.
, ,
,
.
6.39. Account balance.
,
,
,
, , UF6 .
6.40. Book inventory (of a material balance area).
( )

76

,
[153,
102].
6.41. Physical inventory.
,
, [153, 113].
,
(. . 12.8).
(. . 6.52).

.
6.42. Material balance component.
,
.. ( ) (. . 6.43).
, UF6 UO2 () (,
) , .
6.43. Material unaccounted for (MUF). () ()
, ,
:
= ( + ) ,

;
;
;
.


, , . -

77

,
(, ), .
- , - . , , , .
6.44. Cumulative MUF.
(. . 6.43).
6.45. Shipper/receiver difference (SRD). / (SRD) ,
[153,
114].
6.46. Cumulative SRD. / SRD (. . 6.45).
6.47. Material balance period (MBP).
() INFCIRC/153

(PIT), - (. . 12.7). INFCIRC/66 ,
, PIT.
6.48. IAEA examination of records. , [153] [66]
. ,
. :
, ,
(. . 6.49) -

78

/ , .
6.49. IAEA updating of the book inventory. ,
(), .. , . ,
, , . , ,
.
6.50. IAEA inventory change verification.
.
, (. . 10.2).
(. . 6.56). (. . 8.6), ,
, - . [153], (. . 6.6).
6.51. IAEA inventory verification.
,
, ,

(), , . [153],

(. . 6.6). :
(. . 6.52 6.53).

79

6.52. IAEA physical inventory verification (PIV).


(PIV)
,
(. . 6.41) .
PIV , .
,
(. . 12.8).
6.53. IAEA interim inventory verification. ,
, . [153], , ,
, , .
6.54. IAEA verification of nuclear material flows within n MBA.
, [153] ,
(. . 6.5).
(. .
10.7).
6.55. IAEA verification of operators measurement system. ,

, , (. . 3.28)
(. . 3.28).

(. . 7.1), , ,
( . 7.7 7.13).
6.56. IAEA accountancy verification methods. , -

80

.
: , , ,
, () ( ) (., , . 7.24 10.7),
( ) (., , . 7.24 10.7), ( )
(., , . 7.24 10.7). , , [,

(. . 6.3) (. . 6.57)], .
6.57. Item counting. () , .

81

7.


, .

. . [IAEA/NVS/1].
7.1.
Calibration. ,
, () . (. . 10.16) . (.
. 7.2),
. () , , .
.
7.2.
Reference material. ,
. ,
. , , ()
.
7.3.
Primary standard.
(..
), .
7.4.
Secondary standard. , -

82

. , , ,
,

.
, , , ,
, , .
7.5.
Bulk measurement. - , , , .
, ,
.
-
. -,
,
( )
, .
7.6.
Matrix. .
. ,
,
(. . 7.30).
7.7.
Sample. () ,
. :
(a)
, () ;
(b) , , . , .

83

7.8.
Random sampling.
,
. , .
7.9.
Systematic sampling.
, , 11- , . ; , ,
. ,
.
7.10. Representative sample. , , . , , , , ;
.
,
() (.
. 6.37) .
(, ), .
7.11. Calorimetry. , Pu Pu Pu Am, , .
7.12. Assay. , , . :
(. . 7.13) (. . 7.24).
7.13. Destructive analysis (DA). () , ,
, .

84

.
:
(a) ;
(b) ;
() ( )
(. . 7.33);
(d) , (, );
(e) (U, Pu, Th)
(.. ) ,
, , . 7.14 7.18;
(f) U Pu (.. ) , , , . 7.20 7.23.
7.14. Chemical titration.
,
.
, , , ,
.

U Pu (. . 7.33).
7.15. Controlled potential coulometry.

, . ( ), . Pu (. . 7.33).
7.16. Gravimetric analysis. ,

,
. U

85

Pu U3O8
PuO2 (. . 7.33).
7.17. Isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS). -
(IDMS)
U Pu , (, 233U , 242Pu ), - .
, .
7.18. K-edge densitometry.
- U Pu
,
- U Pu. Pu
, , ,
- .
7.19. Resin bead technique.
( ) U Pu
( ) - :
, U Pu,
. , , .
7.20. Mass spectrometry. -
, ,
, ,
- .
(. . 7.21 7.22).
7.21. Gas mass spectrometry. - ,
( UF6)

86


.
7.22. Thermal ionization mass-spectrometry (TIMS). - (TIMS) (
- ), , 16002000
, .
, , , . (. . 7.33). ,
.
7.23. Alpha spectrometry. - - - , , 238Pu.

-
(. . 7.33).
7.24. Non-destructive assay (NDA). ()
. , ,
, (. . 7.13).
:
(a) ,
- ;
(b) , (, , ).
7.25. Gamma ray spectrometry. - -, ,
,
; , -

87

, . :
, , , - . - Pu ,
,
(NaI).
, - ;

.
7.26. Gamma ray scanning. - , - .
7.27. Scintillation detector. ,
- . - (NaI);

.
7.28. Semiconductor detector. , - , , , (Ge), (CdTe) - (CdZnTe). , (, )
.
7.29. Neutron counting. , , , . , (, 10B
3He).

88

, -.
7.30. Neutron coincidence counting. ,
, , (, n)-, , ( ), , . , .
(HLNCC)
. (AWCC) (, AmLi), , . .
HLNCC. ,
, ,
.
7.31. Neutron multiplicity counter. , . 7.30.
( ) ( )
. Pu U

,
.

(, ),
.
, , , , . (>60%), .

89

7.32. Cerenkov radiation detection.


. , .

.
. .
7.33. Safeguards Analytical Laboratory (SAL). (SAL) ,
, ,
,
(. . 9.12). SAL
, .
7.34. Network of Analytical Laboratories (NWAL).
(NWAL)
,
(. . 7.33 9.13).

90

8. ,
,
(/) . / ,
.
/,
, /,
. ,
. . [IAEA/NVS/1].


8.1.
Containment. , , ( ) .
, . (
, , , ) .
8.2.
Surveillance. / , . .
.

91

8.3.
Containment/surveillance device (C/S device). / ( /) ,
/ / (. . 8.8).
8.4.
Optical surveillance device.
,
.
, . ,
, .
, , . ,
, , .
(, )
.
(. . 8.16). - , , , .
.
8.5.
Seal. - ,
, .
, , , (, ) .


. ,
, - , , , . :

92

(a) , , ;
(b) , (, )
,
;
() (, , ,
..) .
8.6.
Containment/surveillance measures (C/S measures). / ( /) / , . /
,
, .
/ ,
.
/ , , , :
() , ;
(b)
;
( )
, - ;
(d) , ()
, .
(. . 3.26),
/, . , ,
/, . - / ,
, . , , , ,
.

93

8.7.
System of containment/surveillance measures (C/S system). / ( /)
/ (. . 8.6). / ,
. /
/ (. . 8.3).
/
, , , ( /). / () . / /,
( /), ,
. / , , / .
8.8. Containment/surveillance results (C/S results). / ( /) , / (. . 8.7). / , / (. . 8.3) ,
( . 8.12). ,
/, / ,
, , . / , , ,
. ,
(. . 3.1). / ,
.
8.9.
Containment/surveillance technical capability (C/S technical
capability). / ( /) /
, :
() / ( ,
);

94

(b) /, , ,
() , ;
() / , ;
(d) ;
() .
8.10. Vulnerability assessment.

,
. ,
, .
8.11. Tampering. /
.
8.12. Tamper indication. / .
8.13. Tamper resistance. , ( , ) ,
.
/ . ,
. , (, ),
,
.
8.14. Surveillance review system. , , . - ( ) , -

95

.
,
,
- . , , ,
, .

8.15. Unattended monitoring.


(. . 7.24) /
(. . 8.6),
.
. , .

. , (. . 8.22) (. . 8.23).
8.16. Remote monitoring. ,
, /, , ( -,
) .
. ,
, .
. / .
, , (. . 8.23).
8.17. Monitor. ,
.
. 8.18 8.21.

96

8.18. Core discharge monitor (CDM).


(CDM) , , .
8.19. Spent fuel bundle counter. () , .
8.20. Reactor power monitor.
,
.
8.21. Radiation passage monitor.
, . , , ,
, / .
8.22. Authentication. , () , , .

.
8.23. Encryption. , . ,
, .
8.24. Equipment state of health data. , , - (-

97

) ,
.
,
.

98

9.


,
.
, , -, ,
,
.
. [IAEA/NVS/1].
9.1.
Environmental sampling (ES).
(ES)
,
. , , (,
), , , , , . :
, , ,
. [540] ,
(. . 11.14).
9.2.
Location specific environmental sampling. (, , , , , )
[540,
18.f].
9.3.
Wide area environmental sampling. (, , , , , ) -

99

[540, 18.g]. 9 [540] ,


, , ,

.
9.4.
Swipe sampling. (, )
.
9.5.
Point sample. ,
,
.
9.6.
Composite sample. ()
, ,
, , ,
.
9.7.
Control sample. ,
,
, .
9.8.
Cross-contamination.
,
. , , , , , , / , .
9.9.
Baseline environmental signature.
,
, ,
, , .
.

100

, .
9.10. Sampling team. , , ,
, : , , . ,
;
, . ,

.
9.11. Sampling kit.
, ,
.
:
() ,
,
;
(b) ,
.
9.12. IAEA Clean Laboratory for Safeguards.

(. . 7.33),

.
, , . 100
, .
9.13. Screening measurement. , ,
(. . 9.12), - ( )

101

. (. . 7.25).
(. . 7.34)
/ , .
9.14. Bulk analysis.
,
.
9.15. Particle analysis. ,
, , , .
9.16. Fission track analysis. , , ,
() , (, 239Pu 235U).
- (TIMS) (. . 7.22)
.
9.17. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). (SEM) ,
( 1000 5000 ). , .
.
9.18. Secondary ion mass-spectroscopy (SIMS). -
(SIMS)
.
, -
.

102

10.

. -
. - ,
. , , . ,

,
. . [SCT].
10.1 Material balance evaluation.
- ( ) (. . 6.43) . , , , ,
,
(. . 6.42 6.43), (). ,
, :
() (.
. 6.43 6.44);
(b) (. . 10.3)
, , ;
(c) , ;
(d) / (SRD) SRD (. . 6.45 6.46);
(e) (.
. 6.35) ,
.
:

-; SRD -

103

, SRD.
10.2. Inspectors estimate of MUF. , (. . 6.42 6.43).

, (. . 7.8)
.
, , . D (. . 10.6), D
(.. 10.3).
, ,
(. . 10.4), D.
D, ..
D, .
10.3. Operator-inspector difference.
, .
(.. D )

, (. . 6.42 6.43). (. . 10.26) , ( D) (. . 10.6) ()
, -.
(, , ) , . ,
.
10.4. Diversion into MUF. ,
(. . 3.9), . , .

104

,
, (. . 10.1). ,
(), , () (.. 6.43), , ,
.
. ,
- - , .
10.5. Diversion into SRD. , SRD,
(. . 3.9), , ,

, . / (. . 10.1).
10.6. Diversion into D. , ( D),
(. . 3.9), , . , ( ).
(.. ) (. . 10.7)
.
(),
, ,
. ,
( D),

.
D (D).
10.7. Defect. .
:
(a)
,
;
(b)
,
;

105

(c) ,
,
.
10.8. Sample size. , , , .
(n), :
n = N ( 1 1/d ),

N ;
;
d (/x), ,
;
;
x
.


( ). (n)

, , , (. . 6.57
10.7). , , , [SCT, Ch.6.4.2].
10.9. Mean (
). (
) , . .
10.10. Sample mean (xav). (xav)
n (, ), x1, x2 xn,

x av =

x i /n .
i =1

() .

106

2) , 10.11. Variance (
2). (
, . , .
10.12. Sample variance (s2). (s2) ,
, , :

s =

(x i x av )2 /(n `  .
i =1

s2 2, .
). (
10.13. Standard deviation (
) .
,
. , , = /,
.
10.14 Error. ; . . (
) (. . 7.8 7.9), , ,
, (. . 7.1)
- (, ) (. . 7.24). , ,
, , (, ) (.
. 10.15 10.16).
10.15. Random error. , -
, , .
; ,
. : , .

107

10.16. Systematic error (bias). () ,


. , ; , . , ,
: , . . .
10.17. Residual bias. ,
,
.
10.18. Error propagation. , , . ,
(
WASH-1173 [SCT,
Ch.5.1]. , () (. . 6.43) , (.
. 6.42). ( )
(. . 10.26).
10.19. Limits of error. , ,
, .
.
, 30 [153].
10.20. Confidence interval. ,

108

, . ,
.
10.21. Confidence limits. , ,

. ,
(. . 6.43)
+ 3
3, 99,73%
.
2 95,45%
.
10.22. Confidence level. ,
,
. , 95%,
, 95%
. , , .
10.23. Outlier. ( ) ,
.
, , , , .
, .
[SCT, Ch. 4.6.3.7]. ,
.
10.24. Performance values. , , ,
, - (. . 10.3),
.

109

(. . 10.15) (. . 10.16) . , .
10.25. Test of hypothesis. , () . , - , , ,
, ,
(. . 6.43) (.
. 10.43). , (..
). ,
, , ,
. , ,
( ), UO2 82,2%, 82,2%.
(. . 10.19) ;
.

. , ;
(. . 10.32), .
10.26. Statistically significant.
, .
:
(. . 6.43), (. . 10.2), (. . 10.3) / (. . 6.45). , , . . ;

. , ,
,
, ;
.

110

10.27. Type I error. (. . 10.25), , .


.
, , (. . 3.17).
, .
(, 1%).
10.28. Type II error. (. . 10.25), ,
;
.
,
, , - (. . 3.16).
10.29. Power test.
(. . 10.25) . .
, .
. (.. ), . (. . 10.28).
1 (. . 3.16).
10.30. Attributes test. ( ) ,
. , : , , . : , .
(. . 10.7).

111

10.31. Variables test. ,


- , .
.

,
, .. ,
.
10.32. Critical region. () . (.. ()), .
() .

112

11. ,

() . , .


11.1. Visit. (. . 11.2)
(. . 11.25);
(. . 3.29 3.30), (. . 3.1), , , . - (. . 11.20).
11.2. Inspection. INFCIRC/153 , , , , .
: ,
(.
. 11.4, 11.5 11.13). INFCIRC/66
, , ,
, , , , ,
, , - . , (. . 11.3, 11.5 11.13).
11.3. Initial inspection.
51 [66] ,

113

, ,
,
. , , () ()
, , ,
;
.
11.4. Ad hoc inspection. ,
,
(. . 1.26). 71 [153] , ,
:
() ,
, ;
(b) ,
;
() , , ,
.
11.5. Routine inspection. 72 [153] ,
() ;
(b) , , , ;
()
, / .
49 [66] :
(a) ;
(b) , , , ;
(c) , ;

114

(d) , - , .
11.6. Unannounced inspection. ,
,

. 84 [153] , . 50
[66] ,
.
11.7. Short notice inspection. ,
, , 83 [153].
11.8. Random inspection. , , .
11.9. Short notice random inspection (SNRI).
(SNRI) , (. . 11.7),
(. . 11.8). SNRI (. . 3.3)
, . SNRI ,
.
11.10. Limited frequency unannounced access (LFUA).
(LFUA)
(. . 3.3),
, INFCIRC/153 5% . LFUA
,
() , , ,

115

, . LFUA, , . , , , , , .
.
11.11. Simultaneous inspections. ,
, , () ,
, . [, (LWR), ] (, LWR, ).
11.12. Continuous inspection. ,
, .

. 80 [153]
,
,
.

INFCIRC/66 I II [66].
11.13. Special inspection. , , 7882 [153], , 76 [153]
,
. 73 [153] ,

116


, ,
, , , , ,
, .
53 54 [66] ,
-
. , , ,
- ,
;
.
11.14. Access for inspection. 76
[153] , :
(a) , 71 () (b)
[153], ,
, ,
,
, ;
(b) , 71() [153],
,
92() 95() [153];
() , 72 [153], ,
, , 5158 [153];
(d) , , , , . .

117

77 [153], ,
(. . 11.13),
.

, 7282 [153], , 76 [153]
.
INFCIRC/66, 9 [39] ,
, ,
.
11.15. Scope of inspection. 74
[153] ,
, ,
INFCIRC/153,
:
(a) ... ;
(b) , ;
()
- ;
(d) ;
(e) , .
, , 75
[153] (.
. 1.26). INFCIRC/66 49 [66].
11.16 Frequency of inspection.
.
[153] ( ), 5 , [153, 79].
(. . 3.20). -

118

INFCIRC/66 .
57 I II [66].
11.17. Advance notice of inspections and visits. ,
. ,
INFCIRC/153,
, , 24
, , 5%,
[153, 83()]. , 84 [153], (. . 11.6).
11.18. Inspection activities.
, (. . 11.2).
INFCIRC/153
(. , . 6.48-6.55),
(. . 8.6) , ,
(. . 9.1).
, , .
11.19. IAEA inspector. ,
.
, , , / . ,
. 11
[540]. , , VI VII [9] (. . 1.16).
11.20. Person-day (man-day) of inspection (PDI). - () ,
, [153, 109].
(. . 11.24). , -

119

, .
11.21. Person-year (man-year) of inspection. -
109 [153] 300 -
. - (365 ) ,
.
11.22. Actual routine inspection effort (ARIE).
(ARIE) INFCIRC/153, - (. . 1.26). ARIE
, . 81 [153]
ARIE :
(a) ;
(b)
;
() , , , ;
(d)
;
(e) .
ARIE . (. . 11.23).
11.23. Planned actual routine inspection effort (PLARIE). (PLARIE)
, , ARIE, (, ). PLARIE ,
ARIE. PLARIE , , , ,
.

120

11.24. Maximum routine inspection effort (MRIE).


(MRIE) - () , 80 [153].
: , . (L)
(. ). L , 5 . , .
, ,

. 50 . , , 5%, : MRIE = 30 L /, MRIE
450 /.
MRIE, (100 + 0,4L) /.


11.25. Complementary access. , (. . 1.22). 4
[540], ,
2 ;
:

, ,
;

, 2, ;
, , ,
.
8 [540], , 5 9. 9

121

, (. . 9.3).
,
. , , [540, 5.b, 5. 9].
11.26. Managed access.

,
. , , , ,
2, , [540, 7.a]. 2
, [540, 7.b].
11.27. Location. [540]
, , ,
. [
(. . 5.25)].
11.28. Site. 18.b [540], , , ,
, , , ( , ,

122

, , ). , , ,
: ,
; , ; , ,
2.a(iv) .
11.29. Place (on a site or location). (
) [540]
.
11.30. Advance notice of complementary access. , 4.b 4. [540], 5 [540]. , , 24
; ,
,
,
, , . . .
11.31. Complementary access activities. 6 [540] ,
, : ; ;
; , ; , , , ,
.

123

12.

, .

, ,
.
12.1. Safeguards information.
, , :
(a) , (,
(. . 12.4) (.
. 3.28); (, )
(. . 12.14) (,
) (. . 12.13).
(b) ,
, (,
, ) (.
. 3.30), (, ) (. . 11.25).
() (. . 12.15) (,
, , ,
).
(d) , , , , .
12.2. Initial report. INFCIRC/153, , ,
30 ,
[153, 62].

124

( )

.
INFCIRC/66 (. . 12.3) .
12.3. Routine report.
INFCIRC/66, ,
[66, 39].
40 [66] , - , ,
, , .
12.4. Accounting report. , ,
, , .
(. . 1.26). INFCIRC/153, ,
, 10 . :
, - (. . 12.5, 12.7
12.8).
INFCRC/66 39() [66].
12.5. Inventory change report (ICR). (ICR) , . 30 ,

[153, 63()]. , ,
, , .
[153, 64] (.
. 12.6).

125

12.6. Concise notes. 64


[153] ,
(. . 12.5)
( , ) ,
(. . 6.41).
12.7. Material balance report (MBR). -
(BR) , ,
,
, . , 30 [153, . 63()]. 67
[153], - ,
:
(a) ;
(b) ( ,
);
() ;
(d) ;
(e) ;
(f) ;
(g) .

, MBR ,

.
12.8. Physical inventory listing (PIL).
(PIL) ,

(. . 6.41) c [153,
67]. - (. . 12.7),
.

126

12.9. Operating report.


. , INFCIRC/66; 39(b) [66].
12.10. Special report.
68 [153] , ,
, ,
,
, (. . 1.2.6).
INFCIRC/66
, ; 42 43 [66].
12.11. Notification of transfers. INFCIRC/153, ,
, . 92 [153]
, ,
, ,
,
,
, ,
. ,
, , . ,
95 96 [153].
, 1 [207], , ( IX.3 )

,
, .
INFCIRC/66 ,
, , -

127

, , .
12.12. Confirmation of transfers. INFCIRC/153, ,
,
-, - [153, 94]. , 2 [207], , ( IX.3 ) , , .
12.13. Voluntary reports on nuclear material, specified equipment and nonnuclear material. , , , (. . 1.27).
, , .
II [540].
12.14. Declaration pursuant to additional protocol. () , .
- ,
(. . 5.2),
, , ,
(. . 4.40 5.33).
12.15. Open source information.
,
, ; ; , , ; , .
12.16. Illicit Trafficking Database.
,

128

-; , .
12.17. IAEA Safeguards Information System (ISIS).
(ISIS)
, , , , ,
( , )
.
12.18. IAEA confidentiality regime.

, , ,
.
c 15 [540].
12.19. Safeguards State file.
, , (. . 12.20).
12.20. Safeguards State evaluation.
,
,
, ,
(. . 12.25).
.
, ,
, . .
2;
,
.
(

129

) ,
, , .
, ,

. ,
.
12.21. Physical model of nuclear fuel cycle.

(. . 5.1), , , , , .
, ,
(. . 3.12) (.
. 12.20).
12.22. Process indicator.
(. . 5.1). , , , , ,
, , . ,
(. . 12.20), .
12.23. Safeguards effectiveness evaluation. ,
(. . 2.1).
(. . 3.21)
(. . 3.22). ,
, , -

130

, (. . 3.28) ,
.
12.24. Safeguards State evaluation report.
, (.
. 12.20). , ,
.
12.25. Safeguards conclusions. , (. . 12.20).
, ,
, (CSA) [540].
(. . 13.10).

,
(
INFCIRC/66, , , ). , , / , . , , ,
, ,
, .
CSA
[540] , .
,
, -

131

( ),
.

, , ,
, , , ,
.
:

132

,
,
, ,
. ,
90(b) [153],
[
90(b)], . 13.3.

13.

,
, -
,
.
13.1. Reporting on design information examination and verification. INFCIRC/153
(.
. 3.29 3.30).
, , . INFCIRC/66, 32 [66] ,
.
13.2. Statement on Inspection Results [90(a) Statement].
[ 90()] 90() [153]
, ( ) , ,
, , . , 90(), INFCIRC/153;
, .
13.3. Statement on Conclusions [90(b) Statement]. [ 90(b)] 30 90(b) [153] , ,
. , 90(b), , , , (. . 10.1).

133

.
-
, ,
, . , INFCIRC/153.
13.4. Book inventory statement. 66 [153],
,
, (),
(. . 12.5), , ; ,
INFCIRC/153. INFCIRC/66,
, ,
.
, ; , ,
- .
:

, ,
,
.

13.5. Communication on domestic and international transfers.



, INFCIRC/153,
.
, , ( ) ( ),
.
,
.

0,002
, -

134


.
13.6. Statement on domestic and international transfers.

, INFCIRC/153. , :
(a) , , (
) (
);
(b) , ,
- (), ,
, .
:

,

, -, ,
-.

13.7. Statement of timeliness in reporting.


,
,
, INFCIRC/153, .
(.. , - (. . 12.5, 12.7 12.8).
13.8. Reporting on inspections under INFCIRC/66type safeguards
agreement.
INFCIRC/66
,
INFCIRC/66. 12 [39],
.

135

13.9. Statements under an additional protocol.


10
[540], , :
(a) , ,
,
. ,
10(), 60
[540, 10.];
(b) ,
. , 10(b), ,
30
[540, 10.b];
() ,
.
, 10(), [540, 10.].
13.10. Safeguards Implementation Report (SIR). () .
, , , , ;
, .
13.11. IAEA Annual Report. , . .
(. . 13.10), ,
, .

136


( )
, , . , .
(-

)



(AWCC)



-






,
, ()
, ()

1.7, 1.17, 1.19


6.14, 6.26, 6.31
7.24, 8.6, 8.15, 8.22, 8.23
7.24, 7.30
7.24
10.25
4.18, 4.19
7.23
4.18
7.12, 7.24
9.14
3.7, 3.11, 8.7
3.4, 3.6, 3.8, 3.12, 12.21
9.16
9.15
7.16
6.36, 7.12, 7.13, 7.24, 8.15
6.36, 7.13
2.3, 2.4, 3.22, 3.25, 3.26,
3.28, 6.1, 11.14
6.27
6.56, 10.7, 10.30
6.48


12.1, 12.16
-
6.36, 7.5
(
- ) 1.5

137

,
(BE)



,








/,

(DIQ)
( )



( )
,

6.14, 6.23
4.41
3.10
5.12
6.2
6.35, III, 6.36,
10.1
3.17, 3.25, 3.26, 10.27
3.16. 10.25. 10.28
2.3, 3.16
9.8
13.5,
6.56
3.26,
6.14,
2.11,
1.20,
8.9

13.6
8.11
6.21
6.14, 6.16
2.1, 2.3

3.28
4.5, 4.13, 4.25
3.13, I
2.3, 3.15
7.4
10.23
10.1, 12.25, 13.3
2.8, 2.9, 3.4, 3.5, 12.20,
12.25, 13.10

()

(HLNCC)

(HTGR)

4.21, 6.22
4.5, 4.13, 4.25

7.20, 7.21

138

7.24, 7.30
5.11

(
)
-
-
-

,

,
,
,
,
,
,
,

(


)

,

,

,

()

, -


()

5.20, 11.10
7.26
7.25
7.25
2.11
2.14
2.13, 6.14, 6.24
2.10
2.12, 6.14, 6.25
2.15
2.1, 2.5, 3.6
2.8, 2.9, 3.1, 3.4, 3.5,
3.6, 12.20, 12.25

1.7
5.32
10.25, 10.26, 10.27, 10.28
3.19
1.2
1.2, 1.14, 1.15, 1.18, 1.21,
12.11, 12.12
3.33, 6.1
7.16
4.40, 4.41
6.56, 10.7
9.10
1.29


6.7, 6.8, 12.5, 12.7
1.9, 1.20

4.40, 4.42

139


K-

,

7.18
7.28
7.27
6.56, 10.7
6.56, 10.7
1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.27,
11.31
11.2, 11.18
2.1, 2.5, 2.9, 12.20, 12.25
10.9, 10.11
10.11, 10.12
8.16, 8.22, 8.23
3.10

,
,
(2)
(s2)


(
)
1.2



1.27, 4.1, 4.40, 5.33, 12.1,
12.13

6.43, 10.21

10.20

10.22
( ) 12.23, 12.25, 13.30
( )
1.5

( )
1.4
(

)
1.8


( )
1.3
(
,
)
1.2


( )
1.8

140

,
, (
)
(
)
(

)
,

()
(
)
(
)
,
,
,

,

,

,

1.6
1.4

1.3
1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.19
12.23, 12.25, 13.30
1.13
1.12
6.31
6.1, 6.48
6.1, 6.30, 6.48
1.26
1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.30
1.15, 1.22, 2.1, 3.5, 3.6,
12.14, 12.20, 12.25, 13.9
1.15, 1.22, 4.40, 5.2, 5.33,
12.1, 12.14, 12.20, 12.25,
13.9

1.15, 1.22, 13.9


1.15
3.9. 3.36, 6.1, 11.2, 11.14
1.15, 1.22, 3.6, 11.25,
11.26, 11.27, 11.28, 11.29,
11.30, 11.31, 12.1, 13.9
1.15, 1.22, 3.6, 11.25,
11.26, 11.27, 11.28,
11.29, 11.31, 13.9
5.25
6.14, 6.26

13.11

141

5.16
3.30, 5.29




()
,



(PLARIE)

( )

,


10(a) (
)
10(b) (
)
10(c) (
)
90(b) ( )
90() (
)

5.18
5.21
5.19



[ 90(b)]



[ 90(a)]

142

5.16
5.16
3.9
6.1, 6.43, 10.1
2.16
11.22, 11.23
6.40, 6.43, 6.49, 13.4

6.1, 6.49
4.35
1.22, 13.9
1.22, 13.9
1.22, 13.9
10.1, 12.25, 13.3
11.2, 13.2
1.15, 1.22, 4.40, 5.2, 5.33,
12.1, 12.14, 12.20, 12.25,
13.9
13.6
10.1, 12.25, 13.3
6.40, 13.4
11.2, 13.2


()

( )
( )
,

()
()

, (IDMS)


,

(DIE)




( )

(
)

13.7
13.7
13.10, 13.11
1.22, 13.9
1.26, 3.28, 6.1, 6.4
3.14, II
10.3, 10.14, 10.15, 10.16,
10.24
3.14, II
1.26, 3.28, 6.1, 6.4
1.26
6.10,
5.27,
6.14,
6.14,
4.3

12.5
6.56
6.50, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6
6.23

7.17
7.21
6.1, 6.48
3.28, 3.29, 3.30, 13.1
3.3, 3.28, 3.29, 3.31, 13.1
6.1, 6.30, 6.48
6.1, 6.31, 6.48
6.14, 6.15, 12.11, 12.12,
13.5, 13.6
3.18, 6.41, 12.5, 12.6, 12.8
3.12, 12.20, 12.22
12.22
1.16, 11.19
1.12

143

,

,
,
, -




(SNRI)

,
,
,
,
,
,
,
, - ()




,

144

11.1, 11.2, 11.6, 11.17


11.11
3.20, 11.16
11.21
11.2, 11.3, 11.4, 11.5,
11.13
11.2, 11.4
11.2, 11.8
3.3, 11.2, 11.7, 11.8, 11.9
11.2, 11.7
3.9, 3.26, 6.1, 11.2, 11.14
11.2, 11.5. 11.6
11.2, 11.12
11.2, 11.15
11.2, 11.5
11.2, 11.3
11.2, 11.13
11.20, 11.24
2.8, 2.9, 3.1, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6,
12.20, 12.25
3.10
12.1, 12.15, 12.20, 12.25
3.2, 3.28, 3.29, 3.30, 3.31,
12.1, 13.1
3.28, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3,
12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7,
12.8, 12.9, 12.10, 12.11,
12.12, 12.13, 12.15, 12.16,
12.17, 12.18, 12.20, 12.25
1.20, 2.2, 2.4, 12.35
6.29
5.13
6.9
2.11, 4.4, 4.5
1.28, 1.29


()

( )





()
, ()





,






( )

6.31, 6.33, 7.1


7.11
5.4
3.28, 6.4, 6.6, 6.33
6.5, 11.14
6.1, 6.43, 6.44, 10.1
6.11
3.14, 3.22, 3.23, 12.23
10.31
10.31
6.1, 6.43, 6.44, 10.1
3.14, II
9.1, 9.6
6.42, 6.43, 10.1
3.10, 3.15, 3.22, 3.24,
12.23
4.38
4.38
1.31
9.1, 9.7
10.16, 10.17
10.13
1.31, 2.7
12.4, 12.5, 12.6
3.21, 3.22, 12.23
10.25, 10.32
5.14
3.14
3.28, 6.4, 6.6, 6.33
7.15, 7.33

(LWR)

5.8

6.1, 6.48

145

,

,

,

,

,

,
(PIV)
,

,
,
(ISIS)
,
,

,


(MRIE)
-
-
(SIMS)
-
(IDMS)
-

-
(TIMS)
-


146

6.1, 6.56
6.1, 6.49
6.1, 6.14, 6.50
6.1, 6.51, 6.52, 6.53
6.1, 6.54
6.1, 6.33, 6.55
6.1, 6.41, 6.52, 12.8, 13.3
6.1, 6.53
12.1, 12.18
12.1, 12.17
3.15, 3.22, 3.23, 3.24,
3.26, 12.23
3.10, 3.20, 4.24, 11.16
7.33, 9.12
9.1, 9.4
11.20, 11.24
7.17, 7.20, 7.21, 7.22, 7.23
9.18
7.17
7.22
7.20, 7.22, 7.33
4.27
4.27
4.7
4.26, 3.14, II


,
,
,

,
,
,
,
,
- (R)

( )


(ITV)

/ ( /)

,
(
)

3.14, II, 4.25


4.24
6.7, 6.13
12.21
7.7
4.31
4.23
4.27
7.2
3.33, 12.1, 12.4, 12.7,
12.8, 13.7
7.6
1.26, 2.6, 5.25, 5.30, 5.31
6.35, III, 6.36,
10.1
6.36, 7.13, 7.24
2.1, 3.5, 3.6
3.6, 8.6
1.15, 1.22. 2.1. 3.5. 3.6
5.25
11.27,11.28, 11.29
1.15, 1.22. 11.25, 11.27,
11.29, 12.14
1.26, 2.6, 5.25, 5.30, 5.31

()
(),

2.6, 5.25

3.7, 3.8, 3.9, 6.2, 8.1,
10.4, 10.5, 10.6
, 7.25
()

3.1, 3.2, 3.6, 3.22, 3.27,
3.28, 3.33

8.17

(CDM)
8.18

8.20

147


,

(
)
( )
- ,



()
(
)



,




,
()
,



/

()

148

8.2
8.2, 8.4, 8.15
9.1, 9.4, 9.11
13.5
2.2

5.2, 12.14
2.11
2.6
2.6, 5.25
3.26
2.1, 2.5, 2.9, 12.20, 12.25

2.1, 2.5, 2.8, 2.9, 3.4, 3.5.


12.20., 12.25, 13.10
3.33
11.2, 11.5, 11.6
6.35, 6.43, 6.44, 10.1,
10.14, 10.19
6.35, III
6.43, 10.1, 10.4, 10.26
2.1, 2.3, 2.8, 12.20,12.25,
13.10
11.2, 11.12
8.1, 8.5, 8.6, 11.12, 11.24
8.8
2.14
4.19
6.36, 7.12, 7.24, 8.15
2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 13.10
2.11, 2.12


,
()
(NPA)
( )
( )


,
,
( )


,


(LFUA)
/




(PIT)

2.11
1.27, 4.40, 4.41, 4.42,
5.33, 12.13, 12.14
4.5, 4.12, 4.26
3.35
4.5, 4.12, 4.26
6.36, 7.12, 7.24, 8.15
4.2
10.25, 10.26, 10.27, 10.28
4.21
4.10, 4.26
8.15, 8.22
3.36
2.1, 2.3
6.1, 6.49
4.20
4.5, 4.11
8.24
1.27, 5.33, 12.13, 12.14
1.26
11.2, 11.15
11.2, 11.5
11.5 ,11.16
12.1, 12.2, 12.3
5.20, 11.10
8.7
11.11
6.35, III
6.56, 7.5
10.18
3.33, 6.1, 6.31, 6.41, 6.47,
12.8
8.2, 8.4, 8.15

149



(
)



(
)












(ICR)

, - (R)
,
,
,
,
,
, (
,
)

150

8.2, 8.4
7.19
2.13, 6.14, 6.24
2.13, 6.14, 6.24
5.24
1.19
5.25, 5.29, 5.30
10.17
4.36, 6.56
9.1, 9.4
7.8
9.1
9.1, 9.2
9.1, 9.3
9.1, 9.9
6.35, 10.13
4.21, 4.25, 5.21
2.12, 4.35
3.33, 12.1, 12.4, 12.5,
12.6, 13.4 13.7
12.20, 12.24, 12.25
3.33, 12.1, 12.4, 12.7,
12.8, 13.7
12.1, 12.2, 12.3
11.4, 11.14, 12.1, 12.2,
12.3
12.1, 12.10
6.1, 12.1, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6,
12.7, 12.8, 13.4, 13.7
12.1, 12.9

12.7, 4.1, 4.40, 5.33, 12.1,


12.13


(
,
, )


2.10
3.13, I
6.35, 6.42, 6.43, 6.45,
6.46, 10.1, 10.2, 10.3
12.1, 12.19, 12.20, 12.21,
12.22, 12.24, 12.25
12.1 ,12.20, 12.24, 12.25
6.43, 10.1, 10.2
8.10
2.1, 3.21, 3.22, 12.23,
12.25, 13.10
6.7, 6.8
7.24

1.6
7.3
11.2, 11.3
11.4, 11.14, 12.1, 12.2,
12.3
12.12
12.11
2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.7, 3.11
3.10
3.10
3.9, 6.45, 10.1, 10.5
3.9, 6.43, 10.1, 10.4

,
,

,
,
, SRD
,
,

(D )
3.9, 10.1, 10.3, 10.6

,
1.11
()
6.41, 6.47, 12.7

3.26, 8.1, 8.5, 8.7



(DIVP)
3.28, 3.29, 3.30, 3.31,
5.29, 13.1

11.25, 11.28, 11.29, 12.14

151


()





,
,


()




()




,
,
,

,







152

4.5, 4.15, 4.25


4.16
10.14, 10.15, 10.16
3.16, 10.25, 10.28
10.3, 10.14, 10.15, 10.16,
10.24
10.3, 10.14, 10.15, 10.16,
10.24
3.17, 10.25, 10.27
10.14, 10.16, 10.17
10.14, 10.15
6.1, 6.43, 10.1
5.15
6.57
6.32
12.12
2.1, 3.1, 3.3, 3.4, 12.25
3.1, 3.3
3.1, 3.4, 3.5, 12.25
12.2
7.28
3.29, 3.30, 11.1, 11.17
6.14, 6.19
6.14, 6.26, 6.31
6.14, 6.26
6.14, 6.22
6.54
6.27
3.3, 3.27
7.34, 9.12, 9.13
1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.30
11.1, 11.2, 11.6, 11.17
10.19, 10.20
10.19

1.29, 5.34

1.17

6.37, 7.7, 7.10


2.12, 6.14, 6.25
8.8

8.12
9.1, 9.9

1.26


()

1.26, 5.25

1.26
2.15

4.9


, (s2)

9.1, 9.5

8.13
7.7

10.11, 10.12
9.1, 9.6

,
,

9.7
6.37, 7.7, 7.10

,
, (xav)

6.56, 10.7, 10.8


10.9, 10.10
7.8

,
,

7.7
7.9

,
,

7.7
9.1

10.25, 10.27, 10.28,


10.29,10.32

3.16, 10.25, 10.28, 10.29


6.1, 6.14, 6.50
4.36, 6.3, 6.56

153




(DIV)






(PIV)

,
,




(SQP)

( )

()
(SEM)




/ (SRD)

,

TRIGA

154

6.1, 6.51, 6.52, 6.53


3.28, 3.30, 3.31, 5.29,
13.1
6.56
6.1, 6.33, 6.55
6.1, 6.54
6.1, 6.41, 6.52, 12.8, 13.3
4.33
3.19
6.14, 6.17
6.1, 6.53
4.32
8.13
1.23
1.24
1.25
1.15, 1.22, 2.1, 3.5, 3.6,
12.14, 12.20, 12.25, 13.9
6.36, 7.13
8.21
6.36, 7.13
9.17
3.25, 3.26, 8.6
6.43, 10.1, 10.3, 10.6
6.45, 6.46, 10.1, 10.5
4.6
4.5
5.5
5.13

()

(PWR)
(BWR)


,
,
(CANDU)

(ARIE)

(RSAC)

5.13
5.11
5.8
5.8
5.11
5.11
5.12
5.10
11.22, 11.23
3.34, 6.1
7.32
1.15, 1.22, 3.6, 11.25,
11.26, 11.27, 11.28, 11.29,
11.31, 13.9
12.1, 12.18
11.2, 13.2


[ 90()]
/
( /)









, ,



1.29, 5.34

,
,

5.14
5.15

8.7, 8.8, 8.12


1.31, 2.7
9.1, 9.9
2.11, 4.4, 5.16
1.29, 5.34
1.28
1.30

1.29, 5.34

155


,

/
(
, )


(NWAL)

(
)



(ISIS)
/
( /)


/, c
/,
()

,



(MOX)
( )


(
)


/

156

2.1
3.10, 3.20, 4.24, 11.16
8.7
1.31, 2.7
2.1, 2.3, 2.7
7.2
7.34, 9.13
7.29
1.13
2.2., 3.26, 3.33, 6.1
6.1, 6.33
12.1, 12.17
3.7, 8.7
8.5
8.2, 8.14
8.7
8.7
10.14, 10.16, 10.17
7.9
7.26
4.34
10.14, 10.15
6.14, 6.18, 6.41
4.16
10.14, 10.16, 10.17
12.15

5.25, 5.29, 5.31


6.43, 6.44
6.45, 6.46
1.27, 5.33, 12.13, 13.14

1.27, 4.40, 4.41, 4.42,


5.33, 12.13, 12.14





( )
1.7

(CSA)
1.17, 1.18,

1.17
1.17, 1.18,


1.17, 1.18,

INFCIRC/66
1.17, 1.20
,
1.17, 1.18,
, 1.17, 1.18,

(VOA)
1.17, 1.18,
(STA)
1.20

1.16

1.10, 1.20


1.20

INFCIRC/153
1.17, 1.18,


13.5


3.28, 3.29,

INFCIRC/66
13.8

13.5


6.1, 6.48
( )
6.34

8.1, 8.5

6.14, 6.20
,
7.23

1.19
1.19
1.19

1.19
1.19
1.21

1.19

3.30, 13.1

157

,




(EEL)


(PIL)

7.25
6.4
11.2, 11.13
12.10
4.4, 4.5
3.29, 3.32
6.52

3.18, 3.33, 6.41, 12.4,


12.7, 12.8, 13.7
6.48
()
10.9, 10.11
(xav)
10.9, 10.10
()
10.13
, 10.13
6.43, 10.26

10.26

7.7

6.37

4.29
(
)
3.7, 3.11, 8.7
(
)
2.5, 2.6, 3.4, 3.7, 3.8,
3.12

6.37

,


1.14



1.27, 4.1, 4.40, 5.33,
12.1, 12.13

7.27

7.24, 7.30

7.24, 7.29, 7.30

7.24, 7.30, 7.31
8.19

158

4.31

(
, )
,
,

/ (
/)
( )



()
()
,
,
,



,


,
(HWR)

4.16, 4.39

4.37
6.56, 10.7, 10.30
10.31

8.9
2.1, 2.5, 3.6
10.1, 12.25, 13.3
5.26

1.15, 1.22
7.14
7.14
7.14
4.37
4.37
4.37
5.1, 12.21
5.11
4.17, 4.26
10.14, 10.15
4.22
4.40, 4.42, 5.33
4.40, 4.42, 5.23, 5.33
5.10

1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.30


12.11
11.1, 11.2, 11.6, 11.17
6.14, 6.18, 6.41

159

(
)
6.14

2.1, 2.3, 2.8, 12.20, 12.25,


13.10

2.1, 2.5, 2.8, 2.9, 3.4, 3.5,
12.20, 12.25, 13.10

4.28
(
)
6.14

6.12

6.42, 6.43, 6.44, 10.1

4.8
, ()
4.5, 4.13, 4.25
, ()
4.5, 4.12, 4.26
,
4.10, 4.26
,
4.5, 4.11
,
4.9
,
6.12
-233
4.5, 4.14, 4.25

()
5.16

10.27

(AGR)
5.11


1.1

5.24
()
5.3

5.17
(
)
5.20, 11.10
-
5.26, 5.28
5.26, 5.27
,
5.22
,
5.4
,
8.2, 8.4
/
( /)
8.3, 8.5

160


6.28, 6.30

(NRTA)
6.31, 6.3, 6.56

3.6, 6.1
,
6.1, 6.56

6.1, 6.30, 6.48

6.38

6.39

6.1, 12.1, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6,
12.7, 12.8, 13.4, 13.7

12.1. 12.19, 12.20, 12.24.


12.25
3.18, 6.30, 6.41, 6.43,
6.52, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6,
12.7, 12.8

3.12, 5.1, 12.20, 12.21

7.14
5.22, 5.26

2.1, 2.5, 3.6


3.15, 3.22, 3.23, 3.24,
3.26, 12.23

,

,




(- )
- ()
,

3.14. 3.22. 3.23, 12.23


3.10, 3.15, 3.22, 3.24,
12.23
3.10, 3.20, 4.24, 11.16
4.40, 4.43
4.43
6.56, 10.7
3.20, 11.16
11.20, 11.24
11.21
7.33, 9.12

161

8.15, 8.23

6.31
12.1, 12.9
6.14, 6.15, 12.11, 12.12,
13.5, 13.6
13.6
5.6




(OLR)
,


,
,

,

(. )

-


,
,
,

,

162

5.9

5.7
7.4
7.3
7.2
7.2
3.16, 10.25, 10.28, 10.29
4.30
6.14, 6.17
4.40, 4.41
6.14, 6.22
4.1, 4.4, 4.5
4.18, 4.19
2.1, 2.5, 2.9 ,12.20, 12.25
4.28
5.1, 12.21
3.12, 5.1, 12.20, 12.21


( )

, , . , .

ABACC (BrazilianArgentine Agency


for Accounting and Control of Nuclear
Materials)
abrupt diversion
absence of undeclared nuclear material
andactivities, assurance of

1.7, 1.17, 1.19


3.10

2.1, 2.5, 2.8, 2.9, 3.4, 3.5,


12.20, 12.25, 13.10
acceptable C/S results
8.8
access, complementary
1.15, 1.22, 3.6, 11.25,
11.26, 11.27, 11.28, 11.29,
11.30, 11.31, 12.1, 13.9
access for inspection
3.9, 3.26, 6.1, 11.2, 11.14
access, limited frequency unannounced (LFUA) 5.20, 11.10
access, managed
1.15, 1.22, 3.6, 11.25,
11.26,11.27, 11.28, 11.29,
11.31, 13.9
accidental gain
6.14, 6.18, 6.41
accidental loss
6.14, 6.26, 6.31
account
6.38
account balance
6.39
accountancy, international standards of
6.35, table III, 6.36, 10.1
accountancy, near real time (NRTA)
6.1, 6.3, 6.56
accountancy, nuclear material
3.6, 6.1
accountancy verification methods, IAEA
6.1, 6.56
accounting, nuclear material
6.2
accounting records
6.1, 6.30, 6.48
accounting report
6.1, 12.1, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6,
12.7, 12.8, 13.4, 13.7
accuracy, limits of
10.19

163

acquisition path analysis


acquisition strategy (acquisition path)
active assay
active well coincidence counter (AWCC)
activities, complementary access
activities, inspection

3.4, 3.6, 3.8, 3.12, 12.21


2.5, 2.6, 3.4, 3.7, 3.8,
3.12
7.24
7.24, 7.30
1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.27,
11.31
11.2, 11.18

activities, undeclared
actual routine inspection effort (ARIE)
actual routine inspection effort, planned
(PLARIE)

2.1, 2.5, 2.9, 12.20, 12.25


11.22, 11.23

ad hoc inspection
additional protocol

11.2, 11.4
1.15, 1.22, 2.1, 3.5, 3.6,
12.14, 12.20, 12.25, 13.9
1.15, 1.22, 4.40, 5.2, 5.33,
12.1, 12.14, 12.20, 12.25,
13.9

additional protocol, declaration pursuant to an

11.22, 11.23

additional protocol, statements under


adjustment

1.15, 1.22, 13.9


6.28, 6.30

advance notice of complementary access


advance notice of inspections and visits
advanced gas cooled reactor (AGR)

1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.30


11.1, 11.2, 11.6, 11.17
5.11

African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty


(Pelindaba Treaty)

1.6

Agencys Inspectorate (Inspectors Document)


Agencys Safeguards System (1965,
as Provisionally Extended in 1966 and 1968)
(Safeguards Document)
AGR (advanced gas cooled reactor)
Agreement between the Republic of Argentina
and the Federative Republic of Brazil for
theExclusively Peaceful Use of Nuclear
Energy (Guadalajara Declaration)
agreement, bilateral co-operation

1.12

1.13
5.11

1.7
1.9, 1.20

Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities


of the IAEA
1.16
agreement, project and supply
agreement, safeguards

164

1.10, 1.20
1.17

agreement, voluntary offer (VOA)

1.21

alpha spectrometry
alternative hypothesis
alternative nuclear material
Americium
analysis, acquisition path
analysis, destructive (DA)
analysis, diversion path
analysis, fission track
analysis, gravimetric
analysis, particle
annual throughput
anomaly

7.23
10.25
4.18, 4.19
4.18
3.4, 3.6, 3.8, 3.12, 12.21
6.36, 7.13
3.7, 3.11, 8.7
9.16
7.16
9.15
3.19
2.3, 2.4, 3.22, 3.25, 3.26,
3.28, 6.1, 11.14
ARIE (actual routine inspection effort)
11.22, 11.23, 1.94
arithmetical correctness
6.27
assay
7.12, 7.24
assay, non-destructive (NDA)
6.36, 7.12, 7.13, 7.24, 8.15
assembly, critical
5.14
assembly, subcritical
5.15
assurance of non-diversion of nuclear material 2.1, 2.3, 2.8, 12.20, 12.25,
13.10
assurance of the absence of undeclared
nuclear material and activities
2.1, 2.5, 2.8, 2.9, 3.4, 3.5,
12.20, 12.25, 13.10
attachment, facility
1.26
attachment for location outside facilities
(LOF)
1.26, 5.25
attachment for material balance area outside
facilities
1.26
attributes test
6.56, 10.7, 10.30
auditing activities
6.48
authentication
8.15, 8.22
AWCC (active well coincidence counter)
7.24, 7.30
Bangkok Treaty (Treaty on the Southeast
Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone)
baseline environmental signature

1.5
9.1, 9.9

165

baseline sampling
batch
batch data
BE (boron equivalent)
bias (systematic error)
bias correction
bias defect
bias, residual
bilateral co-operation agreement
boiling water reactor (BWR)
book balance period
book inventory (of a material balance area)
book inventory, IAEA updating of
book inventory statement
boron equivalent (BE)
borrowing of nuclear material
bulk analysis
bulk handling facility
bulk material
bulk measurement
bundle counter, spent fuel
burnup
BWR (boiling water reactor)

9.1, 9.9
6.7, 6.8
6.7, 6.8, 12.5, 12.7
4.41
10.14, 10.16, 10.17
10.16, 10.17
6.56, 10.7
10.17
1.9, 1.20
5.8
6.47
6.40, 6.43, 6.49, 13.4
6.1, 6.49
6.40, 13.4
4.41
3.9
9.14
5.26, 5.28
4.27
6.36, 7.5
8.19
4.21, 6.22
5.8

calibration
calorimetry
CANDU (Canadian deuterium uranium)
reactor
capability, C/S technical
categorization of installations
CDM (core discharge monitor)
Cerenkov radiation detection
certified reference material
chemical titration
Clean Laboratory for Safeguards, IAEA
closed-down facility (or closed-down
locationoutside facilities)

6.31, 6.33, 7.1


7.11

166

5.10
8.9
5.4
8.18
7.32
7.2
7.14
7.33, 9.12
5.25, 5.29, 5.30

closing of material balance

6.1, 6.43, 10.1

coefficient of variation

10.13

coincidence counting, neutron

7.24, 7.30

communication on domestic andinternational


transfers
13.5
comparison of records with reports

6.48

complementary access

1.15, 1.22, 3.6, 11.25,


11.26, 11.27, 11.28, 11.29,
11.30, 11.31, 12.1, 13.9

complementary access activities

1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.27,


11.31

complementary access, advance notice of

1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.30

component, fuel

4.38

composite sample

9.1, 9.6

comprehensive safeguards agreement (CSA)

1.17, 1.18, 1.19

concealment methods

3.7, 3.8, 3.9, 6.2, 8.1,


10.4, 10.5, 10.6

concentration plants, uranium and thorium

5.16

concise notes

12.4, 12.5, 12.6

conclusion, safeguards technical

10.1, 12.25, 13.3

conclusions, safeguards

2.8, 2.9, 3.4, 3.5, 12.20,


12.25, 13.10
confidence interval
10.20
confidence level
10.22
confidence limits
6.43, 10.21
confidentiality regime, IAEA
12.1, 12.18
confirmation of transfers
12.12
containment
8.1, 8.5
containment/surveillance device (C/S device) 8.3, 8.5
containment/surveillance measures
(C/S measures)
3.6, 8.6
containment/surveillance measures, system
of (C/S system)

3.7, 8.7

containment/surveillance results (C/S results)

8.7, 8. 8, 8.12

containment/surveillance technical capability


(C/S technical capability)

8.9

continuity of knowledge

8.1, 8.5, 8.6, 11.12, 11.24

167

continuous inspection

11.2, 11.12

control sample

9.1, 9.7

controlled potential coulometry

7.15, 7.33

Convention on the Physical Protection


of Nuclear Material

1.31

conversion plant

5.17

conversion time

3.13, table I

co-operation protocol

1.25

core discharge monitor (CDM)

8.18

correction

6.29

correctness, arithmetical

6.27

coulometry, controlled potential

7.15

coverage of IAEA safeguards

2.10

Criteria, Safeguards

3.21, 3.22, 12.23

critical assembly

5.14

critical masses

3.14

critical region

10.25, 10.32

criticality check

6.56

cross-contamination

9.8

C/S device (containment/surveillance device) 8.3, 8.5


C/S measures (containment/surveillance
measures)

3.6, 8.6

C/S results (containment/surveillance results)

8.7, 8.8, 8.12

C/S system (system of containment


andsurveillance measures)

3.7, 8.7

C/S system, dual

8.7

C/S system, single

8.7

C/S technical capability


(containment/surveillance technical capability) 8.9
CSA (comprehensive safeguards agreement)

1.17, 1.18, 1.19

cumulative MUF

6.43, 6.44

cumulative SRD

6.45, 6.46

D statistic (operatorinspector difference)

6.43, 10.1, 10.3, 10.6

DA (destructive analysis)

6.36, 7.13

database, illicit trafficking

12.1, 12.16

de minimus quantities (for transit matching) 13.5

168

declaration pursuant to an additional protocol 1.15, 1.22, 4.40, 5.2, 5.33,


12.1, 12.14, 12.20, 12.25,
13.9
decommissioned facility (or decommissioned
location outside facilities)
5.25, 5.29, 5.31
decreases (inventory changes)
6.14
de-exemption
6.14, 6.19
defect
6.56, 10.7
densitometry, K-edge
7.18
depleted uranium
4.10, 4.26
depletion
4.21
design information
3.2, 3.28, 3.29, 3.30, 3.31,
12.1,13.1
design information examination (DIE)
3.3, 3.28, 3.29, 3.31, 13.1
design information examination and
verification, reporting on
3.28, 3.29, 3.30, 13.1
design information questionnaire (DIQ)
3.28
design information verification (DIV)
3.28, 3.30, 3.31, 5.29, 13.1
design information verification plan (DIVP) 3.28, 3.29, 3.30, 3.31,
5.29, 13.1
destructive analysis (DA)
6.36, 7.13
detection goal, IAEA timeliness
3.10, 3.20, 4.24, 11.16
detection probability
2.3, 3.16
detection time
2.3, 3.15
detection, timely
2.1, 2.3
detector, scintillation
7.27
detector, semiconductor
7.28
deterrence of diversion
2.1, 2.3, 2.7
deuterium
4.40, 4.42
DIE (design information examination)
3.3, 3.28, 3.29, 3.31, 13.1
difference, operatorinspector
6.43, 10.1, 10.3, 10.6
difference, shi pper/receiver (SRD)
6.45, 6.46, 10.1, 10.5
DIQ (design information questionnaire)
3.28
direct use material
3.14, table II, 4.25
discard, measured
6.14, 6.23
discrepancy
3.25, 3.26, 8.6
DIV (design information verification)
3.28, 3.30, 3.31, 5.29, 13.1
diversion, abrupt
3.10

169

diversion into D
diversion into MUF
diversion into SRD
diversion of nuclear material
diversion path analysis
diversion, protracted
diversion rate
diversion strategy (diversion path)
DIVP (design information verification plan)
domestic and international transfers,
communication on
domestic recei pt
domestic shi pment
dual C/S system
dual use item, nuclear related
EEL (essential equi pment list)
effective kilogram (ekg)
effectiveness evaluation, safeguards
ekg (effective kilogram)
element code
Encryption
enriched uranium
enrichment
enrichment plant (or isotope separation plant)
environmental sampling (ES)
environmental sampling, location specific
environmental sampling, wide area
environmental signature, baseline
equi pment list, essential (EEL)
equi pment, specified
equi pment state of health data
error
error, limits of
error, measurement

170

3.9, 10.1, 10.3, 10.6


3.9, 6.43, 10.1, 10.4
3.9, 6.45, 10.1, 10.5
2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.7, 3.11
3.7, 3.11, 8.7
3.10
3.10
3.7, 3.11, 8.7
3.28, 3.29, 3.30, 3.31,
5.29, 13.1
13.5
2.11, 6.14, 6.16
6.14, 6.21
8.7
1.29, 5.34
3.29, 3.32
4.30
2.1, 3.21, 3.22, 12.23,
12.25, 13.10
4.30
6.11
8.15, 8.23
4.5, 4.11
4.20
5.20, 11.10
9.1
9.1, 9.2
9.1, 9.3
9.1, 9.9
3.29, 3.32
1.27, 5.33, 12.13, 12.14
8.24
10.14, 10.15, 10.16
10.19, 10.20
10.3, 10.14, 10.15, 10.16,
10.24

error propagation

10.18

error, random
error, systematic

10.14, 10.15
10.14, 10.16, 10.17

error, type I
error, type II
ES (environmental sampling)
essential equi pment list (EEL)
estimated material conversion times
Euratom Treaty (Treaty Establishing
he EuropeanAtomic Energy Community)
evaluation, material balance

3.17,
3.16,
9.1
3.29,
3.13,

fabrication plant, fuel


facility
Facility Attachment
facility, bulk handling
facility, item
facility life cycle
facility practices
facility, princi pal nuclear
facility safeguards approach
facility safeguards approach, model (generic)

5.18
5.24
1.26
5.26, 5.28
5.26, 5.27
3.30, 5.29
3.3, 3.27
5.24
3.1, 3.3
3.1, 3.2, 3.6, 3.22, 3.27,
3.28, 3.33

10.25, 10.27
10.25, 10.28
3.32
table I

1.8
6.35, 6.42, 6.43, 6.45,
6.46, 10.1, 10.2, 10.3
evaluation, safeguards effectiveness
2.1, 3.21, 3.22, 12.23,
12.25, 13.10
evaluation, safeguards State
12.1, 12.19, 12.20, 12.21,
12.22, 12.24, 12.25
examination of accounting records
6.1, 6.30, 6.48
examination of operating records
6.1, 6.31, 6.48
examination of records, IAEA
6.1, 6.48
exemption (of nuclear material)
2.13, 6.14, 6.24
exemption from IAEA safeguards
2.13, 6.14, 6.24
expected measurement uncertainty
6.35, table III
export
6.14, 6.15, 12.11, 12.12,
13.5, 13.6
export account
13.6
export policies and practices (of NSG States) 1.29

171

facility type

5.26

facility, undeclared

2.6

false alarm probability

3.17, 3.25, 3.26, 10.27

fast reactor

5.12

feed material

4.31

fertile material

4.7

fission track analysis

9.16

fissionable material

4.6

fissionable material, special

4.5

fork detector system

7.29

frequency of inspection

3.20, 11.16

fuel assembly

4.37

fuel bundle

4.37

fuel component

4.38

fuel cycle, nuclear

5.1, 12.21

fuel element (fuel assembly, fuel bundle)

4.37

fuel fabrication plant

5.18

fuel rod

4.37

gain, accidental

6.14, 6.18, 6.41

gamma ray scanning

7.26

gamma ray spectrometry

7.25

gas centrifuge (enrichment plant)

5.20, 11.10

gas mass spectrometry

7.20, 7.21

General Part (of Subsidiary Arrangements)

1.26

geological repository

5.32

goal, IAEA inspection

3.15, 3.22, 3.23, 3.24,


3.26, 12.23

graphite moderated reactor

5.11

graphite, nuclear grade

4.40, 4.41

gravimetric analysis

7.16

gross defect

6.56, 10.7

Guadalajara Declaration (Agreement betweenthe


Republic of Argentina and the Federative
Republic of Brazil for the ExclusivelyPeaceful
Use of Nuclear Energy)
1.7
guidelines for nuclear transfers

172

1.29, 5.34

Guidelines for the Management of Plutonium 1.30


guidelines for transfer of nuclear related dual
useequi pment, materials, software
and relatedtechnology
1.29, 5.34
Guidelines, Nuclear Suppliers Group
1.29, 5.34
heavy water
heavy water production plant
heavy water reactor (HWR)
HEU (high enriched uranium)
high enriched uranium (HEU)
high level neutron coincidence counter
(HLNCC)
high resolution gamma ray spectrometry
high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR)
HLNCC (high level neutron coincidence
counter)
hold-up
HTGR (high temperature gas cooled reactor)
HWR (heavy water reactor)
hypothesis, null
hypothesis, test of
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA
IAEA

4.40, 4.42, 5.33


4.40, 4.42, 5.23, 5.33
5.10
4.5, 4.13, 4.25
4.5, 4.13, 4.25
7.24, 7.30
7.25
5.11
7.24, 7.30
4.36, 6.56
5.11
5.10
10.25, 10.26, 10.27,10.28
10.25, 10.27, 10.28, 10.29,
10.32

accountancy verification methods


Annual Report
Clean Laboratory for Safeguards
confidentiality regime
examination of records
inspection goal

6.1, 6.56
13.11
7.33, 9.12
12.1, 12.18
6.1, 6.48
3.15, 3.22, 3.23, 3.24,
3.26, 12.23
inspector
1.16, 11.19
interim inventory verification
6.1, 6.53
inventory change verification
6.1, 6.14, 6.50
inventory verification
6.1, 6.51, 6.52, 6.53
physical inventory verification (PIV)
6.1, 6.41, 6.52, 12.8, 13.3
safeguards, coverage of
2.10
safeguards, exemption from
2.13, 6.14, 6.24
Safeguards Information System (ISIS) 12.1, 12.17

173

IAEA safeguards, non-application of


IAEA safeguards, objectives of
IAEA safeguards, starting point of
IAEA safeguards, suspension of
IAEA safeguards, termination of
IAEA timeliness detection goal
IAEA updating of the book inventory
IAEA verification of nuclear material flows
withinan MBA
IAEA verification of operators measurement
system
ICR (inventory change report)
Identification
identity data (or identification data)
IDMS (isotope dilution mass spectrometry)
Illicit Trafficking Database
import
import communication
improved nuclear material
inconclusive C/S results
increases (inventory changes)
indirect use material
INFCIRC/66-type safeguards agreement
INFCIRC/153-type safeguards agreement
information evaluation
information, open source
information, safeguards

initial inspection
initial report
in-process inventory verification
inspection

174

2.14
2.1, 2.5, 3.6
2.11
2.15
2.12, 6.14, 6.25
3.10, 3.20, 4.24, 11.16
6.1, 6.49
6.1, 6.54
6.1, 6.33, 6.55
3.33, 12.1, 12.4, 12.5,
12.6,13.4, 13.7
5.27, 6.56
6.10, 12.5
7.17
12.1, 12.16
6.14, 6.15, 12.11, 12.12,
13.5, 13.6
13.5
4.28
8.8
6.14
4.26, 3.14, table II
1.17, 1.20
1.17, 1.18, 1.19
12.1, 12.20, 12.24, 12.25
12.1, 12.15, 12.20, 12.25
3.28, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3,
12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7,
12.8, 12.9, 12.10, 12.11,
12.12, 12.13, 12.15, 12.16,
12.17, 12.18, 12.20, 12.25
11.2, 11.3
11.4, 11.14, 12.1, 12.2,
12.3
4.36, 6.3, 6.56
11.2, 11.3, 11.4, 11.5,
11.13

inspection, access for


inspection activities
inspection, ad hoc
inspection, continuous
inspection effort, actual routine (ARIE)
inspection effort, maximum routine (MRIE)
inspection effort, planned actual routine
(PLARIE)
inspection, frequency of
inspection goal, IAEA

3.9, 3.26, 6.1, 11.2, 11.14


11.2, 11.18
11.2, 11.4
11.2,11.12
11.22, 11.23
11.20, 11.24

11.22, 11.23
3.20, 11.16
3.15, 3.22, 3.23, 3.24,
3.26, 12.23
inspection goal, quantity component of IAEA 3.14, 3.22, 3.23, 12.23
inspection goal, timeliness component of IAEA 3.10, 3.15, 3.22, 3.24,
12.23
inspection, initial
11.2,11.3
inspection, person-day (man-day) of (PDI) 11.20, 11.24
inspection, person-year (man-year) of
11.21
inspection, random
11.2, 11.8
Inspection Results, Statement on (90(a)
Statement)
11.2, 13.2
inspection, routine
11.2,11.5
inspection, scope of
11.2, 11.15
inspection, short notice
11.2, 11.7
inspection, short notice random (SNRI)
3.3, 11.2, 11.7, 11.8, 11.9
inspection, special
11.2, 11.13
inspection, unannounced
11.2, 11.5, 11.6
inspections and visits, advance notice of
11.1, 11.2, 11.6, 11.17
inspections, simultaneous
11.11
inspector, IAEA
1.16, 11.19
Inspectors Document (the Agencys
Inspectorate)
1.12
inspectors estimate of MUF
6.43, 10.1, 10.2
installation
5.4
installation, storage
5.22
installations, categorization of
5.4
integrated safeguards
2.8, 2.9, 3.1, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6,
12.20, 12.25
interim inventory verification, IAEA
6.1, 6.53

175

intermediate product
international standards of accountancy
International Target Values (ITV)
inventory
inventory change
inventory change report (ICR)

4.32
6.35, table III, 6.36, 10.1
6.36, 7.13, 7.24
3.18, 6.41, 12.5, 12.6, 12.8
6.14, 6.50, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6
3.33, 12.1, 12.4, 12.5,
12.6, 13.4, 13.7
inventory change verification, IAEA
6.1, 6.14, 6.50
inventory listing, physical (PIL)
3.33, 12.1, 12.4, 12.8, 13.7
inventory, physical
3.18, 6.30, 6.41, 6.43,
6.52, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6,
12.7, 12.8
inventory taking, physical (PIT)
3.33, 6.1, 6.31, 6.41, 6.47,
12.8
inventory verification, IAEA
6.1, 6.51, 6.52, 6.53
ISIS (IAEA Safeguards Information System) 12.1, 12.17
isotope
4.3
isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) 7.17
isotope separation plant (enrichment plant)
5.20, 11.10
isotopic ratios
7.21
item counting
6.57
item facility
5.26, 5.27
item form, material in
4.27
ITV (International Target Values)
6.36, 7.13, 7.24
K-edge densitometry
key measurement point (KMP)
KMP (key measurement point)

7.18
3.28, 6.4, 6.6, 6.33
3.28, 6.4, 6.6, 6.33

LEU (low enriched uranium)


LFUA (limited frequency unannounced access)
light water reactor (LWR)
limited frequency unannounced access
(LFUA)
limits of accuracy
limits of error
list of inventory items
location

4.5, 4.12, 4.26


5.20, 11.10
5.8

176

5.20, 11.10
10.19
10.19, 10.20
6.52
1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.27,
11.29, 12.14

location outside facilities (LOF)


location outside facilities (LOF), undeclared
location specific environmental sampling
locations, other
LOF (location outside facilities)
loss, accidental
loss, nuclear
loss, other

1.26, 2.6, 5.25, 5.30, 5.31


2.6, 5.25
9.1, 9.2
5.25
1.26, 2.6, 5.25, 5.30, 5.31
6.14, 6.26, 6.31
6.14, 6.22
6.14, 6.26

low enriched uranium (LEU)


LWR (light water reactor)

4.5, 4.12, 4.26


5.8

Magnox reactor
man-day (person-day) of inspection (PDI)

5.11
11.20, 11.24

man-year (person-year) of inspection


managed access

11.21
1.15, 1.22, 3.6, 11.25,
11.26, 11.27, 11.28,
11.29, 11.31, 13.9

mass spectrometry
material balance area (MBA)

7.17, 7.20, 7.21, 7.22, 7.23


1.26, 3.28, 6.1, 6.4

material balance area outside facilities


material balance, closing of
material balance component

1.26
6.1, 6.43, 10.1
6.42, 6.43, 10.1

material balance equation


material balance evaluation

6.42,
6.35,
6.46,
6.41,

material balance period (MBP)

6.43,
6.42,
10.1,
6.47,

6.44, 10.1
6.43, 6.45,
10.2, 10.3
12.7

material balance report (MBR)

3.33, 12.1, 12.4, 12.7,


12.8, 13.7

material category
material descri ption

4.24
6.7, 6.13

material, feed
material form
material, reference

4.31
4.27
7.2

material sampling
material type

7.7
4.23

material unaccounted for (MUF)


material, weapons usable

6.1, 6.43, 6.44, 10.1


12.21

177

materials testing reactor (MTR)

5.13

matrix
maximum routine inspection effort (MRIE)

7.6
11.20, 11.24

MBA (material balance area)


MBP (material balance period)
MBR (material balance report)

1.26, 3.28, 6.1, 6.4


6.41, 6.47, 12.7
3.33, 12.1, 12.4, 12.7,
12.8, 13.7
mean (m)
10.9, 10.11
mean, sample (xav)
10.9, 10.10
measured discard
6.14, 6.23
measurement, bulk
6.36, 7.5
measurement error
10.3, 10.14, 10.15, 10.16,
10.24
measurement point, key (KMP)
3.28, 6.4, 6.6, 6.33
measurement precision
10.14, 10.15
measurement, screening
7.34, 9.12, 9.13
measurement system
6.1, 6.33
measurement uncertainty
6.35, 6.43, 6.44, 10.1,
10.14, 10.19
measurement uncertainty, expected
6.35, table III
measures, safeguards
2.1,3.5, 3.6
measures, safeguards strengthening
2.1, 3.5, 3.6
military purpose
1.20, 2.1, 2.3
misuse
1.20, 2.2, 2.4, 12.25
mixed oxide (MOX)
4.16
model (generic) facility safeguards approach 3.1, 3.2, 3.6, 3.22, 3.27,
3.28, 3.33
Model Protocol Additional to the Agreement(s)
between State(s) and the International
AtomicEnergy Agency for the Application
of Safeguards (Model Additional Protocol)
1.15, 1.22
monitor
8.17
monitor, core discharge (CDM)
8.18
monitor, radiation passage
8.21
monitor, reactor power
8.20
monitoring, remote
8.16, 8.22, 8.23
monitoring, unattended
7.24, 8.6, 8.15, 8.22, 8.23
MOX (mixed oxide)
4.16

178

MRIE (maximum routine inspection effort)

11.20, 11.24

MTR (materials testing reactor)

5.13

MUF (material unaccounted for)

6.1, 6.43, 6.44, 10.1

MUF, cumulative

6.43, 6.44

MUF, diversion into

3.9, 6.43, 10.1, 10.4

MUF, inspectors estimate of

6.43, 10.1, 10.2

MUF, statistically significant

6.43, 10.26

MUF, uncertainty of (sMUF)

6.43, 10.1, 10.4, 10.26

multichannel analysers, portable

7.25

multi plicity counter, neutron

7.24, 7.30, 7.31

natural uranium

4.9

NDA (non-destructive assay)

6.36, 7.12, 7.24, 8.15

near real time accountancy (NRTA)

6.1, 6.3, 6.56

Neptunium

4.19

Network of Analytical Laboratories (NWAL) 7.34, 9.13


neutron coincidence counting

7.24, 7.30

neutron counting

7.24, 7.29, 7.30

neutron multi plicity counter

7.24, 7.30, 7.31

new partnershi p approach (NPA)

3.35

90(a) Statement (Statement on Inspection


Results)
90(b) Statement (Statement on Conclusions)
non-acceptable C/S results
non-application of IAEA safeguards
non-compliance
non-destructive assay (NDA)
non-detection probability
non-diversion of nuclear material, assurance of
non-nuclear material, specified
non-nuclear purposes
non-nuclear use
non-nuclear-weapon States
Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
notice of complementary access, advance

11.2, 13.2
10.1, 12.25, 13.3
8.8
2.14
2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 13.10
6.36, 7.12, 7.24, 8.15
3.16, 10.25, 10.28
2.1, 2.3, 2.8, 12.20, 12.25,
13.10
1.27, 4.40, 4.41, 4.42,
5.33, 12.13, 12.14
2.11
2.11, 2.12
1.2
1.2
1.15, 1.22, 11.25, 11.30

179

notice of inspections and visits, advance


notification of transfers
NPA (new partnershi p approach)
NPT (Non-Proliferation Treaty)
NRTA (near real time accountancy)
NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group)
nuclear fuel cycle
nuclear fuel cycle, physical model of
nuclear fuel cycle related research and
development activities
nuclear grade graphite
nuclear loss
nuclear material
nuclear material accountancy
nuclear material accounting
nuclear material flows
nuclear material, improved
nuclear material, undeclared
nuclear production
nuclear related dual use item
Nuclear Suppliers Group Guidelines
nuclear-weapon-free-zone treaties
nuclear weapon States

11.1, 11.2, 11.6, 11.17


12.11
3.35
1.2
6.1, 6.3, 6.56
1.29
5.1, 12.21
3.12, 5.1, 12.20, 12.21

nuclide
null hypothesis
NWAL (Network of Analytical Laboratories)
NWFZ (nuclear-weapon-free zone)

5.2, 12.14
4.40, 4.41
6.14, 6.22
4.1, 4.4, 4.5
3.6, 6.1
6.2
6.54
4.28
2.1, 2.5, 2.9, 12.20, 12.25
6.14, 6.17
1.29, 5.34
1.29
1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.19
1.2, 1.14, 1.15, 1.18, 1.21,
12.11, 12.12
4.2
10.25, 10.26, 10.27, 10.28
7.34, 9.13
1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.19

objectives of IAEA safeguards


off-load refuelled power reactor
on-load refuelled power reactor (OLR)
open source information
operating records
operating report
operatorinspector difference
optical surveillance

2.1, 2.5, 3.6


5.7
5.9
12.1, 12.15, 12.20, 12.25
6.31
12.1, 12.9
6.43, 10.1, 10.3, 10.6
8.2, 8.4, 8.15

180

optical surveillance device


ore concentrate
ore processing (uranium mine
andconcentration) plant
other locations
other loss
outlier

8.2, 8.4
2.11, 4.4, 5.16

partial defect
particle analysis
passive assay
PDI [person-day (man-day) of inspection]
pebble type fuel
Pelindaba Treaty (African Nuclear-WeaponFreeZone Treaty)
pellet
performance values

6.56, 10.7
9.15
7.24
11.20, 11.24
5.11

period, material balance (MBP)


person-day (man-day) of inspection (PDI)
person-year (man-year) of inspection
physical inventory

physical inventory listing (PIL)


physical inventory taking (PIT)
physical inventory verification (PIV), IAEA
physical model of a nuclear fuel cycle
physical protection recommendations
PIL (physical inventory listing)
PIT (physical inventory taking)
PIV (physical inventory verification, IAEA)
place (on a site or location)
planned actual routine inspection effort
(PLARIE)

5.16
5.25
6.14, 6.26
10.23

1.6
4.16, 4.39
10.3, 10.14, 10.15, 10.16,
10.24
6.41, 6.47
11.20, 11.24
11.21
3.18, 6.30, 6.41, 6.43,
6.52, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6,
12.7, 12.8
3.18, 3.33, 6.41, 12.4,
12.7, 12.8, 13.7
3.33, 6.1, 6.31, 6.41, 6.47,
12.8
6.1, 6.41, 6.52, 12.8, 13.3
3.12, 5.1, 12.20, 12.21
1.31, 2.7
3.18, 3.33, 6.41, 12.1,
12.4, 12.7, 12.8, 13.7
3.33, 6.1, 6.31, 6.41, 6.47,
12.8
6.1, 6.41, 6.52, 12.8, 13.3
11.27, 11.28, 11.29
11.22, 11.23

181

PLARIE (planned actual routine inspection


effort)

11.22, 11.23

plutonium

4.5, 4.15, 4.25

point sample

9.1, 9.5

power of a test

3.16, 10.25, 10.28, 10.29

power reactor
power reactor, off-load refuelled

5.6
5.7

power reactor, on-load refuelled (OLR)

5.9

pressurized water reactor (PWR)

5.8

primary standard

7.3

probability, detection

2.3, 3.16, 10.28

probability, false alarm


probability, non-detection

3.17, 3.25, 3.26, 10.27


3.16, 10.25, 10.28

process indicator

3.12, 12.20, 12.22

product

4.33

product, intermediate

4.32

production, nuclear

6.14, 6.17

project and supply agreement


proliferation indicators

1.10, 1.20
12.22

protocol, additional

1.15, 1.22, 2.1, 3.5, 3.6,


12.14, 12.20, 12.25, 13.9
1.25
1.15
1.23
3.10
5.8

protocol, co-operation
Protocol, Model Additional
protocol, small quantities (SQP)
protracted diversion
PWR (pressurized water reactor)
quality assurance, safeguards
quantity component of the IAEA
inspection goal
quantity, significant (SQ)

3.14, 3.22, 3.23, 12.23


3.14, table II

radiation detection, Cerenkov


radiation passage monitor
random error
random inspection
random sampling

7.32
8.21
10.14, 10.15
11.2, 11.8
7.8

182

3.36

Rarotonga Treaty (South Pacific Nuclear


Free Zone Treaty)
RBMK-type reactor
reactor
reactor, fast
reactor, graphite moderated
reactor, heavy water (HWR)
reactor, light water (LWR)
reactor, power
reactor power monitor
reactor, research
reconciliation of accounting with operating
records
records, accounting
records and reports, system of
records, examination of (IAEA)
records, operating
recycling (of plutonium)
reference material
reference material, certified
regional system of accounting for and
controlof nuclear material (RSAC)
relative standard deviation
remote monitoring
report, accounting
report, initial
report, material balance (MBR)

1.4
5.11
5.5
5.12
5.11
5.10
5.8
5.6
8.20
5.13
6.1, 6.48
6.1, 6.30, 6.48
2.2, 3.26, 3.33, 6.1
6.1, 6.48
6.31
4.16
7.2
7.2
3.34, 6.1
6.35, 10.13
8.16, 8.22, 8.23
6.1, 12.1, 12.4, 12.5, 12.6,
12.7, 12.8, 13.4, 13.7
11.4, 11.14, 12.1, 12.2,
12.3
3.33, 12.1, 12.4, 12.7,
12.8, 13.7
12.1, 12.9
12.1, 12.2, 12.3
12.23, 12.25, 13.10
12.20, 12.24, 12.25
12.1, 12.10

report, operating
report, routine
Report, Safeguards Implementation (SIR)
report, safeguards State evaluation
report, special
reporting on design information examination
and verification
3.28, 3.29, 3.30, 13.1
reporting on inspections under an
INFCIRC/66-type safeguards agreement
13.8

183

reports, voluntary (on nuclear material,


specified equipment and non-nuclear material) 1.27, 4.1, 4.40, 5.33, 12.1,
12.13
representative sample
6.37, 7.7, 7.10
reprocessing plant
5.21
research reactor
5.13
residual bias

10.17

resin bead technique

7.19

retained waste

6.14, 6.20

revised supplementary agreement relevant


tosafeguards
routine inspection
routine inspection effort, actual (ARIE)
routine inspection effort, maximum (MRIE)
routine inspection effort, planned actual
(PLARIE)
routine inspections, frequency of
routine report
RSAC (regional system of accounting for
andcontrol of nuclear material)

1.11
11.2, 11.5
11.22, 11.23
11.20, 11.24
11.22, 11.23
11.5, 11.16
12.1, 12.2, 12.3
3.34, 6.1

sabotage, deterrence against

1.31, 2.7

safeguards agreement

1.17

safeguards agreement, comprehensive (CSA) 1.17, 1.18, 1.19


safeguards agreement, INFCIRC/66-type

1.17, 1.20

safeguards agreement, INFCIRC/153-type

1.17, 1.18, 1.19

safeguards agreement pursuant to the NPT

1.17, 1.18, 1.19

safeguards agreement pursuant to the


Tlatelolco Treaty
safeguards agreement, quadri partite
safeguards agreement, sui generis
safeguards agreement, voluntary offer (VOA)
Safeguards Analytical Laboratory (SAL)
safeguards approach
safeguards approach, facility
safeguards approach, model (generic) facility
safeguards approach, State level

184

1.17, 1.18, 1.19


1.17, 1.18, 1.19
1.17, 1.18, 1.19
1.17, 1.18, 1.21
7.33, 7.34, 9.12
2.1, 3.1, 3.3, 3.4, 12.25
3.1, 3.3
3.1, 3.2, 3.6, 3.22, 3.27
3.1, 3.4, 3.5, 12.25

safeguards conclusions

2.8, 2.9, 3.4, 3.5, 12.20,


12.25, 13.10

Safeguards Criteria

3.21, 3.22, 12.23

Safeguards Document (The Agencys


Safeguards System (1965, as Provisionally
Extended in 1966 and 1968))

1.13

safeguards effectiveness evaluation

2.1, 3.21, 3.22, 12.23,


12.25, 13.10

Safeguards Implementation Report (SIR)


safeguards information

12.23, 12.25, 13.10


3.28, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3,
12.4, 12.5, 12.6, 12.7,
12.8, 12.9, 12.10, 12.11,
12.12, 12.13, 12.15, 12.16,
12.17, 12.18, 12.20, 12.25

Safeguards Information System, IAEA (ISIS)

12.1, 12.17

safeguards, integrated

2.8, 2.9, 3.1, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6,


12.20, 12.25

safeguards measures

2.1, 3.5, 3.6

safeguards, objectives of IAEA

2.1, 2.5, 3.6

safeguards quality assurance

3.36

safeguards State evaluation

12.1, 12.19, 12.20, 12.21,


12.22, 12.24, 12.25

safeguards State evaluation report

12.20, 12.24, 12.25

safeguards State file

12.1, 12.19, 12.20, 12.24,


12.25

Safeguards Statement

13.10, 13.11

safeguards strengthening measures

1.15, 1.22, 2.1, 3.5, 3.6

safeguards technical conclusions

10.1, 12.25, 13.3

safeguards transfer agreement (STA)

1.20

SAL (Safeguards Analytical Laboratory)

7.33, 7.34, 9.12

sample

7.7

sample, composite

9.1,9.6

sample, control

9.7

sample mean (xav)

10.9, 10.10

sample, point

9.1, 9.5

sample, representative

6.37, 7.7, 7.10

sample size
sample variance (s2)

6.56, 10.7, 10.8


10.11, 10.12

185

sampling, environmental (ES)

9.1

sampling kit

9.1, 9.4, 9.11

sampling, material

7.7

sampling, random

7.8

sampling, statistical

7.7

sampling, swi pe

9.1, 9.4

sampling, systematic

7.9

sampling team

9.10

satellite images

12.15

scanning electron microscopy (SEM)

9.17

scanning, gamma ray

7.26

scintillation detector

7.27

scope of inspection

11.2, 11.15

scope of safeguards agreement

1.17

scrap

4.34

scrap recovery plant

5.19

screening measurement

9.12, 9.13

seal

3.26, 8.1, 8.5, 8.7

sealable tamper indicating enclosure

8.13

sealing system

8.5

secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS)

9.18

secondary standard

7.4

SEM (scanning electron microscopy)

9.17

semiconductor detector

7.28

shi pper/receiver difference (SRD)

6.45, 6.46, 10.1,10.5

short notice inspection

11.2, 11.7

short notice random inspection (SNRI)

3.3, 11.2, 11.7, 11.8, 11.9

significance level

10.27

significant quantity (SQ)

3.14, table II

SIMS (secondary ion mass spectroscopy)

9.18

simultaneous inspections

11.11

single C/S system

8.7

SIR (Safeguards Implementation Report)

12.23, 12.25, 13.10

site

11.25, 11.28, 11.29, 12.14

small quantities protocol (SQP)

1.23

SNRI (short notice random inspection)

3.3, 11.2, 11.7, 11.8, 11.9

186

source data

6.9

source material

2.11, 4.4, 4.5

South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty


(Rarotonga Treaty)

1.4

Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone


Treaty (Bangkok Treaty)

1.5

special fissionable material

4.4, 4.5

special inspection

11.2, 11.13

special material balance area

6.4

special report

12.10

specified equi pment

1.27, 5.33, 12.13, 12.14

specified non-nuclear material

1.27, 4.40, 4.41, 4.42,


5.33, 12.13, 12.14

spectrometry, alpha

7.23

spectrometry, gamma ray

7.25

spectrometry, gas mass

7.20, 7.21

spectrometry, mass

7.17, 7.20, 7.21, 7.22, 7.23

spectrometry, thermal ionization mass


(TIMS)
spent fuel
spent fuel bundle counter

7.20, 7.22, 7.33


4.21, 4.25, 5.21
8.19

SQ (significant quantity)

3.14, table II

SQP (small quantities protocol)

1.23

SRD (shi pper/receiver difference)

6.45, 6.46, 10.1, 10.5

SRD, cumulative

6.45, 6.46

SRD, diversion into

3.9, 6.45, 10.1, 10.5

SSAC (State system of accounting for


and control of nuclear material)

3.33, 6.1

STA (safeguards transfer agreement)

1.20

standard deviation ()

10.13

standard deviation, relative

10.13

standard, primary

7.3

standard, secondary

7.4

standards of accountancy, international

6.35, 6.36

starting point of IAEA safeguards

2.11

State level safeguards approach

3.1, 3.4, 3.5, 12.25

state of health data, equi pment

8.24

187

State, safeguards evaluation of


State, safeguards file

12.1, 12.19, 12.20, 12.21,


12.22, 12.24, 12.25
12.1, 12.19, 12.20, 12.24,
12.25

State system of accounting for and control


of nuclear material (SSAC)
statement, book inventory

3.33, 6.1
6.40, 13.4

statement of timeliness in reporting

13.7

Statement on Conclusions (90(b) Statement) 10.1, 12.25, 13.3


statement on domestic and international
transfers
Statement on Inspection Results (90(a)
Statement)

13.6
11.2, 13.2

statement on operation of report system

13.7

statements under an additional protocol

1.22, 13.9

statistical sampling

7.7

statistically significant

10.26

Statute of the International Atomic Energy


Agency
storage facility

1.1
5.22, 5.26

strategic point

6.5, 11.14

strategic value

4.29

stratification

6.37

stratum
strengthening measures, safeguards

6.37
1.15, 1.22, 2.1, 3.5, 3.6

Structure and Content of Agreements between


the Agency and States Required in Connection
with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
Nuclear Weapons
1.14
subcritical assembly

5.15

Subsidiary Arrangements

1.26

substitution

2.16

sui generis safeguards agreement


supporting document

1.19
6.32

surface ionization mass spectrometry

7.22

surveillance

8.2

surveillance device, optical

8.2, 8.4

surveillance, optical

8.2, 8.4, 8.15

188

surveillance review system


8.2, 8.14
suspension of IAEA safeguards
2.15
suspension protocol
1.24
swi pe sampling
9.1, 9.4
system of containment/surveillance measures
(C/S system)
3.7, 8.7
system of records and reports
2.2, 3.26, 3.33, 6.1
systematic error (bias)
10.14, 10.16, 10.17
systematic sampling
7.9
tamper indication
tamper resistance
tampering
technical capability, C/S
technical objectives (of IAEA safeguards)
technical safeguards conclusion
10(a) Statement (statement under anadditional
protocol)
10(b) Statement (statement under anadditional
protocol)
10(c) Statement (statement under anadditional
protocol)
termination of IAEA safeguards
test, attributes
test of hypothesis

8.12
8.13
3.26, 8.11
8.9
2.1, 2.5, 3.6
10.1, 12.25, 13.3
1.22, 13.9
1.22, 13.9

1.22, 13.9
2.12, 6.14, 6.25
6.56, 10.7, 10.30
10.25, 10.27, 10.28, 10.29,
10.32
test, power of
3.16, 10.25, 10.28, 10.29
test, variables
10.31
theft
1.31,2.7
thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) 7.20, 7.22
Thorium
4.17, 4.26
thorium concentration plants
5.16
throughput, annual
3.19
timeliness component of the IAEA inspection
goal
3.10, 3.15, 3.22, 3.24,
12.23
timeliness detection goal, IAEA
3.10, 3.20, 4.24, 11.16
timely detection of diversion
2.1

189

TIMS (thermal ionization mass spectrometry) 7.20, 7.22


titration, chemical

7.14

titration, potentiometric

7.14

titration, spectrophotometric

7.14

Tlatelolco Treaty (Treaty for the Prohibition


of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and
the Caribbean)
1.3
traceability

6.34

transfers, confirmation of

12.12

transfers, notification of

12.11

transit matching

13.5, 13.6

transmutation

4.22

Treaty Establishing the European Atomic


Energy Community (Euratom Treaty)

1.8

Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear


Weaponsin Latin America and the Caribbean
(Tlatelolco Treaty)
1.3
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear
Weapons(Non-Proliferation Treaty, NPT)

1.2

Treaty on the Southeast Asia Nuclear


Weapon-Free Zone (Bangkok Treaty)

1.5

TRIGA reactor

5.13

trigger list

1.28, 1.29

type I error

3.17, 10.25, 10.27

type II error

3.16, 10.25, 10.28

unannounced inspection

11.2, 11.5, 11.6

unattended monitoring

7.24, 8.6, 8.15, 8.22, 8.23

uncertainty, expected measurement

6.35, table III

uncertainty, measurement

6.35, 6.43, 6.44, 10.1,


10.14, 10.19

uncertainty of MUF (MUF)

6.43, 10.1, 10.4, 10.26

undeclared facility or location


outside facilities (LOF)

2.6, 5.25

undeclared nuclear material and activities

2.1, 2.5, 2.9, 12.20, 12.25

unified inventory

12.2

unified uranium

6.12

190

unilateral submission agreement

1.20

unmeasured loss

3.33

unreported changes (in facility design or


operating conditions)

3.26

updating of the book inventory

6.1, 6.49

uranium

4. 8

uranium, depleted

4.10, 4.26

uranium, enriched

4.5, 4.11

uranium, high enriched (HEU)

4.5, 4.13, 4.25

uranium, low enriched (LEU)

4.5, 4.12, 4.26

uranium mine and concentration


(ore processing) plant

5.16

uranium, natural
uranium-233

4.9
4.5, 4.14, 4.25

uranium, unified

6.12

variables in attributes mode

10.31

variables test

10.31

variance (2)

10.9, 10.11

variance, sample (s )
verification, IAEA inventory

10.11, 10.12
6.1, 6.51, 6.52, 6.53

verification of design information (DIV)

3.28, 3.30, 3.31, 5.29, 13.1

verification of inventory change, IAEA

6.1, 6.14, 6.50

verification of nuclear material flows within


an MBA,IAEA

6.1, 6.54

verification of the operators measurement


system, IAEA

6.1, 6.33, 6.55

verification, physical inventory (PIV), IAEA 6.1, 6.41, 6.52, 12.8, 13.3
violation (of a safeguards agreement)

2.2

visit

3.29, 3.30, 11.1, 11.17

VOA (voluntary offer agreement)


volume determination

1.21
6.56, 7.5

voluntary offer agreement (VOA)

1.21

voluntary reporting scheme on nuclear


materialand specified equi pment and
non-nuclearmaterial

1.27, 4.1, 4.40, 5.33, 12.1,


12.13

191

voluntary reports on nuclear material,


specified equipment and non-nuclear material 1.27, 4.1, 4.40, 5.33, 12.1,
12.13
vulnerability assessment

8.10

waste

2.12, 4.35

waste disposal

4.35

waste, retained

6.14, 6.20

weapons usable material


weighing

12.21
6.56

wide area environmental sampling

9.1, 9.3

yellow cake

5.16

Zangger Committee Export Guidelines

1.28

Zircaloy

4.40, 4.43

zirconium tubes

4.43

192